You are on page 1of 5

NOTES ON ITALIAN MEDALS-XI BY G. F. HILL

I.

A FORGERY OF PISANELLO'S SIGNA- TURE.

is a small medal of Leonello

HERE

d

d'Este,

bearing

F,

the

signature

containing

work,

I

might

all,

PISANVS

been

hand.'

of

branches, with

generally

Pisanello's

accepted The reverse type is the myste- the

the

broken.

which

I have elsewhere

which

as

has

from

rious impresa

olive

handles

It is figured

pierced vase

anchors

one

of

C.

fastened to

is

by

out

chains,

in

I,

that "the character of the

PLATE

pointed once coarse and

ing,

unusual form

at

the weakness of the letter-

petty, the occurrence of the border of

that the

signature

most

is

and the

of the signature itself conspire to

dots,

of

suggest

have

wit,

in

original

clumsily

a forgery".

added the

that the

convincing proof

is

placed

overthe

and

the

All the

to

border;

was made from the

signature

in the

that if a

other words, a

unsigned

added

mould

medal,

signature

known

be after-casts; it may safely with

any pretence

mould.

specimens seem to

be

to

misleading signature.

by

possessing

coming.

obverse are divided

enough,

late fifteenthor sixteenth

a long

italic /

two Italian medals on

question, and

lynx

obverses,

on the

found in the

other

in

border

circles,

specimens of Nicholaus's medal.

the two

is true that while the so-called Pisanello uses an

It

of

the large medal of

occur on the

rare on

with a lozenge-shaped expansion in the

middle.

which this

it will be without this

then, be

excluded

predicted

be an

specimen

early cast is found, The

from

any

But who

list of

made it ?

some show

of

The

words of the

believe,

in

by

a

Italian

medal may,

genuine

works

Pisanello.

I

Here an answer

is forth-

probability inscription on the common

inscriptions of the but

excessively

peculiarstop,

resembles

German

century,

it

medals;

is

of only

used;

I know

stop

the one in

Leonello d'Este with

stops

the

signed by

the

Nicholaus.2 These

but not on the reverse of either

dots, sunk between two plain

occurs on

some,

though

The

medal;

are

and

The

linear

not all,

hand, on the reverses,lozenges

inscription

on

the small

piece,

of Nicholaus on the other.

signature

of

also

pieces

lettering

shows no essential differences.

A with a left-hand serif at the

false signature),

however,

top (except in the

This,

A.

by

Nicholaus uses a

little;

plain

means

in

there are

forms

medals

are

used

Pisanello

which

both

in-

Vol. ix,

xii,

Vol. xiv,

19o8);

May,

Vol. xvii, p. 143 (June,

Hill,

2Friedl1inder, Ital. Scliaumiinzen, Taf. ix; Heiss, NiccolM, etc.,

* For the previous articles

408 (September, 1906);

141 (December,

Magazine,

Vol. x, p. 384 (March, 1907) ;

see

Burlington

p.

p.

p.

Igo9);

Vol.

and

and

1907)

; Vol.

Vol.

xiii, p. 274 (August,

xv,

pp.

31,

94

Pisano,

210

I,

I.

(January, 1909);

Vol.

Vol. xviii,

xvi,

(April

Pl.

IV,

24 (October, 1909);

p.

p. 13 (October,

in

Heiss,

1910o).

Vittore

'Reproduced

Pisanello,

P1. 37.

Pl.

19io);

138

differently, as was naturalat this time of transition from Gothic to humanistic

certain,'

but thereseemsto be morethan a mere probability

that he made

medal which he

piece which,

has

poor later bronze-caster,

lettering. Who Nicholaus was we do not know for

got

not merely

signed,

thanks to

interesting, but also the

some

the

if

itself fatheredon Pisanello.

ugly,

little

2.

A NEW MEDAL BY SPERANDIO.

M. Jean de Foville has

has

recently

issued

an

in which

interestingstudy

he

chronology

which he proposes marksa distinct advance

our

most

of

and he

omitted

some

time

unique

of this

from

rings device of Ercole.

This

of the workof this

attempt

medals.

to

artist,

made an

of

his

reconstruct the

The

arrangement

upon

much remains

added

anything

material;

previous knowledge, although

uncertain.

He

has not

importance

has,

I

a

to the actual medallic

do not know

of

whether deliberately,

d'Este,

published

the

Venturi' from

On the reverse

putti receiving

diamond

the

medal

Ercole

Signor

ago by

at

specimen

piece

the

are

Modena.

four

represented

heavens

a shower of

entwined with flowers which formed the

medal, so far as can be

perfectly

British Museum series of

of M. de Foville's

following piece, which

is

sound.

[PLATE

I,

B]:

DICAT

mortier and

?

?

with

figure, to left on a

judged from the photograph,

In

examining

the

medals in

the light

I came across the

IVRIS

?

CON

EQVITI

?

Bust

Sperandio's

book,

seems to be otherwise unknown

Obv.IVSTIN IANO-CAVITELLO'CrEMONE"

?

MERITO

wearing

MIRIFI[CO?]

robe. Rev. FORTITVDINE " IVSTITIA * NON

SVPERAT[VS?]. scarf and

flying

lion; below,

to left

A

nude female

streaming hair,riding

Cremona

he

engraved, "OPVS SP[ERAN]DEI*

British Museum.

of the

jurisconsult

his

wife

and

Bronze,

86 mm.

Giustiniano was the son

Cavitelli

of

della Cella;

Hungary,

and

at

was himself a juris-

consult and a

some

of

was

Belgrad, treatmentof the

comes very close to

Prisciani of

madeabout the same time.

As a work of art, if that name is allowed to it, it

to

time

1485

Hungarian

buried there.5 The medal, in its

bust

Senate.

migrated

Guiduccia Nicolb

knight. where he served the

became

He died in

president

in the

dress)

He seems to have

king for

the

and

(not merely

and was

that of

1473,

the Ferrarese Prisciano de'

probably

3The

identification

who worked

with Niccol6

Baroncelli

is

little

for Paul

and

II,

crossed

pp. 350, 351), workmanship

is

one

more that Andrea di Niccolo

probably

keys on

be

of his

of the

than a guess.

Viterbo,

of

made the

the reverse

his son.

medals,

was

Mr. Rosenheim suggests

as

jeweller

large medal of that Pope with the

(Numismatic

He

himself,

to

Chronicle, igio,

judge

from the

may

certainly a jeweller.

But Niccolb

commonest of names.

4Le Galletie Naz.

5Franc. Arisius, Cremona literata (1702) I, p. 338

Ital.,

I,

PI. XIII, 2.

A0 ROW Aw. 46-:: : .:-~XP i-o Il::i:le~1%~ ~r~BSSrw - ~Bsk~~B~~ am~a~nrta~?~gF~~lr~~~_-~Alt - -pop, Eow
A0
ROW
Aw. 46-::
:
.:-~XP
i-o
Il::i:le~1%~
~r~BSSrw
- ~Bsk~~B~~
am~a~nrta~?~gF~~lr~~~_-~Alt
-
-pop,
Eow
_:- Beol,-.el~L"e"""P
i
Q 5?er:?-1
I
'
C13Y7a'~
J4
lion
;: an
OF,

NOTES

ON

ITALIAN

MEDALS-XI

PLATE

I

I) D l)a
I)
D
l)a
I B ?? : .' ., ?aI Ii-e~arL~~~
I
B
??
:
.'
.,
?aI
Ii-e~arL~~~
!? P I, -,iC•1 . ?
!?
P
I,
-,iC•1
.
?

NOTES

ON

ITALIAN

MEDALS--XI

PLATE

II

has all the faultsand

of the

judge

by the number of commissions which he

was evidently considered by his contemporaries the

leading authentic work of his demands

which

any

from what we may

apparentlyunique

specimen before us is imperfectlypreserved,and,

moreover,

well known that it is more difficultto findfinished

specimens

or of

other's.

pressed

to attend

execution.

3.

publication, apart consider its artisticclaims.

hardlyany

time;

is

a

The

of the few virtues who made it. My to

received,

Sperandio,

exasperating medallist

it is that

excuse for

publishing

medallist of his

and therefore

document

but it

was never

properly finished,

is

of this medallist's work than

He was too carelessor too much

of any

to details, either of conception

acquired by

Mr.

London sale.

of

BERNARDO NASI. The striking medal of Bernardo Nasi illustrated

in PLATE I,A, was heimer at a recent

permission, I bring it to the notice of the readers

of

that I can offer doubtful

meaning.

Henry Oppen- With his kind

this

Obv.

magazine, although

nothing

in

suggestions

BERNARDVS

it must be admitted

string

of

its

more than a

interpretation

NASIVS @ VIRTVTE

PREDITVS '

back flap

cord,

Bust to

up

left,

wearing

with

front with

a

in relief and

cap

turned

and fastened in

lapels.

*

and vest and robe with

Rev. B VENIT " VIDIT " ET

decorated

three men seated

in centre Nasi, facing,

right

a

in

VICIT-On

costume;

high platform,

a shield,

-viz.,

on the left another

man (short-haired) in armour, with a baton in his

right hand;

tents

shield in the opening from a

tents

plain cross flying

lances,

Bronze.

two with

three

the

left

hand on his sword at his

with panels

conversing with gestures

civil

on

long-haired man in armour,

side;

his

in

the

background,

by

fleurs-de-lis

on the

(a

of one), and a

lance;

flag,

left,

surmounted

(one

with

helmet and

flag with a three

right

opening of

on the

in the

a small

another a battle-axeand saddle ?) and five

flags.

Plain raisedrim and

95'5

mm.

triangularstops on both sides.

Oppenheimer Collection.

Bernardodi Lutozzo Nasi is said to have been

King one of the Mastersof

prior Ferranteof Naples in

the Mint in

Pisans in 1494;

and

that

successful interference of

between two generals.

may

CharlesVIII and Piero de' Medici,when the latter

of Florence in

1487;

again prior

the

medal

1478;

148o;

ambassador to

commissary of war against the

1497;

ambassadorto the Pope in

of Florence in 1504.6

It is clear

alleged

commemorates some

Nasi as a diplomatist

only suggest that he

have claimedto have arranged affairsbetween

I can

I

Crollalanza,DizionarioStorico-Blasonico,s.n.

Rep.Fior.,p. 254.

examined Fr.

Mr.

Nasi

;

I. Orsini,

Wood-Brown,

Storia delle Monetedella

who has kindly Fam.Fior.de'Nasi

me thatit gives no informationaboutthis memberof

GabbrielloNasi's Storia della

class.xxvi, cod.

151),

informs

the family.

(MS.Magliab.,

Notes on Italian Medals

L

went out to meet the French

I

know,

of

Lorenzo.

king

at Pisa in

So far as

the

portraits makesit impossible to speak with certainty;

at firstI was inclined to

general on the right entirely impossible

of the son

thereis no authenticated portrait

The small scale

of

in

the long-haired

;

but it is not

1494.

recognize

Lorenzo himself

that he should be CharlesVIII.

plain

Popolo

had

Then the

Piero.

help

Florence or

of Florence or the

Swiss in his train.7

curly-haired younger man would be

cross do not

might represent either

The

fleurs-de-lis and

us greatly; the former

France;

the latter either the

Swiss soldiery.

Charles

The

medal,

whatever its

Bologna,

explanation, does not

we

North, in

more

seem to be the work of a

should ratherlook for its origin in the

the direction of

Florentine

artist;

with

perhaps, In date it is

has left

a large

or

rather after

of work

The reverse

might

remains

obscure-than

4.

publishing Brenzoni by Gian Maria

only known

at

personal

previously,

the same author collected all the availableinfor-

19o6

mation in a second

Angela

nificance-which,

probability, the Veneto.

than before

I5oo00. The portrait is a vigorouspiece

hole in the

;

a

casting-fault

back of Bernardo's

seriously spoil the be

head, but fortunately

general

effect.

does not

sig-

more interesting

for its historical

unfortunately, still

it is as an artistic

composition.

ANGELA BRENZONI,

Six years ago

Signor

Trent,8

BY POMEDELLI.

Montini, in

of which the

Domenico

for the firsttime the medal of

Pomedelli,

specimen was able to throw some

history

little or

of the

nothing

both

as

medallist,

is in the Museo Comunale

light on the

of

whom,

In

painter

medallist,

was known.

article,including a list of his

and

engraver. born in 1478 or 1479, and died in 1537 or

to meet

was

soon after.

known works,

We now know that this Veronese artist

unlikely

The articles referredto are so

reproduce

the

medal

pages,accompanying

it

suggests

which

the eye of English

to

these

which

medal in

publication Victoria and Albert MuseumI

readers,

of

that it seems desirable

Angela it with certainremarks

II,

me

The first

seeing

the

Montini's

the

fat lady, I

of

D].9

on

Signor

lady

Brenzoni in

[PLATE

thought

illustration of

occurred

to

the

This

is

was:

the fat

By the

correct,

with the crossmustbe Floren-

then the fleurs-de-lisand the

tine,

del Museo Comunale di Trento" I am under great obligationsto

Signor Vittorio Salvarofor having procuredme a copy of this

article,

England,

in Tridexntum,fasc. iv, I9o4.

7If the proposed identificationof the two

since

'" Una

they

flag

generals

is

are on the side of Piero de' Medici.

preziosamedaglia

which seems to be otherwise inaccessible in

important

and also of the same author's

Maria Pomedelli" in the Bollettinodi

article on "Giovanni

Numismalica, n. 7-10

(xigo6).

Dr. Ludovico

9

was kind enough

photograph

graph

is

Oberziner,

Directorof the Museumat

Trent,

to havethe medal

is

slightly

photographed for me. This

original.

The photo-

which

Museum,

smaller than the

of the bust in

the Victoria and Albert

reproduced for comparison, I owe to Mr. Maclagan.

143

Notes on Italian Medals

need not

dignified

bears

date

1460.

say

I mean the

bust

delightfully ugly

[PLATE II,

E]

but

terra-cotta

27'",

which

a

Lupari family

false inscription associating and with the

The

it with the

obviously impossible

date

" 1524

have been

suitable

date

for

the

discrepancies,

The

the measurement

proportionately

propor-

portrait

neck,

medal bears an engraved

which

with the

fettenber

placed on

but

date

And

terra-cotta bust.

the bust and the portrait will be clear

to

that

medal

may not, perhaps, have been

a

was made,10

probable

made.

the

it at the time the medal

well

is

enough

must

very

corresponds

when

the

1520-1530

everyone;

I

am

proceed

Now the resemblancesbetween

enough

lest, however, it should be thought

unable to

to

perceive

I

tions

from the nostril to

much

enumerate

Angela

the

them.

of the faces are

greater

bust.

in

different;

the

chin

is

the

medallic

than

as

the

hand, it is worthy of are

of chin

to

not

the

shoulders of the terra-cottabust is not seen in the

photograph, the bust round to the

brought the head in

to the

beginning

mately equal to each look

whereas in the medal Pomedelli has

keeping

forehead is

Her

of the bust has a

in the

has little or no

neck

of

lady

the

compared

with

bust.

straighter;

rounderhead. notice that two

On the other

discrepancies

only apparent.

tip

of chin

In both heads the measurements from

nape of

neck,

of the hair

and from

so.

Secondly,

tip

on the forehead, are approxi-

other, though

the

great

they

do

breadth of

front,

while

Hence the actual resemblance

profile. in general proportions between the two portraits is

the two

difference of

the two

perhaps from five to ten

With

that differencewhich I have noticed between the necks of the two portraits might have been con-

disguised.

The

question

is: are the differences between

partly

to a

portraits such as could be due

age, partly

The

artists?

to the

idiosyncrasies of

medal shows

years

and fulness of

a woman older than the bust.

proportions

increasing years

10 Dr. Oberzinerthinksit is a later addition.

The formsof

the numerals, it must,however, be admitted, are not unsuitable

to the date.

although one trembles to

siderably diminished,

think of

whelming

I am

identification, but have thought the suggestion worth

proposed

any

addition to the

already

rather over-

scale of the original of the terra-cotta.

by any

means sure

of

the

excellent com-

sort of allegory

Of

her,

may

that she

di

not

proposing. reverse of the medal-an in its

way-conveys

some

Angela

seems to be

Brenzoni.

The

position

connected with

I

add, nothing was a lady "

ingegno e segnalata virtl

senator,

found

a nameless

holding a bone

suggested

Canossa,bishop

pointed

various

reverse

of the nameless man at all.

illustration in PLATE II shows that the

and

made

bust of the nameless man was

to

the piece

the

piece,

(for

whether it is cast from a model

accessories were never added, it is difficultto

There is no doubt that the

which we know

shred of evidence

Ludovico Canossa

to question

at

known except

memoria,

d'illustreed onorata

alto

"and wife of the Venetian

Luca Busnato.

But this reverse is also

attached to quite another portrait-that of

young

to

out

grounds.

design

man

in his

[PLATE II, F].1'

paws-canis

The

dog

os ferens-

Cicognara thatthe

of

man was Ludovico

Bayeux. Friedlknder hasalready

on may now add that this

belong

A

to

the

glance

medal

the

obverse

the untenableness of this view

We

does not

reverse for each other.

of

the

Brenzoni

On

were the other hand, the

medal

have

obviously

the

meant

a

has

larger

of

been reduced in order to fit it to

reverse ;

diameter

alien reverse.

Whether it

represents

larger

and border

a

which once existed

with legend

room)

medal,

hybrid,

it is

which there is now no

it,

is a

or

complete, to which these

say.

in the form in

and that the last

representing

in favour of its

disappears.

portrait

any

It is even possible

is the work

of

larger in conception

of his

signed

there is no obvious reason for disputing

whether the

but

though

Pomedelli;

and bolder in execution than

portraits,

his claim.

Alreadyfigured in Friedliinder's Ital. Schaumranzen, p. 1o3,

fromthe uniquespecimen at Vienna.

does not reproduce the incised date on the reverse.

11

Friedliinder's engraving

AN UNRECOGNIZED CARPACCIO BY CLAUDE PHILLIPS

HIS panel was in the collection of the

late Sir William Neville Abdy, and

with other pictures owned by him was

exhibited at the winter exhi-

As all

a centre of

in

bition of the

I88i

Royal Academy.

recently

the

attraction in

where it was displayed

collector'svery remarkableseriesof Italian pictures.

On the strength of a cartellino at the bottom of

with the rest of the deceased

world

knows,

it was

the sale rooms of

Messrs. Christie,

'44

the panel, on the extreme right hand, bearing the

inscription "Andreas

catalogued master, and as such

It is a curious fact that the

in the

about to

monumentaltablewhich supports the

dead

Paduan

had been

Mantinea ", it

the

as

the work of

great exhibitedat Burlington House.

painting by Carpaccio,

Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum, with which I am

compare

the

panel now under discussion,

bears, on the

body Mantinea F ".

of Christ, the same signature "Andreas

In both cases the

signature is old,