How-To Migrate From a AIX5.3 TL4 Image From a p5 to a p6 Server Author: Allan E Cano acano@itrus.

com Date: August 27, 2008 In the process of trying to migrate 12 LPARS running AIX 5.3 TL 4 from p5 servers to a new p6 Power570 we learned some important lessons. 1. AIX 5.3 TL 4 won't boot via tape or NIM on a p6 server. In the past we'd do an on the fly update via NIM when migrating to new processor levels. This was not an option for a p5/p5+ to p6 migration for anything less than AIX 5.3 TL 6. 2. It's probably documented but worth reminding, a 32-bit kernel won't boot on a p6 processor. At least not with the 12 images I tried even when running AIX 5.3.8.1. For our migration we were limited by time, resources, and not being allowed to update the production servers to a supported p6 AIX level. So two options (see below) which would have easily worked were ruled out: 1. On the p5 server perform an inplace upgrade to 5.3.7+ and then clone this on the new p6 server. Pros: Simple and direct migration process Cons: Requires down time and possibly testing/validation. So, this may not be an option for production servers. 2. Create a new P5 LPAR to stage the update from a clone of the existing server. Then make another mksysb of the updated server and clone this to the new p6 server. Pros: Simple and somewhat direct migration process. new level Allows for testing at the

Cons: Requires additional resources or a reduction in existing server allocations. Our solution was to make use of the alt_disk_install tools to update 'in place' on the p6 server.

How-To Migrate From a AIX5.3 TL4 Image From a p5 to a p6 Server We were using a VIO server to present the disk; however, the process would work as well for direct attached, iSCSI or SAN disk. Pros: No additional hardware and allows for testing. Cons: Can be complicated. See the process below Prerequisites 1. Install an LPAR at a supported AIX level. 2. Make sure to install the alt_disk_install LPPs. For our purposes we'll call this hosting LPAR lpar1. Our goal will be to build lpar2 from an AIX 5.3 TL 4 mksysb image. Process 1. Present the disk to be used to boot lpar2 to lpar1. This can be done by: a. Mapping a LUN to an assigned fiber card b. Assigned a physical adapter with associated disks c. Map a virtual disk via mkvdev to the vhost adapter for lpar1 We'll assume there are two such disk called hdisk2 and hdisk3. 2. Make the lpar2 mksysb image available to lpar1 (tape, ftp, nfs, etc). We'll assume the image is /export/mksysb/mksysb_lpar2. 3. Make an lpp source at the desired AIX level. In our case this was AIX 5.3.8.1 from a DVD. # bffcreate -d /dev/cd0 -t /export/lpp_source/lpp_aix_5381 -X all 4. Use the following commands to load and update the image # # # # # alt_disk_copy -m /export/mksysb/mksysb_lpar2 -d "hdisk2 hdisk3" –BOKg alt_root_op -W -d hdisk2 alt_rootvg_op -C -b update_all -l /export/lpp_source/lpp_aix_5381 alt_rootvg_op –S alt_rootvg_op –X

How-To Migrate From a AIX5.3 TL4 Image From a p5 to a p6 Server

5. Remove lpar2’s disks (and adapters if necessary) and then reassign to lpar2. Boot lpar2 This process worked for 9 of 12 LPARs. However, for reasons as yet undetermined, 3 of the images booted to a 32-bit kernel. (And, yes the source system was a 64 for bit kernel.) This is normally resolved by booting into maintenance mode and running a bosboot; however, in this case there was a twist since the ODM was wiped by the -O in the alt disk process. 1. 2. 3. 4. Boot from the AIX 5.3.8.1 media. Choose option 3 to start a maintanence shell Select to start a root shell BEFORE mounting filesystems. Copy the ODM from the ram partition into the OS # mount /dev/hd4 /mnt # cd /etc/objrepos # cp CuAt* CuDv* CuDvDr* CuDep* CuVPD* /mnt/etc/objrepos # umount /mnt # exit # bosboot -a -d hdisk0 # savebase # bosboot -m normal hdisk0 <May get an error. Don't worry about it. Just boot to SMS and set the bootlist.> # sync;sync;sync # reboot

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