www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.

com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects, Presentation, seminar, summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.

SUMMER TRAINING REPORT ON

BSNL

“COMPARING THE FINANCIAL STRENGTH AND PERFORMANCE OF BSNL WITH AIRTEL” SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR

POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN MANAGEMENT

SUBMITTED TO MS.REENU BANSAL

SUBMITTED BY GURPREET KAUR PGDM(2009-2011)

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects, Presentation, seminar, summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.

DECLARATION

I hereby declare that the Project work entitled, “COMPARISON OF THE FINANCIAL STRENGTH AND PERFORMANCE OF BSNL WITH AIRTEL “ submitted by me for the partial fulfilment of the Post Graduate Diploma in management (PGDM) to “ INSTITUTE AND MANAGEMENT STUDIES” is my own original work and has not been submitted earlier either to IMS or to any other Institution for the fulfilment of the requirement for any course of study.

Place Date :

:

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects, Presentation, seminar, summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.

Signature of Student

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I would like to thank BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED, NEW DELHI for providing me with this unique opportunity to explore my academic interests in the field of finance i.e., to analyze each and every aspect of telecom industry in particular BSNL ..

My sincere thanks to Mr. kashyap , Dean sir for making this event a possibility. Thanks are also due to all other faculty members of the college without whom the project would not have been a possible.

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/

final-yearprojects.BSNL). Presentation.SATYANAYANA SIR(DGM.BSNL)(IA) .com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.final-yearprojects. ABDUL MALIK (CA. www.co. I wish to thank Mr. I would like to thank her for helping in understanding the working of BSNL and also in proper analysis of the project. P.BSNL) (IA)for all his support. I’m thankful to the staff especially finance team for helping me in every way in completing my project. This is only for Educational Purpose.troubleshoot4free.ENKHIA(DGM.cc | www.ABDUL MALIK (CA.BSNL) for giving me this chance to work on this project and extending all support to me during my internship with BSNL.R. A very special thanks to K.com/fyp/ .troubleshoot4free.www. seminar. I would like to thank Mr. time and constant encouragement which helped me carry out my project and complete it successfully.MR. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. for providing me the opportunity to do the actual accounts work in BSNL.co. summer training report and lot more.cc | www.

The respective work helped me in gaining knowledge regarding the financial analysis. I analyzed all financial data of BSNL and AIRTEL thoroughly. Most importantly would like to express my humble gratitude to my family and to all my co-trainees. seminar. The knowledge regarding the operational part is also implied for the completion of this work. www.com/fyp/ . The project contains the information on analysis of past four years’ financial statements of BSNL. This is only for Educational Purpose.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. who inspired me to put in my best efforts for this project.cc | www.troubleshoot4free. summer training report and lot more.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. For the execution of the assigned task.co.co.final-yearprojects. Presentation.www.cc | www. GURPREET KAUR EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The title of the summer training was an interesting one.

troubleshoot4free.co.com/fyp/ .com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.co. summer training report and lot more.cc | www. I have analyzed the various financial documents of BSNL & various financial documents of BSNL & gained practical know how.cc | www. This project involves the study of various expenses which are present in every industry. Further. The objective of this project is to study & analyze the revenues and expenses. seminar. www. This is only for Educational Purpose. and assets and liabilities of Indian Telecom Industry particularly BSNL and AIRTEL.final-yearprojects. Understanding the function how payable team and its process work in such a large organization like BSNL WORKS .final-yearprojects.www. I also came to know about the different hierarchy of the management system.troubleshoot4free. Presentation. The process of Financial Management System (FMS) was viewed completely in order to achieve the target. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.

This is only for Educational Purpose. My purpose for making this project is to get an overview of Indian Telecom Industry. Presentation.final-yearprojects. P&L accounts can tell us the financial condition of the company. Studying monthly Profit and loss account. summer training report and lot more. www. seminar.troubleshoot4free. quarterly results and annual results.cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.www.cc | www.final-yearprojects.co. In this project I have included a thorough analysis of the financial statements of BSNL and AIRTEL and studied various ratios pertaining to the findings and have suggested various points through which it can reach at the top of Telecommunication market. Through these data one can find the corrective steps required to uplift the financial health of the company.com/fyp/ . NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.co.troubleshoot4free. In this project I critically examine the setbacks at BSNL and provide them with some constructive recommendations OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 1.

co. The basic objective of studying the Financial statements of the company is to know the financial position of the company. summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www. seminar. 8. Over a period of time.troubleshoot4free. 3. This is only for Educational Purpose. Financial Analysis helps in planning and forecasting.troubleshoot4free. Presentation. To study the comparative analysis of financial conditions of BSNL and AIRTEL on the basis of ratio analysis. www. To know the growth trend of BSNL and AIRTEL. 6. To know the management decision making policy. 5.com/fyp/ . 2. To study the changes taking place in the profit condition of BSNL and AIRTEL.co.final-yearprojects. 4.cc | www. a firm or industry develops certain norms that indicate future success & failure.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.final-yearprojects. To get the information about earning potential of the enterprises.www. 7.

co. This is only for Educational Purpose.troubleshoot4free.www. summer training report and lot more. 9.final-yearprojects.final-yearprojects. Presentation.cc | www.troubleshoot4free. seminar.co.com/fyp/ . NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. The objective of this project is to analyze the performance of BSNL and AIRTEL. and studies their comparative performance for past four years .cc | www. www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.

.India‘s mobile phone subscriber base is growing at a rate of 82. With a growth rate of 45%.4%. India has nearly 200 million telephone lines making it the third largest network in the world after China and USA.final-yearprojects. in Much of the growth like in Asia Pacific and Wireless China.www. This is only for Educational Purpose. www. Compared to that India’s share in Asia Pacific Mobile Phone market is 6.cc | www. summer training report and lot more.com/fyp/ .2%. Indian telecom industry has the highest growthrate. Presentation. seminar.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.co. INDIAN TELECOM INDUSTRY Telecom Industry in India The telecom industry is one of the fastest growing industries in India.troubleshoot4free.cc | www.China is the biggest market in Asia Pacific with a subscriber base of 48% of the total subscribers in Asia Pacific.final-yearprojects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.troubleshoot4free. Telecommunication Market is spurred by the growth in demand countries India .co.

co. Telecom sector was considered as a strategic service and the government considered it best to bring under state's control. This is only for Educational Purpose. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. The first wind of reforms in telecommunications sector began to flow in 1980s when the private sector was allowed in telecommunications equipment manufacturing. all the foreign telecommunication companies were nationalized to form the Posts.troubleshoot4free. seminar. History of Indian Telecommunications Started in 1851 when the first operational land lines were laid by the government near Calcutta (seat of British power). summer training report and lot more.co.www.final-yearprojects. a monopoly run by the government's Ministry of Communications.final-yearprojects. In 1985.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. It was an exclusive provider of domestic and long-distance service that would be its own regulator (separate from the postal system). Presentation.com/fyp/ . In 1986.troubleshoot4free. Department of Telecommunications (DOT) was established. Considering the fact that they have comparable populations. After independence in 1947. two wholly government-owned companies were created: the www. In 1883 telephone services were merged with the postal system.cc | www. India’s low mobile penetration offer hugescope. Telephone services were introduced in India in 1881. Telephone and Telegraph (PTT). Indian Radio Telegraph Company (IRT) was formed in 1923.cc | www.

telecommunications sector benefited from the general opening up of the economy.cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.www. Presentation. examples of telecom revolution in many other countries. In 1997. This is only for Educational Purpose.final-yearprojects.co.troubleshoot4free. National Telecom Policy (NTP) 1994 was the first attempt to give a comprehensive roadmap for the Indian telecommunications sector.troubleshoot4free. Fixed line services consist of basic services.cc | www. and Cellular Services. In 1990s.com/fyp/ . Private sector services are www. which resulted in better quality of service and lower tariffs.final-yearprojects. TRAI was formed to act as a regulator to facilitate the growth of the telecom sector. Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) for international telecommunications and Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) for service in metropolitan areas. led Indian policy makers to initiate a change process finally resulting in opening up of telecom services sector for the private sector. seminar.co. summer training report and lot more. national or domestic long distance and international long distance services. New National Telecom Policy was adopted in 1999 and cellular services were also launched in the same year. The state operators (BSNL and MTNL). NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Telecommunication sector in India can be divided into two segments: Fixed Service Provider (FSPs). account for almost 90 per cent of revenues from basic services. Also. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) was created.

Cellular operators get substantial revenue from these services.troubleshoot4free. such as leased lines. closed user group and videoconferencing. The reduction in tariffs for airtime. and handset prices has driven demand. Cellular services www.final-yearprojects.cc | www. Opening up of international and domestic long distance telephony services are the major growth drivers for cellular industry. which along with rental was the main source of revenue. Cellular services can be further divided into two categories: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA). NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www.co. This is only for Educational Purpose.www. high.co. Vodafone-Hutch. summer training report and lot more. Classification of Telecommunication services 1. while the CDMA sector is dominated by Reliance and Tata Indicom.troubleshoot4free. and collectively account for less than 5 per cent of subscriptions. seminar. However.com/fyp/ . and Idea Cellular. ISDN. presently available in selective urban areas. and offer reliable. Presentation.end services. national long distance. Basic services 2. The GSM sector is dominated by Airtel.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. and compensate them for reduction in tariffs on airtime.final-yearprojects. international long distance. private services focus on the business/corporate sector.

co. Telecom services have been recognized the world.troubleshoot4free.over as an important tool for socio-economic development for a nation and www.troubleshoot4free. Internet Service Provider (ISP) REGULATORS OF THE TELECOM INDUSTRY DoT. seminar.final-yearprojects.cc | www.com/fyp/ . NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Presentation. 3.co. summer training report and lot more. This is only for Educational Purpose.The Department of Telecommunications is part of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology in the executive branch of the Government of India.cc | www.www.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.

www. TRAI.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. It also enforces wireless regulatory measures by monitoring wireless transmission of all users in the country. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. summer training report and lot more.co. seminar. This is only for Educational Purpose. www. the Department of Telecom has been formulating development policies for the accelerated growth of the telecommunication services.final-yearprojects. Presentation.co.The telecommunications regulatory authority of india The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of India or TRAI (established 1997) is the independent regulator established by the Government of India to regulate the telecommunications business in India. Accordingly.cc | www.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ .cc | www. The Department is also responsible for grant of licenses for various telecom services like Unified Access Service Internet and VSAT service.troubleshoot4free. hence telecom infrastructure is treated as a crucial factor to realize the socio-economic objectives in India. The Department is also responsible for frequency management in the field of radio communication in close coordination with the international bodies.

co.cc | www.www. The mission of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is to ensure that the interests of consumers are protected and the same time to nurture conditions for the growth of telecommunications. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. This is only for Educational Purpose.cc | www. broadcasting and cable services in a manner and at a pace which will enable India to play a leading role in the emerging global information society.com/fyp/ . BSNL A BRIEF INTRODUCTION www. seminar. Presentation.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. summer training report and lot more. They also check that telecom regulators work according to the rules and regulations and maintains favourable competeion in the market.co.

com/fyp/ .AXE10. This is only for Educational Purpose. Today. Broadband and more than 400.VPN.Web telephony. Government of India became a corporation and was named as the “Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited” (BSNL).cc | www. summer training report and lot more.troubleshoot4free. On October 1. VISION To become the largest telecom Service Provider in South east Asia. It has a network of over 45 million lines covering 5000 towns with over 35 million telephone connections.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.DIAS.EWSD.final-yearprojects. MISSION www. DWDM system up to 80 gbps.co.FETEX. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.co. 1 Telecommunications Company and the largest Public Sector Undertaking of India with authorized share capital of US $ 3977 million and net worth of US $ 14.troubleshoot4free.5 gbps.cc | www.final-yearprojects.NEC etc. BSNL is the No.www. With latest digital switching technology like OCB. Presentation. 2000 the Department of Telecom Operations.32 billion.000 data customers. and widespread transmission network including SDH system up to 2. seminar.

electronic exchanges.www.troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. seminar. 2. Digitalized Public Switched Telephone Network (DPSTN) with a host of Phone Plus value DATAONE BROADBAND BSNL launched Dataone broadband service in January 2005 which shall be extended to 198 cities very shortly.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free.co. summer training report and lot more. Internet www. This is only for Educational Purpose. Presentation.000 addition. To provide world class State-of-art technology telecom services on demand at affordable price.final-yearprojects. 1.cc | www. BSNL SERVICES Here is an overview of the World Class services offered by the BSNL: The Plain old.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. To Provide world class telecom infrastructure to develop country's economy. Countrywide telephone Service through 36. The service is being provided on existing copper infrastructure on ADSL2 technology.cc | www.co.com/fyp/ .

cc | www. Intelligent Network Intelligent Network Service (In Service) offers value-added services. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. ISDN Integrated Service Digital Network Service of BSNL utilizes a unique digital network providing high speed and high quality voice.co. for web browsing and E-mail applications. such as: * Free Phone Service (FPH) * India Telephone Card (Prepaid card) * Account Card Calling (ACC) * Virtual Private Network (VPN) * Tele-voting www.www. data and image transfer over the same line. BSNL also offers Web hosting and co-location services at very cheap rates.co.com/fyp/ . Keeping the global network of Networks networked.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. It can also facilitate both desktop video and high quality video conferencing. summer training report and lot more. CLI based access (no account is required) and DIAS service. Presentation. This is only for Educational Purpose. seminar. the countrywide Internet Services of BSNL under the brand name Internet dial up/ Leased line access.final-yearprojects.

troubleshoot4free. Managed Leased Line Network (MLLN) offers flexibility of providing circuits with speeds of nx64 kbps upto 2mbps. Short Message Service (SMS) both national and international. Cellular Mobile Service BSNL’s GSM cellular mobile service Cellone has a customer base of over 5. Bandwidth is available on demand in most cities.cc | www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.com/fyp/ . E-mail.www. useful for Internet leased lines and International Principle Leased Circuits (IPLCs).com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.final-yearprojects.2 million. Voice Mail. www.final-yearprojects. unified messaging service (send and receive e-mails) etc. * Premium Rate Service (PRM) Leased Lines & Datacom * Universal Access Number (UAN) and more BSNL provides leased lines for voice and data communication for various application on point to point basis. GPRS.cc | www.co. It offers a choice of high. Cellone provides all the services like MMS.co. seminar. summer training report and lot more.troubleshoot4free. Presentation. This is only for Educational Purpose. medium and low speed leased data circuits as well as dial-up lines.

The Bharti Group. summer training report and lot more. www. seminar.com/fyp/ . Wireless in Local Loop This is a communication system that connects customers to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) using radio frequency signals as a substitute for conventional wires for all or part of the connection between the subscribers and the telephone exchange .troubleshoot4free. Bharti has recently forayed into retail business as Bharti Retail Pvt. AIRTEL INTRODUCTION Bharti Airtel Telecom giant Bharti Airtel is the flagship company of Bharti Enterprises. has a diverse business portfolio and has created global brands in the telecommunication sector. Presentation. This is only for Educational Purpose.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects.www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www.cc | www. Ltd.co.

final-yearprojects. It has successfully launched an international venture with EL Rothschild Group to export fresh agri products exclusively to markets in Europe and USA and has launched Bharti AXA Life Insurance Company Ltd under a joint venture with AXA. Then Bharti Tele Net Ltd under the brand name of Touch Net.cc | www. This is only for Educational Purpose.com/fyp/ ..final-yearprojects. under a MoU with Wal-Mart for the cash & carry business.troubleshoot4free. www. summer training report and lot more.Its head quarters is at Delhi. After sometime the companies Bharti Telesonic Ltd and Bharti Broadband and Teleservices Ltd combined together and form Bharti Infotel Ltd. The companies Bharti Telenet Ltd and Bharti Broadband Ltd combined together and form Bharti Broadband and Teleservices Ltd. BHARTI AIRTEL LTD started in July 7 1995.co. seminar. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. world leader in financial protection and wealth management. Respectful.troubleshoot4free.www.co. In 13th September 2004 all the four companies combined together and form Bharti AIRTEL Ltd. In 1998 company started their first land line operation. Another one is Bharti Tele Sonic Ltd under the brand name of India One.cc | www. Energetic and loving . Interested. AIRTEL stands for Affectionate. Another one is Bharti broad band Ltd under the brand name of Manthra Online.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. Their first company is Bharti Cellular Limited under the brand name of Airtel. Tolerant. Presentation.Their logo is “Think fresh Deliver More”.

microwave Siemens links.final-yearprojects. Enterprise and Digital TV. etc. realty. Ericsson agreed for the first time. The mobile business offers services in India. Its network (base stations. Sunil Bharti Mittal is the Founder. Chairman and Group CEO of Bharti Enterprises.cc | www.final-yearprojects. This is only for Educational Purpose. It is known for being the first mobile phone company in the world to outsource everything except marketing and sales. The Digital TV business provides Direct-to-Home TV services across India. seminar. Telemedia.com/fyp/ .www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. summer training report and lot more. to be paid by the minute for installation and maintenance of their equipment rather than being paid up www. IPTV and telephone services in 89 Indian cities. Presentation.troubleshoot4free. business by IBM and transmission towers by another company.) is maintained support by Ericsson and Nokia Network. manufacturing and agriculture. The Telemedia business provides broadband.troubleshoot4free. The Enterprise business provides end-to-end telecom solutions to corporate customers and national and international long distance services to telcos.cc | www. The company is structured into four strategic business units Mobile. one of India’s leading business groups with interests in telecom.co. financial services. retail.

Presentation.troubleshoot4free. will replace Manoj Kohli and will be the CEO. Current Dy. seminar. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. behind China Mobile and China Unicom. front.final-yearprojects. will become the Chief Executive Officer of the International Business Group from 1 April 2010. Joint Managing Director and current Chief Executive Officer of Indian and South Asian operations.co. summer training report and lot more. the company has a 30.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www. This is only for Educational Purpose.02/minute).co.troubleshoot4free. Vision of Airtel (1)To be the most admired brand in india (2) Loved by more customers (3) Targeted by top talent (4)Benchemarked by more businesses www. In India.com/fyp/ . 1/minute (U$0. effective from 1 April 2010.cc | www. He will be overseeing Bharti's overseas business. Globally. Bharti Airtel is the 3rd largest in-country mobile operator by subscriber base.7% share of the wireless services market.final-yearprojects. CEO. Sanjay Kapoor. company announced that Manoj Kohli.www. In January 2010. This enables the company to provide pan-India phone call rates of Rs.

troubleshoot4free. Extending our network while ensuring a world class customer experience.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. summer training report and lot more. Creating benefit through economies of scale.final-yearprojects.final-yearprojects. Harnessing IT for both customer & internal benefit. leading to higher synergies and efficiencies. We deliver what we promise and go out of our way to delight the customer with a little bit more. seminar. Leading industry innovation through user friendly products and services.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ .cc | www. Building one integrated business. Bharti Airtel has identified eight business focus areas • Ensuring a consistently delightful brand experience at every touch point. To realize its vision.www.co. Aligning internal as well as customer facing processes. • • • • • • • Airtel always think in fresh and innovative ways about the needs of our customers and how we want them to feel. Building a best in class leadership team that nurtures talent at every level. This is only for Educational Purpose.cc | www. Presentation. www.co.

Nigeri a. Democratic Republic of the Congo. Tanzania. Niger. Chad. Ghana. Madagascar. summer training report and lot more. This is only for Educational Purpose. Presentation. Area of operations  3 countries in the Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh. Sierra Leone. Airtel is the 5th largest mobile operator in the world in terms of subscriber base and has a commercial presence in 18 countries. seminar. India and Sri Lanka  15 countries in Africa: Burkina Faso. Malawi.troubleshoot4free.troubleshoot4free.co.co. Republic Congo.cc | www.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.com/fyp/ . Uganda and Zambia. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Kenya.www.cc | www.final-yearprojects. Gabon. www.

NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.07% (as of May 2010). seminar.co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.co. the company's mobile service is branded as Airtel. It has nationwide presence and is the market leader with a market share of 30.cc | www.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.www.troubleshoot4free. This is only for Educational Purpose.final-yearprojects. Presentation. summer training report and lot more.com/fyp/ . COMPETITORS OF BSNL AND AIRTEL MTNL www. In India.final-yearprojects.

co.25% stake in the company. In the year 2005-06. In the past 21 years. The Govt. summer training report and lot more. the company has taken rapid strides to emerge as India’s leading and one of Asia’s largest telecom operating companies.troubleshoot4free.cc | www. MTNL has achieved a customer base over 5 million. expend the telecom network. seminar.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.com/fyp/ . the company focused on widening the cellular and CDMA –based WLL customer base. Presentation. The company has also been the forefront of technology induction by converting 100% of its telephone exchange network into the state-of-art digital mode.cc | www. of India currently holds 56. 1986 by the Government of India to upgrade the quality of telecom services. MTNL was set up on 1st April. This is only for Educational Purpose. introducing 3G services www. the business capital of India.co.final-yearprojects. and introduce new services and to raise revenue for telecom development needs of India’s key metros.Delhi. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Besides having a strong financial base.final-yearprojects. the political capital and Mumbai.troubleshoot4free.www.

co.cc | www. getting India 3G map of the world.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. MTNL provides fixed line telephones. After that MTNL Mobile users would be able to surf the internet with speeds up to 2 Mbit/s on their smart phones.final-yearprojects. Mobile TV and Mobile Broadband with high speed data connectivity up to 2 Mbit/s speed from 11th December 2008.troubleshoot4free. and achieving at least 5. cellular connection of both GSM -Dolphin (Postpaid) and Trump (prepaid) and WLL (CDMA) . MTNL has also started Games on demand. MTNL will be installing 15 lakh 3G lines in the first phase of its 3G roll-out in Mumbai and Delhi (which currently have 40 lakh existing mobile www. summer training report and lot more. MTNL plans to offer 3G services across India by mid-2009.Garuda-FW and Garuda-Mobile and internet services through dialup and DSL -Broadband internet TriBand.cc | www. MTNL started 3G services in India under the name of "MTNL 3G Jadoo" Services offered include Video call.com/fyp/ . 00.www.co. seminar.000 broadband customers and rolling out of telecom services in Mauritius through its subsidiary. video on demand and IPTV services in India through its Broadband Internet service called Triband. Presentation.troubleshoot4free. This is only for Educational Purpose. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.

covering mobile and fixed line telephony including broadband. summer training report and lot more. RELIANCE COMMUNICATIONS Reliance Infocomm offers a complete range of telecom services. Their business encompasses a complete range of telecom services covering mobile and fixed line telephony.co. data services and a wide range of value added services and applications.final-yearprojects. Our constant endeavor is to achieve customer delight www. the first of Infocomm's initiatives was launched on December 28.cc | www. national and international long distance services and data services along with an exhaustive range of value-added services and applications. Presentation.co. seminar. 2002.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. Reliance Communications is the flagship company of the Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group (ADAG) of companies.troubleshoot4free. It includes broadband. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. national and international long distance services. Listed on the National Stock Exchange and the Bombay Stock Exchange.troubleshoot4free. This is only for Educational Purpose.final-yearprojects.www.cc | www.com/fyp/ . it is India’s leading integrated telecommunication company with over 71 million customers. Reliance India Mobile.

It is capable of delivering a range of services spanning the entire infocomm (information and www. It marked the auspicious beginning of Dhirubhai’s dream of ushering in a digital revolution in India. coinciding with the joyous occasion of the late Dhirubhai Ambani’s 70th birthday.final-yearprojects. integrated (wireless and wireline). Today.co.troubleshoot4free.cc | www. Reliance Mobile (formerly Reliance India Mobile).final-yearprojects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. data and video) digital network and to offer services spanning the entire infocomm value chain.www.cc | www. launched on 28 December 2002. seminar. Reliance Communications started laying 60.co. Presentation. by bestowing it in the hands of the common man at affordable rates.troubleshoot4free. They endeavor to further extend their efforts beyond the traditional value chain by developing and deploying complete telecom solutions for the entire spectrum of society.com/fyp/ . This is only for Educational Purpose.000 route kilometers of a pan-India fibre optic backbone with high capacity. the company can proudly claim that they were instrumental in harnessing the true power of information and communication. was among the initial initiatives of Reliance Communications. by enhancing the productivity of the enterprises and individuals we serve. It was established in the year 2004 as Reliance Infrastructure Developers Private Limited.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. summer training report and lot more. convergent (voice.

applications.com/fyp/ .final-yearprojects. Presentation. This is only for Educational Purpose. It operates under the brand name Tata Indicom in various telecom circles of India. communication) value chain. summer training report and lot more.troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects. Tata Teleservices spearheads the Group’s presence in the telecom sector.www. Tata Teleservices was the first to launch CDMA mobile services in India with the Andhra Pradesh circle.cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. an Indian conglomerate. The company forms part of the Tata Group's presence in the Telecommunication Industry in India. and consulting.cc | www.co. www. TATATELESERVICES Tata Teleservices Limited (TTSL) is a part of the Tata Group of companies. seminar. Incorporated in 1996. along with Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited (TTML) and TATA COMMUNICATIONS LTD.co. including infrastructure and services for enterprises as well as individuals.

cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. With a committed investment of INR 36. The company is a joint venture of Essar Communication Holdings Ltd and the UK-based Vodafone Group. www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.www.troubleshoot4free. Vodafone Essar now has operations in 22 circles with over 65. This is only for Educational Purpose.final-yearprojects. 2. the Group has a presence across the telecom value chain.cc | www.543 Crore (US$ 62. seminar. that has over 87 companies.com/fyp/ .51.final-yearprojects.92 million customers**. summer training report and lot more. over 330.co.000 Crore (USD $7.troubleshoot4free. Tata Teleservices is part of the INR Rs.5 billion) Tata Group.000 employees and more than 2. Vodafone Essar in India is a subsidiary of Vodafone Group Plc and commenced operations in 1994 when its predecessor Hutchison Telecom acquired the cellular licence for Mumbai. VODAFONE ESSAR LTD.5 billion) in Telecom (FY 2006).co. Presentation.8 million shareholders.

cc | www.troubleshoot4free. Vodafone has partnered with the Essar Group as its principal joint venture partner for the Indian market. Essar Global Limited (EGL) is a diversified business group spanning the manufacturing and services sectors of Steel.final-yearprojects.www. has been named the ‘Most Respected Telecom Company’. Vodafone Essar.co. the Caribbean and South East Asia and employs 30.co.cc | www. The group has operations and investments in India.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. the ‘Best Mobile Service in the country’ and the ‘Most Creative and Most Effective Advertiser of the Year’.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ . Vodafone Essar Ltd provides services like 2G. which are based on 1800 MHz and 900Mhz GSM digital technology. Vodafone has partnered with the Essar Group as their principal joint venture partner for the Indian market. seminar. USA. Canada. Power. Africa. It currently has equity interests in 27 countries across 5 continents and 40 partner networks with over 289 million proportionate customers worldwide. summer training report and lot more. Presentation. They are in the business of cellular telephony.000 people worldwide. Energy. They offers www. This is only for Educational Purpose. and Projects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. the Middle East. under the Hutch brand. Shipping & Logistics. Over the years.final-yearprojects. Communications. Vodafone is the world’s leading international mobile communications company.

postpaid tariff plan change. and information on and subscription of value added services through stores. a voice portal with Say IDEA and a complete suite of mobile email Services. prepaid/postpaid SIM card replacement and up gradation. + SPICE IDEA Cellular is a publicly listed company. summer training report and lot more.final-yearprojects. prepaid SIM cards and recharge coupons sale.co. It is the first cellular company to launch music messaging with Cellular Jockey. Background Tones. It has licences to operate in 11 circles. voice and data services. having listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE and the National Stock Exchange (NSE) in March 2007.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. In addition.cc | www. Group Talk. they offers postpaid connections activation. service activation/deactivation. mobile number change. Idea Cellular Ltd. IDEA CELLULAR LTD.troubleshoot4free.cc | www. seminar.final-yearprojects. The company has a customer base of over 17 million.troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Presentation.www. is India's leading GSM mobile services operator. This is only for Educational Purpose. customer query resolution. www.co.com/fyp/ .

000 employees belonging to 25 nationalities. summer training report and lot more. A brand known for many firsts. the company's footprint idea is to first achieve critical mass.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. IDEA Cellular is part of the Aditya Birla Group. The Indian telecommunications market for mobile services is divided into 22 "Service Areas" classified into "Metro".com/fyp/ . India's first truly multinational corporation. Category "B" and Category "C" service areas by the Government of India. A brand known for their many firsts.final-yearprojects.final-yearprojects.co. seminar. and is anchored by over 1.www. then drill deep instead of spreading thin.cc | www. however. Idea was the first to launch GPRS and EDGE in the country.troubleshoot4free.troubleshoot4free. These classifications are based principally on a Service Area's revenue generating potential Customer Service and Innovation are the drivers of this Cellular Brand. Presentation.cc | www. IDEA is the only operator to launch General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) and EDGE in the country. IDEA has seen phenomenal growth since its inception. Category "A". does not www.co. Idea has received international recognition for its path-breaking innovations when it won the GSM Association Award for "Best Billing and Customer Care Solution" for 2 consecutive years. This is only for Educational Purpose. The group operates in 25 countries.25.

NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.troubleshoot4free.cc | www. seminar. This is only for Educational Purpose. It emerged a market leader in Assam and in the North Eastern provinces within www.com/fyp/ . Aircel began its outward expansion in 2005 and met with unprecedented success in the Eastern frontier circles.www. AIRCEL The Aircel Group is a joint venture between Maxis Communications Berhad of Malaysia and Apollo Hospital Enterprise Ltd of India. Aircel commenced operations in 1999 and became the leading mobile operator in Tamil Nadu within 18 months.cc | www. In December 2003. summer training report and lot more.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. it also drills deep and successfully attempts to provide excellent network coverage in all its circles of operations.co. with Maxis Communications holding a majority stake of 74%. increasing geographic footprint only.final-yearprojects.co.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. Presentation. it launched commercially in Chennai and quickly established itself as a market leader – a position it has held since.

Tamil Nadu.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ . Kerala. Bihar. Presentation. seminar.www.troubleshoot4free. Assam. Himachal Pradesh.final-yearprojects.cc | www. 18 months of operations. Andhra Pradesh. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Within a short span of time the www. Orissa. BPL MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS LTD.co.cc | www. Karnataka and Delhi. BPL Mobile Communications Limited popularly known as BPL Mobile is an India-based telecommunication service providing company. BPL Mobile Communications Limited is an offshoot of the legendary business conglomerate ESSAR group. the company gained a foothold in 14 circles including Chennai.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. This is only for Educational Purpose. summer training report and lot more. Till today. BPL Mobile Communications Limited was established in the year 1995 and it is presently operating in only in the city of Mumbai. BPL Mobile Communications Limited has revolutionized the Indian mobile telecommunication industry. Jammu & Kashmir. North East. Kolkata. West Bengal.co.

co.co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. BPL Mobile offers highclass mobile service to its wide pool of Mumbai subscribers. mobile browsing and Java based mobile phone games. Further. Presentation. it ranks very high on parameters like. summer training report and lot more. Further.final-yearprojects. This is only for Educational Purpose. the Qualnet. Superior coverage and optimum sound clarity are the strengths of BPL Mobile. Camel Phase 2 Intelligent Network (IN) platform and GPRS facilitating ultra modern services like Multimedia Messaging Services (MMS). BPL Mobile Communications Limited provides its customers with world class mobile services.final-yearprojects.cc | www.www.com/fyp/ . BPL Mobile has gained tremendous popularity due to its competitive pricing of tariffs.troubleshoot4free. www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This gigantic mobile telecommunication company of India has grown in leaps and bounds and it offers seamless service to its customers spread across Mumbai.troubleshoot4free. voice quality etc and was thus ranked first in the category of Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) of mobile service providers.cc | www. customer satisfaction. operating in Mumbai. seminar. through the use of state-of-the-art technology and network and this includes use of unique network design. billing performance. subscriber base of BPL Mobile Communications Limited has reached the 1 million mark.

troubleshoot4free. HFCL INFOTEL LTD.'94.'46. summer training report and lot more. The Investment Trust of India (ITI) is managed by chairman and managing director B K Kothari.final-yearprojects. In Sep. During 2002-03 the name of the Company changed to HFCL Infotel Ltd. Leasing and Securities Trading by way of an outright sale with effect from 1st September 2002 to its wholly owned subsidiary 'Rajam Finance & Investments Company (India) Ltd' now renamed as 'The Investment Trust of India Ltd' Other group companies are Kothari Sugars and Chemicals and Madras Safe Deposit.troubleshoot4free.co. HFCL Infotel Ltd ('transferor Company') a telecommunication Company operating in the Punjab Circle merged with the Company through a Scheme of Amalgamation and decided to hive off the business of Hire Purchase.www. Incorporated on 2 Aug. it came out with a rights issue of www.com/fyp/ . seminar. Finance.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. as part of Company's diversification and restructuring programme.cc | www.co.final-yearprojects. Presentation. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www. This is only for Educational Purpose.

ITI Pioneer AMC Limited ceased to be a subsidiary of the company. firms as well as corporate bodies. ITI has invested 55% of its capital in ITI Pioneer AMC and the remaining 45% has been subscribed to by Pioneering Management Corporation. The Company’s holding in ITI Capital Market Ltd was sold to Kothari Pioneer AMC Ltd. This is only for Educational Purpose. During 2004-05. by the introduction of DSL-high speed Internet product. It has two subsidiaries -.ITI Pioneer AMC and ITI Capital Markets.co. Its clients include individuals. lease financing and investments. The company is mainly engaged in hire purchase. summer training report and lot more. The Company launched its Prepaid Mobile product and a complete range of innovative value Added Services and Data products were launched in May 2004. Presentation. The company became the first service provider to have launched DSL services in the state of Punjab and Chandigarh. ITI's business activities include sugar. During 1995-96. etc.co.troubleshoot4free. US.72 cr. During 2003-04.79 lac shares (premium: Rs 30) aggregating Rs 8.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. During 1997-98.com/fyp/ .cc | www.final-yearprojects. industrial alcohol. to augment long-term working capital. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. 21.final-yearprojects.cc | www. The Company expanded www. seminar. petrochemicals.www.troubleshoot4free. ITI Pioneer AMC has promoted Kothari Pioneer Mutual Fund.

The Company's services namely. for the above purpose.cc | www.troubleshoot4free. A wholly owned subsidiary. Broadband Internet Access and Data Networking Access are offered under the brand name www.com/fyp/ .co.final-yearprojects. Mobile Telephoney.co.47 lacs subscribers in Punjab. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. summer training report and lot more.troubleshoot4free. The company is planning a venture into Video and Cable TV Services and making triple play services by an expansion into the neighboring states of Punjab. Connect Broadband Services Limited was formed on July 2004.final-yearprojects. Fixed Line Telephoney. This is only for Educational Purpose.www.cc | www. seminar. Presentation. its services to 125 cities/towns with 2.

For my project most of the finance related books have been considered.cc | www. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Methodology is the basic framework and the approach that has to be followed to carry out the approach used to collect the data. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose. The best websites are considered which gives all the efficient and effective information. i.troubleshoot4free. Presentation.final-yearprojects. Exploratory research is undertaken which involves extensive scanning of secondary data.www. References for the project are from the websites and books and the company’s annual reports. In the present project report type of research conducted is Quantitative research. from where and how it has been collected.troubleshoot4free. summer training report and lot more. the sources of primary data.co.com/fyp/ .. seminar.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.co.cc | www.e. www.

Presentation.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.www.cc | www.co.com/fyp/ . www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.final-yearprojects.cc | www.final-yearprojects. The proposed work would be undertaken by keeping in view the following points: • To study the existing situations & proceedings of the Financial department of the organizations • To suggest measures for improving the management of finances.troubleshoot4free.co. summer training report and lot more. This is only for Educational Purpose. PROBLEM DEFINITION: The first step in the conduct of a research is the careful definition of the problem.troubleshoot4free. seminar.

My whole project is based on analising the secondary data . seminar. Presentation.troubleshoot4free. DATA COLLECTION METHOD: Achieving accuracy in any research requires in depth study regarding the subject. summer training report and lot more.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.troubleshoot4free.cc | www.www.final-yearprojects.co. This is only for Educational Purpose. As the prime objective of the project is to compare & analyze the annual reports of the BSNL and AIRTEL to comment on their growth or decline . NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.For my reaerch secondary data was used .co.cc | www. Sources of Secondary data were: www.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ .

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects, Presentation, seminar, summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.

Used to obtain information on BSNL and AIRTEL its history, current policies, competitor’s policies, procedures, etc. wherever required.

a)

Internet use obtain docu ents related to airtel and other type of imformation required for project .

b) Annual reports provided by BSNL

c) Other documents related to BSNL INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT

Analysis of Financial Statements/Financial Analysis/Financial Statements Analysis:Financial Statements are the summarized statements of accounting data produced at the end of the accounting process by an enterprise through which it communicates accounting information to the

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects, Presentation, seminar, summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.

external users. The external users can be investors, lenders, suppliers and trade creditors, customers, government and their agencies, public at large and employees. Analysis of Financial Statements is a systematic process of the critical examination of the financial information contained in the financial statements in order to understand and make decisions regarding the operations of the firm. Customarily, a set of financial statements include: a) Balance Sheet b) Profit and Loss Account c) Schedules and notes forming part of the Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss Account

Essentials of Financial Statements 1. Accurate information 2. Understandability 3. Comparable 4. Verifiable

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects, Presentation, seminar, summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.

5. Relevant 6. Timeliness Users of Financial Statements 1. Investors and Potential Investors 2. Creditors 3. Customers 4. Employees and Trade Unions 5. Government and its Agencies 6. Stock Exchange

RATIO ANALYSIS CURRENT LIABILITIES
www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/

RATIO=

CURRENT

ASSET/CURRENT

troubleshoot4free. Airtel – Its current ratio had been less than 1 in past four years LIQUID RATIO: LIQUID ASSETS/CURRENT LIABILITIES www.co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www. Presentation.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects. but it has ratio abovr two which indicates that it has sufficient current assest to meet its liabilities . seminar.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ . 3 2.www.5 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 Current ratio of BSNL Current ratio of Airtel INTERPRETATION: Objective – it shows the relationship of current assest to current liabilities . Bsnl current ratio has increased from 2006 to 2008 and has slightly decrease in 2009 . NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.5 1 0.5 2 1.and tells the short term position of the company . summer training report and lot more.co.

final-yearprojects.5 1 1. Presentation.com/fyp/ . 2009 2008 Liquid ratio of Airtel 2007 Liquid ratio of BSNL 2006 0 0.5 INTERPRETATION: Objective – This ratio indicates short term solvency of the firm Bsnl quick ratio is much higher thsn what we considered as ideal ratio 1. It is very lower in the past 4 years .It indicates itsoverstocking as compare to its current assest .co. DEBT EQUITY RATIO: www. Airtel quick ratio on the other hand opposite to bsnl ratio .cc | www. But in other years it is far less than one .troubleshoot4free.its ratio is above 2 in the past years which indicates its understocking .com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.5 2 2.www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.final-yearprojects.1 .cc | www.It was good in 2007 close to 1.And also indicates that its liquid assest are less compare to its liquid liabilities.co. summer training report and lot more. seminar.troubleshoot4free. This is only for Educational Purpose.

2 0.5 0. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.final-yearprojects.3 0.cc | www.co.troubleshoot4free. summer training report and lot more.6 0.The reason for this is that they are decreasing their debt in past 4 years but increasing their shareholders funds continuounsly in 4 years .co. This is only for Educational Purpose.www.1 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 Debt equity ratio of Airtel Debt equity ratio of BSNL INTERPRETATION: Objective – it is computed to ascertain long term financial position of the firm .7 0. www.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ . seminar. Presentation.8 0. Bsnl ratio is less than 1 in past 4 years . 0.4 0.troubleshoot4free.cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.

It is continuously decreasing in past 4 years. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www. Presentation.co. This is only for Educational Purpose.final-yearprojects.final-yearprojects.co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. but it is advisiable to maintain a good amount of debt as it is cheap source of finance. Airtel . www.troubleshoot4free.Although they are increasing their debt in past years but they shareholders funds have increase much more than their debt .troubleshoot4free. summer training report and lot more. seminar. Both companies have more shareholders fund than its debt .www. Indication – it indicates that their debt is less than equity which means that they are using a safety margin for their shareholders.whereas it is showing decreasing trend in past years .cc | www.com/fyp/ .

This is only for Educational Purpose. Presentation.www.final-yearprojects. Airtel interest coverage ratio has shown an increasing trend over past 4 years whereas Bsnl ratio has decreased from past 2 years .cc | www.final-yearprojects. summer training report and lot more.cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.troubleshoot4free. Airtel is covering more fast its interest on fixed debt as compared to bsnl www.co. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.co. seminar.com/fyp/ . INTEREST COVERAGE RATIO: 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 Interest coverage ratio of BSNL Interest coverage ratio of Airtel INTERPRETATION: This ratio indicates how many times the interest is covered as compare to its NPBIT.troubleshoot4free.

co.9 0.7 0.final-yearprojects.www.4 0. Presentation.6 0. summer training report and lot more. www. Bsnl ratio is less than 1 in past 4 years . This is only for Educational Purpose.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.cc | www.5 0. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.2 0. DEBT TO EQUITY RATIO: 1 0.com/fyp/ . seminar.3 0.The reason for this is that they are decreasing their debt in past 4 years but increasing their shareholders funds continuounsly in 4 years .8 0.final-yearprojects.1 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 Debt to equity ratio of BSNL Debt to equity ratio of Airtel INTERPRETATION: Objective – it is computed to ascertain long term financial position of the firm .troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.

8 1.4 1.co.com/fyp/ .troubleshoot4free.2 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 Fixed asset to net worth of BSNL Fixed asset to net worth Of Airtel INTERPRETATION: www. seminar.whereas it is showing decreasing trend in past years . FIXED ASSETS TO NET WORTH RATIO 2 1.6 1.4 0. Indication – it indicates that their debt is less than equity which means that they are using a safety margin for their shareholders.2 1 0. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Airtel .co.troubleshoot4free.cc | www.final-yearprojects. This is only for Educational Purpose. summer training report and lot more.It is continuously decreasing in past 4 years. Presentation.Although they are increasing their debt in past years but they shareholders funds have increase much more than their debt .8 0.www.6 0.cc | www.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.

www.troubleshoot4free.This ratio helps in evaluating the prevailing market price of share in the light of profit –earning capacity .com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.co. EARNING PER SHARE: 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 Earning per share of Airtel Earning per share of BSNL INTERPRETATION: Objective .final-yearprojects.cc | www. This is only for Educational Purpose. Objective – It indicates the proportion of fixed asset as compare to its shareholders funds . The increase in reserves and surplus is much more than their investment in fixed assests . Presentation.final-yearprojects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Both companies are showing decreasing trend from past four years .co.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ . seminar.cc | www.the more the www. summer training report and lot more.

The reason is declining profits and decreasing dividend from past four years Where as AIRTEL has shown good performance from past four years.final-yearprojects. better is the performance and prospects of the company. Shareholders earning has been lowest in 2009.AS this is the ratio which gains more interest of company shareholders. Presentation.co.cc | www.cc | www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.co. This is only for Educational Purpose.Earning capacity is good and has better future for company shareholders.troubleshoot4free. summer training report and lot more.Showing good earnings to its shareholders . This is not good indication for company .troubleshoot4free.www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. earning per share. There is increasing trend in this ratio.final-yearprojects. www. seminar.com/fyp/ . Talking about EPS BSNL ratio has been declining from past four years.

com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.co.final-yearprojects. Presentation.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.co. seminar. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.final-yearprojects.www.com/fyp/ . This is only for Educational Purpose.  PROPRIETORY RATIO: www.troubleshoot4free. summer training report and lot more.cc | www.

803 2006 2007 2008 2009 0.49% www.www. seminar.76 0.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. summer training report and lot more. Proprietaryratio of B NL S 0.75 Proprietaryratio of Airtel 42. This is only for Educational Purpose.com/fyp/ .75 0.troubleshoot4free.cc | www.cc | www.final-yearprojects.18% 2006 2007 68.co. Presentation.28% 2008 2009 75. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.co.30% 78.

co. www.www.troubleshoot4free. INTERPRETATION: Objective – It establishes the relationship between proprietor’s funds and total assets. summer training report and lot more. Bsnl ratio is good in past 4 years . This is only for Educational Purpose.com/fyp/ . Airtel was low till 2008 but it has increased in 2009 as compare to Bsnl indicating more proprietors proportion as compare to Bsnl . NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects. It was very low in 2006 but has much improved in 2009.final-yearprojects. Where as Airtel has shown increasing trend in past 4 years. seminar.cc | www.it is showing equal and more percentage of shareholders funds as comparison to total assets. Comparison – both are sounding good in this ratio. Presentation.co.

troubleshoot4free.cc | www.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www.05 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 Return on shareholders return of Airtel www.2 0. Presentation.3 0.35 0. RETURN ON SHAREHOLDERS’ RETURN Return on shareholdersreturn of Airtel 0. seminar.25 0. summer training report and lot more.final-yearprojects.co. This is only for Educational Purpose.com/fyp/ .co.15 0.1 0.www.4 0.

cc | www. This is only for Educational Purpose. Presentation.co.41% 2006 11% 2007 2008 2009 8. BSNL ratio is showing decreasing trend from past four ratios.com/fyp/ .cc | www.www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.final-yearprojects.65% 3.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects. • BSNL: Earn on shareholders wealth of B NL S 0.co.This is the most important ratio to shareholders. seminar.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.troubleshoot4free. www. summer training report and lot more.42% INTERPRETATION: Objective – It judges overall performance of enterprise .

This is not the good indication to shareholders of BSNL .com/fyp/ .its very low in 2009 only just 0.troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Here Airtel has more improved ratio than BSNL .co. Presentation. RETURN ON CAPITAL EMPLOYED: www.Because their net profit after tax has decreased much in these past four years . This ratio indicates how the resources are being utilized in the company.final-yearprojects.cc | www.cc | www. This is only for Educational Purpose.troubleshoot4free.IT has utilized Its resources well as compared to BSNL.65%. The ratio is satisfactory. seminar.co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.final-yearprojects. it was highest in 2007 and in 2009 it has slightly decreased from 2008 . AIRTEL – This ratio has shown mixed trend in past four years. summer training report and lot more.www.

NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.www. summer training report and lot more.com/fyp/ .82% • AIRTEL: Return on capital em ployed of Airtel 43.16% 39.38% 4.05% 62.troubleshoot4free.24% 2006 2007 2008 2009 8. This is only for Educational Purpose.cc | www.95% 2006 2007 2008 2009 53. seminar.troubleshoot4free. Presentation.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. Return on capital em ployed of B NL S 1.final-yearprojects.cc | www.co.86% 10.01% www.final-yearprojects.co.

This is only for Educational Purpose.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.www. seminar. summer training report and lot more. BSNL ratios has shown decreasing trend in past four ratios .cc | www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.co. Where as Airtel has shown good performance in past four years .troubleshoot4free. www. INTERPRETATION: Objective – It measures how efficiently the sources entrusted to the business are used.co.final-yearprojects.final-yearprojects. although their ratio has decreased in 2009 but still it has shown satisfactory performance . bsnl need to focus on its utilisation of resources .cc | www. it has earn good return on its capital .com/fyp/ . Presentation.troubleshoot4free. and it has been very low in 2009 .

troubleshoot4free.70. CASH FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES BSNL net cash outflow from its investment in 2006 is (6.083)and in 2007 (3.co.485)and in 2009 the cash outflow has increased to (7. seminar.814).98.84. This is only for Educational Purpose.www.final-yearprojects.184 in year 2008 and in 2009 again decreased to 6.381 .cc | www.905 in year 2006 and it was 14.com/fyp/ . summer training report and lot more.50.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.26.43. It shows the cash inflows has decreased from 2006 to 2009 .troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.72.13.The major reason for its downward trend is high interest costs and charges for their debt .final-yearprojects. COMPARISON OF CASH FLOWS STATEMENT OF BSNL AND AIRTEL CASH FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES BSNL net cash inflows from its operations was 18.996 in year2007 .co.cc | www.688) in 2008 it was (3. www. Presentation.it decreased to 10.

15.986)in 2007 it has increased to (3.cc | www. This is only for Educational Purpose.99.whereas they have not paid any interim dividend and no proceeds from long term borrowings in 2009 Their net cash flow is positive means there is net cash inflow from past four years .295 ). NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.960)and in year 2008 it has again increased to (4.www. The reason for decrease in outflow is increase in interest received from its investment and less purchase of fixed assets . In 2006 it is 30. The reason of increase in cash outflow is increase in their increase in interim dividend and their proceeds of long term borrowings that is interest paid in year 2007 and 2008 . But it has jumped to (7.43. the reason is high purchase of fixed asset s and large capital work in progress .co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.final-yearprojects.55. CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES BSNL net cash outflow in year 2006 was (3. Presentation. BSNL need to improved its cash flows from investment activities .cc | www.814)in 2009 .837 ) and in year 2009 it has decreased to only (1.57.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects.82.co.com/fyp/ .948 in 2007 it is www. summer training report and lot more. IN .troubleshoot4free. seminar.

troubleshoot4free.85 where as in 2009 it was 11853.20 crore in 2006 and in 2007 it was 8107.430.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www. It showing a great performance of airtel . NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www. CASH FROM INVESTMENT ACTIVITY www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ . 37. summer training report and lot more.co.final-yearprojects.15 crore .they are efficiently utilising cash in operations .95 crore in year 2007 and in 2008 it was 10459.final-yearprojects.296 and in 2008 it was 40.55.www. This is only for Educational Purpose.158 where as in 2009 it has slightly decreased to 38.co. Presentation. AIRTEL PERFORMANCE The cash from operating activities has shown a increasing trend in past four years .13. It was 4547. seminar.45.

in year 2008 it was (290.77 crores Comparing the net cash flow of both companies BSNL has cash inflows from past four years but slightly decreased in 2009 where as Airtel has cash outflow in 2006 and there is good recovery in 2007.cc | www.71) crores . This is only for Educational Purpose. www. in year 2007 there is inflow of 473.26)and in year 2007 it is (7975.co. summer training report and lot more.troubleshoot4free. Presentation.13crore.03 crores . Their net cash outflow in 2006 was (76.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. It is negative due to company large investment .38).35 crore .final-yearprojects.www.final-yearprojects. In year 2006 it is (5000.53 )and in year 2009 it was 286. CASH FROM FINANCING ACTIVITY The cash inflow in 2006 was 376.co.troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. And there is good amount of cash inflow in 2009 as compare to 2008.com/fyp/ .03 crore where as in year 2009 It was a cash outflow (672) crores. There is cash outflow in investment activity showing their increase in their investment from past four years .41)where as in 2009 it is (10894 . in 2008 898.cc | www. seminar.05)in 2008 it is (11648.in2007 it was 340.

final-yearprojects.co.com/fyp/ .cc | www. SWOT ANALYSIS OF BSNL AND AIRTEL BSNL – SWOT ANALYSIS www.troubleshoot4free.troubleshoot4free. seminar. This is only for Educational Purpose. summer training report and lot more.final-yearprojects.co. Presentation.cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.www.

co.com/fyp/ .com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.troubleshoot4free.troubleshoot4free.cc | www. seminar.www. social obligations. Presentation.final-yearprojects.co. Strengths • Pan-India reach • Experienced telecom service provider • Total telecom service provider • Huge Resources (financial & technical pool) • Huge customer base • Most trusted telecom brand • Transparency in billing • Easy deployment of new services • Copper in last mile can be used for easy broadband deployment • Huge Optical Fibre network and associated bandwidth Weakness • Non-optimization of network capabilities • Poor marketing strategy • Bureaucratic organizational set up • Inflexibility in mindset (DOT period legacies) • Limited number of value added services • Poor franchisee network • Legacy of poor service image • Huge and aged manpower • Procedural delays • Lack of strategic alliances • Problems associated with incumbency like outdated technologies. political interference.cc | www. • unproductive rural assets. This is only for Educational Purpose. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. • Poor IT penetration within organization • Poor knowledge Management www. summer training report and lot more.final-yearprojects.

co. Presentation. summer training report and lot more. Opportunities • Tremendous market growing at 20 lac customers per month • Untapped broadband services • Untouched international market • Can capitalize on public sector image to grab government’s ICT initiatives • ITEB service markets • Diversification of business to turn-key projects • Leveraging the brand image to source funds • Almost un-invaded VSAT market • Fuller utilization of slack resources • Can make a kill through deep penetration and low cost advantage • Broaden market expected from convergence of broadcasting.com/fyp/ .final-yearprojects.co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. seminar.cc | www. telecom and entertainment industry.troubleshoot4free.troubleshoot4free.www. • Threats Competition from private operators Keeping pace with fast technological changes Market maturity in basic telephone segment Manpower churning Multinational eyeing Indian telecom market Private operators demand for sharing last mile Decreasing per line revenues due to competitive pricing Private operators demand to do away with ADC can seriously effect revenues Populist policies of government like “OneIndia” rates • • • • • • • • www. This is only for Educational Purpose.cc | www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.final-yearprojects.

This means Airtel has technology of other parts of world . • Shareholders of bharti also field. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.Nokia and singtel with whom they have stratergic alliance. the business has little knowledge and experience of how a cellular both telephone system actually worked. Infrastructure: Until recently Airtel did not much towers. AIRTEL SWOT ANALYSIS STRENTHS WEAKNESSES of Initial Experience: • It is the largest service proviider Lack in india . www.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. seminar. summer training report and lot more. . This is only for Educational Purpose. • It provides When the business was started by Sunil Bharti Mittal over 15 years ago.troubleshoot4free.cc | www.com/fyp/ include sony ericsson.final-yearprojects.cc | www. Towers are important if a company wishes to provide wide coverage nationally.co.co. which was a particular strength of some of its competitors such as Vodafone. telecommunication services to So the start-up business had to both domestic and corporate outsource to industry experts in the customers.troubleshoot4free.www. Presentation. • It provides both broadband and telephone service.

The company has moved from value per customer model to value per minute model which is suitable model Bharti airtel could also be the target to its remote and village areas is a for the taketover vision of other great opportunity . summer training report and lot more. • The company has covered the Overloading entire nation with its network .final-yearprojects.final-yearprojects. competitor of airtel .cc | www. OPPORTUNITIES THREATS The company possess a customised Other private operators which are version of google search engine which entering in telecom industry can will enhance broadband services to provide stiff competition .com/fyp/ . customers . This is only for Educational Purpose.troubleshoot4free.cc | www. seminar.www.co.co. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. venture with essar and idea to open a independent tower company known as indus tower which will control 60% of www.troubleshoot4free. Presentation. Its statergic alliance with black berry Vodafone proved to be strongest wireless services . global telecommunications players Bharti airtel is embarking a new joint that wish to move into the indian market .com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. of towers: They have been frequency criticised for overloading their towers by more than150% which results in network jamming.

This is only for Educational Purpose.com/fyp/ . Presentation.final-yearprojects. seminar.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.troubleshoot4free.cc | www.www. india network towers .co. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. FINDINGS www. summer training report and lot more.troubleshoot4free.cc | www.co.

This is only for Educational Purpose. BSNL SUGGESTIONS BSNL is facing stiff competition with various Private sectors providers due to which the market share of BSNL has declined.www. And because of these sharp reductions of prices there is a negative impact on overall profitability and stakeholders of BSNL.final-yearprojects.co. Presentation.final-yearprojects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. Being a Central Public Enterprise BSNL operates in an area of administrative controls and governmental guidelines.troubleshoot4free. seminar.com/fyp/ . BSNL carries on these networks.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. The competitive environment is leading to sharp reduction in prices.cc | www.cc | www. www.troubleshoot4free.co. summer training report and lot more. Therefore keeping in view the government’s social goals of providing communication at affordable tariffs and spread of teledensity to the remote and unconnected areas.

cc | www. There are some issues as mentioned below in BSNL which should be given attention so that the declining market share of BSNL may increase.co.www. • Company should accelerate growth of mobiles business by focusing on building extensive and strong distribution and retail footprint.cc | www. • The company should do some improvements in servicE delivery and provisioning times. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects. • Improving effectiveness in value added services. • Innovations in product and pricing are to be taken as a priority to compete with private players. Presentation. This is only for Educational Purpose. which pulls BSNL on a different platform in the competitive market. • Accelerate the 3G sales to Capitalize on first mover advantage.com/fyp/ . BSNL should focus on the following financial issues: www. seminar. • BSNL should strengthen service delivery and service assurance. summer training report and lot more.co.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.troubleshoot4free.

• Implementing new Organization structure across the organization-head office.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. • Building new areas such as online communication system • Implementation in reducing operating cost wherever feasible. priorities• Recruitment at DGM and JTO. Presentation.co.cc | www. • HR Capability Development www. circle office. This is only for Educational Purpose. • Focusing on Implementing Critical H. • Implementing operations improvement initiatives• Increasing service levels by reducing downtime and improving turnaround times. and regional office: • Defining roles and responsibilities and key performance indicators in the new structure.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. summer training report and lot more.com/fyp/ . seminar.troubleshoot4free.co.R. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. JAO levels.cc | www. • Enhancing effectiveness of new structure which is appropriate to management. planning and budgeting.final-yearprojects. • Fixing billing leakages and improving connection • Improving customer care services levels across different interface points • Improving effectiveness of call centers and CSC.www.

seminar.cc | www.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. • Defining appropriate incentive management programme.troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.The customer rate quality of the service as the most relevant one and hence Airtel Broadband services should maintain the www. This is only for Educational Purpose.www. Presentation. SUGGESTIONS TO AIRTEL 1.co.co.final-yearprojects. summer training report and lot more.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.com/fyp/ .cc | www.

This will reduce the chance for dissatisfaction. 5. www.co.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. Lack of awareness about the plans is high among customers.troubleshoot4free. Though it is a small percentage the company should focus on these to keep the brand image in the minds of people. Many dissatisfied customers asked for more information about other plans or change of plans.final-yearprojects. Presentation.com/fyp/ . 3. it should be dealt quickly. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www. 4.troubleshoot4free. So the company must provide an awareness program about the specialized plans for them. SME segment is a high potential market (especially in Cochin) and the company should take care of more promotional activities in which advertisement plays and effective role and hence to have a competitive edge over other brands. So the company can make use of this opportunity to retain its customers by providing the right plans.www. So the dissatisfaction may be due to providing wrong plans by the sales persons. seminar. Some customers are planned to discontinue because of high billing and after sales service is not good. This is only for Educational Purpose. If any complaint is observed from the customers. summer training report and lot more. 2.cc | www. quality in services and should make improvements in this feature. 6.final-yearprojects.co.

cc | www. seminar. www.troubleshoot4free. It helps gain better coverage.co. 7. the need of the hour for Airtel was to prioritize expansion of its mobile and broadband network roll outs in potential tier ? 1.www. summer training report and lot more.co.troubleshoot4free. It is free of cost in its competitors like BSNL. Presentation. There was also a need to connect its urban and rural networks to provide the same quality of services to both types of subscribers. A In a hyper competitive environment.final-yearprojects. and results in faster turnaround time while doing customer feasibility and acquisation. That's because in the telecom sector.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. It will help customers clear their doubts about billing and hence to improve their satisfaction level. The challenge in doing such an expansion lies in getting the correct demographics of all regions.com/fyp/ . This is only for Educational Purpose. 8.cc | www. 2&3 cities and clusters as well as in rural India.final-yearprojects. a well-planned network roll has to be in sync with market demand. The detailed billing is provided as a value added service in Airtel broadband. So the company could provide the service as free of cost.

www.final-yearprojects. Broadband is other promising area where lot of efforts is required. More efforts are required on this front. Despite all this growth in the Telecom sector the digital divide is continuously increasing. BSNL started getting more than 10 % of its revenue from this segment at the end of year. This is only for Educational Purpose.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.co.troubleshoot4free. summer training report and lot more. BSNL’s performance in Mobile business is average. BSNL’s Staff cost is highest among industry barring only to MTNL. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www. CONCLUSION BSNL as a business entity has performed well so far even though there are some disturbing trends also like big increase on staff cost and administrative expenditure. Despite all constrains of the legacy network and large staff overall performance of BSNL is satisfactory. Presentation. Gap between urban tele-density and rural tele-density is widening.co. seminar.final-yearprojects. BSNL does not have substantial debt so out go on the part of interest payment is small. www. Marketing of services is not up to the mark and some serious steps needs to be taken in this area because customer acquisition and retention is of prime importance in the highly volatile telecom market place where high churning and low customer loyalty are the characteristics.com/fyp/ .

This is only for Educational Purpose.Marketing of their services is upto the mark and they have given stiff competiton to not only bsnl but to other telecom leaders . summer training report and lot more.co. BSNL can harp on its existing infrastructure to position itself as formidable player.cc | www. They have expanded themselves all over urban india and now they are expanding themselves in rural india .co. There is reduction in their incomes and revenues but continuously rise in their expenditure .final-yearprojects. Private players are less interested in high investment oriented and low return paying rural India but for BSNL there is a big opportunity here because BSNL already has a large network of more than 36000 Digital Exchanges. Presentation. Rural india is great opportunity to airtel .com/fyp/ .troubleshoot4free. Talking about AIRTEL – IN just 15 years of its establishment airtel has shown great performance . seminar. Comparing About financial results of both companies over past four years I would like to stay that BSNL profit from last four years have been decreasing .www. Not only india they have expanded themselves in almost 15 african countries .troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www. BHARTI AIRTEL acquiring Zain will give them opportunity to become fourth largest telecom in the world .com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. www.final-yearprojects.

final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. The TRAI decision to abolish deficit charges with affect from 1st april 2008 has caused substantial revenue loss to the company . This is only for Educational Purpose. Providing cheap plans due to pressure of govt.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. Presentation. Not operating in metro cities Delhi and Mumbai b. Where as airtel is leading in telecom subscribers in india and it has continous increase in their profits and financial strength due to its effective plans and statergies .cc | www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. d. It also have to shoulder its responsibility of providing telecom services to rural areas and remote areas which affects profitability .co.troubleshoot4free. in various areas . MAJOR REASONS FOR DOWNWARD PROFITS FOR BSNL ARE a. e.www. seminar. Lack of flexibility in operations f.final-yearprojects. www. c. Stiff competiton from private operators leading to difficulties in retaining their market share .com/fyp/ .cc | www.co. summer training report and lot more.

 These are the years where telecom sector emerge as a faster growing sector of economy. seminar.troubleshoot4free. This is only for Educational Purpose. CONCLUSIVE POINTS BETWEEN AIRTEL AND BSNL Now I will give some conclusions which I derived during the analysis of financial statements:-  Out the past four years.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free. Presentation. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.www. in 4 years BSNL recorded a decrease in profit and in 4 years a decrease in income.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ . summer training report and lot more.final-yearprojects.co. but the expenditure has RISEN continuously where as AIRTEL recorded a increase in their profits in 4 years also the income . And in same years BSNL fail to www.cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.

final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ .troubleshoot4free. gain more income where as airtel took full advantage of the opportunities available in the market . NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.Where as talking about airtel has given its dividend first time in these four years of about 379.  In past four years BSNL current asset has continuously declined and their net current asset has been positive Where as airtel current asset has continuously increased but their net current asset has been negiative . summer training report and lot more.  Talking about dividend BSNL did not paid interim dividend in year 2009 nor any other kind of dividend to its shareholders due to the pressure of shortage of profits .final-yearprojects.25 crore .cc | www.cc | www.co. www.  Due to shortage of working capital in the business.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. seminar. BSNL is trading out of its resources.co. This is only for Educational Purpose.troubleshoot4free. Presentation.www.

which was made available to me by the following sources: Printed Literature Annual general reports of BSNL • Book of financial management of I.cc | www. Pandey • Books of financial accounting www.final-yearprojects.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.troubleshoot4free. This is only for Educational Purpose.  BSNL must change its picture & it should present itself in the market as a very attractive company. BIBLIOGRAPHY A huge amount of data was require to accomplish this task. seminar.cc | www. summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.www.co.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ . Presentation.final-yearprojects.M.co.

“Economic Times” and “Business Standard”. Presentation.in • www.in • www. Internet • www.mtnl.final-yearprojects.bsnl.co. seminar. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.com/fyp/ . summer training report and lot more.com • www.troubleshoot4free.www.moneycontrol.google.final-yearprojects.co.troubleshoot4free.bol.co.cc | www.in www.com • www.in • www. • Newspapers such as “The Times of India”.nei.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. This is only for Educational Purpose.cc | www.bhartiairtel.net.

Vodafone. seminar.in • www.com • www.co.hfcl. This is only for Educational Purpose.bpl.in • www.cc | www.co.com www. Presentation.final-yearprojects.final-yearprojects.co.aircel. • www.cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.co. summer training report and lot more.troubleshoot4free.in • www.Idea.com • www.Reliance.com/fyp/ .co. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.troubleshoot4free.www.

NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. seminar. summer training report and lot more.co.final-yearprojects. Presentation.troubleshoot4free.www.co. www.final-yearprojects. This is only for Educational Purpose.com/fyp/ .com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.

This is only for Educational Purpose.troubleshoot4free.co.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www. Presentation.cc | www.co.final-yearprojects. summer training report and lot more. www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.com/fyp/ . seminar.www.

troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www. www.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects.co. Presentation. This is only for Educational Purpose. summer training report and lot more.www. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www. seminar.com/fyp/ .co.

www.com/fyp/ . Presentation. www.cc | www.co. seminar.final-yearprojects. summer training report and lot more.final-yearprojects.co.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors.cc | www. This is only for Educational Purpose.troubleshoot4free.

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects, Presentation, seminar, summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects, Presentation, seminar, summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects, Presentation, seminar, summer training report and lot more. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.

www.final-yearprojects.co.cc | www.troubleshoot4free.com/fyp/

Presentation. This is only for Educational Purpose.final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. www.co.co.www.cc | www. seminar.cc | www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.com/fyp/ . NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. summer training report and lot more.troubleshoot4free.final-yearprojects.

final-yearprojects.troubleshoot4free. seminar.troubleshoot4free.co. Presentation.www. www.com/fyp/ Final Year Project's is One place for all Engineering Projects.cc | www. summer training report and lot more.com/fyp/ .co. NOTE:-This work is copyright to its Authors. This is only for Educational Purpose.final-yearprojects.cc | www.