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HUAWEI

Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch


Installation Manual

Release 3000 Series

Huawei Technologies Proprietary


Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch
Installation Manual

Manual Version T2-080476-20050610-C-1.00

Product Version Release 3000 Series

BOM 3104A076

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. provides customers with comprehensive technical support
and service. If you purchase the products from the sales agent of Huawei Technologies Co.,
Ltd., please contact our sales agent. If you purchase the products from Huawei
Technologies Co., Ltd. directly, Please feel free to contact our local office, customer care
center or company headquarters.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Address: Administration Building, Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.,

Bantian, Longgang District, Shenzhen, P. R. China

Postal Code: 518129

Website: http://www.huawei.com

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Copyright © 2005 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

All Rights Reserved

No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any


means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks

, HUAWEI, C&C08, EAST8000, HONET, , ViewPoint, INtess, ETS, DMC,


TELLIN, InfoLink, Netkey, Quidway, SYNLOCK, Radium, M900/M1800,
TELESIGHT, Quidview, Musa, Airbridge, Tellwin, Inmedia, VRP, DOPRA,
iTELLIN, HUAWEI OptiX, C&C08 iNET, NETENGINE, OptiX, iSite, U-SYS, iMUSE,
OpenEye, Lansway, SmartAX, infoX, and TopEng are trademarks of Huawei
Technologies Co., Ltd.

All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this manual are the property of
their respective holders.

Notice

The information in this manual is subject to change without notice. Every effort has
been made in the preparation of this manual to ensure accuracy of the contents,
but all statements, information, and recommendations in this manual do not
constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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About This Manual

Release Notes

The corresponding product version of this manual is Release 3000 Series.

Related Manuals

The following manuals provide more information about the Quidway S6502 Ethernet
Switch.

Manual Content
Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch It provides information for the system
Installation Manual installation.
Quidway S6500 Series Ethernet It is used for assisting the users in data
Switches Operation Manual configurations and typical applications.

Quidway S6500 Series Ethernet It is used for assisting the users in using
Switches Command Manual various commands.

Organization

Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Installation Manual mainly introduces the hardware
features, installation, configuration and maintenance of S6502 Ethernet Switch. To
avoid any possible device damage and personal injury before the installation and
during the installation, please read the manual carefully. The manual consists of the
following chapters.

Chapter 1 Product Overview The chapter introduces the characteristics of S6502


Ethernet Switch according to the forwarding engines.

Chapter 2 Line Processing Unit The chapter introduces LPUs of S6502 Ethernet
Switch.

Chapter 3 Installation Preparation The chapter introduces the installation


preparation and precaution of S6502 Ethernet Switch.

Chapter 4 Hardware Installation The chapter introduces the booting process of


S6502 Ethernet Switch, including the setup of mainframe, cards and cables.

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Chapter 5 System Debugging The chapter introduces the system debugging.

Chapter 6 Switch Monitoring and Maintenance The chapter introduces the


monitoring and maintenance of S6502 Ethernet Switch.

Appendix A Lightning Protection of the Switch The appendix introduces lightning


protection of S6502 Ethernet Switch.

Intended Audience

The manual is intended for the following readers:


z Network engineers
z Network administrators
z Customers who are familiar with network fundamentals

Conventions

The manual uses the following conventions:

I. General conventions

Convention Description
Arial Normal paragraphs are in Arial.

Boldface Headings are in Boldface.


Courier New Terminal Display is in Courier New.

II. GUI conventions

Convention Description

Button names are inside angle brackets. For example, click


<>
the <OK> button.
Window names, menu items, data table and field names
[] are inside square brackets. For example, pop up the [New
User] window.

Multi-level menus are separated by forward slashes. For


/
example, [File/Create/Folder].

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III. Keyboard operation

Format Description
Press the key with the key name inside angle brackets. For
<Key>
example, <Enter>, <Tab>, <Backspace>, or <A>.

Press the keys concurrently. For example, <Ctrl+Alt+A>


<Key1+Key2>
means the three keys should be pressed concurrently.

Press the keys in turn. For example, <Alt, A> means the
<Key1, Key2>
two keys should be pressed in turn.

IV. Mouse operation

Action Description

Press and hold the primary mouse button (left mouse


Select
button by default).

Select and release the primary mouse button without


Click
moving the pointer.

Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and


Double-Click
quickly without moving the pointer.

Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the
Drag
pointer to a certain position.

V. Symbols

Eye-catching symbols are also used in the manual to highlight the points worthy of
special attention during the operation. They are defined as follows:

Caution, Warning, Danger: Means reader be extremely careful during the


operation.

Note, Comment, Tip, Knowhow, Thought: Means a complementary


description.

Environmental Protection

This product has been designed to comply with the requirements on environmental
protection. For the proper storage, use and disposal of this product, national laws and
regulations must be observed.

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Installation Manual
Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Product Overview ........................................................................................................ 1-1


1.1 General Information ........................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.1 Preface .................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.2 Switching Engine..................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 SRPU specifications .......................................................................................................... 1-2
1.3 LS81P12TE........................................................................................................................ 1-3
1.3.1 Specifications .......................................................................................................... 1-3
1.3.2 Panel and LEDs ...................................................................................................... 1-4
1.3.3 Cable ....................................................................................................................... 1-5
1.4 LS81T12PE........................................................................................................................ 1-6
1.4.1 Specifications .......................................................................................................... 1-6
1.4.2 Panel and LEDs ...................................................................................................... 1-7
1.4.3 Port Cable ............................................................................................................... 1-8
1.5 Relationship between Switching Engines and Cards ........................................................ 1-8
1.6 Overall Hardware Layout of S6502.................................................................................... 1-8
1.6.1 Chassis.................................................................................................................... 1-8
1.6.2 Backplane.............................................................................................................. 1-12
1.6.3 Power Supplies ..................................................................................................... 1-12
1.6.4 External PoE Power Supply .................................................................................. 1-14
1.6.5 Fan Tray ................................................................................................................ 1-14
1.7 Technical Specifications .................................................................................................. 1-15

Chapter 2 Line Processing Unit ................................................................................................... 2-1


2.1 Brief Introduction to LPU.................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 LS81FT48A-48-port 10Base-T/100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Card...................................... 2-1
2.2.1 Introduction to Card................................................................................................. 2-1
2.2.2 Panel and LEDs ...................................................................................................... 2-2
2.2.3 Matching Cable ....................................................................................................... 2-2
2.3 LS81FT48E-48-port 10/100Base-T Fast Ethernet Card.................................................... 2-3
2.3.1 Introduction to Card................................................................................................. 2-3
2.3.2 Panel and LEDs ...................................................................................................... 2-4
2.3.3 Matching Cable ....................................................................................................... 2-4
2.4 LS81FT48F-PoE-Supported 48-port 10/100Base-T Fast Ethernet Card .......................... 2-5
2.4.1 Introduction to Card................................................................................................. 2-5
2.4.2 Panel and LEDs ...................................................................................................... 2-6
2.4.3 Matching Cable ....................................................................................................... 2-6
2.5 LS81FM24A/LS81FS24A-24-port 100Base-FX MMF/SMF Fast Ethernet Card ............... 2-7
2.5.1 Introduction to Card................................................................................................. 2-7

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2.5.2 Panel and LEDs ...................................................................................................... 2-8


2.5.3 Matching Cable ....................................................................................................... 2-8
2.6 LS81FP48-48-port 100Base-FX(SFP) Ethernet Card ....................................................... 2-9
2.6.1 Introduction.............................................................................................................. 2-9
2.6.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................... 2-10
2.6.3 Matching Cable ..................................................................................................... 2-10
2.7 LS81GT8UA-8-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card.................................................. 2-11
2.7.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................... 2-11
2.7.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................... 2-12
2.7.3 Matching Cable ..................................................................................................... 2-12
2.8 LS81GT8UE-8-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card.................................................. 2-13
2.8.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................... 2-13
2.8.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................... 2-14
2.8.3 Matching Cable ..................................................................................................... 2-14
2.9 LS82GT20-20-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card................................................... 2-15
2.9.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................... 2-15
2.9.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................... 2-16
2.9.3 Matching Cable ..................................................................................................... 2-16
2.10 LS82GT20A-20-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card .............................................. 2-16
2.10.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-16
2.10.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-17
2.10.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-18
2.11 LS81GT48-48-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card................................................. 2-18
2.11.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-18
2.11.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-19
2.11.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-19
2.12 LS81GT48A-PoE-Supported 48-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card .................... 2-20
2.12.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-20
2.12.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-21
2.12.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-21
2.13 LS81T12P-12-port 10/100/1000Base-T + 4-port 1000Base-X (SFP) Ethernet Card.... 2-22
2.13.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-22
2.13.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-23
2.13.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-24
2.14 LS81P12T-12-port 1000Base-X (SFP) + 4-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card.... 2-25
2.14.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-25
2.14.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-26
2.14.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-27
2.15 LS81GB8UA-8-port 1000Base-X (GBIC) Ethernet Card ............................................... 2-27
2.15.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-27
2.15.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-28
2.15.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-29

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2.16 LS81GP8UB-8-port 1000Base-X (SFP) Ethernet Card................................................. 2-29


2.16.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-29
2.16.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-30
2.16.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-31
2.17 LS82GP20-20-port 1000Base-X (SFP) Ethernet Card.................................................. 2-31
2.17.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-31
2.17.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-32
2.17.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-32
2.18 LS82GP20A-20-port 1000Base-X (SFP) Ethernet Card ............................................... 2-33
2.18.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-33
2.18.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-34
2.18.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-34
2.19 LS81TGX1B-1-port 10GBASE-R-XENPAK Ethernet Card ........................................... 2-34
2.19.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-34
2.19.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-35
2.19.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-36
2.20 LS81TGX1C-1-port 10GBASE-R-XENPAK Ethernet Card ........................................... 2-36
2.20.1 Introduction to Card............................................................................................. 2-36
2.20.2 Panel and LEDs .................................................................................................. 2-37
2.20.3 Matching Cable ................................................................................................... 2-37

Chapter 3 Installation Preparations............................................................................................. 3-1


3.1 Safety Information.............................................................................................................. 3-1
3.1.1 General Recommendations .................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.2 Electricity ................................................................................................................. 3-1
3.1.3 Moving..................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.4 Wearing an ESD Wrist Strap................................................................................... 3-2
3.1.5 Laser ....................................................................................................................... 3-3
3.2 Examining Installation Site................................................................................................. 3-3
3.2.1 Temperature/Humidity Requirements ..................................................................... 3-3
3.2.2 Cleanness Requirements........................................................................................ 3-3
3.2.3 Anti-static Requirements ......................................................................................... 3-4
3.2.4 Grounding Requirements ........................................................................................ 3-5
3.2.5 Power Supply Requirements................................................................................... 3-5
3.3 Installation Planning........................................................................................................... 3-5
3.3.1 Space Requirement ................................................................................................ 3-5
3.3.2 Rack-Mounting Requirements................................................................................. 3-5
3.4 Installation Tools ................................................................................................................ 3-6

Chapter 4 Hardware Installation .................................................................................................. 4-1


4.1 Confirm the Installation Preparation .................................................................................. 4-1
4.2 Installation Flowchart ......................................................................................................... 4-1
4.3 Mount the Switch in 19-Inch Standard Rack ..................................................................... 4-2
4.4 Mount the Switch on the Tabletop ..................................................................................... 4-2

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4.5 Connect Ground Wire and Power Cord............................................................................. 4-2


4.5.1 Connect Ground Wire ............................................................................................. 4-2
4.5.2 Connect AC Power Cord......................................................................................... 4-5
4.6 Install Cabling Rack ........................................................................................................... 4-6
4.7 Install Switch Boards ......................................................................................................... 4-6
4.8 Connect Port Cables.......................................................................................................... 4-7
4.8.1 Connect Console Cable .......................................................................................... 4-7
4.8.2 Connect Category-5 Cables.................................................................................... 4-8
4.8.3 Connect Optical Fibers............................................................................................ 4-9
4.9 Recommendations on Cabling......................................................................................... 4-11
4.9.1 For Table-Mounting............................................................................................... 4-11
4.9.2 Rack-Mounted Switch ........................................................................................... 4-11
4.10 Cable Binding................................................................................................................. 4-11
4.10.1 Use of Labels ...................................................................................................... 4-11
4.10.2 Precautions for Binding Cables........................................................................... 4-11
4.11 Check after Installation .................................................................................................. 4-14

Chapter 5 System Debugging ...................................................................................................... 5-1


5.1 Setting up Configuration Environment............................................................................... 5-1
5.1.1 Setting up Configuration Environment .................................................................... 5-1
5.1.2 Connecting Console Cable ..................................................................................... 5-1
5.1.3 Setting Terminal Parameters .................................................................................. 5-1
5.2 Powering on and Booting................................................................................................... 5-5
5.2.1 Checking before Power on...................................................................................... 5-5
5.2.2 Powering on the Switch........................................................................................... 5-5
5.2.3 Checking after Power on (Recommended)............................................................. 5-5
5.2.4 Booting Interface ..................................................................................................... 5-5

Chapter 6 Switch Monitoring and Maintenance ......................................................................... 6-1


6.1 Switch Monitoring............................................................................................................... 6-1
6.1.1 Configuration System Troubleshooting................................................................... 6-1
6.1.2 Power Troubleshooting ........................................................................................... 6-2
6.1.3 Fan Troubleshooting ............................................................................................... 6-2
6.1.4 Cards Troubleshooting............................................................................................ 6-2
6.2 Hardware Maintenance...................................................................................................... 6-3
6.2.1 Power Module Replacement ................................................................................... 6-3
6.2.2 Service Card Replacement ..................................................................................... 6-4
6.2.3 Fan Frame Replacement ........................................................................................ 6-5
6.3 BOOTROM and Host Software Loading............................................................................ 6-6
6.3.1 Introduction to Loading Approaches ....................................................................... 6-6
6.3.2 Loading Software Locally via Boot Menu................................................................ 6-7
6.3.3 Loading Software Remotely and Locally via Commands ..................................... 6-17
6.3.4 Booting the Switch with Dual Images.................................................................... 6-19
6.3.5 Loading Combined BOOTROM File...................................................................... 6-21

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6.3.6 Dealing with Failed Loading .................................................................................. 6-25


6.3.7 Dealing with Lost Password .................................................................................. 6-26

Appendix A Lightning Protection of the Switch.........................................................................A-1


A.1 Installation of Lightning Arrester for AC Power (Socket Strip with Lightning Protection)..A-1
A.2 Installation of Lightning Arrester for Network Port.............................................................A-2

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Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Chapter 1 Product Overview

Chapter 1 Product Overview

1.1 General Information


1.1.1 Preface

Quidway S6500 Series Ethernet Switches, developed by Huawei Technologies, are


series of modularized wire speed Ethernet switches that operate at layer two/three, of
which S6503, S6506 and S6506 are intended to operate at the distribution layer of IP
metropolitan area networks (MANs) and at the core layer of small or medium sized
enterprise networks and campus area networks; S6502 is designed for the core layer of
small or midsize enterprise networks, the distribution layer and access layer of IP
MANs.
S6502 is a two-slot high-capacity cost-effective layer three Ethernet switch. It provides
high-density GE/FE ports, as well as modularized components that enable you to
configure flexibly according to your specific needs.

³ÇÓò¹Ç¸É
MAN back bone
Íø
S8016 NE80
GE/GE Trunk GE/GE Trunk
PO
GE/FE POP
S6500 series P

GE FE GE FE

S3500 S2000 MA5200 S3000

小区网 小区网 小区网 小区网


CAN
络 CAN
络 CAN
络 CAN

Figure 1-1 S6502 in a MAN

S6502 supports 1+1 redundant AC and DC power supplies. One of its slots is designed
for switching engine and the other for the LPU. Both of them can provide high-density
service ports.

1.1.2 Switching Engine

Switching engine (also known as SRPU) is the core component of a S6500 switch.
Currently, following types of switching engines are available on S6502:
LS81P12TE

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1-1
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Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Chapter 1 Product Overview

LS81T12PE
Generally the SRPU can provide these functions:
z Forwarding L2/L3 data between LPUs, when connected to LPUs through the
backplane.
z Management and route calculation. It can monitor and reset the LPU, upgrade
LPU software.
z Processing monitoring signals on the power system and fans, which are
transferred through the backplane.
In addition to these functions, the SRPU of S6502 also can provide high-density service
ports:
z LS81P12TE: provides four 10/100/1000BASE-T ports and 12 × 1000BASE-X
(SFP) ports.
z LS81T12PE: provides 12 × 10/100/1000BASE-T port and four 1000BASE-X (SFP)
ports.

1.2 SRPU specifications


Table 1-1 SRPU specifications

Item LS81T12PE/LS81P12TE
Switching capacity 48 Gbps

Packet forwarding rate 36 Mpps

Number of VLANs 4K

MAC address table 16K

IP address table 64K

Number of ACLs 128 per port

Number of SRPU slot 1

Number of LPU slot 1

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1.3 LS81P12TE

Figure 1-2 Appearance of an LS81P12TE

1.3.1 Specifications

Table 1-2 LS81P12TE specifications

Item LS81P12TE
CPU MPC8245
Boot ROM 512KB
Flash memory 32MB
SDRAM 256M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Four 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet ports
Port
12 × 1000BASE-X (SFP) Ethernet ports
Max power consumption 40W
1000 Mbps full duplex (optical port)
10 Mbps half/full duplex (electric port)
Port rate
100 Mbps half/full duplex (electric port)
1000M full duplex (electric port)

SFP module Refer to Table 1-4


Ethernet port cable and
max transmission 100 m (328 ft) over category-5 twisted pair cable
distance

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Item LS81P12TE
IEEE 802.3z
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE 802.1p
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE 802.1D
Supported standard IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w
IEEE 802.3x
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE802.3

1.3.2 Panel and LEDs

LS81P12TE has four 10/100/1000BASE-T ports and 12 × 1000BASE-X (SFP) ports;


each has a status LED with it. Figure 1-3 illustrates the front panel of an LS81P12TE.

Figure 1-3 The front panel of an LS81P12TE

The status LEDs on an LS81P12TE are described in Table 1-3.

Table 1-3 Description of LEDs on the front panel of an LS81P12TE

LED Status

OFF The link is down or no link presented.


LINK/ACT ON The link is active.

Blinking Data is being transmitted or received through the port.

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1.3.3 Cable

I. 1000BASE-X (SFP) port cable

Table 1-4 Description of 1000BASE-X (SFP) port cable

Maximum
Central Conn
SFP module Matching cable transmission
wavelength ector
distance
50/125 µm
550 m (1804
multimode optical
ft)
fiber cable
1000BASE-SX-SFP 850nm LC
62.5/125 µm
multimode optical 275 m (902 ft)
fiber cable
1000BASE-LX-SFP 9/125 µm single 10 km (6 mi)
1310nm LC mode optical fiber 30 km (about
1000BASE-LH-SFP cable 19 mi)
1000BASE-ZX-LR- 40 km (about
SFP 25 mi)
9/125 µm single
1000BASE-ZX-VR-
1550nm LC mode optical fiber 70 km (43 mi)
SFP
cable
1000BASE-ZX-UR-
100km (62 mi)
SFP
9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1470nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
470-CW
cable

9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1490nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
490-CW
cable

9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1510nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
510-CW
cable
9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1530nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
530-CW
cable

9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1550nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
550-CW
cable

9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1570nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
570-CW
cable
9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1590nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
590-CW
cable

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Maximum
Central Conn
SFP module Matching cable transmission
wavelength ector
distance
9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1610nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
610-CW
cable
1000BASE-T-FD-S
- RJ45 - 100m (328 ft)
FP

II. 10/100/1000Base-T port cable

Category-5 twisted pair cable is ended with RJ45 connectors, whose maximum
transmission distance is 100 m.

1.4 LS81T12PE

Figure 1-4 Appearance of LS81T12PE

1.4.1 Specifications

Table 1-5 LS81T12PE specifications

Item LS81P12TE
CPU MPC8245

Boot ROM 512KB

Flash memory 32MB


SDRAM 256M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)

12 × 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet ports


Port
Four 1000BASE-X (SFP) Ethernet ports
Max power consumption 45W

Connector RJ-45, LC
Number of ports 16

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Item LS81P12TE
1000 Mbps full duplex (optical port)
10 Mbps half/full duplex (electric port)
Port rate
100 Mbps half/full duplex (electric port)
1000M full duplex (electric port)

SFP module Refer to Table 1-4


Port cable and max
100 m (328 ft) over category-5 twisted pair cable
transmission distance

IEEE 802.3z
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE 802.1p
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE 802.1D
Supported standard IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w
IEEE 802.3x
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE802.3

1.4.2 Panel and LEDs

LS81T12PE has 12 × 10/100/1000BASE-T ports and four 1000BASE-X (SFP) ports,


each has a status LED with it. Figure 1-5 illustrates the front panel of an LS81T12PE.

Figure 1-5 LS81T12PE front panel

The status LEDs on an LS81T12PE are described in Table 1-6.

Table 1-6 Description of LEDs on the front panel of an LS81T12PE

LED Status

OFF The link is down or no link presented.


LINK/ACT ON The link is active.

Blinking Data is being transmitted or received through the port.

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1.4.3 Port Cable

Refer to 1.3.3 for information about the port cable required by an LS81T12PE.

1.5 Relationship between Switching Engines and Cards


Table 1-7 Cards supported by switching Engines

Item LS81T12PE LS81P12TE

LS81FT48A √ √
LS81FT48E √ √
LS81FT48F √ √
LS81FS24A √ √
LS81FM24A √ √
LS81GT8UA √ √

LS82GT20 √ √
LS82GT20A √ √
LS81GT48 √ √
LS81GT48A √ √
LS81T12P √ √
LS81P12T √ √
LS81GB8UA √ √
LS82GP20 √ √
LS82GP20A √ √
LS81TGX1B √ √
LS81TGX1C √ √
LS81T12PE √ √
LS81P12TE √ √

1.6 Overall Hardware Layout of S6502


1.6.1 Chassis

I. Front view

S6502 uses the XG high-speed bus, whose chassis is labelled with silk-printed
characters: XGbus.

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The front panel is occupied by the power supply modules, RESET button, COM port
(for PoE management), console port, 10Base-T/100Base-TX management port and its
status LED, fan LED, card status LED.
S6502 provides two horizontal slots, with the upper for SRPU and the lower for LPU.
The SRPU is mandatory, and the lower slot can hold many types of LPU cards.
Figure 1-6 illustrates the front panel of an S6502 switch, where the LS81P12TE is
inserted in slot 0 and LS81GT8UE in slot 1.

(1) (2) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

(8)

(11)

(9)
(10)

(1) Power switch (2) Power module handle (3) RESET button
(4) COM port (5) Console port (6) Management prot
(7) Fan LED (8) Card status LED (9) Fan tray
(10) Slot 1 (11) Slot 0
Figure 1-6 The front panel of an S6502 switch

Power modules
The power modules, in 1+1 redundancy, are at the top left corner of the chassis. You
can select to be AC or DC powered. There are LED, power switch and power input
socket on a power supply module (refer to Section 4.5 for more information).
RESET button
You can reset the system with the RESET button.
COM port

Table 1-8 COM port attributes

Item Description
Connector RJ45
Number of connector 1
Supported standard Asynchronous EIA/TIA-232

Baudrate ≤ 115200 bps (defaults to 9600 bps)

Transmission distance ≤ 15m (49.2 ft)


For monitoring external PoE power supply when
Function
connected to it

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Note:
S6502 switch can provide power to the powered devices (PDs) connected, such as IP
phone sets, WLAN access point (AP), through the external PoE power distribution unit
and its card supporting PoE function.

Console port
The console port matches RJ45 connector and can be connected to a PC with an
asynchronous serial port cable, for local system debugging, configuration,
maintenance, management, system software loading and so on. It also can be used to
connect to a Modem device for remote debugging, configuration, maintenance,
management and other similar tasks.

Table 1-9 Console port attributes

Item Description
Connector RJ45
Number of connector 1

Electric standard Asynchronous EIA/TIA-232

Baudrate ≤ 115200 bps, defaults to 9600 bps

Transmission distance ≤ 15m (49.2 ft)


z For connection with an ASCII terminal
Function z Being connected to the serial interface of a local PC or
a remote PC running terminal emulation software

Management port (10Base-T/100Base-TX)


The management port matches RJ45 connector and can be used to connect to a PC for
local system debugging, system software loading and other similar tasks, or to a
remote a network management station (NMS) for remote management.

Table 1-10 Management port attributes

Item Description
Connector RJ45
Number of connector 1
z 10 Mbps, half/full duplex
Port rate z 100 Mbps, half/full duplex
z MDI-X
Port cable and max
100 m (328 ft) over category-5 twisted pair cable
transmission distance

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Item Description
Function For system software upgrade and network management

The corresponding LEDs are described in the following table.

Table 1-11 Management port status LEDs

LED Status

OFF No link is presented.


LINK
ON A link is presented.

OFF No data traffic through the port


ACTIVE
Blinking Data is being transmitted or received through the port.

Fan tray status LEDs (FAN)

Table 1-12 Fan tray status LEDs

LED Status

OFF A fan is faulty or out of position.


OK
ON The fan tray runs normally.

OFF The fan tray runs normally.


FAIL
ON A fan is faulty or out of position.

Card status LEDs (LPU1, LPU2)


LPU1 shows the status of the card at slot 0;
LPU2 shows the status of the card at slot 1.

Table 1-13 Card status LED

LED Status

OFF or ON The card is faulty or out of position.


RUN
Blinking The card runs normally.

OFF The card is normal or out of position.


ALM
ON The card is faulty.

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II. Rear view

(1) (2)

(1) PoE power input (2) Grounding screw


Figure 1-7 Rear view of an S6502 chassis

An S6502 chassis provides -48V DC input for connection with external PoE power
distribution unit.

Note:
The backplane, SRPU, power module and fan tray all are required components in
S6502.

1.6.2 Backplane

The backplane mainly functions in:


Providing communication channels for signal exchange between cards.
Providing support for card hot-swapping
Auto-detecting the card type inserted at slots
Leading in electric power for distributed supply to the system
Leading in signal lines for monitoring the fan tray and power frame

1.6.3 Power Supplies

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Note:
The S6502 supports either AC or DC input, but they cannot run concurrently. You can
choose the specific type as needed.
Although the system can operate normally when one power module is working, the
S6502 still provides two slots for power modules, in attempt to support 1+1
redundancy.
The power module on the S6502 is hot-swappable.

The AC power supply module and DC power supply module of an S6502 Ethernet
switch meet the following requirements:
z AC power module and DC power module have exactly the same dimensions and
installation ports;
z AC power module and DC power module have exactly the same type of output
plug-in units located at the same position;
z AC power module and DC power module cannot be both inserted in one S6502.

I. AC power module

For AC power supply, you must use AC power module and AC power socket.

Table 1-14 AC power module specifications

Item AC power module


Rated voltage 100 VAC to 240 VAC.; 50 Hz or 60 Hz
Max voltage range 90 VAC to 264 VAC.; 50 Hz or 60 Hz

Max power output 300 W

II. DC power module

For DC power supply, you must use DC power module and DC power socket.

Table 1-15 DC Power supply specifications

Item DC power module


Rated voltage -48 VDC to -60 VDC
Max voltage range -36 VDC to -72 VDC
Max power output 300 W

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1.6.4 External PoE Power Supply

When connected to an external PoE power supply, the S6502 can supply power to
remote PD devices, such as IP phone sets and WLAN access point hosts, through its
card which support PoE function.

Figure 1-8 Appearance of an external PoE power supply

Note:
S6502 supports an external PoE power supply with up to 1500 W power output. A
single PSE2500-A1 power supply module can provide output power of 1250 W with
100 VAC to 140 VAC input voltage, and two modules up to 2400 W output. Three power
supply modules are required to provide output power of 2400 W if power supply
redundancy is desired. When with 200 VAC to 240VAC input voltage, a single
PSE2500-A1 power supply module can provide 2500 W output. Two power modules
are required if power supply redundancy is desired.

1.6.5 Fan Tray

The fan tray is at the right side of an S6502 chassis, and directly connected to the
backplane through a connector. The fan fault signals are summarized and transmitted
from the backplane to the SRPU for further processing. The fan tray is hot-swappable.

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Figure 1-9 Fan tray on an S6502

1.7 Technical Specifications


Table 1-16 System specifications

Item S6502

Physical dimensions (H × W ×
130.5 x 436 x 400 mm (5.12 x 17.2 x 15.8 in.)
D)
Weight (fully configured) ≤44 lb (20 kg )
Number of SRPU slot 1
Number of LPU slot 1
Max GE ports 64

Max FE ports 48
MTBF (mean time between
218,000 h
failures)

MTTR (mean time to repair) 1h


Rated voltage: 100 VAC to 240 VAC, 50 Hz or 60
Hz
AC
Max voltage range: 90 VAC to 264 VAC, 50 Hz or
60 Hz
Input voltage
Rated voltage: -48 VDC to -60 VDC
DC Max voltage range: -36 VDC to -72 VDC

PoE input voltage: --55 V to -46 V, 55.0 A


Operating temperature 0ºC to 45ºC (32ºF to 113ºF)

Operating humidity
10% to 90%
(non-condensing)

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Chapter 2 Line Processing Unit

2.1 Brief Introduction to LPU


Based on industry standard and complying with modular designing idea, S6502
combines advantages of the mainstream products in the field. The reasonable division
of the system module ports makes it has a sound system structure and standardized
and independent functional modules. By far, the S6502 provides 10/100/1000 Mbps
autosensing Ethernet electrical ports, 100 Mbps Ethernet (single mode/multimode)
optical ports, GE (single mode/multimode) GBIC optical ports, SFP optical ports and
10G optical ports.
The following sections describe the LPU specifications and performances in detail.

2.2 LS81FT48A-48-port 10Base-T/100Base-TX Fast Ethernet


Card

Figure 2-1 LS81FT48A appearance

2.2.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 48 10/100 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interfaces.

Table 2-1 LS81FT48A attribute

Attribute LS81FT48A
CPU MPC850
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power
75 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45
Number of interfaces 48

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Attribute LS81FT48A
10/100 Mbps half-/full-duplex
Interface transmission speed
MDI/MDI-X auto-sensing

Matching cable and


Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
maximum transmission
distance of 100 m (328 ft)
distance

IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.3ad
IEEE802.1p
Conformed standard IEEE802.1D
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

2.2.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-2 LS81FT48A panel

Every 100 Mbps Ethernet port has a green LED. The following table describes the LED
state.

Table 2-2 LED state description of LS81FT48A

LED State Description


OFF No link is present.
LINK/ACT ON A link is present
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.2.3 Matching Cable

The matching cable to the interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

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2.3 LS81FT48E-48-port 10/100Base-T Fast Ethernet Card

Figure 2-3 LS81FT48E appearance

2.3.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 48 × 10/100 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interfaces.

Table 2-3 LS81FT48E attribute

Attribute LS81FT48E
CPU MPC8241
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 128M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power
35 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45
Number of interfaces 48

Interface 10/100 Mbps half-/full-duplex


transmission speed MDI/MDI-X auto-sensing
Matching cable and
Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
maximum
distance of 100 m (328 ft)
transmission distance

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Attribute LS81FT48E
IEEE802.3
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.1p
Conformed standard IEEE802.1D
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

2.3.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-4 LS81FT48E panel

Every port has a green LED. The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-4 LED state description of LS81FT48E

LED State Description


OFF No link is present.
LINK/ACT ON A link is present
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.3.3 Matching Cable

The matching cable to the interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

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2.4 LS81FT48F-PoE-Supported 48-port 10/100Base-T Fast


Ethernet Card

Figure 2-5 LS81FT48F appearance

2.4.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 48 × 10/100 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interface service
channels. And all the interfaces support PoE, that is, to implement remote power
supply to PDs through Ethernet twisted pair cables.

Table 2-5 LS81FT48F attribute

Attribute LS81FT48F
CPU MPC8241
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 128M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power
35 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45
Number of
48
i8nterfaces

Interface 10/100 Mbps half-/full-duplex


transmission speed MDI/MDI-X auto-sensing

Matching cable and


maximum Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft)
distance

Maximum PoE
100m (328 ft)
distance

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Attribute LS81FT48F
Maximum power
Each port provides a maximum power of 15.4 W for the
each port can
connected device.
provide
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3x
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE802.1p
IEEE802.1D
Conformed standard
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w
IEEE802.3af

2.4.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-6 LS81FT48F panel

Every port has a green LED. The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-6 LED state description of LS81FT48F

LED State Description


Off No link is present.
LINK/ACT On A link is present

Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.4.3 Matching Cable

The matching cable to the interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

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2.5 LS81FM24A/LS81FS24A-24-port 100Base-FX MMF/SMF


Fast Ethernet Card

Figure 2-7 LS81FM24A/LS81FS24A appearance

2.5.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 24 100 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet optical interfaces.

Table 2-7 LS81FM24A/LS81FS24A attribute

Description
Attribute
LS81FM24A LS81FS24A
CPU MPC850
BootROM 512 KB

SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L ×
366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)
W)

Maximum
power 70 W
consumption
Connector MT-RJ
Number of
24
interfaces

Interface
transmission 100 Mbps full-duplex
speed
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.3ad
IEEE802.1p
Conformed
IEEE802.1D
standard
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802. 1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

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Description
Attribute
LS81FM24A LS81FS24A
Optical fiber 62.5/125 µm multimode 9/125 µm single mode optical
and maximum optical fiber cable with the fiber cable with the maximum
transmission maximum transmission transmission distance of 15 km
distance distance of 2 km (1.2 mi) (9.3)

2.5.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-8 LS81FM24A panel

Every 100 Mbps electrical port has a green LED. The following table describes the LED
state.

Table 2-8 LED state description of LS81FM24A

LED State Description


The interface is properly connected to another
ON (LINK)
interface.
LINK/ACT OFF (LINK) The interface is not connected to any other interface.
Blinking
Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.
(ACT)

2.5.3 Matching Cable

Table 2-9 Matching cable available for LS81FM24A/LS81FS24A

Central Maximum
Matching
Cards waveleng Connector transmission
cable
th distance
62.5/125 µm
multimode
LS81FM24A 850 nm 2 km (1.2 mi)
optical fiber
cable
MT-RJ
9/125 µm
single mode 15 km (about
LS81FS24A 1310 nm
optical fiber 9 mi)
cable

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2.6 LS81FP48-48-port 100Base-FX(SFP) Ethernet Card

Figure 2-9 LS81FP48

2.6.1 Introduction

This LPU provides 48 × 100 Mbps full duplex SFP Ethernet optical ports.

Table 2-10 LS81FM24A/LS81FS24A technical specifications

Attribute LS81FP48
CPU MPC8241
Boot ROM 512 KB
SDRAM 128M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Max power consumption 36.5 W
Connector LC

Number of ports 48
Port transmission speed 100 Mbps full duplex
z 100BASE-FX-MM-SFP
z 100BASE-FX-SM-SFP
SFP module
z 100BASE-FX-SM-LR-SFP
z 100BASE-FX-SM-VR-SFP

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Attribute LS81FP48
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3u
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.3ad
IEEE802.1p
Conformed standard
IEEE802.1D
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802. 1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

2.6.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-10 LS81FP48 panel

Each 100 Mbps electrical port has a green LED with it, which is described in the
following table.

Table 2-11 Description of a LS81FP48 LED

LED State
OFF The link is down or no link presented.
LINK/ACT ON The link is active.
Blinking Data is being transmitted/received through the port.

2.6.3 Matching Cable

Table 2-12 SFP interface cables

Maximum
Central Matching
SFP module Connector transmission
wavelength cable
distance
multimode
100BASE-FX-MM
1310nm LC optical fiber 2 km (1.2 mi)
-SFP
cable

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Maximum
Central Matching
SFP module Connector transmission
wavelength cable
distance
100BASE-FX-SM-
1310nm 15 km (9.3 mi)
SFP
9/125 µm
100BASE-FX-SM- single mode
1310nm 40 km (24.9 mi)
LR-SFP optical fiber
cable
100BASE-FX-SM-
1550nm 70km (43 mi)
VR-SFP

2.7 LS81GT8UA-8-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card

Figure 2-11 LS81GT8UA appearance

2.7.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides eight 10/100/1000 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interfaces.

Table 2-13 LS81GT8UA attribute

Attribute LS81GT8UA
CPU MPC850
BootROM 512KB
SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power
55 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45
Number of interfaces 8

Interface transmission 10/100/1000 Mbps half-/full-duplex


speed MDI/MDI-X auto-sensing
Matching cable and
Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
maximum transmission
distance of 100 m (328 ft)
distance

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Attribute LS81GT8UA
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.3ad
IEEE802.1p
Conformed standard
IEEE802.1D
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

2.7.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-12 LS81GT8UA panel

Every port has two LEDs. The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-14 LED state description of LS81GT8UA

LED State
Off No link is present.
LINK
On A link is present.
Off No packets are transmitted/received on the port.
ACT Packets are being transmitted/received on the
Blinking
port.

2.7.3 Matching Cable

The matching cable to the interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

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2.8 LS81GT8UE-8-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card

Figure 2-13 LS81GT8UE appearance

2.8.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides eight 10/100/1000 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interfaces.

Table 2-15 LS81GT8UE attribute

Attribute LS81GT8UE
CPU MPC850
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power
12 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45
Number of interfaces 8

Interface transmission 10/100/1000 Mbps half-/full-duplex


speed MDI/MDI-X auto-sensing
Matching cable and
Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
maximum
distance of 100 m (328 ft)
transmission distance

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Attribute LS81GT8UE
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.1D
Conformed standard
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

2.8.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-14 LS81GT8UE panel

Every port has two LEDs. The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-16 LED state description of LS81GT8UE

LED State
OFF No link is present.
LINK
ON A link is present.
OFF No packets are transmitted/received on the port.
ACT
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.8.3 Matching Cable

The matching cable to the interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

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2.9 LS82GT20-20-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card

Figure 2-15 LS82GT20 appearance

2.9.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 20 x 10/100/1000 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interfaces.

Table 2-17 LS82GT20 attribute

Attribute LS82GT20
CPU MPC8241

BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)

Maximum power
45 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45
Number of interfaces 20
10/100 Mbps half-/full-duplex
Interface transmission
1000 Mbps full-duplex
speed
MDI/MDI-X auto-sensing

Matching cable and


Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
maximum transmission
distance of 100 m (328 ft)
distance
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.1p
IEEE802.1D
Conformed standard
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1w
IEEE802.1ad
IEEE802.1s

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2.9.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-16 LS82GT20 panel

Every port has one LED. The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-18 LED state description of LS82GT20

LED State Description


OFF No link is present.
LINK/ACT ON A link is present
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.9.3 Matching Cable

The matching cable to the interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

2.10 LS82GT20A-20-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card

Figure 2-17 LS82GT20A appearance

2.10.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 20 x 10/100/1000 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interfaces.

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Table 2-19 LS82GT20A attribute

Attribute LS82GT20A
CPU MPC8241
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 128M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)

Maximum power
45 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45
Number of interfaces 20
10/100 Mbps half-/full-duplex
Interface transmission
1000 Mbps full-duplex
speed
MDI/MDI-X auto-sensing

Matching cable and


Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
maximum
distance of 100 m (328 ft)
transmission distance
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.1p
IEEE802.1D
Conformed standard
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1w
IEEE802.1ad
IEEE802.1s

2.10.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-18 LS82GT20A panel

Every port has one LED. The following table describes the LED state.

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Table 2-20 LED state description of LS82GT20A

LED State Description


OFF No link is present.
LINK/ACT ON A link is present
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.10.3 Matching Cable

The matching cable to the interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

2.11 LS81GT48-48-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card

Figure 2-19 LS81GT48 appearance

2.11.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 48 x 10/100/1000 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interfaces.

Table 2-21 LS81GT48 attribute

Attribute LS81GT48
CPU MPC8241
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 128M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power
70 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45
Number of interfaces 48

Interface transmission 10/100/1000 Mbps half-/full-duplex


speed MDI/MDI-X auto-sensing
Matching cable and
Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
maximum transmission
distance of 100 m (328 ft)
distance

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Attribute LS81GT48
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.1p
Conformed standard IEEE802.1D
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

2.11.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-20 LS81GT48 panel

Every port has a LED. The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-22 LED state description of LS81GT48

LED State Description


Off No link is present.
LINK/ACT On A link is present

Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.11.3 Matching Cable

The matching cable to the interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

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2.12 LS81GT48A-PoE-Supported 48-port 10/100/1000Base-T


Ethernet Card

Figure 2-21 LS81GT48A appearance

2.12.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 48 x 10/100/1000 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interface


service channels. And all the interfaces support PoE, that is, to implement remote
power supply to PDs through Ethernet twisted pair cables.

Table 2-23 LS81GT48A attribute

Attribute LS81GT48A
CPU MPC8241
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 128M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power
70 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45
Number of interfaces 48

Interface transmission 10/100/1000 Mbps half-/full-duplex


speed MDI/MDI-X auto-sensing

Matching cable and


Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
maximum
distance of 100 m (328 ft)
transmission distance

Maximum PoE
100m (328 ft)
distance

Maximum power each Each port provides a maximum power of 15.4 W for the
port can provide connected device.

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Attribute LS81GT48A
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.1p
IEEE802.1D
Conformed standard
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w
IEEE802.3af

2.12.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-22 LS81GT48A panel

Every port has a LED. The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-24 LED state description of LS81GT48A

LED State Description


Off No link is present.
LINK/ACT On A link is present
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.12.3 Matching Cable

The matching cable to the interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

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2.13 LS81T12P-12-port 10/100/1000Base-T + 4-port


1000Base-X (SFP) Ethernet Card

Figure 2-23 LS81T12P appearance

2.13.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 12 x 10/100/1000 Mbps auto-sensing Ethernet electrical interfaces


and four 1000 Mbps full-duplex SFP interfaces.

Table 2-25 LS81T12P attribute

Attribute LS81T12P
CPU MPC8241
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 128M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power
40 W
consumption

Connector RJ-45, LC
Number of interfaces 16

Interface transmission 1000 Mbps full-duplex (optical/electrical)


speed 10/100 Mbps half-/full-duplex (electrical)

SFP modules Refer to Table 2-27


Matching cable and
Category-5 twisted pair with maximum transmission
maximum
distance of 100 m (328 ft)
transmission distance

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Attribute LS81T12P
IEEE 802.3z
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE 802.1p
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE 802.1D
Conformed standard IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w
IEEE 802.3x
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE802.3

2.13.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-24 LS81T12P panel

The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-26 LED state description of LS81T12P

LED State Description


OFF No link is present.
LINK/ACT ON A link is present
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

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2.13.3 Matching Cable

I. Matching cable for 4-port 1000Base-X (SFP) optical interface

Table 2-27 Description of 1000BASE-X (SFP) cable

Maximum
Central Conn
SFP module Matching cable transmission
wavelength ector
distance
50/125 µm
550 m (1804
multimode optical
ft)
fiber cable
1000BASE-SX-SFP 850nm LC
62.5/125 µm
multimode optical 275 m (902 ft)
fiber cable
1000BASE-LX-SFP 9/125 µm single 10 km (6 mi)
1310nm LC mode optical fiber 30 km (about
1000BASE-LH-SFP cable 19 mi)
1000BASE-ZX-LR- 40 km (about
SFP 25 mi)
9/125 µm single
1000BASE-ZX-VR-
1550nm LC mode optical fiber 70 km (43 mi)
SFP
cable
1000BASE-ZX-UR-
100km (62 mi)
SFP
9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1470nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
470-CW
cable

9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1490nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
490-CW
cable

9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1510nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
510-CW
cable
9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1530nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
530-CW
cable

9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1550nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
550-CW
cable

9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1570nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
570-CW
cable
9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1590nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
590-CW
cable

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Maximum
Central Conn
SFP module Matching cable transmission
wavelength ector
distance
9/125 µm single
SFP-GE-LH70-SM1
1610nm LC mode optical fiber 70km (43 mi)
610-CW
cable
1000BASE-T-FD-S
- RJ45 - 100m (328 ft)
FP

II. 12-port 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet interface

The matching cable to Ethernet interface is category-5 twisted pair with a maximum
transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft).

2.14 LS81P12T-12-port 1000Base-X (SFP) + 4-port


10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet Card

Figure 2-25 LS81P12T appearance

2.14.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 12 x 1000 Mbps full-duplex SFP interfaces and four 10/100/1000
Base-T auto-sensing Ethernet interfaces.

Table 2-28 LS81P12T attribute

Attribute LS81P12T
CPU MPC8241
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 128M

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Attribute LS81P12T

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power consumption 35 W

Connector RJ-45, LC
Number of interfaces 16
1000 Mbps full-duplex (optical/electrical)
Interface transmission speed
10/100 Mbps half-/full-duplex (electrical)

SFP modules Refer to Table 2-27


Matching cable and maximum Category-5 twisted pair with maximum
transmission distance transmission distance of 100 m (328 ft)
IEEE 802.3z
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE 802.1p
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE 802.1D
IEEE802.1X
Conformed standard
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w
IEEE 802.3x
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3u

2.14.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-26 LS81P12T panel

The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-29 LED state description of LS81P12T

LED State Description


OFF No link is present.
LINK/ACT ON A link is present

Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

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2.14.3 Matching Cable

Refer to 2.13.3 .

2.15 LS81GB8UA-8-port 1000Base-X (GBIC) Ethernet Card

Figure 2-27 LS81GB8UA appearance

2.15.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 8 1000 Mbps full-duplex Ethernet GBIC interfaces.

Table 2-30 LS81GB8UA attribute

Attribute LS81GB8UA
CPU MPC850
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)

Maximum power
60 W
consumption

Connector SC, RJ-45


Number of interfaces 8

Interface
1000 Mbps / Full-duplex
transmission speed

1000BASE-SX-GBIC
1000BASE-LX-GBIC
1000BASE-LH-GBIC
GBIC modules 1000BASE-ZX-LR-GBIC
1000BASE-ZX-VR-GBIC
1000BASE-ZX-UR-GBIC
1000BASE-T-FD-GBIC

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Attribute LS81GB8UA
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.3z
IEEE 802.3x
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE 802.3z
Conformed standard IEEE 802.1p
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE 802.1D
IEEE 802.1X
IEEE 802.1s
IEEE 802.1w

Note:
GBIC module is a hot-swappable connector which can connect with optical fiber. A
GBIC module provides one data receive/transmit channel.

2.15.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-28 LS81GB8UA panel

Every 1000M GBIC port has a green LED. The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-31 LED state description of LS81GB8UA

LED State Description


The interface is properly connected to another
ON (LINK)
interface.
LINK/ACT OFF (LINK) The interface is not connected to any other interface.
Blinking
Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.
(ACT)

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2.15.3 Matching Cable

Table 2-32 Matching cable available for LS81GB8UA

Maximum
Central Matching
GBIC module Connector transmission
wavelength cable
distance
50/125 µm
multimode
500 m (1640 ft)
optical fiber
1000BASE-SX- cable
850 nm
GBIC 62.5/125 µm
multimode
220 m (722 ft)
optical fiber
cable

1000BASE-LX-
10 km (6 mi)
GBIC SC
1310 nm
1000BASE-LH- 30 km (about 19
GBIC mi)
9/125 µm
1000BASE-ZX- single mode 40 km (about 25
LR-GBIC optical fiber mi)
cable
1000BASE-LX-
1550 nm 70 km (43 mi)
VR-GBIC

1000BASE-ZX-
100km (62 mi)
UR-GBIC

1000BASE-T-F
- RJ-45 - 100 m (328 ft)
D-GBIC

2.16 LS81GP8UB-8-port 1000Base-X (SFP) Ethernet Card

Figure 2-29 LS81GP8UB appearance

2.16.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 8 1000 Mbps full-duplex SFP interfaces.

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Table 2-33 LS81GP8UB attribute

Attribute LS81GP8UB
CPU MPC850
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)

Maximum power
15 W
consumption

Connector LC, RJ-45


Number of
8
interfaces
Interface
1000 Mbps / Full-duplex
transmission speed
SFP modules Refer to Table 2-27
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.3z
IEEE 802.1p
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE 802.1D
Conformed standard
IEEE 802.3x
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

2.16.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-30 LS81GP8UB panel

The following table describes the LED state.

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Table 2-34 LED state description of LS81GP8UB

LED State Description


OFF No link is present.
LINK/ACT ON A link is present
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.16.3 Matching Cable

Refer to Table 2-27.

2.17 LS82GP20-20-port 1000Base-X (SFP) Ethernet Card

Figure 2-31 LS82GP20 appearance

2.17.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 20 1000 Mbps full-duplex SFP interfaces.

Table 2-35 LS82GP20 attribute

Attribute LS82GP20
CPU MPC8241
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power
35 W
consumption

Connector LC, RJ-45


Number of interfaces 20

Interface 1000 Mbps


transmission speed Full-duplex

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Attribute LS82GP20
SFP modules Refer to Table 2-27
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3z
IEEE802.1p
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1D
Conformed standard
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1w
IEEE802.3ad
IEEE802.1s

2.17.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-32 LS82GP20 panel

The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-36 LED state description of LS82GP20

LED State Description


OFF No link is present.
LINK/ACT ON A link is present
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.17.3 Matching Cable

Refer to Table 2-27.

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2.18 LS82GP20A-20-port 1000Base-X (SFP) Ethernet Card

Figure 2-33 LS82GP20A appearance

2.18.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 20 1000 Mbps full-duplex SFP interfaces.

Table 2-37 LS82GP20A attribute

Attribute LS82GP20A
CPU MPC8241
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 128M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)

Maximum power
35 W
consumption

Connector LC, RJ-45


Number of interfaces 20

Interface 1000 Mbps


transmission speed Full-duplex
SFP modules Refer to Table 2-27
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3z
IEEE802.1p
IEEE802.1Q
IEEE802.1D
Conformed standard
IEEE802.3x
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1w
IEEE802.3ad
IEEE802.1s

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2.18.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-34 LS82GP20A panel

The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-38 LED state description of LS82GP20A

LED State Description


OFF No link is present.
LINK/ACT ON A link is present
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.18.3 Matching Cable

Refer to Table 2-27.

2.19 LS81TGX1B-1-port 10GBASE-R-XENPAK Ethernet Card

Figure 2-35 LS81TGX1B appearance

2.19.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 1-port 10G full-duplex XENPAK interface.

Table 2-39 LS81TGX1B attribute

Attribute LS81TGX1B
CPU MPC8245
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)

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Attribute LS81TGX1B
Maximum power consumption 35 W
Connector SC
Number of interfaces 1
10 GE
Interface transmission speed
Full-duplex

10GBASE-SR-XENPAK (multimode optical fiber,


850 nm, 300 m)
10GBASE-LR-XENPAK (single mode optical fiber,
XENPAK modules
1310 nm, 10 km)
10GBASE-ER-XENPAK (single mode optical
fiber, 1550 nm, 40 km)

IEEE 802.1p
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE 802.1D
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.3x
Conformed standard
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE 802.3ae
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

2.19.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-36 LS81TGX1B panel

The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-40 LED state description of LS81TGX1B

LED State
OFF No link is present.
LINK
ON A link is present.
OFF No packets are transmitted/received on the port.
ACT
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

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2.19.3 Matching Cable

Table 2-41 Matching cable available for LS81TGX1B

Maximum
XENPAK Central
Connector Matching cable transmission
module wavelength
distance
10GBASE-SR- multimode optical
850nm 300 m (984 ft)
XENPAK fiber cable
10GBASE-LR-
1310 nm SC 9/125 µm single 10 km (6 mi)
XENPAK
mode optical fiber
10GBASE-ER- cable 40 km (about
1550 nm
XENPAK 25 mi)

2.20 LS81TGX1C-1-port 10GBASE-R-XENPAK Ethernet Card

Figure 2-37 LS81TGX1C appearance

2.20.1 Introduction to Card

This LPU provides 1-port 10G full-duplex XENPAK interface.

Table 2-42 LS81TGX1C attribute

Attribute LS81TGX1C
CPU MPC8245
BootROM 512 KB
SDRAM 64M

Dimensions (L × W) 366.7 × 340 mm (14.4 × 13.4 in.)


Maximum power consumption 35 W
Connector SC
Number of interfaces 1
10 GE
Interface transmission speed
Full-duplex

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Attribute LS81TGX1C
10GBASE-SR-XENPAK (multimode optical
fiber, 850 nm, 300 m)
10GBASE-LR-XENPAK (single mode optical
XENPAK modules
fiber, 1310 nm, 10 km)
10GBASE-ER-XENPAK (single mode optical
fiber, 1550 nm, 40 km)
IEEE 802.1p
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE 802.1D
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.3x
Conformed standard
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE 802.3ae
IEEE802.1X
IEEE802.1s
IEEE802.1w

2.20.2 Panel and LEDs

Figure 2-38 LS81TGX1C panel

The following table describes the LED state.

Table 2-43 LED state description of LS81TGX1C

LED State
OFF No link is present.
LINK
ON A link is present.
OFF No packets are transmitted/received on the port.
ACT
Blinking Packets are being transmitted/received on the port.

2.20.3 Matching Cable

Refer to Table 2-41.

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Chapter 3 Installation Preparations

3.1 Safety Information


To avoid damage to human body and devices, please read the following safety
recommendations carefully before installing your S6502. The recommendations do not
cover every possible hazardous condition.

3.1.1 General Recommendations

z Turn OFF all powers and remove all power cords before opening the chassis.
z Keep the chassis clean and dust-free.
z Keep the chassis and installation tools away from walk areas.
z Do not wear loose clothing, jewelry (including ring and necklace etc.) or any other
things that could get caught by the chassis when you install and maintain the
switch.

3.1.2 Electricity

z Look carefully for possible hazards in your work area, such as ungrounded power
extension cables, missing safety grounds, and moist floors.
z Locate the emergency power-off switch in the room before installation. Shut the
power off first when accident occurs.
z Unplug all the power cords and external cables before moving the chassis.
z Better not maintain the equipment alone when it is powered on.
z After shut off a switch, always check and make sure it is powered off.
z Do not place the switch on a moist area and avoid liquid flowing into the switch.

3.1.3 Moving

The S6502 is rather big and heavy, so follow the recommendations below when moving
them.
z Turn off all powers and remove all the power cords before moving the chassis.
z Do not move the switch alone. Work with another person.
z Move the switch slowly and stably. Never move suddenly or twist your body.
z Move the switch at stable and consistent paces with your peer. Keep balance of
your body.

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Caution:

Do not hold the power handlers, but the handles on the rear of the chassis, or put
fingers into the vent of chassis when moving the switch.
Since the power handler and vent have not been designed to bear the weight of the
entire chassis, it may hurt the switch chassis or even your body when you move the
switch by handling them.

3.1.4 Wearing an ESD Wrist Strap

To prevent the electric component from being damaged by the electrostatic discharge
(ESD), take ESD measures for the area where the switch is located and pay attention to
the following:
z Always wear an ESD wrist strap when installing the components, especially the
electric printed circuit boards, of the switch.
z Take the edge of the circuit board. Do not touch the components or the electric
printed circuit.
Take the following steps to use the ESD wrist strap.
Step 1: Put your hand through the wrist strap and wear it
Step 2: Strain and tighten the strap, ensure that it makes good contact with your skin.
Step 3: Insert it into the ESD wrist strap hole in the switch chassis or attach the alligator
clips to the grounding screw of the chassis.
Step 4: Make sure the ESD wrist strap is well grounded.

Note:
The ESD wrist strap is shipped with the S6502.
There is an ESD wrist strap hole on the left side of the S6502 power module. The
grounding screw is located on the bottom right corner of the chassis rear.

Caution:

For safety consideration, check the resistance of the ESD wrist strap. The resistance
between human body and the ground should be 1 to 10Mohm.

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3.1.5 Laser

Some LPUs of S6502 have optical ports. In operating status, it is prohibited to stare into
the open optical port because the laser emitted from it has very high power density and
is harmful to your retina.

Caution:

Staring at the laser beam inside the fiber could hurt your eyes.

3.2 Examining Installation Site


S6502 can only be used indoors. To ensure that the switch works normally and expand
its service life, the installation environment shall meet the requirements below.

3.2.1 Temperature/Humidity Requirements

To ensure the normal operation and service life of a switch, a certain level of
temperature and humidity should be maintained in the equipment room. If the humidity
in the equipment room is too high and for a long time, it may go bad insulated or even
power leakage may occur. Sometimes, high humidity may result in material mechanical
performance changing or metal parts rusted. If the relative humidity is too low, the
captive screws may become loose due to the shrinkage of the insulation washers.
Meanwhile, the electrostatic is likely to be produced in the dry environment, which will
jeopardize the CMOS circuit of the switch. The higher the temperature, the greater the
damage it will do on the switch. High temperature for a long time will speed up the aging
process of the insulation materials, greatly lower the reliability of the switch and
therefore affect its service life seriously.

3.2.2 Cleanness Requirements

Dust does serious harm to the normal operation of the switch. The indoor dust
accumulated on the chassis can cause electrostatic adsorption, resulting in poor
contact between connectors or metal contact points. This happens more frequently
when the relative indoor humidity is low, which will not only shorten the service life of
the switch, but also cause communication failures.
The required specifications on dust density and particle diameter in an equipment room
are shown in the following table.

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Table 3-1 Required specifications on dust density in an equipment room

Mechanical active
Unit Content
material
4
≤3 x 10
Dust particle particles/m³
(No visible dust on desk in three days)
Note: Dust particle diameter ≥ 5µm

Except the requirements on dust, rigorous requirements on ingredient of salts, acids


and sulfides of air in an equipment room are also set. These harmful gases will speed
up the metal corrosion and the aging processes of certain parts. The equipment room
should be protected from the invasion of harmful gases such as SO2, H2S, NO2, NH3
and Cl2, the value limits of which are shown in Table 3-2:

Table 3-2 Limits on harmful gas ingredients in an equipment room

Gas Max. (mg/m3)


SO2 0.2
H2S 0.006
NH3 0.05
Cl2 0.01

3.2.3 Anti-static Requirements

Any possible interference sources, no matter outside or inside the system, affect the
switch in use may in a way of capacitance coupling, inductance coupling, radiation of
electromagnetic wave, common impedance (including the grounding system) coupling
or conducting line (power line, signaling line and transmission line etc.).Therefore, the
following should be considered:
z Adopt effective measures to protect the power supply system against the power
grid interference.
z Separate the working ground of the switch from the ground device of the power
supply equipment or lightning-protection ground device as far as possible.
z Keep the switch far away from the radio launcher, radar launcher, and
high-frequency devices working in high currents.
If necessary, adopt electromagnetic shield.

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3.2.4 Grounding Requirements

A good grounding system is the basis for a switch to work stably and reliably and the
important guarantee of lightning protection, anti-interference and ESD. A switch should
be provided with good grounding system.

3.2.5 Power Supply Requirements

The S6502 power system is in 1+1 redundancy, among which:


z AC input voltage: 100 VAC to 240VAC, 47 Hz to 63 Hz
z Power output: 300W

3.3 Installation Planning


Since the S6502 is a kind of complex equipment, it is necessary to make a good plan
and arrangement concerning installation position, networking measure, power supply
and cabling before installing it.

3.3.1 Space Requirement

For better heat dissipation and equipment maintenance, it is recommended to keep the
front and back of the switch more than 1 meters inclusive away from the walls or other
devices. There can be other devices located beside the left and right of the switch.
However, you shall keep the left and right of the switch more than 0.8 meters inclusive
away from the walls. If the optional rack will be installed, the net height of equipment
room should be more than 3 meters inclusive.

3.3.2 Rack-Mounting Requirements

Before rack-mounting a switch, make sure the rack meets the following requirements:
z Better mount a switch in an open rack. However, if you mount a switch in a closed
rack, make sure of good heat dissipation system.
z Make sure the rack stands steadily enough to well support the switch and
accessories.
z Make sure that the switch fits the rack size. Leave enough spaces beside the left
and right panels of the switch for chassis heat dissipation.

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3.4 Installation Tools


Table 3-3 Required installation tools list

Measure and Long tape, ruler (of 1 meter), level, marking pen,
lineation tools powder marker and pencil
A percussion drill, several auxiliary drill bits, a vacuum
Drills
cleaner
Flat-blade screwdriver P4-75mm
Phillips screwdriver P1-100mm, P2-150mm and
P3-250mm
Fastening
General Socket wrench 5.0kgf.cm
tools
tools Box-end wrench M6
Box-end wrenches (10-12) or open-end wrench
(10-12)
Sharp-nose pliers, diagonal pliers, vices, hand-held
Small tools electric drill, file, handsaw, crowbar and rubber
hammer

Hair brush, tweezers, paper knife, hand bellows,


Auxiliary tools
electric iron, solder wire, fork and ladder

ESD wrist strap, cable stripper, crimping pliers, RJ-45


Special tools
crimping pliers and wire punchdown tool

Fiber cleaner tools Tissue paper, microscope


Multimeter, 500V Meg-ohmmeter (used to measure
Instruments the insulation resistance), error detector, optical
power meter and earth resistance tester

Note:
The instruments and tools are not shipped with the S6502, so you need to make them
available by yourself.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Installation

S6502 shall work in a fixed place indoors.

4.1 Confirm the Installation Preparation


z Make sure that you have read Chapter 3 carefully.
z All requirements introduced in Chapter 3 have been met.

4.2 Installation Flowchart

Start installation

Preparation and
confirmation

Confirm
installation site

Mount the switch in Mount the switch on Mount the switch on


19-inch standard rack B68-22 cabinet the workbench

Install the switch Install B68-22 cabinet Install the switch

Install the switch on


B68-22 cabinet

Connect ground wire


and power cord

Install cabling rack


and fan frame

Install cards

Install interface cables

End of installation

Figure 4-1 Installation flow of the switch

Note:
The switch should be equipped with at least two sets of power supply.

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4.3 Mount the Switch in 19-Inch Standard Rack


S6502 has an integrated chassis and should operate indoors.
Take the following installation steps.
Step 1: Confirm the following before installation:
z The rack has been well fixed. The installation position for the switch has been well
arranged and there is no obstacle around.
z The switch is ready for installation and has been carried to a place near the rack
and convenient for moving.
Step 2: Install the wiring channel and mounting angle sets shipped with the switch.
Step 3: With two people lifting the switch at both sides slowly, move the switch to a
place in front of the rack.
Step 4: Carry the switch a little higher than the rack tray or guides. Put the switch on the
tray or the guides and push it into the rack.
Step 5: Fasten the angle sets on the 19-inch columns to seat the switch in the chassis.

4.4 Mount the Switch on the Tabletop


Step 1: Confirm the following before installation:
z The workbench is firm enough to hold the switch and cables.
z No obstacles around the workbench that may interfere with the installation.
z The switch is ready for installation and has been carried to a place near the
cabinet and convenient for moving.
Step 2: With two people lifting the switch at both sides slowly, position the switch to a
place in front of the workbench.
Step 3: Carry the switch a little higher than the workbench and put the switch on it.

4.5 Connect Ground Wire and Power Cord


4.5.1 Connect Ground Wire

Caution:

For the safety of personnel and equipments, the switch must be well grounded. The
resistance between switch chassis and the ground should be less than 1 ohm.

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Note:
The grounding screw is located on the bottom right corner of the chassis.

I. Common grounding environment

Step 1: Remove the screw from the grounding hole in the switch chassis.
Step 2: Set the ground wire connector shipped with the switch around the grounding
screw.
Step 3: Fasten the grounding screw in the grounding hole on the chassis.
Step 4: Connect the other end of the ground wire to the grounding strip of the switch.

Note:
Each cabinet has a grounding strip, to which you can connect the ground wire of a
switch.

II. Other grounding environment

Hereafter introduced some methods for grounding the switch in different environment.
z If there is a grounding strip in the Ethernet switch installation environment, attach
one end of the yellow-green protection ground wire to the grounding screw of the
grounding strip and fasten the captive nuts. The ground wire of a switch shall be
connected to the project ground of the equipment room.

Caution:

Note that the fire main and lightning rod of a building are not suitable for grounding the
switch.

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Ethernet Switch

Grounding screw
Power input

Grounding wire

Grounding strip

Figure 4-2 Sketch of grounding with grounding strip available

z If there is no grounding strip but earth nearby and the grounding body is allowed to
be buried, you can simply hammer an angle iron or steel pipe no shorter than 0.5m
into the earth. In this case, the yellow-green protection ground wire should be
welded with the angle iron (steel pipe) and the joint should be processed against
eroding.

Ethernet Switch

Grounding screw

Power input

Grounding wire

Ground
Angle iron

Figure 4-3 Sketch of grounding when it is allowed to bury grounding body nearby in an
equipment room

z If there is no grounding strip and no grounding body can be buried, and the
Ethernet switch is AC powered, you can grounded through the PE wire of the AC
power supply. In this case, make sure that the PE wire of the AC power supply has
been well grounded at the power distribution room or AC power supply
transformer side.

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Ethernet Switch

Power transformer N
L
AC power input
(with triple cable)
Grounding screw
PE

Figure 4-4 Sketch of grounding through AC PE wire

4.5.2 Connect AC Power Cord

Caution:

For lightning protection, the AC power should be led through the external lightning
device into the S6502.

(1) (2) (3)

(4)

(1) AC input socket (2) Bail latch


(3) Handle of power module (4) Power LED
Figure 4-5 S6502 power module

The power module has AC input socket with bail latch and a power LED on its front
panel (The LED is described in 6.1.2).
Step 1: Pull up the bail latch which is on the left side of the front panel to the right.
Step 2: Insert the AC power cord which is shipped with the switch into the AC input
socket of the power supply module.
Step 3: Push back the bail latch to keep the power cord from being removed.
Step 4: Insert the other end of the power cord into the site power socket.

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4.6 Install Cabling Rack


For your convenience, cabling racks are shipped together with an S6502. Take the
following steps to install the rack.
Step 1: Face the I/O card slot of the switch;
Step 2: Attach the shipped fixing brace to the left (opposite side to the fan frame) of the
switch;
Step 3: Insert the shipped wiring channel into the brace and fasten the screws.

Cabling rack

Figure 4-6 (S6506 Switch) Wiring channel location

4.7 Install Switch Boards


S6502 cards, including LPU and SRPU, are hot-swappable.
Step 1: Wear an ESD wrist strip which is well grounded and take a card out of the
packet.
Step 2: Using a PHILLIPS SCREWDRIVER to remove the blank filler panel from the
chassis slot where you plan to install the card.
Step 3: Hold the ejector levers of the card with both hands and push them outward,
align the card with the guides in the chassis and slide it gently into the slot. Push the
card until positioning pin on its handle bar touches the hole in the chassis.
Step 4: Press the ejector levers inward and seat the pin on the handle bar into the
positioning hole in the chassis.
Step 5: Fasten the captive screws to fix the card using the PHILLIPS SCREWDRIVER.

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Note:
Save the removed blank panel for future use.

4.8 Connect Port Cables


4.8.1 Connect Console Cable

I. Introduction

Console cable is an 8-core shielded cable. One end of the cable is a crimped RJ-45
connector, which is to be plugged into the console port of the switch. The other end is
furnished with a DB-9 (male) connector and can be inserted to the 9-core (female)
socket. The following figure illustrates the console cable.

Figure 4-7 An console cable

Table 4-1 Console cable pinout

RJ-45 Signal Direction DB-9


1 RTS ← 7
2 DTR ← 4
3 TXD ← 3

4 CD → 1
5 GND - 5
6 RXD → 2

7 DSR → 6
8 CTS → 8

II. Connecting a console cable

Take the following steps to connect the console cable when configuring the switch via a
terminal.

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Step 1: Plug the DB-9 female plug of the console cable to the serial port of a PC or a
terminal where the switch is to be configured.
Step 2: Connect the RJ-45 connector of the console cable to the console port of the
switch.

4.8.2 Connect Category-5 Cables

I. Introduction

The 10Base-T/100Base-TX and 1000Base-T ports of an S6502 match RJ-45


connectors, and are MDI/MDIX autosensing. You can use category-5 cables to connect
it. The following figure illustrates the appearance and pinouts of an RJ-45 connector.

PIN #8
PIN #1

Figure 4-8 An RJ-45 connector

Table 4-2 RJ-45 MDI port pinout assignment

10Base-T/100Base-TX 1000Base-T
Pinout
Signal Function Signal Function
Bi-directional data
1 Tx+ Outbound BIDA+
cable A+
Bi-directional data
2 Tx- Outbound BIDA-
cable A-
Bi-directional data
3 Rx+ Inbound BIDB+
cable B+
Bi-directional data
4 Reserved - BIDC+
cable C+
Bi-directional data
5 Reserved - BIDC-
cable C-
Bi-directional data
6 Rx- Inbound BIDB-
cable B-
Bi-directional data
7 Reserved - BIDD+
cable D+
Bi-directional data
8 Reserved - BIDD-
cable D-

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Note:
Tx refers to Outbound
Rx refers to Inbound
BI refers to Bi-directional

Table 4-3 RJ-45 MDI-X port pinout assignment

10Base-T/100Base-TX 1000Base-T
Pinout
Signal Function Signal Function
Bi-directional data cable
1 Rx+ Inbound BIDB+
B+
Bi-directional data cable
2 Rx- Inbound BIDB-
B-
Bi-directional data cable
3 Tx+ Outbound BIDA+
A+
Bi-directional data cable
4 Reserved - BIDD+
D+
Bi-directional data cable
5 Reserved - BIDD-
D-
Bi-directional data cable
6 Tx- Outbound BIDA-
A-
Bi-directional data cable
7 Reserved - BIDC+
C+
Bi-directional data cable
8 Reserved - BIDC-
C-

II. Connecting a category-5 cable

Step 1: Plug one end of the category-5 cable into an Ethernet RJ-45 jack of the switch
to be connected.
Step 2: Plug the other end of the cable into an RJ-45 port of the peer device.

4.8.3 Connect Optical Fibers

I. Introduction

Before connecting the fibers, make sure the type of the connector and the fiber match
that of the optical port.
Fiber connectors are indispensable passive components in optical fiber communication
system. Their application enables the removable connection between optical channel,

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which makes optical system debugging and maintenance more convenient and transit
dispatching more flexible. Among multiple fiber connectors, only SC, LC, and MT-RJ
will be introduced here.
z MT-RJ fiber connector: It integrates two channels of light sources into a single
fiber, which reduces the actual ports that are in use of a connector.

Figure 4-9 An MT-RJ connector

z SC fiber connector

Figure 4-10 An SC connector

z LC fiber connector

Figure 4-11 An LC connector

II. Connecting an optical fiber

Step 1: Remove the fiber cover and clean the fiber end.
Step 2: Remove the optical port cover of the switch. Insert one end of the fiber into the
optical port of the switch.
Step 3: Connect the other end of the fiber to the corresponding device.

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Caution:

When the optical port has not been connected with a fiber connector or its dustproof
cover is open, there might be some invisible radiation emitted from the optical port. So
do not stare into the optical port directly.
Cover the optical port if there is no connector plugged in.

4.9 Recommendations on Cabling


4.9.1 For Table-Mounting

If the chassis of a switch stands alone, you do not have to care about the inside or
outside cabinet cabling. All the port service cables can run along the left side of the
chassis (cabling channel), and the chassis power cords can run upward or downward
based on the specific conditions in the equipment room (lightning protection box,
terminal bar etc).

4.9.2 Rack-Mounted Switch

For the switches are mounted in a 19-inch standard rack, the service cables can be
bound to the cable binding rack at the left side of the chassis and be arranged to run on
the cable rack or in the raised floor according to the situation in an exchange equipment
room (whether the signal cable of the room is accessed from the cable rack on the top
of the chassis or the cable channel under the floor.) Collect all the transit data signal
cable connectors and locate them on the floor of the chassis instead of any places
outside the chassis for fear of unexpected damage. The power cords run out of the rear
left of the chassis and either on the cable rack or in the raised floor as near as possible
based on the specific conditions in the equipment room (lightning protection box,
terminal bar etc).

4.10 Cable Binding


4.10.1 Use of Labels

Correctly edit the label and paste it to a proper place on the bound cables.

4.10.2 Precautions for Binding Cables

z Bind the cables straight in the cabinet. No twisting or bending.

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Twisting

Bending

Figure 4-12 Cable binding example I

z The radius of the curve at which a cable is bent should be no less than twice of the
cable’s diameter. At the point where a cable runs out of a connector, the radius of
the curve at which the cable is bent should be no less than five times of its
diameter.
z Cables of different type (that is, power cord, signal cable, ground wire, etc.) should
run and be bound separately in a cabinet. They cannot be bound together. If they
are close to each other, you can cable them in a crossing way. For parallel cabling,
the space between power cord and signal cable should be no less than 30mm;
z The cable binding rack and cable channel inside and outside a cabinet should be
smooth and stretch no sharp points.
z The metal hole through which a cable runs should have a smooth and fully surface
or an insulating bush;
z Use the right type of ties to bind the cables. Do not bind any cables with tied ties.
Huawei technologies provides the following types of ties: 100*2.5mm, 150*3.6mm,
300*3.6mm, 530*9mm, and 580*13mm;
z Bind the cables with ties and cut the extra parts. Trim the cut and leave no sharp
points. See the following figure:

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Figure 4-13 Cable binding example II

z Before bending the cables, bind them first. Mind that no tie binds the bended part
of any cables, for fear of cable core breaking due to excessive stress. See the
following figure.

Figure 4-14 Cable binding example III

z The spare cables or excessive parts should be folded and bound and located at
right places in a cabinet or on the cable channel. In the so-called right places, the
running device will not be affected or damaged and the cables will not be damaged,
either.
z 220V power cord and -48V power cord cannot be tied on the guides of any mobile
components;
z Keep excessive parts of power cords for those mobile components, such as
ground wire of doors, to free the cables from possible stress. When installing these
components, make sure the excessive cables will not touch heat source, sharp
point, or keen edges. Use high temperature cables near the heat sources;

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z For the cable terminals fixed with screw thread, the screws or nuts should be
fastened and prevented from loosing. See the following figure;

Flat Flat Spring Nut


washer washer washer

Figure 4-15 Cable fixing example

z Fix the terminal of harder power cords to free the terminal and the cable from
stress;
z No tapping screw can be used to fasten the cabling terminals;
z The power cords of the same type and in the same direction should be bound
together and kept clean and straight;
Follow the parameters defined in the following table for binding cables with ties.

Table 4-4 Tie-binding parameters

Cable bundle diameter (mm) Space between bundles (mm)


10 80~150
10~30 150~200

30 200~300

z No cable or bundle can tie a knot;


z The metal parts of crimping cold-pressed terminal blocks (such as air switch)
cannot stretch beyond the blocks.

4.11 Check after Installation

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Caution:

Confirm that you have turned off the power before checking, otherwise, improper
connection will hurt people or the component of the switch.

After installing the switch, please check if the items listed in the following table are
normal.

Table 4-5 Installation checking list

Items Normal Abnormal (Description)


ESD wrist strap
Console cable
Ground wire

Power cord
SRPU
LPU

Fan Frame

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Chapter 5 System Debugging

5.1 Setting up Configuration Environment


5.1.1 Setting up Configuration Environment

z A terminal (a PC in this example) is connected to the switch console port through a


console cable.

Switch

To console port

To serial port

Console cable

PC
Figure 5-1 Configuration environment

5.1.2 Connecting Console Cable

Step 1: Plug the DB-9 female plug of the console cable to the serial port of the PC or the
terminal where the switch is to be configured.
Step 2: Connect the RJ-45 connector of the console cable to the console port of the
switch.

5.1.3 Setting Terminal Parameters

Parameter requirements:
z Bits per second: 9600
z Data bits: 8
z Parity: none
z Stop bits: 1
z Flow control: none
z Emulation: VT100
Taking the PC running Windows98 HyperTerminal as an example, this section
introduces how to set the terminal parameters.

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Step 1: Start the PC and run the terminal emulator (such as Terminal on Windows3.1
and the HyperTerminal on Windows95/Windows98/Windows 2000/Windows
NT/Windows XP/Windows ME).
Step 2: Set the parameters for Windows98 HyperTerminal as follows:
1) Click Start > Program > Accessories > Communications > HyperTerminal to enter
the HyperTerminal window, and then click the Hypertrm icon to establish a new
connection. The system will pop up the Connection Description window.

Figure 5-2 Connection description of HyperTerminal

2) Input the name of the new connection and click <OK>. Then there pops up the
interface as shown in the following figure. Select the serial port to be used from the
Connect using drop down list.

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Figure 5-3 Setting serial port for HyperTerminal connection

3) After selecting serial ports, click <OK>. The following interface will pop up for
setting serial port parameters. Set the baud rate to 9600, data bits to 8, parity
check to none, stop bits to 1 and flow control to none.

Figure 5-4 Setting serial port parameters

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4) After setting serial port parameters, click <OK>. Then the system will enter the
HyperTerminal dialogue box as shown in the following figure.

Figure 5-5 HyperTerminal interface

In the above dialogue box, select the Properties icon to enter the properties window.
Click Settings to set the attributes (see the following figure). In this interface, select
terminal emulation mode VT100 and then click <OK>.

Figure 5-6 Setting terminal emulation mode in the property setting window

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5.2 Powering on and Booting


5.2.1 Checking before Power on

Before powering on an Ethernet Switch, check that:


z The switch has been mounted steadily.
z All the cards have been correctly installed.
z All the communication cables, fibers, power cords, and ground wires have been
correctly connected.
z The voltage of power supply meets the requirements on the switch.
z The console cable has been correctly connected. The computer or terminal for
configuration has been started and the terminal parameter settings have been
done.

Caution:

Before powering on the switch, confirm where the power switch of the equipment room
is located, so that you will be able to power off in case of accidence.

5.2.2 Powering on the Switch

z Turn on the power supply of the switch.


z Power on the switch.

5.2.3 Checking after Power on (Recommended)

You are recommended to check as follows after powering on the switch to ensure the
configurations thereafter.
z After a switch is powered on, the heat dissipation system starts working. You can
hear the noise as the fan rotates and feel air flow out from the vent.
z Check if any system indicator on the SRPU indicates abnormal condition.

5.2.4 Booting Interface

As the switch is started, the configuration terminal will yield the following output:
Starting......
RAM Line....OK
System is booting................
******************************************
* *
* Quidway S6502 BOOTROM, Version 500 *

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* *
******************************************
Copyright(C) 2001-2008 by HUAWEI-3COM TECHNOLOGIES CO.,LTD.
Creation date: Feb 23 2005, 09:36:37
CPU type : MPC8245
CPU Clock Speed : 300Mhz
BUS Clock Speed : 33Mhz
Flash Size : 32MB
Memory Size : 256MB

S6502 main board self testing................................


SDRAM Data lines Selftest.................................OK!
SDRAM Address lines Selftest..............................OK!
SDRAM fast selftest.......................................OK!
Please check LEDs.....................LEDs selftest finished!
CPLD selftest.............................................OK!
The switch Mac address is .....................0000.0309.0004

Press Ctrl+B to enter Boot Menu... 0


Auto-booting...
Auto booting file is S6500.app
There are 4 files in this packet
SRPG app file <<srpu.app>> is...OK
Decompress Image...................................................
.......................................................OK!
Starting at 0x60000...
User interface Aux0/0 is available
Press ENTER to get started.

The displaying of the above indications indicates the completion of the switch
auto-booting.
Press <Enter> and you will get the following output. By this time, you can start
configuring the switch.
<Quidway>

Note:
The S6502 provides a variety of command views. For the specific descriptions on the
configuration commands and command line interfaces, refer to Quidway S6500 Series
Ethernet Switches Operation Manual and Quidway S6500 Series Ethernet Switches
Command Manual.

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Chapter 6 Switch Monitoring and Maintenance

6.1 Switch Monitoring


Although the S6502 has passed the comprehensive and strict test before delivery,
there might be some fault occurring due to improper installation. This chapter describes
how to troubleshoot.
On the SRPU of the S6502, you can find the state LEDs of LPU, power supply, and fan
and locate the faults accordingly.

6.1.1 Configuration System Troubleshooting

After the switch is powered on and the system is normal, the booting information will be
displayed on the configuration terminal. If the configuration system has failed, the
configuration terminal may display illegible characters or nothing at all.
1) No display on the terminal screen
After power on, if there is no information displayed on the terminal, check if:
z The power system works normally.
z SRPU works normally.
z The console cable has been connected to the console port in the SRPU.
If there is no problem in the above checking, there might be some other faults as
follows:
z Serial port connected to the console cable is wrong. (The port in use is not the one
set on the terminal.)
z Configuration terminal parameter setting errors. (Parameter setting requirements:
Set the baud rate to 9600, data bits to 8, parity check to none, stop bits to 1, flow
control to none, and select VT100 as terminal emulation mode.)
z There is something wrong with the console cable.
2) Illegible display on the terminal screen
If the configuration terminal displays illegible characters, the configuration terminal
settings are likely to contain errors. Check the settings one by one. (Set the baud rate to
9600, data bits to 8, parity check to none, stop bits to 1, flow control to none, and select
VT100 as terminal emulation mode.)

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6.1.2 Power Troubleshooting

Table 6-1 Description of power LED

LED Color Description


Green The power supply works normally.
PWR
Red The power supply is faulty.

If the power LED is off, there may be something wrong with the system power supply.
Check if:
z The switch power has been turned on.
z The power cord has been properly connected.
z The source voltage is correct.

6.1.3 Fan Troubleshooting

Table 6-2 Description of fan LEDs

LED Description
ON The fan works normally.
OK The fan fails to work or has not been
OFF
installed yet.
The fan works abnormally or has not been
ON
FAIL installed yet.
OFF The fan works normally.

If the fan LED OK is off, check if:


z Every heat dissipation fan works normally.
z There is something blocking the vent of the chassis.
z The blank filler plates are furnished on the chassis where there is no card inserted.

6.1.4 Cards Troubleshooting

The LEDs of LPUX (X ranges from 1 to 2 in the S6502) show the state of these cards
respectively.

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Table 6-3 Description of card LEDs

LED Description
The card fails to work or has not been
ON/OFF
RUN inserted.
Blinking The card works normally.
The card works normally or has not been
OFF
ALM inserted.
ON The card works abnormally.

z If a card ALM LED stays on, there must be something wrong with the
corresponding card. When you reset the card, the ALM LED will turn on. After
normal booting, it will be off.
z When resetting the card, if the ALM LED stays off, the card may have not been
connected with the power source. Check if the card has been properly installed.

6.2 Hardware Maintenance

Caution:

The S6502 supports hot-swappable power modules.


When installing or replacing a power module with the power on, consider the operation
measures and safety with electricity. Do not touch any naked wire, terminal or any part
of the product with a dangerous voltage label to avoid hurting human body.

6.2.1 Power Module Replacement

Step 1: Wear the ESD wrist strap and loosen the captive screw in the module to be
replaced using the screwdriver.
Step 2: Pull the module to be replaced until it slides out of the slot.

Caution:

Because the S6502 power module is heavy, use both hands to pull it out. Hold the
module in one palm and gently pull the handle with the other hand. Install a blank filler
panel on the chassis for dust-proof and heat dissipation if you will not install another
module in this position.

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Step 3: Put the removed power module into the package.


Step 4: Take out a new power module from the package and make sure of the input
mode.
Step 5: Hold the module in one palm and hold the handle with another hand. Align the
module with the guides in the chassis and slide the module gently into the slot. Ensure
the module matches well with the guides.

Caution:

Install the power module with caution. Note the direction of the panel. During the
process of inserting, if the pin terminal springs up, the system will give an alarm and the
pin cannot be seated into the hole. To avoid breaking or cranking the power terminals,
if the power module has not been inserted in properly, you should slide it out and insert
again.

Step 6: Fasten the captive screws (loosened in Step 1) to fix the power module on the
chassis.

Caution:

If the captive screws cannot be fastened, the power module may not have been
properly seated. Check it carefully.

6.2.2 Service Card Replacement

SRPU and LPUs of the S6502 can be installed and removed basically in the same way.
This section describes the general measures of installing and removing these cards.
Cards of the S6502 are hot-swappable.

I. Required tools

z ESD wrist strap


z Screwdriver

II. Removing service card

Step 1: Wear the ESD wrist strap and loosen the captive screws on the card with Philip
screwdriver.

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Step 2: Hold the ejector levers on the card with both hands and press them toward both
sides of you to separate the connectors of the card from the motherboard.
Step 3: Gently slide the card along the guides out of the slot.
Step 4: Put the removed card into the package.

Figure 6-1 Service card removal

III. Installing service card

Step 1: Wear ESD wrist strap and loosen the screws and remove the blank filler panel.
Step 2: Hold the ejector levers of the card with both hands and push them outward,
align the card with the guides in the chassis and slide it gently into the slot. Push the
card until the positioning pin on its handle bar touches the hole in the chassis.
Step 3: Press the ejector levers inward and seat the pin on the handle bar into the
positioning hole in the chassis.
Step 4: Fasten the captive screws to fix the card.

Figure 6-2 Service card installation

6.2.3 Fan Frame Replacement

Caution:

Do not touch any naked wire, terminal or any part of the product with a dangerous
voltage label to avoid hurting human body.

I. Required tools

z ESD wrist strap


z Screwdriver

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II. Replacing fan frame

Step 1: Wear the ESD wrist strap. Loosen the captive installation screws in the fan
frame. Hold the fan frame with one hand, and pull the handle of the frame outward with
the other, making the fan frame pin disconnected from the backplane.

Caution:

If you want to replace the fan frame of an operating switch, wait till the fan stops rotating
before pulling the fan out of the chassis. Since the fan may be still rotating, do not put
your hand into the fan frame for fear of hurting.

Step 2: Slide the fan frame gently along the guides of the slot and pull it out.
Step 3: Put the removed fan frame into the package.
Step 4: Hold the fan frame to be installed with one hand at the handle and the other
hand at the bottom. Slide it gently along the guide into the slot. Push the fan frame until
its positioning pin touches the hole in the chassis.
Step 5: Fasten the captive installation screws.

Caution:

Install a new fan frame soon after removing the old one to ensure that the switch can
work normally.

6.3 BOOTROM and Host Software Loading


6.3.1 Introduction to Loading Approaches

This chapter introduces how to load BOOTROM and host software.


You can load the software remotely or locally via commands using:
z FTP
z TFTP
You can load the software locally via Boot Menu using:
z XModem via console port
z TFTP via Ethernet port
z FTP via Ethernet port

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Note:
z Please note that the BOOTROM version must match the host software version
when BOOTROM and host software are being loaded. It is not recommended to
load BOOTROM program frequently, BOOTROM program loading is allowed only
when the host software to be loaded does not match the existing BOOTROM
version.
z Using Boot Menu can only load the SRPU BOOTROM program and host software.
To load LPU BOOTROM, you must use the command line.

6.3.2 Loading Software Locally via Boot Menu

If your terminal is directly connected to the switch, you can load BOOTROM and host
software locally.
Before proceeding to load the software, make sure that your terminal is correctly
connected to the switch.

Note:
The steps that you should take to load BOOTROM program and host software are the
same, except that in a BOOTROM program loading process you need to press <Ctrl
+U> and <Enter> after accessing the BOOTROM menu and will view a different prompt
message. BOOTROM loading steps are described below as an example.

I. Boot Menu

After power on, the switch will run BOOTROM program first and the terminal will display
the following information:
******************************************
* *
* Quidway S6502 BOOTROM, Version 500 *
* *
******************************************

Copyright(C) 2001-2008 by HUAWEI-3COM TECHNOLOGIES CO.,LTD.


Creation date: Feb 23 2005, 09:36:37
CPU type : MPC8245
CPU Clock Speed : 300Mhz
BUS Clock Speed : 33Mhz
Flash Size : 32MB

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Memory Size : 256MB

S6502 main board self testing................................


SDRAM Data lines Selftest.................................OK!
SDRAM Address lines Selftest..............................OK!
SDRAM fast selftest.......................................OK!
Please check LEDs.....................LEDs selftest finished!
CPLD selftest.............................................OK!
The switch Mac address is .....................0000.0309.0004

Press Ctrl+B to enter Boot Menu... 5

Press <Ctrl+B> and the system prompts:


Password:

Note:
To access Boot Menu, press <Ctrl+B> within 5 seconds after the screen prompts
“Press Ctrl-B to enter Boot Menu...” Otherwise, the system will start executing the
program decompression. At this time if you want to access Boot Menu, you will have to
reboot the switch.
If entering the program decompression process, you will have to wait a long time for the
system to get ready, since the program file is rather big in size and many commands
needs to be registered in that case.

Enter the BOOTROM password. After entering the correct password (no password is
set for the switch by default), the system will access Boot Menu:

Caution:

While using the switch, keep in mind the modified BOOTROM password.

Boot Menu
1: Download application file to flash
2: Select application file to boot
3: Display all files in flash
4: Delete file from flash
5: Modify bootrom password

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0: Reboot
Enter your choice(0-5):

II. Loading software from console port using XModem

1) Introduction to XModem
XModem is a file transfer protocol widely used due to its simplicity and good functions.
XModem transfers files via the console port, supporting data packets of 128 bytes and
1KB. With respect to reliability, it supports checksum, CRC, and error packet
retransmission mechanism. Normally, the maximum number of retransmission
attempts is ten.
XModem transmission is completed by the receiving program and sending program.
The receiving program initiates packet checking method negotiation by sending the
negotiation character. If the negotiation passes, the sending program starts packet
transmission. Upon the receipt of a complete packet, the receiving program checks it
using the agreed-upon checking method. If the check succeeds, the receiving program
sends an acknowledgement character; if the check fails, it sends a reject character.
Upon the receipt of the acknowledgement, the sending program continues to send the
next packet; upon the receipt of the reject, it retransmits the packet.
2) Loading SRPU BOOTROM
Follow these steps to download the BOOTROM program:
Step 1: Press <Ctrl+U> and <Enter> in Boot Menu displayed in the section “I. Boot ” to
access the BOOTROM loading menu shown below:
SRPU bootrom update menu:

1. Set TFTP protocol parameter


2. Set FTP protocol parameter
3. Set XMODEM protocol parameter
0. Return to boot menu

Enter your choice(0-3):

Step 2: Enter <3> to download the BOOTROM program using XModem. The system
displays the following download speed setting menu:
Please select your download baudrate:
1. 9600
2. 19200
3. 38400
4. 57600
5. 115200*
0. Return
Enter your choice (0-5):5

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Step 3: Choose an appropriate download baud rate. Type <5> as shown in the above
example to choose the baud rate of 115200 bps. Press <Enter>. The system displays
the following information:
Are you sure to update your bootrom?(Y/N)

Step 4: The system begins to download if you enter <Y>; it returns to the program
downloading menu if you enter <N>. If you enter <Y>, the system displays the following
information:
Download baudrate is 115200 bps. Please change the terminal's baudrate to
115200 bps and select XMODEM protocol.
Press enter key when ready.

Note:
You do not need to modify the HyperTerminal’s baud rate if you have chosen 9600 bps,
and thus can skip Steps 5 and 6 and proceed to Step 7 directly. At this time, the system
will not display the above information.

Step 5: Enter File > Properties in the HyperTerminal window, click <Configure> in the
popup dialog box, select the baud rate of 115200bps in the console port configuration
dialog box.

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Figure 6-3 Properties dialog box

Figure 6-4 Console port configuration dialog box

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Step 6: Click the Disconnect icon to disconnect HyperTerminal from the switch and
then click the Connect icon to re-establish the connection using the new baud rate
setting.

Figure 6-5 Disconnect and Connect icons

Note:
After changing the baud rate setting, you must disconnect and reconnect the terminal
emulation program to validate the new configuration.

Step 7: Press <Enter> to start program loading. The system displays the following
information:
Now please start transfer file with XMODEM protocol
If you want to exit, Press <Ctrl+X>
Waiting ... CCCCC

Step 8: Select Transfer > Send File in the HyperTerminal window, and in the popup
dialog box similar to the following figure, click <Browse>, select the software you need
to download, and set the protocol to XModem.

app

Figure 6-6 Send File dialog box

Step 9: Click <Send>. The system displays the following interface.

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app

Figure 6-7 Sending file interface

After completing the downloading, the system displays the following information:
Downloading ...CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCdone!
Are you sure to update SRPU bootrom? Yes or No(Y/N)y

Step 10: Enter <Y> to start file downloading and <N> to return to the program
downloading menu. Suppose you enter <Y>. The system starts BOOTROM program
downloading and upon its completion automatically starts BOOTROM loading. The
system displays the following information upon the completion of the entire process:
SRPU bootrom is updating now......
Get flash Type......FLASH_M29W040B
Erasing flash......done!
Programming flash......done!
Checking flash......done!

SRPU bootrom update menu:

1. Set TFTP protocol parameter


2. Set FTP protocol parameter
3. Set XMODEM protocol parameter
0. Return to boot menu

Enter your choice(0-3):3

Step 11: Enter <3> to return to Boot Menu. Then enter <0> in Boot Menu to reboot the
system and the following information will be prompted:
Rebooting...
Please change the terminal's baudrate to 9600 bps!

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Step 12: Reset HyperTerminal’s baud rate to 9600 bps with reference to Steps 5 and 6
described above.

Note:
You do not need to reset the HyperTerminal’s baud rate and can skip the last step if you
have chosen 9600 bps. In this case, the system does not display the prompt message
“Please change the terminal's baudrate to 9600 bps!” as shown in Step 11.

3) Loading host software


Follow these steps to download the host software of the switch:
Step 1: Select <1> in Boot Menu. The system displays the following information:
1. Set TFTP protocol parameter
2. Set FTP protocol parameter
3. Set XMODEM protocol parameter
0. Return to boot menu
Enter your choice(0-3):3

The subsequent steps are the same as those for loading BOOTROM, except for the
prompt messages.

III. Loading software from Ethernet port using TFTP

1) Introduction to TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol is a TCP/IP protocol used for file transmission between
clients and servers. It uses UDP to provide unreliable data stream transfer service.
2) Loading SRPU BOOTROM
Step 1: Connect the switch to the PC from where the file is to be downloaded, via the
10/100Base-TX interface for loading. The IP address of the PC is required. At the same
time, the switch is connected to a PC (which can be the same one as that holding the
file for downloading) via the console port.
Step 2: Run the TFTP Server program on the PC connected to the Ethernet port, and
specify the path for program loading.

Caution:

z TFTP Server program is not shipped with the Quidway series switches.
z When loading BOOTROM and host software, you must use a crossover cable to
connect to the Ethernet port for upgrading.

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Step 3: Run terminal emulation program on the PC that is connected to the console port.
Start the switch, access Boot Menu, and then enter download protocol menu.
To download the BOOTROM program, press <Ctrl+U> and <Enter> to access the
menu for BOOTROM downloading when the system displays: “Enter your choice(0-5):”
1. Set TFTP protocol parameter
2. Set FTP protocol parameter
3. Set XMODEM protocol parameter
0. Return to boot menu

Enter your choice(0-3):1

Step 4: In the download protocol menu, type <1> to select TFTP protocol to download
BOOTROM or host software. Press <Enter>. The system displays the following
information:
Load File name
Switch IP address
Server IP address

Step 5: Input the TFTP parameter values and press <Enter>. The system displays the
following information:
Are you sure to update SRPU bootrom? Yes or No(Y/N)

Step 6: Enter <Y> to start file downloading and <N> to return to the program
downloading menu. Suppose you enter <Y>. The system starts BOOTROM program
downloading and upon its completion automatically starts BOOTROM loading. The
system displays the following information upon the completion of the entire process:
Prepare for loading...OK!
Loading....................................................done!
SRPU bootrom is updating now......
Get flash Type......FLASH_M29W040B
Erasing flash......done!
Programming flash......done!
Checking flash......done!
3) Loading host software
Follow these steps to download the host software of the switch.
Step 1: Select <1> in Boot Menu. The system displays the following information:
1. Set TFTP protocol parameter
2. Set FTP protocol parameter
3. Set XMODEM protocol parameter
0. Return to boot menu
Enter your choice(0-3):1

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Select <1>. The subsequent steps are the same as those for loading BOOTROM,
except for the displayed prompt messages.

IV. Loading Software from Ethernet Port Using FTP

1) Introduction to FTP
A switch can be used via Ethernet port as an FTP server or a client to provide another
approach for software loading and file configuration. An example of a switch being used
as an FTP client is given below.
2) Loading SRPU BOOTROM
Step 1: Connect the switch to the PC from where the file is to be downloaded, via the
10/100Base-TX interface on SRPU for loading. The IP address of the PC is required. At
the same time, the switch is externally connected to a PC (that can be the same one as
that the downloaded file is located) via a console port.
Step 2: Run the FTP Server program on the PC that is connected to the Ethernet port,
and specify the path for program loading.

Caution:

z FTP Server program is not shipped with the Quidway series switches.
z When loading BOOTROM and host software, you must use a crossover cable to
connect to the Ethernet port for upgrading.

Step 3: Run terminal emulation program on the PC connected to the console port. Start
the switch, access Boot Menu, and then enter download protocol menu.
To download the BOOTROM program, press <Ctrl+U> and <Enter> to access the
menu for BOOTROM downloading when the system displays: ”Enter your choice
(0-5):”
Enter your choice(0-5):

SRPU bootrom update menu:

1. Set TFTP protocol parameter


2. Set FTP protocol parameter
3. Set XMODEM protocol parameter
0. Return to boot menu

Enter your choice(0-3): 2

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Step 4: In the download protocol menu, type <2> to select FTP protocol to download
BOOTROM and host software. Press <Enter>. The system displays the following
information:
Load File name
Switch IP address
Server IP address
FTP User Name 
FTP User Password

Step 5: Enter the FTP parameter values. The system displays the following information:
Are you sure to update SRPU bootrom? Yes or No(Y/N)

Step 6: Enter <Y> to start file downloading and <N> to return to the program
downloading menu. Suppose you enter <Y>. The system starts program downloading
and upon its completion, starts writing to Flash. The system displays the following
information after completing the writing operation:
Prepare for loading...OK!
Loading....................................................done!
SRPU bootrom is updating now......
Get flash Type......FLASH_M29W040B
Erasing flash......done!
Programming flash......done!
Checking flash......done!
3) Loading host software
Follow these steps to download the host software:
Step 1: Select <1> in Boot Menu. The system displays the following information:
1. Set TFTP protocol parameter
2. Set FTP protocol parameter
3. Set XMODEM protocol parameter
0. Return to boot menu
Enter your choice(0-3):3

You can select a different protocol to download host software.


The subsequent steps are the same as those for loading the BOOTROM program,
except for the displayed prompt messages.

6.3.3 Loading Software Remotely and Locally via Commands

If your terminal is connected to the switch by a network, you can load BOOTROM and
host software remotely via commands which can also be used in local software loading.

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I. Loading by FTP

Run FTP Server on a local PC, provided you have configured username and password
and have set the correct file directory. Suppose the IP address of the PC is 10.10.110.1.
Log onto the switch via Telnet or the console port, to send the host program to the
switch using FTP. Connect the PC and switch with a crossover cable if your terminal is
connected to the switch via console port locally.

Note:
The S6502 supports dual image booting, that is, usually the switch boots with the main
image (i.e. the primary file), but it uses the backup image (i.e. the backup file) when the
primary one is in error. Refer to 6.3.4 Booting the Switch with Dual Images for details.
The S6502 also supports the upgrade of combined BOOTROM file, that is, upgrading
the BOOTROM of all boards using one combined BOOTROM file. Refer to 6.3.5
Loading Combined BOOTROM File for details.

Suppose that the main boot file is SWITCH002.app; the active host software is
SWITCH001.app; the LPU BOOTROM program is LPUbtm.app; LPU occupies slot 3
and SRPU occupies slot 0. You can follow these steps after logging onto the switch.
Step 1: Download the software to the switch using FTP.
<Quidway> ftp 10.10.110.1
Trying ...
Press CTRL+K to abort
Connected.
220 WFTPD 2.0 service (by Texas Imperial Software) ready for new user
User(none):lyt
331 Give me your password, please
Password:
230 Logged in successfully

[ftp] get SWITCH002.app SWITCH002.app


[ftp] get Switchbtm.app Switchbtm.app
[ftp] bye

Note:
You may also download two copies of host software, with one as the primary and the
other as the backup.

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Step 2: Load BOOTROM.


<Quidway> boot bootrom Switchbtm.app
please wait ...
Bootrom is updated!

Step 3: Load the host software.


z Load the primary file
<Quidway> boot boot-loader primary SWITCH002.app
z Load the backup file
<Quidway> boot boot-loader backup SWITCH001.app
<Quidway> display boot-loader
The primary app to boot of board 0 at the next time is: flash:/SWITCH002.app
The backup app to boot of board 0 is: flash:/SWITCH001.app
The app to boot of board 0 at this time is: flash:/SWITCH001.app

<Quidway> reboot (Make sure that you have saved other configurations before
rebooting, otherwise, they might not survive a reboot.)
BOOTROM and host software loading is complete now. Note that you must reboot the
switch to validate host software downloading. If Flash memory space is not enough,
you can delete some of the program files in Flash after completing the BOOTROM
loading. (You are recommended to delete the host program that is no longer in use.)
Then upload the host program to the switch using FTP. Note that power-off must be
prevented during loading process.

II. Loading by TFTP

Using TFTP is similar to using FTP in remote and local loading via commands. The only
difference is that it is TFTP that you use when loading software to the switch. In this
case, the switch can only be used as a TFTP client to download the software to its
Flash memory from the TFTP server. The remaining steps after downloading are the
same as those with remote loading using FTP.

6.3.4 Booting the Switch with Dual Images

The S6502 supports dual image booting: usually the switch boots with the main image
(i.e. the primary file), but it uses the backup image (i.e. the backup file) when the main
image is in error. BOOTROM 400 or above version is required to support dual image
booting.
Refer to 6.3.3 Loading Software Remotely and Locally via Commands for loading dual
images to the switch using commands. The following introduces the setting of dual
images in Boot menu.
Step 1: Enter Boot menu.

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BOOT MENU
1. Download application file to flash
2. Select application file to boot
3. Display all files in flash
4. Delete file from flash
5. Modify bootrom password
0. Reboot
Enter your choice(0-5): 2

Step 2: Enter <2> to turn to the menu for choosing the active booting file.
File Number File Size(bytes) File Name
========================================================
1. 4 snmpboots
2. 1972 SWITCH100.cfg
3. 1012 taskswitch.log
4. 631736 Btm400.btm
5. 199696 8241btm.app
6. 2427 vrpcfg.txt
7. 6048565 SWITCH200.app
8(*). 5639172 SWITCH000.app
9(-). 203460 SWITCH100.app

The current application file is :SWITCH000.app


The backup application file is : SWITCH100.app
Free Space : 471040 bytes

The system shows all the files in the flash memory, where the one with an asterisk (*) is
the primary file and the one with a hyphen (-) is the backup file.
Step 3: Reset the primary and backup files.
z Set the primary file.
Enter the serial number of the desired primary file when the terminal shows the
following information:
Please input the primary application file number to boot :9

Press <Enter> and the system displays the primary file name you have chosen. Enter
<Y> to acknowledge and <N> to reset.
The primary file you selected is SWITCH100.app, are you sure? Yes or No(Y/N):Y

Enter <Y> (as an example) and the terminal shows this information:
On reboot, SWITCH100.app will become the default primary application file to
boot!

This means the primary file has been set successfully.


z Set the backup file

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You can set the backup file in almost the same way as setting the primary file. The
terminal shows the following information in this case:
Please input the backup application file number :7
The file you selected is SWITCH200.app, are you sure? Yes or No(Y/N)y
On reboot,SWITCH200.app will become the backup application file to boot!

Step 3: Decide if to run the primary file immediately. Enter <Y> and the system begins
to reboot.
Do you want to run SWITCH100.app now?Yes or No(Y/N)?Y
press Ctrl+B to enter Boot Menu... 5
Auto-booting....................

These may occur in your system booting:


1) The primary file is correct and the system boots with the primary file.
2) A fault occurs when the system boots with the primary file, so it boots with the
backup file.
3) Both the primary and backup files are in error, so the system chooses randomly an
application file for booting.
4) The system stops choosing boot file if it fails when booting with a random
application file. Then it just supposes that the file system is unavailable or no
correct booting file is available.

Note:
z If you specify only the primary file, and set no backup file, the system boots with the
primary file. If the primary file is in error, the system randomly chooses an
application file for booting.
z If you specify only the backup file, and set no primary file, the system boots with the
backup file.
z If you specify neither the primary file nor the backup file, the system randomly
chooses an application file for booting.

6.3.5 Loading Combined BOOTROM File

Since the S6502 supports multiple types of cards of and these cards use different
versions of BOOTROM, you are required to use the appropriate BOOTROM file when
upgrading the BOOTROM of a card. The upgrading fails if the BOOTROM file does
match the card.
To avoid the inconvenience caused by different BOOTROM files in upgrading, in
BOOTROM version 400 and the following BOOTROM, we combine the BOOTROM
files of all cards (including LPU and SRPU) into one, that is, the BOOTROM released in

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the future will have only one file *.BTM, which can be used to upgrade BOOTROM of all
cards.

I. Precautions in upgrading using combined BOOTROM file

Note the following items upon upgrading using the combined BOOTROM file:
1) Upgrading BOOTROM version 400 or higher
BOOTROM version 400 or higher can be upgraded by a single BOOTROM file or the
combined BOOTROM file. And you are recommended to use the combined one.
2) The host software is required to support the combined BOOTROM file
Using the combined file to upgrade BOOTROM of cards requires the support of the
host software to the combined BOOTROM file. Host software of the latest version
recognizes the single file and the combined file automatically. The versions of the host
software that support upgrading by combined file are: version 052 and higher, version
1001 and higher.
3) Upgrading BOOTROM version 360 or lower
BOOTROM version 360 and lower can not recognize the combined BOOTROM file, so
you can upgrade them by using single files. If you intend to upgrade them by using the
combined file, you need to upgrade BOOTROM online through the command line on
the host software that supports the combined file, and you cannot upgrade the
combined BOOTROM file by using Boot Menu; otherwise, the system prompts you that
there are upgrading file errors and the BOOTROM cannot be upgraded.
4) Naming the combined BOOTROM file
For differentiation convenience, the single BOOTROM file is named *.app, and the
combined BOOTROM file is named *.btm.

Note:
If the host software does not support the combined BOOTROM file and the upgrading
fails, try to upgrade BOOTROM of every card by using single BOOTROM files.

II. Examples of upgrading using combined BOOTROM file

Predefined conditions: the SRPU on slot 0 of the S6502 is LS81P12TE; the LPU on slot
1 is LS81FT48A; the combined BOOTROM file is S6502btm.btm; the version of the
host software which supports the combined BOOTROM file is S6502.app. Both the
online upgrading of command line and the upgrading through Boot Menu use FTP
mode.
1) Upgrading BOOTROM Version 306 or Lower

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Note:
z You can use either the command line (see this example) or Boot Menu to upgrade
the host software to the version that supports the combined BOOTROM file, and
upgrade BOOTROM of all cards using the combined BOOTROM file through
command line.
z You also can upgrade the BOOTROM of every card by using single BOOTROM files
through command line and Boot Menu.

Step 1: Download the host software that supports the combined BOOTROM file and the
combined BOOTROM file on the switch using FTP.
<Quidway> ftp 10.10.110.1
[ftp] get S6502.app S6502.app
[ftp] get S6502btm.btm S6502btm.btm
[ftp] bye
Step 2: Specify S6502.app as the application software applied by the switch during the
next boot.
<Quidway> boot boot-loader primary S6502.app
Step 3: Reboot the switch to make the S6502.app effective.
<Quidway> reboot
Step 4: Upgrade the BOOTROM of the LPU and SRPU using the combined file.
<Quidway> boot bootrom S6502btm.btm slot 0 1
please wait ...
Bootrom is updated!

After the above operation, you can complete the upgrading of the BOOTROM.
2) Upgrading version 400 or higher
BOOTROM version 400 and higher can recognize the combined BOOTROM file
automatically. The host software is also required to support the combined BOOTROM
file if you want to upgrade the BOOTROM of all cards.
z Online upgrading through command line
The way of upgrading through command line is omitted here since it is the same as that
described in the section Upgrading BOOTROM Version 306 or Lower.
z Upgrading the combined BOOTROM through Boot Menu

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Note:
Using Boot Menu, you can only upgrade the BOOTROM of an SRPU. And use the
command line if you need to upgrade the BOOTROM of the LPU.

Step 1: After entering Boot Menu, the system prompts you: “Enter your choice (0-5):”.To
enter the BOOTROM upgrading menu, press <Ctrl + U> and <Enter>.
1. Set TFTP protocol parameter
2. Set FTP protocol parameter
3. Set XMODEM protocol parameter
0. Return to boot menu
Enter your choice(0-3): 2

Step 2: Type <2> to choose upgrading through FTP, press <Enter>, and begin to set the
related parameters of FTP protocol.
Load File name :S6502btm.btm
Switch IP address :1.1.1.3
Server IP address :1.1.1.2
FTP User Name :6506
FTP User Password :123
Are you sure you want update FAB64 bootrom? Yes or No(Y/N)y

Step 3: Enter <Y>, and the system begins to download files.


Prepare for loading....OK!
Loading...................................................................
......
....................................................................done!
The file is an union files, file name is S6502btm.btm
There are 3 files in this packet
Update-file number is 1st name is SRPU400.app
FAB64 bootrom is updating now......
Get flash Type......FLASH_AMD29LV040B
Erasing flash......done!
Programming flash......done!
Checking flash......done!
3) Examples of upgrading using a single BOOTROM file

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Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Chapter 6 Switch Monitoring and Maintenance

Caution:

Ensure to use the appropriate version of BOOTROM file during upgrading the
BOOTROM of every card by single BOOTROM files; otherwise, the switch crashes.

You can choose either the command line or Boot Menu mode to upgrade by using
single BOOTROM file. You are recommended to use the command line mode to
complete the online upgrading. Here takes the command line mode as an example.
Predefined conditions: the card on slot 0 of the S6502 is LS81SRPUA, and its
corresponding BOOTROM file is SRPUbtm.app; the card LS81FT48A is on slot 1, and
its corresponding BOOTROM file is LPUbtm.app. This example introduces online
upgrading through FTP mode; you can also upgrade BOOTROM through the TFTP
mode, which is omitted here.
Follow these steps to upgrade:
Step 1: Download single BOOTROM file to the switch through FTP.
<Quidway> ftp 10.10.110.1
[ftp] get SRPUbtm.app SRPUbtm.app
[ftp] get LPUbtm.app LPUbtm.app
[ftp] bye
Step 2: Load single BOOTROM files to every card.
<Quidway> boot bootrom SRPUbtm.app slot 0
<Quidway> boot bootrom LPUbtm.app slot 1
After the above operation, you can complete the upgrading of the BOOTROM on every
card.

6.3.6 Dealing with Failed Loading

If loading fails, the original version will remain in the system.


In this case, check that the physical ports are correctly and well connected. If they are
not, reconnect them correctly and restart loading procedures.
If there are no problems with the physical connections, carefully check information
about the loading procedures for input errors on the HyperTerminal.
When using XModem, check that you have reset the baud rate of the HyperTerminal to
9600bps after loading the software with a baud rate other than 9600 bps;
1) When using TFTP, check that you have provided:
z Correct server and switch IP addresses;
z Correct name of the software to be loaded;

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Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Chapter 6 Switch Monitoring and Maintenance

z Correct path for TFTP Server to operate.


2) When using FTP, check that you have provided:
z Correct server and switch IP addresses;
z Correct name of the software to be loaded;
z Correct username and password.
If loading fails when there are neither physical connection problems nor input errors,
contact the local agents of Huawei Technologies for help.

6.3.7 Dealing with Lost Password

Please contact the local agent of Huawei Technologies if the BOOTROM password or
user password of the switch is lost.

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Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Appendix A Lightning Protection of the Switch

Appendix A Lightning Protection of the Switch

A.1 Installation of Lightning Arrester for AC Power (Socket


Strip with Lightning Protection)

Caution:

Lightning arrester will not be shipped with the switch. You should purchase it by
yourself if needed.

If an outdoor AC power cord should be directly led to the switch, please serially connect
the lightning arrester for AC power (Socket Strip with Lightning Protection) before you
plug AC power cord into the switch, thus to prevent the possible damage to the switch
due to lightning strike. You can use cable clips and screws to fasten the lightning
arrester for AC power on the cabinet, workbench or the wall of equipment room.
Grounding and polarity indicator (red) :
On means that the lines are wrongly connected
(either the ground wire is not well connected, or the live and zero lines are wrongly connected).
Please check the power supply circuit.

Power switch
Normal operation indicator (green):
On means that the arrester works normally. Otherwise, it
means that the protection circuit has been damaged.

Power socket (complied with IEC standard),


connected to the power supply of the equipment room
through power cord

Mainboard

Multipurpose power socket, connected to the device Overload auto protector,


which can be manually reset.
protected by the arrester

Figure A-1 Diagram of lightning arrester

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Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Appendix A Lightning Protection of the Switch

Caution:

z Make sure that the arrester is well grounded before using the lightning arrester for
power.
z After inserting AC power cord plug of switch into the socket of lightning arrester, if
the green LED is on and the red LED does not alarm, it means that the lightning
arrester of power is running and the function of lightning protection has taken effect.
z Pay adequate attention if the red LED is on. You should correctly locate the problem,
whether it is caused because the ground wire of the arrester is not well grounded or
because the live and zero wires are connected in reverse direction. You may check
that in the following way. When the red LED is on, use a multimeter to examine
polarity at the power socket of the arrester. If it is same to that of the power socket in
the equipment room, it means that arrester is not well grounded. If it is adverse to
that of the power socket in the equipment room, it means that the power socket of
the arrester is set to the reverse polarity. In this case, you should open the power
socket of arrester to correct polarity. After that, if the red LED still alarms, it means
that the arrester is not well grounded yet.

A.2 Installation of Lightning Arrester for Network Port

Note:
Lightning arrester for network port is specially designed for the Ethernet port of
10/100M electrical interface (RJ-45 connector is adopted in this case).

Caution:

Lightning arrester for network port will not be provided along with the switch, and you
should purchase it by yourself if needed.

If an outdoor network cable should be led 6 to the switch, please serially connect the
lightning arrester for network port before you plug this cable into the interface on the
switch, in case of the possibility that the switch may be damaged due to lightning strike.

I. Required tools

z Phillips screwdriver or Flat-blade screwdriver

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Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Appendix A Lightning Protection of the Switch

z Multimeter
z Tilted wire cutter

II. Installation procedure

Step 1: Tear the protection paper at one side of the double faced adhesive tape apart
from the tape, and stick the tape on the surface of the arrester. Tear the protection
paper at another side apart from the tape, and stick the arrester onto the chassis of the
switch. The arrester should be attached on the chassis as close to the grounding screw
as possible.
Step 2: According to the distance to the grounding screw of the switch, cut the ground
wire of the arrester, and securely tightening its ground wire to the grounding screw of
the switch.
Step 3: Use the multimeter to measure whether the ground wire of the arrester contacts
well with the grounding screw of chassis.
Step 4: According to the instruction of arrester for network port, connect the arrester
with switch by the cables (be carefully with the cable direction. Outdoor network cable
should be inserted into the arrester‘s IN end, and the cable connected to the switch
should be inserted into the arrester’s OUT end). When you do that, observe whether
the arrester indicators normally display.

Note:
The instruction of lightning arrester for network port contains the technical
specifications, installation and maintenance guide of the arrester. Please carefully read
it before installing the arrester.

Step 5: Use the nylon ties to bundle the cables neatly.

Network cable indoors


Network cable led into from outdoor

Lightning arrester for network port


Switch (attached onto the chassis)

Ground wire of lightning arrester


Power input
Grounding screw of switch

Metal cabinet that contains the switch

Figure A-2 Installation diagram of lightning arrester for network port

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Quidway S6502 Ethernet Switch Appendix A Lightning Protection of the Switch

III. Installation precautions

Fully consider the following items in the installation process, otherwise, the
performance of the lightning arrester for network port will be affected:
z Lightning arrester for network port is installed in reverse direction. In practice, the
“IN” end should be connected to the outdoor network cable and the “OUT” end to
the network port on the switch.
z Lightning arrester for the network port is not well grounded. The ground wire for
the arrester should be as short as possible, so to ensure its good contact with the
grounding screw of the switch. After the connection, use the multimeter to confirm
that.
z The lightning arrester for the network port is not installed completely. If the switch
has more than one network ports to interconnect with other devices via cables
outdoor, you should install lightning arresters for all these network ports for
protection.

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