Spring 2011(Feb-July

)

Master of Business Administration - MBA Semester 1 Subject Code – MB0041 Subject Name – Financial and Management Accounting 4 Credits (Book ID: B1130) Assignment Set- 1 (60 Marks)
Note: Each question carries 10 Marks. Answer all the questions. Q.1 Assure you have just started a Mobile store. You sell mobile sets and currencies of Airtel, Vodaphone, Reliance and BSNL. Take five transactions and prepare a position statement after every transaction. Did you firm earn profit or incurred loss at the end? Make a small comment on your financial position at the end. [10 Marks] Answer: We shall consider five transactions and show how they are accounted for in the books of the business. 1. Mr. Rajesh brings Rs.100000 cash as capital into his business. 2. He purchases Mobile Set to his shop Rs.10000 3. He buys currencies for cash Rs.50000 4. He sells currencies worth Rs.30000 for Rs.40000 on credit to Arjun 5. He pays wages to servants Rs.1000 Transaction 1: The business receives capital in cash. Capital is a liability and cash is an asset to the business. Liability Capital 100000 Asset Cash 100000

Transaction 2: Mobile Set is purchased for cash. This transaction can be reflected as under for complete Answer visit www.studenthelp.tk

Q.2a. List the accounting standards issued by ICAI. [5 Marks]

2b. Write short notes of IFRS. [5 Marks] Answer: To bring uniformity in terminology, accounting concepts, conventions, and assumptions, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) established Accounting Standards Board (ASB) in 1977. An Accounting Standard is a selected set of accounting policies or broad guidelines. Example: While depreciating an asset the practice of adopting straight line method or diminishing balance method or any other method is a convention regarding the principles and methods to be chosen out of several alternatives. There are altogether 32 accounting standards issued by ASB out of which, one standard (AS8) has been withdrawn pursuant to AS26 becoming mandatory. b) International Financial Reporting System: IFRS are standards, interpretations and framework for the preparation and presentation of financial statements. IFRS was framed by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). The objective of financial statement is to provide information about the financial position, performance and changes in the financial position of an entity. It should also provide the current financial status of the entity to all the users of financial information. IFRS follows accrual basis of accounting and the financial statements are prepared on the basis that an entity will continue for the foreseeable future. IFRS helps entities access global capital market with ease. for complete Answer visit www.studenthelp.tk

Q.3 Prepare a Three-column Cash Book of M/s Thuglak & Co. from The following particulars: [10 Marks]

20X1 Jan

1. Cash in hand Rs. 50,000, Bank Overdraft Rs. 20,000 2. Paid into bank Rs. 10,000 3. Bought goods from Hari for Rs, 200 for each 4. Bought goods for Rs. 2,000 paid cheque for them, discount allowed 1% 5. Sold goods to Mohan for each Rs. 1.175 6. Received a cheque from Shyam to whom goods were sold for Rs. 800.Discount allowed 12.5% 7. Shyam’s cheque deposited into bank 8. Purchased an old typewriter for Rs. 200 , Spent Rs. 50 on its repairs 9. Bank notified that Shyam’s cheque has been returned dishonored and debited the account in respect of charges Rs. 10 10. Received a money order Rs. 25 from Hari 11. Shyam settled his account by means of a cheque for Rs. 820, Rs. 20 being for interest charged. 12. Withdrew from the bank Rs. 10,000 18. Discounted a B/E for Rs. 1,000 at 1% through bank 20. Honored our own acceptance by cheque Rs. 5,000 22. Withdrew fir personal use Rs. 1,000 24. Paid tread expenses Rs. 2,000 25. Withdrew from bank for private expenses Rs. 1,500 26. Purchased machinery from Rajiv for 5,000 and paid him by means of a bank draft purchased for Rs. 5,005 27. Issued cheque to Ram Saran for cash purchased of furniture Rs. 1,575 28. Received a cheque for commission Rs. 500 from R.& Co. and deposited into bank 29. Ramesh who owned us Rs. 500 became bankrupt and paid us 50 paise in the rupee 30. Received payment of a loan of Rs. 5,000 and deposited Rs. 3,000 out of into bank 31. Paid rent to landlord “Mohan” by cheque of Rs. 220 31. Interest allowed by bank Rs. 30 31. Half-yearly bank charges Rs. 50

Answer:
Receipts To balance b/d To balance b/d(OD) To capital To sales To sales Discount Cash 50000 Bank 20000 10000 1175 800 Payment By Purchase By Purchase By Purchase By Cheque ret By Drawings Discount 20 250 100 810 10000 Cash 200 Bank 2000

100

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Q.4 Choose an Indian Company of your choice that has adopted Balance Score Card and detail on it. [10 Marks] Answer: The Balanced Score Card is a framework for integrating measures derived from strategy. While retaining financial measures of past performance, the Balanced Score Card introduces the drivers of future financial performance. (Figure 1) The drivers (customer, internal business process, learning & growth perspectives) are derived from the organization's strategy translated into objectives and measures. The Balanced Score Card is more than a measurement system it can be used as an organizing framework for their management processes. The real power of the Balanced Score Card is when it is transformed from a measurement system to a management system. It fills the void that exists in most management systems - the lack of a systematic process to implement and obtain feedback about strategy

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Q.5 From the following data of Jagdish Company prepare (a) a statement of source and uses of working capital (funds) (b) a schedule of changes in working capital Assets 2008 Cash 1,26,000 Short-term 42,400 investment Debtors 60,000 Stock 38,000 Long term 28,000 Investment Machinery 2,00,000 Building 2,40,000 Land 14,000 Total 7,48,400 Liabilities and Equity Accumulated 1,10,000 depreciation Creditors 40,000 Bills Payable 20,000 Secured loans 2,00,000 Share capital 2,20,000 Share premium 24,000 Reserves and 1,34,400 surplus Total 7,48,400 Income statement Sales Cost of goods sold Gross Profit Less Operating expenses: Depreciation – machinery 20,000 Depreciation – building 32,000 Other expenses 40,000 Net profit from operation Gain on sale on long-term 2,40,000 1,34,600 1,05,200 92,000 2007 1,14,000 20,000 50,000 28,000 44,000 1,40,000 80,000 14,000 4,90,000 60,000 30,000 10,000 1,00,000 1,60,000 Nil 1,30,000 4,90,000

13,200 4,800

investment Total Loss on sale of machinery Net Profit

18,000 2,000 16,000

Adjustments: 1) Machinery worth Rs.70000 was purchased and worth Rs.10000 was sold during the year [Accumulated depreciation on machinery is Rs.18000 after adjusting depreciation on machinery sold]. Proceeds from the sale of machinery were Rs.6000 2) Dividends paid during the year Rs.11600 [ 10 Marks] Answer: a) a statement of source and uses of working capital (funds) Adjusted Profit and Loss Account: To By Depreciation – machinery & 92000 Sales of goods 105200 building for complete Answer visit www.studenthelp.tk Dividends paid 11600 118800 for complete Answer visit 2800 www.studenthelp.tk 118800

b) Schedule of changes in Working Capital: Particulars Previous Year 2007 Current Year 2008 Increase 12000 22400 10000 10000 Decrease

Assets Cash 1,14,000 1,26,000 Short-term 20,000 42,400 investment Debtors 50,000 60,000 Stock 28,000 38,000 Long term Investment 44,000 28,000 for complete Answer visit www.studenthelp.tk

16000

Liabilities and Equity Accumulated 60,000 depreciation Creditors 30,000

1,10,000 40,000 50000 10000

for complete Answer visit www.studenthelp.tk Reserves and surplus 1,30,000 Total 4,90,000 1,34,400 7,48,400 4400 258400

Q.6 what is a cash budget? How it is useful in managerial decision making? [10 Marks] Answer: A proper control over cash is very essential. Cash is an important component in any activity. The control becomes inescapable. If cash is not properly managed or if it is mismanaged, the ultimate result would be disastrous. In many times and in many business situations, business failures are noticed due to the lacunae found in the cash management. Hence cash budgeting occupies a pivotal place in the study of Financial Management. Cash budgeting is the process of forecasting the expected receipts known as cash inflows, and expected payments known as cash outflows to meet the future obligations. The written statement of receipts and payments is known as the cash budget. It is a crystal ball which enables one to observe the future movements in cash position. It is a mere forecast of cash position of an undertaking for a definite period of time. The period may be daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, or annually. The major two components of cash budget would be forecast first the cash receipts and then second forecasting the cash disbursements. The receipts of cash are formatted as follows: 1. Opening balance of cash in hand and cash at bank for complete Answer visit www.studenthelp.tk *************

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