3.0K views

Uploaded by gauravsanadhya

- “Explain with example that rate of convergence of false position method is faster than that of the bisection method.
- Solving Nonlinear Equations With Newton's Method
- Rao G.S. Numerical Analysis
- Bisection Method and Regula-Falsi Method
- numerical computions
- Numerical Methods E Balaguruswamy
- VIRTUAL MEMORY MANAGEMENT IN WINDOW BASED OS
- Rate of Convergence
- intepAMS1-4-2018
- Convergance of Regular Falsi Method
- Activity Selection Example
- SPREAD SPECTRUM MULTIPLE ACCESS
- V Rajaraman Computer Oriented Numerical Methods
- NULecture3.pdf
- DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS
- CODE OF BASIC C PROGRAMS WITH OUTPUT
- C4 PF`s and Binomial Test A
- tutoriel Mathcad
- ch1-1-2
- Sales and Operations Planning– Tutorial Questions

You are on page 1of 8

of

“Explain with example that rate of convergence of false position method is faster than that of the

bisection method.”

SUBMITTED TO: -

Miss.Deepika

SUBMITTED BY:

NAME: - GAURAV SANADHYA

SECTION: - RB2804B44

-:ACKNOLEDGEMENT:-

AND GUIDES ME TO

I AM ALSO THANKFUL TO

MY CLASSMATES

( Gaurav,Chillu,bablu.)

PROJECT.

GAURAV SANADNHYA

-: CONTENT:-

INTRODUCTION

RATE OF CONVERGENCE

BISECTION METHOD

• EXAMPLE

ERROR ANALYSIS

• EXAMPLE

ERROR ANALYSIS

• EXAMPLE

RESULT

REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION

A numerical method to solve equations will be a long process. We would like to know, if

the method will lead to a solution (close to the exact solution) or will lead us away from

the solution. If the method, leads to the solution, then we say that the method is

convergent. Otherwise, the method is said to be divergent.

RATE OF CONVERGENCE

Various methods converge to the root at different rates. That is, some methods are slow to

converge and it takes a long time to arrive at the root, while other methods can lead us to

the root faster. This is in general a compromise between ease of calculation and time.

converge quickly. The rate of convergence could be linear or of some higher order. The

higher the order, the faster the method converges

If ei is the magnitude of the error in the ith iteration, ignoring sign, then the order is n if

is approximately constant.

It is also important to note that the chosen method will converge only if ei + 1 < ei.

BISECTION METHOD

This is one of the simplest methods and is strongly based on the property of intervals. To

find a root using this method, the first thing to do is to find an interval [a,b] such that

. Bisect this interval to get a point (c,f(c)). Choose one of a or b so that

the sign of f(c) is opposite to the ordinate at that point. Use this as the new interval and

proceed until you get the root within desired accuracy.

Then f(x)f(x) changes sign on [a,b][a,b], and f(x)=0f(x)=0 has at least one root on the

interval. Bisection method repeatedly halve the interval [a,b][a,b], keeping the half on

which f(x)f(x) chages sign. It guaranteed to converge to a root.

More prececisly, Suppose that we are given an interval [a,b][a,b] satisfying Equation 3

and an error tolerance ϵ>0ϵ>0. Then the bisection method is consists of the following

steps:

[B2.] If b-c≤ϵb-c≤ϵ, then accept c as the root and stop the procedure.

[B3.] If f(a).f(c)≤0f(a).f(c)≤0, then set b=cb=c else, set a=ca=c. Go to step B1.

EXAMPLE

f(x) = x3 - 2x - 5

ERROR ANALYSIS

The maximum error after the ith iteration using this process will be given as

converges linearly.

If we are interested in the number of iterations the Bisection Method needs to converge to

a root within a certain tolerance than we can use the formula for the maximum error.

EXAMPLE

How many iterations do you need to get the root if you start with a = 1 and b = 2 and the

tolerance is 10−4?

The error εi needs to be smaller than 10−4. Use the formula for the maximum error:

εi = 2 − i < 10 − 4

Solve for i using log rules

Hence 14 iterations will ensure an approximation to the root accurate to . Note: the

error analysis only gives a bound approximation to the error; the actual error may be

much smaller.

This method is essentially same as the bisection method except that instead of bisecting

the interval, we find where the chord joining the two points meets the X axis. The roots

are calculated using the equation of the chord, i.e. putting y = 0 in

The rate of convergence is still linear but faster than that of the bisection method. Both

these methods will fail if f has a double root.

If the function F(x) in the equation f(x)=0 is convex in the interval (x0,x1) that contains

the roots,then one of the point x0 and x1 is always fixed and the other point varies with k.

If the point x0 is fixed then the function F(x) is approximated by the straht linepassing

throught the point(x0, F0) and (xk, fk),k=1,2,3,4,……

ERROR ANALYSIS

εk+1 = ε0εk

εk+1 = C*εk

where C* =Cε0 is the asymptotic error constant.hence the regula-falsi method has linear

rate of convergece

EXAMPLE

Consider f(x)=x2-1. We already know the roots of this equation, so we can easily check

how fast the regula falsi method converges.

Since f is concave upwards and increasing, a quick sketch of the geometry shows that the

chord will always intersect the x-axis to the left of the solution. This can be confirmed by

a little algebra.

This is always smaller than en when an is positive. When an approaches 1, each extra

iteration reduces the error by two-thirds, rather than one-half as the bisection method

would.

In this case, the lower end of the interval tends to the root, and the minimum error tends

to zero, but the upper limit and maximum error remain fixed. This is not uncommon.

RESULT:-

We considered a robust, but “slow” bisection method and then a “faster” but less robust Newton’s

method.

REFERENCES:-

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newton’s_methods

www.efunda.com/math/num.../num_rootfinding.cfm

www.caan.rice.edu/-timwar/MA375F03?Lecture29.ppt

www.wiki.answer.com

- “Explain with example that rate of convergence of false position method is faster than that of the bisection method.Uploaded bygauravsanadhya
- Solving Nonlinear Equations With Newton's MethodUploaded byTMaxtor
- Rao G.S. Numerical AnalysisUploaded byNeha Anis
- Bisection Method and Regula-Falsi MethodUploaded bymsaeed127
- numerical computionsUploaded byHassan Alsafi
- Numerical Methods E BalaguruswamyUploaded byBiswajit Jena
- VIRTUAL MEMORY MANAGEMENT IN WINDOW BASED OSUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- Rate of ConvergenceUploaded byKhalid Shah
- intepAMS1-4-2018Uploaded byNguyễn Công
- Convergance of Regular Falsi MethodUploaded byAnupam Sharma
- Activity Selection ExampleUploaded byTarun Verma
- SPREAD SPECTRUM MULTIPLE ACCESSUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- V Rajaraman Computer Oriented Numerical MethodsUploaded bysun_shenoy
- NULecture3.pdfUploaded byAtifAliBukhari
- DIFFERENCE EQUATIONSUploaded byBharath HR
- CODE OF BASIC C PROGRAMS WITH OUTPUTUploaded byJAYANTI
- C4 PF`s and Binomial Test AUploaded byIllingworth1000
- tutoriel MathcadUploaded byBoudali Elbouazzaoui
- ch1-1-2Uploaded byWenn Winnona
- Sales and Operations Planning– Tutorial QuestionsUploaded byhfjffj
- 02 Limit and ContinuityUploaded byPrasetya
- 17.04.435_dpUploaded byBagas Setiawan
- Fuzzy Reasoning SchemesUploaded bysushil4056
- BF360 Residential School Tutorial SheetUploaded byMoses Mwale
- EET-221 (1)-CONTROL SYSTEMS-RAMANDEEP.pptxUploaded bySeverina Mallari
- polynomial connectionsUploaded byapi-385112882
- CodeUploaded byminhtaiet1711
- CS446_S06_4_Scheduling2Uploaded byBhupesh Moyal
- METU Industrial Engineering - Operations Research III HomeworkUploaded byOnur Yılmaz

- gauravsanadhya simcloningUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- Computational ModelsUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- SENSOR IN BATTLE FIELDUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- Sim CloningUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- saas_vs_on_premise_erp_2016.pdfUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- “LABORATORY MANAGEMENT”Uploaded bygauravsanadhya
- Analysis and design of Information System ArchitectureUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- VIRTUAL MEMORY MANAGEMENT IN WINDOW BASED OSUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- Sim CloningUploaded bygauravsanadhya
- SPREAD SPECTRUM MULTIPLE ACCESSUploaded bygauravsanadhya

- 2012-04-04-04-0521526272_0521819962Uploaded byAsk Bulls Bear
- ON THE COMPUTATION OF CONTINUOUSLY DIFFERENTIABLE GROUPSUploaded bykevinblaze0068
- The Poisson Point Process.pdfUploaded byBodepudi Sai Nishanth
- Probability - Oliver Knill (Havard)Uploaded byjoydrambles
- De and Adv Math March 2014Uploaded byMI
- Binary Indexed TreeUploaded byViraj Kumar
- The Geometry of Rolling Curves John Bloom and Lee Whitt, Texas A&M UniversityUploaded byhailfreedom
- Transfer FunctionUploaded byFiq Iskandar
- Apriori AlgorithmUploaded byJeremy Montgomery
- Math Olympiad Sample ProblemsUploaded byAnonymous 6MSekAxCnZ
- Linear Programming -Model Formulation, Graphical MethodUploaded byJoseph George Konnully
- Truss2dUploaded byhysteresis_
- Matemáticas inglésUploaded bypikorl4327
- MIT102-B1476-MQPUploaded byJohanikathua
- AnswerKey ALLUploaded byTerronciitow
- Lagrange TextUploaded byJustin Lee
- Practice for the GRE Math Subject TestUploaded byCharles Rambo
- Levenberg Marquardt MethodUploaded byIotalaseria Putu
- cvx_usrguideUploaded byAsad Lodhi
- Proof of Dfpf and Gcd PfUploaded bySamantha Yu
- Mathematics and StatisticsUploaded byRashmi Manjrekar
- Multiple Integrals NotesUploaded byJayshree Mohan
- Artin Algebra CheatSheetUploaded byPyotr Gyuyoung Chang
- Quant 001Uploaded byroyalrajoria4912
- Lcs 1Uploaded byGhulam Abbass
- Revision Proof by InductionUploaded bySaifulahmed49
- Gauge MechanicsUploaded byTomas Smith
- Last Penrose 13052017Uploaded byphalguni nanda
- SIGNAL AND SYSTEMSUploaded byRakesh Kumar D
- Matematik spm Revision Set 1Uploaded bylimsiewthiang