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The Pr fGod

Part 1/& II

Sllilmsucldin Aze~lTll
TI i e Prophet Of God

Part I



Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi

Translated By

M qsood -ul-hassan Azeemi

Table of Contents
All Rites Are Reserved
Chapter Page No.
Forword .. , , ..
Preface ,.......... . ..
The name of book Mohmmad /PBUHI
Childhood of the Prophet ' 17

Written By Alshaikh Khwaja Shams uddin

True and Trustworthv .. . 1 r -'-' ~ 1

On the mission - From Hira \~'.' r ..,. , , n

Invitation extended......... " .. '. . ~

Translated By Dr. Maqsood Azeemi

Year July, 2005

No Wa\ To Compromise
. Commlllee .

Infidels and the Companions of Mohammad . 41

Quantity 1100
Upriglll People " 5 1

Composed By Atif Maxud

Court of King Najashi , 5

Valley of Abu Talib 61

Designed By Basharat Niaz Ch. I·karl did not falsifv 67

Stoncs for telling trulh :~.. .. fill

Printed By Niaz Sons Educational Printers Pledcc in Aqba 7,

Punjab Plaza Machli Mandi Dar-ul-Nid\vah .

Urdu Bazar Lahore. Ph.7351126

Medina; the Cit" of Apostle , ............ . . J.: J

Published By AL-KITAB PUBLISHERS 3 J 3 versus 1000 , ' , HS

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In the Field of Uhad 91

Auctioning the Muslim Prisoners 96


With 2680-Lala Ayub Lane Peshawar Cantt.

Hvpocrites v

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l 'rcnch War '. ... .... 101

Iludaibiva '.... ... 105

Bait-e-Rizwan , 11 I

Price Imported Paper Rs: 250.00 Islamic army in the Desert .. I 15

Local Paper Rs: 150.00

Conquest of Khyber . 117

Three Davs in Makka . .. 119

ruth Prevails a'ld Falsehood Perishes , 121

he Last Public 125

Pitv and Compassion Ill)


1>0-\\3\'\' the Benet;·

0\ 1Cen
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'li~ ~~

~ ~
~'lJ ~.
s t,. Physically man is too feeble and fragile to lace the forces of
Nature. But. spiritually. he can enjoy those powers that have been
placed at his disposal as a token of very special bestowal h)' God
Almighty provided that he could manage to gt't that innate
dormant potentials activated in him. which an: the actual e1"O\\ n 1)1
his soul. Or to sa). man is the unique creation ol' the Lord creator.
\\ hich. on the one hand. is bound to play in the hands of given
By the Tin1e, verily man is in circumstances and. on the other. the whole universe IS subjected
to his command.
great loss, except ·th ose who strive
Entin: life of Holy Prophet (P13UII) IS ~I li\ ing example 01
this thing. On the one hand. he had to migrate from Makka under
to act upon the teachings of most unfavorable circumstances and. on the other hand, during
the journey ofhis Ascension. his reach and access "now no bonds
Holy Prophet and the Quran. and he surpasses all limits of Time and frontiers of Space and is
bestowed with a unique opportunity of witnessing His Cherishing
Lord Creator after ensconcing in the most exalted position or
absolute supremacy ever reached by a mortal human being.

l lc strived all his life to create this awareness in his fellow
beings that we is required to rise above the physical bod) and
carnal desires associated with the world of matter so that one
could enter into the unlimited world of Unseen to perform that
sublime duty, which has been actually designated to him: the
designation of the vicegerent 01" God.

Many are the people who aspire to 1'0110\'; his path and II:\Vcr
an: those who succeed in trudging along that path and still fewe r
are the people who manage to reach the desired goal in this
direction The reason is simple and needs not any complicated
I iethodology to resolve It. The basic reason behind the failure or
IIlOS( people: to accomplish their target is that they fail in hav ing
I he proper comprehension of the prophetic teachings of Holy
Prophet (PBW).
Alshaikh Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi. having realization or
I re problem. have defined and described the underlying meanings
( I the events of the life history of Holy Prophet (PBUH). Like.
.rlways. he has successfully provided to his readers. in his
masterpiece work on the life of I IDly Prophet (PBUI-I). the facility
of having a chance to see the life of Holy Prophet (PBUH) with a MAN. after his birth. gets connected \\ ith three realms. 1 irst
more clear vision. HI~ attempt to familiarize the lovers of of these three realms is the one \\ here. alter \\ unessing his
Moharnmad (P13UH) more closely and clearly With the august Lord Creator, he pledged to fulfil) the II()I~ Will or God.
personality of God's beloved Prophet is required to reach ever; Second one is the realm that is known ,IS the \\ mid or matter
follower of the 110ly Prophet (PBUII) so that everyone could where the abilities and potentials bcstowec' upon man are put
benefit from it and especially those who \\ ish to pursue the
to test. And. the third one is the realm. \\ here he is judged
teachings of their beloved Prophet (PBUH).
and informed about the success or failure in the test.
In order to share his noble efforts of producing a richer
awareness about teachings and the life of Ilol~ Prophet (PI3UII). Man's success in the leo;;t in this \\ orld of matter.
two volumes of his book . \fo/wI1II1ILld RCI.\'{)o/ Allah' have been primarily depends upon mans uwarcncss that he has pledged
presented to you in the present form and language. I wish the before God that God is his only Lord and the Creator.
reader of this work to feci the sublimity and limitless of
knowledge: contained therein 111 the tcaclungs of the Holy Prophet According to the spiritual scholars. man is a collection
PBLlH) and depicted from the: miracles performed by him. I also of seventy thousand tiers. When man. according to the laws
pray for the spiritual advancement or the worthy reader of this of God. enters into this \\ orld or mauer. an o\'l:rpo\\ cring
work shell constituent of arrogance. rebellion. insecurity.
disobedience, ingratitude. haste. uncertainty. dubiety and
\\ hirns befalls upon him . The Ii It: spent in the domination or
this covering has been termed as the lire of lower than the
Im\ est iosfal assafaleeny in the hol~ Qurun.
According 10 the teachings o l the prophet . . 01 (Illd.
there arlo' basically onl~ 1\\0 mode» or functions in the entire impressions. the firmer becomes the Ihinl...1I1g pattern III I Il l'
person. II' the S U IT() u JHJ i n g ~ Ill' a person lire enriched \\ 11 h
univcrsc. one. \\ hich is liked h~ the Creator lind the other
qualities that represent the menta l complcvitics. unccrtaint v .
that is disliked by I lim. lhat mode or Iunction ing that lal...l·s
unfair dealings. cheating and destructive approach ur
u man a\\a) Irom his Lord Creator is nU l liked h~ God and i:-­
knov,n as satanic approach and. the mode \\ hich is liked b~ thinking. the human Jill: suffers Irorn sorrow s Lind phobiu -.
the lord because it causes a person In hccom l' closer III lu-, And. i I' the moral \ alucs and truthfulness i... there in the
lord. is termed as Llohistic approach. or sil1lpl~ the mcrcv , surroundings then the lilc or the person reared in such .111
atmosphere becomes a liv ing exam ple orpiel~ and realism .
Il is linnl) established ill the minds or lhllSC wh« IIpl
1'01' the path or spiritual associahilir, thut the hu III,III
Wc all know it well that 1'01' learning mother tongue the
character is constructed 1'1'0111 the thinking approach. \\ hich a child is not made to read ,111~ nrimer I l!' tluu language \
person possesses. II' tlu, thinking approach Iws child learns it from lus parents simpf hccuusc (11 rcrnuuuu g
complications. the character (II' such a person al="o bl.:CPl11l'S in their com pan) , Just as the paucrn or unccruuntv .uul
dubiety transfers to a child uutomaricalf trom till: ambient
\\ indv and cran~ \\ hcrcus ir the thinking .ippro.n.h I'"
righteous according to the norms 01: Ihl' I lohisiic 1,1\\ S then atmosphere. the pattern of realistic approach and certitude
the li le or such a person is dominated \\ ith till' \ inuc.. . Ill' uurumatically lake roots in a person Ii, ing ill an atmosphere
ximpiicir, and truthfulness. If the thinking approach I~ of piet) and close to one's spiritual mentor
shallow. one takes everything superficially .uul i r there is
1\11 the prophets 01 God enjoyed this thinking paucrn
depth in the thinking approach. man longs 10 kno« the
that we have an innate amnii)' w ith the Supreme Iking,llIi:-­
reality or a thing.
\l'r) affinity is the stream of Ii 1'1.' for the C\.istl'nts 01 the
universe and realization of this aninil) is the basis or the
I· vcrv bod~ has been granted this rcali-ui, approach Ill'
thinking but most or us lip not bother til exercise lhi~ Spiritual Thinking Approach.
approach or thinking. Ikspitl: hi.1\ ing been gr.uucd a lasll' III
Ihc spiritual thinking approach i... all C\ cr going. on
rculitv man considers the untrue .uul unreal as true and real.
continuous process thai runs in ., spiritual ussociatc like lht:
When a spiritual associate ad\ .II1CCo; Oil the paths or spiruuul
blood, The main hurdle encountered in this adopting Ihi~
associability , the unrealistic approach or thinking tha: hus
thinking approach is the centuries old traditions thut rev oh I.'
hccn transferred to him from his parents Lind the ~lll.:Il:I)
around the axis of matt:riaJisl11. The i.ltl11llsphere. ill which ,I
sl,lns com'erging il110 the rl:~lIistit: approach or lhinking.
pcrson is brought up and rears. gradual I) lakl's Ihe I(WI1l or
rill: impressions. \\ hich inscribe il11\l thc human mind .
the tradilions or the l~lIni" and thl'll thal or lhl' lribt:s.
CtlillC from thl.: umhit.:l1t Socid\ and lhl: del'\1el' arl' tl1l.'Sl' Parcnts. 1~1I11il) membl'rs. d ders and uther relatin:s pla~ thl'
role the custodians of these traditions.

manages to learn counting up to one hundred in the first ~ cur
1 heft: are two I) pes or people.
or his schooling.
I. Fhosc who live their lives within lhc peripheries or At this rate. lor doing matriculation. it needs spending
the family traditions and they an: least interested of 35.000 hours and hundreds of thousand rupees coupled
lhat what's going on around in the \\ orld and. i r II j-; with the efforts of the parents and other tamil, members .
happening. why it s happening. rhl') lml) adhere 10 Mother and father keep on Ireuing about the studies or the
\\ ith. which their elders used 10 observe and act. child and after so much painstaking the child gets III the
.., .
The other type or people apply their minds in think
secondary level. At this stage. it enables them In decide Ilnl)
this thing as to what the child would he. whether he would
that \\ hat is causing a certain thing In happen and i I'
be a dOCIOr. an engineer. architect. accountant. pilor or
it is happening then how is it right or wrong, in
something else. Fven alter spending these len years lor
actual effect .
having education no aile becomes a scholar. One just gets
The idolaters or Makka despite hm ing realization of the onto the threshold or the worldly sciences.
fact that the idols have been ...culpturcd h~ till.' human hands
All this. that has been stated. is abOUI the \\ nrldl~
lind those inanimate stone pieces. which couldn't speak or
sciences i.c. how arduously painstaking. il i.. to learn SIIIlll.'
hear were forced to be considered as their gods Lind
knowledge. how I11l1ch labor. efforts and mOnl') is involv cd
worshipped. Not only had the~ believed finnly that those
in equipping a person \\ ith knowledge. And. on the other
\\ ere their gods but i r someone could dare to point out that
hand. are the spiritual 'sciences CCl[' which a person hardlv
their gods were nothing mort' than non-liv ing objects. they
gives an hour once a week thus. spends about only Ii11)
used to feel offended and were not reluctant in inflicting
hours in a year. All the other activities of' lili.: are also dulv
exemplary punishments upon such a person and the~ did ~" I
auended: business or the cmploymeru also keeps on riding
that considering it an article or their faith ( cntuncs old
the nerves. other social actix ities. 100. keep us engaged lind
traditions and the darkness or the ignorance had veiled their
the centuncs old traditions and the atmosphere formed
understanding and the C0l111110n sense.
thereof keeps its gripping clutches on our mind and then it is
W.: can take the example of" our children in this regard complained that nothing has been achieved. we couldn't
When \\ e take them to a school. in fact. \\ c declare \\ ar have the blessings of enjoy ing the paranormal faculties like
against ignorance and we admit them there so that the) could lore-sighting or distant-viewing- type-of-things . II only
learn some scholastic approach. In this process or learning purports to that. that we have belittled the importance and
and doing matriculation. It takes them tell years at the least the significance or the spiritual sciences fur kss c\ en th.m
Ir the time spent in studies is calculated it comes to about those or the primary classes of the worldly sciences .
'hrce thousand five hundred hours per year. only then a child
,.. 15
110\\ 1~1I' it is [ustificd that. on the one hand . ullcr hclicv crs but finaJl: he succeeded in dcliv erin g the IllL'SS.l gl:
spending 3.5()() hours per year for len consecutive yearv. a or God 1lc was happy \\ ith God and (r od IS pleased 0 1 111 . .
student is hurdly capable 01 deciding as to \\ luu IS required to perform ance.
he studied In future lor the lughcr level or lus cducauon.•md,
II is necessary for those people, and c.. pt:cl,lIl) lill llll
on the other hand. after giving onl; lilt) hour-, mer the
people or Silsila Azeemia. \\ ho han: been enjoined the dllt;
whole length or a : ear. one says that he could not havc an;
oldisscnunaring the spiritual mission o!l h)l; Prophet 11'11/ III
IUL:k in learning the spiritual sciences?
that the; should keep the Ii Ii..' history or 11(1) Prophl.:t t/'Ii' III
1 hose who arc desirous or learning the spiritual in their stud; ami delve deeply on this point that hnw much
sciences have to bear this thing in their minds that the did 1/(1) Prophet (P fJl II ) suffered in order III disseminate the
thinking approach or the spiritual teacher is unique in its Godlv Mission or preaching monotheism and III make the
nature and far di Iferem from the thinking approach tluu \\ c non-believers belicv c.
lind prevailing in the societies of tile world Ihinking
When we shall idealize the life or Ilol~ l'rophcr /I'f}/ III
approach or the spiritual mentor il'o ordained \\ ith
then in the course or spreading the teachings or ~ " " I,
detachment. contentment and dependency upon God. I lc
Aze emia. relaying the spiritual sciences to the kllo\\ heings
remains rocused on ihc unit~ or Godhead, l -or learning the
we shall be blessed \\ ith the pleasure and spiru uul
spiritual sciences. It is \ itaJl~ important lor the students III
acknowledgement or God and Ili s upo.. . tle . .IIH.I. indeed w c
ha\ e the courage and desire In revolt against the negative.
shall be success ful here and ihv l lcrcaltcr. vnd. we . . hall
destructive and evil approach or thinking. Thcv have to hav l.:
have the audacity or taking the hold . . reps, racing the
the desire or remaining 'o n the straight path and thl.:) must he
hopeless situations and to ignore Ihl' hlusphcmuu «
ambitious to remain stead fast in advancing their steps on Ihis
allegations or the opponents .
path. Fhey arc also required In dcv clop the courage III
-ubdue the tcmptauons and lhc upnsing or the sci f and tll Before leax ing this world or mutter Iii . . Di\ inc Grace
0\ cr power the external puganistic forces Ii-II" follow ing the
Qulander Baba Aul~ya said to me. "Khwaju Sahib! 'I he
footsteps or Iioly Prophet (Pill II ) in order to have the people engaged in it mission arc supposed to he nuts.' 111L'n.
cognition or the Lord Creator. God Almighty . allcr a brief pause, he asked me. "Did you lilllll\\ me?"
In these pages. you \\ ill lind those aspects or the Ii I\.: of I humbly submitted. "Keeping) our guidance and \\!"oll
Holy Prophet ( PBl f1) where the representatives of the l:\ il in view. I shall work for spreading the Silsila Iruniicully."
resisted and opposed him at every step in preaching the
correct and positive approach or thinking . In order to surpass Qalander Baba expressed his pleasure and placing his
those hurdles Holy Prophet (/ '81111 suffered the mental and hand upon my head touched 1l1~ forehead \\ ith his fingl.:rs
physical tortures throughout his lire at the hands or the non­

and afler making few circles upon m) forehead hlew upon

me and said. "God he \\ ith ~ ou.'

Mission orientation cannot he produced in a person

\\ ho does not rise above the \\ orldly gains. cardinal irucrcsrs.
greed. expectations. pride and vanity. \ ice and inferiori ty
and superiority complexes.

This book is a brief description or the Ii lc or l lolv

prophet (I'fll 11) in \\ hich he made \'er~ endeavor in spreading
Childhood of the Prophet
the Elohistic system Ior ~3 years. lhe life lip to the fortiet h
year or his life is also a beacon or light lor the spiritual

Ladies and gentlemen. we \\ ho ha . c been entrusted

\\ ith the responsibility or spreading the teachings or the hen Holy Prophet Mohammad ( /' II/ '11) came into this world. his
Silsila are indeed very luck) and honored lor being given father Abdullah had already passed away. Alter lus marnage.
this responsibility and in order to accomplish this task. we bdullah went on a business tour to Syria \\ ith a trading caravan.
have to study the life of I-Illl) Prophet u-ni u, time and again. On his way back to home. he fell ill and could not survive and
expired at Yasrib (now Medina) in the youth of his life. Two
I his will strengthen the desire to keep on advancing.
months after his passing away. Holy Prophet (I'm III was born on
marching on and consolidating our belief for our success 1h
Monday the 12 Rabiul AWlI'a! (20111 August 570 A.D). According
to some other traditions Monday 91h Rahill! A wwal (22ml April 571
AD) is also found to be reported.
Hazrat Arnmna, other of the Apostle sent the information to
her Father-in-law. Abdul Mutlib. who at that lime was busy in
circumambulating Ka'aba, He came home and look the child III
Ka'aba and prayed to God to bless the child and protect him.
Khwaja Sharnsuddin Azeemi
Abdul Mutlib named the baby as Mohammad ( 1'11i 'I I ),
Markazi Muraqba Hall.

Surjani Town.
As a sign of miraculous birth of the Apostle. the barren

look of the deserts of Arabia transformed into refreshing

291h July 1996.

greenery. the trees were laden with the fruits and the people of

Makka became prosperous. It was the same year whence the

famous event of the ··Asl/{lh-If!~/i.'er took place. In this event

Ahrahas Army of sixty thousand men along with a contingent of

13 clcnhants were destroyed by the showering pebbles by the .

__________ - - - - Ii
18 19
swallows and were transmuted into regurgitated cattle-feed like: This was altogether a new tum in the life of the young
thing. Apostle. In the age of eight when the children remain busy with
their plays, young Mohammad was busy with his duties as a
At the hour of the birth of the Apostle an earthquake shepherd. He used to look after the sheep. take them to jungle lor
demolished the ]4 minarets of the palace of the Emperor of Jr:lI1. grazing, picking up the berries for himself and remained bus) in
Kaiser and the fire kindling for worshipping in the fireplace for other works at home. He did all this so that he should not be a
centuries was extinguished without any apparent reason. burden for his uncle who loved the young Mohammad dearly for
his darling habits and sweet disposition.
The Apostle was fed by his mother for three days after his
birth and then was fed by Sabia who had also fed Hamza (R.A). Mohammad. in that. tender age used to take the sheep herd
an uncle of the Apostle. She was that lucky person who \\ as towards the desert and remained there looking after them all

granted freedom from the bondage of slavery when she lone. In the vacant hours he used to stare in the fathomless
announced the news of the birth of the Apostle to Abi Lahub. depths of the sky and his eyes would search for something in the
limitJess horizon. He used to return home before the sunset. The
It was the tradition of the Arabs to send their suckling to the children who learn to survive without having the umbrella of th
suburbs. giving them into the custody or the women who would protection that is provided to the children by their parents and
foster them with their milk. The women of the tribe Banu Saud they work hard in their playing age are the scif made people and
Bin Bakkar took the other children and Halima took the so was the Apostle.
responsibility of the Apostle's rearing and thus she became: the
foster mother of the Apostle. Abu Ta1ib, uncle of the Apostle was a trader. He took
ohammad along on a journey to Syria when he was twelve.
The Apostle spent four years of his infancy with Halima and Their caravan halted near Basra. In a monastery a monk named
then was returned to his mother. When the Apostle was six years. Hahira used to live near that place where the caravan had stopped.
his mother along with Urn-c-Ayman went to Yasrib to ray In Sametic language Bahira means wise and intellectual. Bahira
homage to the grave of her late husband. She stayed there for -one would seldom come out of his place nor did he ever talk to
month and with the passing of each day her health kept 011 anybody. But. on that day. when the caravan of the Arab traders
degenerating and on her way back to Makka. she expired near the: stopped there. he came out of his monastery and he noticed that
town of Abwa. Um-e-Ayrnan brought the young Apostle to his the branches of the tree under which the young Apostle was
grandfather Abdul Mutlib. staying were bending in a bowing-like posture. He also noticed
that wherever that young lad would go a cloud remained there
When the Apostle was eight years of age. his guardian over him to protect him from the blaze of the sun. He recognized
grandfather also breathed his last. Before passing away he handed the Apostle being the Last Prophet of God. He advised Abu Talib
over the responsibility of his orphan grandson to his son Abu to look after the lad with great care. as he was to accomplish a
ralib. great mission of God.
Abu Talib inquired from him as [0 how he could have :-aid
suc h a thing and that his nephew was the sa me Apostle about
whom all the Divine Books hac! predic ted. Bahira stated that \\ h L'11
the caravan had reached the other end of 'hal valley. there \\,([:- 11',
any tree or stone that had not howcd lor someo ne worth, or tha t
True and Trustworthy

rading and the cattle farming were the two main professions for
the people of Makka in those times. The Apostle opted for trading
and started taking the goods of a trader Raise Bin Said to other
cities. The Apostle was lair in hi:- dealings and they never had any
dispute amongst them about the accounts or other things related til

$$$ with their trading. Other traders of the cit)' longed to do business
with him. There were many who wanted the Apostle [0 work for
them. Amongst them was a lady named Khadija, She invited
Mohammad to join her trade caravan. The Apostle accepted the
invitation after having the consent of his uncle.

Khadija \\as a wido« and because or her social status.

virtuous character and fum i I)' background 0 r nobility many
chieftains and the wealthy people were desirous of asking her
hand for wedding. She had ,I great impression of the augus:
personality of the APOS ll~ and using the good offices or her friend
Mafias Bent-e-Mamba. she proposed to Mohummcd to marry her.

The people or Bani Hashim ami other dignitaries of Mak ku

attended the wedding. Five hundred Durham's were paid as
alimony to Khadija. This also is reported that twenty camels were
given in alimony. In the year 605 AD. when the Apostle wus
thirty-five. two events took place in Makka . One, the Ka' aha
caught tire and the other. flood caused damaged to the building o f"
Kaaba and a portion of the build was swept away by the
floodwater. Ten tribes of Quraish unanimously decided to collect
donations for the repairs of the damaged building.

The Roman mason, who was assigned the responsibility or

the repairs, advised them to reconstruct the whole building al rcsh
after demolishing it. After having a mutual consensus the elders
of Quraish sanctioned to demolish the building of Ka'aba and the
On the mission - From Hira
Roman mason started with the reconstruction work of Kaaba. All
the tribes of Makka participated in the work with zeal and fervo r.
But. at the stage of the fixation of the Black Stone a dispute
erupted amongst the ten tribes of Quraish as every tribe was
desirous of having the honor of putting the holy stone at its place.
When this dispute grew beyond control. the case was referred to hen the Apostle neared his fortieth year he developed
the Apostle to decide as to who should have the honor of fixing inclination toward solitude and started retiring in the Cave of Hira
the holy stone at its place in the Ka'aba. taking his ration of water and roosted barley. The cave of Hira is
about two miles from Makka where he mused about the cosmos
The Apostle asked for a large sheet of cloth. spread it on tile
nd meditated to find out the realities operative in the background
ground. placed the holy stone on it and told all the disputants to
of the natural phenomena. His grandfather Abdul Mutleb also
hold the sheet and to lift it up to the place where it was required to
used to stay in that cave for a whole month once in a year.
be placed. When they lifted the sheet with stone the Apostle
placed it where it was to be fixed. One night the archangel Gabriel appeared before Iioly
Prophet (/'8 IJHl and said to him, ..Read:"

The Prophet replied. ;'[ am not versed with reading."

labriel embraced him and squeezed and told him to rend.
lie again said that he couldn't read. Gabriel again hugged him and
told him to read, the Prophet's answer remained the same. Gabri
once again took him in his arms and pressed him aeainst his chest
and said.
2-1 25
rQuran: Sura A/WI) the horizon and the light gradually enlightens every nook lUld
corner of the earth and then the sun sets in with all its majesty ,
After having gone through this novel experience Hol y
Prophet (/'Ell 'lI) proceeded to his house. He had grown pale and Waf lai l-e-iza sajaa. the second verse of this Sura IS
was feeling very low. on every step or two he had to rest against another swearing. Like the first swearing this. too. lunts profound
,.. ails when he reached his house. A strange weakness had gripped or
meanings. In this verse God has swum lo r that time night \, hen
him. He was hardly pulling himself to walk. Khadija helped him the darkness befalls and the whol e world is engulfed b~ the
to his bed and asked him ahout his debilitated state. "Cover me. darkness and the silence prevails in such a manner that even a
put a blanket upon me. he demanded. She did as was asked, slight sound at a tar away distance is heard like the one produced
somewhere nearby.
After sometime when he felt somewhat better He related
the whole incident and expressed his fear that his life is about to In the third verse of this Sura addressing I lis Apostle God
end. Khad ija comforted him saying. "God will not let any harm has said. "Thy Lord has not forsaken thee, no!' IS lu: displva vc»!
reach you. You help others. sympathize them. protect them and with ye," In this verse the worries laking place in the mind \)1
are hospitable in your manners:' Holy Prophet (I'U l'If J have been addressed to saying that you were
anguished that God has lett you alone after making Him known to
Then later on she look him to her cousin Warqa Bin yo u and have retreated away from you. No. it is not so. God has
Noffel. When Warqa Bin Noffel listened to the whole happening not forsaken you and He still loves you and would continue to dn
that had taken place in the Cave of Him. he said. "This indeed is so.
the same Honorable Message that was earlier sent for Moses.
chnically the Honorable Message meant those Commandments. The very first person who believed him and expressed
which were to be obeyed by the mankind. Warqa Bin Nolfcl. fai th in him was his wife Khadija, Next was his cousin Ali lbn-c­
addressing the Holy Prophet (PHI 'I/) said. "The people will turn Ibi Talib, who had been reared up by Holy Prophet u's : III like his
your enemies because of the Message that you have brought. I son. Third one who joined the faithfuls was Laid (IV\ ). a slave
wish that God might grant me this much life that I could help you whom Holy Prophet (Nil 'If ) had granted freedom but he had
against your enemies." refused to go to his father saying that Holy Prophet .nu u, \\ us
dearer to him than his own.father and mother.
For three years he.used to spend his nights in the Cave or
Him where he mediated and pondered about the Eternal God. till ' or three years i.e. fro m 610 AD to 61) AD numbe r or
morning. At times he would heard the Voice or Gabri el thai did Muslims. including Holy Prophet .rmu, totaled to lour ol1 l~ , 111
not say anything except that "0' Mohammad. you arc an Apostle the year 613 Ad when Abu Bakkar (RAJ embraced Islam their
of God and I am His angel Gabriel," number grew to four.

One night Gabriel came and rehearsed the verses of Sura

..l-Duha to Holy Prophet (PiJi '11) . In Arabic W"d duha means that
God is swearing of that time when the sunlight starts permeating
Invitation extended

A ftCl the Revelation of the 214111 Verse of Sura Shu '(Ira. "Invite
our kinsmen and relatives 10 embrace Islam," Holy Prophet
(PBl HI) invited his uncles and their sons to a banquette and told
them about the Message of God .

Upon listening to all that Mohammad (1'111 III had to telt.

bu Lahub. one of the uncles of the Prophet spoke. "Your fumJl)
cannot afford to fight against the whole of Arabia, find so don't be
a foo l. Your father's farnll, must be enough 1'01' you. If you
insisted on your message. it would be easier for Quraish to turn
against you and call the rest of Arabia to their help and I should
take the lead and get hold of you:' Mohammad lI'I)LJII) did not sa)
nything and kept quiet.
After some time Holy Prophet (PBll ll ) once agah: invited
them and after praising God declared his prophcthooc.l but nobody
in the family wag in a mood to listen to him 0 1' to accept what he
had stated.

When preaching to the family did not bear nny fruit. God
revealed the verse: "Expound openly whet' yint haw! /)""/1
contmanded and don '! bother about thos« I I'!JO join gods I i i / ii
III, ii/ . (Sura: AI-HUr. V: 94) more hurling methods, Although Abi l.nhub and Ius wile both
belonged to the nobility of Makka. morally thl'~ \\eI'C lOO 111\\ .
In order (0 comply wuh the Conunand. 11(1 ) Prop/lei They pelted stones upon the house of the Apostle damaging I Ill.'
(I'Hl llltannouncccl thm he has hI tel l them all imporuuu thing so all w ooden windows. Not only this hut they also urged the loafer
the citizens of Makka should gather ncar the \/011111 Sulaa When guys to pelt stones and throw 111L' ti lth and refuse of the d~;ld
011 the appoi nted time peop le. including the 1~l m i l ~ members lll'
animals in Hoi) Prophet' s IHlUSC ,
J r () l ~ Prophet (1'111 lit gathered 1111:n:. the Apostle, standing lin ; 1
higher place. addressed them. Whenever 1101) Prophet (i' BlII II would come out 0 1 hl ~
house. the loafer and \ agabond street boys. \\ ho were under the
"0 ye people of Mukka, will you believe me if I tell yuu influence of Um-e-Jameel and Abi Lahub, would pelt shines
something important for you? " causing injuries to his head and face and when he would return III
his home wiping his bleeding Iace. his wile Khadija, seeing all
All those who were pl'l:SCI1I there univ ocallv said... \\ e that would felt sorry for him and inquired. "Docs it hurl tuu
bel ieve you because we know that you have never lied and ~ uu much?" He would tell her. "Whe n a person reall~ knows that \\h)
art: indeed man of your words" and for whom he is facing these hardships then he doesn't bother
much about the pain." Abi Lahubs wife would mine sharp
Iioly Prophet Illllt 'II , informed them that God had chosen thrones on the paths where she expected him hI pass, When he
him to be His Messenger to them so that he warned III invite them would take out the thrones from his feet. the\ would bleed. I lc
to obey His Commands and If the) ignored his lorewarn ings was tortured to such all extent that OIlC day with a very ht:<I\ 'y
Goers displeasure would befall upon them like l lis wrath. heart he submitted to God Almighty. "You kno« better than i.In~
body that none of them is ready to embrace Th) reiigion." On this
1I01y Prophet !I ' Il l/ II ) had hardly completed his statement occasion Gabriel came with the following Verses o r Sura A I-hijr .
when Abi Lahub shouted upon him saymg. "For this gao you had
invited LIS here! Well. it wasn't that important. You have wasted ..Tell them openly wluu )'C ha ve been Commanded and
our time, It would have been better for liS to nucnd to other things tur n £IW(ly,/i'OI1l those 11'170 join jalse god, with l lim. We are
rather 1110n to come here:' And. then addressing to the people he illdee d on your side aguillst 'tl1Ose who mock and scot]. 7110se \1'!Io
told them not to pay any heed to Mohammud because he W£lS not appoint others beside (joel soon wlll come to know . indeed 1/ '(,
in his senses and didn't know what he was sn~ ing. People know how thv . Sal. , rOlf OIlL:11f
. heart is distressed a! what thev . to
iispersed and left for their homes. l loly Prophet 11'1ll1! 1) was le n concent rate upon the Attribute of" thy Lord and prostrate before
there with AIi(l~A) and Zaid 11{i\Jlml), Him in adoration ami serve till' . Lord until vou are filled with

certitude ofyour success. " ( V : 94-( 9)

After this the relatives of I loly Prophet 1/'111 III started
opposing him openly and jested and taunted him, When tribesmen When. on the other hand. Abi Lahuh su" that 1101)
of Quraish. especially Abi Lahub and his wife lIm-e-Jnmcel. Ich Prophet WIHJI I) is not deterrin g from his mission orpreac hing the
thut their affroming remarks an: losing their edges they opted for reality his meanness reached its optimum level. Two daugh ters o f
l loly Prophet (Plll )" l. Ruquia and U rn -e- K alsoo m . who were
30 31
married to Abi Lahubs two sons. Abi Lahub got them divorced
from his sons and sent them back to Holy Prophet's home with Holy Prophet (PBUH) would go to Ka'aba and worshipped
the message that it did not suit the sons of Abi Lahub to have the God Almighty. The least that Quraish could do was to prohibit
daughters of a person like Mohammad as their wives because him entering the premises of Ka' aba. the House of God.
today everybody in Makka hates and condemns Mohammad and
to have relation with such a person is a matter of shame for him.
Khadija felt very hurt but Holy Prophet (PBUI I) consoled her and
his daughters and advised them to have forbearance and patience.

Although like a sympathetic father. disruption of his

daughter's matrimonial lives was a shock for the Holy Prophet
(PI3UH). he did not let any weakness fall upon him despite every
psychological pressures and family feuds and continued to carry
on with his mission tirelessly. His kinsmen and other people of
Quraish kept on torturing Holy Prophet ("flUII) for four years and
the intensity of their afflictions kept on growing with ever)
passing day. so much so that they decided to get rid of Holy
Prophet (PBUJI) once and for all. One of the reasons for this
extreme decision was the fact that Holy Prophet (1'IlUIl ) had been
practically proclaiming the Message of God without any fear or
his family members or tribesmen of Quraish. He would proclaim:

"Do nOI worship the gods that you create by your own
$ $

hands. Worship the Lord who has no partner and is the Master 0
the whole univers "

When the relatives and the tribesmen of Quraish asked

Holy Prophet (PBUII), .. Do you want us to quit worshipping those
gods that our forefathers had been worshipping?"

Holy Prophet's reply was. "Yes! Give lip worshippins:

man-made gods and worship (he One and the Only God thai has
no partner." This reply further infuriated people or
Quraish and
they started to think about some extreme measures to get rid 01"
Iioly Prophet /PBUII).
No Way To Compromise

W hen the infidels of Makka failed to come up with any solution

for protecting their superiority and dominance they decided to
approach Abu Talib, an uncle of Holy Prophet II'BtJlI). They sent a
delegation to him to complain that his nephew propagates against
their gods. criticizes their customary methods or worshipping
these gods. and pronounces us insane and foolish people. l Ie also
says that our forefathers were misled and had gone astray. We
cannot take this insult any longer so either forbid him from doing
II this or allow us to deal with him. Abu Talib calmed them
down and promised to talk to his nephew.

Holy Prophet tPBUI I) continued to .preach the truth and

condemning the falsehood. When the people or Makka noticed
that the Holy Prophet (PBUll j had no intention to quit his mission.
They once again visited Abu Talib and demanded to stop his
nephew or allow them to handle him otherwise they would
declare war on him as well. till one of the parties perished.

Abu Talib grew worried about his orphan nephew and

tried to prevail upon him. When the kind uncle or Iioly Prophet
I' \H II I) advised him to desist from preaching the truth. he swore '
upon God and said. "Ift he» could place 'he SUlI on my right hunt
unci the moon on the lef] and want thai I should not he delivcrins;
the message oiUod to His creatures. II1'i1/no( gin! IIjJ til] the ( ri ll:' "He thought and guessed and woe to him. What did h
rcltgion of (joel is established or, CI( the least I wil! sacrifice Ill l' guess . Yah, woe 10 him: how did he guess such a thing ') lie
, ,

life tor (his cause ," -eflected. and then he frowned and scowled. Then he turned hack
and was haughty. Then said. "This is nothing but Sorcerv 0/ old
Abu Talib seeing the au I ll l d lll determination of his times. This is nothing but the word ofa mortal:'
nephew \\ as greatl) moved and said. "You mu) continue \\ ith that
what you arc doing. I "ill not abandon you nor " ill I shrink a\\a~ Abi Lahuh personally led this campaign against l lolx
rom supporting you:' Prophet (I'B/ ,If) . He would follow Holy Prophet (1'1:\[111) wherever
he would go 10 preach. in the markets. gatherings of people.
In the meantime the pilgrimage time set Ill . Quraish knew streets of Aqaaz, Mainah and Zulmajar. he would shouted slogans
that Holy Prophet (/'B'II) would preach his new religion before against Holy Prophet (PBUII ) and told the people not to listen to
the delegations coming to Makka from all over Arabia Ior him, When people returned after performing their pilgrimage they
pilgrimage. so in order to defy his cflorrs. they decided tll Idh' knew that Mohammad (PBUII) had announced his prophethood and
certain precautionary measures. 1 hc) assembled in Dur-ul­ in this way the news. which the Quraish wanted to denounce.
'vidwah: a majestic palace closed to the Ka' aha. used as the spread far and wide in Arabia and thus the scheme of infidels
Parliament I louse. Whenever Qurarsh had 10 take an nnporuuu backfired.
decision they would gather there for mutual consulnuions.
When the infidels realized that all their plans were failing
Wulccd Bill Mughira chaired the meeting. Some suggested and the teachings of Holy Prophet (PBUII) were making 1'00111 In
to declare Mohammad a lunauc person. some h~'ld lhat he be the hearts and minds of the people of Arabia. the) arranged 10
declared a POC! and some opiruoned to call him a soothsayer , send Aqba bin Rabia, the most clever and shrewd chieftain to
None Ill' these suggestions could appeal 10 ~ alccd Bin Mugh iru. persuade Holy Prophet (POUII)tO stop preaching Islam at any cost.
,,\(1 Iinall, he \\a: ked to giv L' his \ IC\\, IIc said. "Let us declare
hun a sorcerer " '-.u tht:~ all settled upon this and it was decllkd Aqba approached Holy Prophet (PBUII) and said. "Nephew.
that the)' would post their men on every point or entrance III you belong to the noblest family and arc condemning the ways of
Makka, to announce and tell cver) incoming pilgrim that 111L'~ our forefathers as if they knew nothing. Let me know what
should beware of a sorcerer who east hIS spell III create animosity actually you have in your mind? If you are doing all this for the
between the relation of' husband and wire. fat her and son and sake of wealth . we shall give you this much wealth that you will
amongst all the relatives of a family. therefore nobody should go be the wealthiest man in Makka. if you want to be the Chief of
near him. Qu raish we even agree to it. if you want to marry. we will arrange
to wed you with the most beautiful girl of Makka and if any of
This meeting has beer referred to in the hlll) Quran in the this all is not intended and you are saying all this under some kind
follow ing manner. or evil spell we will arrange to exorcise you so that you could
recover to health and normal life."
"And they wonder that a Warner has come front (JfII()J7g.\·t
In rep ly to the long lecture of Aqba Holy Prophet Wi ll II ) them so they SQli, this is {J Sorcerer, .. (Sura Sad. V: 4)
rehearsed Sura Ha Meem. As-sajda. Aqba listened to that divine
narration dumb founded. Then he rose and left. When the infidels "A nd the unbelievers look dO H' /1 upon you when they hear
of Makka saw him they swore and said to one another that he is some advice fro m you (/11£1 say. he is indeed possessed..·
not the same Aqba who had gone to Mohammad (Pill II I ). (Sura Al Qa11l11l. V: 51)

Aqba confessed that he had heard such a speech. which he "Thus did We test some ofthem by others that they should
had never heard before in his life. lIe swore that it was neither say : "Is it these than that God hath f avored Fum amongst us?'
poetry. nor magic nor any other charm. He said that it was his Doth not God know it best those who are grateful? ..
suggestion that they all should refrain from teasing and torturing
Mohammad (pBUI-I). TIle narration. which he had just heard would (Sura Al-Inani. Y: 53)
prevail. He said, " Listen to me! Leave him alone. If the Arabs
prevailed upon him. your goal will be met through someone else
and if he prevailed, then his honor would be ours because he
belongs to us.' Everybody looked at him with surprise and it was "And, when they returned to their own people. they jested
concluded that he had fallen prey to Mohammad's charm. him, And whenever they ,\'C111' them, the)' would say. "Behold.
"test! are the people truly astray! " BUI they had not been sent a
One day when Holy Prophet (flBlJlI) was circumambulating keeper over them, "
the Ka'aba, leaders of Quraish approached Holy Prophet t PIW ll 1
and suggested. "Let us share our gods. we shall also worship the (Sura AI·MlIfiiteen, V: 29·33)
God that you worship and you shall worship our gods as well. and
thus we would be same once again.' This also has been reponed 4nd they say. "
in the traditions that Holy Prophet (PIHlII ) was given this 10 he written and thc) ure dedlca!
suggestion that lor one year he should be worshipping their gods tvening. "
and for one year the Quraish would worship his God. In reply 10
this suggestion God revealed Sura Kafiron upon Holy Prophet
(f>BUII ).
11 (/
When no trick of Quraish could prove successful. they
seriously considered adopting methods. which could root out his na. they say, "What sort ofa messenger Is this, who eats
preaching. Many references can be found in the holy Quran. for load and walks through the streets? Why }WJ not em ang»! been
instance: sent clown 10 him /0 2/VC! admonition wtth hlm?"

"And the people say. you I1II1,\"t be ow (?t It its ifyo u claim (Sura Al-Furqan. V: 4. 5 & 1)
that you have been guided. .. iAl-Hajr, Y: 6)

nd. We know they say 1I man is reaching him.

(Sarah Nahal V: 16)

nd they say: ..What sort of all Apostle i s this, who (!l II S

od and walks through the streets? Why has not lin angel been Torturing Committee
sent dow" to him 10 eive admonition with him?"

(Sura Furqan. V: 7)

EnOrlS of the misbelievers to check the preaching 01

Reality b) the Holy Prophet (I'H I If) were not proving satisfactorily
effective and this was adding fuel to their worries. <:;0 a committee
r Chieftains of Quraish was constituted. \\ hich was 10 be headed
by Abi Lahub. Ihis committee resolved to spare 110 SLOne
untu rned in opposing Islam. torturing Holy Prophet IPHI II, and to
treat every Muslim brutally and cruelly,

Abi Lahub. in his animosity to Hoi) Prophet trut Ill. crossed

every limit and had excelled tt> this extent that \\ hen Holy Prophet
(I'RI II ) lost his son. he joyfully approached his comrades anc
announced in rejoice that Mohammad (PHUI) has lost his tail i.c.
there would be no name carrier to him.

To compensate the grief caused due to Abi Lahub's remarks

God consoled Holy Prophet IPRl '11) in the following manner:

thee have We granted the! Abundant Virtue, tneretorc

worship thy Lord and sacrifice [or Him. Indeed the one who hates
you will lose his tal! (" UI offfrom his pos terity
..0 .. ,

(Sura Kusars Next day . without fee ling afraid or vesterdavs event, l Iol .,
'- ~ .

Jrophet (1' /JI'1f) went to Kaaba. occupied his place and got busy
ne day when Holy Prophet IPBl'II) was bus) in \\ ith his worship. When he prostrated, this time Aqba covered
worshipping God Almighty in the holy Kaaba. Abu Jehal came him with his shawl and attacked him. This sudden attack was such
there along with his few fellows. He was having camel-tripe Ii Iled a Jierce attack that it caused Holy prophet 1I'/JI'If) to bleed
with filth and blood. Nov. this was one or the methods of ~\ ra h s profusely. Aqba attempted that he could fini sh Holy Prophet
that when they had to inflict a painful death on a person till': .rt« II) before he could rise fro m prostration, But. he couldn't
used to strangulate (hat person with tilth-filled camel tripe 111 such succeed in his attempt and Holy Prophet I PlJI II) managed to sav t'
a way that (he head of the person would be caught In the tripe and iimself from that deadly attack and reached home wuh bleeding
it was tied around the head like a bag. This would suffocate that nose and face.
person to death in the most horrifying manner. Abu Jehal and his
cronies had come there to kill Holy Prophet (/'/11 1/1 using the Arwa. the wife of Abi Lahub known 0:0; Um-e-Jameel was
camel tripe to make his death a lesson for others, the daughter of Abu Sufyan. To support her husband's campaign
igainst Holy Prophet (PIU 'II). she wanted to be amongst the leaders
When they entered the holy Ka'aba. 1101) Prophet lI'U 11/ 1 or the campaign. She used to cast poisonous thorns on the paths
was engrossed in worshipping God. His prostration wuh and the doorway of the Holy Prophet 1/'11/ 11). And. that was ihe
engrossment made the task of Abu Jehal easier and he trapped malicious act that has been condemned in the S/lI''' Luhub.
him in that state and tied the camel tripe around his head, neck
nd shoulders like a bag. When Iloly Prophet 11'/// '1/1 hnd the When she came to know that Holy Prophet (/'1// III rehearse­
realization that he had been strangulated. he tried to ger himscl f verses in condemnation of her und her husbund's malicious
free but he couldn't manage to get rid of thnt. The people prl:l\~'llt ctivitics, taking few stones in her hunds to hit Holy Prophet
there, even if they wanted to rescue him, couldn't dare til help (/'fl/ 'If), she reached the Ka'ubu. I\t that time Abu Bukkar (itA) \ .. us
him for the fear of Abu Jehul's enmity and vengeance. accompunying t Ioly Prophet (I'Ill 'If), She approached Abu Bakknr
(I~A ) und asked him. "Where is YOU I' friend'? I hove come to kl1lm
that he rehearses couplets against me. I will hit his lnce with tIH:SC
stones, if I found him," Aftel' having created quite l\ scene she left
{1'Ol11 there, Bewildered Abu Bakkar (lV\) inquired the l loly
Prophet (NJl/II) how was thnt she couldn't see you. lloly Prophet
(/1/11/11) replied, "God had suspended her vision ill this rc.zl1l'd 1'01'
the moment,"

Umiylu Bin Khalf 'was also one of' the members of Abu
hub's team. he used to scold and abused Holy Prophet (/'/l/ 1/1
when and wherever he would found him. The very first verse of
SUI'CI Hamaza hints about the same mischievous person.

..Woe 10 eve!"}' scandalmonger and backbiter.

Akhnas Bin Shareeq Saqf ,\ as also amongst those who lo o k

pleasure in teasing the 110iy Prophet (1'1/1 II). Ihe holy Ouran
refers to his mischievous activities 111 the Sura (j1l/111/1 in the
following words.

"Obey IWI ,'eiT mean. swearer , slanderer . going about 11 ith

calumnies - habitually hindering al! ROOd. transgressing hounds Infidels and the Companions of
deep in sin, violent and cruel, with 1II1II, ofa doubtlul birth.
I\' I i i. I.' I Mohammad

D espite the fact that the infidels of Makka acknow ledged the
high moral character and appreciated the gentle mannerism ofthe
Holy Prophet (PHI 'H) and that he enjoyed the patronage of hi s
respected uncle Abu Talib, the) seldom spared a chance to tease
and torture him and his followers. rather their treatment for his
followers was even severer and harsher.

Whenever Abu Jehal would come to know that someone

powerful and strong man of Makka had embraced Islam he would
scold and rebuked him and threatened him with dire consequence
and if he would come to ~now of anyone poor and weak person
becoming a Muslim. he would physically beat him up and incited
others as well to harm him.

When Usman (RA) Bin Uffan embraced Islam his unc le

wrapped him up in a mat made from date-leaves and hung him
over fire to choke him by the smoke,

When the family of Musab Bin Umair. who had been

reared up with love and affection. came to know about his
embracing of Islam they out cast him from the family. When he
had LO face the torments or (111 isolated life in the desert his skin
couldn't beat her anymore and would leave her onlv because or
started to crack and came off from the flesh.
his exhaustion.
When Arnaar Bin Yasir and his parents who were slaves or
Few of the Companions of Holy Prophet If'IH 'II) were
Bannu Makhzoom, embraced Islam. they were tortured 10 death.
wrapped in fresh cow-skins and were left in under the SUIl III dr~
They were made to I ie on the hot sand 0 I' desert under the
up. Few were made to wear the war guards made 01 Iron and he
scorching heat of the sun and a heavy stone was placed on their
on scorching burning charcoals.
chests so that they could not move. Another way to inflict torture
was to dip their heads forcibly in the water unless they agreed to The first slave that embraced Islam alter Zaid was Bilal
their demand of scolding the HoI) Prophet (l'lJI'Ii) and praising Habshi (RA). In Arabia anyone having anyone of the three things
their gods: Lat and Uza. Amaar had to submit to their demand to used to be considered as the most ill-fated and the first one was to
save his skin but when he came to the Holy Prophet (PlJ/.'1I 1 and be a stranger in the land. second was to be a slave and the third
wept. the Holy Prophet (I'IU 'Ill rehearsed these verses of the holy one was 10 have a black skin. Unfortunately Bilal (RA) hall nil
Quran to console him, these three things simultaneously in him. When his master came
to know or his embracing Islam. he took him along oUI of Makku
nyone, who after accepting Faith ill God, utters disbelie].
.. A
and after undressing him. he tied his extremities and made hun III
- except under compulsion. his heart remaining firm in Faith. .
I it: on the hot sand under the scorching sun and a heav y stone ,\ .I~
hili such who opened their hearts /() Unbellel. Of! them Is wrath
laced on his chest and told him that he could he released only
from God and theirs will he a d,.em!flll chustlsement"
when he would declare that he had turned awa) from the faith or
Amaar finally died of the very inflicted punishments. Iii he would remain there until he is dead. Bilal IR \1 refused to
mother Samia was the first martyred lady of lslum who wns submit to his master's demand and agreed to 10) his life for his
•unbbed to death by Abu Jehal usiug his spenr, aith.

Khnbab Bin Urt was the slave or Um-e-Arunar. His mistress In the meantime, Abdullah IRA) Bin Usman who was known
belonged to Khizn Tribe She told her tribesmen to punish him. as Abu Bakkar (HA) happened to come to kuo« about Bilal IR \ ).
They made him to lie on the burning charcoals and put 6 hell\)' He offered a handsome amount to the master or Bilal lRAI 10 buy
tone upon his chest, They plucked his hair and twisted his neck him from him. When the master considered the proposal. he liked
to torture him. to have the money instead or a dead slave, After hav ing
succeeded in buying him Abu Bakkar ru.v, set him free.
l-aqeeh's real name was Anaj. He WaS the slave of Bnnl
Abdul Dar. His master used 10 tic his feet and drug him on ih Labina and Zunaira were two maidservants or Ornar I lt \ )
hard rough ground. Bin Khitab. When he heard about their becoming Muslims. he
said, he would punish them with Wh ipping till their death or thl'~
Omar IRA) belonged to Balli Eddi Tribe. When u have to quit their faith. When the ladies despite having bleeding
mnidscrvant of his tribe embraced Islam. he thrashed her til] h all over refused to quit their fait h in Mohammad. Abu Bakkar .« \ 1
came to know about them. he offered a handsome amount to
-t6 47

Omar (Rt\l to buy them. Omar (R,\ 1 sold them to Abu Bakkar d ( \) hid but Abu Jeha ls reply remained the Slime that he won't sell
\,,110 set them free. her. When Abu Bakkar IRA j saw that Abu Jehal would not sell his
maidservant to him he tried afresh and offered him as much
The fourth lady who embraced Islam was Ghazzia She
(I(AI. ransom as it was customary 10 pay in the form or camels against
was an Arab nomad and was hold like any Arah Bedouin man. the blood of (1 victim. Technica lly, It was called .Ibl-e-Q,citl In
When she embraced Islam. Quraish tried to scare her but she \\ as other words, Abu Bakkar (IV\ ) offered him 10 ask lor an) amount.
adamant enough to remain firm on her stance and kept on \\ hich he could have wished in that context hut how great was his
preaching Islam. When Quraish saw that she is not going to desert malice against the Holy Prophet (I'Ll! 'II) and his followers that
Mohammad. they arranged to abduct her and handed her over to a even this offer could not make him release that poor maid. 'I III
caravan that was going awa~ from Makka. She was blindfolded that Jay Abu Bakkar (R J\) had bought freedom Ii II' six slaves hut
and was tied on the bad. of a camel. Ihe people of the caravan he could not succeed in salvaging Samia from the bondage of \hu
\\ ere ordered to not let her have an) food or water on the way and .relwl.
when she would die of thirst and hunger they wen: to throw her
dead body in the desert so that the beasts of desert could li:asl When the women or Quraish came to know about evcryda,
them on her flesh. whipping of Samia by Abu Jehal they gathered and pleaded to
Abu Jchal to spare her. But. Abu .lehal was not" man who could
It is said that on the fourth Ja~ Ghazz ia fainted due to thirst he persuaded to leave his stubbornness. When he saw that he
and hunger but on the fourth night she felt moisture upon her lips. could not make Samia to abandon her faith. he decided to kill her.
Someone was trying to give her water. She couldn't see \\ ho it Ilc made her 10 stand before the holy Ka' aha and before the
was but she did quench her thirst When the people (If that people of Makka, he inquired Irom her lor the last time thnt
curuv an contrary to their cxpect.u ions found her alive and fresh. whether she would give up her nc« faith or not. Samias rcpl~
the) couldn't believe their eyes. And. when she related the c\ em remained unchanged and she said. "I'll not quit my faith in
or the previous night to them. Ihe) were deep ly moved Dn L! Mohammad 's Religion..' And. upon hearing this Abu Jcha l
released her with a reeling of reverence for her because none 01 pierced her with his spear in from of the people or Makka. "'amia

them had given her water to drink. was the first woman who was martyred for embracing Islam.

When a maidservant of Abu Jehal named Sarnia embraced Jt is said that when Holy Prophet (!'IU /II was told about the
Islam. he called her and ordered her to forgo the new rcligiou. cfltms of Abu Bakkar (I~,, ) for salvaging Samia. he prayed in Ahu
Upon hearing Sarnia's reply. he got furious and started \\hi pping Bakkars favor saying. "Gad may keep the bnglu ness of ~ I) Ur
that trail maid 111 1she fainted. When Abu Bakkar tl{ ,\1 heard about lace."
this, he went to see Abu Jchal. There he sav her lvinu on the ~

ground. I-Ie told Abu Jchal that he wanted to hu) her, Abu Jehal After killing Samia. chiefs or Quraish includi ng Abu
was so angry that he refused to sciI her. Abu Bakkar raised the hid Sufy- an. Abu Lahub and his wife fo rbid everybody in Makka to
to one hundred Dinars. Abu Jchal sullenly refused thai too. Upon sell their slaves to Abu Bakkar ( RA) because they had estima ted
this Abu Bakkar rn.v: offered him one hundred and li ft) Dinars bU I that the new rel igion "vas gelling popular amongst the poor. slil\ L'S
was again turned down. Abu Bakkar fR J\) kept on increasing the

,HId down trodden people and Abu Bakkar ( ){ t\ ) \\ as salvaging the .ompar ativc ly lower [han its surrounding lands. I-Ie started going
S\;:1\ cs who would embraced Islam. there twice d day along with his companions for performing
When few notable people like Usman I I{\ I 1~\Ill ltwan wh«
was the nephew of Abdul Mutlib. Abdur Rehman BIn Out. Saud One of the enemies of the Holy Prophet (PHi /l). who
Bill Abi Waqas. Talha Bin l lbaidul lah and Saad 13111 Imro excelled in his animosity for the Holy Prophet (l'lJI 'II), was Abu
embraced Islam the Quraish grew really verv worried because Sufyan, the foster brother of the Apostle. The only solution of 111"'
Islam was taking its roots even in the influential people: or Makku roblern, according to him. was to get rid of the Holy Prophet
'I hercforc, they devised n<:\' techniques to LOrLUn: and tea se the ir si -n, by killing him.
l loly Prophet (I'IJII/ l .
Abu Zar Ghaffari. a very devoted companion of the Hol~
Holy Prophet's life was always in danger. Whenever he Prophet ireuu, belonged to the Tribe know n as Ghaffar. Thai
would come out of his home to go to Ka'aha. scoundrels Ill' tribe was settled in the north ol' Makka. People of that tribe had no
Makka, who would he awaiting him would pelted stones and respect for the sacred months and they used to attack the caravans
tim:" filthy things upon him, rhe) had grow n so bold that c\ en to loot them. They even did not spare the pilgrims visiting the:
the sanctity of place like holy Kaaba could not stop them. Both holy Kaaba. Once in the month ofZec/ad. the lunar month, which
the times when the Iioly Prophet (/'/11111 was physically attacked according to the Bedouin Arabs. was considered sanctified for
and attempted to be murdered. that was within the premises or shedding blood, people of that tribe looted a caravan and killed all
holy Ka'aba. The first Muslim who was martyred was killed in the males, females and the children of that caravan. Abu Zar
the Kaaba. Ghaffari who till that time had not embraced Islam. felt great
repentance and guilt to be a part or that massacre. And, he broke
Once when the Holy Prophet (I'IU III \\'3S returning home away from his tribe and left it. After wandering in the deserts for
from Ka'aba. people of Quraish pelted stones upon him so heavilv months he reached Makka. where he heard about the Holy
that he wounded seriously and fell. Next day when he couldn't Prophet ireun, and his teachings. and he decided to see the Holy
reach the Ka' aba. the Muslims gathered there started worshipping Prophet (f'B/ '/ll.
at their own, And. when they all prostrated they were attacked
suddenly. Resulting this assault many Muslims wounded badly In his quest to see the Holy 'Prophet (/'/1l II ), he inquired
and Haris, stepson of Holy Prophet (/' IJl'II ) was martyred in the about hi s residence from a passer by. That man taking him a
holy Ka'aba . Arter this incident. people of the Quraish tr rbc Muslim looked at him strangely and started shouting to call the
established a tight surveillance 01" Ka'aba so that the Holy Prophet other people to help him in beating a Muslim who had set his foot
irtn n, or any other Muslim could be stopped from entering the into their trap. Abu Zar GhafTari. upon realizing the situation.
Kaaba. tried to nee but Quraish followed him and showered stones upon
him. When he felled and lost his conscious. thev left him there
When the Iioly Prophet (/ 'tH III concluded that he and his considering him dead.
companions could not worship in Ka'aba. he selected a place in
the out skirts or Makka for the purpose. This place ,,<IS

When Abu Bakkar (RA) came to know about the happening.

With the help of another Muslim. in the dark of the night. he
picked him up and aided him to recover. Upon recovering his
conscious he told them that he was not a Muslim but wanted to
see the Holy Prophet iruutr: Next day he had the meeting with the
Holy prophet (PHi 'If) and embraced Islam when he learnt about his
Later on Abu Zar Ghaffari earned the repute or a staunch
believer. His endeavors made his whole tribe become Muslims Upright Pe
and the tribe that was notOrIOUS for its banditries became one of
the most peace lovinz tribes.

This event clearly shows that the people of Makka had

turned so much hostile against the IIoly Prophet lI'/l 1 III that if a
person happened to merely ask about the Holy Prophet (PBI If)
they would started pelting stones at him taking him a Muslim or O ne day when a group of people incited by Abu Jehal wa
considering him a would be Muslim. And. that the antagonistic: pelting stones at the Holy Prophet (PRl tr: an on looker who
approach of the people of Makka had made the life of HoI, appened to come across Harnza; an uncle of the Hoi)' Prophet
Prophet ireut: and his followers miserably difficult and hard. .nu tt; who was a famous wrestler of his time and was returning
from hunting. Addressing Harnza, that man said. '" low can you
stand to bear vour nephew humiliated, disgraced and stoned and
not helping hun, especial ly when you are one of the renowned
wrestlers as well?..
Till that day Harnza was least interested III hrs nephew's
ideas but when he heard that his nephew was abused. insulted,
beaten and stoned, he couldn't take it and he inquired, "What are

the words that they use to abuse him?" And, when he was (old
about the abusive language used against his nephew he turned red
Arabs used to give weight to every word said and littered. It
was an unpardonable crime to abuse a persor by calling name of
any of his relatives It amounted tl) diszrace the whole tribe
because everybody of the tribe had blood relation with one
another In that <;:~If' of rage and anger l larn za decided to nav a

visit to Abu Jchal, And started thrashing him saying. "Never ever 53

you dare to think that Mohammad is helpless or nobody would

protect him from you, Mind it that from today r have also jo ined sister in that Slate of agony replied. "Even if your whipping would
him in his faith and whosoever would abuse him would have to cause me to die. I would not give up. And if you would stud) the
face me." uran you. too. would be convinced that this I'd igion is based
upon reality: '
r Iarnza's embracing Islam was a very welcoming event for
the Muslims because he was one of the bravest people of Makka. Omar (RA) told his brother-in-law to rehearse from Quran for
\.fler his induction into the ranks of believers many others also him. He recited few verses of Sura To Ha.
embraced Islam and their number grew to thirty.
Ta-Ha. We ha re not sent dUWI/ the Quran to trouble you hut
But. for Makken's and especially for the people of Quraish. if is an admonitionfor those who wish to have understanding. It is
It was worrying news and they assembled in Dar-un-Nidwa to I re velation from the One who created the earth and the high

decide the method of eliminating the new religion but they skies. The Cherishing Ford hath established Him 0/1 the Throne
couldn't conclude anything positive. When the meeting ended High. belongs 10 Him what is there in the heavens and on the
Omar (RA) Bin Khetab announced that he would kill Mohammad tarth and between them and underneath the damp soi] Veril, lit'
to relieve them all from the problem and left to accomplish the knows whether anything is mid aloud, is kept secret or is 1/01 tole!
self assumed task. There is 110 god but Allah. 10 Him belong» ere':, name beaut (1111.

On his way he met Naeern Bin Abdullah. He asked u mar Have the story 0.1 Moses reached thee? When he WII ' flu
(It'\ ) as 10 where was he heading for. Omar (RAI said. "Nobody has . fire. he told his ,lamill. ), "I set! a lire, wait here. and let me tr, it /
disgraced our ancestors as Mohammad is doing. This man has could bring some fire fh.,. vou or I may have .\O I1U! guidance . But,
created trouble for the people of Makka by inventing a new when he neared the fire . a voice (old him, 'U Moses.' Verily I £///1
religion. He condemns the religion of our elders and wants LIS to II~l' Lord Take of] thy shoes: thou art in the sacred valley o(
quit worshipping our idols. SCt I have decided to finish him:' TUlI'a, And listen to Him who has chosen thee. Verily I am Allah:
there is no god but Me. Su serve only Me and keep Me in thy
pon hearing this Naeem said. "Before you kill remembrance to have a correlation establish with Me.
Mohammad. how would you deal with your own sister and her
husband who, too, have embraced Islam?" (V: 1-14)

This aggrieved Omar \R \) and he went to see his sister. When Omar (RA) listened to this divine speech. he reflected
When he reached her house. he found his sister. brother-in-law and considered the contents deeply and then said. 'Take me to
Saeed Bin Zaid and Khabab rehearsing the verses of the holy Mohammad, 1 wish to be known as Muslim,"
Quran. In his rage he started Whipping them and injured them to
bleed profusely. When his sister asked him as to what had made pon hearing this. Khabab came forward and said, ..,
him to beat them. he commanded her to give up the new faith. Ilj. congratulate you Omar (RA). Rejoice that the prayer of the Holy
Prophet (P8U/f) has been granted in your favor."

5-' of Khctab has turned infidel. Omar ( R .\ ) said. "No. I have turned
l'vl uslim." The people who otherwise were afraid of Omar s swtus.
Huh Prophet (FBUII had prayed. '0' I l lL' 0l1111iP01CI11 ~ tvl) power and mfluence gathervd there and starr cd scuffling \\ lth
is to L rep un trying and it is up to Thee ttl succeed me, Gran:
him. This fight continued till noon and finall) Omar \1{ \) got tired
u hghtcnruc n! ti' one of the two most arocnt opponent.. of 1 ~1. 1I11 :
and said. "Do what you want! But b) God. if we would have been
'mar Brr t asham alias Abu Jehal or t )mar Bin Khctab, 50 that
three hundred. then either you would have lived in Makka or \\ \.'
the ieeblc Mu... rims could have some courage '
nod. was heard at the door or Ilur-e-Arqum, the house The infidels of Mukka v..'ere reluctant to take an) action
f Arqum Bin Abi Alarqum. which v\,a:-. in the use of 11(1) against Omar IRA) at individual level so thc~ gathered and
p, 'pnet (l ' Rl' l f) for the activuies of his mission. When a attacked Omar's house collectively so that they could kill him. In
»npaoion of the Prophet peeped out. he lound Omar m .\I Bi 11 the meantime Abu Ornaro Aas Bin Vyle Schmi who belonged t(\
I .b .anuing there with u sword ill hi'" hand AIl1 I'~J ' Ham ill , the Sehem tribe. an il ll) tribe of Ornar ( \{i\ ) happened to be there.
who h:&... joined the ranks only three <.la.:"I nrli. l sllid . "If he 'HS Omfll'(RAl related to him that upon his embracing Islam his people
ro .ne With J ~ l)nd intention he would 'lUI, c gor d and If nc had • Il~ have turned against him, ADU Ornaro came out and asked the mob
'\ II d, Hr, ". we'll chop off hi!-. head wuh I 's <;\\\ 'IJ , 1 l·t lum
gathered there as to what their intentions were. And, when the
-.." If'll in. "
mob stated that Khetab's son has become infidel and they want l(l
kill him. Abu Omaro told ihern that they couldn't do that because
nm~r IRA) had come there to embrac..· 1:.1:1111, the news ninde
he was in his asylum and he would protect him \\ ith all hb might.
ushm « to shout the slogan ill such a loud voice that it was
I his sent a wave of dismay in that mob and they started leaving.
.. ... 'l'l1 r the Ka'aba.

hell 3in about hi.

II the pcopl« (hut th, son
ourt of King Najashi

wo persons stand out in offering sacrifices of their wealth lor

the cause of Islam. One of them is Khadija and the other is Abu
Bakkar (I{A). Before Islam. both of them were amongst the rich
people of Makka but when they left this world. they both wer
practically penniless because they had spent their riches for the
cause of Islam. When Omar (R A) Bin Khetab embraced Islam he
invited his family members and his tribesmen towards Islam.
any people of his tribe Bani Aadi also embraced Islam. When
Quraish saw the Muslims increasing in numbers they got worried.
They also knew that Harnza and Ornar (R A ) now support
Mohammad more than anything else and they cannot harm him as
they had been doing in the past. Keeping this scene in viev.. they
decided to boycott Muslims socially to make their life more
difficult and miserable for them. They prohibited any dealing with
t uslims. Nobody was allowed to buy or sel l anything to
Muslims. They also disallowed marriages with the Musli m
families. Makka was the place where trading was the main
profession of the people. this ban amounted to paralyze the life of
Muslims. And. the people who had embraced Islam found it
diffi cult to survive so the Holy Prophet (Pil l 'II ) decided to send
them to another country. Abyssinia. King of that country was
quite accommodating for the people having different faiths. He
believed in religious tolerance and everyone was free to have the
faith of his choice. The Muslims who migrated to Abyssinia hands the) sent an emissary comprising of Umro 13m Alaas and
Amara Bin Waleed, to convince Najashi to disallow the sta ~ of
included: ­ I\uslims in his country and to order 10 handover the Muslims to
1. Jaffar Bin Abi Talib and his wife Asma. Abu 'l alib them.
had two sons one of them was Alitlv\,. who was
reared by Mohammad and the other was Jaffar. who The emissary after reaching the court said to King. "0 King.
was brought up by Abbas: an uncle of the Holy the people who enjoy asylum in your country have len the faith of
Prophet (/'8l 'l l). their ancestors and the) criticize our ancestors and say that their
religion was false and they followed a false religion. These will
2. Usman (RA) Bin Ufwan. the sou-in-law of the Hoi) definitely change the religion of your people as well: it is
Prophet (I'H LIf). IIe was married to Ruquai the therefore, in your own interest to hand them over to us so that \\ c
daughter of the Prophet. When Abu Lahub's son could take them back to Makka."
divorced her. she was married to Usrnan ( R i\) .
The King summoned the Muslims to his court and told them
3. Zubair Bin Alawarn. Abdullah Bin Mnsood, Abdul' that those two men hod come from Makka and told them that they
Reham Bin Auf. Abu Huzaifa. Schla daughter or had absconded so those men wanted to take them hack us their
Sohail Bin Omar, Aamir Bin Rabin and his wife families wanted them back.
Laila Bint-e-Abu Khalsa, l latibfsin Ornar, Abu
Muselmah and his wife Urn-c-Su lmn Bint-e-Umiyu Upon hearing this Jaffar Bill Abi Talib suit!' "0' King. WI.:
and Usman (RA) Bin Maroon. worshipped idols. we never felt ashamed even when we did
wrong. We used to oppress the weak. We were groping ill the
They fill assembled near the seashore after coming out of lurk . Then. we were blessed with the Messenger of God.
Makka in small groups and boarded L\ boat to go to Abyssinia. Mohammad Bin Abdullah. and he showed us the way to worshi]
This was the firs; eorulnucm of Muslims that misrated t the One and the Only One God. He tnught us not to worship the
Abyssinia. man-made idols of stone. be relcntfu) of past deeds und should not
oppress and humiliate the weak . We believed him tint! accepted
When the Muslims reached the capital of Abyssinia. on the what he said. 0' King! These people co il their own craned idols
very lirst day of their arrival Asmn gave birth to a child und on rods and worship them. they torture the feeble uml weak and IIl..:y
the very same day the ruler of Abyssinia. Najnshi was ulso .10 not desist from torturing our Prophet. They stone him unci
blessed with a child. Asma volunteered to foster the King's bub). buse him to humiliate him."
thus according to the: Arab trnditions. Jaffar Bin Abi Talib and the
prince become foster brothers 10 ench other AIter the fl rs; group Aftcr having the: knowledge of the factus ] position. the king
of Muslims migrated and settled there. other Muslin» also started Naiushi ordered to return tile gins. which Umrn Bin Alaas lind
migruling and 109 Musli ms gathered in Ahyssinin. When til Amara Bin Waleed had brouulu for him and the emissary hod to
people of Quraish realized that Muslims were gCl lillb! out of IIlL'ir return unsuccessful ly.

Nijashi inquired more about the teachings of the Holy

Prophet (l'B l///). Jaffer recited the verses of Slim Marium before all
the courtiers and the King was so moved to listen that d ivine
statement that tears started rolling down his cheeks and all the
courtiers also felt the same effect of the Holy Scripture. Na jashi
said. "Your Prophet is a great and true man. You may live in my Valley of Abu Talib

country as long as you may wish. nobody will ever turn yo u out
of this country."

Abu Talib had a rail' idea o: th ~'

intrigues or Quruish who were
for cing him to give up supporting and backing up Mohammad. I lc
invited the families of Bani Hashim and Bani Mutlih .uul
requested them to support him in his Herculean task lIr protec ting
and supporting his nephew.

In the wake of Arab traditions they had to agree to this

proposal and all the family members agreed except his brother
Abu Lahub who decided to take side with Quraish.

The infidels could not like Hamza and Omar' 5 embracing of
Islam, the promise of support by Bani Hashim and Bani Mutlib
had also offended them. Their request to King Najashi was also
turned down. The infidels assembled and pledged to cut off all
their links and ties with Bani Hashim and Bani Mutlib. No trading
or any other relation with these families would be allowed untiI
they handover Mohammad to them for killing him. All the
chieftains of Quraish signed this agreement and it W,\ S posted on
the wall of Ka' aba,

Holy prophet (P B [l I f) and all the Muslims were driven out or

Makka, Bani Hashim and Bani Mutlib did not sever from their
pact of supporting Mohammad and they also left Makka along
with other Muslims. Those who opted to remain with the 1[01\ Khadija, one of the richest ladies of Makka had only two utensils:
Prophet (PRIlf{} included even those relauves who had not one an earthen drinking bowl and a cooking pot. In the later days
embraced Islam. Abu Talibs pnde and vanity did nut allow him the bowl also broke down.
to leave his nephew alone.
Besides suffering other torments the tragedy suffered b~ the
The valley in which 110ly Prophet (I'Hl III took refuge was uslirn s was the expiry of Khadija. She fell ill due: to prolong
the property of Abi Talib. Each one of the ten tribes of Quraish scarcity and dearth of necessities of life and since the facility of
owned a valley or a pass located in the nearby hills or Makka and treatment and the necessary medicines were also not available the
when any stranger would request protection from J tribe. he wa« wife of Holy Prophet 1I)/U 1I ) breathed her last in 619 AD.
provided shelter in the valley owned by that tribe. Now it was the uslims remember that year as 'the Year of Sorrow' (.10111 -111­
irony of the situation that the owner of the valley had to take Huzn i.
refuge in that valley where he used to arrange the stay of weary
and needy people approaching him for this purpose. At the time of her death. Khadija was 65 years or age and
The Holy prophet (PBUH) was fifty years. Since there wasn't any
Quraish had disallowed even the sale of basic requisites and arrangement of coffin therefore the burial was made by wrapping
to top it all the Valley of Abi Talib was not located on trading her in her shawl. Only two days after Khadijas death the other
route of any caravan so that they could have traded the provisions, shock faced by Muslims was the death of Abu Talib, uncle and
In these circumstances Muslims had to live in beleaguered and guardian of the Holy Prophet (PRIll II. He was 86.
tormented state.
Those were the days when the termite ate away the words of
When the Muslims were living in exile, nephew of Khadija the Nutice of Boycott that was put on the wall or Ka'aba leaving
tried to supply few provisions to his aunt. The people of Quraish the Name of God. Seeing that termite had eaten away all the
were on the watch, they apprehended him and besides words written on the notice of boycott of Muslims except the
confiscating the provisions beaten him so badly that he could not Name of God a fear gripped the people of Quraish and few men
leave the bed for three days. This incident made Fe\\ elders of nown for their sanity started agitating against that cruel decision
Makka to attempt for reconciliation between Muslims and f boycotting Muslims and demanded to abrogate the agreement
Quraish and requested them to allow Mohammad and Ius and allow the Muslims to come. Nobody except Abu Jehal
followers to come back to Makka. Quraish replied that opposed this suggestion and Muslims returned the city from their
Mohammad could return to Makka only when he would have exile in the valley. When the Muslims came back they had grown
given up his religion and he couldn't agree to it then let him wait very weak due to suffering from hunger and thirst. Their skins
for his death there. We would not allow him to put his font in had burnt due to the heat and the sun and their faces were
Makka. showing the bones and they had become skinny.

Holy Prophet irtu 'Il) and his followers withstood the One day Abi Lahub invited all the people of Bani Hashim
hardships for three years. Muslims had no household goods. including Holy Prophet (PBUII) on a banquette. And. in front of all
the people gathered there. Abi Lahub asked Holy Prophet «('IWl l l.

"May r ask you about your grandfather Abdul Mutlib before i1 11 In those days if anybody was condemned and out cast irom
these people of Bani Hashim that in view of your statement all his tribe. he would lose his civil rights to this extent thai he had
those. who do not believe in God as you suggest. would go to nIl right [0 appeal in an~ tribal court.
hell. what do you think. Abdul Mutlib is in the Hell or is be in the
Paradise?" Responding to this query Holy Prophet (I'BUII ) recited In Arabia anybody expelled from his tribe had no right 10
this verse from the Holy Quran. survive and was an open pre) to anybody.

"The Prophet and those who tollow him 11111S1 1101 ask respite
or infidels even ifthey lire their near relatives. (Sura Tuba. V: 11 4 )

Abi Lahub then asked Holy Prophet (PBlJ lll about Abi Talib.
"And what about my brother Abi Talib? Has he been granted
forgiveness or not?"

Holy Prophet (pBLJIII replied that [ill leaving this world he

had not accepted faith and he had not converted to faith leaving

the religion of his forefathers therefore his case also rests with
God Almighty.

Then Abi Lahub asked about few other elders of their tribe,
who were amongst the ancestors of the Holy Prophet (PBll l ll as
well that whether they would be forgiven or not'? In reply to this
Holy Prophet (PUUII I said. "God's verdict is final and there cannot
be any change or alteration in that."

Hearing this Abi Lahub. the chief of the tribe inquired from
the people gathered there that doesn't it give him the right to
expel and out cast Mohammad ,PBlIlll from Bani Hasham Tribe?
All those who were present there univocally said. "The Chief of
the Tribe has the power to cast him out from the tribe." Abi
Lahub announced then and there. "We have out cast Mohammad
(I'BLJH) from our tribe and now on we won't have any thing to do
with him."
Heart did not falsify

Itwas in those turbulent times when Holy Prophet (I' BUII I had no
place to live. his loving wife and caring uncle had died that God
summoned Hoi) Prophet IPHllIll in His Exalted Presence.

This episode has been reported in the J Iol~ Quran. 111 these
words: ­

"B)' the Stor when it goes down. Your Companion has

neither gone astray nor misled. He does not say aJlylhing ut his
0 11 '11. II is a command inspired 10 him He H 'W' IUllghl by the one!
mighly in power. endued with wisdom; for he appeared in stately
lim n while he l\'as in the highest purl o( the horizon: Then he
approached and came closer. •ind was 0 1 0 distance o] bu! 111 °0
hU ll 'S length or even closer: So did God ('olll'eJ' the inspirat ion 10
lIi.\ \'(' /'1'W 71 what He wanted 10 (,O/7l '!!)' Heart (o( I /U: Prophet) ill
/1rJ wavjalsifled that whic h he ,\ U 1I'. Will ye then dispute with him
concerning Il'h(1I he Sal !'! Fur indeed he S t ili ' / lim (/1 a second

Next morning when the Holy Prophet (I' HI II I related the

\\ hole story o f his Ascension and Elevation. the visionless people
or Makka ridiculed him. And. asked many questions jes tingly
about the shape. size and whereabouts of his seen things on his


way to the heavens. They quest ioned him uucrroguti vely a bout
his statement of seeing many distant things like the Sacred
Mosque of Jerusalem. which the l loly Prophet ( / 'liI /I I had 1lL'\ L'!
seen before in his life. God enabled him to reply to all the queries
of the non-believers of Makka accurately.

One non-believer. in order to mock the l lolv Prophet (I' IH Il l.

asked Abu Bakkar lR;\) if anybody could travel Irom Makka to
Jerusalem and back in the same hour of the night. Abu Bakkar
Ston for telling truth
(HAl, who was not having an) knowledgc of the Prophet' s
Ascension towards I leavens by then. replied in negative, I hat
man said. "Then how is it fair [or your Prophet 10 say that he
traveled from Ka'aba to the Sacred Mosque in Jerusalem and
from earth to heavens and back in the same hom Ill' the previous
night: '

Abu Bakkar (Rt\I replied whatsoever Mohammad (I' IH I I I Immediately after the Ascension. Iloly Prophet (PHI III, decided 10
would say I believed him because he always spoke the truth and I go to the nearby habitations lor preaching, so he went to Taiuf
testify what he had said. where Abd-e-yalail. a cousin of his grandfather Abdul Mutlib
resided. When he was told that Mohammad (I'B I '1I1 lias come and
wanted to Sl.:C him he refused to see him.

Aller his refusal. Holy Prophet II'BPI I) had a meeting \\ uh

other chieftains of Taiaf and tried lO convince them about the true
and real way of worshipping the Lord Creator. They not l)n l)
refused to accept his message but also ushered vagabond people
tn torture him. The) started chasing him. called names. abused

• and pelted stones at 1I0ly Prophet (P!l l ' l l) . They hit him ruthlessly
and he hied so badly that his blood tilled his shoes. He was in that
state of agony when Gabriel came and asked for his permission to
turn mountains upon that habitation to crush the people living
there with mountains. But Haly Prophet (1'111 III I, refusing the
suggestion of Gabriel. replied: ­

..] have been sent as mercy for the creatures and not to
trouble them. I am sun' that there would he such people in their
coming generations wh would worship only one God: '
70 71

J loly Prophet in that badly wounded state took

(PHI II) (her t'of." (he)' said. "Listen 10 it qllidly '" And then (171.'1 ' returnct!
refuge in a garden own by two brothers Atba and Sheba Bin (0 theirfellow beings (fs j imlll'(ll'IIners ofGod's IITOlh .

Rabin. Noticing the pathetic stall' of Holy Prophet (I'l it I I I. tl 1L'~

(Sura . ihqo]: , erse ~
irdered their Christian slave to give him some grapes to cal. l lolv
Prophet (pnUII) accepted the grapes and started eating them saying.
Weary. wounded and exhausted Mohammad IPBI III) returned
"Bismillah" meaning In the Na1111.' of Allah. The slave who \\ a ~ a
to Makka giving up any hope or support from the people 01' "\ ai r
Babylonian, could not desist from asking the mcarnngs or these
for the Muslims. But. in order to sun ivc against the odds. he had
words. which had never heurd before. Holy Prophet (1'1\1 I I)
replying to his query remarked... y ou are (rom the city of my
w associate himself with one or the other tribe. so he sent ~I
message 10 Akhnas Bin Sharcc q: the Chief or Lohra I ribe.
brother John. who. too. was a prophet of God like me:'
seeking his protection. Akhnas replied that he would have loved
to provide protection lO him hut he had already under an accord
earing this the sian: named Addas bowed before him In
show his respect for the 1101) Prophet (I'BI III) and said....\lth l/ugh \\ ith Quraish to support their cause so he should he excused.
my master Atba has ordered me to serve you with grapes. I "110\\
Then. l Ioly Prophet (PIll I I I tried to have the protection 01
that he \vill not allow you 10 lake refuge 111 this garden . .vml the
Sohail Bin Umro and sent him a message to accommodate him in
least that J could do III hclp you is to show you the way out or ti ll.'
his tribe but he also denied extending. any cooperation because 01
town when dark would fall,"
his association with Ouraish Tribes.
And. keeping his \\ ords Addas took l loly Prophet (1'11\ II)
Mutant Bin Addi responded positively to the message of the
with him when it grew dark and bidding farewell said, "Ho ly man
11( 1) Prophet (/'/11 Ill. He gathered armed men of his tribe.
get away from this town. People of this town will 110t spare your
life," escorted Holy Prophet (I'Hl Jll l to the l loly Kn'uba. After
circumambulating the hoi) shrine. remaining seated on his SlCl'U.
Drenched in his blood. marching in the desert. 1101) Prophet Mutant announced. :'Be it known to Quruish that I have provided
reached a small oasis. In that dark silence of wilderness
(PHI 'Ill asylum to Mohammad (I'BlJlI ) and now on he would belong III my
I-Ioly Prophet (PBUIl) started reciting from the hol, Quran in a tribe:'
melancholy lone. When a group of imns (the invisible creatures)
After this Holy Prophet (I' IH i l ) was seen off to his house.
heard a melodious melancholy. t h e ~ were attracted 10 it and the
depth of meanings in the melody moved them 10 such an C';-.lC I1l with decorum and honor.
that they appeared before the l loly Prophet II'IH I I ) and embraced
Islam. This event is referred 10 in the 461h Sura 0 1' the holv Qurun
in the following words: - .

"And, then it WClS the time 11'171.'11 lI'e turned a company () '.
Jinns towards you so that the)' cou ld listen to (he rehearsing II·
(he! verses from the QU/"{I11. When (he)' stooi! in your presence
- "!

Pledge in Aqba

It was in the tenth year or his prophcthood. when 11 (1) l'rophct

(I' (H II I ) approached the tribal chid's visuing t\laUa and inv ucd
them 10 embrace Islam hut nobody showed all~ uucrc st I" his
i 11\'jtation. Quraish had been propaguting agai n~1 \, lohanun,ul
I I'IH I I J that he was a lunatic .\IlL! Ihe people wvrc required III
beware or him. But. nol~ Prophet (I'H I I I I continued \\ iih 1 1l ~
mission or preaching Islam \\ ithout jKlyi ng a11\ heed tll ihi»
mu]icious propaganda.

Hoi) Prophet II'IH I II 1l1l'I a Ii:\\ pcop le u: vqbu. a place

between Makka and Marina. Ilc introduced himself and descri bed
the Holistic Attributes of (Illd Alnug ht«. I hey \\ en: six peop le
from Yasrab (the place now known ,IS Medina) and hclongcd I I I
Khazarj Tribe. They discussed an.ongsi rhcmsclvcs and linall~
embraced Islam. When the) returned 10 Yusrab. they had the
chance 10 take pan ill spreading the preaching or the I ll ll y prophc:
11'1\1 Il l.

Next year at the same place twelve more men Irom Yusrah
embraced Islam and had this covena nt \\ ith the l loly prophet
( 1'1 \I III.

1. The) would notjoin other gods \\ ith A llah. '0 to her husband. She hard ly managed til take her child (rom IhL'
grand narents and could make 10 Medina .
"l rhe) shall refrain from c\ il and des truci iv c ac tions.
When the infidels of Makka carne to kno« \11' S\lh ~lIb · ...
3. I he)' shall support Iinly Prophet I I'/I ! /I ) with their lives decision about migruiin]; Ihe~ w id him iha: Ill' \\ as .1 poor m;111
and goods and. \\ hen he had come there and if he wanted 10 !LL'I a\\<I\.lrorn
~ ' there
both with his life. wealth and riches. thl:~ would nul ullo« hun. '; 11
.... If the) shall even light with the infidels lor the cause Ill" he bargained his life for all the wealth. which he possessed.
lslam .
It was a mailer of great disa ppointment and frustration lor
vfter embracing Islam. \\ hell these people were retu rn ing. the infidels that Muslims were sacrificing their \\l~ allh .
l loly Prophet (I'IH ' I I) told Musab Bin l lmair to accompany them Sll belongings. and fami lies til obey their leader \\ irhout al1~
that he could educate them about the teachings or Islam. hesitation. The)' had miserably railed in every nucmpt to stop LhL'
spreading of Islam.
The next year seventy-five more people Irom Yasrab lslun:
embraced Islam agreeing to sacri lice their liv es and bdongings
for the sake of Islam as and \\ hen needed. \\ uh increase ill
numbers or Muslims in Yasrab. Muslims had a sanctuary to
survive and grow. Holy Prophet (l'Ill 'lll instructed Muslims living
in Makka to leave Makka and they started migrating to Yasrab.
vhhough the Muslims were migrating tu Yasrab in small g ru llp~
to keep their migration unnoticed. the people or Makka carne III
knov, of their leaving the town. Tile) decided to stop them from
migrating and forbad them threatening them with scven:

Abbas Bin Rabia along \\ ith L\\O sons of Aas: t ' mmiyah and
Hashim. were caught ,\ hen the) were leaving Makka. They were
chai ned and put upon the hOL sand or the desert under I he
scorching sun.

Whcn Abu Salma expressed his intention to migrate from

Mukka. his in-laws took away his wife and his parents snatc hed
his son. His wife spent a complete year in crying and weeping l'O f
her husband ancl child. Finally the parents of that poor lady let her

Dar-u I·Nidwah

meeting was held in DlIr-II/- \'ithmh . WI1L"n consensus could

not be made lor the suggestions of arresting Mohammad 11 ' 111 I II
and t) ing him in chains or to send him into exile. Abu Jchal
proposed to have one strong and healthy man from l.'\'l:r~ tribe ..II1d
they should alljointl y kill him using. their swon l« This would Ililt
lei anybody avenge Mohammad's killing lrum one tribe and
the supporters or Mohammad (1'11 1 II ) \\ ould not dare to go againsl
all the tribes of Arabia, This suggestion won the hearts or till"
participants of the meeting and a plan was chalked out to- carrv 1111
this unanimous decision of the infi dels. God informing
Mohammad II'nt 'll l about the plan or the infidels commanded him
to 111 igrate lo r Yasrab,

Late in the night \\ hen the armed men were taking thci;
positions to attack Mohammad (I' Bl ,II). who instructed his young
cousin Ali (R A ) to lie on his heel and sneaked out or his horne
reciting the ninth verse of SII1'(/ Yaseen from the ho l~ Quran:

"And a wall have come ill .[rant ofthen)

, cu u ] u wull behuu!
WI d they lire covered upIroui abovc as well. .WI 117(, ' (Ire unu blc II!
s ee',
78 l)

l lol y Prophet 11 '1\1 III went right through the siege oJ" Quraish spread their men around rV I~I U<l and set them tn
pcoplv gathered with the intention or his murder and they were search for Moharnmad (PH I II ,. T lh.': anno unced a rc\\ ard ()I llllL'
unable to notice him passing b~ . When. accordin g to their hundred camels for the one wo uld help in apprehendi ng
schedule. they entered the house or the PrOphL'Lin k i ll h im . thcv Mohammad (1'1111111. Next morning the trackers reached the La\l'
found A li (IV \ ) in the bed instead, They felt defeated and their where Mohammad 1 I'lll '11,al(ln~ with Abu BJkka r ll{ ,\, was hidinu
~ ~

I rustration grew more than ever before. Trackers were trained to locate any lost man or <tI1imL!1 but \\ hen
they saw a spider weh cover ing the entrance of the cuv e. thl'~
" ind when the non-believers ll 't' ,.e !>Ioff ing ogoinsl the« 10 ignored the cave and went by, Then nnoiher group () I' Lraekcrs a bll
keep thee i ll bounds. I(J slu, thee 01' exile thee FU/1/ Ihy lunn« reached the cave tracing the footprints and the~ decided til
They planned and Allah, ( 0 0 , hod 0 1>1011. but (iod is the best of a l! explore the caw despite seeing the we b but when Lhey :'.1\\ ,I
the !>I£IIlI7ers, .. (Sura i l-lnta ]: \ . 3Dj hirds nest w ith its eggs ill II. they changed their mind and did Iliit
enter the cave . Abu Bakkar d { \1 got worried sCl'ing the Irackl'r~
l loly Prophet 11'11 1' I rJ kept on trave li ng al l ni ght. A bu Bukk ur hut Ho ly Prophet If ' IJI u , conso led hun saying that he should IHI I
d{ \ ) was acco mpany ing him in his j ourney or migration. At du« n
worry God would ccnu inly help IhL'l11 . This situation has been
they reached the cave or Sore. Abu Bakkar flU ) was older to Iinl y ref erre d to in the Iioly Ourun in these wo rd».
Prophet (PUI 'III by three years. lie \\ as one (} f the prosperous
people or Makka but he had spent all his wealth IIJr the cause or " fl,rt! hell' fI(J( (he .ipost!«. the (;od did Lalo ifll} hell) him,
Islam. J Ic entered the caw first. clea red the cave and plugged the when the unbelievers drove him (J II(: both II ere alone 11'1111 on«
holes and pit of the cave using the pieces or rube. which he \\ as ano ther in the ('m 'e and Ill: said 10 his compan ion. l lavcno tcur.
wearing. I-Ie invited l loly Prophet (1'1\1 II) to come into the l' <l\ t ' or (Jot! is with us. ' Theil (;od sent down pcac« 11/)0// liin! (/11(1
arul res t. There wasn't anythi ng rhat could be used as pillov, III st re ng then him with [orce» , whic lt YL' \(111 // (/1 "lUI luunble«! tl«
rest so the Hal) Prophet (/'H I II I rested his head in Abu Bakkars IIlI hcl iL' l'L'I'S ill the ir word: (lilt! tlu: won! Of (,IJe!!lf'("\'lIils (}l 'CI'. lur
lap and soon he W"S asleep . Abu Bakkar 11{ \ 1. during his sleep. ( io t! is exalted in miglu. wise. ,. (Sura bu b" \ ·llI I
noticed an opening in the cave. which was le n nut from securi ng.
I he opening was well in reach 01 Abu 11aU ar" s toot so he placed 11( 1) Pruphet n-nuu: uud Abu Bukkar (I{ \ I :-. l<.l) l'd there ill the
his root upon that. A snake present in that pit-hole hit him at his L'a\ L' 1'0 1' three days and nights, After struggling for three c.Ia~ s
rout. Abu Bakkar t IC\ ) did not move his root nor he let his hudy trackers called oil their searc h and went back io i\ 1akkn. Whcn thl'
IllO\'C rrom the pain of the bile Stl thal H o l ~ Prophet ,, ' \H I I I ('(l uld heat of chase subsided. Aalllir Bin Fahira. a sltl\ e of Abu Bnk"a r
not bc disturhed . But. Ihe pain was se\'e re that in his attempl to I in i. according to the agreed schedule. de li\ cred t \\ ll she-Cilll1L'1s
hear it out he started sweating and a drop or his ~",e aL fell t1 p (l n to them in the t:av('.
the lun:hcad nfthe I ltl l ~ Pn1 phctll'I\I :III.this \\ll kc him up. Scci ng
lhat Abu l3akkar IR \ ) had grown pale he app lied his saliva ll pll n In thc next phase of their m i gration 111'1: Prophet iI ' l l l I I )
the hite and rhe sting or rhe pain swrted stlhsiding and tht: a lTed arrive d in Qaba a. where Um-e- Kalsooll1 had the honor or hll:-.tillg
\Il" the \'enol11 was annu lled. Iiol y Prophe t (1'1Wl ll and his f.:o l11 panion Ahu Ba" "ar (({ \1. I k'
st ~ l : L' cI in Qabaa for twenty dm sand eonSlrUClL'd the li rst L' \ L'r

\ 'll1S11l1l' or Islam. Ilc pcrsonali, participated in the const ru ction

work of thut mosque.

edina; the City of Apostle

M edina is located at an elevation between two mountains and (Ill
the three sides of the cit)' i.e. towards the east. west and south.
dormant volcanic mountains an: I) ing. Clunate of Medina IS
pleasant and it receives more rains than other parts of Arabia

When Holy Prophet (1'1'1 '11) riding Aswan. she-camel entered

Medina. the people of Medina welcomed him warmly and held
the rein of the camel and wanted to be his host. Iioly Prophet
iI' tH/ l l ) seeing their enthusiasm told them to let the camel go
wherever it may go. It would go \\ here God would will it 10 go
and he would stay where God would take that camel.

The camel toured through many streets or Medina and

entered the At-Ajar Avenue. All the Muslims or medina wer
keenly following the she-camel or the Holy Prophet o-nur n as 10
where it would stay. The she-camel strolled there for some time
and final ly it entered an empty piece of land After entering into
that area. the came l took few steps and then stopped there and
knelt down to sit The place \\ here Aswan had sat was used fo
drying the dates and there wasn' t any house Tilt' only nearby
82 83

house belonged LO Abu Aye l lpon mquiry, people wid 1 1(l1~ Holy Prophet (I'HUII ) was upset on this econ mlc
Prophet II'IHJlI I that that piece of land belonged to I wo orphan strangulation of Medina because he realized that all that was
chi ldrcn Hoi) Prophet (PHI 'I I ) purchased that land from 111L'Jl1 happening was due to the animosity or Quraish who were
paying more than the market price to those chi ldren . And. the punishing the entire population or the city because of him.
wry next day after his arrival in Medina. he started construction
ora mosque on that land with the help of the Muslims of M edina

All the male Muslims including the Hol, Prophet (1 '1\1 II I

tonk part in its construction and carried stones. earth. water and
timber. It took them SC\ ell months to erect the structure 0 1 IhL'
Mosque. Qibla of that mosque' was towards the Sacred Mosque 0 1'
.I erusalem.

A large platform was also built 1<'1r those migrants of Mukka

\\ ho had no place to live. This place is still known as Suff er and
the Muslims who lived there an: known as Ahl-c-Suffa (Resident
or S/lfra).
Holy Prophet WBlJlI 1 suggested to Ansar (the local Muslims
of Medina) to have Fraternal Relation with MII/wjil' (emigrants
from Makka) and help them in earning their livelihood and
provide them shelter in their houses. AliSOI' extended this help and
accommodated 186 Muslims from Makka.

"And. those who hadfuith and lett their lunnesIo: the «tk«
o] God limit hose who helped the 11/ and ucco ntnuuluted I he III . I he."
are thefuithful; they have heen .fiJ/'gil'en and vcoulc! enjoy bo unties
(~/ honor." (Qura n)

Jews of Medina expressed their displeasure over I l ll l ~

Prophet 's coming there and decided to take side with Quruish.
When the unbelievers of Makka saw that l loly Prophet (PHI II I ) had
gone out of their reach they opted to use economic tactics against
Muslims and started controlling the trade routs in the north. They
contro lled the trade links in such a manner that no item ol'
necessity could reach Medina.
13 versus 1000

n order to reply their enemy with the same coins. Muslims

decided to disallow the trade caravans from passing near Medina.
But the problem in carrving out this scheme was that the Quraish
had trade agreements" ith aJ1 the tribes living. on those routs and
they used to pay them a specific amount as tax lor prov iJing sale
passage for their trade caravans.

Holy Prophet (1'1l1l11 uecidcd to call upon the Bedouin tribes

and invited them to have coalition with Muslims telling them
about the atrocities find inflictions of Quraish fur Muslims. I hose
trihes nOI only listened to the Holy Prophet (I' IH II) and agreed In
be his allies but also gave up the income from Makkans. Holy
Prophet (Plittl l) invited the leaders of Ghaffar. Banu Zumra, Jahina
ncl Banu Madlige tribes to embrace Many people accepted
the invition anJ embraced Islam and resulting this derive many
ribes became allies of :vluslims, Habitations of those tribes were
11 the routs 0 Cthe trade caravans.

In absence of the Holy Prophet (PI3l 'I I). few cnmel-rldcrs

lcud by Ibn-e-Jabecr. raided Medina. They put many houses nil
lire and looted the bdnngings of Muslims. Inquiry revealed that

1 that was a conspiracy of Quraish. In order to curb such n de seven hundred camels and one hundred horses. to attack
conspiracies Holy Prophet lI'Bll ltl selected eight Muslims and Muslims. When the news of attack reached the Muslims Iht:~
appointed Abdullah Bin Hajsh as their commander. On the second arranged an arm) or three hundred men with st:\ ellt) camels and
last day of Rajah (a 1110nth that was revered by Makka ns l two horses to com but.
Abdullah reached Nakhlah. On the very same da~ a caravan that
was carrying skins and currants also lodged there. Abdullah trr vd Both the armies met at Baddar on the 17'11 of Ramazan or :2
to obstruct them. That caravan had four people of Quraish . rJl\:Y Al l. Muslim arm) was only one third of the arm) or the Makkans
tried to resist and one of them was killed. two were tak en but God helped them and they defeated them. Abu Jchal, the
prisoners and one of them escaped vluslim» too], all the gllllds general of the Makkan An11) was killed in this hallie. This c\ ent
into their custody. or the success or Muslims IS reported in the h(ll~ Quran in these
\\ o rds.s
Makkans and the Jews or Medina both agitated and charged
Holy Prophet (I'I3UIl) with the allegation of attacking a caravan in '"It \l'lIS not J't' who slc 11 , them: it \I 'OS God. Whell I1u}// 111/'('\1
the month of Rajah violating the long respected truditions II (/ liandiul ofdust, it \I '(l S thy act hili God thre w it \/1 II1"t H,' IIII,!!,hl
Arabia. When Abdullah returned Medina with the goods into their c'III1/i.' r a gracious benefit Oil the believers. Indeed (joel is He wh.
possession. the Muslims also got confused. l loly Prophet (1'111 11) h('u/, ('1 11 unciknoweth ull things." (A l-Anfal : V.17)
also fell sorry for the incident and he ordered 10 keep the goods in
a place and nobody to take anything from them unless some Upon receiving the news of victory or Muslims in the battle
decision is not made in that regard. In that situntion the follow ill g people of Makka decided to avenge this defeat with another
verses of Sura Baqra were revealed upon the Holy Prophet battle. Abu Sufyan led those people who wunted to battle with
(/'lll 'II). Muslims. His son. rather-in-law and son-in-law were killed in the
Huule of Baddar whereas the other son was taken prisoner in the
"They ask thee concerning li~hlin~ in the [lmhihil('c! war. Abu Sufyan had sworn that he would have vengeance from
Months'! Tell them Ihal.fightin}!. ill these I11tJ11I!ls is" grav« c?l/ell('(' Muslims and till he has 'not avenged the killings he would not
hili graver is. in the sight of God, ItJ create lttndrances ill sleep with wife. Ilis wife also vowed that if she could lay her
.,'ollowing the path of God 10 deny God and to pre\'C!11I ll(,(,I!.IS 10 hands on the murderer of her son. lather unci brother she would
the Sacred Mosque of Ka 'uba and drive out t!l,' worthy fJ"oIJle chew on his liver, She also announced that if the killers would be
(rom there. Oppression and creating disorder is (I crime " \'('/1 1110re than one. she would cui the cars. noses and tongues of nll 0 I'
greater than killing," them alld would wear them as a garland around her neck and
would dunce in the baltic: field one the day the Muslims would be
oon after this incident another caravan or Makkans defeated, She announced a lucrative reward to kill the murderer of
heading for Makka was to pass through the territories of Medina. her relatives.
This caravan lead by Abu Sufyan was carrying goods having
worth of 50.000 dinnars on two hundred camels. A rumor ,1l1 or Immediately soon after the Battle of Buddar the elder
attack on that caravan by Muslims panicked the Mukkans nnd daughter of the Holy Prophet (PUlIl ll passed away, and soon after
the)' sent an army of nine hundred and fifty warriors who wen: 10 her death. his fi rst grand child and his daughter also passed away,

Holy Prophet , PHl 'll j had constituted some basic rules. One
of those rules was that the Jews of Medina would not conspire
against Muslims with Makkans. But. the Jews violated this
agreement and few of their poets went to Makku to incite the
feelings of the people of Makka and provoke them to light against
the Muslims. Those Jewish poets of Medina arrived in Makka in
such a volatile situation when the people of Makka were enraged
and were crying for vengeance. Leaders of the tribes had Barley Theft
forbidden the mourning for the dead and had announced that i l'
anyone, whether man or woman. founei mourning would be
.xpelled from the town and the tribe.

Alter the death of Abu Jehal, a three-member commiucc

comprising of Abi l.ahub, Abu Sulyan and Sufwan Bill Unuyah
was formed who swore that till the Islam IS not completely
uprooted. the) would not feel at rest.
or killing the Holy Prophet tI'BlI l l ), Abi Luhub hired a
mercenary named Umair Bin Wahub whose SOil was captiv c ur
Muslims. Abi Lahub bore all his expenses lor the venture and also
promised to look after his family. After reaching Medina Umair
found his way to the Holy Prophet's home and entered then: in.
Finding the Holy Prophet u-nur n washing his linen, he said, "Isn't
this a strange thing that despite claiming to be a prophet of God
you are washing your linen."
l loly Prophet (P13 UIIJ replied to him, "Well. I don't have a
battalion of servants and I prefer to do my work by myself and I
assure you that washing my own linen doesn' t affect my
prophethood." Then Holy Prophet (PBUI-I) asked about the purpose
of his visit to him. He replied that he was there to pay the ransom
for his son' s liberty. Holy Prophet (I' BUII ) said. "You are lying.
you have not come to pay for your son' s liberty but you are here
to kill me." Upon hearing this. a chill ran through him ancl the
dagger that he had hidden under his garments felled upon the
ground. He said, "By God, except the three who hired me for the
job no other soul knew about this plan. Indeed 1 had come to

murder you. No doubt that you arc the prophet \11' God and I
hchcvc you and relent from infidelity and atheism.'

When Urnair. aller embracing Islam, returned to Makka he

lound that Abi Lahuh had died alter suflerlng Iro m Bubonic

\ner Abi Lahu b. Ah i Sufyun took the ( hurgt: l lr leading thL'

campaign against Islam. His wife. Hinda excelled III ammusir,
against Muslims than her husband. Within ten \\' e L:k~ aft er the
Baltic or Baddar an army was raised to punish Muslims, Abu Inthe Field of Uhad
Sutyan was the commande r in chie f or that ,H ill) , Ilc left Makka
for Medina with (J conti ngent or lour hundred soldiers. in the
month of Prohibition. Ilc told his army to sl<l~ ncar Mount Naib
und with fe« soldiers entered the cit) . Quraish uf Mukka and the
Jews of Medina had mack this pact seen:ll:- th.u Jews would help
the Makkans in their moves against Muslims.. vhu Sufyan met the
.Ie" ish leader Salam Bin Mishurn and informed him about hi:-.
Onthe one hand the people or Makka were preparing them 1'01' a
great battle against Muslims. on the other hand the people pi
intentions but Salam refused tll partake in his plan and asked
Medina who were enemies of Islam, started campaigning against
some time lor the preparations in this regard.
Muslims using their skills or condemning poetically
Refusal or Salam infuriated Abu Sulyan and on his \\a~
bu Sulyan after returning Medi na reorganized his army
back he set fire to many homes 01" Muslims in Med ina. Two
and in the month of Shawal in 31L1 Al l started marching towards
Muslims were martyred in resisting him and he escaped with their
Medina with three thousand warriors, Sufwan was the \ icc
goods. which included many bags of Barley. The urea, \\ here
.ommauder 01" Abu Sufyan. In other generals Akrama. the son llf
those houses were. was located in the north 01" Medina and" us
Abu Jehal, burning with the lire hatred against Muslims. was
known as Aarecq. When the Muslims knew about the incident.
prominent. Ilinda wife of Abu Sufyan. who had vowed to garland
lhey rushed to follow Abu Sufyan. Abu Sufynn and his men
herself with the cars. noses and hands CUl orr from the bodies Ill'
escaped leaving the looted goods behind. This event. in the
those Muslim that would be killed in the battle.
Islamic history is known [IS Ghazwu-e-sweeq (the Barley Bank 1.
Holy Prophet (PB\ II,I) after having consultatiuns or his
ompunions decided to face the Makkan arm)' out or Medina und
he camped at Uhad. Abdullah Bin Abbi. the leader or chnrlatun
Muslims refused to stay and fi glu Mukkans. The holy Q Ur<1I1
reports this incident in these words:

Ilu, infidels also heart'! tim, voice and thc) wei(' qun, k I II
"And 10 knoll' of 1}1I: hy pocr ite amongst them. 'hey II 'e r l' respond and the) reached lum before the '\·1u ..;j 1111:- \t that 1111 iL
/old: Conic and fighl/or the cause ofA lluh or. 01 the [cas only mne Muslims were there near the Hoi) Prophet 11'11 1 II 1h,
defend the (:11)'. They said " '(' wattle! have dOIlL' i l itwe knc« infi dels considering it their IiIHIl chance to vil'tllr~ thrust the IIW:-l
tofight on that day thev lI'ere closer 10 intidclitvthun laith. power ful attack and martyred seven of the companions. 'I he)
Sl/l ' what act uallv
~ 'O '
don I lI1eO/1 lind what the:.. hide, wanted to eliminate Holy Prophet t l' l lt il l ) once and ror all but the
(jod knuws it well. ' (Sura .1./-1111/'(/11) companions. setting new examples or brav L'r~ ,IIlJ SHeri [icc.
oflen ng their lives did not let the infidels reach the I hll~ Pruphc:
Holy Prophet (I'BUIIl arranged the conti ugcnts at d iIlcren
11'1l1 1111.
places in the battlefield and instructed them to hold their places no
matter what 111Ight happen. One of the infidels Aaqha I~ i n Abi Walja:. hurled a hcav ~
stone at 1I01~ Prophet II'IH II /. This not onl) caused him til lilll
Many renowned warriors or the infidel anny were killed ill do\ \ n on his side but also broke his teeth and wounded his III\\l.'1
the battle of Uhad. Their ranks were disarrayed. I· vcn the women
lip badly. An infidel attacked him with sword and injured hi~
chanting slogans to warm the hearts of their ~ . rldicrs, seeing the
forehead. Another hit the helmet. which sank in and injured lhe
obvious defeat and the retreat or their army, opted to flee. ThL'
cheekbone. Yet in another attack he was struck on his shoulder
fl ag of Makkan army had hit the ground and nobody was then: tu
\\ ith a sword so heavily that Its pain lusted lor quite a long time.
raise it again. This demoralized the Makkan army and t h e ~
retreated leaving behind the dead bodies of their soldiers. At this occasion the companions of the I l l l l ~ Prophet ( 1'1\\ II I
sci some line examples u r dcv l)1 i.. in and commitnlL' IH. When IIll! ~
The Muslim contingent appointed on till' hill of the puss ll l'
Prophet (/'IU u, had fallen un the ground. Tullia lied upon him 10
Uhad. seeing the enemy retreating. against the clear-cut
take all the lethal attacks or infide ls lin his h lld~ III save Ilt dy
instructions of the Iioly Prophet i1'IHIII) left their places and [oincd
Prophet 11'131 II). When Abu Dujana managed tll reach the 11\l1~
the people gathering the boot)'. Khalid Bin Waleed ta k in~
Prophet ( /'/11'/1) he o ffered his hack 10 shield against the nrl'll\\ "
advan tage of the situation attacked from behind the Muslim army,
and look many or the ,IITO\VS on his buck Sll thai his bch» eel
ew Muslims who had not left their posts could not stop th:lt
Prophet \I' IH'lllcuuld he 'saved.
attack. Disobedience of the Holy Prophet's order proved aver)
cost ly mistake. A woman raised the flag of the Makkan Army ill At that difficult and precarious time God sent help 1'0 1' the
the air and the fleeing army or Makkans returned to attack. Hoi) Prophet (I' IH I I ). One or the companions. Suad staled that on
Muslims busy in gathering the booty came under siege. This that occasion he saw two white clad men protecting 11(1) Prophet
created havoc for the Muslims. At this juncture someone shouted (l' IH II I ) from incessant attacks of the infidels. The infi dels had
that the Holy Prophet irsiu: has been martyred. This sirnpl, demoralized the Muslims by spreading the ncw« or I l o l ~
fueled the chaos even some Muslims were killed at the hands of Prophets killing, Uns Bin Nasr sa\\ that rl'\\ Muslims wen:
Muslims, In that confusion when the Muslim Army was silting upon the ground in litter dismay and hopelessness. he
complete ly disarrayed. Holy Prophet (I'BUIII raised his voice aloud asked them that why they were not li ghting, They replied,
and called. "Come . I am the Prophet of God." " W hals the use to li ght now. The one lor whom \\C were li g il li l l ~
9.. 95

has been martyred so what is the lise to fight." Uns warmed their Later 011 when Wehshi deserted Abu ~lI IYan 's arm) and
heart saying if the l loly Prophet (!' IHl I I ) had really been martyred came to Hal) Prophet (I' BUII ). he confessed that he had killed
then \\ hat was the use to live. they should fight to join him in his Hamza and begged forgiveness. Holy Prophet (PHI 'I I , forgave hun
martyrdom. After saying that he went to attack the enemy and saying he would not like to sec him again in future. Alter that du)
embraced martyrdom fighting. IIe received more than eight) Wchshi never appeared before him but 10 recompense lus
wounds of sword. spear and arrows and on his body. He was so misdeed, he slew Museelmah Kcz ab and few ot he r enemies t,l r the
badlv. hurt that his hod"'" could not be recoun ized and his sister 1I(1l y Prophet (!' BlI lll.

identified his body by his fingers. the only part or the body that
was not disfigured . The Jews of Medina exploited the damage sustained in
l Jhcd in the form of propaganda against Islam and 1101) Prophet
One or the slaves of Qura ish was a black skinned perso n (1'IHrlll. They opinioned that had Mohammad Ii'H I I I ) been the
named 'Wehshi. He was tempted a reward for killing Harnza. l ie Prophet or God. he would not be defeated in a battle with mortals.
had participated the battle only to kill Harnza and win the reward. On this occasio n the fo l low ing verse or SIII'CI . Jul -I111/'(1/I \\ ns
Hamza was fighting so desperately that he co uldn't clare to face revealed to the Holy Prophet (1'111 111.
him in an open attach so hc dec ided to ambush him and attacked
him using his spear from behind when he had the chance. I l e "It is an old tradition [or the Prophet \ to CfIIl/hUI 1/011 ­
threw the spear with such power and might that it pierced the: believers 77w Prophets of (jod have gone I hl'llllgh hardships
ribcage and Hamza breathed his last then and there. When Hindu before but they /1(1\'e never sl!fI('red [nun dislIwy and
heard that Hamza had been killed. she freed Wehshi then and disappointment: Instead the)' \I'(..' re C..'1'en/l/(/11I succcsslul due 10
there and awa rded him her bracelet and the necklace. She cut perse verance and consistency. And. God bctrietul such pl!0I)le (II
Harnzas body with a knife and took out his liver and started endurance, "
chewing it. Then she slashed his nose and ears. When even this
could not satiate her vengeance she removed the cars and noses of
lither dead bodies or Muslims and hung them around her neck
alter putting them in a string and danced in the battlefield.

' alafa Bint Saad. another ruthless woman of Quraish.

SL"~ thed the head of that Muslim -vho had killed her son in the
battle of Baddar, announcing loudly that she would drink water in
ilun skull as long as she wou lt li .c .

After the fight was over when Holy Prophet (!'I HlII ) saw the
lacerated body of his uncle l larnza in such a condit ion that his
ears and nose was cut off and his liver had been thrown aW;J\
after masticating it. grief over powered him.
Auctioning the MuslimPrisoners

Quraish announced a heavy reward tor apprehending (Jn~

Muslim living. This announcement tempted ever) non-believer
and infidel of Arabia to set into search or Muslims. A group 01
thirty believers on a mission to preach Islam were came under the
auack of infidels who wanted to arrest them alive but the Muslims
fought so desperately that only three out of those thirty sun ived
unci were arrested. On their way to Makka one them escaped the
cdouin bandits. TIley chased him and when couldn' t catch him
alive they killed him and threw him in the desert alter cutting him
into pieces. These Bedouin brought the remaining two to Makka.
When they saw that everyone wanted to have them. they decided
to auction them instead or accepting the announced reward.
Su fwan Bin Umiyah, who was considered the most powe rful
leader after Abu Sufyan. was the highest successful bidder. lie
purchased Umair Bin Sabit and the other Muslim was sold to
another chieftain or Makka,
When the Makkans saw that these two rich men want to 1..111
these two Muslims to have vengeance at their own. they protested
that they also had suffered at the hands or Muslims and had
grievances against them as their relatives were also killed ill
Baddar and Uhad so they. too, had the right to see them killed.

They suggested that these two be killed in the large ground ol

Makka in the open. as they also wanted to see them die a pamlul
death. Sufwan said that he had spent a large HmOU Ill of money In
buy that Muslim so he would like to auction the head of that
Muslim and the buyer could usc his skull as a jar to drink water
and another bidding started for the skull of the Muslim. \\ hen
they had killed him and the successful buyer of the) skull
approached the dead bod) of Umair he: found it covered \\ uh
golden wasps. which did not let him luke off the head. He decided
to take it off in the night but after the sunset. it started rainmg and
it rained so heavily that the rainwater carried the body with it. The
other Muslim was taken out of the city and was put on a cross.
In a similar incident in June 625 AD (3" All) a group of
forty Muslims was attacked near Maoona \l, ell. Muslims resisted Inorder to bring Medina under their political influence. Quraish
and fought bravely till their death and the infidels martyred them made a war pact with the Jews of Medina and the tribes of Bani
all. Fuzara and Gutfan were made their allies. It was agreed that the
enure crop of dates of that year would be grven to these lWO tribes
for helping Quraish and Jews in their adventures against Muslnns.
'''IH:y also made the tribes of Banu Saleem. Kanan and Saqif to
enter into a treat) with Quraish. It \\US considered that thl.."~ had
succeeded in establishing their political influence all around
Medina and soon this political alliance converted into nn

economic siege of Medina , In that situation the trade carax[Ins of
~ tedina could not go towards north. east and south. Now the route
passing through Domatul Jandlc. a city ncar the S) rian hoarder
was the only choice left out for the Muslims. I he ruler of that
city. too. imposed restrictions upon Trade Caravans of Muslims.
This created a difficult situation for the Muslim Traders of
Medina, as they had to meet the needs of the citizens of Medina.

Having all these arrangements in place. Abdullah Bin Abbi.

the leader of the Hypocrites and their allies had another plan
against Muslims. He schemed that Holy Prophet (/'Bl1/) would he
culled out of the city and in his absence they would kill the
luslims in a surprise attack . And. to act upon this scheme thc~


started preparing for the auack in collaboration with Banu

Mustlaq Tribe.

When Holy Prophet (1'1JI III came to know that the tribe of
Banu Mustlaq intended to attack them he decided to take the
counter measures. In order to frustrate their scheme. Holy Prophet
(I'Hl 'II). in a tactical move. appointed Abdullah Gin Abbi leader of
a contingent of Muslims and took with him tll ihc battlcfmnt.
leaving the Hypocrites without their leader in the city. This move Trench War
failed the planning of attacking the cit) in absence of 11(/)
Prophet (P8IJlI).

In this venture only thirty Muslims participated. ten of them

were Muhajir and twenty were Al1.wI'. Ihe arm) or Banu Mustlaq
consisted of two hundred soldiers and thev all were taker
prisoners; ten people of Banu Musilaq were killed whereas onl)
one Muslim soldier martyred in that venture. T he ruler of Domatul JO/1,I/e had economically strangulated Ihl.
people of Medina by imposing restrictions upon the trade
Caravans of medina going to Syria and Middle East: Hoi) Prophet
1/'11 1 II) taking about one thousand believers with him decided to
gll to Domatul Jandlc. On the \\ ay he had a meeting With the chid'
01" the Gutfan Tribe to persuade him to remain impartial in case of
any war. The chid said that he IS J:. ally of Quraish and because
of that of the Jews of Khyber and in case of an attack upon
medina he is bound to help them with his arm). which according
to him was expected shortt) .

l loly Prophet (/' /1/ 11) gathered the reports of intelligence and
\\ hen the information was confirmed to be true. he returned to
vledina and counseled \\ ith his companions. According to the
mlurmation received number of army of Quraish exceeded 1l.:11
thousand warriors. Salman Farsi. a learned companion of the Hoi)
Prophet (/'IWI I ). suggested that a trench should be dug around the
city. as was done in territories beyond Arabia to defend a cit)' or a
fort. The trench was to have width and depth that couldn't be
crossed by the infantry or cavalry units of the enemy

" ~
~nlerging . Commande rs o r the army were facing the challenge of
11(1) Prophet \1'81 If) approved the idea or digging a trench scarcity o r prov isions. They also kn ew that if the ration for the
around the cit)' and ordered to gather entire produce or the 1:1rI11S su ld iers could not be arra nge d it might end up in mutiny resulting
and fields in the suburbs or and amass it in the storehouses in killings of soldiers amongst themselves. which would be
Medina. The length of minimum required ditch was about six disastrous for them. One night when they were wrecking their
kilometers . All the males nno females including the young girls brains to lind some solution to this situation. a fierce wind started
and boys of Muslim populauon 01 Medina got busy in diggmg d blow ing and all the tents 1<:11 LIpan the ground. the lire also
trench around the city. Muslims SCl an example 01 sacrifice and extinguished. The army that was not used to cold was in awful
submission in digging a six kilometers long trench around the condition and then to add to their misery it started raining
city. They all worked round the dock. Muslims were working III torrentially. \\ hich culminated into a flood. Abu Sulyan could not
groups of ten people each when one group finished ils part l)! the \\ ithstand the situation and in sheer fright he ordered to abort the
task. it started assisting the other group Holy Prophet \/'//I!!) also siege and leave. lIe was so confused and puzzled that when he
worked hard day and night I'n iakuig part 111 digging ur carrying rode his camel to run away he forgot to open the string with
the earth out of the trench. which the camel was tied to the peg and he was just hitting the
camel with his whip.
When the arm of ten thOtlS:II1J warriors o I infidels reached
vledinu the trench was compk te ,1I1d (he weather was changing Although the siege of Medina had come to an end ancl war
Ihe soldiers were fed ing cold i J1 thcir tents. Ihe :-'1 USl1111S infl icted upon Muslims was over. the economic sanctio ns and
guarding the trench at night were ..\I dit fen: III places \\ ere also in blockade were very much in place
distress because of the cold weather

When Abu Sufyan failed in nndinu ,In) way of crossing the

trench. he approached the Jews of Bunu Quriza. When Muslims
figured it out that Quraish and Bunu Qunzn were about to enter a
war pact. (hey got worried .1I1d said to the Illlly Prophet (/ '/11 /II.
"We are in great danger. illlle Quraish .iuack us from the fro nt
IhL Banu Qunza from behind then we an. bound II) suffer a heavy
toss and we may not be victorious.. ! 101) Prophet (/'HI'lI' alter
listening to all this said Vt:T) \..<111111) "The infidels an: depending
upon the help of Jc\\S and I believe in depending upon God.
Believe you me. God will 110t abandon us:

Then it happened th.u an J'li1ospherl.' or m istrust and

suspicion was created between Our:lI~h <md H:.1IIU Quriza and t h L: ~
could not agree to unite against Muslims, \\ hen the sicgv of
Medina prolonged and for more than :1 1('ftl1lg.h\. the problems
rclaung to the supply of ration and fodder "If the ,11111118Is startcd


nc night. Iioly Prophet I I 'iii III sa« in ills dream th.u he h.ul
gone to Makka along \\ ith his companions and performed I 1111'.1
When he decided to go to Makku \\ ith all hi... lollower» 11l"
companions asked. "Do ) ou wan: 10 invade \ 1,1I"',ao)" Ill: replied.
" No. we an: going there onlv tll perform I lnun ." .\nd 111 the "i\ tll
ycur of his migration from Makka he started for \1akkLI with tw«
thousand followers. This time i\ luslim» had man) hundred carne!­
\\ ith them in their caravan.

That was a very hard t i m e for Qunush. I Ill') could 11111

decide that whether they-shoul d allow the Muslims to enter till'
city or not. The) reared that if t h ~ y allowed the Muslims III l'lllCI
the city with hundreds of camels t ~ 1 e ) migh: take over till' ( i t)
control overthrowing them anu second]y i f it dill 1101 happen 1his
\\'U). thc) had no guarantee at the time of lcavink!- the cil) the
Muslims would not be marc than the two thousand people. i.c..
many man: might join them. So thc) decided not to permit
Muslims to enter the city. even if the) had come 10 perform l nuu
onl\ .

. .ccording to O;OIll C traditions it was lourtcen hundred.

I 4lI1
Ifill 107

In order 10 address the I1lISl:011Cl:PlillO 01 l)urals!l <.1hOUI Ih~'11 dismount and sla) was in the area \\ here plcnr; III \\,Itt:r used II I
1Il1enlhlllS, 11(l1~ Prophet (l'Ul III sen t an envoy 10 1c:1I Qur.ush ! h .11 be available in fair weathers but at that ume there wusn I "11)
~lu slllm; had not come then: to light. the~ just wuu: III perlo rm water. Muslims submitted tu their belov ed 1101) Prophet ,/ 'N I,.
l rmra and pay homage to the Sacred Ka'u ha and I he ~ were 11\11 ,·v.,' e all and the camels are thm;!) and then: I S IHl water III thi"
armed as well. which was the proof thai the~ had nut come III area, how can we Slay here ) ~ll we request you 10 ple ase a llo« 1I~
fighl. But the emissary or the 1101) Prophet ! / '/1/ 1I1 could 111 11 In proceed till we could lind so me water. "
reach Makka as Akrarna Bin Abu, Jehal. who wus lcadhu; a ~

conungcnt of two hundred infidel». obstructed them 1111 their \\ a~ Holy Prophet ( /'/11 '1/1 raised his hands and prayed In tHlJ . ::()
to Makka and CUI the legs of their camels. I hl' \llIslim C:llnl~ .md Allah. the Lord and the Creator. if thou didn' t prm ide water. ,hl'
his 1'1.:110\\ Muslims alte r loosing their camels went astray in th, Muslims would lose their patience and would enter the clt~ '"
desert but fina lly God helped them and tht:~ managed III reach the Then giving one of the aITO\\S from his mag,lfinl: he told hi,
.ompanions to fix that arrow in an abandoned \\l:11 located 111 ih.u
~ lusl im Caravan.
.1J"I:a As soon as the arrow was planted in the \\\.'11 warc r S U ll~,l' d III
Muslims III the mean time marked their camels \\ ith it ncneath tht.: surface.
sacnficial marks at the place knll\\11 <IS Zul l lulilu and pUI on the
ccrcmoniul robe fur pc:rfllrming I mra and stdrll:d lor ' lakk~l. III n the other side Qurais h were [acing ilus dilemma th.u 11
urdcr to avoid al1~ unpleasant incident hcadiug tor Makka. I l ll l ~ they did not a II a v the Muslims to enter the cllY 1'01' performin g
Prophet U'IJ/1I 1 LOok the route lit' th-: hilly area of lui l lulilu \I'll:r the ritual of their worship the entire Arabia would turn ag.linsl
crossing the limits of I_ul l lalila. the:~ entered ~l \ l:ry nurrow a them. The tribes of Arab would consider that t ht:~ had become the
difficult terrain. The SCI)IT1Hltg heat of the sun ami thirst troubled C1\\ ncrs and masters or r
the House II God. Ka' aha and nll\\ the
the Muslims hut somehow the) managed to reach a place kno» 11 rituals of pilgrimage and Umra could only be performed as .uid
.IS l ludaib iya. Makka is lln l~ eleven Kihmlelers from l ludnibiy» when the Quraish would want and allow. And. if IhL'~ let the large
and can be easily seen from there Muslims hl:lllllging to Mukka Caravan of Muslims enter the city. it would hI.: considered Ih,ll
felt the rising emotion s and their eyes filled \\ ith tears In see their they have lost against them. Muslims have subdued them and that
native city from that distance in between . rhe~ were antici palll1~ was quite disgracing for them.
the smell of their homclnnd .
[o handle that precariou s situation thl'y applll11teJ 111'\\ ul
But ri uht at time \\ hen the Muslims \\ ere cuucrlv look IIll.!.
'- ~ . ~
Rin Masood Saqli their en\"oy to gll to Hudaihiya and negotiall'
lon\ard to enter the city li lh:d \\lIh rL'\C('l'nce and rl:Spl:L't. :-' lI~d a h : "ith Mohammad. Urwah Bill rVlaSlK)(l met 1 1 1 1 1 ~ Pl'Il phet l/ 'li l /II
the camel lle Iinly Prophet (I'IH {fl, stopped and sal dll\\n UpOI1 Ihl.: and asked about the purpost.: Il l' their visit. Iioly PrllphL't (f'/il II I
gn,und. Ilol~ Prophet ll'/j/ {f) tried tn get it lip hut it relrL'atl:ll 1\\ , 1 replied that they had come to per roI'm Umr<l and nlH to fight. 1k
stL'PS atlL'r getting lip und again sat dow n, Il ll l ~ Prllphet I l ' /I l /I. was shown the camels marked with Sa!el'Cja: the I ~ plcal sacnlic ial
gOI do.... n the camel and told the i I11S that Cilld \\alHt:d Ihl:1l1 markings. During his conversa lion with the Iioly Prophet 1/ '/11 1/1.
tl) sta) there llcaring Ihis, all the j,ius llms dismoll nted Ih ml Ihl'ir ht: tried to be disrespect ful to the I IDly Prl1 phet ,l'/lII/). this
camels \\ ith n hea\ ) heart. I he\ \\ere expect ing. til nl:lke their enraged Mugeera Bin Shuuha and ja bbing his hand with his
stay mil side tvtakka. The place \\ here thl'y \\ lore n1alk tIl 'm orc!. told hil11 ill a stt:rn voice to watch his maI1IlL'('S. \btl

Bakkar fI( ".1 said to I Ir\\ ah. "1 r ) uu had not been all envo y. \\ c
from visiting the holy Kaaba. I will dissociate Irurn \ uu and sh.rll
\\ ould haw killed you for this nushchav ior." no longer be an ally to you:'
When Urwah Bin Masood returned to Quraish, address ing
BUl Qurarsh remained unmoved and maintained their smncc
their elders he said, .. I had hcen in the courts or Roman Emperor
stubbornly Hol)- Prophet ( {' H I If ) sent Ius envoy hash Bin l nuya
and Najashi but the discipline and the loyalty. \\ hich I h'l\ c
Khazai to Makka to negotiate a \\ ay to paci l~\ the Makkan s or
\\ iinessed in Muslims for Mohammad ..
their doubts about them. BUl till: Quraish arrested lum and s l a ~ lu -,
camel. Holy Prophet (I'HI If" upon hearing the new s. sent lisman
Quraish sent another cn\ o~ to \ 1:(11) the findrngs 01" lin\ all
Ghani (It\ \ to Makka as his ambassador. When Ill' mel ()lIIdi ~h
Ih: also reported that the Muslims were there for the pilgnrnagc or
they said, .. You belong to our tribe we allow you tu
the hoi) Ka'aba. When he returned to Makku he told Qurarsh that
circumambulate the holy Kaaba and perform Umra hut cannot
he had seen the camels \\ ith sacrificia l marks on them and liH:
.dIO\\ Mohammad to enter Kaaha.' The negotiation railed due II I
Muslims were reciting the prayers special lor the occasio n.
stubbornness and high headedness of Quraish . In the mean tune
Ihcreforc he didn 't haw any doubt that the f\luslll11 s had CO111 L'
or the pilgrunage o!" holy Ka'nha and thut. according to him:
this rumor spread in the camp or Muslims (hat l lsrn an Ilt".l had
been martyred,
there would be 110 need to prohibit them from entering Ma"";I .
13tH this could not case the nunds ll!" Ouraish so Ihe~ sent l lulces
13111 Alqrnah.

When he reached the Muslims' Camp. Illl l~ Prophet (/ ' /N II I

said, "Let him see around freely. him see whomsoever and
\\ hatsoever he wants 10 sec."

l lalees Bin Alqrnah also testified that "II the Muslims \\eTC
wearing AI1I'l1l/1 and had brought \\ ith them the sacrificia l camels.
III.: didn't see ~1l1) weapon s and arms in the camp. When he

returned lO Quruish he said, "O the Chiefs 01" Makka, I CJn s a ~

this with confidence that Muslims are here to pa) their homage 10
the hoi) Kaaba and the) have 110 had intentions .u all I think that
Ihe~ should he allowed to come to Makku as everybody h a ~ a
right lO visit Ka'uba . No llllL' has an) monopo ly OW l' IHd)

When the Qurarsh didn't agree to let the Muslims enter ihc
lily. l lalees expressed his displeasure saying, "I I' you didn't ,dlo\\
Mohammad and lus IlIIIO\\l.'rs III enter the cit) and stopped him

U pon hearing the news of Usman's death Ilol~ Prophct us: II)
sat down under 3 tree and said... We an: 111000all~ hound to avenge
Usrnans blood and whosoever wants to participate In this should
take oath for this on m)' hand that he would remain loyal till last."
All his companions look the oath placing their hands upon the
hand of the Holy Prophet 11'/11 II) . Ilol~ Prophctl/'/tl III. declaring
his right hand to be the hand of Usman (i{ \) placing it on his other
hand swore on behalf of Usman t({ 'oj. This event is reported in the
holy Quran III these words : ­

..Verily those who gin' their hand 10 thee. in tac! gav« their
hatul tn God. the Hanel (~f'G{}d is over (heir IWI1II., , (hen anyone
who violates his oath. does ,W (0 harm his 011'11 s0111 and who
III/ills his covenant with God. God will S(JO/l gram him CI great
reward. .. (Sum AI fath: V. 10)

\ftcr this oath was taken information came in that the new ~
of Usrnan's death was not true,

After a long discussion of two days and tWll nights, Quraish

sent a delegation lead by S ohail Bin Urnro to l ludaibiy a to
negotiate with Mohammad an agreement 01" non-aggression
112 113

b~t\\ecn Muslims and the people of Makka. Hoi) Prophet ,/'/1 1 1/1
LOld Ali (R\I to prepare the document of the agreemenl.
Muslims are not permitted to enter Makka and perform
Ali 11~ ,\1 started writmg. "111 the .'allle ut illah. the 1//11\'1 pilgrimage this year, though the next year they can come In
perform pilgrimage of Kaaba. on the condition (hat they would
Ikllelicl!l1t ami Merciful."'
stay in the city for more (han three years and (hey would not bring
"iohail Bin Umro interrupted saying we do 11\)( ucknow kdt!L
any \vcapon other than their swords.'
'\ lIah as the most rkncliccnt and Merciful. you may write. "In the

Name of Our Allah:' because all agreemenls of o\rab~ start \\ ith

This agreement was made on the 71h year of Hegira
these words since ancient limes. (Migration of the Holy Prophet (PBI '/f)). All the Muslims present
there were feeling disgraced and were depressed because of (he
Ali wrote the next sentence: This has been ag reed
IR '\1 terms and conditions of the agreement. Omar IRA ) approached
b~tween Mohammad. the Prophet at" Allah (1'1\1 'II) and Sohail Bin Holy Prophet (PHI1f) and asked him. "Didn't you say that we
Jmro. lit: again objt:clI,:d saying you should nul be wriung like would go to Makka and perform pilgrimage?" Holy Prophet
this because we do not acknowledge Mohammad as the Prophet (PIJI II) consoled him saying, "Indeed. God willing. you will go to
at" Allah, if we had accepted him as the Prophet of Allah \\ h~ Makka and have the opportunity of circumambulating Ka'aba.'
should have we been stopping hun from entering Makka. so ) ou
should be writing: 'this has been agreed between Mohammad BII) nly after two days of signing of Hudaibiya Agreement.
Ahdul1ah and Sohail Bin Umro.' Abu Jandal. who had embraced Islam was imprisoned b) his
father, managed to escape and reach Hudaibiya 10 join Muslims.
Ali (ItA) looked towards l loly pfllphet (/'Il! Ill . I Ie said. " :\Ii! Soon after his arrival there. Sohail Bin Umro also reached there
Write what Sohail demands. let him be happy.' The agreed and addressing the Muslims said. "According the terms or the
contract written at that time reads: agreement between you and us, if a person runs away from
Quraish and seeks asylum from Muslims, is liable to be returned
"In the Name Our Allah. This has been agreed bet\\ecn therefore you return to me rny son Abu Janda!. Hoi} Prophet
Mohammad Bin Abdullah and 'iohail Bin Umro. And. through (!'IJlJII ) returned Abu Jandal to his father. Abu Jandal pleaded that
this agreement Quraish accepts an armistice bCl\\t:en Makkans his father would kill him. Holy Prophet (PBl 'lIl said. "Don' I be
and Muslims for ten years. AmI. that if during this period of ten afraid Abu Jandal, Gof will protect you:' Muslims could not take
years. anyone would go to Muslims without having permission 01" it and they were enraged but they controlled themselves in the
Quraish, they would return him to Quraish but If a person. who light of the Oath of Rizwan.
comes to Quraish after deserting Muslims, they would not return
him to Muslims. During these ten years of the truce none lhl: or hen Holy Prophet (PtIUJI) saw thaI the Muslims were so
parties would attempt to harm Of damage the lives or helonging» dejected he assembled them and reheared these verses of Sura
or the other party. During these ten years or truce. the Quraish Putah:
would be at liberty 10 make agreements and have relations \\ ith
anyone. which they may wisl-

"Allah's Good Pleasure was on the believers when they

swore. Fealty to thee under the tree: He knew what was in their
hearts and He sent down upon them tranquility and He rewards
them with Victory soon.
Holy Prophet lPBCJlIJ told the Muslims to sacrifice the
animals. shave otT their heads and take off their pilgrimage robes,
Islamic army in the Desert
He repeated his words three times hut nobody moved as they were
in no mood to obey due to heavy grief, anguish and depression.
Seeing that Holy Prophet (PBl//) felt poignant and he entered his
tent and expressed his disappointment concerning the behavior of M uslims. in general. failed to understand the far-reaching effects
his followers to Um-e-Salma. She suggested that he should not be of the treaty made by their Prophet with Quraish.
disappointed and should start with his sacrificing. shaving his
head and laking off his Ahrani. the Muslims would certainly After offering their sacriflees, shaving their heads and
follow him. taking off Ahrams. Muslims started towards Medina with a heav y
heart. On their way to Medina. in that state of their gloom.
When Holy Prophet (PSl II) shaved off his head alter another Muslim Abu Baseer. who had managed to escape from
offering his sacrifice, the companions also followed him and after Makka. requested them to take him 111 their protection. Before he
sacrificing their animals, shaved off their heads and LOok off their could settle down, two men from Makka chasing the absconder
Ahram. reached there and demanded the custody of Abu Baseer,

Omar (RAJ. who had enough of all that. pleaded to l lolv

Prophet (,,/lUII) and said, "0 Prophet! Please don't send him bad..
He has come to ask for protection and we shall protect him even
at the cost of our lives:' Holy Prophet (PIJl '11) said. "We have to
keep our words:' Listening to that the two men chained Abu

Baseer on the Camel back and set off.

On the way back to Makka. Abu Baseer broke away and

killed one of his custodians the other managed 10 escape. Abu
Baseer came to Muslims again to ask for protection. The next Ja~
the person who had survived also reached there and demanded
that Abu Baseer be handed over to him. But before that the
representative of Quraish could get hold of his prisoner to take
him back. he broke away andescaped, He decided to lake refuge
in the desert rather than to return to Makka.

..bu Baseer took refuge at Zul Marwah, After Iew davs.

Abu Jandal also joined him there and then another Muslim Aathu
Bin Asad also escaped from Makka and joined them. Grad ual ly
the other Muslims of Makka also started reaching there Lind
another group of Muslims was formed in the deserts of Arabiu.

Within one year from the day of signing of Hudaihiya Conquest of Khyber
Agreement. the number of Muslims gathering in lui Marwah
managed to take the form an army. They started collecting their
share of provisions from the caravans to and from Makka. These
Muslims at Zul Marwah tormented Quraish in such a manner that
they were forced to request Holy Prophet lI 'Ul II I to call them [ 0
Medina so that they could be saved from them. In spite of tru ce Agreemen t between Muslims and the people nl"
Makka. Jews of Khyber did not let any change lake place in their
In the same year because of drought Makka faced Ianunc antagonistic attitude towards Muslims. And. they did not allow
The lands of Yamama were considered to be the home of agro­ till' trade Caravans of Muslims to pass through territories 01
production but all the people of Yarnama Tribe had embraced Khyber so that the Muslims could not have any access to the
Islam and they were not willing to allow the supply of their countries in the North for having any economic relations \\ ith
produce to Makkans. Chief of the Tribe disallowed trade \\ ith them.
Makkans. When Holy Prophet (1'm II) came to know of this
situation. he told the Chief of Yarnarna not to impose any han In order to curb the malicious activities of Jews Hol~
upon the supplies to Makka. Not only that but he also sent live Prophet 1I'1Jl 1IIl decided to advance towards Khyber. which had
hundred Gold coins for their distribution amongst the poor and eight strong fortresses to guard against an) invasion. Illll~
destitute people of Makka. Besides sending these live hundred Prophet (l'!JL·1Il himself was command ing the Muslim Army,
coins a huge lot of dates were also sent to Abu Sutyan \\ ith a [ ' p Oll reaching Khyber. due to had weather. Holy Prophet (/ '/U II I
message to trade them [or leather and skins. Abu Sufyan tried to 1\:11 sick and Abu Bakkar I rt ,\ ) look charge of the Muslim Army
refuse the offer and send the dates back to Medina but the people and attacked the Jews settlement. Jews resisted the attack and
of Makka, who were suffering from hunger. had come to know or Muslims could not succeed. The bad weather also affected ,\ hu
the incoming supply of the dates. So Abu Sufyan could not dare Bakkar (l~t\ 1 and he. too. fell III. Holy Prophet I I'1i 1 tt, Told Omar
to reject the offer and had to take them and sent a lot of leather as 1\;\) to take charge of the Arl11:- instead but to no avail. Ornar ( lU I

bartered goods for the dates. When the people of Makka came to als o fel l ill.
know that those dates had come from Mohammad. their
antagonistic approach towards hun started softening. Holy Prophet (I'm 'If ) handed over the command to AIi 11\ \ l.
Even he. too. was suffering 1'1'0111 eyes infection and had swollen
CYl:S. He accepted the responsibility and attacked the Nitat Fort.
\ ner the Nitat Fort wa-: conquered. he planned to attack Nairn

Fort. In ten days Ali (RAJ captured four of the ten strong forts til
Jews. Rest surrendered to Muslims with a petition or mercy.

Conquest of Khyber resulted in having INs of arms and food

provisions for the Muslims as war-booty, Holy Prophet (/ '8 11'1
ordered to deal kindly with Jews and allowed the to leave Khyber.
if they wished. They \...'ere also allowed 10 take their household Three Days in Makka
goods with them except their caule and grains

Jews, who wanted to stay back and were not read) to leave.
were permitted to stay and continue with then trades and
businesses. All the sacred books and other important documents
of Jews were returned to them. Muslims started I.:njo) ing good
relations with the Jews.

inab Bini Hurs announced that she would serve 11 ill A.J I., Holy Prophet (I'/JI 'Il) along with two thousand
the Hal)' Prophet (PBl 'li) with a roasted lamb cooked by her. She followers went to Makka to perform Umra. Since all the Muslims
arranged to slaughter a lamb and during JOusting its legs poisoned were going for the sake or pilgrimage of Kaaba, they did not
them. and sent that mutton to l lolv Prophet "'1// 'Ill. One or the have any weapon except their swords. In those days sword was
companions of the Holy Prophet (/'/11 '/11, Bashir Bill Bara was not considered an arm rather it was one of the articles of wearing
sitting there when the roasted munon was served to Hal) Prophet apparel for Arabs.
lI'IJUlf). Bashir cut. chewed and swallowed a piece of that
poisoned mutton, Holy Prophet (PBI '1l1 spat out the first morsel When the Muslims entered Makka, people of Quraish
after chewing it saying, "Don' t eat, this meat is poisoned:' Ihe rearing an attack from Muslims went to near b~ hills. I3 d(1rL'
piece. which Bashir had swallowed. had its effect and Bashir diet! entering into the city, Iloly Prophet inu II I assigned the dl lt~ or
then and there. watching over to a cavalry regiment of one hundred Muslims lind
told them that if the Quraish would attack them. thev should come
ainab Bint Hurs was arrested am] asked... Did you scm to rescue them otherwise they were to stay there till their return.
that poisoned meat for the Holy Proohet .nn Ill ?" Mohammad Bin Muslma was appointed the captain of the
regiment and stationed at a place in the suburbs of Makka know n
She confessed and said.: I had poisoned the meat thinkmg as Mara-al-Zuhran.
that if Mohammad is really the prophet or God. he would not cal
it and if he is not, then he would die 01 eating the poisonous he infidels were watching over the scene of Muslims
meat." entering the city from the hills. They were amazed to see the
obedience and respect of the followers of Holy Prophet (1'8 1 'III lor
their leader and disciple with which they were performing the

rites of pilgrimage. When the rites of pilgrimage were over. in

order to strengthen the ties with Quraish. Holy Prophet lI 'm '!I )
married Mernona Bint Haras, a lady from a respectable fam ily o f
Quraish. On this occasion Holy Prophet irm tr; on the third da y (I I'
his stay in the city. announced a banquet to celebrate his wedding

When Quraish had the news of the banquet by the Hoi}

Prophet tPBUH), a delegation came to Holy Prophet (/'8 1 11 ) and
said, "According to the agreement you could have stayed ill the Truth Prevails and Falsehood
city for three days and today is the third day so you better be
getting out." Honoring the agreement. Holy Prophet I/ ' JJ{ 1/)
cancelled the banquet and left for Medina.

n 10lh day of Ramazan in g Ill A.I-I.. lslunuc Army started

marching towards Makka and camped at a distance from Makka.

Soldiers were told to cook their rood individually and for that
everyone had to lit lire separately in the desert. When all the
twenty thousand soldiers IiI their lire after the dusk. It offered a
scene. which the human eyes had never seen before.

When Quraish came to k now about the camping. of Islamic

Army. Abu Sufyan along with Badccl Bin Warqa and Hakecm
Bin Hazam to survey the situation went to Mural Zuhran. lhe
guards arrested them and they were presented before the Illlly
Prophet (/'81 '/1), who excused them. Moved Irom \\ itnessing I Ill'
compassion, kindness and good nature of Holy Prophet (I 'IU II I.
they all embraced Islam,

Abbas suggested that since Abu Sufyan has embraced Islam.

he deserved some recognition being the leader 01' his people. I l ll l ~
Prophet (PHU/ / ) said, "Whosoever enters the premises or holy
122 123

Ku 'aba, Abu Sufyans l louse or closes his door is to he that Joseph had said to his brethrcns . God has Iorgivcn ~ ou.
protected." therefore you are free and your lives and belongings arc spared ..

Ali (RA), who had the particular nag or Hol~ Prophet ({'Iii II) . "0' people. God has created al l men and women from one
was leading the first battalion that entered Makka The second man and woman. Nobody has any superiority ll\ er the others '
baualiou headed by Zubair Bin Awan marched II) the city from except in having a profound understanding or lind Alrnigluy . All
the west side. Saad Bin Abadah Ansari was leading the contingent human beings are equal in the sight or God. therefore al l the
entenng the city from the east. Ihe fourth contingen t that was led honors on the basis of lineage. tribes and \\lIl"ldl ~ status .11\ '
b) Khalid Bin Waleed entered the cit) from the north. Sand (111) abolished todav."
Abadah overwhelmed by emotions cried, "The day to attack has
come and no one would be spared." After his address. rehearsing the verse , " h l/III pr, vai l ei! ut u
alse hood perished. indeed Ihe/lilsehood hod (0 pcnsl: threw 11ll'
When 1101) Prophet (/' 1/1 II) \\ as reported this, he corrected biggest idol placed therein. Then told Ali (IU , to throw al l the
saying. "Saad Bin Abada is not right to sa) so. 10Jn) IS the Da) idols placed there and purge the holy Kaaha from all pictorial
tel glorify Kaaba and is the da) to adorn Kuaha \\ ith a nl'\\ representations painted upon the inner and outer walls 01' Knaha
robe." And. appointed his son Qa is leader or the contingent
instead. After the conquest of Makka. Ilnly Prophet (/ ' (1 In
demonstrated extreme kindheartedness even towards the enem ies
All the contingents or Islamic Army entered the city without o f Islam and his foes and bestowed lorgi\ cncss UPl)J1 them
any opposition . Only Khalid Bin Waked had to face some vmongst such people was Akrama Bin Abu Jchul. who 1~~lJ'in !:,
resistance, which he culminated successfully. All these fou: his life, had escaped before the Muslims had entered the cit)'. l hs
contingents centered in the hal) Ka aha. Then HoI) Prophet wife approac hed Holy prophet ( {'IW II ) and asked lor forgiveness
t/'m I/l entered the scene riding upon a white she-camel. l ie to r her husband, Holy Prophet ,I'IJ{ 'II ) was kmd enough to hid
circumambulated Kaaba seven times and ordered the Key ca rrier forgiveness for her husband,
of Kaaba to open the door ofthe holy Kaaba , The live Muslims
that entered the Ka'aba Building on that da~ included I loly Amongst most dangerous enemies of Islam. OIlC was till'
PropheltPIJl;I/l. Ali (R,.\), lisman Bin laid IR \), Bi lal (R \ l and the wife of Abu Sufyan. who had devoured upon the liver of l lamza.
Key-bearer or Ka'aba. Usrnan Bin Talha (lUI . Standing in tIll. an uncle of Holy Prophet 1/'IJI III and 1] lint: Muslim leader. wns
doorsteps of the holy Kaaba. Holy Prophet (/'/JI 1/1 addressed the also granted immunity and forgiveness.
people gathered there, saying.
Sufwan Bin Urniyah. yet another strong cuemy of Islam.
"0' the people of Makka. you are all aware 0 r the lav, S 01" was also granted immunity and his life was spared.
batik and know well the punishment lor the breach of agreeme nt.
Now when you have been subdued, Muslims have the right to put n the third day or the conquest of Mukka. l loly Prophet
all of you to death or enslave you but I would like to sa) the same sent a few Muslims to the suburbs of Makka after
(JIll / II )
assigning them this duty that they should break any idol the)

could found anywhere . Kalid Bin Waleed led that group or

Muslims who were told clean up Nakhla Irorn idols, One (l r the
most famous idols. the statue or Uza was placed there. Ifnz:1J1
Tribe governed that area. Although Quraish and l lozan were
deadly against each other 1'01' a very long lime and had enmity Il l!'
so many generations. when they saw that Muslims. by shancring
their idols. were cutting the roots or their ideals and beliefs t he~
resisted Muslims vehemently. li nally alter a fierce ban lc at he Last Public A ress of the Holy
Hanain God bestowed victor) upon Muslims

F rom the day of his migration onwards, Holy Prophet (I ' /)( II)
advanced his mission at an average speed or 622 Square
Kilometers per day for ten consecutive years. In the begging or
slam. the Muslims were so handicapped and poor that in the Iirs

three battles. which they had to fi ght against infidels. there was
only one camel for every two Muslim soldiers. In the Baltic llr
Baddar, there were only two horses with 31 ~ volunteer soldiers
but later on the Muslims had grown so well off and strong that at
the time of Battle of Hanain they had 1000 horses and in the
Battle of Tabuk Islamic arm)' had len thousand horses.

There were only four Muslims who fought the first ever
combat of Islam with infidels at Nakhla and in the second combat
they were 313. while in Uhad Muslim soldiers were seven
hundred in number but at Tabuk there were thirty thousand
soldiers who went to the battle fi eld. There were battles in which
Muslims did not receive much damages but there were battles in
which they suffered very heavy losses. But. in view or the
benefi ts of having control over the vast [and or Arabia. their
losses were negligible as compared to their opponents. In the
ninth year of Migration. Holy Prophet (1'1J f '11 ) fell sick and stayed
126 127

in Medina but in that year he held meetings with delegations from "0. people! You have been forbidden to kill one another and
various tribes and ambassadors of adjoining states of Arabia, At I II take possession of other person's belollglllgs: these an: as
that time Holy Prophet II'H I II) was the only religious, political sacred to you as this day of this month. Always rernemhor . you
and military leader of entire Arabia but when an ambassador or a have to appear before God and he is swift 10 lake account of ,iii
delegation would visit him from far and wide. they were amazed your deeds."
to see him sitting on a simple mat made of palm leaves and living
the same simple Ide, which he used 10 live for years. Ihe re wasn't "0. people! Your women have rights 011 you JUSI as you
any change in his life st) Ie even when he was enjoying the have rights on them. Trear them with kindness and In\ C
supreme authority over the entire Arabia. Remember. You exercise control over women because God has
bade you to do so. therefore. be careful In carrying out your dunes
In the 101h A.II.. l loly Prophet (/'8 1 Ii) went to Makka from in this regard."
Medina with fourteen thousand companions to perform
pilgrimage. On 9111 Zul Hajj of 10 A.B., after the sunset. 1101) "Treat your slaves well. Provide them the food thut you cal.
Prophet (I'lJ( 'I f) seated upon his she-came l Qaswa, appeared upon clad them the clothes that you wear. And. if they commit J
Jabalar Rehrnat, in the valley of Nirnrah. The sermon delivered at mistake that you fi nd difficult to forgive. it's better to leave them
the occasion of performing his last pilgrimage. is considered to be because they too are the creatures of God. Don't treat them
the basic constitution of Islam and contains all the fundamental harshly." .
principals of Islam. This address was made about 80 days before
the Holy Prophet ireinn breathed his last. J Ie said: ­ "0. people! Listen to me carefully to consider and
understand. All the Muslims are brethrens to one another and arc
"0. my people! Listen to me carefully. I may not meet you tied in a relation of love and fraternity. II is not fair to usc
again at this place after this. anything of your brother unless he permits you \\ illingly."

"God says, He has created you from one man and one "Beware! I have trampled down all the customs that ~ ou
woman. And. your tribes and clans are to enable you to recognize practiced during your days of ignorance. No blood shed during
one another. Verily. the most respected. in the sight of Allah is he that period is to be avenged."
who exercises utmost care in having the understanding of Allah.
therefore no Arab has any superiority over any non-Arab nor any "Also beware! Don't let inj ustice come neal' you. I am
non-Arab has any superiority over any Arab. Similarly. no black leaving behind a thing, if you held it firmly. you will not go astray
has any advantage over any white-man or vice versa." and that thing is the Book of God. There is no prophet after me
and there will not be any new religion after yours,"
'0, the people of Quraish! Don' t let it happen that on the
Day of Judgment your necks arc found burdened with worldly "Keep worshipping God alone. Establish Salaat. fast duri ng
things and the others have goods for the Hereafter. If it happened the month of Ramazan. pa) Zakat of your goods willingly and
I won't be able to save you from the Wrath of God.' circumambulate the House of your Lord. Avoid exaggeratio ns ami

overdoing in religious matters because the nations before vou

have destroyed them only for this."

"Beware! Don't get astray after me and don't start killing

one another. You have to appear before God and you will be
questioned about your deeds."

"Obey even a black slave, if he is your leader and makes

you to go according to the Book or God."
Pity and Compassion
"0. people! Sincerity in deeds. well wishing for your
brethren and unity among the people help in keeping you away
from worries."

"0. People! What will you say. when you would be asked
about me?"

When people present there submitted that they would testify

Inthe month of Rahiul-Awal or I I x.n.. l-Iol~
Prophet (I'm /II Idl
ill, One day addressing the immigrant Muslims 01" Makka. he saul
that he delivered the message of God and fulfilled his duties to them: ­
diligently, Holy Prophet (/'8/ .'1/) raised his index linger towards
the sky and lowered it down towards the audience saying, .. "0. the people who migrated to Medina! I advise you to h,
Allah. be a witness to this:' kind to Ansar. the actual residents of Medina extraordinari ly
because I trust them very much. When we had migrated. th~~
Then concluding his address. Holy Prophet (I' fl/ '!! ) said."1
were the one' 5 who made ever) sacrifice for us and demonstrated
demand of you. who are present here. to convey my teachings to
extreme devotion and loyally. Hence. if any mistake is found Oil
those who are not present here whether they are existi ng or would
their pan. treat them kindly and with compassion. rhe~ arc j usr
born hence. as many of them would take care of my teaching
like robe to my bod) . Till this da~ the) have performed all their
more than those who are listing to me now."
duties extremely well and they have left no obligation unfulfilled.
NO\\ they have rights on you."

"0 . people when I have gone and you have buried me. don't
yo u ever prostrate before my grave, God alone is worthy III
adorations. bowing and prostration.

When Holy Prophet .rsi n, breathed his last and departed

this world, only one mule that was presented to him by the King

or Abyssinia and few swords were left behind as his personal

It was decided that he be laid to rest at the same place \\ here
he breathed his last. When the Muslims present in the Mosque

came to know of the dem ise of their be loved Pro phet. evc rvone (PBUH)
started mourning and lamenting due to the grief. 0 111<11' (\{ \1 Bill
Khitab came in the mosque and seeing the people crying said in The Prophet Of God
his loud voice... Why do you cry? What is this lamenting about'?"
Then he unsheathed his sword and said with COI1\ iction. " ['1 1slash
the head that would say that l loly Prophet 1/' /1 1 II) has expired.
Our Prophet has not died but has gone to visit God and would h..'
back very soon .,

In the meantime Abu Bakkar (le\ ) came in the Mosque and

Part II

addressing Omar (RA J said. '·Omar. please he quiet and put your
sword back into its sheathe:'

Then. addressing the people there. he said. "0. people!

whosoever amongst you worshipped Mohammad should know
that Mohammad has passed a\\'a~ and the one \\ ho worships God
Almighty should keep this in mind that God is l.vcr Alive and Aishaikh

will never perish.. Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi

The he recited the 141h verse of Sura ,·/"I-e- II/I/'{/n .

"And. Afollllmfl/ad is 110 more than a I/Il!SSel1ga : many Irae

(he messengers (hat passed away before him..\'0 ifhe is dead or is Transl ated Ijy
slain. 1rill ye turn back on your heels? Ifany did (11m hack Oil his
heels, 110( the least harm will he do to God. And God wil! .\ 0 1111
reward (hose who are grateful (0 Him."
Maqsood -ul-hass eemi

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