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Description 21/1551-LZA 701 0001 Uen F

DRU Unit Description


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© Copyright Ericsson AB 2006-2008. All rights reserved.

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The contents of this document are subject to revision without notice due to continued progress in
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Contents
1 DRU Unit Description
1.1 Product Overview
1.2 Size and Weight
1.3 Power Consumption and Heat Generation
1.4 Function Description
1.5 Interfaces

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1 DRU Unit Description


The Double Radio Unit (DRU) is a replaceable unit containing two Transceivers (TRX). It is the
interface between the Y links and the antenna system.

Figure 1 DRU

1.1 Product Overview

The DRU is the interface between the Y links coming from the Distribution Switch Unit (DXU) and
the antenna system. The DRU consists of two Transceivers (TRX), a combiner and distribution
system, and a filter system. The DRU interface also supports both GSMK and 8-PSK (EDGE)
modulation.

The DRU has a hybrid combiner that is used to combine the two Transmitter (TX) terminals into
one terminal. DRUs can operate in either combined mode or uncombined mode.

Each TX/RX terminal has an in-built bias injector that, when connected to the Tower-Mounted
Amplifier Control Module (TMA-CM), supplies the Tower-Mounted Amplifiers (TMA) with power.

1.1.1 Main Functions

The DRU:

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 Transmits and receives Radio Frequency (RF) signals


 Processes signals

1.1.2 Variants

The following DRU variants are available, depending on frequency band:

 E-GSM 900
 P-GSM 900
 GSM 1800

The following DRU variants are available, depending on the method for selecting TX combining
mode:

 DRU-01: TX combining mode is selected using software configuration.


 DRU-02: TX combining mode is selected by changing the position of a switch card in a card
holder slot on the rear of the DRU (see document Changing Configurations)

1.2 Size and Weight

The table below shows the physical characteristics of the DRU:

Table 1 Size and Weight


Height Width Depth Weight
445 mm 90 mm 280 mm 10 kg

1.3 Power Consumption and Heat Generation

Table 2 Power Consumption and Heat Generation


Maximum Power Consumption Maximum Heat Generation
500 W 445 W

1.4 Function Description

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Figure 2 Block Diagram

The DRU consists of the following main blocks:

 Central Processing Unit (CPU) system


 Digital Signal Processor (DSP) system
 Radio control system
 Radio system
 Combiner and distribution system
 Filter system

1.4.1 CPU System

The CPU system controls the RBS. It consists of a CPU, support logic, memory, and logic for

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handling the interfaces.

1.4.2 DSP System

The two DSP systems perform all the baseband signal processing necessary for one TRX. For
downlink, this includes Terrestrial Protocol Handling (TPH), encoding, ciphering, and burst
generation. For uplink, it includes equalization, combining, decoding, and TPH.

1.4.3 Radio Control System

The two radio control systems are responsible for the following:

 Synchronizing and controlling the different parts of the radio


 Modulation and Digital-to-Analog (D/A) conversion of the data to transmit
 Filtering the received radio signal with a channel-selective filter
 Compensating the Receiver (RX) and TX delay and gain variations

The RC system is seen by the rest of the RBS as the front end to the radio, which can be asked to
transmit a burst of data, using a selected modulation, or asked to receive a burst, using a selected
digital filter.

All time critical radio control functions are performed by the RC system and no computing support
is required from the CPU system on a real-time basis.

1.4.4 Radio System

Each radio system contains two radio receivers and one radio transmitter including power
amplifiers.

The radio receiver receives RF-modulated uplink data from one or two diversity branches and sends
it to the RC system.

The radio transmitter generates the RF downlink signal from the modulated baseband signal. It
then sends the RF signal to the power amplifier, which amplifies the downlink RF signals.

1.4.5 Combiner and Distribution System

The combiner and distribution system handles the routing of the RX and TX signals between the
radio system and the filter system. The hybrid combiner connects one or two transmitters to one
antenna. Depending on the variant, the DRU can be configured by one of the following methods to
operate in hybrid combined or uncombined mode:

 DRU-01: Using software controlled relays


 DRU-02: By manually changing the position of the switch card in the card holder slot on the
rear of the DRU (see document Changing Configurations)

The RX signal can be distributed to several other receivers by various switch settings to minimize
the number of RX antennas, for RX sharing, or for 4-Way Radio Diversity (4WRD) configuration.

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1.4.6 Filter System

The filter system filters the TX and RX signals and duplexes them to a common antenna port. The
filter system also contains the bias injectors that provide power supplier to the TMA through the
feeder.

1.5 Interfaces

The operator interfaces of the DRU are described in the following subsections.

1.5.1 Signal and Power Interfaces

The table below shows the external interfaces of the unit.

Table 3 Signal and Power Interfaces


Interface Description Type of Connector
DC in Input power to the DRU Male mini-fit
Y link Interface between DXU and DRU Female mini D-sub
TX/RX1 Connection to the antenna feeder for TX or TX/RX Female 7/16
TX/RX2 Connection to the antenna feeder for TX or TX/RX Female 7/16
RX in 1 RX input from another DRU Female QMA
RX in 2 RX input from another DRU Female QMA
RX out 1 RX output from TX/RX1 to share with other DRUs Female QMA
RX out 2 RX output from TX/RX1 to share with other DRUs Female QMA
TMA PWR1 Power and control for the TMA connected to TX/RX1 Female QMA
TMA PWR2 Power and control for the TMA connected to TX/RX2 Female QMA

1.5.2 Operator Interface

The tables below show the indicators and switches of the operator interface.

Table 4 Indicators
Indicator Color
Fault Red
Operational Green
RF off Yellow
Local Yellow
Uncomb(1) Yellow

(1) DRU-02 only.

Table 5 Switches
Switch Function
DRU reset Resets the DRU
Local/Remote Local or remote mode

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