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Section A

[42 marks] Answer all question

  • 1. Diagram 1 shows a part of the respiratory system. (a) Name the structures labelled P, Q and R

P : Q R
P :
Q
R

Diagram 1

Trachea Rib Diaphragm
Trachea
Rib
Diaphragm

[ 3 marks ] (b) Draw lines to show the correct match between the structures and their description.

Section A [42 marks] Answer all question 1. Diagram 1 shows a part of the respiratory

Tube supported by rings of cartilage

  • A sheet of muscles which separates the thorax from the abdomen

Section A [42 marks] Answer all question 1. Diagram 1 shows a part of the respiratory
  • Space where air passes through

Section A [42 marks] Answer all question 1. Diagram 1 shows a part of the respiratory
  • Bones that form the rib cage to protect the lungs

Section A [42 marks] Answer all question 1. Diagram 1 shows a part of the respiratory

[ 2 marks ]

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2.

Diagram 2 shows the process of inhalation in the human breathing mechanism.

2. Diagram 2 shows the process of inhalation in the human breathing mechanism. Diagram 2 (a)

Diagram 2

(a) Following the path of the air in the diagram 2, state what happens to the following parts during inhalation

  • i. Intercostal muscles

…………………………………………………………………………………………… ... [1 mark]

ii.

Ribs

…………………………………………………………………………………………… ... [1 mark]

iii.

Diaphragm

……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

iv.

Volume thoracic cavity

……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

  • (b) Name three types of gases inhaled in during the process of inhalation

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… [3 marks]

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3.

Diagram 3 shows a structure found in plants

3. Diagram 3 shows a structure found in plants Diagram 3 a) Label stoma in the

Diagram 3

  • a) Label stoma in the diagram above

i.

ii.

State one function of the structure in (a) (i)

…………………………………………………………………………………… ..

marks ]

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  • b) What happens when plants lose too much water?

……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark ]

  • c) State the process where plants loss water from the leaf surface ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark ]

  • c) Why the under surface of a leaf a land plant has more stomata than the upper surface?

……………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark ]

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4

Diagram 4.1 shows a human blood circulatory system.

X

4 Diagram 4.1 shows a human blood circulatory system. X Diagram 4.1 (a) (i) Label the
4 Diagram 4.1 shows a human blood circulatory system. X Diagram 4.1 (a) (i) Label the
4 Diagram 4.1 shows a human blood circulatory system. X Diagram 4.1 (a) (i) Label the

Diagram 4.1

(a)

(i)

Label the systems shown in diagram above.

[2 marks]

(ii)

Name the organ X.

 

……………………………………………………………………………………… ... [1 mark]

 

(iii)

State the main function of the heart.

 

……………………………………………………………………………………… ... [1 mark]

 

(iv)

Which chamber of the heart has the thickest wall? Why?

 

……………………………………………………………………………………… ...

……………………………………………………………………………………… ... [2 marks]

(b)

Oxygenated blood is transported through the pulmonary vein from the lungs to the heart. Then, the aorta transports it from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs.

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  • (i) Mark on Diagram 4.1 the flow of blood by using arrows below.

Oxygenated blood

Oxygenated blood

........................

........................

Deoxygenated blood

[2 marks]

  • (c) Diagram 4.2 shows the cross-section of blood vessel P and Q.

(i) Mark on Diagram 4.1 the flow of blood by using arrows below. Oxygenated blood ........................

Diagram 4.2

Explain why there is difference in the cross-section of blood vessels P and Q.

...................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................... [1 mark]

  • (d) The rate of a student’s heart beat increases after a vigorous exercise. why.

Explain

...................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................... [1 mark]

  • 5. Diagram 5 shows a excretory organ found in human body.

(i) Mark on Diagram 4.1 the flow of blood by using arrows below. Oxygenated blood ........................

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Diagram 5

5

  • (a) Label the following parts on the diagram above.

capsule cortex medulla pelvis
capsule
cortex
medulla
pelvis
  • (b) What is the main function of the cortex?

[3 marks]

…………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

  • (c) State one function of kidney in the urinary system

………………………………………………………………………………………… ...

[1 mark]

  • (d) Which part of the kidney that collects the urine?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

  • (e) Name the blood vessel X which carries blood without waste products from the kidney.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

  • (f) Why must excretory products be removed from the body?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

  • (g) What are the five products that are excreted by the kidneys?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

  • 6. Diagram 6 shows two types of blood vessels

(a) Label the following parts on the diagram above. capsule cortex medulla pelvis (b) What is

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Diagram 6

  • (a) State one characteristics of each type of blood cell in diagram above

X : ………………………………………………………………………………………………

Y : ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks]

  • (b) What is the function of blood cell X?

………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

  • (c) Table 6 shows the blood groups of four students

student

Blood group

Marshanda

O

Muthu

A

Ah Kau

B

Lisa

AB

(i) Who can donate blood to Muthu?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

(ii) What will happen to Muthu’s blood if he receives blood from Lisa?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

(iii) What happen to the donated blood in the blood bank after 40 days?

………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

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Section B (15 marks) Answer all the question

  • 1. Diagram 1 shows the pathway of carbon dioxide when air is breathed out

Section B (15 marks) Answer all the question 1. Diagram 1 shows the pathway of carbon

Diagram 1

 

What is part Z?

 

A

Mouth

B

Lung

C

Throat

D

Trachea

  • 2. Diagram 2 shows the structure of human heart

 
 
What is part Z? A Mouth B Lung C Throat D Trachea 2. Diagram 2 shows
 

Diagram 2

What is the part labeled X?

A

Aorta

B

Right atrium

B

Right ventricle

D

Tricuspid valve

  • 3. Which of the following conditions contribute to the highest rate of transpiration?

Time

Humidity

Presence of

wind

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A

Dawn

Humid

Absent

B

Midday

Dry

Presence

C

Midday

Humid

Absent

D

Dusk

Dry

Presence

  • 4. Diagram 3 shows the cross section of a stem.

A Dawn Humid Absent B Midday Dry Presence C Midday Humid Absent D Dusk Dry Presence

Diagram 4

Which of the labeled parts P,Q,R and S transport water and mineral salts?

A

P

B

Q

C

R

D

S

5. Diagram 5 shows two excretory organs

A Dawn Humid Absent B Midday Dry Presence C Midday Humid Absent D Dusk Dry Presence

Diagram 5

What is the common excretory product of these two organs?

A

Water

B

Urea

C

Mineral salts

D

Carbon dioxide

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6. Diagram 6 shows an investigation to observe the effect of oxygen on a sample of fresh blood

6. Diagram 6 shows an investigation to observe the effect of oxygen on a sample of

Diagram 6

What is observed after a few seconds?

A

the fresh blood turns pink

B

the fresh blood becomes bright red

C

the fresh blood becomes dark red

D

the fresh blood becomes blue-black

7. The information given below shows how the transportation of oxygen takes place in our body

P: Oxygen diffuses into the capillaries

Q: The heart pumps the blood to the lungs

R: Oxygenated blood is then sent to all cells in the body through aorta

S: Haemoglobin combines with oxygen to form oxyhaemoglobin and returns to the heart

Which of the following is the correct sequence for transporting oxygen from the heart to the body cells?

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A

P,Q,S,R

B

P,Q,R,S

C

Q,P,S,R

D

Q,P,R,S

8. Diagram 8 shows the condition of a stem

 
A P,Q,S,R B P,Q,R,S C Q,P,S,R D Q,P,R,S 8. Diagram 8 shows the condition of a

Diagram 8

Which of the following explains the condition above?

A The plant could not produce food B Food could not transported to the root

C

Water could not be transported to the roots

D

Minerals salts could not be transported upwards

  • 9. Diagram 9 shows the exchange of gases in the alveolus. What is the difference between blood X and blood Y?

A P,Q,S,R B P,Q,R,S C Q,P,S,R D Q,P,R,S 8. Diagram 8 shows the condition of a

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Diagram 9

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A

Blood X is rich in oxygen, blood Y is poor in oxygen

B

Blood X is poor in oxygen, blood Y is rich in oxygen

C

Blood X is poor in carbon dioxide, blood Y is rich in carbon dioxide

D

Blood X is rich in haemoglobin, blood Y is poor in haemoglobin

  • 10. Diagram 10 shows the path taken by water and mineral salts in a plant

A Blood X is rich in oxygen, blood Y is poor in oxygen B Blood X

Diagram 10

Which of the following represents X,Y and Z?

A Blood X is rich in oxygen, blood Y is poor in oxygen B Blood X
  • 11. Each atrium and ventricle of the heart is connected to a major blood vessel. Which of the following is connected to the right ventricle?

A

aorta

B

vena cava

C

pulmonary vein

D

pulmonary artery

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12.

The diagram 12 shows a model of the human respiratory system

12. The diagram 12 shows a model of the human respiratory system Diagram 12 What will

Diagram 12

What will you observe when the rubber sheet is pulled downwards?

A Air rushes in through the glass tube B Air is forced out through the glass tube

  • C The bell jar and the rubber sheet become warm

  • D Water droplets form on the wall of the glass tube

13.

12. The diagram 12 shows a model of the human respiratory system Diagram 12 What will

Which of the following statements explain about red blood cells?

  • I Red blood cells have a lifespan of about 4 months

    • II Red blood cells contain haemoglobin that helps in transporting oxygen in the Body

III

There is approximately 5 billion red blood cells for every 1cm 3 of blood

IV

Red blood cells do not protect the body against bacteria

A

II and III only

B

I, II and IV only

C

I, III and IV only

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D

I, II, III and IV

14. Diagram 14 shows the cross-section of human heart

D I, II, III and IV 14. Diagram 14 shows the cross-section of human heart Which

Which of the valve in diagram 14 prevents the backflow of oxygenated blood to the heart?

  • 15. The information below describes the breathing mechanism

R Air involved contains about 16 % oxygen, 4% carbon dioxide, nitrogen and saturated water vapour.
R
Air involved contains about 16 % oxygen, 4% carbon dioxide,
nitrogen and saturated water vapour.
78
%

Which of the following .represents R?

I

the intercostals muscles contract

II

the diaphragm relaxes and curves upwards

III

the temperature of the air involved is the same as the body

IV

temperature the air pressure inside the thoracic cavity is increased

A

I and II only

B

II and III only

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C

I, III and IV only

  • D II, III and IV only

END OF QUESTION

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