The Black Death Little Ice Age in Europe peasant unrest, famines Beginning to move away from feudalism

(wage labor) Crops began to fail, peasants were having a hard time supplying their needs and meeting their feudal obligations to their lords a move away from serfdom and being tied down to the land Decline in population tried to tie people down [feudal lords] peasant rebellions -enormous economic dislocation 100 years war: (1337-1453) France and England , most of it was fought in France. -can see the standing armies deployed There are archers, infantry, etc large battles with large numbers of troops Disease was the thing that killed the most likely to die from the wound -unstable time -Joan of Arc: fought on the side of France, helped rally the French troops, captured and burned a t the stake as a heretic church changed sides, etc. Normans north men who had settled in NW France tried to invade England Still land owners back in France king of England, duke of Normandy Under the feudal model, the duke is technically subject to the duke king. Didn t want to be subject felt as though they had enough power to be king over France as well. ended in the middle of the 1400 s Mongol Domination of Eurasia [13th century] Persia [Ilkhanate] China [Yuan Dynasty] Russia [Golden Horde] -Mongols themselves were weakening as empires allowed for unprecedented trade Plague started in China and all the thingies traveled via the trade routes and decimated all the civilizations. Bubonic Plague -transmitted by fleas and rodents [vermin] fleas bite rodents rodents traveled along infect the larger population in each place. -began in Central Asia spread to China (1330 s) trade routes The populations that were infected were already weakened Middle East/Europe (1340 s) Cities resurgence of urbanization, more people living together in close proximities allowed people to pass the plague more easily. Septicemic Plague: affected the later Roman Empire/Han Dynasty Effects of the Plague Dramatic Population Decline 30% was average in affected areas -no one was there to make enough money, etc, lessened the desire for luxury goods aka no long distance trade Lessened the tax burden, tax burden went up proportionally Social: cities went down, depopulated cities, changed the way people interacted. Cultural effects: Religion: some people believed more, some less; increase in religiosity or not. Needed to atone for the sins of humanity as well as your own. Flagellants: people who whip themselves -this turn away from religion presaged the Renaissance shifted away and more into this earthly world defining characteristic of the Renaissance. Behavior: allowed for new cultural forms as people grew away from the religion

Political Effects: a lot of strife, unrest, not just in W. Europe, but all throughout Eurasia, including the Middle East Allowed new invaders to come in and get gains if the countries hadn t been stronger Tamerlane (1370 s-1405) -new Turkic empires emerged from the regimes includes Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals Effects were felt for many generations afterwards. Population was able to rebound in the 1500 s dramatically.

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