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MECHANICAL VIBRATION ANALYSIS


Posted by admin in January 25th, 2009
9 Comments
Posted in: Mechanical Engineering Seminar Topics, Seminar Topics, Uncategorized Tags:
Engineering Seminars, Latest Seminar Topics, Mechanical Seminar Topics, seminartopics,
Technical Seminar Topics
Download Full Article Mechanical Vibration Analysis.doc
ABSTRACT
A laser-based contact less displacement measurement system is used for data acquisition to
analyze the mechanical vibrations exhibited by vibrating structures and machines. The analysis
of these vibrations requires a number of signal processing operations which include the
determination of the system conditions through a classification of various observed vibration
signatures and the detection of changes in the vibration signature in order to identify possible
trends. This information is also combined with the physical characteristics and contextual data
(operating mode, etc.) of the system under surveillance to allow the evaluation of certain
characteristics like fatigue, abnormal stress, life span, etc., resulting in a high level classification
of mechanical behaviors and structural faults according to the type of application.

Smart sensors or latest generation sensors are now use for vibration measurements. Where the
first generation sensors are piezoelectric accelerometers, second generation sensors are
modification of piezoelectric accelerometers and latest are the smart sensors. Third-generation
smart sensors use mixed mode analogue and digital operations to perform simple unidirectional
communication with the condition monitoring equipment.

INTRODUCTION
The study of vibrations generated by mechanical structures and electrical machines are very
important. The advent of machines and processes that are more and more complex and the ever
increasing exploitation and production costs have favored the emergence of several application
fields requiring vibration analysis. Among these application fields, we find machine monitoring,
modal analysis, quality control, and environment tests. These functions are used in fields such as
aeronautics, space industry, automotive industry, energy production, civil engineering, and audio
equipment.

The signal processing application described here uses a laser-based vibrometer in order to
analyze the vibrations exhibited by mechanical systems. This technique can be used in the
numerous applications mentioned above. The problem is to develop an intelligent system that has
the ability to determine the system conditions based on a classification of the possible vibration
signatures, detect changes in the vibration signature, and analyze their trends.

The classification of the various possible vibration signatures requires a priori knowledge of the
mechanical system under healthy conditions as well as for the various fault conditions; when
possible a mathematical model of the system should be provided. The latter is often crucial for
the good interpretation of the observations, since it predicts the dynamic behavior of the structure
and thus the healthy vibration signature.

Vibration spectra are in general “peaky” due to either the periodic nature of the system’s
excitation or to the natural resonance properties of the mechanical system. Changes in a vibration
signal can result from a variation of the amplitude, frequency, and/or phase of one or many of the
components. Moreover, new peaks may add to the existing spectrum, or some peaks may fade
out. Changes can also appear in the form of short transients or spikes in the time domain. At the
extreme, if the vibrations become so strong that the structure actually starts to move, then the
overall average level of vibration would change, that is, a DC component would appear.

All of the above changes may occur gradually, like fatigue stress slowly deteriorating the
material’s properties, or they may occur suddenly, like the rupture of a mechanical part within a
machine. They may also occur periodically or in a random fashion depending on the process
generating the vibrations. For multiple state systems, changes must be interpreted carefully. For
example, if the operating speed of a rotating machine is raised from A to B, the vibration
analysis system should not declare the observed changes as being the result of a mechanical
failure, but should adapt itself to this new mode of operation.

Download Seminar Report On Mechanical Vibration Analysis.doc


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Comments For This Post Topic Was Disable By Author
Revathi RJ Said in March 2nd, 2009 @6:45 am

Please send me full seminar


rahuljkundar Said in March 3rd, 2009 @3:15 am

goood, need more information


rajput narendra Said in March 31st, 2009 @1:01 am

i want more info abt virus


mark Said in April 15th, 2009 @6:23 am
Excellent site, It was pleasant to me.
mark Said in April 15th, 2009 @6:44 pm

Very interesting site, Hope it will always be alive!


rohit Said in April 24th, 2009 @10:15 pm

good site,i got my seminar 4m this site,thanx alot


Remya Poulose Said in June 8th, 2009 @2:58 am

Hi,
I am interested in this topic ,so plz send its ppt and Report to my ID.
Thanks in advance.
admin Said in June 13th, 2009 @10:10 am

@ Remya Poulose
Sorry we don’t have ppt for this topic
sreeja m s Said in June 18th, 2009 @8:56 pm

please send me the seminar about virus


narendra Said in June 25th, 2009 @1:01 am

I am interested in this topic ,so plz send its ppt and Report to my ID.
Thanks in advance.
admin Said in June 25th, 2009 @9:47 am
@Narendra : Link to the Seminar Report about Virus is given in this post itself.
sruthi Said in June 27th, 2009 @5:25 am

i am interested in this topic , i am very thankful if you send me the full seminar about virus with
ppt.
admin Said in June 30th, 2009 @2:28 am

@Sruthi : You can download the Full Seminar Report about Virus from the links given with the
post.
satya Said in July 1st, 2009 @11:09 pm

it is really very informative to new learners.


i like dis site.
please send me the complete document of dis topic. thank u so much.
archans Said in July 7th, 2009 @3:30 am

good site.please send full report of bio chips and space mouse
sanky Said in July 9th, 2009 @11:26 pm

FANTASTIC site i wish i could get a ppt on same n sm more info..


Jit Said in July 15th, 2009 @8:30 pm

Pls. send me full seminar or full info. Thank u


madhu Said in July 20th, 2009 @11:58 pm

Hi,
I am interested in this topic ,so plz send its ppt and Report to my ID.
Thanks in advance.
anand Said in July 23rd, 2009 @10:48 pm

i am interested in this topic , i am very thankful if you send me the full seminar about virus with
ppt.
Naiz Said in July 25th, 2009 @2:03 am

Give the knowledge about the virus seminar topic.


dhillon Said in July 25th, 2009 @11:22 pm

hi
iam interested in this topic ,so plz send its ppt and Report to my ID.
amit Said in July 28th, 2009 @2:39 am

give me report on computer viruses


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