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―…squisita musica strumentale ed eccellente musica vocale.

‖ Pompilio Totti Ritratto di Roma 1638

C ONSORTIUM C ARISSIMI

Ave Maris Stella

Music of Anerio, Grandi, Monteverdi & Vivaldi
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soprano

alto

Marta Dehn Lisa Habeck Linh Kaufmann Marita Link Alison Lund Beth McGuire
tenor

Christine Anameier Timothy Faatz Stephanie Holman Donna May Beth Nunnally Lauren Vick
bass

Andrew Kane Brian Link William Pederson Adan Varela David Lindquist
violins viola

Garrick Comeaux Ben Henry-Moreland Michael Schmidt Vern Sutton

Mary Sorli, Terry Elliott Cheryl Zylla
cello

Laura Handler Sarah Weiner Buffy Larson Mary Virginia Burke, viola da gamba Tom Walker, archlute Paul Berget, theorbo & violone Donald Livingston, organ
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oboe

trumpet

basso continuo

L’Ospedaletto in Venice, where Vivaldi taught
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A special thanks to
Fr. Tom Margevicius, our host at the St. Paul Seminary Bill Mathis and Hennepin United Methodist Church for the use of their portative organ Robert Foy with Latin text translations And our donors… Nancy Archer Lillian Carteng Laura Carlson Elisabeth Comeaux William and Mary Cunningham Steve and Judy Emmings Robert Foy Bob and Darlene Hays Bob Hickcox and Jacqueline Henry Gerald and Merry Hoekstra Bob and Sigrid Johnson Beth and Pat Nunnally Troy Rustad Susannah Smith Vern Sutton Mark and Linda Triplett Nancy Ann Werner Grace Wiechman Preston and Sharon Williams Look for future concert programming under our Future Concerts section at our website: www.consortiumcarissimi.org Consortium Carissimi Garrick Comeaux, Artistic Director Elisabeth Comeaux, Executive Director ——— Board Members ——– Robert Hays, President Beth Nunnally, Treasurer Don Livingston, Secretary Consortium Carissimi is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization P.O. Box 40553 Saint Paul, Minnesota 55104 Tel. 612.822.1376
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St. Mary’s Chapel at the St. Paul Seminary - 2260 Summit Ave, St. Paul, MN Saturday, November 27 - 7:30 pm Sunday, November 28 - 2:00 pm

THE PROGRAM Gregorian Chant Hymn Ave Maris Stella Antonio Vivaldi Gloria - RV 589 (I-V) (1678-1741) Gregorian Chant Hymn Ave Maris Stella Giovanni Francesco Anerio Gabriel Angelus locutus est Mariae (1567-1630) Gregorian Chant Hymn Ave Maris Stella Antonio Vivaldi Gloria - RV 589 (VI-VII) Alessandro Grandi Missus est Gabriel (1586-1630) Antonio Vivaldi Gloria - RV 589 (VIII-XII) Gregorian Chant Hymn Ave Maris Stella Claudio Monteverdi Ave Maris Stella (1567-1643) dai Vespri della Beata Virgine Maria - 1610
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C ONSORTIUM C ARISSIMI
―…squisita musica strumentale ed eccellente musica vocale.‖ Pompilio Totti Ritratto di Roma 1638

Texto Narrative Dixit autem Maria: Then Mary said: Modonna Ecce ancilla Domini, Fiat mihi secundum verbum tuum, Secundum verbum tuum. Coro Tota pulchra es, Maria Toto puchra es, Maria Suscipe verbum, suscipe verbum, Virgo Maria, Quod tibi a Domino per Angelum transmissum est: Concipies et paries Deum Pariter et hominem, Ut benedicta dicaris Inter omnes mulieres. Paries quidem filium et Virginitatis non patieris detrimentum Efficieris gravida Et eris Mater simper intacta Et eris Mater simper intacta. Ut benedicta dicaris Inter omnes mulieres, Inter omnes mulieres. Madonna Behold the Handmaid of the Lord, Be it to me according to your word, According to your word. Chorus You are wholly lovely, Mary, You are wholly lovely, Mary. Receive the word, receive the word, Virgin Mary, That has come to you from The Lord through the Angel. You will conceive and bear One who is both God and Man, And you will be called blessed Above all women. You will bear a son And you will suffer no harm To your Virginity, You will be pregnant And you will ever be Both a Mother and a Virgin. So that you will be called Blessed Above all women, Above all women.

- Organization History Consortium Carissimi was founded in Rome, Italy in 1996, with the mission of uncovering and bringing to modern day ears, through live concerts, master classes, recordings and publications, the long-forgotten early Italian baroque music of the 16th and 17th centuries. Consortium Carissimi consists of ten to thirty musicians that include singers and period instruments. Among the various types of music that flourished in Rome during the 16th and 17th century, the oratories of Giacomo Carissimi are examples of the most outstanding form of composition of that time. Consortium Carissimi bears the name of the famous composer whose music was known for its simple, fresh new approach to text, melody and accompaniment. Of great importance is the performance of sacred and secular music that is transcribed from manuscript or early print sources. The unique strength that Consortium Carissimi provides is in the performance of these long-forgotten works since much of this music has not been heard since the 17th century. It is only through transcriptions that this music may be heard by 21st century audiences; transcriptions held by Consortium Carissimi. Currently, there are no other organizations in the United States that have these transcriptions in their possession. Consortium Carissimi contributes to the cultural vitality of the community in four key ways: Manuscript transcription and publication; Consortium Carissimi is the only organization in the United States that has in its library transcriptions over 200 manuscripts of this time period, including the complete works of Giacomo Carissimi. Educational programs; Consortium Carissimi conducts master classes with educational institutions, both in and out of state. Master classes include intense studies of vocal and instrumental practices of 17th century Rome. Performances; the ensemble of mixed voices and instruments performs three concerts annually of repertoire from the Italian-Roman sacred and secular music of the 16th and 17th century. Recordings; Consortium Carissimi extends public access to and knowledge of this musical tradition through digital recordings. Consortium Carissimi’s unique commitment to the Italian works of the 16th and 17th is quickly establishing its role as an arts leader here at home and abroad. - Program Notes -

Ave Maris Stella (Latin, "Hail Star of the Sea") is a plainsong Vespers hymn to the Virgin Mary. It
is of uncertain origin and can be dated back at least as far as the eighth century. It was especially popular in the Middle Ages and has been used by many composers as the basis of other compositions. Giovanni Francesco Anerio (c. 1567 – buried June 12, 1630) was an Italian composer of the Roman School, of the very late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was the younger brother of Felice Anerio. Giovanni's principal importance in music history was his contribution to the early development of the oratorio; he represented the progressive trend within the otherwise conservative Roman School, though he also shared some of the stylistic tendencies of his brother, who was much indebted to Palestrina. He born in Narni but the exact birth-date is not known; he
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Ave Maris Stella - Claudio Monteverdi
Please see Latin text translation, page 6.
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Et regnabit in domo Jacob in aeternum Et regni ejus non erit finis, Et regni ejus non erit finis. Voce Celeste Tota pulchra es, Maria, Tota puchra es, Maria, Et macula non est in te, Et macula non est in te.

And he will reign in the house Of Jacob forever, And his reign will have no end. And his reign will have no end. Heavenly Voice You are wholly lovely, Mary, You are wholly lovely, Mary, And there is no stain in you. And there is no stain in you.

clearly decided to become a priest from an early age, and became associated with the Oratory of Filippo Neri around 1583. Giovanni Anerio was a much more progressive composer than his brother, and in the conservative environment of Rome in the early 17th century, this was progressive indeed. Many of his madrigals were monodies, borrowing a style which came from Florence other locations to the north; his motets and masses, on the other hand, are conservative and use the Palestrina style, though the motets include figured bass, another innovation from the first decade of the 17th century. Alessandro Grandi (1586 – after June 1630, but in that year) was a northern Italian composer of the early Baroque era, writing in the new ―concertato‖ style. He was one of the most inventive, influential and popular composers of the time, probably second only to Monteverdi in northern Italy. In 1617 he won a post at St. Mark's in Venice, during the time Monteverdi was choirmaster there. Eventually he became Monteverdi's assistant, and during this time seems to have chosen to write works in some of the smaller forms which Monteverdi was neglecting. In 1627 he went to Bergamo, probably because he had an opportunity to be maestro di cappella at a place where he could build up the music program from scratch. Most likely he met Heinrich Schütz on that composer's second visit to Italy. Unfortunately, after only three years at Bergamo, Grandi died in 1630 during an outbreak of the plague. Antonio Lucio Vivaldi was born in Venice, the capital of the Republic of Venice. At the age of 15 in the year of 1693, he began studying to become a priest. In 1703, at the age of 25, Vivaldi was ordained a priest and was soon nicknamed il Prete Rosso, "The Red Priest", probably because of his red hair. Vivaldi wrote several settings of the Gloria. RV 589 is the most familiar and popular piece of sacred music by Vivaldi; however, he was known to have written at least three Gloria settings. Only two survive (RV 588 and RV 589) whilst the other (RV 590) is presumably lost and is only mentioned in the Kreuzherren catalogue. The two were written at about the same time (it is disputed which came first) in the early 18th century. We are performing the better known setting of the Gloria, simply known as the ―Vivaldi Gloria‖ due to its outstanding popularity. RV 589 is more mature and original than its predecessor, however evidence of obvious inspiration (and plagiarism) still exist. Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi often regarded as revolutionary, marked the transition from the Renaissance style of music to that of the Baroque period. He developed two individual styles of composition: the new basso continuo technique of the Baroque and the heritage of Renaissance polyphony. Enjoying fame in his lifetime, he wrote one of the earliest operas, L'Orfeo. Born in 1567 in Cremona, a town in Northern Italy, he was taught by Marc'Antonio Ingegneri, the maestro di cappella. By 1613, he had moved to the San Marco in Venice where, as conductor, he quickly restored the musical standard of both the choir and the instrumentalists. In 1632, he too became a priest. Monteverdi's first church music publication was the archaic Mass In illo tempore to which the Vesper Psalms of 1610 were added. The Vesper Psalms of 1610 are also one of the best examples of early repetition and contrast, with many of the parts having a clear ritornello. We have chosen the Vesper Hymn text Aver Maris Stella as our theme for our Christmas Concert this year. Garrick Comeaux, artistic director
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Texto Narrative Dixit aite, aroa ad Angelum: Then Mary said to the Angel: Madonna Madonna Quomodo fiet istud, How can such a thing be Quoniam virum non cognosco? Since I know no man? Texto Narrative Et respondens Angelus dixit ei: In response, the Angel said to her: Angel Spiritus Sanctus seperveniet in te, Et virtus Altissimi obumbrabit tibi Ideoque et quod na scetur ex te Sanctum, Vocabitur Filius Dei. Voce Celeste Tota pulchra es, Maria Tota pulchra es, Maria, Et macula non est in te. Et ecce Elisabeth, cognate tua, Et ipsa concepit filium in senectute sua; Et hic mensis est sextus illi Quae vocatur sterilis; Qui a non erit impossibile a pud Deum omne verbum. Angel The Holy Spirit will come upon you And the power of the Most High will overshadow you And thus the Holy Thing that will be born to you Will be called the Son of God. Heavenly Voice You are wholly lovely, Mary, You are wholly lovely, Mary, And there is no stain in you. And, behold, your cousin Elizabeth, She too has conceived a son in her old age; And she is now in her sixth month, She who was called barren, For with God no word is impossible.
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Missus est Gabriel - Grandi
- Latin Text Translations -

Gregorian Chant Hymn & Monteverdi
Ave, maris stella, Dei mater alma, atque semper virgo, felix cœli porta. Sumens illud «Ave» Gabrielis ore, funda nos in pace, mutans Evæ nomen. Solve vincla reis, profer lumen cæcis, mala nostra pelle, bona cuncta posce. Monstra te esse matrem, sumat per te precem qui pro nobis natus tulit esse tuus. Virgo singularis, inter omnes mitis, nos culpis solutos mites fac et castos. Vitam præsta puram, iter para tutum, ut videntes Jesum semper collætemur. Sit laus Deo Patri, summo Christo decus, Spiritui Sancto honor, tribus unus. Amen.
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Hail, star of the sea, Nurturing Mother of God, And ever Virgin Happy gate of Heaven. Receiving that "Ave" From the mouth of Gabriel, Establish us in peace, Transforming the name of "Eva" Loosen the chains of the guilty, Send forth light to the blind, Our evil do you dispel, Entreat for us all good things. Show yourself to be a Mother: Through you may he receive our prayer Who, being born for us, Undertook to be your own Son. O unique Virgin, Meek above all others, Make us, set free from our sins, Meek and chaste. Bestow a pure life, Prepare a safe way: That seeing Jesus, We may ever rejoice. Praise be to God the Father, To the Most High Christ be glory, To the Holy Spirit Be honor, to the Three equally. Amen.

Texto Missus est Gabriel Angelus a Deo In civitatem Galilaeae, Cui nomen Nazareth, Ad virginem desponsatam viro, Cui nomen erat Joseph, De domo David, Et nomen virginis Maria Et ingressus Angelus ad eam, dixit: Angelo Ave, gratia plena; Dominus tecum; Benedicta tu in mulieribus. Texto Quae cum audisset, turbata est in sermone ejus et cogitabat qualis esset ista salutatio. Et ait Angelus ei: Angelo Ne timeas, ne timeas, Maria, invenisti enim Gratiam apud Deum; Ecce concipies in utero Et paries filium et vocabis Nomen ejus Jesum. Voce Celeste Tota puchra es, Maria, Et macula non est in te Hic erit magnus et Filius Altissimi vocabitur Tota pulchra es, Maria Et macula non est in te Et dabit illi Dominus Deus Sedem David patris ejus;

Narrative The Angel Gabriel was sent by God To a city of Galilee Named Nazareth To a Virgin betrothed to a man Named Joseph, Of the House of David, And the name of the virgin was Mary. And having come to her, the Angel said: Angel Hail, full of grace, The Lord is with you Blessed are you among women. Narrative When she heard these words, She was troubled at his speaking And she pondered what such A greeting might mean. And the Angel said to her: Angel Fear not, fear not, Mary, for you have found Favor with God; Behold, you will conceive in your womb And you will bear a son and you will call His name Jesus. Heavenly Voice You are wholly lovely, Mary, And there is no stain in you. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. You are wholly lovely, Mary, And there is no stain in you. And the Lord God will give him The seat of this father David;
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Chorus Suscipe verbum, virgo Maria, Suscipe verbum, virgo Maria Quod tibi a Domino per Angelum transmissum est; Concipies, concipies et paries Deum Pariter et hominem, Ut benedicta dicaris, Ut benedicta dicaris Inter omnes mulieres, Ut benedicta dicaris, Ut benedicta dicaris Inter omnes muli e res Inter omnes muli e res

Chorus Receive the Word, Virgin Mary, Receive the Word, Virgin Mary, That has been brought to you By the Angel from the Lord; You will conceive, you will conceive And will bear One who is Both God and Man, Blessed Blessed So that you will be called Blessed Blessed Above all other women Above all other women

Gloria - Vivaldi RV 589
1. Gloria in excelsis Deo (Chorus) Gloria in excelsis Deo Glory to God in the highest, 2. Et in terra pax (Chorus) et in terra pax homínibus bonae voluntátis. and on earth peace to people of good will. 3. Laudamus te (Sopranos I and II) Laudámus te, benedícimus te, adorámus te, glorificámus te, We praise you, we bless you, we adore you, we glorify you, 4. Gratias agimus tibi (Chorus) grátias ágimus tibi we give you thanks 5. Propter magnam gloriam (Chorus) propter magnam glóriam tuam, for your great glory, 6. Domine Deus (Soprano) Dómine Deus, Rex cæléstis, Deus Pater omnípotens. Lord God, heavenly King, O God, almighty Father. 7. Domine, Fili unigenite (Chorus) Dómine Fili Unigénite, Iesu Christe, Lord Jesus Christ, Only-begotten Son, 8. Domine Deus, Agnus Dei (Contralto and Chorus)

Giovanni Francesco Anerio

Alessandro Grandi

Dómine Deus, Agnus Dei, Fílius Patris, Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father,

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9. Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus) qui tollis peccáta mundi, miserére nobis; qui tollis peccáta mundi, súscipe deprecatiónem nostram. you take away the sins of the world, have mercy on us; you take away the sins of the world, receive our prayer. 10. Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris (Contralto) Qui sedes ad déxteram Patris, miserére nobis. you are seated at the right hand of the Father, have mercy on us. 11. Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Chorus) Quóniam tu solus Sanctus, tu solus Dóminus, tu solus Altíssimus, Iesu Christe, For you alone are the Holy One, you alone are the Lord, you alone are the Most High, Jesus Christ, 12. Cum Sancto Spiritu (Chorus) cum Sancto Spíritu: in glória Dei Patris. Amen. with the Holy Spirit, in the glory of God the Father. Amen.

Gabriel Angelus locutus est Mariae - Anerio
Historicus Narrator Gabriel Angelus locutus The Angel Gabriel spoke est Mariae dicens: To Mary, saying: Gabriel Angelus Gabriel Ave, gratia plena; Hail, full of grace: Dominus tecum, Dominus tecum. The Lord is with you, the Lord is with you. Historicus Quae cum audisset, Quae cum audisset, Turbata est, turbata est, Turbata est, turbata est In sermon ejus et cogitabat Qualisset ista salutatio. Et ait Angelus ei: Gabriel Audi, Maria Virgo, Spiritus Sanctus superveniet in te, Et virtus Altissimi obumbrabit tibi. Historicus Dixit autem Maria: Ecce ancilla Domini, Fiat mihi secundum verbum tuum. Narrator When she heard these words, When she heard these words, She was troubled, she was troubled. She was troubled, she was troubled. At his speaking, and pondered What such a greeting might mean And the Angel said to her: Gabriel Hearken, Virgin Mary, The Holy Spirit will come upon you, And the power of the Highest Will overshadow you. Narrator Then Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the Lord, Be it to me according to your word.

Antonio Vivaldi
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