Weighing your Brass? By Capt.

Bob Peasley
April 8, 2011 was another dandy day to test some of the pent up ideas from a long lonely winter in Minnesota. It was 60 degrees, sunny and all bullets were moly coated, fired in a Krieger bbl. on a Stolle action. The bbl. has about 2250 rounds thru it at the start of testing. I weighed a bunch of 5 times fired WW brass over the winter and sorted into batches of about 1.4 gr. increments. For reasons unknown to me I found about 10 pieces that were well above the highest average. These 10 pieces averaged 171.5 gr.I picked 6 each of these and 6 of the lowest weight for testing. Results are shown below.

Test 1 case capacity vs velocity.
BULLET PRIMLOAD BRASS AVE SPREAD SD Lapua 155 BR2 46.0 N140 WW 3004 40 Lapua 155 BR2 46.0 N140 WW 2972 26 NOTES 14 brass wt 171.5 gr. 6 shots 09 brass wt 160.5 gr. 6 shots

The low velocity with 171.5 gr. brass was 2989 and the high was 3029 The low velocity with 160.5 gr. brass was 2957 and the high was 2983 Both loads shot about ¾ groups at 100 yds with iron sights from rest

Test 2 small primer vs. large primer
BULLET PRIM LOAD BRASS AVE SPREAD SD NOTES 2155 7 ½ 46.0 N140 Rem BR 2931 25 08 New weighed RP 308 BR 6 shots 2155 BR2 45.5 N140 Lapua 2938 22 07 2 fired weighed Lapua brass 6 shots The low with small primers was 2921 and the high was 2946 The low with large primers was 2929 and the high was 2951 Both loads shot ¾ or just under at 100 yds with iron sights from rest I used ½ gr. N140 more with the RP BR brass assuming the small primer would need a little more powder. If one assumes about 35-40 FPS more velocity per ½ gr. of powder you will see my assumption was ELWRONGO, at least in my very limited test with these 2 popular primers. I see no need to go faster with this load for Palma shooting at 600 yards and both would stay supersonic to 1000 yards down to about +10 degrees F at sea level.

Using an old but accurate DOS ballistics program I ran some numbers to determine elevation changes due to velocity. I assumed sea level, temperature 59 deg. and the2155 Palma bullet with BC of .450. Your bullet BC and mileage may vary. I entered 2990 FPS and 1000 yards with above BC and weight. The total drop was 356.04 inches. I decreased the velocity to 2930 FPS with the rest the same. The total drop was 372.94 inches or a

difference of 16.9 inches. With a 10 inch X ring you can see that a spread of 60 FPS will not shoot X ring elevation at 1000 yards but would be within the 10 ring. Repeating for 600 yards with the same numbers we find the drop to be 101.06 inches at 2930 FPS and 96.64 inches at 2990 FPS or 4.42 inches difference. Thus, your load with an extreme spread of 60 FPS will shoot about 3/4 X ring elevation at 600 yards. My testing over the last 30+ years says that even dropped charges that vary .3 gr. will stay in under 50 FPS extreme spread. Using the high and low velocities from the brass weight test we find the spread to be 72 FPS with a drop of 4.42 inches and thus still inside the X ring for elevation. Also remember that the Sierra 2155 is probably the worst case scenario as far as ballistic coefficient. The 2156, Lapua and Berger 155 gr. bullets would most likely show slightly smaller elevation spread due to better BC. The only thing I m sure of is the accuracy of the ballistic program. I have no idea if my conclusions are accurate or not, but until shown otherwise I m assuming my test results are accurate. You may draw different conclusions but I have decided that weighing brass and powder charge for 600 yards to be unnecessary, at least with the 155 grain Palma bullet. You will find all my credentials and qualifications to reach this conclusion immediately below. HOLDHARD, Bob

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