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# Title: Current, Resistance, and Voltage Relationships Purpose: The purpose of this lab was to determine the effect

of changing voltage has on current for various resistors. Another purpose was to determine the effects of changing resistance has on current when voltage is held constant. Theory: Electrical current is the rate of charge flow past a given point in an electric circuit, measured in Coulombs/second, which is, called µAmperes.¶ An ammeter is a measuring instrument used to measure the electric current in a circuit. For example, if an ammeter reads 54 mA, it means there are 54 Columbus flowing through the device per second. Voltage is electric potential energy per unit charge and it¶s measured in joules per coulomb. A voltmeter is an instrument used for measuring the electrical potential difference between two points in an electric circuit. If a voltmeter read 12V, it means 12 joules per Coulomb are flowing through the device. Electrical resistance measures an objects opposition to the passage of an electric current and it¶s measured in Ohms (;). Resistors are used to determine the flow of current in an electrical circuit. Hypothesis: I predicted that if the voltage were increased for a resistor, then the flow of current would increase. I also predicted that if the resistance is increased, then the flow of the current will decrease. Materials List: Four wires (+, -) (Alligator Clip, Banana Plug), Ammeter, Six Different Resistors, Voltage Sources, Voltmeter Procedure: We started our experiment by making the circuit (see the attached sheet for directions on making the circuit.) After making the circuit we attached the Br, Bl, Bl, Gd resistor and measured the current. We increased the voltage by .1 for every trial, and started out at .5, with a total of 5 trials. It is important to use several different voltages for the same resistor because it gave us more data to work with, and it measured our accuracy. If we found the data to be accurate, then we saw a pattern. After collecting the data and writing it down on the data table, we changed the resistor. We determined the value of the resistor by color code. Each color code has a different amount of resistance. With the different resistors, we followed the same process for collecting data. For the second experiment we used the same circuit, but kept the voltage constant at one volt. We collected one trial of data for each resistor. The data we collected was the current, the resistor¶s value in ohms, and the voltage. Data: See Attached. Conclusion: The purpose of this lab was to determine the effect of changing voltage has on current for various resistors. Another purpose was to determine the effects of changing resistance has on current when voltage is held constant. It was predicted that if the voltage were increased for a resistor, then the flow of current would increase. In the Current vs. Voltage graph all the resistors display a line of increasing with a relatively similar slope. This shape means that Current and Voltage are directly proportional. The differences in slopes of the lines indicate the more ohms of resistance the more volts it takes to get the same current flow. If a resistor has a steep line, the fewer volts it took to reach a certain current.

the meters could have been off with their measurements. The current is also directly proportional to the resistance of that resistor. then the flow of the current would decrease. Also. First. it shows a line with a constant increasing slope.The second purpose was to determine the effects of changing resistance has on current when voltage is held constant. human error in interpreting the meters may have let to the graph not following the general trend. This means that Current and Resistance are directly proportional to one another. Sources of error may have occurred in one of a few ways. . Resistance graph. It was predicted that if the resistance is increased. When looking at the Current vs. The current through a resistor is directly proportional to the voltage across the resistor.