AIAC Times [Volume 8

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Contents
Editorial ........................................................................................................................................................ 3 Jupiter’s column ............................................................................................................................................ 9 Nadi Astrology .......................................................................................................................................... 9 Sun’s column .............................................................................................................................................. 21 Predicting Livelihood.............................................................................................................................. 21 Moon’s column ........................................................................................................................................... 26 Lunar Returns.......................................................................................................................................... 26 Male Marriages ................................................................................................................................... 27 Female Marriages................................................................................................................................ 28 Sickness............................................................................................................................................... 30 Death ................................................................................................................................................... 31 Venus’ column ............................................................................................................................................ 33 Searchlight on Nadi Granthas ................................................................................................................. 33 Mercury’s column ....................................................................................................................................... 39 Combinations for Success in Lottery and Gambling .............................................................................. 39 Mars’ column .............................................................................................................................................. 42 Widowhood and Jupiter .......................................................................................................................... 42 Case 1 .................................................................................................................................................. 44 Case 2 .................................................................................................................................................. 45 Case 3 .................................................................................................................................................. 46 Saturn’s column .......................................................................................................................................... 48 Transit ..................................................................................................................................................... 48 Rahu’s column ............................................................................................................................................ 54 Yoga Point System of Analysis .............................................................................................................. 54 Ketu’s column ............................................................................................................................................. 57 Combinations for Spiritual Progress - II ................................................................................................. 57 Something about us ..................................................................................................................................... 62

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Editorial
In the last editorial, I had mentioned about reading The Astrological Magazine. However, numerous mails have come to us asking us where they could access the gems of knowledge from the esteemed magazine. I then realized that it is indeed challenge to obtain the issues of this revered magazine and access the works of the genius astrologers of the yester years. As a result, in this volume we will share some astrological gems from the old issues of the Astrological Magazine. Do enjoy the marvelous articles of the jyotish stalwarts of the yester years. However, I cannot end this editorial without writing about an incident that has affected each and every soul on this planet in some way or the other. That is the very unfortunate Japan Earthquake and the nuclear meltdown. Moon was “dangerously” close to the Earth which was an astronomical phenomenon and the complete scientific community was aware of it. Astrologically Moon was in its exaltation Nakshatra in Krittika which happens to be the Lagna nakshtra of Japan. Please carefully check the degrees of the Lagna nakshtra of Japan and the degrees of the transit Moon at the moment of disaster – they are exactly conjunct. This also proves the age old dictum of classic Gochara works that transit of Moon on Lagna is not considered auspicious.

The above is the natal chart of Japan. Please mark the Lagna degree of the chart.

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This is the moment of the Japan Earthquake. Please mark the degree of the Moon in this chart.

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Below is a table of natal versus transit positions (approx.) of the planets at the time of the disaster. Body Ascendant Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat Rah Ket Natal 5 Taurus 7 Aquarius 3 Virgo 8 Pisces 0 Aquarius (Retro) 9 Sagittarius 23 Pisces 23 Cancer 27 Gemini 27 Sagittarius Transit 20 Cancer 26 Aquarius 6 Taurus 18 Aquarius 8 Pisces 16 Pisces 16 Capricorn 21 Virgo (Retro) 4 Sagittarius 4 Gemini

At the time of the disaster, transit Moon was on Japan’s natal Lagna and Lagna conjoined natal Saturn (retrograde). Transit Mars had passed over natal Mercury and transit Mercury was exactly conjoined natal Mars in the watery sign Pisces. Transit Rahu was over natal Jupiter and Transit Saturn (retrograde) was in the same sign as natal Moon. Mercury, Mars are typically involved in landslides and earthquakes and it is clear that their transit over natal points can be disastrous.

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However, is it a common practice among astrologers to use different methods to predict different disasters. However, I had given an empirical rule of using Shoola Chakra with Sarvatobhadra Chakra for this and have written two articles on this subject. In case of the Japan disaster too this is a very valid scenario. Given below is the Shoola Chakra of Japan. The Shoola nakshtras are Mrigashira, Purva Phalguni, Anuradha and Shatabhishak.

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The Sarvatobhadra Chakra for the day of the disaster is given below.

Mars and Ketu are the maraca Grahas for Japan (Scorpio) and afflict Shatabhishak and Mrigashira. Saturn from Hasta has vedha on the Poorna Tithi indicating a worldwide disaster. Saturn being retrograde makes the effect even worse. Thankfully the vedha back from Jupiter is the blessing in these dark times. Also, note that Ketu has vedha on the signs Taurus and Cancer. Mars has vedha on the signs Capricorn and Pisces. The disaster occurred when Cancer (water sign) was rising with Moon in Taurus. First of all, I and everyone at AIAC earnestly pray for the departed souls and for the well-being of the people of Japan at this crisis period. The aftermath and the nuclear meltdown of this event is something that concerns humanity as a whole. The levels of radioactive Iodine found in rain water in places across the globe is alarming. Till the point Sun enters in Aries and Saturn moves away from Hasta, the danger period will not be over. At this crisis period, the power of prayer of all of humanity can surely bring the blessings from above and save us from the damage caused by this aftermath. When you read this article, I request you with folded hands to say a silent prayer for the well-being of the world and to seek forgiveness for the bad karma generated by humanity. Aum Shanti, Shanti, Shanti!
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Jupiter’s column
Nadi Astrology
The day was 25th day of September. The year was 1970. The place was the Astrological Lodge, London. The lecture was delivered by Dr. B V Raman at this august gathering. Dr. Raman’s speech has been typed by Prothomesh for the benefit of all readers of the Times. The article appeared in two parts in The Astrological magazine. Part 1 appeared in October 1977 and part 2 was published in December 1977. Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: When I received a letter of invitation from my esteemed friend and your worthy president Mr. Ronald C Davison to address the well-known Astrological Lodge of London I was not only gratified but a bit embarrassed also because Britain and India having had a close historical relationship for nearly two centuries and having parted as good friends, it would in a sense mean renewing old ties of friendship and understanding; and embarrassed because Mr. Davison left the subject of the talk to my choosing. However, it was not difficult for me to overcome this initial embarrassment because I could easily decide that the subject to be dealt with should be the one that should not only be novel but also instructive to the members and I could not think of a more appropriate theme than Nadi Astrology, a subject in which I have been making investigations for over twenty years I must also seek your indulgence in advance for having to use a number of Sanskrit terms, for which no suitable English word capable of conveying the spirit of the original could be thought of, even though I shall try my best to give the nearest corresponding words in English. Before I take up the subject-matter proper, I think I must tell you – and I am sure most of you already know – certain distinctive features of Hindu Astrology and its philosophy. Hindu astrology does not endorse the theory of absolute fatalism. Astrology and the doctrine of Karma are intimately connected. According to Hindu philosophical works, man is a combination of a physical body, the mind and the self-conscious self or atman which is spiritually present. It is the individual’s Karma or actions done in past or previous lives that determine his present life. There are two main categories of Karma, viz., sanchita (accumulative) and prarabha (operative). The present course of life is indicated by the prarabdha or operative Karma, i.e., deeds or actions whose seed has already sprung up and whose machinery has been set in motion towards their fruition in the present life. The sanchita or accumulative Karma pertains to actions that are still lying latent “like seeds stocked up in a granary for fruition in future lives”. The horoscope indicates our pas Karma, the prarabdha or operative portion of our Karma being our destiny in this life and that astrological predictions are tendencies of nature on their way towards fulfillment or manifestation and that to some extent we can either strengthen or weaken their momentum in the direction desired by suitable remedial measures. The celebrated ancient astrologer Varahamihira whose works are still considered authoritative points out that astrology reveals the lines along which the destiny of individuals would be unfolded. The first and the most important of the distinctive features of Hindu astrology is that it is based on the so called fixed or sidereal zodiac. This is divided into 12 parts call the signs of the zodiac or 27 equal parts or asterisms or Nakshatras of 13 degrees 20 minutes each. The fixing of the first point of the zodiac – the end of the constellation Revati which some identify with the modern Zeta Piscium – so as to make it the
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same for all time is an important feature of Hindu astrology and this shows a fundamental difference from the European system of reckoning in which all longitudes are measured by arcs of the ecliptic the origin being the equinoctial point at the time of observation. This does not mean that precession was not known to the Hindus. The very Sanskrit terms Sayana and Nirayana – to distinguish between the two zodiacs – mean, with precession of the equinoxes was discovered by our Sages long before anything about it was known to any other nation. In actual practice, it is the arcs of 13 degrees 20 minutes measured from the 1st point of stellar Aries that are really important for astrological purposes. They of course bear the names of the brightest stars or Yogataras of the star-clusters that lie on or near about the arcs concerned. In India astrology continues to occupy a very important place socially and culturally, in the lives of the majority of Indians, whose requirements of astrological consultations are generally dealt with by astrologers well versed in the traditional system, which are preserved even unto this day in the same form, as they perhaps existed three or four thousand years ago. The stars and constellations have been associated with Hindu astrology from times immemorial and their significance in prediction is considerable. Nor does Hindu astrology take into account the extra saturnine planets, viz., Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. The Moon’s ascending Node, viz. Rahu and the Moon’s descending Node, viz., Ketu are given great prominence. Even though the Hindus were aware that the Sun is a star; the Moon, a satellite of the earth; and the Nodes, point of intersection between the orbits of the Sun and the Moon – all these were termed planets for astrological purposes. The term ‘Planet’ for the Sun, the Moon and the Nodes in modern astronomical parlance is no doubt a misnomer, but the Hindus had their own reasons to call them grahas, which for want of a better term, in English, we call as planets. Graha in Sanskrit means a “center of energy” capable of the properties of attraction and repulsion. You will thus see that in Hindu astrology when the term planet is used it may be the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn or the Moon’s ascending or descending Node. It is mainly on the nine planets, 12 signs and 27 constellations that the entire predictive art of the Hindus has been developed. Some of the general principles such as ruler-ships, exaltations, etc., are common to both the Hindu and Western systems. But regarding aspects, there is divergence. For example, Western astrology considers a square or an opposition as always bad and a trine or a sextile as always good. According to the Hindu system, however, no aspect by itself can be good or bad. It is the nature of the planets involved in the aspect and the type of ownership they hold with reference to the Ascendant, that determines the nature of the aspect. An aspect like the Moon – Jupiter square or opposition, in the words of the late Mr. Carter, denotes in addition to the “same good humor that we find with the good aspects, a more restless and sometimes even combative disposition”. But I think on the whole you consider a square aspect as bad. But according to Hindu astrology such a disposition causes what is called Gajakesari Yoga – indicating respect, name, fame and position. Even here, the nature and extent of fame or position rests upon the type of lordship, the two planets hold with reference to the Ascendant, the nature of the constellations held by them and the vitality the two planets have secured and so many other factors such as their dispositions in the various sub-divisions, etc. where for example the Ascendant is Sagittarius with Jupiter in the constellation of Moola (i.e., the 19th) and the Moon is in Pisces – in the constellation of Poorvahbadra (25th), the fame and name will be on the place of philosophy, but of a non-traditional type because Jupiter would be in the constellation of the Moon’s descending Node, while the Moon is powerfully placed as he occupies both the sign and constellation of Jupiter ; or again if we take Virgo as Ascendant and Jupiter in Libra in the constellation of the Node (Swati – 15th) and the Moon in Aries in the constellation of Venus
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(Bharani – the 2nd) it is indeed a splendid combination for success and fame in occult matters which in a sense includes astrology, theosophy, and possibly psychology. In such a yoga, Jupiter aspects the 6th house giving opposition, antagonism and also success over the opponents, while his aspect on the 10th is generally favored as it gives the person certain settled convictions, and also the faculty of prevision. The other distinctive features of Hindu astrology are yogas or typical combinations of planets which enable us to ascertain clearly the rank and status of a person, and the Dasas or methods of progression enabling one to time events: The Nadis or Nadigranthas are compilations by the masters of the science of astrology – the Maharishis or the Sages – the very same master mind who have written treatises on every aspect of Indian Culture and whose forte was observation and meditation. They contain not only hundreds of thousands of ready – made horoscopes and horoscope – patterns but also valuable astrological formulae. The Nadi literature should be regarded as absolutely special and original to Indian Culture and genius: While the west has been able to achieve remarkable control over the forces of nature, in the development of star-lore the achievements of India are indeed noteworthy. Until perhaps 1930’s Nadi astrology was a sealed book to many of the Hindu astrologers themselves as they could not procure the texts. They were available, as palm-leaf records in various Indian languages – Sanskrit, Tamil and Telugu – and deposited in temples or their trustees, and somehow came into the hands of uncultured people who played a lucrative trade with them. It is about 25 years ago that a Nadigrantha, that is, a work on the Nadi system came into my possession. I am working on an English translation of this work and God willing I expect to publish it early. This work, I am sure, will make a definite contribution to predictive astrology by placing in the hands of astrologers reliable methods of prediction. I have heard it said by some of my learned astrologer-friends in the West that the “key to astrology was lost with the burning of the library at Alexandria or it perished with the Atlantis people” and so on. But in India at least the key appears to be quite intact, perhaps because of a certain continuity of culture for thousands of years and because of the fact that astrological knowledge is still being taught; orally in the shape of aphorisms or certain code language. Hundreds and thousands of people make sure of the recorded horoscopes contained in the Nadis for knowing not only their future in this life but also about their past lives. There are different types of these Nadis. Some of them give entire life-histories of persons – in each case substantiating their deductions by astrological reasoning while others merely give predictions of both the past and the future without much astrological discussion. There are yet others, which merely give the horoscope on the basis of certain palm lines, the delineation being left to be looked into in other works. But the bulk of them is based on radical or birth horoscopes. The horoscope when correctly traced indicates the entire life-history of an individual from cradle to the grave. Easy or difficult child-birth, description of the lying in chamber, birth-place in reference to village, town, city, etc., caste, details about the parents, number of brothers and sisters alive and dead, education, future attainments, number of marriages, private life, diseases, friends and enemies and a lot of other details pertaining to an individual are stated. The various Charts given should be taken as typical and representative or symbolic and they can be fitted into a person’s horoscope, which has almost a similar pattern. Thus for a given horoscope, many judgments are given, which agree with one another to a period and then differ. I think even Sepharial
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refers to the Nadis in one of his works. My revered grandfather, the late Prof. B Suryanarain Rao used to tell me that when Sepharial met him about 60 years ago and his reading was read from the Sukra Nadi, he was almost dumbfounded at the uncanny way in which his life had been revealed. There are a number of Nadis scattered in different parts of India. In North India, they are known by the name of Samhitas. Some of the Nadis I have seen and examined are Guru Nadi, Sukra Nadi, Markandeya Nadi, Nandi Nadi, Kowmara Nadi, Suka Nadi, Budha Nadi, Saraswati Nadi, Dhruva Nadi and Satya Nadi. Each Nadi sets before it a certain number of particular questions relating to life incidents that appealed to the authors to be of real value to the people. Some of these Nadis are also available in Oriental Libraries in India but in most cases, the keys are lost so that it is rather difficult to trace the patter of the horoscope required. Chandra Nadi, for instance, is available in a mutilated condition in the Oriental Manuscripts Library at Madras. Generally each Nadi work is classified into 12 parts – each part dealing with one house of the horoscope. Each of these twelve parts is again divided into nine sub-parts corresponding to the nine Navamsas or 1/9th divisions of a sign or into 12 sub-parts corresponding to the 12 Dwadasamsas or 1/12th division. Then there are the Dasas and Bhuktis or progressions. These palm leaves contain predictions of events on the basis of the main periods and subperiods, the reading starting from the time of birth and covering the important landmarks till the time of consultation and further on till time of death. Three more parts deal with what are called Yogakhanda, Karmakhanda and Shantikhanda. The Yogakhanda gives with fairly accurately one’s spiritual, political scientific and social attainments, the degree of status and wealth, sudden elevations and falls and significant fortunes and misfortunes with appropriate planetary combinations. In Karmakhanda are enumerated the sins one is supposed to have committed in one’s past life and in what manner the effects of such sins have manifested upto the time of consultation, and will manifest in the remaining part of this life. And in the Shanti-khanda are prescribed remedial measures which consist of medicines, yogic practices and mantras or certain regulated forms of sound vibrations, to ward off or minimize the evil. Some of the Nadis are voluminous. For instance, Saraswathi Nadi has about 1000 bundles of palm leaves, each bundle having about 200 leaves – each leaf measuring about 8” x 2”. One bundle contains at least not less than 50 horoscopes, so that the work as a whole has nearly 50,000 horoscopes. There is one work called Satyasamhita which, as early as 1935, the horoscope of Mahatma Gandhi and King George V could be traced. This Satyasamhita is a stupendous work consisting of 125 volumes. Each volume in its turn has 300 palm leaves. Its author is supposed to be Satyacharya, a very honored name in classical Hindu astrology, who is said to have lived about 2000 years ago gracing the illustrious court of Emperor Vikramaditya, the last and the most colorful of Hindu monarchs. The amazing part of this work is that terms nyayavadi and nyayadarsi and used to denote modern distinctions between advocate and a solicitor. The Satyasamhita has the following to say about Mahatma Gandhi’s horoscope. “The native will be born in a holy city on the Coast of the Ocean. His father will be a Dewan or Prime Minister. At the age of 20 he will go to a foreign country. His mother will die at the age of 22 in his absence. His father will die when he is 16. He will have four sons of who three will be engaged. He will marry at 13. At 32, he will be a lawyer. He will consider the whole world as his family; will always speak truth and will be pure-hearted. Pride and arrogance will not touch him. There will be no distinction between his thoughts, words and deeds. While living as a grihastha or house holder he will live as a hermit at heart. At 62 he will be very unhappy when running through the period of Rahu. At age of 66, he will fare well and achieve some success in his mission. Before 65, he will profitably meet the

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Emperor of the white people. His father will have more than one wife and will be born of the second wife. He will resort to fast for the good of the world and will live above 70.” But it is Dhruva Nadi and Sukra Nadi that are really superb. They not only give horoscopic patterns but also horoscopic discussions. I would like to give a summary of a horoscope, picked at random from Sukra Nadi. It reads as follows: “The person who has Komalamsa point (Taurus) rising at birth is born in a small town near a temple of the God Shiva, in the house of his relative. If the 2nd part of this amsa or sensitive point (Taurus) is rising, then the birth would be within the precincts of a temple itself. Jupiter in exaltation occupying the Navamsa (1/19th division) of Scorpio, and Saturn in Leo occupying the Navamsa (1/9th) of scorpio, and Saturn in Leo occupying the Navamsa (1/9th division) of Aries, and the Sun in Sagittarius, birth will be on a Thursday, in the dark half of the lunar month, in the 1st quarter of asterism of Pushya (8th star). The appearance of the head will be in Taurus itself. The birth will be in the hora (half division) of the Moon and Drekkana (decante) of Virgo, Navamsa (1/9) of Taurus, and Trimsamsa (1/30th division) of Jupiter. As the Ascendant is aspected by Mercury the mother will have suffered only ordinary labour pains at the time of his birth. If the birth is in the 2nd half of the sensitive point, the labor will be difficult. As the lord of the 9th is in inimical house (it is Leo here) he will not have much happiness from father. Having been born in the Komalamsa of Taurus Ascendant the Trimsamsa (1/30th part) being that of Jupiter he will have a golden colored complexion. He will be highly intelligent with a wellproportioned body. Not avaricious, he will possess a bilious constitution. As the lord of the 2nd house is aspected by Mars and as the 2nd house is aspected by the Sun, he will be sensual in his thoughts and capable of knowing others’ minds. Highly learned, he will not only be an expert in three languages, but a capable writer also. The 10th lord being in the sign of the sun, his occupation would be that of serving others. As the lord of the 4th house Sun is in the 8th and the Moon is in the 3rd in her own sign with exalted Jupiter, he will have happiness from mother who will be a good natured lady highly devoted to her husband. In the main and sub-periods of lord of the 2nd asterism from that of birth, when Jupiter transits the end of Pisces, mother’s death takes place. Lord of the 11th Jupiter exalted and in the sensitive part of Kinnaramsa, and the ascending Node occupying the 11th, the elder brother will be a famous author. He will marry in the main period of 2nd asterism-lord, in his 21st year when Jupiter transits Aries.” The length of life given is 68 years, death taking place when the Sun transits his debilitation sign, on a Wednesday. In a detailed reading the vitality or otherwise of the various lords have been discussed and the main periods sub periods and the transit position in which different events take place, are all given. A careful investigation of these various Nadi Granthas has revealed certain very interesting factors, which may be of great practical importance to astrologers – Hindu or Western – and which when properly used may enable us to make predictions with a degree of accuracy that is conspicuous by its impossibility today. It is also clear that the Nadi writers, in formulating their methods of predictions, have made use of the exhaustive literature on astrology attributed to Sage Parasara. Most of the great mass of this literature has been reduced into the form of sutras or apothegms for securing brevity and concentration and also as memory aids. Each sign of the zodiac has been divided into 150 parts called amsas. Each division thus comprises an arc of 12’ or about 48 seconds of time. Each of these 150 divisions of a sign is given a certain proper name, such as Vasudha, Vaishnavi, Brahmee, etc., and in a certain order, which holds well in all movable signs. The order is reversed in the case of fixed signs. Thus, while the first nadi amsa of Aries, Cancer, Libra, and Aquarius is Vasudha, the same unit will be the last in Taurus, Leo, Scorpio
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and Aquarius. In the case of dual or common signs – Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces – the count commences from the 76th amsa. The name assigned to the first unit of a movable, the last unit of a fixed and the 76th unit of common sign is the same. This minute unit or amsa of 12’ of arc is again sub-divided into the first and the second parts so that actually, the time of birth should be determined with very great precision (24 seconds). The results are bound to vary with each such minute. While birth in the 1st part of this unit in Aries (i.e., Aries 0 degrees 6 minutes) Ascendant makes one and educationist, birth in the 2nd part (Aries 6 minutes to 12 minutes) makes one a politician. In Taurus for instance, the 5th unit refers to the horoscope of a hawker; the 7th to that of a dancing girl, the next one to that of a magician, the next one to an engineer. One born in the next unit – of course with certain definite types of planetary grouping – will make one a great king who lives for 110 years but who by his yogic power will increase it ten-fold. It is also hinted that no such human being would be born in the Kaliyuga or present Iron Age – In this particular unit and particular grouping. Nadi astrology makes it obligatory that predictions should be given only after a careful scrutiny of not only this specific amsa or unit from amidst the 150, but also the other 9 sub-divisions into which a sign is divided. The other 9 divisions into which a sign is divided are Shashytyamsa (1/16thth), Trimsamsa (1/30th), Shodasamsa (1/16th), Dwadasamsa (1/12th), Navamsa (1/9th), Saptamsa(1/7th), Drekkana (decante) and Hora (1/2). The lords of the sub-divisions occupied by the nine planets and the Ascendant should be determined. The minute unit (that is 1/150th part of a sign) that is exactly on the eastern horizon at the time of birth is the principal indicator of the course of life and the fortunes and misfortunes a person faces. It looks as though a certain pattern of events is shown within this small compass of 12’ of arc. Since in the whole zodiac there are 3,600 basic patterns of destiny. Each of these patterns turns up once each day, due to the apparent revolution of the zodiac. It is theses ‘patterns’ that really forms the basis of all secondary analysis, furnished by the asterisms in which the planets are found. The actual Ascendant is the very zodiacal point which is coming up over the horizon at the moment of birth. In strict fact, this zodiacal point should be located up to six minutes of space. A difference of six minutes of space marks a world of difference. It places a birth in an entirely different pattern of destiny. But during a whole series of minutes a twilight, if Sagittarius or Capricorn be seen on the horizon, birth will be followed by instant death. Twilight is the period of 48 minutes before sunrise and after sunset. It therefore follows that from December 15th to February 14th birth in the early dawn or from May 15th to July 15th immediately after night fall is generally invested with fatal possibilities. A statistical vindication of this finding of the Sages is a contribution which an earnest researcher owes to astrology. According to Nadi astrology, the moment of the birth has to be determined by reference to three phenomena. One is adhana or the moment of conception; the second is sirodaya or the first appearance of the head of the child; and the third is bhupatana or the actual moment of the contact of the child with the earth. Of these three which is to be preferred? Satyacharya is emphatic that the first and the second, viz., conception and the appearance of the head, cannot be correctly determined, so that the third is alone to be taken. Questions such as what constitute the moment of contact with the earth may be asked. The nurse or the obstetrician may receive the child first. Can this be taken as the moment of birth because the nurse or the obstetrician stands on the earth? The original Sanskrit word, bhupatana is clear and specific, i.e., the moment that should be related to the basic unit or amsa. There are so many practical difficulties to note down such as a moment. Perhaps anticipating such difficulties, Satyacharya
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says that as it is improbable that the exact moment of birth would be recorded, the astrologer should determine it on the basis of his experience skill. He then gives a number of details, such as the nature of place of birth, the caste, the surroundings, number of brothers, etc., which would be the case in respect of each amsa. I must give some examples. • If the Ascendant is Taurus and the sensitive point is Kumaramsa 1st part the person will be the third issue to his parents; he will be born in a big town on the bank of a river, in the house of his own father, situated in a street running north-south and the house facing the east. The delivery will be easy. If the birth is in the 2nd part of this sensitive point the place of birth will be a small one, birth having taken place in a relative’s house, situated in a street running east-west and the house facing south. He will be the 4th issue, the eldest brother having died. The delivery will be difficult.

In either case, the trimsamsa (or 1/30th division) will be that of Venus. If the ascending Node is also in the trimsamsa of Venus, as a result of his past sins he is liable to suffer from epileptic fits. In the sub-period of Jupiter and the major period of the 2nd asterism lord, when Saturn transits the end point of Taurus or the beginning of Gemini, mother’s death takes place. • Again the Ascendant being Taurus and the sensitive point is Komalamsa 1st part the person’s birth takes place in a relative’s house, situated in a street north-west-south-east, the house facing north-east. The delivery will be easy. In the 2nd half, the birth takes place in a hospital situated near a temple in the person’s mother’s house situated in a street running north-south and delivery takes place after much suffering for the mother. The person will be the 3rd issue to his parents, the first two brothers having died.

The trimsamsa or 1/30th division being that of Jupiter denotes a body inclined to corpulence. • If the sensitive point is Mangalamsa 1st part the birth will be in a small township near a big river. He will have a number of brothers but only one sister. He will suffer from lot of infantile troubles. His complexion will be blood-red. If the birth is in the 2nd part the birthplace will be in a industrial town. The delivery will be difficult. He will be fair-complexioned and he will have, alive, two brothers and two sisters. The father will be a petty official.

The following is a typical horoscope extracted from one of the versions of Dhruva Nadi: Taurus Ascendant: Vasudhamsa (29 48’ to 30) • The native born in the first part of the vasudhamsa (29 48’ to 29 54’) in the trimsamsa of Venus, is a sudra by caste and is the 3rd or 4th child to his parents. He has an elder brother living and his younger brothers are dead. Lord of the 9th is in the 4th and lord of lagna is associated with Mars. Jupiter is in the 10th. Therefore the native’s birthplace will be near a river.

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If it is the 2nd part of the Nadi Amsa (29 54’ to 30) his birth will be in a small town adjoining a forest. As Rahu is in the 4th the mother’s health will be afflicted at the time of native’s birth and it will continue to the bad throughout the Janma Dasa, i.e., the period of the planet ruling the birth constellation. Lord of the 4th is in a Kendra or quadrant in association with the lord of the 5th. The Moon is in the 11th. He will be fairly happy regarding parents. In the first sub-period of the second major period, the native suffers from much balarishta (i.e., infantile disease).

Lord of the ascendant in his own house and Jupiter in an angle or trine, the native is gifted with a full term of life. Mars in the 6th and Saturn in the ascendant, the Sun in the 7th and Rahu in the 4th and Jupiter in the 10th, the native has two marriages; he owns lands, is virtuous, generous, and is happy with his wife and children. He is a well-wisher of the people and has a number of well-wishing friends. Sensual in nature he has extra-marital relations. When the ascendant is vasudhamsa in a fixed sign, the Sun occupies either a trine or an angle, and lord of the 9th is in the ascendant, the father will live upto middle age. The father is a devotee of Lord Siva and respects Brahmins and saints. He becomes famous through friendship with rulers and secures a high position. In arudha the Moon and Saturn are in association and hence mixed results follow in the major period of Saturn. The father will die in the last part of the third major period of the native. Lord of the 4th strongly placed in Kendra or trikona and the karaka in a Kendra, he will have happy relations with mother. The mother is a lady of high character and she dies in the same period. When birth is in vasudhamsa in a fixed sign and sakata yoga is present and trimsamsa is that of Venus, the native will have a well-proportioned body, darkish in complexion and the constitution will be of vata and pitta (a mixture). Ordinarily educated, he will be happy after 30. The effects of sakata yoga will be felt from the 16th year. As lord of Lagna is with Mars, the native will be adopted by a jnati (a distant relative) and hence he will have two fathers and two mothers. As lord of the 6th is with Mars, he will inherit wealth from a jnati. He will suffer from sorrow till 27th year, gets married after 30, and gets two wives. He will have children late in life, the first issue being a daughter. Both his wives will beget children and he will have two sons. Two daughters will live and the rest will perish. The native is righteously inclined and will be happy on account of children, who will look after him in his old age. In the first Dasa he will have serious health problems twice or thrice. In the second Dasa (own subperiod), he will suffer from a peculiar fever; and to get cured, propitiate Saturn. In the sun’s sub-period, the father falls seriously ill and the mother dies in the sub-period of the Moon. When Saturn in his first round enters Libra, one born in vasudhamsa will lose his mother. Individuals born with Moon in Taurus, Saturn’s transit of the 8th sign from the Moon causes mother’s death. In Mars sub-period he will have much happiness from his elder brother. In Rahu’s sub-period, father will be ill. The first part of the third Dasa will be somewhat favorable. There will be good yoga in the latter half. Ketu as sublord will see him prosperous and Venus sub-period will be the best. In the Sun’s sub-

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period adopted father (sweekara pitru) will pass away. Mars sub-period will make him more prosperous and influential while Rahu’s sub-period will confer wealth, lands and other types of property. Marriage takes place in Rahu’s sub-period in the third Dasa. Delayed marriage is due to sakata yoga. When the Sun occupies the 7th either with Venus or Mercury, marriage takes place in the third Dasa. A sakata yoga native will not only have delayed marriage but delayed issues. The native’s wife will be fair complexioned. She brings luck. Even when there is sakata yoga, nothing but good alone can happen provided the Moon is in a Kendra (quadrant) from the ascendant, occupies a benefic sign, and Jupiter is also in a Kendra or trikona (angle or trine). This is called samrajya sakata yoga and can manifest only after one’s 20th year. Even if Jupiter is associated with Ketu in a malefic sign, the yoga does not cease to function if benefic Navamsas are occupied by them. If the Moon is in the 5th, the first issue will be a female. For this native father will pass away in the 4th Dasa, when Saturn, in his second cycle, transits Leo or Virgo. His sub-period in the 4th Dasa will see the birth of a son, when Jupiter in his 4th cycle passes through Taurus. In the 5th Dasa, during the sub-period of the Sun the native marries for the second time and gets immense benefits through Government sources. A daughter and son will be born respectively in Saturn and Mercury’s sub-periods, when Jupiter passes through Pisces. When Saturn transits Cancer, affliction will befall the ruler of Chola. When Saturn transits Aquarius, political revolution takes place. When Saturn passes through Scorpio there will be great fear of outbreak of war. The king or ruler of Pandya will pass away when Saturn enters Leo. The first part of the 7th Dasa will cause untold suffering to the native, by way of much expenditure, displeasure of the rulers, etc. In his sub-period, the adopted mother dies. The end of the 8th Dasa (the sub-period of Venus) will cause the native’s death. His longevity is 78. Lord of the 12th is with Venus. He is aspected by Venus. Therefore he will go to punyaloka after death. His next birth will also be in a noble family. References made in the horoscope given above to certain important combinations such as sakata yoga, planetary transits and the effects of such transits on certain parts of India are indeed significant. In this manner are given particulars in respect of each sensitive point. The amsas or the 1/150th parts cannot be ordinarily used by an astrologer unless one is able to pick up the exact amsa for verification of events. The Nadi Granthas provide some interesting facts which can be of great value to predictive practitioners. The dwdasamsa or the 1/12th division indicates a certain general pattern of future, the trimsamsa or the 1/30th division, a more specific pattern and the Nadi amsa, the exact pattern. When one is not able to locate the exact basic point, one can study the horoscope on the basis of the dwadasamsa pattern which takes into account influences for every 2 ½ years. This will be useful in predicting important events, even though the event cannot be narrowed down to days or months. The ascendant, the asterism and the dwdasamsa are all linked. The number of asterisms being 27, and the number of combinations for each sign will be 324. I shall just give a few random combinations from the Nandi Nadi. Details have to be filled in by planetary influences.

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Ascendant Aries (22 ½ to 25): Dwadasamsa 10th: Moon in Rohini (4th star): Belongs to higher middle class; proud, war-like and arrogant; very independent in views. The native would generally have a strange career. He would be hasty, passionate, audacious and desirous of prominence. He would be aggressive and rash. His marriage would be unfortunate. Marriage takes place in the third main period and the sub-period of Venus, when Jupiter transits a trine from Venus. At the end of the main period, the husband or wife will fall seriously ill or die. At the age coinciding with the commencement of the fifth main period, he will meet with enmity and misunderstanding and in Rahu’s sub-period, coinciding with his transit (of the 1st, 3rd, 5th or 7th star) he will have a sudden fall from position. If the horoscope warrants birth of issues, he will have the first issue in the sub-period of Jupiter in the third main period. He will die in the 5th main period and the sub-period of the 7th lord. Ascendant Taurus (12 ½ to 15): 6th Dwadasamsa: Moon in Rohini (the 4th star): Excellent future, high rank, diplomatic, secretive obstinate, self-willed. If Venus is involved in a Raja Yoga (combination for fame) gives high education and fruitful imagination. Lord of the 9th, in a destructive constellation, father’s death in the 3rd main period and the Sun’s sub-period when Saturn transits the birth asterism. Mercury in Vargottama (same position in the Rasi and Navamsa charts) in the 2nd house, eminence is attained by writing. The native can have marriage in the main period of the 4th asterism lord and the sub-period of Venus when Jupiter transits a trine from Jupiter. He will have great honor in the main period of the 5th asterism lord and the sub-period of the Node. Death takes place at the end of the main period of the 7th asterism from birth-star. Same Ascendant (12 to 15) and Dwadasamsa but the Moon in Bharani (2nd star): Obstinate, sensitive, sensual, self-willed, and short-tempered; a master of fore-knowledge, recorder of events. He would have a marriage in the 2nd main period when Jupiter transits the 6th asterism. He would have great prosperity and eminence during the main period of the 6th asterism lord. Not much happiness on account of children; great ability in writing; highly learned; devoted to religion and God. His livelihood would be by trading. He would be world famous, if mangalamsa rises. The native’s father’s death will happen in the 4th main period and the sub-period of the Moon when Saturn transits an angle from the Sun. His mother’s death will happen in the 3rd main period and the sub-period of the Moon when Saturn transits the 8th from the Moon. His own death will happen in the main period of Saturn and the sub-period of the Moon. Ascendant Virgo (25 to 27 ½ ) ; 10th Dwadasamsa and the Moon in Bharani (2nd star) : An unostentatious person, ordinary rank ; has a good brain with power of intuition and reasoning ; fortune unsettled ; gain through women ; family life not happy. Religious fervor, philosophical inclinations; moral character good; retiring nature, critical, thoughtful and vacillating. The native will be lacking in drive and ambition, success only in the 2nd part of life beginning from the main period of the lord of the 5th asterism from birth. Marriage takes place at the end of the 3rd main period, when Jupiter transits a trine place from the Moon. His death will be in the major period of the 7th asterism, when Saturn transits the 12th from the Moon. Ascendant Libra (5 to 7 ½): Dwadasamsa 3rd; the Moon in Poorvashadha (20th asterism) : Strange and quixotic views, Ill-temper, Marriage not likely. The native will be born in a humble middle class family. He will have slow but sudden rise in life. Parents die at the end of the 1st main period or the beginning of the 2nd main period, coinciding with Saturn’s transit of Scorpio. Incarceration is indicated in the 4th main period and the sub-period of Saturn. Eminence is
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indicated in the 5th main period and fall when Saturn transits the constellation occupied by the node. Ascendant Cancer (27 ½ degree’s to 30 degrees); Dwadasamsa 12th: the Moon in Krittika: Selfwilled and domineering. Marriage of the native will not be successful. Incarceration is indicated in the 3rd main period. Rise in life in the 4th main period and fall in the 6th main period when Saturn transits naidhana (7th) constellation.

From what I have said hitherto, you will notice that Nadi astrology gives and important place to the basic pattern of the horoscope revealed by dwadasamsa for a general outline and the nadiamsa for a comprehensive survey. The details such as attainment of rank, position and status, success, occupation, etc., are filled in by the planets and the various yogas or typical combinations formed by them. In actual practice, these principles can be easily demonstrated by applying them to well-known horoscopes. But that will only be a post-mortem study. After an event has happened, we can justify it in some way or other but it is in the prior application of these principles and prediction of events to happen in the future that the real value of astrology lies. Just for the sake of curiosity, one may note that Hitler’s ascendant – as determined by me – falls in Sankaryamsa of Libra. For this basic pattern, the description is: Not educated but well informed, likes music, a virulent orator, knows three languages, deceitful nature, suffers greatly in the first and second Dasas. The native becomes famous and rich in the 5th period, strange connections with women and tragic end in the 7th period. But for a Kokilamsa (Libra ascendant) all events will be same but the person will be a religious head. What is astonishing is the discovery of certain pattern of destiny capable of application to thousands of individuals born in different parts of the world. In the Nandi Nadi it is mentioned that subject to a small error, the types of human birth recur on a certain cyclic basis, so that the these horoscopes can be considered as more or less valid for any number of years. This aspect of the question, we have yet to investigate. The Nadi writers have demonstrated in unmistakable terms the validity of the principles of traditional astrology, for apart from the destiny – patterns which they have discovered, predictions are given on the basis of the traditional principles. The existence of palm leaf manuscripts containing some kind of ready-made horoscopes, universally valid, is no fiction. It is a reality and a fact of experience. India is still conservative and is a country of traditions. And since most astrologers who possess these Nadi-works are tradition bound, they hold these manuscripts in great reverence especially that their authorships is traced to sages of yore ; they cannot be moved from place to place and least of all taken out side India. Investigations into the Nadi system of astrology have brought out several important matters of astrological interest. First: the existence of certain basic patters of destiny: We do not know whether these ‘basic patterns’ were obtained by observation and study or by intuitional methods or by a combination of both the processes. But there they are. The method does not matter. In the evaluation of results, some of the Nadis go a step further and suggest that planetary influences also vary with regard to each minute unit used for determining the basic patterns of destiny. I think the nearest in approach to the Nadi Amsas, to be found in Western astrology, are the degree influences, most of them symbolical.

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Second: Nadi astrology demonstrates clearly that Hindu astrology gives great importance to the fixed stars, for the author of Sukra Nadi lays emphasis on the 27 asterisms and the 108 quarters. He says that the stellar zodiac is something like a cosmic ocean in which the celestial bodies swim like fish in water. Third: There are certain conditional predictions given in respect of some bad events in certain horoscopes, such as for instance, serious sickness or death of a wife, etc., suggesting that the affliction can be overcome by suitable remedial measures implying thereby scope for exercise of man’s volition. Fourth: In regard to prediction of events, the Dasas or the directions or progressions are primary importance. What is not shown in the birth horoscope cannot happen, whatever be the strength of that transit influences. Transits are only secondary in importance. They probably act as cataclytic agents. But there should always be a blending of the directional and transit influences for the happening of an event. Fifth: The subject of house division which appears to puzzle many an astrologer in the West does not bother Hindu astrologers. The controversy in house division seems to me to be some sort of profitless amusement. You have, for instance, the systems of Regiomantanus, Campanus, and Porphyry and so on. Most astrologers in India employ either the method of Sripathi which corresponds to the Porphyry in the West, or the equal house division. The Nadi system is based upon equal house division, that is to say the ascendant is first determined with reference to the place and time of birth and each house extends for just 15 degrees on either side of the ascendant point. Obviously the cusp is taken as the center unlike in the West where the cusp is the beginning. Nadi Granthas – and for the matter, all the systems of Hindu astrology – base their technique of predictive astrology in terms of the planets in the angles (kendras), succeedent houses (panapharas) and cadent houses (apoklimas) – the maximum power being exercised by the planets in the angles. Of course, the nature of the influence, the events affected by the influences depend upon the nature of the planets, the type of ownerships they hold as from the ascendant and the nature of the asterisms involved. It is this principle of Parasara that some of our American friends have been expounding as ‘foreground’, ‘middle ground’ and ‘background’. But they have yet to grasp the real technique of their application. The proof of the pudding is in the eating thereof. If a system gives accurate results, the mathematical principles upon which it is based are quite immaterial except as a matter of purely academic interest. Hindu astrology furnishes us with facts. In the matter of delineation of character, Western astrology has really done a wonderful job. If only some of the techniques of prediction employed in Hindu astrology could be adapted by the Western astrologers, of course in the light of the social, cultural and religious conditions peculiar to their lives, I am sure, astrology can be restored to a place of honor and dignity.

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Sun’s column
Predicting Livelihood
This article was published in the September 1971 issue of The Astrological Magazine and was written by Jyotish Ratna L. Narayan Rao. Amarnath retyped this article and edited it for the sake of the readers of the Times. This year our esteemed Editor has selected a very stiff subject for the “Surya Prakash Memorial Number” of THE ASTROLOGICAL MAGAZINE. Next to the question of longevity, it is only the house of avocation that gives the greatest headache even to the best of astrologers. In the matter of astrologically judging and determining and different mundane houses are allotted to the different needs of Kalapurusha or the individual. There is one house for wealth, another for patrimony, another for income, etc., but there is no such house for avocation or livelihood. I am saying this with a certain amount of caution, as my readers, mostly astrological experts, may scoff at me. There is one house, Karma, viz., the 10th (midheaven). Karma is a very broad term. Karma means the sum total of the good and bad deeds at our credit when we are born on this planet. Karmarjitham purva bhave sadadi yad tasya paniktim samabhivyanakti ~Brihat Jataka The above means that the horoscope is an indicator, of our past good and bad deeds at our credit and as to how we are going to work out the interplay thereof. Thus, while we are relentlessly compelled to work out our destiny in a particular groove, we have to actively perform in various directions towards ourselves, our people near and dear, our people about us, our society, our country, etc. Livelihood or avocation is only one facet of the term "Karma". In keeping with the most liberal understanding of the word Karma, we have four significators, Karakas for the Karma Bhava, viz.: Jeeva bhanugnya manda [Jupiter, the Sun, Mercury and Saturn] These grahas have been prescribed by our ancient Rishis. Karma is, therefore, not merely avocation but is a more comprehensive term.

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Among the various significations of the Karma Bhava, the most important ones are: Graha Jupiter Category of Karma Status and position Charitable endowments Sun Domain of influence Fame and name Mercury Saturn Business, arts and crafts, commence Trade, service in its various forms

This is only based on the Gita tenet. Chaturvarnyam mayasrishtam Gunakarma vibhagashalt The basis of the caste system is their intrinsic nature and qualities:The intellectual class represented by Jupiter, the ruling class represented by the Sun, the mercantile class represented by Mercury and the serving class represented by Saturn. Jupiter's Influence makes one become a peace-maker, high judicial officer, an establisher of right conduct, right action and right Demeanor highly religiously attained, a philosopher, a philanthropist, a financier, a banker, etc. The Sun's influence gives ruler ship of a country, land, province, district, etc., royal position and dignities, service under the State (what we generally call government service), administrator, a maintainer of law and order, enforcement of commands. Mercury's influence: business acumen, commerce and trade, all systems of communications, conveying of messages, embassies and diplomatic missions, trade agreements and establishment of trade conventions, and lastly Saturn's influence gives one leadership in labor organizations, trade unions, service under another in various capacities, expert in work and extracting work from others. These clues will be useful to find out whether an individual will be able to fulfill a specific assignment. Unless that particular indicator is strong and not rendered weak, he will not be able to do so. For example, if the 10th house has no connection with Jupiter and as also its lord or if Jupiter is not strong and wellplaced, the religious, etc., nature will be totally absent. Similarly these clues throw a lot of light on the subject-matter.

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Now coming to the subject-matter, Brihat Jataka has devoted one chapter "Karma Jeeva Adhyaya" for this purpose. The guiding planet is the planet placed in the 10th from the Moon or Lagna; also find out who is the strongest among the three the Sun, the Moon or Lagna. From that mark the 10th lord and find out in whose Navamsa he is placed. This last planet will give the nature of the avocation of the native. It is, however, very difficult—if not impossible—to describe the exact nature of avocation in these present days when jobs are many and openings out of count. But still all these could be brought down under one or the other of the indications given below. Please study the table given below:Planet Sun Moon Through Whom Father Mother Description Straw, grass choirs, gold, gems, fertilizers, medicine etc. Agriculture, sea products, aquatic articles, machinery, dairy products, ladies' dress and fittings, depending on or in company of ladies. Industrial workshops, mining operations, smelting process, weapons, military equipment, electrical installations, forgery, involving keen competition. Literary activities, accountants, business, commerce, auditors, mathematics, astrologers, scribes, poets and authors, engineering, designing and architectural works. Brahminical life, religious organization, clergy and monasteries, dispenser of law, financier, versatility, dealer in gold and other valuables and generally one who lives by his knowledge and attainments. Dealers in jewels, gems, silver, fats, dairy products, soap and perfumes, art and pictures, stage, dancing and songsters, flowers and generally those who live on the wealth. Manual work, causing cruelty to others including animal service in various forms, stone-cutting, employment in quarry, hotel keeper, cooks, barbers and butchers.

Mars

Enemies

Mercury

Uncles, Friends

Jupiter

Relations, Children

Venus

Wife, Ladies

Saturn

Servants

[The list is not exhaustive but only indicative or illustrative.] The interpretation of these is quite difficult. If the lord of the Navamsa is placed in a friendly house, the outcome of the avocation will be substantial and in a very agreeable manner, while the reverse will be the case in inimical houses. The financial affluence will, however, depend on the circumstances of the lords of Lagna, the 2nd, the 11th and the planets placed therein. A more accurate picture of the particular avocation can be obtained by an examination of the nature of the sign, in which the 10th falls. That will show the line of greatest success and natural aptitude.

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The airy signs Mithuna (Gemini), Thula (Libra), Kumbha (Aquarius) show intellectual pursuits, headwork, literary and artistic occupations. The watery signs Karkataka (Cancer), Vrischika (Scorpio) and Meena (Pisces) show occupations in which water is the motive power or chief element, dealers in soft drinks, textile goods and fabrics, sailors, brewers, chemists. The fiery signs Mesha (Aires), Simha (Leo) Dhanus (Sagittarius) indicate employments concerned with fire, iron and metals, metallurgy, extraction of ores, utilizing electric energy, industrial concerns, surgeons, military equipment, etc. The earthly signs Virshabha (Taurus), Kanya (Virgo), Makara (Capricorn) show manual labor, digging and excavation, agricultural pursuits, fodder and corn dealers, dealers in the produce of the soil in the various forms and kinds. In the tabular statement, the column gives the person through whom avocation is secured. It should be intelligently interpreted and hence requires some clarification. Father indicates that the native pursues the father's line of profession or continues his father's undertaking or follows any profession where heredity is an important claim or has added preference in selection. Mother applies as above, in a redirected sense. It may mean riches inherited from the mother on which he builds his avocation. Enemies: Realized as a result of keen competition, litigation, and defeat in contest or war. Other sources are clear and require no explanation. It will be better at this stage to illustrate these principles with a concrete case. Here is a horoscope of Mr.K.

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Lord of the 10th from Lagna is Saturn. He is placed in the Navamsa of Jupiter. The native is employed in the leading bank, now nationalized. The fact that the Sun and Mercury aspect the Lagna shows that it is a commercial bank. The native is fully qualified with banking and commerce degrees. Lord of the 10th is placed in Makara, which denotes seaside; actually he is employed at a seaport town. The Sun is placed in the 10th from the 10th • actually- the father and son were employed in the same bank. The 10th is an airy sign, denoting that the native has to apply his intelligence meticulously anticipating erratic business changes. The 10th has the effect of four planets Rahu, Kuja (Mars), Kethu and Jupiter. This means that he has to work among people of various castes and nationalities, Hindus, Parsees, Gujaratis, Goanese, etc. It may be argued that from a known result, one may be able to find out the astrological justification. But I still hold that by an unbiased and faithful application of the principles given above, we should be able to get at the true description of the avocation.

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Moon’s column
Lunar Returns
Shri Madhav Krishna Athalye wrote this master piece article in the legendary magazine “The Astrological Magazine” of Dr BV Raman. His article was published in the July edition of 1971. Amarnath retyped and edited the article to present it to the readers of the Times Annual solar return maps are used for predicting events in the year following. Such a map is set for the time when the Sun in transit reaches the signs in degrees, minutes and seconds equivalent to its radical position of the person for whom we erect as figure. From the position and aspects of planets, the results are imagined within the limits of indications of the radical chart. This is an ancient and popular system and accepted by all the Western and Oriental astrologers. Then the idea is, if the annual predictions are based and made from the solar return chart, why then the monthly predictions be not made from the lunar return charts? Now the idea of erecting a lunar return map is on this line, but one will have to set a monthly figure when the Moon returns to his radical position once in a month. The Moon normally takes about 27 days, 7 hours and 36 minutes to reach the same star once again. This period varies according to increase or decrease in lunar daily motion. Thus one would need to erect thirteen lunar return maps in a year as against one in the solar case. The work is laborious but very interesting and the results arrived at would be enough to compensate for the efforts. Now-a-days periodical forecasts are seen published in various newspapers and magazines on the basis of the natal Moon based on the transit position of the planets calculated from the radical Moon sign. Such a forecast is common to all those who have Moon in that particular sign [0-30 degrees]. But it is not satisfactory enough. How is it that about 1/12th of human population may receive the same and equal effects predicted for that sign? It means actually no consideration is paid to actual position of the radical Moon. This is a drawback in this system but on account of its simplicity it has been popular. In Gochara (transit) maps the Moon is always in the 1st house. All the predictions are made from the position of planets and their movements with respect to the Moon at the centre, whereas in this system, it may be anywhere in the map. It is just like any other map cast for a particular time but when the Moon returns to its radical position. Such charts are found very much useful for imagining some particular events such as marriage, getting wealth, heavy expenses, sale or purchase of property, travelling, sickness, death and so many other things. Of course it is very necessary to see that the effects indicated by such charts are backed by the Radix and indicated by the secondary direction and excited properly during that month. In that case, it will surely be experienced. Suppose there are no indications of marriage in the Radix, then the indication in the lunar chart would be of no use. Now let us take the question of marriage. There seem to be different rules for male and female marriages; so I discuss them, separately.

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Male Marriages (1) Affinity between the Ascendant and the 7th or from the Moon and the 7th from the Moon by benevolent aspects. This is established by good aspects between their lords or through some other planet having good aspects to both the cusps or to the planets therein or to the lords thereof. (2) Venus or the Moon as the 9th lord or in good aspect to the 9th cusp or to its lord or to the planets therein or to Jupiter. (3) Venus has relation with the 7th as its lord or in good aspect to the 7th cusp or the 7th lord or the planets therein or its situation in the 7th or sometimes he aspects the 7th from the Ascendant. Venus is the indicator of woman in general and wife in particular. Wife enters in a man's life and he begins to have new experiences. The marriage is also an occasion of fortune. (4) Benevolent Jupiter in good aspect to the 9th cusp or its lord or the planets therein or himself the lord thereof. Jupiter is also a benevolent and indicative of auspicious occasions like marriage and fortune in a man's life. So his beneficial rays will have also to be taken into consideration at least his association with the 9th house.

It is not possible to give a number of lunar charts; so for example, I quote only one. Birth Moon-Virgo 29° 45' Marriage date 12-7-1967 Previous lunar return on 16-6-1967

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In this chart, the Ascendant lord, Venus, is in good aspect to the 7th lord Mars. Both Jupiter and Venus are in good aspects to the 9th lord Saturn. Thus, it fulfils all the above conditions. Female Marriages (1) Affinity between the 1st and the 7th in either of the terms expressed in the case of males. (2) Mars' connection with the Ascendant. Mars is the planet of action, energy and force. He bestows upon her energy, vigor and prepares her to enter into new atmosphere and face with changed circumstances and to accommodate with new conditions by her zealous acts. The semen in man is represented by Venus and as observed above, Venus in the man's lunar return chart at this time is in search of good relation with auspicious Jupiter, the indicator of progeny So also, as the menses in female is represented by Mars and his connection with the Ascendant (physical body) surely, arouses her instinct by the divine will and she espouses with a man who has such a favorable configuration in his chart. In such cases, Mars is found to be in the Ascendant or in good aspect to its lord or to the planets therein or having his sign on the Ascendant. (3) Auspicious Jupiter well connected with the 7th—her husband's place. Jupiter has a prominent role in case of marriage. He is found as the lord of the 7th or in the 7th or in good aspect to the 7th cusp or to the planets therein or conjoined to the Moon or in the 7th from her. In a female chart, the 7th house is most important. She has to choose her life partner,, marry and live with him and to nourish cordial relations with him all through life and to establish her home in a true sense and to carry out the responsibility that befall her. Jupiter is the planet of divinity and rightly for females his good relation to the 7th is most essential. (4) Inharmonious aspects between the 4th and the 7th. Women after marriage generally leave their parental homes to go to their own legitimate houses. So there exist evil aspects between the cusps, the lords thereof and the planets therein. Such aspects are observed in some cases from the position of the Moon instead of the Ascendant. It is also found in a number of cases that the 7th cusp in lunar chart is in good aspect to the radical Ascendant of the married boy.

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For example, observe the following chart:

Birth Moon-Virgo 15°' Marriage date 26-2-1967 Previous lunar return on 31-1-1967 In this chart: (1) (2) (3) (4) The 7th lord, Moon, is in trine to the Sun in the Ascendant Mars is in trine to the Ascendant lord Saturn. Jupiter is in the 7th. The 4th lord, Venus, is in “sesquiquadrate” aspect to the 7th lord, the Moon.

Thus, it is seen that it fulfills the relevant requirements.

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Sickness (1) Saturn's evil aspect to the 6th. Sickness is indicated by the 6th house. So also in the lunar return chart it is invariably found that the 6th house is evilly connected with Saturn, the planet of sorrow and suffering. In all the charts tested, I find that the 6th lord has an evil aspect with Saturn or Rahu. In one case, he is in Antares in Sagittarius, an evil nebulous part of the zodiac. In some, it is in evil aspect to the planet in the 6th. Sometimes, such aspects are formed from the position of the Moon. (2) The affliction of the Sun by Saturn and Rahu. The Sun is an indicator of life and vitality. His affliction in the chart means lowering of vital force and his becoming prey to sickness. He is mostly spoiled by the evil rays of Saturn. In rare cases, he has been found afflicted by Neptune and Kethu. The Sun is, in some cases, afflicted by the evil aspect of Rahu, who is like Saturn. It is found in one case that the Sun is standing at the mid-point of Saturn and Rahu instead of having separate evil aspects with both of them individually. The chart is as under:

Operation on stomach on 15-2-1962 Birth Moon—Taurus 15° Lunar return on 11-2-1962 The 6th lord, Moon, passed the square of Saturn and the Sun, has overpassed Saturn and conjoined with Rahu. In spite of the affliction of the 8th, he has been able to survive by the benefic rays of Jupiter, the Sun and Venus on the Ascendant.

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Death Every sickness is not followed by death and also it would be risky to say that every death is preceded by sickness. In majority of deaths, some kind of sickness is present. It may be of a trifling or serious nature. But in these days, there are so many deaths which are caused by accidents of cars, motors, airplanes, ships, electricity, suicide, war affairs, murders, heart failure, sun-strokes and so many where no ailment is present. Cases where death is due to sickness are dealt with below: (1) Affliction of the 8th house. The question of possibility of death can be imagined from the 8th house in the lunar return chart. The 8th house is known as the house of death. When the 8th house cusp or its lord or the planets therein are in evil nebulous parts of the sky or are in evil aspect with either of the evil planets, viz., Neptune, Saturn, Mars or Rahu or the planets concerned debilitated, the death is indicated. Neptune is a planet of confinement and suffering. It indicates bed-ridden condition, unconscious state and perpetual sleep. In some cases, he is found to be placed in the 12th. If Mars is evilly connected with the 8th, then sudden death follows a short illness. (2) Evil aspects between the 6th and the 8th. If there be any evil aspect between the 6th and the 8th, sickness is bound to result into death. In this connection, the cusp of the houses (both), their lords and the planets therein may be found having evil aspects. In one case, it is found that both the lords have mutual aspect by exchanging their houses. These may be calculated either from the Ascendant or from the Moon. While considering the point of sickness resulting in death, the 4th house conditions may be taken into account. This house discloses the condition of the person at the close of life. There are found evil aspects between the 1st and the 4th. If there be the Sun in the 4th, then the death arouses public interest and criticism. If there be the Moon in the 4th, the change from home and removal of the patient to other suitable place is indicated. If Jupiter is in the 4th, then peaceful end is shown. If Saturn be in the 4th, then it is a sad death. It may be immature, detached from near relatives, in solitude, away from home. If Herschel be there, then strange and sudden death is indicated. Neptune in the 4th indicates hospitalization at a distant place.

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An example horoscope for the above is given below:

Died on 16-11-1967 Lunar return date: 29-10-1967 Birth Moon Virgo 16° Rahu is squaring the 8th cusp and the 8th lord Saturn squares the 6th lord Mars. The person, though suffering from the blood-pressure, was alright upto 1 a.m. He was found dead in the morning, Herschel acted his part.

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Venus’ column
Searchlight on Nadi Granthas
In the January 1984 issue of The Astrological Magazine, Shri VAK Ayer produced a brilliant article titled “Searchlight on Nadigranthas”. Sarita has typed this article from the old copy of The Astrological Magazine for the benefit of all readers of the Times. In the Annual Number of Astrological Magazine, A.M. 1952, late Dr. R. Nagaraja Sarma had introduced Nadi literature to readers on this Magazine at some length. Since then much water has flowed down the Ganga, and critical surveys and estimates have been made of them by students of this subject. It is the object of this paper to set down some of those findings in the hope that they will enthuse scholars to make further investigations on depth and sweep in order to get at the kernel of the Nadi-craft. For our purpose we shall confine ourselves to a consideration of their parameters and tools rather than predictions per se which, of their nature, are bound to vary in the degree of accuracy. Let us be clear in our premise. What we call Nadi literature for this inquiry are those written in Sanskrit, e.g., Dhruva Nadi, Chandra Kala Nadi and Bhrigu Nadi. There are others at any rate in Tamil like Saptarishi Nadi which also delineate horoscopes. Again there are others in Tamil like Sukar, Kapila Muni and Kamala Muni Nadis which predict life in slabs of five years or two-and-a-half years based on particular lines and dots found on the palm and extract the horoscope too from them. The last however belongs to the realm of palmistry. Both the latter two we are not taking into consideration as they have to be dealt with separately at length. Reverting to our subject, the word Nadi appears to be used in the sense of a small unit of time or its corresponding arc of the zodiac, which, however, varies in its measure with different schools and among the Nadi-amsas in one school itself in some cases. Secondly the prefixes in the names of the schools or systems appear to give a clue to the parameters employed for predictive purposes as will be demonstrated presently. The word Chandra Kala for instance is a samgnya for 16; so is Dhruva, a synonym for 5, as it means Siva, Bramha, etc. It has been found that Chandra Kala Nadi uses the Parasarian shodasa (16) vargas and Dhruva Nadi only five planetary vargas for their parameters. Let us take Dhruva Nadi first. The findings listed below are based on a study of the MSS of that name (one of 42 volumes of the work in the Library) in the Madras Oriental MSS Library (Cat. No. 14721). The first impression one gets on its perusal is that (i) its treatment is thoroughly scientific; (ii) systematic and (iii) based on well understood principles of astrology.

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Some of its basic tenets are often repeated in the text of readings. Here they are:

Adhanam prathamam lagnam dwitiyam cha shirodayam | Bhupadam cha trayam vidhatam vikhyatra phalam vadetam || Translation: Lagna [Ascendant] is three-fold—first, based on conception; second, emergence of the head and third, the body touching the earth. All three should be taken into account for the prediction.

Vashishthasya bhavishyaphalau chauva gargyasya bhutaphalam vadetam | Jaymunem vartamanam cha evam vikhyatra phalam vadetam || Translation: One should predict the future according to Vasishtha (Samhita): the past by Garga and the present by Jaimini. Dhruva Nadi makes good use of planetary samayas too for predition; Samayas, as is well-known, differ in different systems. It is yet to be determined as to what school it belongs, as they do not conform to the as yet commonly known. Here are some more tenets:

Shashthaashthamvyayeshamsho sphutayomam gatey shanau | Sthitey cha drishtirashau va dehopadrawamatirmanam || Translation: One suffers physical and mental discomfort when Saturn transits the longitudes of lords of the 6th, the 8th and the 12th, and he afflicts those Bhavas that he tenants and aspects.

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Translation - Saturn afflicts Bhavas’ by occupying the 8th from them; also when he transits the trine of karakas.

Translation - When Saturn transits the trine of the Moon, he will afflict the maternal side. So should the astrologer examine all the 12 Bhavas

Translation - Evil results will transpire during the months and weekdays of the lords of the 8th and the 6th. In the months and weekdays of trine lord’s happiness and prosperity will come to pass.

Translation - Marriage will take place when Jupiter transits Venus’ trine and children are born when he transits the trine of his own natal position. Longevity is judged by the well-known formula of Lagna and 8th lord’s relative occupation of movable, fixed, or common signs. Having thus had a quick glance at some of the basic principles adopted for prediction in this Nadi, we shall examine the parameters employed in the choice of Nadi-amsas. Fortunately, Vasishtha invariably defines each Nadi-amsa in the body of prediction.

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Let us take some examples: Says he of Kusumamsa in Aries Lagna:

Kusumamsa falls in Aries Lagna, the Sun’s Hora, Leo Drekkana, Cancer Navamsa and Jupiter Trimsamsa. Degree-wise they are respectively: 10º to 30º; 0º to 15º; 10º to 20º; 10º to 13º 20’ and 10º to 18º. The common factor among then is 10º to 13º20’. This then is the range of Kusumamsa Nadi and five vargas are employed. While predicting, this Nadi-amsa is considered in two halves, the first and second, where horoscopes with different planetary configurations are delineated. Let us take another example: Indramsa for Virgo Lagna. Defines Vasishtha thus:

Indramsa falls in Virgo lagna; the Moon’s Hora, Capricorn Trimsamsa; Capricorn Navamsa and Venus Trimsamsa. Degree-wise they are respectively 150º to 180º; 150º to 165º; 150º to 160º; 150º to 153º20’; and 150º to 155º. The common factor among them is 150º to 153º 20’. This then is the range of Indramsa and five vargas are employed in its choice. As before, this Nadi-amsa also is considered in its two halves while delineating horoscopes. Here are the names of some more Nadi-amsas: Kuberamsa, Kinnaramsa, Sumanamsa, Varadamsa, Lakshmiamsa, Komalamsa, Vageesamsa, Bhagyamsa, etc. There are however a few Nadi-amsas in this text where the common factors as picked above elude us, as a result no doubt, of copying errors; but it is possible to correct then by diligent search and application of the formula, Dhruva Sutra as it is called, that will crystallize. In all cases the Nadi-amsas are considered in both their halves. Now Dr. Sarma in his article alluded to above would have us believe that the Nadi writers were no more divine-eyed that you and I; but from minute details like the names of years Durmati, Dundubhi, etc., of birth and death, of dates, month and weekdays one cannot help marveling at the high degree of their intuition or ESP as the case may be. At all events we cannot boast of any such level of attainment; for, that kind of knowledge is not vouchsafed to us in the extant literature. One guess, right or wrong, is that they may have had prototypes for each Nadi-amsa which seems far-fetched.
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Assuming for the sake of argument Dr. Sarma’s view of Nadi writers, our computers could do a much better job of it; but we know what a miserable failure they are! Let me now advent to Chandra Kala Nadi. The Madras Government has published a text of it in three volumes. Although it carries a list of the 150 Nadi-amsas said to be handled by it, we do not find in them the actual verses. Those we do in another MSS of the said work in the Adayer Kibrary (MSS 22 K-1) and they are reproduced in this article as Appendix I. With a few variations they are the same as those given by Dr. Sarma who has assumed them as belonging to Dhruva Nadi. It was noticed earlier that Chandra Kala stands for 16 and therefore the Shodasa-vargas might have been employed for the selection of Nadi-amsas in this system, following the logic of Dhruva Nadi. Let us see how far it is correct. Given as Appendix II to this article is a Photostat of a page from the consolidated Table of Shodasa Vargas published by the Late Nemmara N. Krishna Rao. In this table, column I contains corresponding to the requirements of the Shodasa-vargas. Now, if you count the number of such divisions in each Rasi of 30º, it tots up exactly to 150º. This number and the divisions are the same for each Rasi. At the end of the versified list of names of Chandra Kala Nadi Amsas in the Adayar MSS, the following verse occurs:

Translation - These Nadi-amsas are counted in the given order in movable signs; in the reverse order in the fixed and from the 76th onwards in the common signs. Here then is confirmation of the fixed position of Nadi-amsas in each Rasi, viz., Vasudhamsa 0º 10’ to 0º20’ etc., in fixed signs, etc. In Chandra Kala Nadi to each Nadi-amsa is considered in two halves and different horoscopes with different planetary configurations are delineated. Most, if not all, of the names of the Nadi-amsas from the verses occur in both the published text and the Adayar MSS. In nomenclature the names of the Nadiamsas in Dhruva Nadi have the flavor of the Parasariyan genre whereas in Chandra Kala Nadi they are typically Keraleeyan as can be seen from parallel works like Skanda Sareeraka where similar names are given to rekhas (lines) all over the body. Dr. Sarma himself admits that the list of 150 names was supplied to him by a friend which, it is clear; he immediately took as belonging to Dhruva Nadi. Having thus confused one with the other, he appears to have rushed to the conclusion that each Amsa of Dhruva Nadi was 24’ extant on the basis of the calculation: 2 X 60 X 60 / 300 where 2 is the hours of a Lagna on the Equator and 300 is the 150 Nadiamsas in two parts put together. But we have actually seen early in this article that each Nadi-amsa in Dhruva Nadi is 3 º 20’ extents as testified by Vasishtha, each divided into two parts for prediction.

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There is thus a strong case for believing the Shodasa-varga division as the measure of Nadi-amsas in Chandra Kala Nadi; their extent and number are the same for each Rasi; their order as per arrangement cited in the verse. What remains is to identify them from the text and actual life. To facilitate easy check all that is necessary is to prepare a table with the 150 divisions with their respective degrees and minutes in each Rasi on one side and the names of the Nadi-amsas against them on the other per Chara-Sthira-Ubhaya rule enunciated above. A great deal of further research remains to be done in both the granthas. As it is, they are plagued as much by errors of copying as by grammar and oftentimes swapping of planets. In case of the printed Chandra Kala Nadi text, the editing leaves much to be desired. All sorts of material irrelevant to the context but having intrinsic merit have got mixed up and these have to be re-arranged and missing Nadi-amsas have to be traced. Even so the complete text of Dhruva Nadi has to be brought to light and while doing so the faux pas pointed out in the other case have to be borne in mind. This is not to belittle the merit of pioneering work done in this field, without which we will have no base to work on. This will be a fruitful field of research for the Kendriya Vidya Pitha of Tirupati which has proposed to open (or has it?) a faculty for astrology. May Balaji be pleased to undertake this project well under His large wings!

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Mercury’s column
Combinations for Success in Lottery and Gambling
This article was written by Shri S.K. Ghosal and was published in The Astrological Magazine in the August 1983 issue. Prothomesh has typed this article for the benefit of the readers of the Times. [Principles given in this article are based on astrological maxims and are not infallible guides. Therefore if anybody acts on the basis of these maxims he will be doing so at his own risk and on his own responsibility. – Ed., A.M] Gambling is an addiction in human society; it does not care for any religious inhibitions, or the law. A man who once wins and gets money in gambling becomes addicted to it. There are gamblers who have lost all of their belongings. But they can never get rid of its strong attraction. The wretched conditions of the King Nala and the Pandavas after they lost their all through gambling are only too well known. The sage Vatsyayana describes two festive nights call Yakshya Ratri and Kaumudijagara, in his famous book Kamasutra. Yakshya Ratri is the New Moon of Dipanyita. Kaumudijagara is the night of the Full Moon of Kojagari. On these two nights’ men and women in many places in India do not sleep at all, but spend the whole night in gambling. This custom is still in practice today. There is a proverb that the Goddess Lakshmi walks out of the home during those two nights to bestow blessings on those men and women who do not sleep and keep themselves busy with gambling. There is a sloka Apranivirjatkriyate talloke dyutamuchyate| Pranivih kriyate justu sa vigyeah samahawaha|| This means that the games which become a source of money through inanimate bodies are called gambling. The games of chess, cards, dice, lottery, and other speculative deals are examples for it. But the games which become a source of money through animate bodies such as horse racing, cock fighting, wrestling, come under Samahawaha. In a native’s birth chart, the 6th house is the place of games and the sign Gemini rules all games and sports. Fiery signs produce sportsmen. To become a good sportsman, one must have energy and courage, swiftness, speed, steadiness, alertness, vital power and perseverance. There are some games or sports where physical strength is necessary. There are some games or sports where quickness of the hand and feet are necessary. In some, only sharp eyesight and in others, ready wit may be necessary. Strong Mars encourages outdoor games. Mars is good in upachaya houses for this purpose. Strong Venus gives artistic technique and sharp eyesight. Strong Mercury gives steady nerve, good intelligence and speed. Strong Rahu gives good physical strength. Rahu is also good in upachaya houses. Therefore the above planets have an important role in gambling vis-à-vis indoor or outdoor games. There is another sloka as follows which says: Papo iachhati karmagoapi balavan dyutakriya sahasam|

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This means if a strong malefic planet is in the 10th house, the native has much inclination for gambling. A strong malefic in the 10th house from the Moon or Ascendant aspected by a benefic gives much wealth through gambling or lottery. The 6th house and the 6th lord have an important role in this matter. If the 6th and the 11th lords are together and in the 11th house from the Ascendant, the native wins many times in gambling and lottery. But the said combination in the 12th indicates loss in gambling followed by mental shock. Venus and Rahu indicate horse racing. If the 5th lord being Venus is in the 11th with the 6th lord, the native wins huge sums of money in horse racing. The said combination is not bad in the 2nd house or the 10th house. But the same combination in the 12th house gives heavy loss and misery in horse racing. Combination of the strong 6th and 11th lords is always good for gambling and lottery. If the 6th lord is in the 11th conjoined with the 9th lord, the native owns much wealth through lottery or gambling by the grace of God. Combination of the Moon and Jupiter in a watery sign favors the native gain money and fame in aquatic games. Strong combination of Saturn and Rahu favors gambling, especially indoor games like chess, dice, playing cards, etc. Combination of the Moon and Mercury indicates gain or loss of money in gambling through share market, various speculative deals, etc. Some favorable combinations for winning a lottery or success in gambling are given below: 1. If the lords of the 2nd house and the 5th exchange their places, it helps in winning lottery and gambling. 2. If Mercury in the 11th in own house is conjoined with the 6th lord, the native gets huge sums of money through gambling on share market, company papers, etc. But the said combination in the 12th house causes heavy loss on the same issue. 3. If Venus in the 11th in own house is conjoined with the 6th lord, the native gets huge sums of money through horse racing. The said combination in the 12th house gives loss of money and mental agony in horse racing. 4. The native, who has Venus, Rahu, Saturn and Mars in conjunction in the sign of Virgo, will win repeatedly in lottery and gambling. 5. Conjunction of the 6th lord and the 11th lord in the 11th house from the Ascendant is always good for gain of money through lottery and gambling. 6. If the 11th lord is Mars, the native gets good news of the winning suddenly. 7. If the above combination has Ketu also in it, the native maintains secrecy about the news of the winning in lottery or gambling. He poses as if nothing has happened. 8. If the above combination has Saturn in it the native experience delay and disturbance in receiving his money won through lottery or gambling. 9. If the above combination has connection with Rahu, the money will be spent and lost on worldly pleasures. 10. If the above combination has connection with Venus, the money will be lost on female excesses. 11. If the above combination has connection with Jupiter, the money will be spent on good causes. 12. If the 5th lord Venus is in the 12th house with the 6th lord, the native will be addicted to gambling and lottery and loses his money again and again. 13. If all the planets are in the signs of Pisces, Taurus, Virgo and Scorpio, the native gains money through lottery and gambling.

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14. If the 6th lord, the 11th lord and Saturn are in the 11th house and Mars is in the star of Hasta, the native wins in dice or playing cards through underhand tricks and by puzzling his opponents. 15. If there are many malefic planets in the 12th house, the native should not invest money in any gambling of lottery. He will always lose. 16. The Moon and Mercury in the 11th house with the 6th lord are always good for gaining money through share market, company papers, etc. 17. The Moon and Jupiter conjoined in a watery sign in the 11th house with the 6th lord favor the native with skill in aquatic games as well as fame and money through aquatic games. 18. If the 5th lord, the 9th lord and the 11th lord are conjoined with Rahu in the 11th house, the native gets huge sums of money through horse racing. 19. If the 5th and the 11th lords are conjoined in the 5th with Rahu or Ketu, the native gets money through lottery all of a sudden. 20. During Dasa or Antardasa of the 11th lord if Rahu becomes Yogakaraka with both Gochara (transit) Jupiter and the 11th lord in favorable places, a native wins large sums of money in lottery or gambling. 21. During Dasa or Antardasa of the strong 6th lord if Venus and the 11th lord transit the 11th house, a native gains huge amounts through lottery or gambling.

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Mars’ column
Widowhood and Jupiter
This article was written by the celebrated astrologer Shri J N Bhasin in “The Astrological Magazine” in the August 1971 issue of the magazine. Amarnath has typed and edited the article for the readers of the Times. What a similarity there is between the English word widow and the Sanskrit word Vidhava! The preposition “Vi” means without and Dhava or Dow means married life. Thus widow or Vidhava means a lady devoid of married life or Sukha, i.e., a lady who has lost her husband. In contrast we say in Sanskrit or Hindi - Sadhava, i.e., a lady whose husband is alive. Now Jupiter or Jeu-Piter, or Deu-Pitar means the pitar of Deu, i.e., father of the devas or the preceptor of the learned. Even in our present-day social and political life we call our elders and advisers as Fathers cf. City fathers, etc., for they protect us by their good mantras or advice. In this context, age is not a necessary condition, for says the great Manu. Agnyo bhaVati vai balah, pita bhavati mantrada, meaning that one who is an ignorant fool is really a child but one who is only a child but giver of sound advice should be deemed as father. Jupiter, therefore, means any person who protects and advises in accordance with the divine, moral and spiritual laws. Thus, a husband is aptly represented in astrology by Jupiter for a husband worth the name should always be a protector of his wife in consonance with the divine or spiritual laws. The name Brihaspti of Jupiter also means a great protector (Brihat=great and pati=protector). Indian astrology never departs from higher religious principles. We have the authority of no less a person than the author of the standard work Phaladeepika in support of our statement that in astrology Jupiter represents pati or husband as a significator. Here is the relevant extract from the above work: Vaidushyam vijitendriyam dhava sukham sammanam idyad dayam Wisdom, self-control, marital life of a lady, high honor from those well placed in life and compassion are represented by Jupiter. Mark the words dhava sukham in the sloka which literally means sukha relating to marital life. Jupiter thus admittedly, is a most important factor to be carefully examined in any problem relating to the married life of an actual or prospective woman. But it is really a matter 'of great regret that in spite of the vast services rendered for so many decade by THE ASTROLOGICAL MAGAZINE and its illustrious Editor in spreading astrological knowledge, we still come across, even among the learned, such people as would consider Venus instead of Jupiter as the karaka or husband in a female nativity. We are constrained to point out in this connection the article entitled "Remedial Astrology" appearing on page 659 of THE ASTROLOGICAL MAGAZINE for July 1970, wherein a learned contributor, while discussing female nativities, has made the incorrect statement to the effect that Venus is Mangalyakaraka or significator for the husband. We would, therefore, most humbly suggest that in case the Editor feels something can be said in favor of Venus as significator for husband, he might invite a broadbased discussion on this question of basic importance for the benefit of beginners in astrology. Anyway, our personal view is in

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favor of the manly Pati (Pati-Rakshati iti pati) Jupiter as against the female Agora, Venus being the husband. We would now like to consider in some detail, the role of Jupiter as a husband. Now one thing should be very clear to all students of astrology, that where Jupiter is the lord of the 7th, house in any female nativity, it is bound to give marked results whether in good or bad direction, for the simple reason that Jupiter in such cases would represent the husband -in two-fold capacities, i.e., (i) as lord of the 7th house and (ii) as signiticator for husband. It is, therefore, evident that any adverse malefic influence on Jupiter, in such cases, would mean the affliction and weakening of two out of the three factors that are involved in considering the problem, of married life of a female nativity, Thus, in the case of a Gemini or Virgo female chart, if Jupiter is under the malefic influence of Mars and Saturn or Mars and Kethu, we see, in all such cases that the husband of the woman involved is short-lived, which of course means she has very little of dhava sukham. The above view found its confirmation in Deva Keralam, a work published by the Madras Government in 1952 (No. XC-111). We would like to share the study with the esteemed readers. On page 130 of Deva Keralam, referred to above, a nativity with Sagittarius Ascendant has been discussed. Jupiter and Kethu are stated to be in the 8th house in Cancer. No further particulars are given therein. It is stated therein that the eldest sister of the father of the native, although long-lived, will be a widow. Now we know that all affairs relating to father are examined from the 9th house of the horoscope and its lord, etc. The eldest sister of father will, therefore, be represented by the house 11th to the 9th, in accordance with the general principle that the 11th house represents the eldest co-borns (sisters or brothers). The 7th house containing Gemini would, therefore, be considered as the Ascendant of the eldest sister of the father of the native. The house of the husband to that sister would naturally be the 7th from Gemini, i.e., Sagittarius (Lagna in this case). The affliction of Jupiter, lord of Lagna, would mean the affliction of the lord and the karaka of the 7th house of that sister.

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Case 1

In Chart No. 1, constructed from the available details on page 130 of the work under reference, we notice that Jupiter is exalted which, means that the eldest sister of the father of the native had a husband, but mark also the fact that Jupiter is placed in the 8th from Sagittarius, i.e., in the house of death of her husband. This indicates that he will not live long. Wherever you find Jupiter exalted, you always look up the house from which it is in the 8th house, that relation will lose his life early provided Jupiter is afflicted atleast by one strong malefic. An exalted Jupiter in the 10th house of a nativity, for example, if influenced strongly by Mars, Kethu or Saturn, would mean that the younger brother of the native will be short-lived, for the situation in Kendra in exaltation would indicate the existence of the younger brother but the fact of Jupiter's being in the house of death of the younger brother (the 10th is 8th to the 3rd) and being afflicted would mean that he is not destined to live long. An exalted but afflicted Jupiter in the 6th house would, for the same reasons, mean short life to the elder brother; an exalted but afflicted Jupiter in the 12th house would denote short life to the son; a similar type of Jupiter in the 4th house would indicate short life to father and so on. The sloka [Swa ptturbhagini chadya vidhava chiranjeevini] also says that the lady herself will be long-lived—a conclusion apparently based on the fact that Jupiter would be throwing his aspect on the house of longevity of the lady herself.

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Case 2

On page 149 of Deva Keralam we read again (see Chart No. 2) Eka cha bhaginicha poota vaidhauyena cha kashita—meaning that a chaste younger sister will be afflicted with widowhood Here again, mark the fact that the lordship of the 7th house from that of the younger sister (the 3rd) goes to Jupiter and that Jupiter is afflicted very much indeed by the aspect of as many as four malefics—Saturn, the Sun, Kethu and the Moon (made malefic in the company of the Sun) resulting in the widowhood of younger sister. In yet another case, the author of Deva Keralam has opined on page 175 with reference to a Cancer nativity that one of the younger sisters of the native will be widowed early. Balye vaidhavyamapnoti danadharma vicharini In this case, he has not given the position of Jupiter but here again the lordship of the 9th house, representing the husband to younger sister goes to Jupiter which presumably must be afflicted. In fact, it is not mere coincidence that in all the three cases discussed where widowhood is mentioned, the lordship of the house of the husband has gone to Jupiter.

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Case 3

For a further practical study of the role of Jupiter vis-a-vis widowhood, here is the horoscope of a girl born on 10-8-1949 at 12-30 afternoon in New Delhi, who married on 19-3-1969 and was widowed within less than a month, i.e., on 13-4-1969. If we study the relative merits of Jupiter and Venus in this Chart No. 3, we will find that while Venus is with benefic Mercury and aspected by the strong and practically full Moon, Jupiter has no benefit aspect on it. On the other hand, Jupiter, besides being in debilitation, has as many as three malefic influences of the Sun, Kethu and Mars, on it. The relatively greater affliction of Jupiter would earn him the title of a pati or protector indeed, but protector nevertheless. Before closing we would like to bring to the notice of the astrological world an odd fact that in regard to a female nativity, all the standard authors have clearly stated that the question of widowhood or the prolonged blessings of a married life should be considered from her 8th house. In this connection, rules regarding Kuja Dosha are also relevant. The rule regarding Kuja Dosha requires that Mars, in order to create the said dosha or defect (i.e., the strong likelihood of the loss of life of the partner in life—wife or husband as the case may be), must occupy one of the five stipulated positions from Lagna, viz., the 1st, the 4th, the 7th, the 8th or the 12th. In this connection, it may be added in passing that the partner in life may not necessarily die if Kuja Dosha is present for the death of the partner in life in any horoscope, depends not merely on the affliction of the Lagna, but also of the lord of Lagna and the significator concerned. The Kuja Dosha is only a partial affliction. Still let us study the rationale behind this partial statement [Lague vyayecha patale jamitre shashtame kuje varaha patni vinasaya kanya pati vinasini] of facts. It is easy to see that Mars in the 1st house would afflict the Lagna of the partner by direct 7th aspect and harm his or her life prospects. Mars in the 4th
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house would, similarly, bring about harm to the partner by his 4th direct aspect on the house of partner. When situated in the 7th house, Mars would, of course, bring about the same undesirable results by its affliction of the Lagna house of the partner through association. Mars, if located in the 12th house, would be injurious to the life prospects of the partner since it would then aspect the Lagna (body) house of the partner by its 8th aspect. Now Mars in the 8th house does not toe the above line of argument. By its location in the 8th house, it neither influences the 7th by association, nor by aspect. What relevance then the stipulated 8th position of Mars has in the plan of Kuja Dosha. We know Mars in the 8th house of a female chart is said to be destructive of the life of the partner. The question is why then, should this provision be extended to male charts as the sloka obviously does. To say that Mars in the 2nd house fully aspects the 8th house of the partner, and as such, brings about the stipulated bad results is hardly an adequate argument for the intention of the authors in declaring the 8th house in a female nativity as the Mangalya house was to lay the stress on the 8th house and not on the indirect malefic aspect on the 2nd house by malefics situated in the 8th. There may be some deep reason for we cannot so easily deny the veracity of so universal a statement. But frankly speaking, we have not as yet been able to find out the rationale—or establish the principle in practice. In practice, we find that there is no cause for according different treatment to the 8th house of a female nativity. It is as good or bad as the 8th house of a male chart for its partner and the practical results have to be collected by an examination of the 7th and the 2nd in both male and female charts having equal regard to planets in the 8th house in both types of charts, that is to say, the importance of the planets in the 8th house in either case should arise by virtue of the influence exerted on the 2nd house by them without any consideration as to how they afflict or help the 8th house.

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Saturn’s column
Transit
This article was published in “The Astrological Magazine” December, 1977. This article was written by the legendary astrologer Dr. P.S. Sastri. Sarita typed this article for the benefit of the readers of the Times. Allied to the badhaka places is the problem of Argala. Jaimini, has six sutras on this question, they are:

The places or planets in the 4th, the 2nd, the 10th from the aspecting body cause Argala. When more than two malefics are in the 3rd from the aspecting planet, there is a malefic Argala. Planets in the 10th, the 12th, the 3rd from Argala cause obstruction to the Argala. If the planets obstructing Argala are fewer or less powerful than those causing Argala, then the power of the Argala is not affected. Planets in the 5th from a planet are counteracted by the influence of a planet in the 9th. Count these places in the reverse manner in the case of Ketu. These aphorisms are cryptic. Let us explain. Planets in the 4th, the 2nd, the 11th and the 5th from an aspecting body cause or become Argalas. Planets in the 9th from Ketu become Argalas. If these are natural benefics then the Argala is benefic. Malefics in the 3rd also cause malefic Argala. Places, the 4th, the 2nd and the 11th having planets are counteracted by planets in the 10th, the 12th and the 3rd respectively. The 5th is counteracted by the 9th and vice versa. The Argala caused by a malefic in the 3rd has no counteracting agency. The aspects in Jaimini are different from those given by Parasara. All moveable signs aspect all fixed except the ones next to them; all fixed signs aspect all moveable signs except the ones behind them; and all common signs aspect each other. Thus the aspects of the movable signs are at 120º, 210 º, 300 º; those of the fixed signs are at 60 º, 150 º, 240 º; and those of the common signs are at 90 º, 180 º, and 270 º. Benefic results will arise in the periods of the signs which have benefic Argala. These Argalas according to Jaimini cannot work if we accept his aspects. A planet in the 4th from Mesha (Aries) cannot be aspected, as per Jaimini, by a planet in Mesha (Aries). Another obstructing force or point is known as vedha. When the Sun transits the 11th, the 3rd, the 10th and the 6th from the Moon he gives good results. These results are obstructed when other planets at the same time transit the 5th, the 9th, the 4th and the 12th houses respectively. Thus from the radical Moon or Lagna we give the position of the planet in the first column and its obstructing point in the second. The first figure in the first column is related to the first in the second column, and so on respectively.

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The Sun The Moon Mars Mercury Jupiter Venus Saturn The Sun The Moon Mars Mercury Jupiter Venus Saturn

11, 3, 10, 6 7, 1, 6, 11, 10, 3 3, 11, 6 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11 2, 11, 9, 5, 7 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 11 2, 11, 0 5, 9, 4, 12 2, 5, 12, 8, 4, 9 12, 5, 9 5, 3, 9, 1, 8, 12 12, 8, 10, 4, 3 8, 7, 1, 10, 9, 5, 5, 11, 6, 3 12, 5, 9

In Chart 1 when Saturn was transiting the 12th from the Moon, and Mars was in the 8th, the native passed away. It was in March 1937.

Saturn does not cause vedha to the Sun. Similarly Mercury for the Moon, the Sun for Mars, Moon for Mercury will not cause vedha. This happened in the Moon’s sub-period during the major period of Saturn. Here the vedha fronm the Moon to Saturn is obstructed by Venus. But transit vedha worked. Latta is another obstructing point. The counting of the constellation is in the reverse order for Prishtha Latta and in the regular order for the Puro Latta. The 12th star from that occupied by the Sun, the 3rd
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from that of Mars, the 6th from that of Jupiter, the 8th from that of Saturn are Puro Lata, the forward ones. The 5th from that of Venus, the 7th from that of Mercury, the 9th from that of Rahu, the 22nd from that of the Moon are Prishta or rear Lattas. If the constellation at birth happens to be the Latta star of a planet, during its transit there, one has ill-health and sorrow. During the Sun’s Latta business is ruined/ The Latta of Rahu and Ketu brings misery; of Jupiter brings death, ruin of relatives, fear and insecurity; of Venus results in quarrels; of Mercury there is loss of position; of the Moon there will be loss. When two or more Lattas coincide, the effects are intensified (Phala Deepika 26, 42-47). Sarvatobhadra Chakra also explains the points of vedha. Following Jatakabharana, Horaratha, Raja Vijaya, Svara Chintamani and other works we explain this and its significance. First we draw the figure as below:

Nanda refers to the 1st, the 6th, the 11th tithis; Bhadra to the 2nd, the 7th, the 12th tithis; Jaya to the tithis 3rd, the 8th, the 13th; Rikta, to the 4th, the 9th, the 14th tithis; Purna to the 5th, the 10th, the 15th, the 30th tithis. Each group has its own week-day. The Sun, Mars, Saturn, Rahu, Ketu, the waning Moon, and Mercury associated with malefics are all malefic planets; the rest are benefic. A planet is situated in a constellation; and by its aspect three vedhas arise for it—one in the left, one in the front, and one in the right. In the right or left the vedha will be with a star, a consonant, a Rasi, or a vowel only.

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Thus a planet in Krittika has a vedha with Bharani and Sravana. One is Rohini has vedha with

, Vrishadha, Nanda, Bhadra, Thula, , Mithuna, , Simha, , Kanya,

, Visakha, , Swati, and , , and

, Aswini,

Abhijit. One in Mrigasira has vedha with Kataka, Uttarashadha.

, Chitra, Revati,

The Aspect of a retrograde planet is towards the right, and that of one in direct motion is to the left; when it is stationary, it is towards the front. For Rahu and Ketu the vedha will be on the right; and for the Sun and the Moon it is on the left. A retrograde malefic in vedha position causes great evil and a retrograde benefic does good. When a planet transits over Aridra, Hasta, Poorvashadha and Uttarabhadrapada, the triplets that are hit are—(1) (4) ; . (2) Regarding ; (3) the ; and pairs

and if one letter is hit the other also is hit. Whe the vedha is caused by a benefic, it is Saumya vdha. If one vowel is hit the other vowel similar to it is also hit; and this applies also to .

When a planet is the junction of two constellations in any of the four corners of the square, the vowels and and the Purna Tithi are hit. The results are --agitation or excitement,

--fear, --loss, --disease, and tithi-death. When the vedha is with a star the the result is confusion; with a consonant loss; with a vowel sickness; and with tithi or Rasi a great obstacle. When there are five vedhas at the same time one is not likely to live. One vedha causes fear, two bring loss of money, three obstacles and four death. In the vedhas of individual planets, different results follow. The Sun’s—misunderstanding; Mars—loss of wealth; Saturn—ill health; Rahu and Ketu—obstacles; the Moon—mixed results; Venus—pleasures; Mercury—intelligence; Jupiter—good effect. When the planet causing vedha is retrograde, the result is twofold; in exaltation threefold; in rapid direct motion the normal effect; in depression theeffect is half. A malefic vedha on a Tithi, Rasi, Amsa, or Nakshatra should be avoided for all auspicious undertakings. If a vedha caused by a retrograde malefic occurs during sickness, the patient is not likely to survive; but if the malefic is in direct motion, the ill-health will subside. If the vedha is caused by a malefic on the week day of one’s birth there will be mental anguish.

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The transit of the Sun in Vrishabha, Mithuna, and Kataka makes the East appear as set. The vowels

may be taken as belonging to the East;

to the

South; and to the West; to the South. During the time the Sun stays for three months in any direction, all the stars, vowels, consonants, Rasis and Tithis are considered to be set. When a star is set and there is vedha, the result is ill-health; when a consonant, loss; when a vowel, sorrow; when a Rasi, obstacle; when a tithi, fear, when all the five have vedha, the result is death. The consonants and vowels refer to the initial letter of the name of the native. If these are not set, the vedha produces different results. If a star, growth; if a consonant, gain; if a vowel, happiness; if a Rasi, success; if a tithi, fame; if all the five, status. When a planet transits over the 5th, the 8th, the 14th, the 18th, the 21st, the 22nd, the 23rd and the 24th stars counted from the one in which the Sun is posited, there will arise obstacles. Counting from the birth star, where there is a malefic vedha on the 1st, the 10th, the 19th and the 23rd stars, the results are respectively death, sorrow, absence from places, and quarrels. When the vedha is on the 18th star, something untoward will happen. If it is on the 16th, there is loss; if on the 26th, there is destruction of the family; if on the 28th, one may be imprisoned; if on the 27th, there is expulsion. But if these vedhas come from benefics, the results will be auspicious. The malefic vedhas on the stars counted fromm the birth star should not coincide with the vedhas on the 5th, the 8th, the 14th, the 11th, the 21st, the 22nd, the 23rd,the 24th stars counted from the Sun. In the Prakirnadhya of Uttara Khanda of Parasara Hora, Chapter 6 and verses 18 to 23 we have a list of Pachakas and Vedhakas. Their places are counted from the house occupied by a planet. We tabulate: Planet Sun Moon Mars Mercury Jupiter Venus Saturn House 11 3 12 3 12 4 7 Vadhska Venus Sun Mercury Mars Sun Saturn Mars House 6 7 2 2 6 2 3 Pachaka Saturn Venus Sun Moon Saturn Mars Venus

From Lagna, Pachaka planets are the Sun in the 6th, the Moon in the7th,Mars in the 9th, Mercury in the 10th, Jupiter in the 11th, Venus in the 8th, and Saturn in the 4th. All these have an important role to play

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when we interpret the significance of the planetary transits. As Pat=rasara observes, the Vedhaka obstructs the emergence of the results, and so does the Pachaka to some extent. During transits the Sun, Rahu or Ketu gives good results when he is in the 3rd, the 6th, the 10th houses from the Moon; the Moon in the 1st, the 3rd, the 6th, the 7th, the 10th; Mars and Saturn n the 3rd and the 6th; Mercury in the 2nd, the 4th, the 6th, the 8th, the 10th; Venus in places other than the 6th, the 7th, the 10th; Jupiter in the 2nd, the 5th, the 7th, the 9th. All planets give food results in the 11th. Leaving Latta and other factors aside, we can tabulate the vedha signs, counting these from the sign in which the Moon is located. 1 Sun Moon Mars Mercury Jupiter Venus 1 6 1 2 1 8 2 2 1 1 6 12 7 3 9 9 12 4 2 1 4 3 3 3 3 5 10 5 6 6 4 7 4 9 6 12 12 9 9 6 12 7 7 2 6 6 3 2 8 8 7 7 1 7 5 9 10 10 8 8 10 11 10 4 4 10 10 9 4 11 5 8 5 12 8 3 12 11 11 11 11 11 6

For example in the horoscope taken as an example earlier the Moon is in the 12th house from the Ascendant. Saturn came to the 12th house from the Moon and Mars was in the 8th. For Mars the vedha sign as per the table is the 7th from the Moon. The Moon at the time being in the 11th, the vedha came from Mars who was in the 8th. The 11th house Mercury got a vedha from Saturn in the 12th. The 1st house Venus too had the vedha from Mars. These transit movements brought about the death of the individual. Failure to consider the vedha positions gives rise to a faulty interpretation of the transit influences. But this alone is not enough, since the radical chart and the Ashtakavarga are also to be taken into consideration.

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Rahu’s column
Yoga Point System of Analysis
This article appeared in The Astrological Magazine in August 1971 and was written by Shri Santhana Gopalan. The author writes this article to cite examples on the Yogi and Avayogi system first written about by legendary astrologer Shri Sheshadri Iyer. Amarnath typed this article for the benefit of the readers of the Times. The Editorial in the April 1971 issue of The Astrological Magazine prompted me to offer certain observations on the two charts furnished therein. Case 1 – Native C

The chart claimed to belong to a native C is now taken for investigation [shown in the picture above]. This native, born under Kumbha Lagna, has Jupiter in the 10th place in the constellation Jyeshta ruled by Mercury. Mercury, for this native, happens to be in the constellation of Venus, the Birth Yogi and is also the ruler of the 5th house. The effect of the 5th lord becoming a Birth Yogi or the 5th lord in Yoga star is mainly responsible for the prominent position of the native even though birth in the enigmatic Aquarius is looked down by many. The recent controversy which is still kept up by certain staunch denouncers of this Lagna is fresh in our memories. The method of finding the Birth Yogi and Avayogi had been detailed in the articles submitted by Mr. Seshadri Iyer in The Astrological Magazine some years back. Finding this system useful in unearthing vital information for a significant event, recourse is largely made to this system in offering the present analysis. This chart resembles that of Rabindranath Tagore, the 5th lord or the 5th house, plays a prominent role in both the charts. Such a position in my opinion is unique and is mainly responsible for a very high degree of intuition, strong mind and above all, divine blessings. It is no wonder both attained tame due to this single factor operating in their charts. The purpose of introducing this concept for offering predictions is only to make the system popular and acceptable. I shall be much obliged for constructive criticism of this analysis more as a corrective measure.

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Case 2 – Rabindranath Tagore In Tagore's chart, the Yoga point falls in the 5th house, while "Birth Yogi" is Mercury, ruler of constellation Aslesha. For the convenience of readers, both the charts [the earlier one of native C is already provided earlier] are furnished here below with Yoga Point marked in the respective horoscopes.

The prominent 5th house is characteristic of sound imagination, good planning and, luck. It is for readers to furnish charts in support of this contention or to disprove my observation. (Not certainly my theory). Case 3 – Professor In support of Mr. Seshadri Iyer's method, I am offering yet another chart.

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This gentleman is a professor of civil Engineering, whose services are lent to a polytechnic for appointment as Principal. His elevation to the rank of Professor came during the sub-period of Mars in the major period of Jupiter. Jupiter, as Dasa lord in the 11th place, is a good sign (ekadasasthe govinde) but Mars, in conjunction with Venus in the 8th, is not conducive for prosperity by any stretch of imagination. But applying the method of Mr. Seshadri Iyer, we find that Mars is a Birth Yogi, being lord of constellation Dhanishta (in 10th Bhava) where the Yoga point falls. The lordship of Mars, its position as Yogi extending its aspect to the 2nd house will, however, indicate material advancement, while the psychic development will be significant by its total absence. Similarly, it can be stated that Lagna lord becoming Birth Yogi might lead to sound health, pleasing personality and handling strenuous but successful enterprises. Of course Dagdha positions should not interfere with the working of Yoga lords. Case 4- Ascetic I shall conclude my article by presenting another chart where the Yoga point falls in the 9th house. The native acquired enormous spiritual powers and is leading the life of an ascetic.

In my view, Yoga point falling in the house (here constellation involved is Makha whose lord is Kethu) causes spiritual advancement, realization of self (supreme knowledge) and enjoyment of permanent bliss. I will be thankful if readers could produce divergent views with suitable authority. Yoga point falling in other houses can be taken up by investigators to form, the subject matter of future articles on these lines.

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Ketu’s column
Combinations for Spiritual Progress - II
Shri R Lakshman is a legendary name in jyotish and regular contributor to The Astrological Magazine. The below article was published in the July 1977 issue of the magazine. This article was retyped and edited by Amarnath As I have received several appreciative letters regarding my article I, on the above subject, I decided on writing the part II of the article on the same subject. The horoscope that comes uppermost to my mind in view of the very recent Aradhana celebrations at Tiruvaiyar in Thanjavur District at the Samadhi on the banks of the Holy Cauvery River, at that PanchaNadhiswara-Kshetram of Sri Thyaga Brahmain, is that of the late Sri Thyagaraja.

Horoscope is being produced by courtesy of Jyotish Marthand of 1971, January. To the Saint, Lord Sri Rama was an immediate presence and not a distant reality. He was a sincere devout soul, all engrossed with worship [puja] to the idol [vigraha] of Lord Sri Rama and with singing songs [kirthanas] in praise of Lord Sri Rama Chandra's glory. The Moon and Jupiter were in Lagna Bhava; and Rahu and Kethu in the 6th and 12th Bhava respectively. His “Vaakpathi” [Lord of the 2nd House, Sun] was exalted in the 10th Bhava [with Digbala] from Lagna. His Venus, lord of 4th and 11th was in the 11th in own house. He cared not for money. In fact, when he was offered Asthana Vidwanship at the Tanjore Court by the then Maharaja, who sent a messenger with costly presents, he sang in Kalyani Raga: “Nidhi chala sukhama, Rama Samnidhi chala sukhama”, meaning that not wealth but only proximity to God Sri Rama could give lasting happiness. When his brother Jappesa threw away the idols of Sri Rama and Sri Sita, etc., in the Cauvery, he sang songs of sorrow; and, when, after a dream telling him where search for the idols, he found them, he sang in ecstasy, in an appropriate Raga radiating joy. In these days, when even a son does not perform his father's Sraddha, Thyagaraja's centenary is celebrated and his death-anniversary is celebrated, every year at Tiruvaiyar. That is because he was God-intoxicated and cherished only God Sri Rama's name and nothing else.

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Now, I shall give the horoscope of late Bhagawan Sri Ramakrishria Paramahamsa :

He was a simple but sincere temple priest [poojari], who, however, could see Goddess Kali and also showed Her to doubting and skeptical Narendranath, who was transformed into Swami Vivekananda, whose statute now adorns the rock in the sea in front of the temple of Goddess Sri Bhagawathi, at Kanyakumari. The Sun, the Moon and Mercury together, are said to cause one to be famed for his learning “Vidyayasasvee” (while the new Moon is bad, the new Moon with Mercury is not bad but good). True, he had no university degree; but, he had the greatest learning of having realized divintity. Mark Jupiter in the 5th and Venus exalted in the 2nd as lord of the 9th. Mars is exalted in the 12th, the house of Moksha. Lord of Lagna, Saturn, is exalted in the 9th and aspected by Jupiter; and Rahu is in the 10th. These, Show temporal success, in the shape of Sri Ramakrishna Mission, spread throughout India. So, he became an institution, and was not a mere individual. He treated his wife Sarada Devi, as an amsa of Kalimatha and had no sexual relationship with her. To comprehend this philosophy, please mark the Sun [Lord of the 7th] with the Moon [Lord of the 6th] and Mercury [Lord of the 8th] in Lagna and in trines to Jupiter and Saturn [Lagna Lord]. But, he drew and converted Narendranath and transfigured that Sishya into a powerful propagandist of real Hinduism, in the Parliament of Religions at Chicago, U.S.A.

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That takes me to the horoscope of Sri Vivekananda, the Sishya, better known to the world, especially the western world, as he had good command of chaste and excellent English and a powerful tongue.

His was a comparatively short life (he lived only for 39 years, while Adisankara lived only for 30 or 32 years). Lord of Lagna, Jupiter, in the 11th, gave him a majestic and magnetic personality. However, Jupiter is also hemmed by two malefics, Saturn and Rahu, on either side. And, while lord of the 2nd, Saturn in the 10th, is very good for forceful speech, Saturn afflicting the Moon, lord of the 8th, reduces longevity and (vide Uttara Kalartmrita, which says that if the lord of the 8th is afflicted by or aspected by Saturn—of course, unless Saturn is the lord of Lagna—preferably Capricorn) even a Markandeya's longevity might be reduced. The Sun and Mercury together cause Raja Yoga, but Venus, lord of the 6th (and the 11th) joining the 9th and the 10th lords, causes Raja Yoga Bhanga. But, Swami Vivekananda is far, far greater and much more immortal than anyone wielding political power or kingly power, occupying a high worldly position. He meditated on the Divine Mother. He spoke of the ancient Divine Mother, being restored to Her old resplendent glory. Addressing on foreign soil a mixed audience as "Brothers and Sisters", he electrified his hearers; and demolished ignorant criticism of idol-worship and put in a dynamic plea for Hinduism, as vital religion, so that even those who came to scoff remained to pray. And the Vivekananda Rock at Kanyakumari is a glorious instance of national integration, as a gifted soul of Bengal, with the great grace of Goddess Kali and of his less lettered Guruji, Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, has been honored at Cape Comorin.

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I shall wind up this article by giving the horoscope of late Bhagwan Ramana Maharshi. This sage of Arunachala was born in Libra Lagna, with the planetary configuration as shown below:

Young Venkata Raman, born in Aridra star (the star of Lord Siva), ran away from his home in Madurai District, at the call of Sri Arunachala. After years of penance and privations, he was recognized as a realized soul, and even as Sri Dakshinamurthy incarnate. Mark the full Moon and Kethu in the 9th (Thapas-Sthana), aspected by Jupiter; and, mark, too, the Parivarthana or exchange of places between Jupiter and Saturn. I personally knew of his smiling when an operation was performed on his arm, without any anesthesia or morphia or chloroform. Generally, he was silent; and, even distinguished visitors, with costly offerings to him, seldom made him open his mouth and speak. But, when he chose to break his silence, he could teach anyone in a very impressive way and even convert and transform a doubting Thomas or a skeptic. I shall conclude this article by citing one such instance, personally known to me. It was a Sunday afternoon. I had gone to Ramanashram at 2-0 p.m. after worship at Lord Sri Arunachaleswara's shrine in the forenoon and after meals in a friend's house at Tiruvannamalai. At that time, a gentleman with his family was sitting when I prostrated before Sri Ramana Maharshi. Evidently that gentleman was a skeptic for he suddenly asked the Rishi how it was that the Gita purported to say that God would look after one's welfare, if one concentrated on Him and worshipped Him, as if human effort was unnecessary. He evidently referred to the following famous sloka, in the Bhagawath Gita :— Ananyasehintayantomam yojanahpariyu pasate | Tesham nityablayuktanam yogakshemant vahamyaham || I was pleasantly surprised to see Bhagwan smiling instead of getting offended and opening his mouth, he asked the gentleman - “You are coming from Madras?” On his reply "yes", he asked "with family?" The answer was "yes". "For travel, ladies and luggage are inconvenient, usually?" Reply was "yes, generally". "But, I believe there is a through bogie from Madras to Tiruvanna malai and you got into it?" Answer was "yes". "So", the Rishi continued, "You did not have the ordeal and travail of changing at
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Villupuram Junction at dead of night, with your family and luggage and you arrived comfortably at 6-30 a.m. at Tiruvannamalai?" Answer was "yes". "So, you see, if you trusted the Board, MadrasThuvannamalai and got into the said through bogie, the railway authorities took all the trouble of attaching the said Madras-Tiruvannamalai bogie to the Villupuram-Katpadi train at Villupuram". Of course, the answer was "yes". Then, Bhagwan Ramana Maharshi, with a radiant face, warmed up and said: "If belief in the Railway Department makes it bear your burden and trouble of changing at Villupuram Junction, from one train to another, at an inconvenient and unearthly hour, will not the Omnipotent (Serve Shakta) God bear all your burden, if you genuinely surrender to Him and fall and pray at His All-Powerful Feet?” Then, the short episode was over and I could see the questioning gentleman visibly weeping, shedding tears of joy. Thus, the sage of Arunachala, who, like Dakshinamurthy, usually taught by Maunam or silence, spoke occasionally and converted and transformed Doubting Thomasses.

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