Country Presentation Bangladesh

Access to Internet: Bangladesh Perspective
Presented by: Akber Hossain Senior Assistant Secretary Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Ministry of Science and Information & Communication Technology (MoSICT) Phone: +880-2-9566571, Fax: +880-2-71619606 E-mail: Web site:

Global indicators workshop on community access to ICTs Mexico City 16-19 November 2004


Country Profile 1.15* Million : about 880/ sq. Municipalities (urban ) 10.Km : 123.Per capita GDP * Source: Population Census 2001 : 144000 Sq. Unions (rural) 8. :6 : 64 : 465 : 4484 : 87319 : 223 :6 : About USD 346 . Districts 6. Population density 4. Km. Divisions 5. Population 3. Villages (rural) 9. Area 2. Sub Districts (Upazila) 7. City Corporation 11.

79 M) (Public Sector) Digitalized District : 64 Digitalized Sub district : 165 ( out of 465.90 line per 100 people (PSTN & Mobile) Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission established in 2002 Telephone call charge reduced significantly Recently fixed line phone sector has been opened for private sector investment.00 Million (Private Sector Teledensity : 2. Mobile telecoverage reaches most of the rural areas 82000 Grameen Phone serving remotest areas Recently VOIP legalized .83 Million. 100% Coverage will be within 2005) Mobile Telephone : 3.Telecom Infrastructure in Bangladesh ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Fixed line Telephone : 0. (digital: 0.

!1800 KM fibre optic cable under Bangladesh Railway is being utilizad by the private mobile telephone operator ! Fibre optic link between few districts existing under BTTB !Packet Switching Exchange in 9 big District HQ established for data communication by BTTB !Etablishment of DDN Node in 17 district under progress !BTTB’s 1 million mobile phone project is yet to be implemented in 2005 !Fibre optic link between all district is planned by BTTB ..Telecom Infrastructure in Bangladesh contd.

not affordable by general people Establishment of Internet Exchange is under implementation .Internet ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! First introduced in 1996 Number of ISPs : 159 ( 64 are actively providing services) 80% ISPs are located at capital Dhaka Government owned Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board (BTTB) has extended ISP services to all 64 district HQ and 165 Sub district HQ out of 465 ISP Subscriber : 0. BB-64kbps to 8 mbps Technology uses: VSAT Submarine cable yet to be connected in 2005 PC Penetration rate is very low: 1.5 Sets /1000 Peoples Internet connection slow and costly.2 Million(10% are broad band available only at Dhaka and Chittagong City area and rest are dial up) Number of Internet users 2 Million Bandwidth range: Dial up-32kbps to 56 kbps.

grameen-info.Internet in rural areas ! ! Villages and Unions where 80% of the rural peoples lives are still out of reach of internet facilities In a very few places of these rural areas some NGOs are working for internet . such as: Grameen communication (ISP) Village e-mail Services Village internet Program Village cyber kiosk Grameen Shakti (ISP) Village e-mail Services Village internet Program www.

most of them are located at Dhaka and Chittagong City Some are in other District HQ A very few are in the Sub district level .Community e-Centres ! ! ! ! ! ! ! At present Government do not have any Community e-Centres program Ministry of Science and ICT has taken a program to set up few centres as pilot basis in cooperation with ADB and Commonwealth Secretariat. Some NGOs and SDNP of UNDP has setup very few centres where access to internet by community available Cyber Cafes are working as Community e.Centres Approximately 500 Cyber Cafes are in operation.

A National ICT Task Force. . headed by the Honorable Prime Minister herself leads the ICT initiatives in the country.ICT in Bangladesh ! ! ICT has been declared as the thrust sector by the Government.

banking. a country-wide ICTinfrastructure will be developed to ensure access to information by every citizen to facilitate empowerment of people and enhance democratic values and norms for sustainable economic development by using the infrastructure for human resources development. In view of this. public utility services and all sorts of on-line ICT-enabled services. governance. .National ICT Policy 2002 This Policy aims at building an ICT-driven nation comprising of knowledge-based society by the year 2006. e-commerce.

16 )The Internet facility will be extended to all the district headquarters and subsequently to its adjacent areas upto Subdistrict levels. Private sector participation will be encouraged to set up these facilities.17) .2. (3. Union complex and Upzila complex.Policy Statements regarding community access to the internet (3. Internet will be provided to the educational institutions and libraries.2.To ensure public access to information. Cyber Kiosks will be set up in all Post offices.

specially the young.Indicators of Community Access ! No authenticated surveys has been done so far to asses the needs of community to access to the internet. are very much enthusiastic to the access to the internet 1st Bangladesh Internet Fair in April 2004 conducted by the ISP Association of Bangladesh proved the interest of the common people Number of internet subscribers as well as users of internet cafes are increasing significantly during recent past. ! ! ! ! ! .18 Major government efforts are in the field of Infrastructure development and HRD in ICT Common peoples. As per ITU Digital Access Index 2002 the position of Bangladesh is 0.

About Questionnaire ! Indicators used in the questionnaire are not fully appropriate for a LDC like Bangladesh though the indicators are well defined Necessary/authenticated data are not available in the country Questions regarding number of Cyber Cafes. number of internet connections in Educational Institutions. ! ! . number of Community e-Centres and number of users etc may be added for easy understanding of the questionnaire.

bd) Ministries/Divisions Legislature.g.Positive Steps towards Computerization ! ! ! ! ! ! Exemption of tax on Computer items Distribution of computers to schools Computerization of government offices Launching of websites of Judiciary and Local Government institutions Abolition of state monopoly in Telecom Use of Computers at the sub-district level . www. (e.

Constrains For Development Of ICT Sector in Bangladesh ! ! ! ! ! ! Low compute penetration Low teledensity Internet access show and expensive Bangla interface lacking Weak data communication infrastructure Absence of legal infrastructure • No law against cyber crime •No law of electronic authentication •No electronic certification authority Lack of public awareness about ICTs Lack of adequate human resource Brain Drain ! ! ! .

. . Thanks . . . . . Questions . .Welcome Comments. .

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