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Personal Computers and Applications Networking for Home and Small Businesses – Chapter 1 ITE PC v4.0

Personal Computers and Applications

Networking for Home and Small Businesses Chapter 1

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Objectives

  • Identify the purpose and uses of personal computers and describe local and network applications.

  • Compare and contrast different types of computing devices.

  • Explain the binary representation of data.

  • Determine appropriate components and peripheral

devices to meet requirements.

  • Install, verify, and upgrade computer components and peripherals.

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Purpose and Uses of Personal Computers

  • Multiple uses for computers

Purpose and Uses of Personal Computers  Multiple uses for computers ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 1

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Computers need 3 things

. .

.

  • Hardware

  • Operating System

  • Application Software

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Computers need 3 things . . .  Hardware  Operating System  Application Software ITE

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Purpose and Uses of Personal Computers

  • Business & Industry

Medical

Educational

Legal

  • General Use

Used by a wide range of people Used for various services

Purpose and Uses of Personal Computers  Business & Industry – Medical – Educational – Legal

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Types of Computing Devices

  • Different types of Computerseach one with a different purpose

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Types of Applications

  • Local runs on only one PC

  • Network runs over the network (the Internet)

Must have two components

runs on a local computer

runs on a remote computer

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Types of Computing Devices

  • Servers keep in a secure location (Why??)

    • High performance computers which provide services to

many clients Multiple CPUs Loads of RAM High capacity drives

Types of Computing Devices  Servers – keep in a secure location (Why??)  High performance

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Types of Computing Devices

  • Desktop personal computer (PC)

  • Used to run everyday applications

Email

Internet

Word Processing

Spreadsheet

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Types of Computing Devices  Desktop personal computer (PC)  Used to run everyday applications Email

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Types of Computing Devices

  • Workstation high powered computers

  • Features

Multiple processors Large amounts of RAM High capacity drives

  • Types of applications

Computer Aided Design (CAD)

3D

Video animation

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Types of Portable Computing Devices

 Types and features of portable devices
Types and features of portable devices

Laptop AKA a Notebook

Use of a docking station with a laptop allows for

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more connection options

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Binary Representation of Data

  • Humans use words and pictures to communicate

  • Computers use bits

1 or 0 (1=on; 0=off) just like a light switch 8 bits = 1 byte

  • Networkers need to be able to understand both

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Binary Representation of Data

  • Humans use the Base 10 numbering system, but computers only understand binary, so how do we communicate??

  • Simple Convert Base 10 to Binary

  • Try these examples:

175

68

255

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What helps determine the speed?

  • Type of Media

UTP Cable Fiber Wireless

  • Type of file

Larger files require more time to download

  • Type of computer

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Binary Representation of Data

  • Measuring resolution and frequency

  • Pixels determines the resolution

  • Hertz = how fast something recycle or refreshes

  • 300 MHz = 300 million cycles/second

Binary Representation of Data  Measuring resolution and frequency  Pixels – determines the resolution 

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Determining Appropriate Components and

Peripheral Devices

  • Preassembled or Custom Built which one should you choose??

  • Preassembled Advantages:

Lower Cost Performs most applications

  • Preassembled Disadvantages:

May lack in performance

  • Custom Built Advantages:

Exact components Supports higher performance applications

Determining Appropriate Components and Peripheral Devices  Preassembled or Custom Built – which one should you
  • Custom Built Disadvantages

Costly

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Determining Appropriate Components and

Peripheral Devices  Motherboard – main circuit board – slots for network, video, and sound cards
Peripheral Devices
Motherboard
– main circuit board
– slots for network, video,
and sound cards

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Determining Appropriate Components and

Peripheral Devices

  • Central Processing Unit (CPU)

nerve center of the computer

  • Factors to remember when selecting your processor

higher speed = faster performance more power = more heat

  • Bus

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how data gets to its location (like a highway) faster bus = faster computer

Determining Appropriate Components and Peripheral Devices  Central Processing Unit (CPU) – nerve center of the

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Determining Appropriate Components and

Peripheral Devices

  • Random Access Memory (RAM)

temporary storage stores data while it is being processed by the CPU

  • Why would a user need more RAM?

Multiple applications running at the same time Multiple CPUs Amount of RAM available is determined by the motherboard

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Determining Appropriate Components and Peripheral Devices  Random Access Memory (RAM) – temporary storage – stores

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Determining Appropriate Components and

Peripheral Devices

  • Adapter cards add functionality to a computer system

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Determining Appropriate Components and

Peripheral Devices

  • Optical Drives

Use of laser beams to record information CD or DVD uses red laser Blue Ray uses blue-violet laser can hold up to 25GB of data

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Determining Appropriate Components and Peripheral Devices  Optical Drives – Use of laser beams to record

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Determining Appropriate Components and

Peripheral Devices

Magnetic Drives

Hard Drive Floppy Drive Tape Drive

Determining Appropriate Components and Peripheral Devices  Magnetic Drives – Hard Drive – Floppy Drive –

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Determining Appropriate Components and

Peripheral Devices

  • Peripheral Devices

Added to the computer to expand its capabilities Different categories Input Output Storage Networking

Determining Appropriate Components and Peripheral Devices  Peripheral Devices – Added to the computer to expand
  • Where do these devices fit??

Determining Appropriate Components and Peripheral Devices  Peripheral Devices – Added to the computer to expand

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Determining Appropriate Components and

Peripheral Devices

  • Surge Protector

prevents damage to the computer

Determining Appropriate Components and Peripheral Devices  Surge Protector – prevents damage to the computer 
  • UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply)

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keeps charge of internal battery

provides backup power without interruption for a short period of time

Determining Appropriate Components and Peripheral Devices  Surge Protector – prevents damage to the computer 

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Install, Verify and Upgrade Components and

Peripherals

  • Computer Repair Best Practices

  • Turn PC off and unplug power

Determine if the part is hot-swappable (if so, there is no need to turn off power before adding or removing the part)

  • Never open power supply or monitor

both contain high voltages

  • Be aware of Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)

transfers electricity from your body to electrical parts ground yourself properly

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Install, Verify and Upgrade Components and

Peripherals

  • Take the following precautions:

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Determine if the component is hot swappable

If in doubt, unplug it!! Attach grounding strap

Remove old component

Check the connection on the new component

Should fit easily; if you have to force it, it probably doesn’t

belong there

Place component in the correct slot

Install, Verify and Upgrade Components and Peripherals  Take the following precautions: ITE PC v4.0 Chapter

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Install, Verify and Upgrade Components and

Peripherals

  • PS/2 - connects keyboard and mouse

  • USB connects many devices (PnP)

  • Serial connects modems/printers

  • Parallel connects printer

  • VGA connects monitors

  • RJ11 connects phone lines

  • RJ45 connects to the network

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