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Chronology of Tensegrity

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Chronology of Tensegrity
A chronology of events and publications relating to the history and advance of tensegrity.

Table of Contents
Chronology of Tensegrity Tensegrity History By Decade Tensegrity Chronology, pre1940's Tensegrity Chronology, 1940's Tensegrity Chronology, 1950's Tensegrity Chronology, 1960's Tensegrity Chronology, 1970's

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Tensegrity History By Decade
Tensegrity Chronology, pre-1940's
1920 Karl Ioganson displays a proto-tensegrity system, called "Gleichgewichtkonstruktion". The relevance of this sculpture to tensegrity is disputed and was only uncovered in retrospect.

Tensegrity Chronology, 1940's

Types and Polyhedra
2 Struts, 3 Struts, 6 Struts Tetrahedron, Octahedron, Icosahedron Index to all Forms and Types of Tensegrity Simulators

Tension, Compression, Force Index to all concept articles

Fuller, Snelson, Burkhardt, Levin, Pars... Index to all People

Tensegrity 1940's David Georges Emmerich (Debrecen-Hungary, 1925-1996), probably Chronology, 1980's inspired by Ioganson's structure, studies different kinds of structures as tensile Tensegrity prisms and more complex tensegrity systems, which he called "structures Chronology, 1990's tendues et autotendants", tensile and selfstressed structures (see fig 2.3). As Tensegrity a result, he defined and patented his "reseaux autotendants," the same kind Chronology, 2000's of structures that were being studied by Fuller and Snelson. Tensegrity 1948 summer. Fuller, teaching at Black Mountain College in North Carolina, Chronology, 2010's USA. Fuller and Snelson meet. Snelson told Coplans: "Bucky was... talking of Tensegrity Chronology, tension and compression... I started to think of something like a swinging References pendulum sculpture. The sculpture consisted of a succession of forms: the lower one supporting the upper one and suspended by a girth of thread. It is slung and the sculpture moves like a spinal column; the form is very flexible. I did two or three sculptures like this and then it occurred to me that to remove the mobility would be a curious thing. I would then have these units separated from one another and retained rigidly in space if I tied the strings in a different manner. The only difference is that both compression members are completely free of one another. It has no top, bottom or sides, and could be placed into orbit." 1948 X-module by Snelson 1949 summer. Snelson shows Fuller his first Tensegrity sculpture.

Complete Index
Index to all pages in this wiki

Tensegrity Chronology, 1950's
1951 Festival of Britain displays the Skylon, a tensile sculpture held in place at one end by only three cables by architects Powell and Moya, and built by the engineer Felix Samuely. 1953 Minnesota University. Fuller realization at large scale of a rigid tensegrity structure with 270 nonidentical rods. The structure is patented by Fuller later, in 1962.

Artifacts and Procedures
60 Struts ADAM Collapsible Truss System

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]

rwgrayprojects. Structures linéaires autotendants. 3." 1959 tensegrity displayed at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York. 3. sectioned to 5/8 of a sphere. 1964 1964 Patent: Fuller. Stanley Black wrote an unpublished study which tried to recall the main concepts known at that time and to figure out some possible systems and configurations.. R. R. 1. 1965 Patent: Snelson. 1972 J. 3. 1963 Trigonal Tower Aluminum and Steelon Wire by Snelson 1964 Patent: Emmerich. Queen’s University Belfast. Column by Snelson Tensegrity Chronology. September 28.611. French Patent No.S.S. 1954. 1975 Patent: Fuller.. 3. 1997. July 7.235. An interwoven dome of a 22m diameter. Autotendant icosaédrique. 1988. D.591.377. R.377.B.4 of a sphere. 3. 1972 Patent: Mogilner. 3. February 18.S. 1967. C.169. The outer ends of each element were calibrated with regards to the central point of the adjacent elements. but something more similar to Levy and Geiger’s works (Geiger. Construction de réseaux autotendants. Patent No. 1965.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] .. June 29. “Tensegrity”. No. 1962.B.S. D. and his final design was not a reflection of a true tensegrity system. K.com/rbfnotes/fpapers/tensegrity/tenseg01. Patent No. Patent No. U. U.B. September 28. 1970's 1972 Frei Otto for Summer Olympics structure is a tensile structure very close to tensegrity in design 1972 Published: Black.063. R.B.B.354. 2. 1972.366. 3.695. pp. forming a complex six frequency triacontahedron tensegrity..4. 1992). "Reseaux". Portfolio and Art News Annual... 148. Patent No. 1972 12 strut right angled 3-way unit with double end-caps by Snelson 1973 René Motro begins to publish on Tensegrity. The struts were made of wooden centine. 144.G. Tensegrity Structure Puzzle.290.A. Patent No. 1964 1964 Patent: Emmerich. Tensegrity Chronology. Setzer. G. Basket weave tensegrity by Fuller.617.S. Although it was a good attempt. 1967 Sculpture: Double Six by Snelson 1969 Sculpture: E. Patent No.. Cords and countercords. Suspension Building.291. the basis of tensegrity were not very clear at that moment. It was an internal note for the Laboratory of Civil Engineering of the University of Montpelier (France) about mechanical behaviour of this kind.Chronology of Tensegrity Bicycle Biot Tensegrity Robot Blur Building by Diller & Scofidio Bridge DNA How To Build A 3 Strut Copper Base for a Table How To Build A 30 Strut Soda Straw Dodecahedron Icosahedron WIth Mitch Amiano's Connectors How To Build A 3 Strut Copper Base for a Table How To Build A 3 Strut Hammock Stand How To Build A 30 Strut Soda Straw Dodecahedron edit navigation 1954 Patent: Fuller..tensegrity . U. 1961 Published: Fuller. 1. 1962 Patent: Fuller. Also available in http://www. Continuous tension..G. U. International Conference on Space Structures. The first deresonated tensegrity with 270 identical rods. 1967 Patent: Fuller. Incidence sur leur comportement mécanique. Goosen et al. http://tensegrity. U. segmented and interwoven. November 13.. Patent No. 1975. D. Unpublished BArch dissertation. which permitted the cost to be sharply reduced.B. approximately 15m high. Tensile-Integrity Structures.682. Proposal for a tensile building system.866. October 3.wikispaces. discontinuous compression structures. School of Architecture. The structure is described in Synergetics as "isotropic tensegrity geodesic sphere: single bonded turbo triangles. This geodesic also corresponds to the alternate breakdown of a 4v icosahedron. 1960's 1960 Long Beach State Collete. S. University of Surrey.S. Octahedronal building truss.S.. G. February 16. The realization of a rigid tensegrity structure in bamboo with a diameter of 14m.139.957. R. U. U.. French Patent No. November 28.html 1961 Southern Illinois University. 1955 Fuller coins tensegrity as a contraction of “Tensional-Integrity” 1959 Oregon University. Topologie des structures discrètes. pp. R.1059-1072.112.. Non-symmetrical tensegrity. 1966 Published: Emmerich.521.. 1964. Building construction.J.127.

Proceedings of International Conference on the Design and Construction of Non-conventional Structures (Vol. 1978. Stressed structure for supporting weight. Piece of furniture.... Design and Construction of Braced Domes.rwth-aachen. Proceedings of International Conference on the Design and Construction of Non-conventional Structures (Vol.S. The great engineers. 4. 1985 Published: IL . Introducing Structures. organism mechanics. “Preliminary Investigation of Double-Layer Tensegrities”. University of Stuttgart (Germany).March 18. Oxford: Pergammon Press. “Tensegrity”.. S. (ed). June .S. ed. in H. June 17. Edinburgh. 1975... http://bambus.2). W.net/icons/art. Synergetics: Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking. IL 31 Bamboo. Topping.M.C.pdf 1986 Published: Nelson. S.com/continuous_tension_discontinuous_compression...J. undergraduate student at Yale. Discontinuous Compression.htm Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture VI.M. “Continuous Tension. February 1981. Also available in http://www...S.B. Also available in http://www.148. “Tensegrity Systems for Double-Layer Space Structures”. in H. Tensegrity Chronology. Patent No. H. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co.de/eng/PDFFiles/IL%2031. 1987 Published: Hanaor.. 1975 Term ”responsive architecture” coined by Negroponte for dynamically restructuring buildings 1975 Donald Ingber. 1987 Published: Nestorovic.. An introduction to cable roof structures. 1979 Patent: Miller. ed.R.tensegrity . and made a model of a cell using wooden dowels and elastic strings. R. No. “Portrait of an Atomist”. Scotland: Civil. 1982.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] . Rolf Institute. Also available in [[@http://www. 1980's 1980 Patent: Kitrick.Chronology of Tensegrity 1975 Published: Fuller. M. 3. pp.. ultimately. 1981 Published: Fuller.2). A. Bulletin of Structural Integration. 1987 Ariel Hanaor defines the main bidimensional assemblies of elementary self-equilibrated cells 1987 Nestorovic proposes metallic integrally tensioned cupola. 1978 Published: Calladine.502. a practicing orthopedic surgeon studying spinal mechanics. pp. U. Scotland: Civil. 1976 Published: Kenner. A Model for Biomechanical Support of the Body”. Patent No.org/burkhardt/section1. “Metallic Integrally Tensioned (Tensegrity) Cupola”. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 4. in H. ed. U. C. Topping. R.V.kennethsnelson.2.. London: http://tensegrity... R.biotensegrity. R..520. 1975 Stephen Levin. Tensegrity module structure and method of interconnecting the modules.614. Catalog Essay for Kenneth Snelson Exhibition at Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Z. saw Needle Tower. 1980 1980 Published: Francis. D. 161172. Analysis. A. London: Granada Publishing Ltd.. The Art of British Engineers 1837-1987.2). California: University of California Press. August 26. 1987 Published: Walker. H..V. Proceedings of International Conference on the Design and Construction of Non-conventional Structures (Vol. H.Comp Press. Geodesic Math and How to Use It.html 1975 Patent: Wiesner. Patent No.551. R.J. saw the Needle Tower and used it as a model for spine and. Bibliography 198 1985 Published: Buchholdt. Patent No.B. U. 4. Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture VI.com/synergetics/synergetics.901. California: University of California Press.. 1987 Published: Motro.wikispaces.php 1984 Published: Makowski.rwgrayprojects. C. Smithsonian Institution. Topping. 1979.S. Berkeley.August 1981.715. U.org/in Fullerswords/Tensegrity. suddenly understood that cells— previously thought to be sacks full of viscous liquid—might have strong. Correspondence with Robert Burkhardt.pdf]] 1981 Published: Fox.html 1982 Published: Levin. 1976 Published: Pugh.bfi. January 29 ... A.B. Inc. “Buckminster Fuller's "tensegrity" structures and Clerk Maxwell's rules for the construction of stiff frames”. flexible frameworks that use tensegrity to stabilize themselves. 1986. Bolder.J. Also available in http://www. D. [on-line]. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press. Telescoping strut members and tendons for constructing tensile integrity structures. Bibliography 195 1982 Fuller designed and developed deresonated Tensegrity dome [1] 1982 Published: Fuller.. Washington.bfi.A.A.Institut Für Leichte Flächentragwerke. An Introduction to Tensegrity. Edinburgh.207. April 10.14... Edinburgh. Scotland: Civil.S. September 30. N.Comp Press.V. Creative science and technology.31-33.Comp Press. Also available in http://www. Vol. Berkeley.

Also available in http://www. D. “Kenneth Snelson and Hans Christian von Baeyer: A Conversation”. “Tensegrity”.197.553. Bibliography 193 1994 Published: Burkhardt. January . Journal of Cell Science.co.80-85. Compression-tension strut-cord units for tensile-integrity structures. No. Pages 88-95 1992 Published: András Recski.April 1989.S. Skylon and Sculptures for the Festival of Britain. G.edu/cu/gsapp/BT/DOMES/GEORGIA/g-raise.W. Vol. Andrew Maniotis.. U. January .S.. 5. Structures Tendues et Autotendantes. Structure in Sculpture. C. C. No. Main Foyer. in The New York Academy of Sciences (ed. 1989 Published: Snelson.packer34. Patent No. Volume 39..html 1994 Published: Donald E. Ware: Wordsworth Editions Limited. 1988 Published: Emmerich.April 1989. Press.ca. David Mooney. Roof structure. Daniel L.731.). "A http://tensegrity. 4. Issue 1.. D.. Cambridge.736. Mass. Energy Time Line –Year 1800 to 1899. [on-line]. Volume 34. Bibliography 201 1988 Patent: Geiger. U. [on-line] California. Project gallery: 1996 Published: Dimitrije Stamenovi.org/research/ingber/PDF/1993/JCellSci-Ingber.483. February 20. Using the mathematical tools of group theory and representation theory and the capabilities of computers. Also available in http://www.channel1. Dubliners. http://www. Seth Karp.htm 1996 Patent: Terry.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] .htm CAC (California Energy Commission). Pienta. New York: Columbia University. 2 March – 21 April 1996. 1990 Patent: Huegy.613-627. Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture VI. R. Volume 150.S.packer34..freeserve.energyquest. 4.childrenshospital.1175. Cambridge (USA): Software Services. D. Ning Wang. 1988 1989 Published: Burrows. The Ballroom.pdf 1993 Published: Joyce. pp.. [on-line]. 1996.. Kenneth Snelson Exhibition: The Nature of Structure. K. January 1991. One-story buildings as tensegrity frameworks III. Kenneth Snelson Exhibition: The Nature of Structure. Ning Wang.H.E. including some that have never been seen before. and Quimby. Tensegrity Chronology. in International Review of Cytology. “Catalogue Introduction”.Chronology of Tensegrity Academy Editions. April 12. U. Tension braced dome structure..tensegrity . pp. Kenneth Snelson Exhibition: The Nature of Structure. D.April 1989.castaneda.com/ CISC-Canadian Institute Of Steel Construction. R. in The New York Academy of Sciences (ed. 1988 Published: Kittner. Raise High the Record Roof.columbia. Patent No. Helen McNamee.S.html 1993 Published: Ingber. James P. London. 1994 Robert Burkhardt revises his Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture 1994 Published: Burkhardt. “The 1951 Dome of Discovery.com/users/bobwb/tenseg/book/cover. Ingber.W. No.502. S. Linda Hansen. Fredberg. D. The Architectural Review. Pages 173-224 1995 Published: Cruickshank. April 2. Issue 2. Also available in http://www. Pages 137-146 1992 Published: Setzer.1. John Sims. Georgia Dome. the Royal Festival Hall.1. and Von Baeyer.T. Paris: Ecole d'Architecture de Paris la Villette. Spiral helix tensegrity dome. in The New York Academy of Sciences (ed. “Kenneth Snelson and Hans Christian von Baeyer: A Conversation”.uk/dome. Cambridge (USA) http://www. “Cellular Tensegrity: defining new rules of biological design that govern the cytoskeleton”... 1988.co.962.. he draws up a complete catalogue of tensegrities with detailed prescribed types of stability and symmetry. and Tissue Pattern during Morphogenesi. 1990 1991 Published: K. 1994.901. in Medical Hypotheses. Donald E.uk/symbols. Patent No. George Plopper. Cellular Tensegrity: Exploring How Mechanical Changes in the Cytoskeleton Regulate Cell Growth. Ingber. March 22..928. J. C. Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture VI.). Helen Liley. Readers of Infinity: A Journal of Applied Hermeneutics. K. W. January .wikispaces. 22 October 1992. New York (USA).. Werner Schwärzler.. Laura Dike. 1993 Published: Schodek. http://www..L.W.R.104. Royal Festival Hall. Jeffrey J.).W. New York (USA). 4. Butler. S. Patent No. Also available in http://www. U. Coffey.I. 1990's 1990's Connelly researches a mathematical three dimensional generalization for tensegrities. London”. J. S. A Practical Guide to Tensegrity Design. R. 1996 Published: Burstow.freeserve.html 1996 Published: Castañeda. in Discrete Applied Mathematics. Symbols for ’51. Cellular harmonic information transfer through a tissue tensegrity-matrix system. A practical guide to tensegrity design. J.. New York (USA). 1989 Published: Snelson. (USA): M.gov/time_machine/1890-1900ce. Migration.

html 1998 Published: B. Isabey.Tensegrity".. July 1998. [online]. Compression and Tension are good.. H. Ithaca (USA) http://mathlab. E.cornell. J. Volume 31. and Back. Patent No. Proceedings of LSA98 “Lightweight structures in architectural engineering and construction”. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. “Definition of tensegrity systems. Torque's a Killer. Wang.. Smola. Volume 16.structurae. 5. Pages 81-94 1999 Published: F. A Technology for Designing Tensegrity Domes and Spheres. “The Architecture of Life”.ucla. Tensegrity and Geodesic Yurts™ .994.. Dogic.html 1997 Published: Stanton. London: Vintage. [on-line]. 1997 Published: Gossen. A.590. Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture VI.. http://www. R. M. Thomas. Vol. http://www.. Page S120 1998 Published: Bin-Bing Wang. J. 1998 Published: Connelly. No. Bilbao. in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage.. Colucci-Guyon. Beyond the Cube. Structurae: International Database and Gallery of Structures.B. http://naid. A. 1999 Published: Burkhardt.Y. Volume 181. Volume 31.. March 1998.ac. D. C. Fayetteville.html 1998 Published: Ingber.E.net/ 1998 Published: S. "An improved technique for isolating pig islets: the importance of tensegrity in islet long-term culture viability. containing a series of instructions for performing a set of Tensegrity movements. A.. in Transplantation Proceedings.. Montreal (Canada).. http://www. P. University of Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro).M.sppsr. P.wikispaces. American Scientist. D. Issue 3. Reading in the dark. “Cable-strut systems: Part I .S.geigerengineers. "Tensegrity and mechanoregulation: from skeleton to cytoskeleton". L. Expo ’67 – Architecture. G. Ingber.lexcie. Issue 2. U.shelter-systems. and Krieg.717. Supplement 1. Invarardi. Ratingen (Germany). Eckes. H. P.B. Supplement 1. Volume 7.642. in Journal of Biomechanics. 1998 1998 Published: Castaneda published Magical Passes. N.. Drew.. Y. March-April 1998. http://www.net/~imaging/tenseg1. New York: John Wiley & Sons. S. E. Cambridge (USA) http://www. Wendling.16. Edinburgh (Scotland). in Journal of Theoretical Biology. D. Can dispute be settled?". C.edu/visualization/tenseg/in_progress/short_top. J. Dogic. [on-line]..281-289.S120.. January 1999. “Disruption of tensegrity in vimentin-deficient fibroblasts causes delayed wound healing in fetal and adult mice”.. R. Department of Mechanics.F. in Journal of Dermatological Science. and LI.713719. U. The Discovery of the BuckminsterFullerenes. D.. B. R. [on-line]. D. Page 174 1998 Published: Wang. Patent No. Journal of Dermatological Science.htm 1998 Patent: Goldsmith. 21 July 1996. [on-line]. Finite Element Analysis of Tensegrity Structures.edu/expo67/map-docs/architecture. R. 1998 Published: Connelly. Colucci-Guyon. Smola. London: Crosby Lockwood Staples. Vol.com/tensegrity. Issues 1-2. The Crown Coliseum. March 1998. Pages 281-289 1998 Published: Eckes. Form and structure. J. Chen. Babinet.co. Maniotis. N.cfm? RecordID=1 1997 Published: LU. 1997 1997 Published: Deane.channel1. [on-line]. pp..frontiernet. [on-line]. Also available in http://vv. B. D. Thomas.zetnet. Sports catch glove with stiffner. Faculty of Mathematics. February 17.tensegrity .. No.htm#sec:app 1999 Published: Christopher S. Bibliography 196 http://www. Donald E..S. "Non-dimensional expression of the stiffening response of tensegrity structure as a function of strain: Application to cell mechanics. Chen. T. Ingber. P.. Domes. Issue 1.2.ucla. B.. Vol. January.45. N. Catalogue of Symmetric Tensegrities. USA: Geiger Engineers.Chronology of Tensegrity Microstructural Approach to Cytoskeletal Mechanics based on Tensegrity". Vol.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] ..html 1996 Published: Shelter Systems. in Journal of Constructional Steel Research. 5. California http://www. M.A. and Back.yu/~dmijuca/tensegrity. Scientific American Magazine. Maniotis. Wang. 1998 Published: Wang.htm 1997 Published: Mijuca. Krieg. North Carolina. [on-line].2. pp.E.. 1997 Published: Gabriel. C. Frei Otto. pp. The First Rigidly Clad "Tensegrity" Type Dome.arts. D. Martin.3. Supplement 1. Ingber.edu/projects/ingber/ingber.com/techpaper. Oddou.cit.1998. Martin. Deployable tendon-controlled structure..W.uk/buckminster. Volume 45. [online]. A. March 1998.86..com/users/bobwb/prospect/prospect. Contreras... T. E. Inc. A. D..bg. “Mathematics and Tensegrity”. July 1. 3 February 1999. "Cable-strut systems: part I — tensegrity". Aumailley.. Aumailley.matf. P. With the aid of the company Laugan Productions Castaneda also published instructional video recordings of Tensegrity movements. E.html 1997 Patent: Skelton. Pages 125-136 1996 Published: Flavin. and Tent Structures. and Mikhlin. 1998 Published: Janberg. "Disruption of tensegrity in vimentin-deficient fibroblasts causes delayed wound healing in fetal and adult mice.. Babinet.. Cornell University. Pages 633-634 http://tensegrity.

W. R. J. “Optimum shapes of a cable dome structure”. “Tensegrity spline beam and grid shell structures”. Martin Corless. Yamada.. January 2000. D. Vol. Contreras. R. Issue 1. Inc. Vol. R. Transplantation Proceedings.. J. J. M. 40h Anniversary Congress of IASS: Shell and spatial structures from recent past to the next millennium..P. M. Pages 864-876 1999 Published: Kawaguchi.Y.J.. and Whitehouse. 2001 Published: Skelton. [on-line]. Medical Hypotheses. 7 February 1999. J. and Camp Elsewhere. Septembre 1999. S. Journal of Biomechanics.Yu.. Camp Elsewhere's Tensegrity Shade Structures. Pages 97-104 2000 Published: T. Engineering Structures. “The tensegrity model applied to the lens: a hypothesis for the presence of the fiber cell ball and sockets”... Vol.633-634.P.. and Isabey.anu.kth.. December 2000.L. 338/2-3:255-320. Oddou. No. Pages 1552-1566 2000 Published: Sylvie Wendling. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. "Static and dynamic analyses of tensegrity structures.. Part 1. Journal of the Franklin Institute.. Issues 30-31. D.The Mechanical Systems Design Handbook: Modeling.. No... in Engineering Structures. No.R. Measurement. Bilbao. Pages 1543-1549 2000 Published: Nabil Ben Kahla.. Chan..15431549. P..M. D.3.. and Belsky. O. Volume 38. pp. Madrid (Espagne). G.wikispaces. pp.196.pdf 1999 Published: Wendling. July 2000. Helton. No. G. "Approche structurale de la mécanique du cytosquelette: solide alvéolaire vs modèle de tenségrité". http://www. Volume 21. pp.. R. September 1999. 2001 Published: Skelton. R. in Journal of Biomechanics. Issue 1. Australia. and Thomas.mech. Volokh. in Medical Hypotheses. Vilnay... "The prestressability problem of tensegrity structures: some analytical solutions". 29-36.. Tensegrity Chronology. Adhikari. CRC Press. November 2000.E. Christian Oddou. 2001 Published: Adriaenssens. Numerical Analyses of Cable Roof Structures. S. Ltd. M. pp. Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control. Christian Oddou. Visualization of Tensegrity Structures. and Russell. 2001. Kebiche.W. D. Cévaër F. Kazi-Aoual. S. 2001. J.W. "Nonlinear elastoplastic analysis of tensegrity systems". Tatemichi. 2001.. 2001 Published: Cornel Sultan. P. Nonlinear http://tensegrity.36-39. Pinaud.com/tensegrity/ 2001 Published: Hidenori Murakami..1. December 2001.1-2.P. D. Richiert. July 2001.E... Volume 328. 2001 Published: Skelton. Daniel Isabey.725. and Control. 1999 Published: Sylvie Wendling.8. "The tensegrity model applied to the lens: a hypothesis for the presence of the fiber cell ball and sockets. Volume 196. Issue 9. Stockholm (Sweden) Also available in http://www2. [online].edu. Russell. Journal of Theoretical Biology. Richiert. Pinaud. D. Volume 33.bweebweebwee.1-10. C.12. Florida. An Introduction to the Mechanics of Tensegrity Structures.719. 2000 Published: Williamson. Bouderbala M.L.Mechanics-Physics-Astronomy. J. Dynamics of the shell class of tensegrity structures. 2000's 2000 Deployable Antenna Kinematics Using Tensegrity Structure Design Dissertation By Byron Franklin Knight 2000 Published: K.55..com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] . Pages 36-39 2000 Published: Volokh.. and Chen. “Stiffening Response of a Cellular Tensegrity Model”. Skelton.1. in Journal of Theoretical Biology. Pinaud. K. Unpublished Licentiate thesis. July 2000. "Tensegrity architecture explains linear stiffening and predicts softening of living cells. http://anusf..Chronology of Tensegrity 1999 Published: K. Invarardi. 7 February 1999.. R. Kebiche. in Engineering Structures. “An improved technique for isolating pig islets: the importance of tensegrity in islet long-term culture viability”. Belsky. P. Tumminia. K. I. T. Motro R.31. “Tensegrity architecture explains linear stiffening and predicts softening of living cells”. USA: Clownland Enterprises.309-325. Dynamics of the shell class of tensegrity structures. Vol. M. Pages 309-325 1999 Published: Thomas. Vol.E. 1999 Published: Tibert. "Stiffening Response of a Cellular Tensegrity Model". Daniel Isabey. L. W. Chan. J. in Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences Series IIB .. Mingori. Engineering Structures. and Barnes. 23. Robert E. "Geometrical non-linear analysis of tensegrity systems". Issue 12.S. 3 February 1999..au/Vizlab/viz_showcase/williamson_darrell/ 2000 Published: Yamada. Adhikari. Vol. Vilnay O. Royal Institute of Technology. No. Motro. Issue 11. August 1999.. J. N. M.se/~gunnart/TibertLicThesis. No. Volume 55. Helton. pp.. Orlando. Issue 3. Volume 22. “Strut-Strut contact on numerical modelling of tensegrity systems folding”. S.21. December 2000.tensegrity .. Pages 5223-5252 2001 Published: Daniel Ng.33. Tumminia. F. pp. pp. 1999 Published: Le Saux C.

Issue 20.http://www. G. “Form-Finding of Tensegrity Structures—A Review”. Adhikari. 2002 2002 Published: Kristina Shea. Issue 20. Volume 190. (Sweden): Moon. Pinaud. R. December 16. G. January 2002. and Motro.pdf 2001 Published: Raducanu. Pages 3599-3613 2001 Published: Hidenori Murakami. Volume 23.441. August 27. in Engineering Structures..... Part II.E. Motro.tensegrity . Pages 5795-5818 2001 Talk: Skelton.net/TensegrityHtml/Tensegrity. J.P. Robert E.fr/doctiss04/art/M03.se/~gunnart/NSCM14. 2001.801. Skelton.. "Linear dynamics of tensegrity structures". and Control.. "Vibration of an elastic tensegrity structure". Arbeitsblätter "Tensegrity". in International Journal of Solids and Structures. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. http://www. Martin Corless. "Initial shape finding and modal analyses of cyclic right-cylindrical tensegrity modules. B.. Hidenori Murakami. Equilibrium Conditions of a Class I Tensegrity Structure (AAS 02-177). in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. W. Système a autoéquilibre stable pour élément de construction.synearth.... L. Also available in http://www. 2002.F.D. III. April 2002. No. C..moonisru. Volume 79. "Modelling and control of class NSP tensegrity structures". No. J. Williams.. "Tensegrity spline beam and grid shell structures". M. Patent No.kth. and Williamson. The Mechanical Systems Design Handbook: Modeling. Measurement. "Developing intelligent tensegrity structures with stochastic search". 2001. Duffy. Spaceflight Mechanics 2002.html 2001 Published: Yoshitaka Nishimura. Oppenheim.. in Advanced Engineering Informatics.N.mech. Issues 50-51. demande de brevet français nº 01 04 822. R. Pages 10231031 2001 Published: Literati. Jean Paul Pinaud. "Dynamics of the shell class of tensegrity structures". R. “Tensegrity Models”. 20 January 2002. Barnes. J. Issues 2-3. M. J. 2002 Published: Heller.html 2002 Published: Kanchanasaratool. May 2001. Skelton.2. Issue 8. Quasistatic analysis". Smith. Pages 22152234 2002 Published: Gengnagel. January 2001. December 2001. "Static and dynamic characterization of regular truncated icosahedral and dodecahedral tensegrity modules".Modelling In-Situ Resource Utilisation for a Lunar Colony.D. Issue 1. Issue 9.. J. Volume 38.N. Volume 16.E. Accepted by International Journal of Space Structures..com/MoonISRU-Bsubmitted02.. Volume 38. Vol.com/archives/20/26/07. Female condom employing tensegrity principle. Trollhättan. [on-line]. Crane. T.75. Also available in http://www. "Symmetrical reconfiguration of tensegrity structures".. William O. C. Mingori. Pages 255320 2001 Published: S. Han. and Rooney. and Pellegrino. Munich: Fakultät für Architektur.biotensegrity. Chan. D. C. Ian F. M.com/continuous_tension_discontinuous_compression. Technische Universität München. Volume 24. Helton. Université Montpellier II. Tensegrity. Sanchez. Dynamic Chiropractic.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] .Chronology of Tensegrity equations of motion". 2002 2002 Published: Skelton.chiroweb.R. V. B. M. and Tam.N. Tensegrity Deployable antenna using screw motion-based control of tensegrity support architecture. Montpellier: Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil. Pages 29-36 2001 Published: Tibert. 2002/0038658 A1. Advances in the Astronautical Sciences... Volume 38.pdf 2001 Published: Wilken. April 2001. CRC Press.php* 2002 Published: Knight.. Patent No.S. Also available in http://www. R.. Bibliography 199 2001 Published: Robert E. March 2001. Towards the Ultimate Self Sustainable Society .W. S. Issues 43-44. déposée le 9 avril 2001 aux noms de C. "Static and dynamic analyses of tensegrity structures. Etienne Fest. – Ste Tissage et Enduction Serge Ferrari. Issue 6.pdf Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture VI. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. Pages 891917 2001 Published: Hidenori Murakami.20.A/Solids.lirmm. in International Journal of Solids and Structures.123139. November-December 2001. pp.26.. Pages 9359-9381 2001 Published: Irving J. in Computers & Structures.wikispaces. Issue 6. R. Maurin. Pages 3615-3629 2001 Published: Hidenori Murakami. in Journal of the Franklin Institute. June 2002.. 6. Skelton. 2002 Patent: Austin. Vol. pp 927 – 950. Williamson D. "Initial shape-finding and modal analyses of cyclic frustum tensegrity modules". An Introduction to the Mechanics of Tensegrity Structures. Volume 338. Yoshitaka Nishimura. in European Journal of Mechanics . R. Also availabe in http://www2. 2002 Published: Cornel Sultan. in Engineering Structures. Issue 1. Volume 112 Part II. Volume 39. Pages 671-685 2002 Published: Cornel Sultan. D. U.. Martin Corless.. International Journal of Control. R. N. L.S. Yoshitaka Nishimura. U. April 4. L.ISRU. Adriaenssens. Robert E. May 2001. J. Modélisation des systèmes de tenségrité: Grilles à double nappe. 17 August 2001. Kazi-Aoual. Pages 21- http://tensegrity. Volume 20.S.

Montpellier: Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil. 2002 Talk: Masic. Optimal Topology and Geometry for Controllable Tensegrity Systems. AAS /AIAA Space Flight Mechanics Meeting. Tensegrity Unit. International Journal of Solids and Structures.1397 -1408 Also available in http://jcs.html 2002 Published: Motro. Skelton. Saetta... in FEBS Letters. G. in Journal of Theoretical Biology.biologists.2. Stanislav Gorb.T. Volume 25.se/~gunnart/TibertDocThesis.7-10. "Dynamic behavior of a tensegrity system subjected to follower wind loading". Christian Oddou. No.. in Mechanics Research Communications.676. C. M. Unpublished Doctoral thesis. D. Also available in http://www. Pages 51-88 http://tensegrity. R. Spain.. Issues 22-23. M. 21 September 2002. in International Journal of Solids and Structures.com/paper5. 2003 Published: "Is tensegrity a unifying concept of protein folds?" by Giuseppe Zanotti.E. Pages 311-316 2003 Published: Massimiliano Lazzari. in Zoology.116. Journal of Cell Science.E. "A Cellular Tensegrity Model to Analyse the Structural Viscoelasticity of the Cytoskeleton"... Barcelona. Como Italy. R. Pages 2199-2217 2003 Published: Motro. D.org/cgi/content/full/116/7/1157 2003 Published: Ingber. pp.S.741. Robert Skelton.E. No. D471. Conception en structures. Also available in http://www.. G. New York (USA) http://www.biotensegrity. Table composed on non-contacting compression members and tension members. "Shape memory effect in tensegrity structures". November 11. in Tensegrity. R. Concettina Guerra.mech. R. Sylvie Wendling. W.S. 40. Pages 7-10 2003 Published: Ingber. 2002. Volume 81.. 2003 Patent: Barber. 2003 Patent: Barber.534.. Issue 23. 15th IFAC World Congress. Laurent.T.lmgc. [on-line]. Bulletin Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology. Journal of Cell Science. Skelton. "Deployment of tensegrity structures". D481. Equilibrium Conditions of a Tensegrity Structures. Anna V. 2003 Patent: Barber. Equilibrium Conditions of a Tensegrity Structures. Patent No. La Plata Stadium. R. in Computers & Structures. “Is tensegrity a unifying concept of protein folds?”. D473. Motro. Williamson. Structure and Method for construction.. "Designing tensegrity systems: the case of a double layer grid". G.E. Issue 18. Royal Institute of Technology. U. Italy. Pages 155-173 2002 Published: Tibert.kth. Valerie M.. July-August 2003.375-388. Skelton. “Tensegrity I. July 2003. Masic. pp.pdf 2002 Published: Weidlinger Associates. “Tensegrity II..php . April 7-12.. Vitaliani. 2003 Published: J. September 2003.. Stockholm (Sweden) Also available in http://www2..E. Université Montpellier II. Rapport d’activités 1999-2002.M.biotensegrity. Third World Conference on Structural Control (3WCSC). pp. Pages 6347-6367 2003 Published: Han. Nov.org/cgi/content/full/116/8/1397 2003 Published: Cornel Sultan. Massimo Majowiecki. 2002 Talk: De Jager. Patent No. Skelton. Volume 40.univmontp2. Pages 1121-1130 2003 Published: Liapi. Skelton.. Vol. March 18. Han. pp. Issue 9. Skelton. Proceedings of 3rd Word Congress of Structural Control. Tensegrity: Structural Systems for the http://www. 2003..html 2002 Published: Zanotti. D. January 2002...com/Structures/Fabric/laplata. Robert E. "Equilibrium conditions of a tensegrity structure". S. Lamp composed of non-contacting compression members and tension members. April 22. Patent No.S. Equilibria and Stiffness of Planar Tensegrity Structures. Cell structure and hierarchical systems biology”. London: Kogan Page Science. No. Pages 4637-4657 2003 Published: Darrell Williamson. 16 January 2003. Issues 1-3. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. C. B. 2003 Published: René Motro. G. FEBS Letters. Texas. Issue 3. 2002.. 2002 2002 Talk: Williamson. 2003.. G. Daniel Isabey. Issue 4. “The Tensegrity-Truss as a Model for Spine Mechanics: Biotensegrity”.. Open-Loop Shape Control of Stable Unit Tensegrity Structures.fr/ADM/05_C1CS. 2002 Talk: Chan. Kazi-Aoual. M. No. How structural networks influence cellular informationprocessing networks”. 16 January 2003. Pages 225-237 2002 Published: Levin.A.wikispaces. 2003.wai. J. R. pp. 2003/0009974 A1. "Typologies". R.1-3. Volume 534. U.tensegrity . "Arcus as a tensegrity structure in the arolium of wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Como. Volume 105. J.T. U. Deployable Tensegrity Structures for Space Applications.116.E. K. Issue 2. Patent No.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] . Vol. Renato V. Volume 40. in Engineering Structures. January 13.1157-1173 Also available in http://intl-jcs. N. D.3&4. 2003 2003 Published: Marc Defossez.E. U. 6347-6367. Quirant. San Antonio.880. 2003. 2003.pdf 2002 Published: Patrick Cañadas.. September 2003. Chair composed on non-contacting compression members and tension members.com/continuous_tension_discontinuous_compression.Chronology of Tensegrity 40 2002 Published: Leonid Frantsevich. and Guerra.. November 2003.. 2002. Jeongheon Han. Bernard.biologists. R. Volume 30. Volume 218.S.

44.S. SeptemberOctober 2004. R. U.3delavnica. San Diego. No.V. Chao.B. Robert Skelton. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells.. pages 448-459. No. Masic. Denver. 2004 Talk: Masic. 2003 Talk: Aldrich. Pliage/Dépliage de systèmes de Tensegrité.htm 2004 Published: King. [on-line]. JullioAgosto 2004. Arbelaez. Université Montpellier II. February 24. Physical Training.93. Proceedings of 2003 American Control Conference.937: Space Frame Structure Made by 3-D Weaving of Rod Members 2004 Published: Armstrong.cmu. Bossens. Skleton. I. Geodesic Domes: Untapped potential? Unpublished BArch dissertation. Equilibrium Conditions for a Class I Tensegrity Structures. Skelton. Volume 31..T. J. and Li.. Y. 291-310. SPIE’s 10th Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials.A. pp. G. Vol..pdf 2003 Published: Williamson.. [on-line]. in Journal of Constructional Steel Research.E. "Stability of an elastic cytoskeletal tensegrity model". and Pellegrino. April 1. Four-strut support composed of non-contacting compression members and tension members.Chronology of Tensegrity 2003 Published: Schlaich. D. R. Active vibration control of a three-stage tensegrity structure. 6. 2004 Published: Búrdalo..ucsd.com/gbex/skylon2. Vol.S. “Intermediate order in tetrahedrally coordinated silicon: evidence for chainlike objects”.. May 2005. E.. Pages 569-575 2004 Published: Schlaich.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] . F.115-141. G. Turbulent flow / tensegrity fabric interaction. SPIE’s 11th Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials.. Int. March 2004. Revista del Ministerio de Fomento.B.math. pp. Deployable reflector antenna with tensegrity support architecture and associated methods.B. Issue 1. Proceedings of SPIE Vol. #6. M. A.kth. Pittsburgh (USA) http://www. CA.mech. 2003 Published: Werta.D. CA. M. 2004 Published: Barber. Issues 2-3. U. Path planning for the deployment of tensegrity structures. Basic Theory and Design”. http://ejmas. 2003.html 2004 Published: Marc Defossez. pp. W.O. No.P. J.. Pages 220-231 2004 Published: Gordon. Also available in http://www2. S.155.697-701. 2004 Published: Cornel Sultan. http://members.wikispaces.se/~gunnart/AIAA-2003-1978. Volume 1. USA. in International http://tensegrity. July 2003.tensegrity .com 2003 Published: Williams. Montpellier: Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil. 2004 Published: Ucsd Flow Control Lab.J. 2003 Published: Wang. 44h AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures. F. Signal Processing and Control... Han. Skelton. A Primer on the Mechanics of Tensegrity Structures. D487.. Lazopoulos. Control/Stucture Optimization Approach for Minimum-time Reconfiguration of Tensegrity Systems. Control Synthesis for a Class of Light and Agile Robotic Tensegrity Structures. 2003 Sculpture: Rainbow Arch by Snelson 2003 Talk: Aldrich.10.542. Stahlbau. B.142.. S..E.edu/~nw0z/publications/03-CNA-013/013bs/03-CNA-013. in Acta Biomaterialia. “Novel Cable-Strut Grids made of prisms: Part I. San Diego.pdf 2003 Published: Stern. Also available in http://www.Y. D. California. Skelton.. and Jones. Volume 112. CA. R.739.S. M. 2003. [on-line].. 2003 Published: Smaili. 5049... Patent No. Vol. San Diego. "Structural behavior and design methods of Tensegrity domes". March 2004.. J. Volume 61. D.E. Kreutz-Delgado. in press. January 2005. in Mechanics Research Communications. Norfolk (USA). 2003 Talk: Pinaud.125. 2003 Published: Tibert. 3 presentations regarding Class-2 Tensegrity Towers.. Smart Structures and Materials: Modeling.1-4. 3delavnica. Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures: IASS.132. Journal Space Structures. SPIE 11th Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials. M. R.edu/gallery/tensegrity. 2004.E. R. 7-10 April 2003. Ljubljana (Slovenia) http://www. Revue française de génie civil. San Diego.. Skelton.E. R. pages 52455251.lirmm.. July.E. School of Architecture. “Vocación de paisaje”. Patent No. 2005 Published: Dimitrije Stamenović. in Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. "Effects of cytoskeletal prestress on cell rheological behavior". W. 1 May 2004. 100-104. [online].fr/doctiss04/art/M02.78. “Deployable Tensegrity Masts”.. J. Skelton. Structural Dynamics. Great British Exhibitions. R..72. pp. Queen’s University Belfast. “Der Messeturm in Rostock . No.. 2004 Patent: Snelson granted patent.fortunecity.html 2004 Talk: Chan.com/pt/2004t/ptart_dolan_0204. and Materials Conference and Exhibit... Pages 23-35 2005 Published: K. Pages 255-262 2005 Published: Feng Fu.531.. J. [on-line]. http://turbulence. K. March 2003. Issue 5.pdf 2003 Published: Tsu. San Diego (USA). "A force and torque tensegrity sensor". “The Messeturm in Rostock– A Tensegrity Tower”. S. and Lockhart. Issue 3.. B.ein Tensegrityrekord”. "Mechanical response of a tensegrity structure close to its integrity limit submitted to external constraints. pp.

Philippe Montcourrier. "Optimization of tensegrity structures". Skelton. Skelton. "Finite element analysis of tensegrity structures in offshore aquaculture installations. Gomez Estrada.Y. Issue 16. Volume 39. Robert E. Ganesh Raja and S. "Cellular tensegrity models and cellsubstrate interactions. Issues 7-8. September 2006. Volume 43. in Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. Shi Jie. Issues 22-23.. 2006.Centre de Recherche du Larzac Méridional. Pages 6855-6868 2006 Published: . Wendling-Mansuy. Cañadas. France. Zhang. "Form-finding of complex tensegrity structures: application to cell cytoskeleton modelling.. Volume 43. July 18th-20th 2006 Published: "Numerical form-finding of tensegrity structures" by G. Narayanan. Pierre Alart.tensegrity . Volume 155. March 2006. November 2006. H. Valero Cuevas F. Philip E. "Tensegrity".wikispaces. "Nano-mechanics of a tensegrity network for the erythrocyte membrane skeleton. May 2007. Philip E. Robert E. J. Issue 9. June 2005. Supplement 1. Issues 16-17. Vera. Volume 43. Volume 39. April 2006. Pages 110 2007 Published: J. Issues 11-12. . Volume 39. Issues 18-19. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. Seattle. Les Moutons Matheux -. Volume 44. "Structural contribution of the cytoskeleton to the dynamic response of" adherent cells assessed by a viscoelastic tensegrity model. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. "Design of Tensegrity Robots for Fault Tolerant Locomotion" Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR). Robert E. C. "Theoretical analysis and experimental study on tensegrity system". 3 2007 Published: J. Volume 43. Pages 272-284 2007 Workshop: Tensegrity Workshop. Bungartz. "Zero stiffness tensegrity structures". M. sponsored by Centre d'Analyse et de Mathématique http://tensegrity. Pages 6569-6583 2007 Published: Shéhérazade Nineb. 2006. Nadir Bettache. USA. Issue 11. Volume 42. S. La Vacquerie et Saint Martin de Castries. static and dynamic analysis of a planar 2-DOF tensegrity mechanism". Ohsaki. 2005. Issue 3. C. "Selection of prestress for optimal dynamic/control performance of tensegrity structures". M. Guest. "Kinematic. 1 June 2007. Pages 1308-1330 2006 Published: Dimitrije Stamenović. Pages 4833-4858 2005 Talk: Chen Zhihua. Clément M. in Principles of Cellular Engineering. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. S. Volume 41. Washington. Andrea Parmeggiani. Pages 1072-1089 2006 Published: Milenko Masic. Ohsaki.L. de Oliveira. Pages 5658-5673 2006 Published: J. Volume 334. Page S325 2006 Published: J. 2005 Talk: Paul C. Zhang. Arne Fredheim. Volume 44. Pål Furset Lader. Pages 435-440 2005 Talk: Dr. Pages 3875-3886 2007 Published: M. Isabey. Pages 662-668 2006 Published: J. Smart Materials and Structures vol. "Domain decomposition approach for non-smooth discrete problems. "Algebraic tensegrity form-finding". Bursa. Gosselin. Skelton. D. 16 no. Issue 9. Zhang. Pages 2260-2278 2006 Published: Marc Arsenault. in Aquacultural Engineering. Volume 42. Pages 499-511 2007 Published: Østen Jensen.N.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] . Patrick Cañadas. "A direct approach to design of geometry and forces of tensegrity systems". Volume 36. Bernard Maurin. Sung. Gill. in Journal of Biomechanics. David Dureisseix. Pages 3459-3469 2005 Published: Milenko Masic. "Spectacularly robust! Tensegrity principle explains the mechanical strength of the avian lung. September 2006. Supplement 1.. Ohsaki. "Stiffness of planar tensegrity truss topologies". Pages 81-101 2006 Published: Haïmad Baudriller. in Comptes Rendus Mécanique. 15 January 2007. November 2006. "Tensegrity FE models of mechanical tests of individual cells". in International Journal of Solids and Structures. example of a tensegrity structure. Pages 4687-4703 2006 Published: P. Volume 43. M. Skelton. in Mechanism and Machine Theory. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. Page S331 2007 Paper: Active control of tensegrity structures under random excitation by M. April 2006. August 2006. Volume 43. Donald Ingber. Issues 78. Anders Sunde Wroldsen.Chronology of Tensegrity Journal of Solids and Structures. Synergetics Collaborative Fall 2005 Symposium on "Synergetics in the Arts" at the Noguchi Museum. in Fourth International Conference on Advances in Steel Structures. May 2007. Ning Wang. Issue 1. Pages 2110-2125 2006 Published: Milenko Masic. in Osteopathy. August 2005. Supplement 1.-J. Y. 1 October 2007. in Journal of Biomechanics. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. in Computers & Structures. Herder. 2006. M. in International Journal of Solids and Structures.D. "Adaptive force density method for form-finding problem of tensegrity structures".Y. 2006. Issue 5. Mats Heide. "Stability conditions for tensegrity structures". Schenk. Donald E. Page S602 2006 Published: R. Ingber. Mohrdieck. Lipson H. Volume 85.Y.A. Pages 71-81 2006 Published: Bram de Jager. in Journal of Biomechanics. J. 2006. Skelton. R. Kanno. Gill. Issue 20. "The Relevance of Tensegrity Architecture for Biology and Medicine". L. Robert E. Issues 11-12. Lebis. Maina.

Pages 859-881 2008 Published: Verena Eichhorn. Deployable Tensegrity Robots.wikispaces. November 2008. Josep M. Pages 14-18 2009 Published: Cornel Sultan. Tel Aviv University (TAU) 2009 Conference: 26 jun 09. July 2008. Pages 80-89 2008 Published: Jean François Dubé. "Mechanical behavior of a tensegrity dome". February 2009. by Valen Gómez Jáuregui. Sultan.. Pages 526-535 2009 Published: C. Ingber. 2009. Donald E. Volume 35. Issue 7. 2009 Published: "Pre-stressed Tensegrity Structures built from DNA" by Tim Liedl. Ingber. "Tensegrity und Mechanoregulation: Vom Skelett zum Zytoskelett". Xian Xu. Ben-Hanan U. by Valen Gómez Jáuregui. Volume 57. "Tensegrity frameworks: Static analysis review". Ohsaki. in Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. 2007 2008 Conference: 25 nov 08. and Engineering". Issue 4. 18 February 2009. Page 27 2008 Published: Yaozhi Luo. Mechanics Engineering. Mirats Tur.Chronology of Tensegrity Sociales/Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (CAMS/EHESS). Luis Eustáquio Moreira. Ingber. Smith. Valencia. Ponencia en el IV Congreso Internacional de Estructuras (Valencia). in Mechanism and Machine Theory. October 2008. Pages 69-145 2009 Published: Carsten Pflüger. Volume 11. July 2008. Estructuras de Compresión Flotante”. Florida.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] . in Osteopathische Medizin. in Osteopathische Medizin. Volume 12. Israel. Conferencia en el VI Congreso de Enfermería de da Actividad Física y el Deporte. ICR (Israeli Conference on Robotics). in Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing.Y. Volume 30. Pages 1905-1912 2008 Published: Offer Shai. 6-7. Issue 1. Issue 4. 12-17 2008 Published: Donald E. Issue 4. Shih. Adjustable Tensegrity Robot Based on Assur Graph Principle. November 2008. Issue 3. 31 May 2009. Issue 11. Yefim Mor. Issue 7. Pages 4-5. in Osteopathische Medizin. Volume 23. Issues 23-24. Slavutin M. 2009 Conference: 28 sep 09. in Advances in Applied Mechanics. in International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. "Control and simulation of a tensegrity-based mobile robot". Volume 86. "A multi-modular tensegrity model of an actin stress fiber".. Page 20a 2009 Published: Offer S. Volume 10. "Leserbrief zum Artikel „Tensegrity und Mechanoregulation: Vom Skelett zum Zytoskelett”". 7 August 2008. in Computers & Structures. “Controversial Origins of Tensegrity”. Guest. in Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. by Valen Gómez Jáuregui. Marcelo Greco. 2009 Published: Albert Graells Rovira.. Ingber. 2007 to July 13. Josep M. Tehori I. "Symmetric prismatic tensegrity structures. Itay Tehori. Heimbert Dittrich. to appear in the proceedings of International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition IMECE 2009. November 26-27 2008. Tanmay Lele. Supplement 1. M. Pages 1112-1122 2009 Published: J. S. in Osteopathische Medizin. in Journal of Biomechanics. Zeitschrift für ganzheitliche Heilverfahren. July 9. Santander. Chen. Issue 3. "A model of the cranial vault as a tensegrity structure.tensegrity . Bronfeld A. "Kräfteverteilungen im Körper des Menschen am Beispiel von Gewichthebern – Tensegrity als Erklärungsmodell". May 2009. December 2008. Volume 43. Ingber. Bernard Crosnier. William M. Volume 41. Volume 43. "Comparison between experimental tests and numerical simulations carried out on a tensegrity minigrid.D.. in Engineering Structures. Conferencia en el IASS Symposium 2009. “Tensegridad. de la Asociación Científico-Técnica del Hormigón Estructural. Volume 9. Pages 2379-2387 2008 Research: Avner Bronfeld: Control of type 1 tensegrity structure. in Mechanics Research Communications. September 2008. Volume 97. Mirats Tur. Pages 198-200 2008 Published: Donald E. Donald E. Leon Ginzburg. and its significance to normal and abnormal" cranial development.C. Issue 1.. Avner Bronfeld. Donald E. Pages 460-465 2008 Published: Sergi Hernàndez Juan. November 2009. Sanjay Kumar. Nicolas Angellier. Pages 163-179 2008 Published: Graham Scarr. Edgar Vladimiro Mantilla Carrasco. Volume 10. 2009. June-July 2008. 1 http://tensegrity. Page 39 2009 Published: Claus-Heinrich Siemsen. July 2008. 2008 Published: Paulo Gustavo von Krüger. Zeitschrift für ganzheitliche Heilverfahren. in Biophysical Journal. Herzelia. Ian F. Michael Slovotin. Volume 46. Zeitschrift für ganzheitliche Heilverfahren. "Tensegrity and mechanotransduction". “Principios biomecánicos de la Tensegridad en Anatomía”. Volume 9. Issue 3. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. Volume 96. Part II: Symmetry-adapted formulations". "Tensegrity-based mechanosensing from macro to micro". Issue 3. Issues 2-3. Paris. 8-11. Francisco Carlos Rodrigues. "Active tensegrity: A control framework for an adaptive civilengineering structure". Issue 7. Zhang. Science. 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Configuration and stability".wikispaces. Pages 1158-1167 2010 Published: Massimo Cefalo. Gosselin. Francisco J. 1 October 2010. Pages 759-767 2010 Published: Daniel Lobo. Jaehong Lee. Available online 7 July 2010 2010 Published: Hoang Chi Tran. February 2010. Adam Kawczyński. Ohsaki. 2010's 2010 Kurilpa Bridge opens in Queensland. Pages 1-18 2009 Published: K. Moored. Volume 88. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. J. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. "Designing tensegrity modules for pedestrian bridges". "Advanced form-finding of tensegrity structures". in International Journal of Solids and Structures. "Tensegrity frameworks in one-dimensional space". Pages 1887-1895 2009 Research: Omer Orki: Control of chain of tow dimensional tensegrity structures. I. 15 June 2010. Zhang. Issue 17. "Initial self-stress design of tensegrity grid structures". March 2009.M. January 2009. Hod Lipson. Pirentis. "Dynamic behavior and vibration control of a tensegrity structure". Volume 44. Mechanics Engineering. Pages 164-170 2009 Published: M. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. Issue 17. Issue 1. Ohsaki.Y. H. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. 15 March 2010. 15 August 2009. Issue 20.Chronology of Tensegrity January 2009. "Investigation of clustered actuation in tensegrity structures". "Kinematic and static analysis of a 3-PUPS spatial tensegrity mechanism". András Recski. Volume 44. 20 no.F.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] . "Dihedral ‘star’ tensegrity structures". Pages 3272-3281 2009 Published: Krzysztof Kassolik. "Self-stress design of tensegrity grid structures with exostresses". Issues 5-6.C. Pages 12851296 http://tensegrity. S. Pagitz. Tel Aviv University (TAU) 2009 Simultaneous Optimization of Structure and Control of Smart Tensegrity Structures. Jaehong Lee. 1 109-117 Tensegrity Chronology. May 2010. Nizar Bel Hadj Ali. in Engineering Structures. in Computers & Structures. Pages 368-379 2009 Published: Josep M. in Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. Issue 13. Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz. 1 May 2010. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. April 2009. M. Pages 2660-2671 2010 Published: J.C. in European Journal of Combinatorics. Volume 87. Volume 88. Issue 4. Pages 1711-1722 2010 Published: N. J. Connelly. René Motro. in European Journal of Combinatorics. "Real-time self-collision detection algorithms for tensegrity systems". Issue 6. In Press. Volume 46. Volume 31. Pages 162179 2009 Published: Tibor Jordán. Volume 32.Y. Jaehong Lee. Corrected Proof.tensegrity .W. in Mechanism and Machine Theory. Pages 1-14 2009 Published: John Rieffel. Issue 8. Vico. Volume 46. in Computers & Structures. Bart-Smith.Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures January 2009 vol. Volume 13. Offer Shai. Issue 4. "Finite element based form-finding algorithm for tensegrity structures". Mirats Tur. Francisco Valero-Cuevas. Australia 2010 Published: András Recski. Bel Hadj Ali. 15 August 2009. in Biosystems. Jarosław Marusiak. Volume 47. "Symmetric prismatic tensegrity structures: Part I. Volume 46. Guest. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. in Computers & Structures.D. January 2009. Issues 3-4.M. Zoltán Szabadka. Issue 9. Smith. Issue 1. Mirats Tur.D. Artur Jaskólski. "Rigid tensegrity labelings of graphs". Volume 47. Issue 2. Clément M. Pages 558-566 2010 Published: Hoang Chi Tran.and mechanomyography". in Mechanism and Machine Theory. Guest. Issue 1. Issues 9-10. April 2010. R. "Evolutionary development of tensegrity structures". Volume 47. 1 January 2009. "Tensegrity principle in massage demonstrated by electro. Konstantinos A. Pages 1072-1079 2010 Published: Athanassios P. Volume 47. Mirats Tur. Pages 15-30 2009 Published: J. Volume 47. Pages 1-9 2010 Published: Landolf Rhode-Barbarigos. "Automated discovery and optimization of large irregular tensegrity structures". Pages 237-246 2010 Published: Hoang Chi Tran. Volume 30. Pages 3235-3240 2009 Published: Marc Arsenault. Lazopoulos. May 2010. Smith. M. Anna Jaskólska. 1 January 2010. November 2009. Sergi Hernàndez Juan. "On the singularities of a constrained (incompressible-like) tensegrity-cytoskeleton model under equitriaxial loading. "Tensegrity frameworks: Dynamic analysis review and open problems". Ian F. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. Zhang. Issue 1. S.

kennethsnelson. Wall. at http://bfi. Home Loading. Folding. Tensegrity> Benefits. See Burkhardt's A Practical Guide to Tensegrity Design 2nd edition Copyright 2004-2008 for a good history.wikispaces. Chronology. Pages 1888-1898 Tensegrity Chronology.org/about-bucky/biography/chronological-biography accessed 16 July 2010 Portal To Basic Concepts A series of pages addressing critical concepts. Stress. Yan-Ping Cao. Tendon. Plane. Force.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Background.wikispaces. Pages 571-579 2010 Published: Yue Li. Volume 47. Linear. Musical instruments. Pneumatics. Skelton.tensegrity . "Topology design of tensegrity structures via mixed integer programming". Forms> Bicycle wheel. Portions not contributed by visitors are Copyright 2011 Tangient LLC. Prism. Stability. Turn Off "Getting Started" http://tensegrity.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54] .. Pages 257283 2010 Published: Shintaro Ehara. Videos Compression> Strut: Curved. February 2010. Skew.htm [1] Chronological Biography of Richard Buckminster Fuller hosted by Buckminster Fuller Institute (BFI). see also the index. Issue 5. Huajian Gao.. Maurício C. Dynamics. de Oliveira. Volume 347. July 2010. I also used his Jáuregui's bibliography.chapter 2. Definitions. Founders> Fuller. Tuning. in Journal of the Franklin Institute. Volume 47. that information provided the beginning of this article. References The most comprehensive timeline is in Tensegrity Structures by Jáuregui . in International Journal of Solids and Structures.. "A Monte Carlo form-finding method for large scale regular and irregular tensegrity structures".Chronology of Tensegrity 2010 Published: Robert E. Springs. Weaving. "Optimal tensegrity structures in bending: The discrete Michell truss". Snelson's website has a list of his exhibitions: http://www. Xi-Qiao Feng.. Torus. Yoshihiro Kanno. 1 March 2010. Nucleated. Snelson About · Blog · Pricing · Privacy · Terms · Support · Upgrade Contributions to http://tensegrity.net/icons/bio. in International Journal of Solids and Structures. Ring Tension>Floating. Mast. Specific Strength. Stiffness. Issues 14-15. Issue 1. Home Loading.

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