Indian American

1,501,782[1] - 2,765,815[2] 0.50% - 0.92% of the U.S. population (2007)
(includes Multiracial Indians)

Regions with significant populations

New Jersey ·New York City ·Los Angeles ·San Francisco Bay Area ·Chicago ·Dallas ·Houston ·Philadelphia ·Washington-Baltimore

Languages American English ·Indian languages[3][4] Religion Hinduism ·Sikhism ·Buddhism ·Jainism ·Christianity ·Islam ·Zoroastrianism · others

Indian Americans are Americans who are of Asian descent and have ancestors who are born and are native to Republic of India. To make a clear distinction and difference bettwen Indians of Asian origin and Indians "named as" who are Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the U.S. Census Bureau popularized the term Asian Indian to avoid confusion with "American Indian".

The term: Indian
In North America the term Indian has an ambiguous meaning. Historically and currently, Indian was and is commonly used to indicate Native American. If a more specific term was or is needed, American Indian and East Indian were and are commonly used. American Indian is still the most common term, although Native American can be used to refer to the Indigenous peoples of North America. East Indian is still in common use. Currently South Asian is often used instead of East Indian. While some consider it derogatory,[citation needed] people of Indian origin use the term Desi to refer to the diasporicsubculture of overseas Indians. Indian Americans are counted as Asians

Los Angeles. Arrival to the US A number of Indian Americans came to the U. Texas.000 Indian Americans as of 2009. New Jersey. Christian. are California.000 in 2007: a growth rate of 53%. Worth. nations of Southeast Asia such as Malaysia and Singapore. As of August 2009. Indian Americans are the third largest Asian American ethnic group. Jamaica. As of the United States. Maryland. Jain. Mauritius. Tanzania.000 in 2000 to 2.S. Detroit. and Illinois. Georgia. Florida. Census Bureau. Houston.75% Indian American ² the highest percentage of any municipality in the United States.570. Buddhist. Other metropolitan areas with large Indian American populations include San Francisco/San Jose/Oakland.[citation needed] The first American Sikh temples were in the Sacramento (Marysville and Yuba City) and San Joaquin Valleys (Lodi and Stockton) to serve the early wave of Sikh Indian workers arrived . Indian Americans are mostly Hindu. despite being Caucasian like white Americans and racially distinct from East Asians. in order.[11] But the mostly agrarian Imperial Valley.S. Fiji. consisting of New York City and adjacent areas within the state of New York as well as nearby areas within the states of New Jersey.679.000 live in Imperial County. California near the Mexican border has a long history of Indian Americans (an estimated 21. Connecticut. Sikh.[10] There are also large Indian American populations in Pennsylvania. the highest for any Asian American community. Muslim and Zoroastrian and are among the most highly educated in American demographics. Charlotte.S. the town of Edison. states with the largest Indian American populations. Trinidad & Tobago. Guyana. and among the fastest growing ethnic groups in the United States. Indian airline carriers Air India and Jet Airways as well as United States airline carrier Continental Airlines were all offering flights from the New York metropolitan area to and from India. Philadelphia. is home to approximately 600. Boston. and Ohio.[6] Population Numbers According to the American Community Survey of the U. New Jersey is 17. Settlement The U. Kenya. New York. via Indian communities in other countries such as the United Kingdom (2% of the population is of Indian origin) [5]. Michigan. comprising by far the largest Indian American population of any metropolitan area in the United States. the Asian Indian population in the United States grew from almost 1. California alone) since the first arrivals to the California desert in the early 1900s. and Pennsylvania. The New York metropolitan area. Uganda. Canada. At least seventeen Indian American enclaves characterized as a Little India have emerged in the New York metropolitan area. South Africa. Chicago. Washington/Baltimore. Virginia. North Carolina and Atlanta. Dallas/Ft. after Chinese Americans and Filipino Americans.

Indians were 1. From 2000 onwards the growth rate and the per cent rate of Indians amongst all the immigrants has increased by over 100 percent. the Indian population in the US grew 130% ² 10 times the national average of 13%.[7][8][9] A joint Duke University ± UC Berkeley study revealed that Indian immigrants have founded more engineering and technology companies from 1995 to 2005 than immigrants from the U.87 percent.there. Indian Americans are the third largest Asian American ethnic group following Chinese Americans and Filipino Americans. up from 352. who tend to be concentrated in California and other areas near the Pacific coast. 58. Indian Americans are more evenly distributed throughout the United States. while 7% of valley hi-tech firms are led by Indian CEOs. They are the third largest in the Asian American population. In 2000.072 were from India. doctorate or other professional degree. Almost 67% of all Indians have a bachelor¶s or high degree (compared to 28% nationally and 44% average for all Asian American groups). whereby the best and brightest elements in India emigrate to the US in order to seek better financial opportunities.4 percent of the Asian-American community. explains this trend in terms of brain drain.266. Today.[14] A University of California. the overall growth rate for Indians from 1990 to 2000 was 105. in his recent book. Indians comprise 16. Almost 40% of all Indians in the United States have a master¶s. of all the foreign born population in USA.[12] Statistics on Indians in the US The United States holds host to the second largest Indian diaspora on the planet In the year 2006.[15][16]Thomas Friedman. According to the US Census Bureau.[13] According to the US census..278 during the 1990±1999 period.264 legal immigrants to USA from all the countries. China. The average growth rate for the whole of USA was only 7. of the entire total 1. which is five times the national average.[17] Socioeconomic . Taiwan and Japan combined.007 million. Berkeley. The World is Flat. Between 2000 and 2006 421.[citation needed] In contrast with East Asian Americans. between 1990 and 2000. have one of the highest educational qualifications of all ethnic groups in the US. Immigration from India is currently at its highest level in history. Indians along with other Asians. study reported that one-third of the engineers in Silicon Valley are of Indian descent.6 percent.006 Indian immigrants were admitted to the United States.K.

Some of the biggest Indian markets are in Silicon Valley. New York City. and University Ave in Berkeley.S. Indian Americans own 50% of all economy lodges and 35% of all hotels in the United States. parts of New Jersey. Desi Junction in Chicago. there are close to 35.[21] Recently.. This is generally attributed to the improving economy of India. while Indian American women had a medium income of $35. Radio Salaam Namaste in North Texas. work force. According to the American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin. there were over 223. 72. which have a combined market value of almost $40 billion. Almost 40% of all Indians have a master¶s. New Jersey. New York. Pioneer Blvd. Jackson Heights in Queens. A large group of Indian Americans are presently second or third generation.3% participate in the U. and it has become established as a popular cuisine in the country.[20] Economics According to the 2000 U. however. and generating more than $88 billion in revenue.094)". employing more than 610. Areas with a significant Indian market presence also include Devon Avenue neighborhood/market in Chicago. FunAsia . Census.Education Indian Americans have the highest percentage of higher education when compared to other racial groups. RBC Radio in the Tri-state Area of New York city.[18] According to the 2000 census.000 Indian American doctors. for example.000 workers.[19] (compared to 28% nationally. Other predominantly Indian neighborhoods are Journal Square in Jersey City. Connecticut and New York state. Radio Humsafar. in the Los Angeles region.[19] This phenomenon has been linked to the "brain drain" of the Indian intelligentsia from India. There are many Indian markets and stores in the United States. doctorate or other professional degree. of which 57.S. full-time median earnings ($51. Indian American men had "the highest year-round. Hillcroft Avenue in Houston. there has been a drop in immigration of Indians from India to the United States.000 Asian Indian-owned firms in the U. California.S. Texas. New Jersey. with hundreds of Indian restaurants and eateries nationwide. and 44% average for all Asian American groups). the Philadelphia metropolitan area.[15] Among Indian Americans.[23] Culture Food Indian Americans have brought Indian cuisine to the United States.7% are employed in managerial and professional specialties. about 64% of Indian Americans have attained a Bachelor's degree or more. Entertainment Hindi radio stations are available in areas with high Indian populations. which is five times the national average.[22] In 2002. Chicago. Texas and Richardson near Dallas. and Edison.173.

[29] The Vedanta Society has been important in subsequent Parliaments. The Hindu Americans have formed the Hindu American Foundation which is represents American Hindus and aims to educate people about Hinduism. Christians. but there are prominent organizations such as the Indian Muslim Council .funasia. FunAsia. Regional and Others have offered Indian content for In July 2005. California in 1912. and Jews from India have established their religions in the United States. Silicon Valley. for example has two such multiplexes: one in Fremont and one in San Jose. A. the first 24 × 7 Desi F. Kriya Yoga was introduced to America by ParamahansaYogananda. such as the Cricket World Cup. Parsis. most of them built by Indian Americans have emerged in different cities and towns of America. and Hindus are the majority of Indian Americans.[32] . (www. many Hindu temples. in the Dallas area. and Sangeet Radio in Houston.M. A similar multiplex. Star Plus. There are also some radio stations broadcasting in Tamil and Telugu within these communities. The Dallas ± Ft. Many metropolitan areas with high Indian-American populations now have movie theatres specialized for showing Indian movies specializing Bollywood. Buddhists. In 2006. The area also has a movie theatre that plays Indian movies.Radio.[26] It has been discontinued by MTV. In addition. Religions Communities of Hindus.C.9 FM.S.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada initiated a popular ISKCON also known as Hare Krishna movement while preaching Bhakti yoga. including those from Pakistan and Bangladesh.. Swami Vivekananda brought Hinduism to the West at the 1893 Parliament of the World's Religions. Indian Muslim Americans generally congregate with other American Muslims.[27][28] Many sects such as ISKCON. Coalition Against Genocide. As of 2000. Hindu. MTV premiered a spin-off network called MTV Desi which targets Indian Americans. Today.[30][31] More than 18 million Americans are now practicing some form of Yoga. the American Hindu population was around a million. N. Buddhist and Jain Temples in all the 50 states. Today there are many Sikh Gurudwaras. station in North America was launched. The first religious centre of an Indian religion to be established in the US was a Sikh Gurudwara in Stockton.[24][25] Several cable and satellite providers offer Indian channels: Sony TV. BAPS SwaminarayanSanstha. SwaminarayanSampraday. FunAsia owns all Desi multiplexes in the state of Texas including two(six and five screens) in Houston.USA. Sikhs. and SwadhyayPariwar are well-established in the U. Radio Salaam Namaste 104. Colors. Zee TV. WorthMetroplex has a "Desi" Multiplex in the Richardson township. Chinmaya Mission. Muslims. featuring Indian film exclusively on two screens (and other international films on four additional screens) opened in 2002 in Cary. Jains.

Although Asian-Indian Americans retain a high ethnic identity. SyroMalankara Catholic Church. Onam. Knanaya. consisting of approximately 350 members in the United States. These associations generally put on cultural programs. Canada.497.g. there are also a number of Indian Christians in mainstream American churches. beginning in the late 1960s±70s. the term "Indian American" is also an umbrella label applying to a variety of views. Orissa Society of the Americas. Syro-Malabar Catholic Church.[34]Indian Jews are perhaps the smallest organized religious group among Indian Americans.7%). In the 2001 U. Christian) and cultural events such as Christmas and New Years. Baisakh.[35] Ethnicity Like the terms "Asian American" or "South Asian American". and come from a democratic society. and concerts during the major Hindu festivals (Diwali. Indian culture. Church of South India.[36] They may assimilate more easily than many other immigrant groups because they have fewer language barriers (English is widely spoken in India among professional classes). Pongal. like many other Asian cultures.1%) than Indian females marrying with White males (3. Telugu Association of North America (TANA). As a result of assimilation. In countries such as the United States.There are many Indian Christian churches across the US. puts emphasis upon achievement and personality responsibility of the individual as a reflection upon the family and community.[33] The Indian Christian Americans have formed the Federation of Indian American Christian Organizations of North America (FIACONA) to represent a network of Indian Christian Organizations in the United States and Canada. The big organizations include Cultural Association of Bengal and their annually sponsored event the North American Bengali Conference. . Census Bureau¶s publication of the 56. mixed European/White. Sankranti. Federation of Tamil Sangams of North America. and appearances. MalankaraSyriac Orthodox Church. more educational credentials (Indian immigrants are disproportionately well-educated). values. there has been a large influx of Indian immigrants. They form the Indian Jewish Congregation of USA with headquarters in New York. and Indian backgrounds are becoming more prevalent.000 married couples. AKKA (Association of Kannada Kootas of America) Kaveri Kannada Sangha and Kannada Koota. Gujarati Samaj.S. Mar Thoma Church (reformed orthodox). they are known to assimilate into American culture while at the same time keeping the culture of their ancestors. Punjabi American Heritage Society and PunjabiAmerican Cultural Association. Ugadi. Padva. Vishu ) and other religious (e. and the India Pentecostal Church of God. it shows that Indian males married almost twice as much with White females (7. and Britain. The large Parsi community is represented by the Federation of Zoroastrian Associations of North America.[37] The United States is also home to associations of Indians united by ethno-linguistic affiliation. lifestyles. Brihan Maharashtra Mandals of North America(BMM). Indian Orthodox Church. plays. Additionally.. Associations of North America(FOKANA). The Pentecostal Mission. Ganesh Chaturthi. Prabashi Federation ofKerala.

are barred from immigrating to the U. They find employment on farms and in lumber mills in California. and thus becomes the first successful India-born man of letters in the United States. e. Bhagat Singh was promoted to the rank of an Acting Sergeant. 1917: The Barred Zone Act passes in Congress through two-thirds majority.[38] 1680: Due to anti-miscegenation laws.[39] 1918: Bhagat Singh Thind becomes the first person of East-Indian descent recruited by US Army on July 22. In 1923. British India. start arriving in California (Angel Island) on ships via Hong Kong. as a result of a U.g. 1912: The first Sikh temple opens its doors in Stockton.S. . Indian immigrants began entering the independent United States as maritime workers. K.[40] 1928: DhanGopalMukerji wins the Newbery Medal. citizenship. 1923: The US Supreme Court rules that people from India (at the time. Bhagat Singh Thind. there was significant controversy in Arizona when an Indian farmer B.Immigration and Progression Timeline Timeline y y y y y y y y y y y y y 1600s: The East India Company brought over Indian indentured servants to the British American colonies. 1838: (May 5) . Supreme Court decision that no person of East Indian origin could become a naturalized American citizen. 1899-1914: First significant wave of Indian immigrants. a Eurasian daughter born to an Indian father and Irish mother in Maryland was classified as a "mulatto" and sold into slavery. President Franklin Roosevelt also endorses the bill.S.First two ships arrive in the Caribbean with Indian indentured workers (landing in British Guiana). Oregon and Washington states.S. his citizenship was revoked. A few months later. including Indians. Prominent Americans Pearl Buck. South Asians) are aliens ineligible for citizenship in United States v. California. Louis Fischer. having convinced the Spokane district judge that he was ³Caucasian´ and met the requirements of naturalization law that restricted citizenship to free white persons. 1918. 1943: Republican Clara Booth Luce and Democrat Emanuel Celler introduce a bill to open naturalization to Indian immigrants to the US. Albert Einstein and Robert Millikan give their endorsement to the bill. Singh married the sixteen year-old daughter of one of his white American tenants. 1913: A. Bhagat Singh Thind becomes a citizen a few years later in New York ± he had earlier applied and been rejected in Oregon. Mozumdar became the first Indian-born person to earn U. calling for an end to the "statutory discrimination against the Indians". 1918: Due to anti-miscegenation laws. mostly Sikh farmers and laborers form Punjab region of British India. overriding President Woodrow Wilson's earlier veto.K. on November 8. He goes on to fight in World War I. Asians.[38] 1790: Following American independence from the British. 1918.

He is the Chairman. eliminating percountry immigration quotas and introducing immigration on the basis of professional experience and education. 1956: Dalip Singh Saund elected to the US House of Representatives from California. one of the first fabless semiconductor companies. and currently serves as Chairman of the U. 1988 : Sanjay Mehrotra co-founded SanDisk 1994 : Guitarist Kim Thayil. 1965: President Lyndon Johnson signs the INS Act of 1965 into law. and also holds the title of Technical Director at Bose Corporation.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y 1946: President Harry Truman signs into law the Luce-Celler Act of 1946. Dr. Jain (born in Tezpur . 2005: Abhijit Y. winning over 60% of the votes. Bose founded Bose Corporation. 1964: Amar G. wins Grammy award for his Indian inspired guitarwork on the album Superunknown by his band Soundgarden 1996: PradeepSindhu co-founded Juniper Networks 1999: NASA names the third of its four "Great Observatories" Chandra X-ray Observatory after Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar the Indian born American astrophysicist and a Nobel laureate. and more formally. He was former professor of electrical engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Johns Hopkins Univ. Trustees of Eisenhower Fellowships. where he has been a member of the faculty since 1987. India) appointed as dean of the Kellogg School of Management. 1981: SuhasPatil co-founded Cirrus Logic. 2001: Professor Dipak C. of Corning Glass Works is one of the first to receive the immigration in Nov. Connecticut. primary stockholder. under the INS Act of 1965. 1965 ² sponsored by Corning Glass Works Corning Inc. Northwestern University. Ph. returning to Indian Americans the right to immigrate and naturalize.Assam. worldwide. Night Shyamalan enters film history with his film "The Sixth Sense" becoming one of the all-time highest-grossing films. SatinderMullick. 1999: Filmmaker M.±India Business Council. He is also the first Asian immigrant to be elected to Congress. He was re-elected to a 2nd and 3rd term. Bush. He is the Sandy and Morton Goldman Professor in Entrepreneurial Studies and a professor of marketing at the Kellogg School of Management. of Indian origin. President and Chief Executive Officer of LSI Corporation 2006: IndraNooyi (born in Chennai. Catalyst and the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. 1982: VinodKhosla co-founded Sun Microsystems 1983: Asian Indian Women in America[41] attended the 1st White House Briefing for Asian American Women (AAIWA formed in 1980 is the 1st Indian women's organization in North America) 1987: President Ronald Reagan appoints Dr. Joy Cherian.S. . is the governing body of Yale University in New Haven. Talwalkar.D. 2002: Professor CalyampudiRadhakrishnaRao ² 'the world renowned statistician' is awarded National Medal of Science by President George W. India) appointed as CEO of PepsiCo. 1999: RonoDutta becomes the President of United Airlines. known as The President and Fellows of Yale College. the 1st Indian Commissioner of the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). She is a Successor Fellow of the Yale Corporation ² sometimes. She also serves as a member of the boards of the International Rescue Committee..

2008: Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson appoints Neel Kashkari as the Interim U. She is the first Indian American woman to win a major party nomination in a statewide election. India. India) appointed as CEO of Citigroup. He is presently and historically the highest ranking Indian American in a United States government. He is one of the youngest Chief Executive Officers in the software services sector at the age 38 in the United States. Inc. graduate of Harvard College' Class of 1990 and Columbia Law School' Class of 1993) as United States attorney for the Southern District of New York Manhattan.. He was previously the President and Chief Operating Officer of the Institutional Securities and Investment Banking Group at Morgan Stanley.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y 2007: Bobby Jindal is elected governor of Louisiana and is the first person of Indian descent to be elected governor of an American state. 2007: ShantanuNarayen appointed as CEO of Adobe Systems. he is the youngest person 'at the age of 29' to ever receive tenure of professorship in the Department of Economics at Harvard. he is inaugurated on January 14. Columbia Business School. Siddiqui as the Chief Agricultural Negotiator in the Office of the U. Trade Representative. 2007: VikramPandit (born in Maharashtra. in 1994. Classification Main article: Racial classification of Indian Americans . 2010: President of Harvard UniversityCatherine Drew Gilpin Faust appoints NitinNohria as the 10th dean of Harvard Business School. 2008: Raj Chetty appointed as professor of economics at Harvard University. He was part of the team founded.S. 2007: Francisco D'Souza appointed as the President and Chief Executive Officer and a member of the Board of Directors of Cognizant Technology Solutions. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Financial Stability.S. the New York City Investment Fund. 2008: Sanjay Jha appointed as Co-CEO of Motorola. He is a former board member of NASDAQ (2000±2003). M. the Indian School of Business and The Trinity School. Bharara (born in Firozpur. As of today.D. as the new head of United States Agency for International Development. 2009: President Barack Obama appoints Preetinder S. He is one of the top 8 young economists in the world. 2010: State Senator Nikki Haley wins the Republican primary for the 2010 South Carolina Gubernatorial Election. Farah Pandith appointed as Special Representative to Muslim Communities for the United States Department of State. 2010: President of University of ChicagoRobert Zimmer names Sunil Kumar as the dean of University of Chicago Booth School of Business. 2008. the Nasdaq-100 Cognizant Technology Solutions. He also serves on the boards of Columbia University. 2009: President Barack Obama nominates Islam A. 2009: President Barack Obama nominates Rajiv Shah. 2009: President Barack Obama appoints Eboo Patel and AnjuBhargava on President's Advisory Council on Faith Based and Neighborhood Parnerships.

Americancitizens or resident aliens who marked "Asian-Indian" as their ancestry or wrote in a term that automatically gets classified as an "Asian-Indian" gets classified as part of the Asian race on the 2000 US Census. and Other.S. the "Hindu race". but has been known to happen in certain instances. there have been scattered incidents of Indian Americans becoming mistaken targets for hate crimes. though nothing serious has taken place yet. where individual Indian Americans do not racially selfidentify. the term "Asian" is in itself a broad and heterogeneous classification. they are automatically tallied as white. Indian Jews. implicit racial discrimination against Indian Americans largely go unreported by the Indian American community.This section may contain original research.[47] Due to various socio-cultural reasons. government agencies. More details may be available on the talk page.[46][47] According to the offices of the Congressional Caucus on India. Balbir Singh Sodhi. a Sikh. if they solely report their religious heritage without their national origin.[44] Studies of racial discrimination. and instead report Muslim (or a sect of Islam such as Shi'ite or Sunni). and the Indian subcontinent. and Indian Zoroastrians as white. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding references. Current social issues Discrimination Explicit discrimination is not widespread. a gang known as the Dotbusters specifically targeted Indian Americans in Jersey City. racial categories employed by the United States Census Bureau. racial discrimination of Indian Americans in the workplace has been correlated with Indophobia due to the rise in outsourcing/offshoring paranoia. (August 2010) According to the current parameters defining the official U. Office of Management and Budget and other U.S. and the murderer claimed that his turban made him think that the victim was a Middle Eastern . In one example. Southeast Asia. encompassing all peoples with origins in the original peoples of the Far East. For further discussion on the term Asian American. many Indian Americans are severely concerned of a backlash. please see that article.S.[42] Even today. as well as stereotyping and scapegoating of Indian Americans have been conducted in recent years. Jewish.[43] This may result in the counting of persons such as Indian Muslims. and Zoroastrian as their "race" in the "Some other race" section without noting their country of origin. As with other modern official U.[45] Numerous cases of religious stereotyping of American Hindus (mainly of Indian origin) have also been documented.[48] Since the September 11. Statements consisting only of original research may be removed. 2001 attacks. New Jersey with violence and harassment. This happened after September 11. In previous decades. was murdered at a Phoenix gas station by a white supremacist. whereby Indian Americans are blamed for US companies offshoring white-collar labor to India. Indian Americans were also variously classified as White American. government racial categories.[45] In particular. In the 1980s.

Senator George Allen allegedly referred to an opponent's political staffer of Indian ancestry as "macaca" and commenting.[54][55] In another incident that took place on January 18. Of significance is the December 14. 2006. and the murders occurred near the officers of then Governor-elect Bobby Jindal. second-year student AbhijitMahato was murdered at Duke University. In another example.American. an Indian American himself. raising concerns of a racially-motivated killing. including US India PAC. and the backlash that may have contributed to Allen losing his re-election bid. students at Louisiana State University. Media Main article: List of Indian American media Main article: List of Indian Americans Politics Several groups have tried to create a unified or dominant voice for the Indian American community in political affairs. This has resulted in long waiting periods for people born in India from receiving these benefits.[50][51][52] On August 11. 2007 killing of two Indian Ph.[58] Additionally. The immigration of Indian Americans has taken place in several waves since the first Indian American came to the United States in the 1700s. The elimination of immigration quotas in 1965 spurred successively larger waves of immigrants in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The motives were again unknown. A major wave of immigration to California from the region of Punjab took place in the first decade of the 20th century. nothing was stolen however." Some members of the Indian American community saw Allen's comments. the largest influx of Indians arrived between 1995 and 2000.[49] On April 5. 2008. Another significant wave followed in the 1950s which mainly included students and professionals. a pizza deliverer was mugged and beaten in Massachusetts for "being Muslim" though the victim pleaded with the assailants that he was in fact Hindu. the Hindu Mandir of Minnesota was vandalized allegedly on the basis of religious discrimination[citation needed]. With the technology boom of the 1990s. as demonstrative of the power of YouTube in the 21st century. 2006. This latter group has also caused surge in the application for various immigration benefits including applications for green card.[53] The number of racially-motivated murders of Indian American students has also increased. later investigated by the Embassy of India in Washington. The vandals damaged temple property leading to $200.000 worth of damage. there are also industrywide Indian American groupings including the Asian American Hotel Owners Association and . The motive behind the killings is unknown.[56][57] Immigration Indians are among the largest ethnic groups legally immigrating to the United States.D. "Welcome to America.

the Association of American Physicians of Indian Origin.census. http://factfinder.migrationinformation. In 2007.S. http://factfinder.census. Presidential Election showed Indian Americans favoring Democratic candidate John Kerry over Republican George W. Republican Congressman Bobby Jindal became the first United States Governor of Indian descent when he was elected Governor of Louisiana and is cited as a leading GOP presidential contender in 2012 or 2016. Bush by a 53% to 14% margin.ACS_2005_EST_G 00_S0201T:032. 3.ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201PR:035. and leads in aggregate general election polling to date.[59] The Republican party has tried to target this community.[61][62]Nikki Haley won the Republican Gubernatorial Primary in South Carolina. Retrieved 2010-07-17.ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201TPR:035&-ds_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_&_lang=en&-format=. Demographics. 2.ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201TPR:038&-ds_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_&_lang=en&-format=. ^http://www. ^[1] ^Asian-Nation: Asian American History. http://factfinder.ACS_2005_EST_G 00_S0201T:035. Migrationinformation. ^ ab"US demographic census". 7. has been endorsed by former AlaskaGovernor and 2008 Republican vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin.ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201PR:032.cfm? Footnotes 1. http://www.Indian Immigrants in the United States".ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201TPR:032&-ds_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_&_lang=en&-format=.ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201PR:038. Retrieved[63][64] A list of notable Indian American politicians and commentators can be found here.indianembassy. 8. ^ ab"US demographic census". & Issues ^ ab"US demographic census". A majority of Indian Americans tend to identify as moderates and have voted for Democrats in recent elections.pdf Polls before the 2004 U. . with 30% undecided at the time. 4.[60] and several prominent conservative activists are of Indian origin. 9. Retrieved 2006-11-19. ^Country of Birth: India ^Asian Indian alone or in any combination ^ see page 4 ^"Migration Information Source .gov/servlet/IPTable?_bm=y&geo_id=01000US&-qr_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201&qr_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201PR&-qr_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201T&qr_name=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201TPR&reg=ACS_2005_EST_G00_S0201:032. Retrieved 2006-11-19.ACS_2005_EST_G 00_S0201T:038.

Assisi (2005). Indians. Top Stories | MTV 27.www.Bhagat Singh Thind 41. ^Asian Indian Summary of Findings 24. 40.Home 35. ^Composite U.html.Roots in the Sand . ^ Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results. Indians Protest Violence 20. ^In Jersey City. Reality TV Shows.shtml 25. Groups.pdf. 15. ^Hinduism 29.Com". ^Asian Indian Communities.iacfpa. ^Hindu Temples in USA . ^"USINPAC . ^Indian Jewish Congregation of USA Newsletter 36. Garamchai. ^The Council of Hindu Temples of North America 31." pp.. <http://www. ^Music Videos. ^"IACFPA. 2007. "A Telugu Radio Show . http://www. 12. http://www.census.php?id=010307105012.php? 32±38>.The Reality of Interracial Marriages 38. ^http://www.garamchai. 34. ^ Assisi.HinduTemples in America 32.usinpac. ^MIT World » : The World is Flat 2006. ^ ab Francis C. 2005-07-18. Retrieved 2010-07-17. Retrieved 2009-0102. "Asian-Indian Americans. Desparades. "Indian-American Scholar Susan Koshy Probes Interracial Sex".usinpac. Retrieved 201007-17. ^Journal of Political Economy. (2007-01-04). ^Indian-Americans: A Story of Achievement 21. 2007.. Asian Church in America.Every Saturday ( ) | Google Groups".11.vamsi View profile More" ^Mogelonsky.multiracial.Com . ^Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: Fiscal Years 1820 to 2006 Retrieved 2009-01-08. ^ Assisi. Retrieved June 28. 13. ^maganti. Berkeley. NRIs and Immigrants in America from Garamchai. ^F E Z A N A .. Francis C.US India Political Action Committee | Indian American Community". World Factbook . Celebrity News. ^[2][dead link] 33. "News & Analysis: Skilled Indian Immigrants Create Wealth for America".despardes. www. Retrieved 2010-07-17. ^ abhttp://www. http://www. ^CIA . Epodunk. University of Chicago Press. ^Asian Indian Women in America 42. IACFPA.thendral. 26.S. ^PBS . Are Desis White? 2006. 1899±1965 ² Chapter 9: Home Life". Retrieved 2010-07-17. ^ abDiscrimination at Work by HarmeetDhillon . Churches and places of worship in the US. 43. ^The Multiracial Activist . ^"Indian Church. University of California. ^"Echoes of Freedom: South Asian Pioneers in ^ Little India Magazine 23. The Library. 16. Retrieved .google. Demographics 28. INDOlink. ^Origin Of Hinduism In America 30. Race and Nationality Descriptions from the 2000 US Census and Bureau of Vital Statistics. Frank. May 21. [3] 44.[dead link] 19. ^ ab The Indian American Centre for Political Awareness.India 17. 39. 59. CBS News. ^Indophobia: Facts versus Fiction.Asia's most trusted news source 60.S. ^[5][dead link] 62. ^Asia Times . ^"Hindu Beaten Because He's Muslim".US India Political Action Committee | Indian American Community | www. 63. ^US university shootout victim¶s body reaches India 56. 2008-11-05. Rich (2010-03-17). Retrieved 2010-07-17. ^ Andrew Leonard (2006-11-09). ^Suspect in Indian student's murder held in US 57.usinpac. community. by Amy Yee. ^USINPAC . ^New Header 52. ^ Rogers.nbcaugusta. weather. ArvindPanagariya. discrimination.D students murdered in Louisiana 55. ^"Bobby Jindal ± President 2012? Indian Louisiana governor¶s stage is set! « Cafe Arjun ± 15 times Wordpress Top Blog!". http://www. ^Another Indian student murdered in US 58. ^ abWorries about technical-job losses.Salon. . Georgia | Local News". ^wcco. 2004 heheen-1574. Cafearjun. Please improve this article by removing excessive and inappropriate external 53. (August 2010) Associations y y y y y y y y Indian American Leadership Initiative Indian American Center for Political Awareness Indian American Directory Brihan Maharashtra Mandal of North America. Nbcaugusta. ^[4][dead link] 61. http://cafearjun. ^ "How the World Works: Hail Macaca!" .The Financial Times Ltd. Columbia University archives of The Economic Times 47. "Former presidential candidate endorses Nikki Haley for SC governor | NBC Augusta 26 | news. ^Center for the study of history and memory 49. ^Two Indian Ph. shopping for Augusta. ^ External links This article's use of external linksmay not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. sports. Retrieved 2010-07-17.600 Attend Forum About Hindu Temple Vandalism 51. http://www. of all Marathi mandals in North America Association of Kannada Kootas of America Asian Indian Women in America South Asian Awareness Network Conference Bharati Tamil Sangam (BATS) The Indian Hindu Cultural Tamil Group in the U.

2006. 2004: "Indian-Americans Fear Outsourcing Impact: Worries about technical-job losses.Public program traveling in the U.S. Indian student associations in the U. June 18.y y y y y y y y y y y y y Tamil organization in the U.S. 2004 Financial Times article by Amy Yee) Echoes of Freedom: South Asian Pioneers in California. discrimination" (reprint of March 3.S Federation of Kerala Associations in North America Telugu associations in the U. 2001) Newsweek. South Asian Bar Association of Southern California Asian Indian Women's Association of Michigan Baton Rouge Bengali Association of Baton Rouge American Telugu Association Telugu Association of North America National Federation of Indian American Associations (NFIA) My India .com. Articles y Stereotypes in Schooling: Negative Pressures in the American Educational System on Hindu Identity Formation by Yvette Rosser News y y y y y y y Asian-Americans' diverse voices share similar stories The Indian-American population boom . March 10. 2004: "Indians are No 1 among Asians in US. last updated October 3. Kannada Speaking organization in the "India's influence soars: The 'un-China' could be world's next economic superpower".September 1.') [show] v‡d‡e Demographics of the United States [show] v‡d‡e .S.S. 1899-1965 (University of California at Berkeley's South/Southeast Asia Library's online exhibit. 2006 (summary of TIME Magazine cover story) The Indian Express. December 17. census shows" ModelMinority. 2006: "My Two Lives" by JhumpaLahiri('The Pulitzer-winning writer felt intense pressure to be at once 'loyal to the old world and fluent in the new. Community for the Indians Returning to India from the CNN. March 6. Rediff." Categories: American people of Indian descent | Ethnic groups in the United States | Indian diaspora in the United States | Indian American history | American people of Asian descent Hidden categories: All articles with dead external links | Articles with dead external links from October 2010 | Articles with dead external links from July 2010 | Wikipedia pages moveprotected due to vandalism | Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism | Wikipedia protected pages without expiry | All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010 | Articles with unsourced statements from March 2008 | Articles needing additional references from August 2010 | All articles needing additional references | Articles that may contain original research from August 2010 | All articles that may contain original research | Articles with unsourced statements from May 2007 | Wikipedia external links cleanup from August 2010 | Wikipedia spam cleanup from August 2010 .Asian Americans [show] v‡d‡e Non-resident Indians and People of Indian Origin Retrieved from "http://en.

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