Korean Language from Lea

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Basi
Hello.
´¹¯^¹7. ( annyoung ha
Hello. (informal)
´¹. ( annyoung)
How are you?
´¹' ´·^¹7? (Eo-ddeo
Fine, thank you.
^ ´`¹¹, ¯^`¹¹. (Ja
What is your name?
¯´~ ´¦÷ ¹´°¹7?
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Basic Phrases
ng hashimnikka)
ddeo'ke ji naeshimnikka?)
. (Jal jinaemnida )
? (dangshin-ui ireum-eun mu-eot-imnida?)




ida?)

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My name is ______ .
' ´¦÷ ______°¹¹. (Je ireum-eun ____ imnida.)

Nice to meet you.
¹`´ ¹(=¹¹. (Mannaseo pangapseumnida)

Please.
¬=`¹¹. (but'ak hamnida)

Thank you.
¯^`¹¹. ( kamsa hamnida)

You're welcome.
¨¹?.. (cheon maneyo )

Yes.
-/`. ( ye/ne)

No.
?¹´. ( anio)

Excuse me. (getting attention)
´ª`¹¹. (shille hamnida )

Excuse me. (begging pardon)
´´`¹¹. (juay song hamnida )

I'm sorry.
´´`¹¹. ( juay song hamnida)

Goodbye
´¹· ´^´´/'^´´. (annyeonghi kashipsio/kyeshipsio)

Goodbye (informal)
´¹. ( annyoung)

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Is there someone here who speaks English?
´7? ´´` ¯´= ¦ '^¹7? (yeogi-eh yong-eo reul hashineun bun
kyeshimnikka?)

I can't speak {language} [well].
´= {´´`} [^] ¹`¹¹. (seonin {oen-eo-reul} [sal] moshamnida)

Do you speak {language}?
{´´`} ¯^¹7? ({oen-eo-reul} hashimnikka?)

English
´ ´` (yong eo-reul)

Korean
^· ´` (hankuk eo-reul)

Chinese
·· ´` (chukuk eo-reul)

Japanese
°` ´` (ilmon eo-reul)

Help!
¯~¬^´´! (Dowaju shipshio!)

Look out!
¯^¯^´´! (Jushimha shipshio!)

Good morning.
=÷ ?¨°¹¹. (Joh-eun ah-chim-imnida)

Good evening.
=÷ ´¹°¹¹. (Joh-eun jeonyeok imnida)

Good night.
=÷ ¹°¹¹. (joh-eun bamimnida)
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Good night (to sleep)
´¹· ¬¹^´´. (annyeonghi jumushipshio)

I don't understand.
´´ ´(¹¹. (ee-haega ankamnida)

Where is the toilet?
=¯´´ ´¹? ´=¹7? (hwajangshilee eodi-eh it-seumnida?)

How do you say _____ ?
_____÷ ´¹' ¯`¹7 ?

What is this/that called?
´´÷/´´÷ ¹´´· ¬|¹7?
Problems
Leave me alone.
÷' ·¹· ¬^´´. (honja naebeoryeo dushipshio.)

Don't touch me!
¹´´ ¹^´´! (manjiji mashipshio!)

I'll call the police.
¯´= ¬¯´=¹¹. (Kyeongchal-eul bureuket-seumnida!)

Police!
¯´! (Kyeongchal!)

Stop! Thief!
´·! ¯=´´! (Seora! Dodookiya!)

I need your help.
¯´~ ¯=´ ¯.`¹¹. (Dangshin-eun do-oomee p'ilyohamnida.)
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It's an emergency.
=. ´-°¹¹. (eungkeup sanghwangimnida.)

I'm lost.
¯= °°=¹¹. (kil-eul ilheot-seumnida.)

I lost my bag.
´¹= °°=¹¹. (kabangeul ilhyeotseumnida.)

I lost my wallet.
´(= °°=¹¹. (jakapeul ilhyeotseumnida.)

I'm sick.
?=¹¹. (ah-peumnida.)

I've been injured.
´·` °°=¹¹. (sangcheoreul ipeotseumnida.)

I need a doctor.
~^´ ¯.`¹¹. (ui-saga p'ilyohamnida.)

Can I use your phone?
¯´~ ´=7` ^´¯ '´=¹7? (dangshin-ui jeolhwagireul sayonghaedo
dwiket-seumnikka?)






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Numbers
Korean has two sets of numbers, namely native Korean numbers and Sino-Korean
numbers (which are borrowed from Chinese). Both come in handy, but in a pinch the
Sino-Korean series is more important to learn.
Sino-Korean Numbers
Sino-Korean numbers are used for amounts of currency, telephone numbers, the 24-
hour clock and counting minutes. Remember that sip is pronounced "ship".

0
(gong)

1
(il)

2
(i)

3
(sam)

4
(sa)

5
(o)
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6
(yuk)

7
(chil)

8
(pal)

9
(gu)

10
(sip)

11
(sipil)

12
(sipee)

13
(sipsam)

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14
^^ (sipsa)

15
^´ (sipo)

16
^= (sipyuk)

17
^º (sipchil)

18
^¯ (sippal)

19
^¬ (sipgu)

20
´^ (isip)

21
´^° (isipil)

22
´^´ (isipi)
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23
´^` (isipsam)

30
`^ (samsip)

40
^^ (sasip)

50
´^ (osip)

60
=^ (yuksip)

70
º^ (chilsip)

80
¯^ (palsip)

90
¬^ (gusip)

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100
(baek)

200
(ibaek)

300
(sambaek)

1000
(cheon)

2000
(icheon)

10000
(man)

1,000,000
(baekman)

1,000,000,000
(sipeok)

1,000,000,000,000
(jo)
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number _____ (train, bus, etc.)
_____ ¹ (°¯, ¹´, etc.) (beon (yeolcha, beoseu, etc.)

half
¹ (ban)

less
¹ (deol)

more
¹ (deo)
Native Korean Numbers
Native Korean numbers are used for hours and with counting words. There are a
plethora of these, but the most useful ones are bun (¦) for people, jang (¯) for
papers including tickets, and gae (') for pretty much anything else (which is not
always strictly correct, but will usually be understood). Note that for numbers
1,2,3,4,and 20 + 'counting words',the last letter is dropped: one person is hanbun, two
tickets is tujang , three things is segae, four things is negae, twenty things is
seumugae.

1
¯` (hana)

2
` (tul)

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3
´ (set)

4
¹ (net)

5
¹` (taseot)

6
´` (yeoseot)

7
°. (ilgop)

8
´¹ (yeodeol)

9
?¯ (ahop)

10
° (yeol)

11
°¯` (yeolhana)
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20
´¦ (seumul)

30
´¦ (seoreun)

40
¹¯ (maheun)

50
´ (swin)

60
-¬ (yesun)

70
°¯ (ilheun)

80
´` (yeodeun)

90
?¯ (aheun)

Numbers above 100 are always counted with Sino-Korean numbers.
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Time
now
´ (jigeum)

later
`·? (najoong-eh)

before
´? (jeon-eh)

morning
?¨ (ah-chim)

afternoon
´¬ (o-hu)

evening
´¹ (jeonyeok)

night
¹ (bam)
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Clock
one o'clock AM
´´ ^ ´ (ohjyeon han shi)

two o'clock AM
´´ ¬ ´ (ohjyeon du shi)

noon
¯´ (jeong-oh)

one o'clock PM
´¬ ^ ´ (o-hu han shi)

two o'clock PM
´¬ ¬ ´ (o-hu du shi)

midnight
'¯ (jajeong)
Duration
_____ minute(s)
_____ ¦ (___ boon)

_____ hour(s)
_____ ´( (___ shigan)

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_____ day(s)
_____ ° (___ il)

_____ week(s)
_____ ¬ (___ ju)

_____ month(s)
_____ ¹ (___ dal)

_____ year(s)
_____ ¹ (___ nyon)
Days
today
´` (oh-neul)

yesterday
´' (eo-jeh)

tomorrow
·° (nae-il)

this week
´¹ ¬ (ee-beon ju)

last week
´¹ ¬ (jeenan ju)
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next week
¹´ ¬ (da-eum ju)

Sunday
°.° (ilyo-il)

Monday
`.° (weolyo-il)

Tuesday
=.° (hwayo-il)

Wednesday
¬.° (suyo-il)

Thursday
`.° (mokyo-il)

Friday
.° (keumyo-il)

Saturday
¯.° (t'oh-yo-il)
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Months
January
°` (ilweol)

February
´` (ee-weol)

March
`` (samweol)

April
^` (saweol)

May
´` (oh-weol)

June
=` (yook-weol)

July
º` (chilweol)

August
¯` (palweol)

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September
¬` (goo-weol)

October
^` (shipweol)

November
^°` (shipilweol)

December
^´` (ship-ee-weol)
Writing
12-24-2005 is in Korean the same as in English (12-24-2005).

January 1st, 2005
´¨´¹ °` °° (ee-cheol-oh-nyeon ilweol il-il)(____year, _____month,
____day)

January 2nd
°` ´° (ilweol ee-il.)

January 3rd
°` `° (ilweol samil)

January 10th
°` ^° (ilweol shipil)
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January 11th
°` ^°° (ilweol shipil-il)

January 20th
°` ´^° (ilweol ee-shipil)

January 30th
°` `^° (ilweol samshipil)

January 31th
°` `^°° (ilweol samshipil-il)

February 1st
´` °° (iweol il-il)

December 25th
^´` ´^´° (ship-ee-weol ee-ship-oh-il)

December 31th
^´` `^°° (ship-ee-weol samshipil-il)
Colors
black
¯÷´ (geon-eunsaek)

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white
-´ (hwinsaek)

gray
^´ (hwasaek)

red
"(´ (bbalgansaek)

blue
÷¯´ (p'aransaek)

yellow
`¯´ (noransaek)

green
3=´ (choroksaek)

orange
¬-´ (joo-hwangsaek)

purple
'¬´ (jajoo-saek)

brown
¯´ (kalsaek)









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Transportation
Bus & Train
How much is a ticket to _____?
_____? ´= ±´ °¹°¹7?

One ticket to _____, please.
_____? ´= ± ^ ¯´..

Where does this train/bus go?
´ 7¯/¹´= ´¹: (¹7?

Where is the train/bus to _____?
_____? ´= 7¯/¹´= ´¹? ´=¹7?

Does this train/bus stop in _____?
´ 7¯/¹´= _____? ´¹7?

When does the train/bus for _____ leave?
_____? ´= 7¯/¹´= ´' ¯¹`¹7?

When will this train/bus arrive in _____?
´ 7¯/¹´= _____? ´' ¯²`¹7?
Directions
How do I get to _____ ?
_____? ´·¹ ´¹' ´ `¹7 ?
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...the train station?
...7¯°?

...the bus station?
...¹´ ¯¹¯?

...the airport?
...´?

...downtown?
...´·?

...the youth hostel?
...´´ ¨´¹?

...the _____ hotel?
..._____ ¨¹?

...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate?
...¹·/'`¹/´´`ª°·?/´· ´^-?

Where are there a lot of...
\÷ ...`´ ´¹? ´=¹7

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...hotels?
...¨¹`?

...restaurants?
...´´¯`?

...bars?
...´¯?

...sites to see?
...°´·`?

Can you show me on the map?
´¯´?´ ´¯· ¬´´=¹7?

street
´·

Turn left.
(²´: ¯^´´.

Turn right.
´¦²´: ¯^´´.

left

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right
´¦²

straight ahead
+¯ ´^´´

towards the _____
_____` `

past the _____
_____` ´`

before the _____
_____ ´?

Watch for the _____.
_____` 7¹·^´´.

intersection
¯¯:

north
`

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south
¹

east
=

west
´

uphill
´¯¹¯

downhill
··¹¯
Taxi
Taxi!
¹´!

Take me to _____, please.
_____? `·¹ ¬^´´.

How much does it cost to get to _____?
_____? ´= `= °¹´ '¹7?

Take me there, please.
´7? `·¹ ¬^´´.
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Lodging
Do you have any rooms available?
¹ ´=¹7?

How much is a room for one person/two people?
^ ^·/¬ ^·¯ ¹´ °¹°¹7?

Does the room come with...
¹?= ...´ ´=¹7?

...bedsheets?
...¨¨!?

...a bathroom?
...=¯´?

...a telephone?
...´=7?

...a TV?
...¹!´?

May I see the room first?
¹= ¹´ '¯ '´=¹7?

Do you have anything quieter?
¹ ¯´^ ¹ ´=¹7?

...bigger?
...¹ ¯?

...cleaner?
...¹ ¨¨^?
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...cheaper?
...¹ (?

OK, I'll take it.
==¹¹, ´´: ¯´=¹¹.

I will stay for _____ night(s).
_____ ¹ `´=¹¹.

Can you suggest another hotel?
¹¦ ¨¹= ¬ ¬´´=¹7?

Do you have a safe?
´=¹7?

...lockers?
...'¦´?

Is breakfast/supper included?
?¨´^/´¹´^ ´ ¯´'¹7?

What time is breakfast/supper?
?¨´^/´¹´^ = ¯´°¹7?

Please clean my room.
¹= ´´ ¬^´´.

Can you wake me at _____?
_____ ´? ¨-¬´´=¹7?

I want to check out.
¯. ?¬¯ ´=¹¹.


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Money
Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars?
¹·/´´`ª°·?/'`¹ ¹· =´^¹7?

Do you accept British pounds?
´· ÷´` =´^¹7?

Do you accept credit cards?
´´ ·` =´^¹7?

Can you change money for me?
-´ ¬´´=¹7?

Where can I get money changed?
´¹?´ -´` ¬ ´=¹7?

Can you change a traveler's check for me?
´¨' ¬±` ´´: ¹¯¬´´=¹7?

Where can I get a traveler's check changed?
´¹?´ ´¨' ¬±` ´´: ¹¨ ¬ ´=¹7?

What is the exchange rate?
-`´ °¹°¹7?

Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)?
´ '= ´.7´ ´¹? ´=¹7?




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Eating
A table for one person/two people, please.
^ ^·/¬ ^· º´` ¬=`¹¹.

Can I look at the menu, please?
¨`` '¯ '´=¹7?

Can I look in the kitchen?
¬°= '¯ '´=¹7?

Is there a house specialty?
´ ¯~ `¹ .·´ ´=¹7?

Is there a local specialty?
´ ´°~ `¹ .·´ ´=¹7?

I'm a vegetarian.
´= ³´¬~'°¹¹.

I don't eat pork.
´= º´7` ¹´ ´=¹¹.

I don't eat beef.
´= ´7` ¹´ ´=¹¹.

I only eat kosher food.
´= ´¨´ ´´¹ ¹=¹¹.

fixed-price meal
¯´ ´´

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breakfast
?¨ ´^

lunch
¯^ ´^

tea (meal)
¯

supper
´¹ ´^

I want _____.
´= _____= \`¹¹.

I want a dish containing _____.
´= _____=/` ¯´¯= .·` ¹ ´=¹¹.

chicken
¹7/·¯

beef
´7

fish
´´

ham
*

sausage
´´´

cheese
·¯

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eggs
¹¯/'¯

salad
´·`

(fresh) vegetables
(´´^) ´³

(fresh) fruit
(´´^) ~°

bread
"

toast
¯´`

noodles
·¬

rice
(

beans
¨

May I have a glass of _____?
_____ ^ ´ ¬´´=¹7?

May I have a cup of _____?
_____ ^ ¯ ¬´´=¹7?

May I have a bottle of _____?
_____ ^ ¹ ¬´´=¹7?

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coffee
´÷

tea (drink)
¯

juice
¬´

(bubbly) water
¹¯¬

water
¦

beer


red/white wine
¯/¹ ¯¯¬

May I have some _____?
_____=/` ¯ ¹´¯ '´=¹7?

salt
´

black pepper
¬¬

butter
¹¹

Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
´7.? (Literally, this means "Here."

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I'm finished.
¹ ¹°=¹¹.

It was delicious.
¹´°=¹¹.

Please clear the plates.
^´` ·-¬^´´.

The check, please.
'¯´ ¬=`¹¹.

Bars
Do you serve alcohol?
´ (¹7?

A beer/two beers, please.
=¬ ^/¬ ¹ ¬=`¹¹.

A glass of red/white wine, please.
¯/¹ ¯¯¬ ^ ´ ¬=`¹¹.

A bottle, please.
^ ¹ ¬=`¹¹.

whiskey
¬´´

vodka
!`·

rum
¯
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water
¦

club soda
¹¯¬

tonic water
¹¯ ´¯

orange juice
´°´ ·´

Coke (soda)
¯·

One more, please.
^ ' ¹ ¬=`¹¹.

When is closing time?
´' ¹=¹7?
Shopping
Do you have this in my size?
´ ´´: ' ^´¯ ´=¹7?

How much is this?
´´÷ °¹°¹7?

That's too expensive.
`¹ ¹"¹¹.

Would you take _____?
_____ =´^¹7?
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expensive
¹(

cheap
(

I can't afford it.
´= ´ ´´´ °=¹¹.

I don't want it.
´= \¯´ ´=¹¹.

You're cheating me.
´` ´´ ´¬..

I'm not interested.
-^ °=¹¹.

OK, I'll take it.
==¹¹, ´= ^´=¹¹.

Can I have a bag?
´¹= ´ ¬ ´=¹7?

Do you ship (overseas)?
(~:) ¹´`¹7?

I need...
´= ...´ ¯.`¹¹

...toothpaste.
...·°.

...a toothbrush.
...¨=.
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...tampons.
...¹÷.

...soap.
...¹¬.

...shampoo.
...´¬.

...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen)
...´¹'. (?´÷¯ or ´ °=')

...cold medicine.
...¯7°.

...stomach medicine.
...¬°.

...a razor.
...¹¯7.

...an umbrella.
...¬¯.

...sunblock lotion.
...*¹ ¯¹ :´.

...a postcard.
...¬-°´.

...postage stamps.
...±.

...batteries.
...(´´.
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...writing paper.
...-´´.

...a pen.
...-.

...English-language books.
...´' .

...English-language magazines.
...´' ^´.

...an English-language newspaper.
...´' ´¬.

...an English-English dictionary.
...´´ ^´.
Driving
I want to rent a car.
¯` ¹· ´=¹¹.

Can I get insurance?
!´= ` ¬ ´=¹7?

stop (on a street sign)
¹¬´´

one way
°¹ ¹¨

yield
°!
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no parking
¬¯ ´

speed limit
´¯ '^

gas (petrol) station
¬´´

petrol
-¹´

diesel
¹´´
Authority
I haven't done anything wrong.
´= ^¹^ ´´ °=¹¹.

It was a misunderstanding.
´÷ ´°=¹¹.

Where are you taking me?
´` ´¹: `·´^¹7?

Am I under arrest?
´= ¯¯'¹7?

I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen.
´= ¹·/¨¬/´·/'`¹ ´\°¹¹.

I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate.
¹·/¨¬/´·/'`¹ ¨^-/´^-? ´´7¯ ´=¹¹.
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I want to talk to a lawyer.
¹¨^?' ´´7¯ ´=¹¹.

Can I just pay a fine now?
´ ¹= ·¯ '´=¹7?