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Nokia's history starts in 1865, when engineer Fredrik Idestam established a wood-pulp mill in southern Finland and started manufacturing paper. Due to the European industrialization and the growing consumption of paper and cardboard Nokia soon became successful.
Nokia's products were exported first to Russia and then to the UK and France. The Nokia factory attracted a large workforce and a small community grew up around it. A
Nokia Cell phones
community called Nokia still exists on the riverbank of Emäkoski in southern Finland.
Paper was the Beginning
Nokia was founded in 1864 (1865) near the Nokia river in Finland. There were a lot of forests, rivers and lakes: it was Finland's national pride. So such conditions allowed to paper industry to rise. A Finnish engineer Fredrik Idestam became one of the businessmen in this industry. Unfortunately, he didn't have enough experience in this business so he acquired technology from Germans. Idestam visited one paper manufacturing plant in Germany. Its owner has developed the technology for years and kept it
Nokia Cell phones
as a very big secret. But Idestam convinced workers to show him the plant. They made a real exhibition for Finnish engineer. When the plant owner saw this he was frustrated and threw the "guest" out. But this wasn’t a problem, because Idestam saw everything he needed.
When Idestam came back to Finland, he created his own paper manufacturing plant. After a few years, in 1867, he presented his wood pulp invention in the Paris Wood Exposition and was awarded a Bronze Medal. After this everyone knew Nokia, so Idestam started putting Nokia brand on all products. And when company started offering some new products after a few years, Idestam was still putting the brand on all of them. Today's marketing specialists even added Idestam's innovation to manuals. But not all Idestam's actions very innovatory. When his sonin-law Gustaf Fogelholm (who became Nokia's president in 1895) decided to start the power generation business, Fredrik Idestam was the main opponent of this idea. But Gustaf won
Nokia Cell phones
against his father-in-law and established the first power plant in 1903 and second in 1913.
Expanding to electronics
After World War II the Finnish Rubber Works bought the majority of the Finnish Cable Works shares. The Finnish Cable Works was a company that had grown quickly due to the increasing need for power transmission and telegraph and telephone networks. Gradually the ownership of the
and considered personal relationships particularly important. Kairamo was also keener on appearing in . and unlike his predecessors who leaned towards Soviet Union. he was strongly western-oriented. In 1967. Electronics generated three percent of the Group's net sales and provided work for 460 people. At this time the seeds of Nokia's global success in telecommunications were planted. Compared to his predecessors. when the Nokia Group was formed.Nokia Cell phones Rubber Works and the Cable Works companies consolidated. Kairamo had gained experience by working in the USA. In 1967 the companies were merged to form the Nokia Group. He wanted to handle things "off the record" through unofficial meetings. The Finnish Cable Works had manufactured cables for telegraph and telephone networks and in the 1960 they established the Cable Works Electronics department. In 1977 Kari Kairamo became Nokia's president.
tragically exhausted in 1988 when Nokia was heading to financial doldrums due to loss-making and businesses that were just too diverse. . however. however. which were not without risks. the emphasis was on electronics and power generation. Kari Kairamo was a charismatic and emphatic leader who liked to mingle with people.Nokia Cell phones public. His enormous energy was. Nokia made a few large-scale acquisitions (televisions and computers). Kairamo restructured the corporate governance by establishing a new internal Board of Directors. Kairamo strived to make the company more international and turn its gaze on Europe. Under Kairamo's leadership. In 1986. Consumer electronics became Nokia's main business in 1987. During Kairamo's era. which he became Chairman of. as it turned out.
the majority of telephone exchanges were electro-mechanical analog switches. which was equipped with high-level computer language and Intel microprocessors gradually . This was the beginning of Nokia’s journey into telecommunications. Nokia began developing the digital switch (Nokia DX 200) which became a success.Nokia Cell phones The Journey into Telecommunications Nokia´s Cable Work's Electronics department started to conduct research into semiconductor technology in the 1960´s. In the early 1970s. Nokia DX 200.
The result was Nordic Mobile Telephony (NMT). In 1991 Nokia made agreements to supply GSM networks to nine European countries and by August 1997 Nokia had supplied GSM systems to 59 operators in 31 countries. This standard is known as GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications). At the same time. NMT was the world's first multinational cellular network. Opening in 1981. During the following decade. NMT was introduced in many other countries and launched the rapid expansion of the mobile phone industry. . At the end of the 1980s a common standard for digital mobile telephony was developed. new legislation allowed the Finnish telecommunications authorities to set up a mobile network for car phones that was connected to the public network.Nokia Cell phones evolved into the multifaceted platform that is still the basis for Nokia's network infrastructure today.
Nokia Cell phones New Products .
Ollila was Senior Vice President and CFO .Nokia Cell phones During the 1980s. Today’s Leader Current Nokia's CEO Jorma Ollila was invited in 1986 by Kari Kairamo. Nokia was a large television manufacturer and the largest information technology company in the Nordic Countries. The strategy was to expand rapidly on all fronts. In 1988. Nokia's operations rapidly expanded to new business sectors and products.
Mobira Cityman. Nokia created NMT mobile phone standard. which became very popular in Northern Europe and Russia. . In 1981. He became president and CEO of Nokia in 1992.Nokia Cell phones (1986-89). after which he became the President of the Mobile Phone Division. by Kairamo's leading. In 1987 Nokia launched its first NMT phone.
And as we have mentioned. In 1991 the first GSM call was made by Finland's president. because today Nokia takes about 38% of global mobile phone market. after Motorola. Only in the US Nokia takes the second place. Jorma Ollila became the president and CEO of Nokia We don't think that it is necessary to talk a lot about Nokia phones: they are the most popular phones in almost all countries. In 1992 Nokia introduced the predecessor of all its current GSM phones: Nokia 1011. In 1989 Nokia delivered the first GSM network to Finnish company Radiolinja. So.Nokia Cell phones The next step was to create GSM networks. . But this isn't a problem. mobile phones became the main Nokia's business.
There also are a lot of other innovations from this company. for example. one of the latest is the 5140. world's first GSM phone with Push-To-Talk capability.Nokia Cell phones Nokia doesn't make only mobile phones: all its handsets are equipped with a range of accessories. So Nokia is the true leader of today's mobile communications and its market share continues to . Nokia was the first that offered such design element as exchangeable covers: only then other makers added this feature to their handsets.
unfortunately. We can't forecast that this rise won't stop in the future. But. Focusing on Telecommunications . but now it looks that Nokia should gain an even bigger market share. nobody knows whether this will happen or not.Nokia Cell phones rise.
In 1994. Nokia came to its feet quickly as the company started streamlining its businesses.000 units.Nokia Cell phones During the deep recession in Finland at the beginning of the 1990s. It has been rumored that a group of businessmen tried to offer Nokia to the Swedish telecom company Ericsson during the recession (1990´s)! . Nokia sold 20 million. In May 1992 Nokia made the strategic decision to divest its non-core operations and focus on telecommunications. the telecommunications and mobile phones divisions were the supporting pillars of the Nokia. The company's 2100 series phone was an incredible success. the goal was to sell 500. Despite the depth of the recession.
In general. 40 percent plastics. wireless data solutions and multimedia terminals Materials Extraction A cell phone is made up of many materials. and 20 percent ceramics and trace materials.Nokia Cell phones Today. located in the . Nokia is a world leader in digital technologies. The board circuit (also called a printed wiring board). telecommunications networks. including mobile phones. the handset consists of 40 percent metals.
beryllium. LCDs also require the use of glass or plastic. Various liquid crystalline substances. The liquid crystal display (LCD) is alow power.Nokia Cell phones handset. a potentially dangerous substance) or human-made. zinc. nickel-cadmium (Ni- . even after disposal. Many of these materials are known as “persistent toxins” and can stay in the environment for longperiods of time. tantalum. lead. lithiumion (Li-Ion). is the “brain” of the cell phone because it controls all of its functions. and sand and limestone for fiberglass. The contrast between the opaque and transparent (see-through) areas forms visible characters. either naturally occurring (such as mercury. are used to make LCDs. coltan. nickel. raw materials including copper. The Cell — phones can use several types of batteries: nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH). flat-panel display on the front of your phone that shows information and images. The manufacturing of these boards requires crude oil for plastic. gold. and other metals. Circuit boards are made from mined. rechargeable battery ’s used to power the phone. It becomes opaque (hard to see through) when electric current passes through it.
cadmium. connected with circuits and wires (primarily made of copper) that are soldered to the board and secured with protective glues and coatings. which isthen coated with gold plating. The board is also composed of several electronic components. cobalt. and copper. zinc. all mined from the earth.Ni-MH and Ni-Cd batteries contain nickel. heated. ground.ManufacturingPlastics and fiberglass are used to make the basic shape of the board . Li-Ion bat-teries use lithium metallic oxide and carbon-based materials. and treatedwith chemicals and electricity to isolate thepure metal used to make circuit boards andbatteries. LCDs are manufactured bysandwiching liquid circuit . Copper is mined. For example. in cell phones: — Crude oil is combined with natural gas andchemicals in a processing plant to make plastic.Nokia Cell phones Cd). The resulting copper pieces areshipped to a manufacturer where they areformed into wires and sheets.Materials ProcessingMost raw materials must be processed beforemanufacturers can use them to make products. or lead acid.
such as paper (from trees). Transportation by plane. When an outside source of electricity such as an outlet is applied. Packaging &Transportation Cell phone parts and the finished products need packaging and transportation to get from one place to another. called electrodes. and provides information. chemical reactions between the electrodes and the electrolytes cause an electric current to flow. plastic (from crude oil in the earth). Some packaging.Nokia Cell phones crystal between layers of glass or plastic. giving batteries their “juice” or power. how-ever. excessive or decorative packaging can be wasteful. all of which use energy to produce and can result in waste. Useful Life Unlike other countries. Packaging consumes valuable natural resources. touches each electrode. Batteries consist of two separate parts. which can contribute to global climate change. truck. or other materials. aluminum (from ore). can be made from recycled materials. While packaging protects products from dam-age. A liquid substance. made from two different metals. called electrolytes. identifies contents. cell phone companies in the United . or rail all require the use of fossil fuels for energy.
and electronics manufacturers—accept working . most companies have unique technologies in theirphones that only work in their own networks. and keeping it out of extreme heat and cold and away from water and other liquids. One way to extend the useful life of your phone and prevent waste is to use the same company for continuing phone service. Reuse Many organizations—including recyclers.Nokia Cell phones States sell their own phones. chair-ties. You can also extend the life of your phone betaking care of it protecting it from damage by storing it in a case. avoiding dropping it. and prevents them from ending up in the trash where they can potentially cause environ-mental problems. This means that switching cell phone companies can mean having to purchase a new phone. Always comparison-shop to be sure you get the service and phone that’s right for you. which are usually not interchangeable from company to company. Even though regulations now allow consumers to transfer their phone number to a new phone company. End-of-Life Donating or recycling cell phones when you no longer need or want them extends their useful lives.
Plus. and recycling centers accept cell phones for recycling. many stores. When rechargeable batteries are recycled. While some electronics recyclers only accept large shipments. Reuse gives people. it extends the useful lifetime of a phone.Nokia Cell phones cell phones and offer them to schools. or groups can work together to collect used cell phones for shipment to electronics recyclers. the rate at which cell phones are . who could not otherwise afford them. communities. You can also use the Internet or phone book to search for local contacts that recycle and refurbish cell phones. Some rechargeable batteries can also be recycled. and individuals in need. community organizations. Check the “Resources” section of this posterior a list of organizations that will accept your phone and accessories for reuse or recycling. Disposal By 2005. the recovered materials can be used to make new batteries and stainless steel products. as several retail stores and some communities have started collecting them. schools. manufacturers. Recycle Electronics recyclers are springing up every-where! Today. free or reduced cost access to new phones and their accessories.
or trade in your old cell phone.000 tons of waste! Cell phones that are thrown in the trash end up in landfills (buried in the ground) or incinerators (burned). Don’t throw it away! Phones that are throwaway waste energy and result in the loss of valuable resources. resulting in more than65. chemicals. plastics. It’s free and easy. Crank Up the Volume A major cell phone manufacturer recently developed a way to recharge cell phone batteries using “muscle power.” This hand-powered device provides20 minutes of talk time after just three minutes of squeezing a hand-held generator! Other new technologies. are under development and might ultimately replace current battery technology.Nokia Cell phones discarded is predicted to exceed 125 million phones each year. such as hydrogen fuel cells and zinc air and solar-powered batteries. These new alternatives will conserve natural resources and reduce waste. and other potentially hazardous sub-stances. donate. you should always recycle. Because cell phones contain metals. .
each of which has impacts on the environment. here are the components of a typical phone: . and obtaining each one of those materials involves a different series of inputs. In order to trace what goes into making a cell phone. To identify the total environmental impact of a product it is necessary to do a life cycle analysis. it is necessary to account for all the inputs and outputs throughout the life cycle of the phone. outputs and processes.Nokia Cell phones Life Cycle Analysis Manufacturing a product can be very complex. To examine how much a cell phone impacts the environment. from its birth. raw material extraction. material production. including design. and its final disposal. Raw materials come from many different sources. and assembly. part production. through its use.
which also found in computers and most other electronic devices. 4. Printed Wiring Board: The green boards. Keypad. usually plastic 5. Display: usually a LCD (liquid crystal display) screen where all the information appears 3.Nokia Cell phones The cell phone is composed of the eight following components: 1. Microphone and Speaker . Case: the plastic housing that contains all the other components 2. including all the chips and other electronic components mounted on them.
use and disposal and the environmental emissions that result. Antenna 7. beginning with what product is composed of. including the energy and material associated with materials extraction." In an inventory analysis. which is called an "inventory analysis. such as the electricity used to charge the battery. the goal is to examine all the inputs and outputs in a product's life cycle. where they go. distribution. and the inputs and outputs related to those component materials during their lifetime.Nokia Cell phones 6. The purpose of the inventory analysis is to quantify what comes in and what goes out. Adapter (not pictured here) This is the first stage of a life cycle analysis. It is also necessary to include the inputs and outputs during the product's use. . Battery 8. where those materials came from. product manufacture and assembly.
Once the environmental impacts of all the inputs and outputs of a product's lifecycle are analyzed. in which the environmental impacts identified in the previous stage are enumerated. However.Nokia Cell phones From Graedel and Alleby p. how the product affects the environment. Once its . once the inputs and outputs are quantified. 109 The next stage of a life cycle analysis is the impact analysis. such as the environmental impacts of generating energy for the processes and the hazardous wastes emitted in the manufacturing process. throughout its lifecycle. the major purpose of the analysis is to evaluate. the life cycle analysis generates a number that represents how much the environment is affected.
Substituting a less hazardous chemical for a more toxic one would also reduce the impact. the next step is to conduct an improvement analysis to see how impact of the product on the environment.Nokia Cell phones general environmental impact is calculated. . For example. conservation of energy or water in the manufacturing process will reduce the environmental impacts of that process. This process is also called design for environment. or green design. The change is then made in the inventory analysis to recalculate its total environmental impact.
The inputs and outputs for manufacturing these chips are: Input Output 70. Or 352.5 X5.5 pounds of 352.Nokia Cell phones Cell Phone Inventory Analysis Circled in yellow above are all the computer chips in the cell phone that require significant processing in their manufacture.5 pounds of water water (200 -400) . about 18 chips.
and this is expected to grow.8 pounds of chemicals. Consumers use cell phones for an average of 18 months before dispose of them.5 pounds of energy Varies according to how energy is generated 0.Nokia Cell phones Pounds are used in an average 5 minute shower 3.027 percent likely will be from cell phones in 2005. Between 0. or 0.8 and 4 percent of the municipal waste stream in Europe and the US is comprised of consumer electronics.8 pounds of chemicals 0.16 X 5. Consumer . including its plastic case. its battery. a much shorter period than the lifecycle of older phones. and there are environmental impacts associated with disposal of cell phones.5X5 or 17. antenna. 0. usually in water solution possibly treated There are additional inputs and outputs associated with the manufacturing of each of the other components of the cell phone. and the energy used during its lifetime to recharge the battery.
it is likely that they do a significant impact on the environment . The energy used in producing nine or ten computers is enough to produce an automobile. Seventy percent of obsolete cell phones are stockpiled in closets and shelves instead of thrown away. whereas for every gram of an automobile. for example. do not require the level of purity and sophistication of materials as a microchip. Automobiles. Given the ubiquity and short lifetimes of cell phones. while made with heavy materials. organized and hence low entropy structures from high entropy materials require large energy inputs. Computer chips. For every gram of a microchip. 630 grams of fossil fuels are used. This is due to the fact that making very pure. have a high environmental impact relative to their weight. only 2 grams of fossil fuels are used.Nokia Cell phones electronics are responsible for 40 percent of the lead in this stream.
1200 mAh.Nokia Cell phones Batteries used in cell phones Nokia Cell Phone Batteries Nokia 1260 (compatible models: 1260. 1221) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 1260. 850 mAh. Lithium-ion (BLC-2) Extended Battery for Nokia 1260. 1261. Lithium-ion .
Lithium-ion (BLC-2) Nokia 2270. 1200 mAh. Lithium-ion (BL-5C) Nokia 3100 (compatible models: 3100. 900 mAh. Lithium-ion (BLC-2) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 3360. 3520) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 3560. 2285 (compatible models: 2270. 3361) Extended Battery for Nokia 3360. 850 mAh. Lithium-ion OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 2260. 1200 mAh. Lithium-ion OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 3360. NiMH (BMC-3) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 2260. 850 mAh. 850 mAh. 850 mAh. Lithium-ion (BLD-3) Nokia 3360 (compatible models: 3360. Lithium-ion. Lithium-ion OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 3390/3395. 3395) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 3390/3395.Nokia Cell phones OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 1260. Lithium-ion (BLD-3) Nokia 3560 (compatible models: 3560. 850 mAh. NiMH (BMC-3) Nokia 2260 (compatible models: 2260) Extended Battery for Nokia 2260. 3120) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 3100. Vibrational Nokia 3200 (compatible models: 3200. 2275 and 2285. 850 mAh. NiMH (BMC-3) Nokia Music Phone (compatible models: 3300) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia Music Phone 3300. 1200 mAh. 900 mAh. 2285) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 2270. Lithiumion (BLC-2) Extended Battery for Nokia 3390/3395. 1800 mAh. 900 mAh. 900 mAh. 780 mAh. 780 mAh. 2275. Lithium-ion (BL-5C) Nokia 3285 (compatible models: 3285) Super Extra Battery for Nokia 3285. 2275. PM3205) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 3200. Lithium-ion . 3205. NiMH (BMC-3) Nokia 3390 (compatible models: 3390.
850 mAh. 6019i) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 6016i. 3588. 5125. Vibrational Nokia 6010 (compatible models: 6010) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 6010. 3588i and 3589i. 5185i. 6162. 6016i. 5185. 850 mAh. 6150. 5190. 850 mAh. 6185. 5120.Nokia Cell phones (BLC-2) Nokia 3570. 1070 mAh. PM6225. 6200. 6015i. 850 mAh. 6160) Super Extra Battery for Nokia 5100/6100 series. 6120i. 3620. Lithium-ion (BLC-2) Extended Battery for Nokia 6010. 6015. Lithium-ion (BLC-2) Nokia 3595 (compatible models: 3595. 3650) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 3600 Series. NiMH (BMC-3) Nokia 6016i. 6180. 850 mAh. Vibrational Nokia 6200 (compatible models: 6220. Lithium-ion (BLC-2) Nokia 3586. 6161i. 5170. 5180. 6162i. 5170i. 850 mAh. 6019i . 6161. Lithiumion (BL-5C) Nokia 5100 Series (compatible models: 5160. 6160i. 5120i) Super Extra Battery for Nokia 5100/6100 series. 3589 (compatible models: 3586i. 6160m. 3585. 900 mAh. Lithium-ion (BL-6C) Nokia 6100 Series (compatible models: 6120. 1200 mAh. Lithium-ion. 6190. Lithium-ion. 6015i (compatible models: 6015i. 5165. 3589i) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 3586i. 1800 mAh. . 6225. 1800 mAh. 6110. Lithium-ion (BLC-2) Nokia 3590 (compatible models: 3590) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 3590. 6130. Lithium-ion OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 6010. 3588i. 3585i) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 3570 and 3585. 3600. 3585 (compatible models: 3570. 6162m. Lithium-ion (BLC-2) Nokia 3600 Series (compatible models: 3660. 3595IM) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 3595.
6600) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 6620. 1800 mAh. Lithium-ion. 750 mAh. 780 mAh. 7250i) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 7210. 6385) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 6300 series. 750 mAh. 900 mAh. 850 mAh. Vibrational Nokia 6590 (compatible models: 6590. 6340i. Lithium-ion (BL-5C) Nokia 7100 Series (compatible models: 7110. Vibrational Nokia 7210 (compatible models: 7210.Nokia Cell phones 6200IM) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 6200. 7250. 7250. Lithiumion (BLB-3) Nokia 6310 (compatible models: 6310i) Super Extra Battery for Nokia 6310. Lithium-ion (BL-5C) Nokia 6800 (compatible models: 6800) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 6800. 850 mAh. 850 mAh. Lithiumion (BLD-3) Nokia 8260 (compatible models: 8260) . Lithiumion (BLB-2) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 6300 Series. Lithium-ion (BLC-2) Nokia 6820 (compatible models: 6820) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 6820. 7190) Super Extra Battery for Nokia 5100/6100/7100 Series. Lithium-ion (BLD-3) Nokia 6300 Series (compatible models: 6360. 780 mAh. 6340. Lithium-ion. 7160. 6610) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 6560/6610. Lithiumion (BLD-3) Nokia 6620 (compatible models: 6620. Lithium-ion (BLB-2) Nokia 6560. 780 mAh. 1800 mAh. 6370. 6610 (compatible models: 6560. 6590i) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 6590.
750 mAh. Lithium-ion (BLB-3) Nokia 8265 (compatible models: 8265. Lithium-ion (BLB-2) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 8265. 900 mAh. 8265i) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 8265. NiMH Batteries used in Nokia Cell Phones NiMH Batteries Nickel Metal Hydride cell phone battery products are less affected by "memory effect. 918P) Extended Battery for Nokia 918. 8270) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 8200 series. long storage periods . 8890.Nokia Cell phones OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 8200 series. 750 mAh. 918plus. 900 mAh. 750 mAh. Lithium-ion (BLB-3) Nokia 8290 (compatible models: 8210." However. 750 mAh. Lithium-ion (BLB-2) Nokia 918 (compatible models: 918. Lithiumion (BLB-2) OEM Extended Battery for Nokia 8260. 8290. 1200 mAh. Lithiumion (BLB-2) Nokia 8390 (compatible models: 8390) OEM Standard Battery for Nokia 8390.
7 billion. Lithium batteries are generally lighter than NiMH or NiCD batteries of the same capacity. Li-Ion Batteries Lithium Ion cellular phone batteries deliver more energy per unit (known as "energy density") than Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) or Nickel Cadmium (NiCD). In addition. Most manufacturers recommend "conditioning" at least once per month. Lithium could deliver substantially more talk/standby time than NiMH or NiCD. used on the same phone. . In other words.Nokia Cell phones will result in a temporary discharge of power. • Global mobile subscribers grew to 1. 2004-year of records Record breaking year for the mobile device industry.
color screen). • Boom in the growth markets. • Strong upgrade market (camera. Nokia responds rapidly to shifts in the mobile device industry.Nokia Cell phones • Higher than ever volumes estimated: 643 million units. • Nokia volumes to reach record 207.7 million units • Renewed product portfolio: 36 products announced • Growth in the infrastructure business after a challenging period .
8 0.Nokia Cell phones Nokia. diluted.key figures 2004 2004 2003 Change % Net sales (EUR millions) 29267 29465 -1* Operating Profit (EUR millions) 4330 5011 -14 Operating Margin. EUR 14. % Earning Per Share . % -78 -71 ---- R & D (EUR million) 3733 3760 -1 Personnel (year –ended) 55505 51359 8 .70 17 0.75 ---7 Net debt to equity (gearing).
Nokia Cell phones Total Net sales EUR 29267 millions in 2004 NET SALES BY NOKIA 31500 31000 30500 EURO MN 30000 29500 29000 28500 28000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 YEARS SALES .
Nokia Cell phones Net sales by a country in 2004 (EUR millions) Countries Sales USA China UK Germany India Brazil Russia UAE Italy Spain 3416 2660 2261 1730 1364 1091 938 909 848 768 .
team and project bonuses paid to over 45000 employees Continued Investments in personnel development • Total training cost over EUR 90 million in 2004 .Nokia Cell phones Strong Nokia Team 55505 Employees at the end of 2004 (51359 end of (2003) Net increase of4146 people • 75% in production • 25% in R&D • 20% In Finland Total Bonuses and incentives paid for 2004: EUR 456 million • Connecting people bonus paid to nokia employees total EUR 67 million • Personnel.
EUR 50 million related to nokia learning centers Nokia Cell Phones launched in 2004 9500 6260 2650 6255 1108 6630 7270 7260 6015i 7710 6651 2112 6620 7610 6670 2651 3125 3220 7280 6012 7210 .Nokia Cell phones • Incl.
Nokia Cell phones Nokia top 5 Priorities Great products Improve customer satisfaction Improve R&D effectiveness Better align Demand supply Network Drive Nokia End to End advantage .
In near future. internet surfing. the cellular communications have changed. music download and playing. During last few years. we found the innumerable factors favoring Nokia for being a leading player in the mobile handset market. . Nokia example aptly shows the importance of product innovation as one of its major factors behind overall success. mobile handset has simultaneously evolved from just being a communication device to an entertainment device. Nokia is definitely sure to shift from “Connecting People” to “Entertaining People”. In such a competitive and developing sector. camera and games are going to be the major thrust areas for revenues. Thus.Nokia Cell phones Conclusion During the preparation of our project.
Nokia Cell phones Bibliography www.com www.google.com www.nokia.nokiainfo.net .
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