30 views

Uploaded by clerigonsa

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- SIM4ME Thermodynamics
- ISO 3448
- Builder
- Pressure Cooker Thermodynamics
- Fluid Pipping - 1-10
- 13Fluid Mechanics 209-226
- Viscous Liquid Soap
- GEAR TOOTH FLANK DAMAGE PREDICTION USING HIGH-CYCLE FATIGUE AND WEAR MODELS
- Temperature Converter Using Fortran 95
- DS 60 571 HP 1801_1802 Plate Heat Exchanger
- copy
- DEPA Diaphragm
- American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER)
- 12093 - Fluid Mechanics & Machinery Question Paper
- Le Section
- LEsection.pdf
- Li et al., 2013
- Viscosity measurements and structural properties in aqueous NiCl2 solutions
- Ejercicio Flujo Multifasico Moreno Pablo
- Basic Concepts of Fluid Mechanics

You are on page 1of 2

Mehrotra, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 72,554-557 (1994)

In this paper and in his previous work (Mehrotra, 100

1991a,b), Mehrotra suggests that his single parameter corre-

lation, log (p + 0.8) = 100 (0.01qb,can be applied to a wide

variety of hydrocarbons with an average deviation of 5%

from the literature data. The author has pointed out that his

correlation is not recommended for p below 0.3 m P a s due to

a divergence of the log (p + 0.8) term (Mehrotra, 1991b). This

corresponds generally to reduced temperature T,. (= T/T‘)

greater than 0.6. It should be pointed out, however, that the

correlation should be limited M e r to T,.2 0.45. As shown 1c

in Figure 1, example data for two systems, heptane and

1-burene, demonstrate that the viscosities predicted using

Equations (2) and ( 5 ) in the paper by Mehrotra (1994) devi-

:

n

ate greatly from experimental data (API, 1978) for T, less E

than 0.45. s

.-w

In summary, the proposed correlation is valid only for a v)

0

narrow reduced temperature range, 0.45 S T, 2 0.6, irre- u

.-v)

spective of whether the parameter b is correlated with molar >

mass, inverse of normal boiling point, critical temperature,

acentric factor or effective carbon number. 1

B.D. Chen

Department of Chemical Engineering,

The University of Manchester Institute of Science and

Technology,

PO Box 88,

Manchester M60 lQD, UK

T, =0.45

Reply to Chen

0.1

150 200 250 300 350

Dr. Chen’s comments are concerned with the use of

Equation (1) by Mehrotra (1994) for correlating parameter b Temperature, K

with the effective carbon number (EClV)values reported by Figure 1 - Comparison of experimental viscosities of n-heptane

Allan and Teja (1991). and I-butene with predictions using Equations (2) and (5) of

Mehrotra (1 994). Experimental: *, heptane; A,1 -butene.

log (p + 0.8) = 100 (0.01 ZJb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(1) - Predictions using Equations (2) and (5).

In Equation (l), p denotes the liquid phase viscosity (at In view of the above, it should not be surprising that

atmospheric pressure) in mPa.s and T is the absolute tem- Equation (1) does not provide satisfactory results, as in

perature in kelvin. Equation (1) is a one-parameter viscosity- Figure 1 of Dr. Chen, at low temperatures for light hydro-

temperature correlation (Mehrotra, 199la), which was based carbons, such as 1-butene (with Th = 266.9 K).

on the observed linear cross-correlationin the two parameters To address the comments of Dr. Chen concerning the

of Walther’s (193 1) equation for >270 heavy hydrocarbons temperature range for the applicability of Equation (l), cal-

in API (1966). Walther’s equation in an antilogarithmic culations were made for a few n-alkanes, from n-CgH18 to n-

form is: C,,H,,, with the results presented in Table 1. In Column (A)

of Table 1, the absolute and the reduced liquid-phase tem-

perature ranges identify the region between the freezing

log (p + 0.8) = lobtpz ....................... (2) point and boiling point temperatures at 101.3 kPa (or 1 am).

In Column (B), approximate temperature ranges, over which

Mehrotra (1991b) reported a similar cross-correlation the calculated viscosities from Equation (1) are within 10%

between parameters b, and b, for approximately 90 light of the experimental values, are given for each n-alkane.

and medium hydrocarbons. Instead of a unique linear rela- Note that these temperature ranges actually cover a span of

tionship between b, and b, for each family of compounds, 100 to 2OO0C, and larger. Column (C) reports the ratio of the

the use of Equation (1) with the generalized constants was temperature differences in Columns (B) and (A), and the

extended to light and medium hydrocarbons. However, values indicate the fraction of the liquid-phase temperature

Mehrotra (1 99 1b) cautioned that Equation (1) be not used region which is correlated adequately by Equation (1).

for viscosity calculation of light hydrocarbons: It should be noted that Equation (1) is most useful for

(i) at temperatures where p c 0.3 mPa.s, and medium and heavy hydrocarbons whose reduced triple point

(ii) at (very) low temperatures. is 2 0.4. In terms of the reduced temperature, the region of

558 THE CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, VOLUME 74, AUGUST, 1996

TABLE1

Temperature Range for the Applicability of Equation ( I ) with Selected n-Alkanes from n-C8H,, to n-CZ0H,,

Column (A) Column (B) Column (Cl

Temperature range for existence Approximate temperature range

of liquid phase at 101.3 kPa (liquid phase) for applicability

(freezing point to boiling point) of Equation ( I )

In absolute In reduced In absolute In reduced Fraction of temperature

Tc temperature temperature temperature temperature range for liquid phase

n-al kane (K) (K) (K) correlated by Equation ( 1 )

n-C8H I8 568.8 2 16.4-398.8 0.38-0.70 250-360 0.44-0.63 0.60

n-C,oH22 617.6 2435447.3 0.39472 27-10 0.44-0.67 0.70

n-C I ZH26 658.3 263.6-489.5 0.40-0.74 280-440 0.42-0.67 0.74

n-C14H30 693.0 279.CL526.7 0.40-0.76 27H70 0.40-0.68 0.78

n-C16H34 720.6 29 1 .O-560.0 0.40-0.78 291-500 0.40-0.69 0.76

n-C18H38 748.2 30 1.3-589.5 0.40-0.79 30 1-520 0.40-0.70 0.77

n-C20H4Z 767.0 310.M17.0 0.4GO.80 3 10-540 0.40-0.70 0.75

l0I

0.4 < T, < 0.7, which covers about 75% of the liquid-phase A 1-butene

temperature range, i.e. from the freezing point to the tem- 0 n-heptane

perature where p < 0.3 mF‘a.s. Furthermore, the temperature v I-dodecene

region for the applicability of Equation (1) is indeed the o n-hexadecane

range of interest for most design calculations.

For calculating the viscosity of light hydrocarbons at low

temperatures, as in Figure 1, it is recommended that

Equation (2), instead of Equation (l), be used by utilizing

the empirical values of parameters b, and b, given in

Mehrotra (199 1b). As shown in Figure 1, the calculated vis-

cosities of 1-butene, n-heptane, 1-dodecene and n-hexadecane

from Equation (2) are in good agreement with the data used

in Mehrotra (1991b). For the latter two hydrocarbons,

Equations (1) and (2) yield essentially the same results.

0

However, parameters b, and b, in Equation (2) -unlike the 0

single parameter b in Equation (1) - cannot be predicted

with any reasonable accuracy from molar mass, inverse of

normal boiling point, critical temperature, acentric factor, or 0.1

~ . ‘ -

I

200

I

300

I

400

I

500 600

the effective carbon number (ECN).

Anil K. Mehrotra Temperature, K

Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Figure 2 -Experimental and calculated viscosities of 1 -butene, n-

The University of Calgary, heptane, 1 -dodecene and n-hexadecane.

Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4

References

Allan, J. M. and A. S. Teja, “Correlation and Prediction of the Mehrotra, A. K., “A Generalized Viscosity Equation for Pure

Viscosity of Defined and Undefined Hydrocarbon Liquids”, Heavy Hydrocarbons”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 30, 42-27

Can. J. Chem. Eng. 69,986991 (1991). ( I 991 a).

API, “Properties of Hydrocarbons of High Molecular Weights”, Mehrotra, A. K., “Generalized One-Parameter Viscosity Equation

API Research Project 42, American Petroleum Institute, for Light and Medium Liquid Hydrocarbons”, Ind. Eng. Chem.

Washington, DC (1 966). Res. 30, 1367-1 372 (1 99 1 b).

API, “Selected Values of Properties of Hydrocarbons and Related Mehrotra, A. K., “Correlation and Prediction of the Viscosity of

Compounds”, American Petroleum Institute, Research Project Pure Hydrocarbons”, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 72, 554-557 ( 1 994).

44,Thermodynamics Research Centre, Texas A&M University, Walther, C., “The Evaluation of Viscosity Data”, Erdol Teer 7,382

College Station, TX ( I 978). (1931).

THE CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, VOLUME 74, AUGUST, 1996 559

- SIM4ME ThermodynamicsUploaded byFA Ay
- ISO 3448Uploaded byzakmohdhi
- BuilderUploaded byThiago Rodrigues Alves
- Pressure Cooker ThermodynamicsUploaded byKarthick Velayutham
- Fluid Pipping - 1-10Uploaded byandytuor
- 13Fluid Mechanics 209-226Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- Viscous Liquid SoapUploaded byJavier Becerra
- GEAR TOOTH FLANK DAMAGE PREDICTION USING HIGH-CYCLE FATIGUE AND WEAR MODELSUploaded byzebrandao
- Temperature Converter Using Fortran 95Uploaded byAli Abdurrahman Sungkar
- DS 60 571 HP 1801_1802 Plate Heat ExchangerUploaded byBalasubramaniam varadharajan
- copyUploaded byRaka Barcelonista
- DEPA DiaphragmUploaded bymorizone
- American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER)Uploaded byAli Abdul-Rahman
- 12093 - Fluid Mechanics & Machinery Question PaperUploaded byaadhan
- Le SectionUploaded byPartsGopher.com
- LEsection.pdfUploaded byNino's Sulaksana
- Li et al., 2013Uploaded byDes Mshengu
- Viscosity measurements and structural properties in aqueous NiCl2 solutionsUploaded bySarala Tantirimudalige
- Ejercicio Flujo Multifasico Moreno PabloUploaded byPablo Moreno
- Basic Concepts of Fluid MechanicsUploaded byLOKESH
- 2000cc20Uploaded bytexwan_
- Chem lab 08 - 15.pdfUploaded byKram Gonzales
- Effect Residual Stress Mechanical Resistance Laminates-8pgUploaded byJhalin Gutierrez
- Paratherm - Analyzing Your FluidUploaded bySteransko
- energies-12-01390.pdfUploaded byjolamo1122916
- Biot Equations of MotionUploaded bySriram Gullapalli
- Bak LaUploaded byDaniela Joie Elauria
- 1010_1e4Uploaded byJaikishan Kumaraswamy
- Orrbital MechanicsUploaded byFunke Oni-alao
- Quiz-17Uploaded byKubi Alex

- Different Models Used in the Assessment of Specific Learning Disabilities FinalUploaded byLuisa Fernanda Hernandez
- Paper - Stator Life of a Positive Displacement Down-hole Drilling Motor - Por Majid s. Delpassand r&m Energy SystemsUploaded byJuan
- Hearts Green BirdsUploaded byRoqi Azza Bima
- Astrobiology Quiz with AnswersUploaded byNaveen Jayawardena
- Brosur symex XP-100.pdfUploaded byHari Putra Petir
- The Preaching of Islam; A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith (1896) Arnold, Thomas Walker, Sir, 1864-1930Uploaded byDavid Bailey
- 01.EGovFrame Training Book II EnUploaded byJosé León Arellano Corral
- 19Uploaded byfrancisccano714991
- epenisa 2Uploaded byapi-316852165
- Trac Nghiem IPUploaded byLiêm Trần Trọng
- lm2577 transistorUploaded byAbbas Maghazehi
- Robbins Fom9 Ppt02Uploaded byYamin Zou
- Ftre 2017 18 c Vii Paper 2 PcmUploaded byshankar.debnath6277
- D Reading ComprehensionnUploaded byzaida
- web-partUploaded bynagababumdn
- Harvey 1997-Managing Inpatriates Building AUploaded byKumar Saurabh
- Article - Zero Based BudgetingUploaded byrobgarcia08
- World GeographyUploaded byBhargavCh
- 13 Gan v. CAUploaded byKarina Garcia
- Mufon Ufo JournalUploaded bySAB78
- Astrology 580 BooksUploaded byKALSHUBH
- synopsis of job satisfaction in employees of paper millUploaded byzameer7279
- Canine Brucellosis Antibody Test Kit D-tec CbUploaded byEdson Riberio
- Dsp Notes B.techUploaded byChristopher Garcia
- Experimental Investigation of MIG Welding for ST-37 Using Design of ExperimentUploaded byIJSRP ORG
- H - Radio Communications of the Phils vs Court of AppealsUploaded bysigfridmonte
- TenebraeUploaded byAlbertBloomfield
- AutocorrelationUploaded byJenab Peteburoh
- Andrn--PowerspectraldensityapproximationsoflongitudinalroadprofilesPreprintUploaded byFábio Goedel
- b10ctsta831Uploaded byAndhi Soesilo