Vision of the Philippine Marine Corps Modernization

ur long time-honored tradition of excellence will be our guiding path as we aggressively cross the threshold of modernization. The Corps' metamorphosis shall be evident on our troops in the operational area, as the pillars of our modernization shall all congregate to shape the totality of their proficiency and relevance. Our concept of "combined arms" shall be fortified that will further firm up our stern thrust of reinforcing our current status of combat readiness and sole provider of an all-arms response team for the national leadership.

Force Restructuring and Organizational Development
Long before Republic Act 7898 was enacted into a law, the Philippine Marine Corps has envisioned its major role as a potent amphibious force based from the trends of both internal and external security landscape. The Corps strictly follow the time proven concept of "Combined Arms" as its units are tailored fit to respond to a wide spectrum of tactical operations. The present organizational structure of the Marine Corps has been designed to absorb the changes brought about by the phaseout/phase-in of assets. A major restucturing of its units is the inclusion special operations capability within the Battalion Landing Teams implemented in 2001. Other units for enhancement/activation is the Inshore Boat Company and Air Defence Company. Organizational development has been achieved that awaits the implementation of asset acquisitions under the Capability, Materiel, and Technology Development of PN Modernization as well as the changes brought about by the development of Marine Base Ternate and Marine Station Sanga-Sanga. On the other hand, the Marine Corps will experience changes in its current strength to be attuned with Republic Act 7898 that mandates the AFP to be compact, efficient, responsive and modern force with the capability to engage in conventional and/or unconventional warfare, disaster relief and rescue operations, and contribute to economic development and other nontraditional military roles. Below is the projected strength of the Philippine Marine Corps with an Officer to EP Ratio of 1:18.5.


O-10 O-9 O-8 O-7 O-6 O-5 O-4 O-3 O-2 O-1

E-9 E-8 E-7 E-6 E-5 E-4 E-3 E-2 E-1 7 26 488 932 1219 1761 1465 1182 620

1 2 25 53 79 78 98 104

Sub Total
Aggregate Total Civilian


8140 61

Human Resource Development
The Philippine Marine Corps envisions having highly disciplined, professional, focused, skilled, and well-motivated Marines who are patriotic, service and people-oriented, environment advocates, and, capable of accomplishing its mission. The Marine Corps shall exhaust resources with in its reach to address related issues namely: Procurement, Training, Career Management, Retirement, Promotion, Remuneration, Personnel, Cultural Values, Reservist, and, Environment. In accordance with HPN guidance, tabulated below are the measures and corresponding policies that the Marine Corps will undertake for the optimal realization of its human resource development.
HR REQUIREMENTS 1. Procurement



 Widen recruitment base

 Treat personnel procurement as a
major investment

2. Training

 Strengthen training

development and capabilities officers. skills.

 Rationalize the selection of candidates
for schooling

 Pursue specialization of  Conduct periodic upgrading of  Establish performance
validation system.

 Emphasize unit/team training

 Cut short the learning curve
brought by technology qualified instructors

 Sourcing and Pooling of

3. Career Management

 Create Personnel Data Base  Train Personnel Officers  Review/validate Fields of
Specialization (FOS)

 Management of careers must be
comprehensive garrison duty

 Implement rotation policy for field and  Pre-qualify personnel for assignment  Implement selective enlistment/reenlistment

4. Retirement

 Strengthen performanceevaluation system

 Create Personnel Data Base  Provide early retirement

 Design livelihood programs  Timely release of retirement benefits

5. Promotion

 Establish Testing Centers·  Enhance library capabilities

 Promote qualified personnel

and provide review materials

6. Remuneration

 Strengthen discipline, law and
order procedures and rewards

 Adopt quality management and

 Provide appropriate incentives

7. Personnel

 Develop and implement

physical fitness/mental health programs

 Observe Annual Physical

Examination/Physical Test requirements

8. Cultural Values

 Integrate desired

culture/values in training programs

 Institutionalize and internalize PN

9. Reservist

 Conduct mobilization  Test operability

 Operate, train, equip, and maintain

reservist for peace time, wartime, crisis and emergency roles

10. Environment

 Active participation in

environment related activities

 Provide knowledge and skills regarding
protection of environment

Capability, Materiel, and Technology Development
The development of a naval defense capability is one of the set objectives of Republic Act No. 7898 that involves the development of amphibious warfare capabilities for the Philippine Marine Corps. The archipelagic nature of the Philippines is a fertile ground for the development of a potent amphibious force that can respond to any crisis at short notice. Due to a sudden security turmoil brought about by economic, political, and social disturbances that plagued not only the Philippines but also the entire region, the implementation of the long sought AFP Modernization Program (AFPMP) was delayed. The delay of the AFPMP gave birth to a renewed focus from external defense to internal defense manifested by the Republic Act No. 8551 reverting back Internal Security Operations (ISO) to the Armed Forces of the Philippines. After four years of marching in place, the AFPMP finally made its first stride of implementation with the release of the P5.484 B that represents the share of the Armed Forces of the Philippines from the sale of military camps. Associated with the P5.484B is the Reprioritized List (RPL) for the AFPMP with front-loaded ISO items that can be procured off-the-shelf and do not require multi-year contracts. The Philippine Navy was allocated a total amount of P1.576B of which the amount of P110.5M was allocated to the Philippine Marine Corps. With this allocation, the following items representing the mobility, firepower, and communication (move-shoot-communicate) requirements of the Marine Corps under its capability development:

 81 mm Mortar  Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW)  Grenade Launcher (GL)


 HF SSB 20W  VHF 5W (MP)  VHF 2W (HH)  Night Vision Goggles

The RPL is only a glimpse of the entire capability development of the PMC Modernization. Should the AFPMP takes full speed ahead, the Marine Corps is scheduled for armor assets upgrades and acquisition that will all be realized with in a time frame of ten (10) years. Shown below are the normal schedules of PMC capability development:

PROJECT V-150/V-300 Upgrade in mobility, firepower, C2 & survivability Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAV) Acquisition

1-5 YEARS 5 6

6-10 YEARS 14 4

TOTAL 19 10

Doctrines Development
Doctrines development under the AFP Modernization Program (AFPMP) made its headway from the pronouncement of its Commander In Chief during on the occasion of the 104th AFP Day. Doctrines are principles and concepts that are accepted as valid, and are taught and institutionalized, regarding the organization and employment of forces for general as well as specific purpose. The numerous achievements of the Marine Corps in its more than five decades of providing a dependable force for the national government can be attributed to the kind of training that every individual Marines acquires in boot camp. However, the training essentials were never institutionalized. Hence, the Marine Corps deem vital the development of sound doctrines. To effectively address doctrines development, the Marine Corps has established a system with the publication a primer - the Philippine Marine Corps Modernization for Doctrines Development Revised Series, published 06 August 2001, the contents of which are generally in consonance with higher headquarters' intents and purposes. PMC Doctrines development projects are classified into two categories namely: Revision of doctrines affected by new capability; and, Formulation of new doctrines based new and future threats. Shown below are the PMC doctrines development projects under the AFPMP:

Riverine and Inshore Operations PHLFLT and PMC FORMULATION Maneuver Warfare Doctrine Joint Fleet-Marine Operations NETC, PHLFLT, PMC PHLFLT and PMC

The Marine Corps went beyond the set limits of the doctrines development under the AFPMP with its firm resolve of institutionalizing its long cherished tradition of excellence. The Marine Corps pooled the time-tested concepts and lessons learned from previous campaigns to come up with doctrines that shall guide commanders on the ground. A major doctrine formulation effort of the Corps is based on the archipelagic setting of the Philippines that dictates a Fleet-Marine doctrine which will serve as the overall concept for the country's maritime external/internal defence needs and further emphasizing the Manines unique "amphibious skills" and the "manuever from the sea" of the Fleet.

DOCTRINE TITLE Ready Force Operations Personnel Support Marine Intelligence Operations Combat Support Operations Logistics Marine Light Armor Operations

STATUS For Test and Evaluation On-going Development On-going Development On-going Development On-going Development For Test and Evaluation

Marine Field Artillery Operations For Test and Evaluation Scout Sniper Operations Marine Tri-Media Affairs Education and Training Capability Development Doctrine Development Human Resource Development Bases Development For Test and Evaluation On-going Development On-going Development For Test and Evaluation For Test and Evaluation On-going Development On-going Development

Other doctrines projected for development can be found in the Primer for the Philippine Marine Corps Modernization for Doctrines Development Revised Series dated 06 August 2001.

Bases and Support Systems Development
Republic Act No. 7898 paved the way for the Philippine Marine Corps to develop a permanent base that the Corps can truly claim as its own.
PROJECT Marine Base Ternate LOCATION Cavite TIMELINE 2000-2012 2010-2015

Marine Station Sanga-Sanga Tawi-Tawi

Marine Base Ternate that used to be the Calumpang Point Naval Reservation was originally declared as a U.S. Military Reservation on 17 April 1902 under U.S. War Department General Order No. 56. It was turned over by the U.S. Government to the Philippines and proclaimed as a Military Reservation on 20 November 1967 under Presidential Proclamation No. 307 with an area of 2,897.3112 Hectares. On 06 September 1976, Presidential Proclamation No. 1582-A amended PP No. 307 reducing the area to 808.999 Hectares. The natural landscape of Marine Base Ternate offers an excellent breeding ground as it duplicates the traditional operating environment of the Marine Corps. On the other hand, Marine Station Sanga-Sanga is a 10-hectares estate located in the in the Province of Tawi-Tawi that was donated to the Marine Corps. These bases will serve as launching areas for the conduct of naval and joint operations. Fundamental concerns that will be addressed by the development of these bases are the logistics, training, communications, medical and other support systems associated with Marine Operations. Facilities that will further develop the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual dimensions of every individual Marine shall stand as landmarks of these bases. Ecology will not be altered, as development shall be made following the existing terrain.