Grammar Pattern 1: Yes/No Questions

[Note: Use the first question word in your answer!] Pronunciation Practice - Repeat each question and answer out loud!
1. Do you have a pet? Yes, we do. / No, we don't. 2. Does she like to study? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 3. Did you see it? Yes, we did. / No, we didn't. 4. Can you speak English well? Yes, we can. / No, we can't. 5. Is she from here? Yes, she is. / No, she isn't. 6. Are you from a big city? Yes, we are. / No, we aren't. 7. Are they going to come? Yes, they are. / No, they aren't. 8. Will you go with us? Yes, we will. / No, we won't. 9. Were you at home last night? Yes, I was. / No, I wasn't.

Grammar Pattern 2: W Questions
["W" word + part of "Yes/No" Question] Model Sentence: What languages can you speak?

Grammar Pattern 3: Basic "How" Questions
Model Sentence: How do you study English now?

Grammar Pattern 4: How much / How long / How many
Model Sentence How many English sentences do you know?

Grammar Pattern 5: Tag Questions
Model Sentence This is a good book, isn't it?

Grammar Pattern 6: Simple Polite Questions
(Use these sentences only in special situations. They are not so useful for conversations.)

Model Sentence Would you like to have some coffee?

Grammar Pattern 7: Longer Polite Questions
(Use these sentences only in special situations. They are not so useful for conversations.) Model Sentence Would you like to go out for a drink after work?

Grammar Pattern 8: Conditional Questions
(These questions use "would" and "could" but they are NOT polite questions! Instead, they are questions about "possibilities". These questions are VERY good for starting interesting conversations.) Model Sentence Would you like to travel to the moon some day?

Grammar Pattern 9: "Have you ever...?"
(This is one of the best ways to start interesting conversations in English! Learn them well, listen for your speaking partner's answer. Finally ask follow-up questions to keep on talking on any topic in English.) Model Sentence Have you ever been to China?

Grammar Pattern 10: Questions with "Which"
(This is a good pattern when you want to know your speaking partner's choice or what he/she likes. After you hear your partner's answer, you can ask another question to "follow up". Have fun!) Model Sentence Which do you like better, fish or meat?

Grammar Pattern 16 Past Sentences with "be" + "ing" Model Sentence We were eating dinner last night at this time.Grammar Pattern 11 Simple Sentences with "Be" (am / is / are) Model Sentence We are not from this city. Grammar Pattern 15 Simple Sentences with "be" + "ing" Model Sentence We are studying English now. . Grammar Pattern 14 Past Sentences with "Had" Model Sentence I had a yellow bicycle. Grammar Pattern 12 Past Sentences with "Be" (was / were) Model Sentence We were hungry last night. Grammar Pattern 13 Simple Sentences with "Have" (or "Has") Model Sentence We have a little money.

Grammar Pattern 17 Noun + Verb + Noun Model Sentence My sister enjoys tennis. Grammar Pattern 20 Noun + Verb + Verb + Noun Model Sentence She can speak Japanese. This is another very basic pattern. You should try to say it as easily as your own name! Be careful to add an "s" after most verbs if the first noun is "he" or "she". Got it? Grammar Pattern 18 Longer Noun + Verb + Noun Model Sentence My younger brother Sam drinks beer. Grammar Pattern 19 Noun + Verb + Longer Noun Model Sentence This is my favorite book. Grammar Pattern 21 Noun + Verb + "to" + Verb + Noun Model Sentence He likes to sleep late. Grammar Pattern 22 Noun + Verb + "ing" + Verb + Noun . We say "I enjoy" but "She enjoys".

Grammar Pattern 28 Long Noun + Long Verb + Adjective or Adverb Model Sentence A yellow bird was flying quickly across the sky. Grammar Pattern 25 Noun + Verb + Manner Model Sentence My students are learning quickly. . Grammar Pattern 24 Noun + Verb + Time or Place Model Sentence Next month is summer. Grammar Pattern 27 Long Noun + Long Verb Model Sentence The 25-year-old man in the park is trying to fly a kite.Model Sentence She remembers dancing under the stars! Grammar Pattern 23 Noun + Verb + Adjective Model Sentence We are very busy. Grammar Pattern 26 Noun + Verb + Long Phrase Model Sentence She asked me when the movie would begin.

Grammar Pattern 33 There was / There were Model Sentence There was a big storm last night. Grammar Pattern 35 English Determiners . Grammar Pattern 31 Noun + Verb + Long Noun + Place Model Sentence I saw a very interesting show in the theater. Grammar Pattern 30 Noun + Place + Verb + Noun or Adjective Model Sentence A hungry dog in the street is looking for food.Grammar Pattern 29 Noun + Verb + Noun + Movement Model Sentence The boss gave some advice to his workers. Grammar Pattern 34 English Articles Model Sentence A man jumped into the river. Grammar Pattern 32 There is / There are Model Sentence There is a big dog in front of the house. Who was the man?.

Grammar Pattern 39 Comparing Things in English Model Sentence Their car is more powerful than my car is.Model Sentence Those two cars belong to this company. Grammar Pattern 37 Either / Neither / Too / So Model Sentence They don't agree and neither do I! Grammar Pattern 38 Comparing Actions in English Model Sentence They must work harder. English Grammar Pattern 40 Comparing Three or More Things in English Model Sentence That book is the most interesting book in our house English Grammar Pattern 41 Noun + "Be" + Adjectives . Grammar Pattern 36 English Sentences with "it" Model Sentence It is very cloudy today. OR He can read more quickly than me.

soft and tasty.Model Sentence The bread was warm. English Grammar Pattern 42 Noun + Place + "Be" + Adjectives Model Sentence The people in the car were hot and tired. English Grammar Pattern 47 Adverbs with "When" Model Sentence We like to wake up when the sun rises. English Grammar Pattern 48 Adjectives with "Who" . English Grammar Pattern 43 Long Nouns with Question Words Model Sentence "Whoever smiles first is the loser!" OR "The loser is whoever smiles first!" English Grammar Pattern 44 Question + Preposition + Noun Model Sentence "What's the reason for doing it this way? English Grammar Pattern 45 Very Long Noun + Verb Model Sentence A bicycle with blue handlebars and a red seat almost hit me! English Grammar Pattern 46 Modified Adjectives Model Sentence That's a truly wonderful story.

English Grammar Pattern 54 "Be going to" + Verb + Time .. English Grammar Pattern 53 "Will be" + Verb + Time Model Sentence Our company will be closed during the holiday. English Grammar Pattern 49 "Do you think.?" Model Sentence Do you think they can win the game? English Grammar Pattern 50 "What do you think.Model Sentence A good friend is a person who will help you in difficult times.?" Model Sentence What do you think is the best type of music? English Grammar Pattern 51 Sentence + "but" + Reason Model Sentence We stopped by your home last night but you may have already gone to bed. English Grammar Pattern 52 "Be afraid" + "that" + Sentence Model Sentence I'm afraid that I can't help you this time....

Model Sentence Are you going to take a vacation next month? English Grammar Pattern 55 Noun + Verb + Adverb + Time or Place Model Sentence My dog plays enthusiastically in the morning. English Grammar Pattern 56 Past Questions with "How" Model Sentence How far did you walk yesterday? English Grammar Pattern 57 Longer Questions with "Be" + "ing" Model Sentence What will you be doing when you are 65 years old? English Grammar Pattern 58 Longer Past Questions Model Sentence Why did you start to learn English so seriously? English Grammar Pattern 59 Basic Sentence + Place or Time or Both Model Sentence We want to find a teacher near our home next year. . English Grammar Pattern 60 Have + "decided to" Model Sentence We have decided to move to another city.

Use this pattern with "Hope" when you believe something will really happen or can realistically happen." + Long Noun Model Sentence Have you heard of a story about people lost on an island? English Grammar Pattern 64 Do you know + if (or whether) + Noun + Verb + Long Noun Model Sentence Do you know if we can connect to the Internet from here? English Grammar Pattern 65 Using "Hope" with real possibilities Model Sentence We hope we can come here again next week. This sentence pattern uses "Hope" with real possibilities and is different from Grammar Pattern 66 which uses "Wish" with unrealistic possibilities...." + Sentence Model Sentence I heard that the Earth will come to an end in 2020.English Grammar Pattern 61 "Have you ever.... English Grammar Pattern 66 Using "Wish" with unreal possibilities ." + Desire or Hope or Experience Model Sentence Have you ever travelled on a ship? English Grammar Pattern 62 "I heard (that). English Grammar Pattern 63 "Have you heard of.

because anything is possible.Model Sentence I wish I could play the piano well enough to perform on stage! This sentence pattern uses "Wish" with UNreal possibilities. we will learn how to use various English past participles that show a past event's effect on a decision in the present.".. Use this pattern with "Wish" when you do not believe something will really happen or if it cannot realistically happen. In a negative situation. do NOT use "ever". in answers. You can use this sentence pattern to give reasons." or "I haven't. Reminder: You can use "ever" in a question. English Grammar Pattern 67 used "been" to describe situations that continue from the past until now..... English Grammar Pattern 67 "Have you always" + Verb + Adjective or Verb or Noun Model Sentence (1) Have you always (2) been (3) such a good student? English Grammar Pattern 68 (1) "Have" + (2) Past Participle + (3) Noun + (4) Result Model Sentence (1) I've already (2) visited (3) that museum.. (4) Let's not go there now. Simply answer "I have. explanations and excuses. In English Grammar Pattern 68." plus the long verb. Use this pattern when you are just dreaming! It is different from Grammar Pattern 65 which uses "Hope" with realistic possibilities. However. English Grammar Pattern 69 (1) "Have you ever" + (2) Long Verb Model Sentence (1) Have you ever (2) dreamed you were flying in a space ship? English Grammar Pattern 69 is good for learning more about your conversation partner's experiences and memories. English Grammar Pattern 70 (1) "Have been" + (2) "ing" + (3) Time Model Sentence (1) We've been (2) waiting (3) for over three hours! . you can emphasize your answer by saying "I've never.

. you (3) might get a (4) stomachache.English Grammar Pattern 71 (1) "Have been" + (2) Adjective + (3) Time Model Sentence (1) I've been (2) worried about you (3) for a long time. This pattern expresses how long a feeling or situation has been going on. English Grammar Pattern 71 is similar to Grammar Pattern 70 except that we use an adjective instead of "ing". Do NOT use this for feelings or situations that may change suddenly. it (3) might be (4) a good idea to see a doctor.(1) "Had" + (2) Past Participle + (3) Past Model Sentence I (1) had already (2) eaten a big meal before they (3) invited me to dinner. English Grammar Pattern 75 If + Sentence + Might be + Long Noun Model Sentence (1) If (2) you feel sick. English Grammar Pattern 74 "If" + Verb + "Might" + Noun Model Sentence (1) If you (2) eat too much. English Grammar Pattern 73 Negative Past Event + Positive Past Event (1) "Had not" + (2) Past Participle + (3) Past Model Sentence She (1) hadn't (2) studied English since she (3) started her new job last month. English Grammar Pattern 72 Describing Two Past Events .

Use for with have been or the future tense plus how long (how much time).plus a time or a day. Conversation using For A: Hi Bob. Alice. Use since with have been plus a time or a day. Step 2: Learn How to Use Use until with the future tense (usually) .English Grammar Pattern 76 (1) "Might" + (2) Verb A + (3) "Might" + (4) Verb B Model Sentence I (1) might (2) buy a car next month or I (3) might (4) save my money for a trip. d) They will stay for one more hour. Step 3: Learn Sample Conversations Conversation using Since A: How long have you lived here.will or be going to . Until and For to Show Continuation a) She has been here since 2 o'clock. I have only been here for a few minutes. Learn Key Sentences c) They have been here for two and a half hours. Step 1: b) We will be here until 4 o'clock. Learn English Grammar in 3 easy steps! Since. sorry to keep you waiting B: That's okay. Mary? B: I've lived here since June 1st. Conversation using Until or For .

is that right? B: Yes. it will probably rain tomorrow. They are predicting an 80% chance of rain. then I will definitely stay home. you will stay until next Sunday. I'm sure of it! Step 2: Learn How to Use a) Maybe is the same as perhaps or might but perhaps is more formal and might is more informal. Conversation using Maybe. I don't really know yet! b) I will probably finish at 6:30. A: According to the weather report.A: So. Probably. c) We will certainly succeed. It is less than 100% but more than maybe. they both mean 100%. b) I will probably do something means the same as I am pretty sure I will do it. Using Maybe. or I might stay home and watch a DVD. Maybe I'll go for a bike ride. B: Well. Probably and Certainly A: What are your plans for the weekend? Step 3: Learn Sample Conversations B: I'm not sure. it it does rain. c) Certainly and surely are the same. and Certainly Step 1: Learn Key Sentences a) Maybe I will go home early today or maybe I'll work late. we will be here for just ten days. .

you will learn to use these kinds of phrases naturally and easily. slim boy  a tall.adding details  boy  a boy  a tall boy  a tall. slim boy with black hair  a tall.Learn English Grammar Noun Phrases Students must move beyond single words and start to use longer and longer phrases Example 1 . slim boy with long black hair Example 2 . By reading and listening to English as often as you can. Good luck! .giving more information      a girl a girl who likes basketball a girl who is good at basketball a girl who is quite good at basketball a girl who is quite good at shooting a basketball Learn Noun Phrases in Context There are many kinds of noun phrases.

we could go to see a movie. d) To talk about a possibility (using if and a past tense verb) Step 3: Learn Sample Conversations Conversation using Could A: I really enjoy the way you play the piano! B: Thanks. I could play the piano a little. c) To make a suggestion. Step 2: Learn How to Use Could can be used in four ways: a) As the past of can. . I could (d) teach you. I've been practicing for many years. What do you think? d) If we had time. but now I'm too busy at work. Can you play a musical instrument? A: No. b) To make a polite question. Could (b) you teach me? A: If I had the time. please? c) We could go to a Chinese restaurant. b) Could you close the window.Four Ways to Use Could Step 1: Learn Key Sentences a) When I was a child. When I was a child. I could (a) play a little. but not now. Maybe in the future I'll have more time.

I walked to school yesterday.B: I have an idea! I could (c) help you with your math homework. It could (d) work! English Verb Tenses The seven tenses in blue are the most common. I walk to school every day. He is walking to school now. so learn them first. I will walk to school next Tuesday. You will use these almost every day. with emphasis on the second one. A: That's a good idea. then another action happens more quickly. Past Tenses Simple Continuous "Perfect" Perfect Continuous Sample Sentences: • Present Tenses walk am walking have walked have been walking Future Tenses will walk will be walking will have walked will have been walking walked was walking had walked had been walking 1) Simple Tenses describe actions that are only one moment in time. • 2) Continuous Tenses describe actions that continue. I was walking to school last Friday when it suddenly started to rain. and you could (c) teach me the piano. • 3) Perfect Tenses describe TWO moments in time. so you will be able to find me easily. . I will be walking to school this time next week. but you can find him if you hurry.

I had walked halfway to school before I remembered that I didn't have my books. could or past tense forms of other verbs. I have always walked to school. Then we can go skiing. I will have walked a total of 300 kilometers! • 4) Perfect Continuous Tenses describe actions that continue between TWO moments in time. Russian and Japanese.I am a person NOW who walks. [This is not possible. I have been walking to school since I was 6 years old. at least not now. Step 3: Learn Sample Conversations Conversation using Hope A: I hope it will snow tomorrow. [This is possible.] c) I wish I could speak German. B: The weather report says it might rain. not snow. . Wish goes with helping verbs such as would. I had already been walking halfway to school when I remembered that I left my book at home. at least for me!] d) She wishes she had a better job. Hope goes together with helping verbs such as will or can or to be. When I finish high school. too.] Step 2: Learn How to Use Use hope when you want something and you think it is really possible. Use wish when you want something but you do not think it is possible. not drives or takes a bus or rides a bicycle. [This is possible!] Step 1: Learn Key Sentences b) I hope we will go home early today. [But she does not.) By the time the year is over. (Emphasis is not spoken! It is on the experience I have now . I will have been walking to school for 12 years! How to Use Hope and Wish a) I hope I can learn English well.

but sometimes we use it to mean "too much" when we are a little bit angry . Sometimes. f) I will never leave you. Rarely. How often? Using Never. e) Always should be 100% of the time.. you could make a lot of money. so you will always have a friend! Step 2: Learn How to Use We usually use these "adverbs of frequency" with a present tense verb. c) Sometimes might mean 20% of the is not so clear! d) Often means many times. Step 1: c) We sometimes go to the cinema. so it could be between 1% and 20% of the time. especially always and never. but not very often. Sometimes. we use these adverbs to talk about the future.A: Well. Learn Key Sentences d) She often visits us on the weekend. e) They always ask us before they borrow one of our books. I don't even like the smell of it! b) He rarely finishes work before 6:30.. Often and Always a) I never drink coffee. a) Use never when something is done 0% of the time.) A: Too bad it's raining today. b) Rarely means not very often. A: If you had a snow machine."You're always . or 80% of the time . B: I wish I had a snow machine. I hope the weather report is wrong! Conversation using Wish (One day later. as in example (f) above. so it could be around 50% or more of the time.

asking me for money. . Stop it!" Conversation using adverbs of frequency Step 3: Learn Sample Conversations A: Do you often come to this restaurant? B: Two years ago. but now I'm too busy. I would always come here on Sundays. I rarely eat here more than once a month. Are there any restaurants you like to go to? A: I sometimes have lunch at a restaurant at my office but I never eat there on weekends.

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