FCE Use of English

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Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation
1) Comparative/Superlative

........ It's the most beautiful painting I've ever seen.................. 3.................... SEEN I ................... 2............... MORE The course ...... 6... DANGEROUS This car ...... 4...................... You must use between two and five words.. For Questions 1-8.................... BETTER You ... complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given.... me....... er/as ... 8.... as or too/enough often appear in this exercise..... HARD This exercise .................. we had to leave a tip. The food was so good we had to leave a tip.............. ........... SUCH It ........ I'm not as good at maths as you......... money to buy the computer........ The course wasn't as easy as I'd expected............. 7......... This car isn't safe enough to drive... the last one................. drive. 5..... The computer was too expensive for me to buy.....Structures like so/such ..... © COPYRIGHT Flo-Joe 2000............ COOL Last summer . I'd expected................... beautiful painting........ 1. This exercise is easier than the last one... this year....... ENOUGH I ...... Do not change the word given......... This summer has been much cooler than last year... All rights reserved.

.. You must use between two and five words........... the news by now....Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation 2) Passive/Active Changes from active to passive or passive to active are often required. the regulations................. ... 4. 2.......... 8... yet... The police have cancelled the demonstration... HAVE I ...................... They will have given him the news by now... 7....... We haven't arranged a date for the wedding yet......... Steve definitely didn't write that essay... The examiner tells candidates the regulations at the beginning of the exam....... Did we send that letter to Mr Thomas? WAS Do you know if .......... by the police.... 5.......... WRITTEN That essay ......................... For Questions 1-8.. IS ...... by Steve............ TOLD He . All rights reserved................. complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given........... to Mr Thomas? 3......................... by the garage on the corner........... BEEN A date for the wedding ........ Experts estimate that most people now have access to the Internet...... TOLD At the beginning of the exam candidates ... most people now have access to the Internet........................................ The garage on the corner usually repairs my car........ 1............... © COPYRIGHT Flo-Joe 2000........................................ HAS The demonstration . Do not change the word given............................... 6............

................................................. You must use between two and five words....... DENIED The boy ....... For Questions 1-8............................................ my homework........... that evening.. KNOW He . what my name was.. 'You must do your homework tonight..' said the boy.. 'I didn't break the window................' Keith promised............. 8.. All rights reserved................ 'Why don't you come this evening?' SUGGESTED She ...............' he told me. ...... 3..... TOLD The teacher .............. 1... 5. 6..... complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given...... really tired.................' he told her.............. SAID He . night. 2.. might be late... 7... 'You look really tired.............................. Do not change the word given.......................... 'What do you think of the college?' ASKED She ...................... 'I might be late for... 'I'll call you later tonight.......... 'What's your name?' he asked.............. WOULD Keith promised that ........................... the window 4......... INFORMED He ..Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation 3) Direct and Indirect Speech You are sometimes asked to transform a sentence from direct speech to indirect speech or from indirect to direct speech...... of the college... © COPYRIGHT Flo-Joe 2000.....................' the teacher said.........

. all the questions on the examination paper...... © COPYRIGHT Flo-Joe 2000. book a table at the restaurant.......... HAVE You .... Perhaps we missed the correct turning... He couldn't swim until he was in his twenties.... 6......... NEED We ................................. ANSWERED You .......................................Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation 4) Auxiliary Verbs You will often find questions that test your knowledge of auxiliary verbs like 'will'. . 8...... Do not change the word given........................ ABLE He .. 'have'. OUGHT You ........... You were expected to answer all the questions on the exam paper.......... a suit for the interview...... MIGHT We ............. HAVE I ... 1..... You must use between two and five words..... 7............... complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given....... 'must' etc.................... until he was in his twenties. For Questions 1-8... to the office as it was my day off....... 3... They will expect you to wear a suit for the interview.................. a doctor.... ALLOWED You .............. I went to the office then remembered it was my day off... the correct turning............................... in here.... 2................ I'm afraid you can't smoke in here................... We got a table at the restaurant without a reservation... 4... I'd see a doctor if I were you....... 5........... All rights reserved..............................

.................................. WERE If .......... You never enter competitions so you'll never win anything.... complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given........ 3................. you if I thought you weren't interested....... 2........ 5....................... MIGHT If you entered competions ............................ MIGHT I . WERE If .................... the washing up.......... I've been so happy since I met you............. speak to the manager first...... LONG I'll organise the party .... you wouldn't be so tired.... If you do the washing up I'll make the coffee.......... Your tired because you keep staying up late.. I think it would be a good idea to speak to the manager first............... Do not change the word given.. 8...Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation 5) Conditionals Any type of conditional sentence is likely to appear in this part of Paper 3.................. something.............. arrange the food......... 4........ 6..... PROVIDED I'll make the coffee ...... ............. I only told you because I thought you would be interested............. © COPYRIGHT Flo-Joe 2000................. 1........................... TOLD I ...................... The reason I haven't got much money is because they didn't give me promotion. All rights reserved........ so happy if I hadn't met you.......................... You must use between two and five words......... 7..... POOR If they had given me promotion I .................. now... to bed earlier....................... For Questions 1-8.......... I won't organise the party unless you arrange the food..........

increased 4..... complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given............................... You must use between two and five words................... THOUGH He acts .... the President of the company.. 'I wish ..................... SOONER I would .................... .................. so expensive...............'............................... © COPYRIGHT Flo-Joe 2000.......... Do not change the word given........................ 2................ WISH I ...... It will be better for you to come alone.... 5..'...Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation 6) 'Unreal' Pasts You will sometimes find sentences using 'If only ... Cathy 6.. I'd love to know how John is getting on.......... 3........... I'd rather . I'd prefer you to get home early tonight.......... how John was getting on.... All rights reserved................ I regret not inviting Cathy to the party.. You should take an umbrella with you....................' etc that require the use of past tenses........... 7... RATHER I ...... on your own.. KNEW I ............................. It's a pity the car is so expensive.............. For Questions 1-8... 1......... He behaves like the President of the company........... ONLY If ....................... I think taxes should be increased........ BETTER You ......... 8... an umbrella with you. home early tonight......... TIME It .

..... USED I .............. for the job..................... 7........ Meeting John in town was really surprising....... I hated driving on the left at first but now it's OK............. All rights reserved. Do not change the word given................. REMEMBER You must .... EXPECT I .... It's really important that you pay the bill today.... Don't bother to apply for the job.. I'll help you with your homework... 4.... 5... the beginners class...... the bill today................... SUGGEST I ......................... WENT She ..... complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given........ you with your homework.......... 6........... a successful business woman.................................................. MIND I ................ on the left now.............. For Questions 1-8............................ 1..... In the future she became a successful business woman. ..................................... John in town.............. 2........................................... Were you successful in passing the exam? MANAGE Did ........... POINT There .. 3....Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation 7) Verb Patterns You knowledge of verb patterns such as gerund and infinitive is frequently tested. 8............ You must use between two and five words.............. the exam? © COPYRIGHT Flo-Joe 2000... I think it would be a good idea if you joined the beginner's class...........

......... 5................... Why don't you start doing a sport? TAKE Have you thought about ...... complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given........Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation 8 Phrasal Verbs Sentences requiring phrasal verbs often appear in this section...... His parents raised him very strictly............................... I don't think they should abolish military service............... UP His parents .......... I'm really excited about the holiday.................. OFF They have . The bomb exploded early this morning OFF The bomb ..... © COPYRIGHT Flo-Joe 2000.......... the wedding.. 3.............. All rights reserved......... ..................... very strictly................... early this morning... the number of sweets I eat........ 1...... I've got to reduce the amount of sweets I eat....... military service............................. They've cancelled the wedding............................................. AWAY They shouldn't ............ 7. . My host family will let you stay with us............ the holiday..... UP My host family will .. 8.... Do not change the word given............. LOOKING I ........ For Questions 1-8. You must use between two and five words. 2... 6.................................................... DOWN I must ................. a sport? 4.................

.. FORBIDDEN I'm afraid .............. (Noun to verb + verb change) I'm sorry but you must not smoke here.. (Reported speech + verb change) 'I don't share your views on capital punishment' he said. 7.. (Passive to active + phrasal verb) Loans must be repayed in full............................... INTO Our house ..................... (Passive + phrasal verb) Thieves have burgled our house.............. AGREE He told me ... amongst businesses about interest rates........................ 5...................... BACK You .................. redundancies this year......... For Questions 1-8. CONCERN There ... NUMBER There has been a rise .................. complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given........................ (Verb change + verb form) Did you manage to convince him? IN Did you ..... for example changing active to passive AND using a phrasal verb. him? .... (Verb change + verb form) I don't think it's a good idea to get married too early......... too early..... IN I don't ................. 8........... all the money... 4....... (Preposition x 2) There have been more redundancies this year than before....... 1................. 3......... here........... (Passive + change from adjective to noun) Businesses are said to be worried about interest rates. my views on capital punishment.. Do not change the word given.................. 2.......... 6....................... You must use between two and five words............Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation 9) Practice In the exam you may have to make TWO changes to the sentence............

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