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Mushrooming NGOs/INGOs and Questions

Raj Kumar Yadav Lecturer, St. Xavier’s College, Kathmandu

Non government organization aid is motherhood. There are number of examples in the world where the aid has improved societies. It has transformed community from traditional mode to modern way of life. Whether it is in the matters of disaster or development, NGO’s aid has covered all spheres of life of the people in developing and underdeveloped countries. So, who could deny it? Who could be against it? Though history shows that in a Bangladeshi Village, wells designed to benefit the poorest farmers become the property of the village’s richest landlords. In Haiti, food for work projects intended to help the landless poor end up lining the pockets of the village elite. In Indonesia, rural electricity that was supposed to create new jobs actually destroyed the livelihood of tens of thousands of poor women. True in fact but sad to say NGOs in Nepal have also dominated the human life in many ways. Today the NGO activities could be observed in a variety of degree. We have witnessed that these NGOs are quite smart in the development and production of social problems. Here, if one says there are some people in this industry to be paid for emergence and in translating the contemporary problems in new dimensions; then it would not be a matter of surprise. In Nepal all non government organizations are monitored by the Social Welfare Council (SWC) if they wish to get foreign fund. SWC, being established in 1978 has immense role in the monitoring and evaluation of these organizations. Provisions have been made that none of the organizations can work without prior permission of SWC in terms of foreign aid. In last 32 years SWC has given a numbers of affiliations which could be categorized into the following:

One could ask what are vested interests behind the establishment of these NGOs. Annual growth chart of NGOs affiliated with SWC (2009) Here we observe that how there is rapid growth in NGOs in Nepal. where they are? What they are doing? What kind of structural changes they have brought about in the societies? These are major questions to be asked at this juncture. Have they emerged out of public / community interest or motivated by self gain? If this is the case of annual growth.Fig 1. .

Fig 2. there are 223 INGOs which have an agreement with SWC (2009). Yet. have to commit to spend at least $100000 per year for their . HIV/AIDS and Drugs abuse control. moral development. youth services. NGOs affiliated with SWC (2009) by sector Non government organizations seem to be working on all kinds of issues. handicapped and disabled services. It sounds nice that organizations have adopted the social problems with a holistic approach. community and rural development services. women services. we can categories sectors in the following-child welfare. educational development. environmental protection. health services. INGOs for a formal agreement with the SWC. to what extent are they to solve social problems? How many problems are solved so that the community people could realize satisfying lives? Are NGOs able to transform the stereotype attitude of people which is the root cause of many problems? In addition. However.

Despite of these many organizations.respective development activities. this is responsibility of all concerned bodies including the government of Nepal to answer these queries. there has been inadequate change in the development arena. labor and planning? • Do the NGOs/INGOs new skills and information remain only with the leaders or should it be transformed to the community? • Should there be participatory approach in the identification of problems. through the intervention of outside experts. They are:• Whose project is that? Is it donor agency’s and NGOs’ or does it instigate with the people involved? • Do the projects of these organizations reinforce the economic and political position of a certain group. In the name of development it seems that people have been cheated and the original beneficiaries have been denied to get justice in systematic manner. crafting a more affluent enclave which then becomes resistant to change that might abolish its privileges or does it generate a shift in power to the powerless? • Do the NGOs/INGOs focus only on the needs of individuals or does it help individuals who are now powerless to see their common interest with others who are exploited? • Does the project merely help individuals fiddle with their exploitation by such external forces as the national and the international market or does it promote an understanding of that exploitation and resistance to it? • Does the NGOs/INGOs. Moreover. setting objectives. The social milieu is not favorable for the community and they have been living in chaos. Further this amount does not include the other funds such as individual donors. reports and proposals of such organizations. Thus I believe with full awareness and consciousness that. the activities are increasing disparities between needy and NGOs/INGOs personnel wherein only few elite have been benefited. The concept of marginalization to mainstream has remained only a slogan in documents. take away local initiative or do they generate a process of democratic decision making and a thrust towards self reliance? • Will success be measured by the realization of objectives set by the organizations or must it be process oriented and progressive nature of the society? • Should the organization create dependency among people of community or it should generate and integrate local unity. This entire analysis motivates us to raise several questions. every year there is regulation of $22300000 in Nepal. intervention or there should be bureaucratic nature of planning by these organizations? . This means.

• Is the evaluation a one way process by which. the donor judges the recipient’s performance or is it a multi way dialogue in which the recipients also evaluate the funder and together the project? To conclude. just by mushrooming the organizations in the nation. it is clear that all the organizations must be accountable in responding to these questions. We cannot achieve our goal for humanism and for better quality of lives (popular statement of NGOs/INGOs). F .