CJPME’s

VOTE 2011 ELECTIONS GUIDE

CJPME Guide to Canada‘s Federal Election
2011 Edition
Assembled by Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East

© Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East

April 18, 2011

Dear Voter, The Canadian federal election campaign is underway and elections will be held Monday, May 2. This provides Canadians with a genuine opportunity to ensure that Canada‘s elected decision-makers will contribute to justice and peace in the Middle East, instead of exacerbating the region‘s conflicts and lack of democracy. This is a crucial election, given the impact that Canada’s decisions may have on the Middle East at this moment of tremendous changes. Although only Canadian citizens can vote, everyone who is a permanent resident of Canada can help shape the outcome of this election in many ways. The community of Canadians concerned about achieving justice and peace in the Middle East is diverse and extends throughout Canada. International events since the 2008 election have intensified many Canadians‘ interest in Middle East issues and their determination to be heard. We know that many of you will not only vote but will be active at the local level in events such as meetings with candidates. To assist you with your individual advocacy efforts, Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East (CJPME) has prepared this ―Vote 2011 Election Guide.‖ It provides you with valuable resources on the following:  Canada‘s electoral process  The positions that each federal party has taken on issues affecting justice and peace in the Middle East and the rights of people of Middle East origin in Canada  The positions that sitting MPs running for re-elections have taken on Canadian Middle East policy.  Information on the ―swing‖ ridings — ridings where the winner won the last time by a narrow margin. These are ridings where your support for a particular candidate will be strongly felt. Our organization, CJPME, is a grassroots, secular, non-partisan organization working to empower Canadians of all backgrounds to promote justice, development and peace in the Middle East. We provide this document so that you – a Canadian citizen or resident – can be better informed of the importance and implications of your vote in the 2011 Federal election. CJPME‘s three policy pillars are 1) respect for international law; 2) the belief that all parties in a conflict should be held to the same standard; and 3) the belief that violence is not a solution. For more information about CJPME, please visit its website at www.cjpme.org. We know that Middle East-related issues are not your only concerns, but we believe that you will want to take them into consideration when deciding whom you will support. In some ridings, the voting in the 2008 election was very close. Our hope is that this election guide will encourage you to get vocal, get organised and make a difference.

Thomas E. Woodley President, Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East

Table of Contents
1 VOTING IN CANADA’S 2011 FEDERAL ELECTIONS .................................................................................... 1 1.1 WHO CAN VOTE? ............................................................................................................................................... 1 1.2 HOW TO VOTE .................................................................................................................................................... 1 1.2.1 Voting hours ................................................................................................................................................. 1 1.2.2 Advance Polls ............................................................................................................................................... 1 1.2.3 How to find the policy platforms of the different parties .............................................................................. 2 1.2.4 How to have an impact beyond simply voting .............................................................................................. 2 2 CANADIAN PARTY POSITIONS ON THE MIDDLE EAST ............................................................................ 4 2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3 2.1.4 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.4 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 2.3.4 2.3.5 2.4 2.4.1 2.4.2 2.4.3 2.4.4 3 THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY OF CANADA ........................................................................................................... 4 Most right-leaning of Western Governments on Middle East Issues ............................................................ 4 A move from Humanitarian aid to “Security” Aid ....................................................................................... 5 Lukewarm support for democracy in the Middle East .................................................................................. 6 Dubious respect for rights of foreign-born Canadian Citizens .................................................................... 6 LIBERAL PARTY POLICY ON THE MIDDLE EAST AND RELATED ISSUES ............................................................... 7 Shifting and unprincipled positions on Israeli-Palestinian conflict ............................................................. 7 Unclear principles on other Middle East Conflicts ...................................................................................... 9 Opposition to Israeli Apartheid Week and Free Speech ..............................................................................10 Seeming indifference to US Iraq war resisters ............................................................................................10 NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY (NDP) POLICY ON THE MIDDLE EAST ....................................................................10 Application of legal principles in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict ...............................................................11 Support for direct flights to Lebanon ...........................................................................................................12 Support for Human Rights of Canadians of Middle Eastern origin ............................................................12 Support for pro-democracy movements in the Middle East .........................................................................13 Welcome to Iraq war resisters .....................................................................................................................13 BLOC QUEBECOIS POLICY ON THE MIDDLE EAST .............................................................................................13 Support for international law is officially enshrined ...................................................................................14 International law as the foundation of the policy on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict ..................................14 Application of the international law in regards to Israeli attacks on its neighbours ..................................15 Work for justice here in Canada ..................................................................................................................16 CONTEXT FOR CJPME‘S RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SWING RIDINGS .................................................................18 CJPME‘S RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SWING RIDINGS ........................................................................................19

HELP SWING THE ELECTION ..........................................................................................................................18 3.1 3.2

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PARLIAMENTARY TRAVEL RELATED TO ISRAEL-PALESTINE, 2007-2010 ........................................28 4.1 4.2 4.3 JUSTIFYING TRAVEL TO ISRAEL-PALESTINE ......................................................................................................28 OVERALL STATS ON PARLIAMENTARY TRIPS TO ISRAEL-PALESTINE .................................................................28 LIST OF PARLIAMENTARY TRIPS RELATED TO ISRAEL-PALESTINE, 2007-2010 ..................................................29

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CJPME’S POSITION ON CANADA’S FEDERAL PARTIES ...........................................................................40

Vote 2011 Elections Guide April, 2011

CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition

1 Voting in Canada’s 2011 Federal Elections
Canadians will head to the polls on May 2, 2011, for the 41st General Election to choose their federal Members of Parliament. Voting is a responsibility for all Canadians. It is an opportunity to affect the direction our nation takes on domestic issues and foreign policy.

1.1 Who Can Vote?
You are entitled to vote in federal elections if you are a Canadian citizen and will be 18 or older on May 2. You must be registered to vote. If you are, you may have already received a voter information card. Ideally, you should be on the list of electors before the day of the election. To find out how to register, please check ―How do I register to vote?‖ at this web page: http://www.elections.ca/content.aspx?section=vot&dir=faq&document=faqreg&lang=e#a2 In certain circumstances, you can register at the polling station just prior to casting your ballot on election day. However, you must present certain pieces of identification. See: http://www.elections.ca/content.aspx?section=vot&dir=ids&document=index&lang=e#one In general, it is better to be registered in advance.

1.2 How to vote
You can find out your riding (electoral district) in this Elections Canada website: http://www.elections.ca/scripts/pss/finded.aspx?L=e Once you know your riding, you can find out where to vote and which candidates are running for election in your riding. Then you can ask the candidates where they stand on the issues important to you, including the Middle East.

1.2.1 Voting hours
See this table for voting hours in your part of Canada (n.b. ―Eastern Canada‖ refers to Ontario and Quebec): http://www.elections.ca/content.aspx?section=vot&dir=bkg&document=ec90815&lang=e

1.2.2 Advance Polls
If you will be on holiday or unavailable on May 2, you can take part in advance voting on April 22, 23 and 25 (Friday, Saturday and Monday). The polling stations will be open from 12:00 noon to 8:00 p.m. (local time). (Please note: If you intend to do volunteer work for a particular candidate‘s campaign, you should vote at the advance poll so that you will be free on election day, when you will probably be urgently needed.)
www.cjpme.org

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© Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East, reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission

info@cjpme.org

ca/platform Bloc Quebecois: http://www. Ask them and/or their staff questions.org/accueil. There are several ways to do this.ndp.ca/ 1. they will send someone out to your home).  Get to the microphone quickly when the questions from the floor are about to begin.)  Ask candidates clear. (This is easier if you sit near a microphone. Note that in some cases. specific questions about their positions on Middle East issues  Record each candidate‘s response. Speak up! Call the candidates in your riding (electoral district) or drop by their campaign headquarters.ca OR http://www.ca/media/2008-PolicyDeclaration-e.org .elections.   www. Participate in local all-candidates meetings. for instance: o Take a window or lawn sign for a candidate (Call the candidate‘s campaign office to request one.conservative.4 How to have an impact beyond simply voting Whether you are eligible to vote or not. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.aspx Green Party: http://greenparty. you can help good candidates to win by getting involved:  Meet your candidate. Make it clear that you want them to represent your views after they are elected. see the back of your voter information card. if elected.liberal.cjpme.blocquebecois. Ask them to act in Parliament on your behalf. Help promote the candidate that you support.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. Make your views known. Send them a thank-you note after. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition To find the location of your advance polling station.ca/ New Democratic Party: http://www. the platforms are not grouped neatly in one place. but must be garnered from various pages and pronouncements: Conservative Party of Canada: http://www.conservative.aspx?L=e ) 1.2.  Cheer for candidates who have good responses. You can also phone Elections Canada at the number on your card or go to the Voter Information Service.pdf Liberal Party: http://www.3 How to find the policy platforms of the different parties The platforms – the policy positions – of each of the five most popular parties in Canada‘s Federal elections are provided below. (http://www.org 2 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Attend and participate in ―all candidates meetings‖ in your community:  Get friends who think like you to go to the meeting with you.2.ca/scripts/pss/finded.

so you will receive most of the money back when you file your 2011 income tax return). You will be able to claim a tax refund for up to 75 percent of the amount[s] you contribute. Remember that you can contribute to any candidate in Canada.org .Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. This is a chance for candidates to hear your members‘ views. Don‘t be shy about getting involved!  Make a tax-deductible donation to a candidate. Help good candidates on election day. Talk with your friends and neighbours. Make a campaign donation to a candidate whom you want to help. etc. to distribute campaign brochures. to input data into data bases.org 3 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition o Work on the campaigns of candidates that you believe in. Consider hosting a ―meet and greet‖ for a candidate you support. odd jobs. and to communicate on their behalf with voters who don‘t speak English or French. to help erect signs on voters‘ lawns. Explain why elections matter and why Canada‘s positions on the Middle East have an impact. May 2.cjpme. Talk with the campaign office of the candidate that you support to find out what kind of help they need. consider hosting a ―meet-and-greet‖ for your members and the candidates in your area. If you belong to an organization with lots of members concentrated in a few ridings. This could include polling monitoring. Help on election day. Share this kit with them and encourage them to check out CJPME‘s election Spotlight ―Canadian Elections‖ on our homepage. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.    www. driving. Candidates need volunteers to speak with other voters by telephone or in person door-to-door. Encourage others to get involved.

international law.cjpme. including ones criticized by moderate governments like the UK. 2.‖ ―emphasis.1 The Conservative Party of Canada Prime Minister Steven Harper has led the Conservative Party since 2004 and has been PM since winning minority governments in the elections of Marcel Prud’homme is a retired 2006 and 2008. Two most significant examples of the Conservative Party‘s unbalanced stances at critical moments are:  The 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict: At the outset of the conflict. Conservative Party positions do not tend to defend human rights and international law The Conservative Party tends to take a selective approach to support for human rights and international law. Nevertheless. He was one of the most rights in the Middle East is inconsistent. France and Germany. 2. and Israeli human rights violations. and its principles are unclear.org . many Canadian positions are explained away on slippery. the summaries in the sections below provide a strong view as to where each party stand – and the consistency of their positions. those on Palestinian self-determination.k. If outspoken and active politicians for it remains in power.1 Most right-leaning of Western Governments on Middle East Issues Under Stephen Harper‘s leadership.org 4 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. remaining silent about or even defending Israel‘s acts of aggression. its record on human Liberal flag. the Conservative Party can be expected to further balanced policies in the Middle East. The policy positions are not compared side-by-side. For example. the Conservative Party has had highly unbalanced positions on the Middle East. or lack thereof – with respect to international law and human rights in the Middle East. as the official party positions were rarely articulated in a parallel fashion. made clear through dozens of examples with unfolding events since 2006. entrench four years of unquestioned support of Israel – a repeat and serious violator of human rights and international law – and can be expected to prioritize free-trade agreements over principles of democracy and international law. Instead.a. although the Conservative party touts itself as senator and long time MP under the a defender of human rights and international law. Harper asserted Israel's right to defend itself and described its military actions against Lebanon as a ―measured‖ response. In general. ―settlements‖) in the West Bank and East Jerusalem— illegal under international law. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition 2 Canadian Party Positions on the Middle East The following sections highlight key positions of each of the four major Federal parties on the Middle East. The Conservative backtracking from international law has also been clear in Canada‘s opposition to UN resolutions which Canada supported under previous governments. subjective arguments like ―balance.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.1.g. His www. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. the Conservative government has been consistently reluctant to criticize Israel‘s expansion of colonies (a. peace. e.‖ and ―usefulness‖ – often parroting Israeli and US arguments on the same issues. and diplomacy. The following decisions and statements from the past four years capture some of the essence of the Conservative party‘s Middle East stance of the last four years. Canada‘s positions on the Middle East in international forums do not prioritize Canadian values of human rights.

especially cluster bombs. 2010 www.1. October 2006. 17.‖3 is an example of this kind of emotion-laden approach to international affairs. Canada opposed the UN Human Rights Council motion condemning the Israeli attack and calling for an investigation. Later. Minister of State Peter Kent‘s comment ―an attack on Israel is an attack on Canada. and muddling the criteria for humanitarian aid. This ignores Palestinian voters‘ frustration with Fatah. Conservative members voted against a motion of the Foreign Affairs Committee during the war calling for a ceasefire.2 A move from Humanitarian aid to “Security” Aid The Conservative Party. The Conservative government has taken sides in the sectarian dispute in the Palestinian leadership For several years.An attack on Israel is an attack on Canada? So says the PM. ―UPDATED AGAIN . as well as the democratic expression of the Palestinian people. 2. ―Special Session of Human Rights Council adopts resolution on grave human rights violation in Gaza Strip. The Conservative government‘s move away from humanitarian intervention. the West Bank and 1 2 CJPME Factsheet No. 12. and Israel‘s illegal misuse of certain weaponry.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. The Conservatives‘ attempt to favour a non-elected representative of the Palestinians. Perhaps most significantly.‖ Jan. choosing dogma and emotion over diplomacy and a reasoned perspective on the history and geography of the Middle East.org 5 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. has ignored Canadians‘ preference for diplomatic rather than military solutions to international conflicts. education and housing assistance to millions of Palestinian refugees in Gaza. vs. 16. emphasizing ―security‖ aid. Kady O‘Malley.1 He never backed away from this position despite credible reports of Israel‘s disproportionate response. This is exemplified by the Harper government‘s decision to eliminate funding for the core programmes of the United Nations Relief Works Agency (UNRWA)—which provides health care. according to Peter Kent‖. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition  assessment of the attack as ―measured‖ contradicted the facts: 1109 deaths and 3697 injured among Lebanese civilians. The Conservative government has taken a ―good versus evil‖ approach to the Middle East.cjpme. and to participate alongside the US‘s Dayton initiative with Canada‘s own Operation PROTEUS marks a dramatic and partisan shift for Canada.2 Conservatives frequently echo the “clash of civilisations” rhetoric on Middle East issues. Feb. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.org . It also ignores Canada‘s traditional humanitarian approach to international conflict. the Conservative Government emphasized Israel‘s right to self-defence over all other legal concerns with Israel‘s conduct. 2009 3 CBC. 43 dead and 690 injured civilians in Israel. and toward military or ―security‖ involvement has been inexorable. The 2008-2009 Israeli assault on Gaza: In this highly asymmetrical conflict as well. Hamas won the 2006 elections for the Palestinian Authority – deemed fair and honest by international observers – including the Jimmy Carter Centre. United Nations Human Rights Council. ―Inside Politics Blog. under Stephen Harper‘s leadership. The Destruction of Lebanon (July-August 2006). the Tories have treated Fatah as the only valid representative of the Palestinians. Examples of this ―out of sync‖ positioning include the following: The Conservative government de-emphasizes humanitarian aid.

S. a programme to bolster the Palestinian Authority‘s ability police Palestinians and collaborate with Israeli security forces in the Occupied Territories. both in Egypt and elsewhere in the Middle East. 2. and its ongoing engagement in Afghanistan. ―Most Cdns. and claimed that he was speaking "for the silent majority" of Canadians. During the democratic protests in Egypt early in 2011. with its "pacifist tradition. This is out of sync with most Canadians‘ sympathy for the protesters. 11. Harper asserted that only in Quebec. opposes the treaty.4 Polling later showed that the majority of Canadians opposed Canadian involvement in the Iraq war.1.‖ 6 suggested that Harper preferred the status quo – a pliable Egypt. they all too often provoke the curiosity of children years after the conflict is over. Cluster bombs often miss the intended target by as much as 1200 meters and therefore frequently maim and kill civilians. ―Crowds in Tahrir Square await military's next move.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. It is also reflected in Canada‘s involvement in the no-fly zone in Libya. Stephen Harper‘s comment that ―they‘re not going to put the toothpaste back in the tube on this one.org . and (as noted above) entirely rejected the 2006 democratic outcome in the Palestinian elections. human rights organizations reported that Israel had dropped millions of cluster bomblets in Lebanon – hundreds of thousands unexploded – especially in the final days of the conflict. It instead allocated $300 million to Operation Proteus. ―Nobel laureate accuses Tories of delaying cluster-bomb treaty. with little respect for democracy or human rights – to real democratic representation. Due to the size and shape of the bomblets.3 Lukewarm support for democracy in the Middle East The Conservative Party is at best lukewarm on democracy in the Middle East. Harper’s support for the US invasion of Iraq In an Apr. 2003. 2003 interview with the Fox TV network – when he was Alliance Party leader – Harper said he endorsed the US war on Iraq. Israel‘s use of cluster bombs violated international law. which is using cluster bombs in Afghanistan. another heavy user of cluster bombs is Israel. The governing Conservative Party has dragged its heels about ratifying a treaty banning cluster bombs Canada reluctantly signed the treaty against cluster bombs in 2008." were most people opposed to the war. but has yet to introduce the legislation needed to ratify the treaty banning the use of these wildly inaccurate weapons. with tragic results. The Harper government appears to be hesitating about the implementing legislation because the US. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Lebanon. TV. So much has the current Conservative Party broken with the more balanced foreign policy of previous Conservative governments that former Conservative Prime Minister Joe Clark. support war.‖ March 8.1. 4.cjpme. 2011 6 Toronto Star. Harper tells U. 2. but were often dropped on agricultural land close to villages. Following Israel‘s 2006 invasion of Lebanon.‖ April 4.4 Dubious respect for rights of foreign-born Canadian Citizens 4 5 CTV News.org 6 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Toronto Star. 5 As well.‖ Feb. Canada has also been reluctant to take positions on the prominent democratic movements emerging in other Middle Eastern countries. as they did not exclusively target enemy troops. and former cabinet minister Flora MacDonald have thrown their support behind the Liberals and the NDP. 2011 www.

Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. April 19. Unfortunately. the Liberal Party probably would have held an approach similar to that of Jean Chretien. one of those pseudo-states created in the dying years of apartheid to keep the African population under control. the Liberal Party had a relatively balanced approach to Middle East affairs that allowed Canada to play a respected role in resolving crises and promoting peace. April 2009 While Stephane Dion was leader of the Liberal Party (Dec.7 The Conservative government even appealed a number of court decisions ordering it to repatriate Khadr. 7 8 MP Bob Rae.. traveled many times to the Middle East.org . ―Why Bush must send in his troops. 2008). 59.2. 2. like Canada‘s other major parties. Another example of such differential treatment is the Conservative government‘s inaction on complaints from Canadian citizens of disrespect for the Canadian passport by Israeli authorities. He has also met with CJPME and CJPME’s guest speaker Mustafa Barghouti in 2010. For example.cjpme.1 Shifting and unprincipled positions on Israeli-Palestinian conflict The Liberal Party. www.and Palestinian-Canadians traveling to Israel/Palestine. 9 Guardian.‖ Michael Ignatieff. Liberal’s Foreign Affairs critic.org 7 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. at the settlements like Crusader forts occupying the high ground. 2002. they sidestep the legal and historical issues.8 Currently. but few dramatic issues arose in the Middle East while Stephane Dion was leader. the Harper government left child soldier Omar Khadr to languish for five years in Guantánamo prison long after other countries had repatriated their citizens. for both Jewish. Both have visited the West Bank. Ignatieff and Rae have not raised their voices at key moments about Israeli government actions that have disproportionately harmed Palestinians.‖9 Nonetheless. 2006 through Oct.. and even more so during the Ignatieff/Rae years. claims to be strongly committed to the ―two-state solution‖—a Palestinian state and an Israeli state. including to the Occupied Palestinians Territories. and focus almost exclusively on Israel‘s security needs. but at a Bantustan. 2. Neither Liberal Leader Michael Ignatieff nor foreign affairs critic Bob Rae is unaware of the Palestinians‘ tragic plight. in comments on Israel-Palestine. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition The Conservative government has also demonstrated a tendency to treat certain foreign-born Canadians different than others.2 Liberal Party policy on the Middle East and related issues Under the leadership of Lester Pearson. provoked international outrage and made the twostate solution impossible. The following sections provide some key examples.I knew I was not looking down at a state or the beginnings of one. starting with the Paul Martin government. Instead. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. at the Israeli security cordon along the Jordan river . Finally. In a 2002 Guardian article Ignatieff wrote: "When I looked down at the West Bank. members of the Conservative government also demonstrated reluctance to evacuate Canadians of Lebanese origin from Lebanon following Israel‘s 2006 invasion. living peacefully side by side. there has been considerable drift from this balanced approach in recent years. Pierre Trudeau and Jean Chretien. on many Middle East issues the current positioning of the Liberals is closer to that of the Conservatives than to that of the NDP and the Bloc. ―Omar Khadr: Abandoned by Canada‖. CJPME Factsheet No.

2008. 12 Toronto Star. but this was perhaps due to the fact that the victims were foreign nationals (i. etc. foreign affairs critic Bob Rae also acknowledged that ―a resolution of the conflict has to be dependent on withdrawal from the [Israeli West Bank] settlements. ―Rae flip-flops over Palestine. Israel‘s aerial bombardment had already caused hundreds of civilian deaths in Gaza. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Unprincipled stand on Israel’s 2008-09 assault on Gaza On December 29. as mentioned above. We regret the loss of life sustained on all sides of the conflict. 2011 13 The Dominion. In fact. 6. We affirm Israel's right to defend itself against such attacks. On Dec.: News from the Grassroots. On Nov. 4. Liberal MP settlements. On Jan. On Aug. Israel had broken the ceasefire that Hamas had respected since June. Ignatieff‘s statement (below) following Israel‘s attack on the Gaza Aid Flotilla was more balanced than other statements concerning Israel‘s military assaults. 9 Ignatieff again defended Israel‘s actions. 2008 —two days after the assault began—Ignatieff issued the following statement: ―I am greatly concerned by the deepening violence in Israel and the Gaza Strip and the fear and suffering on all sides that this mounting instability has caused.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.‖ 12 Acquiescence to Israel’s occupation and colonization of the Palestinian Territories As captured in the quote above. Dec.e. Turks. August 7. Keith Martin condemned the Lukewarm response to Israeli assault on Gaza Aid Flotilla lack of humanitarian support for the Palestinians from the Canadian government and sought to find ways to provide humanitarian aid to the people of Gaza. 2008 Israeli newspaper Haaretz had reported that six months earlier— when Hamas was fully respecting the ceasefire—Israel‘s Defence Minister had ordered preparations for the assault. by assassinating several Palestinian militants in Gaza City.org 8 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. and again blamed Hamas for ―organizing and instigating these rocket attacks. 2009. whereas rocket attacks from Gaza—by either Hamas or groups operating independently of Hamas—had caused less that 30 deaths in Israel between 2001 and 2008. In order for a Palestinian state to be viable it cannot be a jigsaw puzzle. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.‖ February 9.) Nevertheless.‖ January 4. mindful that a durable ceasefire will be necessary to prevent continued civilian casualties and lasting damage to essential civilian infrastructure. Ignatieff‘s response was not substantively different than that of the Conservatives: 10 11 Canada-Israel Committee. and also its right to exist in peace and security.‖ 13Nonetheless. We call on all parties to end these hostilities.11 but worse. 27. The Liberal Party of Canada unequivocally condemns the rocket attacks launched by Hamas against Israeli civilians and calls for an immediate end to these attacks. 2008. and that Israel was the hapless victim seeking to defend itself.‖ 10 Ignatieff‘s statement on the violence ignored the facts about the maintenance and violations of the ceasefire. Americans.org . in 2002 Ignatieff recognized the similarities between the West Bank‘s Palestinian villages and the Bantustans set up in the dying days of apartheid South Africa. ―Ignatieff backs Israel's offensive. more recently both Ignatieff and Rae have been almost silent while the Harper government opposed UN resolutions condemning the occupation or the A medical doctor.cjpme. 2008 www.‖ Lia Tarachansky. 29. seemed to suggest that Hamas alone was the aggressor. CIC Scene ―Updated: Canadian Political Party Statements on Gaza.

‖ 14 Indifference in regards to the Blockade of Gaza The Liberal party has not spoken out against the Blockade of Gaza since it was imposed in 2007.‖ October 17. On behalf of the Liberal Party of Canada and our parliamentary caucus. While we will always support Israel‘s right to self-defence.. 2006. Canada‘s objective is. to achieve peace in the Middle East.‖ May 31. April 14. CBC News. This incident does not help us meet that objective. "Ignatieff admits gaffe over Mideast conflict.‖ he said. Ignatieff later recanted his ―war crime‖ comments on Liberal MP Borys Wrzesnewskyj Qana." August 10. Ignatieff‘s then-rival for the leadership. 2009 16 CTV News.‖ even though months earlier Human Rights Watch and numerous other organizations that investigated the scene of the bombing had reported that they found no evidence that Hezbollah fighters had been in or near the house lethally targeted.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.‖ 16 Bob Rae. I urge the State of Israel to work to ensure that humanitarian aid reaches civilians in the Gaza Strip. Rae appears to believe that Israel has a right to punish all Gazans for Hamas‘s charter. with the exception of Stephane Dion (and Ignatieff‘s comment on Qana above).org . Given the loss of civilian lives. 2006 17 Diebel. ―Ignatieff apologizes for Israeli war crime comment. 2010. in a well-orchestrated media opportunity at a synagogue in Toronto. Liberals must wait as Israel trip postponed.org 9 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Rae stated that ―Israel has severely limited the number of trucks getting into the Hamas controlled territory.2 Unclear principles on other Middle East Conflicts Ignatieff’s reversal of position on Israel’s Qana attack in 2006 In August 2006 Ignatieff responded to a question about Israel‘s July 30 bombing of the Lebanese village of Qana—which killed 28 people. The Liberal Party was without a leader during Israel‘s 2006 war on Lebanon. we are expecting clarification on exactly what happened. In April. ―Ignatieff. Linda. 15 www. and I should have said that.liberal. and what happened in Qana was a war crime.bobrae. none of the leadership candidates came out with 14 www. a measured response is important when dealing with security threats in this region. termed Ignatieff‘s October comment ―unwise.‖ 15With this statement.ca ―Israel/Palestine competing dreams still clash.‖ He also said he had ―never heard a serious suggestion that Israel was targeting civilians. 2008.‖ Toronto Star. during an October interview with Radio Canada he backtracked. 16 of them children—saying that he wasn‘t ―losing any sleep‖ over it. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition ―We deeply regret the loss of lives in this tragedy. However. 2. ―I was a professor of human rights. and always will be.liberal.ca . saying.. He also ignores international law with respect to the need to ensure normal commerce during times of war and occupation. saying ―Politicians can't expect to hold the trust of citizens unless they is one of the most active MPs on own up to things we've done wrong.cjpme.17 the Middle East. He is also one Mixed Liberal signals on Israel’s Assault on Lebanon of 2006 of the leaders of the CanadaPalestine Parliamentary Friendship Association (CPFA).‖ December 22. ―Statement by Liberal Leader Michael Ignatieff on the attack of the flotilla in the Gaza region.2. The hatefilled Hamas charter and that regime‘s cavalier determination to define ‗resistance‘ as permitting the killing of Israeli civilians ensures that the doors will remain firmly shut. 2008 www. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. However. and I am also a professor of the laws of war. at great humanitarian cost.

As a result. It is a dangerous cocktail of ignorance and intolerance.org . and by targeting Jewish and Israeli students for abuse on our university campuses. this willingness to move to military solutions – as evidenced by his policy on Iraq. 29. Ireland.4 Seeming indifference to US Iraq war resisters On June 3. 2. saying. 30.3 Opposition to Israeli Apartheid Week and Free Speech On Mar. 2011 the Liberal leader condemned IAW.org 10 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East.2. Nash also travelled to Lebanon following Israel’s invasion in 2006. Ignatieff supported non-binding motions calling on the Harper government to allow conscientious objectors (including Iraq war resisters) to remain in Canada. ―Statement by Liberal Leader Michael Ignatieff on Israeli Apartheid Week. The bill failed by seven votes to pass second reading. by demonizing Israel and its supporters.‖ New York Times. on a positive note. 7. Ignatieff walked out during the vote. www.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. 2.e.2. both of which stand in the way of peace. Michael. 2009.ca . especially Israel‘s War on Gaza. The Liberal Party of Canada condemns Israeli Apartheid Week. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.‖19 Ignatieff offered no evidence to substantiate his allegations that IAW had targeted Jewish and Israeli students for abuse on Canadian campuses. 2004 www. in no uncertain terms. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition much of a position against the assault. 2. the organizers and supporters of Israeli Apartheid Week tarnish our freedom of speech. ―The Year of Living Dangerously. Peggy Nash has always been an active supporter of justice and peace in the Middle East. Igatieff’s Support for the War in Iraq While the Liberal governments under Jean Chretien and Paul Martin declined to participate in the US‘ war on Iraq. March 14. Former MP and current NDP Vice-President.3 New Democratic Party (NDP) Policy on the Middle East The NDP‘s positioning on Middle East issues is quite distinct from that of the Conservatives and Liberals on certain points. Afghanistan and other conflicts – before exhausting all other options would likely characterize a government led by him. on Sept. and Germany—for stating that Israel‘s conduct has often been illegal (i.‖ Canada‘s treatment of 18 19 Ignatieff. when a fellow Liberal proposed a binding private member‘s bill to that effect. 2010. … By portraying the Jewish state as criminal. France. However.‖ March 7. As an MP. Although he has not condemned leaders of other countries —the UK.cjpme. criminal) and must change. Sweden. As a leader. Israel‘s illegal ―settlements. 2008 and Mar. Ignatieff is denying ordinary Canadians the right to express the same opinions at public events on Canadian campuses. American war resisters face deportation from Canada and imprisonment in the US. Michael Ignatieff is on record18 as having supported this pre-emptive war when the debate on it was brewing. Ms. Nevertheless. 2011.liberal. the Liberal members of the Foreign Affairs Committee voted with the other opposition parties in an emergency meeting during the war asking the government to call for an immediate cease fire with the assault on Lebanon. ―Israeli Apartheid Week is an attack on the mutual respect that holds our society together.

and an international peacekeeping presence.nccar.ca ) www. an end to all killings of innocent civilians. This contrasted with the positions of the Conservative government and Liberal opposition. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition ―settlement‖ products. In comments to the media. 2008. the rights of Canadians of Middle East origin.1 Application of legal principles in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict Israel’s 2008-09 War on Gaza On Dec. 29. 20 21 www. Israel’s occupation and colonization of Palestinian Territory The NDP states that it ―believes Canada should play a lead role in working for peace and justice in the Middle East.‖ and their reluctance to vote with other UN members in favour of resolutions condemning Israel‘s construction of colonies in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. and urged an immediate end to the ―blockade of aid to civilians‖ (as well as to ―indiscriminate rocket attacks on Israel‖). January 13. 2005. independent states. government to work to ensure that medical and food aid was provided to Gaza‘s civilians. The NDP‘s tendency to identify with the underdog has inclined it be critical of despotic regimes and to take stances closer to those of European social democracies than to those of the US. describing them as defensive in nature.ndp. and Canada‘s treatment of Iraq war resisters.org .‖ 21 This contrasts sharply with the Conservative government‘s repeated dismissing of UN resolutions as ―unhelpful. This should be done within a framework of respect for UN resolutions and international law. including the right of both Israelis and Palestinians to live in peaceful coexistence in viable. Leader of Canads‘s NDP. 2008.ca . reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. negotiated. NDP MP Libby Davies is an active advocate of Palestinian rights and has The NDP also urged the government to call for an immediate end to the worked energetically and extensively hostilities and a reinstatement of the ceasefire. it urged the government to ―immediately call for an end to the aerial bombing of Gaza‖ — something which the official opposition (Liberals) did not do. agreed-upon borders. It also made no reference to the Israeli actions that had ruptured the ceasefire in effect from 2008 and had provoked the rocketfire. As a party. Canada's New Democrats condemned ―the unacceptable escalation of violence in the Middle East causing death and injury to so many civilians in the Gaza Strip and Israel.‖ December 29. the protests in Egypt and elsewhere.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.cjpme. page 5 (at National Council on Canada-Arab Relations: www. ―Re: Canadian Arab Federation questionnaire. no settlements remaining in the Palestinian state. ―New Democrat statement on the situation in the Middle East. an end to the Israeli occupation of Palestinian land [emphasis added].‖ or ―outdated. However.‖ ―not balanced.‖ 20 In this initial statement the NDP made no distinction between the lethal magnitude of Israel‘s airstrike and the comparatively minor impact of rocket attacks from Gaza. It also asked the to bring more justice to the region. the NDP positions align with international law and human rights.‖ Jack Layton. 2. NDP Foreign Affairs critic Paul Dewar criticized the government‘s ―muted‖ reaction to Israel‘s offensive.3.org 11 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. who both supported Israel‘s actions. and made no reference to the aerial bombardment of Gaza.‖ (written response to CAF).

and Davies remains Deputy Leader of the NDP. The NDP stated that the Liberal government had given in to pressure from the US. She has been outspoken in her defence of Palestinians‘ rights. January 13. likely in a swap of land of equal value. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. and pointed out that no Lebanese nationals had ever been involved in terrorist acts in Canada.‖ (written response to CAF). 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition The NDP‘s deputy leader MP Libby Davies visited the West Bank and Gaza in August 2009 along with two other opposition MPs.3. and by the Conservatives and Liberals. Layton refused to do so.org 12 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. It supports amending the Canada-Israel Free Trade Agreement to exclude ―settlement‖ products and products from the Golan Heights. who both called on Layton to remove her from her position as deputy leader. This contrasts with the demonisation of Hamas by both the Conservative and Liberal leaders and their respective foreign affairs spokesmen. 2. However. and says that such an amendment would ensure that ―Products from territories occupied by Israel since 1967 would not benefit from the advantages provided in the agreement signed in the mid-1990s. page 6. He is attuned to CJPME’s issues in the Middle East. NDP MP Paul Dewar has been the NDP Foreign Affairs critic for several years.cjpme. ―Re: Canadian Arab Federation questionnaire. and that other countries such as Germany and airlines offer direct flights. while at the same time remaining firm on Israel‘s right to security and right to continue existing.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. she was excoriated by both MP Thomas Mulcair.3.ca) www. Canadian imports of products from Israeli colonies in the occupied Palestinian territories The NDP is committed to treating products from the Occupied Territories differently from products from Israel itself. and has met with two of CJPME’s prominent guests from the Middle East : Mustapha Barghouti and Haneen Zoabi.3 Support for Human Rights of Canadians of Middle Eastern origin 22 Jack Layton. who is the NDP‘s other deputy leader. as many international pundits have pointed out that any Palestinian leader who cannot represent the people of Gaza while negotiating will have difficulty defending – whether politically or logistically – any eventual agreement. (at National Council on Canada-Arab Relations: www. 2.nccar.‖ 22 Implicit in that position is the acknowledgement that the 1967 borders have legitimacy and that any colonies set up since – however ―long standing‖ – are not part of Israel and presumably could only become part of Israel if the Palestinians agree. This position is logical. 2005. When she made an impolitic comment during an impromtu street interview with a blogger. a few hours after the first Air Canada flight between Montreal and Beirut left. They issued a frank report on what they observed in the West Bank and Gaza.org . Leader of Canads‘s NDP.2 Support for direct flights to Lebanon The NDP complained in Parliament when the Liberal government prohibited direct flights between Canada and Lebanon in 2003. Support for an inclusive peace process between Israel and the Palestinians Both former NDP foreign affairs critic Alexa McDonough and Peggy Nash (former MP for Parkdale—High Park and a candidate in the 2011 elections) have stated that Hamas must be included at the negotiating table.

legalize political opposition parties. and the anti-terrorism law. stressing that he was a child at the time of the alleged offence. www. if implemented. 2. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition The NDP has been an outspoken supporter of civil liberties in cases where Canadians have been mistreated.‖ Both McDonough and NDP Justice critic Joe Comartin have raised the issue.4 Bloc Quebecois Policy on the Middle East The latest platform of the Bloc Québécois. re-introduced a motion (first passed June 3.‖ Security certificates: The NDP has strongly opposed the detention of people based on ―security certificates. 2011. The motion again passed March 30. 2008) which. since the 2010 elections were ―deeply flawed‖. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.3. Layton pressed the government to apologize to the Arar family and to insist that the US government remove Arar from its ―no fly list. the NDP. but it was non-binding. Some of their most important statements are based upon the mechanisms provided by international institutions and international law. Examles include:  Maher Arar case: The former NDP foreign affairs critic Alexa McDonough actively campaigned for an inquiry into the arrest. includes in its foreign affairs section several statements likely to affect the party‘s position on Middle East issues.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.    2. and made ―extraordinary rendition‖ a public issue by raising it in Parliament. which occurred while the Liberals were in power and became a full-blown national scandal when the Conservatives tried to side-step the issue of RCMP complicity in his arrest. release detainees immediately. This use of international law was also reflected in the vast majority of the Bloc‘s positions relating to the Middle East in the last years. NDP foreign affairs critic Paul Dewar and NDP president Peggy Nash (a candidate in Parkdale-High Park) have been noted defenders of the rights of war resisters to remain in Canada. deportation and torture of Maher Arar. 2011 rally in front of the Egyptian embassy in Ottawa. Extradition and expulsion to countries practicing torture: The NDP has opposed this practice. by 129-125. 2009. 2009. 2011 Jack Layton called on the Canadian government to stop supporting the Mubarak regime and to extend full support to Egyptians in the transition to democracy. January 28. He made a strong statement supporting the pro-democracy demonstrators and condemning the violence used by Egyptian government forces to suppress the demonstrations.org . 23 On Feb. end the violent crackdown on protestors. under Layton's leadership. ―Paul Dewar Speech at Rally for Egypt. in contrast to what has been seen in recent years from the Conservative and Liberal parties.5 Welcome to Iraq war resisters In March. 29.3. He urged the Canadian government to be much more active in pushing Egypt‘s government to lift it‘s decades-long ―emergency‖ law.org 13 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Comartin pressured the Justice Committee to review the issue of security certificates.cjpme. would allow conscientious objectors to the Iraq War to remain in Canada. in accordance with the principles advocated by CJPME.4 Support for pro-democracy movements in the Middle East NDP Foreign Affairs critic Paul Dewar was the only federal MP to attend a Jan. 23 Prism Security Practices Monitor. adopted during its Congress in February 2011. Child soldier Omar Khadr: NDP MPs have repeatedly pressed the Harper government to insist on Omar Khadr‘s repatriation from Guantánamo detention centre. 2.‖ (video). and allow democratic elections to take place. 5.

reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. and allow access to humanitarian aid. 20. hospital operations. He met with CJPME and its guests many times. 2008. as well as a comprehensive settlement that recognizes Israel‘s right to exist within secure and recognized borders.2 The Bloc Québécois is against any bellicose and unilateral action and against any pre-emptive war.] and thus ensure.3 of its platform.4.2 International law as the foundation of the policy on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict The Bloc‘s position on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has long been known and states that a peaceful resolution implies ―the end of military occupation and the end of colonies in occupied territories.2. in accordance with its rules.org 14 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition 2. a settlement satisfactory to all parties on both the annexation of East Jerusalem and the refugee issue. There seems to be a real fracture with the diplomatic tradition of Canada to the Middle East which. 25 Bloc Quebecois. from Mustafa Barghouti to Haneen Zoabi.‖ It also asked the Conservative government to put pressure on Israel to immediately cease its blockade by ―reminding Israel that it must respect its international obligations under the Geneva Conventions [. ―Communiqué: Conflit dans la bande de Gaza : Stephen Harper doit faire sienne la résolution de l'ONU et adopter une approche plus équilibrée. ultimately.4. ―Manchette : Conflit israélo-palestinien : le Canada doit réclamer la fin du blocus et de la violence entre les parties‖.‖ January 9. 2009. indiscriminately affecting more than 1. www..5 million people. March 7.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.1 Support for international law is officially enshrined Here are some key statements from the Bloc in its official platform: 20. among other things. Only the UN can intervene to try to resolve a conflict and. which it described as a ―collective punishment. as an appreciated mediator.org .‖25 Israeli raid on Gaza aid flotilla 24 Bloc Quebecois.. These principles will guide its stance regarding the actions of the international community in the event of a conflict or an intervention to prevent conflict. The Bloc is very critical of the Harper Conservatives in section 20. 2.cjpme. authorize an intervention. used to defend international law rather than defend one or another of the belligerents. due to his government‘s lack of focus in Canada‘s international action plan: ―More and more the government abandons the traditional role of Canada with regard to international relations to adopt ideological biases and protect special interests. the Bloc condemned the establishment of the Israeli blockade of Gaza.) Bloc Leader Gilles Duceppe has always been favourable to a pro-justice orientation of its party’s policies.2. imports of food. while ensuring the creation of an independent and viable Palestinian State.1 The Bloc Québécois believes in the rule of law and multilateralism.‖ (Emphasis added.‖24 Blockade of Gaza In March 2008.

3 Application of the international law in regards to Israeli attacks on its neighbours Israeli assault on Gaza in 2008-2009 In its press release dated December 29. The Bloc acknowledged that the firing of rockets into Israel must stop. November 18.‖ Indeed. 2009 press statement.‖29 This statement.org . 075. 2nd Session. 2010. Jean Dorion. following the Israeli raid on the aid flotilla en route to Gaza.26 ―The worst favour you can give your friends is to never criticize the decisions of another country. it Bloc MP Richard Nadeau is retracted its position a few days later in its second release by completely a key partner on the Hill for removing the statement. Edited Hansard. following the adoption of resolution 1860 by the United Nations Security Council calling for a cease-fire in Gaza. The Bloc also stated however that ―Canada cannot be content by simply recognizing Israel‘s right to defend itself. Ultimately.‖ he declared.‖28 2. 2008. which officially does not recognize the concept of ―pre-emptive war. ―Gaza : Stephen Harper est incapable de prendre position. rose twice in the House to ask that Canada joins its voice to the international community to condemn Israel‘s decision to continue building on Palestinian land as ―illegal‖ and ―contrary to international law. Bloc leader Gilles Duceppe. and condemned the Conservative government‘s silence on this issue. June 1. 2010. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. 30 pro-justice CJPME and actively on issues via Palestine Friendship (CPFA). 2008. Wednesday.Le Bloc Québécois demande l'intervention des Casques bleus pour assurer l'acheminement de l'aide humanitaire. 2009.‖ YouTube. Friday. in a January 9. the Bloc demanded that the Conservative government ―adopt a more balanced approach‖ vis-à-vis the Israeli assault and take a position in favour of an ―immediate and lasting‖ end to violence against Palestinian civilians. ―Communiqué: Situation dans la bande de Gaza .‖27 Israeli colonies in occupied Palestinian territories The Bloc has repeatedly denounced Israeli colonization of Palestinian territory in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The current foreign affairs critic for the Bloc. but also called for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from Gaza and condemned the ―disproportionate and unacceptable‖ response of the Israeli army. 30 The unusual position of the Bloc‘s initial communiqué on the conflict was attributed to the fact that an MP new to the file had recently been made Bloc Foreign Affairs Critic. Edited Hansard. No. criticized the failure of Prime Minister Harper to take a clear position on the events and asked that the Canadian government call for an independent investigation to shed light on the circumstances surrounding the attack. 29 Bloc Quebecois. 2010. ―Le Canada. and 40th Parliament. June 1. l'allié le plus fidèle d'Israël. Alec Castonguay. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition On June 1st. www. 28 40th Parliament. was somewhat surprising coming from the Bloc. 2010.cjpme. the Bloc called for the establishment of a ―UN peacekeeping force‖ responsible for protecting civilian populations and the delivery of humanitarian aid.4. No. October 1. 112.‖ December 29. which used Israel‘s misleading rhetoric aimed at justifying its attack on Gaza.31 26 27 groups like has worked Middle East the CanadaParliamentary Association Bloc Quebecois.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. 3rd Session. ―You can criticize the decisions of the Israeli government without being against Israel.org 15 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East.‖ Le Devoir. as advocated by the UN.

34 2.‖ August 16. Bloc leader Gilles Duceppe took part in a march for peace ―in the interest of the civilian victims of the conflict. 34 Bloc Quebecois. ―Communiqué: Conflit dans la bande de Gaza : Stephen Harper doit faire sienne la résolution de l'ONU et adopter une approche plus équilibrée. the Foreign Affairs Committee held an emergency meeting relatively early in the conflict to discuss Canada‘s role and a proposed motion condemning ―the kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah and rocket fires on Israel.32 The Bloc has also urged the Conservative government to request the establishment of humanitarian corridors throughout the Lebanese territory so that citizens could reach the ports and that emergency aid could be distributed. Mourani has also been active on Middle East issues more broadly.‖ Because of the opposition from Conservative and some Liberal MPs. ―Communiqué : Le projet de loi a été déposé aujourd'hui : le Bloc Québécois propose de restreindre l'accord de libreéchange Canada-Israel. 2002.4 Work for justice here in Canada More justice for the Canada-Israel Free Trade Agreement (CIFTA) In 2002 and again in 2005. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. 2006.‖ January 9. 32 Bloc Quebecois.cjpme.35‖ Withdrawal from the Canadian Parliamentary Coalition to Combat Antisemitism (CPCCA) The process of selecting witnesses for oral testimony seems to have clearly favoured those individuals and organizations which would Bloc MP Maria Mourani travelled to Lebanon following Israel’s invasion in 2006. www.4. ―Communiqué : Pierre Paquette dépose un projet de loi privé. On August 6.‖ February 9. 35 Bloc Quebecois. the Bloc has also condemned the silence and the passive attitude of Stephen Harper. who refused to ask Israel to account for the death of a Canadian observer member of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) following a bombing from the Israeli army.org . ―Communiqué : Décès d'un observateur canadien au sud du Liban-Le Bloc Québécois dénonce l‘attitude passive du gouvernement Harper qui se refuse à demander des comptes à Israël.‖33 Finally. 33 Idem.‖ April 16. while condemning the response to which Israel is entitled and which has been made without respecting the criteria of proportionality enshrined in the international law. the Bloc has tabled a bill to amend the free trade agreement between Canada and Israel so that Canada complies with its policy of non-recognition of the Israeli military occupation of Palestinian territories since 1967 and that ―products originating from colonies under Israeli administration are subject to the full rate rather than to benefit from the favourable rate related to the Agreement. whether Israeli or Lebanese. and Bloc Quebecois. ―Manchette : Marche pour la paix au Proche-Orient : j'estime avoir agi dans l'intérêt des populations civiles victimes du conflit.org 16 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. qu'elles soient israéliennes ou libanaises. Ms. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Israeli assault on Lebanon in 2006 At the initiative of the Bloc. 2006. 2006. 2009. 31 Bloc Quebecois. the committee finally adopted a minimalist resolution calling for an immediate ceasefire on both sides.‖ July 26.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. 2005.

cjpme. March 20. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.36 36 Buzetti. 2010. the Bloc had specifically asked that CJPME and the Canadian Arab Federation (CAF) be invited for oral testimony before the CPCCA. confirming that the party‘s decision was reflective of its unease in the face of ―the inequality of opinions presented before the Coalition.org .‖ Indeed. The two Bloc Quebecois members of the CPCCA withdrew from the Coalition in March 2010. Both of these requests were denied. www.‖ and ―the refusal of the Steering Committee to hear groups with opposing viewpoints.‖ Le Devoir. ―Le Bloc se retire de la Coalition de lutte contre l‘antisémitisme (CPCCA). Hélène. only 56 could have been presumed to question the CPCCA‘s assertions about criticism of Israel being tantamount to anti-Semitism. Of the approximately 60 witnesses called for oral testimony.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition bolster the CPCCA‘s founding premises.org 17 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East.

Then. However. as well as by other organizations tracking the campaigns in close ridings. A Conservative majority government would be disastrous for Canada‘s international reputation. It can also be the case if the incumbent has displeased his/her voters since being elected.) By supporting a vulnerable opposition candidate. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition 3 Help Swing the Election Canadian foreign policy on the Middle East has strayed significantly from the principles of international law and human rights during the four years of Conservative government. Canadians may be able to help oust a vulnerable Conservative by supporting candidates who have a reasonable chance of winning (or who can come a strong second in the election. the candidate from the party that placed second in that riding in the 2008 election will have a better chance of defeating a Conservative incumbent in 2011 than a candidate from a party that placed third in that riding in 2008. and therefore be well-positioned to make advances in future federal elections.org . development and peace in the Middle East. on research undertaken by Catch-22 (an analysis organization seeking to avert a Conservative majority). a party that came third in a previous election in a particular riding can often score a surprising victory. This can be the case when an incumbent won narrowly last time. election campaigns are dynamic processes that can take unexpected turns. New Democrats or Bloc members. The analysis below presumes that in most ridings. In its table of recommendations. it is still too early (or too competitive) to be certain who stands the best chance of winning against a Conservative incumbent.1 Context for CJPME’s Recommendations for Swing Ridings Many of the ridings listed in the table below are currently held by Conservatives. 3. or a better candidate. and want to help more principled candidates and parties get elected. Since many of CJPME‘s adherents are of Arab or Muslim origin. or if other parties either field very effective candidates or are more organized than in previous campaigns. The information presented in the table below is based in part on research performed by CJPME. and for the overall well-being of the people in the Middle East.org 18 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. This column is based on www. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.cjpme. Others are held by Liberals. Many CJPME supporters want to ensure that the Conservatives do not get a majority. Canadians would want to support these vulnerable candidates. In some cases. according to each voter‘s on conscience and priorities.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. The recommendations align with CJPME‘s broader priorities of helping average Canadians promote justice. Some opposition party candidates are in danger of losing their seat to a Conservative. CJPME has included a column (―Impact of Arab & Muslim vote‖) which indicates the potential importance of the Arab and/or Muslim vote in the riding. They can do this in two ways:  By ousting a sitting Conservative. CJPME felt that this column would help its Arab and/or Muslim adherents to see the value and importance of their participation in the election. Many of CJPME‘s supporters live in swing ridings. With a more organized campaign. CJPME asks that voters review the table below to determine whether or not they live in the swing riding.  A ―swing riding‖ is a riding in which the results of the election are more unpredictable than they are in other ridings. CJPME asks voters to consider the recommendation provided.

―rising crime.e.cjpme. Bloc and Liberal. In many ridings. Feb. CJPME‘s suggestions are informed recommendations. 37 “Canadian Arab and Muslim Voters Growing Political Influence: 2006 Federal Election . In such cases. but probably not determinant.e. etc. Integrate the recommendations below with other on-the-ground indicators. by riding. not dictates. CJPME emphasizes that voters should consider the recommendations below in the context of their own conscience and priorities. i. This column indicates the estimated importance of the Arab and/or Muslim vote in the context of the current election. In some ridings. the candidates with the best chance of defeating a Conservative belong to the NDP or the Bloc. 3.) Vote according to your own conscience and priorities. Notes on the Recommendations Provided CJPME‘s offers the following thoughts on how to leverage its recommendations.‖ illegal immigration. A ―Medium‖ rating means that the number of Arab/Muslim voters is significant.org 19 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Signs that a candidate who is battling a Conservative may be strong include the following:  Lots of lawn signs or window signs  Strong performance and strong audience support at all-candidates meetings  The local media start paying more attention to a candidate than before  More volunteers from that candidate are calling you or knocking on your door  The Conservative candidate‘s volunteers begin to refer to ―wedge‖ issues when trying to get your vote (i. not a Liberal. Remember that it‘s still early in the campaign. either the riding is not listed. A ―Very High‖ or ―High‖ impact means that the number of Arab/Muslim voters could possibly be greater than the vote spread between the leading two candidates. it is too early to have a sense of which candidate has the best chance of defeating a Conservative incumbent. or an alternative competitive opposition candidate is recommended.2 CJPME’s Recommendations for Swing Ridings CJPME provides recommendations.Post-Election Analysis.) We recommend candidates from all opposition parties: NDP.” Canadian Arab Federation. in the table below. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. (Note that several Conservative candidates moved from third place to first place in ridings in Quebec in 2006 – a development which caught many off guard.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. the other candidates‘ personal lives. Individuals living in the swing ridings are encouraged to review the recommendations carefully. 2006 www. CJPME is aware that the Liberal candidate‘s stance on the Middle East may be so similar to the Conservatives‘ position that voting for that candidate would not contribute to improving Canada‘s Middle East policy. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition research provided by the Canadian Arab Federation in 2006. 37 and subsequently updated and re-interpreted by CJPME. There is still time for candidates currently seen as ―third place‖ to become winners.org . 11. In many cases.

however the Liberal and NDP candidates are also doing very well. but the Conservatives are targeting BC ridings. However. ( http://kennedystewart. Oust Incumbent BC BC New Westminster —Coquitlam Newton— North Delta Fin Donnelly* NDP Support Incumbent Sukh Dhaliwal Lib.ca/ Sims: http://jinnysims. Dhaliwal (L:iberal): http://sukhdhaliwal. Oust Incumbent The incumbent.ndp.ndp.ndp.ca/ ) McLeod won by 10 percent in 2008. http://reneehetherington. Heis the best positioned candidate to prevent a Conservative win in this riding. Riding Name BurnabyDouglas BurnabyNew Westminister Kamloops— Thompson— Cariboo North Vancouver Pitt Meadows— Maple Ridge— Mission Saanich— Gulf Islands Incumbent‘s Name Party of Incumbent CJPME Recommendation Phrase of Description of situation Potential Impact of Arab & Muslim vote Very High BC BC Peter Julian NDP Support Incumbent BC Cathy McLeod* Andrew Saxton* Randy Kamp* Cons.ca/ Medium Very High www. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Prov. NDP candidate in 2011: Craig Speirs (Info: http://craigspeirs. Oust Incumbent BC Cons. Liberal candidate came second. 2006 and 2004. The Conservatives are targeting BC ridings. Green Party leader Elizabeth May was believed early on by some to be the candidate most able to defeat Lunn.ca/ .9 percent in 2008.ca/ ) Kamp is reportedly in trouble.liberal. Dhaliwall and the current Conservative candidate may both face voters‘ wrath over the HST.elizabethmay. NDP came a solid second in 2008. Oust Incumbent BC Cons. NDP candidate came second in 2008 election.ndp.cjpme. (Info: http://findonnelly.ndp. Lunn won by a margin of 4 percent in 2008.ca/ ) Julian won handily in 2008. thus this may be a four-way race.ca/ http://edithloringkuhanga.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. This may allow high profile NDP candidate Jinny Sims —former president of the powerful BC Teachers‘ Federation—to make this a three-way race. Bill Siksay (NDP) is not running again.ndp. Liberal candidate in 2011: Taleeb Noormohamed (Info: http://taleeb. (Info: http://peterjulian. and Donnelly is therefore vulnerable.liberal.org 20 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East.ca/about ) Saxton won by only 4. So.ca/ ) High High BC Gary Lunn Cons. so the Conservatives are targeting this riding.ca/ ) Dhaliwall won by only 5.ca/ ) Fin Donnelly is the incumbent.org .ndp. Liberal candidate came a close second in 2008 election. NDP candidate Kennedy Stewart is the candidate best positioned to win.5 percent over a Conservative candidate in 2008. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. check close to election (Info: http://www. NDP candidate in 2011: Michael Crawford (http://michaelcrawford.

NDP candidate in 2011: Nettie Wiebe (info: http://nettiewiebe.ndp. The NDP is running a Chinese Canadian candidate.ca/ ) John Duncan won by just 4. (http://raymartin. Oust Incumbent BC Alberta Edmonton Centre Edmonton East Laurie Hawn Cons.ca/ ) Linda Duncan won by just 1 percent in 2008. Meena Wong.ca/ Wong (NDP): http://meenawong.ndp.ca/ ) Medium High Medium www.ndp.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.ca/ ) Block won by just 262 votes in 2008. She is the only Alberta MP who is not a Conservative.cjpme. (The riding has a large number of Canadians of Chinese origin. Oust Incumbent Dosanjh won by 20 votes in the 2008 election. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Prov. The NDP candidate Noah Evanchuk is best positioned to defeat the Conservative incumbent.ca/home) The outgoing MP is not running again. placed second. Dosanjh (Liberal): http://ujjaldosanjh. Ray Martin. The NDP candidate. Oust Incumbent Alberta Peter Goldring Cons. who may steal votes from both Leung and Dosanjh.ndp. (Info: http://randallgarrison.ndp.2 percent in 2008. (info: http://lindaduncan. The NDP candidate came second in 2008.org 21 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Tony Leung.4 percent in 2008. and won in the two previous elections. NDP candidate in 2011: Jasbir Sandhu (info: http://jasbirsandhu. Parliamentary Sec‘y to the Minister of Defence is facing a strong challenge by a new NDP candidate. (info: http://lewiscardinal. She is the candidate best positioned to win against the Conservatives. came a very strong second last election and is best positioned to defeat the Conservative candidate. placed second in 2008 and is well positioned to challenge Goldring.) It is too early to tell which candidate can best defeat the Conservative. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.noah4palliser. who has a well-run campaign. Randall Garrison (NDP). Riding Name Vancouver South Incumbent‘s Name Ujjal Dosanjh Party of Incumbent Lib. a Conservative. he is now apparently so unpopular in his riding that the Conservative riding association reportedly tried to remove him as a candidate. Oust Incumbent Sask. Oust Incumbent BC Vancouver Island North Esquimalt— Juan de Fuca John Duncan* Cons. Roy Boughen* Cons.ca/ ) Hawn.ca/about) Boughen won by 10 % in 2008. CJPME Recommendation Phrase of Description of situation Potential Impact of Arab & Muslim vote BC BC Surrey North Dona Cadman* Cons.ndp. Oust Incumbent Alberta EdmontonStrathcona Saskatoon— Rosetown— Biggar Palliser Linda Duncan* NDP Support Incumbent Sask.ca/ Cadman won by just 3. Kelly Block* Cons. who has worked as an Amnesty International researcher and in other human rights organizations. The NDP candidate came second.ca/ ) Although Goldring won handily in 2008.org .liberal.ndp.ndp. Lewis Cardinal. The NDP came second in 2008. The NDP came second in 2008. This will definitely be an NDPConservative race. (info: http://www. NDP candidate in 2011: Ronna-Rae Leonard (info: http://ronnaraeleonard.

Oust Incumbent Ontario Don Valley West Rob Oliphant* Lib.7 percent in 2008. (Info: http://kania. when a Conservative candidate came second.rubydhalla.org 22 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East.liberal. (Info: http://www.ca/ ) Glover won by 25 votes a poll in the last election. this time. (Info: http://roboliphant. Oust Incumbent Manitoba Ontario Elmwood— Transcona Brampton— Springdale Brampton West Brant Jim Maloway Ruby Dhalla* NDP Lib. She is the candidate best able to defeat the Conservative candidate in 2011. Support Incumbent Ontario Cons. Denise Kouri. (info: http://www.brantmarc. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Prov. The Liberal came second in 2008 but widely perceived as lackluster. the NDP has made dramatic progress in recent elections. (Info: http://andrewcash. Andrew Cash (NDP) has been knocking on doors for 18 months and is seen as well-positioned to both defeat Silva and prevent the Tory candidate from winning. 2006 and 2008. The Conservative came second. Liberal candidate Raymond Simard is the candidate best positioned to defeat the Conservative incumbent. (http://denisekouri. Kania is considered best able to win against a Conservative candidate in 2011. Although the riding was traditionally Liberal. Oust Incumbent Ontario Davenport Mario Silva Lib.liberal.org . who has been instrumental in pro-Israel lobbying.ca/) McColeman won by less than 10 % in 2008. Manitoba Shelley Glover* Cons.ca/ ) Kania won by only 231 votes in 2008 against the Conservative candidate.cjpme.ca/ ) Medium Medium Medium High www. Support Incumbent Trost won handily in 2008.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. finishing in a solid second place in 2004. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. The NDP is running a better-known candidate. and is best positioned to prevent a Conservative from winning the riding. when the NDP came second. The Liberal came second and had held the riding in the three previous elections.ndp.ndp.ca/biography/ ) Maloway is the incumbent. Support Incumbent Support Incumbent Ontario Andrew Kania* Phil McColeman Lib. rated CTV pundit Alice Funke as the contender who could unseat the Conservative. Riding Name SaskatoonHumboldt Saint Boniface Incumbent‘s Name Brad Trost Party of Incumbent Cons CJPME Recommendation Oust Incumbent Phrase of Description of situation Potential Impact of Arab & Muslim vote Sask. (Info: http://jimmaloway.ca/ ) Dhalla won by only 1. (Info: http://raymondsimard.liberal.3 percent in 2008.ca/) Mario Silva has angered constituents by his frequent absences from the House of Commons. This seat was held by the NDP until 1993 and the NDP are running a more energetic campaign this time with candidate Marc Laferriere.ca/ ) Oliphant won by only 5. This is a riding in which there is a genuine opportunity for CJPME supporters to replace Silva. Oliphant is the candidate most able to prevent a Conservative win in this riding.ndp.

For that reason. and the Liberal candidate may. Lobb won by 11 percent in 2008.ca/ ) However.ca/candidates/nelson-santos/ Valeriote won by 3. may come up.org .telegdi. Voter turnout dropped about 6% in 2008. is likely best positioned to defeat the Conservative incumbent. it is still early. Cons. Less than 2 votes per poll. some observers believe Liberal Charlie Bagnato is currently the candidate best able to defeat Lobb. who may displace Bagnato as the strongest challenger to Lobb. Oust Incumbent Ontario Kitchener— Waterloo Peter Braid* Cons. Oust Incumbent Oust Incumbent Ontario Kenora Greg Rickford Cons. Oust Incumbent Ontario Kitchener Centre Stephen Woodworth Cons. Nelson Santos.org/ ) Stephen Woodworth won by only 339 votes in 2008. This riding was held by the Liberals in the previous 3 elections. Support Incumbent Ontario Ontario Haldimand— Norfolk Huron— Bruce Cons.ndp.ndp.ndp. Oust Incumbent Watson won by 11 percent in 2008.liberal. (Info: http://grantrobertson. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. (Info: http://taniacameron. which traditionally has gone NDP or Liberal. Valeriote appears to be the candidate best able to prevent a Conservative win in this riding. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Prov. The Liberal came second in 2008.ca/ ) Peter Braid won by a mere 17 votes in 2008.4 percent in 2008.cjpme. a high-profile community leader . Grant Robertson (NDP) is strong candidate running a more energetic campaign. Liberal Bob Speller is believed to be the candidate best positioned to defeat Finley. ( Info: http://www. Riding Name Essex Incumbent‘s Name Jeff Watson Party of Incumbent Cons. The Liberal and NDP candidates obtained similar levels of support. Liberal candidate in 2011 is Karen Redman: http://karenredman. That rule has changed and native candidate Tania Cameron (NDP) has a better organized campaign this time.ca/ ) www.org 23 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. the first time a Conservative has ever won in the district. However.ca/biography/ ) Peter Thurley (NDP) is running a strong campaign and is a good alternative for voters disenchanted with Redman‘s foreign policy positions. (Info: http://peterthurley. Both the Liberal and Conservative candidates were favoured by an election rule that disenfranchised indigenous voters without street addresses. (Info: http://frankvaleriote. http://www.ca/ ) Rickford won by 9 percent in 2008. Riding was formerly held by Liberals for 5 terms. The Conservative candidate came second. The NDP candidate is Taras Natyshak. Liberal candidate Andrew Telegdi is widely believed to be the candidate best able to defeat the Conservative. (Info: http://tarasnatyshak. This riding had gone Liberal in the previous 3 elections.bagnato.liberal.ca/ ) Finley beat a strong Liberal candidate by 8% in 2008. CJPME Recommendation Oust Incumbent Phrase of Description of situation Potential Impact of Arab & Muslim vote Ontario Ontario Guelph Frank Valeriote* Diane Finley* Benjamin Lobb Lib.ca/about ).liberal. (info: http://www.

org Very High Very High Very High Medium Very High Very High High www. (Info: http://davidbertschi. and is currently seen by many as the best positioned to defeat Holder. (Info: http://www. Oust Incumbent Ontario Mississauga South Paul Szabo* Lib.ca/ The Conservatives are targeting London-area ridings.com/index. Riding held previously by Liberals for 4 terms.ca/biography/ ) Baird won by less than 10% margin in 2008. Oust Incumbent Ontario Ottawa— Orléans Ottawa West— Nepean Royal Galipeau* John Baird* Cons. This riding had gone Liberal for the previous 5 elections. ( Info: http://omaralghabra. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission . (Info: http://maxkhan.ca/ ) Szabo won by 4. Oust Incumbent Ed Holder won by 2121 votes in 2008. The Liberal party came second in 2008. The Liberal party came second.6 percent in 2008.html ) In 2008.ca/candidates/paul-szabo/ ) Paul Calandra won by 545 votes in 2008. is expected to benefit from the popularity of Irene Mathyssen.org 24 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. who may be able to capitalize on the Liberal base there. Riding Name London West Incumbent‘s Name Ed Holder Party of Incumbent Cons.liberal. with the NDP and Green candidates‘s votes lagging considerably behind. NDP candidate Chris Buckley is the candidate most able to defeat Carrie. This riding was held by a Liberal in the previous 3 elections. Doug Ferguson (Liberal): http://dougferguson. Oust Incumbent Ontario Oshawa Cons. Szabo is best positioned to prevent a Conservative win. Liberal candidate for 2011 is David Bertschi.liberal. The Liberal candidate in 2011 is Anita Vandelbeld.6% in 2008. In the previous three election. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Prov. Royal Galipeau won by votes by only 6%.ca/ ) In 2008.ndp. Doug Ferguson.com/biography.ca/ ) Carrie won by a margin of 6.html ) Young won by 10 percent in 2008. (info: http://chrisbuckley.liberal. a biochemist and environmental activist. just 8 votes per poll. (Info: http://www. However.irenemathyssen. Oust Incumbent Ontario Terence Young* Collin Carrie* Cons.weebly. NDP MP for London-Fanshaw riding.. Liberal Max Khan is widely seen as the candidate currently best able to defeat the Conservative.ca/ Peter Ferguson (NDP): http://peterferguson. and is the best candidate to prevent a Conservative win in this riding. Oust Incumbent Ontario Cons. Mathysssen (NDP) is the incumbent. NDP candidate Peter Ferguson. CJPME Recommendation Oust Incumbent Phrase of Description of situation Potential Impact of Arab & Muslim vote Very High Ontario Ontario London Fanshawe Mississauga —Erindale Irene Mathyssen Bob Dechert* NDP Support Incumbent Ontario Cons.liberal. Liberral candidate Lui Temelkovski is the candidate most likely to defeat Calandra (Info: http://www.ca/meet-anita/ ) info@cjpme. Support Incumbent Ontario Oak Ridges— Markham Oakville Paul Calandra* Cons. Liberal candidate Omar Alghabra is considered the candidate most able to defeat Dechert. less than 2 votes per poll. (Info: http://anitavandenbeld. The Liberals have a new candidate. this riding was won by the Liberals. The Conservative candidate came second. The riding has swung between NDP and Conservative in recent elections. Bob Dechert won by 397 votes (less than 2 votes per poll).ndp.re-elect-lui.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.cjpme.

Liberal candidate for 2011 is Karen Mock: http://en. (Info: http://tonymartin.4 percent in 2008.blocquebecois. The Bloc came second in 2008. after her expulsion from the Conservative caucus.liberal. Alex Smardenka (Liberal) is seen as the candidate best able to defeat Guergis. Bloc candidate Nathalie Arsenault is widely seen as the candidate most capable of defeating Généreux.ndp.org 25 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Oust Incumbent Ontario Welland Malcolm Allen* Sylvie Boucher* NDP Support Incumbent Quebec Beauport— Limoilou Cons. The Bloc had held the seat in 2008. Riding Name Sault Ste.com/index.org/wiki/Karen_Mock (n. / now Independe nt NDP Oust Incumbent Ontario Sudbury Glenn Thibeault Support Incumbent Ontario Thornhill Peter Kent* Cons.wikipedia. Oust Incumbent Quebec Montmagny —L'Islet— Kamouraska —Rivièredu-Loup Pontiac Bernard Généreux* Cons. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Prov. Bernard Généreux won by a 5 percent margin in a 2009 by-election. Allen is the candidate best able to prevent a Conservative win in this riding.7 percent in 2008. Oust Incumbent Ontario Vaughan Julian Fantino* Cons. (info: http://www.b.ndp. who have targeted the riding. She is running as an Independent.cjpme.ca/ ) Kent won the riding for the first time in 2008. Liberal Mario Ferri is widely believed to be the candidate most able to defeat Fantino.liberal. and 2004. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. which had previously been Liberal for many terms. leaving Thibeault vulnerable to the Conservatives.aspx?id=5ca81f bb-3275-4bea-8793-299313234a7c ) Cannon won in 2006 and 2008. It had been previously held by Liberals for four terms.ca/biography/ ) In 2008 Thibeault won the riding.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. (Info: http://glennthibeault.org . Raymond Cote ( NDP http://raymondcote. Martin is the candidate best able to win against a Conservative candidate.ca/ ) and the Bloc‘s Michel Létourneau (http://michelletourneau. (Info: http://marioferri. Medium www. Oust Incumbent Martin won by 2. She is unlikely to take positions much different than Kent‘s on Middle East issues.ca/ ) Allen won by only 541 votes in 2008.npd. The Conservative came second. 2006. The race this time is too close to identify the candidate most able to defeat Cannon. Oust Incumbent Quebec Lawrence Cannon Cons.ca/ ) Boucher won by 11 percent in 2008.) Fantino won by 2. (Info: http://simcoegrey.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=53 ) are both running effective campaigns with high profile candidates. (Info: http://malcolmallen. with a Conservative candidate coming second.ndp. The Liberals are running a weak campaign.org/dossiers/candidats/default. The riding had been previously held by a Liberal. Marie Simcoe-Grey Incumbent‘s Name Tony Martin* Party of Incumbent NDP CJPME Recommendation Support Incumbent Phrase of Description of situation Potential Impact of Arab & Muslim vote Ontario Ontario Helena Guergis* Cons.ca ) The riding was Liberal prior to Guergis‘s victory as a Conservative in 2004. and held the riding in 2004.

who helped draft the UN declaration on indigenous rights and is an expert on international law and human rights. Oust Incumbent Saint John Cons. Oust Incumbent Quebec Bloc New Brunswick New Brunswick Fredericton Keith Ashfield* Rodney Weston Cons. Ashfield won by an 11% margin in 2008. CJPME Recommendation Oust Incumbent Phrase of Description of situation Potential Impact of Arab & Muslim vote Quebec Quebec Jean-Pierre Blackburn Yvon Levesque Cons. However.ca/ ) Rob Moir (http://robmoir. (Info: http://claudepatry.ndp.http://stephenchase. Both the Liberals and NDP are running different candidates against Weston than they ran in 2008 and 2006.org www. Margaret‘s Gerald Keddy* Cons. Gordon Earle (NDP) is widely believes to be the candidate most able to defeat the Conservative. Stephen Chase (Liberal . (Info: http://www. less than 4.cjpme. Oust Incumbent Nova Scotia South Shore—St.5 votes per poll.ca/ ) The NDP are running star candidate Robert Chisholm (http://robertchisholm. It is too early to tell which one will prove most able to defeat Weston.ca/ ) Gerald Keddy won by 932 votes in 2008.ndp. lawyer Romeo Saganash (http://romeosaganash. The NDP is running a ―star‖ candidate. Keddy has consistently benefited from a 3 party race in this riding over the past three elections. which has abruptly changed the dynamics of the election in this riding.org 26 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. which will likely boost Chisholm‘s chances. (Info: http://www. (Info: http://gordonearle. The riding‘s large Cree population is expected to vote in much higher numbers than usual as a result.ca/ ) won by 8 percent in 2008. This riding had gone Conservative in the previous 3 elections.org/dossiers/candidats/default. Savage (http://mikesavage.1 percent. the Liberals recently had to dump their candidate after his history of antiaboriginal comments became public knowledge. Claude Patry.ca/ ) Levesque (http://www. less than 3 votes per poll. Randy McKeen (Liberal) is believed to be the candidate most able to defeat the Conservative.ndp.org/dossiers/deputes/default. Oust Incumbent Nova Scotia DartmouthCole Harbour Mike Savage Liberal Lebel won in 2008 by 4. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Prov. The NDP are running a high-profile Cree leader.blocquebecois.3 percent in 2008.ca/) who led the NDP provincially from 4 to 20 seats in the 1998 election.blocquebecois.liberal.ndp. whom the Bloc had tried to get to run for them.randymckeen. Riding Name Roberval— Lac-SaintJean JonquièreAlma Abitibi-Baie James Incumbent‘s Name Denis Lebel* Party of Incumbent Cons.ca/) Rodney Weston won by 497 votes in 2008. info@cjpme. The NDP formed government provincially in Nova Scotia in 2009.aspx?id=796357a f-f370-4088-a03b-20e3ed76a660 ) won by 9. Bloc candidate Claude Pilote is widely believed to be the candidate most able to defeat Lebel.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.ca/ ).ndp.aspx?id=c76e6e 20-e26a-4c65-b8fa-d3868c49e462 ) Blackburn won by a 15 percent margin in 2008. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission .

liberal.ca/ Paul Okalik (Liberal) : http://www.ca/ ) Very High * Recommended by Catch-22. (Info: http://wayneeaster.seancasey. Guy Gallant (Liberal) is seen by many as the candidate most able to defeat the Conservative (Info: http://www. The NDP candidate Joe Byrne is a community activist wit experience working providing services for immigrants. Check the opposition candidates‘ progress closer to the election: Jack Hicks (NDP): http://jackhicks.com/) Leona Aglukkaq won by 466 votes or 9 votes per poll.org 27 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. (http://www. Green Leader Elizabeth May came second in 2008. Riding Name Central Nova Incumbent‘s Name Peter McKay Party of Incumbent Cons.ca/notes ) www.ca/candidates/guy-gallant/ ).cjpme. The Conservatives have not won this seat since 1984. is having difficulty shaking off a public perception as elitist due to his history of opposing increases to the province‘s minimum wage. but is running in BC this election. Easter is best positioned to prevent a Conservative win in this riding. Liberal incumbent Shawn Murphy is not running again. This riding was held by the Liberals in the previous 3 elections. Oust Incumbent NWT Western Arctic Dennis Bevington* NDP Support Incumbent The NDP came second there in 2004 and 2006. a lawyer and businessman. (http://davidkparker. Bevington is the candidate best positioned to win against the Conservatives. Oust Incumbent PEI Charlottetow n PEI Malpeque Wayne Easter* Lib. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Prov. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.ndp.5% separating 2nd and 3rd place.ca/ ) Easter won by 4. (www. The Conservative candidate came second. David Parker (NDP) is running an effective campaign and is likely the candidate best positioned to defeat MacKay.ndp. (Info: http://dennisbevington.ca/ ) Gail Shea won by a mere 55 votes in 2008.org . Nunavut was a close 3 party race with only 1.ca/about) Sean Casey (Liberal).Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. (Info:http://joebyrne.9 percent.liberal.ndp.9 percent in 2008. CJPME Recommendation Oust Incumbent Phrase of Description of situation Potential Impact of Arab & Muslim vote Nova Scotia PEI Egmont Gail Shea* Cons. Support Incumbent Nunavut Nunavut Leona Aglukkaq Cons.ca/candidates/paul-okalik/ Bevington won over the Conservative candidate in 2008 by a margin of 3. http://catch22campaign. The Tories have targeted this riding.

which was both the 60th aniversary of the founding of the State of Israel and also the year leading into the assault on Gaza. However.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. 77 members (40th Parliament) www. One alternative is for the MPs‘ trips to be sponsored by a neutral third party. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. There are legitimate reasons for MPs to visit even despotic regimes. Canadian MPs have been reluctant than their European counterparts to hold Israel to the same standards they would hold other countries. it is fair to say that the pro-Israel lobby in Canada is well-funded and active among parliamentarians. They should also meet with the independent Israel-based (and international) human rights organizations monitoring Israel‘s human rights record. or by the Canadian Parliament itself. Another is for the MPs to pay for their own trips (not beyond the means of MPs. whose base salary in 2010 was $157.cjpme. In 2008.731). 4. when a country has a history of grave violations of international law and fundamental human rights—as Israel has—MPs must take steps to ensure that such trips serve as genuine opportunities for learning. The disproportionate number of trips orchestrated by Israel may explain why. e. If MPs do visit Israel. in recent years. The Canadian pro-Israel lobby paid over $565. B‘tselem. 2007-2010 From 2007-2010.000 for these trips. A total of $565. Gisha. over one third of the sponsored trips—26 of the 71 trips—were of this nature.1 Justifying travel to Israel-Palestine Travelling to countries that violate international law and human rights — such as Israel — does not indicate that the MPs travelling agree with the conduct of the country in question. they should complement the agenda set for them by Israeli government officials and pro-Israel lobby groups with encounters with a broad range of Palestinian leaders — both political and civil society — many of whom are merely half an hour away from Jerusalem.101 was spent by pro-Israel lobby groups on trips aimed at shaping Canadian MPs‘ perceptions of Israel and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. principally the Canada-Israel Committtee. The number of MPs who took one or more trips sponsored by pro-Israel lobby groups or specifically for proIsrael lobbying is as follows:  Conservative: 28 trips for approx. It is therefore also important to hold parliamentarians accountable when they take such trips. Travel sponsored by lobby groups such as the Canada-Israel Committee is unlikely to provide opportunities for MPs to hear from a balanced gamut of sources. The population of Israel represents less than one tenth of one percent of the entire world population. Thus. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition 4 Parliamentary Travel related to Israel-Palestine. In most cases. 4.g. there is little indication that MPs traveling at the invitation of the Canada-Israel Committee made the effort to meet independent Israeli NGOs and Palestinian leaders. 143 members (40th Parliament)  Liberal: 21 trips for approx. Few MPs solicited suggestions from CJPME or other Canadian pro-justice groups prior to their trips. Gush Shalom.org .2 Overall stats on parliamentary trips to Israel-Palestine 68 of the total 327 sponsored international trips taken by Canadian MPs between 2007 and 2010 — 21 percent — were paid for by pro-Israel lobby groups. travel to Israel at the invitation of pro-Israel groups accounted for 21 percent of all international trips taken by members of Parliament.org 28 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Brief West Bank excursions carefully orchestrated by the Israeli government and its lobby groups in Canada are no substitute for such contact.

Voters may wish to ask candidates in the 2011 federal elections if they would be willing to visit Gaza. 37 members (40th Parliament) 10 trips for approx. 49 members (40th Parliament) In contrast. given the intentions of most of the trips‘ sponsors. the West Bank and the refugee camps where millions of Palestinians live in order to hear Palestinians‘ concerns. it is unlikely that Palestinians‘ human rights concerns and perspectives were a major component of most of the MPs‘ trips mentioned below.3 List of parliamentary trips related to Israel-Palestine. However.cjpme. CJPME points out that although two years have passed since the devastating Israeli assault on Gaza.org . and still less meetings that may have been held with NGOs. www.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.org 29 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. The information collected by the Office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner is not granular enough to document side-trips to the occupied Palestinian territories (OPT). 4. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. only three MPs have visited there — Libby Davies (NDP). 2007-2010 The table below compiles the information on MPs‘ trips to Israel and other places sponsored by pro-Israel lobby groups between 2007 and 2010. Borys Wrzesnewskyj (Liberal) and Richard Nadeau (Bloc). 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition   NDP: Bloc: 7 trips for approx. Thus it cannot be presumed that MPs did not visit the OPT if ―Palestine‖ does not appear by their name.

151 Other: $1. 26 Sep.181 Accommodation: $2. Dean Party Cons. Navdeep Singh Bennett.11.64 Transportation: $5.381 Accommodation: $1.) Transportation: $4.835.401.645 Transportation: $3. 2008 Lib. 2008 7961 www.40 Accommodation: $1. Patrick Cons. Garry Cons. Carolyn Lib.583 Other: $1.930 Transportation: $4.733 Accommodation: $1. insurance.508 (meals. Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel Educational Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee 7961 Brown. Israel August 28 September 7.686 Other: $2.995 Accommodation: $1.069 Other: $1. Harold (& Betty Albrecht) Allison.30 Breitkreuz.294 (meals and group expenses) Transportation: $5. 2008 6440 Brown. 2008 Bains.733 Accommodation: $1. 2010 May 5 . 2007 Cons.13. Destination Israel Purpose of Trip Education and awareness Educational Trip Sponsor Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee Dates July 8-16. Israel Parliamentary Mission 2008 60th Anniversary of Israel Educational Experience July 6 .11.220.13.30 Accommodation: $1. 2008 Block. Israel May 6 . reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.796 Other: $810 (meals) Transportation: $4. Gord Cons. 2008 Amount Transportation $4.cjpme.11.14 Other: $3. Israel August 30 September 5.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. misc.451.583 Other: $1.org 30 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East.18 9411 7987 7961 8.733 Accommodation: $1. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Albrecht.645 (meals. 2. Israel Educational study visit Canada-Israel Committee 8758 Brunelle.106.234 Transportation: $5.org . expenses) 8728.645 Transportation: $3.381 Accommodation: $1. Paule Bloc Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel Canada-Israel Committee May 5 .583 Other: $1. Israel July 6 . Kelly (& Milton Block) Cons. 2009 Aug.796 Other: $2.

2009 2837.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. 2008 Amount Transportation: $4. Jerusalem. 2009 Transportation: $5.783 (meals.150. Israel Conference December 16 .19.837.22 Cotler. United Kingdom.22 Cotler. 2009 10239.225. Israel United Kingdom Government. Ron (& Cindy Cannan) Party Cons. Irwin Lib. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Cannan.org .06 (Geneva) $1. London.689 Other: $1.cjpme.230 Accommodation: $2.016 Transportation: $6.741. International Monetary Conference (London).90 (New York) Accommodation: $875. Academic Conference (Jerusalem) Address human rights conferences Trip Sponsor Canada .27. group expenses Transportation: $1. (3) Columbia Law School.52 www.Israel Committee Dates August 25 September 2. University of Jerusalem February 14 .17. 2009 1439.200 Other: $3. (4) March of the Living Global Forum for Combating Antisemitism April 18 .22.02 (Poland) $294.83 (New York) Transportation: $2.30 Cotler Irwin (& David Grossman (Geneva only) Lib. Poland (1) UN Watch. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.org 31 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Israel Purpose of Trip Meeting with Members of the Knesset (Israeli Parliament) Francophone parliamentary mission Israel 2009 Co-Chair. Irwin (& Howard Liebman Lib.41 (Geneva) $1. Geneva New York Oswiecim.30 USD 9446 Canada-Israel Committee July 11 . Destination Israel Coderre.22 Accommodation: $1.767. (2) Cardozo Law School.52 9287.439. Denis Lib. Jerusalem.

19.613 (meals.644 Accommodation: $1. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.org 32 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. 2008 Duceppe.936 Other: $4.468 10934 Dechert.686 Other: $2. group expenses) 9446 8758 17577.1.508 (meals.) Transportation: $8.540 Accommodation: $1.56 www. 2008 Amount Transportation: $4.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. 2008 Aug.56 Accommodation: $3.285 Accommodation: $945 Other: $2. group expenses) Transportation: $3. Barry (& Ursula Devolin) Dhaliwal. Israel Francophone parliamentary mission Israel 2009 Fact finding regarding Middle East situation Education and awareness Canada-Israel Committee 5520 Canada .200 Other: $3.023.181 Accommodation: $2.016 Transportation: $5.230 Accommodation: $2.org . Israel Canada-Israel Committee July 4 -11. Sukh Cons. Israel Education Canada-Israel Committee August 30 September 6. 26 Sep. insurance.394 (meals.Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee August 25 September 3. personal expenses.069 Other: $1. 2010 July 12 .cjpme. Gilles (& Yolande Brunelle) Bloc Israel Parliamentary mission Canada-Israel Committee July 27 Aug. 5. 2009 Transportation: $4. Bob Cons.930 Transport: $3. 2008 Transportation: $4.22 Bloc Israel Cons. Dean (& Kelly Del Mastro) Desnoyers. Luc (& Isabelle Desnoyers) Devolin.340. Israel Lib. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Crête.13.876 7843 7956. misc.160 Other: $6. 2009 Del Mastro.22 Accommodation: $1. Paul (& Myriam Santerre) Party Bloc Destination Israel Purpose of Trip Raising awareness of Israel's and Palestine's political situations Summer 2009 Parliamentary Mission to Israel Trip Sponsor Canada-Israel Committee Dates July 6 .

2008 1110.000 Other: $3.613 (meals. Washington.12. Relationship Building. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Duncan.cjpme. Israel Francophone parliamentary mission Israel 2009 Canada-Israel Committee . Israel July 4 .23.618 USD Other: $2. Parliamentary Delegation Summer 2010 Parliamentary Mission to Israel Meetings concerning Middle Eastern peace initiatives Parliamentary mission to Israel Trip Sponsor Canada-Israel Committee Dates July 4 . 2009 9234. Ed (& Annette Fast) Cons.12.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.The Jewish Community of Canada July 12 .org . Shelly (& Bruce Glover) Cons.62 Garneau.837 Other: $817 6455.34 Accommodation: $1. group and individual expenses) Transportation: $5.68 Accommodation: $2.34 Dykstra. 2010 Amount Transportation: $3. Royal Cons. Destination Israel Purpose of Trip Meet with senior officials and members of the Israel Parliament covering a broad range of topics Promotional.18.536. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.285 Accommodation: $945 Other: $2. group expenses) 9006.570 Gifts: $65 Transportation: $567 Accommodation: $478.96 Transportation: $4.66 Accommodation: $1.104 USD Accommodation: $1. 2010 Gifts: $100 Transportation: $3. Educational.336. Marc Lib.66 www.876 Other: $1.822 (meals. 2009 7843 Glover. John Party Cons. Israel Canada-Israel Committee August 19-27.62 Meals: $349. DC International Israel Allies Caucus Foundation Canada-Israel Committee May 21 . Israel Canada-Israel Committee July 5 .org 33 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East.801. Rick (& Kathy Dykstra) Cons.466 USD 8188 Fast. 2007 Transportation: $4.12.68 Galipeau.

30 www.12.584 8601.230 Accommodation: $2. Israel and Jordan Canada-Israel Committee August 29 September 8. 2008 Amount Transportation: $2. tours. Gary (& Valerie Goodyear) Guimond.50 Transportation: $6. Israel Educational tour of Israel Canada-Israel Committee July 5 . 2009 7843 Holland.Israel Committee August 26 . Israel Ignatieff.Sept.66 10944 Bloc Tel Aviv Israel Parliamentary exchanges Parliamentary mission Canada-Israel Committee July 8 . Jerusalem.609. 1.62 Accommodation: $1.62 Hoeppner.20 Cons.200 Other: $3. Jordan Young Leadership 2008 Parliamentary Mission to Israel Chairing of Panel for Saban Forum Canada . Israel Mission Canada-Israel Public Affairs Canada-Israel Committee July 5 .83 USD/person Accommodation: $809 USD/person Other: $1.org 34 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. 2007 Gifts: $29.40 Accommodation: $1.540 Accommodation: $1. 2007 8728.401.6.052.988. Mark (& Cindy Fournier) Lib.588 (meals and group expenses) Transportation: $4.16.80 Accommodation: $1.285 Accommodation: $945 Other: $2.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.org .613 (meals. Yvon (& Lyna Mainville) Party NDP Destination Israel Purpose of Trip Parliamentary Mission to Israel Trip Sponsor Canada-Israel Committee Dates August 19-25.14 Other: $3.220. 2007 Goodyear. 1 .468 Transportation: $4.14.296 Other: $2.cjpme.106.233 USD/person Transportation: $4. 2008 9446 Brookings Institute Nov. Michel (& Mariette Langlois) * Hoback. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Godin.936 Other: $4. Candice Cons. other expenses) Yes Transportation: $4. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.016 8189. Randy (& Jerri Hoback) Cons. Michael * Lib. 2009 7493.64 Transportation: $3. Israel Amman.

62 Lunney. Daryl (& Carol Ann Kramp) Party Cons. 26 Sep.609.19.457 (incl. 2009 Amount Transportation: $4.644. Pierre (& Audrey Lemieux) Cons.22 Lemieux.22.11.733 Accommodation: $1. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.96 Transportation: $4.org 35 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East.876 Other: $3. JeanYves (& Daniel Vangeois) Bloc Israel Canada-Israel Committee July 11 . 2009 Laforest. Pat NDP Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel May 5 . 2008 Laforest. JeanYves (& Danièle Vaugeois)* Bloc Israel Canada-Israel Committee July 11 . Destination Israel Purpose of Trip Young Leadership 2008 Parliamentary Mission to Israel Francophone parliamentary mission Israel 2009 Francophone parliamentary mission to Israel 2009 Parliamentary mission to Israel Trip Sponsor Canada-Israel Committee Dates Aug.19.11.566 (meals and group expenses) Transportation: $3. 2009 7493.583 Other: $1. 2008 1460. 2008 7961 Washington Inaugural meeting of Caucus Chairs International Israel Allies Caucus Foundation Canada-Israel Committee May 20 .22 Accommodation: $1. Israel Canada-Israel Committee August 29 September 6.2. James Cons.cjpme.733 Accommodation: $2.566 (Meals and group expenses) Transportation: $3.296 Other: $2.org . Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel Canada-Israel Committee May 5 .22 9086.645 9446 9086.22 Accommodation: $1.62 Accommodation: $1.230 Accommodation: $2.62 Meals: $349.588 (meals and group expenses) Transportation: $4.644. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Kramp. 2008 7961 www.876 Other: $3.58 Martin.200 Other: $3. meals) Other: $771 (expenses) Gifts: $65 Transportation: $567 Accommodation: $478.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.016 (meals and other expenses) Transportation: $3.

etc.325 Accommodation: $1.876 Other: $3.733 Accommodation: $1.540 Accommodation: $1. expenses) Transportation: $2.62 Accommodation: $1. 2009 8253.14.733 Accommodation: $1.645 (meals.645 (ground costs) 7493.org . Serge Bloc Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel Canada-Israel Committee May 5 .811. 2008 Ménard.583 Other: $1.19. ground transport.64 Accommodation: $1. 2008 9411 Neville. sites admissions) Gift: $10 Transportation: $4.64 NDP Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel Canada-Israel Committee May 5 .296 Other: $2. John (&Nancy McCallum) Lib.234 (meals. Wayne (& Barbara Marston) Party NDP Destination Israel McCallum.11. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Marston. Thomas Lib. ground transport.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.11. Anita Lib. entrance fees) Transportation: $5.796 Other: $2.468 (meals.org 36 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Israel Canada-Israel Committee Parliamentary Mission 60th Anniversary of Israel Canada-Israel Committee July 6 .) Transportation: $5. 2008 Amount Transportation: $3.609.11. 2009 Canada-Israel Committee July 6 . Israel Parliamentary mission Canada-Israel Committee July 11 .583 Other: $1. Israel Purpose of Trip Young Leadership/Parlia mentary Mission to Israel Parliamentary Mission Trip Sponsor Canada-Israel Committee Dates August 29 September 5.566 (meals.14. Alexandra (& Joao D.936 Other: $4. sites admission) Transportation: $4. Novo) Mulcair.cjpme.62 10944 7971 Mendes.588 (meals and group expenses) Transportation: $4. Peggy NDP Tel Aviv. 2008 7961 www. 2008 7961 Nash.583 Other: $1.381 Accommodation: $1. Israel Canada-Israel Committee May 5 . reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.053 (meals.

2008 11785 Bloc Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel Parlimentary Business Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee May 5 . 2009 July 5 .74 Misc: $1.401. 2008 7961 Savage.583 Other: $1.51 Pearson. tours. related expenses) Transportation: $4.000 Other: $3.org 37 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East.cjpme.96 $10602 Paillé.121. Robert (& Marco Fiola) Party Lib.16.570 Transportation: $5.936 Other: $4.613 per person (meals.10. 2009 December 9 . Bob Lib.org .16 Lib.508. Jean-Yves Cons. 2009 Amount Tranportation: $1. Israel Israel Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee March 13 . Israel and West Bank Jerusalem.106.13.227.16 Accommodation: $2.649 Accommodation: $787. 2007 5612. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Oliphant.804.14 Other: $1.16.54 www. Israel Canada-Israel Committee July 8-16.90 Transportation: $3. Michael Lib.743 per person Accommodation: $945 per person Other: $2.733 Accommodation: $1.468 Transportation: $4.58 Other: $175.12. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.112 Other: $2. 2007 8728.992. Daniel Bloc Israel & Palestine Awareness of the Israel-Palestine situation CIC Parliamentary Mission Fact-finding mission Meet with foreign officials Parliamentary trip to Israel Parliamentary mission to Israel Canada-Israel Committee July 11 . Karen (& Warren Redman) Roy. Destination Israel Purpose of Trip Familiarization with issues in Israel and the West Bank Trip Sponsor Canada-Israel Committee Dates July 5 .18 Rae. 2010 7904.11. Rathgeber.381 Accommodation: $1. 2010 3804.80 Accommodation: $333 Transportation: $3.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. Israel July 7 .80 333 9078. Glen (& Jane Roy) Lib.51 Accommodation: $1.645 Transportation: $4. Brent (&Katrina Black) Redman. Israel July 8 .40 Accomodation: $1.16.671 Transportation: $ 4.12.

Mario Lib.613 (meals. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. sites admission) Transportation: $4. 2008 Uppal. Scott (& Jackson Simms McKay) Stoffer.262 Transportation: $4. Israel Parliamentary Mission to Israel Canada-Israel Committee August 19-25.220. 2008 Simard.648.68 Accommodation: $2.285 Accommodation: $945 Other: $2. 2007 Cons.733 Accommodation: $1.401.466 USD Transportation: $3.201.106. Peter (& Andrea Pottyondy) Sweet. Israel Parliamentary Mission to Israel Parliamentary Meetings Parliamentary Mission to Israel Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee Canada-Israel Committee August 19-26.733 Accommodation: $1. 2009 Transportation: $4.14 Other: $3. personal.553 Other: $2.930 8684. Israel Fact-finding mission Canada-Israel Committee July 4 .508. Israel NDP Israel July 8-16.18 7474. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Saxton.233 USD Transportation: $4. tours. ground transport.40 Accomodation: $1.68 8728.645 (meals & expenses Transportation: $4. 2007 July 4 .01 Silva. 2007 Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel Canada-Israel Committee May 5 .11.org .64 (meals.645 (meals.72 USD Accommodation: $1. Tim Cons.104 USD Accommodation: $1.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.12.583 Other: $1. Andrew (&Rachel Greenfeldl) Party Cons.cjpme.72 7961 7843 www. Raymond (& Marguerite Simard) Simms. David Lib.618 USD Other: $2.000 Other: $3. group expenses) Transportation: $4.01 Accommodation: $1. Destination Israel Purpose of Trip Summer 2010 Parliamentary Mission to Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel Trip Sponsor Canada-Israel Committee Dates August 29 September 6.org 38 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. 2010 Lib. 2010 Amount Transportation: $4.583 Other: $1. Israel Canada-Israel Committee May 5 .493 USD Other: $1.11.13. other expenses) 7961 8188 8770.

Vote 2011 Elections Guide April.228 (meals) Misc: $1. sites.18 Accommodation: $2. Israel Parliamentary Mission to Israel Canada-Israel Committee July 5 .016.14 Other: $1. Destination Israel Purpose of Trip Education and Awareness Trip Sponsor CIC July Parliamentary Mission to Israel Canada-Israel Committee Dates July 8-15.org 39 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. Israel Parliamentary Mission July 8-16. 238 Transportation: $4.14 Other: $3. Judy Party Cons.12.106. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition Name of Member Van Kesteren.570 8728.11.18 TOTAL 565. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme.106.645 (meals.101.40 Accommodation: $1. Chris (& Michelle Warkentin) Wasylycia-Leis.org . 2010 Amount Transportation: $4. ground transport.cjpme.18 7973.000 Other: $3. Dave (& Faye Van Kesteren) Transportation: Warkentin.583 Other: $1. 2007 Cons.220.401. 2008 Watson. porterage Transportation: $4.733 Accommodation: $1. guides. Jeff (& Sarah Watson) Cons.54 7961 9596.401.40 Accomodation: $1. entrance fees.64 Transportation: $4.90 www. 2007 NDP Israel 60th Anniversary of Israel Canada-Israel Committee May 5 .

the dominating principle is ―support Israel‖ regardless of what it does. Conversely. Conservative included. reuse or reproduction prohibited without express written permission info@cjpme. it does occur that NDP or Bloc politicians break away from their principled party positions on the Middle East. there are individuals (whether quietly or boldly) committed to CJPME‘s principles listed above. These cases are regrettable.   CJPME has met with hundreds of politicians since its founding in 2004. Equal expectations of all parties in a conflict 3. 2011 CJPME Guide to Canada's Federal Elections 2011 Edition 5 CJPME’s Position on Canada’s Federal Parties CJPME has been issuing position papers and policy recommendations to Canadian politicians for years. but both parties in practice align very closely with CJPME‘s principles and positions. Support for international law and human rights 2. Certainly. The Bloc is more explicit in its basis of international law as principle.Vote 2011 Elections Guide April. and encourage Canada‘s political parties to do the same. 2) the party platforms on the Middle East (provided in this document). Based on this information. There are many politicians who have told CJPME that they depend heavily on CJPME-issued material as they form their position on issues.org 40 © Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East. The Liberal party has traditionally been balanced on the Israel-Palestine conflict. but is currently difficult to distinguish from the Conservative party. CJPME makes the following observations:  The Bloc and NDP positions on the Middle East are most aligned with those of CJPME. Michael Ignatieff is also perhaps the most hawkish of recent Liberal leaders. and 4) their own conscience and priorities. CJPME has been able to observe how each of the four most prominent parties in the Canada respond to its issues. but highly unusual.org .cjpme. The positions that CJPME proposes are based on three principles that resonate with Canadian voters: 1. As per the previous section providing an overview of the party platforms on the Middle East. The Conservative party talks of principles of international law and human rights. A believe that violence is not a solution CJPME‘s documents assess and critique all Middle East players according to these principles. but it is impossible to find any consistency in its application of these principles. 3) pertinent information gleaned ―on the ground‖ during the course of the election. on the Israel-Palestine issue. www. Canadian voters are encouraged to make their vote factoring in 1) the recommendations provided by CJPME in this document. and knows that within in every party. so this is an additional mark against the Liberals.

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