Internet: A Popular Mode of Communication

Introduction
The Internet, sometimes called simply "the Net," is a worldwide system of computer networks - a network of networks in which users at any one computer can, if they have permission, get information from any other computer (and sometimes talk directly to users at other computers). It was conceived by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the U.S. government in 1969 and was first known as the ARPANET. The original aim was to create a network that would allow users of a research computer at one university to be able to "talk to" research computers at other universities Today, the Internet is a public, cooperative, and self-sustaining facility accessible to hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Physically, the Internet uses a portion of the total resources of the currently existing public telecommunication networks. Technically, what distinguishes the Internet is its use of a set of protocols called TCP/IP (for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). Two recent adaptations of Internet technology, the intranet and the extranet, also make use of the TCP/IP protocol For many Internet users, electronic mail (e-mail) has practically replaced the Postal Service for short written transactions. Electronic mail is the most widely used application on the Net. The most widely used part of the Internet is the World Wide Web (often abbreviated "WWW" or called "the Web"). Its outstanding feature is hypertext, a method of instant crossreferencing. In most Web sites, certain words or phrases appear in text of a different color than the rest; often this text is also underlined using the Web, its users have access to millions of pages of information. Web browsing is done with a Web browser, the most popular of which are Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator. The appearance of a particular Web site may vary slightly depending on the browser use. Also, later versions of a particular browser are able to render more "bells and whistles" such as animation, virtual reality, sound, and music files, than earlier versions. In this report I discuss about the internet, its using method, history, advantages, disadvantages and its use in perspective of Bangladesh.

1.2Objectives of the study
The main objectives of this study is to know about the internet, its using method, its history, its advantages and disadvantages and its use in perspective of Bangladesh.

1.3Methodology of the study:
For preparing the report the following methodology is adopted. This report is an analytical one in nature. All of the data has been collected from the secondary sources. Sources of information: • Different books and newspaper article written on internet. • Internet

Segregation of data:
Collected data were segregated from the source material for the purpose of preparing report.

Processing of data:
Collected data were compiled and processed for the purpose of preparing the report.

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Internet: A Popular Mode of Communication AN OVERVIEW ON GLOBAL INTERNET 2. of course. The one thing all these different computers have in common is the use of the Internet Protocol. abbreviated as IP. 2. It links computers of many different types. if for nothing else than it's fascinating to see how far we've come in so short a time.2 Internet structure There have been many analyses of the Internet and its structure. the Internet is often represented by a cloud symbol.1 Internet: The Internet is a vast network that connects many independent networks spanning over 170 countries in the World. For example. You will often see reference to the longer abbreviation. Your own computer uses TCP/IP software to enable it to link to this service. 1957: The United States Department of Defense formed a small agency called ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) to develop military science and technology. -2- . into and out of which network communications can pass. the many people of those countries that use the Internet to communicate. and operating systems. and. Similar to the way the commercial Internet providers connect via Internet exchange points. In network diagrams. 2. it has been determined that the Internet IP routing structure and hypertext links of the World Wide Web are examples of scale-free networks. TCP/IP. Here given the short history of internet by year. sizes. which allows computers of different types to communicate with each other. which stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. research networks tend to interconnect into large sub networks such as: GEANT GLORIAD The Internet2 Network (formally known as the Abilene Network) JANET (the UK's national research and education network) These in turn are built around relatively smaller networks.3 History of internet The history of the Internet is interesting.

and every point of view is heard in the long process of hashing out decisions and setting new standards. CompuServe). data is now transmitted more quickly and efficiently with the design of TCP (Transmission Control Program). 1974: Network intercommunication is becoming more sophisticated. 1984: Number of hosts is now up to 1000. 1995-1997: RealAudio introduces Internet streaming technology. dial-up systems emerge (America Online. and so on are owned by government and private organizations and are paid for by taxes and user fees. and share information than ever before in history. 2. Stand ford Research Institute. The equipment-the computers.000 mailing lists. corporation or government owns or runs the Internet. 1993: The World Wide Web's annual growth is now at a staggering 341.Internet: A Popular Mode of Communication 1961-1965: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) started to research sharing information in small. and small university networks are beginning to be developed. 1973: ARPAnet goes global when the University College of London and Norway's Royal Radar Establishment join up. 1982: Internet technology protocols are developed. The first official network nodes were UCLA. Queen Elizabeth sends out her first email message. 1976: UNIX is developed at AT and T. phone-linked networks. In the early history of the Internet. 1969: The Department of Defense commissions the fledgling ARPAnet for network research. with more being added every day. bringing the total to 15. the mother of all networked discussion groups.4 Who owns the internet? No organization. and there are now more than 70. The first node to node message was sent from UCLA to SRI. the US government paid for many of the development and operating costs through -3- . 1985: The first registered domain is Symbolics. This leads to one of the first definitions of an "internet" being a connected set of networks. is developed. find information.634%. Packet switching technology is getting off the ground. These new nodes include Harvard and NASA. Instead. 1966: The first ARPANET plan is unveiled by Larry Roberts of MIT. 1979: USENET. the routers. 1994: ARPAnet celebrates 25th anniversary. conduct business. More people use the Internet to get connected to others. UCSB. the Internet backbone continues to be strengthened with the addition of MCI. ARPA is one of their main sponsors. 1988: First large-scale Internet worm affects thousands of Internet hosts.000 mark. the cables. 1987: Number of hosts breaks the 10. 1971: more nodes join the network. commonly known as TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol). Decisions are made by consensus among all who choose to participate. and the University of Utah. 1998-present: The Internet continues to experience staggering growth.com. Microsoft and Netscape fight for WWW browser supremacy. many people and organizations voluntarily participate in task force groups who meet to develop standards for the many various technical needs of running the Internet. 1991: Tim Berners-Lee develops the World Wide Web.

767.9 % 1.304.346 23. In recent years.892 18.2 % North America 337.093 393.9 % 860.068.90% Asia 10.070 360.899 4.270.290.780.30% 2.7 % 10.572.6 % 2.792 114.4 % 41.384 7.170. 2000 Latest Data (% Population) 2000-2008 Africa 975.) Users % of Table 3.400 54.296.919 173.620. 36% of the world's Internet users are based in Asia.108 23.8 % 342. 31.9 % 15.2 % World Regions Population (2008 Est.4 % 474.819. Here given the worlds internet usage and population statistic: WORLD INTERNET USAGE AND POPULATION STATISTICS Users Internet Users Internet Users Penetration Growth Dec.949 108.4 % 132.284.9 % Oceania / Australia 34.9 % 274.398 48. 29% in Europe.419 60.171.3 % Middle East 196.783.100.492 1.619.000 657. 2.096.5 % Latin America/Caribbean 581.0 % World internet user by worlds region 1.514.861.903.3 % 100.3 % 1.70% 24. the US government has stepped aside except for the portions that link government organizations and let private enterprise develop the nets.710.480 20.373.800 45.985.90% 41.0 % Asia 3. and 21% in North America.596.4 % 172.6 % 1.614 3.140 29.489 74.500 5.096.2 % 24.540 105.249.800 251.7 % WORLD TOTAL 6.60% Europe North America Latin America Africa Middle East Oceania -4- .20% 15.330.Internet: A Popular Mode of Communication government grants.9 % Europe 803.816 17.029.384.5User of internet: By continent.

Email:. more reliable. too. we can chat for hours with our loved ones. Now we can communicate in a fraction of second with a person who is sitting in the other part of the world.7Advantages and disadvantages of internet: As with every single innovation. and exchange information and files. and since anyone can publish just about anything. we can avail the facilities of e-mail. And internet has excelled beyond the expectations . There are plenty messenger services in offering. or r own web pages.6 Uses of internet: The Internet Protocol makes it possible for user to communicate in various ways. With help of such services. sound. Information: There is a huge amount of information available on the internet for just about every -5- . message boards.Internet: A Popular Mode of Communication 2. greater magnitude of advantages outweighs its disadvantages. Almost as fast as the telephone. innovations are going on to make it faster. and adds easy links to other resources and adds multimedia--graphics. 2. and you never play phone tag. our earth has reduced and has attained the form of a global village. it has become very easy to establish a kind of global friendship where you can share your thoughts. The advantages to email is that it is free ( no charge per use) when compared to telephone. • Join discussion groups about a common subject with message boards. You need to develop some skill in evaluating the accuracy and reliability of the information you find. • Publish own material on the web in blogs. • Get or exchange software and files with the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) • Explore the World Wide Web. Newsgroups and email discussion lists. The most common things one can do are: • Get information on almost any subject by searching the web. there is lots of misinformation on the web. can explore other cultures of different ethnicity. It is also excellent for keeping in touch with family and friends. Today for better communication. fax and postal services.Still. and video capabilities. By the advent of computer’s Internet. there is never a busy signal. which can use all of the above. • Send and receive email or chat or exchange messages with people all over the world. But usually. internet has its own advantages and disadvantages. find things that interest them. Email is now an essential communication tools in business. Advantages Communication: The foremost target of internet has always been the communication. It takes some skill to search efficiently.

technology to entertain Buy or sell products: The internet is a very effective way to buy and sell products all over the world. Often these services are not available off-line and can cost you more. Services: Many services are now provided on the internet such as online banking. Disadvantages: Theft of Personal information: If you use the Internet. can be accessed by other culprits to make your problems worse. guidance services on array of topics engulfing the every aspect of life. Spamming -6- . It has become a phenomenon associated with any kind of shopping. news and more can be found and shared on the Internet. and hotel reservations. market information. or business deals that involves the transfer of information across the globe via Internet. purchasing tickets for your favorite movies. you may be facing grave danger as your personal information such as name. It’s a great way to meet up with people of similar interest and discuss common issues. It has got a real amazing and wide range of products from household needs. hobbies. In fact. Music. new ideas and technical support Entertainment: Entertainment is another popular raison d'être why many people prefer to surf the Internet. Communities: Communities of all types have sprung up on the internet. ranging from government law and services. Downloading games. the Internet has been successfully used by people to find life long partners.Internet: A Popular Mode of Communication subject known to man. credit card number etc. There are numerous games that may be downloaded from the Internet for free. visiting chat rooms or just surfing the Web are some of the uses people have discovered. In fact. trade fairs and conferences. media of internet has become quite successful in trapping multifaceted entertainment factor. there are numerous things that can be found. E-Commerce: Ecommerce is the concept used for any type of commercial maneuvering. job seeking. Chat rooms are popular because users can meet new and interesting people. address. You name it and Ecommerce with its giant tentacles engulfing every single product and service will make you available at your door steps. The industry of online gaming has tasted dramatic and phenomenal attention by game lovers. When people surf the Web. almost anything.

The ISPs are carrying out special promotional activities to provide Web page services. Currently. Manzoor Elahi. internet can also create havoc. and science educator Dr. Yunus (renowned for his micro credit bank for the poor). both with respect to cost savings and speed. Computers attached to internet are more prone to virus attacks and they can end up into crashing your whole hard disk.8Internet in perspective of Bangladesh: Internet service was started in Bangladesh through a small private initiative sometime in late 1993. . causing you considerable headache. Dr. and so instead of just ignoring it. Though. There was demand from all quarters for BTTB to start VSAT or X. Researchers are getting valuable information quickly at modest cost. But the saddest news is that Bangladesh has yet to set up an academic network to provide Internet access to the large -7- . . Families with members staying abroad are welcoming the Internet for frequent and cheaper communication. Another private organization came with a bulletin board service (BBS) with Internet e-mails and newsgroups in late 1994 that attracted many subscribers because of its good price package. Jamilur Reza Chowdhury.Internet: A Popular Mode of Communication Spamming refers to sending unwanted e-mails in bulk. As a result online Internet service began in the country on 4 June 1996. M. took initiative to remove all regulatory bars for setup and use of VSAT in the private sector. Such illegal activities can be very frustrating for you. which was not possible before business houses and entertainment stars are gradually coming to accept the Internet as their ultimate communication tool. 2. Bangladesh was fortunate that it got three dynamic leaders in the cabinet of the three months' neutral caretaker government formed to conduct the National Assembly election from April to June 1996. There are thousands of pornographic sites on the Internet that can be easily found and can be a detrimental factor to letting children use the Internet. Pornography: This is perhaps the biggest threat related to your children’s healthy mental life. The leaders. still availability of online Internet service is making significant positive changes in the country. But BTTB was not willing. Dr.9Impact of internet in Bangladesh: Although it could do much more. destruction and its misuse can be very fatal. the advantages of it outweigh its disadvantages 2. The benefits for business communications. six providers are giving online Internet access. A very serious issue concerning the Internet. you should make an effort to try and stop these activities so that using the Internet can become that much safer. four of them are using their own 64 kilobytes per second (kbps) VSAT and the other two are using leased lines from two major providers.25 lines for Internet and data entry services. are noteworthy. which provide no purpose and needlessly obstruct the entire system. Virus Threat: Virus is nothing but a program which disrupts the normal functioning of your computer systems.

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. wealth of knowledge to shopping. Although Bangladesh is a very small country.com. Internet has great potential and lot to offer. still availability of online Internet service is making significant positive changes in the country.walthowe. http://www.Internet: A Popular Mode of Communication number of university teachers. However. Conclusion: Today internet has brought a globe in a single room. It has a great use to us. students. Right from news across the corner of the world. internet has its own advantages and disadvantages. purchasing the tickets of favorite movieeverything is at our finger tips. BBN Timeline Appendix: ARPA/DARPA. Hayat Mamud . scientists. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. -8- .healthnet. Bibliography: www. IP: Internet Protocol TCP: Transmission Control Protocol VOIP: Voice Over Internet Protocol Reference: The advantages and disadvantages of Internet: By Jayashree Pakhare Published: 3/2/2007 Ucchatar Sonirvor Vasa Sikha:By Dr.org. and researchers who play vital roles in building a better nation. like every single innovation in science and technology.

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