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# Task 1 Construct a circle in which two, or more, angles are constructed at the circumference, standing on the same arc

. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T1 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and tenths for the Precision. Click OK. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set a centre, and then click some distance away to construct a large circle. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the point on the circumference of the circle. On the DISPLAY Menu, select HIDE POINT. 5. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circumference of the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON CIRCLE. 6. Repeat step 5. to place another point on the circumference. Click and drag each point to place them on the upper semicircle. 7. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the leftmost of the two points. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, and label this point A. 8. Repeat step 7. using the rightmost point and label it B. 9. Repeat steps 5. to 8. to place two points on the lower semicircle which will be labeled M (leftmost) and N. 10. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on each of the following pairs of points to connect them with straight lines : A and M, A and N, B and M, and B and N. 11. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. 12. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the points A, M and B in that order. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE and the value of the angle will be displayed. 13. Repeat step 12. with the points A, N and B. Answer Sheet a) Write down your measurements for ∠AMB and ∠ANB. b) What do you notice about these two angles ? c) Move the points A, B, M and N around the circumference. Write down what you notice about the angle measurements.

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Task 2 Construct a circle to investigate the relationship between the angle at the centre of a circle to the angle at the circumference, where both angles stand on the same arc. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T2 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and tenths for the Precision. Click OK. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set a centre, and then click some distance away to construct a large circle. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the point on the circumference of the circle. On the DISPLAY Menu, select HIDE POINT. 5. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circumference of the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON CIRCLE. 6. Repeat step 5. to place another point on the circumference. Click and drag each point to place them on the upper semicircle. 7. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the leftmost of the two points. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, and label this point A. 8. Repeat step 7. using the rightmost point and label it B. 9. Repeat step 7. using the centre of the circle and label it O. 10. Repeat steps 5. and 7. to place a point on the lower semicircle, and label this point P. 11. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on each of the following pairs of points to connect them with straight lines : A and O, A and P, B and O, and B and P. 12. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. 13. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the points A, O and B in that order. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE and the value of the angle will be displayed. 14. Repeat step 13. with the points A, P and B. Answer Sheet a) Write down your measurements of ∠AOB and ∠APB. b) What do you notice about these two angles ? c) Move the points A, B and P around the circumference. What do you notice about the angle measurements ? d) What happens when P lies between A and B ?

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Task 3 Construct and investigate the properties of an angle drawn in a semicircle. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T3 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and tenths for the Precision. Click OK. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set a centre, and then click some distance away to construct a large circle. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, click and hold the SEGMENT Tool, then drag the mouse to the rightmost of the three options displayed (LINE Tool) and release the mouse. Now click on the centre of the circle and then click on the point on the circumference to construct a line across the screen passing through these two points. 5. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select the POINTER. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle circumference and the line crossing the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select INTERSECTIONS. 6. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click the mouse on the line across the screen. On the DISPLAY Menu, select HIDE LINE. 7. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle’s circumference. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON CIRCLE. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, and label this new point C. 8. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the centre of the circle. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT and label this point O. 9. Repeat step 8. twice to label the two other points on the circumference A and B. 10. On the TOOLBOX Palette, click and hold the LINE Tool, then drag the mouse to the leftmost of the three options displayed (SEGMENT Tool) and release the mouse. Click on each of the following pairs of points to connect them : A and B, A and C, and B and C. 11. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the points A, C and B in that order. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE and the value of the angle will be displayed. Answer Sheet a) Write down your value of ∠ACB. b) What do you notice about the value of ∠ACB ? c) Drag point C around the circumference. Write down what you notice about ∠ACB. d) Construct a right-angled triangle. Mark the midpoint of the hypotenuse, and draw a circle, centred on this midpoint, radius equal to half the hypotenuse. Explain what you see. Is this expected ?

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Task 4 Construct a circle in which four points on the circumference are connected to form a quadrilateral. Measure all the internal angles of the quadrilateral. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T4 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and tenths for the Precision. Click OK. 3. Use some or all of the tools mentioned below to construct a cyclic quadrilateral. Measure the internal angle at each vertex. For details on how these tools operate, see the Useful Tools Pages (p. 7, 8 of these notes). TOOLBOX Palette SEGMENT CIRCLE CONSTRUCT Menu POINT ON (OBJECT) DISPLAY Menu HIDE (OBJECTS) LABEL POINTS MEASURE Menu ANGLE Demonstrate Demonstrate your completed construction to your Teacher. Answer Sheet a) Write down the procedure that you have used for your construction. b) What happens to the angle size at any point as you move that point on the circumference around the circle ?

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Task 5

B A

Construct the figure shown alongside. Points A, B and P are three points on the circumference of a circle. Ensure that the points A, B and P can be moved around the circumference. Measure the angles at the three points.

P

Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T5 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and units for the Precision. Click OK. 3. Use some or all of the tools mentioned below to construct and label a triangle within a circle. For details on how these tools operate, see the Useful Tools Pages (p. 7, 8 of these notes). TOOLBOX Palette SEGMENT CIRCLE CONSTRUCT Menu POINT ON (OBJECT) DISPLAY Menu HIDE (OBJECTS) LABEL POINT MEASURE Menu ANGLE Demonstrate Demonstrate your completed construction to your Teacher. Answer Sheet a) Write the procedure that you have used for your construction. b) Write down your values of ∠PBA, ∠BAP, and ∠APB. c) Move P around the circumference. What happens to the angle value at P ? d) Move A and B around the circumference. What happens to the angle values at these points when they are moved around ? e) Construct a triangle on the same page, with measured angles. Move each vertex in turn around the page. What happens to the angle values at each vertex when they are moved around ?

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Task 6 Construct two tangents to a circle from a single point. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T6 in your workbook. 2. Set PREFERENCES as in the previous Task, step 2.. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set a centre, and then click some distance away to construct a large circle. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the centre of the circle. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, and label this point C. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on the centre of the circle and then click on a point which is more than two radii away. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select the POINTER. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the outer end of the line. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, and label this point P. 5. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the line. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select MIDPOINT. 6. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click on the midpoint to set a centre, and then click on point P to construct a large circle. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select the POINTER. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circumference of each circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select INTERSECTIONS. 7. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click one intersection point. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, to label this point X. 8. Repeat step 7. to label the other intersection point Y. 9. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click the mouse on the large circle and the midpoint of line CP. On the DISPLAY Menu, select HIDE OBJECTS. 10. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on each of these pairs of points to connect them : P and X, P and Y, C and X, and C and Y. 11. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the points C, X and P in that order. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE to display the value of ∠CXP. 12. Repeat step 10. to measure ∠CYP, ∠CPX, ∠CPY, ∠XCP and ∠YCP. 13. Click the mouse on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the line PX. On the MEASURE Menu, select LENGTH. 14. Repeat step 13. to measure the length of line PY. Answer Sheet a) Write down your measurements for : i) PX, PY ii) ∠CXP ,∠CYP iii) ∠CPX , ∠CPY iv) ∠XCP , ∠YCP b) What do you notice about these pairs of measurements ? c) What is a tangent ?

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**Useful Tools Pages
**

POINTER – TOOLBOX Palette (a) Clicking and dragging a vertex or point moves the object around the screen. (b) Clicking on a point, line segment or circle selects that object for action by a tool from one of the menus. SEGMENT – TOOLBOX Palette Click and hold the mouse (a point is marked on the screen) and then drag the mouse pointer a small distance away. Release the mouse, and a straight line will be drawn between the two points. CIRCLE – TOOLBOX Palette Click and hold the mouse on the point designated as the centre and then drag the mouse to the point designated as the radius. Release the mouse, and a circle will be drawn. HIDE (OBJECT) – DISPLAY Menu Click the mouse on the object(s) to be hidden. Select HIDE (OBJECT) and the selected object will disappear. LABEL POINT – DISPLAY Menu Click the mouse on the point to be labelled. Select LABEL POINT. In the window which appears, type in the required label. (This Tool can also be used to CHANGE the label of a point.) POINT ON (OBJECT) – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on the object to which you want to add a point. Select POINT ON OBJECT. The new point can be click and dragged to anywhere on the selected object. INTERSECTION(S) – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on the two objects that you want to mark the intersection point(s) for. Select INTERSECTION(S), and one (or two) points will now appear at the intersection point(s) of the objects you selected. MIDPOINT – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on a line segment. Select MIDPOINT, to place a point at the midpoint of the line. PERPENDICULAR LINE – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on the point through which the line must pass, and then click the mouse on the line to which the new line is to be perpendicular (90˚). Select PERPENDICULAR LINE.

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PARALLEL LINE – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on the point through which the line must pass, and then click the mouse on the line to which the new line is to be parallel. Select PARALLEL LINE. LENGTH – MEASURE menu Click the mouse on the segment to be measured. Select LENGTH and the length value will appear on the screen, together with the segment labels (for example : mAB = 4.35 cm). ANGLE – MEASURE menu : Click the mouse on the three points that form the angle to be measured, ensuring that the angle vertex is the SECOND point selected. Select ANGLE and the angle value will appear on the screen, together with the angle labels (for example : m∠ABC = 60˚).

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