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ANGLES AT THE CIRCUMFERENCE I

To investigate angles standing on the same arc. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T1 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and tenths for the Precision. Click OK. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set the centre, and click a short distance away to set the radius and draw the circle. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON CIRCLE. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, label it A and click OK. 5. Repeat step 4. to create and label a new point B. Click and drag either or both points to place them in the same semicircle. 6. Repeat step 4. three times to create and label new points P, Q and R. Click and drag them into the other semicircle to points A and B. 7. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on the following pairs of points to join them with a line : A and P, B and P, A and Q, B and Q, A and R, and B and R. 8. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on these points in order : A, P and B. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE to measure angle APB. 9. Repeat step 8. to measure the angle AQB and ARB. Demonstrate Show your completed construction to your Teacher. Answer Sheet (a) What were the values of angles APB, AQB and ARB ? (b) On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER, and click and drag either or both of A and B. Then click and drag any or all of P, Q or R. How do the angle values compare now ?

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Task 2

CENTRE AND CIRCUMFERENCE ANGLES

To investigate the relationship between the angle at the centre of a circle to the angle at the circumference, where both angles stand on the same arc. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T2 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and tenths for the Precision. Click OK. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set the centre, and click a short distance away to set the radius and draw the circle. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON CIRCLE. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, label it A and click OK. 5. Repeat step 4. to create and label a new point B. Click and drag either or both points to place them in the same semicircle. 6. Repeat step 4. to create and label a new point P. Click and drag it into the other semicircle to points A and B. 7. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle centre. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, label it O and click OK. 8. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on the following pairs of points to join them with a line : A and P, B and P, A and O, B and O. 9. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on these points in order : A, P and B. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE to measure angle APB. 10. Repeat step 9. to measure the angle AOB. Demonstrate Show your completed construction to your Teacher. Answer Sheet (a) Write down your measurements of angles AOB and APB. (b) How do these two angle values compare ? (c) On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER, and click and drag any or all of A, B and P to change the shape of the figure. How do the angle values compare now ? (d) What happens when P lies between A and B on the opposite side of the circle to where it was first put ?

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Task 3

ANGLES IN A SEMICIRCLE

To investigate angles in a semicircle. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T3 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and tenths for the Precision. Click OK. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set the centre, and click a short distance away to set the radius and draw the circle. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON CIRCLE. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, label it A and click OK. 5. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle centre. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, label it O and click OK. 6. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select LINE. Click on points A and O, and a line will cross the screen passing through these points. 7. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle and the line across the screen. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select INTERSECTIONS. Click on a blank part of the worksheet, and then click on the new intersection point. On the DISPLAY Toolbar, select LABEL INTERSECTION, label it as B and click OK. 8. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the line across the screen. On the DISPLAY Menu, select HIDE LINE. 9. Repeat step 4. twice to create and label new points P and Q. Click and drag either or both points to place them in the same semicircle. 10. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on the following pairs of points to join them with a line : A and B, A and P, B and P, A and Q, B and Q. 11. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on these points in order : A, P and B. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE to measure angle APB. 12. Repeat step 11. to measure the angle AQB. Demonstrate Show your completed construction to your Teacher. Answer Sheet (a) What is the measured value of the angles APB and AQB ? (b) On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER, and click and drag either or both of P and Q. Does this change the angle measurement ? (c) Complete this sentence as suggested by the results shown here : “Angles subtended at the circumference by the diameter …”

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Task 4

CYCLIC QUADRILATERALS I

To investigate properties of a quadrilateral whose vertices are all on the circumference of a circle. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T4 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and tenths for the Precision. Click OK. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set the centre, and click a short distance away to set the radius and draw the circle. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON CIRCLE. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, label it A and click OK. 5. Repeat step 4. three times to create and label new points B, C and D. Click and drag any or all points to place them in clockwise order around the circumference. 6. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on the following pairs of points to join them with a line : A and B, B and C, C and D, and D and A. 7. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on these points in order : A, B and C. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE to measure angle ABC. 8. Repeat step 7. to measure the angles ADC, BAD and BCD. Demonstrate Show your completed construction to your Teacher. Answer Sheet (a) Write down your measurements of angles ABC and ADC. (b) What is the sum of these two angle values ? (c) Write down your measurements of angles BAD and BCD. (d) What is the sum of these two angle values ? (e) On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER, and click and drag any or all of A, B, C and D to change the shape of the quadrilateral. What is the sum of these two angle pairs now ? (f) Complete this sentence as suggested by the results shown here : “Opposite angles in a cyclic quadrilateral are …”

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Task 5

CYCLIC QUADRILATERALS II

To investigate properties of a quadrilateral whose vertices are all on the circumference of a circle. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T5 in your workbook. 2. Set PREFERENCES as in Task 4 step 2.. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set the centre, and click a short distance away to set the radius and draw the circle. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON CIRCLE. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT and label it A. 5. Repeat step 4. to create and label new points B, C and D. Click and drag the points to place them in clockwise order around the circumference. 6. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on the following pairs of points to join them with a line : A & B, B & C, C & D, and D & A. 7. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select LINE. Click on the points A and D, and a line will be drawn across the screen through these points. 8. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the line AD. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON LINE. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT and label it P. Click and drag point P about 3 cm away from the circle near vertex A. 9. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the line across the screen. On the DISPLAY Menu, select HIDE LINE. 10. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on the points A and P. 11. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on these points in order : B, A and P. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE to measure angle BAP. 12. Repeat step 11. to measure the angle BCD. Demonstrate Show your completed construction to your Teacher. Answer Sheet (a) Write down your measurements of angles BAP and BCD. (b) How do these two angle values compare ? (c) On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER, and click and drag any or all of A, B, C and D to change the shape of the quadrilateral. How do the angle values compare now ? (d) To see if this also applies to another of the vertices of a cyclic quadrilateral, repeat steps 7. to 12. to construct and measure an exterior angle and its interior opposite. (e) Complete this sentence as suggested by the results shown here : “An exterior angle at a vertex of a cyclic quadrilateral is …”

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Task 6

ANGLE AT POINT OF CONTACT

To demonstrate that a tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius drawn to the point of contact. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T6 in your workbook. 2. On the EDIT Menu, select PREFERENCES. Click on the UNITS tab. For Distance, select cm for the Units and tenths for the Precision. For Angle, select degrees for the Units and units for the Precision. Click OK. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click twice to draw a line. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the point at the left-most end of the line. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, and label the point P and click OK. 5. Repeat step 4. at the right-most end of the line and label it Q. 6. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the line PQ. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON SEGMENT. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, label this point T and click OK. 7. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once anywhere on the worksheet to set the centre, and then click on point T to set the radius and draw the circle. 8. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the centre of the circle. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, label it O and click OK. 9. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on O and T. 10. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on these points in order : O, T and P. On the MEASURE Menu, select ANGLE to measure angle OTP. 11. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the line PQ and the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select INTERSECTIONS. 12. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click and drag any or all of points T, P and Q until point T and the other point on the circumference of the circle come together to form ONE point. Demonstrate Show your completed construction to your Teacher. Answer Sheet (a) What is the measure of the angle OTP ? (b) On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER, and click and drag point T to change the radius of the circle. Click and drag either or both ends of the line PQ until the two intersection points come together to form ONE point. Does this change the angle OTP measurement ? (c) Complete this sentence as suggested by the results shown here : “A tangent to a circle is …”

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Task 7

TANGENTS FROM AN EXTERNAL POINT

To compare two tangents drawn to a circle from an external point. Action 1. Click on the tab labeled T7 in your workbook. 2. Set PREFERENCES as in Task 6 step 2.. 3. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select CIRCLE. Click once to set the centre, and click a short distance away to set the radius and draw the circle. 4. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select POINT ON CIRCLE. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT and label it T. 5. Repeat step 4. to create and label a new point S. Click and drag point S to place it in the other semicircle to point T. 6. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the circle centre. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL POINT, label it O and click OK. 7. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on T and O, and then click on S and O to join each pair with a line. 8. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the point T and then the line OT. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select PERPENDICULAR LINE. 9. Repeat step 8. using point S and the line OS. 10. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click and drag S and T so that the lines through them intersect to one side of the circle. 11. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the lines through S and T. On the CONSTRUCT Menu, select INTERSECTION. On the DISPLAY Menu, select LABEL INTERSECTION and label the new point A. 12. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on the lines through S and T. On the DISPLAY Menu, select HIDE LINES. 13. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select SEGMENT. Click on the points S and A, and then T and A to join them with a line. 14. On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER. Click on a blank part of the worksheet. Click on line AS. On the MEASURE Menu, select LENGTH. 15. Repeat step 14. to measure the length of AT. Demonstrate Show your completed construction to your Teacher. Answer Sheet (a) What were the values of lengths SA and TA ? (b) On the TOOLBOX Palette, select POINTER, and click and drag either or both of S and T to change the length of the tangents. How do the length values compare now ? (c) Complete this sentence as suggested by the results shown here : “Two tangents drawn to a circle from an external point are …”

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**Useful Tools Pages
**

POINTER – TOOLBOX Palette (a) Clicking and dragging a vertex or point moves the object around the screen. (b) Clicking on a point, line segment or circle selects that object for action by a tool from one of the menus. SEGMENT – TOOLBOX Palette Click and hold the mouse (a point is marked on the screen) and then drag the mouse pointer a small distance away. Release the mouse, and a straight line will be drawn between the two points. CIRCLE – TOOLBOX Palette Click and hold the mouse on the point designated as the centre and then drag the mouse to the point designated as the radius. Release the mouse, and a circle will be drawn. HIDE (OBJECT) – DISPLAY Menu Click the mouse on the object(s) to be hidden. Select HIDE (OBJECT) and the selected object will disappear. LABEL POINT – DISPLAY Menu Click the mouse on the point to be labelled. Select LABEL POINT. In the window which appears, type in the required label. (This Tool can also be used to CHANGE the label of a point.) POINT ON (OBJECT) – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on the object to which you want to add a point. Select POINT ON OBJECT. The new point can be click and dragged to anywhere on the selected object. INTERSECTION(S) – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on the two objects that you want to mark the intersection point(s) for. Select INTERSECTION(S), and one (or two) points will now appear at the intersection point(s) of the objects you selected. MIDPOINT – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on a line segment. Select MIDPOINT, to place a point at the midpoint of the line. PERPENDICULAR LINE – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on the point through which the line must pass, and then click the mouse on the line to which the new line is to be perpendicular (90˚). Select PERPENDICULAR LINE.

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PARALLEL LINE – CONSTRUCT Menu Click the mouse on the point through which the line must pass, and then click the mouse on the line to which the new line is to be parallel. Select PARALLEL LINE. LENGTH – MEASURE menu Click the mouse on the segment to be measured. Select LENGTH and the length value will appear on the screen, together with the segment labels (for example : mAB = 4.35 cm). ANGLE – MEASURE menu : Click the mouse on the three points that form the angle to be measured, ensuring that the angle vertex is the SECOND point selected. Select ANGLE and the angle value will appear on the screen, together with the angle labels (for example : m∠ABC = 60˚).

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