This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
For Israel Studies and Studies on the Watchtower
Some observations on the later Jewish Passover / The Importance of "Class of bread" / / The frequency of "Class of bread"
Hagiographic appeal of "Remembrance" by Jehovah's Witnesses
Jesus Christ ate unleavened bread in the Supper?
• 1. Extracts from the Watchtower, for the time of the Last Supper • 2. The claims of the Watchtower Society brief • 3. The 14th of Nisan was a day of eating the Passover, or preparation? • 4. The Watchtower admits that the unleavened bread took place on 15 Nisan • 5. Jesus broke the law by eating unleavened bread earlier? • 6. When the Watchtower consolidates two days ... one! • 7. The "contaminated" spoil the plans of the Watchtower • 8. 'to eat the Passover. " A phrase that contradicts the Watchtower • 9. The "first of unleavened bread" and the clash of St John the Watchtower • 10. The Watchtower aftoanaireitai a different interpretation • 11. interpretative inconsistency Watchtower included what the "Easter" • 12. 'preparation' for what, when everything had occurred? • 13. antitypiki The sacrifice he disagrees with the Watchtower • 14. What does the Watchtower for the exact time of the Last Supper • 15. When the sacrificed Paschal Lamb? morning or afternoon? • 16. 'Among the Evening' • 17. passages that contradict the purposes for the time of sacrifice • 18. Historical evidence against the Watchtower 1
With the present study we will try, very briefly, to demonstrate the fallacy of Jehovah's Witnesses in the issue of the use of unleavened bread used in the ceremony of remembrance, which is performed annually in the 14th the Jewish month of Nisan, and which this year coincides with the 17th April. To understand at what points are based and which parts of the Bible have been misinterpreted, here immediately excerpts from various texts that will comment, highlighting what they consider important. 1. Extracts from the Watchtower, for the time of the Last Supper " When introduced. I have always kept Easter on 14 Nisan of the month (Aviv), daily or near-full moon days, since the first day of every month (lunar month) in the Jewish calendar was the day the new moon, as determined by visual observation. Therefore, the 14th day of the month fell around the middle of the lunar cycle. The date of Jesus' death proved in section JESUS CHRIST (When he died) that was 14 to Nisan of 33 K.CH .... the night before death was Jesus, observing the Passover, ate the last of the Easter meal, and then established the Lord's Supper. Before you even start dinner of Remembrance, was removed and the traitor Judas, according to the memo, "it was night." ( John 13:30 ) Since the days of the Jewish calendar the evening lasted from one day to evening the next day, the Lord's Supper was celebrated and the 14 to Nisan, the evening Thursday, March 31 .... The Emblems. Mark tells the following on the bread that Jesus used when it established the Lord's Supper: "As we continue to eat, took a loaf, said a blessing, broke it and gave it to them and said: "Take this means my body". (Mark 14:22 ) The bread was what they had for the Easter meal that Jesus and students had just completed. It was unleavened bread , since there must be no leaven in the homes of Jews during the Easter and related to this feast of unleavened bread loaves "( Insight, Vol, page 707- 708). " The annual celebration of the Lord's Supper (or memory) is the only party with the mandate from the Bible to keep the Christians. Jesus established the night of 14 Nisan AD 33, after celebrating the Passover. Before him there were various kinds of food, used in the Passover meal. The description of Luke says: "[Jesus] took bread, and gave thanks, cut unto them, saying, This is my body a favor of you; that makes definitions given in remembrance of the mine. Likewise the cup after edeipnisan, saying, This cup is the New Testament in the blood I shed far in favor of you Luke 22:19, 20. God had directed them to use the Jews 'unleavened bread' during Easter. (Exodus 12:8) So the 'loaves of bread' that was in front of Jesus was unleavened bread . It was made of wheat flour without any salt or other flavoring, it represents the "bread of sorrow ." (WT 01.07.1982, page 31) 2. The claims of the Watchtower Society brief In these forms the Watchtower informs readers that: a) Christ died on the day of the Jewish Passover that at the 14th Nisan, b) The last supper, Christ the etelese evening prn his death, that at the beginning of the 14th Nisan, in the darkness of this section, c) The bread, which made him use the Christ and etelese the Memorial, or the unleavened, d) During the Passover, ie on 14th Nisan, there were allowed to be leaven, 2
leavened bread that, in the homes of Jews and e) With careful reading we see that the Watchtower, in this text, distinguishing between days of Easter and the feast of unleavened bread seven days which followed the next day. 3. The 14th of Nisan was a day of eating the Passover, or preparation? All the above considerations we have to account, during our study. But beware dear readers Watchtower trick to mislead the readers and the message that Jesus actually made use of unleavened bread during the dinner. It says a truth, to pass the error of her! The truth is that, on the day of Easter, there were allowed to have leavened bread in the homes of Jews. This is because the evening of 14th Nisan, began the so-called ' bedikat chametz '(search for leavened) during which investigation the host, with a torch light, searched the whole house and around it to detect any enzyme bread and the deportation. The Watchtower ie, stating the truth, suggests that from the moment is was forbitten in the 14th Nisan yeast and leavened bread, thus was used of the unleavened bread ! And so arbitrarily draw the conclusion that " The bread was what they had for the Easter meal that Jesus and his disciples had just completed. It was unleavened bread , since there must be no leaven in the homes of Jews during Easter (Insight, Vol, page 708). But sadly mistaken fallacy the Watchtower, and unfortunately misleads and his followers, because it hides them that the day of Easter, that is 14th Nisan, or the days of unleavened bread PREPARATION days and NOT cooking, and use them ! Day use and cooking, the unleavened bread or the day of Jesus death, the 15th Nisan, as clearly stated in the Leviticus 23: 6 (in Heb.) " And the fifteenth day is the same month, feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord · seven days you eat unleavened bread " and into the NUM. 28: 17 (in Heb.) "And the fifteenth day of this month so it is feast · seven days they shall unleavened bread be eaten."! The 14th Nisan was named "Easter Friday" ( JOHN 19: 14, 31, 42) because it claims had to finish all the household and thw woeship preparation, which required the Jewish law on Passover, unleavened bread that the commission bread, the supply of lamb and other utilities. And taking into account that the Easter use to celebrate on 15th Nisan, then coinciding with Saturday, which - and the celebration - starting from the 6th vespers of eve, this eve, was the 14th Nisan, also known as " Easter Friday "because in its beginning, as stated, supply or manufacture in the houses of lilacs unleavened Passover bread, whose consumption would begin by the 6th vespers of Friday to Saturday, when was started the 15th Nisan, ie the first day of the weekly celebration of Easter, which was called by this' feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord " Leviticus 23: 6 (in Heb.). 4. The Watchtower admits that the unleavened bread took place on 15 Nisan The Watchtower, in the forms will be set out, clearly says that the feast of unleavened bread, was performed after the maintenance of Passover dinner that started at the 15th Nisan. " The first of the annual feasts, the feast of unleavened bread, was performed immediately after the observance of Passover dinner on 14 month Nisan or 3
Aviv. The feast of unleavened bread lasted seven days from 15 Nisan and up to 21 Nisan. The first day that the celebration was Saturday which followed the observance of Passover dinner. On the second day of the celebration, on 16 Nisan, the Israelite high priest in the temple of Jehovah in Jerusalem gave Him a dredge from the harvest neotherismeni krithis.-Levites. 23:11-16. There is a historical afigisis for a 12-year child eferthi from Nazareth to Jerusalem to celebrate Easter. This child was Jesus, the son of Mary. After eighteen years, in 29 AD, this Israeli, who was now the Lord Jesus Christ became the "Lamb of God," whitch symbolized the Passover lamb ( Luke 2:41-52; John. 1 :29-37 ). After three and a half years, actually sacrificed on a wood on Golgotha, outside Jerusalem, Friday, 14 Nisan of the year 33 AD, the evening that began on Friday the 15th Nisan, and together with it the feast of unleavened bread , but Jesus himself did not participate in the joy that characterized this case. He died and was buried." (Watchtower, 15.05.1980, page 8-9 ) " Easter - the first of the month Nisan Christmas - originally celebrated in Egypt, fell on the 14th day of the month and involved the sacrifice of the Passover lamb. (EX. 12:2-14; LEV. 23:5; DEUT. 16:1) The next day began the eftaimeri feast of unleavened bread loaves , from 15 until the 21 th day of the month. 16 Nisan was offering the first fruits of the harvest of barley." (Insight, Vol.2, page 463) 5. Jesus broke the law by eating unleavened bread earlier? After reading the above printed address two issues dear to them Jehovah's Witnesses: a) What were allowed to eat through all the time the seven-day feast the Jews? " seven days you eat unleavened bread " Leviticus 23:6 (in Heb.) " they shall be eaten seven days unleavened bread " Numbers 28:17 (in Heb.) b) When the Watchtower puts Christ with his disciples to eat unleavened bread in the 14th Nisan, ie BEFORE 15th Nisan , have everyone (according to Leviticus 23:6 and the Numbers 28:17) broke the law God YES or NO? And if the SAME WATCHTOWER, who believe and obey dear Witnesses, confesses and proclaims that " Christ in perfectly fulfilling the provisions of the Law ' (Insight, Vol.2, page 768) here how to fulfill the provision relating to the eating of unleavened bread when using He and His disciples unleavened bread for one day in advance of legal, a provision which is clear to the Leviticus 23:6, and in the Numbers 28:17? The Watchtower publications in the above states clearly that the feast of unleavened bread began Friday evening, the 15th Nisan, the day after the sacrificial lamb of Passover! That started the feast of unleavened bread, and so ... the unleavened bread! Dear Jehovah's Witnesses texts speak by themselves. Combine the Leviticus 23:6 to Watchtower 15.05.1980, page 89 and Insight, Vol.2, page 463 and draw unforced conclusions: There is no way either one in a million Christ broke the law and used unleavened bread for the simple reason: 1) Because the God-man himself said: " Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the prophets · essential come to destroy, but to fulfill " (Matthew. 5:17), and 2) Because the use and consumption of unleavened bread began on the next 4
day of his death, in the 15th Nisan! 6. When the Watchtower consolidates two days ... one! The book of the Watchtower 'Insights 'analysis of these events as follows: " Issues Related to the Time Sequence. The issue of contaminated gave rise to the following statement: "The same did not enter the palace of the governor, not to infection but they can eat the Passover ". (John 18:28) Those Jews felt that they are infected if they enter a house National. (Acts 10:28) This statement was made, but "early in the morning", so after having held the Easter meal. It should be noted that, at longer times, throughout this period, both days for Easter and the following feast of unleavened bread bread-sometimes called "Easter". In view of this fact, Alfred Enterschaim gives the following explanation: A voluntary peace offer was Easter and another, mandatory, the day on 15 Nisan, the first day of the feast of unleavened bread loaves. This second offer feared that the Jews could not eat if they contaminate the courtroom Pilatou.-Temple, 1874, p. 186, 187. "The first days of unleavened bread loaves. It is also an issue in relation to the declaration in paragraph Matthew 26:17: " On the first day of unleavened bread loaves students approached Jesus, saying : " Where do you want me to prepare to eat the Passover ? " The phrase "day" in this case could be attributed to "the day before". Regarding the use of the first word of the original Greek text, a footnote in subsection Matthew 26:17 in the New World Translation says : Or, "On the previous". This version of the word first word followed by a general fall in line with the concept and the performance of such pension in verses John 1:15, 30, that "there before me [not my first]". According to the Great Greek Dictionary (of Liddell and Scott Publications ' I. Sideris , 1921, Vol. 3, p. 774) , the " first is oftentimes instead of the expected quondam". At that time, the day after Easter had come to be generally considered as the first day of the feast of unleavened bread loaves. Thus, the original Greek text, in keeping with Jewish custom, leaving the margin was this question to Jesus on the eve of Easter. " Preparation. "In verse John 19:14, the apostle John describes as the final part of the trial of Jesus before Pilate, saying : "He was not preparing for Easter; was about the sixth hour [of the day, between 11: 00 am and 12 noon]. "This, of course, for after the Easter meal, which had eaten the night before. Similar expressions are found in paragraphs 31 and 42. Here, the word of the original Greek text translated "preparation" is the word Friday. This word seems to indicate, not the day before the 14th Nisan, but the day before the weekly Sabbath, which in this case was "high" that was only because Saturday was the 15th Nisan, the first day itself feast of unleavened bread loaves, but because it was a weekly Sabbath. This is reasonable since, as has been said, the word "Easter" is sometimes used referring to the entire festival." (Insight, Vol.2, page 615-616) In the above text the Watchtower wants to avoid the pitfall of the phrase "They led Jesus from Caiaphas into the Praetorium · and it was early · and they themselves din not enter into the Praetorium, in order that they might not be defiled, but they might eat the Passover." (John 18:28). This passage clearly says that Easter is not even been committed, as the Watchtower teaches falsehoods, but the Jews will eat it later in the evening of the day. So the 5
Watchtower made in the following interpretive trick: In one consolidates the two festivals with the same name, that the sacrifice of the lamb duly recorded the 14th Nisan, and that of the feast of unleavened bread. But as we saw in the first volume of 'Insight' Easter as clearly stated ONLY the 14th Nisan and NO and the weekly feast of unleavened bread: "... during the Easter and related to this feast of unleavened bread loaves (Insight , Vol.1, page 707-708). This goes to the readers the erroneous message that the Jews, the Passover in which they wanted to attend and eat, is not known legal Easter ethyeto the passover lamb, since this Passover was carried out in the rule of the day, when the darkness of this section, but the meat of the Pacific offers egenonto the first day of the weekly feast of unleavened bread, that of Passover sacrifice of so-called Chagiga (see Numbers 28:18-24)! 7. The "contaminated" spoil the plans of the Watchtower Good trick the Watchtower, which was probably intended to mislead the readers and followers, but the authors of the text or are unaware of the following, or have deliberately concealed the following: 1) Because the house of Pilate was not purified from yeast according to the Deut. 16:4 , the ritual contaminate, whom by the entrance to the Praetorium would contaminate the Jews, would last until the sun of the West only (cf. Leviticus. 11:24, Numbers 19:7, Deut.23:11, etc.), but in the case of Easter who was going dirty, had to postpone the celebration of Easter in a whole month, according to the Numbers 9:6-11 and 2 Chronicles 30:2-3. So, if they had already eaten at Easter in the beginning of the day, as claimed by the Watchtower, then had nothing to fear if the contamination would last until evening, when through a purifying bath would eliminate the contamination. However there were still eat the lamb of Passover, which was to eat from this the next hours, though by the entry they would contaminate, then they should celebrate Easter a month later, for that reason they don’t enter into the Praetorium. 8. 'to eat the Passover. " A phrase that contradicts the Watchtower 2) However, in order to be righteous with the Watchtower, we shall immediately mention another one interpretation whitch is proposed in this incident. The houses oy the gentiles were considered unclean due to the dominant opinion that gentiles used to be buried in them the abortioned embryos. So the house was as if by whose dead infected carcass, and the entrance to this the Jew would contaminate him in the definition of the Numbers 19:14, not on a single day, but for seven days during which contaminated was forbitten to him to eat all of any sacrifice, so much that its Passover lamb (Numbers 9:6 onwards), and in Chagiga , of salvation that sacrifice (Leviticus 7:20). What then of the two cases is meant John when he says "in order that they might not be defiled '? He means the prohibition of eating the Passover lamb of 14th Nisan, or the sacrifice of the Passover Chagiga of the 15th Nisan? So decisive point about whitch of the two sacrifice eating is mention here, is the relevance of the text and ordinary meaning, which is used in the New Testament the expression ' to eat the Passover . " About the relevance of the text we must think that the Gospel of John was written for christians of the gentiles, who had a hand knowledge on the Jewish Passover lamb, but hardly had a closer knowledge regarding Chagiga. If we 6
go further, we think that in the New Testament the word " Easter "and the phrase "to eat the Passover" means the passover lamb, and only this:" The first day of the unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus saying to him · where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover ? "( Matth. 26: 17), " And on the first day of unleavened bread, when the Passover lamb, was being sacrificed, his disciples said to him Where do you want us to go and prepare for you to eat the Passover? ... where is my guest room in whitch I may eat the Passover with my disiples? (Mark 14:12,14), " and he sent Peter and John saying: Go and prepared us the Passover that we may eat it ... and you shall say to the owner of the house · The teacher says to you, where is the guest room where I shall eat the Passover with my disiples? ... and said unto them · With desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer" (Luke 22: 8,11,15). The same is ib force in the parallel phrases 'prepare the Passover ': 'And the disciples did as Jesus had directed them, and they prepared the Passover . "(Matthew 26:19) and " Where do you want us to go and prepare for you to eat the Passover? ... and they prepared the Passover "(Mark 14:12,16 ), "Go and prepare us the Passover that we may eat it ... and they went and found everything just as he said unto them, and they prepared the Passover." (Luke 22:8,13), " the Passover sacrifice " " And on the first day of unleavened bread, when the Passover lamb, was being sacrificed (Mark 14:12), " Then came the day of unleavened bread when the Passover must be killed (Luke 22: 7), " and gar the Passover for us our etythi Christ ( I Cor. Q: 7 ) and ' keep the Passover '" the teacher says, my time ia at hand · I will keep the Passover at your house with my disiples." (Matt. 26:18), "By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, so that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch them" (Hebrews 11:28). In this verse that "They led Jesus from Caiaphas into the Praetorium · and it was early · and they themselves din not enter into the Praetorium, in order that they might not be defiled, but they might eat the Passover." (John 18:28), there is no extortionate reason to perceive the expression "to eat the Passover " with a meaning different from the usual, so none can be no doubt that ' to eat the Passover ' AND IN THIS VERSE ALSO , like all similar in the New Testament as shown above, it means the eating of the Passover lamb in the evening of 14th Nisan, and not another Paasover meal ( Chagiga ) as the Watchtower misbelief teaches and mislead the readers. 9. The "first of unleavened bread" and the clash of St John the Watchtower In the phrase now "The first and of unleavened bread " (Matthew 26:17) the disciples who came to Jesus and asked him where to prepare to eat for Easter, the explaining of the Watchtower that the word 'first' is with the meaning of 'fore' with a large proportion is correct. Because if we take the phrase 'first of the unleavened bread "or in Mark 14:12 "And the first day of unleavened bread, when the Passover lamb, was being sacrificed, They say to him his disciples · Where do you want us to go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?" by the meaning as the day of slaughter of the Paasover lamb, ie 14th Nisan, the day Thursday, then the same day is the Last Supper, the day and 15th Nisan Friday, celebrated the crucifixion, which is in direct conflict with John, which says clearly that the days of the death of Jesus was the 7
"preparation of the Pasover "(John 19:14), ie Friday 14th Nisan, so the Last Supper took place the previous day, Thursday 13 to Nisan! 10. The Watchtower recant herself with her own different interpretation While the Watvhtower made a serious interpretation on the phrase 'first of the unleavened bread' in the sequel to convince readers that Christ ate unleavened bread at the last supper, says the following: " At that time, the Easter day had come to be generally considered as the first day of the feast of unleavened bread loaves. So, the original Greek text, in keeping with Jewish custom, leaving the margin this question was asked to Jesus on the eve of Easter . " Having made a serious attempt to interpret the ' first of the unleavened bread ' as 'fore' as to say 'eve of unleavened bread' to show that the question of students on the preparation and eating of the Passover came Christ at the eve of the feast of unleavened bread and lamb slaughter of the Passover, so the word 'first' leave from the Friday of the 14th Nisan and transferred to the day before, namely in the Thursday of the 13th Nisan, however, reverts back to the same places that 'first of unleavened bread' in the 14th Nisan, confusing it with the date of Easter and the slaughter of the lamb when he writes: "At that time, the day after Easter had come to be generally considered as the first day of the feast of unleavened bread, bread !" Interpretive Babel! The specific claim of the Watchtower, that Easter Day, the 14th that Nisan, was regarded as the first day of the feast of unleavened bread lacks seriousness and is clearly copying. It is simply an interpretative maneuver to convince readers that Christ that day, 14th Nisan, used unleavened bread at his last dinner. The Old Testament states clearly as we have said in the beginning of our study, the duration of the use of unleavened bread and cooking, are limited to SEVEN (7) days from the 15th to Nisan and 21th Nisan : Leviticus 23:6 (in Heb.) "And pemptin tenth day is the same month, feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord · seven days you eat unleavened bread "and Numbers 28:17 (in Heb.) "And pemptin tenth of the month so it is feast · seven days they shall unleavened bread be eaten." ! Unto the Deut. 16:3 (in Heb.) clarifies that: "Seven days shall eat unleavened bread with IT (ie Easter), ie in a period of SEVEN (7) DAYS IS INCLUDED THE EASTER! So the Watchtower teaching that Jesus and the disciples ate unleavened bread on 14th Nisan, extends the period of seven (7) days, as mandated by the Law of God to use and eat unleavened bread, to eight (8)! And in this case how the Watchtower believes that "Jesus perfectly fulfill the provisions of the Law" (Insight, Vol.2, page 768), when clearly and flagrantly violated the law, by making use of unleavened bread in an entire day before legal? Don’t you believe, dear Jehovah's Witnesses that the Watchtower owes you an adequate answer to that?
11. Watchtower’s interpretative inconsistency for what included the "Passover" We carry on, dear readers, reading the Watchtower book 'Insight': " On the morning that Jesus was tried and prosachthike before Pilate, the 8
early morning hours of 14 Nisan (the day of Easter had begun the previous evening) , the verse John 19:14 says: "It was the preparation of the Passover'. (KJ, Da, NWT) Some commentators believe that this means " preparation for the Passover, and some translations render the paragraph so. ( AT, We, CC ) However, this creates the impression that they were not celebrating yet Passover, while the narratives of the Gospels clearly show that Jesus and the apostles were celebrating last night. (Lu 22:15; Matt 26:18-20; March 14:14-17) Christ perfectly fulfill the provisions of Act , including requiring the observance of Easter on 14 Nisan. (On Lef; 12:6 23:5; see Passover). The day of the trial and death of Jesus could be considered " preparation for the Passover " in the sense that a preparation for the feast of unleavened bread eftaimeri bread that started the following day. Due to the proximity of the two festivals calendar, this entire period is often called "Easter". The next day, the 14th Nisan was always Saturday, and even in 33 CE The 15th Nisan fell to normal Saturday, which made the day "great" or double Saturday" (Insight, Vol.2, page 768). Observe in the above text, in order that the Watchtower to overcome another obstacle (this referred to the John 19:14 , that the days of the trial of Jesus by Pilate or the "preparation of the Passover"), so therefore 'cloud the issue' and to mislead readers by taking in another interpretive maneuver. The Watchtower explains that the phrase " preparation of the Passover " is not ralated to the Passover sacrifice and eating the lamb, ie the 15th of Nisan, so as 'preparation' to mean here the 14th of Nisan (because if this is such a fundamental shots the theory of the Watchtower about the slaughter and eating of the Passover lamb by Christ and his disciples at the beginning of the 14th Nisan , in the darkness of this section), but Watchtower explains that the word "Passover" here means the entire seven-day feast of unleavened bread, 'because the narratives of the Gospels clearly show that Jesus and the apostles were already celebrating Easter on the previous night '! Therefore, in order to persuade the readers that Jesus made use of unleavened bread at the dinner of remembrance, [" It was unleavened bread , since there must be no leaven in the homes of Jews during the Easter and related to this Day loaves of unleavened bread " (Insight, Vol.1, page 708)], resorting to the following trick: When the Watchtower interpretation serves to treat the word "Passover", the 14th Nisan and the Feast of unleavened bread as a separate holiday, and when the serving interpretation, consolidates both holidays (ie 14th Nisan and seven-day feast of unleavened bread) as Easter! Because he wants to convince its readers that in the phrase "preparation of the Passover" as "Passover" does not mean the 15th Nisan but the entire eight-day "due to the proximity of the two festivals calendar, throughout this period is often called "Passover" (Insight, Vol.2, page 768). In the continuation of our study we mention that there were such a unification of the two holidays, but not where our interests interpretation be regarded as Passover only the 14th of Nisan and where we do not interpretation serves to consolidate the holidays, so be regarded as Passover throughout the eightday, so be overlooked and relegated the relevance of the text.
12. 'Preparation' for what, when everything had occurred? Let us note, however, dear readers, the following: We find ourselves at the moment, which is the fate of Jesus under Pilate, who sat on the throne of the judiciary, sign the sentence decision. The great and epoch-making moment John identifies with the words "And it was the preparation of the Passover, and about the sixth hour" (John 19:14). So if in the phrase "preparation of the Passover" understood here that wants to spend the Watchtower to its readers, that "The day of the trial and death of Jesus could be considered "preparation of the Passover" in the sense that it was a preparation for the seven-day feast of unleavened bread that started the next day" then for what kind of preparation the Watchtower is trying to convince us that is mention here? Or let’s ask the question in other way, for what kind of preparation speaks here, John? If all preparations relating to the celebration of Passover had already been done (either as we consider the seven-days passover of unleavened bread, either we consider the eight-days passover including the and 14th Nisan)! And the removal of the leavened bread of the houses had been done, and unleavened bread making and baking them had been done (if, according the Watchtower everything, Christ and His disciples ate ALREADY THE Passover early in the morning , ate unleavened bread at that last supper), and the commission, the slaughter and cooking of the lamb and they have occurred! Each household and worship preparation, which required the Jewish Law for Passover was completed. What other preparation is left to do ? 13. The antitypiki sacrifice disagrees with the Watchtower But how different would things, whether in the phrase "preparation of the Passover" understood the eve of Passover, that is 14th Nisan, in which the Jews used to sacrifice the passover lamb! In that day and hour coincided at the Lamb of God (cf. John 1:29 "Behold the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world) to take the path to Golgotha. And this interpretation is also reinforced and from one another verse of John in the 19:36 "For these things were done that the scripture should be fulfilled A bone of him shall not be broken". The command not to break the bones aimed at the passover lambs of 14th Nisan. That and this command also was applied to Jesus by not crushing the legs on board the Cross (cf. John 19:33 "But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs") this is a true testimony to the Evangelist, that the (on 14th of Nisan, in which the Passover Lamb was being sacrificed), crucified Jesus is in history the realized true antitypon of the Old Testament sacrificial lamb of Passover ! 14. What does the Watchtower teach about the exact time of the Last Supper Let's read a few yet excerpts from the book 'Insight': " If the Jews thought that the day began after sunset and ended the day with the sunset, the 14th of Nisan began after sundown. Thus, Passover was celebrated in the evening after the 13th Nisan . Since the Bible explicitly states that Christ is the Passover sacrifice (1Ko 5:7) and ate the Passover supper the night before the killing, must have died on 14 Nisan, rather than 15, to be performed accurately temporal side of the depicted type, or 10
otherwise the shade provided by Nomos.-Heb 10:1. Laws that were concerned the celebration Him. Every home should have chosen a sound-year male sheep or goat. This was brought home in the 10th day of Aviv and lasted until the 14th , when the slaughtered and shook his blood with a bunch of hyssop in the jambs and the lintel of the door of the house in which we will eat (not in threshold where the blood will be pressed). What means the expression "between the two nights"? The Israelis had anticipated the day from one sunset to another. Therefore, the Passover day began with the sunset at the end of 13th day of Aviv (Nisan). The animal should be slaughtered "between the two evenings". (Ex. 12:6) Opinions differ as to the exact time means with this expression. According to some scholars, and the Karaites Jews and Samaritans, this is the time between sunset and the deep twilight. On the other hand, the Pharisees and Ravinistes thought that first night was when the sun began to tilt, while the second is the real west. Because of this latter view, the rabbis believed that the lambs are slaughtered at the end of 14 days, not in principle, so that the Easter meal eaten in fact the 15th Nisan . In this regard, teachers and Kyle Delic said: "From very old have different views prevailed among the Jews regarding the exact time of course. The Ampen Ezra agrees with the Karaites and the Samaritans considering that the first night is the time when the sun sinks below the horizon and the second time it has fallen quite dark. In this case, the gap "between the two evenings" would be from 6:00 until 7:20. . . . According to the rabbinical view, the time the sun began to tilt, ie from 3:00 until 5:00, was the first night, while the west is the second. So the space "between the two evenings" would be from 3:00 until 6:00. Modern performers have held very well in favor of him Ampen Ezra and the custom adopted by the Karaites and Samaritans' .- Scholiologio of the Old Testament (Commentary on the Old Testament), 1973, Vol 1, The Second Book of Moses tyy, P 12. DAY; see. From the above, and in particular on several cuts as the verses Exodus 12:17, 18, Leviticus 23:5-7 and Deuteronomy 16:6, 7, the weight of evidence that favors the expression "between the two evenings" applicable to the period between sunset and darkness. This means that ate Easter dinner long after sunset on Nisan 14, as needed appreciable time to kill, to scratch and well-bake the animal . The verse Deuteronomy 16:6 instructs: " We must sacrifice the Passover night , when the sun sets . " Jesus and his disciples ate the Paschal meal "as night fell." ( Mar. 14:17; Matt 26:20 ) The Judas went out immediately after the celebration of Easter, " and it was night . " (John 13:30) While Jesus celebrated the Passover with the 12 disciples, must have been enough debate, and also Jesus must have had some time to wash the feet of the Apostles ( Ioa 13:2-5 ). Therefore the establishment of the Lord's Supper event took place quite late that night" (Insight, Vol.2, page 613-614). 15. When was sacrificed the Passover Lamb? Morning or afternoon? And we got, dear readers, at the critical point of our research. With the help of God we will try to give an adequate response to the time when exactly was sacrificed the passover lamb. The Watchtower Society tells us, and indeed so it is, that the scholars have proposed two explanations relating to the exact time of Passover sacrificial lamb. One interpretation suggests the time
between 6:00 - 7:20 pm , at the beginning ie the 14th Nisan, a proposal that it considers proper and the Watchtower has been accepted and the other interpretation suggests the period between 3:00 - 6:00 pm something considered wrong and has refused. Certainly in the inquiry so far we have shown that the interpretation of the Watchtower on the time of slaughter lamb of Passover and the simultaneous use of unleavened bread cooking, and, contrary to God's command on the use and eating of unleavened bread and cooking, the next day of Jesus' death, ie in the 15th Nisan, as clearly stated in the Leviticus 23:6 (in Heb.) "And the fifteenth day of the same month, is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord · seven days you shall eat unleavened bread "and unto the Numbers 28:17 (in Heb.) "And the fifteenth day of this month shall be a feast · seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten."! So in these passages precludes the teaching of the Watchtower on the sacrificial lamb of the Passover at the beginning of the 14th Nisan, and that the use and consumption of unleavened bread came, as we said, the day of Jesus' death, ie the 15 th of Nisan, but also because through it the interpretation accepted by the Watchtower, the duration of cooking, and use of unleavened bread, which is included in the passover meal and extended, as shown by SEVEN (7) to EIGHT (8) days, according to the Deut. 16:3 (in Heb.) clarifies that: "Seven days you want to eat unleavened IT (ie with the Easter), ie in a period of SEVEN (7) DAYS IS INCLUDED THE EASTER ALSO! The logic then says that since one of the two interpretations are wrong, if contrary to the most basic provisions of the Law of God, the other is probably correct and that we should adopt. But we should not rely only in the logical order to consider as correct, but should, by the method of research and 'torture' to be proved and through this mode as correct. The reader may if they wish, before undertaking research on the exact timing of the Passover sacrifice, to study some information about the changes of the feast of Passover, which took place over time, so the reader has got an better idea of the celebration the later Passover especially in the era of Christ. These have exposed us to the relevant Art by HERE: http://www.oodegr.com/oode/israil/eortes/pasxa_1.htm
16. 'Among the Evening' We are already in the last part of our study relating to the ascertainment of the exact hours of lilac sacrifice . So at the research we did on the Bible and particularly in the Hebrew text, we found the following to be read immediately: The Israelis would bring the passover lamb in their home in the 10th the first Jewish month of Nisan or Aviv. Then we learn the following in the Ex. 12:6 (in Heb.) "And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month · and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening." The Greek translation of Archimandrite Neophytos Vamvas, as many Greek people know, is a translation from the corresponding translation of the Hebrew into English of King James, which was published in the 1611. The English translation then, at the end of the verse reads: '... shall kill it in the evening' hence the Greek translation of "shall slaughter it in the evening" . 12
However, those people who can read from the original Hebrew text, note the following details: The same Hebrew phrase " in the evening" not found in the haarbayim), ie' among ערבsingular ereb ’ בין הָער ְביםbut in the plural ְַּ ִ ָֽ ַ ֵ eperinon OF 'or' between them at evening 'or' by means of evening '! the ' ( ' (ereb ') is used 134 times in the Hebrew text, but in the 11 times we meet it in plural tense ‘bên hā·‘ar·bā·yim’ (Ex.12:6, 16:2, 29:39,41, 30:8, Leviticus. !( 23:5, Numbers 9:3, 5,11,28:4,8 In the only thing that we will disagree with Watchtower, is in the interpretation of the two evening "According to the rabbinical view, the time the sun began to tilt, ie from 3:00 to 5: 00, was the first night, while the west of the second. So the space "between the two evenings" would be from 3:00 until 6:00 (Insight, Vol.2, page 614). In our view, the first or the evening was from 12:00 pm when the sun began to fall, and the second evening or the sunset, at the end of the Jewish day around 6:00 pm. So between the two evenings is found on the 3rd pm or ninth time at the Jewish way of measuring time. We come now to demonstrate within the Bible our view. " This is not that which thou shalt offer upon the altar · two lambs one-year day forever · 39 . that lamb thou shalt offer in the morning and the other lamb thou shalt offer at the middle of the evening ; ... 41 . and the second lamb thou shalt offer at the middle of evening ... "( Ex. 29:38-39,41 (according the corrected translation of the Hebrew text) In the above passage the Jews were compelled to offer the first lamb in the morning and the second lamb 'among the evenings', ie later than the first, at a different time of day. In other words, during each day of the Jews, the first offer or the morning, followed by ‘among the evenings' day supply. Now, if the phrase 'among the evenings' means the offer made at the beginning of the Jewish day, at the 6:00 - 7:20 pm as wrongly believe the Watchtower (Insight, Vol.2, page 614), then this offer would be worth necessarily the first offer of the day, not the second as God wanted her ( the second lamb thou shalt offer at the middle of evenings ...»). Will be preceded that morning and this offer, so the morning will not be the first or the second offer, but! Here's the first verse, which contradicts the purposes of Watchtower for its interpretation is been accepted on to the phrase 'among the evenings', and so contradicted as to the exact time of the sacrifice of lamb lilacs. 17. Verses that contradict Watchtowerabout the time of sacrifice " And afterwards they prepared for themselves (the Levites), and for the priests · because the priests, the sons Aaron were offering the burnt offering and the tat until night · therefore the Levites prepared for themselves and for the priests, the sons of Aaron ... 16 . So all the service of the Lord was prepared on that day , to selebrate the Passover, and to ofer burnt offerings on the altar of the Lord, according to the command of king Josiah . "[ 2 Cronicles 35:14-16]. In the above passage, which describes us celebrate the Easter season on King Josiah read that because was approaching the night and there was still many animals for sacrifice by the priests, the Levites was to help priests prepare the Paasover lambs for the priests and themselves, before the end of 14th Nisan . This implies that the Levites began to sacrifice them the Paasover 13
lambs on the afternoon of 14th Nisan, so there was not enough time to sacrifice all animals offered by the faithful, before night falls (when it will start the 15th Nisan). So if the expression 'among the evenings' means the period after the change of the day, this dark part 6:00 - 7:20 pm [including incorrect teaches Watchtower misinforms once again the readers (Insight, Vol.2, page 614)], and that time the Passover lambs were being sacrificed, will already already be night! The text would not reffer ‘were offering the burnt offering and the tat until night’ , nor would speake of days "So all the service of the Lord was prepared on that day’! Here is another passage that contradicts the Watchtower, with respect to the time of slaughter of Passover lamb, that fallacious belief and teaching and sadly drifting in the loss of its followers. " And on the noon Elijah sniff them and he said, cry aloud voice · because he is a god is · either he is talking, or he is pursing, or he is in a journey, or perhaps he is asleep, and needs to be awakened .... 29. And after the noon and they prophesied until the time of the offering, but there was no voice, no one answered, and no ome paid attention" (1 Kings 18:27,29). When the priests of Baal were trying desperately to the time of offering to 'persuade' the god to act at the time of the prophet Elijah gathered the people, fixed the altar of the Lord, took 12 stones and built an altar (verses 31-32), stacking wood, dissected the calf and affixed to the wood (verse 33) and said unto the people to fill 4 urns of water to throw in the Holocaust and in the woods, and all this be done three occasions. Then the text says the following: " And it came the time of of the offering of the evening sacrifice Elijah the prophet, came near and said, Lord, God of Israel, let it be known today that You are God in Israel, and tat I am your servant, and that I have done all these things at your word." (verse 36) Then comes the famous incident of fire fall from heaven, which devoured the holocaust, wood and stones, and killed the prophets of Baal (verses 38-40). Important also is the one that refers to the verse 45: "And in the mean while the heaven was black of clouds and wind, and there was a great rain". From these observations we see clearly that ALL the events described in this chapter were made in the light of day ! This is also confirmed by the above verse 45 who tells us that even at the end of all these events it was day just in a moment of time the heaven was black of clouds! Also, ALL of the above facts as described by verse 30 onwards took place after noon and evening offer was performed by among of evenings, as clearly evidenced by the verse 29 "And it came about when midday was rast , and they prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, but there was no voice, no answered, and no one paid attention." If now, according to the misinterpretation of the Watchtower, the evening offering rite at the beginning of the day in this dark part (ie 6:00 - 7:20 pm ) if it determines the time point between two evening (Insight, Vol.2, page 614), may all these incidents have taken place during the night ? Especially when verse 45 witness, as we said, it was still just a day and just in a moment of time the heaven was black of clouds? So all these incidents took place during the daytime , so when during the daytime is the moment under investigation 'by the middle of the evenings' during which was being sacrificed the passover lamb, and not during night as misbeliefly teaches and misleads the Watchtower its followers.
18. Historical evidence against the Watchtower Will conclude the study and giving us two evidence out of Biblos confirming our interpretation and prove wrong the Watchtower’s: "And any one may hence learn how very great piety we exercise towards God, and the observance of his laws, since the priests were not at all hindered from their sacred ministrations by their fear during this siege, but did still twice aday, in the morning and about the ninth hour, offer their sacrifices on the altar" (Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, Book 14, Chap.4, parag.3) In the above reference by Josephus tells us clearly that the two daily sacrifices mentioned in the Ex. 29:38-39,41 and we have analyzed above, one took place in the morning and another at around the 9th hour, ie 3rd pm. Josephus tells us that is pure and clear, that the time of under investigation famous expression ‘among the evenings', corresponds to the 3rd pm! So here we have another testimony that contradicts the Watchtower Society as to the time of slaughter lamb of lilacs. "So these high priests, upon the coming of that feast which is called the Passover, when they slay their sacrifices, from the ninth hour till the eleventh... "( Flavius Josephus, Jewish Wars, Book 6, chap.9, para.3). This reference of Josephus, as such, it is enough to shake the air in the loose structure of the Watchtower on the alleged massacre of Passover lamb to the principle the 14th Nisan, in the darkness of this section (ie 6:00 - 7 : 20 pm ), and alleging that in cooking, unleavened bread of Christ and his disciples, because Josephus thunders that point in time ‘among the evenings', which he duly recorded in the second offer of the day, not what misbelief the Watchtower teaches (ie 6:00 - 7:20 pm), but the time between 9th and 11th , ie 3:00 - 5:00 pm!!! The same time that were being sacrificed the Passover lambs, the same time coincided to slaughter the lamb of God, so the crucified Jesus is realized that the story true antitypon of the Old Testament sacrificial Passover lamb! " After the curlew there is fourth feast passports, whitch the Jewish Passover call, during this feast they sacrifice alltogether beggining at noon until evening."[Philo of Alexandria, De legibus specialibus ( About the partially decrees), Book II, chap. "About the way the laws relating to three genera of ten scholars, 3rd , the 4th , the 5th. In the evorkias and respect for sacred 7th and parents value' par.145 ]. Another testimony out of the Bible that exposes the fallacy Watchtower, we derive from Philo, who clearly says that Jews the Passover sacrifice to begin in noon and onwards , and not since the Watchtower convenient to pass the unleavened bread and shamelessly to make Christ and His disciples offenders . Each household had to choose a healthy, one-year male sheep or goat. This was brought home in the 10th day of Aviv and lasted until the 14th , when the slaughtered and shook his blood with a bunch of hyssop in the jambs and the lintel of the door of the house in which we will eat (not in threshold where the blood will be pressed). (Insight, Vol.2, page 613) To conclude our study we want to send a query to our beloved Jehovah's Witnesses: In the above excerpt from the book "Insight", is apparently quoting from the passage in Ex. 12:6, where in the Hebrew text we read: "And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of 15
the congregation of Israel shall kill it among the evenings". The command of God then, was the sheep to stay in the house of the Israelites, of course alive up to the 14th of Nisan. When the Watchtower puts Christ and his disciples, and all the Israelites to slaughter the lamb immediately on entering the 14th Nisan (ie 6:00 - 7:20 pm, Insight, Vol.2, page 614), how is it understood that the sheep remained alive on the 14th of Nisan, when slaughtered immediately upon entry ???