Diamond chip To overcome the defects of silicon chip

Introduction 1. Electronics without silicon chip is unbelievable but it will came ture with evaluton of dimond chip or carbon chip 2. Now days we are using silicon for manufacturing of electronics chip. 3. It has many disadvantages when it is used in power electronics application such as bulk size sloe operating speed etc. 4. By using carbon as manufacturing material we can achieve smaller, faster, and stronger chips. What is diamond chip? 1. Diamond chip is nothing but carbon chip. 2. Carbon chip is an electronic chip manufactured as on diamond structural carbon water. 3. The major component using carbon is CARBON MANOTUBE

WHAT IS CARBON MANOTUBE? 1. Carbon manotube were discovered in 1991 2. It has nano size cylinder of carbon atoms. 3. They are made of one or several concentric walls in which carbon atom are arranged in hexagonal pattern, measuring several tens of microns in length and less than of few nano meters in diameter. HOW MANOTECHNOLOGY WORKS? 1. Imagine a sheet of carbon atom which would look like a sheet of hexagons. 2. If we roll that sheet into tube we would have a carbon nano tube. 3. Carbon nano tube properties depend upon how you roll the sheet. CARBON FEATURES:1. Carbon will succeed silicon as the predominate semiconducting material for the integrated circuit of the future. 2. Carbon which sits just above silicon of the periodic table can surpass silicon abilities in thermal performance frequency range and perhaps even superconductivity. CARBON vs. SILICON

LARGER POWER HANDLING CAPACITY . 3. so if there is any dissipation inside the chip heat will very quickly transfer to the heat sink or other cooling mechanics. It works at higher temperature:Diamond is very stronger bounded material. A transmission electron microscope than revealed it is covered in tiny ripples which keep materials stable. Nanotube will appear first as printable inks that are ten times faster than competing organic transistors. ADVANTAGES 1. 3. Carbon chip works faster than silicon chip.1. FASTER THAN SILICON CHIP 1. This could ultimately means faster. 2. Diamond is very good conductor of heat. Mobility of the electronics inside the doped diamond structural carbon is higher than that of silicon structure. 2. The transistors are made up of grapheme a sheet of carbon atom in flat honey comb arrangement. Grapheme also conducts electricity faster than most materials since electrons can travel in straight lines between atom without being scattered. Fgbj. It can with stand higher temperature compared with that of silicon at very high temperature crystal structure of the silicon will collapse but the diamond chip can function well in this elevated temperature. CARBON TRANSISTORS 1. 2. When placed a piece of grapheme on top of silicon and positioned this over a a metallic grate. As the size of silicon is higher than that of carbon the chance of collision of electrons with larger silicon atom increases but the carbon atom size is small so the chance of collision decreases. Transistors less than one quarter the size of the tiniest silicon ones and potentially more efficient can be made using sheets of carbon just one tenth of nanometer thick research shows. Acid was used to dissolve the silicon leaving grapheme suspended across 500nm gaps. The ripple extended about 1nm up and down and around 25nm across. more efficient electronic component that also required less power. 2.it is possible to etech very smaller lines through diamond structural carbon atom in hundred of silicon transistors. Its not flat at all. 3. 2. Grapheme makes graphite when stacked in layers and carbon manotube when rolled into a tube.gfkl/ 1. Zero dimensional carbon 60 atom hollow sphere of carbon called fullerene could answer silicon inability to attain high temperature superconductivity. One dimensional carbon 1nm-diameter mano tube could solve digital silicon speed woes . Smaller components are possible:As the size of carbon atom is small compared with that of silicon atom. 4.

2. CONCLUSION Thus diamond chip replaces the need of silicon in every aspect in future generation. less efficiency. lower band gap etc. For power electronics applications silicon is used but it has many disadvantages such as bulk in size. Diamond has a strong bounded crystal structure so carbon chip can work under high power environment. At very high voltage silicon structure will collapse. slow operating speed.1. . we can connect high power circuit to the diamond chip.

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