, .

:

DEAL
Pal'<1graph Page

PAR'T
CHAE'TD

ONE.
1.

Section
Otr A.PTEl1

III. Section

n.
2:.

I.

Introduetion

INST INCTIVE RIFLE-BAYONET FIGHTING RIFLE~BA YONET FlGHTING TECHNIQUES

_

Positions
MO,VNli.eti!ts

_
_

1-41 5,6

1 2
!I

I.
II.

Training

TRAINING F'OR FIGHTING
facUities

RIFLE-BA YONE'F
_

7-12
13-15

CHAPTEB

Section

UI.
CHAP~

III. 8. 1. II. Conduct of pugil training
PugH counes __.

Preparation for training Method of training PUGIL TRAINING IntToduc~on

_ _ _ _
_

19
25 24

1~21 22-26 27-29
80-32

29

Section
PART
CHAPTER

n.
TWO.

4. PUGIL EQUIPMENT I. Introduction
Protective
equipment

93,34
B5,3S

32

a1

_
and .st..iek _

5.

HAND-TO-HAND INTROUUCTION
COMBAT

COMBAT TO HANID-TO-HAND _ _

87-40'

3S

33

Section

I. Introduction II. Priinciples
III. Vulnerahle Training Introduction Basic positions and movements poi.nts

_

41,42 43-46,

43 44
44 45

IV.
V.
CHAPTER

Available weapons BASIC HAND-TO-HAND COMBAT

_
_ _

Section

6. J.
II.

47-50 51~5,3: 54-68 64-66 67-69 70-81
82-92 93, '~4

48
51 51 55 65 73
77 77

III" Method.s, of attack J!V. Counters
V.
CRAPTER

_ _ _
_

Bayonet parries attack

and. defense against knife

,Section

II.

7. I.

Fall positions

ADVANCED Introduction

HAND-TO-HAND

COMBAT _
_

95-97
9~105

HI.
IV..
CHAPI'ER

T'akedowns andi throws
Bayonet disarming

_
_

Section

ApPENDIX

INDEX

V.. Knife attack and defense 8.. SPECIALIZED SKILLS I. Irrt.roduetion II. Hold and counters to holds UI. Variations te throws and takedowns IV.. Sentry sileneing V. Prisoner searching and securing A. REFERENC:ES B. BAYONE'T ASSAULT COURS.E ~
--

_
_

tO~112 113-116 117-123
124,125

83 89
94-

_ _ _ _ _
_

103 116 126
137 lOB 119

12&-141
1.42-144

145-150
151-166

_

-------------

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1.39
155

DESEltT P BLI!CATIONS Coenville, Arizona 8632'5

ISBN:

0-87947-421-X

PART ONE INSTINCTIVE R.IFLE·SAYO'NET FIGHTING CHAPTER 1 RIFIJ~·BAYON'ET
Section 1.

FIGHTING

TECHNIQUES

INT'RODUCTiION

1. Purpose and Scope
a. This manual contains information and guidance pertaining to rifle~~mllonetfighting and handto-hand. combat. Part one contains Information on the following; rifle-bayonet fighting techniques, positions, movements, training facilities, training guidance, pugi) training and pugU equipment. Part two contains information on armed and unarmed hand-to-hand combat to include techniques, vulnerable points, available weapons, training methods, and offensive movements and counters; these are divided into basic, advanced, and specialized skills. The material presented is applicable to both nuclear and nonnuclear warfare. b. Part one of the manual is a guide for instructors to use to prepare themselves to conduct training of soldiers in the art of instinctive rifle-bayonet fighting. It explains the uses of rifle-bayonet techniques and describes the baste techniques, positions, and training facilities necessary for safe and realistic training .. c. Users of this publication are encouraged to submit recommended changes or comments to improve the publication. Comments should be keyed to the specific page, paragraph, and line of tile text in which the change is recommended. Reasons should be provided for each comment to insure understanding and complete evaluation, Comments should be prepared using DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications) and forwarded to the Commandant, United States Army Infantry School, Fort Benning, Ga. 31905.

by close combat. The role of the soldier, particularly in the final phase of the assault, remains relatively unchanged: His mission is to close with and disable or capture the enemy. This mission remains the ultimate goal of all individual training. The ritle

with fixed bayonet is one of the final means of defeating an opponent in an assault. b. During infiltration missions at night, or when secrecy must be maintained, the bayonet is an excellent silent weapon. c. When close-in fighting determines the use of small arms fire or grenades to be impractical, or when the situation does not permit the loading or reloading of the rifle, the bayonet is still the weapon available to the soldier. d. The bayonet serves as a secondary weapon should the rifle develop a stoppage, . e. In hand-to-hand encounters the bayonet may, be used as a hand-held weapon, f. Finally. the bayonet is a multipurpose weapon and has many non-fighting uses, such as a probe for mines, to cut vegetation, and other tasks where a pointed or cutting tool can be employed,

3. Developing a Rifle-Iayonet Fighter
a. To become a successful rifle-bayonet fighter, a soldier must be physically fit and mentally alert. A well-rounded physical training program will increase his chances of survival in a bayonet encounter, Mental alertness entails being able to quickly detect and meet an opponent's attack from any direction. b. Aggressiveness., accuracy. balance, and speed are essential in training as well as in combat situations. These traits lead to confidence, coordination, strength, and endurance, which characterize the rifle-bayonet fighter, Differences in individual body physique may require slight changes from the
1

2. Users of the Bayonet

a. New weapons" improved equipment, and new tactics have been introduced into modern warfare; however, firepower alone win not always drive a determined enemy from hisposition. He will often remain in defense emplacements until driven out

the rifle-bayo fighter displays spirit by sounding off with a 1 ana aggressive -growl. He should be alert to take advantage of any opening. or groin. (I) Objecti1J8 aM use.. GENERALLY IN'FRONT OF THE LEFT SHOULDER.. A left-handed man.ddemonstrates) . THE LEFT ARM IS HEL HIGH. Figure 1.. Basic Attack and Re'sl Positions a. however. 1).. Principles of Rifle-Bayonet Fighting c. Illustrations in this manu a) show the M16Al rifte with the sling tightened. 6.rifle-bayonet techniques described in this manual.c. must use the opposite hand! and foot for each phase of the movement described ."'. FOREARM IS APPROXIMATELY PARALLEL TO 2 a. If the opponent fails to present an opening. The soldier must attack in a relentless assault llntil his opponent is disabled or captured. e. the bayonet fighter must make one by parrying his opponent's weapon. The movements are also applicable to the M14 rifle.. throat. Attack j)olliti(ln. or a man who desires to learn left-handed techniques. General soldier holds the rifle firmly but without and relaxes a11 muscles not used in a position. POSITIONS 5. particular may tend THE GROUND. hesitation may mean 'sudden death. d. movements will NOT be stressed during trainin Section II. c.. and then drive his blade or rifle butt into the opponent with force. and through practice. (b) HOLD YOUR BODY ERECT OR BEND SLIGHTLY FORWARD AT THE WAIST.. The soldier will assume this position when running or hurdling obstacles. It must be emphasized that precise 1. . . WATCHI:\G HIS WEAPON AND BODY THROUGH PER PHERAL VISION. domen.TO-EYE CO_-TACT WITH YOUR OPPONENT.YOUR ~IGHT.. AU positions and movements described in this manual are for right-handed men. 4.T STEP FORWARD AND TO THE SIDE WITH YOUR LEFT FOOT SO THAT YOUR FEET ARE A COMFORTABLE DISTANCE APART. Attack Position (Fig. After proper training. The in tinctive rifle-bayonet fighting sys . This instills a feeling of fidence in his ability to close With and disable capture the enemy with his rifle-bayonet."' . Tense muscles cause fatigue and to slow him down. MAINTAIN EYE. chest. designed to capitalize on the natural agHity combative movements of the soldier. is. -0. variations in technique will be allowed if the individual's attack is effective. YOUR KNEES ARE FLEXED AND YOUR BODY WEIGHT IS BALANCED ON THE BALLS OF YOUR FEET . (a) TAKE A SHOR. The attack should be made to a vulne portion of the body: the face. b. (2) Execution (the instruotor explains an. It generally parallels a boxer's stance. All positions and movements. the soldier will instinctively assume the basic positions. can be executed with or without the magazi ne and with the sling tightened or loose. The bayonet is an effective weapon to be used . This is the basic starting position from which all attack movements originate.. In both training and combat.aggressively. The tenseness.

POSITIONS MAY VARY WITH EACH SOLDIER DUE TO CONFIGURATION OF THE BODY. two ranks will be moving toward each other. Instructor gives command and men perform movement. FRONT OF YOUR BODY BY EXTENDING THE AR. TO ASSUME THE RELAX POSITION FROM THE ATTACK POSITION! STRAIGHTEN THE WAIST AND KNEES AND LO'VER THE RIFLE ACROSS THE.. (3) Command. RelaxPomtion (Fig. It also al10wshim to di~ct his attention toward the instructor as he discusses and demon- strates the positions and movements. He will achieve balance in his movements. When the men in ranks come too close to each other to . a. While performlngcertain mowments in rifle-bayonet tra. (2) E:xecution (the instruct01' explains and demonstrates). SPIN YOUR BODY AROUND BY PIVOTING ON THE BALL OF THE LEADING FOOT IN THE DIRECTION OF THE LEADING FOOT.BALANCE AND PROTECT YOU FROM ENEMY GRASPING BLOWS. MOVIEMENTS 7. allows the rifle-bayonet fighter to meet a challenge from an opponent attacking hlm from the rear. IS AT THE YOUR SMALL LEFT HAND IS THE WEAPON JUST BELOW THE UPPER HAND SLING SWIVEL AND THE RIGHT OF THE STOCK. The command used to assume the relax position is RELAX. 3 . (4) Periormence. The movements explained in this section are basic to the rifie-bayonetUghter. Basic Movem. The whirl. 8. Instructor gives command and men perform movement. Figure l~Continlled. (4) Performance. To execute the whirl movement the command is WHIRL. b. THE SLING IS FACING OUTWARD AND THE CUTTING :EDGE OF THE BAYONET 18 TOWARD YOUR OPPONENT. b. RIFLE IS HELD DIAGONAI.safely execute additional movements. 8) (:0 Objective and use. and keep striking until he has disabled his opponent.. General The soldier win instinctively strike at openings and become aggressive in his attack once he has learned to relax and has developed instinctive reflexes. His movements do not have to be executed in any prescribed order. (4) Performomce. Whirl Movement (Fig. BALANCE IS MOST' IMPORTANT. At the completion of a whir] the rifle remains in the attack: p(lsition. 2).) Objer::tive and use. (::I. (3) Command.ents There. Croseouer Movement. be ready to strike in any direction. are two basic movements used throughout bayonet instruction. (2) Execution (the in8tr-uct01'explaim and demonst?'ates).MS DOWNWARD. (3) COmnT!4M. the crossover is used to separate the ranks a safe distance apart. They are the whirl and the crossover movements These movements develop instant reaction to commands andafford the instructor maximum control of the training formation while on the training field. THUS FACING COMPLETELY ABOUT. The relax poisition is used to give the soldier a chance to rest during training. (1) Objective and USB. Instructor gives command and men perform movement. (c) YOUR.ining. properly executed.The command used to assume the attack position is ATTACK POSITION MOVE.LY ACROSS YOUR BODY AT A SUFFICIENT DISTANCE FROM THE BODY TO ADD Sedion III.

LUNGE FORWARD ON YOUR LEADING FOOT WITHOUT LOSING YOUR BALANCE. MOVE STRAIGHT FORWARD AND PASS YOUR OPPONENT SQo THAT YOUR RIGHT SHOULDER PASSES HIS RIGHT SHOULDER. e. . and smash.. The men learn these movements separately and during subsequent training will learn to execute these movements in a swift and continuous series. Cl"OSS left shoulder to THE BAYONET WITH GREAT FORCE INTO ANY UNGUARDED PORTION OF YOUR OPPONENT'S BODY. (4) Performance. Th·r1tSt (Fig.. The thrust is especially effective in areas where movement is restricted.. the emphasis will be on conducting natural. AND WITHOUT COMMAND. Left handed personnel left shoulder. balanced movements to effectively damage the target.ve and use.g. TO ACCOMPLISH THIS. butt stroke. (. PARTIALLY EXTEND THE LEFT ARM. GRASP THE RIFLE FIRMLY WITH BOTH HANDS AND PULL THE STOCK IN CLOSE TO THE RIGHT HIP. The command used to execute the crossover is CROSSOVER. or built-up area. (2) Execution (the instructor explains and de-monstmtes). Object. During an periods of training. Whirl moveme-n:t. {2) Execution (the instructor explains and demonstrates). TO 4 . These are the thrust. It is also effective when an opponent is lying on the ground or in a foxhole.i. command and men perform movement. 4) .. CONTINUE MOVING FORWARD FOR APPROXIMATELY :SIX STEPS. EXEGUTE THE. Instructor gives.(B) Commands. REMAIN IN THE ATTACK POSITION AND WAIT FOR FURTHER COMMANDS FROM l\I[E. GUIDING THE POINrr OF THE BA YONET IN THE GENERAL DIRECTION OF THE OPPONENT'S BODY . The objective is to disthe bayonet blade into a vulnerable portion of his body. Precise. HALT. QUICKLY COll.1PLETE THE EXTENSION OF THE ARMS AND BODY AS THE LEADING FOOT STRIKES THE GROUND SO THAT THE BAY0NET PENETRATES THE TARGET. Each of these movements may be used tor the initial attack or as a followup should the initial movement fail to fmd its mark. AND AT THE SAME TIME DRIVE (1) abla or capture an opponent by thrusting Figut'€ 9. Figuf'e 2'. ON THE COMMAND OF CROSSOVER. WHIRL. 9. learned movements will not be stressed .(. Reia» pOllition. slash. trenches. Note. woods. Attack Movements There are four attack movements designed to disable or capturethe opponent.

ASSUM. (e) Training emphasis will be placed on movement at combat speed.WITHDRAW THE BAYONET. MOVE.E THE ATTACK POSITION IN PRE. The objective is to 5 . Instructor gives commands and men perform movements. At combat speed the command is THRUST SERIES. (b) (c) (d) b. (4) Perfo'rrnance. Sand tJ)(1) Db j ective (tnd use. This movement is taught by the numbers in three phases . KEEP THE FEET IN PLACE. (3) Commands. ATTACK POSIT]ON. MOVE. MOVE. NEXT. WITHDRAW AND HOLD. Butt Stl'oke (Fig. SHIFT YOUR BODY WEIGHT TO THE REAR.: (a) THRUST AND HOLD. MOVE. AND PULL REARWARD ALONG THE SAME LINE OF PENETRATION.PARATION TO CONTINUE THE ASSAULT.

TO RECOVER. (b) (c) A'TTACK POSITION~ MOVE. Slash (Fiu. MOVE. Butt 8trQk~ to the Mild. AND ASSUM.s and men perform movements. Instructor givescommand. The objective is to disable or capture au. (2) Execution (instructor explai:n8 and clemonsbraiee}. kidney) SERIES. (d) Training emphasis will be placed on movement at combat speed. BRING YOUR TRAILING FOOT FORWARD AND ASSUME THE ATTACK POSITION. (4) Perf01"'J'Yl4'nce. MOVE. horizontal.The movement is taught by the numbers in two phases: (a) BUTT STROKE TO 'THE AND HOLD. groin. BRING YOUR TRAILING FOOT At combat speed th. STEP FORWARD WITH YOUR TRAILING FOOT. FORWARD POSITION. USING YOUR LEFT HAND ASA PIVOT. (head. c. (1) Objective and me.disable or capture an opponent by delivering a forceful blow to his body with the rifle butt.. SWING THE RIFLE IN AN ARC AND DRIVE THE RIFLE BUTT INTO YOUR OPPONENT. AT THE SAME TIME.E THE ATTACK (3) Com'ffi. AT THE SAME TIME EXTEND YOUR LEFT ARM AND SWING THE KNIFE EDGE OF YOUR BAYONEt FORWARD AND DOWN IN A SLASHING ARC. STEP FORWARD WITH YOUR LEAD FOOT. (2) Execution (the i<nstructar explains and Figure 5.7). The butt stroke may be vertical. opponent by cutting him with the blade of the bayonet. kidney) 6 demonstratee). . groin. or somewhere between the two planes. TO RECOVER. The aim of the butt stroke may be the opponent's weapon as wellas a vulnerable portion of his body.e ccmmand is BUTT STROKE TO THE (head.llttds.

'1 . Smash. MOVE. (Fig.e gro-in. THE WEAPON IS APPROXIMATELY HORIZONTAL TO THE GROUND AT THIS TIME. (b) ATTACK POSITION. AS IN THE BUTT STROKE.Figure 6. (c) At combat speed the command is SLASH SERIES. (4) Performamces. MOVE. when movement is restricted. SLAMMING THE RIFLE BUTT INTO THE OPPONENT. MOVE. MOVE. The objective is to disable or capture an opponent by smashtng the rifle butt into a vulnerable portion of his body. MOVE. The movement is taught by the numbers in two phases: (a) SMASH AND HOLD. (b) ATTACK POSITION. The movement is tAught by the numbers in two phases: (a) SLASH AND HOLD.at combat speed. WITH THE BAYONET POINTING TO YOUR REAR. (d) Training emphasis will be placed on movement . (3) Commands. AND FORCEFULLY EXTEND BOTH ARMS. Instructor gives commands and men perform movements. PUSH THE BUTT OF THE RIFLE UPWARD UNTIL HORIZONTAL AND ABOVE THE LEFT SHOULDER. butt stroke and is also effective in wooded areas 01' trenches. STEP FORWARD WITH THE TRAILING FOOT. Butt eiroke to th. MOVE. Cd) Training emphasis will be placed on movement at combat speed. (2) Execution (the instructor explains and demonstrates). The smash is frequently used as a followup to a. d. (1) Obiective and use. TO RECOVER BRING YOUR TRAILING FOOT FORWARD AND ASSUME THE ATTACK POSITION. SLING UP. (3) Comsnamd». 8). (c) At combat speed the command IS SMASH SERIES.

STRIKE THE OPPONENT'S RIFLE. Instructor and men perform movements. (c) Recover1J (fig . Th. Slash movement. OR BUTT STROKE. IN EXECUTION.Figure '7. a. then followup with a vicioua attack. Parry Movement. OPPONENT'S RIFLE.·rry right (fig. SLASH. gives commands 10. STEP FORWARD WITH YOUR LEADING FOOT. IF YOUR op8 PORENT CARRIES HIS WEAPON ON HIS LEFT HIP (left handed). Defensive Movements At times the soldier may lose the initiative and be forced to temporarily defend himself. ON HIS RIGHT HIP (right handed). 0) Obiec. AND FOLLOWUP WITH A THRUST.. throw the opponent off balance.tiv'e and use. 9). YOU WILL PARRY WEAPON (b) Parry left (fig. AND FOLLOWUP WITH A THRUST. The objective is to counter a thrust. Timing" speed..e followup attack is immediate and violent. he must make an opening by initiating a parry or block movement. (a) Pa. and j udgmentare essential factors in these movements. and hit a vulnerable ar-ea of his body. (4) Performance. PONENT CARRIES HIS 10). DE~ FLEeTING IT TO YOUR RIGHT. IF YOUR OP- IT TO YOUR LEFT. IMMEDIATELY RETURN TO THE A 'fTACK POSITION AFTER . OR BUTT STROKE. STEP FORW ARD WITH YOUR LEADING FOOT. DE. 11). (2) Execution (insirnctorexplains and demonstrates) . IN EXECUTION. STRIKE THE. He may also meet an opponent who does not present avulnerable area to attack Therefore.FLEeTING IT TO YOUR LEFT. YOU WILL PARRY IT TO YOUR RIGHT. SLASH.

(b) Low block (fig. the block is used to cut off the path of his attack by making weapon-to-weapon contact. 12). (4) Performance. 1$). (a) (2) Execution (the instructor explains a. (1) Objective and use. EXTEND YOUR ARMS UPWARD AND FORWARD AT A 45° ANGLE. (b) THRUST MOVE.J • • . Instructor gives commands and men perform movements. COMPLETING ATTACK.nd demonstrates). The movement is taught by the numbers in three phases. Block.FJi" BALANCE. THIS ACTION DEFLECTS AN OPPONENT'S BUTT . PARRY RIGHT (OR LEFT). EXTEND YOUR ARMS USING THE CENTER PORTION OF YOUR RIFLE AS THE STRIKING AREA. THE PARRY AND FOLLOWUP (3) Commands.~:. CUT OFF THE OPPONENT'S ATTACK BY MAKING WEAPONTO WEAPON CONTACT. EXTEND YOUR b. STRIKE THE OPPONENT'S WEAPON WITH ENOUGH FORCE TO THROW HIM o. (c) ATTACK POSITION. MOVE.(LEFT) or PARRY (RIGHT OR LEFT) WITH FOLLOWUP ATTACK. MOVE. . OR UPPER PART OF HIS RIFLE. (a) High block (!ig. THIS ACTION DEFLECTS AN OPPONENT'S SLASH MOVEMENT BY CAUSING HIS BAYONET. A block must always be followed immediately with a vicious attack. (d) At combat speed the command is PARRY RIGHT . When surprised by an opponent. ARMS DOWNWARD AND FORWARD AT APPROXIMATELY 150 FROM YOUR BODY. TO STRIKE AGAINST THE CENTER PORTION OF YOUR RIFLE.

PaTTY ri."At.Firru:r~ !I. 10 ..

ft'iflUre 10. 11 . Parry l()/t..

12 .

... ••••••••••••• · •• 0 ••• .~" t fi ! .

(e) Side block: (fig. PUSH THE RIFLE TO YOUR LEFT TO CAUSE THE BUTT OF THE OPPONENT'S RIFLE TO STRIKE THE GENTER PORT'ION OF YOUR RIFLE.. (d) Recoveru. 14 . with A THRUST. These movements. THUS HOLDING THE RIFLE VERTICAL. Modified Movements Two attack movements have been modified to allow the rifle-bayonet fighter to slash or thrust an opponent without removing his hand from the pistol grip of the M16Al rifle should the situation dictate. The modified thrust is identical to the thrust as described in paragraph 9a. MOVE.\ STROKE AIMED AT THE GROIN BY CA. COUNT'ERATTACK WITH (a) HIGH (LOW) or (SIDE) BLOCK. at full or combat speed. Blocks. can be stressed during' pugH training. ATTACK POSITION.USING THE LOWER PART OF HIS RIFLE STOCK TO STRIKE AGAINST THE CENTER PORTION OF YOUR RIFLE. (4) Pertormomce. 11. SMASH. Instructor gives commands and men perform movements. (1. EXTEND YOUR ARMS WITH LEFT HAND HIGH AND .RIGHT HAND LOW..d Thrust.are taught by the numbers in two phases. MOVE. (e) At combat speed the command is the: (b) same. 14). BUTT STROKE. weapon-to-weepon contact must be limited to half speed. To minimize weapon damage durIng training with the blocks and parrie!!. SLASH. Note. THIS BLOCK IS DESIGNED TO STOP A BUTT STROKE AIMED AT YOUR UPPER BODY OR HEAD. M Qdijie. OR (S) Commomd».

Fiyure U. 15 . IHr(lKe.lock against butt. Side b.

the exception of the right hand grasping the pistol
grip (fig. 15). b. Modified Slash. The modified slash is identical to the slash as described in paragraph 9a. with the exception of the right hand grasping the pistol grip (fig. 16).

to make contact with the opponent's body, 'the soldier should instinctively followup with additional movements until he has disabled 01' captured the opponent. It is Important to followup the initial attack with another aggressive action so the initiative is not lost.
b. Execution (the lnst't'ucto't' Expw.ina and Dem-

12. FollowUlpMovements
c. Obieetioe and Use. Followup movements are attack movements which naturally follow from the completed position of the previous movement. If the initial thrust, butt stroke, smash, or slash fails

onstrates), INSTINCT SHOULD GOVERN YOUR SELECTION OF A PARTICULAR FOLLOWUP MOVEMENT.
Note .. For tndning purposes, the instructor should mix UD the series of movements.
may and.

12

13

14

15

16

m

.1

I"igwye 15. Modified thrust.

16

For example:
(1) PARRY LEFT, BUTT STROKE TO TRE HEAD, SMASH, SLASH, ATTACK POSITION. (2) PARRY LEFT, SLASH, BUTT STROKE ro THE KiDNEY, ATTACK POSITION. HI) PARRY RIGHT, THRUST, BUTT' STROKE TO THE GROIN, SLASH, ATTACK POSITION.

c. Commands. Two examples of commands using followup movements are: (1) PARRY LEFT (trainee executes) , THRUST (trainee executes), BUTT STROKE TO THE HEAD (trainee executes), SMASH (trainee

executes). SLASH (trainee executes). A TT_.\CK POSITION (trainee assumes the attack position). (2) THRUST (trainee executes) THRCST (trainee executes), THRUST (trainee executes), B,UTT STROKE 'TO THE GROIN (trainee executes), SLASH (trainee executes) ATTACK POSITION {trainee assumes the attack position). d. All training will emphasize damage to the target and violent action using natural movements as opposed to precise stereotyped movements, Instinctive, aggressive action and balance axe the keys to offense with the rifle and bayonet.
1
I

P'-igure

16,

MQdiji.ed Blask.

17

however. the men may be moved quickly into an area around the instructor's platform to be shown demonstrations of the various positions and movements. 19 . slash. b. fiat grassland TRAINING FACIlITIIE5 movements without the use 01 targets by utilizing the interval between targets. When movements are taught which do not involve the pan"y.te tam detailed plans for construction of these targets. FOR RIFLE-BAYONET FIGHT~NG Section I.CHAPTER 2 TRAINING. and is designed to minimize weapon damage and inj ury to the men. Training Aid Centers may ob- court consists. Ge·neral Any large. 18)1 is constructed so that two men can work against opposite sides of the target simultaneously except during practice of the butt stroke or smash movements to the head. a. Construction details of the target are illustrated in figure 19. of 72 multi- purpose bayonet targets and an instructor's platform (fig. 17). the parry arms should be latched to the sides of the targets. c. supervised practice of the basic skills. the bayonet training court should be utilized to allow the men to make target contact. Multipurpose. Bayonet Talrget suitable for instruction However. The bayonet training court provides a training area organized for decentralized. 14. 15. Bayonet Training Court The bayonet training or sand covered area is of rifle-bayonet training. or smash against a realistically proportioned target. parries. The rnultipurposa bayonet target (fig. There should also be ample room within the training court to execu. if available. This training: aid provides a means of practicing the thrust. and win accommodate 288 men. 13.

+ + +~+ +t+ 1 FigU'I'61'1.+{+ + + + 1 15 METERS t 1 l L .TERS +++++ f +! ++ ++ + L~ir 1~-+ ~ --+1+ 15 METERS i-~1 ~ +++++++ +++++++ 5.et oourt layout. 1.• I .I 7.5 ME. METERS ++ ++++ COURT SO UN[]RY I ~ Ba1lrnr.5.5 METERS TARGETS t ~ ( PLtlTFORM) f' :t +++++++ +t+ 15 METEIRS + ++ + + + + + + +.2 METERS + + +l+1 + 1. 20 .

21 .

3d US Army. I I I II \ ~ CONCRETE I 'I ) --_ \ B. 22 . ATTN: DeS O&T.EVEL POURED I.. and major units. Requests will be I!ent to the Commanding General._---._ _.) ---.ET . Fort McPherson.R'G.BU1T STROKE TARGET SLASH/BUTT STROKE SHIELD 8..00 I( 14 TIRE RUBBER PARRY ARM LAM INA T ED RUB BIE R TH RUST T A. 30330..Y 1// Detailed blueprints for target construction may be obtained by Army Training Aids Centers. Ga.ELOW GROUHDI. ReljJuests tor quantities of bluep~ints cO'pies should be consolidated prior to submitting requests.

EAPON BETWEEN THE FEET. RESNAP THE SCABB. Fix and Unfix Bayonets and b. numbers. KEEPING YOUR EYES ON THE BAYONET POINT. RAISE THE WEAPON SLIGHT· LY. alII students reform on the base doubletlme) and assume the position of attermen.yonet Training Formation. MOVE. however this method of instruction should be used only when students show they lack sufficient coordination to execute the movements while working from slow motion to combat (normal) speed. by the numbers. Note. FOLLOWED BY LnUTED UPWARD PRESSURE TO INSURE THAT THE BAY· ONET IS SEATED SECURELY. AND SECURE IT WITH THE LEFT HAND. Baytmet Training Court. Commands are used in maintaining control and to teach instant response. On the assistant instructor's command the men fix bayonets and.· form and designate areas of responsibility for his assistant instructors on the court. 21). c. 17. front to secure a three-step interval and moves about 12 steps from the man who was behind him. 20). An men growl w:hile moving. WITH THE RIGHT HAND UNSNAP THE SECURING STRAP ON THE SCABBARD AND WITHDRAW THE BAYONET. GRASP THE BARREL. (2) Students are moved onto the training court. Whole commands indicate the men are to execute the entire movement as commanded. Appropriate commands for all positions and movements are incorporated in descriptions as contained in chapter one of this manual. Extended Ba. Cadence. lNSERTING IT WITH THE RING 23 . speed increases to a fast or combat rate. BAYONETS. (1) THE' COMMAND IS FIX BAYONETS. b. andwithout the. the instructor commands ASSEMBLE. At the command. PLACE THE BUTT OF THE W. TURN THE POINT UP AND ATTACH THE BAY· ONET TO THE WEAPON. Instructors will insure that proper interval is constantly maintained to avoid injury. BAYONETS. (2) TO UNFIX THE BAYONET THE COMMAND IS UNFIX. . GRASP THE BAYONET HANDLE AND APPLY DOWN· WARD PRESSURE UNTIL A CLICK IS HEARD. ON THE COMMAND OF EXECUTION.tion (the Instructor Explains and Demonstrates). The speed may be slow Initially. (2) To assemble the group.ARD SECURING STRAP AND RESUME THE POSITION OF ORDER ARMS. However. the instructor stands in front of the two ranks directs the flanks to dose towards the center. (1) By tlw numbers. At the end of the instruction instructor directs. Commands Instruction in rifle-bayonet training is by command. AND REGRASP THE BARREL WITH THE LEFT HAND. at which time the rear rank extends to the left taking up a three-step in terval. instructors should not expect instant and exact response during early training as men must first learn the skills . MOVE THE MUZZLE TO THE LEFT. adjusts his position if needed. For safety reasons commands for FIX UNFIX BAYONETS should be given by the assistant instructor assigned to each group of men. BAYONETS.S·ection III. The principal instructor commands FORM FOR BAYONE'T TRAINING. BACK TO YOUR PLACES. It is reeommended that there be a minimum of one assistant instructor per 15 students to provide adequate supervision. ( 1) When a training court is not available each platoon forms in two ranks at normal interval (fig. MOVE THE MUZZLE OF THE WEAPON TO THE LEFT FRONT. Each front rank man doubletimes to his left. RETURN IT TO THE SCABBARD. ON THE COM· MAND OF EXECUTION. f'ormations a. PREPARAtiON FOR TRAINING 16. MOVE. (3) To form for more detailed mstru . Safety. These movements aloe not executed in cadence. b. Commands are of tVIO types. a. executes a whirl.MOVE.. a. PLACE THE BUTT OF THE WEAPON BE· TWEEN THE FEET. and remains in the attack position. Exec:u. WITH THE RIGHT HAND UN· SNAP THE SCABBARD SECURING STRAP. AND IT IS EXECUTED ONLY FROM ORDER ARMS OR UNSLING ARMS. 18. NOW RELEASE THE BAYONET FROM THE BAYONET STUD WITH THE RIGHT HAND AND REMOVE THE BAYONET FROM THE MUZZLE. (H The principal instrnctnr will take his position with a demonstrator on the instructor's plat. and four students assigned to each target (fig. (2) Without the numbers. assume the attack position. produees a three-sided formation which enables entire group to hear the conference or see demonstration. Commands by the nUIDbers may be used if necessary. WHILE ENGAGING THE BAYONET STUD ON THE RIFLE WITH THE BASE OF THE BAYONET. and as men learn the movements.

the instructor also stresses muscle relaxation. before they begin bayonet training. . \d. avoid the harmful Sadio" III. The men practice using the targets (fig. Anexcelllent warmup exercise :is to practice the basic positions and the crossover movement prior to actual train'ing in the various attack movements. such as the' thrust. Improper assault or withdrawal may damage the M14 or M16. not using the targets (fig. Five or ten minutes should be allotted for these exercises. 2'1): No. 20). To insure that close attention is paid to the . Care of Weapon n. The men must be numbered in the following 24 personnel must remind! men armed with the MI6 rifle to maintain a firm grip on the small of the stock to prevent injury to the hand by the forward assist assembly. Adequate loudspeakers should be installed to carry commands clearly to all portions of the training court. Or. The instructor explains and demonstrates briefly and clearly. The instructor should encourage the men to growl. timing. for example: in practicing the thrust. prior to a clean withdrawal from the current target. e. e. If the man is too close to the target at the time of penetration. RESNAP CURING STRAP AND RESUME ARMS.0. This is followed by a demonstration of the movement at combat speed. 21. in their haste. c. Sequence of Training Classes conducted on the training court generally should be organized in the following manner: a. The instructor stresses speedbalance.) This will prevent injuries should the stowage compartment door of the butt plate open and the equipment come out acci- Note. This may occur as the man begins his movement toward the next target. Noise. however. in the case of the movement using the butt stroke to the head: NUMBER THREE. Strict control of all activities must be maintained by the Instructor on the platform. the forward momentum of the body causes the arms to push the butt of the rifle to the side. -bend over. Wa rm. b.1 and No. and.. MOVE. Tra~ning Emphasis a. . Throughout a class. b. THRUST. 21). all commands must be preceded by the designation of the man (or men) expected to execute the movement. Explanation and demonstration of a skin with the men grouped around the instructors platform . and depress the catch with the left hand whiJepulling upward on the weapon with the right hand. 22. Therefore. The men practice in ranks between targets. (Recent production models of M16 have an equipment stowage compartment on the stock. If withdrawal is improper (not straight to the rear).FACING TO THE FRONT. or if sideward force is exerted on the rifle before withdrawal is complete. fail to properly gauge distance or fail to perform a proper withdrawal.. When the men are practicing on the targets.b. THE SEORDER appul'S practice of turning rifle and bayonet practice into a drill. periodic checks should be made by the instructor to insure that the men remember their assigned numbers. Then they demonstrate by the numbers so that each part of the movement can be understood. These faults are tendencies of beginners who. and help develop their muscle coordination. if the bayonet difficult to remove. In running assault courses the distance from assault position to target must be gauged properly at the time of the thrust. 3 and No. is no substitute for enthusiasm or ability. BUTT STROKE TO THE: HEAD. stick the point into the ground. MOVE:. The men should be in fairly good physical condition. He and his assistants first demonstrate the movements in slow motion and explain so that 'each movement is clear. Centrol a. 20. The men respond to only those commands which apply to their number. Prior to rifle-bayonet training the men must remove the maintenance equipment from the butt stock of the M14 and M16 rifles. No. The force of such action could damage the barrel of the riffe. the weapon may be damaged.Al rifles .. Each man must think and act for himself. For safe'ty purposes.up Exercises Warmup exercises at the beginning of rifle-bayonet training periods relax the men. 4 men on the other side of the target. b. distance judgment . 19. Training METHOD OF TRAINING manner (fig. 23. the command could be onn NUMBERS.2 men on one side of the target. c. PARRY LEFT. Since a tense soldier cannot fight effectively with his rifle and bayonet. dentally.. the instructor should. Care must be exercised to teach proper assault and withdrawal of thrusts made at targets in which the bayonet penetrates the target.

Increase in order to develop speed.. conversations between the men should not be permitted unless the coach and pupil method of instruction is being used. To maintain proficiency in rifie-bavonet fight. . c. e. Bayonets must be fixed and. This type arrangement will prevent possible injuries series of movements are executed.safety of the men should be a constant concern of the instructor and his assistants. unfixed only on command. the men are trained to detect and strike instantly at any opening.. Left-handed men should be positioned so that they are opposite another left-handed individual . level surface that does not become slippery when wet should be provided for the days per week. when working against the targets. When using the M16AI rifle against a ~ the force of contact during the thrust movemen may drive the hand. b. the correct procedures and coordithe pace nation. into the forward assist assembly (on the rigtt side of the weapon neal' the stock). An even.raining court.instructcrs should correct errors and be alert for safety hazards. ing. a 24.g . Training developes coordination between the eyes and muscles thus producing mental and physkat alertness. Rifles should be grounded near the targets with the operating rod handles facing upward when the men are ordered to move to the instructor's platform for explanations or demonstrations. Throughout bayonet training. targets and or shift the e. In addition. gripping the small of the ~toc:k. To prevent injury to the hand. These periods will deal with pugiJ training and other training procedures of a varied and vigorous nature. The best safety aids are constant control and supervision. d. Safety The . accuracy. Continued Train~n. practice the movements first by the numin slow motion. Supervi$ion supervision during practice is obtained by providing one assistant instructor per 15 men. and aggressive- t. Assistant instructors Adequate should also watch for malfunctioning either immediately repair the targets men to open targets. unit commanders must continue training. the men should be briefed at (t.{t. the beginning of each class on the requirements for safety during rifle-bayonet training. Such training should consist of 30 minutes oOf practice 2 25. b. a firm grip must be maintained on thfi! small of the stock j gloves should be worn as part of the training uniform when weather dictates. To retrain bers and then ness.instructor. Assistant.26.

% W Z U) o <C :l: w ~ 0. <za:: 26 .. B EJ B B B ~EJ > ~~ e.... w -z u...... LL lU _I "'" ~ EJ 8 ... \5 a:: o Z o ~ tZ 0 ~ -e > z O<C.... o Q...J ~~~ ....J 0. t- x W r w er:: W BE EJ EJ EJ B EJ R o u...B EJ E1 6 EJ El EJ EJ B EJ EJ E B EJ EJ B EJ FJ' 8 EJ El El El El EJ ~ G El B B B ------~ o <C % VI IX a:: o z W 18 5 EJ 5 . I:C Z . ....8 EJ ~~~ El 8 ~ EJ ~ .J<O ~IlI::Z .....a--a B -... ..J o . er:: w z ..:l El EJ B EJ EJ El EJ B FEJ El R EJ El 6 EJ L-J El EJ EI EJ -_ EJ B EJ EJ . Q 3.......J Ill:: W I- EJ El BB El a EJ R o % o u w Ill:: Q u.wo El El (3 wWO __ EI Ell-·_""_~ _i_' -. W .J 4." EJ . r= B El El ~E1 w t. w ':z t- o El B B u « u...%Z Q. Z :J::: ~ .

27 .tm proc!:icing with tarpeta.MEN [2J~ +-i8 :2 METE R$ t [iJ /TARGET '~ [2] [~] 2 METeRS + WITHO'UT T A'~CETS + [~]_l IT] FORMATION WHEN f'RACTIHG + .0 + + 0.NED NUMB'ER + MlIl. o [2] F OoRMAt I ON WHIEN PI< ACT ICING W11TH T A liCE T S POSITION Of STUDENi WITH A~51C.ll·PURPO~E 6AYONET TARGeT Figure M.. F'QTnMLtion wn.

.

Training a. b. 4). move.nt) make corrections (fig.2f. Much. b. and movements with the riflebayonet. Several factors must be considered to gain maximum effe·ctiveness from pugil training. and protective equipment (chap. 29 . fight back. control. 28. The pugil stick (chap. be evasive. safety. he should then be· introduced to pugll training. 23). All the positions and movements with the pugil stick are the same as with the rifle and bayonet (flg.. Since pugil training is a rugged contact activity. and (most importa. 29.a. evasive target. who can think. as well as the series Figure . The rifle-bayonet fighter should be taught the basile positions and movements. Ma'"'-to-m. 4) for maximum training benefit. should approximate the length and the weight of the MI6 rifle with bayonet attached. Little effort is required of the instructor to motivate participants: the pugil stick is the motivating force. thus affording an opportunity to develop their individual rifle-bayonet fighting skills. INtR. Mter the soldier has become proficient in the basic positions. physical benefit is derived from pugil training. 22) . pugil equipment. These factors include training. Realism in rifle-bayonet training is provided by using pugil equipment. the participants must remain alert. I act and react from instinct.ghter is to be successful in combat.slveness. They of followup movements. Value of Pugil Training a. supervision. as well as the development of the aggressive menta] spirit so essential if the rifle-bayonet :fi.PUGIL TRAINING Section I. The use of this equipment furnishes the rifle-bayonet fighter with an opponent" or target. Substitution of the pugil stick for the rifle provides an opportunity to improve skill and test the individual's ability to perform against a realistic. with the rifle-bayonet before beginniug pugil training. General Pugit training isa means of teaching the soldier to use the rifle-bayonet with confidence and aggres.ODUCTION 27.n (tontact ill vosBible with.

htM rilk.B . wit'" the pu.Fivure ~I.yil diek . POllitiQn.and 17Wvementll are th"e lIame lUI' wit.

CONDUCT Of PI. the contestants wi]] engage. In the first round they are allowed to mix-it-up. During the graded bouts (:fig". A contestant should be encouraged to move in aggressively and attack violentlv.eattack position 12. platoon. and insures that the contestants keep their eyes on each other. AU members of the group should participate. The contestants assume th. b. If he misses. he should lrnmediately foUowlUipuntil he has landed a blO'W to' a vulnerable spot. The man who hesitates to strike his opponent realizes that defeat can be quick and will tty aggressive]Y to overcome his opponent in the shortest possible time. To start . blow.g. or his opponent sidesteps. Instructors supervising pugil training must understand Us values and limttatlons. The instructor maintainscontrol of the bout at all times: his best method of control. maximum benefit is gained by working with platoon-size grOl. Two men engage in a pugH bout in the center of the circle. e. assume the attaek positioIl1and wait for the signal to start the next round.. For safe. A dlisa. Due to the nature of the two-man bouts.quad. 31 . pose is to prove to contestants that the equipment will provide ample protection from a hard. d. in graded bouts. S'upervilion. may be selected . e.3. a s. 30.Motivation is no problem in pugH training. The contestant who wins two of the three rounds wins the bout. Warmup Roulncl In the early stages of pugjl training. the head. Control.'The instructor should be in a position where he can best control the bout. or groin regions. . and finally a company champion 32. from each other. At the end of a round contestants Jl1(i~e back to their respective lines. Critiques are conducted so that all may nearn from the 'Observed mistakes. A point isawarded to the ma.. Immediately aiter the /W8nnUp round. 24) the c. throat. Tne platoon forms a circle at double-arm interval Two contestants and one instructor are in the center.. using any of'the attack movements learned during rifle-bayonet training.IGIL TRAINING When such a blow is struck a whistle is used to stop the round.. chest. and Safety it. The pur. He is alert to prevent wild 5wingirng' of the pugil sticks. a contestant must seorea solid blow with either end! of the pugilstiek to a vulnerable point. in as many bouts as necessary to gain proficiency prior to going on to more advanced training.raded BoUh fl. 31. bout or a round the instructor we the whistle and the contestants move toward each other in the attack.. is by blowing a whistle to start and stop action. Competition in pugil training is keen. To seore a point or win a round. SWDlach. G. Competition should be encouraged by instructors whenever possible throughout the pugH training program..nps (or sma]}er) in a circular formation..steps. The bout eonststs of three rounds .bling blow is determined to be amy blow that is delivered to the vulnerable parts of the opponentjs body. OJ)- ponents face each other 12 steps apart.Section II.n striking the first disabling blow.

Mterexecuting the movement the rffle-bayonet fighter pauses long enough for the instructor to make corrections. Therefore. The remaining members of the unit.g. the round is resumed. One instructor is necessary for each bout. PUGll COURSES he runs through the course at full speed.YThe number of "walk throughs' is dependent on each man's ability to execute ·the movements correctly . clad in pugil equipment.lrSe take advantage of natural obstacles such as streams. 32 . c. Ffnally always.. Sectiian 33. Human Th.bayonet fighting movements. and thick woods. as with the rifle-bayanet. Eight to ten men are lined up in file 12 . BUTT STROKE. 34. Contestants use only the positions and move-· ments that they have been taught in rifle-bayonet tarining. growling and executing the called movements with maximum force against his rive opponents.'o-man bouts. moving with the pugi] stick at the attack position. then he moves on to the next "target. previous brain concussions. '0. be alert for the unexpected. Each man is designed by the instructor to act as a specific type target. Human Th"usting Assault Coulrse.ghter is ready for the human thrusting target course. Individuals who have had 'prior medical problem-s such as hernias" frequent headaches.stants growl during the Couts. D-uties are rotated so that all men act as fighters and as human targets .. before conducting pugll training it is neeessary to screen individual medical records to determine if anyone should be eliminated from participetion. . As the rifle-bayonet 'fighter approaches an opponent.ty reasons men should be paired who are approxi- mately the same height and weight. the instructor stops the bout to prevent possible injuries. During the fitting process instructors insure that equipment is properly fitted. ner. In.saietyreasons. Additional assiatance is required to supervise.argets using instinctive rifle. SLASH. or current lacerations containing stitches must be exeluded from pugiJ training for . ditches. A qualification-type course can be conducted to tlDeasure the proficiency of each man. The rifle-bayenet fighter. The instructor insists that theeonte. wm negotiate all obstacles and human t. In laying out the cO'IJI. recent tooth extractions. and if in doubt stop the bout immediately to prevent injury.e. This course should.also in pugil gear. the fitting and exchange of equipment.. THRUST. After deficiencies have been corrected. and blows delivered. hills. Immediately upon detection of insecure equipment.rusting Targ8' Course After several t>. and terrain. Soldiers clad in pugil equipment can be p'laeed among the obstacles to act as human targets. this adds to their aggres- siveness and wi1l tend to reduce tension. the rifle-bayonet 1i. The stick must be held in the same man- d. approximate an obstacle course in length. obstacles. Next. the opponent shouts the movement that the rifle-bayonet fighter is to execute e. Instructors constantly observe to determine any loose or broken equipment.steps apart. walks to each human target.

A ehlnstrap made of vinyl plastic. Headgear II. Footbatt Helmet. 211..4 in size. This feature dispenses some of the shock that would be transmitted to the head and neck.£ inches to the aide of the center rod. To secure p' equipment which meets standards of protection safety. Nonstandard stock numbers are used tOo identify these commercial items and thev are obtained through local purchase. The upper of these rods is attached to the rear frame. General Protective equipment should allow the soldier to participate. The lower horizontal bar extends :from one vertical side bar to the other passing under the center vertical bar. The equipment described below is designed to prevent injuries. This bar is one inch above the base established by the bottom (4)1 The forward curve of the mask (fig. 26). PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENt AND STICK (3) Two horizontal rods are used to reinforce the vertical rods.8 inches. A vertical rod is attached on each side of the center rod. 27) is formed by: (it) The contour of the rear frame as it This includes a football helmet with a stainless. curves downward toward the wearer's ears. The mask shall consist of a rear frame an. due consideration should be given to the variation in the head size of individuals."e cup are commercial items of nonstock type 25). steel face mask (fig. (2) The face mask is constructed according to directions (fig. and 10 percent be 7% to 71. groin. at each side where the rear frame bends. and 39. inches forward of the base line. and protecti l. Securing Pugil Equipment The pugil sticks and groin aprons are constructed locany by training aida personnel.4. 27). frame. 27). 36.. and is attached on the under side of the vertical bars. and foam rubber is used to secure the helmet to the head.4 inches measured from a point 11. Section 37. (1. (1) The! protective' face mask is made of l. The areas which must be protected include the head and face. When purchasing these helmets.d a bottom frame to which three vertical and two horizontal rods are attached (fig. measured from a point 4 inches forward of the base line. gloves. (b) The shape of the upper horizontal bar. For each 100 helmets purchased it is recommended that 10 percent be GY2 to 6%. in size. without either incurring or fearing injury.4. It should be noted that the mask is attached to the helmet in such manner that the mask will move somewhat when struck. and hands. should the mask be fastened ti ghtly to the helmet. which has a radius of 33. 80 percent be 6%. (5) The curve of the center vertical rod is established by a radius of 63/4 inches as measured from a point 1% inches forward of the vertical 3S . 38. to 7¥S'in size.-inclil round stainless steel rods that are weJded together by electric are welds at all joining and intersecting points. Helmets that are too large for an individual can be adjusted to fit by adding foam rubber to the Inside of the helmet. (c) The curve of the bottom Il'Ame which is on a radius of 41. This curve is formed on a radius of 3% inches measured from a point 2~ inches above a base line formed by the bottom frame. the supplier or contractor must be aware of the specifications as contained in paragra 37. Proteetioe Face Mask Svecijieati0'n8. b.CHAPTER 4 PUGIL EQUIPMENT :Sectioln I. The helmet with INTRODUCTION face mask attached. Being able to participate without the fea~ of injury will help the soldier to develop an individual style of fighting and :improve his abUity to fight with the rifle and bayonet. 35.

Pugilluladgear. Attachment of tke Protective Face Ma8k to the Helmet (fig. and left side. 34 . The two side vertical rods are curved on a radius of 61'2 inches measured from a point 11. right side. 27 and 28) . 28). Pugil equipme-nt. Figure 26.4 inches forward of the vertical base line and 1¥4 inches ow the horizontal base line (fig. (1) The protective face mask 1'8 to be attached to. (2) The attachment is to. the front of the helmet at three points. top cen- ter. (6) Additional dimensions are included on e drawings which indicate the overall size of the mask (fig.2 inch below the horizontal base line. industrial stock. be made by means of 2-inch wide leather. 3/16 inches Figure :6.base line and 1. c. 27).

.... "G.! 4 S'IMGL. F~""f AS ~"ECIFlEO (I.I~E5_ '" .L F1::00 •• L'U:ND MA"I' 60E MAOe' .. Face mask co:n. 35 .IIU FRONT SIDE RE-EHFORCII'IG R!NG S-ECnOIi AA THE REA!! fR .Btructi<m specifi.. IPll:Ce OF JoIoifT A. OR.I.tio7UJ. I)'IMEHSIONS TO tERMIt>!AL. E Ar<1l 60TTO" FR"loIf MAl SE fOR"'ED fRO!. OF THE BOTTO . M3). ~TRUCTE[) of TwO SE"ARATE ~oos .. SE THE WIOT .I'TATE THE USE (IF lA~OUlT JIGS. POIt>!TS OF ClURVED MeJ.. ee BOTTOM FR/>.Ase "-IHE NOTE: TO fACIL. BASE I.T EACH! SIDE TO INCRE ...co.. "E MAY <:0 .. THE fR .-:. 5HO_ 12."-ElERRAO II ARE "!V'Et>! !'IIJOM BASE I.ME IFRClIIT FiflUre ~7.PLAN r. FI~_ 1611.

(3) The center leather anchor is 2 inches wide by 314 inches long. of Va-inch diameter. A slot is cut from one end of the anchor to the center hole. 36 (4) The side leather and measure Z inches wide by 3 inches long.6-inch from the ends. of an inch from the ends. This slot is to be 7/16 of an inch wide. Fuo« ffla8k attacked to 1z. The . 12 " 6 1 2" 1 i 2' • 3 '4" 10 3 4" Fi{TUTe 28. The remaining end of the anchor then is folded so that the holes in both ends correspond with the holes in the helmet. anchors are identical In thickness. 112 inch from the sides and 7/1. which protects the forehead. Two holes are punched in each end of the anchor.15 . A hole % of an inch in diameter is cut in the center of the leather anchor.. 1h inch from the sides and %. (5) The mask is attached to the center portion of the helmet. smooeh side out. The slot end of the 'anchor is inserted over the center :rod of the mask. two at each end of the leather. Four additional holes are punched. These holes are to be.elm(1t . The leather anchor is to be folded with the rod held between the folds and both ends of the leather anchor securely fastened to the helmet. and under the rear frame. by boring two holes in the helmet for the attachment of the leather anchor. The holes are to be ¥s inch in diameter.

and of equal size and strength ttl the Chase copper rivet as prescribed.2 inch exposed port'ion of rod after the anchor is secured. (6) The mask is attached to each side of the helmet at that portion of the rear frame which parallels the front edge of the ear 'piece of the helmet. The rivet is diameter 10.ar:chOl" then is secured with two chase copper rivets and burl'S. 37 .2-inch upward movement of the mask. The anchor is attached so that the upper joi nt of this section or rod (the junction of rear frame and the upper horizontal rod) rests on the top edge of the anchor. The aide anchors Fi. Such placement of the anchor permits a t.eriorof the helmet. length % inch. The 2% inch section of the rear frame at the place of attachment provides a 1. Can"V(Ugroin apron and protective cup. The rivet passes through the helmet and both ends of the anchor.. _-\ny other self-locking rustproof fastener that pre- sents a fiat surface both on the interior and ext. may be used. The method of attachment of the mask to the helmet is des]gned to permit some movement of the mask when a blow is received on tile mask.'U~ eg.

29) . rubber mask pad (fig.r~!lf).'u glovu.. A molded foam. The pad is to contain two canvas web straps Y2 inch :iin width with a metal snap on each strap for the attachment of the pad to the front lower portion of the bottom frame of the mask. This pad protects the upper chest when the mask is forced inward by a frontal blow.ero. 10/4. Duck cloth cotton is recommended for use in making the apron.". of an inch in thickness. I ) I 'tv I ._ ""7' ---~ _ t I . 38.axe attached by the same method as prescribed for the center attachment" using the anchors as described in (2) above and the same type of fasteners as described in (15) above'.. The strapa are to be of such length as to tightly secure the pad to the mask. r Figu. d. Mask Pad Specifications. I I I I I I I . It is worn over the outer clothing' so that it can be put on and taken off quickly on the training field. 28) is to be attached to the lower portion of the mask.. nches i in width. and %. Orroin Equipment The groin is protected by a canvas apron which contains a protective cup of the variety used in athletic competition. ( I I I I La. . The rubber used in this pad._. I ILI I I . iis to measure 6112 inches in length. . 38 . l r : ._. . Material such aa salvaged shelter halves and squad tents may be used provided that the fabric is still durable (fig...

For further protection the center . Lay a polyfoam sheet (¥2. f'!urfaceand roll it as tight as possible. rubber such as contained in vehicle tire tubes. On the opposite end.tep 4. These gloves provide maximum rosse gloves arsreeommended 40. inserl Ute polyfoanr end of the stick (fig.. Cover No. and as tight as possible around the core formed by end of the stick and small polyfoam roll. (3) Step 3. tinn of the pugil atick are shown in figur~ 31. the seams.:80). Steps used in the construction of the pugil stick are listed below and . (9)1 Step 9. Secure the canvas bag to the stick with No. stick lay a thick polyfoam sheet (¥2~i. (2) Step 2. (1) Step 1.gil Stick a. COt1struction Procedures. Roll two of these pieces and place one roll at each end of the stick. Shape stick to required dimenions. 28 gauge sheet metal or stovepipe of the type used in military messhalls.• Hand Eqluipment for use in pugil protection r the fingers and joints of the hands and wrist :IJldaid in controlling the stick (fi. and" feet long) on a :flat (6) Step s..4 screen tacks. Secure roll with rubber bands.!bOW]} in figure 32 . Cover the strips (cardboard) with black plastic tape. To prepare the butt of the stick cut a polyfoam sheet to. 32). and remove the metal sleeve. Construct canvas bags 6 inches . a.ek may be covered with sponge rubber leaving space for handholds.pply rubber cement to the binding side. Use the French stitch as shown in figure 32 for added strength in b. Gem. (5) Step 5. (7)1 St~ 7. such as No. Let it dry for at least 2-l hours (fig.inch hick.nch I1h feet wide. on a flat surface. the tapered dimensions u indicated in figure 32:and then follow step 3 above. To prepare the blade end of. Apply rubber 'cement to the binding surface &a you roll it. push the stick into the canvas bag. may be wrapped around the center of the stick under e sponge sheet material. 5 inches wide. diameter and 14 inches in length. 'I'o make light sticks heavier. the 3. (4) S..shaft of the pugil _ . Pu.eral. 33). Apply the necessary pressure to the body of the sleeve. Materials needed for the construe .4 screen tacks with strip of cardboard. and 12 feet long). intng. Cut off excess canvas after assembly. Place the canvas bag over one end of an adjustable sleeve. (8) Step 8. .g.

1. 3-!~.r.D ROL L (..OF\. -.o.]I" I 5.:.!(2" 3/8" I I-~\ I 1r 6 ~~[D [JJJJ--------... I or .SH..-----------------. .END OF DEVICE GILL 5TiCI" OAi<.-' ~ -----."' TO 81 2') PT 2"'XI2:"'0#-2PCS (I UTILITY NO. -------.I.TERIAL5 OR {/ MAPLE .:...D~ l~r/4" ."d . .END OF STICK :'V8 ._-----i - "~.1 6 111 :3!/8 "'1-3/4" 1.M ROLL I '------POLY FOAM 2"' XI" ROLLED 2"' )(12:0" AROUf'. EA 2 EA 2 EA CANVAS NO.-:-:-c.1 X4 I -0 - 2: PC'S FROM I II .EUTRAL '-I TACK (6·'D.L.._" 42-1/2'ENO.iE ---------' OF STICr< + SMALL . 1/4" 3/8" 3-3/B~ I~ "\' I ._.I...1.=Ir-.'_ ...'-1 Pc POLY FOAM p()L'l'rOAM-. 3/8" 17-3/4 . ..... 2'" X5 2"'Xl. ..1.II.11..-.-.. . I 2"X5 "X4-0 .. " POLYFOo...(+)END..2-l/2.2 LONG) 2" X 0"10 EA CARDBOARD COATED PLASTIC STRIP_I NAILS TAPE - AS REO'O 40 .. 3/8" 3/B~ 1/2:" 6" "OJ JT2-'8'-.+. HIC"'OI~V _134' X42:1 :.JJ.11}. <I PC TAPERED CEME"JT 14 24 RU8BER SCREEN BAG 'COLOR '.

." C. \ . 14" 1. Hff NO..-./ STIEP NO.'..01'1(.-..c METAL SLEEVE ~ ".OU'FOIlM - ~ STEP r HO.. 1 PC..6 ( ~ SHEET fR ~NCH sTlTCH CANVAS EI.·-~ P(lLYF. ~5"X.G" POLYFOAM------------~~ 12 . CUT OFF ElICE~~ AfTER A$$IEt.PLAITIC TAPE . ~ COMPLETED PUCIL ~TIC~~ (1~'1 'COn . POlY FOAM T. .F"E:RED AS SHOWN _--- ~OLL DIRECTION """'~ FRENCH STlfCH C .) AT EACH Ei'lD OF HITCH. 18" -r 3 0" STEP 1 NO. SHIED nUllH OUT..3 r It 11 I :I'" J( 1<' .l...' . 7 .lBL"I'. .. VASBAG (0.

........42 L......~ .-. _ .

PAIRT TWO HAND-TO ..HAND COMBAT
CHAPTER 5 INTRODUCTION

TO HAND-TO ..HAND COMBAT
INTRODUCTION

Sedion J.
41. Purpose and Scope

Hand-to-hand combat is an engagement between two or more persons in a struggle with or without hand-held weapons, The average soldier, if trained only in the use of his basic weapon, loses his effeciveness if his weapon faHs to fire, or if he should lose or break it. A knowledge of hand-to-hand fighting provides the soldier with another means of accomplishing his, mission, and also permits him rn defend himself if he is unarmed, Although the primary reason for training in hand-to-hand combat is to develop a proficient hand-tc-hand fighter, !:his training has several other significant advantages,

a. It builds a spirit of aggressivenesa in the individual soIdler and instills the will to fight. It gives him confidence in his ability and develops his
physical fitness. b. It becomes another means of' accomplishing

assigned missions when the fighting becomes 800 intermingled between friendly and enemy personel that firearms and grenades would be impractical to use for fear of injury to friendly troops. c. It is valuable for night patrols and other occasions when silent attack is required, Because, of the threat of air assault. guerrilla warfare, or infiltration, hand-to-hand fighting is taught to seldiers in rear areas as well as to those in frontline units.
42,. Hisloryof Hall1d..to-Hand CombGlt

a. Hand-to-hand combat is as old as the first struggle between two eave men. For thousands of years it has provided soldiers and civilians with a means of defending themeelveasbould they be attacked and no weapons were readily available for them to use. b. It is believed that the first attempt to organize and develop hand-to-hand fighting techniques took

place in China around 3,000 B.C, The Chinese emperor at that time taught a method of unarmed defense to his subjects who we e being harassed continually by outside invaders, c. Historians believe a similar system of fighting also was developed by Tibetan monks during the 12th century A.D. These monks were forbidden by thei r religion to C8ilTY weapons, and a. method of defense was needed to repel the robber bands of that era. d. Both the Chinese and Tibetan forms of fighting are distant ancestors of modern judo and karate . .Judo and karate generally are t'egard€d by the American public as mysterious and deadly arts. They are difficult skills to learn and individuals must practice for great lengths of time before they become proficient in these martial arts. Army hand-to-hand techniques are simpler, and are better suited to our needs and to the time available for hand-to-hand combat training. e. Very little hand-to-hand combat was taught to American soldiers during WWI. However, during WWII civilian-trained instructors worked with Army personnel to develop methods of unarmed attack and defense, as well as other related skins. The techniques consisted mainly of escapes from holds, application of holds, and methods of disarming an armed man. Specialized units, such as rangers and military police, received instruction in knife fighting, strangulation, and other subjects. J. T.he present Army system of hand-to-hand combat, outlined in this manual, Is a combination of the strong points of several systems, It is designed to provide the soldier with a number of actions which he can take if contrcnteo by an opponent. The skills are not difficult to learn, and are very effective if properly applied. If mastered, they provide the soldier with a method of pressing his attack and disabling his opponent.
43

Sedion

III.

IPRINCIPlES
c. Exp,Wting Your Opponent's Weaknflss. (1) The good hand-to-hand fighter will look
fC)1' weak points in the opponent's defense and take fun advantage of them by attacking ruthlessly to disable his opponent. (2) The aggressive use of a11available weapons will place your opponent on the defense. Once your opponent is on the defense, continue to press the attack until your opponent is disabled or has lost his will to continue the fight.

43. General There are three basic principles which apply' to hand-to-hand fighting. These are balance, momentum, and leverage. In the execution of any fighting techniques, one or more of these principles must be used in erder to successfully defeat an opponent. In the following paragraphs. these principles are outlined as objective guidelines for the individual fighter to follow. 44. Balarlll:e a. Balance. Balance is a basic motor skill, It is the ability to resist the downward pull of gravity and maintain an upright position in everyday activjties such as running or walking. This skill is of primary importance to an individual engaged in a struggle. When in an off-balance position an individual cannot press an effective attack or adequately defend himself from his opponent's attack. It is' vital for the hand-to-hand fighter to understand balance in two important aspects: (1) How to strengthen and maintain his balance during a struggle. (2) How to exploit the weakness of the enemy's balance to his advantage. b. Maintaining YOU?' Bolance. The procedures outlined in this manual consist of norma] positions and simple movements. When executed properly and through constant practice, these movements will aid the fighter in maintaining his balance. Two general rules which will help the fighter to maintain and strengthen his balance are: (1) Keep a large base of support. When assum:ing a guard position, always insure the feet are approximately shoulder width apart. either sideward or from front to rear', The fighter always should remember that if his feet are too far a:part his overall balance will ~ weakened; also, if his feet are positioned too close together his balance will be weakened from all directions. (2) Lower your center of gravity. Flex your knees to lower the center of gra.vity, this win increase your stability and make it more difficult for your opponent to place you in an unbalancedposition ..

45. Mamenlum

a. Anytime your opponent's body is moving it possesses momentum. Momentum. is the tendency of a moving object to continue moving unless stopped by another force, b. You should apply this principle of momentum in hand-to-hand fighting. Use your opponent's momentum to your advantage. This momentum alone will not defeat him, but. by using it against him you can put y01llr opponent in a vulnerable position. For example. you can trip him while his is running, or step aside as he swings at you. In order for him to continue his attack he must stop his motion and turn to face you. c, Always assume that your opponent is stronger than you, never oppose him directly in a test of strength. Instead, use his momentum to assist you in defeating him.
46. leverage a. Leverage, as it applies to the hand-to-haad fighter, is using some part of your body or your opponent's body as a level' in order to place your opponent ,at a definite diisadvantage. For example, should your opponent extend his arm toward you in a striking motion, this will provide a part of hils body to which you can readily apply leverage to disable him, or force him to the ground where he would be in. a vulnerable position. b. The hand-to-hand fighter also can use his body as a lever to place his opponent in a. position to receive follow up blows. For example, in the hip throw the fighter uses his own hip to support the weight of his opponent before flexing his knees and throwing his opponent to the ground.

Section
47. General

III.

VULNERAIBL'E POINTS
any concept of fair play, and attack these vulnerable points. Striking your opponent in a vulnerable area may cause him to drop his defense tempor.arily, thus leaving him open to receive your foHow-, up blows to other parts of his body. The important

Vulnerable points are areas of the body which are particularly susceptible to blows or pressure (fig'. 34). Since your life is at stake, you should forget
44

srable points of the body are discussed

below.

41. Vulnerable Points: of the H'ead and
k Region Eyes, Blows W the ey,es will cause temporary ~ permanent bliindness and intense pain.
a..

f. Temple. Forceful hand blows to the t .may cause loss of consciousness and could res death. 49. Vulnerable Points of the 1runk
a. Collarbone. A broken collarbone will intense pain and will disable the attached arm. b. Solar Plexu», A sharp blow to tihe Bolar ple:! will cause shock, breathlessness, and possible . ternal injuries. e, Stllmach. A sharp blow to the stomach also will cause breathlessness and possible internal injuries ..

b. Nose. Blows to the nose cause intense patn and watering of the eyes. c. Ecw$. Sharp, heavy blows can cause brain concussion. Lesser blows: can cause shock or result in ruptured eardrumsand internal bleeding.

~

.... ""''_

-::r--- __EYES

NOSE

STOMACH

~~--~~

ARM JOINTS

INSTEP

d. Nwpe of the Neck. A blow to the nape of the neck may cause temporary ]0138 of consciousness. If you strike with great force you can break
his spine.

e. A,dam's Apple. A blow to the Adam's apple usually causes pain and breathlessness. If such a blow is delivered forcefully. the Adam's apple may be crushed and the opponent will strangle.

d. Kidneys. Forceful blows to the kidneys win cause intense pain, shock, and internal injuries. e. Sp'ine. Vigorous blows can dislocate the vertebrae' of the spine, pinching or severtng the spina] cord, and causing intense pain or paralysis. /. G-roin. The groin is a very accessible target. Striking' the groin will cause extreme pain and disability.

..5

so. Form a fist. 35). the nape of the neck. very painful..). The small fist is particularly effective when used in quick. the nose. chest. collarbone.e thumb beside and slightly above the forefinger. nape of the neck. and stomach. position the fist in relation to-the wrist and forearm so that the striking surfaces are the large knuckles of the first two fingers. between the first knuckle 0'£ the little finger and the bones of the wrist. Sand or dirt thrown at a charging opponent could upset his attack and create an opening allowing you to counterattack. Strike down. To form the "small fist" fold the fingers at the second knuckle (8) to make a striking surface of about 4 square iinches. use the natural weapons of your body. or kidneys. and touching the striking surface with the fingers of the other hand.t (D. fig. Use the modified fist when a penetrating or shattering blow is desired. The small bones of the ankle and foot can be broken. The average fist (not the padded or the modified fist) covers an area of approximately 8 square inches. This tool can be used to deliver deadly or disabling blows to the opponent's body. such as when attacking the temple.ll fist (®. you wHi realize that your hand will not be injured easily. and its tendons and cartilage can be torn by kicks to the side or front of the knee. Sa1td or Dirt. The most dangerous natura] weapons which a soldier can 1IlS'e are his hands and his feet. Press the thumb tightly against the forefinger to stiffen your fingers. Most soldiers are familiar with using their hand. Entrenching Toa~.W31'd as though you were using a hammer. such as when attacking the nose. (4) Knife edge of the hand(G). a. with the thumb curled between . The knife edge of the hand is used effeeti vely when a penetrating or shattering blow is desired. and keep the bones of the wrist. however. or if there is not enough time to pick up an object. or the groin. and will minimize the possibility of injuring your hand. is most suited to the particular situation. spine. but use the meaty portion of the fist between the wrist bones and. Use the paddled fist when a crushing 01' shattering blow is desired. Naturall Weapons If nothing can be found with which to strike your opponent. b. the large' knuckle on the little finger side of the hand as the striking surface. Arms. Make a fist as normally would. These weapons are described below and their effective employment is discussed. a. fig. A sharper. Legs. Each of these weapons is suited for attacking certain vulnerable parts of the body. Extend and! join the fingers and position th. and the elbow. more penetrating striking surface. General IV. b. By positioning the fist in this manner you will create a smaller. straight column of bone exists between the striking surface. Use of the Hands. Strike with the meaty portion of the little finger edge of the hand. such as when attacking the face. in fights. Available weapons are classified as band-held and natural 52.. AVAILABLE WEAIPONS the second and third knuckles of the fingers. Using blows it is difficult to disable the arms of a standing opponent. Full web equipment vusually is heavy and could be used to ward off an armed opponent or possi bly disarm him. Adam's apple. A kick to the shin is. jabbing attacks to the nose. A steel helmet can be used to deliver blows. particularly the fist. The good hand-to-hand fighter can find several objects to' help him in his attack. Vulnerable Points of the limbs Blows to the limbs will cause intense pain and disability. c. Steel Helmet. fig. Sedion 51. Hand-Held Weapon!s There are several objects whichusually are available to the soldier on the! battlefield to aid him in overcoming his opponent. Adam's apple. The fighter should be familiar with these weapons. (l) 'OU Modified fi. or kidneys. In hand-to-hand fighting your life is always at stake. Web Equipme-nt. the bones of the forearm. There are. The bones of his arms and hands can be broken by using certain procedures discussed later in this manual. 35). (2) Padded fist (@.<. However. By tenslngthe muscles of the forearm and hand. 35). Do not strike with the little fmgeh' because it rpay be broken. you must use any available object as a weapon '1:0 help you subdue your opponent. (3) Snw. Insure that a solid. or as a shield to' ward off blows from the opponent. crippling your opponent. more penetrating hlow may be delivered. hand. and is limited in the use of available weapons only by his own imagination. solar plexus. therefore. a number of other and more effective weapons which can be formed by the hand. and forearm in a straight line. and be able to select and use that weapon which. d. the wrist. The knee bends in only direction. 53. 35. a. fig.

p'Ql1•• " . Nl£wrrd "Wea.CD Figure $5.

(3) Heel. (. and fingers .. He should allow the maneuver to be executed freely. b. They are also protected by heavy boots (CD. fig. (2) During this basic phase the soldier learns prineiples and techniques which guide all hand-tohand training. vigor. students ..sica! condition and must be able to demonstrate al] the maneuvers described in this manual. Training at tills level is relatively simple to learn. Supervise all practical work closely and eonstanUy. Advanced and SpecitJ1. is in a vulnerable position. the actions of an opponent. Use the toe of the boot as the striking surface if you desire to strike a penetrating blow. aeeuraey and foree must never be sacrificed for speed. This prevents accidents. a. Extend and join the fingers. the advanced and specialized phases of training In the movements become more difficult to learn and more time should be devoted to training than was allotted during the basic phase. He must display intense enthusiasm. accuracy of movement is of primary importance. When an opponent Sectionl V. with the thumb beside the forefinger . These: principles and techniques must always be applied in order to become a good hand-to-hand fighter. (1) At this level the soldier receives his fiest insight into the Army's hand-to-hand combat training program. be used in order tocontrol level. complete explanation and demonstration before attempting praetical work. d. fig . c.. The feet are extremely dangerous natural weapons because they are attached (2) Outside edge of the boot. The edge of the boot is an excellent weapon for attacking the lower Legregion of the body... Force must always. To execute the skins . (3) The elbows and knees can be driven forcefully into the enemy's vulnerable area and are highly effective when in a situation where the fighter desires to break contact with his opponent. Use of Othe'l' Pa'rts of the Body as a Weapon. Familiarize the students with each maneuver by a. Dur- speed is equally as important as accuracy and force.. 35). face area. (1) Toe. The Army boot provides excellent protection for the fragile bones of the toe. The Instructor The instructor should be in good phy. During the stages of learning and perfecting techniques.s manual is divided into four chapters in order that the soldier can progress in his . fig. blows. The heel of the hand is an excellent weapon with which to strike your opponent's chin or nose. During the learning stages. d. General The hand-to-hand combat part of thi. the training partner offers no resist- of ance. Correct application of the basic positions and movements is of primary Importance . This weapon should be used only against soft targets because the bones of the fingers can be broken relatively easily . a. b. . 56. to powerful muscles and strong bones in the leg. Basic SkiU Leeel.ability to execute the various positions and movements expected of him at each skill level. the Adam's apple. or the stomach. Strilk:e the eyes.. Use the tips of the fingers as the striking surface. (6) Heet o{ the hand (®. It is particularly effecor knocked your op- c. Training should be conducted at each i:. and leadership qualities at aU times that win inspire the best efforts of the men being trained. He should train assistant instructors to closely supervise all practieal work and t(ll demonstrate advanced maneu verso 57. Speed is important : however. b. Ge·nerc:d Safety Precautions The following safety precautions must be followed strictly during all training in unarrnedeombat.ized Skill Levels.< 5) Fingertips (®. 35)... always press the attack by using followup blows to disable him.get ahead of your instruction. Use of the Feet. In the basic phase the soldier was concerned primarilY with learning ing this level (s) of training and executing basic positions and movements. Always use the principles and techniques hand-to-hand 48 fighting as outlined in this manual. Maior Points to Remember in Hand-To-Handl Traini!ng a. natural weapon and are particularly effective when used agaiI!!St the throat.. The heel of the boot can be used to deliver shattering tive when you have thrown ponent to the ground. 35).0.£ hand-to-hand combat effectively. (1) The hand-to-hand fighter also can use his head to butt his opponent in order to break close contact with him. do not let the 55.2) The teeth are an excellent. TRAINING b. Never leave a class unsupervised. 54.

Insure adequate space for all practical work. i PHASE THREE. each maneuver is presented by phases.g circles or a formation that employs on1y two well-extended ranks. phase (para 115. MOVE.. This disarming method is divided into four phases. (2) Be sure all students are warmed up before doing any practical work. Disarming. The phases of the maneuver are combined into a continuous movement by commanding RIGHT HIP THROW. he strikes his opponent on his right shoulder and grabs his clothing. have . These commands are PHASE TWO (THREE).m so that each student will have a partner. 61. This signal can be a handclasp if hands are free.ses of the movement are executed while the armed student is extended in th long thrust. b. Regulation physical training formations may (FM 21-:20). before p tieing the disarming methods. (4) Caution the students to apply very light pressure until they become familiar with the holds. Other holds may be applied with more pressure as training progresses. At the same time. In forming be used for practice phase maneuver. A space at least 8 feet square is needed f01" each pair of students.t the student learns each movement of an entire maneuver accurately. the first phase the student places his left foot in front of and s1ightly to the inside of his opponent's left foot. MOVE. For example.b (3». PHASE ONE. It is recommended. that twice the normal distance be taken between ranks. b. PHASE ONE. Exercise a. the maneuver is executed slowly. b. (1) While the men are learning bayonet disarming methods. In order to avoid injuries. pair off the students so that each will have a partner.before practical work periods. Strangle holds should never be applied with force. identification tags. grass drills. particularly when practicing strangle holds. PHASE FOUR. To facilitate learning and to insure tha. harder blows may be used. Students gain speed through constant practice. Since you want both students to halt their movements and remain in position. To instruct disarming methods. To do this. Formations -a. (2) Use bayonet scabbards to simulate knives :while:giving knife disarming instruction. and the unarmed student is given the preparatory command OVER LEG COUNTER. c.e. the right hip throw is. For the first phase (para USb U) ). Specific Safety Precautions a. MOVE. MOVE. The aggressive nature of these warmup drills lends itself the spirit of hand-to-hand combat (FM 21-20). keep scabbards on and the bayonet firmly attached to the rifles . Most of the maneuvers described in this manual can be divided into several steps or phases. (3) Teach fall positions before conducting practical work in throws. when practicing throws. Vu~nerable Points. MOVE. At first. f. and Holds. When the student has become proficient in the movements. Ha. (5) and (6 . students must always be cau:t. as specified in paragraph 115b (4). The command for the third. a handtap on his training partner might be used when both hands are not free. 59. MOVE. A1J students mu st knOjW this signal. eyes or groin area are executed. you must remind your students to "hold" at the end of each phase. is important that your students be trained in bayonet disarming parry movements. e. The command for this movement is RIGHT HIP THROW. Even numbered students do not uncover. Throws.ionedagainst using excessive force. Stress that only simulated blows tv the. The command for the second phase (para 115b 1(2). The command fo·r executing this disarming maneuver is OVER LEG COUNTER. MOVE. is PHASE TWO. Fall Positisms. In the extended platoon formation have the first and third ranks face the second and fourth ra. MOVE. Light blows to other vulnerable points may be used during the initial practical work. the concentric training circle.s. the armed student is given the preparatory command THRUST. you can work: for speed. (3) Caution the students who are to be disarmed not to place their finger in the tri.ve the students empty their pockets and remove jewelry. a three- 58. In. 60. Ali students become more advanced. The next two pha. Paragraph 115 explains a counter against the long b~yonet thrust.gger guard of their pisto] or rifle while practicing disarming methods with these weapons. or glasses. Recommendations for Wa'1"mup Exerci: _ Use combative exercises. it is recommended that the instructor use a formation of two concentric train:in. At the command MOVE the student executes phase one and holds his position until given subsequent commands. b. for a subsequent command. (1) Establish a signal that can be given by the individual student to stop the applieaeion of pressure when practicing holds. Commands a. and tumbling exercises to warmup your men.rry Exerci&e. Recommended DriU fOT Pa. The movement is completed with the command.

Students should be taught fall positions before performing throws on a. 50 . '-.Jf SOUND HORN SAWDUST FH_l Figu. 14 feet square. Construct retaining walls with sandbags.re 38. As he parries to the right.. c. Any large grassy or sandy area is suitable for work in disarming methods and throws. Do not use wood shavings because they tend to settle and form a hard surface. The students gather around the platformto watch the demonstrations.paired students assume their respectiveguard positions with the chin of the unarmed men 6 to 8 inches from the bayonet point. throws. and eounters is a sawdust pit. You can obtain sawdust at most military installations. b.ATFORM II SOU MID HORN FILL . for teaching fall positions. parries the bayonet first to the right and then to the left. on command.. each pair of students. and fill the inside with sawdust. in the center of the pit area . The most suitable area. d.. Figure 36 shows a training area with a sawdust 'pit surrounding an instructor-demonstrator platform. When he parries left. 63. The difficulty indoors is that only a small group of men can participate at one time as most indoor areas are restricted in size. The pit will accommodate 1(110pairs of students. To construet a pit dig out the pit area to a depth of 18 inches or build a retaining wall of dirt or sandbags 18 inches high around the pit area. FBI the area with sawdust. Hand-to-hand tmining plt.. the floors and Wang should be matted. he sidesteps with his right foot to his right oblique.. Training Pit a. and faces the side of the rifle. four bags high. he sidesteps to his left obliq 118 with his left foot. Classes in unarmed combat can a]80 be conducted indoors.. grassy area. Build a demonstratiion area. 62.- SAHDBAG WALL 4 BA'G5 HIGH. The unarmed student. but. hard. . An area 8 feet square should be allotted for SAWDUST U' X 14' IMSTRUCTOR'S' PL. b. Other lraining Areas a. brings his right foot 'slightly to the rear of his left. This platform is big enough to hold two demonstrators and the instructor. The srmec student stands fast in the guard position during the entire exercise.

The opponent's approach can determine your course of action. fig. Guard positions are assumed any time a. The left guard position is the same as the right guard position except that the left arm is leading. knees face.nd heel of that foot generally on line with your right toe. ples of balance. It describes the various kicks. and leverage. 37) . Objective and Use.ard. When confronted with an unarmed opponent you initially should remain outside of the range to be grasped or struck by him. 37). Section 67. b. BASIC POSITIONS AND MOVEMEN. At the same time you should !maneuver into position to deliver an aggressive kicking attack. takedowns. counters. flrst is your choice of offensive maneuver. with the fingertips at ey-e level. and body held erect. feet are spread shoulder width apart. To assume the rigih1i:.simple.rdPositions u. The arma ara flexed with the forearms at a 450 angle. He strikes with speed and surprise and at the same time employs the princi- 64. General II. b. The fingers are extended and joined: eyes are on yOUl' opponent. you must take different action than if he were unarmed. The most successful band-to-hand tighter uses an aggressive approach. and other movements used to disable: or kill an opponent in hand-to-hand fighting. protective and ready position is appropriate. Two factors control the selection of the guard position to be used: second is the desired degree of protection to your vulnerable areas . the toes are pointed directly to the front. if he is armed with a rifle and bayonet. The knife edges of your hands are leading with the palms facing in51 . spread your feet shoulder width apart with your left foot a. momentum. (2) Left gu. then. blows. there are guard positions which must be mastered.CHAPTER 6 BASIC HAND-TO-HAND Section I.Action a. (1) the front guard Right guard. Purpose Application of the basic system of hand-to-hand combat is designed for the basic combat trainee or for the soldier who has received no previous handto-hand combat instruction.Vi fig. For example. Because the basic skills are few in number and are simple in nature. inches in front of the face position. Hold the hands approximately 6.COMBAT INTRODUCTION 66. Scope This chapter outlines the techniques of basic handto-hand combat and stresses . Description: Side GwJ. and the majority of the body weight is on the rightt foot (®. . (3) F~()nt guard. The majority of the body weight is placed on the left foot «. left arm held in front of the neck region. GU:Q. Aggressive . 65.. a takedown or blow to a vital area must follow quickly. right arm in front of the neck region.rds. If the opponent's ability to attack is not destroyed or upset and the distance is closed to eliminate the possibility of kicking.aggressive tactics with which to subdue an opponent. The skills of this system are simple to learn and proficiency can be maintained with a minimum of practice. uard! g position. directly toward your opponent. and 68. Bend your body forward slightly at the waist and flex the knees. Likewise if no opportunity accurs for kicking you must take other action to attack. these skins are appropriate to the trainiing schedule allowances fQr hand-to-hand combat instruction during the basic phase of combat training.TS flexed. 'TIle objective of a guard position is to be alert and in the proper position to execute the desired maneuver. or possesses another band-held weapon. To assume In order to maintain your balance and provide yourself with all-round protection. right arm 1eadjng. the right side of tlhe body is facing your opponent.

change position pivot on the ball of the front foot and move the rear foot forward to the position as prescribed for the front guard.ward (fig'. To. (2) Move from side guard to front gua7'd._ LEFT GUARD. This position is similar to a boxer's crouch. The command REAR GUARD is used to face to the real. and 52 .G'lide The glide is a movement used to gain distance from or to close with your opponent. If you are left-handed. adjust the position of your hands. d.nds. This is accomplished by quickly reversing the positien of your arms and head to face the new direction. To. It is a simple matter to move from either the right or left guard position to the front guard.nd Comma. When ready for practice. 38). side guard (right or left). or FRONT GUARD is given as desired. change from front guard to left guard reverse the procedure. the command is RIGHT GUARD. All movements should be executed quickly and smoothly. In order to meet an. MOVE" to gain distance from an opponent. to. always t.ght guard. ( 1) Rear guard moventent. are REAR GLIDE. c. opponent approaching from your rear. 69. and others from the front guard. to change from front guard. the command RIGHT GUARD. ing foot forward into the proper position. also adjust the position of the hands accordingly. you must reverse quickly your right or left guard position. The weight of your body is: shifted to the rear foot at the same time the head and arms are moved. To gain distance from yOUl' opponent. To change from front -glllard to right guard. MOVE. simply command the desired guard po. takedowns are accomplished best from the front guard. bring your left foot to the rear and your right foot forward." from either right or left guard positions. For example. Instruciio« a. take a long step away from him and immediately slide you!' leading foot back into the proper position.ry to maintsdncontact between the ground and the balls of your feet. To move from a side guard to front guard or vice versa. To change guard position the following appropriate action is taken. The commands. As a general rule kicks are delivered most effectively from a side guard and throws and. reverse this position and. move your right foot forward. turn the right side to your opponent. Changing Gua. To close with your opponent. Positions. to' close with the opponent. Some maneuvers are best executed from the. Always assume a guard position after each movement The glide is not a hop. ri.rd. and FORWARD GLIDE. Guard positions are taught as whole movements. take a stride toward him and slide your trail.sition to be assumed.

S3 .

54 .

nds. 39). man NSsesses are his feet and hands.d with a kick to the groin or stomaeh region. kicka generally form the frontline of the attack. MOVE.ction and Comma.: Side Kick a.Seetio:n lilt 10. At normal speed the command is SIDE KICK. fig. Objective a. In executing this kick. If you diverted his attack but failed to bring your opponent down. This. Description. Other skins are taught to be used when the kick fails or is inappropri. 39». b. The objective ]8 to bring an -'opponent to.ch the-'. kick is more powerful than tile side kick and CAn beexecuted ata greater distance from your opponent. Speed of the return is important to ~revent your opponent from catching your foot.. (2) PHASE TWO. c. If the opponent is allowed to close and grapple. at the same time draw55 . as in judo or wrestling. fig. the knee is pulled up ina flexed position. 72. holds (his foot off the ground) .{. This kick j·s· taught in two phases.. the larger and/or stronger of the oppeneuts will have the advantage. pointed toward yOUl' oppo'nent (®. the groun. Objective (lirul Use. recover and kick again. This kick is used when the opponent is facing you with the front o:f his body unguarded.. guarded. 'To execute this kick from the right guard position Figure 39. The pivot kick may be executed from either guard position. P'ivo. Kicks and Stomps METHODS OF AnACK The most dangerona natural weApons a. The objective is to bring' the opponent to the ground with a kick to the groin or stomach region. The side kick may be executed from either the l'ilght or 1~ guard position (CD. «(1). Description. Follo"J-Oup 01' Recovery.oppon. 39). b.fig..oNE. Every attempt is made to maintain kicking distanee in any encounter with an opponent. Sid~ kick. The leg should return asquickly as it went out and should have·l through the same path.ent is facing.ate. 'The pivot kickis used when the: opponent's groin region is turned to the side and. Imtn. The kick is delivered forcefully at the groin region by fully extending the kneeand ankle in a rapid movement (®. fig 40) pivot sharply to the right on the right foot. on this command the foot ::isreturned to the ground and the guard position is resumed.nd Use. The proper guard position to assume is determined by the direction in whi. MOVE: on this command the trainee kicks and. 71. (1) SIDE KICK PHASE . MOVE.tKick a. d.

! -~ -~ 56 ..e ~ ?~~ .

MOVE j on this command step onto the non-kicking foot and swing the leg forward driving the kicking foot to the target area. As you pivot on the lead foot. The heel stomp is taught in two 'phases: (1) HE:EL STOMP. c.. second kick or a heel stomp. Place your fists together about 6 to 8 inches in front of the groin. The toe is pointed toward your opponent for maximum force (CD. The football kick is taught in two phases: : (1) FOOTBALL KICK AND HOLD. quickly and forcefully extend e mower leg at the knee. fig. facing him. fig. straighten out the knee forcefully. MOVE. 43). Bend deeply at the waist and flex the right knee. 73. fig. 40) tlfltil it is in approximately the same horizontal on this command raise the leg and <hive the heel downward forcefully. 7S. d. During the entire movement the hands are held rigidly in front of the groin region for protection and balance. making tight fi. This stomp is used best when the opponent is pressing the at-- tack and you need room or time to gain the initiative. c. on this command the foot is returned to the ground and the opposite guard position assumed. MOVE. on this command the designated guard positjon is assumed. straighten the knee. 42). Descriptwn. MOVE. 40). Snap the leg forward as if kicking a football (0. The pivot kick is taught in three phases: (1) PIVOT KICK. on this command pivot 1800 on the front foot. MOVE. Ob1ectiv~and USB. striking your opponent with the back edge of the heel of the boot (CD. Foll~u'P or Recovery'. Allow' your foot to continue moving until it strikes his foot (@. on this command bring the kicking leg down to the ground and return to the guard position. (3) PHASE THREE. The objective of the foot stomp is to Inflict pain to the opponent's ]eg or foot. fig.. and drive the foot to the target area. It is important that the foot be withdrawn quickly to prevent your opponent from catching your foot. Description. Quickly return the kicking foot to the ground and reestablish balance for a." Objective and Use. d. At normal speed the command is FOOTBALL KICK. b. Attempt to drive your heel into the ground to insure tha:t the full force of the kick is delivered to your opponent. kick again .plane as the left knee (0. the command is PIVOT KICK. the ground. If you diverted his attack but failed to bring him down. The kick is delivered through a.If he still is facing his original direction this second kick will be to his lower back and kidney region. attempting to strike the opponent on or below the knee with the outside edge of your boot (®. or RIGHT or LEFT) GUARD. fig. This stomp is used best when the opponent is lying on the ground. recover to a left guard position (@. Step back with one foot. 42).ective and Use. 74. (2) PHASE TWO. The purpose of the heel stomp is to dull the opponent's senses by a blow to the head or other vital area. MOVE. MOVE. At normal speed. pun the knee up and flex the ankle as much as possible (0. As you swing the kicking foot forward from the hip. or to 8. 43) . To stomp. 40). (2) PHASE TWO. FQllowup or' Recovery. d. c.mal speed the command is HEEL STOMP. fig. Obi. 41). To 'execute the stomp you most be standing over the portion of the body you wish to stomp.ont of the body and elevate the knee. 41). Plant your nonkicking foot firmly so you can maintain your balance. Football Kick a. (2) ON GUARD. After kicking from the right guard position. Description.. (1) When you make contact stomp downward on his leg striking YOUI' opponent's shin. To deliver the football kick step close to your opponent. MOVE. lean forward with the hands in fr. 40). h. · g the tower part of the left ]eg up (®. straighten your knee and keep the foot close to. fig. turning your side to the opponent (CD. Followup or Reeovery. It is used best when the opponent is on the ground but not close enough or in the correct position for a heel stomp. fig. 43). horizontal plane into your opponent's groin or midsection (~).s with your hands. PHASE ONE. b. Heel Stomp a.. The object of the football kick is to deliver a powerful kick to a vulnerable area anywhere on the body. Instruction and Commands. This will slow his attack or divert him. MOVE. MOVE. Recover quickly either for a second stomp by flexing the knee. fig. on this command again flex the leg for another stomp.st.This action may break the bones 57 . Foot Stomp a. fig. fig. The striking surface is the toe of the boot. Instruction and Commands. When YOIl1 kick with the other foot swing it to the rear and bend the knee. If no further action is required assume a guard position. At nor. As he steps forward. PHASE ONE. At the same time extend and straighten the arms. guard position if no further action is necessary. raise the foot closest to him and kick as quickly and forcefully as possible. Instruction and Commands.

The combination of the blow and the push may disable his knee or numb the muscles of his upper leg.) PHASE THREE. The foot stomp is taught in three phases: (1) FOOT STOMP. c.e. or a takedown. as the opponent. if a kick is to be used. on his thigh. Qukkly prepare to followup with an appropriate kick or take down to overcome his resistance. FoUowup 01' Recovery.. on this command execute the movement bringing the foot to rest on or below the opponent's knee. should. MOVE. At normal speed the command is FOOT STOMP. or recover by moving the foot quickly to the ground if close-in action is d@sired-such as another stomp. 58 . (3. causing him to fall to the ground to render him temporarily immobile. (2) However. thus disabling him. Insi1-uctWn and Commands. a knee. lift. although in pain. from a standing position. d. MOVE. and Use. MOVE. ~. The object of the knee lift is to forcefully drive the knee. Figv. Knee Lift a... into the face or groin of the opponent and disable him. or if the foot strikes above the knee. PHASE ONE. 0111 this command slide the foot down your opponent's shin to his foot. (2) PHASE TWO. Objective. Football kick.. will probably still be on his feet. maintain contact and push with your boot. MOVE. your foot make contact above the knee. _ 76.". on this command glide back.. The knee lift is used best when your I .in his foot or cause intense pain.

drive his shoulders into the ground (@. MOVE. This characterlsttc makes takedowns highly effective and affords a rapid means of overcoming your opponent. break his balance. d. Description. PHASE CD Figure 1. c. 45) . fig. being applied to the opponent. driving your knee into your opponent's groin (@. The cross-hock takedown is taught in three phases: (1) CROSS-HOCK T'AKEDOWN. If you :find one of' your feet between yOID' opponent's feet (0. Simultaneously strike your opponent vigorously on both shoulders with the heels of your hands and grab his clothing.na. In. Follo'wup 0'1' RecovfM-Y. This blow knocks him off balance to the real' (0. at close Quarters. This takedown is best used when your opponent is moving in or is facing you in an upright position. The object of the crosshock takedown is to approach the opponent from the front.. on this command return the foot quickly to the ground and.8. (3) Swing your raised right leg downward. there are rear takedownewhich can be applied. on this command step in close and drive the knee to the tal'get area (s) and hold. MOVE. Bring the knee up fast and hard into his face and at the same time force down with your hands <®. Foot Stomp. Instruction and Commands. d. fig. Takedowns If a kick fails or is inappropriate due to the opponent dosing in on you it may be more appropriate to use a takedown to get him on the ground. Step in with your left foot placing it slightly outside of your opponent's right foot. attempting to wrestle you to the ground. 44). (2) PHASE TWO. Fig. assume a guard position. raise that leg fast and hard. A takedown can be applied if the opponent retains his balance. As yOUI:" opponent goes down follow with a heel stomp or football kick to a vital a. PHASE ONE. Takedowns axe simple to apply and powerful leverage is used which results in a great amount of force (2) Move rorward shifting your weight to your left foot. fig. A second. 78. 45) . on this command pull the opponent's head downward. forcefully striking your opponent's right leg and making calf-to-calf contact. As you kick his right leg. swing your right leg forward in an arc between your left leg and your opponent's right leg until it reaches a point parallel with the ground (®. Objective CLnd Use. and take him down.s. Foilowu» or Recovery. :fig. knee lift can be delivered by quickly returning the foot to the ground and repeating the movement. 44). The knee lift is taught in three phases : (1) KNEE LIFT'. (3) ON GUARD. 44). 45-). b. Deseription: (1) Start the cross-hoek takedown from the guard position (facing your opponent). At normal speed the command is KNEE L1FT (to head or groin) MOVE. 77. Place your hands on the back of his head to pun it down and hold it in place «(D. Cro'5s·Hotk Takedown a.struction and Comma. or a glide to the rear can be per:formed to gain distance for a kick. fig.rea. Takedowns usually are applied from the front although should you find yourself in rear of your opponent.opponent is grappling with you. fig. 59 . c. 44). b. As you shift your weight. maintaining your hold on his shoulders.

Knee lift ttl nf)ad QT l1T~ 60 .(~) Figu:rf! .U.

FoUowup or Recooeru. fig. (2) PHASE TWO. grasp his clothing. on command move forward continuing to hold clothing. Obiective and Use. MOVE. striking hard on his Adam's apple with the large bone of your forearm. Descriptir. This takedown is used best when the opponent is very close attempting to grapple with or grasp you. around your opponent's neck.<. on this command apply the twist and take opponent down. 01' during a struggle in which you suddenly find yourself behind your opponent when both of you are standing.. .ONE" MOVE. 79. Grasp the back of his head with your other hand (®. (2) PHASE TWO. 417). on this command. at your feet and a kick or stomp can be delivered readily to a vulnerable area. Your legs should be spread apart to prevent your opponent from rolling you over (®. shift weight. on this command step in. and twist sharply to either the right or left to break his hold. 46). (3) PuU your right arm tight into your opponent's throat and. fig. De. Ol'oB8-ho~k takedcnvll. d. Step in with your right foot placing it directly behind your opponent. b. and swing your leg upward and hold. 61 . As he falls release your hold if you are losing your balance.obJective and Use" The object of the head twist takedown is to 'break close contact and twist the opponent away and to the ground. At normal speed the command! is CROSS-HOCK TAKEDOWN. Head Twist TClkedown speed the command is HEAD TWIST TAKEDOWN. on this command swing raised leg downward against opponent's leg and drive his shoulders to the ground. (3) PHASE THREE. (1) S1:&1:tfrom the guard position. walk backwards pulling him to the ground. and move him off balance. Rear S. with you r opponent on his back with his body in direct line with yours. MOVE. palm down.n. This strangle hold is used best in a surprise attack from the rear.cripti()1t. 47). PHASE ONE. Inst'1'Uct1~n and CO'm'lnands.trangle Takedown a. strike your opponent's shoulder. The head twist takedown is taught in two phases: (1) HEAD TWIST TAKEDOWN. When your opponent seizes you (CD. c. Now you should be lying on the ground. 416). Simultaneously thrust your light arm. strike your opponent a vigorous blow in the kidney region to break his balance to the rear (<D. 80. immediately grasp your opponent's jaw between your thumb and fingers. your opponent is. The object of the rear strangle takedown is to destroy your opponent's balance and take him to the ground by applieation of a strangle hold. (2) Maintaining a firm hold with the right arm and keeping your opponent off balance with your left fist and your head along the left side of his head. MOVE. locking your opponent's head into the hold. Maintain your hold and force him downward. grasp opponent's : head and hold. By pu1lLng in with the right arm and rolling your right shoulder up behind your oppo- CD Figwre o 45. stomach down. standing a. place your chin over the back of your right hand. At normal directly behind and facing the same direction as your opponent. fig. GeneraHy. MOVE. b. MOVE. With your left fist.MOVE. fig.

nent's head. MOVE. The objective of the . The rear strangle takedown is taught in three phases: (l) REAR STRANGLE TAKEDOWN" PHASE ONE. MOVE. In training the normal speed is not attempted. This Junge movement IS NOT to be used in training since the opponent's neck can be broken upon impact from the fall (fig. ( 4. Followup or Recovery. The best use of this takedown is under the same T\VO. you can apply enough pressure to strangle him or break his neck. c. REAR STRANGLE TAKEDOWN.) In combat you would lunge at your opponent from his rear. the left fist and 62 . (3) PHASE THREE. applying the takedown hold in figure 47. In. on this command push opponent off balance with. on this command gradually pull in and roll the shoulder np behind your opponent's head 'to demonstrate the pressure that 'can be applied. (2) PHASE mand is MOVE. on this command apply the hold loosely. Head t. If you maintain your hold for several minutes your opponent win be un- walk backward slowly pulling him to the ground and at the same time go down with him to lessen described the pressure on his neck. To practice the takedown without pause for phase commands. 48). the com- conscious and no further f0110WllP is needed. d.'6. 81. MOVE.struc:tion and.wiBt takedftWn.re . Objective and Use. Commands. Rear Takedown a.Fig7J.rear takedown is to knock your opponent off balance and drive him to the ground in one continuous motion.

63 . RUlT ...1.\ (" CD Fi(J1J/Nl J. stran"lfJ ta:ksdowft (tl'rtm:i7l11).

. Rear Bfra:nglll takedown (comtat).CD i Figut'o 48.

Simultaneously raise your hands directly above his shoulders with the palms down (Q). Deliver a kick to the kidney region if he is sitting or a football kick or a stomp to his head if he is prone. Instruction and Commands. This movement is executed swiftly. you must break his hold before or immediately after he completes. (2) PHASE TWO. on this command step to your opponent's left as directed and raise your hands into position above his shoulders. General a. it. MOVE. Step in with your left foot placing it to the left and slightly to the rear of your opponent's left foot. or his head close to your feet if prone. fig. 49). forcefuUy strike downward on your opponent's shoulders. Descriotion: (1) Start the rear takedown from the guard position. c. CD Figur. 49). 82. on this command drive your right foot into the real' of his left knee and at the same time strike down on his shoulders and pull your opponent to the right rear and down. At norma] speed the command is REAR TAKE- DOWN. pul1ing to your right rear with both hands" and drlving him to the ground (00. fig. Your opponent is down in either a sitting or prone position with hils back to you if sitting. (2) Drive your right foot into the: rear of your opponent's left knee and at the same time. b. By escaping . PHASE ONE. These techniques are known as counters. standing diredly behind your opponent. Knocking your opponent off balance to the rear and driving him to the ground must be one continuous motion.. The real' takedown is taught in two phases : (1) REAR TAKEDOWN. in one motion. d.49. FoUowup 01' Reeoueru.e . kick. you can take the offensive and! attack him . There are methods which you can apply to break the opponent's hold should he succeed in grasping you. or strike him at vulnerable points to help loosen or break the hold before he can apply pressure. facing his back.MOVE.. Bite. If your opponent seizes you or attempts to seize you. CD COUNTERS from your opponent's grasp immediately.circumstances as previously indicated for the rear strangle takedown (para 80). MOVE. Q. Rffflr takedown.

Finger Jab (2) ON GUARD. A roll is used best i. At normal speed the eornmand is FINGE. have sufficient momentum to complete the roll. be present to complete the roll properly. 86.. The objective of a backward roll is to gain distance from the opponent and regain a position on your feet. on this command jab at target area. 46)1 is appropriate. then you must counter by fighting from that position until you get an opportunity to regain your feet. If time permits and distance is available recover and jab again. of the hands upward. Check Blows A check blow is a. Oblective and Use. MOVE . fig. The backward roll is taught in one movement as momentum must d.. Description. The finger jab is taught in' two phases: (1). . If you are on the ground and unable to get to your feet before the opponent closes and attacks. 85. b. c. immediately flex. 87. Followup or RefJo'Very. Objective and Use. 52).. If you are knocked or thrown to the ground. As you -fall. The object is to interfere with your opponent's vision or breathing. 51). allow the neck to bend. the nngera are extended and joined. MOVE. lnstrudion and Commands. thrust yOUl"' buttocks to the 66 . Followup or Reeovet'Y. In forming the hand for the flng'er jab. The finger jab to the eyes or throat is used to disable an opponent when he attempts to seize you from the front or when he is too close to kick. blow used to counter your opponent's action if he seizes you OJ' attempts to seize you. draw the knees to your chest and raise the elbows to the front with the palms. Counter to Rear Hold. d. o. the best method is to roll over and regain a position on your feet. Reaction to Ground Contact a. Use any possible method but move fast as this is the best and safest course of action.f you are falling backward and. This counter is used when your arms b. FINGER JAB (TO EYES OR THROAT AND HOLD).eves. or you trip and fall. b. It is a vigorous blow delivered with the hand or elbow to one of' your opponent's vulnerable points. By this time the hands will have contacted the ground. Alternate Action. AB the legs come over your head the weight shifts to your shoulder and back of your head. The wrist is locked. least desirable and in most situations a man on the ground is no match for a man on his feet. . Figure 5Q. counter by immediately getting to your feet. assume a sitting posture and as the buttocks contact the ground. Objective and Use. a knee lift (fig. First Action. Instruction and C(xm:ma:luLs. Check blows are used as part of counters. It must be understood that this action is. Backward Roll a. and hold. 50).. b. If your opponent doses or grasps you. Description. Descriptio-n. the knees and. on this command recover to the guard position. MOVE. at the same time. TIle command at norma] speed is BACKW ARDROLL.. rear opponent is close behind you and has your pinned.83. thumb along the index finger. The jab is a sharp movement made from the elbow and shoulder and! directed at the eyes or throat of your opponent (fig.fingers to the rear. The legs remain in a flex position throughout ' the roll (fig. 84. Finger jab to the . followed by the soles of the feet. 44) or head twist take down (fig. When the feet touch the ground stand up and assume a guard position preparatory to resumption of your attack .R JAB. a. If you are grasped from the with a body hold in which your arms are pinned (0. As you roll into the back and neck. If falling backward. Arlms Pinned a. The objective of this counter is to break the rear hold and in doing so take the opponent down.

(2) PHASE TWO. twisting your body in the opposite direction of your free arm (®J fig. fig. As you swing. 53). fig. Objective an4 Use. d. fig. fig. DescripUo'll. 54). b. on this command Hex the elbow and smash to the opponent's head. fig. This is a vigorous blow delivered from the shoulder. MOVE. rotate body.Arms Free a. Objective and Use. smash your free elbow to your . at this command shift your hips. rear and your arms straight forward from your shoulders (®. and deliver an appropriate kick. c. At normal speed the command is COUNTER TO REAR HOLD. MOVE. You always will deliver thia blow towards the arm encircling your neck. The objective of this counter is to break the rear hoJd and at the same time take the opponent down. immediately grasp his: arm with your opposite hand! and bend deeply at the knees. fig. MOVE. c. Vigorously rotate your upper body and drive your free elbow into his armpit (0. At the conclusion of the check blow quickly turn.. This movement may be executed to the right or left. or remained on his feet. and kick with an appropriate kick depending upon whether he went down as a result of the blow. The blow should cause your opponent to lose his grip on you and he should be somewhat stunned or injured. swing the back of your nst into your opponent's groin (0. look at your target. 52). immediately grasp one of your opponent's wrists with your opposite hand (®. Followup 'or Recovery. Keeping the right elbow locked. This vigorous blow should cause your opponent to lose his grip and be knocked to the ground. 53). The blow will stun or in] ure him to the 'extent that you will have time to quickly turn. thrust buttocks to the rear" and straighten arms. 54). This counter is used when your opponent is close behind you. and swing your fist into the opponent's groin. At normal speed the command is COUNTER TO REAR HOLD. 52). This counter is taughtin two phases: (1) COUNTER TO REAR HOLD. MOVE. Counter 10 opponent's head while pulling your opponent into the blow (0. 0. Ba. Counter tG Rear Strangle Hold a. 89. If your opponent takes a rear body hold leaving your arms free (@.nd Commands. ARMS PINNED. This counter is used when the enemy applies a strangle from the rear encircling his arm around your neck. The elbow smash to the ribs or armpit will cause your opponent to lose Rea'f Holl:J. MOVE. Des criptWn. Shift your hips to the left and rotate the upper part of your body to the right. Instruction and Commands. This counter is taught in two phases : (1) COUNTER TO REAR HOLD. ARMS FREE. face your opponent. PHASE ONE. fig. Instruction a. 88. 53). PHASE ONE. command grasp one of his wrists and pull downward. OVER ARMS PINNED. on this. c. d. 54). on this command flex knees. FollowUP01' Recovery. face your opponent. which you are holding. MOVE. (2) PHASE TWO. The direction of the blow follows the line of your opponent's arm. If your opponent attempts to apply a rear strangle hold ((D. The check blow may also be delivered by driving your elbow into y:our opponent's stomach.ckw(t'Yd f"1'J1l. grasping you around the trunk with your arms free. The objective of this counter is to break the strangle hold to permit resumption of your attack. ARMS FREE.FigUrfS 51. FoUQwup or Reeo'Very. With a vigorous movement.

CD 68 .

.

70 .

MOVE. In:rt:ructi'Qn and Commands. arms pinned. At norma) speed the command is COUNTER TO REAR STRANGLE HOLD. Counter to Front Hold Arms Free ter is to break the hold in order to counterattack. 71 . GT7IUI pinnN. Counter to IFront a. If your opponent seizes you from the front and pins your arms. (2) PHASE TWO. At that time immediately follow up with a knee lift.014. 91. MOVE. MOVE. d. on this. MOVE. Objeeiive ~ Body Hold Arms Pinned your buttocks to the rear and execute a check blow to his groin (fig. Head Twist· Takedown. PINNED. At normal speed the command is COUNTER TO FRONT BODY HOLD. Thls counter is used when the opponent has applied a. fast and powerful counter. c. ARMS. ARMS PINNED. d.. bend at the knees and twist the body. or glide away and kick. Descripticn. MOVE. is taught in two phases: (1) COUNTER TO FRONT BODY HOLD. and CO'Tnmands. The opponent is forced to release his hold. 'PHASE ONE. on this command execute a check blow to your opponent's groin. The head twist take- CD Figure 55. on this command rotate. Knee Lift. 90. 55). Countll'f' to' front body 11. MOVE. a.t in two phases: (1) COUNTER TO REAR STRANGLE HOLD. The knee lift (para 76) to the groin is a. b. command thrust your buttocks to the rear. immediately thrust an. Followup or Reeov€ij·Y. 'This counter is :augh.. The objective of this coun- Two movements included in section III can be used when the arms are free and these actions are verreffective when used as counters. close hold from the front and your anus are pinned. Instruction. your body and drive the freeelbO'w into your opponent's armpit.d Use . (2) PHASE TWO.grip and provide the time needed to quickly and deliver an effective kick or stomp. PHASE ONE. on this command grasp your opponent's arm. b. The counter to a front hold..

(1) To deflect a side or pivot kick by your opponent. . (3) As Mother means of blocking your opponent's kick. As a followup action to back. Arm catch. fig. (2) If your opponent attempts to kick you (1) and (2) above immediately follow through with a side kick to his groin. KICK. d. counter to kwk3. MOVE. on this command the opponent kicks with a football kick and you block with your foot over his instep. 58). 58). When catching the.:fig. Description.swing your leading arm downward and and meet this kick with the instep . striking his lower leg a sharp blow with the back of yOUl' fist or foreal"ln (fig. catching his les. ('3) ARM CATCH COUNTER TO. Fiuu"'~ 58. Counter to a.gidly at chest height to protect your head from his kick (0. MOVE. Counters to Kicks a. When executing this counter. -0 Figure 57. on thiscommand the opponent kicks and you counter with an ann sweep movement. (2) FOOT BLOCK COUNTER TO KICK.57). arms. block with your forearm and sweep upward with your other urn. raise your nearest foot tive in breaking a front hold when the armsare free.down (para 7'9) is simple to apply and very effec- with a conventional kick. to kicks are taught in one phase as. bloek. form the hand into a fist to protect your fingers. '92. These counters \: ! "'11 Figurf) 56. Followup Recove1'Y. The objective is to deflect. follows: (1) ARM SWEEP COUNTER TO KICK. Inst1'"UCtion~nd C()mmands. . or catch your opponent's foot as he kicks. kick as in (3) above immediately execute a pivot kick to his groin (®.. Count" to lootbalikkk. lIide or pivot kick. The counters to kicks are best used when there is not time or room to glide out of range of your opponent's kick. 01' c.of your boot acrosshis shin (ng. on this command catch his kick with both.The blocking arm is bent at the elbow and is held ri. b. 5G). MOVE. Ob'iective and Use.

using the inside portion of the right forearm. fig. (a) Use. A parry is used only when no other means of defense is possible.. 73 . If your opponent initiates his attack from the high 'port position. The high parry is used when your opponent thrusts at the upper portion of your body. The objective of a parry ~s to deflect the thrust long enough to followup and counterattack. pivot on the ban of the right foot. To execute the high parry.Section V. After you have . and 93. the actions would be reversed. (1) High parry. b. 59).. 59). immediately raise the elbow of the arm with which you parried the weapon. executed a higlr parry. bringing the left foot back on line with the right. (c) FoUowup or 1'BC(JVB'''Y. fig. ( b) DescriptiQn. As your opponent thrusts. As soon as he commits himself to a thrusting movement immediately execute one of the movements described below. Simultaneously parry the weapon. Keep the palm forward with the fingers extended and joined (®. you must evade his initial movements by the use of the glide. BAYONET PARRIE:5 AND C:EFENSE AGAINST KNIFE ATTACK stand facing your opponent with your feet a comfortable distance apart (0. Parries to the High Thrust and Low Thrust a. If the weapon is carried on the left side of your opponent's body.

pa:rrying the weapon. PHASE ONE. The low parry is used when your opponent thrusts at the lower part of your body. 61). palm forward. This action will temporartly blind him and enable you to counterattack (®. 2. fig. 61). fig. or other appropriate means of attack. sand or dirt. on this command deliver a kick to your opponent's groin or . At.anda. MOVE.mands.deliver a. b. from the ground and throw it into YOUI' opponent's eyes. fig. it is important that you immedia. 61). MOVE. PHASE THREE. The following methods a. Attempt (®. A void Close Contact. 61. "fig. MOVE. 2. fig. grasp the rifle in the non parry hand. Hold the chin strap and swing it toward the knife to knock it out of your opponent's hand. fig. MOVE. pulling the weapon tightly against YOW' hlp. PHASE ONE.. knee. IDefense Again5t Kni'fe Attack The first line of defense against an opponent armed with a knife is to avoid close contact. For this reason you must disarm him with the safest and most effective method. Any opponent. HIGH THRUST AND PARRY. fig. 61). Your Opponent. At normal speed the command is LOW THRUST AND PARRY. "fingers pointing downward : Use an object to aid your attack such as. 59). (4) YOlll can scoop up. Use an underhand motion to scoop and throw in the same motion. on this command deliver an elbow smash to your opponent's head. (0. Disarm. The high parry is taught in three phases: 1. Any of the above actions will gain time for you to seize the initiative and attack with a weapon. is dangerous to attempt to disarm your opponent by hand. normal speed the command is HIGH THRUST AND PARRY. Par-ry the weapon with arm fully extended. S. It. to knock or kick the weapon from your opponent's hand (0. 60). smashing blow with the elbow to his face (®. (d) lnstl'Uci1'oll and com. 60). 94. After executing a low parry. 61). To parry a thrust at the lower portion of the body ((D. This makes it difficult for your opponent to pull the weapon away from you as you deliver the kick (d) Insts-uction: a:nd comm. (2) Low parMj. 60).tely pull and hold the weapon tightly against your hip. as such :ill technique is an advanced skill (chap 7). shift your body out of the way in the same manner as in the high parry. on this command yOU! pivot and simultaneously parry the weapon. kick. MOVE. A field jacket or poncho can be used to cover or muffle the force of a knife blow (0. The low bayonet parry is taught in three phases: 1. MOVE. or 0. When grasping the weapon. fig. fig. PHASE TWO. and executa a pivot kick to your opponent's groin or a kick to his knee (@' @. fig. are recommended (1) (a) Use. on this command pivot and straighten the parry arm at your side. You can also use a web belt with canteen to swing as a weapon (0. is dangerous. PHASE TWO. (c) Followup 01' recovery. (2) Kick or hit your opponent in a vulnerable spot which w:iIl cause him to cease his attack (®. immediately grasp the forward portion of the weapon with your left hand. LOW THRUST AND PARRY. fig. MOVE. (b) Description. regardless of his skill with a knife. 60) . a heavy stick or similar available weapon. . (3) Use a piece of your equipment as a weapon such as your helmet.

.

. 16 . Use a heavy stick to hit knife Kick the knife away Bit a vulnerable spot 4. -.. Throw sand or dirt in opponent's eyes Figu'I'fJ (JI. 3. L 2..lT8 to a knife attack. -/ ~ ~ . !Z. Cover knife with field jacket 01' poncho 6. Swing a piece of equ!ljp. " -.ment-pisool ileRtaround opponent's wrist G.... Baeie cQUntf.

Front Guard Posltion The front guard is the basic position from which. keeping your head. Desoription. You must learn various fall positions before you attempt the throws that are taught in hand-tohand combat. 96. Constant practice in these positions will enable you to be thrown without being injured.t side without injury. This guard win afford you a well-balanced position in closing with your opponent and overcoming him. Your neck remains tense to prevent your head from striking the ground and being injured. 82:) are as follows: (1) Your chin is tucked into your chest. immedi77 Section 98. Thts ann makes contact with the ground at the same time as your left foot.HAND COMBAT Seelion I. This . FA. the hand-to-hand fighter is taught basic throws. TrClining Due to the nature of the advanced material outlined in this chapter more time should be devoted to thiatraining than was. and he is taught knife fighting techniques which he can use when armed with only a knife. AppUcation of the advanced system of hand-to-hand combat is designed for the soldier who has received previous hand-tohand combat instruction. The fall position is used when you are thrown with your right side toward the ground. The points to check for the right side fall position (fig. c.<!I. at an angle of 45() to the body. instructors will insure that all such weapons remain sheathed at all times. (2) Your left arm is held across the face. or disarming an opponent armed with a rifle and bayonet. palm down with :fingers extended and joined. Objective and Use. accuracy in performing the throws is the most important factor. he should concentrate on increasing' his speed while maintaining his accuracy. . Right Side Fall Position e. 97. Purpose and Scope This chapter outlines the more advanced skills of hand-to-hand fighting. This position. In the advanced phase. To prevent your right leg from being injured relax it by bending it slightly at the knee. taking up the initial shock of the fall. 99. b. During the advanced phase of training. application of a throw.and the counters to these throws and takedowns. (4) Your left foot is driven to the ground.0. During this training. 38). off the ground. When instructing in the advanced phase of hand-to-hand training. 95. or a knife. If thrown. he learns various methods he may use to counter an opponent armed with rtfle and bayonet.kedown.CHIAPTER 7 ADVANCED HAND·TO·.LL POSITIONS prevents :injury to your left elbow and offers some protection to the head and throat from the blows of your opponent. In addition. (5) The entire right side of your body makes solid contact with the ground. Once the fighter has become familiar with the movements. The objective is to learn to fan on your righ. (3) Your right arm is the "beating" ann and takes up additional shock. It strikes the ground behind your right leg at the kne~. Follow:up or Recovery. the instructor must remember to use the following general rules: u. The sole of your foot is flat on the ground. ta. most movements outlined in this chapter' will begin (fig. It is extended along the ground. devoted to basic skills in order to perform these procedures correctly. Gene'rall n. often is used in conjunction with a takedown. All safety precautions must be adhered to when training with the knife and rifle-bayonet.

b.r "right" and "right" for "left"· (fig. On the command of execution. (2) PHASE TWO. taking the initial shock of the fall. Exe. d. 100.nd Commands. The right side fall position is taught by following the procedure as specified in b above. c. To practice . At normal speed thecommand is RIGHT SIDE FALL POSITION.truction. To assume the left . Practicing the Right Side Fall (fig. b. reach to the rear with your left hand and place it on the ground. Rig. This fall position is used when y01!l are thrown with your left side toward the ground. The same movement can be executed when starting from a left side fall posi tion by reversing the precedure. Left Side FaIlPosjtjoll'l a. to fall on the left side without injury. Watch the grnund over you:r right shoulder. Keep yoUtr chin tucked tightly into your chest to prevent your head from striking the a. at this command take up a fun squat. 63). Simply substitute the words "left" fo. Instruction and Com:mands. After the men learn fan positions to the right and left.. the shoulders and right arm. DucripUon." slightly higher. First take up a fuHsquat. Objective· aM Use. Your right hand and left foot strike the ground first. MOVE. PHASE ONE.roll your body to tile right. F:aUuwup aT Recovery.. Bend the left arm and left ~eg slightly. reach to the rear with YOUI' left hand and place it on the grmmd. The completed fall shou ld be the same as in figure 62.. 101. th.8S used to beach the right side fall position (para 99d) 18 ground. The phases are: (1) RIGHT SIDE FALL POSITION. at. Your actions are the same' as in the r'ightside fall position (para 99c). l'1l8tructi(Jn a. MOVE. MOVE.side fall position from the right side fall position execute the movement as follows: on the preparatorv command LEFT SIDE FALL POSITION raise both legs high into the air. and raise your right leg so that it is parallel with the ground 01. lns.ately get to your feet. ground fighting position (para 58b) until you can regain your feet. d. support the body weight on. Simultaneously swing the right arm forcefully to the right. this time . Starting Position FigUTfl 62. and thrust your body into theair in a rolling motion to the right by extending your left arm and left leg vigorously. c. The Jeft side fall position is taught by substituting the words "left" for "right" and "right'! for uleft" in the same procedure .osttitm.e left Bide fall position are the same as those for the right side fall position (para 99b). bring your right armacross YOUl!' chest. The points to check for.. As a second priority defend yourself from 3. 'The oibjective is to learn 64). and contact the ground . MOVE. canting your entire body to the left. bring your right arm across your chest. practice of both can occur by moving from one faU position to the other.and raise your right leg so tltat it is parallel to the ground or slightly higher. roll over to a left side fall position.kt side fwll.cflitW1t.

As in other falling positions the proper action is to regain yOUl' feet qu~ckly. MOVE. P.radicing the Le·ft Side Falli To pra. 79 . (4) Your chin is tucked into your chest so that your head does not strike the ground . Practicing the Rear Fall Position a. taking up additional shock of the fall. At the peak of the forward rnll. This. . both fall positions the commands are. keeping your lower leg at a. Arch your back and tuck your chin into your chest to keep your head from striking' the ground. practice can be continued as desired by the instructor ..: LEFT SIDE F ALL POSITION. Left Iti. This slapping motion gives you contact with the ground along both arms and across the shoulders. c. (L. fully with the hands palm down.d Uee. for example: LEFT SIDE FALL POSITION. MOVE. and feet.orition (fig. MOVE. MOVE. drive the soles of the feet to the ground about shoulder width apart and stmultaneously s]ap both hands to the ground. 66) are as. This fall is used best when falling backward with insufficient momentum to go into a backward roll. or when your opponent throws you with an overhead throw (para 108). forming a 450 angle to your body. (3) Keep your stomach muscles tightened so your buttocks will not strike the ground when you land. (2) PHASE TWO. Rear Fall Position The objective of the rear fall is to land taking the impact of the fall on the shoulders. (l) The soles of your feet are driven to the ground about shoulder Width apart. b. MOVE. The arms are extended fully. Roll forward in a somersault. just "left" for "right" and "right" 103. at this command assume the preparatory position as specified in paragraph 104a.'II. those for the right side." ObjectiVe (J. Assume the sq uatting position and place your hands between your knees.u lal! pOll. MOVE. and the palms of your hands are down. RIGHT SIDE FALL POSITION. Starting P. This takes up the initial shock of the falL (2) Both hands strike the ground in a slapping motion at the same time as your feet.. Insbruction.ctiice the left side fall (fig. 65) and execution (fig. The rear fall position is taught in two phasea: (1) REAR F'ALLPOSITION. the starting position 63)" are the same as substitute the words for "left. d. Description. 102. on this command roll forward and execute the fan as described in paragraph l04b. b. 67). follows. 104. with the palms flat on the ground and lingers pointing toward each other. At normal speed the command is REAR FALL POSITION. Execution. FoUQwup Qr RecQvery. Thjjgprevents injury to your spine. PHASE ONE./Figun 6!. 90° angle to the ground. arms. and Commands.tilm. The points to check for the rear faU position (fig. The arms are extended.

80 .

81 .

Figu'r6 (17. 82 . S!ayt~in(l position to p-rootic(:Ir~ar fwll.

(2) Pivot 180 to your left on the ball of your left foot and plant your right fool immediately on 0 83 . up momentum. Objective and Use. (1) Start the right hip throw from the front gu31'd position (facing your opponent} . The completed fall should be the same as in figure 66.im forcefully with both arms. d.. Advance Falling Practice a. At the same time. Simnltaneously. bend forward at the waist and pun forward and downward with both arnltS. At the same time. driving your opponent to the ground (0. thrusting your buttocks :forcefully into your opponent's mid. MOVE. The objective of a hip throw is to break your opponent's balance and quickly and forcefully throw him to the ground. lOS. feet shoulder width apart. Take several steps forward to build. Description. Your opponent wilt fall at your feet and. the heel of your left hand and grab his clothing at the shoulder (CD. 68). (3) Straighten your legs quickly. 106.st1'1). or blows. Shoulder Tinrow a. Hip Throws propelled into the air feet first and parallel to the ground in an extended position.. 68). c.forming a 450 angle to your body. (2) PHASE TWO. Description. The sole of your left foot and the palm of the right hand are driven to the ground and make the initial contact to absorb most of the shock.nce (G)' fig. Step forward with your left foot. Place your left foot in front and slightly inside of your opponent's left foot.. MOVE.overy. stomps. and your body is bent forward at the waist (®. 68) . waist and jerk h.<:. The left side fall position (fig. Then execute the fall as described in paragraph 104. (1) Your throw begins from the front guard position. TAKEOOWNS AND THROWS a. MOVE. PHASE ONE. The followup must be rapid as the fall in itself usually is not disabling. fig. on this command place the feet and destroy your opponent's balance as specified. fig. The hip throws (right or left) are taught in three 'phases: (I) RIGHT HIP THRO"W. At normal speed the command is RIGHT (or LEFT) HIP THROW. The objective of the shoulder throw is to use your opponent's momentum to throw him across your shoulder to the ground. b. This maneuver bends your opponent over your right hip at his waist and leaves him partially suspended in this position. strike your opponent vigorously on his right shoulder with. Start from the standing position and take. placing it slightly in front of and centered on your opponent's feet. block his blow somewhere between the knife edge of your left hand and your left elbow. During the pivot place your right arm around your opponent's. Objeeiive a. Right Side Fall. (3) PHASE THREE.ction and Comma'na." c.Use your hip' as . Keep your chin tucked into your chest. Left Side Fall. Followup 01' Ree. (4) To execute a left hip throw substitute the word "left" for "right"' and "right" for "lef]. section.g the words "leff" for "right" and "right" for "left. This throw is used when your opponent is attacking directly to your front. on this command place your arm around your opponent's waist and suspend him on your hip. with his fists or botharms in the air. lrz. (2) Pivot to your left 1800 on the ball of your left foot. The best use of a hip throw is when you can move in quickly and complete the movement prior to vouropponent's ability to react. blow to your head or upper body with his right hand.. This blow knocks him off balance to his rear. MOVE. At the completion of the throw your opponent should land in the left side faU position. a few steps forward to build up momentum. The chin remains tucked tightly into the chest to prevent the head from hitting the ground. grasp your opponent's right wrist with your left hand and pull him forward and offbala. The completed fall position should be the same as in figure 62. o. b. As your opponent directs 3.. At the peak of' your forward roll thrust your flexed legs so that your body is Section III.nd Use. When your left foot strikes: the ground swing your rais-ed left arm down in an arc through your legs so that you go into a forward somersault. 107.a balance point. will be open to kicks. 76) can be practiced in a simHa:l'manner: substitutin. 69). throwing the man over your right hip and not over the outside of your leg. . fig.. Rear Fan Position. driving your buttocks into his midsection. At the completion (If this maneuver your knees ate bent. on this eornmand complete the action by throwing him to the ground. Start from the standing position and raise your left arm over your head with the palm of your hand facing to the left.

C. b. 70). (3) PHASE THREE. on this. fig. fig.: on this command step forward. andl with your foot against his stomach. Your opponent assumes the rear fall position . your knees are flexed and your opponent is off balance to the front (®. (4) By maintaining a firm grip with your hands on his lapels you will be pulled over. Follo1VUP or . pivot to the left and drive your upper right arm into your opponent's right. 70). (3) Tum your head and eyes to the left. MOVE. Maintain your grasp on your opponent's right wrist with 'Your left hand (CD and CD.our head. drop to your right knee. Instruction and Commands. (2:) PHASE TWO. block your opponent's blow. on this command. c. keeping your opponent pul1ed firmly against your foot. pun your opponent downward to the left with your left hand rotating the upper portion of your body to the left rear in a circular motion. your hips are on line. The objective of the overhead throw is to take full advantage of your opponent's momentum and throw him over y. Continue moving backward until your back and shoulders touch the ground. your back is erect. pull him with your hands until be is suspended over your body On your foot (@' fig. and drop to your right knee. fig. pivot approximately 90° to the left on the ball of your left foot. grasp your opponent's Tight wrist and pull him forward and off balance. break his elbow or dislocate his shoulder. forcefully drive your upper right arm into your opponent's right armpit and pull his right arm tightly across your chest with your left hand. pull your opponent to the ground in a circular motion to your left rear. As your opponent rushes forward you grab his lapels with both hands.(®.RecQv. Using your opponent's momentum. Ri'gkt hip throw. If you hold on to. 69). Ove. 70).ery. From this position strike 01' . line to the outside' of your opponent's right foot. Simultaneously you raise either your left or right leg and place the sole of your foot solidly against his stomach (0. facing your opponent who is about five or "Six steps away. he will land directly to your front with his right arm across your left knee (0. MOVE.rhead Thr'ow a. your opponent at the conclusion of the throw you should be astride his chest. completing a rear somersault and landing astride your opponent's chest (0. (2) Still maintaining the hold on your opponent's lapels. fig. :fig. At the same time. FolWwup or Recovery'. At normal speed the command is SHOULDER TIHROW. Push down with your left hand at his wrist and your right hand at his shoulder to. Objeetive and Use.CD Figure 68. armpit. fig. PHASE ONE. drop down until your buttocks strike the groundand you are in a sitting position. '69). The over-shoulder throw is taught in three phases : (1) SHOULDER THROW. You now have good buttocks-to-groin contact with your opponent. 84 108. If you maintain }'our grasp on YOUlr opponent's right wrist. 70). This throw is used when your opponent is rushing directly at you. continue pivoting to the left. command. MOVE. (3) Catapult your opponent into the ai'r by maintaining a tight handhold and thrusting your leg vigorously into his stomach and arching your back so that you rock hack onto your shoulders. d. (1) You start this throw from the guard position. MOVE. Description. 69). At the same time.

Body Block a. You must get 85 . The objective of the body block is to counter your opponent's rush and at the same time cause him to fall to the ground. wait until it is too late for him to stop. If you lose your hold your opponent will get away. The instructor first should explain each part of the throw and at the same time have men apply the action. There are. When the opponent rushes you. however.Figure 69. d. attack a vulnerable body part with a chop or jab or apply a strangle hold. 71). The body block is used. 'To successfully execute this throw there must be a certain amount of momentum involved and the opponent must know and US€ the rear fall position to avoid injury during training. turning your side toward him ((0. b. bend well over at the waist. fig. As you turn away from him flex your knees. Shoulder tk1'ow. then practice a "walk-through. Use. The overhead throw is not taught by command phases. I'nst'1"Uction ami Commands. when your opponent is running at you attempting to knock ~fOU down with his forward movement. three parts to the instruction process. The command at normal speed is OVERHEAD THROW. Description. MOVE. in such case get to your feet and continue the attack as appropriate. 1'09." and finally an actual "runthrough" at normal speed. Step back with either foot. Objective tmd. After they understand the throw.

This movement is not executed at normal speeed during training as the opponent's fall cannot be controlled.. This throw is used best when your opponent Isstatlonary and nonaggressive . 72.t in front and slightly ins:i. If he regains his feet before you ·aI'eable to follow up you must continue the attack as aPlPropriate to the situation. Overshoulder Throw a. MOVE. Lift his leg or thrust your arm between his legs. The objective of the over- shoulder throw is to grasp your opponent and propel him over your5houlder and head onto the ground. 71) . bwtruction and Commands. (2) Pivot to your left 1180 on the ball of your o left foot.s is the case move in and kick a vital body area..fig. d.gur6 71Q. The command is BODY BLOCK. thrust your arm back and up. At the same time. fig. throwing him over your back (®. c.as~ of the right hip throw and the faotwo:rk is. Description.. As you do this straighten your legs fast and hard. !:if thi.). Followup or Recovery. of f~lling may stun or disable your opponent. tJ 110. Overkead throw. and practice a "walkthl'QUgh up to the point where the opponent is thrown. Place your left foo.deof your opponent's left foot. As his momentum carries him over your back. (1)< Start the overshoulder throw from the guard position (facing your opponent) .l throughout to that used in the right hip throw.. F1. Ob:fecti1H~ and Use. strike him vigorously on his right shoulder with the heel of your left hand and grab his clothing (Q). Men are instructed as to the technique. 71). fig. The first phase of this throw is irlentica. your back lower than his belt Une (Q). b.l to the :first ~h. The impact. Brace yourself with the foot you thrust to the rear. Ide~ttca. Keep your right arm in position to pro- 86 .

A stomp or kick is the best followup action. 111. destroy your opponent's balance.pull your 'opponent forward and drive your buttocks into his midsection (®. and grasp his cloth(2) PHASE TWO. Reach up and grab your opponent's clothing at his right shoulder with your right hand. MOVE. bend at the waist.nd Use. . The overshoulder teet your head and neck region until you near the' throw is taught in three phases: (1) OVERSHOULDER THROW. 87 ing. 72). MOVE. on this command step forward. and your knees are bent. 72). He assumes the rear fall pos:ition as he strikes the ground. on this command pivot. MOVE. and pull downward! with both hands . c. complete your hold and suspend your opponent upon yOUI' buttocks. and then grip him at this point with a double-hand hold. As you complete the pivot. Your opponent will faU with his head close to your feet. your elbows are as close to your body as possible. PHASE ONE. This action will catapult your opponent over your shoulder (®. takedown is used when the opponent is hesitant or when you are close to him and he is attempting to grasp you. At normal speed the command is OVERSHOULDER THROW. MOVE.CD F(gUT6 'I. OV6Tshoukiet'thro·w. This. d.!. (3) Straighten your Jegs. fig.. Front Leg Takedown a. The objective of the front leg takedown is to upset your opponent's balance and take him down by pulling one leg out from under him. (3) PHASE THREE. all this command throw him to the ground over your head. Instruction and Commewis. completion of the pivot. Objective a. Followup or Recovery. fig. Your buttocks are direct1y in front of your opponent's hips. your right foot is in front and slightly outside of your opponent's right foot.

73). When your opponent is OTI the ground follow up with kicks or stomps to vulnerableareas of' the body. (1) Starting from the guard position and faeing toward youropponentt lunge forward striking a forceful blow to his upper chest area with the palm of the hand. MOVE. Instruciio» and Commands. Description. Follow or ReCOV€T1. The front ]'eg taksdown is taught in three phases: (1) FRONT LEG TAKEDOWN. CD 88 . PHASE ONE. fig. This will cause your opponent to momentarily step to the rear leaving one foot ex- tended in order to maintain his balance 7B}.h. d. fig. c. (2) Once your opponent is in this position. 73) and push your opponent forcefully to theground (0. fig. extended leg below the knee (0. 73). (CD. Lift the leg as high as possible with both hands (0.!. fig. on this command step forward and strike a forceful blow to opponent's chest. instantly reach down and grasp his.

d. fig.e ground. MOVE. Jift it approximately waist high.UJtionand Commands. however. 75). fig. take a long step with . or a kick. on this command grasp his hands and press with . at the same 'time deflecting the blow with the outside portion of the right forearm (CD.sthe bayonet has passed your body. lnst'i"?. 74). 7. MOVE. PHASE ONE. you _are taught bayonet disarming methods for both. strike his elbow and force him to the ground. At the same time. (2) As soon a. yow should be approximately arm's length from the bayonet point. strike the bayonet with your right forearm to deflect the blade from your body (CD. Objective and Use. FoUowup and Recovery. grab his light hand where it holds the small of the stock (®. fig. 74).. lmtrur:tion and Commands'. on this command raise the leg as high as possible and push your opponent to the ground. reach under hls title with your left hand. fig. your body when practicing these techniques. 113. The text differentiates between the short and long thrust to enable you to judge the distance between the bayonet point and.eral BAYONET DISARMING your left foot toward your opponent's right. \¥hen practicing the short thrust.. In training. MOVE . The objective is to disarm your opponent and throw h:im to the ground. fig. At normal speed the command is FRONT LEG TAKE DOWN. Follo'1. (3) PHASE THRE:E. After taking your opponent's riffle. (I) Starting from the guard position quickly shift your body to the left of your opponent's blow. Pull and Push Counter u. This: counter is used best when you are a short thrust distance from your opponent. Keep your weight on your left foot and kick your opponent so that the calf of your right leg makes calf-to-calf contact on his right leg (®.he ~dt shoulder as directed..MOVE. on this command. MOVE. One Arm Takedown a. Description.€: (0.(2) PHASE TWO. MOVE. This eountor is taught in three phases: (1) PULL· AND PUSH COUNTER. The one arm takadown is taught in two phases ~ (1) ONE ARM 1'AKEDOWN.. fig. and press your left shoulder against the upper portion of the handguard. 1 14. With the heel of your left hand strike a forceful blow into your opponent's locked right elbow (®. on an opponent thrusting with his left hand simply by reversing the procedures outlined above. The best use is when your opponent strikes at your face or upper chest area.grip on his rift. The unarmed soldier should wait until his armed opponent has committed himself before attempting a disarming maneuver. Dull and push with the hands and kick the calf of his right leg with your t'ight leg. The objective of' the one arm takedown is to block your opponent's punch or blow and use his extended arm as a lever to throw him to the ground. c. PHA::. This action will cause him to fall to the ground. on thiscommand grasp your opponent's leg and. vitalarea of his body. PULL AND PURii (:OUN~ TER. b. on tills command. and loosen his .en practicing the long thrust the distance is increased by 1 foot. 112. At norma] speed the command is ONE ARM TAKE~. At -iormal speed the command is. With your left hand. Wh.. (4) Your opponent will fall to tn.vup or Recovery. grab your opponent's left hand with your right hand. Sedion' IV. Description. At the same time. Ge:n. deliver a butt stroke or bayonet thrust to a. MOVIE. 75). (3) PHASE THREE. (3) pun with your left hand and push with your right hand.5). 74). (2) This movement can be executed. twist your body to the left and' at the same time step to your right front. on this command twist your body. In deflecting the blow immediately grasp your oppo~ nent's right wrist or forearm (0. 74) breaking or dislocating the elbow and forcing your opponent to the ground (0. (2) PHASE TWO. (1)1 If your opponent attacks you with a short thrust. MOVE. b. step to the right and deflect the bayonet with your right forearm.. 75).E ONE. Follow up with a blow to your opponent's neck 01' kidney area. (2) PHASE TWO. d.asp his arm. on this command blcck the opponent's blow and gr. 89 In combat any of the methods described in this section can be used to disarm an opponent whether he uses a long 01' short thrust. DOWN. to assist in bringing him down (should that 'be necessary) . MOVE.fig.. fig. MOVE. Ob:jective and Use. c. long and short thrust attacks.

Q) -~ \ I 90 .

Figu're 7f}.nd pU8hcounter. 91 .0) . Pull a.

CD 92 .

d. In. This counter is taught in four phases: (1) OVERLEG COUNTER. (3) Grab the rifle butt with your left hand and with your right hand grab your opponent anywhere on his hack or head \0. on this command execute the movement as described in b (1) above. strike his rifle near the muzzle and drive the bayonet point into. At norma] speed the command is OVERLEG COUNTER.) Continue pulling your opponent across your leg. (3) Twist your body to the left in front of your opponent and place your right leg in front of his body (0. Description. TER. The objective of this counter is to disarm your opponent. butt stroke or bayonet attack. Anow your opponent's momentum to ram the bayonet into the ground. palm up. 76). spinning him to the ground (@. and (5) above. At normal speed the command is SOME·RSAULT COUN- are now in a position facing the side of his rifle with your groin area protected by your right leg (CD. fig. stepping off to your left front with your left foot. ( 5 ) Now you shouldbe in possession of your opponent's rifle and in a position to attack him (0.str1. 1 «(D. PHASE ONE. (3) PHASE THREE. 76). opponent executes the long thrust. It is used best when he is making a vigorous long thrust at you. b. fig. Overleg Counter a. MOVE. 77). grab IDS rifle from above at the receiver. c. fig. fig. (2) PHASE TWO. Som1ersa ult Coulnter a. Pull the rifle and your opponent across your right leg. (1) As your opponent executes the long thrust. Objective and Use. FQUowup 01' Counter. 7 6). As you parry with your left forearm. Instruction and Commands. and throw him to the ground. :MOVE. Followup or Recoveru. MOVE. (5. 7'6). d. on this command execute the movement described in b (2) above. fig. palm down. (2) PHASE TWO. fig. at the same time. move your body to the left oblique. (3) PHASE THREE. MOVE. Sufficient pressure with your side while pulling on the l'ifie can break your opponent's elbow. (2) With the palms of your hands. fig.fig. on this command complete the counter as described in b (4) and (5) above. Objective and Use. 93 . Tile objective of this counter is to disarm your opponent. on this command perform the movement specified in paragraph b (3) above. MOVE. (4) PHASE FOUR. b. Fol1ow up with a. parry his bayonet to your right with your left forearm. MOVE. take his rifle.tcti'cm and Commands. the ground (®. C. MOVE. MOVE: on this command complete the counter by executing the movement as described in b (4).115. (6) Keep the rifle and follow through with your attack (®. You (I) As your 11 6. (4) To disarm your opponent you drive the stock t-o his rifle into his body and simultaneously pull him with your right hand. the rifle from underneath (®. MOVE. 77). 77). and throw him to the ground. (2) With your left hand. 76). parry the bayonet to your left with your right forearm and sidestep to the right oblique. gain possession of his rifle. It is used best when he makes a long thrust at you. (4) PHASE FOUlR. Description. throwing him to the ground (@' 'fig. When you gain possession of his rifle deliver a butt stroke or bayonet attack as appropriate. This counter is taught in four phases: (1) SOMERSAULT COUNTER. fig. (4) With the right hand. 76). on this command execute the movement prescribed in b (3) above. Do not foHow the rifle all the way down. exert pressure with your right side against the outside of his left arm and elbow fig. em this command execute the movement as prescribed in b (1 )ahove. 77). grab your opponent's left hand and. 77). You are now in a position facing his rifle from the side with your groin area protected by your left leg (CD. on this command perform the movement described in b (2) above. PHASE ONE" MOVE.

Genel"Cll KNIFE ATTACK AND D:EFENSE c. Smne9'sault C(l1J. 118. You can control the direction of the blade by a combination movement of the f. fig. To form a proper grip begin by Ia. Just before the knife makes contact you hold it tightly with all fingers (@. properly employed. When the palm is turned down. 78). You can thrust when the palm is held either up or down.ying the knife diagonally across the out-stretched palm of your hand (CD. is a .the cross guard with your thumb and forefinger.. The proper knife grip is essential far maximum control. Do not hold the knife too tightly.nt'el'. The only difference is the position of your arms. 79) is similar to the front guard position. 78).orefinger and middle finger and a turning of the wrist. you also can slash in either direction.deadly weapon. c- Your middle finger encircles the handle at its largest point (®. turned up and you are holding the knife in your right hand. 94 When engaging in a knife attack your stance (fig. Section V. Wilen the palm is. You can use it on patrols to silence an enemy sentry or you can use it for close-in fighting when you do not have a rifle. you <can slash to the right or left.fig. When the knife "isheld in this manner it can be maneuvered in all directions. . GrilP a. 117.I Figu're 1'1. Stance ~ knife (or bayonet). . 119. b. Grasp the small part of the handle next to . fig. 78).

you also are able to protect your midsection and throat area. making a sudden darting motion toward him.t. Front Attack When you attack an opponent from the front with a knife he instinctively tries to protect his stomaeh and throat. 81).or a slash.BI). A thrust combined with a slash to the stomach produces great shock (CD. thrust" hawever. You can then deliver a killing blow. fig. 120. internal hemorrhage and death.e right Leg.. fig. 122. usually will slip off the rib and penetrate the heart.ey. 121. A hard CD Figu. If he is wounded in one of the places his 'fear may be so great that he forgets to defend himself and you can kill him. and in front of your body. causing death within 2 minutes (0.. The Heart: A thrust into the heart causes almost instant death (0. Thrust the knife into your opoonent's kidney and simultaneously grab his mouth and nose with your other hand (CD. causes death within 2 minutes (0. you thrust or slash with it. The knife is concealed behind th. The thrust is most effective if the knife is driven into the base of the throat just below the Adam's apple «D. d. 80) you conceal the knife until your opponent knows what you have or until. A slash to the upper arm just above the inside of the elbow cuts the brachial artery and. 81). slashing as you do so. This spot is difficult to hit because of the protecting ribs. A slash to the wrist will sever the radial artery. fig. This artery is about one-half inch below the skin surface. B1). fig.re 78. After a short Interval withdraw the blade. t. Modified Stance In the modified stance (fig. You also may use your left hand to distract your opponent's attention by throwing something or by A deep wound in the stomach cauees death if the wound is unattended. Your left arm and hand act as a guard or foil and help create an opening for a slash or thrust. You can attack the throat with either a thrust . The radial artery is one-quarter inch below the surface of the skin. fig. a. excellent if your opponent attempts 00' grab your clothing or arm. The Wrist. The UPPST Arm. A slash to either side of the neck cuts the carotid artery which carries blood to the brain. c. fig. This type of attack is. 82). AHack From the Reali' When attacking an opponent from the rear you should launch your attack immediately upon reaching a position not less than 5 feet from him. and then cut his throat. The Kidn. 95 . Tke Stomach. a. A slash to the inside of the leg near the groin severs the arteries there and makes the leg useless (®. The Throa. Uneonseiousness occurs in about 15 seconds. e.The knife is held waist high. The Leg. This type blow cuts the jugular vein and results in almost instant death. Ori:ppingthe knil e. :fig. Your opponent will die within a few seconds from 1088 of blood... 81). Your opponent will be stunned and unable to defend himself. Unconsciousness results in about 30 seconds. 81). In this stance. b. When you are In this stance your knees are bent to provide mobility and balance. The thrust to the kidney produces great shock and! causes.

96 . A slash across the throat from figure 84. A thrust into. bring your right hand underneath the upper part of your opponent's knife arm and grasp your left fist «D. 83). «(0. This causes him to release his knife and fall backward. 82). mock your opponent's ann by bending your left fist forward and making' contact with his wrist. The subclavian artery is approximately 2~ inches below the surface between the collarbone and the shoulder blade. fig. An advanced.grab y. figure 82. Step through with yOUl' right foot to protect: your groin. of dlsarmlng an opponent who attacks with a knife. Twist his wrist to his left and bend his hand toward his forearm causing him to fan to the ground(®. d. fig. The Subclavian Artery . At the same time. the side of the neck is effective when you want to maintain silence (@. Upon stopping his blow. As you withdraw the knife. c. This artery is difficult to hill but once it is cut the bleeding cannot be stopped and your opponent wfll lose consciousness within seconds. 83). 84).the rear severs the windpipe and jugular vein (®" fig. Attack this spot with a thrust by gripping the knife as depicted in @. Stllnte with. 84). Catch your opponent's wrist or forearm in the "V" formed by crossing your arma at the wrist. b.tly to the rear to keep the knife from cutting your stomaeh (<1). Death win foUow rapidly. Side of the Neck. slash to make the wound as large as possible. The Throat. b. Advanced Techniques Against Knife Atitack 'Basic techniques of defense against knife attack (para 94) do not prescribe disarming the opponent by hand. 123. fig.. Such praetlce is an advanced technique due to the exactness necessary to complete the disarming. hand-to-hand fighter should know the foUowing methods. a. fig. A counter to the downward stroke is shown in figure 83. Bend forward swiftly from the waist and put 'Pressure on your opponent's arm (0.our o'pponent's right hand with your left hand and place your thumb on the back of Ms hand. glide sligh. 82)1. Keeping your left arm horizoetal. knife. A counter to the upward stroke is shown in Figure 79. fig. 84). Reinforce this hold! by grabbing his wrist with your right nand and plMe your left thumb on the back of his hand fig.

CD .

1 KI'IIFE ATTACK JHRO.k to vital body areas.CK 1'0 THE WRIST 5. Fr01L~lJ.IFE An A.re til.'CH. 6.. J KtI./. 98 ..l knill! atM>I!.T B ... KNIFE ATTACk TO THE H'EART.rTA-CIt TO liEt" Figu...~E OF 2. 3. KHIFE ATTACK TO HIE.I'I'. KHIFE . . ~t<IFe "flACK TO TI:iE STO. LIPPER ARM.

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