Jim Crow Law Paper

The Jim Crow laws first emerged in 1876. They emerged due to the fact that whites did not want to let blacks or any other race have equal rights. African Americans were moving into southern cities and competing with poor whites for jobs. They wished to preserve the economical and social superiority that whites enjoyed. Therefore, they made laws that segregated blacks under a ³separate but equal´ illusion. The ways that blacks were affected by these laws were that they lost the rights to enjoy and use facilities they had previous access to. Blacks had to use different entrances, water fountains, schools and sit at the backs of buses and trains. Blacks also lost their right to vote under the so called ³Grandfather Clause´ which was used to keep blacks from voting. It stated that on order to vote, your grandfather had to have voted. That was not possible seeing as many blacks had grandparents who were slaves and so unable to vote. There was also a test that was used to keep blacks from voting called a literacy test. Most blacks were not able to read and so could not vote.

The absence of these rights affected black life in many ways. Blacks were treated poorly and the ³separate but equal´ law was anything but equal. The differences between black and white facilities were very noticeable. The difference between schools for blacks and whites were shown by the funding that they received. White schools received three times more money per child than black schools and black schools would only receive the outdated hand me down materials from white schools. Economic competitions between the races were now cut off and blacks were once again second class citizens. Blacks were often convicted of the same crimes but dealt with much more harshly than their white counterparts. There was a law against the mixing of the

races (interracial marriage). Many blacks that attempted to makes changes were threatened, beaten and lynched.

The works of Ida.B.Wells against Jim Crow were enacted after she was forcibly ejected from her seat for not moving to a colored car. This caused her to sue the railroad called Chesapeake and Ohio for violating her civil rights but was later rejected. She took up journalism and was most known for her outspoken editorials on the lynching of three black businessmen of prominence. She became a sought after lecturer and writer that spoke about anti-lynching activities.

Booker.T.Wahington was the founder behind the Tuskegee Institute and he secretly funded anti-segregation activities. He helped blacks rise up from economic slavery by helping them get a quality education, financial power and the proper understanding of how to use the legal system. He helped improve the working relationship between blacks and whites. He used his network that consisted of powerful white liberals to help fund and establish many schools for the betterment of blacks. He used peaceful means to accomplish his goals.

W.E.B Dubois was a radical supporter for equal rights. He viciously attacked Jim Crow laws and practices saying that black social and political rights had to come before blacks would be allowed their fair share economically. He helped form what is now

known as the NAACP. (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) He was the first colored man to ever earn a PhD from Harvard and had written a book in 1903, called ³The Souls of Black Folks´ that reflected on the visions and experiences of African Americans. It is still used to teach today and is considered to be a profound discussion on race.

In conclusion, even though racism has died down today and discrimination and racism are illegal are frowned upon, discrimination still occurs in the workplace as well in some businesses. The effects of Jim Crow laws and racism have trickled down to the modernday society. Many people still have prejudiced or stereotyped views of blacks as inferior based on racist beliefs. Also, blacks often face discrimination in the workplace. Blacks are often passed up on promotions and are paid less money for performing the same job than whites. One day in the future, hopefully discrimination will be a thing of the past and true equality will be achieved.

References: ³W.E.B Dubois.´ U.S History. 2008. Retrieved April 2, 2011 from U.S History.org: http://www.ushistory.org/us/42e.asp Lavender, Catherine. ³Ida.B.Wells A Passion for Justice.´ 2001. Retrieved April 2, 2011 from http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/wells.html

³The Civil Rights Movement.´ Retrieved April 2, 2011 from http://history.howstuffworks.com/american-history/civil-rights-movement1.htm

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