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Directorate General of Mines Safety DGMS (Tech) Circular No.03 To The Owners, Agents & Managers of Coal Mines Sub.

: Qualitative and Quantitative assessment of Fire Fighting Equipment. Sir, It is well known fact that air, water and fire are the primary sources of lives on the earth but at the same time if the natural equilibrium of anyone is disturbed, then it leads to disaster and irreparable damages. Fire hazards amongst all the three are very common in the industrial as well as domestic fields. Fire in coal mines is one of the most common hazards that lead to disasters, accidents, loss of valuable lives and damages to properties. Spontaneous heating and combustion in coal is one of the major sources of fires not only in belowground workings but also in opencast mines. Bench Fire in coal mine Is very common apart from dump fire. Increased mechanization and use of large number of machines of higher capacities have posed another fire threats and the incidences ,of fires in such machinery and installations have increased. Once of the major contributors to fire is the use of electricity at higher operating voltages. The fire fighting technologies and fire suppression systems have advanced further which are more fast and effective to deal with fires either on surface of belowground including heavy earth moving machinery. A few of such technology is backpacked and handheld High Pressure Water Mist cum CAFs based fire fighting system which is applicable to quench not only oil fires but even electrical fires upto 36 KV line. A live demo station of this product was given in DGMS recently in the presence of Officials from Coal Mining Industry, Scientists from CIMFR, Indian School of Mines and other Fire Fighting Equipment manufacturers as per EN3-7 Standard B233, 135 liters of diesel and 25 Liters of Petrol were ignited for 60 seconds to grow the fire and flames upto its maximum intensity and then the handheld High Pressure Water Mist Dhanbad, Dated 06.02.2009

1 Location Surface Installation Installation Equipment Electrical Sub station 33 KV Electrical Sub station I I KV Electrical Sub station 550/440V Belt Conveyor Drive Head Tail End Drum Transfer Point Belt Tensioning Point/Devices Belt Line where Gradient changes Haulage Engine Room Colliery Store Workshop Ventilation Fan Emergency Control Room Explosive Van 2 Open Cast Mines Dragline Electrical Shovel Electrical Drills Fire Extinguisher's Size 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 50 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 50 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters Requirement 06 04 04 02 01 01 01 01 01 02 04 02 01 05 02 01 06 04 02 . High Pressure Water Mist cum CAFs based fire fighting system is highly effective and fast in quenching and controlling fires of varying magnitudes. Similarly. A survey was recently conducted in few coal mines and installations to identify the risk of fire areas and installation based on quantitative assessment of sources of fires and its magnitude of damage. the CAFs were also applied on live electrical wires/fire which was also quenched without any difficulty. The Survey revealed that the following places.cum CAFs based fire fighting system was operated and applied on the fire blazing upto 30 feet height. The fire was completely quenched within 12 seconds which appeared to be miraculous to everyone witnessing the demonstration. machinery and installations should be provided with at the least the required number of High Pressure Water Mist cum CAFs based Fire Fighting System or such other equivalent type or even better SI.

therefore recommended to implement the above scheme and regularly update the fire fighting plan maintained at the mine.Dumper Diesel Tankers Diesel Excavator Dozer 3 Below Ground Grader Electrical Sub Station Haulage Room Belt Conveyor Drive Head Tail End Drum Transfer point Belt Tensioning Point/Devices Belt Line where Gradient Changes Section Store Hydraulic Drill Pump House UG Tippler Load Haul Dumper (LHD) Side Discharge Loader Continuous Miner 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 10 Liters 02 02 02 01 01 02 01 02 01 01 01 01 02 01 01 01 01 02 02 The above estimate is based on the normal installations and I maco1hinery used in mines which may change due to extra large capacity machines installation. Yours faithfully Director General of Mines Safety . It is.