Alif

"ALLAH": THIS IS THE CREATOR. HE IS IN ALL THINGS AROUND US. HE

MAKES THE FLOWEPS AND 'I'REES GROW, AND THE SUN RISE AND SET. ALLAH

IS THE CREATOR Wi7, PRAISE ONLY AND ON HIM WE CALL FOR HELP. ALLAH

IS THE GREATES'I'. AFTER HIS Nlv.'1E VolE SAY THE WORDS "SUBHANA WA TA'ALA

'I'HIS M,EANS THAT ALLAH IS TBE GLORY AND MOST HIGH E;XAJ,TED. ALLAH IS

MENTJ o}lED ALL THROUGfl TH E QU R rAN.

"ADAM" (PBUH): HE WAS THE FIRST HUMAN ON EARTH AND 'l'HE VERY FIRST

PROPP. ~fl_' (PBUH). Al.LAH SUBH1>.NA WA TA' ALA PLAC§.D HIM ON EARTH TO

BE "li\,HAUYFAH" , (SEE PAGE S} I 'AND HE LIVED IN ,A BEAUTIFUL GARDEN

IN EDl<~N. ADN~ (PBIlH) GAVE ALL OF '['HE ANI~.:ALS THEIR NMmS, liND FROM HIS DESCEND.~IN'I'S CAME ALL OF THE OTHER PRoPEETS ANn APOST! F;S (PBu~J,

AND YOU. GENESIS 1:26, 2:19 HOLY QUR'AN 2:30, 3:32

~ t "IBRAHIYM" (PBUH); HE WAS THE THIRD MAJOR PRoPSET AND HIS NAME

~ • .,# MEANS "FATHER OF MANY NATIONS.". IBRAHIYM (PBUH) HAD MAl'.!"Y SONS I BUT FROM HIS FIRST TWO SONS HE HAD TWO G:<EA'l' NATIONS: THE

~ .; ISMA'IYLITES (FIlm'] HIS SO~ ISMA'IYL (P:i:lUH), AN]) THE ISRAELITES

,/ (FROM HIS SON, ISHAQ, PBUH) , GENESIS 17:7 GENESIS 16:15, 21:5

"ISMA'IYL" (PBUH); HE WAS THE FOURTH MAJOR PROPHET AND

l ~ '" ~ , THE OLDEST SON OF THE PROPHET IBRAHIYM (PBUH). MIS NJI.ME

~ ~ J MEANS "Al:..LAH WILL HEAR." HE HELPED HIS FATHER BUILD THE

u-=~ 0 *, KA'BAR (SEE PAGE 23) IN THE VALLEY OF MAKKAH. HE RECEIVED

, . .. . /' THE SCRIP.TURES OF IBRAHIYM (PBUH) AND KEPT THE ARABIC

LANGUAGE PURE. GENESIS 2:127

"ISHAQ" (PBDE): THIS IS THE ARABIC NAME FOR THE PROPHET

ISAAC (PBUH) _ HE WAS THE SECOND SON OF THE PRoPHE'!' IBRAHIYl'J!

:rBL~) (SEE PAGE 1) FROM HIS WIFE SAARAH. AT THE AGE OF

FORTY HE MARRIED AND HE HAD TWO SONS WHO WERE TlHNS. THEY WERE ESAU AND YA 'QUWB (.JACOB I PBtiE) (SEE PAGE 31). ISHAQ WAS AN EXA1-1PLE FOR ALL OF' Al'I UPRIGHT '. (B"ANIYF, SEf': PAGE 7) VlAN \YHOSE DEVOTION TO I,LLAH SUBHANA WA TA '·ALA CAME BEFORE

ALL OTHER THINGS. HE WAS THE SON THAT ALLAH SUBHANA '''1A TA' ALA TESTED IBRABIYM (PBUH) BY t'IFIEN ALLAH 'I'OLD HI!-1 TO SACRIFICE HI'S SON (IS;AAC) (SEE IDU'L ADHA, PAGE 19) •. HOLY QUR'AN ~7:1C2 GENESIS 22: 9'

1

~ 'J" C

INJIYL." THIS IS THE NEW TESTAMENT." IT IS ONE OF THE

SCRIPTURES OF THE PROPHETS (PBUT) OF _lI.LLAH SUBHANA WA Ti\' ALA

... I GIVEN TO MEN TO HELP T\aEM DO GOOD. THE INJIYL TELLS TEE STORY

", "OF THE LIFE AND PROPHElrHOOD 01" ISA (JESUS SON OF MARY, PBUH)

TQLD BY SOME OF HIS: CLOSEST STl'DENTS t",:O WERE CALLED HIS DISCIPLES. HOLY QUJ~' AN 3: 3, 48: 2,9

"ISLAAM." THIS IS A ST1\.TE OF PEAL';:. ISl..AAM IS NOT JUST A HELIGION BUT A WHOLE WAY OF LIFE THA'I' MUSLIMS LIVE EVERY DAY. ISLAAM WAS GIVEN TO US: ,TO LIVE BY THE CREATOR, ALLAH SUBHANA· WA

TA' ALA SO THAT WE MAY DO RIGHT. ALL OF THE PROPHETS (PBOT)

LIVED ISLAM! AND' THEY WERE ,ALL r-1USLIMS.

J "JI.NSAARU ALLAH." THIS ,Y..EANS "HELPERS OF ALLAH." THEY .llRE

JJ ,/THE MUSLIMS WHO WORK EVERY"Dl',Y AND LIVE ISLAA~i AND TEACH

I J' ,;., THE NM'lE OF ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA' ALA AND HIS PROPHETS (PBUT)

, ,~ AND HIS SCRIPTURES. j!,LL OF THE PROPHETS ,(PBUT) WERE ANSAARU

....; ALLAH AND THE PEOPLE ¥"HO BELIEVED AND F01£.OWED THEM FAITH-

FULLY. HOLY QUR' AN 9: 117

~ .,., "ISRAAFIYL" (SRA}. TH'is IS THE NAME OF THE ANGEL (SRA)

~ . WHO WILL BLOW THE T~UMPET ON THE DAr OF STANDING (YA~~CrL

QIYAMAH. HE IS ONE OF THE SEVEN ARCH ANGELS (SRA).

~~ ..' ,

"IBLIYS (eH). HE IS THE RULER OF THE KINGDOM OF, JANN. IBLIYS

(CH) IS ALSO AN ANGEL, BUT HE IS A BAD ANGEL. HE ONCE LIVED

AMONGST THE GOOD ANGE·Ls (SRA) r BUT BECAUSE HE WA''; VERY PROUD AND HE DIS OBEYED THE COM¥.iAND OF ¥ LAn S'll5HANA WA T JI. r: ~,A, HE: TMAS "CAs'r

DOWN" FROM THE REAL~1 OF THE GOOD ANGELS (SRA). bIS JOB TO THIS

DAY IS TO HE1..P MAN DO WRONG AND LEAD THEN FROM DI)_;NG THE GOOD THINGS THAT ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA'ALA HASCO~Al'ilL-i) OS TO DO.

""'''

• ~ .. f II l\::>lfA}!..N • " THE ADHAAN IS T~lE "CALL TO PRAYER." FIVE TIMES A DAY AJ.-L

, t, " OVll."'t THE WORLD MUSLIMS' ANSWER THIS CAL, L TO MAKE THE I R SALAT (WORSHIP r ~ W SEE E ~GE 15) TO ALLAH SUBHANA WlI, TA' 11_LA I THE CREATOR OF ALL THINGS.

2

Baa

1 ,

.ill '

.r,'.~

"BIS MI ALLAH" THIS PHRASE MEANS "IN THE NAME OF ALLAH."

IT IS CALLED IN THE ARABIC LANGUAGE I THE "TASMIYAH." ALL MUSLIMS SAY THIS PHRASE BEFORE THY DO ANY RELIGIOUS ACT, \ SUCH AS PRAYER, BATHING, EATING, ETC. EACH CHAPTER OF ) THl!: HOLY QUR tAN BEGINS WITH THE TASMIYAH, "BISMI ALLAH"I EXCEPT FOR CHAPTER NINE, WHICH CONTINUES FROM CHAPTER EI~HT

"BILAl\.L" (HWON). HE WAS AN ISRAELITE FROM THE TRIBE OF JUDAH.

HIS FATHER, WHOSE NAME WAS RAHAB, HAD THE "MIHJAN" (STAFF OR SCEPTRE, SEE P~GE 26) OF THE PROPHETS (PBUT). BILAAL (HWON) HAD THE JOB OF PASSING ')'HE MIHJAN ON TO THE VERY LAST AND

SEAL OF THE PROPHETS (PBUT). WHO WAS THE PROPHET MUSTAFA

MUHAMMAD AL AMIN (PBUH). HE IS 11.1,50 KNOw""N FOR BEING 'I'HE

FIRST "MU-ADHIN," ~jHICH HEANS THA'l' HE WAS THE FIRST MAN TO CALL THE ADHAAN (SEE PAGE 2).

•• , ""BAYTU'I.LAH." THIS IS THE NAME OF THE SACREDMASJID IN

l *.t ' TH~ CITY OF MAKKAH/ ALSO CALLED IN THE HOLY QUR'AN BARKA.

THIS MASJID IS ALSO KNOWN AS MAS·JIDU'L HARAM. (SEE

... KA'BAH/ PAGE 26). ALL PILGRIMS GO TO BAYTU'LLAH ONCE

IN THEIR LIFE FOR HAJJ, SEE PAGE 7.

"BURAQ. rr THIS WORD MEANS liTHE BRIGHT ONE." IT IS THE ANIMAL THAT THE PROPHET MUSTAFA MUHAMMAD AL AMIN (PBUH) RODE UPON ON THE NIGHT OF THE" MI' RAAJ (S,EE; PAGE 26). HE IS SAID TO BE A LARGE 'WHITE ANIMAL

THAT WAS BETWEEN THE SIZE OF A MULE AND AN ASS. AND IT WAS VERY

VERY LONG. THE BURAQ IS A SPIRITUAL ANIMAL.

,.. I'.""~ -' L:; "BAABU'S SALAAM." THIS IS THE "GATE OF PEACE. II IT

~ A ~ t 1 ' IS THE GATEWAY IN THE MASJIDU' L HARM'! AT MAKKAH.

~ YL.......I J ~ THE PROPHET MUSTAFA MUHAMMAD AL AMIN (PBUH) ENTERED

• THIS GATE WHEN HE WAS CHOSEN BY THE QURAYSH TRIBE

• ' TO HE,LP PUT THE BLACK S'l'ONE INTO ITS PLACE (SEE PAGE 7)

"BILQIYS. " THIS IS,j THE NAME OF T~E FAMOUS QUEEN OF SHEBA

WHO WAS A GREAT QUE . .!:N DURING THE TIME OF THE PROPHET

SULAYMAAN (£lImH). 'HER PEOPLE" "DID NOT NORSHIP ALLAH SUBRANA

WA TA'ALA, THEY WORSHIPPED THE SUN. THE PROPHET SULAYMAAN

(PBUH) SENT BILQIYS A LETTER, COJ-f.MANDING HER TO WORSHIP THE TRUE CREAT-JR, ALLAIiI SUBHANA WA TA' ALA. SHE LISTENED TO THE PROPHET SULAYMAAN (PBUH) AND EVENTUALLY BECAME ONE OF HIS

MOST CHERISHED WIVIlS "3

r

Taa

;!Ii ....... "TAKBIYR": "TAHMIYD":

., ~tI"'.,. THIS IS THE EXPRESSION - JJ' ..." , THIS ,IS THE EXPRESSION

, "ALLAHU AKBAR." IT , .... «( f ," _ ...... -: "AL HAMDU LILI1IH."

~, MEANS THAT ALLAH IS -'=- ' ,_ " ~ 'rIUS MEANS THAT; .

.. !"... THE GREATEST. THE • .. ", THE PRAISE IS '1't "I 1 .:::_ J I

- TN<BIYR IS AVERY ALLAH'S. IT ,4U ~

'ORTANT PART OF SALAT (WORSHIP, SEE IS ONE OF THE ," ,I

';E 15 ) r IN WHICH IT IS REPEATED MANY DHIKRS THAT WE RECITE AFTER \lIE ~J.AKE

MES. J OOR SALAT (WORSHIP).

,- it' ,/, ~ ~y

_, , .. "TASBIYH": THIS IS '4.U J ~ '-"t¥ .... " THE EXPRESSION "SUBHANA

-'t6a t t & " .__t ALLAH." THI S MEANS ' ." GLORY TO ALLAH." IT

- _--

~ ...... IS ALSO ONE OF THE DHIKRS THAT WE RECITE AFTER WE MAKE OUR SALAT

... r (WORSHIP) •

;II' ,..- ---9000 I j1

' .. ;~~~A~~~~:EXPRESSION ~q 014 ~ !Jf --. ,It L' ';~1

' "A'UWDHU BI'LLAHI MINASH-I;"~~ ..' ~!-U .-._T

. "'S"HAYTANI AR-RAJIYHI." '" - -

THIS MEANS "I SEEK REFUGE IN ALLAH FROM SATAN THE CURSED. II IT IS

SAID BY MUSLIMS AS A PROTEC'l'ION AGAINST EVIL.

, ' , / ~,"TARAAWIYH" THIS MEANS "THE ACT OF TAKING A REST. II IT IS

~~~" THE WORSHIP, OF TWENTY. (20) RAK'AT) MADE ONLY DURING ~'HB MON'l'H

'.. ',' OF_ RAMADAAN (SEE PAGE i n , IT, IS MADE AFTER SALATU'L ISHA

._.. " .

,.

" :~'J/,',~~", "TAWRAAH": THE OLD TESTAMENT. THIS I~ THE SCRIPTURE THAT, CON-

_, TAINS THE BOOKS OF THE PROPHET MOSES (MUSA, PBUH). THE WORD

'TAWRAAH MEANS LAW. (SEE MUSA, PBUH PAGE 25) HOLY QUR'AN 3:3, 48:29

"TAQWA": THE MEANING OF THIS ~JRD IS PEOPLE WHO HAVE SO MUCH

FEAR IN ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA'AL~ THAT THEY CRY WHEN THEY HEAR

HIS WORDS (ANSAARS, SEE PAGE 2,). ,

4

Thaa

~ "

19 I .\ "'IHAWAABUN": 'IHIS WORD MEANS "RE'f'l1'.RD." IT IS '!HE REWARD 'IEAT ALIJiH SU'BH1>NA

I. "'!Y" WA TA'AlA HAS PRCMISED ID HIS SER'iIAN'IS WHO \~FE GOOD AND OBEYED FITS a:»wm-

, ,..._., HEt ... 'TS. IT IS FOOND ill 'IllE HOLY QUR' AN 3:194 •

..

"THIYAABlJN": THIS \-x)RD MEANS' "GAH1.EN'Is. ,,' IT IS' Fa_m 'IN '!HE HOLY CPR' AN AND IT

SPEAKS OF THE ~ 'I'fIP,.T THE BELIEVERS IN ALLAH StiBH1\NA viA TA' AIA WILL WEAR m PARADISE (SEE Jl'NNAH, PAGE 6), AND 'IHE GAR>mTS '1liAT TIm KAAFIRtlWNA "WILL WEAR IN EELL (Sl!:E JAiWlNAM, PAGE 6). REFER'KJ HOLY QUR'AN 76:21, 22:19.

" J "THU'BAlINt,N": THIS ~~RD MEANS "SERPFNl'S". IT REUl.TES TO 'TIlE S'IORY OF THE POOPHm' . '>' ~ 1<= ~ ,POOH) • l\LIAH _ WA TA'lITA GAVE MIISA (PBUIl) NINE SIGNS 10 Tl\RE

• 'IO THE PHARAOH rn EGYPT AND HIS MAGICIANS. OOE OF THE SIGNS v-ms JUS IDD, WHICll

W, , ~) mro A SERPENT ~VHEN HE oe: IT UPON '!HE GroUND. (SEE HOLY ~'AN 7: 107 ,

• L6:32). ,

..J1_.P" (,J ~ ,.

~~

"'I'HUBUWRUN": "DESTRUcr:rON." THIS v,oRD IS FOUND IN THE HOLY QUR'AN. IT

SPEAKS OF 'IRE TYPE Ol" DES'lWcrION THAT WILL CCCllR ON 'l1m IAST DAY FOR BErN:; I1VIL.

(REFER TO HOLY QUR'AN 25:14) "

5

Itlrn

(p~ "JIHAAD"; "HOI.Y WAR.,., THIS IS THE WAR THAT MUSLINS FIGH'l' AGAINST

" THE ENEMIES OF ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA I ALA AND ISLAAM. I'!' IS A

wi • RELIGIOUS DUTY FOR ALL MUSLIMS TO FIGHT IN THE WAY OF ALLAH

" SUBHANA WA TA'ALA (HOLY QUR'AN 29:6).

"JIBRAA-IYL" (SRA): "THE HOLY SPIRIT." HE IS ONE OF THE SEVEN ARCH ANGELS (SEE PAGE 26). HIS JOB IS TO BE A MESSENGER OF ALLAH SUBHA.."",A triA TA I ALA I FOR HE BRINGS THE REVELATIONS AND MESSAGES TO THE PROPHETS (PBUT) FROM THE CREATOR, ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA 'l\~.

'JUM' Ali": THIS IS THE DAY OF THE. WEEK THAT WE CALL FRIDAY. 1'1'

!J "".J IS - THE DAY THAT ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA' ALA SET ·ASIDE FOR ALL l"lUSLIMS

~ .,._ TO COME TOGETHER IN THE ~ffiSJID (SEE PAGE 26). AFTER LISTENING

~t-- - TO A SERMON (KHUTBAH, SEE PAGE 8 ). EVERYONE MAKES SALA.T (WOR,. SHIP) TOGETHER IN THE EARLY AFTERNOON PERIOD CALLED ZUHR (SEE PAGE 18).

"JANNAH": "GARDEN." THIS WORD IS THE WORD THAT IS USED IN THE HOLY QUR'AN FOR PARADISE. PARADISE IS PROMISED TO THE BELIEVERS IN ALLAH SUBRANA WATA'ALA WHO FOLLOWED HIS COMMANDMENTS,

WORKED IN HIS WAY, AND WERE VERY PATIENT. (HOLY QUR'AN 2:35).

!p "JINN": JINNS ARE ANGELS (SEE PAGE 26 ), BUT THEY ARE A DIFFERENT

SA) SPECIES. THEY HAVE 180 DEGREES OF NEGATIVE FORCE. THEY ARE THE

• EVIL FORCES PLACED UPON THE EARTH AND INHABIT A PERSON IN ~HE FORMS OF ENVY, GREED, VANITY, JEALOUSY AND OTHER STATES' OF NEGATIVITY. THEY WHISPER INTO THE HEARTS OF PEOPLE WHEN THEY ARE

IN THE STATE OF ANGER, FEAR, ILLNESS, JEALOUSY AND MISUNDERSTANDING. THE JINN IS THE ORIGIN OF EVIL WHICH WORKS SICKNESS, DISASTER, RUIN AND DEATH AMONGST PEOPLE.

"JAHANNAM": THIS IS THE ARABIC WORD FOR HELL. HELL IS THE STATE

~ AFTER YOU DIE WHERE YOU BURN OUT ALL OF THE WORLDLY THINGS THAT

(9 • ."" YOU DESIRE THAT KEEPS YOU FROM RETURNING TO ALLAH SUBHANA WA

~ TA'ALA. YOUR MIND CREATES THE HELL THAT YOU WILL HAVE. EVERY

J-o-o ONE MUST TASTE HEr.~J BE:CAUSE THROUGH I'J' WE ARE PURIFIED OFOUR

.• BAD DEEDS ANI: WE CAN RETURN TO ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA I ALA IN A PURE

. ~T~7E. HOLY QUR'AN 4:169

6

Haa

W ". "HAJJ":. THE WORD HAJJ MEANS "SEPl'ING OUT." IT IS THE PILGRIM1IGE TO 'mE CITY OF

MN<KA!-I (MEXJ:::A), WHIm IS IN ARABIA. rn THE 'IWEIFI'H I-n."IH OF THE YEAR ON THE llJNA

OR MUSLIM CALENDAR AIL MUSLIMS vlHO ARE ABLE HAVE TO PERFORM HAJJ. IT IS 'lEE FIFI'H PIlLAR OF FAI'IE AND IT IS A RELIGICUS DUlY.

!P'

... , ~

L \J~

.. , "HANIYf'l\H": 'IBIS ~~ MEl\NS "eNE i'ffiO IS INCI..INED." A HANIYF IS A UPRIGI1"T PER-

!P scs. 'lEE PROPHET IBRAHIYH (PBL1H) (SEE PAGE 1) WAS CALLED IWUYF IN THE HOLY

• .".:."; JUR' JlN. WE l\RE TO FOLTlli' HIS EXAMPLE 1Il>lD BE srnCERE m OUR RELIGICUS DUTIES

, . A .......__ AND STRIVE "'ERY HARD 'ID BE OBEDIENT 'IO THE IlW5 AND CO'lV'lANf11EN':rS CF ALLAH SlJB~·HANA WfI. TA'NA •

.. ,

"HADIYTH" : THE \-ORO HADIYTH MEANS "TALES." IT IS A COLLECTICN OF THE 'I'HINGS

.fRAT PEOPLE SAY. THE PFDPHErS (PBUT) DID, SAID, AND 'lEE ACITONS THAT 'lliEY PERFORMED, COLLECI'ED BY THEIR FOLLCWEFS TO GUIDE '.lHEM3ELVES •

"AL HAJAR(f'L-ASWAD": "THE BLACK S'IONE". . _

~ ;' THE BIACl< STONE RESTS INSIDE OF THE ": ?~J;,}1., .. !. ' ..

,;,,; , KA' BAH (SEE PAGE", 23) -IN THE MASJIDU'L - _."~./.:~-:-~.'" t.,:- _"

HAAAH, AT M]>,KKAH (MECCA, SEE PAGE 75) " ~-> '" v- :'

IT IS A BLACK STONE THAT IS OF . .' .,) ( "'.:.

~HE BLACK MUD THAT '!HE proPHET ADlN (PBUH) 1~J': " ~

- . WAS CREATED FRCM. IT IS SUNNAH OF '!HE ,~' I ;,,~.?" ~hll'

ProPHET MIJS'I1iFA MIJH1IMMAD AL AMIN (PBUH) 'ID KISS THE BLACK S'IONE WHEN ONE I ;--'- ,.~-- ..

M!I.KES 'lllEIR HAJJ (SEE ABOVE). WHEN THE PROPHET 'IBRlIHIYM (POOH) AND HIS SON

ISMA'IYL (PBrn) REBUILT THEKA'BAH, THE ANGEL GABRIEL (SAA .. SEE PAGE 6 i . GAVE THEM THE BIACK .

STONE TO PLACE INSIDE OF THE KA'BAH. 1'1' IS STILL 'lffi:RE 1-0 ~s VERY DAY.

"HAAFIZ. " "A GUARDIlIN." THIS· IS A PERSON I'lHO HAS MEM)RIZED THE ENJ'IRE

HOLY OOR'AN. IT IS A VERY HCNOUFABLE TITLE.

"HAYAWI"': "LIFE. n HAYAWI' IS THE LIFE IN ':t'HE THINGS Fll, 1IOCiUID US, SUCH l'S

I THE LJ.FE IN YOU AND l,._IN THE TREES AND Ii'I..O'l'ERS, .AND IT IS AL..CK) IN THE THINGS THAT ~m CANNOT SEE, surn AS THE SPIRI'IUAL IDRID. THIS IS 'mE LIFE THAT ALLAH. SUBHANA WA TA' AlA PAS GIVEN ONTO US.

7

Khaa

, .P / "KHALIYW 'LLAH": THE FRIEND OF .ru:..:LAH." THIS IS THE TITLE 'IHAT WAS

.ill ~ J;1?+ GIVEN TO THE PROFHEI' IBF.AHIYM (PBW). HE WAS A VERY UPRIGHT MAN (SEE

PAGE 1) AND HE WAS VERY OBEDm:JT TO ALU\H SUBHANA VIA TA I AIA. IDRAHIYM

(PBW) WAS WILLIN3 TO SACRIFICE HIS SON ISHllQ (PBUH) FOR THE IlJIJE THAT

.. "'" HE HPD FOR ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA I AIA WAS VERY GREAT. 'lliIS WAS A TEST FOR HIM, TO SEE IF HE w)ULD OBEY ALIJ\H SUBHlINA WA TA·!ILA. QUR'AN 4:125

(.9 ~+ "KHIMAAR" : "FACE VEIL. " IT IS A WORD 'IHAT IS FOUND IN THE HOLY CUR I AN, AND

, IT IS THE COVERING OF THE FACE OF A MLlSLIM WCt11lN SO THAT· ONLY THE EYES CAN

J '" BE SEEN. THIS IS THE ProPER AND LAWFUL DRESS OF A MUSLIM ~ AND IT HELPS

HER TO BE MJDEST AND GUARD AGAINST EVIL. (HOLY QlJR"AN 24 :31)

"I<HADIYJAH" : SHE WAS WE FIRST WIFE OF THE ProPHET MUSTAFA MlJHAMMi!'ID AL AMIN (PBUH) AND THE VERY FIRST PERSOO 'IO CON'ilERl' 'ID HIS MISSION. KHADIYJAH WAS A WEALTHY VUMAN FlU'1 THE TRIBE OF QUIlAISH. SHE WAS VERY cross ro 'lHE PRCPHET MUSTAFA MUII.ru41AD AL AMIN (PBUll) AND SHE IS OOE OF THE "FOUR PERFECI' WCMEN."

() .. ~+ "KHMTIM" : THE WJRD KHAATlM MEANS "SEAL." IT IS A SILVER SIGNEr RING w)FN BY

: MUSLIMS. OUR SIGNET RING IS '!HE SIX POINl'ED STAR AND UPRIGHT CRESCENI'. THE

PROPHET MUSTAFA MIJI-IAMMl'.ID AL AMIN (PBUH) IS '!HE "KHAATIMU'N NASIY" WHIm I

MEANS "SEM. OF THE PIDPHETS. It THIS MEANS THAT HE WAS 'Il!E llIST AND FJNAL

'ProPHET FIDM l'ILLAH SUBHANA WA TA'ALA. (SEE NABIY, PAGE 27).

~" l' ~ "-"'" 'lUIS '-'lID MEANS SEllM:lN. IT IS A SEl>W THATIS GIVEN ruuNl .JUM' A ..

•. + (SEE PAGE 6 ), DURING THE TIME OF THE ZLlHR PRAYER. 'mE roIDl'BAH IS ALSO GIVEN

a.,. )4> BY_JIl'J IMAM 00 THE nAY OF 'lEE 'IWO GREAT FE:A-<'l'IS ('IYD.'S, SEE PAGE l~): 'IYDlili

J<'ITR AND 'IYDU' L AJ::Hl>.A.

+

~~ . .

~ "" "KHALIYFAH": THE w:JRD "KHALIYFAH" MEANS "Sua::ESSOR" OR "ONE WHO IS LEFT

.. • , \ •. BEHIND." THIS TITLE WAS GIVEN TO ADAM (PBUH) WHO W1lS THE VERY FIRST ProPHET. 4L4 ~ HE WAS THE SUCCESSOR 'IO. THE FJl.RIH AND ALIAH SUSHANA WA TA 'AlA PLACED HIM CN E:i!\RlH

¥ TO RULE OVER IT. (SEE HOLY QUR I AN 2: 30) ALLAH SUBH1\NA WA TA' AlA PID1ISED

.. jill' THOSE WHO WORKED FOR THE PEREECrION OF ISl'.lIAM 'IHAT HE l'KlUID MAKE '!HEM KHALIYF1\H.

~ ..

@. :J • 'KHAMR" : 'IHIS WJRD MEANS "INTOXICATICN. II • IT IS ANYTHING 'I'H!l.T ClIU(3ES A PERSON

~.'ro FEEL INroXICATED, SUCH AS WINE, DRUGS AND TOBACCO. (SEE HOLY QURtAN 2:219)

q

(; -- ~ _9 "DU'A": THIS WORD MEA.'1S "PRAYER OR SUPPLICATION." PRAYER IS 'W:lRDS THAT .YOU SAY

,~ hllEN YOU WANT TO o::MMIJNICATE 'IO THE CREATOR, AIJ1lli SUBHANA TrIA TIl' ALA. 1i\lE ALL MUST

" '-""- ~ PRAY TO ALLI\H SliBHANA WA 'I'll. r AIA BECAUSE HF. IS THE ONLY 0l.\1E THAT CAN HELP US AND GUIDE US. OUR ASKING FOR FORGIVENESS AND HELP Fml EIM MAKES US STroNGER AND HELPS US GET ClOOE TO BIH.

J~I~·

Daal

"DIYN": THIS WORD ME'ANS "J1JI:GEMENI''' OR "WAY OF LlFE." THIS IS THE WAY BY WHICH MUSLIMS ARE JUI:GED BY AILAH SUBHANA WA TA' J!\Ill... ACCORDThlG W HCX>I' 'lHEY LIVED THE

a.11MANIMENTS AND LAWS THAT HE WAS GIVEN MAN ON EARI'H. (SEE HOLY QUR'AN 1:3)

"DIRRl\H": THIS IS A SCOURGE MADE FroM A FLAT PIECE OF LEMHER OR 'lWISTED THON:;S USED TO PUNISH MUSLIM3 THAT GO AGAINST THE IAI~ AND CX1~ OF ALLAH SUl3HANA WA TA I AlA. '!HE AM:lUNT OF PUNISHMENl' FOCEIVED DEPENDS ON THE TYPE OF SIN OR CRIME 'IEAT HAS BEEN cc::MMITI'ED. THIS IS ALSO USED 'IQ PUNISH CHIIDREN UNDER THE BOl'I'CM OF THEIR FEEl'.

"DAAWUD" : THIS IS THE proPREI' DAVID (PBW). HE WM THE SECOND KING OF 'mE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL, l>S WELL AS A PROPHET (PBLlIn OF AIJ.Jlli SUBfWlA l'JA 'l'A r ALA.. HE REX:EIVED 'mE SCRIPI'URES TITLED "PSAlMS" AND HE WAS THE JvlAN WHO SrAYED THE PHILISTINE GliINT GOLIATH. HE WAS THE FATHER OF 'mE GREAT KING SLiLAYHMN (PBUlI), SEE PAGE 13)·

"DAANIYAL" (PBUH): DANIEL (PBLlH) WAS A POOPHE!' OF ALIAH SUBHANA WA TA 'ALA V\IHO WAS GIV"EN THE UNDW.s'I1'.NDlNG UP 'l'HE MENlThG OF DFEl\l\:lS. HE HAD'VISIONS OF THE THINGS 'lH1\'I WAS TO TAKE PLACE IN THE FUTURE WHIaI IS PROPHECIES. DAANIYAL (PBUH) WAS AN ISRAELITE Fi'O', 'Im: TRIBE OF JUDAH.

, '

9

Dhaal

"DHABH": '!HIS mRD MEANS THE I1\WFUL SLAUGHTER OF ANIMAlS. ONLY ANIMAIB

SACRIFICED IN THE NAME OF ALIAH SUEHANA Wi\. TA' ALA ARE LAWFUL m EAT. IT IS CCNE BY CUI'I'ING TIlE THROAT OF THE ANIMAL ABOVE THE BREAST AND RECITING '!HE woru::s "ALIl\Ht1 AKBAR." HOLY QUR' AN 2; 67

"DHANB" : "SINII - DIl1\NB IS AN »c: THAT GOES AGAINST THE LAWS AND CCMMANJ::MEN'IS

OF AI.JJlli SUBHANA WA TA 'ALA. WE ARE JUDGED BY OUR SINS. THERE ARE 'IW) SINS THA'!' ALIJ\H SUBHANA WA TIl. , ALA rces NO!' FORGIVE, THAT IS BINDING PARI'NERS WITH ALLAH I AND TAKING ONE'S OWN LIFE (SUICIDE). HOLY QUR' AN 40: 3

"IEARRAH": THIS WORD MEANS AN A'IOM. AN A'lCM IS THE SMALLEST UNIT OF MATIER

'.mAT ANY ELEMENT CAN BE DIVIDED IN'ID. A'KM> roNTAJN PIDI'ONS, NElJI'RrNS AND

ELECI'RONS. THE OORD IEARRAH IS FOUND IN THE HOLY QUR' AN SURllJI 10, VEPSE 61.

THE WESTERN WORLD HAS JUST PECENILY DISaJI.lERED '!HE F1ICM WI'IHIN THE PAST CEN'ItlRY, BUT HAVE I<Na>lN 'THE SCIENCE OF THE: A'IU1 FOR MANY, MANY CENTURIES.

HOLY QUR'¥1 4;40 HOI,Y QDR'AN 10:61

"DHIKR"; THIS WJRD MEANS REMEMBRANCE. AT THE END OF SAIAT (WOPSHIP) MUSLDE

SIT WITH MASBlliAH (PRAYER BEADS) AND DHIKR OR REMEMlER 'IRE MJST BEAUI'IFUL NAMES OF ALlAH SUBHANA WA TA' ALA.. THESE ARE HIS ATI'IUBUTES, 99 FLU; 1 NAMES 'mAT GIVE HIS SERVANIS AN UNDERSTbNDING OF HIS QUALITIES. HOLY QUR'AN 30:49

HOLY QDR'AN"94:4, 43:44 ".

"DHUW'L HIJJAH": THIS IS THE 'IWELFTH M:tiITH OF THE MUSLIM OR LUNA CAlENDAR THAT HAS BEEN SET ASIDE FOR MUSLIMS TO MAKE THEIR HAJJ (PILGRIMAGE, SEE PAGE 7 ) ro Mru<KAH (MEX:.'CA). 'IYW'L ADHAA (THE FEllST OF THE SACRIFICE) AlSO OCCURS OORING THIS MJNTH.

1(;

Raa

"RASt:litlI,": TIllS WORD MEANS "APCGT'"..E." AN APCSTLE IS "ONE SENT" - HE IS A PERSON WHO HAS BEEN GIVEN A SPECIAL JOB BY ALU\H SUBHANA WA TA' KIA TO EXPLlUN '!'BE SCRIPI'URES THAT CAME BEFORE HIM. ALL 'I'03ETHER ALUIH StJBHANA WA TA 'ArA HAS 'GIVEN MAN 'I1mEE HUNDRED AND FIFlEEN (315) APCSTIES.

HOLY QDR'AN 10:47, 12:50

"RAl{'AT": A RAK'AT IS A SERIES OF SEVEN POOTTIONS OR MJI'ICNS THAT WE REPEAT

WHEN WE MAKE am DAILY SAUlT (WJRSHIP I SEE PAGE 15). F1\C'H POSTICN HAS A

SP:OCIAL MEANING. THE: NUMBER OF RAJ<' ATS WE PERFORM DEPENDS UPON WHAT S¥AT

wE ARE MAKING. IT a:lvIES FKM THE WJFD MEANING "TO BCR" _

"Rl'IQIYB": 'lHIS IS THE NAME OF THE 'IWO RECORDING ANGEIS (SRA). THE WJRD "RAQIYB" MEANS ''WATCHERS.'' to: BIRI'H EAOl OF US IS APPOJNTED TI'iO ANGELS (SRA) THAT RECORD ALL OF YOUR THCUrnTS, ACTIONS AND DEEI:6. THERE IS CNE ANGEL (8RA) ON THE IEFT I WHO RECORDS THE B1ID THINGS THAT WE 00, AND ONE ANGEL (SM] ON THE RIGFfI', WHO RECORJ:6 THE GOOO THINQ; 'mAT WE 00. WHEN WE STAND BEFORE ALU\lf SUBBlINA VIA TA' AIA FOR JUI:GEMENI', WE WILL BE JUDGED

ACCORDIN(! TO '!HE DEEI:6 ~VIIJ:,) THA,}' HAVE BErn mmHDED BY RAQIYB. HOLY QU"R'AN 5:117, 11:93

,/ ,

• ' .•• _ .: "" "AAMADlIlIN": THIS IS TEE NIN'IH MCN'IH OF THE MOSL:fM OR llJNAR Cl'LENDAR IN

I • ~ '~VHICH MUSLIMS ARE '1'0 FAST.. rr IS CNE OF THE FOOR SACFE:D M:NTHS OF

'-" .J WE YEAR. IT WAS DURING THIS M:N'IH THAT THE FIRST ~Ui'VHAH (CHM'TER, SEE PAGE

13 ) r CF 'lim EOr,Y QlJR' AN WAS RE.VEALED TO THE PROPHET r.'USTAFA Ml"HAz.·tflAD AL MJ'.JN (PBUH). FASTING DURJNG THIS .MON'IH IS A RKLIGlaJS Dlj'l'Y THA'l' ALL KlSLIMS

J ," SHOOID PERFORM. AND IT IS THE FCXJm'H PILlAR OR WITNESS OF FAITH THA'l' MUSLIMS

• • liPHOID. HOLY QUR'AN 2:185 .

W !J'1-" , .

. ...../.. "RIatJAANIt (SPA): THIS IS 'IRE NAME OF THE ANGEL (SRA) WHO WILL BE THE GUARD OF

, "/ ,THE GATE OF PARADISE. (SEE ANGEL (SM) , PAGE 26) • (SEE H. Q. 3:14, 9:21, 57:20

JJ ~ ._O ~.,_9 (JJ

"RIJWHU ALItlli": THIS IS THE TITlE THAT WAS GIVEN TO THE PROPREI' lSA IBN .MARYJ\!I.~ (POOH). IT MEM\lS "SPIRI'I' oF ALIllli." 1M (PIDH) IS THE SeN CF THE ANGEL JIBRAA-IYL (SRA, SEE PAGE 6 ) WHOSE TITlE IS "RIHm'L OODDtMS

(THE HOLY SPIRIT)". (SEE HOLY QUR'AN 2:253 ).

11

Zaa

"ZAKAWI'''; THIS OOEID MEANS "PIEI"I, PIOUS. fI ZAKAWI' IS '!HE ''POOR-Ri\'IE'', WHICH IS THE THIRD PILIAR OF FAITH AND A RELIGIOUS Dl1I'Y 'IHAT ALL MUSIDJS :MUST PERFORM. IT IS THE GIVING OF AIMS IN THE FORM OF ·M:NEY, FOOD, cromING, E'IC. 'IHESE ITEMS GO 'ID 'lEE POOR ANll NEEDY AND TO TRAVEIERS eN THEIR JOURNEY.

HOLY OUR'AN 2:43, 9:11

"ZUBUWR" ; THIS IS THE ARABIC NlI.ME OF THE SCRIP'IURES "PSAI.MS," WHICH IS THE SCRIPl'URES '!HAT WAS REVEALED 'IO THE PROPHET DAAWUD (DA\i'ID ,PBUH). THEY CDNSISTS OF '.mE OORDS OF' ARABIC OF' OLD HEBREW 'IODAY, SONGS 'IHAT ~VERE SUNJ BY 'lw) GREAT mons. INTERV)'JE (SPACES) OF MUSIC WAS PI.JI.YID BETIWEEN EACH SECI'ION.

'IRE IEVITES (THOSE ISRAELITES WHO WERE FI<avI THE TRIBE OF LEVI) WERE RESPONSIBLE:

FUR THE OffiANIZATION OF 'I'llE PERF'ORMANCE.'S OF PSAlMS AT 'I'fJE RFJ,IGIOtJS SEFVICES, (SEE OLD TESTAMENT, THE BXlK OF PSAllE). HOLY QUR'AN 21:105.17:55 ,.4:163

G~:J/ "",,;, "ZAI<AIUYYA." (PBUH): ZAKARIYY'A WAS HIGH PRIEST llNIO ALI.AH SOBHANA WA TA 'ALA.

• HE WAS RFS1?CNSIBLE FOR KEEl?ING THE OBSERVANCE OF THE MOSAIC LAW. FOR '!HE

I 'SAKE OF '!HE PRIESTHOOD HE PPAYED TO 1ILLAH SUBHANA WA TA' AlA FOR A SON (HEIR)

.. I ..../ TO CCNI'INUE HIS PRIESTHOOD AND WIN THE PEOPLE BlICK TO THE IDRSFUP OF ALLAH

~ SUBHANA WA TA' AlA. HIS PRAYERS WEPE - ANSWERED, .i'\ND ALIAH GAVE HIM A. SeN (SEE "YUWHANNA" PBllH, CALLE.D JOHN THE BAPTIST PAGE 31). HOl,Y QUR'AN 21:90

"ZABAANIYAH" (SRA): THIS IS THE NAME OF THE ANGElS (SM) WHO ARE THE GUARI:IS OF THE GATES OF HELL. THE WORD "ZABAANIYAH" MEANS "GUARDS." IT IS SAID THAT THE ANGEL MALIKIY (SRA) , (SEE, PAGE 25) WUL BE THE CHIEF. (SEE HOLY QUR'AN, SUWRAH 96, VERSE 18).

~ ,,"ZAM Z1\M": IS THE NfIME OF THE \Ii'ELL THAT WAS GIVEN TO lJAlIJAR AND ISW\'IYL (PBllH) ~ ~ • WHEN 'IHEY LEFl' THE HOUSEHOID OF THE PROPBEl' IBRAHIYM (PBUH, SEE PAGE 1 ). '1OOAY ~ ..... ,IT IS A SACRED SITE FOR ALL MUSLIMS, AND IT IS VISI'IED AND 'IRE WATER IS DRrnK l""/ -:....;BY. 'mE PIIGRIMS ON HAJJ (PIIGRIMA.GE, SEE PAGE 7 ) •

I't "ZIJ1lIJ.\M" : THIS IS 'IRE ANCIENT ARABIC WORD FOR NCSERING. HAAJP.R., THE. WIFE_

~ . OF THE proPBEl' IBRAHIYM (FBrn) WAS THE FIBST v:x:MAN 'IO WEM. 'IHE NCISERING.

!9' ., · IT IS A TINY SILVER CIICLE. THAT IS SYMEOLIC OF '!HE 360 DEGREES OF KNcmLErGE

r \..0 ~ WHIaI ALL1IH SUBHANA WA TA' N.A. MADE EVIDEffl' IN 'lEE HEAVENS AND THE EARIH. ;"",; IT AISO REPRESEl'Tl'S THE CIRCG1FERENCE OF THE UNIVERSE. IT IS PART OF OUR HERITAGE AND CULTlT.RE AS ISMA'IYLI'!'ES (SEE PAGE 1 ). 'ID WEAR THE NJSERIN3.

12

Siin

"SUWRAH": '!HE hDIID SIJWRAH MEANS "DEGREE" OR "CHAPl'ER." IT IS THE NAME '(F '!HE SECl'ICNS 'THAT THE LAST"TESTAMENT, THE HOLY Q:_~~' AH, IS DIVIDW llJ'ID. WE HOLY CUR'AN CONTAINS CNE HUNDRED J\ND FaJRTEfN (114) SUWRAHS (CHAPTEFS).

"SUNN1\H": THIS ~\uRD !1EANS "THADITICN.... IT IS 'l'BE OJSTCMS, HABITS AND

ACI'ICNS THAT TIlE PROPHE'IS OF ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA I AIA PERFORMED. 'IODAY WE FOILCW 'I~ SUNNAH OF Till, PROPl]},'l'S (PBU'i-1,) BECAlJSE ~iiEY ARE THE EXAMPLE OF RIGffi'EOU~. HOLY QUH'AN 8:39, 15:13

"SAJl)AH": SAJD1ill IS THE POSITlrn WHEN WE AIlE MAKING SAIAT (WORSHIP, sEE PJ.l(;E . '15) WHERE tVE PlACE OOR FOREHEADS AND HANDS l.lPCN 'IRE FLOOR.

THE WORD SAJDAH MEANS "PRCSl'RATICN" •. HOLY QUR'AN 32:15

"SABI'UN": '!HE SEVEmH DAY OF THE WEEK 'mAT BEDlliS Kr MAGHRIB (SUNSm') FRIIlAY e.·" ,~ l'ND ENDS NJ! MAGHRIB (SUNSET) SATURDAY. .MUSLIMS OBSERVE THE SABBATH BY LIOOlNG

L' volHITE, UNSCENTED CANDIES, lIND SPENDnK; '!HE DAY nf FRAYER, RFJlJ)lNG SClUP1'URES,

.. ~_rl -'t .... _+." AND REl-1flo)BERJNG ALLAH SUl3HANA WA TA' AlA. 'lllE SABBATH IS FCUl'ID IN 'mE HOLY CUR'llN

.(2:65) •

"SUlAYMMN (PBUH) Ij: (SOI.CM::N, 1?I3tJH). HE WM 'mE Stu OF THE PFOl?1lE.'l' DAAWtlD

(PBUH). HE W1lS BI.:ESSED WlTH l<NanEDGE, tJNDERSTJ.\NDING AND GCW JUl::JGI3Ml!N!'. ALilIH SUBHANA WA 'l'A'llJ.A G1lW H1M THE CXM<WID OF '.mE W!ND, AND 'lllE UNDERSTANDlNG CF THE IANGUAGE OF THE HE:E8, BIFDS, AMl llN'rS. HE tlAD A VERY GREAT KINGOCM llNLIKE .ANY OiliER KING. THE S'IDltr OF THE PROPHEr SUIAYMAAN (PBllH) CAN Bl:";

FOOND ru THE OW TESTAMENT, AJN]J. THE HOLY QUR'AN (34:12, 27:17).

13

\

r, I' , "SHAHAADATUN" : '!HE WOFD S~H MFJ\NS "BEARING WITNESS." IT IS A CEREM:lNY : .. l ~ !J IN WJlIOf ONE llllAl<S "nNWS "1M "JnrIN; C",",,'IlS ,,""'1' 1IW\H SlUlI''''''' ""

.., W 'B\' AIA (SEE I<ALIMAH r PAGE 23). WHEN A MUSLIM TAKES THEIR SHNWIDAH, THEY

HAVE TO· LIVE ISIMM AS A WAY OF LIFE. THEY MUST uPHOLD 'lEE F~ WITNESSES OF FAI'ffi AND STRIVE HARDIN THE WNl OF J'ILUl.R SUBHANA WA TA'A!Jl". HOLY QUR'AN 5;106

,;.

(9 *' "SHARIY'AH": THIS IDRo MEANS "LAW~" IT IS THE TEACHINGS OF THE HOLY

.~? ... QUI" I l\N ~.JD l'IoE TIWJI'l'Ia~S OF 'HlE prallE? l-IDS'l'AFA ~ AI, NUN (PEtm)

~ ....., USED 'I().~ AN ISIlIMIC SCCIFI'Y N3 IlIIiIS AND REGlJLATIQJS. SHARIY'AH

.. ....,I"" . HELPS KEeP 'lHE SCCIEI'Y SOOND AND SI'RCNG AND HEIPS IT GUARD AGAINST EVIL

AND WICKEDNl:SS. HOLY QUR'AN 45;18'

"SlIAYKH": 'IRIS IS THE TITLE GIVEN 'IO AN ELDERLY MAN ABOVE '!HE .AGE OF FIF'I'Y YFARS WHO HAS A PCSITICN OF AU'IHORITY. A "SHAYKH" SIDULD BE VERY LEARNED AND RESPECI'ED WI'lHIN THE CCl>MJNI'IY OR SOCIE'lY 'IHAT HE LIVES IN.

HOLY QUR'AN 28:23

"SHA' YA (POOH)": TIllS IS THE NAME OF 'IDE POOPHET ISAIAH (PBUH).

HE REC'EIVID THE w)RD 'OF THE NEW· JEIlIJSAIEM lIND 1'HE CCl'lING OF THE

PROPHET ISA AL MASDf (PBUH, SEE PAGE rs ), ms FATHER'S NAME WAS l\MOZ AND HE LIVID IN JERUSALEM. HE I,!VBD l'ND PROPHF:crSED Dl.JRrnG 'IRE REIGN (RULERSHIP) OF FooR KnlGS OF JUDAH: KING UZZIAl:!; KING J~; KING AHAZi NiD ¥.1NG HEZ~. 'l'HE.BOOI<S OF ISAIAH (SHA 'YA, PBUH) C'.AN BE FCUND rn

THE ow TESTAMEm' (SEE TlIWllMH, p}:I[;E 4).

14

Saad

(9~ "SAIAT": SAIAT IS ".IDRSHIPII• IT IS 'I"HE: S:ocaID. PILIAA (WI'INFSS) OF FAnH

"'·1 "" NiJD A RELIGIOOS DU'I'Y GIVEN TO US BY ALlAH SUBHANA WA TA'AlA. An" CF Tb'R

~. PROPlffi'I'S (PBD'I') MADE SAIM. 'lliE PCSITIOOS THAT WE 00 WHEN WE !-lAKE OUR BArAT

REPRESENTS THE CREATICN OF MAN. SAIXI' PURIFIES OOR scots AND KElPS t.s m

THE REMlM3RANCE: CF AI.LAB SUBHANA WA TA' AIA. FIVE TIME'S A DAY ALL ~:R THE WORID, l-USLIMS STAND 'I'CX3ETHER FACING THE KA I BAH (SEE PAGE 23) IN MARKAH AND RECITE 'I'HEIR SALAl'. SALAT GUARDS US A.GAlNST EVIL lIND REl'i::l:NDS US THAT AllAH SUBHANA WA TA' AlA IS THE CRE'.ATOR OF 'lEE HEAVENS AND EARTH AND ALL PRAISE IS DUE TO HIM ALCNE. mI.;'{ QUR'AN 2:3, 2:157

"SAWM": THIS WORD MEANS "FAST". 'lUIS IS THE sa: OF Nor EATING AND DRINKJN:.> ANYTHING FRCM SL'NRISE 'ID St1NSEI'. THE NINTH M::NnJ: OF THE MUSLIM OR IlJNAR CALENDAR IS SEl" ,ASIDE FOR ALL ABLE MUSLIMS TO FAST. THIS IS THE, MCNl'H {][<'

P.AMM)AAN (SEE PAGE·ll). THE FAST OF FMWlMN IS A RELIGlOOS DUTY THAT ML"ST

BE PERFORMED. FASTING HElPS us TO UNDEFSTlIND THE SUFFERINGS AND HARDSHIPS

OF PEU'LE LESS FOR'I'UNA'I'E 'l'HAN OOFSELVES WHO GO HUNGRY :EVERYDAY. IT TE.l\CRES

US DISCIPLINE AND SACRIFICE. HOLY QUR'AN 19:26

1 • .

,--;. t \'~' ",.". "SAFIY ALLAH": THIS IS THE 'l'ITLE GIVEN TO THE PROPHE'l' ADAM (POOH) •

.w rr'MEtlNs "CHOSIiN OF AIJAH". (SEE ADAM (PBOH), PlIGE 1 ).

1Jw",

/' <.9.9,

CJ ( ~) (SThGUIAR), ( ~ ) (pIlJRAL)' "SJ1EiIYF'AH": THIS

. ;' . IS TEE-oNE: HUNDRED PROl'IOOS OF SCI4PI'URES THAT WAS GIVEN ro THE PRO-

... ' ,~, "'" PHETS: 10 PORTIONS TO ~ (PBUH); 50 PORl'IQNS '!P. SE'IH (PEUH); 10

44.4z...:::'t::.%4 PORTIONs 'ro IDRIS (ENOCH, PBUH) ; AND 10 PORl'IONS TO IBAAHIYM (PBlE).

' .. ,. . HOLY QUR'AN 74:52, 98:2

~1 ~ " /' ( &~ ) SINGUUffi., (~bcj~J PWRAL, "SALIHAATI": THIS IDRD MEANS ~ ~ ~ PERFECTION." AS WE SI'RIVE TO BE l'llJSLn1 EACH DAY, WE STRIVE FOR PERF&.:TICN,

". WHICH IS ISlAM, CIJR WAY OF LIFE. THE IDFD SALIHAATI IS FOOND IN WE HCLY

"" QUR'AN (103:3)

"SADAQAH": THIS IS "AIMS GivING". IT IS TIlE GIVING OF k'CXXl, CLOI'HlliG,

OR rvrnEY TO THOSE IN NEED. 0:-1 THE DAY OF 'IYD'L-FITR (FEAST OF THE BBElIKINC CF 'lEE FAST, SEE PAGE 19) IT IS TIlADITICN '10 GIVE All'lS TO TEE POOR. 'IHIS IS CALLED "SlillAQATO'IrFITR. It THE WJRD SADAQl\H IS FCUND IN '!HE HOLY QUR'AN 2:263, 264.

15

Daad

~~

~UJI

t.!~

"AD-DlIALIYN''': 'IHIS WORD IS FOUND IN THE HOLY QUR'AN EIGHT TIMES

IT MEANS "1IS'I'RAY OR ERRING -mES." THESE: ARl:; THE PF.oPI.E h'HO TURN J;J.OO FRCM THE 'I'RU'TI-I (ISlJl.AM) AND GUIOMK::E r AND DO NOr \-lANI' TO ACCEPT THE

IlIWS lIND Cc::nwmf1ENTS OF ALLAH SUl>JIANA WA. 1'A' J>.lA. -

"DARIY'UN": THIS IS A TYPE OF PIANT SAID TO GRail IN HELL. IT IS 'lEE F'CCO

THAT WILL BE Gl\Il1N 'ID THE GUILTY ill BELL (HOLY gJR'1\N 88:6) •

• "DARR": DARR MEANS "AFFLICI'I(l\f."

CN MAN BY MJ:AH SUBHANA WA TA' AlA.

IT IS THE TYPE OF AFFLICrICN PlACED (H.Q. 6:17, 10:107).

"DIYN\F1\J:I" : THIS 'i'X:lRD MEANS "HOSPITALITY. II IT IS TRADITION FOR t-tUSlJMS

'ID BE HOSPITAB.LE, WHICH MEANS BEING KIND AND GIVThTG TO GOFST, VISITORS, AND TRAVELERS. WHEN WE ARE HOSPITABLE, WE MAKE aJR VISITORS AND GUESTS FEEL

Nr HCl>IE.

"AD-lJllHAy;lI THIS IS 'l'EE NAME OF 'IlIE 93RD CH1\PI'ER- or 'IlIE HOLY QDR'AN

I'l; MEANS -"THE RISThTG SUN." IT IS THE TIME OF DAY BE'lWF.E'I SUNRISE AND NCXN WHEN CNE OF WE vonlN'rnRY SAIA'IS - -(WJFSHIP, SEE PAGE 15) CAN BE PERFOmIr.

"01 'FAYNI": THIS hQRD MEANS "'lW:)-FOID" OR "IXXJBLING." IT IS Fa.lND ill 'JllE HOI ,Y c,tlR I W liND I'l' IS USED IN mFEHENCE 'IO THE 'IW:)-FOID OIASTISEMENJ;'_ '!HAT vITLL BE PIACED UPON ~ GUILTY. . (If. Q. 33:68, 33:30).

16 '

-.1

~H

Taa

"TAHAARAT": THIS NJRD 11Ei"NS PURIFICATICN. IT IS THE illMOVAL OF ALL tJNCI..E1lN-

LINESS BY Rl'lUAL BtI.'l'HING AND W1ISH1NG. 'I'llEBE ARE MANY FORMS OF TAHAARAT. MJSLIMS BY U.W AND TRADTI.'ICN SHOUID BE VERY CLEAN I AND WE MCST PURIFY UJRSELVES SO THAT WE CAN PEFFOFl4 am. RELIGlOOS DUTIES (stJCB AS SALAT (WJFSHIP) SEE PAGE is).

"TALISMAN": TALISMAN IS SEEKING PRCIrECI'ICN FRCM EVIL. WITH 'l'HE USE CF THE

M:lH,D S OF ALlAH SUBHANA WA TA 'lJA (FRCM THE SCRIP'IURES AND DHIKRS) , AND HIS GLORICUS NAMES (THE 99 PillS 1 ATI'RIBUTE'S), AND WEARING SILv"ER AND CII'HER OBJECI'S, WE SEEK 'l'HE PRarEC'l'ICN OF ALlAH SUBHANA WA 'l'A I MA. A TALISMAN CAN BE IDRN, RECITED,

OR ~ffiI'ITlli, se A ME.ANS OF WARDING OFF THE EVI,L FORCBS THAT SURRCUND US f.VERYDAY.

!9

.. , SAL; "'lViIN',Q": 'lIjIS WORD MEANS DI\.~ORCE. IT IS THE IAWFur_, RELEASE OF A HUSIWID

, Q ' AND WIFE FFOM THEIR M!\ffiUAGE TIE. THERE ARE MANY RULES AND REGUIATICNS REGARIr

~, 'ING DIVoRCE. LIl.WS ~ DIVORCE CAN BE ,FOOND IN THE HOLY QUR'JI,N (95:1).

IT IS FEUlBDED IN HADIYTH THAT DIVORCE IS DISP:j:SED BY ALIJ.IH SUBHANA WA TA I AIA

'I'HUl'GH IT IS U,WF'l,L. .

"T1\WA1\F": WHEN A MUSLIM MAKES HAJJ (PIlJ3RIMlIGE, SEE P;U:: 7) HE PERFOfM; TAWMF. 'IRIS IS THE JlJ:!r OF ENCIRCLING (GOING ARUJND) THE KA~BJ.lli (SEVEN 'l'IMES) • 'IHIS IS AN OBLIGATORY ('l'Hl1T WHAT WE MUST, DO) PARI' OF 'lliE Bi\JJ,

AND THE FIRST 'lHREE TIMES ARE !2CNE IN QUICK STEPS, AND '!HE LAST FOUR ARE MADE M A SI.Cl'iI PACE.

"'I'MLIB" : THE mID TMLIB MEl\NS "am WHO SEEKS." IT IS A PERSrn WHO SEEKS ALI1'IH SUEllANA WA TA'AIA, THRCl1GH DISCIPLINE, SACIUFlCE, AND KEEPING

• ~ HIS REMEMBRAN:E.. '

" "TIYN": 'IHIS IS "mE B!K:K MJD 'IlW '!BE l3ODl{ OF 'lEE PROPHE.T ADAM (PBUH) WAS,

CREATED CF. THIS 'MUD W1IS TAKEN F:RC:M THE JUNCTICN OF THE 'IW) NILE RIVI::PS: 'il1E

BIDE 1\ND THE WHITE NIIE. 'IHIS IS IN SllDI'.'N, AFRICA. (SEE H.Q. 15:28,29).

17

z

Zaa

:f ..p "ZUIMAH": :'.OO1A1'. MEANS DARFJ'lESS. IT IS Nor THE DARKNESS THA'l' YOU CAN SEE BOT

tj" t ~ IT IS~ THE DARKNESS CF THE MIND. 'IHIS r.lENTAL DARKNESS IS IGNORANCE, TRANSGRESSIOO,

~' ~, IJX[ATlI;Y .(~FSHIP OF mOIS)" IT IS Nor BEING ABLE TO SEE THE LIGHI', WHIQ! IS

..,"" .. &IW' ..... _~ ISu;.AM (THE TRU'lH). (H., Q. 24:40).

...9

, ,"ZHtjR": IS mE OF THE 5 OBLIGATORY (FARD, PAGE 21) SAIATS BERFORMED BY A

iSTIUVING MUSLIM. IT IS AN EARLY AFrERNCXN PRAYER L'Qm WHEN THE SUN HAS IIEFr lis MERIDIAN. ZUllR SAIAT CCNSISTS OF FOOR SUNNAH (PAGE l3) BEFORE

FARD (PMiE 21) POOR FARD AFTER SUNNAH AND 'lW) SUNNAH AF'IER FARD. '

HOLY QUR'AN 30:18

C9~. "ZIHAAR": ZIHMR IS THE LAWFUL SEPARA'l'IClJ OF A HUSBAND JlND WIFE. THIS

.J .' SEP1\RATICN lASTS l,'NTIL THE BUSBAND AND WIFE ARE IAlIlFtiLLY DIVORCED. (SEE

.' "T1lJ.lIAQ, PAGE; 17). HOLY QUR'AN 58:2~3'

~ ~"ZUIM": IS ,FRCM WE ABOVE IDRD .AND IS AN ACr OF DAIlJ<N"ESS. IT IS FOOND IN 'lllE

(9: 1, t, £ . HOLY QUR I AN, AND IT IS ACI'S THAT AIllIH SUBHANA WA. TA' N..A DOES Nor URE (SEE ~ HOLY QUR'AN 11:117

1B

'Iyn

. ,_:, "IYSA'; (PBUH): THIS IS TEE PROP.Efr.'l' JESUS SCN OF MARY (PBUH), WHO WAS 'l'HE

. c_ lAST PROPHET SENT ro 'lEE Ql"nDREt'l OF ISRAEIJ. HE IS .ALSO KNOi'l'l AS J;L MA..Srn

~ta .. ..___ ('lHE MESSIAH). HIS FATHER WAS THE ANGEL JIBRAA.-IYL (SRA, SEE PAGE 6 ).lIND

. .." HE WAS TITLED "RUWHU ALUIH" (SPIRIT OF ALIAH) • "

"IYD": THIS WOPD MEANS E'ElIST. 1'1' IS A JOYaJS CELEBRATION wiTH DANCING, FEASTWG

l\l:ID MIJCE FESTIVITIES. THERE ARE 00 MAJOR I rYDS CELEBRATED BY MJSLIMS· ALL OVER

~, THE WORID. • IYD' L FITR IS THE .FEAST OF THE BFE2\KING OF 'IHE FAST. IT MARKS THE

\ - r . END OF THE ~DNTH OF RAMl'IDAAN (SEE; PAGE 11) AND GIFTS ARE GIVEN AND AlliS (SEE ~ SADAQAH, PAGE 15 ). 'r'HE SElXlID FEAS'r IS 'IYDU'L ADHA. 'IRIS IS THE FEAST OF TEE

.. ,I SACHIFiCE. WE FEASI' CN 'IRIS DAY AS A ~CE OF 'lm; TES'l' <F FAITH 'FlJAT THE'

. PROFHE'l' .;IBRAHIYH(PJ3l)H) UNDER WENT 'WHEN 1m WAS TOJD TO SACRIFICE HIS SeN I'SJ.J?>Q ,j' (PBUH) (SEE ISHAQ (PBUH), PAGE 1 ).

~ , .,; ~ • It I IZFAA:"'IYL" (l:SRAEL, SFA). THIS IS THE NAME 6F THE ANGEL (SRA) OF

~~ DEATH. HE IS ONE OF' THE SEVEN ARCH ANGElS (SRA), AND HIS JOB IS 'ill . .TAKE THE SCUL OF MEN UPON THEIR DEATH •

.. ,..., .,; . . ':

.... .... ..~-:;; .u h ""~i;;

, 'J'!';'" Al3DULIAll" : I ABDULlJIH MFJ\NS "SERVANT OF ALLAH. " msLIM:: MUST STRIVE TO

t . BE I ABDULlllli BY DED." lCATING THEIR LIVES 'ID THE tJPLlJ.i"I't.lEN.r OF ISUlAM, FOL-

l. c_ ILWING THE IJ!.WS AND CCI+WD1ENTS GIVEN ro MAN BY ALIAH SUBHANA WA TA'l\LA.

, ...,_~ 'ABOOLUIH IS TIlE HIGHEST TITLE THAT mE CAN OBTAIN. '

..

"AA- ISHA" : CNE OF THE MaST hELL KNCWN WIVES OF THE PROPHE!' M;STAE:A MlJHilM.IAD

.. ~" ~~" .AI... AMIN (PBUH). SHE WAS MARRIED 'IV THE 'PROPHE'"f MUSTAFA 1>1IJHAlIor>W) AL AHm (FErn)

..i .. 'AT 'mE AGE CF NINE YEARS. HER FATHER WAS ABU BAKR (ffi'X:N) mE OF THE FIRST ccs-

-~4 Itt .'VER!'S OF THE PFOPHET (PBUH). ABU BAKR HAD UNSH1'IKl\BiE FAITH AND BEING A FlIMILY

, OF GREAT WEALTH, HE SPENr .MUCH IN THE WRl P.ND CAUSE CF ISLMM. I A- ISHA DIED .M THE AGE OF SIRIY-FIVE, AND SHE HAD THE TITIE "lM"lU lr-MU'1>DNIYN" WHICH J.'.lEANS

"MYIEER OF TIlE BELIEVERS." .

• l

"ARAFAT": TH,~f\s<:; ;'I'HF:,.~1~ OF THE FAMJUS MXIN'I' THAT IS TWELVB 1>JIU,;s FRa'l

WlliKAH (·'=r.:C"'·. THE""S'l'OK;;-RAFJIT' ~1EANS "MCUN'I' OF RECXa>JITICN. n IT IS A

<;U".... . WHO ARE CN HAJJ (PILGRIMAGE, SEE PJICE 7).

\IT lli..jb ROCITE TI:lE: NOON DAY -S1'iI.AT CN 'illE._NIN'IH [{HI)BAH (SEE PAGE B).

19

Ghytn

"GHIYBAH" : THIS mRD MEANS "REVILE." IT IS TALKING FAlSELY ABCU1' AND SPREADJNG EVIL THINGS ABOUI' ANOI'HER PEFSCN. "GHIYBi'lH1T IS CCNDEMNED IN

THE HOLY QUR'l>N. (SEE R.Q. 72:26)

• "GHUSL ~": THIS IS THE WASHING OF THE ENTIRE BODY.

IT IS SUNNNl CF 'IHE PROPHETS (PBUT) AND IT HAS BEEN HANDED

J:lQ\N '1'0 US 'IBRC{X';H THE PROPHET M]STAFA r.1lJHt'l1.W\D AI. AMIN (PBOH). AN INT.ENTICN (NIYYAT, SEE Px;E 27 ). HAS TO BE. MADE WHEN YOO

ARE READY'JX) MAKE GHUSL, AND IT HAS TO BE PERFORMED FACThlG

THE QIBUIH (SEE PAGE:2;2).

"GHAMUWRAH": THIS IS THE CITY THAT WAS DESTROYED BY ALIiIH SUBIiANA WA TA 1 AlA. ~SE THE SINS AND 'lRANSGRESSHNS Of_ ~ REpPJE ~. OJER BEARING •. A .

WARNER WAS SEN!' 'IO GHAMUWRAH, WHO WAS THE PROPHET ww.r (LOr I PBUH). HCMEVER

THE PECPLE REFi.JsFD TO REPENT 1\ND OBEY THE ~T OF ALLAH SUBli:ANA

WA. TA' AlA. (SEE Il.lWI' (PBllH), PAGE 24).

GHMZI" : A GHMZI IS A PERSCN WHO FIGHTS IN THE Wfl...Y OF ISINIM. IT IS A BEID OR WARRIOR. FIGHI'ThlG FOR ISI..ru-1 IS A RELIGIWS IXlTY FOR ALr. 1IBLE MUSlJMS.

IT IS Sl\ID 'llfAT TIIC6E WHO DIE IN '!HE CAUSE Ol" ISLAM WILL BE REWARDED IN PARADISE (SEE; ~, PAGE. 6).

18

F

Faa

"

., .

~

9 ,

.....

,~9

,

I~

"FARO" : THESE AF.E THE TIllNGS THAT ARE OBLIGA'TORY, OR THAT WHAT WE HUST 00.

IT IS THE FIVE PRAYERS GIVEN 'IO THE PROPHEI' MUSTAFA Ml:JHAW.1A[) AL NIDl (PBmi)

BY ALi.lIH SUBHANA WA TA'ALA DURING M l'1I'RMJ (ASCENTION, SEE PAGE '26 ). '!HE FIVE FARD PRAYERS ARE: SAIATU'L FAJR; SALATU'L ZUHR; SAIA'IU'L 'ASR, SA.[AW'L MAGHRIB; lIND SAIA'IU'L 'ISHM- (SEE SAIAT P,l!l;E 15).

"FAJR": TIUS IS DAWN, JUST BEFORE TIm SUN BEX;IN 10 RISF;. 1'1' ISA ?ERlq.J WHEFE CNE OF 'lEE FIVE OBLiGATORY (FARO) PRAYERS ARE PERFORMED.,

lIFIQH": MEANS JURISPRUDENCE. IT IS THE RELIGIOUS lIND CIVIL U'.ws THAT ARE

OBSERVED BY MUSLIMS. (SEE SH1\RIY'AH, PP.GE 14).

"FITRAH" : WIS ~iQRD MEANS "NATURE." IT IS THE CUSTCMS OF CLEJlNLINESS PERFORMED BY "mE PROPHET MUS'):'AFA MtJHAM.1AJ) AL AMIN (POOH) FITR ARE THE ACl'S OF CLEANLINESS SUCH AS: THE CLIPPING OF THE NAIIS, AND MUSTACHE, THE c::LE'ANING OF' TEETH WITH A STICK CMJ.ED MISHWlIAK,

AND THE SHAVING OF THE PRI'VATE PARI'S. FITR IS SUNNAH OF THE

PROPHET MUSTAFA_M.JlW.WID .AL JIMIN (?BUH).

"FIYllJN" : 'IHE WJRD FIYLUN MEANS EIEPHANT. T!-IE PROPHET MUSTAFA 1'1lJHAMvlAD AL J.\MIN

(PBrn) WAS BORN IN THE YEAR OF THE ELEPHANT, WHIm WAS 570 A.D. IN THAT YEAR

ABRAHA AI. l\SHRllM PLANNID AN A'ITACK 00 'l'HE KA' BAH (SEE PAGE 23) • HE USED AN ARMY

OF ELEPHANTS WHIaI IS ~'IHY IT IS TITIED "THE YEAR OF THE EIEPHANT." StJIwru' L FIL" OR THE QmREE OF THE ELEPHANT IS THE 105TH SUWRlili (CHAPTER) OF THE HOLY QJR' AN. IT· 'l'ELLS THE STORY cF ABRrulA. AI. ASHRAM .AND THE KA' BAH.

21

Qaaf

"QUR' AN": THE QUR' lIN IS THE SCRIPI'URE TH1\T vms REVEALED TO THE PROPHET MUSl'AFA MlIHAM1!ID AL J.IMIN (pBUH). IT IS 'Iim IAS'l' 'I'ESTAMENT WHICH WAS REVEALED 'IDTEE SEAL CF THE PROPHETS.. 'l'HE hURD am' AN 'CCMES }'RG1 'lEE WORD "QAFA' A," THIS MEANS "Jill COLLECI'ED 'I'HllIGS 'i."'(QJrflloR," OR "HE: REC:r:;~'ED 1- THING. I. THE JIDLY QlJR' NJ IS DIVIDED INl'O'114 PARTS WHICH IS CALLED SUWRAHS (SEE PAGE 13 ). THE EN'TIRE

QUR '"AN WAS REVEALED TO THE PROFHE"!' MOSTAFA M..lH1\M>W..D AI... AMIN [PBUH) OIlER A

PERIOD OF ~--'lliREE YEARS." "

."

~", ,~ ,,_.u.,,"

"QIBIl\H": THE QIBIAH IS THE DIRECI'I(lII ~ MAKKAH IN WHICH AU~ MUSLIMS FACE WHEN THEY ARE MAKING SAlJI_T (WORSHIP, SEE PAGE 15). WE QIBIAH IS MARKED IN THE MASJ:ID (SEE PAGE 25) BY A nrcas (A CURVE SPACE "m 'mE WAlL KNCW\! AS A MII~/ IT IS '!'aVARl:6 THE MIHRMB THAT WE FACE I BEmG ASSURED '!HAT WE ARE MAKING OUR SALAT IN THE COP.P.EC1' DIREqIlOO. ~

"QA 'DAH" = THIS IS TIlli SITTING POSITIm IN SAIl\.1' (IDFSHIP) ~ TIlE TASHlIDUD IS RECITED. IN '!HIS POOITION I THE KNEES .ARE RESTING rn THE FIroR AND THE PAIMS ARE FESTIN3 ON 'IRE THIGHS. THE INDEX FINGER OF THE RIGHI' Hl'IND POINTS IN THE DIRECTION CF THE QIBIJ'.IH (SEE PAGEJ22) WHEN ONE OF REX;ITING THE TASHADUD.

"QAWI1J'L HAQQ": 'IlIIS IS CNE CF THE TITLES GIVEN TO ~T'HE POOPBEl' ISA (JESUS, PEUI, SEE PM;E 19). IT lv1F.ANS "THE SAYING OF TFllTH." THIS TITLE CAN BE FaJNI) IN 'lEE HOLY QUR' NJ 19: 34

,22

Kaaf

(9 .. -

"KISWAH": THE KISWAH IS THE COVERING CIDTH THAT HANGS OVER THE KA'BAH.

~~ THIS CL.a:rH IS A BRILLIANT BLACK SILK WITH A GOID BAND RUNNING AROOND

D . ~ IT. ON rims B1\ND DIFFERENT Sr.JWFAHS (SEE PAGE 13) F'R).M THE HO:cY QuR' AN

"", . ARE HAND EMBRDIDED. 'I'J:lESE SUWRAHS _ARE RElIDIBLE FRcM A GOOD DISTANCE.

() "KA' BAH": . THE KA 'BAH IS THE OJBE SHAPED BUIIDrnG 'J}JAT SITS IN '!HE CEN'IER

~"-.~.S/_,. OF MASJID'UL HARAM (SEE EJU'IV'LIllli, P.P£:E·13). THE KA'BAH WAS BUILT BY THE

_ PROPHE"l' IBRAHI'lM (PBUH) AND HIS ELDEST SON ISfI'A I IYL (PBUH t SEE PAGE 1 ) •

'ffiE KA' BAH PLAYS A VERY IMPORI'lI.NT PARI' IN THE; lroJ (PIICRIMAGE, sEE: PM;E 7 ). ALL MUSLlMS DIRECI' 'll1EIR PRAYERS (SEE SAlAT, PAGE 15) Ta-1ARIJS THE KA'BAH .

WHlCE IS EAS.IWARD. !iDLY QtlR'AN 5:95, 97

"KALlMA'J."': KALIMAT MEANS "ViDRD". IT IS 'IHE FIRST PILIAR OF FAITH, IT IS BEARING WI~NESS TO 'l'HE cm:NESS OF ALIAH SUBHlINA WA TA I MA. '!HE KALIMAT IS "IA lIAHA ILIA ALLAH" AND THIS MEJl.NS "HarRING CREATES EXCEPI' ALIJill."

"KU'IUBlliI" : THE HOLY SCRIFTURES ARE "KtmlB." IT IS ALL OF 'l'BE SCRIPl'tlRFS REVF.AIEo TO THE PROPHETS (PB1JI') FRCM ALINI SUBHANA WA TA' MA. '!HE sCRIPI'URE:S ARE: TAWRAAH (OW TESTAMENT, SEE Pl\GE 4 ) i ZUBrnR (PSAlM>, SEE PAGE 12); IN (NEW 'IESTAMENT, SEE PAGE 2) J AND THE HOLY OUR' AN (IAST TESTllMENT, SEE PAGE 22 )

_ "KALIYMU' LIlIH" : THIS IS THE TITlE THAT W1>S GIVEN TO THE PROPHET MUSA

t ,."o~. " (M:6ES, PBOH, SEE PAGE -25). IT MEANS "CCNVERSER WITH l'ILUIH". AI..I.AH STlRHANl

P. ~ t, .9 ." WA TA' AIA SPOKE TO MUSA (PEUH) ._AND GAVE HIM NINE SIQJS TO TAKE TO p~l

"-U l so THAT HE W'XiW lmIJ::ASE 'l'HE~ OIIIDREN OF ISRAEL CUT CF BaIDAGE. HE N..SO

. .. SPOKE TO MllSA (PEUH) AT MOJNT SINAI WHERE HE F.ECg:IVED ALL OF' THE ~

. . .-II'" Cli! TABLEr'S THAT WERE GIVEN 'ID THE auIDREN OF ISRAEL FOR UWVS. CUP.. , AN 4: 16

~ "KMFIFJJYiNAh: THIS IS THE TITLE GIVEN 'IO THE PEOPLE WHO CXNER THE TIlD'lH.

LS- IT IS Nor DISBELIEVING. ' Btl!' IT IS KNCM.ING THE TRUI'H, WHIClI IS ISUoM, AND HIDING IT. 'IHESE PEO?LE MAKE UP LIES AGAINST AUAH SUBllANA WA TA' AlA

JlND KEEP arHERS lWlAY FRa4 'IDE TRDTH. THE lO9'IH SUWPJ~IC CF THE HOLY OUR I AN IS TITLED SURATU' L KAAFIRLi'WNA, AND IT SPEAKS AOCUT 'IHESE PEOPLE AND SI' HCW AMQSJ ,TM IS RiPPCGE TO DEAL WITH THEM.

23

Laam

L

9 "LIYLATU'L QADRI": THIS IS "NIQI'l" OF PC9NER." THIS BIESSED NIGff:i'

;' .~-

'jAJ~ .. f' a:J WAS THE NIGHT THAT THE FIRST REVEIJI,'l'ION OF THE HOLY QUR I AN tVAS RE-

, ' ' ~. VEAIED 'ID THE PROPHET MUSTAFA MUIlfIM1AD AL AMIN (PBllH). 'IHIS WAS THE

....", NINElI'EENTH NIGHT OF THE MCm'H OF RAMADAAN. THE ANGEL JIBRM-IYL (SPA)

,.' .. " APPEARED UNIO !lEE PROPIIEI' MUSTAFA MUIlAMMAD AI, AMIN (PBl'H) AND CCM-

MANrlED HIM W "IQRM! (READ)." THE FIRST FIVF: 'NlATS OF SL'RA'IU'L AUIQ (WHICH IS THE 96TH SL~ OF THE HOLY OUR' AN) WAS REVEAlED 'IO HlI"1 rn THAT NIGHT.

"LI'NINA": THIS IDRD MEANS CURSE. THF. REBELLImS .TINN IBLIYS (O:I). SEE PAGE 6) ~ ~ lIND HIS SEED WAS CURSED.BY ALlAH SliBHANA V,~,TAIAf..A ~tJSE OF HIS'PIUDE AND RE- ' I • i ' BELLIOUS NATURE.. THE FIRST CURSE THAT IBLIYp RECEIVED WAS A SPIIl1'I'UAL CURSE AND

'-" ... HE WAS CAST OUI' OF '!HE REN-M OF 'mE ANGELS (SRA). THE SECOND CURSE WAS LI 'NINA, , WHIOi WAS THE PHYSICAL CURSE THAT WAS 'ID HAPPEN ON THE PHYSICAL PIlINE (WHIaI IS

EARm). THIS aJRSE IS LEl?RCSY. '.

11I1JBB": JUST AS WE HAVE A PHYSICAL HEAR"!' IN O!JR BODIES THAT 'WE CAN SEE AND 'IU.TCH

WE AL..c;o HAVE A SPIRITUAL HEARr ill OUR SCJUm '!HAT I'lE CANNOT SEE. THIS SPIRITl1]lL

HEARl' IS IllEE. IT IS :AlSO CALLErl '-'ILWER SEl'iT."

'. ? "I.UW'!" (PBUH)": HE l~ THE NEPHEW OF THE PROPHE'I' IBFJ\HIYM (Estill) liND THE PROPllEl'

1,~!) (pBUHl THAT WAS srnr TO THE CrI'IES OF Sc:IXl>1 AND Ga-ORRAH. HE CAME FRCM UR, A 'I'C:W)l" ~

IN MESOPCIrAMIA (WHICH IS IN Scm'HERN IRAQ). TEE STORY OF '!HE PROPHErr' UJWI' rror, P.BlJH). CAN BE ~"ND ill THE OlD ':tESTAMENT m '!HE BCOK OF GENESIS. IT IS A[SO FOOND

. IN '!HE HOLY QOR'AN 54:33-34 AND 11:81-82.

24

M··

, ,II,m

"MILlATU'L IBAAHIYM (PBD"H) 11 : THIS IS THE RELIGICN IF IBRAHIYM (POOH) wmm IS 'TIlE COJENANT OF THE FLESH MADE BE'lWEEN ALUm SUBHANA WA TA' AlA AND THE PR(FHEI' IBAAHIYM (PBUH). THIS COVENANT IS CIRaM:LSICN lIND IT IS INCUMBENT OPCN ALL MUSLIM MAlES. A PERSCN WHO FOLI.£WS THE MII..U'illJ'L IBRAHIYM (PBUH) ~ IN 'lHE OlD TESTAMENT (TlIWJ.WI.H) AND THE NEW TESTAMENT (INJIYL) AS DID ALL

'!HE PRCa?Hm'S (PBm). HOUl QUR']l,N 2:130

"MUSA (PBUH)": THIS IS THE ARABIC NJIME FOR THE PROFHE]' M:6ES (PBUH). HE WAS CNE OF THE SEVEN M1IJOR PROPHE.TS (POOT) AND THE TAWRAAH (OW TESTAMENT, SEE PAGE 4 ) WAS REVEAlED TO HIM. HE WAS SENT TO FREE THE CHIlDREN OF ISPJIEL

:FR{"l.II '!HEIR 130IDAGE UNDER PHlIRAOH IN EGYPT. HIS TITLE WAS "KAUYMlJ'LIJ\H" WHICH MEANS "SPEAKER OF lUiUIH" (SEE PJIGE 23. ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA'AIA GAVE MUSA

(PBUH) NINE SIGNS TO PRESENT 'IO PHARAOH (SEE THU'BMNUN, PAGE 5 ).

".MlJH1>J.t.W) (PBUH)": THE PROPHm' MUSTAFA MOF.f1\MMlID AL AMIN (PBUH) WAS '!HE LAST lIND SEAL OF 'lEE SEVEN MAJOR PROPHETS (PBlJI').· ~ MElINS "am WHO IS

,-t. ~ ~ - IDRI'HY OF PRAISE." HE IS KNClolN AS THE UNIVEFSAL PRcr'HE'I' (PBUH) FOR HE CAME

, lei r ,TO THE WORm. 'lEE HOLY QUR'AN (SEE PlIGE 22) WAS THE SCRIP'IURE 'IHAT WAS RE-

~ VE'JUID 'ID mM THROLGH 'lllE ANGEL JIBRAA-IYL (SRA) (SEE P1!GE 6 ). HE DID Nor

INVENT OR BRING ISLAAM 'ID THE mRID, IT WAS AIWlIYS HERE. ISIllJ'IM (SEE PAGE 2 )

WAS PERFECIED OORING HIS TIME FOR NO MJRE SCRIP'lURES AND NO MJRE ProPHETS

WERE TO FC>LIJ:::W. .

"MASJID": A MASJID IS A "HCUSE OF PROSTRlITICN. II MUSLIMS ALL OVER THE WORID GIVE PRAISE TO ALUIH SUBHlINA WA TA'AlA. MASJIDS ARE HOLY PIACES lIND '!HEY SHOUID BE RESPECI'ED. BEFORE EN'IERING A MASJID I CNE MUST BE IN A STATE OF PURITY BY MAKING GHUSL (P1lGE 20) AND WA[UW, (PAGE 28). MASJIDS ARE DECORATED IN BEA.lJTIFtJL ARABIC SCRJFr lIND THE BUIIDING ITSELF IS USUALLY 'iJER{ WVELY.

MANY BUSSING ARE RECEIVED WHEN ONE HELPS IN THE BUILING OF A MASJID.

Lt:." , !!1 "MIYKAA- IL (SRA) II : 'lHIS IS THE NM-1E CF THE ANGEL (SRA) OF MERCY. HE IS

KNCWiI AS MIaJAEL (SRA). HE IS SAID TO BE '!HE PATRCN OF THE cmlDREN OF

.. ISRAEL. MIYKAA-IL (SRA) IS CNE CF THE SEVEN ARm ANGELS (SRA).

" .. ,.

25

"MALIKIY SAADIQ (SRA) ": THIS IS THE TITLE GIVEN TO MELOUSEDEK

(SBl\) WHIQi MFlINS "ANGEL OF JUCI'ICE." HE IS THE HIGHEST OF ALL THE ANGEIB (SRA). MEICHISEDEK (SRA) IS AlSO KNCW'l" AS AL KHIDR{SRA) OR' THE GRl::l!ll eNE. HE: 'WAS TIn:: RL'IER CF THE CITY OF 1-'I!.; liND A'l'LAN'I'lS l"ND HE IS ALs(f~I'1UV "I<ThG OF' SAIMl'1" lfi'HICH MEN·n:; "KJNG OF PEACE". ALL 'lRE PROPHETS (PBtrr) WERE TAUGHT BY HIM.

"MAKKAH" MAKKAH IS THE CA.PITM, CITY OF ARABIA., AND THE MCF!' SACRED CITY TO MUSLIMS. IT IS THE BIRrn PlACE OF THE PROPHF:T ~llJSTAFA MUlWt1AD AL AMIN (POOH). THE MASJIOO'L

:H.ll,BAM WHICH IS IN THE CITY OF MAI<KAH_AND THE SI'IE OF '!HE KA'BI'IH (SEE PAGE, 23'). THE:

ANCIEf.\n' NAME OF MAKKAH IS Bi'1IOO\H. MJ:\KKAH IS THE CENTER OF THE I?~C m~.

"MAHDI" : THE Vl:lRD MAJIDI MEANS GUIDE. AL I.MAM MUlJAMMAD AHMAD AL MAHDI (AS)

WAS THE GUIDE AND SEllL OF THE IMAMS SENT '1'0 AFRICA. AND ARABIA TO GET MAN BACK TO HIS PROPER ~ro" OF LIFE (ISIAAM). HE WAS A DIRECI' DESCENDANT OF 'lEE PROPHET Mll,STAFA ~ AI, AMm (POOH) AND HE FREED THE 1IN3AARS (SEE PAGE 2) FFOM' 'lEE H1lNDS OF THEIR ENEMIES, THE BRITISlI. AL MAJIDI (AS) WAS THE Suo::::ESSOR TO

THE PRCFHET MUSTAFA MJHllM.W) AI. ,llIDN (PBUH) AND HE LIVED UP 'ID THE TITIE OF RHALIYFAH (SEE PAGE B) •

"MJSLIM": 'lEE ~ MUSLIM ME'ANS "ONE WHO IS OF PEACE." PRllCI'ICING '!HE ,LAWS OF ISIMM AND THE StlNNAH (TRADITIONS ~ SEE PAGE 13) OF THE PROPHETS (PBUr) IS HCW A msLIM LIVES. IN THE HOLY QUR'AN (22:78) IT SAYS '!HAT WE WERE NAMED MUSLIM BY OUR FATHER IBRAHIYM (PBUH, SEE PAGE r r , ALL OF THE proPHETS (PBUX) WERE msUMS AND LIVED ISLAllM AS THEIR PRESCRIBED WAY OF LIFE~ IT WASN'T UNTIL THE COMING OF THE PROPHm' MUSTAFA MlJHl'lM'1AD AL.AMIN (PBUH) THAT ISI.N\M WAS

CCMPIEI'ED •

"iU'RlIAJ": THE WORD MI'AAAJ MEANS "A LADDER OR ASCENDANCE, ELEVATICN." '!HIS IS

~ \ /,,1J', ,WE JCUFNEY THAT THE PROPHET MJSTAFA MUHlIMMAD AL AMIN (PBUH) 'ICOK WHEN HE TRAVELED

THE a;g:AVENS. IT IS CALLED '!'BE "NIGH'I' JOURNEY" AND HE WAS TAKEN FROM MASJIDU I L

HAR.AM IN MAKKMI TO M1\SJIDU I L 'N;t>A IN JEFJJSALEM, .AND 'lEEN TO THE SEVEN HEAVENS OR

i':' THE SEVEN PLI\.NES, BY 'mE ANGEL JIBRlIA- T'lL (SRA). IT WAS DURING THIS' SPIRI'lUAL

\..:; 'JCiJRNEy THAT THE ORDER OF THE FIVE OBLI~TORY S1IIl\TS (SEE PAGE 15) WAS GIVEN TO

'!HE PROPHET MI.JS'r1l.FA MOHAMMAD AL AMIN (PEtlH), '

"MIHJAN" : '!HE WJID MIHJAN MEANS STAFF. IT IS A COVENANT MADE BEIWEFN ALLAH

SUBHANA WA TA I AIA 1'lND THE PROPHETS (PBUT). IT S'mNIl3 FOUR FEEl' TALL 1'lND EOO A

CURVE mn. THE MIIDAN WAS AWARDED CM.Y TO THCSE WHO RECEIVED THE TEACHINGS FROM

• THE MCIENT ORDER OF AI, KH, IDR (SRA, SEE PAGE 26 ). 'I'HOOE WHO ARE SOCCESSFUL IN PASSING THE VAIUCUS SCHOOLS AND TEST IN '!HIS ORDER, RECEIVE THE MIHJAN '!HRa.:GH ~ \ THE GR1\CE OF ALlAH SUBHANA WA Ttl. , M.A. THE NIRJAN WAS PASSED TO '!HE PROPHET

Mr]STAF'A ~ AI, AMIN (PBUH) FRCM BIIAAL (IMCN, SEl!: PAGE 3 ).

,

"MAtA- IKAT" : THIS IS ARABIC 'FOR THE WORD ANGErS '(8RA). ALL OF 'IHEIR THINKING AND ACI'IOOS ARE C<N.I'IDLLED BY ALUIH SUBHANA WA TA 'AlA. ANGElS (SRA) ARE CREATED

"'-, IN DIFFERENl' FQ.RM; AND THEY HAVE DIFFERENT lU'iIEllS. THEY ONLY DO GOOD BECAUSE

.. ~ ~ 1 ", THEY WERE CREATED OF 180 DEGREES OF TOI'AL SUBMISSICN 'ill ALU\H SUBHANA WA TA' M.A.

l .... 7" '!'HERE ARE SEVEN ARCH AOOELS (SRA) WHO ARE' THE HIGHEST RANKlNG AND UNDER THEM ARE

,-- .. A MANY CUlSSES OF ANGErS (SRA). THE SEVEN .lIroI ANGEIS ARE: JIBRAA- IYL (SRA) , MI

~' MIYKAA-IL (SRA), ISRMFIYL (SRA), IZRA1>"-IYL (SRA), IBLIYS (IA), MALIKIY (SRA) AND RIJ:WMN, (SRA) •

26

Nuwn

f4,rJ ' ~,,_ .. "NII<MH": NIKAAH MEANS MARRIAGE. NIKMH IS A SACRED CONI'FACI' BEIWEEN MAN AND

WCJIIlAN. IT IS A MrmJ1\L AGREEMENr WITH RESPECI' AND IDVE, AND IT IS 'mE STRON:;HOW

rAND FCUNDATION OF CUR SOCIETY. FOR THE liXlM1\N, NIKAAH IS AN IMPORl'ANT PARI' OF HER , " DIYN (SEE PAGE 31). THE RAISING OF CHIIDREN AND OBEDIENCE 'ID HER HUSBAND IS ONE

, OF THE WAYS SHE EARNS HER WAY BAa<. TO ALIlili SUBHANA WA TA' ALA. WOMEN ARE THE

HELP MMES FOR MEN. SINCE THE CREATION OF THE PROPHET ADAM (PBUH}, SEE PAGE 1 )

ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA' AIA GAVE MAN SOJI1EC(\IE TO HELP HIM AND CARE FOR HIM.

~ , ~,' "NMSlmT": NAAStWI' IS THE "REAIH OF MAN. tI ' THERE ARE THREE MAJOR REAIMS

..; L:t OR ABODES: THE BCSCl1 OF ALLAH, THE FEAIM OF THE ANGEIS (8RA) AND THE

, l .. ~ . REArM OF MAN. N.MSOWI' IS THE LIFE OF THIS WORLD AROOND US. THE PHYSICAL

THJNGS THAT WE CAN UNDERSTAND BY SEEING I TOu:HING, HEARING, SMEILING AND

, TASTING. '

aa "NUWH [PBrn)": MAN LIVED UPa-J'lEE EA.RI'H FOR NINE GEm:FATICNS FRCM THE OO_TION OF

. ,~ 'ADAM, (PBUH) 1 SEE PAGE 1 ). M/l1iI HAD BECCME SO EVIL AND WIa<ED THAT ALI1I.H SUBHANA

ry'" IWATA • AlA. ' SENT ANal'HER MAJOR PRCHIET (PBrn) TO GUIDE THE PEOPLE BACK TO THE WAYS , IOF DID. THIS PROPHE:I' WAS NUWH (NOAH, PBUH). ALLAH StJBHJ.NA WA TA I AI.A rnsTRU:TEl)

, ! NUWH (PBUH) TO BUIID AN ARK our OF EBCtJY VOJD AND 'IO BRING SEVEN OF EVERY CLEAN

i (MALE AND FEMALE) AND 'lWJ OF E'.!ERY Nor CIEN:\[ (MArn AND FEtvruE) BEAST AND FrnL INro IT. THIS F!£X)D DESTROYED ALL THE LIVING CREATl.JRES UPCN 'mE EARrH. MAN RE-

FUSED TO LISTEN TO THE IDRDS OF NUWH (PBW) WHEN HE WARNED THEM AND TRIED '1D COR-

, 1WfT THEIR EVIL WAYS. (REFER TO HOLY QUR'AN 71) • GENESIS 7:2-3'.

, "/' . -'

(j •• "NAFAS": THIS WORD MEANS "SaJL_" IT IS THE LIFE FORCE THAT KEEPS THE ENTIRE LIFE

. ~ ;', PRO:ESS IN HAFMJNY. THIS IS '!'HE LIFE PBOCESS OF MAN AND NATUPE. IN N1crURE WE

~-, CALL THIS HARMJNY "SFASGlS."

((I ~. ~ ("NIYYAH": THIS WORD MEAN" INI'ENTlOO. .BEFORE A MUSLIM PEFFoFMs . stca RELIGIOUS DUl'IES

, ~ ..AS FASTING, PURIFICATION (SEE GHUSL, PAGE 20 ) ,AND SAI.M (SEE PAGE 15). HE ~ RE-

.,.,...., 'CITE HIS mY'YJ\H. IT IS THE AC:!r OF STATING WHAT YOU .ME IN'IEND:JNG 'ID 00, AND SEEKIN3

.. , THE GOODNESS, BLESSINGS AND HELP FRCM AI.J:Jlli SUBHANA WA TA I ALA IN '!'HAT ACr. WITHOtJ!' ,MAKING NIYYAH, THESE DurIES ARE NO!' ACCEPTED BY ALINI SUBHANA WA TA' AIA.

tfII'

+

"NABI": THIS WORD MEANS "PROFHEn'. It A PROPHET (PBUH) IS A MAN WHO IS INSPIRED AND GUIDED BY .AI.IAH SUBHANA WA TA' 'AI.A IN ORDER THAT HE MAY BRING NEW LAWS AND INI'ERPREr

/ _.,J.r~ ,',":',. ~=~ FULFILL THE OLD rAWS. HE GUIDES MEN IN THE LIGm' OF GCOrNESS lIND RIGHTU--~ ~L'=S JlS WELL AS BEING AN EXAMPIE OF_ 'I'IWI' RIGHTECUSNFSS. 'IHEfIE:WERE 124,000

PROPHETS (PBUr) SENT T9 MAN, SEVEN OF THEM WERE mAT WE ClIIJ., MAJORPF.OPHEI'S (PBm)1 'll!ESE SEVEN MAJOR ProFBEI'S (llBUT) ~D A ~TIW OF aIANGE IN THE LIFE OF MlIij, 27

Waaw

''WADlM-uN'' : THIS WORD MElINS IOABLUl'ION, " THIS IS THE ACI' OF PURIFlCATlOO OF (j ~. ~ 'lim OODY~ so 'i1-lAT WE ARE cri:AN TO MAKE OUR SAlJIT (V'iDRSHIP, SEE PAGE 15 ) ,

• ~ WHEN WE rulE r.W<mG WADUW'UN, WE MAKE OOR NIYYAH (SEE PAGE, 27) FIRST THE1\l

~ ~ " WE WASH OOR FACE: HANDS, NCSE, MCtJ'I1:I, lJEAD, EARS, ARMS, NECK, AND FEFI'

J ....,I' THREE TIMES WITH CLEAA,:CLEAN WATER, IT IS Nor ACIUlU.LY BA'IIDNG LIKE

GHUSL (SEE PAGE 20), BUT IT C'LEANSES THE PARTS OF THE BCDY NECESSARY FOR PRAYER. WlIDtM-UN IS CAlLED 'IHE "LESSER ABilJTICN."

@

I JIll' "WAAJIB" : 'IHIS WJRD MEANS THE TIME 'IHAT ARE NECESSARY, CERTAIN RELIGlOOS

L ~ DU'l'IES THAT SHOOID BE PERFORMED Bill' ARE Nor IXl:ffi OOlNTS AS srs, BUT NOT

.~ "" INFIDELITY (ACI' OF DENTING THE TRUl'H," IOOL WJFSH~P I BINDING/PARI'NERS WITH

~ .....,/ ALUIH SUBID\NA. WA TA I AlA, OR TAANSGRESSrn::; FRt:1>1 ISLAAM),

.('" ' ~ ..

y~

~ .

, ,"WALIYMrui" : 'IHrs IS A SMALL FEAST THAT IS CELEBRA'IED 'lHE MClBNlNG AFTER A

_" /.oIJllN. AND. A w::MAN ARE!1AR. RlID (SEE NIKMH, pAGE 27) • GUEST ARE INVITED. :ro ,'IHIS

.J ~ '_;Sb1ALL BU1' JOYOUS OC'CAslCN. BADlY'll! STATES THAT 'IilE PROPHBT MUSTAFA MUHAMMAD

.. 1!!.t"I.1\L AMrN (PBtlH) SAID THAT ANYONE l:NV:I'TEtl TO WAI.:I'YMNi SHOULD ATI'END.

"WITR": THIS IS AN ODD NUMBER OF RAK'ATS (sEE: PAGE il) varrClf ClIN BE THREE, FIVE,

OR SEVEN IN NUMBER. 'lHESE RAK'ATS ARE SAID AFTER '!HE FARD (SEE PAGE'21) OF THE

S~ 'J.. 'IS~, OR '!HE lATE 'EVENING IDRSHIP " WITR SNAT' IS N(ll' OBLIGMQRY,

Haa

"HIJRAHtI; THIS mRD MEANS "FLIGHT." IN THE YEAR 622 A. D. 'mE FO.I..LCWERS OF THE PROFREI' MJSTAFA MlJlIAMMAD AL AMIN (PBUH) FIED FroM 'lEE CITY OF WII<KAH TO

.. " ~ YATHRIB, A CITY IN MADJNAH. THE SMALL BAND OF MUSLIMS WERE SEVERELY PEFSE-

~. CUI'ED BY THE OI'HER INHABITANI'S OF MAKK1IH INCLUDING THEIR FAMI:LIES. THE.PEC, . .. A PIE OF YATHRIB OFFERED THEIR HOMES AND WEIR CITY AS A·BASE FOR THE PROPHET

. ~ MUSTAFA MlJHAMMm) AI. AM[N (PBUH) Al"ID HIS :ror..I.CMERS 'rei SPREAD IS:LAPM. 'flIESE PEOPLE GIUNED THE TITlE OF ANSMR (HELPEFS, SEE PAGE 2). 'lEE YEAR OF THE

HIJR!l.H MARKED THE YEAR ONE 00 THE MUSLIM CAlENDAR. IT IS CALLED 1 A. H. (API'ER HIJRAH) •

HMRLlWN" : THIS IS THE ARABIC NAME FOR AARON (PBUH), WHO WPB THE BROI'HER !j .9 ~" OF THE PROPHET MUSA (PBUH). HAAR!JWN (PBUH) WlIS CHoom BY ALIAH SUBHANA

I • .:J~ WA TII.' MA TO AID THE PRCi?HET MUSA (PBtJH) IN HIS MISSION TO FREE THE CHIlD-

'-". REN OF ISFAEL FRQ.1 THEIR BONDAGE IN THE I1lND OF EGYPT. HE WAS A IEVITE FRCM THE TRIBE OF LEVI AND HE BEC1\ME THE FIRST HIGH PRIEST OF ISRAEL.

"HAA.JAR": THIS IS THE ARABIC NAME FOR HAGAR" WHO WAS THE WIFE OF THE PRCr PHEI' IBRAHIYM (PBUH), SEE PAGE 1 ). HAAJAR WAS EG'iP1'IAN AND SHE WAS THE M:f.rHER OF ISMA r TIL (PBUH) THE OLDESI' SON OF THE PROPHET IBRAHIYM (PBUH).

HER FATHER WAS IMHO!'EP (ABOOL HAMIYD}. THE HIGH PRIEST AND SCIENrIST AND THE UNDERSI'UDY OF ZC6ER (ABDUL QUDDtMS) , THE M1\STER HEALER. HAAJAR WAS CAST COT OF THE HCUSEHOID OF IBAAHIYM (POOH) BECAUSE OF SMRAH'S JEAIroSY. WHILE HMJAR WANDERED IN SEAR::H OF WATER, THE ANGEL (SRA) OF ALLl\H SllBHANA WA TA

TA • AlA DIRECTED HER TO THE SITE WHICH IS KNrnN TODAY AS THE WEIL OF ZlIM ZAM (SEE PAGE!: 12 ) •

"HABIYL": THIS IS THE ARABIC FOR THE NAME OF ABEL, 'IHE SECOND SON OF THE PRO-

. ~ PEEl' ADAM (PBUH). HIS BROlfIBR CAIN SLEW HIM BECAUSE OF JFAIDUSY, WHEN 'IHEY

BCIl'H OFFERED A BURNT OFFERING TO ALLAH ST.JBHANA WA TA I ALA. 'mE BtrnNT OFFERING THAT WAS MADE BY HABIYL WAS PLEASANT TO ALIAH SUBHANA WA TA' AlA. CAIN I S ANGER

... MADE HIM KILL HIS BPOI'HER AND THIS WPBTHE FIFST MlffiDER 'mAT 'IOOK PlACE 00 'IRE

,_, FARI'H. (SEE GENESIS, CHAPI'ER FOJR).

, ,9 ''HUVD {PBUH)": HrnD (PBUH) WAS CNE OF THE PPDPHETS (PBUT) OF AlJ1IJI SUBHANA WA TA I AIA. HE WAS SEN!' TO THE CITY OF AD. THE PEOPLE DID NOr Aa:El?T HIM AND CXliJ ~ TINUED TO WOFSHIP MANY IIXLS l'IND DEITIES. '!HEY CALLED 'mE PROPHE'l' HUWD (PBUH) J --or A LIAR-AND ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA 'AlA DESTROYED THE CITY OF AD DUE TO THEIR TRANS. GRESSlOOS.

29

Lam

Alif

JJ\ J" ~/ c /' /' ~ I ~\ , "..
_j ~_..., ~\ ~\ ~
J ~ll_)" /' ~
WA ALLAH" RASUWL MUHAMMAD ALLAH ILLA IUHA LA
Jl\ "Jr5 .
~ lS~\ " ~
\ ~I
_" --
ALLAH RASUWL KHALIYFAH AL MAHDI AHMAD MUHAMMllIJ 'Lms IS THE "K2'ILIMAT. II THE WJRD KALIMAT MEANS liTHE; VDRD. II IT is THE FIRSI' PILLAR OF FAITH IND IT MEliNS "NamING CREAT.E'S EXCEPT 1ILI.AH, Ml.JID'lMvIIill IS AN APCGTLE OF ALLAH, .AND MIJHP.M.W)" AHMAD, THE MAHDI (GUIDE) IS 'mE SUCCESSOR 'IO '!'HE Al?C6TLE OF AI..J..Mi (PBUH)." AS MUSLIMS

WE BEAR WITh""ESS THAT THE proPBEl' MUSTAFA MtJHAMMlill AL AtIDJ (PBUH) IS 11m APOSTLE AND SEAL CF ALL THE PROPHE'.l'S (PBOT). WE BEAR WITNESS THAT AL IMi\M MI.IHAMWill AHMAD WAS THE MNIDI (GUIDE) (}IS) WHO WAS PPDPHECIED 'IO CCME AFTER THE PROPHET MUSTAFA MUH2\M'1AD AL AMlN lPBUH).

"LAA RAYBAH": THIS PHRASE IS FOUND IN THE SECClID SU'ffiAH OF THE HOLY QllR'1i.N IT MEANS "NO OCUBI'. II IT IS STATING 'J.Rll!l' ABSOIlJTELY NO IXXJBI' NOR MISTAKE IS '1'0 BE FOUND ThI TIm WORDS (Ii' ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA 'NA. NO OO.JBT CAN BE FOUND

m '!HE lJI.ST TESTAMENT, THE HOLY QUR'JIN. THE IDRD. "RAYBl\H" IS MENTICNED IN

THE HOLY QUR' AN 17 TIMES. THE WORDS OF THE HOLY QUR' AN l!,RE Nor MAN MADE OR

INVENTED. '!HEY ARE THE DIVINE REVEIATlOOS FRCM AILAH WA TA' AlA.

"LAHUWI''' : THIS IS THE REAIM OF' ALIAH StlBHANA WA TA 'AlA. IT IS '!BE "BOsCM OF ALUlli. II THIS REAlM IS THE GOAL CF MAN, so HE MUST STRIVE EACH l\ND E.'VERY DAY TO BE'l!BDllLIJl..H (SEE PlIGe: 19) ,AND MUSLIM (SEE PAGE 26 ). Q:ij THIS PIlINE WHIClI IS NMsbwT (SEE: PAGE 27) t MAN MUST NOl' LEI' HIS PHYSICAL CCMFORTS AND PLEASum:s KEEP HIM FRCM HIS DUTY TCWARDS ISIAM AND HIS CREAToR, ALLAH SUB-

HANA WA TA I AlA. "

" , '- ::J W "J ~ "LA ~UlLIEAI.1Wm lILIAlJ", '!HIS _.

, l' t ( ..~ t" _ '" t MEANS "NQiIE CAN mANGE THE WJros (Ii' ALlAH. II THE

~ ,4.. ~" ~ ~ WJROO OF ALIJlJI SUBHPNA WA TA'AlA ARE EVERLASTING.

,,; ". HE HAS SENT '1HE RE.VEIATHN OF TIlE SCRIPI'URES

, , IX.H-l FOR US AS A GUIDANCE TO HELP us EARN aJR WAY.

BACK '1'0 HIM. MEN CAN OOLY CHca;:E; TO IGNORE THE TRU'IH (ISIAAM) WHiCH IS PRESCRIBED TO us "~~ ~~" THIS C1\N QN!.Y COVER OVER THE t'iORi:E OF ALIAH stJ13HANA WA TA'1II..A

30

y

Yaa

, '.",a "YAWMI.J'L DIYN": THIS MEANS "'lEE om OF SENTENCE' (AS A ~S OF .

. ~ t, _" ") tI" JT.JDCE.1ENI') ." THIS DAY IS THE DAY THAT 1>1AN WILL BE JtJlX;EIJ FOR HCW .

, - t-J JJ J ~~' aJ HE DEALT WITH THE RULERSHIP OF' 'TIiE CREATliRES (S~ Abl\.tvI (PBUH), PAGE 1

~.. ~ V.. AND HCW HE USEr> THE KNC1VLEDGE, THE WISDCM AND UNDERSI'ANDING 'IHAT

. ,. ALLAH SUBHANA WJI. TA'AlA GAVE TO KIM (H.Q. 1:3).

• .9' _p " L tL".."a..t: ..;,.; ..

"YT.mSUF (PBUH)": THIS IS THE ARABIC NAME FOR THE PROPfffi'I' JOSEPH (PBUH). YUWSUF (PBUH) WAS THE SCN OF 'IA' QUNB .. (JACOB, PBUH). HE WAS BlESSED WI'IH THE ABILI'I'Y G' IN'IERPREI'ING DRElINS. cur OF JFAIDUSY HIS IlRC1J'HEP-S REl"OVED HIM FRa1 HIS FlITHERS HOOSE, BECAUSE YA 'QUWB (PBUH) FAVCURED HIM. llE WAS ADOPI'ED BY PHlIAAOO OF' EGYPI'. YUWStJF (PBtili). WAS TRUSTED BY PHARAOP

AND HE WAS PLI\CED :IN CHARGE OF THE FOOD SUPPLY WHEN' 'I'HERE WAS A FAMlNE

IN THE rANJ.) FOR SEVEN YEARS, THE S'IDRY CF YUWSUF (PBUH) ill THE IAN!) OF

EX>YPr 1\ND HCW HE REUNITED WITH HIS FAMILY CAN BE FOOND m GENESIS CHAPI'ER 37. AND THE HOLY QUR' AN I StJRATU' L YUWSUF, SUWRAH NUMBER 12.

"YOWHANNA (POOH''': THIS IS JOHN THE BAPi'IST WHOSE TITLE WAS "YlIH YAH" OR

JOHN THE BAPI'IS'l' (PBUH). HE CAME ro PREPARE 1'HE CHIIDREN OF ISRAEL FOR THE

CCMING CF 'lEE PROPHET lSA (PBUH). HE WAS THE HERAlD OR FORERUNNER. YUWHANNA

(POOH) WAS THE SON OF THE PRIEST ZAKARIYYA. ZAKARD:"YA PRAYED 'IO ALIAH SL'BHANA

WA TA' AIA FOR AN HEIR (AN JNHERI'IOR). YUWHlINNA (PBUH) WAS 'mE CCOSIN OF 'lEE

PROPHE!' 1SA (PBUH).

YLWmS (PBUH)": THIS IS THE ARABIC NAME FOR THE PROPHRr JCW\H (PBUH); HE

WAS KNCWiI FOR BElNG SWALI.a'IED IN THE BELLY OF A WHALE FOR THREE DAY. HE

PRAYED TO ALIAH SUBP,ANA WA TA' AlA FOR HELP. HIS PRAYERS WERE HEl\RD, AND THE

WHAIE OBI' HIM upm THE SHORE CF THE SEA. YUWNUS (PBUH) WAS SENT 'IO THE PEOPLE OF THE' CITY OF NINEVAH. THE PEOPLE LISTENED 'IO HIS WARNINGS ANn

SOOGHT THE FORGIVENESS AND MEOC'Y FO ALLAH SUBHANA WA TA'lILA. {SEE TAWRAAH

(OLD TESTAMEN1'), THE BXJK OF JONAH (PBUH) lIND HOLY QlJR'l\N 68:48),

"YA I CUWB" : THIS IS THE ARABIC NAME FOR THE P:roPHEI' JACOB (PBUH).

HE WAS :pIE 8m OF ISHAQ (PCUH, SEE PAGE' .1 ) _J\ND THE GRANDSCN OF THE PROPIIEI'

IBRAHIYM (PBllH, SEE P1IGE 1 ). YA'QUWB (POOH) HAD 'lWELVE 8mS WHO WERE THE

FOREFATHERS CF 'lEE 12 TRIBES OF ISRAEL. HIS NAME WAS QW\IGED 'IO ISRAEL, WHICH MEANS "STRCNG AGAINST ALLAH." SEE ~IS CHAPrER 32 FOR THE S'roRY OF YA'GUWB (PBOH) •

31

Ii ..... -:: .. 11.1'..(11 II ..

...r.: ~y cj1'"YIAl-t . ..q

KHAMSIN SHAHADATI The Five Witnesses' of Faith

;J~.;;" w;~ J.i

I

4J\

",...

"S"UNIYA AL ISLAM ALAY KHAMSI SHAHAADATI AN LA ILAHA

I LLA ALLAH WA ANA MUHAMMADAN RASUWLU ALLAH .. 'fIA IQAAMI. AS SALAWATlJ \'IJ-X" IYTAA-I AZ-ZAKAWTI ... vIA SAWMI RA~'IADAANA ... WA HAJJi.. AL BAYTI UMAN ASTATAA-A I LAYHI SABIYLAN I If

"BUILD ISLAM ON THE FIVE WITNESSES THAT NOTHING GIVES

UFE EXCEPT IjLLAH AND TH~T MUHAMMAD (IS AN) APOSTLE OF ALLAH ..

AND RISING (STANDING TO) THE WORSHIP (SALAT) .. AND GIVING' THE POOR RATE .. AND FASTING RAMADAAN.I AND THE P.I LG~IMAGE ..

THE HOUSE TO WHO OBEDIENCE TO IT (HIM) A PATH,'"

32

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