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U.S.- S. Korean anti-submarine exercise attempts to deter North Korea USFK 10
From a U.S. Forces Korea News Release YONGSAN GARRISON, South Korea, Sept. 24, 2010
South Korean and U.S. forces will conduct an anti-submarine warfare exercise in the waters west of the Korean peninsula Sept. 27 to Oct. 1. The exercise is part of a series of combined naval training events that are defensive in nature and enhance interoperability, officials said. The exercises also are designed to send a clear message of deterrence to North Korea, they added, while improving the overall anti-submarine warfare capabilities of the U.S.-South Korean alliance. Participating units from the U.S. Navy include the guided
missile destroyers USS John S. McCain and USS Fitzgerald and the ocean surveillance ship USNS Victorious. Assets also include a fast attack submarine and P-3C Orion aircraft from Patrol Squadron 9. The USS John S. McCain and USS Fitzgerald are forward-deployed to Yokosuka, Japan, and Patrol Squadron 9 is home-ported at Kaneohoe Marine Corps Base, Hawaii. Participating units from the South Korean navy include two destroyers, a fast frigate, a patrol craft, P-3C aircraft from Carrier Air Wing 6 and a submarine. The exercise will focus on anti-submarine warfare tactics, techniques, and procedures, officials said. The first exercise in this series, Combined Naval and Air Readiness Exercise Invincible Spirit, was conducted in the seas east of the Korean peninsula in July. This exercise was originally scheduled to occur Sept. 5-9, officials said, but was delayed for safety reasons related to Typhoon Malou arriving in Korean waters.
U.S.-South Korea Anti-Submarine military exercises sends a message of war to North Korea CNN 10 South Korea and the United States launched joint anti-submarine military exercises on Monday, drawing fire from North Korea. "The warmongers blustered that they would conduct intensive training of
the strategy, technique and procedures for countering someone's submarine infiltration, openly disclosing that the joint naval military exercises are targeted against the DPRK," said the state-run Korean Central News Agency. North Korea is officially called the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Seoul and Washington postponed the exercises earlier this month because of a tropical storm. The drills, which are to run through Friday, are "designed to send a clear message of deterrence to North Korea," U.S. Forces Korea said. U.S. officials have
said the exercises off the western coast of the Korean peninsula are in response to North Korea's sinking of a South Korean warship in March. In May, a report from South Korea blamed the North for sinking the Cheonan warship with a torpedo, killing 46 sailors. North Korea denies sinking the ship and says South Korea and the United States are using it as a pretext to conduct the war games.
N. Korea vows nuclear response to U.S.-S. Korea drills AP 10
SEOUL, South Korea (AP)
North Korea vowed Saturday to respond with "powerful nuclear deterrence" to joint U.S. and South Korean military exercises poised to begin this weekend, saying the drills amount to a provocation that would prompt "retaliatory sacred war." North Korea routinely threatens war when South Korea and the U.S. hold joint military drills, which Pyongyang sees as a rehearsal for an attack on the communist North. The latest threat comes amid increased tensions on the divided peninsula over the deadly sinking of a South Korean warship that Seoul and Washington blame on Pyongyang. The allies' defense chiefs announced earlier in the week they would stage the drills to send a clear message to North Korea to stop its "aggressive" behavior. Forty-six South Korean sailors
U. "As a responsible nuclear weapon state. The drills also involve some 200 aircraft.S. In addition." the commission statement said.S. On Friday. Clinton and a North Korean official traded barbs Friday over the sinking. In Hanoi.-South Korea military alliance disrupts peace in the Korean Peninsula and causes North Korea to strengthen its nuclear stockpile AP 10 NEW YORK North Korea vowed Wednesday to strengthen its nuclear weapons stockpile in order to deter a U. It will remain unfazed by military threat and sanctions. On Saturday. She added progress in the short term seems unlikely.were killed in the March sinking of the Cheonan. "The more desperately the U. the North backed that U. that the U.S. A day earlier in Hanoi. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced Wednesday. spokesman as saying." she told reporters. and South Korean troops on some 20 ships and submarines carrying out exercises in the East Sea.S. "This is the lesson we have drawn.500 troops in South Korea to deter against aggression. with about 8.S. nuclear aircraft carriers sail around the seas of our country. the military drills and the imposition of the new U. headlined by four U." He insisted that North Korea's stockpile of atomic weapons was exclusively for the purposes of self-defense and that his country hoped to abide by international treaties governing their use. South Korea's Defense Ministry said no unusual North Korean military movements were detected. keeps 28." the commission said in a statement carried by the country's official Korean Central News Agency. that the United States stands type of threat only heightens tensions.S. North Korea "is prepared for both dialogue and war. "It is distressing when in firm support of the defense of South Korea and we will continue to do so. ready to join nuclear nonproliferation efforts in its capacity as a nuclear weapon state. imperialists brandish their nukes and the more zealously their lackeys follow them. Clinton said the U. saying it has succeeded in preventing the Korean peninsula from being "turned into a war field scores of times. is willing to meet and negotiate with the North. however. for what it called a second "unpardonable" provocation after wrongly accusing the North in the Cheonan incident..S. military provocations and sanctions. too. considered the worst military attack on the South since the 1950-53 Korean War. the European Union said it. after visiting the Demilitarized Zone dividing the two Koreas.S. "The army and people of the (North) will legitimately counter with their powerful nuclear deterrence the largest-ever nuclear war exercises." he .000 U." The U. Korea's powerful National Defense Commission headed by leader Kim Jong Il threat up by promising a "retaliatory sacred war" against South Korea and the U.S. The nuclear-powered USS George Washington supercarrier is already docked in the southern port of Busan for the military games set to begin Sunday. Speaking before the United Nations Wednesday. but this North Korea continues its threats and causes so much anxiety among its neighbors and the larger region." KCNA quoted an unidentified Foreign Ministry new sanctions on North Korea. North Korean spokesman Ri Tong Il said the tensions showed the need to negotiate a peace treaty to replace the armistice signed at the end of the Korean War.S.S. The U. a North Korean spokesman for the delegation attending a regional security conference warned the drills would draw a "physical response" from Pyongyang. South Korean Foreign Minister Yu Myung-hwan called Saturday on the international community to take strong measures against North Korea's provocations.S. "As long as the U. Yonhap news agency reported. the more rapidly the (North's) nuclear deterrence will be bolstered up along the orbit of self-defense and the more remote the prospect for the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula will be become. would consider The North's Foreign Ministry also said Saturday that Pyongyang will further strengthen its nuclear deterrent and again mentioned "powerful physical measures" in response to the U. North Korea vehemently denies any involvement and says any punishment would trigger war." Pak defended Pyongyang's development of nuclear weapons. we are willing to join in the international efforts for nuclear nonproliferation and safe management of nuclear material on an equal footing with other nuclear weapon states. North Korea's Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Pak Kil Yon said Pyongyang is. a presence that Pyongyang cites as a key reason behind its drive to build nuclear weapons..S." Pak said. would slap new sanctions on the North to stifle its nuclear ambitions and punish it for the Cheonan sinking. and South Korean military buildup in the region. sanctions. "But we will demonstrate once again with our military exercises . our nuclear deterrent can never be abandoned but be should be strengthened further.S.-South Korean military drills are to set to run through Wednesday. Air Force's F-22 "Raptor" stealth fighters.
In a four-day drill last month. Pak didn't say if his country was ready to return to talks but said a nuclear-weapon-free Korean peninsula would be achieved only if external nuclear threats are eliminated. Defense Secretary Robert Gates was on his way to a security conference in Singapore that was attended by Chinese military officials. a referrence to the U. noting that U. The U. despite China's strong objections. as a threat to its security.S.S. ships.S.S. As the council deliberated.S. Increasingly. Pentagon spokesman Bryan Whitman said. or this series of exercises.S. U. arms sales to Taiwan as well as China's disputed claims to sovereignty over the South China Sea. The Pentagon said Wednesday that the U. claiming they are in preparation for an invasion. right up to China's coast. this time in waters off the Western coast of the Korean peninsula close to China. the two countries have butted heads over U. as "disruptor of peace" in the Korean peninsula. North Korea's nuclear program is of intense concern because of worries the country is building its arsenal of atomic weapons." a senior official said. so I think a high degree of restraint is very much in order. primacy in its own backyard. such as occurred with the Cheonan. Pyongyang conducted two nuclear weapons tests in 2006 and 2009. has stationed troops in South Korea since the Korean War of the 1950s and the two countries stage two large-scale military exercises a year. Whitman said. The U." Mr. drawing international condemnation and U.S. already at loggerheads over sensitive regional security issues.said.S.S.S. killing 46 sailors. "These exercises are intended to deter North Korea from future destabilizing attacks. and China. Navy. Pak denied his country had anything to do with ship's sinking and questioned the credibility an investigation into the incident that found North Korea responsible. Chinese officials warn that the exercises threaten a crisis on China's doorstep by provoking North Korea. just two weeks after investigators found part of an exploded torpedo that ripped apart the Cheonan and determined operated before in the Yellow Sea. stayed east of the Korean peninsula. China continued to protest. and South Korea would conduct new military exercises next month to bolster defenses against attacks by North Korean submarines. ships have were inflammatory now that military-to-military ties between the two countries have become strained. officials repeatedly expressed surprise at China's stance.-South Korea Military Alliance Angers China WSJ 10 BEIJING Plans by the U. "This is really a political signal the United States is sending to the Chinese public.S. "There's a real danger things could get out of control and that would be a real threat for China's national security. North Korea walked out of the six-party talks last year amid international criticism of its long-range rocket launch. Beijing is pushing back as Washington asserts the freedom of its Navy to sail unchallenged across the vital commercial sea lanes of the region." he added.N. aircraft carrier in the Yellow Sea "undermined" China's security." the official said. North Korea has strongly objected to the drills. U. and could inflame public opinion in China.S. "China has no reason to view this exercise.S. Prospects for resuming the talks dimmed after Pyongyang was accused of sinking of a South Korean warship in March. presence in South Korea. including one this week practicing communication and computer-system responses to a North Korean invasion." The very fact that you have such a strong military presence in the Yellow Sea at this particular moment could hardly be interpreted as a friendly gesture by the Chinese public. U. and South Korea to conduct military exercises in the Yellow Sea aimed at North Korea.S. is trying to restart stalled negotiations on North Korea's nuclear disarmament. sanctions. China is challenging U. Pak denounced the U. delayed until after the United Nations Security Council reviewed the investigation. . They were initially scheduled for early June. saying ongoing U. The two countries decided to add several naval exercises this year following the sinking of the Cheonan. led by the carrier USS George Washington. U.S. The next exercises are still being planned.S.-South Korean military exercises close to its border were provocative and causing tension. The first exercises took place last month and involved a full carrier group from the U. Tensions over the Yellow Sea exercises reflect growing strategic competition between the U. saying the potential presence of a U.S. which came in response to the warship's sinking.S." In recent months. but the Chinese official said the new exercises China sharply objected and while U. away from the Chinese coast. he announced the exercises would be the torpedo's origin. referring to the South Korean warship that Seoul and Washington say was sunk by a North Korean submarine in March. are ratcheting up tensions between Beijing and Washington.
the North Korean military said in a statement. when.The North put its 1. Japan and South Korea if there was any attempt to interfere with a coming launching. It vowed a just retaliatory strike operation.. North Korea s missile and nuclear threats are the impoverished country s main tool of extracting foreign aid. The military exercise. wants to demonstrate that the U. military. Stephen W. head of the United States military in South Korea. will lose anything if it exercises restraint. speaking to The Wall Street Journal. were not permitted to cross the border." he said. but against the strongholds of the United States. The stated purpose is to test of how fast the United States military can respond to a North Korean attack.-South Korean military exercise gives the North Korean regime a chance to fan those fears anew and rally its hungry populace around leader Kim Jong-il. as well as an American aircraft carrier and an unspecified number of South Korean soldiers. Korea military maneuvers destabilize the region BBC 10 SEOUL. South Korea As thousands of American Marines poured into South Korea on Monday to kick off an annual joint military exercise that the United States described as routine. The Chinese official.S. by the foreign minister.S. About 700 South Koreans who had planned to enter Kaesong on Monday. said Gen. Also Monday. Kim consolidate power four years after the death of his father." U. . called Key Resolve. the new United States special envoy for North Korea. He noted that the U. and S. which has stopped sending the North free food. Questions have been raised about his grip on power since August.000 American troops.S. The issue is how these major powers will accommodate the sensitivities of each other. Decades of indoctrination have led North Koreans to live under a constant fear of American invasion. involves 26. . "This logic is hard to explain to other countries. half of them sent from outside the Korean peninsula. South Korea and Japan.North Korea says it plans to send a satellite into orbit.. "If you look very carefully at the statements by our president.S. said Yang Moo-jin. won't tolerate any limits on its freedom of action." he said. the only remaining channel of direct communications between the Koreas. but neighboring governments believe it will be testing its Taepodong-2 missile. not only against all the interceptor means involved. North Korea issued a characteristically bellicose statement calling the maneuvers preparations to invade and warning that it would attack the United States. said China is growing frustrated with an America that believes it has as much national interest at stake in the South China Sea as the Gulf of Mexico.-China relations. I don't think the U. met with Foreign Minister Yu Myung-hwan and Defense Minister Lee Sang-hee of South Korea to discuss how to bring North Korea back to nuclear disarmament talks. as well as 80 who had planned to return to Seoul on the same day. hesuffered a stroke. "If either side really loses its sense then everything could be derailed. He said the world should draw a clear distinction between the pronouncements of top Chinese leaders on bilateral ties and the sometimes shrill tone of the Chinese media." Despite a string of recent setbacks for U. the South Korean government said. Walter L. South Korea s Defense Ministry played down the threats as political rhetoric.S. Shooting our satellite for peaceful purposes will precisely mean a war. and some experts said the leader Kim Jong-il was playing on that anxiety to strengthen his standing domestically. South Korea. But the North Korean statement reinforced fears that it might resort to military provocations to vent anger at South Korea. as well as to drag the United States into negotiating. But I really don't think there's a possibility that such things could happen. A Taepodong-1 launching in 1998 helped Mr. Bosworth. scholars and individual officials. The latest joint U. I don't think you can find anything that will support the argument that China is more arrogant or more assertive. South Korean and American intelligence agencies believe.carriers and ships have transited the Yellow Sea and drilled with South Korea there for years. The military hot line that the North cut off is used mainly to clear the border crossing for shipments of goods produced at the industrial complex in the North Korean city of Kaesong and for the 570 South Koreans working there. in going ahead with exercises in the Yellow Sea. It is not tied in any way to any political or real-world event. which theoretically can reach as far as Hawaii and Alaska. President Kim Il-sung.1-million-member armed forces on standby and cut off a military hot line. the official expressed general optimism over ties. according to the South Korean government.S. by Premier Wen [Jiabao]. "But this is not the point. Sharp. a senior analyst at the University of North Korean Studies in Seoul.
Ri said any new sanctions would be a violation of a recent UN security council statement that condemned the sinking of the Cheonan but did not directly blame North Korea. Ron Paul is actually on to something. four months after a South Korean naval vessel was sunk by a North Korean torpedo. to take place in the Sea of Japan. is an equally unaffordable political liability on the South Korean street. Stanton (Joshua Stanton is co-Editor of the Journal of Inter-Religious Dialogue and a Schusterman Rabbinical Fellow at Hebrew Union College) Proceeding against the advice of my cardiologist. Their contribution to the effort in Afghanistan has been negligible. South Korea has been an equally unsteady ally against China. making no military contribution and taking no combat casualties. based at the demilitarised zone separating South and North Korea. which is more than can be said of their contribution to the Taliban (previous President Roh Moo Hyun reportedly paid them a ransom of up to $20 million in 2007 to free South Korean hostages who took it upon themselves to charter a shiny new bus to bring Christianity to Kandahar). South Korea made much of the fact that it sent 3. are expected to raise tensions on the peninsula. for which the American soldier is inevitably blamed. The US and South Korea announced the exercises yesterday during a visit to Seoul by the US secretary of state." Ri Tong-il. a North Korean spokesman. The way some of them treat our soldiers ought to be a national scandal. We should withdraw it. Forces Korea. Some observers said the announcement was largely symbolic. taxpayers billions of dollars a year to maintain.S. "If the US is really interested in the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula. military presence stunts the growth of the Korean military." he said.U. 100 aircraft and 20 ships. and asked to conduct its own investigation. The meeting will be the second between the two sides since the Cheonan sank on 26 March. including the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier the USS George Washington. The exercises. told reporters at an Asian security forum in Hanoi. which will involve 8. North Korea repeated claims that it was not responsible. South Korea does not have our back. Many off-post businesses don t even let Americans through their front doors. I must concede that for once. The South Korean people do not appreciate the security our soldiers provide. where they sat behind concrete barriers in a secure Kurdish area of Iraq. He suggested that the sanctions and military drills could threaten moves towards a resumption of six-way talks on the regime's nuclear weapons programme. and urged Washington to create the goodwill needed for negotiations to restart. Clinton said the latest sanctions were aimed at derailing the north's nuclear programme and denying luxury goods to the regime's elite. The restrictions were expected to target individuals within the regime and banks that help fund the nuclear industry through illicit activities such as money laundering and counterfeiting. Every Saturday night off-post brawl is a headline in the muck-raking Korean press. Guardian 10 North Korea warned today that a joint military exercise by the US and South Korea this weekend poses a "grave danger" to regional security. the UN command said in a statement.S. The degree of anti-Americanism in South Korea is sufficient to be a significant force protection issue in the event of hostilities. U. a day after Washington announced new sanctions designed to cut off funding for the regime's nuclear weapons programme.000 troops. and the trade in arms and luxury goods. The ground component of U.-South Korea Military Alliance raises tensions in the Korean Peninsula and impedes negotiations. and for which angry mobs perpetually demand renegotiations of the Status of Force Agreement to give Korea s not-even-remotely-fair judicial system more jurisdiction over American soldiers. . which costs U.S. Hillary Clinton. it should halt the military exercises and sanctions that destroy the mood for dialogue. The meeting will take place at the border "truce village" of Panmunjom tomorrow. The north called for the cancellation of the drill. since sanctions are already in place. protected by peshmerga. At the first round of talks last week. North Korea denies responsibility for the attack and says it will interpret any retaliatory measures will as a declaration of war. The American-led UN command.S.000 soldiers to Iraq. killing 46 sailors. said today it would negotiate with North Korea in an attempt to set up high-level talks to resolve differences over the March sinking. "The decision to hold military drills presents a grave threat to the peace and security not only of the Korean peninsula but of the entire region.
S. president of the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses. South Korea diverted billions of dollars that should have been spent on modernizing its military into regime-sustaining aid to Kim Jong Il. South Korea subsidized Kim Jong Il s potential offense with billions of dollars in hard currency that sustained the very threat against which we were ostensibly helping to defend. Korea Times 8 A poll shows that 34 percent of first-year army cadets called the United States the main enemy of South Korea. building a professional volunteer army. designed around a 1970-vintage threat. Instead. he might even plausibly deny responsibility for an attack. which ended last February. Too many of them (some polls suggest most) see America as a barrier to reunification with their ethnic kindred in the North. Consequently.. I do not believe it is wise for us to have our forces within easy artillery range of Kim Jong Il. I offer two qualifications here. First. defending against the extinct threat of a conventional North Korean invasion. he will choose more limited or less conventional means to strike at our soldiers and their families. Army presence in Korea is an anachronism. The KMA did not make the result public during the Roh Moo-hyun administration. stressing the respondents were those who were supposed to be military officers.The American security blanket has fostered a state of national adolescence by the South Korean public.The U. expressing uneasiness about contents of some high and middle schools textbooks. as U. according to a survey of a group of conscripted soldiers conducted by the Ministry of Defense. South Korea continues to resist accepting operational control over its own forces in the event of war. place. about 75 percent of them said they have anti-U. Kim hinted that he had been forced not to notify the public of the result. equipped with 1970-vintage weapons. During my service in Korea. but I suspect a greater sense of selfreliance and even vulnerability might. Worst of all. Thus. What does South Korea have to show for this colossal outlay now. Kim was quoted by a newspaper as saying. and U. I can imagine any number of contingencies for which we d want to have the ability to move people and supplies into South Korea in a hurry. than our many scattered and isolated Army posts. that aid effectively undermined U. Both South Korea and North Korea view the United States as an enemy. Given the reported presence of Taliban operatives in Seoul. To this day. Our air and naval installations in Korea provide useful power-projection capability and are far more secure.N. sentiment. such that he may freely choose the time. a former superintendent of the Korea Military Academy (KMA) said. disclosed a past survey of 250 KMA entrants to single out "the country's main enemy'' while serving as the military academy's superintendent in 2004. ironically. Maybe nothing short of a North Korean attack on the South can encourage more sober thinking by South Koreans about their own security. South Korea still has a 1970-vintage force structure. South Korea never made North Korea s disarmament a condition of this aid. to be used. as far as anyone knows. Citing his meeting with the 250 cadet freshmen. 33 percent said they regarded North Korea as the main enemy. In addition. sanctions meant to force North Korea to disarm.S. and pretty much everything but infant formula. Kim Choong-bae. the military expert argued that the hostile sentiment against the "ally" is due to "inappropriate'' education in schools. . but it s also the legacy of military welfare that allowed South Korea to defer upgrading its equipment.S. artillery. missiles. expects up to 600. The far greater danger is that if Kim Jong Il assesses our current president as weak. and manner of our involvement. "While the majority or 34 percent picked the U.S. this is not to suggest that we unilaterally abrogate the alliance with South Korea. now one the world s wealthiest nations. for nukes. successive South Korean governments actually cut their nation s defense rather than modernizing it and building an effective independent defense. This is partly the legacy of ten years of leftist administrations.'' He said the result was unbelievable.S. and organizing an effective reserve force to deal with security contingencies. taxpayers subsidized South Korea s defense. while I don t go so far as to accept the Princess Bride Doctrine ( never get involved in a land war in Asia ).000 American soldiers to arrive protect it from any security contingency. Because South Korea.
000 American soldiers most of them conscripts without the courtesy of an up-or-down vote on the war. South Korea sacrifices some sovereignty in this bargain. Korea. In the years to come. that he would (finally) back a free-trade agreement with South Korea. "Americans are borrowing money to pay to defend the South so South Koreans can spend their money on other priorities.S. It has twice the population and more than 20 times the GDP of the North." overshadowed by the next decade's bitter controversy over Vietnam. a "mortal enemy'' and Japan a "longstanding enemy. was at least a half-step in the right direction. of course but that doesn't require American troops stationed along the DMZ. internationally isolated basket case. would retain wartime command of ROK troops in any future peninsular conflict. Yet we still account for half of the world's military expenditures with a bloated "defense" budget largely devoted to the defense of other nations. The U. forces into battle to repel North Korean hordes streaming across the 38th parallel in a surprise attack on the South. U. commerce and honest friendship with all nations. . In the North darkness reigns. Thomas Jefferson outlined the ideal American foreign policy: "peace. but at least it saves money.'' some military officials said." others have called "the Forgotten War. but to the South. involvement saved millions of South Koreans from being swallowed up by a militarized slavestate. Meanwhile. the war-weakened Republic of Korea faced a communist enemy backed by China and the Soviet Union. When America signed a mutual defense treaty with the South after the 1953 armistice.000 U. isn't going anywhere. the "hermit kingdom" to the North remains belligerent as shown by its recent torpedo attack on the ROK vessel Cheonan but it's a desperately poor. One thing is clear: In an era of trillion-dollar deficits as far as the eye can see. Today. bearing a disproportionate amount of the risk in an allegedly "mutual" defense pact. Yet today some 28. President Obama's other announcement Saturday. That came at no small price: Truman's unilateral decision crossed a constitutional Rubicon. The ROK spends 2. an alliance crafted to contain an enemy that collapsed 18 years ago. and Japan as its main enemies. entangling alliances with none. There has been no document or official commentaries from Pyongyang which describe South Korea as the main enemy of the North.S. A look at the famous nighttime satellite photo hints at the two countries' relative strengths. membership in NATO." That's a common pattern in our Cold War-era alliances.S. As my colleague Doug Bandow puts it in a forthcoming study. Japan and the U. troops remain in South Korea.S.S. He announced that the U." Toward that end. After 60 years of guarding the ROK. North Korea had Solvency: South Korea is ready to defend itself Healy 10 (Gene Healy is a vice president at the Cato Institute) Sixty years ago Sunday. In his first inaugural address.S. But the Korean War's anniversary ought to prompt rethinking a Cold War-era alliance well past its sell-by date. In a Saturday press briefing.S. President Harry Truman ordered U.S. eroding Congress's power to declare war and leading to the deaths of more than 36. What Truman termed a "police action. ready to defend an ally that's more than capable of defending itself. has helped keep European defense budgets low and subsidize lavish welfare states for NATO members. haven't we done our part? Apparently not." U.S. we would do well to move closer to the Jeffersonian ideal in international affairs. Americans can be proud of what their sacrifices helped achieve.6 of its GDP on defense well less than the United States and falling. North Korea had reportedly defined the U.Various polls on college students or elementary school students have shown that major enemies of South Korea include North been found to label the U. President Obama marked the war's anniversary by making clear that the U. It's odd that a conflict as pivotal as the Korean War could ever be "forgotten. scrapping a plan to turn over control of South Korean forces in 2012. the brightly lit ROK is the world's "most-wired nation" and its 13th-largest economy.S. has an interest in denuclearizing the Korean peninsula. America can't afford to play globocop any longer.
malnourished soldiers with ancient equipment. The recent sinking of the South Korean naval vessel Cheonan offers a stark reminder that. If the Seoul government isn't worried about its national security. should leave the problem of dealing with Pyongyang to the North's neighbors. The ROK has twice the population and upwards of 40 times the gross domestic product the North. into positions of influence. American forces partitioned the peninsula at the end of World War II. The supposedly conservative government in Seoul refused to close the South Korean-run Kaesong industrial park in the North even after the DPRK sank a South Korean warship earlier this year. the next government. America's 27. troops remain to this day. Deterrence worked against Joseph Stalin. will probably be weak and divided. The so-called Democratic People's Republic of Korea.No reason exists for a continued U. The entire raison d'être of the alliance has disappeared. then Americans shouldn't give it much thought. military presence in South Korea Bandow 10 (Doug Bandow is a senior fellow at the Cato Institute. The process could be anything but smooth. but no one should have any illusions about the likelihood of making a deal. The risk to America might have been warranted when the ROK was unable to defend itself and the Korean confrontation was tied to the Cold War. and deployed as a permanent garrison after the conflict ended in 1953. The ROK also recently restarted aid to North Korea. could wipe his nation off the map. A former special assistant to President Ronald Reagan) The United States has had a military relationship with the Republic of Korea (ROK) for 65 years. established the ROK as a new nation in 1948. It took "Great Leader" Kim Il-sung years to move his son. the South felt so secure that it spent much of the last decade investing in and aiding Pyongyang. He wants his virgins in this life. because of Washington's security guarantee. current politics in Pyongyang works against any negotiated solution. two more sons. irrespective of Kim Jong-un's status. The Republic North Korea as a U. The North's military equips under-trained. Thus. but there no longer is any cause to maintain a defense commitment that is all cost and no benefit to the United States. But nearly two decades of negotiation appear to be at a dead end. The DPRK's economy is a wreck.S. The ROK has raced past North Korea on most measures of national power and become a global economic leader. Indeed. What of Pyongyang's putative nuclear arsenal? The North probably hasn't miniaturized any weapons that it might have constructed. Kim Jong-il. but even here the purported of Korea is far ahead on most measures of national power. a motley collection of other family members. The U. "Dear Leader" Kim Jong-il is evil. U. Moreover. not stupid.S. . No one is likely to push the armed services to give up nuclear weapons.S. But the U.S. Yet again the impoverished dictatorship has captured the world's attention. Kim Jong-un. the world's first Communist monarchy. North Korea also doesn't have a missile capable of hitting America. It is a nasty situation. But why are Americans expected to sort out the mess? Rather than treating danger is exaggerated. South Korea alone can protect itself from North Korea Bandow 10 North Korea has officially unveiled the youngest son and heir-apparent of "Dear Leader" Kim Jong-il. There may be no harm in trying again. One American aircraft carrier has more firepower than the entire North Korean military.S. Mao Zedong and Kim's father. It will continue to work against Kim Jong-il. and many party and military officials who have been waiting for years for their opportunity to rule. rescued South Korea from invasion in 1950. The South's forces are better trained and its equipment is more capable. would support the DPRK in another war. The latter probably won't have nearly as much time to do the same with his son. and wouldn't waste his time trying to pass power to his son if he planned self-immolation. Two years ago Dear Leader Kim suffered a stroke.S. let alone doing so accurately. Being less vigorous physically and weaker politically who knows how long he will be in charge Kim is less able to face down the military and bargain away its most important weapon. neither China nor Russia.The Cold War ended long ago. has another objective: to dissuade the North from building nuclear weapons. Moreover. The future is even less certain. even a parochial quarrel between Seoul and Pyongyang could drag in the United States. Kim Ilsung. Seoul has a much larger army reserve and military industrial base. The only reason Washington is so deeply involved in the peninsula's politics is because of its longstanding security guarantee to the South. In fact. Neither Moscow nor China is likely to back the so-called Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in any new aggressive war. the North's traditional allies. not the next. poses no threat to America. He knows that the U.000 troops should come home. And there are numerous claimants to power: a brother-in-law and sister. The North poses a greater threat to South Korea. problem.
it had approximately the same level of economic wealth as Ghana. Only the South is vulnerable to a traditional conventional assault.S. Korean popular culture has also crossed borders.") CAMBRIDGE and is When the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) met in Thailand last month. and the country has just reached a free-trade agreement with the European Union. given habitually violent clashes between governing and opposition parties over sensitive bills and unending bribery scandals involving politicians." Nevertheless. Any map demonstrates that the DPRK is primarily an issue for South Korea. Similarly. but it is not true of soft-power resources. The North isn't likely to attack the People's Republic of China.. and cuisine have already spread around the world. Wedged into an area where three giants China. high-tech society could do far more in its own defense. despite its impressive hard-power resources. South Korea also developed a democratic political system. More recently. the Hansun Foundation ranked South Korea 13th in the world in terms of national power. high-tech weapons." America can no longer afford to garrison the world. at the beginning of the 20th century." But for these ``hard power" ingredients to become true engines of the country's growth and prosperity. has taken a lead in peace talks. Indeed. South Korea was dealt a weak hand.Washington should turn the issue back to Pyongyang's neighbors. It joined the OECD and is an important member of the G20. The political clout of countries such as Canada. while improvement in these areas would certainly enhance South Korea's soft power. A South Korean is secretary general of the United Nations." South Korea has impressive soft-power potential. advanced information communications infrastructure are the key components that a country must have for stronger international competitiveness. Korea has had a difficult history of developing sufficient ``hard" military power to defend itself. but the government of that wealthy. in the past two decades.N. one of the more prosperous of the newly independent countries in Africa. South Korea has moved away from being defined by its problematic North Korean neighbor. disorderliness of their political system. Japan and China. intervention was necessary to prevent South Korea's subjugation in the Korean War. and 17th in political stability and efficiency. Moreover. According to the survey. Japan. becoming an important middle-ranking power in global affairs. South Koreans often complain about the information technology. Norway. a country of only five million people. ``The low standings are not surprising. in terms of attractive values. Even more important. The traditions of Korean art. they must be backed by more sophisticated and highly efficient ``soft power. crafts. to again start acting like a republic. Finally.S. the very fact of having an open society that is able to produce and discuss such criticisms makes South Korea attractive. Human rights are well protected. such efforts failed and Korea became a colony of Japan. and believe that they cannot compete with such giants. South Korea has found that an alliance with a distant power like the United States continues to provide a useful insurance policy for life in a difficult neighborhood. and the Hansun Foundation Report rated South Korea 16th among the G20 in the efficiency of legislative activities.N. while the impressive success of the Korean diaspora in the U. After World War II. particularly among younger people in neighboring Asian countries. It has become the home of world-famous brands and a leader in the adoption of the Internet and countries are vastly different. and Russia confront each other. Over the next half-century. Canada and the Netherlands have enhanced their soft power not only by their policies in the U. In a recent survey of G20 nations published in the newspaper Chosun Ilbo. For example. and it is well able to protect itself. not America. but any instability emanating from Pyongyang will affect the PRC. South Korea ranked 9th in hard power resources but performed more poorly in terms of soft power. Today. In the newspaper's words. there is the attractiveness of South Korean culture. Seoul will host next year's G20 summit. American disengagement would force the Chinese government to confront the North Korean "problem. the Netherlands. The Korean peninsula is a good place for the U. If geography is destiny. has further enhanced the . and American and U. owing to the incorporation of attractive causes such as economic aid or peacemaking in their definitions of their national interest. with free elections and peaceful transfer of power between different political parties.000. Koreans compare their country of 50 million to a neighbor like China or a superpower like the U. South Korea is a rising global power Nye 10 (Joseph S. Such legitimizing policies are readily available to South Korea. In 1960. as is freedom of speech. the peninsula was divided along the lines of Cold War bipolarity. Many countries that are smaller than South Korea do well with soft power. South Korea has a compelling story to tell. Quietly. This was not always so. Sometimes. the two South Korea became the world's 11th largest economy. ``state of the art factories. Nye teaches at Harvard and is the author of ``The Powers to Lead and Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. with per capita income reaching more than $15. South Korea was an important presence. That may be true in the domain of hard military power. and the Scandinavian states is greater than their military and economic weight. Japan is conceivably at risk from a North Korean missile attack.S. but also by overseas development assistance.
As a result.attractiveness of the culture and country from which they came. Indeed. and its soft power is not prisoner to the geographical limitations that have constrained its hard power throughout its history. . from fashion and film to music and cuisine. the late 1990s saw the rise of ``hallyu." or ``the Korean wave" the growing popularity of all things Korean. South Korea is beginning to design a foreign policy that will allow it to play a larger role in the international institutions and networks that will be essential to global governance. In short. South Korea has the resources to produce soft power.
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