DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR

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1.0 Background study 1.1 Introduction Creativity of children playing with their own way is unexpected and predictable for an adult, and it is difficult to define, but naturally it is pleasurable, self-motivated, imaginative, non-goal directed, spontaneous, active, free of rules, and requires active participation (White, 1997). Likewise if given the opportunity for children to design with their own play space, the design is without doubt will be very different from what can be measured. This is because their designs are definitely rich with opportunities for play that characterized with their own imagination and of course the design is very suitable environment for child development in terms of psychological and physical, which is a place for children wanted to stay in all day. In addition, children learn in the course of the experiences and without being taught because, while children were having fun, they are motivated to investigate their surroundings and express their ideas, thoughts and feelings. At the same time, they are taught to deal with feelings, interact with others, resolve conflicts, and gain a sense of competence (White, 1997). In other word the development of children not just in term of developing strength and physical skills but also in term of spiritual, intellectual, creative, social and emotional growth (Hendricks, 2001). However, today children have very little time for freely play at outdoor playspace, this is because when children do have free time, they will spent indoors in front of the television, video games or computers. For that reason, this is influenced by their environment, where the layout of residential or town areas does not provide playing fields that can attract them to play (Louv, 2008), and therefore play equipment provided by the local authority does not meet the needs of children to play which is, the crisis is when developers or local authorities taking into account of providing a playspace, the usual influence is to choose something that is familiar to adults, safe, and meets the budget but unfortunately that will be boring for children itself (Thomas, 2008). Furthermore playgrounds equipment only provided more emphasis on the physical growth of children, which restrict and limit the psychological development of

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR

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children to play with imagination and creativity of their own and consequently the interaction between children with their surrounding environment and other peers will be disturb. Indeed they have restricted physical boundaries and fewer opportunities for free play in the natural world (L.Stoecklin, 2007). Hopefully this study will provide playground designs that match the needs of children present and in future as well as could contribute to the physical and the psychological development of children as a whole. 1.2 Topic Definition The following is the definition and meaning of the terms used in the research topic of Designing a Child Friendly Environment Playscape toward a Holistic Child Development. 1.2.1 Child

According to (MADI, 2009), the child means a process of quantitative change of human physical changes in terms of size and maturity, and these changes will continue to occur up to a level of change that will stop. According to (Yusoff, 2005), children who are defined as anyone under the age of 18 years, which in the age group who received protection from the Malaysia laws of Child Act 2001. In context of this study, base on the above statement the child were talking about is the children who are still in the development of mental and physical, from the age of 1 to 18 years, which is still in the progress of development for the size of body parts, height and number of brain nerves. 1.2.2 Friendly According to ("GlossaryOfTravel.com", 2010), friendly define as facilities that make it suitable for or easy to use by somebody. In context of this study, friendly is a term for something appropriate to the needs, comfort, and safety and easy for users to operate for a specific purpose for which indirectly serve the purpose.

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR

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1.2.3

Playscape environment

Playscape environment identify as a term created by the landscape architect for the playspace which designed like the natural environment setting and also it is the playspace for children that are not only to play but to assist in the development of the child itself, consisting of the man-made and the natural environment (Cynthia Wisenor, Donna Hicks, & Duncan, 2002). Therefore, the topic regarding the playscape environment means, the play area that contains the element of man-made and nature, that work as a tool for children to play, which will indirectly help the development of children in term of psychology and physical whereby a place which most attractive for children to play. 1.2.4 Holistic

Holistic can be define as emphasizing the importance of the whole and the interdependence of its parts which concerned with wholes rather than separation into parts (Brown & Chip, 1999). In context of this study, holistic is overall approach, which takes into account all aspects of child development which includes physical and psychological development of children, that emphasis on respect for the environment should be applied during the development of children, so that when these children become adults in the future, they will be more respectful to the environment 1.2.5 Child development

According to ("Child Development and Public Health", 2008), child development define as the process of growing up, developing, and learning throughout their lives from early life to adulthood. Which is, can be measured through social, physical, and cognitive developmental. In context of this study, child development is a process of development and growth in terms of physical development, social, and the process of thought which that encompasses the various stages of physical, social, and psychological growth.

The playspace design will encourage towards the formation of a creative mind as well as taking into account the psychological and physical development of children.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 4 1. comfort and safety for children. very helpful in contribution to the development of the children and the demand of children to stay longer for them to spend the valuable time to play. This as well. adults see this as the appropriate playground model for children to play. see-saw and slides. ³Designing a Child Friendly Playscape Environment toward a Holistic Child Development´ can be simplified that the design of playspace that have the element of man-made design and nature which friendly for all category of children ages. However it is important to look at the playground . Thus directly become the area that. playgrounds were areas with manufactured equipment such as swings. that concerning about the natural environment as a part of development. works indirectly to assist the development as a whole for all aspects of development in terms of psychological and physical development.6 Conclusion to the topic definition For the conclusion. Therefore. 1. which is concerned about the age of children from 3 to 15 years old and did not include those children with disabilities.3 Scope of The Study This study focuses on the proposed design for a Child Friendly Playscape Environment toward a Holistic Child Development at Tanjung Emas Muar Johor. 1.2. In other words the playspace that takes into accounts of needs. which are currently seen as the traditional setting of playground. Likewise the concerning about emphasizing natural environment is a part of children development and also act as play equipment for children that will be needed for generate holistic among children.4 Significances of Study When most adults were children.

It¶s a waste not only on the playground but also the space itself. as time goes by. pleasant and friendly playspace with considering natural surroundings. where modernization activities can be seen everywhere. For the reason that. Unfortunately they do not have the skill to design. not only in urban areas but also in rural areas which also. in row of rapid development activity playground has been set up with modern and colorful of play equipment. this study will be formulating the model of a playground design with emphasizing the natural surroundings. it will be more fun because they knew what they need.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 5 as one piece of the development approach for children which allow them opportunities to develop through play.5 Problem Statement Long time ago. For that reason. social and creative skills. This is because the old setting playground design needs to change. whereas the current playground equipment or the setting itself still being traditional. if the children were given task to design playground. which can help and act as a medium in the development of children's physical. 1. So let the Landscape Architect become the hand to blend the knowledge. we can see a crowded group of children spending their play time at the playground. should prepare and change the playspace for children in line and in accordance with the progress of development at present. but it failed to attract the children to spend their time at there. where so much coast have been put in develop a space for children have their time for play but in return . idea and skill to become favorable. to be more attractive and challenging as a playground for children which also to be as paradigms shift. Moreover. the design of house style have change from traditional style to modern style. Since Malaysia being a developing country. As well as taking into account the way of children play for all ages of children that either directly or indirectly. however currently very seldom this land of view can be retrieved at any playground area except for indoor playground in shopping complex. due to that. safety and education aspect as whole to children development.

2 Social issue Playground is one of the important social context in which children meet. no matter what category of age. From that reason child does not respond to the current playground setting. Whereas this circumstances. what we provided does not meet the demand of the children.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 6 the space was empty and being there with no attraction.1 Physical issue The study area seem to have the play equipment that provided by local authorities. interact and form relationship. inasmuch as the play equipment and the design of the playground itself which failed in terms of social interaction among children with nature and also failed in their relationships with peers. where this will effect difficulty of children to play. . Children exposed only to the physical development of skills and body strength thus cannot challenge the creativity of children in play. the main problem is that. Moreover.5. is likely as stamping method in providing the playground area as it is compulsory requirement by the Landscape Architect. In addition. Besides this is also due to the design of playground very typical and obsolete. 1.5. In fact this problem is also related and caused by physical issues and social issues in the study area. children were introduced to a variety of leisure time activities to fill their time indoors. lack of opportunities for children to interact. where the position of play equipment are randomly placed and in other word this playspace area separate and secluded. Children of today have restricted physical boundaries and less opportunities for free play in the outdoor setting. but with the condition of current playground nowadays. 1. These facts lead a great effect on children's health and well-being which is the effect of childhood obesity are now widespread in many Malaysian communities.

The whole study is divided into three (3) levels: 1.1 Goal Developing children¶s physical. Objectives To provide outdoor design of playscape that can act as a medium for the development of childhood. social and creative skill through their experience in natural and man-made playscape environment.6. To encourage social interaction of children with their surroundings. about the background of the study and to reflect the current state of research to be more clearly. the emphasis should be given to the preliminary study or to be scientific. To solve the psychological and physical. 1. 1. Some aspects need to taken into account.7 Research Methodology The methodology of this study involves the implementation stages of the research will be conducted by the researcher. Indeed this is for all of the problems will be addressed in accordance with the purpose of the study. it is an early study in which to emphasis on goals and objectives of the study which to be identified before carrying out the next stage.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 7 1.6.6 Goal and Objective 1. needs and desires of children to systematic playscape settings that stimulate the creativity of children. ii. In addition.2 i. Several approaches will be used to obtain detailed information to become a complete study.7. . iii. As well in this stage. a number of statements relating to the research problem must be identified.1 First Stage At this stage.

Which the required data as the study area plan.7. i. Which data collection is generally divided into two (2) the primary data and secondary data. b. Questionnaire method Surveys was conducted to obtain information relating to the review of the research which to be carried out. and Jabatan Peparitan dan Saliran daerah Muar.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 8 1. a. ii. a. a questionnaire was conducted to gain information and feedback from respondents in the study area. it more emphasizes on the aspects of data collection. Secondary data Secondary data included information gathered from government departments and also from other sources. current land . In addition. Observation method Observation method is also conduct in order to observe the actual situation of the study site in terms of physical condition of the site and the activities and categories of users use the study area. The data was collected through two methods in terms of method of questionnaire and observation methods. Government Departments The government departments involved in this study is to obtain information is Majlis Penbandaran Muar (MPM).2 Second Stage In this stage. This is includes a survey about the physical characteristics of the site and the element of conformity with the study. Primary data Primary data obtained from the survey conducted by the researcher.

magazines. as a result the area will be function as the formation and development of children. whether it was the sidewalks. taking into account and does not ignore the rights of children as consumers. if the effort to create this area. streets.7.3 Third Stage At this stage. . Whereby this alternative will eventually produce a landscape design proposal that emphasized the study which is follow the topic of this research. alleys. 1. streams and rural area. the data analysis results of the survey will analyze. existing development plans. and parks of the city. In all due fairness. Besides.8 Summary Playing is the central of young children¶s lives. it is possible to develop a design of playground that will fulfill the needs and demand of children in order to achieve a friendly playscape environment toward a holistic child development. policies and guidelines. Moreover the results of this analysis will inform the best alternative action to implement the study area. pamphlets and reading material from Internet sites associated with the research topic 1. Other sources The information collected and used by the existing data as the study done by researchers previously either unpublished and published. Therefore.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 9 use plan. The Findings of this study will be available after the primary information updated. the information derived from reading materials such as books. b. if there is as determined by the local authorities. Children used to have access to their surrounding.

and as members of the community. Regarding on reference cases. method and approach will be analyzed to designing child friendly playscape environment toward a holistic child development. 2003). children learn and develop as individuals. It is the outdoors where children can freely experience their motor skills like running. is to strengthen the fact that a comprehensive environmental of playing will result the effective development of children which is takes into account about children's needs in terms of psychological and physical development. jumping. 2. Likewise for a child. 1983). lifting. issue and problem and design approach. and ability to cooperate. Developmental benefits of play include creativity and imagination. During play. children receive information from the surrounding environment in line to use it in their physical and mental development. Other than that. discovery. . mostly motivated behavior that actively engages the child (Mussen & Carmichael. some were chosen with similarity with surrounding. problem. philosophy. design and others that relevant to conduct this topic. theories. Furthermore the issue.2 Children and play Play is one of the methods in learning process.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 10 2. learning to solve problems.0 Literature Review and Reference Case 2. outdoors is the only possibility to exploring the surroundings.1 Introduction Literature review and reference case in this chapter are the methodology and process that need to go thought in order to gain reference in term of principle. personally directed. climbing and also it is the most appropriate area for performing manipulative skills such as swinging. In fact play can be defined as freely chosen. By means of play. and balancing (MET N.

Freud . Bruner. Hall Practice for Adulthood K. 2003).DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 11 2. social . J.3 Theories of play The significance of play is considered by researchers from a variety of categories including psychology. education. Freud. social Cognitive Developmental J. intellectual To reduce anxiety by giving a child a sense of control over the world and an acceptable way to express forbidden impulses Emotional. Piaget B. As it is stated in Table 1. Erikson Reasons for play Benefits To discharge the natural energy of the body Physical To avoid boredom while the natural motor functions of the body are restored Physical To relive periods in the evolutionary history of the human species Physical To develop skills and knowledge necessary for functioning as an adult Physical. shows a list of trigger theories about the reason to play on child development: Theories Surplus Energy H.W. Spencer Renewal of Energy G. Sutton-Smith To facilitate general cognitive development To consolidate learning that has already taken place while allowing for the possibility of new learning in a relaxed atmosphere Intellectual. A. Patrick Recapitulation G. E.S. and anthropology (MET N.T. philosophy. Groos Psychoanalytic S.

according to (Elkind. and walk from side to side from practice play. a lot of research has been conducted to identify and determine the value and function of the park as an area for the development of children. MD. Therefore playground is essential play hub for children development. Despite the benefits derived from play in playground for both children and parents. In which. 2007). it helps children skill development. Besides. physical Biological. social. D. Berlyne. and emotional of children. intellectual Table 2. children teach themselves to move slowly. stand.E. & MSEd. time for free play has been markedly as important way for children development (Kenneth R. 1995) In all due fairness. physical. and also the play equipment such as activity of playing that were help toward teaching children through play began to be fostered in playground environments (Maraini. Source: (Hughes.1: Theories of Play. Fein H. Fitzgerald To integrate the functioning of the right and left cerebral hemispheres To keep the body at an optimal state of arousal To relieve boredom To reduce uncertainty Emotional. G. playground also offers an ideal opportunity for parents to engage fully with their children. from year to year. childhood theorists see ³play´ as fundamental to human development and emphasize its critical value for all children. Whereby the stages of children development gained in consideration about the psychology of children at play in the contemporary playground design. 2009). 2. Ginsburg. 2007).4 The role of play in children development In era of 1960s the playground was influenced by the theories of child psychologists such as Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget as well as by modern landscape architects. In additions more recent trend in playground design is . Likewise.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 12 Arousal Modulation D. because it contributes to the cognitive. Weininger. Ellis Neuropsychological O. This is based out of the play.

children are for instance. while developing their imagination and physical. 2009). 2. sometimes in conjunction with other children (Kenneth R. All types of play allow a child to practice his language. Physical Development Play can build up co-ordination and direction of your child's physical actions as there are chances to run. Physical activities will also develop confidence of children. 2007). . ii. encouraged in these playgrounds to build their own appropriate play structures. cognitive. conquering their fears while practicing adult roles in play. iii. this design attempts to allow for a child-oriented perspective in play. 2007). skip and jump which develop muscle tone and balance. Thus according to From Piaget¶s theoretical base ("Stages Of Play During Child Development". MD.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 13 the ³adventure´ playground. hop. it is because playground design to play (Maraini. a fresh establishment of words will be required to explain the play that is taking place. & MSEd. Ginsburg. and emotional strength and it is also allows children to create and explore a world they can master. Emotional Development Play is practical as an expression for your child's feelings. Calm activities can express a remarkable outlet for your child who requires time and space to be lonely.4. Language Development With each new part of play or every new play activity. developmental factors of play can be analyzed in five particular forms: i.1 The benefit of play in children development Play allows children to use their creativity in play. both negative and positive.

Therefore according to (Butler. finer cognitive functioning. 1997). and so begin to realize cause and effect. Whereby. 2006) also. In which Wonder is an important motivator for lifelong learning (Wilson & A. your child develops awareness of general ideas. Children will attempt something unusual with objects that he can act or make a noise with. Children will learn about social skills such as taking turns and sharing and will become aware of others emotions and start to be able to take those emotions into account. playground design need to take into account of the age level as basis in planning and designing a playground. Social Development Playgroup will assist to develop the skills needed for understanding both adults and children. With good judgment. 1950). . play environments offer children countless benefits including better psychological well-being. It is because early experiences with the natural world have been positively connected with the development of imagination and the sense of wonder for children.5 The design of playground Playground design should emphasize from design aspects which occupy and meets the needs and preferences of children as well as taking into account the function as playground for children carry out their growth process. 2.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 14 iv. the uniformity of aspect activity and also the play equipment which need appropriate with every age of children. according to (White. v. Cognitive/Intellectual Development Through play.

children grow at remarkable rate of progress and some may take some time to go through an outstanding stage ("Stages Of Play During Child Development". 7 years and 11 or 12 years. every age it has its own character to play whereby every child go through these process and even though the fact that they are connected to ages. 2 and half to 3 Years Play in other children environment but do not play with them. .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 15 2. iii. Children also start to develop friendships and the preferences for playing with some but not all other children. v. 0-2 Years Play by individual in other words relationship with other children limited. there is 5 category of age classification with their ability of interaction in playing which is: i. Play may be quite difficult and have supportive of other children in play and also play in single sex groups. 3-4 Years Starts to interact with others in their play and there may be passing cooperation between in play. iv. 2 to 2 and half Years Other children playing around but will not play with them. Instead. 2010). According to ("Stages Of Play During Child Development".1 Age classification According to (Atherton. the transitions of development taking place at about 18 months. ii. 2007). This has indicated that before these ages children are not capable of understanding things in certain ways.5. children's thinking does not develop entirely smoothly. 4 ± 6+ Years Co-operative plays together with shared aims of play with others. Moreover play is normally in mixed sex groups. In which. 2007) also.

children gain knowledge of social rules such as.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 16 Needless to say. to resolve conflicts. according to (Kenneth R. the opportunities for children to develop within their environment through regular contact with play. MD. children who are comfortable manipulating their environment also become good at manipulating words. 2006). cooperation. Ginsburg. children also learn to use moral analysis to develop a grown-up sense of values. to negotiate. to share. 2. Whereby. ideas and concepts. Motor/Physical Play Physical play provides significant opportunities for children to develop both individual gross and fine muscle strength and overall integration of muscles. ii. In fact. Social Play By interacting with others in play settings. & MSEd. Through a series of interactions with children at different social stages. through play children at a very early age engage and interact in the world around them. It also gives children a sense of achievement with control of their environment.2 Type of play According to (White. There are five type of play for children development which is: i. Likewise.5. and sharing. it has been recommended that encouraging unstructured play may be an incomparable way to increase physical activity levels for children. nerves. 2007). give and take. . play allows children to learn how to work in groups. and to learn selfadvocacy skills. iii. and brain functions. Constructive Play Constructive play is when children manipulate their environment to be useful in their type of play.

Adult should cut down their supervision to children to create creative spirit among children . several instruction to make activity play as creative atmosphere which is: i. but this potential may be stifled if care is not taken to nurture and stimulate creativity. which will encourage learning and development of children. Relax the controls. as well as children must follow to function of the game to be more productively. it is important to allow the children to explore and develop their senses by using different ways to express. so the child then can explore different elements of creativity. enlarge their imaginations. v. and then come up with new. and also use to express their ideas. 2. creativity is the ability to see things in unusual way. According to (Lopes. to see problems that no one else may even realize exist. and effective solutions to these problems and this happens in the lives of children. Games Require rules in play.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 17 iv. Therefore. concepts and dreams in play. Fantasy Play Children develop flexible thinking. For the reason that every child is born with creative potential. unusual. 2004). It is important for children to put across themselves in many different ways. in a harmless environment. when being creative. learn to create beyond the here and now. 2004) also state that.5.3 The connection between creativity and play There are a lot of aspects of connection between creativity and play. Furthermore (Lopes.

Encourage children with solve problems with variously creative ways. Planning and problem-solving. Allow the child time to be alone to develop the creativity that is innate in all of us. By providing product or play equipment that capable of generating thought and also creative style of childish play." Leave child playing by their own way which spontaneously will make atmosphere play that worth.6 Types of Playgrounds Playgrounds can be varied according to their types. Tolerate the "offbeat. iv. To sum up the foregoing. 1999). Offer . Provide a creative atmosphere. contemporary and traditional (Barbour. and from that creative resources will be created iii. vi.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 18 ii. adventure.but do not pressure. v. these instructions were provide in response to the numerous forces that challenge play in term of creativity. they should not be becoming interruption in time for children play. Creative resources would not be useful to something sight from logical point of view. The prime idea is that play is essential to the development of psychology and physical. This is because if to generate creative it should be refer childish style play. which all three types of playground has a different . Inspire perseverance. 2. Although the instructions were given in defense of creative play.

2 Contemporary playground According to (MET N. . 1987).1 Adventure playground In this type of playgrounds. 2.6.6. which the design and the setting of play equipment are taken into account about every part of physical body of children. Thus (MET N. 1999). which are generally used on this type of playgrounds (MET N. children are occupied in arrangement.3 Traditional playground The traditional playground design developed early in the 20th century and they are still used on playgrounds today. which occupied with swings. 1987) adventure playgrounds help to develop a range of cognitive skills and allow children to repeatedly be inspired and challenged. which combine and connecting every difference pieces of play structure and form a continuous piece known as the superstructure or multi functional structure in the playground setting. 2003). seesaws. Indeed this playground recognized by its quality of landforms and play equipment. Moreover According to (Peter Heseltine & Holborn. sand. wood and rope (Barbour.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 19 approach to how to play and also has its own advantages in the development of children in terms of psychological and physical. climbers and merry-go-rounds that can be known as the most popular items. railroad ties. creating and building the area with different type of materials such as tires.6. which the design are not commonly used and they are expensive places because of their large moldings of concrete. slides. Contemporary playgrounds are normally designed by architects or landscape architects. 2. this type of playground is useful for physical development. 2003). Whereas according to (Wardle. telephone cable spools. 2. 2003) also stated that the designs of this type of playground are more emphasis on the play structures.

all children and young people should have easy access to spaces and facilities where they can play without restraint. 2008). .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 20 Photo 2. Phil Doyle. ballerhouse.mindspring/discoverygardens. wherever children live. which that.com Photo 2. playscape environment can be define as a place. Source: www.2: Children play with their surrounding setting made by them self that create an Adventure Playground. Source: www.3: Continuous piece of play structure known as the superstructure.com Photo 2. At the same time as the condition of designated play spaces is very important to children so is their opportunity to play in other public open spaces.1: An Example of an Adventure Playground.7 Playscape environment According to (Aileen Shackell. Photo 2. Source: www. coming and going as they please.4: the play equipment of Traditional Playground. Am-niemeal. and free of charge. Furthermore children benefit in particular from being able to play in playscape environments and they tend to be more active.com 2. & Ball. Nicola Butler. and evidence suggests that contact with environments supports positive mental health.

A 1 km long avenue was planted across the park and a support area has been laid out with water holes.1 First Background reference case is the Garden of Valbyparken source from http://www.cabe. Source: Google map Map 2. clean earth. From 1994-2004 it has been entirely renovated.dk/asp/side/naturleg epladsen. meadows of wild flowers and hills.sansehaver.org.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 21 2.Helle Nebelong. In 1996.2 Site conditions The previous of Valbyparken is an old rubbish dumping area. The rubbish dump earth must not be .8 Reference cases 1 The Garden of Valbyparken Copenhagen. when Copenhagen was European culture city.1: location of ³The Garden of Valbyparken´.html#engelsk 2. who at the time was a landscape architect for the city.2: Masterplan of ³The Garden of Valbyparken´.8.uk is the second biggest park in Copenhagen which the children¶s playground design reflects Denmark¶s high standards for public space design and was designed by Landscape Architect . 17 circular theme gardens were constructed. therefore the environmental authorities demanded that ½ meter of earth must be removed from the whole area and replaced by new. Map 2.8. Denmark 2. Source:www.

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 22 removed from Valbyparken and it has therefore been built into a row of hills.3 Design approach The design was an open-minded approach that involving the young people in design workshops gave the architects an opportunity to see how they used different types of play equipment and what kinds of spaces they were drawn to. with variety and remarkable contrasts that challenge children to use their imaginations and be creative. The level of design and arrangement throughout the garden is of a high quality. and from that the design offer children the chance to experience a variety of play environments and challenge them to think more carefully about their movements. contemporary design is not what most people expect in a children¶s play environment. 2. Thus this garden reflects Helle¶s belief that children¶s play areas should be ³as safe as necessary´. Moreover during the past 4 years a 20. the most outstanding thing about Valbyparken is their emphasis on natural materials. complete with imperfections. During the design process. Their individual. responsibility and creativity that informed the design. which separate the playground from the rest of the park. . but they are a good example of how play spaces can appeal to children and adults alike. The playground can accommodate many different activities at the same time and this reflects the principles of inclusion.000 m2 playground has been under construction using people from the unemployed project.8. Helle¶s designs acknowledge that the world is not made of standard shapes and sizes with even surfaces.

Source: http//:www. Source: http//:www.9: A small part of the vast nature play.com Photo 2.flickr.6: One of five towers created by design students for this natural playground.flickr.com Photo 2.com Photo 2.7: Valbyparken boardwalk and tower of light. Source: http//:www.flickr.5: A fire for a storytelling and outdoor cooking session with schoolchildren. Source: http//:www.com Photo 2.10: Some of wood sculpture. Source: http//:www.com .com Photo 2.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 23 Photo 2.8: Designed to be enjoyed by children of all abilities.flickr.flickr.flickr. Source: http//:www.

9 Reference cases 2 Evergreen Adventure Playground Hackney.3: location of ³The Evergreen Adventure Playground´.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 24 2. London 2. Source: Google map Map 2.uk was established in 1974 and redesigned by an Architect ± Liz Adams which complete in 2000.cabe. Map 2. with 30 children using it every evening and up to 150 children attending during the holidays and parents who used to visit the playground when they were young now bring their children to the site and value the quality play experience it provides.9.4: Plan view of ³The Evergreen Adventure Playground´. Thus the playground is well used.1 Background Second reference case is The Evergreen Adventure Playground source from http://www. In addition. with each piece of equipment forming part of a journey through the space. the playground provides play opportunities for children aged 5-15 years and is open after school and on Saturdays. Children who attend the playground helped to design the layout of the playground. Source: Google map .org. The space offers a mixture of bespoke play structures and more traditional off-the-peg equipment. It is a staffed playground but the play workers give the children freedom to initiate their own play experiences. The designs of playground were applying with the creative and unconventional adventure playground that the aims are to set both hearts and imaginations racing.

The perimeter of the site is bounded with an concrete fence with vehicular and pedestrian gates from Beehive Close.2 Site conditions The site covers an approximate area of 7. In addition. the site comprises various timber playground equipment such as climbing frames.10: Children allowed playing freely. swings and the like. Photo 2. this culture was a vital part of the playground redesign. towers. 2.9. responsibility and creativity that informed the design. Source: http://www.9: Skydens encourage creative play. Source: http://www.org. In fact. architect Liz Adams visited Evergreen once a week to meet the young people who play there and discuss ideas.org.9. Furthermore the layout design of this playground was established in 1974 which outdated with the demand of children currently. to help them think about different layouts and the impact upon the space.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 25 2.500mµ. gardens and a pond. where the layout and the play equipments were in poor conditions for children to play.cabe. Consequently the young people were able to pick up the models and move them around the site. In the early stages of the project.uk Photo 2. Moreover the playground can accommodate many different activities at the same time and this reflects the principles of inclusion.3 Design approach The Evergreen play workers have always involved young people in decisions about the playground.uk . It is predominantly grass covered with some mixed tree species spread throughout. from ideas for activities to buying new equipment.cabe. She created models to show the designs in a way that the young people could understand.

org.11: Totem poles decorated by the young people. Source: http://www.14: Sky platform. Source: http://www.org.org.cabe.16: Landscaped grass mound.cabe.cabe.13: Constructed in natural surroundings.12: Flying fox.uk Photo 2. Source: http://www.uk .uk Photo 2.org.cabe.cabe.org. Source: http://www.15: Sky rocket.org. Source: http://www.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 26 Photo 2. Source: http://www.uk Photo 2.cabe.uk Photo 2.uk Photo 2.

1 Background Third reference case is The Imagination Playground Park source from http://www.000 apartments are being added to the area. Burling Slip.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 27 2.2 Site conditions Over the last decade.5: Plan view of ³The Imagination Playground´. 2010. cooperation between the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation and Rockwell Group. at Burling Slip in the South Street Seaport area of New York City.imaginationplayground. and the age .5: location of ³The Imagination Playground´. Imagination Playground offers a changing array of elements that allows children to constantly reconfigure their environment and to design their own course of play. drawing a growing number of families with children under nine. New York) 2.10 Reference cases 3 (The Imagination Playground Parks.org/parks/ opened to the public on July 27. Source: Google map Map 2. Map 2. unstructured free play.10. More than 15. Moreover The Imagination Playground is a breakthrough playspace concept conceived and designed by architect David Rockwell to encourage child-directed. With a focus on loose parts.10. Source: Google map 2. the South Street Seaport residential population has swelled more than thirty-five percent.

and trained staffs on-site who maintain and manage the site. cost-effective means to give children opportunities for unstructured. which consists of a kit of parts suitable for a variety of outdoor and indoor sites that offers an easy-to-install. essentially a variety of toys and tools. a climbing rope. In fact. As well. with elements such as a cascading water channel. rather than prescribed activities. and a lookout ramp with telescopes. Rockwell Group is raising. In addition to giving the playground design to New York City. with elements such as climbing ropes and a lookout ramp with telescopes.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 28 group Imagination Playground is meant to serve. Hence the playground design consequently captures Burling Slip¶s rich maritime and commercial history and engages the messy vitality that characterizes New York City¶s dynamic waterfront. 2. an open multi-level space with large sand and water features. tear it down. through three key components which is. an endowment fund to ensure that Imagination Playground is properly maintained for decades to come. in collaboration with the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. masts and pulleys.10. these elements enable children to play in an intuitive way: build something. Rockwell Group¶s design and efforts have resulted in a playground that captures Burling Slip and South Street Seaport¶s rich maritime and commercial history. there is also a portable version of the playground called Imagination Playground in a Box. a huge array of loose parts.3 Design approach Imagination Playground design provides a flexible environment for many types of play. . and start all over again. Furthermore. free play. the built landscapes also need to incorporate with the amphitheater seating and a ³crow¶s nest´ that has a double function as a storage unit for the playground¶s loose parts.

18: playing with ³loose parts´ with the creativity way of children in play.imaginationplayground.org/parks/ .imaginationplayground.org/parks/ Photo 2.imaginationplayground.19: Playground¶s loose parts Source: http://www.org/parks/ Photo 2.imaginationplayground.17: Water play. Source: http://www. Source: http://www. Source: http://www.org/parks/ Photo 2.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 29 Photo 2.20: ³loose parts´ can be create with children imagination.

and also the solution .11 Reference cases (1) Reference cases (2) Reference cases (3) Comparative analysis Location The Garden of Valbyparken Copenhagen. suggesting a variety of adventures and challenges - - - The solutions - - - The design consider about challenge children to use their imaginations and be creative. Emphasis on natural materials and offer children the chances to experience a variety of play environments. - Involved young people in decisions about the playground. Enable children to play in an intuitive way: build something. New York DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR - Was old rubbish dumping area. - - - 30 Table 2. The design consider about the site background - An open-minded approaches that involving the young people in design. The simple and natural components of park have a calming effect. London The Imagination Playground Parks. tear it down. and start all over again. Enchasing the natural setting. Denmark Evergreen Adventure Playground Hackney.2: Comparative analysis between 3 reference cases about the site issues and problems. Burling Slip. and children comes play around dumping site - Issues and problems - Outdated with the demand of children currently. Need a place that can serve as recreation for adult and children Provides a flexible environment for many types of play. Use natural material as play equipment that complying the surrounding. Accommodate many different activities Created models to show the designs in a way that the young people could understand. Play equipments were in poor conditions for children to play - - Growing number of families with children under nine.2.

In fact the consideration will provide the play environments that offer children countless benefits including better psychological wellbeing. Moreover considering ³Type of play in playground´ setting and the ³age classification´ of children. . physical.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 31 2.12 Summary From the literature and reference cases. will help the creativity of children as well as physical development. it contributes to the cognitive. social. it is essential to allow the children to explore and develop their senses by using different ways to express. and emotional of children. so the child then can explore different elements of creativity. finer cognitive functioning. when being creative in the design. Therefore. the main point mention that all playground design in the future should be taken into account in term of ³the role of play´ in children development which is because.

Therefore this inventory and analysis also helps to determine the site potential. situated at the mouth of Sungai Muar.2.2 Background of Study area 3. Muar. about km (93 miles) southwest of the Malaysian capital.1 Location Tanjung Emas is situated at the west of Muar town (Bandar Maharani). identity. this chapter will form regarding the inventory and analyzing process of the collected data and information of study area. the Muar Town is under Majlis Perbandaran Muar (MPM) administration. The information is consisting on the image. Map 3.1: location of Muar Town Map 3. 3. Kuala Lumpur and 50 km north of Batu Pahat. strengths.1 Introduction Generally. opportunities. The area of Tanjung Emas is adjacent with Muar town and also Muar River.0 Study case: Tanjung Emas playground. problems.2: location of Tanjung Emas .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 32 3. Whereas. The main objective for the documentation of inventory and analysis is to determine and to get the information related to the site. weaknesses and threat of the site. Johor Darul Ta¶zim 3.5 km. which is the distance of Tanjung Emas with Muar town in 1.

in 1361.3 Site inventory and analysis 3. Moreover Muar is also the location of the only tomb the of Sultanate of Malacca Sultan Alauddin Shah Riayat 1 (1477-1488).1. Bandar Maharani has grown rapidly with the presence of a small port in Kuala Muar and now being the capital of Muar (Muar was then given the status of the state under the rule of Emperor Sultan Abu Bakar) 3.2 History Muar history had begun much earlier than the Empire of Malacca. Ulu Muar after escaping from Temasek before heading to Melaka. According to history data from Majlis Penbadaran Muar (MPM).DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 33 3. had established settlements in Pagoh. known as the Datuk Bentara Luar in 1885.1 Current land use activity According to data and information obtained from MPM. Therefore the ceremonial openings of Muar Town are by the Maharaja Abu Bakar in 1887 with the ceremonial planting the "Talisman" in a place that became known as Tangga Batu (now a seafood restaurant located on the estuary of the river bank of the Muar Bus Station). Muar is also playing a role in advancing stem the Portuguese army in 1511 to counter attack the Portuguese armada Bandar Maharani Muar Modern was open by Muhammad Salleh bin Perang. Furthermore. Activities are as follows: . was destroyed by Portuguese during their occupation of Malacca. the founder of the Malacca Empire. Furthermore. Muar town are being called Bandar Maharani. the current land use in the study area is shown in the table.3.2.3. there were notes that Muar is part of the territory of the Majapahit Empire and another note mentioned that Parameswara. whereby other tombs of Melaka Sultanate. It was inaugurated by Maharaja Abu Bakar in 1887. because its means the town for Maharaja Wife.1 Physical inventory and analysis 3.

3: shows the land use activity currently at study case. There are 4 type of major land use activity in study area.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR Map 3. Legend: Commercial area Water body Community area Site boundary Open space Institutional area Infrastructure and utility Road 34 .

3. Due to that this circumstance lead visitors from local and outsider come at every day.3.1. the position of each playground randomly place causing the playground area has separated from one playground to another playground. . This is because of the calmness environment along Muar River with blowing wind at every time. children who came to the study area only playing in certain area. Furthermore this area of land use has a potential to be the main focus of domestic tourism. Therefore. and integrated playground. land use activity Open space The playground area covers almost whole area of open space which consists of play equipment such as swing. Consequently lead.2 i.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 35 Land use activity in the study area was divided into two parts. The differences between adjacent land use activity and the land use activity in the study area is the land use of institutional area and community area which is with the highdensity and medium-density of residential. which is the land use activity of adjacent areas and land use of study area. This area are use to be the area for family recreation area either during workdays or weekends. where the land use in the study area consists of the commercial and open space. see-saw. which is the open space cover the whole area of study area.

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 36 a integrated playground area b integrated playground area Legend Site boundary c b a c e d Swing area d cycling area Map 3. ³c´.1: photo ³a´. ³d´ and ³e´ shows the location of playground area that cover in land use of open space .4: show the location of playground area in land use of open space e Dataran area Photo 3. ³b´.

Furthermore the function and location of Food Court area need to preserve and also need to enhance in term of the appearance and the surrounding.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 37 ii.2: photo ³f´ show the location of food court area in land use of commercial . Commercial area The food court area (33 meter x9 meter) located at centre of the study area with 15 stall that serve famous Muar food .5: show the location of food court area in land use of commercial f Food court area Photo 3. Legend Site boundary f Map 3.Mee Bandung Muar and other food. this area attracts many visitors who come to the study area. as well as have a potential to many visitor to study area. However. only focusing on the function of Food court as serving food to visitor. it become separated part from the purposed of study area as playground. Therefore.

where there is three area of parking which is parking A. Moreover for the utilities on the study area are consist of lamppost. rubbish bin.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 38 iii. except for benches. Therefore this parking space is sufficient to accommodate when users come at workdays and weekend. Infrastructure and utilities The infrastructure at the study area consists of public parking and jetty. However the area of parking B located between playground areas that give unsafe situation for children to play. Therefore. This jetty actually purposely for river cruise activity. benches. B and C located at entrance of east and west the study area. the other infrastructure at study area is jetty. However the location of this jetty and the playground area are very close. and accommodates small building for counter service and jetty. where all of these utilities are very adequate at study area. so it will directly give unsafe situation for children to play. Besides that. . due to that many users from local and outsider came to the study area for enjoying the activity and give potential to attract more users. where located at west of study area.

6: show the location of food parking and jetty in land use of infrastructure and utility g h Parking C j Parking B i Jetty Parking A Photo 3.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 39 Legend Site boundary j g i h Map 3. ³h´. and ³I´ show the location parking and photo´ j´ shows the location of jetty area in land use of infrastructure and utility .3: photo ³g´.

Thus the study area receives many users from this residential area.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 40 3.3. and children are safe to come to the study area because of the distant from their house to the site from 80 meter to 400 meter.7: show the location of community areas in the adjacent of the site l k l Photo 3. which consist of high-density and medium-density of residential. and ³l´ shows the community areas in the adjacent of the site.3 i.1.4: photo ³k´. Adjacent land use activity Community area Community areas in the adjacent of the site are Taman Sri Tanjung. which children are safe to come to the study area . Legend Site boundary k Map 3.

The Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque is a historical mosque that completed in 1887 located at east of study area. after school hours most children from age 7 to 12 years old come to the study area before they go home. Therefore Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque is also one of most attractive tourism site in Muar. So that. The school hour is starting from 8am to 2pm at every Monday to Friday. the distant school to the study area is only 50meter to 100meter. give opportunity and possibility for users came to the study area. However there is no proper circulation connect from school area to the study area. In fact. For that reason. Although this area is very close to the study area. Moreover other institutional area is Sekolah Rendah Agama Arab. Due to that. which lead many users who come to the study area. which gives unsafe situation for children to come. . where be a station for tourism ship to anchor and consist of a building for Marina complex administration and also jetty. this area attracts users from outsider come to the Muar and consequently leads to study area. Marina Complex is located at west of the study area which purposely for tourism activity. where also located at east of the study area. and Marina Complex. this also. there is no attraction at the adjacent between Marina Complex and study area. Institutional area Institutional areas are consisting of Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque. Sekolah Rendah Agama Arab.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 41 ii.

5: photo ³o´.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR Legend Site boundary 42 o m 0 n Marina Complex Map 3. ³m´.8: show the location of institutional areas in the adjacent of the site m Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque n Sekolah Rendah Agama Arab Photo 3. and ³n´ shows the institutional areas in the adjacent of the site .

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR

43

3.3.2

Circulation and accessibility Circulation system is classified into two, which are the circulation system

outside of the study area and the circulation system in the study area.

Jln.Kamariah

Map 3.9: shows the circulation outside of study area - one way and two way of road.

2 way road

1 way road

Muar River

Site boundary

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR

44

3.3.2.1

Circulation system outside of the study area

Circulation outside of the study area is a secondary road (7m) that frequently used routes and connects to the study area, name as Jln.Petri, Jln.Kamariah, Jln.Majidi, Jln.Abd Rahman, and Jln.Sultanah. Therefore the distant from their community area to the study area is between 80m - 400m. From the reason that, this type of road is very accessible for user to come and the traffic was no congestion and safe for children to use it.

Photo 3.6: Children and other users use the road side to go the site (base on interview done it safe)

3.3.2.2

Circulation system in the study area

There is 3 type of circulation in the study area which is promenade (4m), interlocking paver pathway (2m), and cement pathway (1m). The materials are use for this circulation is from interlocking brick and cement. Therefore the circulation fail to connect between playspace and unsafe when children comes to play on this circulation.

Photo 3.9: cement pathway.

Photo 3.7: promenade (4m).

Photo 3.8: interlocking paver pathway (2m).

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR

Map 3.10: shows the 3 type of circulation in study which is interlocking paver pathway, cement pathway and promenade.

Interlocking paver Pathway

Cement pathway

Promenade

Muar River

Site boundary

45

Map 3. children who play at study area mostly play on this topography. which is the percentage of slope mostly less than 2%. Therefore.. .3 Topography The flat topography covered whole of study area. the flat topography. the flat topography of the study area gives no verity of land form that cause boring atmosphere and no challenger for children play creatively.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 46 3.3.5: study area topography percentage of slope mostly less than 2%. However. study area provides easy for users to walk and there is no risk in terms of erosion. Thus.

47 .18: section elevation B-B¶ shows the users can perceive view from the distant they come (road) to the site trough the flat topography also contributes in no challenger for kids to play.16: section elevation A-A¶ shows the ease walking for users to cross along the site but in the same time cause and gives no verity of land form and boring atmosphere B road playscape B¶ Illustration 3.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR A A¶ Illustration 3.

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 48 3. Perimeter drain and Sub-surface drainage. Indeed the proper arrangement of drainage will be needed to get rid of surface runoff in the study area. However the monsoon drain gives advantage and opportunity in the design for children development. Moreover the Monsoon drain is uncovered drainage cross the study area toward the Muar River that gives unsecure to users and children. Therefore the drain systems are dividing to three types of drains which are by Monsoon drain. where this drain is the natural water body that located along of the study area.10: monsoon drain was give unsecure to users and at the same time gives advantage and opportunity in the design for children development . From the observation to the study area and the collection data from ³Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran Muar´. Therefore the study area is in safe condition and no risk of flooding. Photo 3.3.4 Drainage system Drainage systems of the study area are dividing to two systems which are by drain and canal system. The second drainage system is canal system. the water levels of Muar River are from 1meter to 2meter.

5 Vegetations There are 3 type of vegetation in the study area which includes trees.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 49 Photo 3.14: Mimusops elengi . which is have a good potential in the design. and also shrubs.11: Sub-surface drainage 3. For the trees there are several types of original trees in the study area is the matured trees and has been maintained until now.12: Samanea saman Photo 3. The matured trees are Samanea saman and Casuarina equisetifolia. The types of vegetation are as follows: Trees Photo 3. palm.15m. The existence of matured trees provides an atmosphere of the study area other than adjacent development and also the growth of these matured trees has not impeded but left grows naturally.13: Casuarina equisetifolia Photo 3.3. Moreover overall matured trees have a height of 12m .

22: Cyrtotachys renda Photo 3.16: Ficus binjamina Photo 3.20: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis coopei Palms Photo 3.15: Sygyzium campanulatum Photo 3.21: Veitchia merrillii Photo 3.18: Ixora javanica Photo 3.17: Peltophorum pterocarpum Shrubs Photo 3.23: Dypsis decaryi .19: Senna surattensis Photo 3.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 50 Photo 3.

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 51 Photo 3.26: Archontophoenix alexandrae .24: Livistona rotundifolia Photo 3.25: Ptychosperma macarthurii Photo 3.

Photo 3. It is because. spring item. and see-saw only contribute in muscle skill development and do not contribution of social. swing area and cycling area that consists of: i.3. specifically for children between the ages of 2-5 years. ii. Whereas the footpath that connect between spaces are use cement material.6 Playground equipment In the study area there are four area of playground which is integrated playground area A and B. iii. the fall zone has covered only in the integrated playground structure area. 3 set of seesaw equipment. integrated playground structure.28: set of swing . However.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 52 3. creative and psychological development. iv. Therefore the position of the playground equipment located at random positions which lead most of children who came to the study area choose play with natural setting rather then play equipment.27: set of integrated playground structure Photo 3. 3 set of spring event equipment which has different shape and color. swing. This low condition of safety will lead unsafe when children comes to play and ristrict their movement and play activity. 4 set of integrated playground structure for children between the ages of 2-12 years. In addittion safety factor in the playground setting of study area were in low condition of safety. 10 set of Swing equipment with 2 sit and 2m height.

7: show the location of community areas in the adjacent of the site q Integrated playground A r Swing area s Cycling area Photo 3. ³q´. ³r´ and ³s´ the area of playground at study area .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 53 p Integrated playground A Legend Site boundary p q r s Map 3.29: shows photo ³p´.

30: set of spring item Photo 3.35: pathway that connect between spaces are use cement material.33: fall zone has covered only in drop area Photo 3.34: fall zone covered only in drop area Photo 3.32: set of play structure that plays role in the formation of child muscle skill development Photo 3.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 54 Photo 3.31: set of see-saw Photo 3. which give unsafe condition for children in play .

this is become the reason why users come the study area.4 Environmental inventory and analysis 3. that become one of the factor users from local and other area come to have recreational time. .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 55 3. Wind Legend direction Site boundary Muar River Site boundary Map 3.4. Hence this also gives potential to attract more users to come and be one of the potential for the design. In fact.8: shows the wind direction of study area 3.53m/s all year. Due to that the setting of matured trees at study area are also contribute to the visual quality in the study area and attract users which is the setting of matured trees that has influents calmness atmosphere.1 Wind The location of the study area were adjacent with Muar River which have wind blow from north east with speed 2.4.2 Visual quality The visual quality of the study area was base on Muar River itself.

9: the local people of Muar even from outsider come to the site to enjoy and have relaxation time.11: show the sunset view .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 56 Good view 1 1 2 Map 3.10: The view from study area to Masjid Sultan Ismail at across the Muar River Photo 3. This gives big opportunities for the site to develop as playspace that can merge with the view of estuary 2 3 Photo 3.9: shows the good view of study area 1 Photo 3.

which led these users. From the reason that. the study area is visited by adults and children from local and outsider people.5 Social context inventory and analysis 3. where the percentage of children almost 70% from the total of users. the study area is in the strategic position because of close to the neighborhood area and also at the adjacent with tourist attractions the Muar River and the Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 57 3. 3. Moreover there are mature trees and has the wind blown which almost all the time. the site strength can be used as a source of ideas in the proposed design of the playground setting and the equipment. are just in one area only for certain time. There are 4 major concerns that will benefit in the design process which is as follow: 3.1 User profile Tanjung Emas is an area for recreational purposes.1 Strength There are several aspects of physical strength in the study area that can be used during the design process. in terms of physical. However the study area did not provide proper facilities for adults. . the findings from inventory analysis in the study area. so that.5. where is located in the town of Muar and adjacent to the community area.6 SWOT analysis Due to data collection from planning development in the local plan. where the children are dominate the total of users. environmental and socio culture factors.6. the observation has been conduct from weekday and weekend to collect the info about user profile. In terms of geography. Due to that.

Therefore the playground area that has been provided is not meet the needs and desires of children to play creatively where it is only concerning about development of children in term of muscle skill rather than psychology. 3.6. which can change to variety level and land form.7 Summary From the documentation of inventory that has been done. 3. The study area is a recreational area that focuses on the development of children by providing playgrounds throughout the study area.2 Weakness Several major aspects of physical weakness in the study area which the connection of circulation between playscape that fail to connect users from one playspace to another playspace. the exciting views of Muar River and receive the wind at every time. Otherwise the estuary view.6. In fact there is no holistic approach in children in term of concerning and respectful about natural surroundings. However the conditions of the study area are filled with the mature trees. . threats and weakness.6.4 Threat The spatial of study area can be determined as threat in the study area.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 58 3. were indirectly attracting more people and especially children to stay longer at the study area.3 Opportunities The opportunities of the study area that can be determine as the topography of study area itself. the study area have been analyzed for certain problems. wind and the setting of matured trees can take into account in the design that can develop to the design of play equipment and the play activity. social and the creativity development of children. In addition the typical play equipment cannot attract children to play and consequently limit the creativity and the development of children. 3. where it can restrict the children experience through spatial arrangement.

In fact the development of specific areas of child development process will brings a positive impact on the study area. where to create the area for designing a child friendly playscape environment toward a holistic child development at Tanjung Emas Muar.1. if the development planned strictly. Therefore from this synthesis will direct to the next planning process.2. Therefore from finding.2. which is the Muar River and the Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque.0 Synthesis 4. it is possible to develop the study area as a potential area for child development. Johor. the study area believes has potential as a center recreation that focuses on the needs of the child and also consider about the needs of other users. Consequently lead and give potential for users to come to the . 4. the study area is in the strategic position because the adjacent with the community area.1 Introduction This section will synthesis all the assessment based on data collection from chapter 1 to chapter 3.2 Potential of study area From the reference study.1 Land use In terms of geography. the distant from community area to the study area is between 80meter to 400 meter and from the Sekolah Rendah Agama Arab between 50 meter to 100 meter.1 Physical aspect 4. which serve as the child development that takes into account the natural values and they serve as an area to generate the holistic and creativity for children's minds. This section will also describe the recommendations or the appropriate approach to resolve issues and problems beside lists out the strength of the study area.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 59 4. which to assist and can be used during the design process. 4. Moreover this area has the potential to play a role in two forms. institutional area (Sekolah Rendah Agama Arab) and the tourist attractions. Due to that.

the adjacent of tourist attractions also lead users from local and outsider come to the study area.3: shows the tourist attractions Muar River that attract users come to the study area .1: shows the community area which consist of residential.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 60 study area. of high-density and medium-density of Photo 4. Photo 4.2: shows the institutional area (Sekolah Rendah Agama Arab) adjacent study area that situated at east of study area Photo 4. In other hand.

For the reason that the various landform can contribute to the holistic development of children as well as creativity development.2 Topography The study area has flat topography that covered the whole area of study area which is the percentage of slope mostly less than 2%.1.5: shows flat topography of study area that can develop to various landform 4. Photo 4.2.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 61 Photo 4. these .4: shows the tourist attractions Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque that adjacent with study area 4. This flat topography can be seen as a potential to the study area where it has opportunity to develop as various landform and level.3 Vegetation Most of the tress in the study area is matured trees that consist of Samanea saman and Casuarina equisetifolia and have been preserving and maintain until now. Due to that.1.2.

Therefore any development should not block the ventilation of wind trough to study area.2.6: shows matured trees that can be a part of the design 4. which it can be part of the design and play equipment. which is study area become windy at every day.2.6: shows the setting of the study area that allow the ventilation of wind trough to study area .2.1 Wind The windblown from north east with speed 2.2 Environment aspect 4. Photo 4.53m/s all year. Photo 4. Due to that this natural element can contribute to the development of play equipment of children.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 62 matured trees are very potential in term of holistic approach among children. This also becomes the factor for the users come to the study area.

2.11: show the sunset view 4. From that reason any development and the design should not blocking the view and also the suitable facilities will be needed. which from 70% of total users of the study area. which has provides area for .2. Other than that.2 Visual quality The study area receives good view from Muar River itself and has lead attraction to the users from local and outsider to the study area.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 63 4.9: shows the view toward Muar River Photo 3.2.10: The view from study area to Masjid Sultan Ismail at across the Muar River Photo 3. settings of matured trees at study area are also contributed to give good visual quality in the study area that has influents calmness atmosphere.2. Therefore this is because of main purpose of study area.3.1 User profile Children are dominating the total of users. Photo 3.3 Social context aspect 4.

illustration 4.1: shows the entrance area that lack of attraction and interaction between spaces (road and playspace) and also unsecure playspace ± children also play at roadside. . The design development should focusing in term of enhancing and providing the suitable space for children enjoying their time at the study area.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 64 children having their play time. Where this area needs to create a friendly playscape that child can freely play in playscape setting. Therefore the connection between playspace need to enhance for users easily access and also use the good view and Wind direction of site as part of the design of playspace.

In fact flat topography gives some kind of boring environment for children to explore the site and limit the potential of children development illustration 4.6: shows Between Playspace area that play structure and playspace fail to connect between children and other users and also create unsuitable place for children development.5: shows the Playspace and Food Court area that the spatial arrangement of the site (focal point) lack of interaction between spaces that restrict user to explore the site that cause a boring atmosphere.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 65 illustration 4. Therefore the design should use the site strength (estuary view) to develop new atmosphere for playspace and merge with surrounding .

Likewise the formatting of new play equipment. the synthesis has been done in this chapter. .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 66 4. play activity and spaces arrangement will be provide regarding the synthesis that has been done. Therefore the design will be considering about the strength of study area itself that can be blending with the design and provide new approach for development of children.3 Summary To sum up the foregoing. the summary that can be made is the study area which is Tanjung Emas can be develop as an area that focusing on development of children.

the study area will be designed as friendly playscape environment that contributes to the holistic child development. 3. The . Design guidelines 5. it will be helpful to any playscape design for the future development of the study area. To fulfilled child desire and needs toward evergreen playground design. 5.1 Introductions This chapter will form the proposal stage for realizing the objective of the study to ³Designing a Child Friendly Playscape Environment toward a Holistic Child Development´ base on the synthesis which will translate into physical. site design. To design play equipment that can stimulate the creativity of children in play. the design idea is creating a playspace that have the element of man-made design and nature which friendly for children of all ages. To use the existing site conditions to create attractive playscape environment.4 Design approach Based on the design statement and objectives. By providing recommendations in this study.2 Design statement ³Designing a Child Friendly Playscape Environment toward a Holistic Child Development´ is basically. design strategy and the ideas. 5. To design a playscape area by implementing natural setting that will encourage interaction between children and the natural environment. 5. that known as a child. planning. assist the development of a whole for all aspects of development in terms of psychological and physical development.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 67 5. will show the process. 4. 2.0 Finding. In this chapter also.3 Design objective 1. Design implementations. These as well. All these are important to forecast on how the study could be used in the planning and design practice. or design guidelines.

.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 68 approach to friendly playscape environment is about play area that contains the element of man-made and nature. POTENTIAL + OPPORTUNITIES Matured trees Adjacent with Muar River Wind Estuary view Topography figure 5. earth as a source of ideas that also can use as an element that can generate the creativity of children in play. The design concept on study area is based on the potential and opportunities of the study area itself that can encourage towards the formation of a creative mind as well as taking into account the psychological and physical development of children.1: show the diagram of potential and opportunities of study area Base on the potential and the opportunity of the study area. comfort. So that by providing the attractive playscape equipment base on the natural element such as earth. the concept was chosen is the ³Malay Folklore´. So that. 5. so that the setting of the play area will be more highlighting on the natural element such as the various landforms.5 Design concept In order to produce the design concept. the concept was developed through natural environment that contain the element of water. wind. which is folklore that created by the Malay people and influenced by Malay culture. existing matured trees and the Muar River itself. analysis and synthesis of the study area were taken as a guide into developing the concept. water. that work as a tool and play equipment for children to play. and plant. Moreover the approach of holistic child development is to emphasis on respect for the environment. where it appropriate to the needs. and safety and easy for children to operate. the inventory. plant. will encourage and generate the creativity of children in play.

Moreover the flow of how ³Malay Folklore´ delivers the implied content about the massage and useful advice from each story. Study area potential and opportunities Natural setting Plant Water Earth Wind Sources of imagination Malay folklore (concept) figure 5. which base on adaptation of natural element such as plant. earth. ³The Wit of Legendary Sang Kancil´.2: show the flow chart of natural element as sources to produce concept 5. Indeed the ³Malay Folklore´ concept act as a new approach to be injected to the current state of the study area.6 Design theme The theme use in designing a child friendly playscape environment toward a holistic child development is ³The Wit of Legendary Sang Kancil´. Therefore. there are various stories about Sang Kancil in ³Malay . which is the story in ³Malay Folklore´. is story about Sang Kancil who has creative thinking that can use the natural environment either in the danger and leisure situation. water and including human itself that use as presenter in the story. animal. which requires the story in the ³Malay Folklore´ to attractive playscape with creative activities. the background of the entire story in ³Malay Folklore´ was setting of natural environment and it also use natural sources as part of imagination to develop the sequent of the story itself.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 69 Mostly.

where the massage of the story is about to overcome every situation with the creative thinking. through a rainbow bridge with his follower. three stories about Sang Kancil were chosen as sub-theme.1 Design sub-theme Therefore. ³Sang Kancil dengan Buaya´. which is ³Sang Kancil dengan Harimau´.1 Jambatan pelangi The story of ³Jambatan pelangi´ is about a Prince of heaven is like to play on the natural setting of earth from an early age until crowned as the King of Heaven.6. These sub-themes will be applied to the each playscape in the study area that to generate the creativity of children in play where the connection of sub-theme will connect by other sub-theme which is the story of ³Jambatan pelangi´. 5. and ³Sang Kancil dengan Kerbau´.6.1.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 70 Folklore´. and always bring along a gold .3: show the flow chart of theme and the connecting of each sub-theme 5. Malay folklore (concept) The Wit of Legendary Sang Kancil (theme) Sang Kancil dengan Harimau (sub-theme) Sang Kancil dengan Buaya (sub-theme) Sang Kancil dengan Kerbau (sub-theme) connect connect Jambatan pelangi (sub-theme) figure 5. in this theme ³The Wit of Legendary Sang Kancil´.

learning method and play equipment for kids to play. illustration 5.1: show the sub-theme ³Jambatan pelangi´ ´Alam kayanganµ Earth Well Landform Color Fairy tale Castle area Environment setting Water Fresh figure 5. So that.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 71 bucket for bath at well after having play. the implementation of this story to the study area base on the sequent of the story that will be apply as playscape area and as linkages to each area (others sub-theme) with the color of rainbow as main attraction.4: show the diagram of space category base on sub-theme the story ³Jambatan pelangi´ .

³Sang Kancil´ manipulate the natural surroundings to create creative solution in spontaneous.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 72 5.1.2: show the sub-theme ³Sang Kancil dengan Harimau´ .2 Sang Kancil dengan Harimau The first Sang Kancil story is ³Sang Kancil dengan Harimau´ which is about ³Sang Harimau´ in anger feeling searching ³Sang Kancil´ with ³Sang Kancil´ smell. ³Sang Kancil´ tricks ³Sang Harimau´ who was angry to overcome and escape the danger situation with the surrounding. Therefore the implementation to the study area base on habitat of ³Sang Harimau´ which is at forest area. where the playscape setting should have forest and big trees that can give forest environment. Due to that. illustration 5.6. Beside that the anger felling of ³Sang Harimau´ and the smell of ³Sang Kancil´ can convert as type of activity and play equipment that need some nerve in play. In addition the spontaneous thinking of ³Sang kancil´ will be useful as how children use their mind for play creatively.

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 73 Area with smell Excitement area Bee·s area Unexpected Landform Pleasure Smell Spontaneous solution Fast figure 5. ³Sang Kancil´ could not cross the river by himself and get some ideas. Furthermore the attractive of food that ³Sang Kancil´ really wants to. Likewise the implementation of this story to the study area is base on the habitat of ³Sang Buaya´ at river.3: show the diagram of space category base on sub-theme the story ³Sang Kancil dengan Harimau´ 5. which is the flow of this story is about ³Sang Kancil´ who hungry and try to find some food to eat.3 Sang Kancil dengan Buaya The second ³Sang Kancil´ story is ³Sang Kancil dengan Buaya´.1. where the location of this sub-theme should be located near the river. . can use as play activity that need children try to get it with their creative thinking in play.6. which trick ³Sang Buaya´ to help him cross the river. and suddenly found it at the land across of river. The idea creative of ³Sang Kancil´ trick Sang Buaya can be demonstrate as the arrangement of play equipment.

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 74 illustration 5.3: show the diagram of space category base on sub-theme the story ³Sang Kancil dengan Buaya´ .3: show the sub-theme ³Sang Kancil dengan Buaya´ Lawn area River with Sang Buaya Fruit area Water Landform Pleasure Green area Scale Counting Color figure 5.

Due to that ³Sang Kerbau´ screams and asks help from ³Sang Kancil´.1.4 Sang Kancil dengan Kerbau The third ³Sang Kancil´ story is ³Sang Kancil dengan Kerbau´. where in this story tell about ³Sang Kerbau´ who helps ³Sang Buaya´ to remove stump tree from ³Sang Buaya´ back. However ³Sang Buaya´ rewarded the help that ³Sang Kerbau´ give by bite his leg.6. Besides the help from ³Sang Kerbau´ and ³Sang Kancil´ give is also can be use as the play activity that need some group to play that need each other to play. So that. the implementation this sub-theme to the study area is base on the habitat of ³Sang Kerbau´ which is at paddy field where the setting of playscape covered with long grass. illustration 5. because ³Sang Kerbau´ is just like a food to ³Sang Buaya´. and also the stump that have trampled at ³Sang Buaya´ back can use as play equipment. ³Sang Kancil´ use his intelligent mind to overcome the situation with some trick to save ³Sang Kerbau´ from ³Sang Buaya´.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 75 5.4: show the sub-theme ³Sang Kancil dengan Kerbau´ . Moreover the situation when ³Sang Buaya bite Sang Kerbau´ can be apply as the area that need get some food.

7.1: show the relationship diagram connection of spaces .7 Design implementations 5.1 Relationship diagram plan 5.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 76 Grass area Conflict area Run Scale Unexpected Landform Pleasure Long grass Spontaneous solution Fast figure 5.4: show the diagram of space category base on sub-theme the story ³Sang Kancil dengan Kerbau´ 5.

2: show the refine relationship diagram with the type of playscape spaces 5.7.2 Schematic diagram plan 5.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 77 plan 5.3: show the refine relationship schematic diagram with the program in each playscape spaces .

4: show the preliminary plan plan 5.3 Preliminary plan plan 5.5: show the final preliminary plan .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 78 5.7.

8.8 Design proposal 5.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 79 5.6: show the Master plan with the program in each playscape spaces .1 Master plan Plan 5.

and Laman Bendang. The formation of these playscape areas are connecting with each other. Due to that. which located at the center of the study area. illustration 5. Laman Rimba.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 80 There are 4 playscape areas in the master plan regarding the design implementation of the design concept and theme to the study area. which the places most users gather due to the certain function in every weekday and weekend. the juxtaposition of Laman pelangi at the center of the study area was formerly as ³Dataran´.5: show rainbow bridge at Laman Pelangi . so the existing function of the area were maintain and blend with the sub-theme to channel the users to go others playscape area which is. Laman Sungai. and Laman Bendang. where the Laman pelangi area act as bridge that connect with others 3 playscape. Laman Rimba. which is Laman Pelangi. Laman Sungai.

6: show tree pillar swing activity at Laman Sungai .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 81 illustration 5.5: show land of the wind activity at Laman Rimba illustration 5.

5: show the resting area activity at Laman Sungai .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 82 illustration 5.

5: show the section elevation of Laman Rimba 83 .5: show the section elevation of Laman Pelangi DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR illustration 5.illustration 5.

illustration 5.5: show the section elevation of Laman Bendang 84 .5: show the section elevation of Laman Sungai DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR illustration 5.

This can be done by manipulating and using four playspace as provided. a) Laman pelangi Tree slide Rainbow Bridge Fairy land Fantasy wall plan 5.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 85 5.9 Playspace zoning and design guideline In order to own a specific development of children.7: show the enlargement Laman pelangi (sub-theme ³Jambatan pelangi´) The Laman pelangi area is adaptation from sub-theme of ³Jambatan pelangi´ where in this playspace contain three play activity with several play equipment that reflect the sequent of the story ³Jambatan pelangi´ such as:- . the child must have the opportunity to playing in a variety of situations and circumstance.

where purposely for users have leisure in viewing estuary of Muar River. indirectly to gain social development. y Any materials are use must be UV.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 86 I. Guidelines recommendation:y Lawn space must be design as mounding with fine grass texture. where this is indirectly helps the physical development of children. In addition this activity is as holistic approach for children having their time to understand and have interaction to the nature environment. structures and play equipment must be avoid. Fairy land activity This activity is about the land which most likely stranded with vast view towards the skyline and natural area. Thus this activity needs children straggle using their strength of arm and knee. which for users and children especially to move and play freely. The matured tree itself will attach with man-made sliding. II. y View toward Muar River must be clear from any structure and with no obstacle.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. so that children are allow playing with matured tree by climbing the tree first then slide with the sliding. . y No structures are allowed such as garden furniture to be place in this area. This activity is also for children freely use their creativity in play with their peer and family member in open lawn space which is. y Any sharp edges of trees braches. Tree slide activity The ³tree slide activity´ is about the activity that using the existing matured trees as part of play equipment.

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 87 Guidelines recommendation:y High of sliding equipment must be 2meter with 45° from ground and attach to the trees. y Any materials are use must be UV. structures and play equipment must be avoid. y The material of sliding must be use plastic for long lasting usage and free maintenance. which is when children get at top wall structure they will view all over the place.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. III. Therefore the attraction of this activity is about the wall structure also act as view tower. y y The trees must be free from damages. the ³fantasy wall activity´ is also indirectly contributed for physical development of children. However the beneficial from this activity to children is also as holistic to children. . so from that indirectly built sense of value and appreciating the natural surroundings. y The area below the sliding and trees must be planted with rough texture grass to adsorb pressure when children arrive at the fall zone. Fantasy wall activity There is wall structure with netting at the base. y The color of sliding must be paint with light yellow color for attraction purposed. which is children need children using their strength of arm and knee. so that users or children who want to get at the top of this structure either needs to using stair or netting. where the activity is to need children climb the wall using netting to get at the top of the wall. Due to that. Any sharp edges of trees braches.

IV. y Any sharp edges of trees braches. y The netting equipment must be tight attached from ground surface to wall structure with 45°. y The netting color must be bright red color for attraction purposed. y y Each wall must be paint with rainbow color The material of tower must be use chengal wood and iron which blend with environment and for long lasting usage. This activity gives children opportunity to gain physical and creative development while using the sliding. However this sliding is also very useful at night. because each sliding with . y Any materials are use must be UV.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. The idea of this activity is also need children use their imagination how to use this sliding. y The ground area below the netting and wall structure must be planted with rough texture grass to adsorb pressure. where either as walk and run.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 88 Guidelines recommendation:y Wall structure must be constructing at 4meter height from ground level. The sliding is covered by turf on its surface and it will be deference and will be attractive to users and children to play it. structures and play equipment must be avoid. slide or in others creative method. Rainbow bridge activity The activity is about the undulating sliding in various color of rainbow. y The material of netting must be use fabricate custom panels using knotted polyester nets and high-tenacity polypropylene netting (HTPP) which lasts longer in outdoor. where this activity act as channel kids to other area of playscape.

y Any materials are use must be UV. y The surface material must be use blue color ³rubber mats´ for safety purposed. . purple and orange color. Guidelines recommendation:y High of sliding equipment must be one and half meter with radius that can give smooth sliding for users use. y The material of sliding must be use plastic for long lasting usage and free maintenance.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. which using the color "glow in the dark" technology. y The color of each sliding must be paint with red.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 89 color of rainbow will glow and give visible to this area for kids to play at night. yellow. blue. y Any sharp edges of trees braches. structures and play equipment must be avoid.

8: show the enlargement plan Laman Rimba (sub-theme ³Sang Kancil dengan Harimau´ The Laman Rimba area is adaptation from sub-theme of ³Sang Kancil dengan Harimau´ where in this playspace contain three play activity with several play equipment that reflect the sequent of the story ³Sang Kancil dengan Harimau´ such as:- I. climb. the kids especially play this equipment by jumping. where the trees itself can act as part of play equipment.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 90 b) Laman Rimba Rest in forest Land of the wind Spontaneous tress plan 5. So that the purposed netting are installed between tress is to blending the play equipment to the natural setting. This elastic netting equipment give an effect bouncing so. Spontaneous tree activity This activity is about the area which has several matured trees that joining by elastic netting equipment. and get something creative way of play that give opportunity indirectly .

DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 91 for children gain creative. Khana hookeriana. Moreover the joining of this equipment to trees as holistic for children. This activity is also having step sloping area where. y The material of netting must be use fabricate custom panels using knotted polyester nets and high-tenacity polypropylene netting (HTPP) which lasts longer in outdoor. which can value the trees as part of their play environment.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. y The forest trees will be need here such as Antidesma cuspidatum. y The netting color must be bright yellow color for attraction purposed. physical and social development. . structures and play equipment must be avoid. y Any materials are use must be UV. Diospyros pilosanthera and clausitaia excavatoa for apply forest surrounding and attract bird. Guidelines recommendation:y The netting equipment must be tight attached from ground surface to each tree with 30°-45°. y Any sharp edges of trees braches. with 1meter to 2meter from ground level. children need to struggle going the top of slope by using the strength of their arm knee and strong will with by rope as provided. y The area below the netting equipment and trees must be planted with rough texture grass to adsorb pressure when children arrive at the fall zone. y The rope are using in this activity must long lasting material and planted to the ground.

that indirectly children will gain creative development. structures and play equipment must be avoid. . III. Furthermore this area also contributes to social development of children. y Any of sharp edges of trees braches. Therefore the location of this resting area is facing to Muar River. Rest in forest activity The ³rest forest activity´ is purposely for resting activity which underneath close canopy of forest trees that give a sense of calmness for the users who need resting time. where the interaction between family members will be happen. Guidelines recommendation:y The surface of any structure must be covered with rubber mats with specific color that match with the design proposal y The surface of ground level must be covered with fine texture of grass y The forest trees will be need here such as Antidesma cuspidatum. y Any materials are use must be UV. can produce some kind imagination and creative thinking for children to hear and seek with various sounds. this structure has various kinds of wind holes that can produce unique sound when the wind get trough.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 92 II. Indeed this activity also. Khana hookeriana. Diospyros pilosanthera and clausitaia excavatoa for apply forest surrounding and attract bird. which gives suitable place for parents who have brought their children to play.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. Due to that. Land of the wind activity There is structure for this activity which purposely for capture the blowing winds from the river.

Diospyros pilosanthera and clausitaia excavatoa for apply forest surrounding and attract bird. y Any materials are use must be UV.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. y The surface of ground level must be covered with fine texture of grass y Any sharp edges of trees braches. Khana hookeriana. . structures and play equipment must be avoid.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 93 Guidelines recommendation:y The forest trees will be need here such as Antidesma cuspidatum.

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c) Laman Sungai

Slope is green

Playing with scale Tree pillar swing

Color land

plan 5.8: show the enlargement plan Laman Rimba (sub-theme ³Sang Kancil dengan Harimau´

The Laman Sungai area is adaptation from sub-theme of ³Sang Kancil dengan buaya´ where in this playspace contain four play activity with several play equipment that reflect the sequent of the story ³Sang Kancil dengan Buaya´ such as:I. Playing with scale activity This activity is about the area occupied with difference scale of artificial tree trunk which is the arrangement of this play equipment are install to the ground. Therefore, the ³artificial tree trunk´ install with close and loose distant with each ³artificial tree trunk´ to produce cramped space, where the way of playing this play

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equipment will be needed children play with cooperative play with others peer. Due to that, children need hide and seek with go through the cramped space between ³artificial tree trunks´ to find their friends. This activity give opportunities for children improve their social interaction between their peer. Guidelines recommendation:y The ³artificial tree trunks´ (play equipment) must be covered with soft material. y The distant of ³artificial tree trunks´ that install to the ground must be allowed children to trough passing. y The surface of ground level must be covered mix up with fine and rough texture of grass. y Any sharp edges of trees braches, structures and play equipment must be avoid. y Any materials are use must be UV- and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor.

II.

Slope is green activity There is various level and sloping spot area for this activity that purposely need children to do and play with their way in play, so that this activity indirectly will beneficial to develop children creative development. In addition, this activity has several sculpture of ³Sang Buaya´ that very attractive and unique figure are place randomly, which whoever users or children come to this area of activity must go under beneath the sculpture of ³Sang Buaya´ mouth. In fact these sculptures at night are also produce light for children and users are able to play. Guidelines recommendation:y Spot area of sloping must be random with 0.5meter to 1.5meter height.

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y

The sculpture of ³Sang Buaya´ must place in random with height 1.5meter from ground level. The surface of ground level must be covered mix up with fine and rough texture of grass. Any sharp edges of trees braches, structures and play equipment must be avoid. Any materials are use must be UV- and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. The forest trees will be need here such as Antidesma cuspidatum, Khana hookeriana, Diospyros pilosanthera and clausitaia excavatoa for attract bird.

y

y

y

y

III.

Tree pillar swing activity The ³tree pillar swing activity´ is about the activity that using the artificial tree trunk that will install to the ground and swing in between. So that the way of playing this play equipment are same as any swing equipment and the difference about of this swing is about the material that give attraction to this swing, which is the swing pillar that look like tree trunk and swing itself is plastic tubing and fiber optic lighting. Due to that this swing will be illuminating and also gives possibility to play at night. Guidelines recommendation:y The pillar of swing must be install quarter of height to the ground y The height of this play equipment must be install at 2meter height. y The ³artificial tree trunks´ (swing pillar) must be covered with soft material. y The surface of swing beneath must be covered with rough texture of grass.

y Any sharp edges of trees braches.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 97 y Any sharp edges of trees braches.5meter height. indeed it¶s also helps to develop physiological development of children in term of emotion. y IV. This activity purposely for children plays in free way by choosing the color which one they want. . Hence the difference level of this area give opportunities for children gain the physical development indirectly. structures and play equipment must be avoid.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. Any materials are use must be UV. y Any materials are use must be UV. Due to this activity indirectly will form a group of children by color. structures and play equipment must be avoid. Guidelines recommendation:y The surface of this area must using rubber mats with difference color y The level of each color must rise from ground level with 0.1meter to 0. y Turf grass are using must be grass with fine and rough texture of grass.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. which is when kids their strength of leg. Color land activity There is various color that covered at the area are formerly as road with difference of level for each color.

where this will indirectly contribute to the creative development of children. so children need to use their imagination to play on this deck.8: show the enlargement plan Laman Rimba (sub-theme ³Sang Kancil dengan Harimau´ The Laman Bendang area is adaptation from sub-theme of ³Sang Kancil dengan Kerbau´ where in this playspace contain three play activity with several play equipment that reflect the sequent of the story ³Sang Kancil dengan Kerbau´ such as:I. Furthermore. Deck mound green activity Deck mound green activity is containing the wooden deck that separate by mounding. there .DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 98 d) Laman Bendang plan 5. The way to play this activity is by freely play ways. In addition the attraction of this activity is bases on the uniqueness of deck that appear from mounding.

. y The area of mounding must be at 0. y Any materials are use must be UV. Resting land activity The ³resting area activity´ is purposely for resting activity which surrounding by matured trees and forest trees that can attract bird. II. Guidelines recommendation:y The forest trees will be need here such as Antidesma cuspidatum.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 99 is the quarter of football court will fill with long grass.5meter height. y The surface of ground level must be covered with fine texture and long grass.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. However there is play equipment place at this resting activity area. structures and play equipment must be avoid. y Any sharp edges of trees braches.5meter to 1. that encourage children and teenage to play creatively on this football court. where while parents get some rest their children can play freely. Khana hookeriana. Diospyros pilosanthera and clausitaia excavatoa for apply forest surrounding and attract bird. The material of tower must be use chengal wood and which blend with environment and for long lasting usage. Guidelines recommendation:y y Turf grass must use long grass. In addition the all of play equipment at this area will very useful at night. so from the composition of this activity will give benefit to the social development indirectly. because each of play equipment will glow and give visible to this area for kids to play at night.

Therefore these artificial tree trunks are actually made from material of ³sponge High quality´. with 1meter to 2meter from ground level. Guidelines recommendation:y The sponge artificial tree trunk must be use sponge High quality material with cover with ³Silicone Rubber Sponge Strip´ to ensure the resistance. This activity gives opportunities for children to gain physical development. y The color of sponge artificial tree trunk must be use various color that can attract children.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 100 y The netting equipment must be tight attached from ground surface to each tree with 30°-45°. The color of play equipment must be paint with difference color. Due to that. The netting color must be bright blue color for attraction purposed. Any materials are use must be UV. the way of this activity are play by using strength of all of body part to struggle to stable their position while on sponge artificial tree trunk. structures and play equipment must be avoid. Any sharp edges of trees braches. . which using the color "glow in the dark" technology. y y y y y III.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor. Wooden bed activity The ³wooden bed activity´ is occupied with difference scale of sponge artificial tree trunk which is the arrangement and positions of this artificial tree trunk are randomly installed to the ground. The material of netting must be use fabricate custom panels using knotted polyester nets and high-tenacity polypropylene netting (HTPP) which lasts longer in outdoor.

Any sharp edges of trees braches. The forest trees will be need here such as Antidesma cuspidatum. Any materials are use must be UV. structures and play equipment must be avoid.and chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 101 y The surface of ground level must be covered with fine texture and long grass. Khana hookeriana. y y y . Diospyros pilosanthera and clausitaia excavatoa for apply forest surrounding and attract bird.

5.5 meter) The every edge of bench will construct with smooth edge.1 y Footpath The construction of a footpath has to consider land use and side-visual resources. .10.4 y y y Benches The design of benches must follow the design concept of study area. The construction of a benches must using polyethylene material The length of bench (2 meter x 0.10.10 General design guideline The general design guideline will be apply and focusing to the design and safety features that will be needed at every playscape.10.2 y y y y Gazebo The design of gazebo must follow the design concept of the study area. The construction of gazebo must using chengal wood and ³jerami´ as roof.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 102 5. 5.3 y y y y 5. Rubbish bin The design of rubbish bin must follow the design concept of study area. Gazebo will be place at each playspace. 5. y The minimum width footpath must be 1 meter and made from rubber mat material and concrete in-situ with pebble wash finish. Must be placed at every area of playspace.10. The construction of a rubbish bin must using long lasting material. Wood color must be applied to the gazebo for blending gazebo structure with surrounding. y The every edge of footpath must be clear edge to lawn surface to safety purpose.

zinc and stainless steel paint.5 y y Lighting The design must follow the design concept of study area. The proposed materials such as steel stainless. Use densely planted blocks of species in a simple layout. anodized aluminum. y y y .10. 5. copper or silver is resistant to acid. All types of lighting elements to be approval of a qualified body such as SIRIM. The information must be place at each area of playscape for information to the users.10.6 y y Information board The design must follow the design concept of study area. ceramics Must be placed at every area of playspace. where possible with a barrier along the rear to discourage through traffic.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 103 5.7 y y Vegetation The planting area must follow the design concept of study area. particularly in the area of road and footpath. or other recognized body government to ensure the quality and characteristics safety of consumers. Prevent provides extreme elements and dazzling lighting. The tree must give good shade Any sharp brunches of trees and shrubs must cut smoothly for safety purposed. y y y 5. natural materials like wood. a combination of light sculpture. Galvanise steel.10. Using various flowering type of shrubs and odor type.

Likewise the materials of play equipment use in each of play equipment are from UVand chemical-resistant which lasts longer in outdoor setting. the concept of ³Malay Folklore´ has been use in order to designing a child friendly playscape toward a holistic child development at Tanjung Emas Muar Johor. Therefore base the concept and theme. structure and play equipment. children will indirectly assist their development in term of physical. where in any of the play equipment and the playspace should take into account about to avoid the sharp edges of tress branches. Indeed the implementing of the concept ³Malay Folklore´ to the study area. Whereas the fall zone or area that need safety landing will use ³rubber mat´ and also turf grass with rough texture.11 Conclusion In all due fairness. With good judgment.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 104 5. the designs are also consider about safety factor. Due to that. and creative development while enjoying their time playing play equipment and play activity. where base on the synthesis about the natural setting has been preserve and enhance to be a part of play equipment accordingly base on the design concept and theme. parent can let their children playing creatively and explore the whole area of playspace with low supervision. the theme of ³The Wit of Legendary Sang kancil´ successful fill the need and desire of children in term of play equipment and play activity. social. . In fact the holistic approach are also successful apply among children.

(2009). (2006). (2007). R. Hughes. MET N.cdc. Retrieved 30 July 2010. Atherton. Handbook of child psychology : formerly Carmichael's Manual of child psychology (4th ed. You Just Gotta Make Mud Pies Children's Adventure Play Gardens. The impact of playground design on the play behaviors of children with differing levels of physical competence. Barbour.).com/items/1788447-what-is-a-playscape. (1997). ed.C. Peter Heseltine. & Holborn. L. & Chip. J. Brown. from http://www. Perkembangan Kanak-kanak. Playgrounds: The Planning. & Carmichael. (1950). 267). New York: Wiley.DESIGNING A CHILD FRIENDLY PLAYSCAPE ENVIRONMENT TOWARD A HOLISTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT TANJUNG EMAS MUAR JOHOR 105 Bibliography Aileen Shackell.com/boring-playgrounds/. Children. F. GlossaryOfTravel. Sometimes. The Wonders of Nature . S. (2009). Retrieved 30 July 2010 from http://www. Outdoor Play: Designing. (1983). (2003). THE DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN. Early Childhood Research Quarterly. The power of play : learning what comes naturally. VT: Ashgate. M. New Age: The Journal for Holistic Living((Nov. P. (1997). Playgrounds: Their Administration and Operation. & Ball. ( 2007). Piaget's developmental theory.html#stagesofplay5. White. XXVII. 14(1). Louv. Creative play helps children grow: Education Oasis. 6 October 2008). Wardle.helium. (1995). The New Age Comes of Age. 1999)). Stages Of Play During Child Development [Electronic (2007). The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bonds: American Academy of Pediatrics. Boring Playgrounds [Electronic Version]. D. Nicola Butler.Honoring Children's Ways of Knowing. 16.whitehutchinson. Burlington. (2008). 144(14). 6. (2007).). 15(2). (2008)./Dec. F. D. R. & Duncan. L.gov/ncbddd/child/development. C. Design and Construction of Play Environments Nichols Pub Co. (2001). Chapel Hill. GlossaryOfTravel.com/stages-of-play-during-childdevelopment. (2010). MD. F.com. E. Designing for play (pp. England . B. Play England. Learning and Teaching.Stoecklin. 11. I. & MSEd.com/children/articles/childrennature. Butler. play. Playground: Encyclopedia Brittanica. Phil Doyle. R. P.com website. Thomas. F. Hendricks. viii. N. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 75-98. Version]. Tourist Attractions & Parks magazine White.shtml. Design for Play: A guide to creating successful play spaces. Retrieved 24/07/2010 from http://www. Elkind. Kenneth R. 6. Child Development and Public Health. (2008). (2004). M.child-development-guide. A. Wilson. and development (2nd ed. G. R. (1987). Retrieved 28 july 2010 from http://urbanworkbench. Connecting School Age Children To the Natural World: Nurturing our Future Earth Stewards. Lopes. Maraini. Ginsburg. Early Childhood News. .).. PROGRAM IJAZAH SARJANA MUDA PERGURUAN. 1. Building. Retrieved 1 August 2010 from http://www. and Remodeling Playgrounds for Young Children. T. Cambridge: Da Capo Press. (2008. Mussen. H. What is a playscape? [Electronic Version]. (1999). Donna Hicks. V. Aldershot. (2002). (2010). J. Young Children's Relationship with Nature: Its Importance to Children's Development & the Earth's Future [Electronic Version]. Last child in the woods : saving our children from nature-deficit disorder (Updated and expanded. (1999). D. & A. 66-70. MADI.: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. 2010. Children Today. P. 19. (1987).htm Cynthia Wisenor.

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