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WitLink-2000

User Manual

Part Number UM WL 2000

Revision 3.21
© Copyright 2002 by Witcom Ltd., P.O.B 127, Yoqneam Illit 20692, ISRAEL. All Rights
Reserved.

Information in this manual is subject to change without notice. No part of this publication may be
reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose,
without the express written permission of Witcom Ltd.

TRADEMARKS
TM
WitLink-2000® and WitView are registered trademarks of Witcom Ltd..

Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.

HP is a registered trademark of Hewlett-Packard Company.

HP OpenView, HP OpenView Professional Suite, and Network Node Manager are registered
trademarks of the Hewlett-Packard Company in the United States and/or other countries.

All other products or services referred to in this manual are the trademarks, service marks, or product
names of their respective holders.

DISCLAIMER: The products and specifications, configurations, and other technical information
regarding the products contained in this manual are subject to change without notice. All the
statements, technical information, and recommendations contained in this manual are believed to be
accurate and reliable but are presented without warranty of any kind, and users must take full
responsibility for the application of any products specified in this manual.

IN NO EVENT SHALL Witcom Ltd. OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT
LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR LOSS OR DAMAGE TO DATA ARISING OUT OF THE
USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS MANUAL, EVEN IF Witcom Ltd. HAS BEEN ADVISED
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

NOTE: The equipment described in this manual has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class a digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy. If not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case, the users will be required
to correct the interference at their own expense.
REV. 3.21
Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................ 1-1
1.1 GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 SYSTEM OVERVIEW ......................................................................................................... 1-2
1.3 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS ................................................................................................... 1-3
1.3.1 Internet (ISP) .......................................................................................................... 1-3
1.3.2 Private Networks Wireless Bridged LANs .............................................................. 1-3
1.3.3 PCS/PCN and Cellular Networks ........................................................................... 1-4
1.3.4 Wireless Local Loop Networks and Exchange By-pass .......................................... 1-4
1.4 MAIN FEATURES .............................................................................................................. 1-5

CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION ................................................................................... 2-1


2.1 GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 BASIC STRUCTURE........................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2.1 Indoor Unit (IDU) .................................................................................................. 2-2
2.2.2 Plug-Ins ................................................................................................................ 2-12
2.2.2 Outdoor Unit (ODU) ............................................................................................ 2-17
2.2.3 Antenna................................................................................................................. 2-19
2.3 SYSTEM NETWORK MANAGEMENT................................................................................ 2-22
2.3.1 WitView-EMTM ...................................................................................................... 2-23

CHAPTER 3 INSTALLATION GUIDE.................................................................................... 3-1


3.1 GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 INSTALLATION FLOW CHART ........................................................................................... 3-1
3.3 HARDWARE INSTALLATION.............................................................................................. 3-3
3.3.1 General Guidelines................................................................................................. 3-3
3.3.2 Equipment and Unpacking ..................................................................................... 3-4
3.3.3 Packing Lists .......................................................................................................... 3-5
3.3.4 Installation Tools and Materials ............................................................................ 3-6
3.4 ANTENNA INSTALLATION................................................................................................. 3-7
3.5 ODU INSTALLATION – DIRECT MOUNT ........................................................................... 3-7
3.6 IDU INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................... 3-10

CHAPTER 4 BASIC TERMINAL SETUP ............................................................................... 4-1


4.1 POWER UP ....................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.2 INITIAL CONFIGURATION PROCEDURES............................................................................ 4-2

CHAPTER 5 ANTENNA FINE ALIGNMENT ........................................................................ 5-1


5.1 PURPOSE.......................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 ANTENNA ALIGNMENT .................................................................................................... 5-1

CHAPTER 6 USING THE CONTROL PANEL....................................................................... 6-1

a REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


6.1 CONTROL PANEL BASICS ................................................................................................. 6-1
6.1.1 Control Panel Concept ........................................................................................... 6-2
6.1.2 LEDs ....................................................................................................................... 6-2
6.1.3 Touchkeys ............................................................................................................... 6-3
6.1.4 LCD Display ........................................................................................................... 6-4
6.2 ENTERING THE CONTROL PANEL ..................................................................................... 6-9
6.3 CONTROL PANEL OPERATION ........................................................................................ 6-10
6.3.1 Configuration Editing Session Overview.............................................................. 6-10
6.3.2 ATPC, Tx Mute and Switch-Over features............................................................ 6-11
6.3.3 Alarm Browsing Using the Touchkeys.................................................................. 6-12

CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE KEY................................................................................................ 7-1


7.1 GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2 CHANGING IDU PORT CAPABILITY .................................................................................. 7-1
7.3 LINK CAPACITY OPTIONS................................................................................................. 7-2
7.3.1 Plug in PDH ........................................................................................................... 7-2

CHAPTER 8 WITLINK-2000® 1+1 PROTECTED CONFIGURATION SYSTEM ............. 8-3


8.1 GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 8-3
8.1.1 Hot Standby Mode .................................................................................................. 8-3
8.2 OPERATION ...................................................................................................................... 8-5
8.2.1 Hot Standby Mode .................................................................................................. 8-5
8.2.2 Switching Conditions.............................................................................................. 8-5
8.3 THE WITLINK-2000® REDUNDANT SWITCHING UNIT ...................................................... 8-6
8.3.1 Redundant Switch Unit LEDs ................................................................................. 8-7
8.3.2 Protected IDU Plug-Ins.......................................................................................... 8-8
8.4 PROTECTED CONFIGURATION OPTIONS............................................................................ 8-8
8.4.1 Dual ODU/Single Antenna Configuration.............................................................. 8-9
8.4.2 Mechanical Configuration.................................................................................... 8-11
8.4.3 Dual ODU/Dual Antenna Configuration.............................................................. 8-12
8.5 SYSTEM INSTALLATION ................................................................................................. 8-13
8.5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 8-13
8.5.2 Installation Equipment Required.......................................................................... 8-13
8.5.3 WitLink-2000® Radio Equipment Inventory ......................................................... 8-14
8.5.4 Dual ODU / Single Antenna - Mast Mount Installation ....................................... 8-19
8.5.5 Cable Installation ................................................................................................. 8-20
8.5.6 IDU and Redundant Switch Unit Installation....................................................... 8-20
8.5.7 Commissioning the Protected System ................................................................... 8-23
8.5.8 Hot Standby Protection Mode .............................................................................. 8-23
8.6 NMS CONFIGURATION .................................................................................................. 8-25
8.6.1 Hardware Connections......................................................................................... 8-25
8.6.2 IDU IP Address Setting ........................................................................................ 8-27

CHAPTER 9 ROUTING INFORMATION PROTOCOL (RIP) ............................................ 9-1

b REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


9.1 ROUTER BASICS............................................................................................................... 9-1
9.2 WITLINK-2000® INTERFACES .......................................................................................... 9-1
9.3 CONFIGURING WITLINK-2000®: LAN ENVIRONMENT ..................................................... 9-1
9.4 ROUTING STATEMENT ..................................................................................................... 9-3
9.5 MANAGING A LINK WITH 10/100 PAYLOAD ..................................................................... 9-4
9.6 RIP ADVANTAGES ........................................................................................................... 9-6
9.7 RIP IN A CASCADING CONFIGURATION ............................................................................ 9-6
9.8 USING RIP WITH PROTECTED SYSTEM (1+1 SYSTEM)..................................................... 9-7
9.9 ENABLING RIP ON AN ETHERNET INTERFACE.................................................................. 9-9
9.10 CONFIGURING 1+1 MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ..................................................................... 9-9
9.11 MANAGING A 1+1 LINK VIA DIAL-UP MODEM ............................................................... 9-10

CHAPTER 10 FAULT LOCATION AND TROUBLESHOOTING....................................... 10-1


10.1 SNMP TRAPS ................................................................................................................ 10-1
10.2 EXTERNAL RELAYS ....................................................................................................... 10-1
10.3 FAULT LOCATION FINDING TOOLS ................................................................................. 10-1
10.3.1 External Tester ..................................................................................................... 10-1
10.3.2 LED Indicators ..................................................................................................... 10-2
10.4 TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................................................................................... 10-2
10.5 ISOLATING PROBLEMS ................................................................................................... 10-7
10.5.1 Basics.................................................................................................................... 10-7
10.5.2 Repairing the Fault............................................................................................... 10-8
10.5.3 Make Backups....................................................................................................... 10-8
10.5.4 Safety .................................................................................................................... 10-8
10.5.5 Verify the Repair................................................................................................... 10-8

CHAPTER 11 GETTING ASSISTANCE.................................................................................. 11-1


11.1.1 Support Web Site .................................................................................................. 11-1
11.1.2 Witcom Ltd. Technical Support ............................................................................ 11-2
11.1.3 Returning Witcom Ltd. Equipment ....................................................................... 11-2

CHAPTER 12 APPENDIXES..................................................................................................... 12-1


12.1 APPENDIX A: FACTORY DEFAULT SETTING ................................................................... 12-1
12.1.1 E3 + 16E1 PIN ..................................................................................................... 12-2
12.1.2 2 10/100Base-T + 4E1 PIN .................................................................................. 12-4
12.1.3 2 10/100Base-T + 4DS1 PIN................................................................................ 12-6
12.1.4 DS3 + 16DS1 PIN ................................................................................................ 12-8
12.1.5 8E1 PIN .............................................................................................................. 12-10
12.1.6 8DS1 PIN............................................................................................................ 12-12
12.2 APPENDIX B: INTERFACES (PINOUTS) ...................................................................... 12-14
12.2.1 Direct Access Cable Pinout ................................................................................ 12-14
12.2.2 Modem Connection Cable with Cable Pinout .................................................... 12-14
12.2.3 IDU Alarm Connection Pinout ........................................................................... 12-15
12.2.4 Service Channel Connectors (RJ-48) ................................................................. 12-16

c REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


12.2.5 Service Channel Connectors (RJ-11) ................................................................. 12-18
12.2.6 Data Channel Connectors .................................................................................. 12-19
12.3 APPENDIX C: FREQUENCY SPECTRUM ALLOCATIONS .............................................. 12-20
12.3.1 Types of WitLink-2000® Systems and Frequency Allocations ............................ 12-22

d REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Figures
FIGURE 1. A TYPICAL RADIO LINK ............................................................................................. 1-2
FIGURE 2. IDU FRONT PANEL .................................................................................................... 2-3
FIGURE 3. IDU FRONT PANEL - INTERFACE CONNECTION.......................................................... 2-6
FIGURE 4. CONTROL PANEL........................................................................................................ 2-8
FIGURE 5. FRONT PANEL POWER AND ODU CONNECTIONS ..................................................... 2-11
FIGURE 6. PIN-12161 PLUG-IN: DS3 + 16DS1........................................................................ 2-13
FIGURE 7. PIN-42042 WIRELESS BRIDGE – TWO 10/100BASE-T + 4 DS1 .............................. 2-13
FIGURE 8. PIN-21040 PLUG-IN: 4 E1 BNC............................................................................. 2-14
FIGURE 9. PIN-22161 PLUG-IN: E3 + 16E1 ............................................................................ 2-14
FIGURE 10. PIN-52042 WIRELESS BRIDGE – TWO 10/100BASE-T + 4 E1 ................................ 2-15
FIGURE 11. PIN-25040 PLUG-IN: 4 E1 BNC + EWO ............................................................... 2-16
FIGURE 12. FREQUENCY BAND THEORY .................................................................................... 2-17
FIGURE 13. ODU CONNECTIONS ................................................................................................ 2-18
FIGURE 14. 1+0 CONFIGURATION (EXAMPLE) ............................................................................ 2-20
FIGURE 15. ODU –WAVEGUIDE ADAPTOR (LEFT) AND REMOTE 1+0 MOUNT (RIGHT)............... 2-21
FIGURE 16. INSTALLATION FLOW CHART ..................................................................................... 3-2
FIGURE 17. ALIGNMENT V AND H DESIGNATORS FOR POLARIZATION .......................................... 3-8
FIGURE 18. MAIN LCD SCREEN EXAMPLE ................................................................................... 4-2
FIGURE 19. QUICK CONFIG SCREEN.............................................................................................. 4-3
FIGURE 20. ENTER PASSWORD SCREEN ........................................................................................ 4-3
FIGURE 21. LINK CAPACITY SCREEN ............................................................................................ 4-4
FIGURE 22. RADOME PANEL POSITION, EXAMPLE OF ANTENNA WITH ‘DRAIN GROOVE’ .............. 5-2
FIGURE 23. MAIN LCD SCREEN ................................................................................................... 6-5
FIGURE 24. SAMPLE ALARM SCREEN ........................................................................................... 6-5
FIGURE 25. ACTIVE VALUE: * ...................................................................................................... 6-6
FIGURE 26. CONFIGURED VALUE: #.............................................................................................. 6-6
FIGURE 27. ENTER PASSWORD SCREEN ........................................................................................ 6-9
FIGURE 28. CONFIGURATION CHANGED MESSAGE ..................................................................... 6-10
FIGURE 29. UPDATE 2 SIDES SCREEN ......................................................................................... 6-11
FIGURE 30. PROTECTED WITLINK-2000® TERMINAL REDUNDANT SWITCHING UNIT + 2 * IDUS 8-3
FIGURE 31. DUAL ODU / SINGLE ANTENNA................................................................................. 8-4
FIGURE 32. DUAL ODU / DUAL ANTENNA ................................................................................... 8-4
FIGURE 33. WITLINK-2000® REDUNDANT SWITCH UNIT - RSU (CONNECTIONS)......................... 8-6
FIGURE 34. WITLINK-2000® LEDS AND TOUCHKEYS .................................................................. 8-7
FIGURE 35. IDU PROTECTED PLUG-INS. ...................................................................................... 8-8
FIGURE 36. DUAL ODU /SINGLE ANTENNA MECHANICAL CONFIGURATION .............................. 8-11
FIGURE 37. DUAL ODU /DUAL ANTENNA MECHANICAL CONFIGURATION ................................ 8-12
FIGURE 38. SYSTEM CONFIGURATION (PER PROTECTED TERMINAL), TWO ANTENNAS PROTECTED
RADIO ...................................................................................................................... 8-14
FIGURE 39. SYSTEM CONFIGURATION (PER PROTECTED TERMINAL), ONE ANTENNA PROTECTED
RADIO ...................................................................................................................... 8-15
FIGURE 40. RSU, REDUNDANT INTERCONNECTION UNITS, IDUS .............................................. 8-18
FIGURE 41. ODU MOUNTING BRACKET ASSEMBLIES ................................................................ 8-20
FIGURE 42. ETHERNET MANAGEMENT HARDWARE CONNECTIONS ........................................ 8-26
FIGURE 43. SLIP MANAGEMENT HARDWARE CONNECTIONS..................................................... 8-27

e REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


FIGURE 44 WITLINK-2000® REDUNDANT SWITCH UNIT IP ADDRESS ....................................... 8-28
FIGURE 45. CONNECTION BETWEEN TWO 10 MBS PORTS............................................................. 9-2
FIGURE 46. ADDING ROUTING STATEMENT TO STATIONS – USING OUT-OF-BAND ....................... 9-3
FIGURE 47. 10/100 PAYLOAD CONNECTIONS WITH OUT-OF-BAND MANAGEMENT ...................... 9-4
FIGURE 48. 10/100 PAYLOAD CONNECTIONS WITH IN-BAND MANAGEMENT ............................... 9-5
FIGURE 49. 10/100 PAYLOAD CONNECTIONS WITH IN-BAND MANAGEMENT ............................... 9-7
FIGURE 50. IP CONFIGURATION OF THE 1+1 SYSTEM ................................................................... 9-8
FIGURE 51. 1+1 SYSTEM WITH MODEM CONFIGURATION FOR REMOTE MANAGEMENT ............. 9-10

f REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Welcome to the WitLink-2000® Point to Point
Communication System
Witcom Ltd. is pleased to present the WitLink-2000® system. It is the first generation in the
Witcom Ltd. family of compact Digital Radio Relay Systems (DRRS).

The purpose of this manual is to provide detailed information about the technical and functional
aspects of setting up and operating the WitLink-2000® system

About this Manual


This manual provides a detailed description of the WitLink-2000® system components,
operating procedures, installation instructions and general network management topics.

Chapter 1 provides a system overview and briefly describes typical applications and benefits.

Chapter 2 provides a system description and explains the main components.

Chapter 3 provides an installation guide for the ODU and IDU components.

Chapter 4 provides a detailed basic terminal setup using the WitLink-2000® IDU Control Panel.

Chapter 5 presents procedures for fine adjusting the WitLink-2000® antenna.

Chapter 6 gives the basic setup instructions for using the IDU Control Panel.

Chapter 7 provides “how to” instructions for the WitLink-2000® 1+1 Protected Configuration
System.

Chapter 8 presents the principles of the WitLink-2000® Routing Information Protocol (RIP).

Chapter 9 describes the fault location and troubleshooting including main correction activities.

Chapter 10 shows how to get assistance from the Internet or from Witcom Ltd. Technical
Support as well as general contact details.
Chapter 11 includes the Appendixes. It provides a glossary and technical information as:
A: Factory default settings; B: Layout of interfaces connections; C: Frequency spectrum
allocations.

Who Should Use this Manual


This manual is intended for the technical personnel who will install and operate the WitLink-
2000® system. Such personnel must be experienced and skilled with on site, physical installation
and connection of millimeter wave equipment, including maintenance work. This manual is also

g REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


intended for system administration personnel who will perform the initial configuration and
subsequent re-configuration of the system as well as current system maintenance activities.

Safety Icon Conventions


The following safety icon conventions are used in this manual:

A warning. Not following the instructions carefully may cause personal injury,
equipment damage or both.

Recommended activity.

i Important information. Read carefully.

Contact Information
Should you have any questions regarding our services please contact us, or visit our Internet
home page.

Witcom Ltd.
P.O.B 127, Yoqneam Illit 20692, ISRAEL
Tel: +972 - 4 - 9599666
Fax: +972 - 4 - 9592050
E-mail: witcom@wit-com.com
Web: http://www.wit-com.com

For technical support: support@wit-com.com

h REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 1
Introduction

1.1 General
The WitLink-2000® is a cost-effective, line-of-sight (LOS) DRRS operating in the millimeter-
wave frequency bands. The system supports a wide range of data rates, from 6.0 Mbps to 52
Mbps. WitLink-2000® interfaces to North American digital signaling at 4 DS1 to 16 DS1 and
DS3 or ETSI standard signaling at 4 E1 to 16 E1 and E3. WitLink-2000® also provides a
wireless connection of Ethernet 10/100Base-T.

The WitLink-2000® product line serves the following communication markets:

• Internet Access Systems: Used by Internet Service Providers (ISPs).


• Private Networks: Wireless Bridged LANs.
• PCS/PCN and Cellular Networks: High-speed links between base stations.
• Wireless Local Loop Networks: Fixed wireless systems of Local Exchange Carriers
(LECs).
• Business Bypass or Local Exchange Bypass: Bypass systems of Competitive Access
Providers (CAPs) and Competitive Local Exchange Carriers (CLECs).
The WitLink-2000® system can be managed by a scalable Witcom Ltd. proprietary SNMP
network management application called WitView-EMTM, which is compatible with Windows®
9x/NT/2000/. The WitLink-2000® system has a standard MIB interface that can be managed by
HP OpenView and any other similar platform. WitView-EMTM is an open system, which uses
the TCP/IP protocol to manage all units of the link. The WitView-EMTM software, supplied with
the WitLink-2000® system, facilitates configuration and link management activities. It is
recommended to use the companion manual, ‘WitView-EMTM, SNMP Management System.’

1-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


1.2 System Overview

In order to establish a WitLink-2000® link, a WitLink-2000® terminal is installed at each


location that needs to be linked (denoted as the ‘Local site’ and ‘Remote site’ Terminals as
shown in Figure 1), separated by a Line Of Sight (LOS). The achievable range is determined by
the availability requirements, operating frequency and channel state. Microwave Radio Relay
Systems are sensitive to precipitation as: mainly rain, hale, fog, and clouds.

Figure 1. A Typical Radio Link

Each WitLink-2000® terminal is normally mounted flush to an appropriate microwave parabolic


antenna dish that provides the mounting / alignment devices. The Link consists of an Indoor
Unit (IDU), an Outdoor Unit (ODU) and an antenna as shown in Figure 1. In a typical
installation, the IDU is mounted inside an enclosed area (typically, a standard 19” wiring closet)
and the ODU and the antenna are mounted typically on a tower or roof top. A single coaxial
cable connects the IDU to the ODU; the antenna itself can be connected directly to the ODU.

Note: The terms ‘Local’ and ‘Remote’ are relative, and depend on where the system is operated
from. The ‘Local’ terminal is the operator connection location. Thus, the ‘Remote’ terminal
becomes ‘Local’ when the operator is at the Link side.

1-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


1.3 Typical Applications
WitLink-2000® provides great flexibility in setting up point-to-point links on a very cost
effective basis. This is achieved by eliminating unnecessary outlays in expensive leased lines or
fiber optic land-based lines. Low cost of ownership makes Return On Investment (ROI)
attractive compared to leased lines.

Millimeter-wave advantages over copper/fiber alternatives include: short installation time, easy
maintenance using Network Management Software (NMS), high immunity to natural disasters,
independence of competing Postal Telegraph & Telephone organizations (PTTs, avoids the
need to secure normal right-of-way or physical installation permits, and is deployable depending
on changing needs).

The simplicity of the millimeter-wave link installation makes it easy for the user to implement
WitLink-2000® in a variety of applications. It also means that the user can conveniently move a
previously installed link to a new location to meet the requirements of a changing system.
WitLink-2000® enables seamless future capacity upgradeability, protecting customer
investment, reducing logistics, spare parts and product stocking.

The following sections briefly describe typical applications.

1.3.1 Internet (ISP)


The demand for higher Internet broad band requires ISP backbones and ISP with higher
capacity and ISP connectivity to businesses and customers. The scalable WitLink-2000® radio
system has been optimized for these applications. When higher capacities are needed, software
changes the required capacity, and radio hardware does not have to change.

1.3.2 Private Networks Wireless Bridged LANs


Millimeter wave radios are also used to provide communications links for private networks.
Companies or enterprises located in areas without extensive telecommunications infrastructure
that press for broadband communication services in areas where the cost of local access is high,
installing and maintaining a millimeter wave wireless network can be very cost effective.
Typical users of private networks include:
• Government agencies such as land management
• Municipal agencies.
• University campuses.
• Large utilities such as oil, gas, and electric supply companies.
• Companies with widely deployed assets such as railroads and timber
resource managers.

1-3 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


1.3.3 PCS/PCN and Cellular Networks
Cellular operators mainly utilize millimeter wave radio links for Base Transceiver Station (BTS)
interconnections, BTS to Base Station Controller (BSC), and BSC to BSC interconnections.
Higher capacities are required the closer the Public Switching Telephone Network is to a BTS,
or a BSC. One WitLink-2000® radio link is suitable for all interconnection needs, with scalable
capacity as more subscribers demand higher interconnection capacities.

1.3.4 Wireless Local Loop Networks and Exchange By-


pass
Wireless systems in emerging markets were originally deployed to provide premium services to
a mobile subscriber base. However, middle and lower income countries have driven mobile
network providers into a new business - the substitution of wireless service for fixed service,
i.e., fixed wireless networks, providing a cost-effective solution in situations where no wireless
infrastructure exists. Wireless local loop networks (“last mile”) are implemented mostly by
Local Exchange Carriers (LECs).

Alternative carriers, such as Competitive Access Providers (CAPs) and Competitive Local
Exchange Carriers (CLECs) use radio links to establish standard telecommunications links
between their customers' sites and their own backbone networks. This way CAPs and CLECs
provide their customers with cost-effective local area telephone service and cheaper long
distance services.

The WitLink-2000® radio is a perfect solution for Wireless Local Loop and the Local Exchange
By-pass applications.

1-4 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


1.4 Main Features
• Interface to transmission systems include:
- Up to 16 x DS1, DS3, DS3 + 4 DS1
- Up to 16 x E1, E3, E3 + 1E1
- 2x Ethernet (10/100Base-T) + 4E1 / 4DS1
- All tributaries are connected to a modular plug-in board, which enables
scalability of the product
• Scalable channel capacity from 4 DS1 to DS3 + 4 DS1, or 4 E1 to E3 +E1
• Common IDU and ODU for all data rates
• Unique digital ASIC modem
• Software-controlled reduced capacity uses Spectrum-by-Demand
• Tributaries loop backs for diagnostics
• A powerful Error Correction scheme: Concatenated convolution and Reed Salomon FEC
• LCD and touch keys – easy front panel configuration and monitoring
• Supports alarms and external inputs
• Intuitive, pro-active SNMP NMS
• Standard GUI
• Full software-configurability
• NMS access includes the following:
- Direct access from a serial port
- Remote dialup modem access
- Ethernet Remote access through the wireless link on 10/100 PIN (in-band),
or through the 10 Mbps management port (out-of band).
- IDU cascading
- IP routing supported

1-5 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 2
System Description

2.1 General
This chapter provides a comprehensive description of the WitLink-2000® system. The basic
WitLink-2000® terminal includes three components: an Indoor Unit (IDU), an Outdoor Unit
(ODU) and a millimeter-wave antenna. The first section of this chapter describes how two
terminals function as a link. Then, each of these components is individually described. Thus,
this chapter serves as an introduction to the subsequent installation instructions provided in
CHAPTER 3 and onward.

In addition, this chapter provides an introduction to Network Management System (NMS)


software and configuration issues. For comprehensive information, refer to the companion
manual, ‘WitView-EMTM, SNMP Management System.

For the technical specifications of the WitLink-2000®, refer to the required Technical
Specification on our Web site at http://www.wit-com.com.

2.2 Basic Structure


The millimeter link includes two WitLink-2000® terminals. Each terminal consists of an Indoor
Unit (IDU), an Outdoor Unit (ODU) and a millimeter-wave antenna. See Figure 1. A
Typical Radio Link. Typically, the IDU is installed inside a 19” wiring rack-mount, and the
ODU and the antenna are mounted outdoors on a tower or rooftop. A single coaxial cable
connects the IDU to the ODU; the antenna itself can be directly connected to the ODU.

Digital data and service channels, radio overhead and network management information at the
local terminal are fed to the IDU. The IDU converts the digital data to TTL level signals and
multiplexes them with the service channels onto an aggregate data stream. The IDU digital
modem modulates the aggregate signal to create an Intermediate Frequency (IF) signal. The IF
signal is superimposed with DC power and sent to the ODU on a coaxial cable. The ODU
converts the IF signal to a Radio Frequency (RF) signal to the antenna of the remote terminal. At
the remote terminal ODU, the received signal is converted back to an IF signal. The IF signal is
fed through the coaxial cable to the IDU, where it is demodulated and demultiplexed into digital
data and the appropriate service channels. The link is full-duplex (bi-directional), fully
symmetrical and transparent to the data stream.

2-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.1 Indoor Unit (IDU)
The IDU is a standard 1U-high, 19” shelf unit intended for rack-mounting. On the front panel,
the IDU contains the tributary interfaces, service channels, control panel, DC supply and
network management interfaces. The tributaries and service channels are multiplexed,
modulated, converted to IF, passed along with the DC voltage and telemetry channel on a single
cable to the ODU.

A plug-in unit, located within the IDU, is used to interface various transmission systems with
the IDU. The IDU comprises the modem ASIC, Motorola XPC860 controller tributary
multiplexer, power supply and some additional hardware.

The IDU is a software-driven device that operates unattended. The millimeter-wave link is
configured, operated and monitored through a user interface. The user can access the system
locally through the Control Panel, or from a computer with WitView-EMTM which is directly
connected to the IDU, or remotely through an Ethernet LAN or via a modem connection.

Using the IDU, each segment of the link can be tested, including the tributary, the IDU, the
ODU and the telemetry connection. The remote terminal can also be tested using the local IDU
front panel touchkey.

Two IDU models are available for international digital rates:


The ETSI standard, (European Telecommunications Standards Institute).
The FCC standard, (Federal Communications Commission).

The IDU model designations are detailed in Table 1.

Designation Description

IDU-2001 1U high version adhering to FCC standards

IDU-2002 1U high version adhering to ETSI standards

Table 1. IDU Model Designations: IDU Versions

2.2.1.1 IDU Physical Description


The IDU Front Panel:
• Serves as an interconnection panel for interfacing to external equipment by providing
access to all the physical cable connections.
• Provides a user interface to the Network Management System through the Control Panel,
via a PC connection with Network Management System software
(such as WitView-EMTM).
Refer to Figure 2 for the IDU front panel description.

2-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Figure 2. IDU Front Panel

The IDU contains four functionally distinct areas as follows (from left to right):
{A} Plug-In Unit, {B, C, D} Interface Connections, {E} Control Panel,
and the {F} Power and ODU Connections. Also available are the TEST and ETH Ports.
{A} Plug-In Unit
• Tributary interfaces (E1, E3, DS1, DS3, 10/100Base-T)

i
Interface Connections:
NOTE: DATA-OUT is reserved for future use, and DATA-IN is regarded as DATA.
{B} Service channels: DATA, NMS IN/OUT (asynchronous over TCP/IP),
{C} Relays and external input connector
{D} RSU (Redundant Switch Unit) connector for the 1+1 protected mode
{E} Control Panel:
• LCD, touchkeys, and LEDs
{F} Power and ODU Connections
• DC supply
• Grounding Lug
• IDU to ODU connector
• Reset button
• Fuse

2-3 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.1.2 Plug-In Unit
IDU flexibility is due to the modular plug-in unit design, which ensures future updates and
supports diversified network requirements. The plug-in units also enable software-controlled
“reduced capacity” utilizing “spectrum-on-demand” scalability.

The Ethernet 10/100Base-T plug-ins support wireless bridge applications from one building to
another.

The following table details the plug-in models that are currently available.

Standard Designation Description

DS3 plus 1 to 16 DS1 (RJ48 Version)


PIN-12161
FCC (used as 16 DS1 or as DS3 + 4 additional DS1 wayside)

PIN-42042 Two 10/100Base-T plus 4 DS1

PIN-21040 PDH-4 E1 Plug-In (BNC type/75Ω)

PDH-4 E1 Plug-In + EOW (BNC type/75Ω)


PIN-25040

E3 plus 1 to 16 E1 (RJ48 Version)


ETSI PIN-22161
(used as 16 E1 or as E3 or E3+one E1)

PIN-52042 Two 10/100Base-T plus 4 E1

Table 2. Plug-in Unit Model Designations

2.2.1.3 Interface Connections


The interface connections provide the following:
• 10Base-T (10Mbps) Ethernet port for SNMP management.

2-4 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


• Transparent data line (See note on the previous page regarding ‘DATA’) supporting the
RS232 protocol with data rates ranging from 1200 bps to 19.2 kbps only with Xon/Xoff
flow control (ASCII files).
• Network Management System port to configure and manage the system (RS232) or to
connect NMS data of multiple IDUs at a central location.
• Test port (for Witcom Ltd. personnel only!).
• Five user-definable alarm relays that can be set using the software. Each relay provides
normally close and normally open states. The relay contact is used to energize alerting
devices or any equipment installed at the site. Most WitLink-2000® alarms can be
mapped to each of the five alarm relays.
• Four external inputs at the TTL level to control or change the link's mode of operation.
The IDU can sense low level/high level/low-to-high transitions and define the severity
level as a warning, error or fatal condition. All external inputs are opto-coupler protected
and provide interfacing to signals of 2.4 to 9 VDC.
• RSU (Redundant Switch Unit) interface for protected mode operation (1+1). For detailed
information, refer to CHAPTER 8 WitLink-2000® 1+1 Protected Configuration System.

2-5 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


The figure below shows the interface connections area of the IDU Front Panel:

Figure 3. IDU Front Panel - Interface Connection

i NOTE: DATA-OUT is reserved for future use, and DATA-IN is regarded as DATA.

2-6 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


The available connections are described in the table below.

No. Designation Component Description To/From Note

1 1+1 110-pin For connection with Refer to


connector RSU (Redundant CHAPTER 8
Switch Unit) for 1+1 WitLink-
protected mode 2000® 1+1
Protected
Configuration
System.

2 ALARMS D-type 25 5 alarm relay Devices Dry contact


pin female contacts, 4 external connected to output
connector inputs the terminal (NC/NO)

3 NMS-IN Shielded NMS input Computer or SLIP protocol


RJ48 dial-up modem /direct RS-232
remote modem.

4 NMS-OUT Shielded NMS serial daisy- Cascaded IDU Connect to next


RJ48 chaining stacked IDU

5 TEST Shielded Test interface used Terminal Test Direct RS-232


RJ48 only by Witcom Ltd.. port to PC com with Password
Personnel port

6 ETH Shielded 10Base-T Ethernet Hub, switch or For SNMP out-


RJ48 interface computer of-band
management

7 DATA Shielded General purpose Asynchronous Speed Up to


RJ48 transparent data RS232 devices 19.2 kbps
(Ascii) Xon/Xoff

Table 3. IDU Interface Connections Components

For connector pinouts (wiring), refer to APPENDIX B: Interfaces (Pinouts).

2-7 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.1.4 Control Panel
The Control Panel contains the LCD display, touchkeys and LED indicators. It serves as both
the user interface and Control Panel.

The LCD is illustrated in Figure 4.

2 1 5 6

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Figure 4. Control Panel

A stand-alone IDU operating without WitView-EMTM can be configured, monitored, controlled,


and display system messages and indications on the Control Panel. An NMS application such as
the WitView-EMTM (Refer to the companion manual, ‘WitView-EMTM, SNMP Management
System’ for more information.) running on a Network Management Station is another means of
communicating with the WitLink-2000® terminal.

Control Panel display and touchkeys


The Control Panel enables easy system configuration of the local and remote terminals. It also
displays the local and remote terminals status and alarms, statistics and test results.
Current/working parameters and system messages are displayed on the 16 character, two-row,
LCD display. The menu options are grouped and presented on the LCD in a tree structure. The
root of each group leads to the next branch (menu option), descending from top to bottom. For
further description of the Control Panel operation, refer to CHAPTER 6, “Using the Control
Panel.” The Control Panel keys and indications are described in the following tables.
(Refer to Figure 4 for control panel interface.)

2-8 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Alarm messages are short messages that produced by the system and indicate a fault condition.
The messages are displayed in the Control Panel's status information window, and can also be
read in the Alarms Log tab dialog box.

Control Panel LED Indicators


The LED indicators are located along the bottom of the Control Panel. The LEDs alert the
operator of a fault condition and are classified according to the following groups: LOCAL,
REMOTE, and ALARMS.
Additional LEDs indicate the status of the power supply and the link as well as whether the
Local or the Remote terminal is displaying a message or status on the LCD screen of the Control
Panel. The color of a LED can be either green or yellow: A green LED means that the function
is OK. A yellow LED means that there is an error condition in the system.

The following LED display is an example of a normal operation, where the link is up and
running, and the LCD is set to the Local (LOC) terminal.

Note that the default DISPLAY selection mode is local (LOC) - LED is green; all LED alarms
are off (LOCAL, REMOTE and ALARMS); and the power (PWR) LED is green.

No. Key Description Note

1. Forward Arrow Scroll forward to choose a command parameter


at the same level, or to edit a digit.

2. Backward Arrow Scroll backward to choose a command


parameter at the same level, or to edit a digit.

3. SEL/SAVE Select or save groups or individual parameters. Used to enter menus as well.

4. LOC/REM Select local or remote terminal. LOC/REM LED indicates


state.

5. ESC Move upward in the tree. .

Table 4. IDU Control Panel Touchkeys

2-9 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


IDU Control Panel indications are described in the following table. (Refer to Figure 4.)

No. Group Designation Function Note

6. LCD Displays LINK status, messages and Cofigurable via the IDU
Display parameters. touchkeys.

7. DISPLAY LOC LED Green light indicates that the local The local terminal LCD is
LEDs terminal is selected. displayed.

8. REM LED Green light indicates that the remote The remote terminal LCD
terminal is selected. is displayed.

9. LOCAL IDU LED Yellow indicates malfunction of the


LEDs local side.

10. ODU LED Yellow indicates malfunction of the


local ODU.

11. CBL LED Yellow indicates disconnection or


failure of local terminal conn.

12. REMOTE IDU LED Yellow indicates malfunction of the


LEDs remote side.

13. ODU LED Yellow indicates disconnection or


failure of remote terminal cable.

14. CBL LED Yellow indicates disconnection or


failure of remote terminal conn.

15. ALARMS 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 LEDs A yellow alarm LED alerts the The mapping is done via
LEDs operator that the Relay mapped to this the SNMPSNMPS
LED is lit. management

16. LINK LINK LED A yellow LED indicates a fault.


LED

17. PWR PWR LED A green LED indicates that the


LED terminal is powered ON.

Table 5. IDU Control Panel Indications

2.2.1.6 Power and ODU Connections


The IDU can be powered by 22 - 60 VDC according to on-site requirements from batteries or a
saftey-approved power supply. Powers switch and external replaceable fuse protects the power
input and located on the front panel. The ODU is powered via the IDU through the coaxial
cable.

2-10 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


The power and ODU connections are shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5. Front Panel Power and ODU Connections

Warning: Always unplug the power cord from the socket before checking the line fuse to
avoid electrical shock.

The IDU power socket has 3 connecting points. The left connection point is marked with "V".
The center point is GND and marked with , and the right side point is not used. When
terminal is rack mounted or two terminals are connected to the same power source, the
connection conditions to the pwer source should be as following:

2-11 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


1. The "V" point can be connected either to positive pole or the negative pole of
the power supply.

2. In case of two IDUs (or more) connected to the same power source, the
polarity of both terminals should be kept the same.

3. In case of rack mount installation, the polarity of the center conneting point
( ) should be the same as the GND point of the power supply.

Refer to the following table for a description of the power and ODU connections.
No. Designation Component Description Note

1 ODU Coaxial N-type female Connection to ODU


connector

2 DC PWR* 3-pin receptacle DC Power IN


(22 - 60 VDC)

-48V typical

3 RST Pushbutton System reset Terminal Reset

4 FUSE** 3A

5 Grounding lug

Table 6. Power and ODU Connections

* Note: Witcom provides a bi-color power cable (about 1 m long). The RED wire
should be connected to the "V" and the BLACK wire should be connected to the
ground ( ).

** Note: As IDU supports 22 to 60 VDC, two types of fuses are provided with each
IDU to cover ranges of 22-36 V DC and 36-60 V DC. When using supply voltage of
22-36 VDC, a 3A fuse should be used. When using supply voltage of 36-60 VDC, a
1.6 a fuse should be used with the IDU. WitLink-2000 is shipped with a 1.6 Amp
fuse installed, to support 36-60 VDC. An additional fuse, to support 22-36 V DC,
(3 Amp) is also provided.

2.2.2 Plug-Ins
The Plug-Ins in this section are only briefly described. Refer to the relevant Technical
Specification sheets for details

2-12 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.1.7 PIN-12161 Plug-In: DS3 + 16DS1
The DS3+16 DS1 Plug-In can be used up to a maximum capacity of DS3+4 DS1. It can be
configured to 4 DS1, 8 DS1, 16 DS1, DS3, and DS3+4 DS1.

DS3 – Tx / Rx BNC connectors (x2), 75 ohm

DS1 – Shielded RJ48 connectors (x16), 100 ohm


Figure 7. PIN-12161 Plug-In: DS3 + 16DS1

2.2.1.8 PIN-42042 Wireless Bridge – Two


10/100Base-T + 4 DS1
This plug-in has a digital capacity of 2 10/100 Base-T ports (incl. full duplex) + 4*DS1 ports. It
also has configurable capacities for 2 10/100 Base-T, 2 10/100 Base-T + 4 DS1 ports.

DS1 – Shielded RJ48 connectors (x4), 100 ohm balanced

10 / 100Base-T – Shielded RJ45 connectors (x2), 100 ohm

Figure 8. PIN-42042 Wireless Bridge – Two 10/100Base-T + 4 DS1

2-13 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.1.9 PIN-21040 Plug-in: 4E1 BNC
The 4E1 BNC type Plug-in can be used up to a maximum capacity of 4E1. The inputs supports
75 ohm unbalanced.

Figure 10. PIN-21040 Plug-In: 4 E1 BNC

2.2.1.10 PIN-22161 Plug-in: E3 + 16E1


The E3+16 E1 Plug-in can be used up to a maximum capacity of E3 + E1. It can be configured
to 4 E1, 8 E1, 16 E1, E3, and E3+E1.

E3 – Tx / Rx BNC connectors (x2), 75 ohm unbalanced

E1 – Shielded RJ48 connectors (x16), 120 ohm balanced

Figure 11. PIN-22161 Plug-in: E3 + 16E1

2-14 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.1.11 PIN-52042 Wireless Bridge – Two
10/100Base-T + 4 E1
This plug-in has a digital capacity of 2 10/100 Base-T ports (incl. full duplex) + 4 E1 ports. It
also has configurable capacities of 2 10/100 Base-T, 2 10/100 Base-T 1, 2 or 4 E1.

E1 – Shielded RJ48 connectors (x4), 120 ohm balanced

10 / 100Base-T – Shielded RJ45 connectors (x2), 120 ohm

Figure 12. PIN-52042 Wireless Bridge – Two 10/100Base-T + 4 E1

The Ethernet 10/100Base-T throughput equipped with online status indications.

The indication performed by 2 LEDs on each port side, following its labels description:

Left Side LED:


HDX Off Half-Duplex while the LED is off
FDX G Full-Duplex while the LED is green
Collision BG Collisions while the LED is blinking green
Disabled Y The Port is disabled while the LED is yellow

Right Side LED:


Connect 10 G The port is configured to 10Mbps while the LED is green
Activity 10 BG Throughput is 10Mbps while the LED is blinking green
Connect 100 Y The port is configured to 100Mbps while the LED is yellow
Activity 100 BY Throughput is 100Mbps while the LED is blinking yellow

2-15 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.1.12 PIN-25040 Plug-in: 4E1 BNC + EOW
The 4E1 BNC+EOW type Plug-in can be used up to a maximum capacity of 4E1. The inputs
support 75 ohm unbalanced. Each E1 has a dedicated green LED to notify that Rx is up.

This plug-in features an RJ-11 connector for a telephone handset and buzz button to buzz the
remote side. Refer to 12.2.5 Service Channel Connectors (RJ-11) for pinout definitions.

Figure 13. PIN-25040 Plug-In: 4 E1 BNC + EWO

The RJ-11 connector enables telephone communications between two units. The handset is a
“k” style unit. It incorporates low-level electric microphone and a dynamic receiver equipped
with a hearing aid coil and a varistor for limiting the receive level.

Transmitter Receiver

Transmit Output Level at 100Hz: Receive Output Level at 100Hz:

-46dBV +/- 4db 79dBSPL +/- 4db

Output Impedance at 100Hz: Receive Impedance at 100Hz:

1000 +/- 300ohms. 150 +/- 20%.

2-16 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.2 Outdoor Unit (ODU)
The ODU contains the RF section of the millimeter-wave link and generates all of the RF
signals, simultaneously indicating their status to the IDU. The ODU can be mounted on a mast,
tower or rooftop, and it can be disconnected from the antenna without affecting antenna
alignment.

2.2.2.1 ODU and IDU Method of Operation


®
The WitLink-2000 terminal consists if the Indoor Unit (IDU), the Outdoor Unit (ODU), and
the coaxial cable that connects both units.

The coaxial cable is used to transfer the uplink IF signal from the IDU to the ODU. It transfers
the downlink IF signal back to the IDU and telemetry signals. The cable also provides DC
power to the ODU.

2.2.2.2 Frequency Band Theory


Both FCC and ETSI radio standards define Transmit (Tx), and Receive (Rx) frequencies. The
spacing between the Tx and Rx frequencies are fixed, and vary depending on the frequency
range and the applicable standards. Most frequency ranges are comprised of four frequency
bands. A WitLink-2000® local terminal that transmits on band 1 receives a signal transmitted in
band 3 from the remote terminal. By the same token, a WitLink-2000® terminal that transmits in
band 4 receives a signal transmitted in band 2.

Figure 14. Frequency Band Theory

2-17 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.2.3 ODU Housing and Connections
The ODU electronics are located in a hermetically sealed enclosure and mounted flush with the
antenna. The antenna is directly interconnected with the ODU using a special connector.

Refer to ‘APPENDIX C: Frequency Spectrum Allocations’ for frequency band detailed


information and for the available ODU model designations.

The WitLink-2000® terminal can be mounted on a mast, wall, tower, or rooftop, and it can be
disconnected from the antenna without affecting antenna alignment. Refer to Section 2.2.3 for
more information.

1 2 4

4 6
2 5

Figure 15. ODU Connections

The table on the following page describes the ODU connections.

2-18 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


No. Type Description Note

1 Grounding lug Ground connection

2 Alignment Holes Three large holes The 3 holes are also


indicate angle of slot to used to install a testing
align waveguide platform

3 BNC AGC output of the Used for antenna


ODU alignment and test
purposes

4 Coaxial N-type Connection to IDU The DC power supply


female connector and the telemetry with
the ODU is done via
this cable. RF rates:

Rx frequency: 400MHz
Tx frequency: 140MHz
Telemetry frq: 10MHz

5 White imaginary line The white angled line is


across center shows the only imaginary
slot alignment angle for
the polarization

6 Mounting holes Used for ODU non-


direct mount
( 1+0 and 1+1 )

Table 7. List of ODU Connections

2.2.3 Antenna
The antenna may be connected directly to the ODU (direct mount) by the attached locking
latches, and then mounted as one unit to the mast. Also, the antenna and the ODU can be
separately connected to a mast (non-direct-mount). In this mode, the ODU is mounted on a
Remote 1+0 Mount, and connected to the antenna with a flexible Waveguide by means of an
ODU Adapter.

Refer to ‘Section 3.5 ‘ for more information about ODU direct mount installation details.

Refer to ‘Section 2.2.3.1’for more information about the Remote 1+0 Configuration and an
example configuration.

For the available antenna model designations refer to the Technical Specifications on our Web
site.

2-19 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.2.3.1 WitLink-2000® Remote 1+0 Mount Kit
(For non-direct antenna attachment, 1+0 configuration)

The kit allows the service engineer to separately mount the WitLink-2000® ODU to the mast by
means of a Remote 1+0 Mount. The antenna is attached to the mast with its OEM supplied
hardware. A flexible Waveguide connects both of the units. An ODU Adapter is installed
between the WitLink-2000® ODU and the flexible Waveguide.

The figure below illustrates the location of the Remote 1+0 Mount and the ODU Adapter for a
1+0 Configuration. Note that the antenna, its hardware, and the outdoor unit are only examples.

Mast

Antenna

Flexible
Waveguide

Remote 1+0
Mount
(example)

ODU Adaptor
Outdoor Unit (example)

Figure 16. 1+0 Configuration (Example)

2-20 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Note the following miscellaneous spare parts:

Part S/N Description

Remote 1+0 Mount MNT-1+0-F Allows mounting of ODU separately to larger


Kit antennas via waveguide in 1+0 configuration. Use
with standard waveguide antenna interface.
Can also be used in 1+1 configurations, with two
remotely mounted antennas. ( Kit Includes Remote
1+0 Mount and an ODU Adapter).

* F = Frequency 7/8/13/15/18/23/38GHz

ODU –Waveguide OAD-F ODU adaptor, used to connect flexible waveguide to


adaptor the Witlink ODU-7/8/13/15/18/23/26/38 GHz

Refer to the figure below:

Figure 17. ODU –Waveguide adaptor (left) and Remote 1+0 Mount (right)

2-21 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.3 System Network Management
The WitLink-2000® Terminal can be accessed for management through two physical ports and
one Plug-in as shown in the following table:

IDU Physical Port Application Notes

Out-Of-Band Management
ETH WitView-EMTM
SNMP platform such as 10Mbps (10Base-T)
HP OpenView
ETH port (RJ45 connection on the
IDU Front Panel)

Out-Of-Band Management
NMS-IN
WitView-EMTM SLIP connection (RJ45 connection
SNMP platform such as on the IDU Front Panel)
HP OpenView
RS 232 to modem or PC COM

When using a WitView-EMTM and


SNMP platform such as Ethernet In Band Management
10/100 Base-T Plug-in HP OpenView (RJ45 connection on the 10/100
Base-T Plug-in)

®
Table 8 WitLink-2000 Terminal Management Ports

2-22 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


2.3.1 WitView-EMTM
WitView-EMTM (Element Manager) manages a Link that consists of two terminals: ‘Local,’ and
‘Remote.’ It is an intuitive, pro-active network management system with enhanced diagnostic
and performance monitoring tools. It provides an open, reliable and user-friendly operation with
a familiar Graphical User Interface (GUI) and a Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
based on a standard SNMP platform such as HP OpenView. WitView-EMTM provides the
SNMP application to pro-actively manage all the links from a single-operator console.
WitView-EMTM runs on Microsoft Windows® 9x/Me/NT/2000 workstations.

WitView-EMTM is a stand-alone SNMP configuration software that is included with each link.
All radio links can be easily in-band (only for a 10/100 PIN) or out-of-band controlled from the
management station.

Accessing the WitLink-2000® Terminal through the WitView-EMTM is convenient and provides
many options.

The WitView-EMTM provides the following advantages:


• User-friendly management program (making it easy to use and understand even for
novice users)
• Easy setup program
• Possible to configure and read status from a remote terminal
• Provides performance statistics, alarms, and self-tests.
• Runs on-line (polling, with real-time status and color-coded mapping, helping users to
quickly pinpoint trouble spots).
• Can run licensed version under HP OpenView Node Manager for Windows® 2000/NT
network management platform
• Allows creation of custom configuration files through a graphical interface for
downloading to a different WitLink-2000® Terminal.

2-23 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 3
Installation Guide

3.1 General
This chapter outlines the complete installation and configuration procedure for the WitLink-
2000®, and a flowchart of this process is given.

3.2 Installation Flow Chart


Installation personnel should first verify that all pre-installation preparations have been made.
Installation should be performed in the following order: antenna installation, ODU installation
(Section 3.5) and IDU installation (Section 3.6).

The basic terminal setup is performed using the LCD touchkeys.

After configuration, perform antenna alignment (CHAPTER 5, ‘Antenna Fine Alignment’). See
CHAPTER 6, ‘Using the Control Panel’ to learn about the IDU Control Panel. Advanced
configuration (management and fine-tuning activities of the WitLink-2000®) can be performed
with the WitView-EMTM. Refer to the companion manual, ‘WitView-EMTM, SNMP
Management System’ for details.

1+1 Protected Configuration

In general, refer to CHAPTER 8 for information about the ‘WitLink-2000® 1+1 Protected
Configuration System.’ For particular information about the ODU Installation on a 1+1 Mount
Kit, refer to Sections 8.5.3.2, and 8.5.4. For information specifics about the IDU + RSU
Assembly, refer to Section 8.5.6.1.

3-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


The procedures described in these chapters must be performed for proper link operation.

Section 3.3 Before Installation

Section 3.4
Antenna Installation

1+0 1+1
Section 7.5

Section 3.5 ODU Installation


ODU Installation
1+1 Mount Kit

Section 7.5

IDU Installation Section 3.6 IDU + RSU Assembly

Power Up

Section 4.1

Chapter 4 Basic Terminal Setup


Using Quick Config
Section 4.2

Chapter 5 Antenna Alignment

Chapter 6 Advanced Configuration

Functional Check & Commissioning

OK?
No Yes

Fault Location &


Corrective Action Guide END
(Refer to Chapter 8)

Figure 18. Installation Flow Chart

3-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


3.3 Hardware Installation
This section describes the physical installation of the WitLink-2000® hardware. Each WitLink-
2000® terminal consists of an Indoor Unit (IDU), and Outdoor Unit (ODU) and antenna. The
ODU fits flush to the antenna (direct mount), which is mounted on a mounting pole. The IDU
and ODU are interconnected with a coaxial cable. See Section 2.2.3 for a description of a non-
direct mount which uses the Remote 1+0 Mount.

The ODU electronics and antenna are installed onto the mounting pole in three steps. First, the
OEM’s Antenna Mount Assembly is installed on the user’s mounting pole. Then, the antenna is
attached to the Pole Mount Assembly. Finally, the ODU is attached to the antenna, and is
secured by clips. The polarization of the antenna is determined by the orientation in which the
ODU is mounted onto the antenna. The user decides whether a link will operate in horizontal or
vertical polarization. After these three steps are completed, the user connects the coaxial cable.

The IDU is typically installed in a 19” rack mount configuration. Next, the coaxial cable and
tributary signal cabling are attached. Finally power is connected.

This section covers the following topics:


• Pre-installation deployment - guidelines, unpacking, inventory, and tools
• Antenna installation
• ODU installation
• IDU installation
This section deals only with the installation of the basic hardware. After completing this section,
the user should proceed to CHAPTER 4 to configure the radio, and then proceed as the
“Installation Guide” (CHAPTER 3) describes.

3.3.1 General Guidelines


The installation, maintenance, or removal of antenna systems requires qualified, experienced
personnel. WitLink-2000® installation instructions have been written for such personnel.

3-3 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


RECOMMENDATION: Before installing the WitLink-2000® system, read this section in
its entirety. Installation personnel should be familiar with the system’s components. Read
CHAPTER 2, ‘System Description.’ Afterwards, proceed to the relevant section in this
chapter.

Since WitLink-2000® is easy to install, a previously installed link can be conveniently moved to
a new location. Re-deployment allows the user to meet the requirements of a changing system
with minimal effort and expense.

This manual assumes that the site power and grounding have already been installed. This
manual also assumes that the antenna mounting pole has been installed prior to undertaking
WitLink-2000® installation activities. When installing and aligning a terminal or link of the
WitLink-2000® system, the user should always have on hand the required tools, test equipment
and any other required miscellaneous installation devices and materials.

RECOMMENDATION: The WitLink-2000® electronics and components have been


designed to be as rugged as possible. However, because of continued exposure to weather,
it is recommended to inspect antenna systems once a year by qualified personnel to verify
proper installation, maintenance, and condition of equipment.

Witcom Ltd. disclaims any liability or responsibility for the results of improper or unsafe
installation practices.

3.3.2 Equipment and Unpacking


RECOMMENDATION: Retain at least one (1) of each kind of packing carton with all its
packing materials. In the event that it is necessary to transport a unit, the user will have
the required packing material for safe shipment.

Each WitLink-2000® terminal is shipped in one master box within which are two internal boxes:
one houses the IDU, the second contains the ODU. The WitView-EMTM and the User Manual
are both provided on a single CD with one of the terminals.

Unpack each box and examine the exterior of each unit for any visible damage. If visible
damage is detected, contact your sales representative immediately or Witcom Ltd. directly.

The main equipment (IDU, ODU and antenna) depends on the specific purchase order
and the prevailing standards (FCC or ETSI). Verify that you have received the correct
main equipment based on Table 1, and ‘APPENDIX C: Frequency Spectrum Allocations.’

3-4 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


3.3.3 Packing Lists
Each box contains a main component (IDU or ODU) and accessories. Verify the contents of the
cartons with the packing lists. The following sample packing lists are provided for user
convenience only. Witcom Ltd. Reserves the right to change the packing list without prior
notice.

Item Qty Description

1 1 1U high, 19” rack-mountable IDU.

2 1 DC power connector kit (including 3 pins).

3 1 Short DC power cable (pins already crimped).

4 1 3 A SB fuse (for voltage range of 22-36 V DC)

Table 9. IDU Carton Packing List

Item Qty Part Number Description

1 1 See ‘APPENDIX C: Frequency Outdoor Unit (ODU).


Spectrum Allocations.’

Table 10. ODU Carton Packing List

3-5 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


3.3.4 Installation Tools and Materials

3.3.4.1 Installation Tools


The user should have at least the following tools on hand before attempting to install the
WitLink-2000® system.

Tools Purpose

Hand-held voltmeter, including adapter for Fine-tuning antenna alignment


BNC connector
Optical aid or compass (optional) For coarse antenna alignment
Flat head screwdriver Tighten DB25 connector
Crimping tool-Molex P/N 11-01-0197 in For provided DC power connector kit
USA
or Molex P/N 69008-0724 in Europe
Tools required by antenna manufacturer Antenna installation

Table 11. Installation Tools

3.3.4.2 Materials
It is the user’s responsibility to prepare the following materials:
• Coax Cables: RG-8: up to 300 meters (1000 ft)
Nominal Impedance: 50 Ohms
Nominal Conductor DCR: 0.9 Ohms/M’
• 2 standard (sealed) N-type connectors.
• Tie wraps (or similar) for cable fastening.
• Lightening protectors (optional).
Recommended type: FCC-250B-140-N (Fischer Custom Communications), 800V/200mSec
or equivalent.
• Amalgamating tape for moisture prevention.

3-6 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


3.4 Antenna Installation
Install the antenna as defined by the specific antenna manufacturer.

3.5 ODU Installation – Direct Mount


The ODU is an electronics unit that installs flush on the back of the antenna assembly.

WARNING: Failure to follow ODU installation procedure will damage the Antenna
Mount Assembly, and may render the radio unusable. Read through the entire procedure
before attempting installation. Contact your authorized Witcom Ltd. sales representative
or Witcom Ltd. directly with any questions you may have.

It is the obligation of the body vested with the responsibility for full installation, to prevent
any contact or induction with mains lines at any voltage.

Perform ODU installation as follows:

Initial Steps

• Install an N-type male connector onto one end of an RG8-type coaxial cable (not
supplied). Use a standard installation kit, and follow the connector manufacturer’s
instructions. The maximum allowed cable length is 300 meters (1,000 feet).

• Install the coaxial cable, running the connectorized end up the mounting pole.

• Fasten the coaxial cable to the structure at intervals of 10 feet. Leave a minimum of 15
inches of service loop in the coaxial cable where it attaches to the ODU. Avoid tight
bendings during cable fastening.

• Carry the ODU to the designated mounting pole.

3-7 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Polarization

• Mount the ODU onto the Antenna. Observe the “V” or “H” labels on the circumference
of the ODU. The “H” label located on the ODU baseplate must point straight upward
for horizontal polarization, and the “V” label must point straight upward for vertical
polarization.

• Note that both sides of the link must be identically polarized.

Figure 19. Alignment V and H Designators for Polarization

3-8 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Band Verification

• Verify that the ODU units are properly paired. Band 1 at one terminal must be paired
with Band 3 at the other terminal (Alternatively, Band 2 must be paired with Band 4.)
For example, ODU-1-1-1-38 at one terminal would be paired with ODU-1-1-3-38 at the
other terminal.

Final Steps

• Secure using the four (4) clips on the antenna.

• Connect the coaxial cable with the N male connector to the ODU, then wrap with
amalgamating tape to prevent moisture from permeating into the connector.

• Connect the grounding cable (not supplied) to the ODU grounding lug. Use a #8-
32x5/16” bolt to fasten the cable termination. This cable will place the ODU at the
same electrical potential as the mounting pole. Connect the other end of the cable to a
proper grounding point.

Refer to Section 2.2.3.1 for information about Remote 1+0 installation and an example
configuration.

3-9 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


3.6 IDU Installation
This section describes IDU installation. The IDU is typically installed in a 19” rack mount.
Perform the steps in the following procedure.
STEP IDU Rack Mount Installation Activity

1 Mount the IDU on a rack into its predetermined space. The IDU requires one (1)
standard rack space (EIA 1.75 inches) (4.5 cm).
2 Pull the RG-8 coaxial cable installed in Section 3.5 of this chapter down the rack,
leaving 18 inches of service loop.
3 Install an N-type male connector onto the free end of the RG-8 coaxial cable. Use
a standard installation kit, and follow the connector manufacturer’s instructions.
4 Connect the coaxial cable to the N female connector on the IDU labeled "ODU."
5 GROUNDING: Connect the grounding cable to the Grounding lug provided on
the IDU right bracket on the FRONT of the IDU. This cable will place the IDU at
the same electrical potential as the wiring closet. Connect the other end of the
cable to a proper grounding point.
The following are the definitions for the ground cable and ring terminal of the
WitLink-2000’s IDU:
1. Insulated ground cable: Insulation color: Yellow/green, Material: Flexible
multi-wire cable made of technical copper. Cross-section area: 6 mm2
Standard: UL94V-0 at least and or tested at VW-1.
2. Ring terminal for this cable: Insulation: None, Material: tin-coated copper
with a maximum thickness of 2mm. Bolt: Intended or M5 screw. Star-shaped
washer and nut made of stainless steel that is appropriate for M5 screw.

3-10 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


STEP IDU Rack Mount Installation Activity

6 Connect the power to the IDU (22 to 60 VDC). If you are equipped with a proper
crimping tool (as specified in Table 11), use the DC power connector kit provided
and crimp the pins included in this kit. In the absence of such crimping tool, use
the short DC power cable provided, with its pins already crimped. Before making
the connection itself, measure DC voltage to confirm its magnitude. Note that the
shield of your Rack Cabinet must be connected to the middle pin of the power
connector, and the voltage “hot line” to the left-hand pin as labeled on the front
panel of the IDU. Refer to Figure 5 for Front Panel and power ODU connections.
The voltage can be either positive or negative.
The sign means grounded.

WARNING: Use of improper voltage or faulty grounding connection may


cause serious injury or equipment damage.

7 Install the tributary DS1/E1/DS3/E3 or 10/100Base-T signal cables onto the IDU
Plug-in. If BNC connectors are used, take care to connect the IDU’s Tx to the
external equipment’s Rx and the IDU’s Rx to the external equipment’s Tx. If RJ48
connectors are used, refer to ‘APPENDIX B: Interfaces (Pinouts)’ for the correct
pinout.
8 Install the alarm I/O cables. Refer to Section 2.2.1.3 for a description. For
connector pinouts, refer to ‘APPENDIX B: Interfaces (Pinouts).’ Note that the
voltage allowed for each of the alarm inputs is 3.4 – 9 VDC. The polarity of the
voltage has no relevancy.
WARNING: Use of improper voltage or faulty grounding connection may
cause serious injury or equipment damage.
9 Install the DATA cables (if necessary). Serial RS232/422 asynchronous
equipment may be connected at the other side. The DATA port supports text files
transfer only. Available parameters: Bit Rate 300 to 19200Bps, Parity
Non/Even, Stop bit 1or 2, Data bits 7 or 8 , Flow Control Non/Xon Xoff. Log
the parameters in order to configure the IDU to the same values at a later stage.
For connector pinouts, refer to ‘APPENDIX B: Interfaces (Pinouts).’

Do not connect the NMS-IN / NMS-OUT and Ethernet ports at this time. These ports should be
connected only after performing configuration as described in the following chapter.

i NOTE: The ‘TEST’ port is intended for use only by Witcom Ltd. technical personnel.

3-11 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 4
Basic Terminal Setup

The user is required to configure WitLink-2000® after the physical installation of the IDU,
ODU and antenna. The basic configuration is done using the IDU Control Panel. The
user is guided through the main system parameters with the assistance of the Quick
Config.

The configuration involves navigation through the IDU Control Panel menus and setting
the various parameters. This chapter describes the following procedures:
• Initial power up.
• Initially configuring the WitLink-2000® system using the IDU Control Panel.
This chapter deals only with initial configuration procedures using Quick Config for
setting the following parameters on the both terminals:
• Link Capacity
• Tx Frequency (Channel #)
• Channel Spacing/FEC (Available for Ethernet 10/100Base-T PIN only).
• Tx Power
For more advanced configuration issues, refer to CHAPTER 6, “Using the Control
Panel,” and the companion manual, ‘WitView-EMTM, SNMP Management System.’

4-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


4.1 Power Up
When the IDU is connected to power, the unit is automatically powered up and performs
selftest. Initialization messages appear on the Control Panel LCD. At the end a of the
sequence, a “Self Test Passed Successfully” message will be displayed, and after then, the
following information will be displayed.

B E R 1 . 0 0 0 E - 1 5

R S L - 0 3 1 P W R + 2 0

Figure 20. Main LCD Screen example

The screen described in the above figure is an example only. The actual values may be
different from those displayed above. The main menu is actually a display of information
on current Bit Error Rate (BER) 1.0 E-15 value means: No errors. Receive Signal Level
(RSL), and Transmit Power Level (PWR) The displayed power level presents the actual
working terminal power level.

An alarm screen, over-riding the main LCD screen, may also appear. Since the terminal is
not yet configured, you may ignore the performance and alarm messages described above.

4.2 Initial Configuration Procedures


The Quick Config menu is provided to help the user to initialize the link’s connection. It
was built for intuitively access with the main important parameters. When the Quick
Config is selected on a virgin link, parameters values may already exist. Those values are
generally the factory default settings (and may differ from those shown in the screens
below). You will be required to modify the data and adapt the parameters to your system.

To perform configuration, the user must have proper authorization to access the system.
There are three types of access privileges.
• User (read only)
• Administrator (read and write access, without access to functions that may
crash the link)
• Supervisor (full read/write privileges)

4-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


When an attempt is made to configure the terminal parameters, the system requests for
Supervisor authorization (refer to Section 6.2).

To perform initial configuration of the link from the IDU Control Panel, do the
following:

Verify the PWR LED on the Control Panel is lit.

Begin with the local terminal. Verify that the local terminal is selected. If the REM
LED is lit, press the LOC/REM touchkey once to activate the LOC LED.

The initial LCD screen will show the initial WitLink-2000 Control Panel screens (refer to
Section 6.1.4.1). This is the normal condition of the display. Disregard any alarms for
now.

Press SEL/SAVE. A “please wait…” message will appear, and after a few seconds
the Quick Config screen will be displayed. If not, use the forward and backward
arrows to scroll until you arrive at the desired screen.

P L E A SE . WA I T . . .

. . . . . . . .. .

The running dots indicate that the this terminal becomes the Local (master) terminal
and from this side its available to configure both sides of the LINK.

Q U I C K . C O N F I G

Figure 21. Quick Config Screen

Press SEL/SAVE. The following message appears:

E N T E R P A S S WO R D

Figure 22. Enter Password Screen

Enter the default password sequence for Supervisor (ESC, ESC, , , ). For
subsequent configurations, enter your password. You will now enter the Quick Config
menu.

4-3 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


The following message appears:

L i n k C A P A C I T Y

( V A L U E ) *

Figure 23. Link Capacity Screen

Configuring the Link Capacity:

1. If your display does not show “Link Capacity”, press ◄ or ►to change the
display so that “Link Display” appears (you may have to press more than once).

2. Press SEL/SAVE to select the Link Capacity option.

3. Use the arrows (◄►) to scroll between the parameters until the desired capacity
is obtained.

4. Press SEL/SAVE. The “Save to Remote” message appears.

5. Press SEL/SAVE for “yes”.

6. The # symbol appears to show that the new parameters have been saved. (The *
sign indicates ‘no change’.)

Proceed to change frequency.

Configuring Frequency

1. Press ◄ or ►to change the “Frequency”.

2. Press SEL/SAVE and ◄► to set the frequency as required.

3. When done, the # symbol appears.

4. Press SEL/SAVE. The “Save to Remote” message appears.

5. Press SEL/SAVE for “yes”.

6. The # symbol appears to show that the new parameters have been saved. . (The *
sign indicates ‘no change’.)

Configuring Channel Spacing with PIN-42042 and PIN-52042

1. Press ◄ or ►to change the “Channel Spacing”.

2. Press SEL/SAVE and ◄► to set the channel spacing as required

4-4 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


3. When done, the # symbol appears.

4. Press SEL/SAVE. The “Save to Remote” message appears.

5. Press SEL/SAVE for “yes”.

6. The # symbol appears to show that the new parameters have been saved. . (The *
sign indicates ‘no change’.)

Configuring Tx Power

1. Press ◄ or ►to change the “Tx Power”.

2. Press SEL/SAVE and ◄► to set the Tx power as required

3. When done, the # symbol appears.

4. Press SEL/SAVE. The “Save to Remote” message appears.

5. Press SEL/SAVE for “yes”.

6. The # symbol appears to show that the new parameters have been saved. . (The *
sign indicates ‘no change’.)

Saving the Configuration

1. Press ESC until asked to save changes (“Update Changes? Yes, No”).

2. Press SEL/SAVE for “yes”.

3. The “Update Remote” message appears. Press SEL/SAVE for “yes”.

4. The “2 sides updated” message appears. Press ESC to continue.

5. The ”Write Config, OK” message appears.

6. Press ESC to finish.

Initial configuration has now been completed. If configuration was performed while
the other terminal had the power turned off, power up both terminals and verify that
the parameters are identically set for both terminals. Only one side at a time can be
configured, so if trying to configure with an authorization one side while the other is
Password initiated, a ‘Viewing only’ massage will be prompt. Some alarms may
appear because the system has not yet been fine-tuned. Verify communication
between the terminals (“Shrinking” ‘O’ in the upper right LCD on both terminals).

4-5 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


At this point, fine-tuning may be performed by scrolling through the various parameter
groups to set individual parameters that are not included in the Quick Config. Note that all
parameters that have been set using Quick Config can be also accessed and set through the
Configuration Link menu.

See chapter 6 for detailed explanation.

4-6 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 5
Antenna Fine Alignment

5.1 Purpose
In the previous chapters, the WitLink-2000® Terminals were installed, initial parameters were
set and communication established between the terminals. This chapter will describe the fine-
tuning procedure of the antenna for maximum transmission and reception capability.

5.2 Antenna Alignment


WARNING: Failure to follow this antenna alignment procedure may damage your
equipment and may render the radio unusable. Read through the entire procedure before
attempting adjustment. Contact Witcom Ltd. with any questions.

Perform steps 1 - 4 on the local ODU. Then, repeat these steps for the remote ODU.

Step 1. Preliminaries

• Remove the ODUs BNC connector cap. Attach the hand-held voltmeter and
BNC test lead to the BNC connector.

Step 2. Azimuth Alignment

This step requires two technicians. One technician to be at the Local site, and the
other at the Remote site

The adjustment should be slowly tuned through the maximum voltage, and reset at the absolute
maximum. Rotate the Azimuth Fine Adjust bolt of the local antenna until the proper azimuth
alignment is achieved (meaning that the RSL voltage is as high as possible, see table 12) for
both the Local and the Remote sites.

Repeat the adjustment until the maximum voltage is reached, and then verify that it is stable
with similar values for both sites.

5-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Approximate antenna alignment using BNC output voltage

RSL -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -85
VDC 4.9 4.3 3.8 3.2 2.7 2.1 1.6 1.1 0.8

Table 12. RSL to VDC table

Step 3. Elevation Alignment

• Repeat ‘Azimuth Alignment’ process for Elevation.

i NOTE: Alignment for each antenna should be alternated at least twice before confirming
the final setting.

Step 4. Radome Panel Rotation (example for an antenna with a ‘Drain Groove’)
The ‘Drain Groove’ of the Radome should be pointed downward for drainage purposes. If the
Radome Panel requires rotation, loosen the Radome Band Clamp by unscrewing the Radome
Band Clamp Locking Nut. Rotate the Radome Panel as desired, ensuring that the Band Clamp
Screw Assembly and ‘Drain Groove’ are located on the bottom of the Antenna Assembly. See
the diagram below. When finished, fasten the locking nut.

i NOTE: When performing this procedure, take care not to change the alignment
performed in the previous paragraphs.

Note the
location
of the:

Drain

Band Clamp Screw


Assembly

Bottom

Figure 24. Radome Panel Position, example of antenna with ‘Drain Groove’

5-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 6 Using the Control
Panel

This chapter explains how to configure, monitor and control a WitLink-2000® link using the
IDU’s Control Panel. As previously written, WitLink-2000® can be configured from
WitView-EMTM or from the Control Panel on the IDU Front Panel. The Control Panel contains
a 16-character, two-row LCD, which can display the operation mode, configuration parameters
and alarm indications of both terminals. The terminals can be configured using five touchkeys
on the Control Panel. It is also possible to configure a remote terminal from the local side
terminal.

All the Control Panel operations can be performed from NMS software such as the
WitLink-2000® Configurator. However, not all NMS software operations can be performed
from the Control Panel.

The Control Panel has been designed to provide a tool to perform configuration activities for the
local and remote terminals without the need to connect a PC management software to the
WitLink-2000® and without the technician required to bring a laptop on site or needing access to
a computer.

This chapter contains the information necessary to perform configuration activities of both
terminals of a link. It is assumed that the service engineer has read the previous chapters, but
basic concepts are reviewed so as to avoid the need for frequent back reference. This chapter is
intended for fine-tuning the link.
This chapter explains:
• Control Panel Basics
• Control Panel Keys and indications
• Control Panel Operations

6.1 Control Panel Basics


The WitLink-2000® link operating can be configured, monitored, controlled, and receive system
messages and indications through the Control Panel, without WitView-EMTM or other NMS
software. The Control Panel also shows the status of the local and remote terminals by
displaying alarms, statistics and test results. See Figure 4. Control Panel

6-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


6.1.1 Control Panel Concept
The basic concept of the Control Panel is that the system’s data structure is hierarchically
arranged in a sort of tree having main branches, sub-branches and leaves. The user navigates
this “tree” (branches, sub-branches) in order to access and modify the parameters (leaves),
which together comprise the configuration of the local and remote WitLink-2000® terminals.

Main groups or branches include Quick Config, Configuration, Status and Alarm Log. These
main branches or groups are further subdivided into sub-groups of parameters (or sub-branches).
Parameters and their values are the lowest level, which are modified from the Control Panel.

When entering a branch of the Configuration Tree, the Group Name is displayed on the top line.

Pressing SEL/SAVE enters the sub-branch of the main configuration branch. The user browses
with the forward and backward ( and ) keys until the desired sub-branch is located. Pressing
SEL/SAVE enters the sub-branch.

Each parameter within a sub-branch has a Parameter Name and a Parameter Value. The
Parameter Name is displayed on the top line of the LCD and the Parameter Value is displayed
on the bottom line.

Some parameter values may be modified by scrolling a list of finite values (pre-set either by the
system administrator or factory pre-set) and others can be “edited” by modifying the displayed
data to a user-customized value.

Some parameters are “dynamic” and can be changed on-the-fly after modifying the individual
parameter. Other parameters are “static” and become active only after the entire configuration
(which may include several parameters) is updated.

When leaving a branch of the tree, a temporary save is performed by the system. Some
parameters may cause messages or alarms to be generated, in which case verification by the
operator will be necessary. Finally, an update of all the parameters is performed when exiting
the entire tree when SEL/SAVE is pressed.

i
NOTE: For a detailed list of all available parameters and factory default values
(including sub-menu locations), rrefer to chapter 11 of this manual.

6.1.2 LEDs
Control Panel LEDs are provided to show general link status at a glance. The lower portion of
the Control Panel contains 15 separate LEDs. Two LEDs (on the right side of the panel) have
general link functionality and indicate whether the terminal is powered on and whether the link
is operational.

6-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


The Display Group of LEDs (on the left side of the Control Panel) shows whether the LCD is
receiving messages for the local (LOC) or remote (REM) terminal. The user can select the local
or remote terminal by toggling the LOC/REM touchkey.

The LOCAL and REMOTE groups of LEDs show the status of the respective IDU, ODU and
Cable (CBL).

Six LEDs show if alarms have been received for the respective terminal (local or remote).

6.1.3 Touchkeys
Five touchkeys are used to navigate the data structure of the Control Panel and to configure the
terminal.

The parameters of the WitLink-2000® are hierarchically arranged in a menu tree. The Control
Panel touchkeys enable navigating up and down the tree’s branches (using the ESC and
SEL/SAVE keys), and scrolling through possible parameter groups or parameter values (using
the  and  keys).

6.1.3.1 Forward and backward Keys


Two touchkeys, forward and backward ( ), enable scrolling through possible parameter
groups or parameter values. Continuously pressing the forward and backward ( )keys will
scroll fast forward or fast backward. Generally, scrolling is cyclic, except when editing
individual characters (refer below). Scrolling in various situations is summarized as follows:
• Scroll cyclically, forward and backward, among all the parameter groups
(scrolling through tree branches).
• Scroll cyclically, forward and backward, among all the leaves of the current
branch (group), i.e., arriving at a parameter and immediately viewing its name
and value.
• Scroll cyclically, forward and backward, among all the possible values of a
selected list (for editing).

6-3 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


6.1.3.2 SEL/SAVE Key
The SEL/SAVE key is usually used to initiate an editing session from the Control Panel’s Main
Screen. The SEL/SAVE key is also used to select a parameter group (branch). During an
editing session, this key is used to choose from a list of pre-defined possible values or from a list
of indexed parameters. It also enables to confirm some of the messages.

6.1.3.3 ESC Key


The ESC key is used in the following cases:

• Moves up through the tree’s leaves to the next higher branch and up to the
LCD’s main menu.

• Quickly exiting from editing a parameter value character-by-character. The


ESC key can be used when some of the characters of such a parameter have
been modified and the user does not need to advance the cursor up to the
parameter’s last character. In that case, the user can save the new value by
answering YES to the confirmation message.

Continuously pressing the ESC key will move directly to the top of the tree, without having to
move up through each individual “leaf.”

6.1.3.4 LOC/REM Key


The LOC/REM touchkey determines whether the LCD indication and parameter configuration
apply to the local or remote terminal. The LOC/REM LEDs indicate which terminal is currently
selected. The LOC/REM key cannot be activated from within the data tree, but only from the
on-line main menu.

6.1.4 LCD Display


The Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) has a sixteen character, two row display on which all
messages appear (one at a time). The LCD is used to show the following types of messages:
• Current Operation
• Alarm
• Self-test
• Configuration
• Communication

6-4 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


6.1.4.1 Current Operation Message (Main LCD
Screen)
The main LCD screen provides status information about the current Bit Error Rate (BER),
Receive Signal Level (RSL) and Transmit Power Level (PWR).
The following figure shows a sample main LCD screen:

B E R 1 . 0 0 0 E - 1 5 0

R S L - 0 3 1 P WR + 2 0

Figure 25. Main LCD Screen

Pressing SEL/SAVE from this screen will go down the configuration tree and initiate an editing
session.

6.1.4.2 Alarm Messages


Because of the potential importance of alarms for current operations, alarm messages take
priority over all other LCD screens.

If an alarm message has been received, it will override the main LCD screen. A sample alarm
screen is shown in the following figure.

T E L E M E T R Y F A I L .

L O C 0 1 : 4 6 : 2 2

Figure 26. Sample Alarm Screen

The message will always relate to the most recent alarm detected. The WitLink-2000® is capable
of accumulating up to the last 15 alarm events. To view the alarms, the user must enter the
Alarm Log branch. Pressing on the SEL/SAVE key will start an editing session by entering the
menu tree. Pressing on the ESC key will return to the Main LCD Screen.

6.1.4.3 Self-Test Messages


After a power-on, hard reset, or self-test activation, the “SELF-TEST” running message will
appear on the LCD. If a specific test has failed, then the system will display a “SELF-TEST”
failed message and wait for the operator’s confirmation.

If the “SELF-TEST” passed successfully, an appropriate message will be displayed for a few
seconds, and then the Main LCD Screen will automatically open.

6-5 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


6.1.4.4 Configuration Messages
Configuration involves parameters that apply to an individual terminal and parameters that
pertain to both terminals (local and remote terminals). During configuration, if the user has
changed a parameter that pertains to both terminals of the link, he is prompted to apply
configuration modifications to the other terminal too.

6.1.4.5 Communication Messages


When communication problems with the remote terminal over the link, or with the Outdoor Unit
over the coax cable occur, remote parameters can be unavailable and “Communication
Timeout” messages display.

If the Remote Side becomes unavailable during an editing session, the current session must be
terminated and a new editing session attempted later.

6.1.4.6 Flags
When using the Control Panel, the user must distinguish between the symbols that are used as
flags to indicate various parameter conditions. Active Values of parameters – those with which
the Terminal is currently working – are indicated by the asterisk symbol (*).

The figure below shows the active channel number indicated by an asterisk.

F r e q u e n c y ( C h # )

2 2 7 0 0 . 0 0 ( 1 2 0 0 ) *

Figure 27. Active Value: *

Parameters that have been saved, but which have not yet been activated as current are indicated
by the pound symbol (#). These parameters are stored in a temporary memory. The user will be
asked to confirm the activation of these parameters in a later stage of the editing session. The
figure below shows the channel number indicated with a # symbol, i.e., a temporarily saved
value that has not yet been activated.

F r e q u e n c y ( C h # )

2 2 7 0 4 . 0 0 ( 1 2 1 6 ) #

Figure 28. Configured Value: #

6-6 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


6.1.4.7 Types of Parameters
There are several types of parameters: read/write, read only or operation parameters. The
Read/Write parameters type are classified to:
• Action parameters type
• Static parameters type
Action Parameters are configurable values that are instantaneously effective on the running
WitLink-2000® system and not updated and saved in the system configuration. A typical
example for this type of parameter is the ‘System’ (Non/Terminal Reset/Term Switchover/IDU
Switchover/ODU Switchover) under the sub menu ‘Configuration\Operation’.

Static Parameters are saved in the temporary IDU memory until the “Update Configuration”
operation occurs. After then the updated configuration become active. A typical example for this
type of parameter is the, ‘Tx Power’ under the sub menu ‘Configuration\Link’.

Read/write parameters can either be selected from a pre-defined system list or a parameter that
can be edited character-by-character. An example of a list-type of parameter is the ‘Link
Capacity’. An example of a character-by-character edited parameter is the ‘IP Address’.

6.1.4.8 Types of Values


Parameter fields require entering different types of values, depending on the parameter. These
values may be integer or IP-type characters.

Integer Values

Integer values are generally displayed in decimal format (some may be hexadecimal). Numbers
may be positive or negative. The +/- sign can also be modified when necessary (Tx in dBm
values for instance).

The number of digits displayed is automatically determined to enable setting the parameter to
values within the Min-Max value range defined for that parameter.

For a read/write leaf, the number is modified by successively editing each digit of the number.

IP Addresses

When the on-the-fly parameters are modified, the system prompts the user to activate the
modification immediately. IP Addresses are an example of such a parameter.

IP addresses and IP Subnet Mask definitions are always displayed in the following standard
format (four bytes in decimal format, separated by a period):
000.000.000.000

and where each byte value is in the [0,255] interval.

6-7 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


These parameters are edited by successively editing each of the digits. The IPs can be on-line
modified without any effect on the Link continuous operation (Warm reset).

6.1.4.9 Reset Operations


The Terminal can be manually reset by software or hardware. Software reset is performed via
the IDU control panel: ‘System Reset’ (Cold reset), or by pressing the IDU reset pushbutton
(Hardware reset). Some of the parameters updates will automatically perform a reset after
modification, as ‘Link capacity’ for instance.

The Factory Default configuration is a fixed manufacturer setting of parameters values that can
be useful for initial operation of a virgin terminal. (Refer to the Factory Default configurations
in chapter 11, “Appendices”). This WitLink-2000® System option might be helpful when the
Link is down because of mismatch with the configuration programming. Generally, a new
WitLink-2000® system is supplied with its virgin ‘Factory Default’ parameters.

6-8 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


6.2 Entering the Control Panel
As a precaution, access to the system is limited by password. Any attempt to read or change
parameters from the Control Panel will activate a screen requesting the appropriate password.
There are three types of access privileges.

• User (read only)

• Administrator (read and write access, but no functions that may crash the
link)

• Supervisor (full read/write privileges).

The following table shows the factory set passwords for accessing the Control Panel:

Authorization Touchkeys
Level
User: ESC ESC ESC ESC ESC
Administrator: ESC ESC SEL/SA SEL/SA SEL/SA
VE VE VE
Supervisor: ESC ESC   

A screen such as the following will appear when attempting to access Control Panel screens.

E N T E R P A S S WO R D

Figure 29. Enter Password Screen

Read only screens are protected at the “User” authorization level. Verify that you have the
appropriate authorization before attempting to change parameters. The default passwords can be
modified using the WitView-EMTM application.

6-9 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


6.3 Control Panel Operation

6.3.1 Configuration Editing Session Overview


After the WitLink-2000® system has been powered ON and completed its initialization process,
the Control Panel shows the Main Menu Screen.

6.3.1.1 Step 1: Terminal Selection


Before starting an editing session, press the LOC/REM Control Panel key, while the main
menu screen is being displayed. This is to select the local or remote terminal whose
configuration is to be viewed/edited.

6.3.1.2 Step 2: Starting the Editing Session


When the Control Panel SEL/SAVE key is pressed from the main LCD screen, a Control Panel
editing session is started.

The system copies the Active Configuration of the currently selected terminal to the Image
Configuration Area (RAM) of the Front Panel, enabling the user to browse the Configuration
Tree and edit parameters.

Scrolling “horizontally” through tree branches at the same level is done using the forward and
backward arrows. SEL/SAVE is used to select a branch and or choose a sub-branch from within
a branch. Clicking SEL/SAVE on any sub-branch will open the parameters of that sub-branch.
When a parameter is displayed, clicking SEL/SAVE will activate edit mode for that parameter.
ESC is used to exit the edit mode and “climb” up the tree up to the highest level (Main Menu).

6.3.1.3 Step 3 - Ending a Control Panel Editing


Session
To end a Control Panel editing session and return to the main branch of the configuration tree,
successively press the ESC key.

If at least one parameter value has been modified, the user is prompted to activate the new
configuration, with the update confirmation message.

U p d a t e Ch A n g e s ?

( Y E S / N O )

Figure 30. Configuration Changed Message

If the user selects “YES” (with the arrow keys) and confirms with the SEL/SAVE key, then the
new configuration (which includes all the modifications) that has been saved in temporary
image memory (RAM) of the Front Panel, is immediately activated.
If “NO”, then the system enables the user either to continue the editing session or exit. If the
user exits at this point, then all previously-made changes are erased.

6-10 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Some parameters apply to both terminals. When the user is prompted to save a parameter, if this
parameter is a “Link-Specific” parameter (which means both terminals should be simultaneously
set to the same value), then the following message appears.

U p d a t e 2 S i d e s ?

( Y E S / N O )

Figure 31. Update 2 Sides Screen

• Some parameter changes may cause system reset when activated (modification
will cause reset of the tributary lines).
• As mentioned earlier in this manual, on-the-fly parameters behave differently.
The user is prompted to activate on-the-fly parameters immediately upon
exiting the editing parameter screen.
• To save the configuration, the user is required to return to the main branch of
the Configuration tree by successively pressing the ESC key as described at the
beginning of this section.

6.3.1.4 How to Select Values from a List


Values for some parameters can be selected from a predefined list. The Link Capacity parameter
is an example. From the Configuration branch, press SEL/SAVE and scroll to the LINK sub-
branch using the forward and backward ( and ) keys. Press SEL/SAVE again, and scroll to
the Link Capacity parameter. Press SEL/SAVE, the first digit in the second row will be
underlined. Using the forward and backward ( and ) keys, scroll until you arrive at the
desired value. Press ESC to go up the configuration tree.

6.3.1.5 How to Edit Character-by-Character


Parameters
Some of the parameters can be edited on a character-by-character basis. The Link ID parameter
is an example. To access this parameter, press SEL/SAVE from the Configuration branch. Press
SEL/SAVE again for the LINK sub-branch.

Press SEL/SAVE, and scroll to the Link ID parameter. Press SEL/SAVE again to enter the
editing mode. The first character in the second row will be underlined. Use the  and  keys to
scroll from 0 to 9. Press SEL/SAVE, and the underline will move to the second character. Edit
this parameter in the same manner. Continue with the same for all next characters.

When finished, press ESC to go up the Configuration tree.

6.3.2 ATPC, Tx Mute and Switch-Over features


ATPC

Each terminal of a link controls the transport level of the other terminal to ensure transmission
within its own preset receive level. The purpose of Automatic Transmitter Power Control
(ATPC) is to make the transmit power more efficient relative to specific site conditions. The

6-11 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


concept is based on obtaining the measured Tx and the RSL values of both terminals and
calculating the differences between the measured power of each (dBm). The algorithm then
decides whether to increase or decrease the Tx value of the other terminal to comply with the
preset RSL value of the first terminal. The Control Panel parameters that deal with the ATPC
are ‘ATPC Control’, ‘RSL Optimal’, ‘RSL Upper Thr.’, ‘RSL Lower Thr’, which are located
under the ‘Configuration\Link’ submenu. It is recommended to configure at least 5dB difference
between the Upper, Optimal and Lower RSL parameters.

Tx Mute

The purpose of Tx Mute is mainly for Link diagnostics and testing verification. The Control
Panel parameters are: ‘Tx Mute’, ‘Pause Tx control’ and ‘Pause Tx period’. The pause Tx
mechanism activates the Tx Mute for an predefined time, which is set using the ‘Pause Tx
period’ parameter (up to 36000 sec. With a default time of 600 sec.).

Switch Over

The IDU as well as the ODU includes 2 memory ‘Banks’ to hold the WitLink-2000® firmware;
each be switched to the active running software. After the Switch Over operation, the terminal
automatically boots up with a Cold reset. The Switch Over parameter is: ‘System’ (Term
Switchover/IDU Switchover/ODU Switchover) under the sub menu ‘Configuration\Operation’.

6.3.3 Alarm Browsing Using the Touchkeys


In the ALARM LOG menu, the touchkeys function somewhat differently than in other Control
Panel menus because of the added capability to erase alarms from the queue. Following is a
description of touchkey operation in the Alarms Menu:

Key Function

 Browse next alarm (cyclically). This key does not erase the alarm from
the ALARM LOG queue!

 Browse previous alarm (cyclically).

SEL/SAVE Erases the alarm from the ALARM LOG queue.

The message, “Alarm Log Empty” appears when all of the alarms have
been erased.

ESC Exits alarm browsing.

For all alarms, a time stamp (in minutes) is displayed on the second row of the LCD.

i
NOTE: Viewing the Alarm log in the remote terminal is not available since each of
the terminals reports the Local and the Remote sides problems, and these can be
viewed only by the Local terminal. In addition, each Alarm massage contains its
Rem or Loc prefix.

6-12 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 7 Software Key

7.1 General
The object of the Software Key (SW Key) is to configure the IDU to accommodate the
customers’ varying bandwidth necessities. The IDU is shipped with various types of plug-in
units. Customers that do not require the full capacity of the IDU plug-in unit can order lower
link capacities at reduced cost while they maintain the option for future growth. For example,
the customer may order an IDU with 4 operable ports. The IDU will be factory-configured to
support 4 ports even though the plug-in unit may actually feature 16 ports. The additional 12
ports are locked, but can set to operate at any time, according to the customer’s requirements.
This is performed with the aid of the SW Key.

i
NOTE: Only a Supervisor with full read/write privileges is authorized to modify port
capacity.

7.2 Changing IDU Port Capability


In order to change the IDU capabilities, the supervisor must acquire a 5-digit SW Key from the
factory and then enter it via the Control Panel touch keys.

To update the IDU capabilities, the Supervisor must perform the following:

1. Locate the IDU Serial Number in the back of the machine.

2. Request a new SW Key to modify the port capacity.

3. Apply the new SW Key, received from the factory, to the unit as follow:

3.1. In the Control Panel, scroll using ◄ or ► until Configuration is displayed.

3.2. Press SEL/SAVE to select Configuration.

3.3. Scroll using ◄ or ► until Operations is displayed.

3.4. Press SEL/SAVE to select Operation.

3.5. Scroll using ◄ or ► until SW Key is displayed.

3.6. Press SEL/SAVE to select SW Key and commence entering the first of the 5 digits.

7-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


3.7. Use ◄ or ► to display the digit.

3.8. Press SEL/SAVE to select the digit and continue to the next digit.

3.9. Continue scrolling and selecting until all the five digits are displayed.

3.10. Press SEL/SAVE to display the new capacity in the last LCD. (If an error
occurred, Invalid Value will appear. Press ESC to continue.).

3.11. Press ESC until Update Changes is displayed.

3.12. Press Y (Yes). The display will show Changes Updated OK.

3.13. Continue to press ESC to exit from menu.

i
NOTE: It is possible to replace plug-in modules with different terminal capabilities;
however, the SW Key must be invoked in order to accommodate any change.

7.3 Link Capacity Options


The following is the list of enabled capacities that can be provided through the use of the SW
Key and relevant plug-in units.

7.3.1 Plug in PDH

Max Link
ETSI FCC
Capacity

1 4E1 (support 2E1 to 4E1) 4T1 (support 2T1 to 4T1)

2 8E1 (support 2E1 to 8E1) 8T1 (support 2T1 to 8T1)

3 16E1 (support 2E1 to 16E1) 16T1 (support 2T1 to 16T1)

4 E3+1E1 (support E3 to E3+1E1) T3 (support T3)

5 N/A T3+4T1 (support T3 to T3+4T1)

7 Support all capacities Support all capacities

7-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 8 WitLink-2000® 1+1
Protected Configuration
System

8.1 General
Protected systems are used to improve link reliability and availability. The WitLink-2000®
protected system may operate with one or two antennas in the Hot Standby mode, depending on
the customer’s requirements:

8.1.1 Hot Standby Mode


In the hot standby mode, both terminals are set to the same frequency, but one terminal’s
transmitter is muted to prevent interference.

The Redundant Switch Unit (RSU) provides a connection between the two IDUs, each of which
connects to an ODU. This arrangement is similar for both single and dual antenna
configurations.

Figure 32. Protected WitLink-2000® Terminal Redundant Switching Unit + 2 * IDUs

8-3 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


The ODUs may be assembled in one of the following mechanical configurations for the Hot
Standby mode:

1. Dual ODU / Single Antenna


This configuration contains a single antenna with a waveguide coupler connected to
two ODUs.

Figure 33. Dual ODU / Single Antenna

i
NOTE: The primary terminal is connected directly to the coupler (no attenuation). The
secondary terminal is connected to the coupler’s sideway outlet (with 6 dB attenuation).
(The total coupling attenuation between the primary and the secondary links will
be 6dB).

2. Dual ODU / Dual Antenna


Each of the two ODUs has its own antenna.

Figure 34. Dual ODU / Dual Antenna

8-4 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.2 Operation

8.2.1 Hot Standby Mode


In the Hot Standby mode, each ODU has transmit and receive capability (Tx/Rx). One ODU is
active (transmits and receives). The other ODU has its transmit mode muted, and only its
receive mode is active.

When there is a problem with the active terminal, the ODU’s transmitter goes mute, and the
“backup” terminal begins to transmit instead. In the hot standby configuration, the active link
begins to transmit in the same frequency as that of the original frequency.

8.2.2 Switching Conditions


The protected system provides link continuity in the event that a fault occurs in the primary link.
The switch is activated by an alarm condition in a terminal of the primary link. (For more
information about alarms, refer to the companion manual, ‘WitView-EMTM, SNMP
Management System.’ The terminal with the alarm condition signals the alternate terminal that it
has a problem. The alternate terminal decides (using a smart software algorithm) whether to take
control. Taking control involves signaling the Redundant Switching Unit (RSU) to switch the
traffic relays so the traffic is delivered using the alternate link.
The following alarm conditions will automatically trigger a switch from primary to alternate
terminal:
1. DC power loss
2. Modem/Mux or any other link failure alarm
3. Frame loss (Receive)
4. Loss of lock on transmit signal
5. Loss of transmit power
6. RSL alarm (Passing the RSL lower threshold level)
7. BER alarm (Passing the BER upper threshold level)
8. Telemetry fail (between IDU and ODU)

8-5 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.3 The WitLink-2000® Redundant Switching
Unit
WitLink-2000® supports the Hot Standby mode, as discussed in Section 8.1, with no single point
of failure. Redundancy is achieved by connecting the tributary input lines in parallel to two
WitLink-2000® systems. Automatic or manual switching is performed according to criteria
depending on link status, RSL, BER, etc. as described in section 7.2.2

Each of the two protected terminals is built with the following units: 2 IDUs, 1 Redundant
Switching Unit (RSU), 2 ODUs and one or two antennas. A Redundant Switching Unit (RSU)
with a suitable tributary interface is used (the plug-in concept is similar to that used in the
IDUs), and it corresponds to the type of interface used with the IDUs. The RSUs are backup
powered by each of the IDUs.

Switching decisions are made according to the alarms produced in each IDU. A defective IDU
can be easily removed without affecting the operating link and replaced with no maintenance
down time. (This involves the removal of the Lower or Upper Interconnect Unit connection and
removal/installation of a new IDU).
The two IDUs are connected to two ODUs via two coaxial cables.

Figure 35. WitLink-2000® Redundant Switch Unit - RSU (Connections)

8-6 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.3.1 Redundant Switch Unit LEDs
There are five interactive touchkeys located on the Control Panel. These LEDs indicate the
touchkeys’ functionality (whether active or not). The AUTO/MAN touchkey is generally set to
automatic mode. In AUTO mode, the LED is lit. MAN or manual mode is generally used for
maintenance purposes. In MAN mode, the LED is not lit.

In addition, there are four LEDs that indicate the IDU’s status (FAIL/ACTIVE).

Note The user must enter a password (through the IDU LCD touchkey panel) to make the
touchkeys functional (refer to section 6.2).

The Touchkeys and LEDs on the WitLink-2000® Protection System provide the following
functionality:

Figure 36. WitLink-2000® LEDs and Touchkeys

Touchkeys (each is equipped with an indication LED):


▲ UPPER Set the Upper Terminal as the active terminal
AUTO Set the switch option to AUTO operation (for status and proper
functionality)
▼ LOWER Set the Lower Terminal as the active terminal
FREQ DIV For future use
HOT STBY Sets to Hot Standby mode
LEDs
▲ FAIL Red LED will turn on when the Upper Terminal has a fault
▲ ACTIVE Green will turn on when the Upper Terminal is active
▼ FAIL Red LED will turn on when the Lower Terminal has a fault
▼ ACTIVE Green will turn on when the Lower Terminal is active

8-7 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.3.2 Protected IDU Plug-Ins
®
The WitLink-2000 IDU uses protected Plug-Ins. The upper and lower IDU interconnection
units are used to interconnect between the RSU (where all tributaries are connected to the RSU
Plug-In) and the upper/lower IDUs (using protected plug-ins).

The following types of protected IDU Plug-ins are currently available:

Figure 37. IDU Protected Plug-Ins.

Witcom Ltd. Part


Description
Number

E3 + 16xE1 PIN-23161

DS3 + 16xDS1 PIN-13161

8.4 Protected Configuration Options


A protected configuration typically consists of redundant IDUs and ODUs and a waveguide
(coupler is included) to connect the two ODUs to a single antenna port (dual ODU/Single
Antenna configuration). If desired, a second antenna may be used instead of the waveguide.
This configuration provides protection against an antenna falling out of alignment (dual
ODU/dual antenna configuration).

8-8 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.4.1 Dual ODU/Single Antenna Configuration

8.4.1.1 Electrical Configuration


The waveguide assembly combines the outputs and inputs of two standard WitLink-2000®
ODUs to a single antenna using an unequal 6 dB waveguide (coupler is included). The insertion
loss through the primary path is typically 1.5 dB for the coupler, plus losses due to any flexible
waveguide and circular-to-rectangular waveguide transitions used to connect the ODU assembly
and the remotely mounted antenna.

8-9 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Frequency Waveguide Primary Standby
Path Path
Insertion Insertion
Loss Loss
15 GHz WR-62 1.5 dB 6.25
dB
18/23/26 WR42 1.8 dB 6.5 dB
GHz
38 GHz WR28 2.0 dB 6.5 dB

Table 13. Dual ODU/Single Antenna Path Losses with 6


dB Coupler

Example of 1+1 ODU Assembly + Bracket

8-10 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.4.2 Mechanical Configuration
The mechanical configurations for a typical installation are shown in Figure 38 and Figure 39.
The WitLink-2000® ODUs attach to the dual ODU mast mount using screws. The Dual
ODU/Dual antenna configuration employs two of the Single ODU/Single antenna arrangements
typically used in an unprotected system.

8.4.2.1 Dual ODU/Single Antenna Configuration


The flexible waveguide needed to connect between the ODU assembly and the remotely
mounted antenna is not included in the assembly kit and is dependent upon the user’s
installation arrangement. A flexible waveguide can be purchased from many sources.

The rigid waveguide components associated with the splitter/coupler and the necessary circular-
to-rectangular transitions are supplied as part of the Dual ODU Remote Mounting Kit.

Flexible
Waveguide

ODU Protected
Assembly (OPA)

Rigid Waveguide
Cable to
with
Upper ODU
splitter/coupler

Cable to
Lower ODU

Figure 38. Dual ODU /Single Antenna Mechanical Configuration

8-11 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.4.3 Dual ODU/Dual Antenna Configuration
In dual ODU / dual antenna configurations, each ODU is connected to its respective antenna.

Figure 39. Dual ODU /Dual Antenna Mechanical Configuration

8-12 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.5 System Installation

8.5.1 General
This section covers only procedures unique to installing a protected system. Where necessary,
there is reference to the WitLink-2000® User Manual (Installation) for specific guidelines on
how to install cables, ODUs and IDUs.

8.5.2 Installation Equipment Required

8.5.2.1 Tools
The user should have at least the following tools on hand before attempting to install the
WitLink-2000® system.

Tools Purpose

Antenna installation tools as required by Antenna installation


the OEM.
Hand-held voltmeter, including adapter
Fine-tuning antenna alignment
for BNC connector
Optical aid or compass (optional) For coarse antenna alignment
Flat head screwdriver Tighten DB25 connector

Table 14. Installation Tool

8.5.2.2 Materials
The user should prepare the following materials:
• 4 standard (sealed) N-type connectors.
• Tie wraps (or similar) for cable fastening.
• Lightening protectors (optional).
• Amalgamating tape for moisture prevention.
• Four Coax Cables: RG-8: up to300 meters (1000 ft) each.
• 2 flexible waveguides with the required length and frequency (dual
ODU/Single Antenna configuration only).

8-13 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.5.3 WitLink-2000® Radio Equipment Inventory
An inventory of radio components to be installed should be taken before installation begins.
Ensure the parts description detailed on the outside of each box corresponds to the components
required for the installation (i.e., ODU frequency band, channel spacing and IDU
configuration). If there are any discrepancies, contact the Witcom Ltd. customer support
department.
Protected Terminal Configuration with Two Antennas (an example)

Figure 40. System Configuration (per protected terminal), Two Antennas Protected Radio

Item Description Notes Qty


1 Indoor Unit (IDU) 2
2 IDU Plug-In, Protected 2
3 Redundancy Switch Unit 1
(RSU)
4 Outdoor Unit (ODU) 2
5 Antenna 2
6 Coaxial Cable 2
7 N Type Connector 4
8 Power Supply Optional. Used separately only when DC power is 2
not available.
9 Lightening Protector Optional. 1

8-14 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Protected Terminal Configuration with One Antenna (an example)

Figure 41. System Configuration (per protected terminal), One Antenna Protected Radio

Item Description Notes Qty

1 Indoor Unit (IDU) 2


2 IDU Plug-In, Protected 2
3 Redundancy Switch Unit 2
(RSU)
4 ODU protected assembly 1
(OPA)
5 Outdoor Unit 2
6 Antenna 1
7 Coax Cable 2
8 N Type Connector 4
9 Power Supply Optional. Used only when DC power is 2
not available
1 Lightening Protector Optional. 2
0
1 Flexible Waveguide Length as required 1
1

8-15 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8-16 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000
8.5.3.1 Redundancy Kits
Redundancy Kits are used to complete a protected terminal (1+1). They are designated as a One
or Two Antenna configuration. They include the Redundant Switch Unit (RSU), and the Upper
and Lower assemblies used to interconnect the RSU with the IDUs. The ODU Protected
Assembly (OPA) with an RF Coupler is required for the One Antenna configuration only.

The following part list for the 1+1 details all Redundant Kit components.

Redundancy Kit, DSX/CEPT, One Antenna, Witcom Ltd. Part Notes


13, 15, 18, 23, 38 GHz Number
Redundancy Kit, DSX/CEPT, One Antenna RDK-X2161-C-F-ANT X=FCC / ETSI
F=Frequency

Includes the following:

Redundancy Switch Unit Kit (Qty 1) RSU

ODU Protection Assembly OPA- F-C F=Frequency

Redundancy Kit, DSX/CEPT, Two Antennas, Witcom Ltd. Part Notes


FCC / ETSI Number
Redundancy Kit, DSX/CEPT, Two Antennas RDK-X2161-2ANT X=FCC / ETSI

Includes the following:

Redundancy Switch Unit Kit (Qty 1) RSU

8-17 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.5.3.2 Redundant Switch Unit Installation Kit

Figure 42. RSU, Redundant Interconnection Units, IDUs

Item Qty Description


1 1 IDU assembly
2 1 Redundant Switch Unit (RSU) assembly
3 1 Plug-in assembly for IDU
4 1 Plug-in assembly for RSU
5 1 Left spacer plate
6 1 Bracket (PM2030801)
7 2 Guide spacer
10 1 Bridge 1 (PM2030301)
11 1 Bridge 2 (PM2030401)
13 14 Screw lock (F-SCHV-1)
14 1 Screw M4x8, Pan head, PH
17 3 Flat washer, M4
19 3 Screw M4x8, Pan head, PH
20 1 Right spacer plate
21 1 Captive house
22 1 Captive screw
Table 15. Redundant Switch Unit Installation Kit Parts List (example)

Note: The Two Upper/Lower IDUs and 2 protected Plug-Ins are provided separately.

8-18 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.5.4 Dual ODU / Single Antenna - Mast Mount
Installation
(Refer to Dual ODU / Single Antenna Installation Kit)

Step 1. Remove the ODU Protection Assembly (OPA) kit from the transport box.

Step 2. Use a flexible waveguide (with the required length) that complies with the
frequency used (WR-62 for 15GHz, WR-42 for 18/23/26 GHz, WR-28 for 38
GHz).

Step 3. Install the antenna mount according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Step 4. Install the ODU Protected Assembly (OPA) on the mast beneath the antenna.

Step 5. Connect the flexible waveguide to the coupler on the OPA using 4 screws, 4 flat
washers, and 4 washer springs (provided in the installation kit).

Step 6. Attach one end of the flex waveguide to the antenna using the NC 4 x ½ Allen
bolts.

Step 7. Attach both ODUs on the OPA mount using eight screws, ensuring that ODU
polarization is vertical, i.e., with the ODU polarization indicator positioned relative
to the orientation of the rectangular waveguide and coupler.

Step 8. Lay-in, secure with cable ties and terminate grounds between both ODUs and a
nearby local earth point. Use the lock nuts provided on the ODU grounding posts
to secure ground connection. Tighten nuts using a small adjustable wrench.

Step 9. Connect two coax cables to the ODUs.

8-19 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Mast Mount
Bolts

Mast
Mounting

Mast Mount
Bolts

OPA Assembly
Mast Mounting

Figure 43. ODU Mounting Bracket Assemblies

Step 10. If necessary, weatherproof, ground and pressurize the waveguide connections at
the ODU and antenna ends of the waveguide run. This activity should comply with
local engineering practice.

8.5.5 Cable Installation


Two cable runs are all that is required to connect ODUs to IDUs in WitLink-2000® protected
systems.

8.5.6 IDU and Redundant Switch Unit Installation


The protected WitLink-2000® IDUs and protection switches require only an 11.8 inch rack
depth and a 3U vertical 19” rack space.

8-20 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.5.6.1 Installation Procedure for the IDU and
the RSU Installation
(Refer to the item designators in Table 15, in Section8.5.3.2, “Redundant
Switch Unit Installation Kit.”)

Step 1. Prepare the rack space with a support tray, coaxial cables from the ODU, ground
wires, RG45 Ethernet connections and DC Power source or 48 VDC. See
Connections in Section 2.2.1.5.

Step 2. Install each IDU in a rack with a 1U space between them.

Step 3. Position the Redundant System Units (RSU) between the IDUs as shown in the
figure so they will be in the same front line.

Step 4. Connect the left spacer plate (3) using three M4 screws (8), flat washers (6) and
spring washer (7). At this stage, do not tightly fasten.

Step 5. Release the three nuts and washers from the IDUs and RSU right ears.

Step 6. Connect the right spacer plate (5) to the IDUs and RSU right ear using the nuts,
flat and spring washers.

Step 7. Connect the two IDUs and the RSU to the rack tracks and fasten using the rack
screws.

Step 8. Connect the two brackets to their positions using the two built in screws.

Step 9. Assemble the Interconnect Assembly - Upper (10) to its place (see figure 38). This
action should be performed with maximum care. Apply symmetrical pressure to
avoid bending connector pins.

Step 10. Assemble the Interconnect Assembly Lower (11) using the built in caption screws
to its place (see figure 38). This action should be performed with maximum care.
Apply symmetrical pressure to avoid bending connector pins. After then make the
rack mount side brackets tighten to keep the IDUs and RSU alignment.

Step 11. Connect the cable from the lower ODU closest to the coupler flange to the lower
IDU and cable from upper ODU farthest from coupler flange to the upper IDU.
This provides the least amount of insertion loss to the primary side (In a dual
ODU/single antenna application).

Step 12. Install the tributary data signal cables on the middle row of the RSU tributary
connectors using 75Ω BNC male connectors for unbalanced systems (E3 or DS3)
and RJ-45 plugs for balanced systems (E1 or DS1s).

Step 13. Connect the grounding cable to the stub provided on the IDUs and RSU right
brackets on the FRONT of the IDUs and RSU. Use the star washers when
connecting the ring terminal.

8-21 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


This cable will place the IDUs and RSU at the same electrical potential as the
wiring closet. Connect the other end of the cable to a proper grounding point.

The following are the definitions for the ground cable and ring terminal of the
WitLink-2000® IDUs and RSU:

1. Insulated ground cable: Insulation color: Yellow/green; Material:


flexible multi-wire cable made of technical copper; Cross-section area:
6 mm2;
Standard: UL94V-0 at least and or tested at VW-1.

2. Ring terminal for this cable: Insulation: None; Material: tin-coated


copper with a maximum thickness of 2mm; Bolt: intended for M5
screw, star-shaped washer and nut made of stainless steel that is
appropriate for M5 screw.

Step 14. Connect the power to both of the IDUs (22 to 60 VDC). If you are equipped with a
proper crimping tool, use the DC power connector kit provided in the IDU packing
box and crimp the pins included in this kit. In the absence of such crimping tool,
use the short DC power cable provided, with its pins already crimped. Before
making the connection itself, measure DC voltage to confirm its magnitude. Note
that the shield of your Rack 5 Cabinet must be connected to the middle pin of the
power connector, and the voltage “hot line” to the left-hand pin as labeled on the
front panel of the IDUs. Refer to Figure 5 for Front Panel and power ODU
connections. The voltage can be either positive or negative. The symbol
means grounded.

WARNING: Use of an improper voltage or a faulty ground


connection may cause serious injury or equipment damage.

The WitLink-2000® Protected System is now installed.

8-22 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.5.7 Commissioning the Protected System
Before applying power to the system, verify that all cables are properly connected and that the
Lower Interconnect Assembly and Upper Interconnect Assembly are properly inserted in place.

8.5.8 Hot Standby Protection Mode


This manual should be used as a general guide, however, the following specific instructions
apply and should be read first:

1. Verify that all interconnect cables are installed.

2. Power up both IDUs.

3. Access the Upper IDU LCD Front Panel, and configure the basic parameters using
the Quick Config (See Chapter 4)

4. Access the Lower IDU LCD Front Panel, and run Quick Config.

5. Without logging out from the LCD password protected menu, choose the primary
terminal and the Hot Standby mode (Hot Stby) from the RSU panel.

6. Align the antenna using the guidelines given in WitLink-2000® (See Chapter 5).

7. Assure proper operation of both links (primary and secondary), by selecting


upper/lower touchkeys on the RSU panel.

8. Select the “Auto” function on the RSU Front Panel.

9. The link and power LEDs for the upper and lower IDU should be solid green. The
Auto, Hot Stby, active IDU and the primary IDU LEDs for the RSU should be also
green.

Repeat steps 1 to 9 in order to configure the second side.

The Hot Standby Protected System is now ready to carry traffic.

8-23 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.5.8.1 Parameter rules in Hot Standby Mode
Setting the Protected Terminal parameters requires the user to follow some basic rules. Setting
configuration parameters requires the configuration indicated in the table below.

“Identical” indicates that the IDUs of the same protected terminal should be configured
identically for the specific parameters.

Parameter Hot Standby Mode


Link ID Identical
Link Capacity Identical
Frequency (Ch #) Identical
Tx Power Installation
requirements
DS3/E3 Cable Length Cable Length
ETH IP Address & Mask Different
NMS IN IP Address & Mask Identical
NMS IN Dest IP Address & Mask Identical
NMS OUT IP Address & Mask Identical
NMS OUT Dest IP Address & Mask Identical
LINK IP Address & Mask Identical
Table 16.Protected Terminal Parameter Setting Requirements
Each Protected Terminal shall be configured according to the above table. In addition to the
requirements stated in the table, it is necessary to verify that the link terminals’ (Remote and
Local) parameters are comply with the WitLink-2000® parameters requirement (Link ID, Link
Capacity, and Frequency and Channel should be identical on both sides of the Link).

8-24 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.6 NMS Configuration
Configuring and managing the WitLink-2000® Protected links can be performed using the LCD
Front Panel or the WitView-EMTM Configurator.
Using the WitView-EMTM Configurator requires the following:
• IP Connection in one of the following ways:
- Ethernet cables connection to the two IDUs (10M ports) in the same side Protected
Terminal.
- SLIP connection to one of the Protected Terminal side into the NMS-IN input (RSU).
• IDUs’ IP address setting.
• IP routing tables setting.
Refer to the companion manual, ‘WitView-EMTM, SNMP Management System’ for more
information.

8.6.1 Hardware Connections


Two methods to access and manage the protected terminals are available:

Ethernet – Using the 10M Base-T ports for fast and efficient management with Ethernet
segment as Switch and HUB.

SLIP – Connecting Laptop or Desktop PC serial port to the NMS-In port for direct or remote
out-of-band management.

8-25 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.6.1.1 Ethernet Connection

Figure 44. ETHERNET Management Hardware Connections

1. At the remote side, connect between the two Ethernet 10M ports of the two
IDUs, with a cross Ethernet cable (Included in the RSU kit).

2. At the local side, connect the two Ethernet 10M ports of the two IDUs, to an
Ethernet segment (via Hub or Switch).
3. At the local side, (to the same Ethernet segment) connect the management PC
equipped with WitView-EMTM .

8-26 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


8.6.1.2 SLIP Connection

Figure 45. SLIP Management Hardware Connections

1. At the remote side, connect between the two Ethernet 10M ports of the two
IDUs, with a cross Ethernet cable (Included in the RSU kit).

2. At the local side, connect between the two Ethernet 10M ports of the two
IDUs, with a cross Ethernet cable (Included in the RSU kit).

3. At the local side, connect the NMS-IN port located on the RSU panel, directly
to the PC serial connection using an RS232 cable. An External Modem
connection is also available via this port.

8.6.2 IDU IP Address Setting


Each Protected Terminal (2 IDUs + 1 RSU) has the following IP interfaces, which need to be
initially configured using the LCD Panel:

Ethernet IP Upper Link – This is the Upper Link Access IP address. The network system
administrator should assign this IP address.

Ethernet IP Lower Link – This is the Lower Link Access IP address. The network system
administrator should assign this IP address.

8-27 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


NMS IN/OUT IP address – This is the SLIP IP address, which is required for daisy-chain
configuration or for modem connection. This type of connection requires configuring the NMS
IN destination IP (the SLIP target IP address).

NMS-OUT IP To ODU
Ethernet IP Upper Link

NMS-IN IP To ODU
Ethernet IP Lower Link

Figure 46 WitLink-2000® Redundant Switch Unit IP Address

8-28 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 9 Routing
Information Protocol (RIP)

RIP is a routing protocol that is widely used for small local networks. This is because it is
supported on most routers and on industry standard operating systems such as UNIX, Windows®
2000, Windows® NT etc. Basically, RIP transfers routing tables between computers, calculates
new routes and removes non-relevant ones.

9.1 Router Basics


Routers, like other TCP/IP devices, communicate only with networks that are directly connected
to their interfaces. However, routers can be ‘taught’ about the existence of other distant
networks by ‘teaching’ them where those networks are. One way is by adding routing statements
to the router about the remote network. The router is directed to the target path, which is the
distant (remote) network and the ‘next hop’ – meaning the first step for that remote network. A
routing statement, also called static routing, consists of three parameters: IP address of the
remote network; IP mask of the remote network; IP address of the ‘next hop’.

9.2 WitLink-2000® Interfaces


WitLink-2000® incorporates several interfaces that use the TCP\IP protocol. Each terminal has
four relevant interfaces: Ethernet (10Base-T), NMS-IN, NMS-OUT, and Link. An additional
interface is the10/100 ETH port, used when the 10/100 ETH Plug-In is installed. Each interface
can be assigned with an IP address and can communicate with the other interfaces using the
internal routing within the link. Each interface has to carry a unique IP address as part of a
unique network.WitLink-2000® LAN Configuration.

9.3 Configuring WitLink-2000®: LAN


Environment
Using Wireless communication to forward LAN (Ethernet) traffic becomes more popular and
sometimes easier to implement than copper or fiber connectivity. The following describes the
basic configuration of a LAN connection with management.

Ethernet configuration for WitLink-2000®, has two options:

Out-of-Band - A built-in 10 Mbs Ethernet port. This port is connected through the internal
router and needs to be configured accordingly.

9-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


In-Band – A 10/100 Ethernet port (available on the LAN plug-in board only). Auto sense \auto
speed \Full Duplex ports. Those ports are bridged and connected directly to the RF section of
the radio.

IDU 1 Link Int. Link Int. IDU 2

Eth port 10/100 Eth port 10/100 Eth port Eth port
192.168.1.10 192.168.36.100

Ethernet Ethernet

station # 1 Station # 2

IBM Compatible IBM Compatible

192.168.1.11 192.168.36.110

Figure 47. Connection between Two 10 Mbs Ports

This connection is mostly for managerial purposes. The two 10 Mbs ports are routed by the
internal routing mechanism. Because of the routing mechanism, the two ports have to be
configured to different subnets. As described in the above figure, one side of the link, with
Station # 1 is on subnet 192.168.1.0 and the other side of the link, where Station # 2 is, is on
subnet 192.168.36.0.

9-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


9.4 Routing Statement
In Figure 48, the two hosts of Station # 1 and station # 2 will be linked after routing statement.
The syntax for the Windows® OS is as following:

Route add <remote network IP address> mask <remote network IP mask> <next hop>

In the example in Figure 48, a routing statement for each station was added in order to ‘see’ the
other side. Likewise, routing on station # 1 was added to ‘see’ station # 2 (in subnet
192.168.36.0).

IDU 1 Link Int. Link Int. IDU 2

Eth port 10/100 Eth port 10/100 Eth port Eth port
192.168.1.10 192.168.36.100

Ethernet Ethernet

station # 1 Station # 2

IBM Compatible IBM Compatible

192.168.1.11 192.168.36.110
Route add 192.168.36.0 Route add 192.168.1.0
mask 255.255.255.0 mask 255.255.255.0
192.168.1.10 192.168.36.100

Figure 48. Adding Routing Statement to Stations – Using Out-of-Band

9-3 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


9.5 Managing a Link with 10/100 Payload

IDU 1 Link Int. Link Int. IDU 2

Eth port 10/100 Eth port 10/100 Eth port Eth port
192.168.1.10 192.168.36.100

0 Ethernet

LAN # 1
LAN # 1

IBM Compatible

192.168.1.11
Management
Station
Route add 192.168.36.0 mask 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.10

Figure 49. 10/100 Payload Connections with Out-of-Band Management

In this configuration LAN # 1, which is our main Ethernet segment, is connected to the 10/100
Ethernet port on IDU 1 and is being bridged to the other side of the link (IDU 2). This is the
main payload. The 10/100 ports are bridged and thus transparent to IP addresses, which is on the
third layer of the OSI model. To pass the traffic and data from one side (terminal) to the other
there is no need to configure any IP address.

For management, the Out-of-Band port is being used. The Management Station is connected to
IDU 1 on subnet 192.168.1.0. A routing statement has to be added to ‘see’ the other side. The
Out-of-Band Ethernet port of IDU 2 is used for communication and therefore the routing
statement is being pointed to it. The routing statement is as follows: “Route add 192.168.36.0
mask 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.10”

9-4 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


IDU 1 Link Int. Link Int. IDU 2

10/100 Eth port 10/100 Eth port

10.1.1.100 10.1.1.101

0 Ethernet

LAN # 1 LAN # 1

IBM Compatible

10.1.1.55
Management
Station

Figure 50. 10/100 Payload Connections with In-Band Management

In this Link configuration, LAN # 1 is connected to the Link (IDU # 1) and bridged to the other
side (IDU # 2). This time, the In-Band port is being used for management.

The Management Station is connected to IDU 1 over the main segment with an IP address,
which is part of the segment (10.1.1.0 network). An IP address, of the same subnet, is also
assigned to the local 10/100 Ethernet port, as well as to the remote terminal.

No routing statement is needed here.

i
NOTE: IP addresses for the 10/100 Ethernet ports are used for managerial purposes
and not for payload.

9-5 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


9.6 RIP Advantages
As previously mentioned, in large and complicated networks, dynamic routing is used instead of
static routing. When several links are cascaded, or configured in a 1+1 System, additional IP
and routing tables needs to be configured. By using a dynamic routing table, which is supported
by the RIP protocol, the routing configuration process is simplified.

With the RIP implementation, all the internal interfaces (NMS-IN, NMS-OUT, Link) are
automatically assigned with an IP address. Only one IP address has to be manually assigned to
the external interface (Ethernet Interface) of each terminal. A routing statement is added in the
management host for the first remote network. The dynamic RIP table controls and updates the
all network IP addresses. This enables the network to be dynamically adjusted to changing
conditions. Otherwise, all routing decisions have to be predetermined and remain static

9.7 RIP in a Cascading Configuration


When cascading several links using RIP saves time to the operator by eliminating the need to
configure manually the routing statement and enter all of the network IP addresses. Figure 51
describes the cascading configuration for three links using RIP. The connections between links
use the Ethernet ports with a crossover cable. Only one static routing statement needs to be
added to the management PC.

9-6 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


i
NOTE: The example configuration relates to a private network management
configuration. All IP subnet masks used in this example are 255.255.255.0 (class C).

LINK IP LINK IP
Route add 10.1.1.3 192.168.1.10 10.1.1.1 10.1.1.3

IDU 1 IDU 2

ETH ETH
192.168.1.10 192.168.2.2
Laptop

192.168.1.11
Ethernet

Crossover Cable

LINK IP LINK IP
10.3.3.2 10.3.3.4

IDU 3 IDU 4

ETH ETH
192.168.2.3 192.168.3.4

Crossover Cable

LINK IP LINK IP
10.5.5.1 10.5.5.3

IDU 5 IDU 6

ETH ETH
192.168.3.1 192.168.4.3

Figure 51. 10/100 Payload Connections with In-Band Management

In Figure 51, the WitLink-2000® default, the RIP is disabled on all the Ethernet Ports. This is
done to prevent RIP information from being propagating ‘back’ to the local public Ethernet
network. When using cascading or with a 1+1 System, the RIP should be enabled for those
Ethernet ports.

i
NOTE: When managing links over the Internet, public IP addresses must be used. To
access the remote links in the cascading configuration (as shown in Figure 51 above), a
public IP address has to be assigned to ALL Ethernet interfaces on those links that
need to be accessed.

9.8 Using RIP with Protected System (1+1


System)
A protected link in a Hot-stand-by configuration system includes four terminals. The system is
configured with two active and two non-active terminals. The system will switch automatically,
in case of failure, by link (two terminals) or by a single terminal. For managerial purposes, all
four terminals are assigned with IP addresses. There are issues that need to be emphasized when
configuring the IP addresses of the system:

9-7 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


1. Each pair of terminals (i.e., local or remote) should be assigned with an IP
address of the same subnet.

2. Each side of the link should be assigned with an IP address of a different


subnet.

3. RIP has to be enabled on the Ethernet interfaces to exchange information (only


when not connected to the local public Ethernet network)

4. If RIP is disabled between a pair of terminals, backup IP addresses need to be


assigned for both terminals.

When managing a four terminal system, routing must be assigned between terminals for
managerial purposes. It can be done by using either static routing or with dynamic routing (RIP).

Communication between the redundant terminals uses an Ethernet connection. When using an
Ethernet connection, the two terminals can be connected via HUB \ Switch, using a straight
through cable (CAT 5), or a direct connection between the terminals using a crossover UTP
cable.

Figure 52 describes the IP configuration of the 1+1 System when one side is connected via a
hub and the other side with a crossover cable. All IP masks are class C masks (255.255.255.0)

LINK IP LINK IP
10.1.1.1 10.1.1.3
192.168.1.11
Backup Term. IP 192.168.1.2

IDU 1 IDU 2

ETH ETH
192.168.1.1 192.168.3.3

X-Over
RIP RIP
Hub Cable
Disable LINK IP LINK IP Enable
10.3.3.2 10.3.3.4

ETH IDU 3 IDU 4 ETH


Std. Eth 192.168.3.4
192.168.1.2
cable

Backup Term. IP 192.168.1.1

Figure 52. IP Configuration of the 1+1 System

Since the RIP is disabled for IDUs 1 & 3 (as shown in Figure 52), information regarding the
redundant terminal must be provided \ exchanged between the two terminals on each side. This
information is needed for managerial purposes in case one of the terminals fails. This
information is called a ‘Backup IP address’ and it has to be manually assigned to each terminal
with the IP address of the redundant terminal.

Using the configuration above (Figure 52) as an example, IDU 1 will receive the IP address of
192.168.1.2 as a backup IP address and IDU 3 will receive the IP address of 192.168.1.1 as a
‘Backup IP address’. This way, if one of the terminals fails to communicate (hardware or
software failure), the IP address of the other IDU will be available for the host PC.

9-8 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


When the RIP is enabled (in IDUs 2 & 4), the RIP exchanges information regarding the IP
addresses of the primary and the secondary (upper and lower) units.

9.9 Enabling RIP on an Ethernet Interface


The RIP on the Ethernet interfaces of the WitLink-2000® is disabled by default. Enabling the
RIP is done via the Control Panel. The following procedure describes the steps to enable RIP on
an Ethernet interface from the Front Panel:

1. Press SEL/SAVE, the ‘Please Wait…’ message will be displayed.

2. When ‘Quick Config’ is displayed, press SEL/ SAVE to enter password.

3. The ‘Enter password’ message will be displayed.

4. Enter the supervisor password (ESC, ESC ►►►).

5. ‘Link Capacity’ will be displayed.

6. Scroll with the ‘ESC’ and arrows ( ) until ‘ETH IP RIP’ is displayed.

7. Using SEL/SAVE and the ◄►, change the displayed value from ‘Disabled’ to
‘Enabled’.

8. Press SEL/SAVE and the # sign will be displayed on the LCD.

9. Press ‘ESC’ to update and save changes.

10. Follow instructions on the LCD to save changes.

9.10 Configuring 1+1 Management System


When using the 1+1 System, The Management System (WitViewTM) needs to be configured \
loaded with all of the IP addresses of the four terminals. This process is done in two steps. In the
first step, the first pair is loaded to the WitView EMTM (usually the active pair). In the second
step, the redundant pair is loaded.

STEP 1: Load the configuration of the first set of terminals as if it is a single link

STEP 2: The WitView-EMTM detects a 1+1 System and loads the system screen. WitView-EMTM
prompts to load the 1+1 link.

STEP 3: Enter the IP address of the redundant link. Click OK and WitView-EMTM will load the
system configuration of the second link.

Final Status: Link configuration has been loaded and displayed by the WitView-EMTM.

9-9 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


i
NOTE: The example in Figure 52 uses a private IP address (192.168.1.0 network for
the local, and 192.168.3.0 network for the remote). This range of addresses is not
routable and therefore cannot be used over the Internet. For using \ managing the 1+1
System over the Internet, a set of public addresses must be used. The IP addresses
needed should be two addresses per side (local or remote) part of two different subnets
(all together four legal addresses).

9.11 Managing a 1+1 Link via Dial-up Modem


Using an Ethernet connection to cascade terminals is one way to manage the link. The WitLink-
®
2000 also supports management via the serial port. It has a built in SLIP connection (NMS-IN)
that can be used either with a direct serial connection to a PC, or with a dial-up modem for
remote management. In places where no public Ethernet connection is available, the NMS-IN
option can be used to communicate with the link for managerial purposes. When using a direct
serial connection with Dial-Up option (SLIP), two crossover cables should be used to connect
between the redundant terminals as shown in Figure 53. In addition, the RIP will be enabled in
the local side IP management parameters to both active and non-active terminals.

A dial-up modem with serial port direct connection module needs to be configured in the Host
PC in order to provide connection via SLIP (Parameters: server type-Unix; Baud-19200, 8, N, 1;
with ‘none’ flow control). The ‘Dial-Up’ IP should be assigned to the same IP address as in the
‘NMS-In Dest IP’ local terminals configuration (Figure 53). It was modified from 10.1.1.1
(Default) to 10.1.1.10 in both of the local terminals, which are connected to the common RSU
NMS-IN port.

Note: When updating NMS-IN Dest IP avoids conflicts with the other system assigned IPs.

LINK IP LINK IP
10.1.1.1 10.1.1.3
11.1.1.10

IDU 1 IDU 2

ETH NMS-IN ETH


192.168.1.1 11.1.1.1 192.168.3.3
NMS-In Dest IP
11.1.1.10
Modem RIP RIP
Enable LINK IP LINK IP Enable
X-Over X-Over
Cable 10.3.3.2 10.3.3.4 Cable

ETH IDU 3 IDU 4 ETH


192.168.1.2 192.168.3.4

Figure 53. 1+1 System with Modem Configuration for Remote Management

9-10 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 10 Fault Location
and Troubleshooting

10.1 SNMP Traps


SNMP Traps are messages sent by the agent to a number of IP Addresses. The messages
includes information about alarms, system status, and information in general. Witcom Ltd.
includes a number of defined trap parameters in the MIB, which the user can configure such as
the IP, Alarm selection, condition for activation, and content. Witcom Ltd. does not include a
default IP Address configuration. Alarms can be mapped to external relays or selected to send
SNMP Traps.

NOTE: Traps are asynchronous generated Alarms. Alarms can also be polled by means of the
Network Management System (NMS).

10.2 External Relays


External relays are used to control additional equipment connected to the WitLink-2000® system,
which are generally not directly related to communications. Such equipment could be a UPS
(Uninterruptible Power Supply), buzzer, lights, etc. Relays enable the IDU to respond to defined
internal conditions within the system.

10.3 Fault Location Finding Tools


The use of an external equipment used to analyze networks payloads (as PDH, SDH, Ethernet
analyzers), which can be helpful for diagnostics of network transmission efficiency and
problems. The test results are used to help isolate and then correct fault conditions within a link.

10.3.1 External Tester


Equipment used to analyze the network’s transmission efficiency and performance. An example
of such equipment is a Bit Error Tester.

10-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


10.3.2 LED Indicators
The LEDs on the IDU Front Panel are also powerful tools for debugging a defective system.
Refer to section 10.4 below for a detailed description.

10.4 Troubleshooting
The following table describes how to interpret messages, LED indicators, and Severity levels in
order to help isolate error conditions and steps needed to correct them. The indications are
shown on the Control Panel, Element Manager, and included in MIBs.

Corrective
Event Indica t io n Severity PossibleCause Actions

A IDU - ODU LINK LED plus Fatal IDU - ODU Connection Check to make sure
communication SNMP* fault. that the IDU-ODU
failure. message. cable is properly
Link down. connected and up to
standard.
Remote not accessible.
If lightening
RSL low level. protection is
installed, disconnect
it, and connect the
cable directly
between the IDU
and the ODU.

B IDU internal IDU LED plus Fatal IDU: Check DC power.


failure. SNMP*
message. Rx or Tx synthesizer out Set factory defaults.
of lock.
Re-initialize the
Power supply failure. system before
setting all the
correct parameters.

If problem persists,
call technician.

C ODU Internal ODU LED plus Fatal ODU: Reboot the ODU.
Failure. SNMP*
message. Rx or Tx synthesizer out Replace the ODU.
of lock.

ODU power supply


failure.

* SNMP includes alarms in the EM and traps.

10-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Corrective
Event Indication Severity Possible Actions
Cause
D Link Down LED plus SNMP* Fatal MUX or Check weather
Message. MODEM NOT conditions such as
synchronized. snow, rain, fog etc.
LCD displays a pulsating
‘X’. Check for obstacles
Power failure.
blocking the line-
Frequency of-sight.
interference.
Verify that the
remote terminal is
functioning.

If possible, try
another frequency
to make sure that
there isn’t an
unknown
transmission on
your band.

Check the
frequency’s
capacity.

Check the link’s ID.

Verify that both


terminals have the
same parameters.

E Remote Warning message. Warning Peer Check if the remote


terminal not (management) terminal is
accessible problem. operating properly.
Verify IP
Remote link connection.
failed.

F Management SNMP* message Message Invalid password Re-enter password.


event. entered for
Security ‘community.’
violation.

* SNMP includes alarms in the EM and traps.

10-3 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Corrective
Event Indication Severity Possible Actions
Cause
G Local ODU Warning message. Fatal Telemetry failure. Check that the IDU is
not connected to the ODU.
ODU doesn’t
accessible. No RSL indication.
respond after time-
out.
ODU might be
running in a loop.
Cable is
disconnected.

H Local RSL Warning message. Warning RSL is below the Check the weather
out of range initial predefined conditions such as snow,
Low RSL is threshold. rain, fog etc.
displayed on the
LCD. Check for obstacles
blocking the line-of-sight.

Increase the remote Tx


power to the maximum
permitted, or enable the
ATPC function.

Check the antenna’s


alignment.

I Tributary SNMP* Warning Indicates that there Perform a signal check to


port. is an AIS on the see if the line is working
specified line. even though no information
is being transmitted.

Use an external testing


simulator.

J Plug-in LOS SNMP* Warning A warning Check the line for proper
detection message indicates connections.
(local). that there is a LOS
on the specified Check another port –
line. If available.

Data transfer is
blocked.

* SNMP includes alarms in the EM and traps.

10-4 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Corrective
Event Indication Severity Possible Actions
Cause
K Local BER Warning message. Warning BER is below the Check the weather
out of range initial predefined conditions such as snow,
threshold. rain, fog etc.

Internal data Check for obstacles blocking


transfer problem the line-of-sight.
between the Rx
and the Tx. Check to see if the RSL is
low.

Use an external testing


simulator.

L External No input signal. Message Incorrectly Check user definitions.


input doesn’t defined user
function. SNMP* message definition. Check connections.

Faulty Check specifications.


connection.

External
connection signal
is not at the
correct level.

M TFTP SNMP* Message TFTP failed: Verify IP connection


failure. between the terminal
Connectivity –
(WitLink-2000®) and the
physical
TFTP server.
indication or
logical – Check the TFTP procedure.
TCP/IP
connectivity
between TFTP
server and
client.
Operational –
incorrect
TFTP process.
Hardware –
flash,
checksum, or
corrupt file.

* SNMP includes alarms in the EM and traps.

10-5 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Corrective
Event Indication Severity Possible Actions
Cause
N Local ODU Warning Warning The local Check that the
temperature out of message. ODU outside temperature is
range. temperature is within the ODU
outside the operational range as
acceptable defined on the
SNMP* message temperature appropriate technical
range. specification.

O MUTE transmitter Warning Warning The ODU If a user command is


message. transmitter is the cause, check the
in the mute IDU-ODU
SNMP* message. mode. connectivity
(physical, logical, or
Could be user loopback).
initiated.
NOTE:
IDU sends a The 1+1 Hot Standby
mute mode requires one
command. transmitter to be mute
to prevent frequency
interference.

P Temporary Severe Error Error SNMP* Severe Error Check weather


communication break. Seconds. message Seconds are conditions such as
below the snow, rain, fog etc.
SNMP*
initial
LCD message > predefined Check if the RSL is
Status > Link threshold. close to the low
Performance. margin.
Q Main power shorts. Cannot power-up Fatal Power cord Correct the power
the terminal. polarity supply cord’s
reversed. polarity.

NOTE:
This is a special case
applicable only when
the IDU is installed
on a rack mount and
shared with other
equipment’s power
supply.

* SNMP includes alarms in the EM and traps.

10-6 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


10.5 Isolating Problems

10.5.1 Basics
Narrowing down, or identifying the possible sources of a problem is the most efficient way to
fix a fault. This is done by getting answers to information-gathering questions you ask yourself
and from the WitLink-2000® system operator. Identifying a problem can be difficult and time
consuming. Therefore, it advised to proceed logically and gradually narrow down all the
possible sources until at last there is only one source left to examine.

Many times it helps to determine what a problem isn’t than what it is. Performing and verifying
tests on specific parts of the system to make sure they are properly running is a step towards
narrowing down the possible sources.

Take notes during every phase of your testing – including the results. This is to prevent retesting
the same component.

Hints for Questions:

• Failure description at the time the problem first appeared.

• system configuration and status at the time the problem caused.

• Firmware version.(Newer versions of software may change commands


or memory location).

• System applications and peripheral equipment.

• Corrective operation that have been done already.

• The differences between the last time the system normally worked and the time
the fault occurred?

• The operation of the WitLink-2000® system broadly consists of three stages:


startup, operation, and shutdown. The stage during which the fault occurs may
help correct it.

• Does the fault repeatable, consistent or randomly (try to simulate it).

• Right down logically the faults and use SNMP software features for files save
etc.

10-7 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


10.5.2 Repairing the Fault
Once the fault has been identified, repairing it should be fairly straightforward. (See for
questions to ask, see the troubleshooting tables.) However, there are some additional
considerations: Backups and Safety.

10.5.3 Make Backups


Backup all critical data, including configuration files if it’s a software fault. Have both a copy of
the software version of the program being checked, and the latest version of the program handy.
Sometimes the latest version fixes a bug that was within the old version. If you have to upgrade
to a newer version of the program, make sure that the latest version is compatible with the
system before installing it.

10.5.4 Safety
Avoid plug and unplug cables while the power is on.
Avoid short circuit the coaxial cable between the ODU and the IDU.

10.5.5 Verify the Repair


Fixing a fault doesn’t necessarily mean that the system is fixed. After fixing the specific fault,
test the system to make sure that full functionality has been restored.

Test a range of functionality to be sure that:

• The entire problem has been solved.

• No new problems have been introduced.

• System elements compatibility.

10-8 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 11 Getting
Assistance

Getting assistance is needed when a configuration or operation help is required and the
documented help will not provide the required solution. There are several options to get
assistance in order to get the equipment functional and operational and being provided with the
know-how.

11.1.1 Support Web Site


Under the Witcom Ltd. Web Site (http://www.wit-com.com) there is a support section. When
entering ‘Support’, a Login option will become available. Access to support section is allowed
with a login ‘User Name’ and ‘Password’, provided by Witcom Ltd. technical support stuff.

Under support section there is two basic levels: Customer Level and Witcom Ltd. Level.
Customer Level allows the user to upload configuration, log and all other files, to the Web site
for Witcom Ltd. technical support team to review. The upload is done to ‘Customer Folder’. It
also provides obtaining and completing a Return Material Authorization Form (RMA) request
for any component or unit the customer wishes to return to Witcom Ltd..

For indirect support contact, an E-Mail to Witcom Ltd. is available. Support personnel email
address is: support@wit-com.com

Witcom Ltd. Support Web level, provides the user knowledge base, FAQ database and updated
firmware and management software to be downloaded.

Registered customers and users can benefit from Witcom Ltd.’s Web based support services
offered by our expert Support Engineering Department. The services made available can help
you diagnose and resolve fault conditions.

A phone access can be available to Witcom Ltd. Experts personnel, to assist with solving more
difficult questions and urgent problems.

11-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


11.1.2 Witcom Ltd. Technical Support
Technical assistance contact details by phone call or an e-mail message:

Europe and Israel: Tel: +972 - 4 - 9599666

Fax: +972 - 4 - 9592050

E-Mail: support@wit-com.com

Web: http://www.wit-com.com

11.1.3 Returning Witcom Ltd. Equipment


If a unit must be sent back for repair, or replacement, a Return Material Authorization (RMA)
number must be obtained before shipping the unit back to Witcom Ltd.. An RMA number can
be obtained by filling out an RMA form (an example is attached), and faxing it to Witcom Ltd.
according to the information given in the section above.

i
WARNING: THE IDU AND ODU ARE SEALED AT THE FACTORY. THERE ARE
NO SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. OPENING A UNIT INVALIDATES
THE WARRANTY.

Customer service information, warranty issues, instructions, guidelines, and an example of a


Witcom Ltd. RMA form follow.

11-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


CHAPTER 12 Appendixes

12.1 Appendix A: Factory Default Setting

Factory default settings are provided to ensure communications between both sides of a link.
These settings are especially useful when local adjustments are made that do not provide the
desired communication result. The technician can always rely on the default settings for
communications and check it with local customized settings for debugging purposes.

Default settings are general and provide the basic parameters to ensure proper functionality.
When a link is in the field, and you need to implement a default, it will typically be for one of
the following two reasons:

1. Link is not operating.

Manually perform the factory default on each terminal. Either the local or the
remote terminal may be the first to apply defaults.

2. Link is operating.

Even though communication exists between two terminals, implementing


defaults may still be required when, for instance a management mismatch
situation occurs and you have to reset the IPs.

i Note: When a link is operating, and you need to implement a default for
any reason, first perform the action on the remote terminal, and then on
the local terminal.

12-1 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Factory default parameters, per Plug-In configuration:

12.1.1 E3 + 16E1 PIN


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Configuration Configuration group
Link Link parameters
Link Capacity E3+1E1
Frequency (Ch#) Middle frequency (Depends on the ODU type)
Tx Power Max power and Tx range (Depends on the ODU max pwr)
Link ID 1
ATPC Control Disabled
RSL Optimal Val -45
RSL Upper Thr. -40
RSL Lower Thr. -50
IP Management IP’s parameters
ETH IP Mask 255.255.255.0
ETH IP 192.168.X.1 (X=ODU Band) In the 1+1 Protected mode,
the Upper component equals 1, and the Lower equals 2 for
the Hot Standby Application.
ETH IP RIP Disabled
NMS-In IP Determined by the system
NMS-In Dest IP 10.1.1.1
NMS-Out IP NMS-In IP + 1
NMS-Out Dest IP NMS-In Dest IP + 1
LINK IP NMS-Out IP + 1 (or NMS-In + 2)
Interfaces Interfaces parameters
NMS-IN Config Baud Rate 19200
NMS-OUT Config Flow Control NONE
Data Bits 8 Bits
Stop Bits 1 Stop Bit
Parity None

12-2 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Operation Operation parameters
Tx Mute Off
Pause TX control Disabled
Pause TX period 600 (Sec)
System None
Load Config Factory Default
Mode CW Off
Status Status group
System Info System information
ODU Serial Num ODU serial number
ODU Type ETSI
ODU Frequency Operating frequency (GHz)
ODU Band Bands from 1 to 4
ODU Duplex According to frequency standard type
ODU Temperature Internal ODU temperature (Cº and Fº )
IDU Serial Num IDU’s serial number
IDU Type ETSI
ETH MAC Address IDU’s ETH MAC Address
Sys Up Time HH:MM:SS (Operational System Time)
Port State Active data ports
Revisions System revisions parameters
IDU HW Revisions Rev x.x / x.x
IDU Software Rev xx.xx
IDU Alternate SW Rev xx.xx
ODU Hardware Rev xx.xx
ODU Software Rev xx.xx
Plug-In Hardware Rev x.xx
Boot Software xx.xx
ALARM LOG Log of system alarms
LINK UP LOC 00:00:00
LINK DOWN LOC 00:00:00
Alarms paging, top to bottom << >>

12-3 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Factory default parameters, per Plug-In configuration:

12.1.2 2 10/100Base-T + 4E1 PIN


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Configuration Configuration group
Link Link parameters
Link Capacity Eth10/100+4E1
Frequency (Ch#) Middle frequency (Depends on the ODU type)
Channel Spacing 28 MHz
Tx Power Max power and Tx range (Depends on the ODU max pwr)
Fec Byte Number Minimum (10)
Link ID 1
ATPC Control Disabled
RSL Optimal Val -45
RSL Upper Thr. -40
RSL Lower Thr. -50
IP Management IP’s parameters
ETH IP Mask 255.255.255.0
ETH IP 192.168.X.1 (X=ODU Band) In the 1+1 Protected mode,
the Upper component equals 1, and the Lower equals 2 for
the Hot Standby Application.
ETH IP RIP Disabled
Eth 10/100 IpMask 000.000.000.000
Eth 10/100 IP 000.000.000.000
NMS-In IP Determined by the system
NMS-In Dest IP 10.1.1.1
NMS-Out IP NMS-In IP + 1
NMS-Out Dest IP NMS-In Dest IP + 1
LINK IP NMS-Out IP + 1 (or NMS-In + 2)
Interfaces Interfaces parameters
NMS-IN Config Baud Rate 19200
NMS-OUT Config Flow Control NONE
Data Bits 8 Bits
Stop Bits 1 StopBit
Parity None

12-4 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Operation Operation parameters
Tx Mute Off
Pause TX control Disabled
Pause TX period 600 (Sec)
System None
Load Config Factory Default
Mode CW Off
Status Status group
System Info System information
ODU Serial Num ODU serial number
ODU Type ETSI
ODU Frequency Operating frequency (GHz)
ODU Band Bands from 1 to 4
ODU Duplex According to frequency standard type
ODU Temperature Internal ODU temperature (Cº and Fº )
IDU Serial Num IDU’s serial number
IDU Type ETSI
ETH MAC Address IDU’s ETH MAC Address
Eth 10/100 MacAdd Ethernet card 10/100 MAC Address
Sys Up Time HH:MM:SS (Operational System Time)
Port State Active data ports
Revisions System revisions parameters
IDU HW Revisions Rev x.x / x.x
IDU Software Rev xx.xx
IDU Alternate SW Rev xx.xx
ODU Hardware Rev xx.xx
ODU Software Rev xx.xx
Plug-In Hardware Rev x.xx
Boot Software xx.xx
ALARM LOG Log of system alarms
LINK UP LOC 00:00:00
LINK DOWN LOC 00:00:00
Alarms paging, top to bottom << >>

12-5 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Factory default parameters, per Plug-In configuration:

12.1.3 2 10/100Base-T + 4DS1 PIN


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Configuration Configuration group
Link Link parameters
Link Capacity Eth 10/100+4T1
Frequency (Ch#) Middle frequency (Depends on the ODU type)
Channel Spacing 50 MHz
Tx Power Max power and Tx range (Depends on the ODU max pwr)
Fec Byte Number Minimum (10)
Link ID 1
ATPC Control Disabled
RSL Optimal Val -45
RSL Upper Thr. -40
RSL Lower Thr. -50
IP Management IP’s parameters
ETH IP Mask 255.255.255.0
ETH IP 192.168.X.1 (X=ODU Band) In the 1+1 Protected mode,
the Upper component equals 1, and the Lower equals 2 for
the Hot Standby Application.
ETH IP RIP Disabled
Eth 10/100 IpMask 000.000.000.000
Eth 10/100 IP 000.000.000.000
NMS-In IP Determined by the system
NMS-In Dest IP 10.1.1.1
NMS-Out IP NMS-In IP + 1
NMS-Out Dest IP NMS-In Dest IP + 1
LINK IP NMS-Out IP + 1 (or NMS-In + 2)
Interfaces Interfaces parameters
NMS-IN Config Baud Rate 19200
NMS-OUT Config Flow Control NONE
Data Bits 8 Bits
Stop Bits 1 StopBit
Parity None

12-6 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Operation Operation parameters
Tx Mute Off
Pause Tx control Disabled
Pause Tx period 600 (Sec)
System None
Load Config Factory Default
Mode CW Off
Status Status group
System Info System information
ODU Serial Num ODU serial number
ODU Type ETSI
ODU Frequency Operating frequency (GHz)
ODU Band Bands from 1 to 4
ODU Duplex According to frequency standard type
ODU Temperature Internal ODU temperature (Cº and Fº )
IDU Serial Num IDU’s serial number
IDU Type ETSI
ETH MAC Address IDU’s ETH MAC Address
Eth 10/100 MacAdd Ethernet card 10/100 MAC Address
Sys Up Time HH:MM:SS (Operational System Time)
Port State Active data ports
Revisions System revisions parameters
IDU HW Revisions Rev x.x / x.x
IDU Software Rev xx.xx
IDU Alternate SW Rev xx.xx
ODU Hardware Rev xx.xx
ODU Software Rev xx.xx
Plug-In Hardware Rev x.xx
Boot Software xx.xx
Alarm Log Log of system alarms
LINK UP LOC 00:00:00
LINK DOWN LOC 00:00:00
Alarms paging, top to bottom << >>

12-7 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Factory default parameters, per Plug-In configuration:

12.1.4 DS3 + 16DS1 PIN


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Configuration Configuration group
Link Link parameters
Link Capacity T3+4E1
Frequency (Ch#) Middle frequency (Depends on the ODU type)
Tx Power Max power and Tx range (Depends on the ODU max pwr)
Link ID 1
ATPC Control Disabled
RSL Optimal Val -45
RSL Upper Thr. -40
RSL Lower Thr. -50
IP Management IP’s parameters
ETH IP Mask 255.255.255.0
ETH IP 192.168.X.1 (X=ODU Band) In the 1+1 Protected mode,
the Upper component equals 1, and the Lower equals 2 for
the Hot Standby Application.
ETH IP RIP Disabled
NMS-In IP Determined by system
NMS-In Dest IP 10.1.1.1
NMS-Out IP NMS-In IP + 1
NMS-Out Dest IP NMS-In Dest IP + 1
LINK IP NMS-Out IP + 1 (or NMS-In + 2)
Interfaces Interfaces parameters
NMS-IN Config Baud Rate 19200
NMS-OUT Config Flow Control NONE
Data Bits 8 Bits
Stop Bits 1 Stop Bit
Parity None

12-8 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Operation Operation parameters
TX Mute Off
Pause TX control Disabled
Pause TX period 600 (Sec)
System None
Load Config Factory Default
Mode CW Off
Status Status group
System Info System information
ODU Serial Num ODU serial number
ODU Type ETSI
ODU Frequency Operating frequency (GHz)
ODU Band Bands from 1 to 4
ODU Duplex According to frequency standard type
ODU Temperature Internal ODU temperature (Cº and Fº )
IDU Serial Num IDU’s serial number
IDU Type ETSI
ETH MAC Address IDU’s ETH MAC Address
Sys Up Time HH:MM:SS (Operational System Time)
Port State Active data ports
Revisions System revisions parameters
IDU HW Revisions Rev x.x / x.x
IDU Software Rev xx.xx
IDU Alternate SW Rev xx.xx
ODU Hardware Rev xx.xx
ODU Software Rev xx.xx
Plug-In Hardware Rev x.xx
Boot Software xx.xx
ALARM LOG Log of system alarms
LINK UP LOC 00:00:00
LINK DOWN LOC 00:00:00
Alarms paging, top to bottom << >>

12-9 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Factory default parameters, per Plug-In configuration:

12.1.5 8E1 PIN


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Configuration Configuration group
Link Link parameters
Link Capacity 8E1
Frequency (Ch#) Middle frequency (Depends on the ODU type)
Tx Power Max power and Tx range (Depends on the ODU max pwr)
Link ID 1
ATPC Control Disabled
RSL Optimal Val -45
RSL Upper Thr. -40
RSL Lower Thr. -50
IP Management IP’s parameters
ETH IP Mask 255.255.255.0
ETH IP 192.168.X.1 (X=ODU Band) In the 1+1 Protected mode,
the Upper component equals 1, and the Lower equals 2 for
the Hot Standby Application.
ETH IP RIP Disabled
NMS-In IP Determined by the system
NMS-In Dest IP 10.1.1.1
NMS-Out IP NMS-In IP + 1
NMS-Out Dest IP NMS-In Dest IP + 1
LINK IP NMS-Out IP + 1 (or NMS-In + 2)
Interfaces Interfaces parameters
NMS-IN Config Baud Rate 19200
NMS-OUT Config Flow Control NONE
Data Bits 8 Bits
Stop Bits 1 Stop Bit
Parity None

12-10 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Operation Operation parameters
TX Mute Off
Pause TX control Disabled
Pause TX period 600 (Sec)
System None
Load Config Factory Default
Mode CW Off
Status Status group
System Info System information
ODU Serial Num ODU serial number
ODU Type ETSI
ODU Frequency Operating frequency (GHz)
ODU Band Bands from 1 to 4
ODU Duplex According to frequency standard type
ODU Temperature Internal ODU temperature (Cº and Fº )
IDU Serial Num IDU’s serial number
IDU Type ETSI
ETH MAC Address IDU’s ETH MAC Address
Sys Up Time HH:MM:SS (Operational System Time)
Port State Active data ports
Revisions System revisions parameters
IDU HW Revisions Rev x.x / x.x
IDU Software Rev xx.xx
IDU Alternate SW Rev xx.xx
ODU Hardware Rev xx.xx
ODU Software Rev xx.xx
Plug-In Hardware Rev x.xx
Boot Software xx.xx
ALARM LOG Log of system alarms
LINK UP LOC 00:00:00
LINK DOWN LOC 00:00:00
Alarms paging, top to bottom << >>

12-11 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Factory default parameters, per Plug-In configuration:

12.1.6 8DS1 PIN


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Configuration Configuration group
Link Link parameters
Link Capacity 8T1
Frequency (Ch#) Middle frequency (Depends on the ODU type)
Tx Power Max power and Tx range (Depends on the ODU max pwr)
Link ID 1
ATPC Control Disabled
RSL Optimal Val -45
RSL Upper Thr. -40
RSL Lower Thr. -50
IP Management IP’s parameters
ETH IP Mask 255.255.255.0
ETH IP 192.168.X.1 (X=ODU Band) In the 1+1 Protected mode,
the Upper component equals 1, and the Lower equals 2 for
the Hot Standby Application.
ETH IP RIP Disabled
NMS-In IP Determined by the system
NMS-In Dest IP 10.1.1.1
NMS-Out IP NMS-In IP + 1
NMS-Out Dest IP NMS-In Dest IP + 1
LINK IP NMS-Out IP + 1 (or NMS-In + 2)
Interfaces Interfaces parameters
NMS-IN Config Baud Rate 19200
NMS-OUT Config Flow Control NONE
Data Bits 8 Bits
Stop Bits 1 Stop Bit
Parity None

12-12 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Control Panel Parameter: Parameters groups with Default Values:
Operation Operation parameters
TX Mute Off
Pause TX control Disabled
Pause TX period 600 (Sec)
System None
Load Config Factory Default
Mode CW Off
Status Status group
System Info System information
ODU Serial Num ODU serial number
ODU Type ETSI
ODU Frequency Operating frequency (GHz)
ODU Band Bands from 1 to 4
ODU Duplex According to frequency standard type
ODU Temperature Internal ODU temperature (Cº and Fº )
IDU Serial Num IDU’s serial number
IDU Type ETSI
ETH MAC Address IDU’s ETH MAC Address
Sys Up Time HH:MM:SS (Operational System Time)
Port State Active data ports
Revisions System revisions parameters
IDU HW Revisions Rev x.x / x.x
IDU Software Rev xx.xx
IDU Alternate SW Rev xx.xx
ODU Hardware Rev xx.xx
ODU Software Rev xx.xx
Plug-In Hardware Rev x.xx
Boot Software xx.xx
ALARM LOG Log of system alarms
LINK UP LOC 00:00:00
LINK DOWN LOC 00:00:00
Alarms paging, top to bottom << >>

12-13 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


12.2 APPENDIX B: Interfaces (Pinouts)

12.2.1 Direct Access Cable Pinout


RJ48 Cable with DB9 Adapter
DB9 Female (Pin #) RJ48 (Pin #) Function

3 6 Tx
5 4 GND
2 5 Rx

12.2.2 Modem Connection Cable with Cable Pinout


RJ48 Cable with DB25 Adapter
DB9 Female DB25 Female RJ48 (Pin #) Function
(Pin #) (Pin #)

3 2 5 Tx
4 7 4 GND
2 3 6 Rx
7-8 (shorted) 4-5 (shorted) - RTS-CTS
4-6 (shorted) 6-20 (shorted) - DTR-DSR

12-14 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


12.2.3 IDU Alarm Connection Pinout
PIN NUMBER FUNCTION
1 EXT INPUT 1A
2 EXT INPUT 1B
3 EXT INPUT 2A
4 EXT INPUT 2B
5 RELAY 2 - NO
6 RELAY 2 – C
7 RELAY 1 – NC
8 RELAY 5 – C
9 RELAY 5 – NO
10 RELAY 4 – NC
11 RELAY 3 – NO
12 NOT USED
13 GND
14 EXT INPUT 3A
15 EXT INPUT 3B
16 EXT INPUT 4A
17 EXT INPUT 4B
18 RELAY 2 – NC
19 RELAY 1 – NO
20 RELAY 1 – C
21 RELAY 5 – NC
22 RELAY 4 – NO
23 RELAY 4 – C
24 RELAY 3 – NC
25 RELAY 3 – C

DB25 IDU Female Connector (Front Side)

12-15 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


12.2.4 Service Channel Connectors (RJ-48)
DATA IN
PIN NO. PIN NAME*
1 NOT USED
2 NOT USED
3 NOT USED
4 GND
5 RS-232 TXD
6 RS-232 RXD
7 NOT USED
8 NOT USED

NMS IN
PIN NO. PIN NAME*
1 NOT USED
2 NOT USED
3 NOT USED
4 GND
5 RS-232 TXD
6 RS-232 RXD
7 NOT USED
8 RS 232 RTS

NMS OUT
PIN NO. PIN NAME*
1 NOT USED
2 NOT USED
3 NOT USED
4 GND
5 RS-232 RXD
6 RS-232 TXD
7 NOT USED
8 RS 232 CTS

* All pin names refer to the WitLink-2000® system

12-16 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


TEST
PIN NO. PIN NAME*
4 GND
5 RS-232 TXD
6 RS-232 RXD
8 RS 232 RTS

ETHERNET
PIN NO. PIN NAME*
1 TX+
2 TX-
3 RX+
6 RX-

* All pin names refer to the WitLink-2000® system

12-17 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


12.2.5 Service Channel Connectors (RJ-11)

HANDSET
PIN NO. PIN NAME*
1 Microphone +
2 Speaker -
3 Speaker +
4 Microphone (GND)

The RJ-11 connector enables telephone communications between two units. The handset is a
“k” style unit. It incorporates low-level electric microphine and a dynamic receiver equipped
with a hearing aid coil and a varistor for limiting the receive level.

Transmitter Receiver

Transmit Output Level at 100Hz: Receive Output Level at 100Hz:

-46dBV +/- 4db 79dBSPL +/- 4db

Output Impedance at 100Hz: Receive Impedance at 100Hz:

1000 +/- 300ohms. 150 +/- 20%.

* All pin names refer to the WitLink-2000® system

12-18 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


12.2.6 Data Channel Connectors

12.2.6.1 DS1/E1 Inputs


PIN NUMBER FUNCTION*
1 RXRING
2 RXTIP
4 TXRING
5 TXTIP

12.2.6.2 Ethernet 10/100 Base-T (for LAN Plug-in)


PIN NUMBER FUNCTION*
1 RX+
2 RX-
3 TX+
6 TX-

* All functions refer to the WitLink-2000® system

12-19 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


12.3 APPENDIX C: Frequency Spectrum
Allocations
This chapter describes the frequency spectrum allocations. The following comments are
applicable to all the allocutions described in this appendix:

1. For more information please refer to the relevant published standards.

2. There could be changes between different countries or states (USA). Please


check your local regulations for the accurate frequencies.

3. There are sub-channels for frequency pairs other than those indicated below
(spectrum and capacity on demand). Frequency can be selected in 0.25 MHz
steps.

4. The WitView-EMTM Configurator determines the first and last valid


frequencies.

5. For convenience, a "channel number" is associated with each frequency


transmission and reception pair (full duplex). The numbers should be
appropriate for both terminals.

6. The tables in this chapter for frequency Band 1,2,3,4 in MHz units for the
Transmit Power (Tx).

WitLink-2000® ODU Part Number Identifier

The WitLink-2000® ODU Part Number is defined as: ODU X-B-C-DE

(See table below)

X = Type

X = 1 FCC Standard Power

X = 2 ETSI Standard Power

X = 3 FCC High Power

X = 4 ETSI High Power

B = Duplex (Tx/Rx spacing)

C = Frequency Bands 1:3, 2:4

DE= Frequency 7, 8, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26, 38

12-20 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


Example: ODU 2-1-4-23 = ETSI, 1200MHz / Band 4, 23GHz
X B C DE Duplex Spacing
1 1 1:3, 2:4 38 700
1 1 1:3, 2:4 23 1200
1 or 3 1 1:3 18 1560
2 1 1:3, 2:4 38 1260
2 1 1:3, 2:4 23 1200
2 2 1:3 23 1008
2 3 1:3, 2:4 23 1232
2 or 4 1 1:3, 2:4 18 1010
2 1 1:3, 2:4 26 1008
4 3 1:3 15 728
4 2 1:3, 2:4 15 420
4 1 1:3, 2:4 15 315
4 1 1:3, 2:4 13 266
2 or 4 1 1:3, 2:4 8 311.32
2 or 4 2 1:3, 2:4 8 126
2 or 4 3 1:3, 2:4 8 119
2 or 4 1 1:3, 2:4 7 154
2 or 4 2 1:3, 2:4 7 154
2 or 4 3 1:3, 2:4 7 161
2 or 4 4 1:3, 2:4 7 161

Table 17 ODU Part Number Identifier

12-21 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


12.3.1 Types of WitLink-2000® Systems and Frequency
Allocations

• ETSI – 7GHz ODU-2-1-X-7 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 7GHz ODU-4-1-X-7 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 7 GHz ODU-2-2-X-7 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 7 GHz ODU-4-2-X-7 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 7 GHz ODU-2-3-X-7 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 7 GHz ODU-4-3-X-7 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 7 GHz ODU-2-4-X-7 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 7 GHz ODU-4-4-X-7 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 8 GHz ODU-2-1-X-8 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 8 GHz ODU-4-1-X-8 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 8 GHz ODU-2-2-X-8 (X = 1,3 : 2,4

• ETSI – 8 GHz ODU-4-2-X-8 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 8 GHz ODU-2-3-X-8 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 8 GHz ODU-4-3-X-8 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 13 GHz ODU-4-1-X -13 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 15 GHz ODU-4-1-X-15 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 15 GHz ODU-4-2-X-15 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 15 GHz ODU-4-3-X-15 (X = 1,3)

• FCC – 18 GHz ODU-1-1-X-18 (X = 1,3)

• FCC – 18 GHz ODU-3-1-X-18 (X = 1,3)

• ETSI – 18 GHz ODU-2-1-X -18 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 18 GHz ODU-4-1-X -18 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

12-22 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


• FCC – 23 GHz ODU-1-1-X -23 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 23 GHz ODU-2-1-X -23 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 23 GHz ODU-2-2-X -23 (X = 1,3)

• ETSI – 23 GHz ODU-2-3-X -23 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 26 GHz ODU-2-3-X -26 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• FCC – 38 GHz ODU-1-1-X -38 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

• ETSI – 38 GHz ODU-2-1-X -38 (X = 1,3 : 2,4)

12-23 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 7 GHz Low ODU-2(4)-1-X-7 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 7128 – 7268 MHz and 7282 – 7422 MHz; Duplex = 154 MHz
Standard: CEPT/ERC/REC 12-08E // ITU-R F.386-6
ETSI EN 301 Z16

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-4-1-1-7 ODU-4-1-3-7 ODU-4-1-2-7 ODU-4-1-4-7
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 7131.5 7208.5 7285.5 7362.5 7215.5 7264.5 7369.5 7418.5
14 7135 7205 7289 7359 7219 7261 7373 7415
28 7142 7198 7296 7352 7226 7254 7380 7408

ODU-4-1-1-7 ODU-4-1-3-7

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 7128 ÷ 7212 Tx-Band: 7282 ÷ 7366


Rx-Band: 7282 ÷ 7366 Rx-Band: 7128 ÷ 7212

ODU-4-1-2-7 ODU-4-1-4-7

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 7212 ÷ 7268 Tx-Band: 7366 ÷ 7422


Rx-Band: 7366 ÷ 7422 Rx-Band: 7212 ÷ 7268

12-24 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 7 GHz High ODU-2(4)-2-X-7 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 7428 – 7568 MHz and 7582 – 7722 MHz; Duplex = 154 MHz
Standard: CEPT/ERC/REC 12-08E // ITU-R F.386-6
ETSI EN 301 Z16

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1 – 3 BANDS 2 - 4


Spacing ODU-4-2-1-7 ODU-4-2-3-7 ODU-4-2-2-7 ODU-4-2-4-7
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 7431.5 7508.5 7585.5 7662.5 7515.5 7564.5 7669.5 7718.5
14 7435 7505 7589 7659 7519 7561 7673 7715
28 7442 7498 7596 7652 7526 7554 7680 7708

ODU-4-2-1-7 ODU-4-2-3-7

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 7428 ÷ 7512 Tx-Band: 7582 ÷ 7666


Rx-Band: 7582 ÷ 7666 Rx-Band: 7428 ÷ 7512

ODU-4-2-2-7 ODU-4-2-4-7

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 7512 ÷ 7568 Tx-Band: 7666 ÷ 7722


Rx-Band: 7666 ÷ 7722 Rx-Band: 7512 ÷ 7568

12-25 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 7 GHz Low ODU-2(4)-1-X-7 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 7124.5 – 7264.5 MHz and 7285.5 – 7425.5 MHz; Duplex = 161 MHz
Standard: CEPT/ERC/REC 12-08E // ITU-R F.386-6
ETSI EN 301 Z16

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-4-3-1-7 ODU-4-3-3-7 ODU-4-3-2-7 ODU-4-3-4-7
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 7128 7205 7289 7366 7212 7261 7373 7422
14 7131.5 7201.5 7292.5 7362.5 7215.5 7257.5 7376.5 7418.5
28 7138.5 7194.5 7299.5 7355.5 7222.5 7250.5 7383.5 7411.5

ODU-4-3-1-7 ODU-4-3-3-7

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 7124.5 ÷ 7208.5 Tx-Band: 7285.5 ÷ 7369.5


Rx-Band: 7285.5 ÷ 7369.5 Rx-Band: 7124.5 ÷ 7208.5

ODU-4-3-2-7 ODU-4-3-4-7

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 7208.5 ÷ 7264.5 Tx-Band: 7369.5 ÷ 7425.5


Rx-Band: 7369.5 ÷ 7425.5 Rx-Band: 7208.5 ÷ 7264.5

12-26 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 7 GHz High ODU-2(4)-2-X-7 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 7424.5 – 7564.5 MHz and 7585.5 – 7725.5MHz; Duplex = 161 MHz
Standard: CEPT/ERC/REC 12-08E // ITU-R F.386-6
ETSI EN 301 Z16

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1 – 3 BANDS 2 – 4


Spacing ODU-4-4-1-7 ODU-4-4-3-7 ODU-4-4-2-7 ODU-4-4-4-7
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 7428 7505 7589 7666 7512 7561 7673 7722
14 7431.5 7501.5 7592.5 7662.5 7515.5 7557.5 7676.5 7718.5
28 7438.5 7494.5 7599.5 7655.5 7522.5 7550.5 7683.5 7711.5

ODU-4-4-1-7 ODU-4-4-3-7

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 7424.5 ÷ 7508.5 Tx-Band: 7585.5 ÷ 7669.5


Rx-Band: 7585.5 ÷ 7669.5 Rx-Band: 7424.5 ÷ 7508.5

ODU-4-4-2-7 ODU-4-4-4-7

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 7508.5 ÷ 7564.5 Tx-Band: 7669.5 ÷ 7725.5


Rx-Band: 7669.5 ÷ 7725.5 Rx-Band: 7508.5 ÷ 7564.5

12-27 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 8 GHz ODU-2(4)-1-X-8 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 7725 – 8971 MHz and 8036.25 – 8282.25 MHz; Duplex = 311.32 MHz
Standard: CEPT/ERC/REC 12-08E // ITU-R F.386-6
ETSI EN 301 Z16

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-4-1-1-8 ODU-4-1-3-8 ODU-4-1-2-8 ODU-4-1-4-8
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 7728.5 7848.5 8039.75 8159.75 7847.5 7967.5 8158.75 8278.75
14 7732 7845 8043.25 8156.25 7851 7964 8162.25 8275.25
28 7739 7838 8050.25 8149.25 7858 7957 8169.25 8268.25
56 7753 7824 8064.25 8135.25 7872 7943 8183.25 8254.25

ODU-4-1-1-8 ODU-4-1-3-8

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 7725 ÷ 7852 Tx-Band: 8036.25 ÷ 8163.25


Rx-Band: 8036.25 ÷ 8163.25 Rx-Band: 7725 ÷ 7852

ODU-4-1-2-8 ODU-4-1-4-8

Bands

2  4
Tx-Band: 7844 ÷ 7971 Tx-Band: 8155.25 ÷ 8282.25
Rx-Band: 8155.25 ÷ 8282.25 Rx-Band: 7844 ÷ 7971

12-28 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 8 GHz ODU-2(4)-2-X-8 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 8279 – 8370 MHz and 8405 – 8496 MHz; Duplex = 126 MHz
Standard: CEPT/ERC/REC 12-08E // ITU-R F.386-6
ETSI EN 301 Z16

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-4-2-1-8 ODU-4-2-3-8 ODU-4-2-2-8 ODU-4-2-4-8
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 8282.5 8324.5 8408.5 8450.5 8324.5 8366.5 8450.5 8492.5
14 8286 8321 8412 8447 8328 8363 8454 8489
28 8293 8314 8419 8440 8335 8356 8461 8482

ODU-4-2-1-8 ODU-4-2-3-8

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 8279 ÷ 8328 Tx-Band: 8405 ÷ 8454


Rx-Band: 8405 ÷ 8454 Rx-Band: 8279 ÷ 8328

ODU-4-2-2-8 ODU-4-2-4-8

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 8321 ÷ 8370 Tx-Band: 8447 ÷ 8496


Rx-Band: 8447 ÷ 8496 Rx-Band: 8321 ÷ 8370

12-29 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 8 GHz ODU-2(4)-3-X-8 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 8279 – 8337 MHz and 8398 – 8496 MHz; Duplex = 119 MHz
Standard: CEPT/ERC/REC 12-08E // ITU-R F.386-6
ETSI EN 301 Z16

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-4-3-1-8 ODU-4-3-3-8 ODU-4-3-2-8 ODU-4-3-4-8
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 8282.5 8331.5 8401.5 8450.5 8324.5 8373.5 8443.5 8492.5
14 8286 8328 8405 8447 8328 8370 8447 8489
28 8293 8321 8412 8440 8335 8363 8454 8482
56 8307 8307 8426 8426 8349 8349 8468 8468

ODU-4-3-1-8 ODU-4-3-3-8

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 8279 ÷ 8335 Tx-Band: 8398 ÷ 8454


Rx-Band: 8398 ÷ 8454 Rx-Band: 8279 ÷ 8335

ODU-4-3-2-8 ODU-4-3-4-8

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 8321 ÷ 8377 Tx-Band: 8440 ÷ 8496


Rx-Band: 8440 ÷ 8496 Rx-Band: 8321 ÷ 8377

12-30 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 13 GHz ODU-4-1-X-13 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 12.751 – 12.975 GHz and 13.017 – 13.241 GHz; Duplex = 266 MHz
Standard: CEPT/ERC/REC 12-02E // ITU-R F497-5
ETSI EN 301 128

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-4-1-1-13 ODU-4-1-3-13 ODU-4-1-2-13 ODU-4-1-4-13
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 12754.5 12859.5 13020.5 13125.5 12866.5 12971.5 13132.5 13237.5
14 12758 12856 13024 13122 12870 12968 13136 13234
28 12765 12849 13031 13115 12877 12961 13143 13227
56 12779 12835 13045 13101 12891 12947 13157 13213

ODU-4-1-1-13 ODU-4-1-3-13

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 12751÷12863 Tx-Band: 13017÷13129


Rx-Band: 13017÷13129 Rx-Band: 12751÷12863

ODU-4-1-2-13 ODU-4-1-4-13

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 12863÷12975 Tx-Band: 13129÷13241


Rx-Band: 13129÷13241 Rx-Band: 12751÷12975

12-31 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 15 GHz ODU-4-1-X-15 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 14.628 – 14.911 GHz and 14.943 – 15.226 GHz; Duplex = 315 MHz
Standard: Mexico / ETSI EN 301 128

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-4-1-1-15 ODU-4-1-3-15 ODU-4-1-2-15 ODU-4-1-4-15
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 14634 14760 14949 15075 14767 14907 15082 15222
14 14648 14746 14963 15061 14774 14900 15089 15215
28 14662 14746 14977 15061 14774 14886 15089 15201
56 14676 14732 14991 15047 14788 14872 15103 15187

ODU-4-1-1-15 ODU-4-1-3-15

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 14628÷14764 Tx-Band: 14943÷15082


Rx-Band: 14943÷15082 Rx-Band: 14628÷14767

ODU-4-1-2-15 ODU-4-1-4-15

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 14760÷14911 Tx-Band: 15075÷15226


Rx-Band: 15075÷15226 Rx-Band: 14760÷14911

12-32 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 15 GHz ODU-4-2-X-15 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 14.501 – 14.928 GHz and 14.921 – 15.348 GHz; Duplex = 420 MHz
Standard: ITU-R F.636-3
ETSI EN 301 128

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-4-2-1-15 ODU-4-2-3-15 ODU-4-2-2-15 ODU-4-2-4-15
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 14504.5 14714.5 14924.5 15134.5 14721.5 14917.5 15141.5 15337.5
14 14515 14711 14935 15131 14725 14921 15145 15341
28 14515 14711 14935 15131 14739 14907 15159 15327
56 14529 14697 14949 15117 14753 14893 15173 15313

ODU-4-2-1-15 ODU-4-2-3-15

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 14501÷14725 Tx-Band: 14921÷15145


Rx-Band: 14921÷15145 Rx-Band: 14501÷14725

ODU-4-2-2-15 ODU-4-2-4-15

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 14718÷14928 Tx-Band: 15138÷15348


Rx-Band: 15138÷15348 Rx-Band: 14718÷14928

12-33 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 15 GHz ODU-4-3-X-15 [X (Bands)= 1,3]
General:
Radio: 14.501 – 14.620 GHz and 15.229 – 15.348 GHz; Duplex = 728 MHz
Standard: CEPT/ERC/REC/12-07E
ETSI EN 301 128

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3


Spacing ODU-4-3-1-15 ODU-4-3-3-15
(MHz) First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 14504.5 14609.5 14924.5 15337.5
14 14515 14613 14243 15341
28 14515 14599 14243 15327
56 14529 14585 15257 15313

ODU-4-3-1-15 ODU-4-3-3-15

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 14501÷14620 Tx-Band: 15229÷15348


Rx-Band: 15229÷15348 Rx-Band: 14501÷14620

12-34 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


FCC – 18 GHz ODU-1(3)-1-X-18 [X (Bands)= 1,3]
General:
Radio: 17.700 – 18.140 GHz and 19.260 – 19.700 GHz; Duplex = 1560 MHz
Standard: FCC Part 101 & Part 15/B & Part 2
Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3


Spacing ODU-1-1-1-18 ODU-1-1-3-18
(MHz) First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel
5 17702.5 18137.5 19262.5 19697.5
10 17705 18135 19265 19695
20 17710 18130 19270 19690
40 17720 18120 19280 19680

ODU-1-1-1-18 ODU-1-1-3-18

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 17700÷18140 Tx-Band: 19260÷19700


Rx-Band: 19260÷19700 Rx-Band: 17700÷18140

12-35 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 18 GHz ODU-2(4)-1-X-18 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 17.700 – 18.690 GHz and 18710 – 19.700 GHz; Duplex = 1010 MHz
Standard: CEPT/REC/ 12-03E // ITU-R F.595-6
ETSI EN 301 128

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-2-1-1-18 ODU-2-1-3-18 ODU-2-1-2-18 ODU-2-1-4-18
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
27.5 17727.5 18195 18737.5 19205 18222.5 18662.5 19232.5 19672.7
55 17755 18195 18765 19205 18250 18635 19260 19645

ODU-2-1-1-18 ODU-2-1-3-18

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 17700.0÷18222.5 Tx-Band: 18710.0÷19232.5


Rx-Band: 18710.0÷19232.5 Rx-Band: 17700.0÷18222.5

ODU-2-1-2-18 ODU-2-1-4-18

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 18208.75÷18690.0 Tx-Band: 19218.75÷19700.0


Rx-Band: 19218.75÷19700.0 Rx-Band: 18208.75÷18690.0

12-36 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


FCC – 23 GHz ODU-1-1-X-23 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 21.200 – 22.400 GHz and 22.400 – 23.600 GHz; Duplex = 1200 MHz
Standard: FCC Part 101 & Part15/B & Part 2
Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-1-1-1-23 ODU-1-1-3-23 ODU-1-1-2-23 ODU-1-1-4-23
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
12.5 21206.25 21793.75 22406.25 22993.75 21806.25 22393.75 23006.25 23593.75
25 21212.5 21787.5 22412.5 22987.5 21812.5 22387.5 23012.5 23587.5
50 21225 21775 22425 22975 21825 22375 23025 23575

ODU-1-1-1-23 ODU-1-1-3-23

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 21200÷21800 Tx-Band: 22400÷23300


Rx-Band: 22400÷23000 Rx-Band: 21200÷21800

ODU-1-1-2-23 ODU-1-1-4-23

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 21800÷22400 Tx-Band: 23000÷23600


Rx-Band: 23000÷23600 Rx-Band: 21800÷22400

12-37 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 23 GHz ODU-2-2-X-23 [X (Bands)= 1,3]
General:
Radio: 22.000 – 22.592 GHz and 23.008 – 23.600 GHz; Duplex = 1008 MHz
Standard: T/R 13-02E
ETSI EN 301 128

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3


Spacing ODU-2-2-1-23 ODU-2-2-3-23
(MHz) First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 22011.5 22585.5 23019.5 23593.5
14 22015 22575 23023 23583
28 22022 22554 23030 23562
56 22078 22526 23086 23534

ODU-2-2-1-23 ODU-2-2-3-23

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 22000÷22592 Tx-Band: 23008÷23600


Rx-Band: 23008÷23600 Rx-Band: 22000÷22592

12-38 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 23 GHz ODU-2-3-X-23 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 21.224 – 22.344 GHz and 22.456 – 23.576 GHz; Duplex = 1232 MHz
Standard: REC ITU-R F.637-3
ETSI EN 301 128

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-2-3-1-23 ODU-2-3-3-23 ODU-2-3-2-23 ODU-2-3-4-23
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 21227.5 21780.5 22459.5 23012.5 21787.5 22340.5 23019.5 23572.5
14 21231 21777 22463 23009 21791 22337 23023 23569
28 21238 21770 22470 23002 21798 22330 23030 23562
56 21252 21756 22484 22988 21812 22316 23044 23548

ODU-2-3-1-23 ODU-2-3-3-23

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 21224÷21784 Tx-Band: 22456÷23016


Rx-Band: 22456÷23016 Rx-Band: 21224÷21784

ODU-2-3-2-23 ODU-2-3-4-23

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 21784÷22344 Tx-Band: 23016÷23576


Rx-Band: 23016÷23576 Rx-Band: 21784÷22344

12-39 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 26 GHz ODU-2-1-X-26 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]

General:
Radio: 24.549 – 24.445 GHz and 25.557 – 26.453 GHz; Duplex = 1008 MHz
Standard: T/R 13-02E
ETSI EN 301 128

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-2-1-1-26 ODU-2-1-3-26 ODU-2-1-2-26 ODU-2-1-4-26
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 24552.5 24993.5 25560.5 26001.5 25000.5 25441.5 26008.5 26449.5
14 24556 24990 25564 25998 25004 25438 26012 26446
28 24563 24983 25571 25991 25011 25431 26019 26439
56 24577 24969 25585 25977 25025 25417 26033 26425

ODU-2-1-1-26 ODU-2-1-3-26

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 24549÷24997 Tx-Band: 25557÷26005


Rx-Band: 25557÷26005 Rx-Band: 24549÷24997

ODU-2-1-2-26 ODU-2-1-4-26

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 24997÷25445 Tx-Band: 26005÷26453


Rx-Band: 26005÷26453 Rx-Band: 24997÷25445

12-40 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


FCC – 38 GHz ODU-1-1-X-38 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 38.600 – 39.300 GHz and 39.300 – 40.000 GHz; Duplex = 700 MHz
Standard: FCC Part 101 & Part15/B & Part 2
Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-1-1-1-38 ODU-1-1-3-38 ODU-1-1-2-38 ODU-1-1-4-38
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
12.5 38606.25 38943.75 39306.25 39643.75 38956.25 39293.75 39656.25 39993.75
25 38612.5 38937.5 39312.5 39637.5 38962.5 39287.5 39662.5 39987.5
50 38625 38925 39325 39625 38975 39275 39675 39975

ODU-1-1-1-38 ODU-1-1-3-38

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 38600÷38950 Tx-Band: 39300÷39650


Rx-Band: 39300÷39650 Rx-Band: 38600÷38950

ODU-1-1-2-23 ODU-1-1-4-38

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 38950÷39300 Tx-Band: 39650÷40000


Rx-Band: 39650÷40000 Rx-Band: 38950÷39300

12-41 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000


ETSI – 38 GHz ODU-2-1-X-38 [X (Bands)= 1,2,3,4]
General:
Radio: 37.058 – 38.178 GHz and 38.318 – 39.438 GHz; Duplex = 1260 MHz
Standard: T/R 12-01/ITU-R F.749-1
ETSI EN 301 128

Channel Frequencies

Channel BANDS 1-3 BANDS 2-4


Spacing ODU-2-1-1-38 ODU-2-1-3-38 ODU-2-1-2-38 ODU-2-1-4-38
(MHz) First Last First Last First Last First Last
Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel
7 37061.5 37614.5 38321.5 38874.5 37621.5 38174.5 38881.5 39434.5
14 37065 37611 38325 38871 37625 38171 38885 39431
28 37072 37604 38332 38864 37632 38164 38892 39424
56 37086 37590 38346 38850 37646 38150 38906 39410

ODU-2-1-1-38 ODU-2-1-3-38

Bands

1  3

Tx-Band: 37058÷37618 Tx-Band: 38318÷38878


Rx-Band: 38318÷38878 Rx-Band: 37058÷37618

ODU-2-1-2-38 ODU-2-1-4-38

Bands

2  4

Tx-Band: 37618÷38178 Tx-Band: 38878÷39438


Rx-Band: 38878÷39438 Rx-Band: 37618÷38178

12-42 REVISION 3.21 WitLink-2000