TEACHER NOTES Midpoint Quadrilaterals Investigation This activity is one of a series undertaken by Year 8 students as part of their Geometry

unit. These activities utilize The Geometer’s Sketchpad to explore key aspects of quadrilaterals and larger polygons. The activity is based on the Midpoint Quadrilaterals activity from “Exploring Geometry with The Geometer’s Sketchpad” (Dan Bennett, Key Curriculum Press, 1999) There are two phases to this activity. Phase One involves constructing the figure to be used. See SNotes for details. Construct a quadrilateral and measure all sides, internal angles. Connect all the midpoints of the sides, and measure all sides, internal angles. See completed figure. In Phase Two, the larger quadrilateral is set to a particular shape (square, rectangle, rhombus, parallelogram, kite, trapezium, isosceles trapezium, quadrilateral), and the smaller quadrilateral’s shape is then identified from the key measurements. On an Answer Sheet, students record the shape of the larger quadrilateral, the shape of the smaller quadrilateral as identified and the special features of the smaller quadrilateral that enabled the identification to occur. A sample completed Answer Sheet is on p.2 of these notes and a sample completed figure is on p. 3. General Comments Students completed this activity very well in general, once they realised that they needed to evaluate all the information as measured to confirm the identity of the inner quadrilateral. The most common “fault” observed was that the trapezium the students constructed was an isosceles trapezium (both non-parallel sides equal in length) rather than a general trapezium (with one pair of non-equal parallel sides). (Is this due to the fact that the trapezoidal shape that be drawn in Microsoft Word is an isosceles trapezium?)

SOLUTIONS
Midpoint Quadrilaterals Activity Record the type of quadrilateral you have constructed for ABCD, the type of quadrilateral you have identified for EFGH, and the special features that you used to identify EFGH. ABCD Square Rectangle Parallelogram Rhombus Kite Trapezium Isosceles Trapezium Quadrilateral EFGH Square Rhombus Parallelogram Rectangle Rectangle Parallelogram Rhombus Identifying features for EFGH ALL sides same length, All internal angles 90º ALL sides same length, opposite angles equal Opposite sides equal in length, opposite angles equal Opposite sides equal in length, All internal angles 90º Opposite sides equal in length, All internal angles 90º Opposite sides equal in length, opposite angles equal ALL sides same length, opposite angles equal (a Square is formed with one particular combination of sides and angles) Opposite sides equal in length, opposite angles equal

Parallelogram

SAMPLE COMPLETED FIGURE
m BA = 15.0 cm
A

m∠BAD = 100°

G

m∠CBA = 109°

B

m∠FGH = 103° m GH = 11.7 cm m A D = 15.5 cm m∠GHE = 7 7° m F G = 12.5 cm m∠EFG = 7 7° m C B = 15.6 cm
F

H

m HE = 12.5 cm

m EF = 11.7 cm

m∠HEF = 103° m∠ADC = 7 9°
D E

m∠DCB = 7 2°
C

m D C = 22.7 cm

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