Techniques and Tools for

Telling Stories with Data
Geoff McGhee
Malofiej 19
March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Data Visualization
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Suddenly Ubiquitous
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Definition?
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
ºv|sua| commun|cat|on
ºGraph|c sense-mak|ng
ºlnformat|on made v|s|b|e
“The purpose of visualization is insight, not pictures”
-Se| 5||e|de|ma|. 1999
What is Data Visualization?
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Sometimes called “information visualization” so as to
distinguish from scientific visualization
What is Data Visualization?
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Mysterious
Intriguing
Interactive
Groundbreaking
Arty
Engaging
Provocative
Inspirational
Complex
Simple
What is Data Visualization?
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Why Now?
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Larger Context of Visualization
Nearly Ubiquitous Data
ºDemands "|ndust|a| revo|ut|on" |n
data ana|ys|s
ºGoog|e econom|st Ha| var|an: the
new sexy job: stat|st|ca| ana|yst
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Data Sources: New and Not So New
Growth of the Internet
Open government/transparency
movements
E-commerce
Electronic records
Social media
Handheld GPS and other devices
Electronic sensors
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Data Sources: Additional Factors
Plummeting cost of storage
Embedded devices (RFID, sensors)
Smartphones/Ubiquitous Computing
Standardization of data formats (XML,
JSON, RDF, etc.)
Semantic Web/Linked Data
Data Mining and Machine Learning
Image, Voice Recognition
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Making Sense of Data
Visualization Practitioners
Researchers
Business Analysts:
"Business Intelligence"
Marketers
Artists
...and increasingly:
Scholars
Journalists
Activists/Gadflies
Individuals
Deeply rooted in information technology, not media
<ZLKI`ZJPLU[PÄJresearchers, statisticians (R project)
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Linked Data
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Linked Data: Freebase
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Linked Data: Junar
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Linked Data: Data Marketplace
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Putting Data to Work
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Roles of Data Visualization
Societal Mirror:
Visualizing New Information
ºData revea|s prev|ous|y unknown
|ns|ghts |nto patterns of da||y ||fe
ºWhere prev|ous|y we made guesses
from samp|e, now often have ent|re
data set
ºv|sua||zat|on as a way to 'throw
th|ngs on the wa||" and exam|ne
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
San Francisco Cabspotting, Stamen Design, (2006)
Visualization as Mirror
http://cabspotti ng.org/cl i ent.html
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
San Francisco Cabspotting, Stamen Design, (2006)
Visualization as Mirror
http://cabspotti ng.org/cl i ent.html
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Flight Patterns,” Aaron Koblin, (2005)
http://www.fl i ghtpatterns.com
Visualization as Mirror
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Tourists vs. Locals,” Eric Fischer, (2010)
http://www.fl i ckr.com/photos/wal ki ngsf/sets/72157624209158632/
Visualization as Mirror
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Tourists vs. Locals,” Eric Fischer, (2010)
http://www.fl i ckr.com/photos/wal ki ngsf/sets/72157624209158632/
Visualization as Mirror
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Tourists vs. Locals,” Eric Fischer, (2010)
http://www.fl i ckr.com/photos/wal ki ngsf/sets/72157624209158632/
Visualization as Mirror
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Tourists vs. Locals,” Eric Fischer, (2010)
http://www.fl i ckr.com/photos/wal ki ngsf/sets/72157624209158632/
Visualization as Mirror
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Flickr Flow,” Fernanda Viégas and Martin Wattenberg (2009)
http://hi nt.fm/proj ects/fl i ckr/
Visualization as Remix Visualization as Mirror
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Revisit,” Moritz Stefaner (2010)
http://mori tz.stefaner.eu/proj ects/revi si t/
Visualization as Mirror
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The Biggest Lies in Online Dating, OK Cupid (2010)
http://bl og.okcupi d.com/i ndex.php/the-bi ggest-l i es-i n-onl i ne-dati ng/
Visualization as Mirror
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The New York Times (2008)
http://www.nyti mes.com/i nteracti ve/2009/07/31/busi ness/20080801-metri cs-graphi c.html
Visualization as Mirror
Visualizing New Information
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Roles of Data Visualization
Investigation or Advocacy
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Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The Washington Post (2010)
http://proj ects.washi ngtonpost.com/top-secret-ameri ca/map/
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“What They Know,” The Wall Street Journal (2010)
http://bl ogs.wsj .com/wtk/
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The New York Times (2010)
http://www.nyti mes.com/i nteracti ve/2010/07/11/nyregi on/20100711-stop-and-fri sk.html
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The Sunlight Foundation
http://i nfl uenceexpl orer.com/organi zati on/att-i nc/d473e580c5684a658b754eb97566cb05?cycl e=2010v
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The Sunlight Foundation
http://i nfl uenceexpl orer.com/organi zati on/att-i nc/d473e580c5684a658b754eb97566cb05?cycl e=2010v
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Economic Policy Institute (2010)
http://www.stateofworki ngameri ca.org/pages/i nteracti ve#/?start=1917&end=1918
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Remapping the Debate” Anti-Discrimination Center, (2011)
http://remappi ngdebate.org/
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Remapping the Debate” Anti-Discrimination Center, (2011)
http://remappi ngdebate.org/
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Remapping the Debate” Anti-Discrimination Center, (2011)
http://remappi ngdebate.org/
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“SourceMap,” MIT (2009)
http://www.sourcemap.org/obj ect/tesl a-roadster
Visualization for Investigation and Advocacy Visualization for Investigation or Advocacy
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
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Remix:
The Familiar... Through a New Lens
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JHUJOHUNLOV^^L\UKLYZ[HUK
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Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Here and There,” Berg Design (2009)
http://bergl ondon.com/proj ects/hat/
Visualization as Remix
Remixes: New Ways of Seeing
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“If San Francisco Crime Was Elevation,” Doug McCune (2010)
http://dougmccune.com/bl og/2010/06/05/i f-san-franci sco-cri me-was-el evati on/
Visualization as Remix
Remixes: New Ways of Seeing
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“River Maps,” Daniel Huffman (2011)
http://somethi ngaboutmaps.wordpress.com/ri ver-maps/
Visualization as Remix
Remixes: New Ways of Seeing
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Dimensions,” BBC and Berg Design (2010)
http://howbi greal l y.com
Visualization as Remix
Remixes: New Ways of Seeing
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Map of the Market,” Martin Wattenberg/Smart Money (1998)
http://www.smartmoney.com/map-of-the-market/
Visualization as Remix
Remixes: New Ways of Seeing
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The New York Times (2009)
http://www.nyti mes.com/i nteracti ve/2009/11/06/busi ness/economy/unempl oyment-l i nes.html
Visualization as Remix
Remixes: New Ways of Seeing
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The New York Times (2009)
http://www.nyti mes.com/i nteracti ve/2009/11/06/busi ness/economy/unempl oyment-l i nes.html
Visualization as Remix
Remixes: New Ways of Seeing
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The New York Times (2009)
http://www.nyti mes.com/i nteracti ve/2009/11/06/busi ness/economy/unempl oyment-l i nes.html
Visualization as Remix
Remixes: New Ways of Seeing
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The New York Times (2010)
http://proj ects.nyti mes.com/census/2010/expl orer
Visualization as Mirror
Remixes: New Ways of Seeing
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Uses of Visualization
Recording Exploration and
Analysis
Communication
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Uses of Visualization
Edweard Muybri dge, 1878
Recording
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Uses of Visualization
Exploration and Analysis
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Microsoft Excel
Open Office Calc
Google Docs
Tableau Public
IBM ManyEyes
Gapminder Desktop
Google Fusion Tables
http://microsoft.com/office
http://openoffice.org
http://docs.google.com
http://tableausoftware.com/public
http://manyeyes.alphaworks.ibm.com/
http://gapminder.org/desktop
http://google.com/fusiontables
Common Charting Applications
Tools for Data Analysis
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Sources of Public Data
Google Public Data Explorer
http://www.google.com/publicdata/directory
ºBrowse se|ected data sets and
app|y v|sua||zat|ons, f||ter and sort
º||nks to or|g|na| data sources
Getting Started with Visualization
Free and Web-Based Applications
IBM ManyEyes
http://manyeyes.alphaworks.ibm.com
Pros: Easy as pie
Many different chart forms
Interactivity
Bring your own data, or
use existing data set
Cons: Java applets are slow, clunky
Little design control

Getting Started with Visualization
Tools for Data Analysis
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Google Dataset Publishing Language
Describe your data to enable
powerful visualizations
http://code.google.com/apis/publicdata/
“Use existing data: Just add an XML metadata
file to your existing CSV data files”
“Linkable concepts: Link to concepts in other
datasets or create your own that others can
use”
“Geo-enabled: Make your data mappable by
adding latitude and longitude data to your
concept definitions.”
Slate says: “HTML for data”
Tools for Data Analysis
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Free and Web-Based Applications
Tableau Public
http://www.tableausoftware.com/public
Price: Free
Pros: Great design
Supports many chart forms
Interactive and searchable
Combine charts in single
Information “dashboard”
Cons: Windows-only
Your data is public
Slow performance
Getting Started with Visualization
Tools for Data Analysis
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tableau Public
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Free and Web-Based Applications
IBM ManyEyes
http://manyeyes.alphaworks.ibm.com
Pros: Easy as pie
Many different chart forms
Interactivity
Bring your own data, or
use existing data set
Cons: Java applets are slow, clunky
Little design control

Getting Started with Visualization
Tools for Data Analysis
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Uses of Visualization
Communication Communication
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Adobe Flash
Adobe Flash Builder
Protovis
Processing
Microsoft Silverlight
Raphael JS/JQuery
http://adobe.com/flash
http://www.adobe.com/products/flashbuilder/
http://vis.stanford.edu/protovis
http://processing.org
http://microsoft.com/silverlight
http://raphaeljs.com/
Interactive Graphic Development Tools
Tools for Communicating Data
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Interactive Graphic Development Tools
Adobe Flash
http://adobe.com/flash
Pros: WYSIWYG editing
Cross platform compatibility
Large user base
Great animation tools
Cons: Expensive
Plug-in dependent
Advanced apps require
serious skills
Notable users: Thousands of
mainstream news organizations;
The New York Times, MSNBC, CNN
Tools for Communicating Data
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Interactive Graphic Development Tools
Adobe Flash Builder
http://adobe.com/products/flashbuilder
Pros: Powerful tool for programmers to
develop Flash-based web apps
Same interface as C++, Java etc
Cons: Expensive
Virtually no WYSIWYG editor
Hard to do custom designs
Little compatibility with Flash Pro
Dependent on browser plug-in

Notable users: Slate labs, Tweetdeck,
Adobe Media Player
Tools for Communicating Data
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Interactive Graphic Development Tools
Processing
http://processing.org
Pros: Free, great documentation
Large user base among artists
Greatly simplifies Java programming
Taps enormous graphics power
of your computer’s video card
Moving to HTML/Javascript
Cons: Need to learn to code
Java-based visualizations won’t run on
tablets or on some computers
Notable users: Ben Fry, Aaron Koblin,
Jer Thorp
Tools for Communicating Data
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Interactive Graphic Development Tools
Protovis
http://vis.stanford.edu/protovis
Pros: HTML-based, works right in browser
Free, at Stanford, good documentation
Very rich creative possibilities
Both static and animated graphics
Examples provide prefab charts
Cons: No visual editor; need to learn code
Not compatible with older browsers
Like IE 8 and below
Notable users: Minnesota Public Radio,
more and more newspaper websites
Tools for Communicating Data
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Interactive Graphic Development Tools
Protovis
Tools for Communicating Data
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Uses of Visualization
Communication
“[Having a narrative] is hard to
do when the whole point of it is
click whatever button you want!”
– Amanda Cox, NYT
Communication
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
How do we cope?
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“We are very interested in how
visualizations are being taken up in mass
media, particularly in journalism, so we
simply collected as many examples of
that as we could.”
Analysis of
Vis in Media
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Genre
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Architecture and Justice (Brooklyn Crime Blocks) Columbia Univ. SIDL + - - - - - - + + + - - - + + - + - - + +
John Snow´s Chart of Deaths from Cholera Edward Tufte + - - - - - - - - - + - - + - - - - -
Politicians Abuse their Free-mailing Privileges before Elect Edward Tufte + - - - - - - - - - + - - - + + - - +
Football Drawings Visual Complexity + - - - - - - - - - + - - - - - - - -
Pedestrians Crossing the Street Visual Complexity + - - - - - - - + - + - - - - - - - -
The Climate Agenda Washington Post + - - - - - - - + + - - + - + - - + - - - + + - + - + + + + + - - + - + - - + -
When Did Your County's Jobs Disappear? Washington Post + - - - - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + + + - + - + - - + -
Acadametrics House Price Index Financial Times - + - - - - - + + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + - - - + - - - - + -
Banks´ Earnings: How Compensation Relates to Performa Financial Times - + - - - - - - + + - - - - + - - - - - - - + - + - - + + + + - - + - - - - + -
Deadly Offensive: Taliban Attacks in Pakistan Financial Times - + - - - - - - + + - - + - - - - + - - - - - - - + - + + + - + - + + - + - + -
GDP Moves by Sector Financial Times - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + + - - - - - - - + -
UK Economic Data Financial Times - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + + - - + - - - - + -
Budget 2010: Reaction from around the UK Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - + - - - - - - + - + + - + - - - + + - + - - -
Formula One 2010: Driver's Rankings Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - + - - - - - - + - + + - + + - - + - - - - - -
Lighting Up Hadrian's Wall Guardian - + - - - - - + - - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - - + - + + - - + + - - - + -
Mapping Hydropower Hotspots across the UK Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - + - + - + + - + + - - + + - + - - -
Moscow Metro Bombs: interactive map Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - - + - + + - - + + - + - - -
The World Economy Turns the Corner Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + - - - + - - - - - -
Minnesota Employment Explorer Minnesota Public Radio - + - - - - - - - - - + + - + - - - - - - + + - + - + + - + + - - + + + - - + -
A Map of Olympic Medals New York Times - + - - - - - - + + - - - - - - - - - - - + + - + - + + - + + + + + - - - - - -
All of Inflation's Little Parts New York Times - + - - - - - + + - - - + - - - + - - - - + + - + - + + - + - - - + + - - - + -
Paths to the Top of the Home Run Charts New York Times - + - - - - - - + - - - + - + - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + + - + + + - - - - -
The Ebb and Flow of Movies: Box Office Receipts 1986 - New York Times - + - - - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - + - - - - + - + + - + + - - + + - - - - -
The Jobless Rate for People Like You New York Times - + - - - - - - + - + - + - - - - - - - - + + - + - + + - + + - - + - - - - - -
Advertisement: Bus United Technology - + - - - - - - - - + - - + + - + - + -
Advertisement: Helicopter United Technology - + - - - - - - - - + - - + + - + - + -
Analyzing Obama's Schedule Washington Post - + - - - - - - - + - - + - - - - + - - - - - - + - + + + - + - - - - - - - + -
Oscars 2010: The Best Picture Nominees Guardian - - + - - - - + + - + - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + - - - + + - + - - -
The Consumer and Retail Price Indices since 2006 Guardian - - + - - - - + + + - - + - + - - - - - - + - - + - + + - + + - - + + + + - + -
UK Voting Intentions Guardian - - + - - - - + + + - - + - + - - - - - - + - - + - + + + + + - - + + - + - + -
Comparison of Bear Markets New York Times - - + - - - - - + + - - + - + - - - - + - + + - + - + + - + + - + + + - - - - -
Faces of the Dead New York Times - - + - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + + - + + + - - - + -
How Americans Spend Their Day New York Times - - + - - - - + - - - - + - + - - - - - - + + - + - + + + - + - + + + + - - - -
Michelle Obama's Family Tree New York Times - - + - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - + + - + - + + + + + - + + + + + + + -
NetFlix Rentals New York Times - - + - - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + - + - + + + - - - - -
Steroids or Not, the Pursuit is On New York Times - - + - - - - - + - - + + + - - + + - + + - -
Vancouver's Olympic Venue New York Times - - + - - - - + - - - + + - + - + - + + - + + - + - + + + - + - - + + - - - - -
On the Map: Five Major North Korean Prison Camps Washington Post - - + - - - - + - - - + + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + + - - + - - + - + -
Spheres of Influence: The Bush Campaign Pioneers Washington Post - - + - - - - + - - - + + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - - + - + + + + - - + -
A Visual Guide to the Financial Crisis Flowing Data - - - + - - - - - - - - + + + - - - - -
Economic Meltdown of 2008-2009 Flowing Data - - - + - - - - - - - - + + + - + - - -
Where Did All the Money Go? Flowing Data - - - + - - - + - - - - - + + + - + + - -
Life Cycle of a Beetle through a Year Edward Tufte - - - - + - - + + + - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - -
McCloud's Making Comics Scott McCloud - - - - + - - + - - + + + + + + + + - - + + + + + + + +
Afghanistan: Behind the Front Line Financial Times - - - - - + - + + + + - + - + - - + - - - - - - - + - + + - + - - + + - - - + -
Toyota Timeline: A Company History Financial Times - - - - - + - - + + - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + + - - + - + - - - -
Gapminder Human Development Gapminder - - - - - + - + - + + + + - + - + + - + - + + - - + + + + + + + + + + - + + - +
Earthquakes: Why They Happen Guardian - - - - - + - + - - - + + - + - + + - - - + + - - + + + + + + - + + + - + + + -
Iran's Nuclear Programme Guardian - - - - - + - + - - - + + - + - + + - + - + + - - + + + + + + + + + + - + + + -
Shaun White's Double McTwist Guardian - - - - - + - - + + - - + + - - - + - - - + - - - + - - + + - - - + + - + - - -
Toyota's Stick Accelerator Problem Guardian - - - - - + - - + - - + + - + - + + - - - + + - - + + - + + + - + + + - + - - -
Alpine Skiing, From Technical Turns to Tucks and Speed New York Times - - - - - + - + - + + - + - - - - + - - - - + - - + - - + + - - - + + - - + + -
Budget Forecasts vs. Reality New York Times - - - - - + - + + + + - + - + - - - - - - + + - - + + + + + + + + + + - + + + -
How the Government Dealt with Past Recessions New York Times - - - - - + - - + + - - + - - + - - - - - - - - - + + + - + - - + + + + + + - -
Mac Orientation Video Apple - - - - - - + + - - - + + - + - + + - + + + + - - + - - - + - - +
Delta Airplane Safety Video Delta - - - - - - + + - - - + + + - - + + - + + + - - - + - - - + + - +
The Story of Stuff Story of Stuff Project - - - - - - + + + - + - + + + + - + - - - + + - - + + + + + +
Virgin America Airplane Safety Video Virgin America - - - - - - + - - - - + + + + + + + + + + - + - - + - - - + + - -
Messaging Interactivity
Narrative Structure Visual Narrative
Ordering Transition Guidance Highlighting Visual Structuring
1
2 3
4
Fig. 7. Design space analysis of narrative visualization. Columns indicate recurring design elements and selected regions highlight patterns in the data. Region (1) shows clusters of ordering
strategies that correspond to distinct genres of visual narration. Region (2) highlights the consistency of interactive designs used by visualizations. Region (3) shows the under-utilization of strategies
to engage the user in the interactive functionality. Region (4) shows the under-utilization of common storytelling techniques across narrative visualizations.
Segal and Heer, 2010
Analysis of
Vis in Media
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Genre
Visualization Description Source M
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Architecture and Justice (Brooklyn Crime Blocks) Columbia Univ. SIDL + - - - - - - + + + - - - + + - + - - + +
John Snow´s Chart of Deaths from Cholera Edward Tufte + - - - - - - - - - + - - + - - - - -
Politicians Abuse their Free-mailing Privileges before Elect Edward Tufte + - - - - - - - - - + - - - + + - - +
Football Drawings Visual Complexity + - - - - - - - - - + - - - - - - - -
Pedestrians Crossing the Street Visual Complexity + - - - - - - - + - + - - - - - - - -
The Climate Agenda Washington Post + - - - - - - - + + - - + - + - - + - - - + + - + - + + + + + - - + - + - - + -
When Did Your County's Jobs Disappear? Washington Post + - - - - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + + + - + - + - - + -
Acadametrics House Price Index Financial Times - + - - - - - + + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + - - - + - - - - + -
Banks´ Earnings: How Compensation Relates to Performa Financial Times - + - - - - - - + + - - - - + - - - - - - - + - + - - + + + + - - + - - - - + -
Deadly Offensive: Taliban Attacks in Pakistan Financial Times - + - - - - - - + + - - + - - - - + - - - - - - - + - + + + - + - + + - + - + -
GDP Moves by Sector Financial Times - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + + - - - - - - - + -
UK Economic Data Financial Times - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + + - - + - - - - + -
Budget 2010: Reaction from around the UK Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - + - - - - - - + - + + - + - - - + + - + - - -
Formula One 2010: Driver's Rankings Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - + - - - - - - + - + + - + + - - + - - - - - -
Lighting Up Hadrian's Wall Guardian - + - - - - - + - - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - - + - + + - - + + - - - + -
Mapping Hydropower Hotspots across the UK Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - + - + - + + - + + - - + + - + - - -
Moscow Metro Bombs: interactive map Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - - + - + + - - + + - + - - -
The World Economy Turns the Corner Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + - - - + - - - - - -
Minnesota Employment Explorer Minnesota Public Radio - + - - - - - - - - - + + - + - - - - - - + + - + - + + - + + - - + + + - - + -
A Map of Olympic Medals New York Times - + - - - - - - + + - - - - - - - - - - - + + - + - + + - + + + + + - - - - - -
All of Inflation's Little Parts New York Times - + - - - - - + + - - - + - - - + - - - - + + - + - + + - + - - - + + - - - + -
Paths to the Top of the Home Run Charts New York Times - + - - - - - - + - - - + - + - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + + - + + + - - - - -
The Ebb and Flow of Movies: Box Office Receipts 1986 - New York Times - + - - - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - + - - - - + - + + - + + - - + + - - - - -
The Jobless Rate for People Like You New York Times - + - - - - - - + - + - + - - - - - - - - + + - + - + + - + + - - + - - - - - -
Advertisement: Bus United Technology - + - - - - - - - - + - - + + - + - + -
Advertisement: Helicopter United Technology - + - - - - - - - - + - - + + - + - + -
Analyzing Obama's Schedule Washington Post - + - - - - - - - + - - + - - - - + - - - - - - + - + + + - + - - - - - - - + -
Oscars 2010: The Best Picture Nominees Guardian - - + - - - - + + - + - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + - - - + + - + - - -
The Consumer and Retail Price Indices since 2006 Guardian - - + - - - - + + + - - + - + - - - - - - + - - + - + + - + + - - + + + + - + -
UK Voting Intentions Guardian - - + - - - - + + + - - + - + - - - - - - + - - + - + + + + + - - + + - + - + -
Comparison of Bear Markets New York Times - - + - - - - - + + - - + - + - - - - + - + + - + - + + - + + - + + + - - - - -
Faces of the Dead New York Times - - + - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + + - + + + - - - + -
How Americans Spend Their Day New York Times - - + - - - - + - - - - + - + - - - - - - + + - + - + + + - + - + + + + - - - -
Michelle Obama's Family Tree New York Times - - + - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - + + - + - + + + + + - + + + + + + + -
NetFlix Rentals New York Times - - + - - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + - + - + + + - - - - -
Steroids or Not, the Pursuit is On New York Times - - + - - - - - + - - + + + - - + + - + + - -
Vancouver's Olympic Venue New York Times - - + - - - - + - - - + + - + - + - + + - + + - + - + + + - + - - + + - - - - -
On the Map: Five Major North Korean Prison Camps Washington Post - - + - - - - + - - - + + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + + + + - - + - - + - + -
Spheres of Influence: The Bush Campaign Pioneers Washington Post - - + - - - - + - - - + + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - - + - + + + + - - + -
A Visual Guide to the Financial Crisis Flowing Data - - - + - - - - - - - - + + + - - - - -
Economic Meltdown of 2008-2009 Flowing Data - - - + - - - - - - - - + + + - + - - -
Where Did All the Money Go? Flowing Data - - - + - - - + - - - - - + + + - + + - -
Life Cycle of a Beetle through a Year Edward Tufte - - - - + - - + + + - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - -
McCloud's Making Comics Scott McCloud - - - - + - - + - - + + + + + + + + - - + + + + + + + +
Afghanistan: Behind the Front Line Financial Times - - - - - + - + + + + - + - + - - + - - - - - - - + - + + - + - - + + - - - + -
Toyota Timeline: A Company History Financial Times - - - - - + - - + + - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + + - - + - + - - - -
Gapminder Human Development Gapminder - - - - - + - + - + + + + - + - + + - + - + + - - + + + + + + + + + + - + + - +
Earthquakes: Why They Happen Guardian - - - - - + - + - - - + + - + - + + - - - + + - - + + + + + + - + + + - + + + -
Iran's Nuclear Programme Guardian - - - - - + - + - - - + + - + - + + - + - + + - - + + + + + + + + + + - + + + -
Shaun White's Double McTwist Guardian - - - - - + - - + + - - + + - - - + - - - + - - - + - - + + - - - + + - + - - -
Toyota's Stick Accelerator Problem Guardian - - - - - + - - + - - + + - + - + + - - - + + - - + + - + + + - + + + - + - - -
Alpine Skiing, From Technical Turns to Tucks and Speed New York Times - - - - - + - + - + + - + - - - - + - - - - + - - + - - + + - - - + + - - + + -
Budget Forecasts vs. Reality New York Times - - - - - + - + + + + - + - + - - - - - - + + - - + + + + + + + + + + - + + + -
How the Government Dealt with Past Recessions New York Times - - - - - + - - + + - - + - - + - - - - - - - - - + + + - + - - + + + + + + - -
Mac Orientation Video Apple - - - - - - + + - - - + + - + - + + - + + + + - - + - - - + - - +
Delta Airplane Safety Video Delta - - - - - - + + - - - + + + - - + + - + + + - - - + - - - + + - +
The Story of Stuff Story of Stuff Project - - - - - - + + + - + - + + + + - + - - - + + - - + + + + + +
Virgin America Airplane Safety Video Virgin America - - - - - - + - - - - + + + + + + + + + + - + - - + - - - + + - -
Messaging Interactivity
Narrative Structure Visual Narrative
Ordering Transition Guidance Highlighting Visual Structuring
1
2 3
4
Fig. 7. Design space analysis of narrative visualization. Columns indicate recurring design elements and selected regions highlight patterns in the data. Region (1) shows clusters of ordering
strategies that correspond to distinct genres of visual narration. Region (2) highlights the consistency of interactive designs used by visualizations. Region (3) shows the under-utilization of strategies
to engage the user in the interactive functionality. Region (4) shows the under-utilization of common storytelling techniques across narrative visualizations.
Analysis of
Vis in Media
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Visualization Description Source M
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Architecture and Justice (Brooklyn Crime Blocks) Columbia Univ. SIDL + - - - - - - +
John Snow´s Chart of Deaths from Cholera Edward Tufte + - - - - - -
Politicians Abuse their Free-mailing Privileges before Elect Edward Tufte + - - - - - -
Football Drawings Visual Complexity + - - - - - -
Pedestrians Crossing the Street Visual Complexity + - - - - - -
The Climate Agenda Washington Post + - - - - - - - + + - - + - + - - + - - - + + - + -
When Did Your County's Jobs Disappear? Washington Post + - - - - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + -
Acadametrics House Price Index Financial Times - + - - - - - + + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + -
Banks´ Earnings: How Compensation Relates to Performa Financial Times - + - - - - - - + + - - - - + - - - - - - - + - + - -
Deadly Offensive: Taliban Attacks in Pakistan Financial Times - + - - - - - - + + - - + - - - - + - - - - - - - + - + + + - + - + + - + - + -
GDP Moves by Sector Financial Times - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + -
UK Economic Data Financial Times - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + + - - + - - - - + -
Budget 2010: Reaction from around the UK Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - + - - - - - - + - + + - + - - - + + - + - - -
Formula One 2010: Driver's Rankings Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - + - - - - - - + - + + - + + - - + - - - - - -
Lighting Up Hadrian's Wall Guardian - + - - - - - + - - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - - + - + + - - + + - - - + -
Mapping Hydropower Hotspots across the UK Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - + - + - + + - + + - - + + - + - - -
Moscow Metro Bombs: interactive map Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - - + - + + - - + + - + - - -
The World Economy Turns the Corner Guardian - + - - - - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + - - - + - - - - - -
Minnesota Employment Explorer Minnesota Public Radio - + - - - - - - - - - + + - + - - - - - - + + - + - + + - + + - - + + + - - + -
A Map of Olympic Medals New York Times - + - - - - - - + + - - - - - - - - - - - + + - + - + + -
All of Inflation's Little Parts New York Times - + - - - - - + + - - - + - - - + - - - - + + - + - + + - + - - - + + - - - + -
Paths to the Top of the Home Run Charts New York Times - + - - - - - - + - - - + - + - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + + - + + + - - - - -
The Ebb and Flow of Movies: Box Office Receipts 1986 - New York Times - + - - - - - - + + - - + - - - - - - + - - - - + - + + - + + - - + + - - - - -
The Jobless Rate for People Like You New York Times - + - - - - - - + - + - + - - - - - - - - + + - + - + + - + + - - + - - - - - -
Advertisement: Bus United Technology - + - - - - -
Advertisement: Helicopter United Technology - + - - - - -
Analyzing Obama's Schedule Washington Post - + - - - - - - - + - - + - - - - + - - - - - - + - + + + - + - - - - - - - + -
Oscars 2010: The Best Picture Nominees Guardian - - + - - - - + + - + - + - - - - - - - - - - - + - + + - + - - - + + - + - - -
The Consumer and Retail Price Indices since 2006 Guardian - - + - - - - + + + - - + - + - - - - - - + - - + - + + - + + - -
UK Voting Intentions Guardian - - + - - - - + + + - - + - + - - - - - - + - - + -
Comparison of Bear Markets New York Times - - + - - - - - + + - - + - + - - - - + - + + - + - + + - + + - + + + - - - - -
Faces of the Dead New York Times - - + - - - - - + - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - + -
Analysis of
Vis in Media
Segal and Heer, 2010
vis.stanford.edu/papers/narrative
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Identify Common Narrative Formats
Descriptive, Not Prescriptive
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Sources of Inspiration:
Comic Books
Movies
Video Games
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Science Fair Poster”
Using Space to Lay Out Regions; Directional Reading
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Martini Glass”
Linear Narrative Followed by Individual Exploration
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Martini Glass”
Linear Narrative Followed by Individual Exploration
First read: narrative
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Martini Glass”
Linear Narrative Followed by Individual Exploration
First read: narrative
Second read: reference
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Data Slide Show”
Linear Narrative With Interaction Within Each Frame
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Data Slide Show”
Linear Narrative With Interaction Within Each Frame
Search All NYTimes.com

Public workers make more …
Surveys by the Bureau of Economic
Analysis show that public workers’
annual compensation — salary plus
benefits — is higher on average than
private sector workers, and they suggest
that the gap is growing.
… especially when figured per hour
of work.
Public workers also put in significantly
fewer hours per week. According to the
Bureau of Labor Statistics, their
compensation per hour is much
higher.
Most of the advantage is in benefits.
They cost state and local governments
$14 an hour on average, about 70
percent more than private employers
pay for their workers.
But comparisons are tricky …
Economists point out that government
work tends to be in highly skilled
categories, so it is misleading to
compare the groups as a whole.
Published: March 6, 2011
Are State and Local Government Employees Paid Too Much?
It’s not an easy question to answer for a number of reasons. Here’s a primer on the issue.
Welcome, gmcghee Log Out Help TimesPeople HOME PAGE TODAY'S PAPER VIDEO MOST POPULAR TIMES TOPICS
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POLITICS EDUCATION BAY AREA CHICAGO TEXAS
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Data Slide Show”
Linear Narrative With Interaction Within Each Frame
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Drill-Down Story”
Wide-Angle View; Presents Links to Selected Closer Views
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Drill-Down Story”
Wide-Angle View; Presents Links to Selected Closer Views
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Drill-Down Story”
Wide-Angle View; Presents Links to Selected Closer Views
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
The “Drill-Down Story”
Wide-Angle View; Presents Links to Selected Closer Views
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
I would add...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Videographics”
Linear Narratives Using Motion Graphics, Voiceover
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Videographics”
Linear Narratives Using Motion Graphics, Voiceover
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
“Videographics”
Could be as simple as a screencast
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Transparency
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Transparency
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Transparency
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Transparency
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Conversation
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Conversation
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Conversation
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Conversation
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Questions?
email:
geoffoo@gmail.com
Tuesday, March 22, 2011

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