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(18)ROAD CONSTRUCTION WITH PLASTIC WASTES
S.V.SHEIKNA LEBBAI1 , S.SIVA PRAKASH2 E-MAIL:firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Abstract: This paper conducted a study on recycling plastic waste and blending it with bitumen to lay roads in India and compare with the environmental and economic conditions in Bangladesh. The intention is to improve awareness and encourage change in policy and practice. The technology is simple but innovative mixing plastic 8% with bitumen 92% for road surfaces. Shredded plastic waste acts as a strong binding agent for tar, making the asphalt last longer by rendering it more impervious to water. The normal road surface last 3-4 years and the road constructed with plastic waste last at least 7-8 years.
A well-constructed plastic road will result in the following: • Strength of the road increase • Better assistance to water and water stagnation • No stripping and have no pot holes. • Better soundness property • Cost of the is less • To control environmental pollution. Such as cost of the road are just about 4-5 percentages less than normal road. INTRODUCTION: Waste plastic is grinded and made into powder 3 to 4% plastic is mixed with the bitumen. Plastic increases the melting point of the bitumen and makes the road retain its flexibility during winters resulting in its long life. Use of shredded plastic waste acts as a strong binding agent for tar making the asphalt last long. By mixing plastic with bitumen the ability of the bitumen to withstand high temperature increases. The plastic waste is melted and mixed with bitumen in particular ratio. Normally, blending takes place when temperature reaches 45.5 degree Celsius but when plastic is mixed, it remains stable even at 55 degree Celsius Indian road sector has found a new technique to construct more durable road plastic to be precious waste plastic. The district administration of kancheepuram in tamilnadu is currently laying down
PROD AREA BITU UCTS MEN NEED ED Road Block PLAS BITUME COST REDU TICS N NEED SAVED CED ED Rs. 15000 20% To evaluat ed
1kmx3 9tonne 1tonne 1tonnes .75m s s 1kmx3 Nil .75m 40tonn Nil es 250gm 100% s
Roofin 1mx1 Nil g sheets m
39km of plastic roads in rural area the chemistry involves transforming all polythene material in pulp and mixing it with tar and aggregate. ECONOMIC DETAILS:ECONOMIC RESEARCH: Economies of most Asian countries: • Average daily earning of poorest is $2(Rs.80) • Reward for daily collection of dirty plastic wastes A. 20kgs Rs.200=5$ NCRTES 2K11
thermo Cole) made out of PE. its dumping in the dustbins. REUSE OF PLASTICS WASTE IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION: Polymer blended Bitumen shows higher softening point. waste plastics are also burnt for apparent disposal. clogging of drains. 4lakh TOTAL : Rs. Immediately the hot Bitumen (160 degree Celsius) is to 60 micron (Aluminum coated also) packing materials used for biscuits. causing environmental pollution. chocolates. ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS: It has been found that modification of bitumen with shredded waste plastic marginally increases the cost by about Rs. Polymer coated aggregate blended with bitumen shows higher Marshall Value and better stripping value showing that the mix is more suited for road laying. labour etc. The laboratory studies conducted by CRRI in utilization of waste plastic bags in bituminous concrete mixes have proved that these enhance the properties of mix in addition to solving disposal problems. 0. cleaned if needed and shredded to small pieces (passing through 4. there by resulting in less overall bitumen content. especially in urban areas. cups)thickness up to 6 micron(PE. :Rs. The results indicated that there was an improvement in strength properties when compared to a conventional mix. lower penetration point. in terms of its misuse. etc. cups.35mm sieve). 30kgs Rs300=7.5lakh • Cost of shredder and other equipment :Rs. PP. COST: • Collection of littered plastics :Rs.5lakh • Laying of roads with material. and better ductility. it gets softened and coated over the aggregate.Proceedings of the National Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering Sciences 2k11 • B.50$ Using plastic waste for blending with bitumen(due to affordable cost of collection) attractive economically and practical. The aggregate (granite) is added and mixed well. & PS are separated. However this marginal increase is compensated by increase in the volume of the total mix. PP and PS) Hard foams(PS)any thickness Soft foams(PE and PP) Laminated plastics thickness up heated to 170 degree Celsius in the Mini hot Mix Plant and the shredded plastic waste is added. reduced soil fertility and aesthetic problem etc. The mixture is transferred to 99 NCRTES 2K11 . 0.2500/tone. better performance and environmental conservation with usage of waste plastics. PROCESS OF ROAD LAYING USING POLYMER-AGGREGATEBITUMEN MIX: The plastic waste (bags. METHODOLOGY: Disposal of waste materials including waste plastic bags is a menace and has become a serious problem. As the polymer and the Bitumen are is the molten state (liquid state) they get mixed and the blend is formed at surface of the aggregate. 5lakh MATERIALS REQUIRED: • Aggregate • Bitumen • Shredding waste plastic • Curing materials SPECIFICATIONS FOR WASTE PLASTIC: The following types of waste plastic can be used in the construction of rural roads: Films(carry bags.
needs to new Machinery Helps to Save Cost of Bitumen Improves performance of Roads Solves problem of Plastic Waste Disposal Practical Experience of our Industry Introducing the Change & Resistance-Authorities.). Contractors.The polymer gets coated over the aggregate uniformly. SPECIALITIES OF PLASTIC ROAD: • • • • • • • • • • Better Roads-longer life Use of waste Plastics Saving of Bitumen Costs Less Saving Costs Less job for Self Help Groups Simple process. FLOW CHART SHOWING METHOD FOR CONSTRUCTION OF ROAD RAW MATERIAL: Bitumen Polymer Wastes (carry bags. Citizens. withstands high temperture. Operation temperture range: 160-170 degree celsius. Cost less compared to CRMB. With the increase in surface area of contact. Higher Marshal Stability – increased strength of road. This technique is extended to Central Mixing Plant too.Proceedings of the National Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering Sciences 2k11 the road and the road is laid. Waste Plastics (MSW. METHOD II (DRY PROCESS): Waste polymer is added on the hot aggregate(170◦C). (60/70 & 80 /100) cups & thermocole) Segregation COMPARISION OF AGGREGATES COATED AGGREGATE: Mostly Coated Aggregate is used for wet process method. Higher softening point. mixing of polymer with bitumen is better. Better disposal of waste plastics No toxic gas evaluation – No to Dioxin. mixing of bitumen with polymer takes place at the surface of the aggregate around 155-163◦C.Mixing of higher percentage of polymer difficult because of difference in viscosities of molten polymer and Bitumen. road side etc. 100 NCRTES 2K11 .Coated Aggregate Hot Bitumen 160 ◦C PolymerCoatedRoad Laying (120◦C) AggregateBitumenMixture METHOD I (WET PROCESS): Blending of waste plastics by direct mixing of shredded polymer with hot bitumen at 160◦C. Lower penetration value. blend with better binding property is formed. Powerful mechanical stirrer required for effective mixing. ADVANTAGES OF PLASTICSBITUMEN ROAD: Better binding property. No stripping-Resists the permeation of water. Also required addition of stabilizers and proper cooling. withstands higher load. Waste plastics PROCESS CHART OF WASTE PLASTICS COATED AGGREGATE-BITUMEN MIX: Aggregate shot Aggregates Waste Plastics Poly. Hence. The bitumen is added. Politicians. PLAIN AGGREGATE: Mostly Plain Aggregate is used for dry process method.
The biniding property of plastic makes the road last longer besides giving added strength to withstand more loads. Aggregate Coated with plain Bitumen shows 5% stripping after 24 hours. Aggregates Coated with Plastics Waste followed by bitumen shows NIL Stripping even after 72 hours. Aggregates Coated with plastics waste provide no pot hole formation. The mean value of three measurements is reported as a penetration value. It may be noted that the penetration value is largely influenced by any in accuracy as regards pouring temperature. COMPARISION TABLE WITH PLASTIC AND WITHOUT PLASTIC: The durability of the roads laid out with shredded plastic waste is much more compared with roads with asphalt with the oridinary mix. Roads laid with plastic waste mix are found to be better than the conventional ones. The bitumen is softened to a pouring consistency.The sample with container is taken out and the needle is arranged to make contact with the surface of the sample. So. The final reading is taken on dial gauge.Proceedings of the National Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering Sciences 2k11 disposal. At least three penetration tests are made on this sample by testing at distances of at least 10mm apart. this technology will result in lessser road repairs. stirred thoroughly and poured into containers to a depth at least 15 mm in excess of the expected penetration. The depth of penetration is reported in one-tenth millimeter units.while a normal ‘highway quality’ roads lasts four to five years it is claimed that plastic-bitumen roads can last upto 10years. using plastic will help reduce nonbiodegradabl Stone Aggregate Without Plastic Coating With Plastic coating Percentage Moisture of plastic Absorption 0 1% 2% 3% 4% 2% 1. And as each km of road with an average width requires over two tones of polyblend. DIFFERENCE OF THE PLASTIC AND NON-PLASTIC ROAD PENETRATION TEST: The penetration test is used to determine the hardness or softness of bitumen by measuring the depth in tenths of a millimeter to which a standard loaded needle will penetrate vertically in five seconds. size of needle. The dial is set to zero or the initial reading is taken and the needle is released for 5 seconds. Apart each test the needle is disengaged and wiped with benzene and dried.No longer a problem. Plastics bitumen road are cheap and good. 101 NCRTES 2K11 .1% Traces BITUMEN COATING OVER PLASTIC COATED AGGREGATE: Plastics Road Resisting To Stripping. The penetrometer consists of a needle assembly with a total weight of 100g and device for releasing and locking in any position. The sample containers are then placed in a temperature controlled water bath at a temperature of 250c for one hour. Rainwater will not steep through because of the plastic in the tar. weight placed on the needle and the test temperature.
Vasudevan TEC.V. Scientist flexible pavement article on web site.E Senior project leader. REFERENCE: Dr.Proceedings of the National Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering Sciences 2k11 ORDINARY BITUMEN: Sample I II Penetration value 97 95 PLASTIC MIXED BITUMEN 5 %: Sample I II Penetration value 87. Integral University. Engineering Assistance Recycling used agricultural plastics James W . B. Kowal.S.Sanghitha.Varuma department of physics S. Er. Lecturer.D. Penn state university. moll.S. Professor & Head. compared with ordinary bitumen road without plastic material.T presentation on website.Lucknow 102 NCRTES 2K11 . When plastic materials is used with stone aggregate the load capacity is increased with high impact resistance and low abrasion. Shahan-ur-Rahman.Gareth.S. Hence more loads can act on it. the penetration value of bitumen is lower than that of ordinary bitumen.5 89 RESULT: In the case of penetration test.E. Aslam.I. Department of civil Engineering.D. Dr. Dr. U. Agricultural and biological Engineering Plastic Trial Procedure Oaktech Environmental website Accessed 9-111006 Dr.A Technology develop the plastic road on September 1996 by Jeffry E. U. Although this practice is slightly uneconomical the road laid using plastic waste requires less thickness and long life compared to ordinary bitumen road. OTHER TESTS: • Ductility test • Impact test • Abrasion test • Softening point testsare done and the results were found successfully. In road construction the usage of stone aggregate is more.A Technology develop the plastic road on September 1996 by Ricky Kiramoto.S. Pavia D. Madurai and CRRI article on website.L. CONCLUSION: India’s initiative in waste utilization has been increasing in every sector because of unavailability and depletion of raw materials.