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FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM 4.1 Introduction
Fire protection system is mandatory for public places like the underground metro station and provides the necessary safety for people and property from fire at any place in the station by providing necessary equipment for early detection and suppression of fire. Also, the fire protection system provides support, in the event of major fires, to the local fire service for extinguishing the fire. The system is to cover the entire station, ancillary building and tunnels. It is interfaced with fire detection and alarm system and BMS as per operational requirement.
Scope Design of integrated Fire Protection System which specifically addresses the following: Fire Water Tanks & Pumps Stand pipes/ Hydrants & Hose Reels System Automatic Sprinklers/ Spray Nozzles System Inert Gas Flooding System Portable Fire Extinguishers Necessary interfaces with Fire Alarm and building management systems
Design Standards and References NFPA-130 (Standard for Fixed Guideway and Passenger Rail System) is followed primarily. Design of system / sub-systems conform to the following: Fire Water Tank Capacity Fire Water Pump for Sprinklers Fire Water Pump for Hydrants Hydrants, Hose reels, & Distribution Piping Sprinklers / Spray Nozzles & piping Inert Gas Flooding System Portable Fire Extinguishers : : : : : : : NFPA 13 & 14 NFPA 13 & NFPA 20 NFPA 14 & NFPA 20 NFPA 14 NFPA 13 & NFPA 15 NFPA 2001 NFPA 10 / IS: 2190
FINAL DESIGN - E&M SERVICES BADD4(A)
Design Criteria Fire protection system is designed in accordance with NFPA-130, National Building Code of India and ODC. a) Fire Hydrant and Sprinkler System as per NFPA-14 and 13 respectively. b) Fire Tanks and Fire Pumps capacity as per NFPA-13 and 14. c) Portable Fire Extinguishers are provided as per provision of National Building code of India. The installation is also to have consent of Delhi Fire Service Authorities. d) Gas Flooding System is in compliance with requirement of Montreal Protocol. Gas used is clean extinguishing agent as per NFPA-2001 and have zero ozone depleting effect.
Fire hoses with couplings and Branch Pipes would be provided in a Hose Cabinet placed in a handy location near every Hydrant. where permanent and extensive damage may occur due to water spray.There would be first aid fire fighting equipment like Portable Fire Extinguishers and First Aid Hose Reels which can be operated by station staff (i. well below the combustion sustaining 3 . f) In areas like Auxiliary Sub-stations.5% i. For fires on board the Train. The basic strategy is to see that a person doesn’t have to walk more than 30m to reach Portable Fire Extinguishers or First Aid Hose Reel. e) Hydrants to be operated by Delhi Fire Service or by trained staff of the station would be provided in easily accessible locations so that no part of the station box is more than 30m away from a Hydrant Valve. by eliminating use of combustible materials in the construction work so that the fire load is minimized.e.If at all fire takes place there will be an elaborate ‘Fire Detection & Alarm System’ to enable the concerned people to get early warning and to locate and kill a fire in its incipient stage itself.the most common cause of igniting fires.e. These sprinklers would burst (on reaching a predetermined temperature) spraying water on the fire below extinguishing it.5 4. The Inert Gas Flooding System would be designed to reduce the concentration of oxygen in the protected room to 12.1 Design Methodology The basic design is to ensure that:a) A fire incident doesn’t occur. These spray Nozzles would be activated through a motorized Valves (with remote operation) spraying water in the undercarriage area (the most fire prone part) of the Cars. c) First Aid Fire Extinguishment: . built-in comprehensive fire fighting measures will be provided in the form of Automatic Sprinklers/Spray Nozzles and Fire Hydrants.5. b) Early detection and warning :. Fixed Spray Nozzles would be provided below the Platform Sill at every 2. Also electrical distribution system/circuitry is designed so as to minimize the incidences of ‘Short Circuits’. not necessarily by Professional Fire fighters). which all will be placed in conspicuous locations.5m. Automatic Sprinklers would be provided in all fire prone areas including Escalators. Inert Gas Flooding to extinguish the fire would be provided.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 4. These equipments are being provided in easily accessible locations all over the Station Box.FINAL DESIGN . Refuge/Garbage Room etc. d) Should the fire not be controlled by first-aid fire fighting equipments.
fire detection and alarm system. where they are relevant.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: limit.FINAL DESIGN .3 Codes being followed: As already stated in para 4. 4. ‘Abort’ switch shall also be provided to abandon the ‘Gas Flooding’ in case of a false alarm. Extent of Fire Protection Systems: In addition to an elaborate Fire Detection & Alarm System (fully described in Chapter 5 of this Report) for early detection and warning the underground stations of Delhi Metro-Phase-II are being provided with the following fire fighting systems. The codes being followed for individual fire protection systems are also shown in para 4. Other NFPA codes would be followed as may be relevant. compartmentation.3. These include Delhi Fire Service. g) While the various passive fire protection & life safety measures like use of non-combustible materials in construction. smoke ventilation and emergency evacuation of people etc. There would be pre-warning signal for the Occupants to evacuate before gas flooding takes place. smoke/fire check doors etc. 4 .40m. this Chapter of the Report mainly focuses on active fire fighting measures as enumerated in para 4.5. Further the standards or regulations/rules of all local authorities would be followed.2 Category of Hazard: For an underground station with construction of non-combustible materials and stack height in store rooms not exceeding 2.3 the primary code followed in the design of fire protection systems is NFPA-130.2 above.5. Chief Electrical Inspector for Delhi MRTS National Building Code of India. are dealt with elsewhere. i) ii) iii) iv) Hydrants & Hose Reels System Automatic Sprinklers / Spray Nozzles System Inert Gas Flooding System Portable Fire Extinguishers 4. category of fire hazard as (Ordinary or Medium Group-1) is perceived.
Both the pumps (working as well as standby) shall be electrical as two independent electric supplies are available. 3) Sprinkler Pumps (1 Working + 1 Standby) The rate of flow of these pumps is established as per NFPA and ODC of DMRC.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 4.9kg/sq. Likewise the head of these pumps would be established to provide a residual pressure of 6. 2) Hydrants Pumps (1 Working + 1 Standby) The rate of flow of these pumps is established as per NFPA-14. 5 .cm at the farthest and highest sprinkler and 2. domestic water capacity is added to these two halves such that water at higher level is utilized for domestic water consumption leaving sufficient volume of water reserved for fire fighting.cm at the farthest spray nozzle. The head of these pumps is established to provide a minimum pressure of 1. The tank shall be in 2 halves for ease of periodic cleaning.5.FINAL DESIGN .4 Details of individual systems: a) The Fire Detection & Alarm System is described fully in chapter 5 b) Water Based Fire Fighting Systems: 1) Fire Water Tanks (common for hydrants and sprinklers system):The required quantity of Fire Water is established as per NFPA-13 and NFPA-14.3 kg/sq. Calculations for arriving at the required head would be made as per NFPA-14.5kg/sq.cm at the farthest and highest hydrant valve. To prevent stagnation of water. The combined Fire & Domestic Water Tanks shall be equipped (in addition to the provision for automatic level control for water pumps) to detect low level or high level and to feed signal for alarm at the pumps panel and also to the Scada/BMS.
/Sqcm) p-1. Sprinkler S y s t e m q q-0.0 q-1. The air vessels would not only reduce the frequency of start/stop of jockey pumps but. All pressure settings are adjustable and can be set to suit the specific requirements. The flow rate of each of these jockey pumps would be 189 LPM. The head of the jockey pump would correspond to the head of main pumps for that system. Hydrants S y s t e m Operating Pressure (Kg. by providing air cushion./Sq. would also reduce the intensity of water hammering.0 Standby Pump Starts (Kg.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 4) Jockey Pumps: There will be independent Jockey Pumps for the hydrants system and for the sprinklers system. Also the shut off head should not be more than 120% of the rated head.5 q’ q-1. assuming the working pressure of Hydrants System as ’p’ Kg/Sq.) p-0.) p Jockey Pump Starts (Kg/Sqcm.cum and that of the Sprinklers system as ‘q’ Kg/Sq. The pressure settings which are adjustable would be as under. 7) Pressure Switches:Pressure Switches shall be mounted on the air vessels for the automatic operation of the fire pumps./Sqcm) p-1.5 Main or Standby Pump Stops Manual Each individual pump shall have its own pressure switch.5 Manual NFPA-20 6 . 6) Air Vessels:One air vessel shall be provided in each system near the corresponding jockey pump.5 Jockey Pump Stops (Kg/Sqcm) p Main Pump Starts (Kg.cm. 5) Main Fire Pumps Characteristics:The hydrants pumps as well as the sprinkler pumps provided are such that they should be able to deliver 150% of the rated flow at head not less than the 65% of the rated head.FINAL DESIGN .cm.
10) Fire Sprinklers System:a) The sprinklers system is designed as per NFPA-13. Hydrants are also provided at platform level and concourse level at 60m intervals. 4.5 Fire Hydrants/First Aid Hose Reel System a) Hydrants shall located near each escape staircases. c) Sprinkler protection will be provided in the Refuge Store. b) The pipe sizing is as per pipe schedule method in accordance with NFPA-13. First Aid Room. Stores (Stationery). d) Open type sprinklers (spray nozzles) shall also be provided under the platform edge for under carriage protection e) Each distinct sprinkler area shall have flow switch and flow switch test assembly. diesel engine driven standby fire pump is not being provided. as well as from the local D.5.FINAL DESIGN .6 above will be ordinary hazard group-I. Stores (Maintenance).E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 8) No requirements of Diesel Engine Driven Standby Pumps:In view of the fact that two independent power supplies (from the utility supply co. The list of Rooms which are protected with Sprinklers is given in Annexure 4-1. i) 4-Way inlet connection for the main fire water storage tanks Draw out connection for the main water storage tanks. Escalators in undercroft and at exits. The hazard classification as already stated in para 4. ii) The FBC would to be located at place allowing easy access to Fire Tenders. Cleaners Rooms.G. The flow switches indication shall have interface with the SCADA/BMS. 7 . sets and also the fact that the fire pumps would be connected to emergency supply circuit. 9) Fire Brigade Connections The following fire brigade connections are being provided to compliment/supplement the arrangements of Delhi Fire Service.
e) Each system would consist of an inert gas cylinder bank. Argon and CO2.6 Fire Protection in Tunnels a) The underground tunnels shall be protected by Double Headed Hydrants. Each hydrant valve will be provided with a flow switch for giving indication on the fire alarm panel.7 Inert Gas Flooding System: a) The inert gas flooding system is being provided to protect the Auxiliary Sub-Stations.5m (100 ft. except the running tracks are covered. the size of this bank would be determined by the volume of the Room it protects. The Hose Reels would be fed directly from the Hydrants Mains. 4. 4. Upto the midpoint between 2 stations on both sides would be covered by the Fire Hydrants System of that station. These are all naturally occurring gases and have zero Ozone Depleting Effect. These are being be located in such a way that all parts of the station.) long. This distance would be adjusted to locate these Hydrants close to any cross passages as far as possible. a mixture of various combinations of Nitrogen. b) The fire mains for the tunnels would be 150 NB (6”) in dia and would have isolating valve. b) First Aid Hose Reels would be 30. These Hydrants would be provided at every 50 meters in each tunnel. f) The activation of any of detector in these rooms would give audio/visual alarm in the local control panel (in the gas bank room) 8 .5. This valve would be lockable and addressable. (Hydrants shall also be provided in the tunnels – see para 4.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: These will be located in cabinets containing two hoses each 15m long and branch pipes for use by the Delhi Fire Service or trained staff on the DMRC. The Inert Gas containers would be stored in a room adjacent to or near the Room to be protected.FINAL DESIGN .5.5 below). c) The gas used would be Inert Gas Clean Extinguishing Agent (as defined in NFPA-2001). The gas flooding operation would be automatic triggered by a signal from smoke detectors. d) The composition of this inert gas mixture and the design of the gas flooding system would comply with the requirements of NFPA-2001.5. b) There would be 2 independent systems serving the rooms on the North side and the South side of the stations respectively.
All the extinguishers would be ISI branded or UL/FM listed. (The SCADA/BMS systems would be supplied and installed by others and would be described elsewhere in the Report). pressured by CO2 Gas Cartridge. 5 kg capacity.FINAL DESIGN .9 Interfacing of Automatic Systems with the Scada/BMS All automation in the Fire Protection System shall have necessary interface with SCADA/BMS systems.5.5% i. with 4.8 Portable Fire Extinguishers All the areas of the Station would also be protected with portable Fire Extinguishers in accordance with the requirements of NFPA-10. well below the combustion sustaining limit. return and relief dampers. ii) Water. iii) ABC Powder Type. 4. should the need be there.e. i) 4. so that the supply. 9 . 9 litres capacity. g) Warning signs and alarms complying with NFPA-2001 shall also be provided at the entrance and inside each of these protected rooms.5. (if any) are closed prior to the release of the extinguishing gas.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: and in the station Fire Alarm Panel. The following types of Portable Fire Extinguishers would be provided :CO2 Gas Type (with non metallic horn) for Electrical Switchrooms and near Distribution Panel. The type of extinguisher would be suitable for the use and the occupancy of the room/area. There would be an ‘Abort’ switch also to bye-pass the automatic operation in case of a false alarm. A manual releasing device will also be provided at the entrance of each of these protected rooms with an auto/manual selection panel for easy manual actuation of the gas flooding. h) The systems would be designed to provide a design concentration of the Clean Extinguishing Agent so as to reduce the Oxygen concentration to below 12.5kg of Gas. i) The Inert Gas Flooding System will be interlocked with the ECS serving each of these protected rooms.
(say) 200.6.e.e.000lit. para 9.500 U.e. hence as per para 5-9 1. the water supply duration of atleast 60 minutes is to be provided for the sprinkler/water spray system i. As (C) Is less than (B). Gallons = 1.6. we adopt the value (A) +(B) As per chapter 9 of NFPA 14. 200cu.000lit. the required flow rate for both the system 750usgpm = 2839lpm (A) 2839 LPM (B) = (A)+(C)= 1250 usgpm = 4731.S.2 of NFPA-14 the flow rate of both the system is to be arrived at by adding to the flow for Hydrants (A) and the flow rate of both the system is to be arrived at by adding to the flow for Hydrants (A) and the flow rate for sprinklers (B) or for ordinary hazard occupancy 500 usgpm (C).S.76. 500 usgpm for the hydraulically most remote standpipe and 250usgpm for the second standpipe (500+250= 750usgmp) Rate of Fire water supply required for sprinkler system As the U/G Stations are equipped with partial automatic sprinkler protection.0 Design Calculations:Design Calculations for sizing of various Equipments/Sub-Systems are given below:- 4.002 lit.2. Gallons (D) Total minimum water supply required for Fire (D) +(E) Fighting Systems = 46. Gallons (E) Further.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 4. whichever is less. 400x60= 24000 U. i.3lmp (D) As (A)+(B) is more than (D). Size of Fire Water Tank selected 200.) 10 .3. the water supply for a class III system (hydrants) should be sufficient to provide demand for atleast 30 minutes i.m (The tank would be in 2 halves for ease of periodic cleaning.S.FINAL DESIGN . 750 x 30 = 22500 U.1 Calculations for determining the size of Fire Water Tank: (Common for both Hydrants and Sprinklers System) Rate of Fire water supply required for Hydrants/stand pipes (as per NFPA-14.
3 Fire Hydrant Pumps Capacity Criteria -1 As per NFPA-14 the minimum flow rate for the hydraulically most remote stand pipe shall be 500 gpm(1893 l/min).2 Calculations for Fire Fighting Pumps selection Fire Water Pumps would consist of following pumps at each station. As per layout drawings two stand pipes have been considered. Thus the capacity of fire hydrant pump = 1893 + 946 = 2839 l/min Criteria-2 As per ODC Fire Pumps are required to deliver water at sufficient pressure to ensure a hydrant pressure as per NFPA 14 at the furthest hydrant with a flow of 2.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 4. Comparing the above two criteria on the capacity of the Hydrant Pump is established at 2839 l/min 4.6. 1 2 3 Fire Hydrant Pumps (1 working + 1 standby) Fire Sprinkler Pumps (1 working + 1 standby) Jockey pumps for the Fire Hydrant and for the Sprinkler system 4. Therefore as per above clause 1893 l/min shall be taken for the most remote stand pipe and 946 l/min for the additional stand pipe.6.FINAL DESIGN .6.4 Fire Sprinkler Pumps capacity 11 .400 l/min. The minimum flow rate for the second stand pipe shall be 250 gpm(946 l/min) per stand pipe.
–13.2 of NEPA.6. 4. However. (2007) The biggest consumption of sprinklers fire water is under the platform edge for the protection of rolling stock.10 USGPM per Sq.1usgpm = 1832.ft Commodity classification as already established in the basis of design =ordinary hazard-1 From the density/area curves figure for the said commodity and assumed maximum area of operations (AMAO) of 4000 sq. Sprinklers Pumps of 2839lpm are selected.1=400usgpm =1514lpm.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: The capacity of fire sprinkler pump shall be determined from the area density cuves of figure 5. No. maximum discharge =400x0.5 M for a platform length of 180 M.e.ft i.) Thus the capacity of the fire sprinkler pump selected is at 2839 l/min. to maintain symmetry with the Hydrants Pumps.5 Jockey pump for Hydrant and Sprinkler system Selection of capacity of jockey pump is based upon the required capacity of Hydrant and Sprinkler pumps 12 .3 in accordance with the method of 5-2.5 M x 180M = 450 Sq.2. Area covered by Spray Nozzles = 2. of Medium Velocity Spray Nozzle = 72 (at intervals of 2.7lpm.ft.FINAL DESIGN . area of operation is to be assumed at 4842 sq. The density would be 0. capacity of Sprinklers Pump required = 4842x0. As all the 72 nozzles would operate simultaneously through a Motorised Valve the max. Same calculations would apply for all 9 underground stations of the CS-QM Corridor. (Thus many spare parts would be inter-changeable.ft and so min. So total required capacity = 1514lpm min. as per NFPA-13 (2007).m = 4842sq.).3.
FINAL DESIGN .5% = 184. capacity of the jockey pump for hydrant & sprinkler system is established at 189 l/min 13 . We settle at an average figure of 6. 3%/max. 10% of the installed capacity of Main Pumps.5 l/min We have chosen pump capacity of 189 l/min which is the nearest pump capacity as per table 2-20 of NFPA 20 Thus. for hydrant system = 2839 x 6.95 l/min for sprinkler system = 2839 x 6.5% = 184.5%.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: Hydrant pump capacity = 2839 l/min Sprinkler pump capacity = 2839 l/min The capacity of Jockey Pumps should be able to take care of minor leakages of the systems or min.
FINAL DESIGN .7 For fire hydrant pumps delivery pipe line Criteria-1 As per table 2-20 of NFPA-20 The minimum size of discharge pipe for 2839 1/mm flow is 150 mm.154)2 = 2. 4. 14 .0 m/sec.5 m) .53 m/Sec Which is acceptable (as per TAC Guidelines being between 2.6. calculated under different criterion and the height size arrived at is selected.D. Criteria-4 Velocity for of 2839 1/min (for a 150 NB (154.7 of NFPA-14 (2007) for flow of 2839 lpm the minimum pipe size shall be 150 mm if the distance of piping from the farthest outlet is more than 100 ft.6 Selection of Fire Pumps delivery pipe line sizes The delivery pipe line internal dia.) Pipe.5 to 3. = 2839x4 1000x60xπ x(0.4 mm I.6.) Hence pipe diameter for Hydrant pump delivery lines of 150 NB is selected. Criteria-2 As per ODC pipe size for fire main shall be 150 mm = 150 NB Criteria-3 As per Table 5. (30.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 4.
D.5 mm hose connection As per the layout drawings the hydraulically most remote hose connection is of double headed landing valve located in tunnel.2 and Table 6.10 m per 100 m run. Pipe diameter as already established = 150 mm NB From Hazen William's chart it can be found that 150 NB dia pipe (I.892 lpm.9 bars at the outlet of the hydraulically most remote 63.FINAL DESIGN .5.9 Calculations for Pumps Head selection a) Fire Hydrant Pumps As per clause 5.7 of NFPA 14 stand pipe system shall be designed to provide the required water flow rate at a minimum residual pressure of 6. As per this reference for more than 100 sprinklers required pipe diameter = 125 NB.7 Hence selected pipe diameter for Hydrant Pump delivery/main line is 150 NB 4.3. Criteria-3 Same as in the case of criteria – 4 of 184.108.40.206 For fire sprinkler Pumps delivery pipe line The diameter is selected on the following basis Criteria-1 Pipe schedule procedure as suggested in NFPA-13 (2007) clause 6. 15 . 220.127.116.11. Maximum flow of 2 Hydrants Valves operated simultaneously =2x250usgpm= 1.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 4.2a. Criteria-2 As per table 2-20 of NFPA 20 the minimum size of discharge pipe for 2839 1/min flow is 150 NB.4 mm) would convey 1892 l/min flow with a head loss of 2.
3 of NFPA 14 Fittings and Valves Elbow 90 degree 26 nos 4.14m 10’ = 3.14 3. 9.26 110.08 9.04m 32’ = 9.75 Equivalent length of fittings and Valves = Total developed straight length between pump room and double headed landing valve = 405 m (upto north end of station) + 650 m ( towards Green Park inside the tunnel) = 1055 m 16 .35 Quantity 24 Nos.75m Total equivalent length of pipeline and the frictional head loss are shown below: Station: Hauz Khas Eq.13m 30’ = 9. 2 Nos.04 18. The equivalent lengths of various pipe fittings are drawn from NFPA-13.3.76 Tee Butterfly valve Check valve 2 Nos.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: Total developed straight length between pump room and double headed landing valve and the equivalent pipe length of valves and fittings as per table 5-10. pipe length of valves & fittings of 150 mm dia as per table 8.24 1 9.26m 7’ = 2.1.FINAL DESIGN .1 of NFPA 14 are shown in the adjoining table. as under:- Fittings and valves Elbow 90 0 26 nos 4.26 Total Length 102. E.75 136.26 110.28 6.76 Elbow 45 0 Tee Butterfly valve Check valve Equivalent length 14’ = 4.length 4.
35 x 2.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: Total equivalent length of pipe line = 1055 + 136.35 m Frictional head loss = 1191.10 ÷ 100 = 25.35 = 1191.01 .01 m Gravity Head gain = 19. Thus the selected head for fire hydrant pump is established as 75m.76 m.19.25 m Net head required = 69 + 25.25 = 74.FINAL DESIGN . 17 .
53 m 18 .E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: b) SPRINKLER PUMPS The discharge pressure of pump is selected as 56m. Fittings and Valves Elbow 90 degree 26 nos 4.43/26) 2 = = 2.length 4.04 18.FINAL DESIGN . Nozzles of minimum orifice dia (6.0 m of water column.53 Quantity 17 Nos.14 3.26 110. 2 Nos.43lpm 72 For uniform distribution of flow from theses Medium Velocity Spray Nozzle.0 mm) having K factor of 26 are selected.3 bar 23. It has already been established that rated flow of the Sprinklers Pumps which also feed the Spray Nozzles (through a motorized valve) = 2839 lpm.42 1 9.26 Total Length 72.76 Tee Butterfly valve Check valve 2 Nos. To utilize full capacity of Sprinklers Pump the target Discharge from the farthest spray nozzle = 2839 = 39.53 = 226.28 6. E. as under The hydraulically most remote Sprinkler is the farthest Spray Nozzle under the Platform edge.75 106. Station : Hauz Khas Equivalent pipe length of valves and fittings of 150 mm dia. Thus pressure required at the base of the farthest spray nozzle (Q/K)2 = ( 39. 9.75 Equivalent length of fittings and Valves = Total developed straight length between pump room and Motorized Butterfly valve = 120 m Total equivalent length of pipe line = 120 + 106.08 9.
4mm) while conveying a flow of 2839 lpm is 3. Head of 56m.45 = 20. however.57 m per 100m. is to be preferred. Head required at the farthest sprinkler = 23 m Gravity Head gain = 18. 154.10 ) Min.08 + 11 – 18.6.45 m Minimum head to be developed by Sprinkler pump = 23 + 8. Orifice Plate of suitable bore are to be provided at various levels/ branches to reduce the pressure to desired levels and also for better pressure balancing. which is also a popular size as per TAC.53 x 3.D. Selected Pump Head for Sprinklers Pumps = 56 m 19 . To maintain uniformity and interchangeability.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: From Hazon Williams chart it can be found that frictional head loss in 150NB (I.FINAL DESIGN .63 m. So Frictional head loss in pipe line ( upto Motorized Valve) = 226.57 ÷ 100 = 8.08 m Friction Head loss from Motorized valve to the farthest sprinkler = 11 m (See Para 4.
14 10.08 3.-1 in Annexure -4-2) 1 Upto 12 Upto 11 Upto 10 Upto 9 Upto 8 Upto 7 Upto 6 Upto 5 Upto 4 Upto 3 Upto 2 Upto 1 from Orifice Plate (after Motorized Valve) 2 10.52 2.38 0.89 8.68 10.41*12= 124.10 Calculation for Head Loss in Nozzle Spray pipe under platform.25 0.) Frictional Head Loss for specified length of pipe ( in MWC) 6 0.E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 4.24 0. Points (See fig.41*18= 187.00 Max.20 7. Design Head just after Orifice Plate = 11 + 23 = 34 MWC 20 .47 5.90 10.41*48= 499.52 0.6.41*54= 562.46 10. losses in pipe fittings and others 10.27 3.58 1. Flow (in USGPM) Dia. of Frictional pipe in Head Loss mm in MWC per 100 m of pipe 3 80 80 80 100 100 100 150 150 150 150 150 150 1.81 11 mwc Total (Say) Minimum Head required in MWC at the farthest Spray nozzle (point -13) = 23 Therefore.41*24= 249.20 0.22 10.57 4 Total length of pipe for specified flow 5 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 24 (approx.10 2.41*60= 624.41*66= 687.31 0.31 1.85 + 4.66 2.41*36= 374.41*30= 312.60 10.78 1.4 1.0 m (appro.43 0.30 10.41*42= 437.16 0.92 10.90 3.38 10.06 10.76 10.41*72= 750.FINAL DESIGN .11 0.41*6= 62.
4.1 Summary of Fire Protection Systems provided MultiSensor Smoke Detector s Inert Gas Floodin g Room /Area Reference No.FINAL DESIGN .E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: 4. Description Public Areas Hydrants/ Hose Reels Sprinkler s Portable Fire Extinguishers U01 U02 U03 Station Entrance & Passageways Concourse Public Area Station Control Room Platform Public Area Staff/ Operation Rooms Station Manager Room Ticket Office (TOM) Ticket Office (TOM) Cash & Ticket Supervision Cash & Ticket Supervision Customer Care (EFO) First Aid Security/Police Room Store (Stationary etc) Store (Stationary etc) Store(Maintenance Equipment) Cleaners Room Refuse Room Staff Locker Room Staff Locker Room Staff Mess Room Staff Mess Room DB Room DB Room ECS Plant Room TVF Room TVF Room Signalling Equipment Room Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes U04 U05N U05S U06N U06S U07 U08 U09 U10N U10S U11 U12 U13 U14N U14S U16N U16S U18N U18S U19 U20N U20S U22 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 21 Yes * Yes Yes Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes .7 Annexure .
22 .E&M SERVICES BADD4(A) CONTRACT: U23 U24 U25N U25S U26N U26S U27 U28 U29 U31N U31S U32N U32S U43 U45 U48 U50 U51 Telecom Equipment Room S & T Room Auxillary Sub Station Room Auxillary Sub Station Room Station UPS/ Battery Room Station UPS/ Battery Room Inert Gas Room CDMA Room GSM Room Sewage Ejector Room Sewage Ejector Room Sump Pump Room Sump Pump Room Fire Water Pump Room Diesel Generator Room Chiller & VAC Room TR & HT Panel Room Emergency Equipment Room Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes * Yes Yes Yes Yes * Yes Yes * Covered by common Fire Extinguishers located outside a group of rooms.FINAL DESIGN .