FROM THE LIBRARY OF

REV. LOUIS FITZGERALD BENSON. D. D.
BEQUEATHED BY HIM TO
THE LIBRARY OF
PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

SCO

Secti<

Cfec Jfuder Mortbtes'

f thar^.

THE

COMPLETE POEMS OF ROBERT SOUTHWELL,

ST.

PETER'S COMPLAINT.

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. MYRT.E, OR MTRTLE-WREATHS.
MELOFOLIA, OR APPLES IN LEAVES.

M.«ONLE.

POEMATA LATINA.

:

LONDON ROBSON AND SONS, PRINTERS, PANCRAS ROAD, N.W.

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1872. GEORGE'S. PRINTED FOR PRIVATE CIRCULATION.J. V NOV 20 m 8E1A' ^Cmi / mn iuKer Mortbics' f ibranr. ALEXANDER B. BY THE / REV. THE COMPLETE POEMS ROBERT SOUTHWELL S. ST. WITH MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION AND NOTES. AT STONYHURST COLLEGE. . GROSART. LANCASHIRE. AND ORIGINAL ILLUSTRATIONS AND FACSIMILES QUARTO FORM. AND ENLARGED WITH HITHERTO UNPRINTED AND INEDITED POEMS FROM MSS.-^NAV of PR/iV. FOR THE FIRST TIME FULLY COLLECTED AND COLLATED WITH THE ORIGINAL AND EARLY EDITIONS AND MSS. 100 copies only. LANCASHIRE. IN THE EDITED. BLACKBURN.

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AND TO WHOM NOT ADMIRATION ONLY BUT LOVE DEDICATE ' IS FELT BY ALL OF US.^WEET SINGER . OWE MUCH. M. I THIS EDITION OF A . GROSART. .' TO WHICH.A. IN COMMON WITH MULTITUDES. JA]\[ES MARTINEAU.THE REV.' REMAINING VERY GRATEFULLY ALEXANDER B. AS AUTHOR OF ' ENDEAVOURS AFTER THE CHRISTIAN I LIFE.

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. The Life The Writings XXXV Ixvi I. and never has been. .. Scorne not the Leaste A Childe my Choyse Content and Ritche ... After the Latin and . in order to show the sequence of the Poems in the Author's Stonyhurst MS. — verse on the Lady of the Howard family. &c.. in these Contents. I place on the left figures 1 2. II.. PAGE Dedication Preface . Mary Magdalen's Blushe Mary Magdalen's Complaint Tymes goe by turnes Looke • 59 Home Fortune's Falsehoode 52.62 64 65 66 68 70 72 . 1-55 II. Next three pages blank then the Triumphs ouer Death (pp. volume. 43...' &o.. and the poems in succession as numbered. There is no title-page to it. to the Reader. .. 15.. . St.. G.. 44. On the seventh page (three leaves blank) begins the Letter to his Father (pp. 33) the last page and half containing the Latin and English poems as printed by us (pp. Memorial-Introduction.. = 72 or 73 pages. 33. 51. there are other three pages blank. ok Myrtle-Wreaths. 57-112..... (2 pp. • 27.. commencing ' Poets. 3. ..\int.. I...) Then. 4J>... .'-3). 29). at Christ's Deatli . Myut-k. 18-.. Pkter's Compl.. CONTENTS. with five blank leaves. Tlie Poems Enghsh occupy 36 leaves and part of a page The Prose occupies 31^ pp. then comes the Preface. by abusing.

18. TAGE Delaye . but Losse . . I 40.... Ladj-e's Spousalls M. The Burning Babe 109 New Heaven. Dyer's 29. . 134 13s Retome out Christe's Childhoode Christ's 136 137 138 Bloody Sweate Christe's Sleeping Frendes The Virgin Marv to Christ ou tiie Crosse 141 . Gardyne Greife Fortmie's Reach 94 to a 30. S inner's Complainte 96 103 David's Peccavi Synne's heavy Loade . Losse in CONTENTS. VUl 45. 17. . no 1 Note .EONi. Egipt of Egipt . 75 78 81 46. New Pompe New Warre III. Josephe's Amazement 122 The Visitation 126 128 The Nativity of Chris'e The Circumcision The Epiphanye The Presentation The Flight Christe's into 130 . Love's 50. Lewd Love From Losse 90 92 48. in Heaven is . 119 Ladle's Salutation 120 . 13- if 114 116 117 The Conception of our Ladie Our Our Our Ladle's Nativitye . 16. 19.. dye alive 84 85 86 88 What Joy At Home to live 41. Love's Servile Lott 37. Life's Death. loS 107 New Prince. 47. Love's Life 42. Phancy turned .E. Life is 39.

. 182 To the Christian Reader of ' Short Rvles of Good Life' 184 V. . . Dum . OR Apples in Leaves. et 199 206 212 Marye Catherinam. 149 150 153 Remorse Man Vpon 31. the Image of Death A Vale of Teares . . IX PAGE 23. Virginem Ad Sanctam Marty rem 1580. 21 Maii 213 In Renovationem Votorum.V. 155 158 162 16s 167 The Prodigall Chyld's Soule Wracke Man's Civill Warre Seeke Flowers of Heaven 38. . 142 143 • IS Christy Daye 26.. . morior.. 3G.. 13. Saint Peter's Afflicted 28. Decease. Saint Peter's 144 Mynde . to the Wound in Christ's Side .CONTENTS. orior . 169. 32. 34. Melo FOLIA. I 24. 191 Prodigi Porcos pascentis ad Patrem Epistola of a Series of Elegies Fragment Jesus. 171 35. Release. dye without Desert • 173 177 Of the Blessed Sacrament of the Aulter for a Laments Noble Lady .. 14.. Poema Filii de Assumptione B.M. The Death of our Ladie The Assumption of our Lady Saint Thomas of Aquines Ilymne read on Corp . IV. . 189-215.if . Festis Natalis Domini In Festum Pentecostes. 214 214 216 Anno Dommi Additional Notes and Illustrations . POEMATA LaTINA.

in the illustrated Quarto only. Fac-simUe of Title-page of 1596 edition (See Preface.) Fac-similes from Stonyhurst Mss . P- 2 III. after Leonardo da Vinci (See Preface.^ .X CONTENTS. pages xxviii.-iii. . Illustrations I. and xxxii.) Fac'mff title-iMgu II. Jesus Christ. . ^4 (See Preface.^. . page xiv. . pages xxxii.

PREFACE. in Stonyhurst College all of which were cordially and unreservedly placed at my service by the Rector. the Poet's friend.J.. with — I had long wished worthily specific to reproduce this 'sweet Singer. As distinguished from some of his Prose Writings. I am at last enabled to do — each into possession of the original and early editions rarer and costlier than another — — — good hope' of grateful acceptance by competent students and lovers of our poetic Literature.' and having fortunately come and a still more fortunate ^JimV of his own mss. mansuetus etiam et amabilis . 1 the Poems of Southwell were wholly ' Father John Gerard. S. totus iirudens et pius. I would now give account of previous editions. ' not without a vance of them. is our authority. and thereafter show what we have tried to accomplish in adso. in domo sua Londini prelum hahuit ad imprimendos : ' . in the sequel — of both of which more.... qui in modo juvaudi et lucraudi animos excelluit. which were furtively printed in his own house in London (1593-4). ness of Vexed by the travesties on editing and mere carelessWalter earlier (1817) and Turnbull later (1856) in their so-called editions of the Poems of Fa- ther Southwell proofs. Southwellus. His words are P. the very Reverend Father Furbrick.

Oliver iu the lihros suos. quoted by the very Reverend Dr. Peter's Com- plaint and related pieces (1595 and in after-editions). from the Epistles to his 'louing cosen' and to the Reader prefixed to St. it is clear that he Our veals collation of the had himself intended their publication. Printer's ornament. rethat originally and continuously they have suffered : from the ^Yant of the Author's own supervision noying misreadings bright as for over and over. Catholic Magazine for Septemher 1832. although. Certainly his small and difficult hand- writing offers an excuse for the original Editors. Autobiogi-aphy of Father Gerard. 1595- quos (luidem edidit egi-egios. from the The following is the title-page of the first edition Capell copy preserved in Trinity College. London Imprinted by lohn Wolfe. there are most an- and misprints. Cambridge : Saint Peters Complaint.rosTHUMous. as our Notes show. and the meaning reversed.' (ms. as in rough handling of a moth's wing. IVii/i other Poancs. Poems in the Stonyhurst mss.) . (1595). whereby epithets delicacies not dew are changed (so -to -say) into blotches of ink. and only missed but absolutely spoiled.

1595' same date. Love's Life At Home . Love's servile Lott Life Life's is but Losse I dye Alive . A Childe . . At London. and C^ (pp. with relative Epistle by the Publisher (John Busbie) not.' * was for a precious gift John Busbie gave in Ma3onia3 there can be no question that in these relatively minor . of which a beautiful copy Jesus College. Death. Content .' to K^ be From Fortune's Reach and it may noted that the two leaves undated [1596] edition. to live . 1595. —the last two coming in between Scorne not the Leaste and aChylde my Choyse. Peter's Complaint and other is in Poems. Scorne not the Leaste. are omitted in that place and inserted after Come in.. for G. . What Joy in . PREFACE. (p. my Choice. contained plaint and these shorter poems : . be it noted. named as. but in all probabiUty — really. Roberts for Gabriel Cawood]. C. Following this volume speedily was the Mjeoniaj' ' of the same year. Looke Home. 11-14) of the beginning Euill president' &c. and Ritche is . Love's Gardyne Greife From Fortune's Reach The Nativity of Christe Christe's Childhoode. Fortune's Falsehoode. Oxford. . Heaven Lewd Love Losse. Its title-page will be found at page 115. [ = James St. This thin is identical with another of the I. quarto. the Publisher of ' St. contained those additional ever since printed under the title Poems It :' of ' Mseonia^. the 1595 and 1596 editions correspond page for page as far as p. which ' E and E-.). XIU — ending The collation is witli ' 38 leaves in forms — signatures A . Printed by R.' This volume. 30 of 159 G edit. Losse in Delaye . 46. so as to form sigs. ' ' C and closing ' Darts of disdaine' &c. say they' &c. Peter's ComMary Magdalen's Blushe Mary Magdalen's Complaint at Christ's Death Tymes goe by Turns. With the exceptions above noted.

= Leake . Josephe's Amazement. (4to). these two volumes must have been read by those whose eyes were yet wet from weeping over their Author's tragic end. The next edition of the Poems is without date. after careful thought. as these it were common contem- is scarcely worth while recording the save that I invite critical readers to solve the in the title-page. as meaning of the monogram in shown but our fac-simile. to a Sinner's Complainte David's Peccavi Synne's heavy Loade.Xiv PREFACE. whereby appears somewhat humble and often. new Warre.' and early incidents of to other the Keformation.' These augmentations were not 'Mfewhich is not included in it even to the extent of oniee' — a single poem —but the following . at his poems we have Southwell and best. to 1596 (early). : A Phancy turned . specially that ' bluff King Hal. He has also called my attention to the head-pieces and tail-pieces ornamenting the volume. The Burning Babe New Heaven. The col. tenderest. Issued in 1595. Brinsley Nicholnotes on William Leake it the Publisher of this undated edition. . but I assign it. are (seemingly) introduced into them. But inasmuch porary books. the is ' ' noticed that this edition bears to be Newly augmented with other Poems. lation is 42 leaves : and throughout. new Pompe. It has the look of a combination of R. details. deepest. New Prince. as = RoiiEKT Southavell with L.changing Bookseller from about 1594-5 (at latest) onward for a decade (at least). this edition agrees in its contents with that of 1G15 My accomplished . S. Its title-page edition : given in fac-simile in our illustrated quarto It will be wording' of it at page 3. friend Deputy-Inspector-General son has favoured that he was a me with full Dr.

Esq. Li the centre of its woodcut title-page is an ^sculapian device.. The monogi-am would thus read : ' . is pre- vious to the edition of 159-5: but this • most improbable. and suggests it as the explanation. which at first I thought might indi- cate the Poet's age at death (32-3) scarcely yield this. it is I assign Leake's in a edition to 1596. As I pass this through the press.' . has kindly and he conjectures that its forwarded me this.' a bibliographic curiosity I give on the next page the title-page (which is within a border) of an early As Scottish edition. and because there are certain misprints in it that are partially corrected in the edition of 1597 as also in those of 1599 and 1G02. my excellent friend the I was thinking whether Iesws Rev. David Laing. as they are identical in their contents and of no special worth or aixthority. with the mottoes Nosce teipsum. S. be = II. LL. in the cu'cle of Archaeologists. date was probably 1597 or 1598. R. Notice the lengthening of the upright line of the E in the monogi-am on the left of the page this may be the I of lesus which otherwise can be formed without much stretch.PREFACE. From ^ its incompleteness Calthat is. Haigh of Erdington Catholic Church. because so marked contem- porary hand in my copy and in another reported to me.D. You will remember Southwell has prefixed these names to one of the F. Hannah favoured me with the use of his copy (formerly Park's) of 1599 edit. which editions I merely name. unless the final X. showed me that it could be done. S. . although as books they fetch extravagant prices in their few and far between' occurrence in Li' and Book-catalogues. Dr.^ as a cross. the numerals below. Jesus Marye. DECOTT supposed it to be the first' edition. well known Elegies. Sole thus writes me Marte could not be made out of the mouogi-am. Ne qvid brary-sales ' nimis' and ' Love and lyve.

It would seem that Professor John Johnston of St. Peter's Complaint. at close of Saint Peter's Complaint. incompleteness is no evidence. inasmuch as the St. a notable man. as shown in M'Crie's Life of Andrew Melville and Dr. bears the much later date 1G34. in Chalmers' copy I suspect was simply a date of 1595 note that it was a reprint of the 1595 edition. where it was priced 211. may find place here. Printer's ornament. Saint Peters Com- With other Poems.: — PREFACE. Irving's Lives of Scottish Writers' ' —had some oversight of this edition. with only Content and Ritche' of Edinburgh. the more so that it has never since been reprinted . while ' 161G and 1G20 editions of London are exceedingly imperThe exemplar now described is that of the AngloThe memorandum Poetica. Andrews fect. Moreover. A Sonnet bearing Johnston's initials is oddly inserted at It page 30. Edinbvrgh Printed by Robert Walde-graue Printer to the Kings Majestie cum Privilegio Regis.

. I run a restles race With wounding pangs my soule is sorelie pyn'd.. . 1600 (4to). The Epistles only are awanting.' 2 pp. Anno Dom. A to G : and the contents (except the addition of Johnston's sonnet) cor- respond with those of 1595. of which is: the collation Title-page. 2 pp. Printed by lohn Wreittoun. Sonnet I lurk. my sinnes. [. S. by TuRNBULL. 1-34. Edmbiirgh.. Sin's St. I suspect to be an imagination at least I have failed to trace a copy anywhere. That assigned to Robert Waldegrave. already : — These are full collections is all the quarto editions known. I : A Sinfull Soule to Christ. I.?z'c. Epistle. with Content and Ilitche named bears the imprint Edinbvrgh. : — ! PREFACE. Peter's W.' Reviue my soule . Others less are in duodecimo. pp. 1634' (4to. more or On the next page the title-page of the earliest smaller edition. who may this storme assuage ? O Lord of life. who life of death hast wix)ught. I faint. Another Scottish edition ' of Saint Peter's Complaint. our peace. That liue I may with Thee in lasting blesse. dispaire my siune infernall wage. I. pica O blesful light. St. : . I fall most wofull is my cace Who can me helpe. and follow the same order. Peter's = David's Peccavi and Rctnrne Home [ = Look . The collation is in all 28 leaves : sigs. and hage. hen/ Who by Thy death from death and hell vs brought. 19 leaves). Of heau'nlie loue the hrightsome beame. Peter's Complaint. our only i^leaye. Maister to the Reader (izs).. lowve iu dungeon deepe of mynd. my sores redresse.Dedicatory worthy good cosen. and are combined with of the Prose Writings. To my The Avthovr ' St. Peccaui Heavy Load]. In mourning moode. My gi-iefe it gi-owes. and death drawes on a pace What life can last except there come releace ? Feare threats.

^ S. Is Is Iw any among you sad 1 Let him pray. throughout of 1G20 is identical Reach] At Home in the last. pp. 'Finis' Magdalen's Fvnerall Teares again being placed on the Blvsh. ' Finis' being placed on the last. and deuout Poems. . St. By R. With sundry other selected. lac. Mary 43-157. Then Mary Magdalen's No loy to Liue. sing. of the Society of lesvs. m. and the Christian's on 158-170. = Scorn not the Least Homel. St Mary Magdalen's Traunce [ Fortunes Magdalen's Farewell [ = From Sainte Mary Heauen. pp. 5.dc. cheerfiill hart ? Let him of a [Doway] Permissu Superiorum. The edition with the preceding.xvi. Peters Complaint. last . Christ s Manna (of which more Childhood.XV 111 PREFACE. And Saint Mary Magdalens Fvnerall Teares. but Loss]. and 'Finis' once more immediately). S. = Lewd Love is LosseJ. pp. Saint Peter's Comfort [ is Saint Peter's Wish [ := Li e and Times go by turns]. Christ's Natiuity. 35-42 Then follows Sainte rprose].

' in his ' Bibliographical Account' serves (s. But Mr. None of the other changes of headings in 1616 and 1620 . our Notes and Illustrations in the place. establishes its genuineness. xxxvi. Of The ' ' Christian's Manna' Turnbull thus speaks it This [edition 1620] has annexed to "The Christian's Manna. since. nor give others an opportunity for doing so. our Readers will be amused to learn that The ment ' Christian's Manna' is only ' Of the blessed Sacraas pointed out in of the Aulter' under a new title. It was printed unknowingly by Turnbull (pp. W. Payne Collier. but which. Poet." this point I On am neither able myself to form an opinion. — (p. has this note under the 1616 edition: 'This edition and the next contain the very doubtful piece entitled The Christian's Manna. which was not included in the English and Scot- tation. Carew Hazlitt.422. After all this. in his Handbook of Early English Literature' (1867). Park considers it "has no legitimate claim to be considered as his production. seeing that the Of course this poem is not only in Add!.).' obTo the present copy is added a poem called " The Christian's Manna" not found elsewhere [a mistake. as with Turnbull]. Mr. Turnbull. which also contains the : ' Short Eules of Good Life. as it had previously appeared with the same heading in 161G edition]. Bib. 341 n. there is no sufficient reason for doubting to be by Southwell.). but in our Stonyhurst ms.' All have been misled by the Anglo-Poetica. though not reprinted by Mr. ' tish editions. J. 157-160). 10.n.' and then with high praise follows a quoStill later. in recording the 1620 edition of London. ms. Mr.: PREFACE.) Later. in spite of every effort. I have been unable to find a copy of the edition' (Ritson." a poem not in any other edition [a mistake.

beyond the knowne worth thereof: the onely reason of this present boldnesse. by his first wife Margaret. and published them cated in an entire edition. I held it a kinde of sacrilege to de- . Barrett the Publisher third earl dedicates this edition ' To the right Honorable Richard. — have before been observed. much lesse to emendicate any others suffrages. printed by I. fourth duke of Norfolk. second earl. that as the it to your honorable hands. on which fair lady's' ' death our Worthy wrote his 'Triumphs of Death.' who was the and second son of Robert Sackville. only daughter of Thomas Howard.' He was also the patron-friend of Donne and Bishop Henry King. the additions being Prose — of 1030. Triumphs over Death and Short Rules of Good Life. Earle of Dorset. — The entertainment which may this worke in the seueral parts therof hath formerly found with men of exact iudgment. There were enlarged editions That in 1G30 and 1634. so now my selfe hauing first collected these dismembred parcels into one body.XX PREFACE. The Epistle follows : ' My Lord. and Marie Magdalen's Fvnerall Teares. and my excuse for thus presuming to recommend being. Haviland. it is be a sufficient testimony. that it not (now) offered vnto your Lordship for that stands in need of protection (the vsuall apologie of euery triuiall Painphletter). Author thereof had long since dedisome peeces of the whole to sundrie particular branches of that noble stocke and familie whereof your Lordship is (and long may you be a strong and flourishing arme !). London. and sonld by Robert Allott' (the same engraved title-page with the London edition of 1G20). has all the Poems of 159(J and ' ' of Majonige' 1595.

uile Esquire. Triumphs over Death' WorshipfuU M. You glorying issues of that glorious dame. Whose life is made the subiect of Death's will To you. ^l Barret. his unworthy foster-sire haue dar'd To make you Patronizer of this ward. And : But now by Death's none-sparing crueltie. and he enis The to ' allusions in this Epistle-dedicatory are explained ' by the Verse-dedication of the the uile. Which under your protection I set forth Do not with coy disdainefull ouersight Deny to read this well meant orphan's since his father in his infancy Prouided patrons to protect his heire mite. I dedicate this first of Southwel's quill He for your unkle's comfort first it writ. Richard Sackuile. not quantitie respect. Edward SackCicily Sackuile and Anne Sackuile. the hopefull Master Robert Sack: issues of the honorable gentleman. qualitie.' This verse-dedication follows .: : : : PREFACE. Then as to use the fu-st is't may comprehend much is matter : counted vaine. gi-aue jn-aise-worthy to conceit the latter. nor gay nor great. : Base cottages may harbour things of worth Then though this volume be. succeeding hopes of mother's fame. The The gi-auest wits that most works ex^Dect.' « which by the sunshine of were reanimated. Most lines do not the best conceit containe Few So words. your fauour shall bee as it couraged to further endeuours. Is turnd an orphan to the open ayre I. well coucht. fraud your noble XXI name of the right which you may so justly challenge thereunto. who in the meane time at your Lordship's seruice. The smallest sparke will cast a burning heat. . I for your consolation print and send you it.

May yeeld commodious That fruit to every wight. TuRNBULL repeats this the wildest. It is neither suggested nor supsition is of and the initials (S. Taking Leake's . To let it passe. Epistle-dedicatory of the Poems of 1595. Sad Shepherd. ported. The suppowithout correction. Southwell him- W. in such case. and in the third and fourth stanzas his distinctly named. at Stonyhurst College. G. S. Pray that in you may all good gifts abound. the S. the Printer is the crauer S. So shall he thanke you and I by duty bound.' gave a few an edition and which were reprinted by pieces from Southwell. W. his 'loving cosen' had something to do with the edition. and added his initials reversed. But If if in ought I haue presumptuous beene. who of Ben Jonson's in 1783. that is.) to denote S[outh] W[en]. But of course 1596 edition gives Such were the original and early editions of the Poems of Southwell and I have now to show that : they all prove faulty in their text when collated with the Author's own mss. Which he in kindnesse writ I send to you The which till now clouded. Then daine in kindnesse to accept the worke.' supposed the above verse' ' Waldron. feeles his conscience prickt by Parens spight. the full signature of John Trussel in the Verses to him. the loving cosen' of the jecture. but contradicted by the sense and style of the death is verses.:: : PREFACE. W. your fauour : My pardon-craning pen implores any fault in print be past unseene. Headley in his Beauties. obscure did lurke But now opposed to each Reader's view. in an appendix to dedication to have been composed by self. F. If I is might hazard a more ' likely con- = W.

' ' Untowched of man.' in Our Ladye's Spousalls' (st. lines 1-2). floure He fledd.' 10. ' His worthes i. misreads ' they' their.' in the same 4. Thus had she virgins'. ' Yet higher poures ' [ . If hlood from Him.' ' 7. 'The payne that Jesus felt did 8. misreads the' for she.' in ' ' ' ' 'Our Ladie's for ' Salutation' (st. teares rann from her as fast. misreads 'workes' for 'worthes.powers] must (st. same poem. wives' and widowes' crowns. misreads 'wiles' for 'veyles. ' line 6). ' poem ii.' misreads ' set' for ' felt. line 5). (st. mis- most' for ' must.' 11.' ii. betroth'd to such a spouse.' in the iii. iii. 'Unwonted workes with wonted veyles to hide. misreads ' ' to in the 6. edition (1596.: PREFACE. same such. 'The jjrme use of this mystery.' and again in line 4.' in The Pro- . submit these dozen examples of errors others are pointed out in our Notes and Illustrations 1. misreads ' throne' for 9. yet mother of a sonne.' 3. line 6).' in Christe's Keturn out thorne. ii. line 5). misreads Vntaught' for ' ' Untowched. iii.' And ' from a thorne nowe to a of Egipt' (st. 'No heed of their deceivinge shiftes.' same (st. i.' in the line 5). ' line 5). i. all prayses farr exceed.' betrothd too much' for blessed man. think though i.' (st. line 2). I though undated) as a . (st.' in ' Lauda Syon (st.' ' in 'The Circumcision' (st. misreads his' for 'her.' in 'Scorne not the Leaste' reads 2.' In thee their joy and soveraigne they agnize. line G). XXIU basis. ' ' Mary tast. With weeping eyes His mother reu'd His smart.' 5. they repine. line 2). misreads ' prince' for ' prime. Sal.

as we shall see. i.' I have selected these out of (Uterally) scores similar. and.422 andHarleiannss. 8). while yielding by a happy chance better occasional readings and which are proved flagrantly confirmed by the Stonyhurst mss. 6921): but after a laborious collation.422 is unquestionably blundering. misreadings ' : St. save the very few corrected for him in his text of 1634. line 2. The Addl. misreads 'lesses'for 'jesses:' and in the same (st. I turned to the British Museum Manuscripts (Addl. vi.' misreads trust' for 'truce. line 2).' Full fraught with teares' for ' ' full fraught with the teares' being caught from the preceding 2. It will be evident that none of the printed texts from 1595 to 1856 is to be regarded as accurate or authori- tative. Hne 3).' ' The world with jesses of delight. 10.' . ' Or truce of halves the whole betraye. with the exception of the egregious one of throne' for 'thorne' (No. This being so. mss. xii. line 4). line 3).' in Man's Civill Warre' (st. because.Xxiv digall Chylde's Soule ' PREFACE.' ' misreads ' and' for ' are:' and again (st.' St. 3.Mss. ii. more. 10. line. these. Foes senses are to vertue's ' lore. ' ' deceivinge. and so the other early editions enumerated by us. line 4. St. xii. Wracke' (st. — — the superior : but taking St. v. superadds as many of his own. ' in penance wed' for for ' ' to penance. iii. grief. the first edition (1595) has the same ' blunders. 'now leasf now left. misreads receiuing' for 12. Peter's Complaint. line 2. Our Notes and Illustrations will supply abundantly Turnbull corrects none of these misreadings. here are its specimens of 1.

4. Ixviii. 5. subtleties' for ' Sly. line C). oaths: St.' unquanted hunger' for unac' quainted hunger. ' With hellish dunge to fertill heavenly desires' for ^heaven's desires. line 1. 14. St. ' St. line 4. line 3. line 4. 1.' in ' Fortune's Falsehood' line 2). ' shop of share' for shop of slmme: It were endless to enumerate the dropping and misplacing of words and the uncouth orthography. xliii.' in What Joy to line' (st. St. . synne's ' lost stealing face' for wilfull famine' * 9. line G. xlvi. line G).' 13. line 2. 3. and sq/i!-stealing. the skrikes' for soone' for ' * scribes: sun. xxxviii.' 10. ' You ' nectar'd amhrose' for all ' ambries St. xxiv. i. 12. line 5. ii. xcvii.' 6. in ' Lett thy farewell guide thy thought' for \foreioit: Losse in Delay' (st.' Marie Magdalen's Blush' (st.. a sea of showi^es' for 'a sea of sours. i. line 6). '>S'o?«e. ' My ' other were stones . : : ! PREFACE. line 3.dying mirth' for sooue-dying mirth. cxvii. ' ' 2. ' Soule's wilfull fame. d . ' ' 4. Ixii. St. St. St. I ad- duce only half-a-dozen examples 1 ' Flye fortune's (st. ' What ' trust to one' for ' in one. G. Ixxii. it. xviii. To iZame your babes' ' for Um- halm: 1 5. St.' 1. St. in 3. v. xiii. line 5. line 1.' St. xxii.' . ' ah ! that ever I saw it' for ' ah that I ever saw 11. St.' 7. for My 8. ' God ' God. ' Where pleasure's upshott is to denye accurst' for ' die accurst. The same result is obtained in collating the shorter poems.

' of our Ladie. Walter and cannot be required. inasmuch as while now and again .'). the cover. iii. Yet. both yield some admirable tions of the printed edition. must have been prepared is upon self- for the Author himself. is wholly in autograph. The principal ms. I Seeing that G921 (Harleian mss. to the Stonyhurst mss. though occurSouthwell's ring in the body of the volume. of like and even faultier character. Prodigall Chylde's Soule Racke. conceivable sort. of the Poems is a handsome volume. for ' Sunne. i- thy worth. as our Notes correc- and llhistrations show. Oliver (as before) have been in the Catholic Church of Bury St. in addiswarm with mistakes of every tion to a punctuation that is chaos.XXVI . ' PREFACE. Jesuits set much store. ' For sith ' no price can thy worth amount' for Presentation' (st. The in one hand. The badge of the Society of Jesus This ms. It Manuscript that stated by Dr.) is do not deem it ne- Both cessary to record the result of our collation of it. with the exception of one poem. Similar errors might be exhibited to almost any It was this ms. with gilt edges. one plainly upon which the It is daintily bound in vellum. ment was inclined is to had formerly been in From its contents and arrangethink it must have been the same used. extent. and which has long been missing there but the to presence of St. hyde thy light' to (' Death 6. which.' line 5). in The line 5). Such hyde tlie light' st. It is pleasant to turn from the printed texts and these MSS. Edto munds. and written very beautifully throughout viz. Peter's Complaint in full in it seems : make this doubtful. but it TuRNBULL consulted and the Heber I collection.

' Museum So mss. Turning to the Visitation' early editions and British (st. the Stony- hurst MS.'' [=fetters]. er- roneous readings. in lieu of glebe.' stood in the ori- ginal text of the Stonyhurst ms. ii. Seeke Flowers of Heaven' ' v. But as these.' giving meaning to what was nonsense. fac-similes (in the illus- trated quarto) also show both the ms. may be well to give proof of the value and autho- ms. there are re- peated corrections in his ful own autograph. 5). and from another autograph ms.' . XXvii correcting mistakes are left inadvertently. it we read in the Her youth to age. 3-4) reads in Turnbull. separate mss. in Southwell's own autograph. Again. Turn(st.. doth yield. and a correction. line 4). but Southwell has Turnbull per- made it ' Her youth to age. reads My garments gyve-^ give. bull has lines * My garments in ' Once more. Most glittering gold yield. I reserve farther them for our Memorial-Introduction. are in Prose. in ' David's Peccavi' ' (st.' These fragrant flowers do ' also the Stonyhurst ms. originally.PREFACE. Our waning space forbids but in Notes and Illustrations other examples will be found in plenty. I shall select instances rity of the Stonyhurst : enlargement that will at the same time serve ' to show Turnbull's i. there are various and signature. Our revealing care- reading and interest. petuates the nonsense. 1. but corrected So by the Author as the sense requires. her lielih to sicke she lends. the Poet's handwriting Besides this Volume. which it is my privilege to print for the first time. notably the Latina Poemata. with the exception of the notice of It remarkable Latin poems. herselfe to sicke she lends.

vi. Turnbull ' Whose hope is ' salve . In the sunne of happiness :' the Stonyhurst ms.^ ginally in the Stonyhurst ms. ' line 3). Turnbull reads. line 3). Turnbull misreads. in reads. Yet again. Again. With soothed words enthralled souls:' ' the Stonyhurst ms.' Farther. for Turnbull's ' luring gain.' the Stonyhurst ms. Poet fills-in ' Yet doth draw * from thee ' the in the Stonyhurst ms. 1). 1. in Dyer's Phancy' reads. vi. in What Joy to live' (st. Whose hope is falne. . rhyme with the ' balanced with ' and which ends in alive. in Mary Magdalen's Complaint' (st. or not desire the Stony- Effects aUeyn\l or not desired. hurst MS. xii. line 1).' Turn- bull reads. in Content and Eitche' (st. iv. line 2). Turnbull reads.' First the word ' rehjve! was substituted finally .^ Finally. ' I die Alive' I dye. v. superior here and in many defect of Harleian ms. in Love's servile Lot' (st.' Once more. she' before draw.' Again.' and so in st.'' Southwell ' ' corrects by ' ayme. it Turn:' bull reads haltingly. line 5. iii. corrects * line 2).XXVlll PREFACE. yet (st. in Love's servile Lot' (st. as in the Harleian ms. . corrects In the summed Farther. and that not satisfying. iii. ' ' Effects attend. revive' was adopted. corrects ' ' soothed' into ' soothing. has the word rhyme . line 1). Moreover. Turnbull So ori- Thus still still I do remayne.^ (st. in the former there has But line been study to make the line of which which of all it is is the final word accord in it. ' ' ' ' :' ' loue' for * loan . The radical changes and the study evinced reveal the Poet's own authority and care. Here loan is lent the Stonyhurst ms. when we consider that the ' remayne' and the consequent and that the same care which has rendered the Stonyhurst ms. i.

Poem has added to from the Stonyhurst ms. and adopted an occasional correction of the Stonyhurst mp.^ I know not that the extension of the Its absence its value. Walter and Turnbull. 48. published by St. Peter's edit. and that the beauty — of the MS. albeit ' Notes and Illustrations I have pointed out the vari- ous readings' of the early printed editions. copies of a similar kind. has been bestowed upon the whole work is not to speak of the fact that this Volume and always has been in the hands of the Society of which Southwell was a member. 50. Peter's Complaint I have selected Leake's edition of 1596. if not absolute authority. Complaint . 81. For the text of St. oversights. confirms one's expectation that to his brethren he would have presented a copy of his poems worthy of him and of them the Stonyhurst ms. 53. and so onwards ' ocZ nauseam. (1817) in our Sec more ou the formatiou of Memorial. The Stonyhurst jis. is arranged as shown in our Contents. 47. 86. Turnbull I may farther refer to pp. 4G. 55. 75. in full would seem to argue that it was a later poem than the others. must {meo judicio) be assigned the highest.Introduction. 65. 90. is Curiously enough. 70. 54. similar cases. and includes all those in the British Museum mss. and I have reports of various ms. Peter's Complaint given only in an abbreviated form. Our Notes and Illustrations throughout will furnish sorrowful examples of the utter carelessness of (in addition to the foregoing).PREFACE. as recorded in the preliminary Note to our reprint. 71.). XXIX down to minute corrections of ortliography (and so in the Prose mss. Of Walter's St. Accordingly I have taken in it — own own for my text. with relative Notes and Illustrations at the close.

and so throughout. if such editing were not exposed and censured.422. Where : So ripe is vice. Specifically his manipulation of the ad' dress of the 1595 edition If equities (his Author to the Reader' will be enough. so gi'eene is vertues in ill. cojupafd to what we yield! His ship would gi-oan. How S7nall hU share. avowed text) st. and another. I deplore the sad necessity laid on me thus to pronounce on one so laborious as Turnbull. and in places worse. ' Turnbull said con- temptuously. say generally. and other five. while Walter gives only 15. and 3 from Addl. for his Ounce we yeeld His ship would groane to feele some sinners frightes.' no fewer than eight verses are omitted. for the missing fourth stanza the closing one and tacks on of the in. : Walter we have this without a shred of authority even hand the balance held. ii.: : : XXX suffice it to PREFACE.. I canmy sense of indebtedness to the custodiers of them. omitting the others therein ' Then A Fancy turned to a Sinner's Complaint. thus reads In euen-hand the ballance held. twice one. Peters sinnes and ours were made the weightes Ounce. text :' I refrain from criticism on Mr. seeing that they not only give us a . that in the complete first Poems (apart from our additions for the all time) there are in 57. In basing not sufficiently utter my edition on the Stonyhurst mss. for his Dramme Pound. first address to the Reader. only his own is scarcely one whit better. and again other three. and after stanza iv. If Justice' He gives only three out of the four stanzas of this poem. &c. 10. Our finest Literature would get corrupted. Walter's severe but not undeserved. Where Peter's sins and ours were made the weights. Mss. bud : The world doth waxe In but waine in good.

PREFACE. punctuation. and.' and perhaps it hee' for he. I have also thought expedient to introduce the apostrophe and the usual names and personifications (nouns and pronouns). J^or must I omit very cordially and gratefully to acknowledge the loving and careful helpfulness of the Rev. of St. &c.' as in present usage.. Mary's College. &c. as explained in relative Notes. have adopted our Tho?/' instead of Thow.Introduction.' so that I cannot hope to have presented an immaculate edi' tion . rare insight. in collating and recollating the text. obscurities. I for Worthies have to thank my helpers on the otlier continued and increasing interest in my . It that I may have failed to reproit an occasional ' u' for ' v' and ' v' for ' u. As in Vaughan and Crashaw. Brinsley Nicholson for his varied and luminous com- munications in elucidation and illustration of the text. The Notes and Il- lustrations at close of each poem discuss various read- ings. Oscott. Sole. NicuoLSON for putting us in the track of the Shake' speare allusions noted in our Memorial. no toil.Inspector-General Dr. but I can in all honesty say no pains.' and the like. and in rereading our proofs with the mss.' too' for to. literally ' worthy of the Poet. my editions owe much and will owe more to his affluent reading. and as in Marvell.' and capitals in divine ' ' ' ' ' thee' for ' the. Donne and Sidney forthcoming. and most generous willinghood to aid us in our labour of love. has been spared to try to make ' may duce be as well to state.' The Shakesperean Reader will thank Dr. As before. To err is human. only one of many like services. and here I wish most heartily to thank Deputy. XXxi superior and authoritative text. Bir- mingham. S. but the hitherto unprinted Latin Poems.

broad-shadowed. emphatically never have seen even an approach to faithfulness in the face of The Lord. that Last Supper. and to the same . for suggestions. pressed The sorrow-laden eyes. Morghen's) of this mighty picture. I never have seen a faithful reproduction of it. I must regard our under photograph eyes in — specially taken for me and my own Milan — as an infinite advance on the engravings. 'Verily .. the ineffable sweetness of the mouth and dimpled chin the magnificent dome of . that one of you shall betray Me wasted cheek. books. of ' The It may be permitted me to state. I am indebted for the use of the extremely rare Peter's Complaint and other 1595 edi- tions Poems and Majonia.' the / say unto you. as I think.. preare brought maturely blanched. tearlessly down in fathomless sorrow and shame under the coming Betrayal (how large-orbed if the lids were raised!) the quivering lips as the awful words are spoken.' after days and days' study of the very best engravings {e. have seen many . though abundant hair.g. and also to Dr. and not needed. . PREFACE. — — out. burningly. Hannah of scarce editions and some annotations and tion to present a photo-facsimile In our illustrated quarto edition I have the satisfacby Pouncey of Dorchester of the Christ of Leonardo da Vinci's renowned fresco in the convent Maria delle Grazie. authorities of Jesus College. Oxford. To the of St. while seated before the original. at Stonyhurst College for use of other early editions Brighton. with incomparable superiority in our ' fac- simile — all the more that the pathetic marks of Time's I effacing fingers' are inevitably given. any more than is a crown needed to mark out the true king the thin. Milan. hds heavily. brow no nimbus there.

Critic. by Wort. The same of the title-page of the 1596 edition of St. Blackburn. With reference to the former.S. I furnish two Fac-similes. Poema de Assumptione B.V. For other things I refer my Readers no to our MemoI feel it rial-Introduction and Notes and Illustrations.5 B. Peter's Com- and other Poems.M. Alban's Place. (2).' whom Warton before 1616): calls ' a sensible [old] on South- well's works. III.Christs by the great Masters. P. suited to the writing of a poem . Southwell Alexander 1. St. written freely as he naturally would write in signing his name. Peter's e . written 'Never must be forgotten "St. As an ilhistration of Southwell's poems. to be common privilege to be really the first worthily in integrity to present and adequately and as a Poet. from the Stonyhurst ms. of Southwell's mss. I add here the judgment of Edmund Bolton. satisfies that the poem and signature were written by the same hand and at the same time as the latter and larger portion. from the . February 27th. from Stonyhurst — (1). from Hypercritica (Oxon. plaint It is in the same dark ink. Lancashire. 1872. volume. but Leonardo da Vinci's conception abides unapproached and unapproachable. Grosart. 1772. a complete form the other is his own signature. all so radiant with it is the light of His Face. Birmingham. most Besides the Christ. One is a careful in measured hand. every one will agree fitting. as already named. of author's ms. of New Oscott. an examination of the >is.

PREFACE.
Complaint," and those other serious Poems, said to be Father Southwell's the English whereof, as it is most
;

proper, so the sharpness and light of wit

is

very rare in

them.'

This quotation from Bolton was first used by Warton (H.E.P. iii. 230:" 1781), next by Headley

(1787, p. Ixv.), and next by
Lit.
(ii.

Park
copied

in a note to Cens.
it (p. xviii.)

78), whence

Walter

almost

in Park's

own

secured

it.

Willmot (i. 15 Sir Egerton Brydges has
words, and

note) has also
it in

his

new

edition of Philips (p.

219 note) and Ritson (Bibl. Poet. also quotes it in his Adv. to the reprint 342). Brydges and so the hackneyed words go of Triumphs of Death' from critic to critic. I hope our edition will lead some
'

to read for themselves.

Dr. Bliss,

in his edition of the

Athenm Oxoniemis

(s.n.), has corrected Wood's odd mis-assignation of South-

well's Poems to John Davies of Hereford.
too

We

owe

much

to

Wood to
G.

deal hardly with

him

for occasional

slips of this kind.

MEMORIAL-INTKODUCTION

I.

The

Life.
his

The

Life-story of

Southwell beyond
albeit
fills

Writings

is

a

on the earthly-side, venly-side, I do not doubt it
brief one

on the thither heamany a page of the

Great Biographer's
every beautiful

Book of remembrance' as does and meek life. And so in Eternity, and
' ' '

through Eternity's audience, there remaineth' compensation over-against the large and clamorous biographies' in

Time and
tion'

for contemporaries, of multitudes

'

great' only
'

in an unconsecrate use of the word.

Sibbes'

resurrecis

of saintly

'

memories, as well as of bodies,'

of the

and the demonstration that to be good, simply and quietly, is the most abiding greatness. We are far off from the Facts, and the Facts are few, of our Worthy's life but a fragrance sweeter than cere-cloth perfumes is
certainties,
;

So that, with blown to us across the centuries from it. all the dimness, we can discern that in him England
held one

who was

of her truest, purest, bravest, lovingest,

Christliest sons.

Collins records of the Southwells that the antient and honourable family,' whence all came, derived its name from the town of Southwell, in Nottinghamshire, where
'

he says, the

*

chief branch continued to reside until the

XXXVl
reign of

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

Henry VI.'

The

first

ancestor, however, of the
in the
'

Norfolk house

— our Worthy's—found
for

Pedigrees

;

and I have wearied myself over well-nigh
alogies'

endless genein Essex,

—was John Southwell, of Felix Hall
Lewes
in

who was M.P.
VI.

Sussex in 28 and 29 Henry

ancestor to the

John was Southwells now represented by Viscount Southwell in Ireland. Robert Southwell, the
elder son, succeeded his father at Felix Hall.

He

had two sons, Robert and John.

In 1415,

according to Collins, he was

made

trustee to the

Dukk

OF Norfolk. and
heir,

He

married Isabella, daughter of John

Boys, Esq. of Norfolk, and had by her Richard, his son

who

in the
his

Act of Resumption (3 and 4 EdThis

ward IV.) had
Richard's
first

grant from the King saved.

Amy, daughter and heiress of Sir Edmund Wychingham, of Wood-rising in Norfolk (by Alice, daughter and heiress of Sir John Falstolfe, a name to conjure with'). With her, he obtained the manor of Wood-rising, where quitting Felix Hall he
wife was
' '

fixed his residence,

seat

and

fine

and there his posterity had a noble park, which continued in the family for
There were two sons of
this

many
riage
;

generations.'

mar-

but Sir Robert, the elder, died without issue in

Francis Southwell, his brother, was Auditor Exchequer to Henry VIII. and by Dorothy, daughter and co-heir of William Tendring, Esq., had
1513.
of the
;

four sons

]

.

Sir Richard Southwell, his heir.
3.

2.

Sir Robert, Master of the Rolls.

Francis.

4.

Anmust
well-

thony.

For the descendants of the
History.

latter three I

refer those curious in such matters to

Blomefield's
to

known county

I limit myself, except in

one

memorable thing

to be after-noted,

Sir

Richard

;:

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

XXXVU

father.

SouTHWELi, and his line. He was our Poet's grandOf him Blomefield, under Wood Rysing, thus
*

recounts his 'honours:'
;

He

was a great favourite of

King Henry VIII. one of the visitors appointed by him of the monasteries in Norfolk on their suppression of the Privy- council to that King, Edward VI., and Queen Mary master of the ordnance and armory one and high-steward of of the executors to Henry VIII. In the reign of Farther the Duchy of Lancaster.'^ Queen Mary he made a remarkable speech (1554) in the House of Lords (sic) on that Queen's being with child,
;

;

;

:

'

about the and an act of Parliament thereon passed government of the realm, and the person of the child, in
;

case of that Queen's decease.'^

The county History also
in

enumerates about thirty manors
It also states,

Norfolk of which this

Sir Richard Southwell was lord in 37
*

Henuy VIII.

Great part of his inheritance, with this lordship (Wood-rising), came to his nephew, Thomas Southwell, son of Sir Robert Southwell by Margaret his wife, daughter and sole heir of Thomas Nevill,
fourth son of George,
pily this

Lord Abergavenny. '^

Unhap-

Sir Richard Southwell introduced not a few
(if I

bars sinister

may

venture to use heraldic phraseo-

logy) into the House.'*
'

During the

lifetime of his first

Blomefield, vol. x. pp. 276-7, eel. 1809. ^ Blomefield, as before. HoUiugshecl, p. 112-1. Blomefield refers, in his account of the illegitimate family of Sib Richard, to Su- Henry Spelman's History of Sacrilege, I may remark in passing (with all reverence) that it p. 270. was part of the humiliation' of The Lord to have in His human descent not gi'eat and holy ones merely, hut this record also
'
'

(St.

Salmon begat Booz Matthew i. 5).

of

Rachah

;

and Booz begat Ohed

of

Ruth'

XXXVl
reign of

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

Henry VI.'

The

first

ancestor, however, of the
in the Pedigrees
'
;

Norfolk house

— our Worthy's —found
for

and I have wearied myself over well-nigh
alogies'

endless genein Essex,

—was John Southwell, of Felix Hall
Lewes
in

who was M.P.
VI.

Sussex in 28 and 29 Henry

He

had two sons, Robert and John.
in Ireland.

ancestor to the SouTH^YELLS

count Southwell

John was now represented by VisRobert Southwell, the
In 1415,
trustee to the

elder son, succeeded his father at Felix Hall.

according to Collins, he was

made

Duke

OF Norfolk.

He

married Isabella, daughter of John

Boys, Esq. of Norfolk, and had by her Richard, his son

and

heir, v^ho in the

Act of Resumption (3 and 4 EdThis

ward IV.) had
Richard's
first

his

grant from the King saved.

Amy, daughter and heiress of Sir Edmund Wychingham, of Wood-rising in Norfolk (by Alice, daughter and heiress of Sir John Falstolfe, *a name to conjure with'). With her, he obtained the manor of Wood-rising, where quitting Felix Hall he
wife was
'

fixed his residence,

and there his posterity had a noble
There were two sons of
this

seat

and

fine

park, which continued in the family for

many
riage
;

generations.'

mar-

but Sir Robert, the elder, died without issue in

Francis Southwell, his brother, was Auditor Exchequer to Henry VIII. and by Dorothy, (laughter and co-heir of William Tendring, Esq., had
1513.
of the
;

four sons

].

Sir Richard Southwell, his heir.
3.

2.

Sir Robert, Master of the Rolls.

Francis.

4.

Anmust
well-

thony.

For the descendants
History.

of the latter three I

refer those curious in such matters to

Blomefield's
to

known county

I limit myself, except in

one

memorable thing

to be after-noted,

Sir Richard

:

;

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

XXXvii

father.

Southwell and his line. He was our Poet's grandOf him Blomkfield, under Wood Rysing, thus

recounts his 'honours:'
;

'He was

a great favourite of

King Heniiy VIII. one of the visitors appointed by him of the monasteries in Norfolk on their suppression of the Privy-council to that King, Edward VI., and Queen Mary master of the ordnance and armory one of the executors to Henry VIII. and high-steward of the Duchy of Lancaster.'^ Farther In the reign of Queen Mary he made a remarkable speech (1554) in the House of Lords (sic) on that Queen's being with child,
;

;

;

:

'

and an act of Parliament thereon passed
case of that Queen's decease.'^

;

about the
child, in

government of the realm, and the person of the

The county History

also

enumerates about thirty manors in J^^orfolk of which this Sir Richard Southwell was lord in 37 Henry VIII.
It also states,
'

Great part of his inheritance, with this

came to his nephew, Thomas Southwell, son of Sir Robert Southwell by Margaret his wife, daughter and sole heir of Thomas JSTevill, fourth son of George, Lord Abergavenny.'^ Unhappily this Sir Richard Southwell introduced not a few
bars sinister
(if I

lordship (Wood-rising),

may

venture to use heraldic phraseo-

logy) into the House.^
'

Diirmg the

lifetime of his first

*

Blomefield, vol. x. pp. 276-7, ed. 1809. ^ Blomefield, as before. Hollingshed, p. 112-1. Blomefield refers, in his account of the illegitimate family

of Sir Richard, to Sir Henry Spelman's History of Sacrilege, I may remark in passing (with all reverence) that it p. 270. was part of the humiliation' of The Lord to have in His human
'

descent not gi-eat and holy ones merely, but this record also Salmon begat Booz of Rachab and Booz begat Obed of Ruth'
' ;

(St.

Matthew

i.

5).

XXXVl
reign of

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

Henry

VI.'

The

first

Norfolk house

— our Worthy's — found
for

ancestor, however, of the
in the Pedigrees
' ;

and I have wearied myself over well-nigh
alogies'

endless genein Essex,

—was John Southwell, of Felix Hall
Lewes
in

who was M.P.
VI.

Sussex in 28 and 29 Henry

ancestor to the

John was Southwells now represented by Viscount Southwell in Ireland. Robert Southwell, the
In 1415,
according to Collins, he was

He

had two sons, Robert and John.

elder son, succeeded his father at Felix Hall.

made

trustee to the

Dukk

OF Norfolk.

He

married Isabella, daughter of John

Boys, Esq. of Norfolk, and had by her Richard, his son

and

heir, vi^ho in the

Act of Resumption (3 and 4 EdThis

ward IV.) had
Richard's
first

his

grant from the King saved.

Amy, daughter and heiress of Sir Edmund Wychingham, of Wood-rising in Norfolk (by Alice, daughter and heiress of Sir John Falstolfe, 'a name to conjure with'). With her, he obtained the manor of Wood -rising, where quitting Felix Hall he
wife was
'

fixed his residence,

seat

and

fine

and there his posterity had a noble park, which continued in the family for There were two sons of
this

many
riage
;

generations.'

mar-

but Sir Robert, the elder, died without issue in

Francis Southwell, his brother, was Auditor Exchequer to Henry VIII. and by Dorothy, (laughter and co-heir of William Tendring, Esq., had
1513.
of the
;

four sons

1.

Sir Richard Southwell, his heir.
3.

2.

Sir Robert, Master of the Rolls.

Francis.

4.

Anmust
well-

thony.

For the descendants of the
History.

latter three I

refer those curious in such matters to

Blomefield's
to

known county

I limit myself, except in

one

memorable thing

to be after-noted,

Sir

Richard

1809. 276-7. as before. Edward VI. one of the visitors appointed by him of the monasteries in Norfolk on their suppression of the Privy-council to that King. Southwell and his line. x. ' Blomefield. . Thomas Southwell. and the person of the child. XXXVll father. ^ Blomefield refers. with this lordship (Wood-rising).'^ Farther In the reign of Queen Mary he made a remarkable speech (1554) in the House of Lords (sic) on that Queen's being with child. ^ ' During the lifetime of his first Blomefield. : MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. He was our Poet's grandOf him Blomefikld. He was a great favourite of King Henry VIII.. '^ UnhapRichard Southwell introduced not a few bars sinister (if I may venture to use heraldic phraseo- logy) into the House. under Wood Rysing. son of Sir Robert Southwell by Mar- garet his wife. and Queen Mary master of the ordnance and armory one of the executors to Henry VIII. and high-steward of the Duchy of Lancaster. pp. came to his nephew. : * and an act of Parliament thereon passed . vol. ed. 5).. daughter and sole heir of Thomas !N"evill. 270. about the government of the realm. . HoUingshed.'^ The county History also enumerates about thirty manors in It also states. in his account of the illegitimate family of Sir Richard. Great part of his inheritance. in case of that Queen's decease. pily this Sir Lord Abergavenny. fourth son of George. to Sir Henry Spelman's History of Sacrilege. 1124. of Rachab . . hut this record also 2 ' ' Salmon begat Booz Blatthew i. I may remark in passing (with all reverence) that it p. was part of the humiliation' of The Lord to have in His human descent not gi-eat and holy ones merely. p. . ]^forfolk of which this Sir Richard Southwell was lord in 37 ' Henry VIII. thus * recounts his 'honours:' . and Booz begat Obed of Ruth' (St.

Faith's. who married Edward Banister of Idsworth. who married Alice. is thus described by Blomefield (as The site of this priory. Esq. with which alone we are concerned there were riage — — — issue as follows : 1. Barons de Clifford. Armor. Robert.' and its acquisition. our Poet. county Norfolk. Robert Southwell was thus the third son of Richard Southwell. before) appropriated rectory. Thomas. was eldest son. of Spixworth. county Sussex (by Elizabeth. 14. daughter of Sir WiUiam Shelley). of Wood-rising in Norfolk. daughter of Sir Thomas Cornwallis of Brome. wife.186 Coll. daughter of Thomas Darcy. Richard Southwell. daughter Of the first marof John Styles. eldest son. 5.) Other four daughters. Faith's. who was Hving there 27 first. Elizabeth [1585-6]. with the lordship. Richard. 2. his first wife his second wife having been Margaret. lands. of Danbury he had a numhis second wife — The Horsham St. Parson of Ellingham. ' : ' to Sir Richard Southwell. of Norfolk. were granted about the 36th of Henry VIII. (ms. Mary. He was Father of our Southwell by Bridget. of Horsham St. as inadvertently misprinted by Turnbull). Esq. . county Hants. county Suffolk. whence descend the Southwells of Kinsale in Ireland. which estate. —who eventually became ber of children. son. 4. and the rectory and advowson of Horsford. by Mary. Richard. and Edward Elrington (not Ebrington. I do not think it necessary to record other issue after the second marriage. Esq. daughter of Sir Roger Copley of Roughway. second 3.XXXviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. He died a prisoner in the Fleet. 2d.

H. and h. Kent.) of poets. Shelley. Shelley.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. beth. Sussex. of the Southwell Family I must leave to be followed up — is like association with other his- by those wishful thorities. marriages and intermarriages. H. ' ' In other lines there toric Sidney. noble and base. I d. Clark. Howard. in the older line. F.A. Esq. Speaker of the Long Parliament. renowned and commonplace. I place below helps and au- rities. G. and an eternal distinction iii giving birth to the " poet xxx. P. our Readers served the occurrence of the genealogical details. of John Michelgrove. continued and enlarged by the late Rev. M.A.A. . pp. the Rev.' judge." ( Works. co. ROSSETTI. and other Norfolk Harleian MS. M. Dashwood. the 'Visitation of Norfolk' (1563).-i. dates fi-om 1611). among others.. daughter of Sir William Shelley. and mother of Bridget Copley. co. says W.^ to do so. settled at Worminghurst Park. 1178 is the basis. > . it. vol. for full notes from. Sir William Shelley. Paston. that branch of the family which has achieveil some fleeting distinction in the way of a peerage and a second baronetcy (the first baronetcy. published by the Norfolk ArchiT^ological Society. Burke and the usual authoam indebted to my never-faUing friend. John Shelley.. held in 1588. and his son Sm John inherited Turning back a moment. second son of the chief of the House. A short table shows this : = Elizabeth. But the family branches and twigs. Collins.S.. eldest son one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas. Edward Knt. genealogists (18G5). of Michelgrove. and from whom. and names William Lenthall. M. i. in turn mother of our Worthy. descends in his Memoir of J. Esq. J. XXXIX the it who sold it to Sir Henry Hob art. Newton. 1870. I Besides Blomefield.. hnks Myrtai' with the mightier the Poet of Mteoniai' and ' ' Percy Bysshe Shelley. of West Dereham. Norfolk. It is will have ob- to Shelley in these be remembered for Eliza- name of .

Robert was born there. in what indubitable risk of a miserable death and eternal punishfully ' ' if I I ! ment I should have been Vto ' * Where he began but he was sent over learn letters' has not been told : very young' to Douai. so that no memorial exists of its scholars. Manning) an early ms. xiv. had remained with the vagrant ? how abject how in what destitute of the knowledge or reverence of God debasement of vice. xiv. Being. as before. enable us After-dates. Inquiries there have resulted in the information that the French Revolution made havoc of the Books and Papers early * there. stated.E.' and confessed to have been jiromi^ted to the crime for the sake of gain' (p. in a coiu-teous answer to my appli' ' ' •^ . and not in and Fuller copying him. by a vagabond woman or gipsy. or just about the time that Mary Queen pathetically land.). Faith's at the period.' speedily missed by his nurse. remembered in after years. as is What. TuRNBULL. that will come out to fix his birth in 1560-1. he was almost immediately This deliverance' was tenderly and graterecovered. was.^ ' — curiously repeated — that he was * in other Lives. in what great peril of crimes.' exclaims he. .'"' In his TuKNBULL states that the vagrant substituted for him her own child. there seems no reasonable doubt that Suffolk. at Horsham St. ' From our correspondence with the Librarian of Douai we had hoped to find in the possession of H. — landed' from France ' of Scots — of whom he was destined in to sing her native Scot- A singular anecdote has been transmitted of him while an infant familiar to all stolen from his cradle viz. roll of alumni belonging to the College but. as Pits earlier. in the sequel. Resident. quotes this p. as undoubtedly Richard Soutiiweli.xl MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. the Archbishop of Westminster (Dr. however.

In 1578 at Rome. he was enrolled amongst the children' fervid zeal ' of St. (Old Young he was plaint : ' as he was. .^ This Master' was among the earliest from England to 'join' the Society of Jesus and we cannot doubt that his perall his ' . p. rather Divulsum ab illo corpore. Faith's-day he chose that day in honour of his native place. Archdeacon of Essex. English. xli 15th year he passed to Pauis. preferments on the accession of Elizabeth./ . 173. Tate had to report that there was nothing of the kind there. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. mens amor. totum still cor ' meum. was on the that as the vigil of St. 80. in than comquo posita sunt ef- mea vita. he had thought of is it long before received. H. informed me that he had uo such ms. • Mori.I am indebted to the very Reverend Dr. Jesu. Prov. for conscience' sake' made a sacrifice of ' care. Father Thomas Darbyshire. Cossey. before he was 17. I j^pplied there^also but Dr..5) p. Faith's. ^ . and example quickened his pupil's desire to give himself to the same Order. Oliver's 'Collections towards illustrating the Biogi-aphy of the Scotch. his short The date of this It event— so central in vigil of St.'-'^ He pursued his studies.E. Soc. who. Suggesting that it might be preserved at Ushaw. .' and spent a con- cation. and Irish members of the Society of Jesus:' (184.' ' Here his plaint. Luke (17th October): and it is Luke was style). of a once famous Englishman. Norwich. Angl. Horsham St. Husenbeth. for the interesting suggestion. where he came under the religiously and educationally. Life— is noticeable. Hist. The thing has not hitherto been pointed out but it seems to verify itself as well as confirm the birthplace. ' See Dr. Ignatius. omnesque fectus. and references to Tanner and to Wood's A tliencB. pleasant to conclude also St.

et qui per ardorem qnoerendi spem (Mori exiraia quiedam adipiscendi. for He was sent over some time. The same data are found in More (as Romam Tornaco rursus vocatus ad pliilosophos. aut fructu. Prov. and there was received into the Society of Jesus 17th] years of age. in which he proved no and Verse. where he was. when he was but sixteen [in Having finish'd his noviceship. ahminus University. cuiquam se studiorum. its climate being pronounced milder and more suited to his constitution. 324. cum post decursnm thcologife stadium.' Hist. Et ingenii qnidem et industrial euituit. 8vo). tum in univers. and of other Catholics of both Religious Acthat have suffered death in England on counts. 177. thus summarises these years young to Doway. : ' . as 2 P. ^ Challoneu's ' The little Memoir in Bishop Memoirs of Missionary Priests. Prefect of the Studies in the English and took that opportunity of applying himself to the small study of his native language. as the elegant pieces. Angl.xlii MEMOUIAL-INTRODTJCTION. from the year of our Lord 1577 : ' to 1684' (1741. Jesu.'^ still The name ' of I<iXATius Loyola was : ' a recent ' me- Ne videlicet ardeutem Sanctis learn this from More uondum parem. as well sexes Secular as Regular. and Philosophy and Divinity with gone thro' his course of made very great satisfaction of his Superiors. neque industria. Soc. non sola Roma uobilitaretur.) before). p. utque tarn prfeclaris We excitaverat dotibus ornato. neque ingenio.-c philosophic decretis propugnaudis aliorum studiis est etiam. neque vita cum virtute acta laus passus est esse inf eriorem. theofollows neque laude loKOsque audiendos. desideriis juvenem. of the English College or Seminary in that From thence he went to Rome. proficient. both in Prose which he has publish'd in print abundantly demonstrate. noviciate' at siderable portion of his ' Tournay in Bel- gium. immoderatis Italia3 nestibus duo in uno corpora calores opprimerent. he was College of Rome.

' (p. 179. 1556. with not a shadow of thought or plotting' against Elizabeth.) . zeal. I cannot for a moment doubt in (j[uo juventus id praefectus iu Anglicano de urbe Seminario temporis copiosissima. and that ' ' what they sought was religious' good for their country and countrymen.' I wish to hold up clear and high the indubitable fact that Loyola himself and (I believe) the ' great body of his followers at the period in which we. self-denial charged the very atmo- sphere with sympathy as with electricity. with political action (real or alleged) Protestant and I who does not men. who. were 'priests' seeking supremely to do spiritual duty spoils. com- passion. et splendore florentissima uon facile nisi ab omnibus doetriniB pncsidiis oinato .MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. et ingeniorum varietate. The Society unentangled pity the his force. . atque instructo duccbatur. xliii mory' and power (he died on July 31st. and his magnificent and truly apostolic example of burning love. went forth with the shigle object to ' intermeddle' not with later complications I win allegiance to the Lord Jesus Christ. and actual or imagined degeneracies into mere political interferences and plottings. so that it is no marvel our Worthy gave himself with a fine self-forgetfalness and consecration to that Work Founder of the Order wore out his was then in its first fresh love' and ' in which the great life. faith. stratagems. and hearts of true Englishmen of ' That Southwell and others contemporary had the gentle' descent. are concerned. and not to engage in treasons. recognise in in the fear of Loyola and disciples noble God and with a passion sprung of compassion. or only at most five years before Southwell's birth).

and Tanner furnishes many quotable bits: Nescio an quis alius unquampost sanctissimum Pae. The contest might have been more prolonged ' and the final issue different : but prolongation is not always delay or loss. . epistola S.' and Dr. oeternum anim^ ad socios Romam su£e exitium imprecans.' and none the less that as a Protestant I must rejoice tliat The Eeformation in Eng- I have that faith in Truth that land was not undone. . Soc." inquit. majorem vocationis sure foverit sestimationem.xliv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. su« tui." Sed an non sublimes ejus de hoc ordine conceptus adajquarit. confident that it was no righteous way to premakes me serve The Reformation to 'persecute' and slay cruelly and meanly those who held to the old Religion' in its old forms. Xaverius. rentem ejus Ignatium. XV. and (in the in the face of their pathetic circumstances) brave words as 'on oath. 30: quoted by Tuknuull (p. patebit. and difference does not necessarily involve a less desirable result.' wears as black a colour as any in FoxE. " fuero Societas Jesu. si non superaret Robertus.g. p. . Jesu Martyr. clarissimo in Anglia gentis SouthweUiae natus sanguine. oblivion! detur dextera mea. majorem de Societate Jesu sensum. quam Scripsit aliquando in sua RoBERTUs SouTHWELLUS.). si unquam ab amore dilectissimje ' . ex his qua^ sua propria consignavit.'^ ' manu TauucT. religionis descisceret : " si oblitus. There is no monopoly of martyrdoms. Our Worthy repeatedly gives utterance to his love for his Order. Oli* ver's ' Collections. Of this I am satisfied that the ' Blood-shedding' tragically and sorrowfully re' corded in Bishop Challoner's matter-full Memoirs' and Dodd's great Church History of England.

^ ^ TUKNDULL. Challoner (as before) inadvertently assigns the departure to 1584 (p. by John Morris. as Dr. . p. with his Life. by the help of certain Catholics. So far as I can make and thus runs On my : ' London. than merely referred to as a simple possibility. 324).' I know not that I can do better than at this point glean these notices. I discovered Father Henry Garnett. Edited. I do not envy the ' with dry eyes from Father More's tains them. out. See pp. for these Letters. It is plain by the Letters in More that it was not until 158(. and being appointed to the Mission to sumEngon land. proceeded to his native country.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. who was then Superior. as appears from a letter to the General dated 20th February 1585. 194). xlv Thus Haming witli the very ' ' fire' of the dauntless tlie Founder. Even in the quaint old Latin these Epistolaj' pulsate and throb ' with emotion.^ He had earnestly ' sought the 'perilous' commission. Priest of the Society of Jesus. wherein his future martyrdom seems rather to have been anticipated. XVi..'2 Another letter from to Porto. Oliver states (p. 1871. (8vo. published only recently ' in the following very weighty and remarkable book The Condition of Catholics under James L Father Gerard's Narrative of the Gunpowder Plot. 182-183. written on 5th July 1586. He left Eome May 1586. arrival in • Bp. while on his ' way England. Southwell was ordained Priest' in mer 8th of 1584. the first belongs to 1588. breathes the yearning haste' of The Lord as He went up for the last time to Jerusalem. Longmans).2 Reader who can rise History' which con- We Life of get passing glimpses of our Southwell : in the Father John Gerard.

I heard a bustle at the house-door. had at once taken off his vestwise this ments and stripped the altar . while we strove to seek out everything belonging to us. about five o'clock. i^atlter ' Robert Soutlnvell. I heard for re- and oaths poured forth against the servant admittance. much excelled in that art. being at once pnalent. so the Superior as nothing was rather anxious on my account. . xxiv. ' .xlvi MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. other- we should have been all made prisoners. Besides him. as did also Father Southwell. . had been heard of me but yet for that very . reason hopes were entertained of my safety. The good Supei'ior gave us excellent instructions as to the method of bel2)ing and gaining souls. had already ar- rived. pious. Hav- Pji. But by time Father Southwell had heard the uproar. Directly cries after. when Father Southwell was beginning tvho : * Mass. . the only others of our Society then in land were Father Edmund Weston. fusing The fact was.'^ Again My companion. and guessing what it meant. It was with exceeding joy on both sides that we met at last. had he been at large. I stayed some time with the Fathers. so that there might be nothing found to betray the presence of a Priest. meek. and the others and myself were at meditation. xxv. The faithful servant withstood them. or pursuivants. p. that four Priest- hunters. and us two new-comers. with drawn swords were trying to break down the door and force an entrance. would have been Superior). confined at EngWisbech : (who. Father Ouldcorne. as they are called. and exceedingly winning!'^ Once more Next morning [after account of a meeting in Worcestershire].-v. • - Ibid. and we held frequent consultations as to our future proceedings.

wist- most eloquent and ' beautiful Letters to his Father Ibid. he found it necessary to speak of these matters. and used to complain of his bad memory for such things for on many occasions when he fell in . Mori Hist. pp. xxiii. p. . Soc. xxiii. p. as we had come. save into blasphemies faith. ' * Ibid. Jesu.' ' One ' half-pathetic half-comic Incident is told of a gentleman' after a who ' suspected' the Father.* — his nurse ' gipsy' with while the long. frequently got me to instruct him in the technical terms of sport. Prov.'^ Farther: In the 'journeying' of the Priests there was perpetual danger of betrayal in their intercourse with the ' gentry. was wont to complain. which are the sole topics of their conversation. '^ He then adds ' : For many make sad blunders in at- tempting this. xlvii ing thus escaped the day's danger. Angl. But he observes. _ - Ibid. . It is re' membered that he sought out' the woman who had rescued him in his infancy from the a view to her conversion ful. -iv. with Protestant gentlemen. pp. Father Southwell and I set off the next day together.-xl. Every him is in accord with this. as I day or so he quite abandoned all misspoke of hunting and falconry with all the details that none but a practised person could command. intense. xxxix. who was afterwards my He companion in many journeys.'s when they talk obscenity or break out and abuse of the Saints or the Catholic These incidental Notices verify at once the hazard of the time for Priests in England and the ' spiritual' character of the ' other mention of work prosecuted by our Worthy. trust. 172.— MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. as Father Southvell.

— jxlviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. the noblest victim to the jealous and suspicious tyranny During his Mission in ' fuge' and home in London in the * of Elizabeth. whose husband.Morris's Condition of Catholics. Philip Howard. as his epitaph still testifies. non sine veneni suspicione. . (Jountess of Arundel. resi- dent in then suburban Hackney. at Kome for notices of English Catholics undoubtedly I and all who have to do with lying there utterly neglected? our early Literature long for daylight being introduced into the masses of correspondence buried in the great Libraries of Rome.i one thing' cared England he had always a rehouse of Anne. . but as being in our day revealed in the Calendars of the Period and in such a book as Morris's ' ' Condition of the Catholics' second part of this Memorial-InIvii.' an examination of the ' as told by Lingard. It was while in this noble ' Family that he com- posed for the Earl's use his Consolation for Catholics' —of which more hereafter. But after a few months. If the phrase ' of that in Facts —not merely France called Reign of Terror' is historically used Red.' as before. Earl of Arundel. nor the painstaking and thoroughness of the editing. p. We may not agi'ee in some of the verdicts. See on this Letter ' in tlie troduction. Might I suggest to Father Mokkis to explore inipossihle to over-rate the : the Mss. Southwell was appointed her domestic chaplain and confessor. must see things differently o' times hut none will deny the weight and value of the hook as a contribiition to the ecclesiastico-historico literature of England.'- He outset to William third Lord and his companion had gone in the Vaux of Harrowden. It is permanent historic worth of this Work. when the Confessor of the Countess of Arundel died. was imprisoned in the Tower and died there. ' and Brother remain as evidences of the for by him.

testantism claims in its Granted nearly all that Proit Apology ' as a Defence. there were Priests and members of the Society of Jesus who deemed they did God service by plotting' for Restoration of the old Faith and Worship' after a worldly sort. even tremendously. were the only instrumentalities thought try for the brutal and The State Trials remain to bring a blush to every lover of his coun' hard' mockery of a ' justice in the highest Courts of Law whenever Papist' was con9 cerned —as later with the Puritans and Nonconformists. . ' White' It ' Reign of Terror' it in England : Ca- was a CRIME to be a Catholic : it was proof ' of high-treason to be a Priest was to invite hunt- ing' as of a wild-beast to be a Jesuit. acted as darkness does with sounds the most innocent. if you will. Granted that politically and civilly the Nation was in a sense in the throes of since-achieved liberties. our Southwell's years ir)88 is Granted that in included. that the ' ' convictions' of those who ' could not in conscience or Elizabeth or James were not respected that opinion. Granted that. ' force. as well as a sorrow to all right-minded and right-hearted. Granted that Mary all * ' too sadly.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. in the teeth of their instructions.' was put down (or attempted to be put down) by change' at the bidding of Henry VIII. must be regarded as a stigma on the statesmanship and a stain on the Christianity of the Reformed' Church of England. . earned her irrevocable epi- thet of ' Bloody. of the higher' sovereignty claimed for him who wore the tiara. xHx for shows a tholics. and that the headsmaii's axe and hangman's rope of. not ' to say mystery. error.' or.' Granted that the very mysticism. and that the shadow of the coming of The Armada lay across England from the very moment of his arrival.

We have oftener sent. and wars. arm themselves to suffer any thing that mercy of God. how stripes. 3. they are more concerned than for any tem- poral losses. with hard blows and lessln sickness than in health . are at comforted in their prisons. than re- tho' they are not sent ceived. been lost. little in quantity. they apprehended two priests. : .' by Didacus Yepes. and. 1. so them to eat. being unworthy. ' A little while ago. it ' As yet we are alive and well. to and no obho-ed them were continual and immoderate for. nor expect it to be liberty set not their hearts upon As many All. hard soever it may be. withal. and they that are it. suffered such cruel usages in the prison of who have What was given Bridewell. . that the very sight of it was enough The labours to which they turn their stomachs. by the great goodness and of long continuance. their task. rejoice. they forced them to accomplish filthy . and some. as can scarce be believ'd. how for our Lord . as it shall please can come. ' The condition sameas usual. more especially of Catholic recusants here is the deplorable and full of fears and dangers. of prisons. since our adversaries have look'd for of ours as are in chains. have without 2. difficulty. we know. was so and nauseous. and The First Letter. Bishop follows as I avail myself of them here. letters from your parts.I MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Whose greater glory. seems. Letters of our in Bp Challoner has translated two Persecutions Southwell from the 'History of the of Tarragona England. and the salvation of their souls.

we hope we shall be able to bear all in Him : that strengthens us. * it has pleased our Lord hitherto to de- We have altogether.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. sail in the midst of few have come to your hands. according to our custom spending some days in exhortations and spiritual conferences. for whole days. with no small danger from which. We . as the royal prophet says.). weak soever they were. liver us. they that are kept in that prison. the two executioners of the Catholics. Their beds were dirty straw. these stormy waves. and Ixxxiv. it seems. holy sacrifices of your reverence and of all our friends. His glory may dwell I most humbly recommend myself to the in our Land. 4. renew'd the vows of the Society. Aperuimus ora. 2. 1590. et attraximus spiritum. that. 'We have written many letters. In the mean time. we pray that they may be put to and that the Lord may confusion who work iniquity speak peace to His people (Psalm xxiv. in which Topliffe and Young. In fine. by the hands. nevertheless. It seems to me that I see the beginnings of a religious Ufe set on foot in England. exercise all kinds of torments. but. with much comfort. and their prison most filthy.). Some are there hung up. January 16. of which we now sow the seeds with . truly live in lacic miserke et This Purgatory we are in luto feeds (Psalm xxxix. looking for every hour. in such manner that they can but just touch the ' ground with the tips of their toes. 1. But come what pleaseth God.' The Second Letter.

for we all escaped. But worse than fear' and haunting suspicion' inevitFor about six years our Worthy laboured ably came. in this desert. we passed betwixt them both. with consuming devotedn^ss and success. Ixiv. Given March 8. and confirm us with His principal Spirit. '/(tlse brethren.). we were more afraid into different places : than hurt. without being shipwreck'd. with joy. Paul.)2. with another of ours.' like These Letters are only two out of hundreds of the and I for one deplore that one so gentle and lovable as Father Southwell had his heart thus wrung. We also look for the time (if we are not un- worthy of so great a glory) when our day (like that of In the mean while I rethe hired servant) shall come. and oil from the hard stone. But these our joys ended in sorrow. Bayles and of Mr. in fine. have sung the canticles of the Lord in a we have suck'd honey from the rock. seeking to avoid Scylla. ' In another of mine I gave an account of the martyrdoms of Mr. that the Father of Lights may enlighten us. tears. . commend myself very much to your reverence's prayers. ' We strange land. and. that others hereafter may. 3. 4. and sudden fears dispers'd us but. and of the edification which the people received from their With such dews as these the Church is holy ends.lii . %it in stillicidiis hujusmodi hetetur germmans (Ps. The circumstances are as ' ' . water'd. had like to have fallen into Charybdis .' in \i)'. but. I. by the mercy of God. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. 1590. when his Mission was as in a moment ended by that old peril of St. and are now late sailing in a safe harbour. carry in the sheaves to the heavenly granaries. Horner.

xxii. went at the appointed time. In the mean while having apprised her husband of this. liii verified by the authorities alThere was resident at Uxendon [Woxindon]. and carried him off in open day. exposed to the gaze of the populace. broke open the house. family of the name of Bellamy. she resolved to take advantage of the act of 27 Elizabeth.the.-xxv. an implacable persecutor and denouncer of the Catholics. and along with it her virtue. having formed an intrigue with the keeper of the prison. follows. had in her early youth exhibited marks of . her faith gradually departed. Accordingly she sent a messenger to to meet her on a certain day and hour at her father's house. daughters. therefore. '1 ' Pp. either in ignorance of what had happened. urging him penitence. a Catholic from Turnbui.l. near Harrow-on. or under the impression that she sought his spiritual assistance through motives of Southwell. In order. the most vivid and unshakable piety but having been committed to the Gatehouse of Westminster. For.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. to obtain some fortune. as also of the place of concealment in her father's house and the mode of access. One of the Ann. which made the harbouring of a priest treason. she subsequently married him. in Middlesex.Hill. surrounded the premises. who. . and by this step forfeited claim which she had by law or favour upon her father. whom [which?] Southwell and providing with rehgious his ordinary [ordinarily ?] was in the habit of visiting instruction when he exchanged close confinement for a purer atmosphere. with a band of his satellites. with confiscation of the all offender's goods. arrested his Reverence. ' ready cited. whither he. he conveyed the information to Top- CLiFFE.

with a penetration : we at day must acknowledge ' It may please your if Majesty to consider. adding. and the whole thing.'^ though for his Tanner and by More. p. the former kept by the husband of the she. given from the State-Paper Office 3 where a Letter from Danyell Domestic.liv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. '2 Carried by Topcliffe to Topcliffe's own dwelling. State. he boasts of the seizure of Southwell. declared that death should have been preferable. vol. : is More. 193. he was there during a few weeks tortured' ten times ' with such pitiless it severity. seeing that. abominable Letter appears in STRvrE. iv.Judas who had betrayed' him. not an hour's release in the imprisonbear hitherto unrecognised traces ment . Perhaps this account must be read awi gravo is salis in so far as Ann Bellamy concerned. in a Letter of the justly-named ' bloodhound' Topcliffe. I never did take so weiglity a man. p. Nor did the tortures' end when he was transferred to the Gatehouse and the Tower. Cf. No. 1731). Poems of having been composed in (probably) the Tower. How he was agonised' is simply ' ' and affectingly told by ' Cecil admitted the * There must have been pauses thirteen times. Let us turn to these undoubted reminiscences of his prison-experiences of the 1 Annals of the Church and xxvi. . that the unhappy prisoner ' complaining of to his judges. he be rightly considered. as before.. 9 (edit. pp.i also claimed ' Jqhn Danyell merit' in the same ' arrest. 200. and subsequent to the putting him to the rack' and kindred ' atrocities that are not to be named. Even torture' of him to have reached in the cruelty. cruel. as his this later own act. folio. 2 TuENBULL.-vii.' The whole faw^ning.

the ' panting.' we read. or ra- racking' or ' tormenting and. her sense of Ufe was only due to the Prisoner in the rackings and torments of her grief. alas.' lines By force I live.: . 184). why ! lingi-est thou so longe ? What doth withould thy dynte from f atall stroke ? Nowe prest I am. (iv. Iv in ' Mary Magdalen's Complaint at Christ's Death. read them. come take thy portion Who survives tohen life is murdred. To lett me live. 81-3) and I die alive' (p.' the sighing of the . in will I and ' this complete stanza cruell death. but ' ' somewhat than a rhyme-word with The ' simile is extortion' is is more portion. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. and I doubt not with Life is mist of tears.) : Come. Death. First of all. under the circumstances he did indeed couche ' his hfe in deathe's abode. wretchedly less known it to him that one rendered sense- through violence became conscious again on renewal of torture. ' Sith my life from life is parted.' .' It a synonym for well. it was ther. more anger to provoke Thy right is had when thou hast stopt my breathe. 62. dolorous kind named.) forced. : Why Similar shouldst thoue stay to worke my doohle deathe?' ' is the yearning. Lives by mere extortion. and slowly. in the former ' Take meanwhile these wish to dye . Let the Reader at once turn to these unutterably tender and pathetic pieces.^ (p. Tower.' But deeper and more ' painfully realistic ' still are his but Losse' (pp. Thus was natural to as saying that in her surviving him to represent Mary when Christ her life had been murdered. alas thou dost me wi-onge.

Surely. cxxi. the ' hunger .' thus ' Sleepe. had committed anyhe had deserved death. Suspence of loues. obliuion of teares. his cloaths were quite and one is grateful to know with vermin. and absolute confidence in the It argued too recognition so to address Elizabeth. 325. might suffer death if not. heart's ease. Wrath's lenitiue. dressed to him — humbly begging " That . as before. he thing for which. storme's calmest shore.) Poems thus to It gives a new and strange interest to these experiences find these erewhile overlooked autobiographic worked Their bearing on the inevitableness of his poetic gift I shall speak of onwards. not. p. Silence of passion. that when he was brought out at the end of cover'd the month to be examin'd. he hoped her Majesty would be pleased to order that he if his son should be treated as a gentleman." 'i It argued conscious ' ij innocence politically. takes new softthe solace of Sleep's sweet forgetfulness in St.' that God hears.' for the benignant release of Death. securitie of feares. ' Peter's Complaint. Transferred to a dungeon in the Tower so noisome into them. and not be confined any longer to that filthy hole. in I dye Alive and there are like touches in ' What joy to live' (pp.' his Father— adthat he was worthy of his son and of the Letter 'presented a Petition to the Queen. ' and filthy. Sense's and sonle's repriuall from all cumbers. . Benumning sense of ill with quiet slumbers. balme of angry sore.' (St. prisoner. in the highest quarters of the justice of the plea. too. that ' Challoner. as he was a gentleman. Death's allye. 85-6).: Ivi MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. ness from the recollection of his own prison-sleep. by the laws.

' as follows: was kept in prison three years and. Omer's. a resolution was taken on a sudden in the Council to have ' . the 21st of February 1594-5.' and ' the Trial. in another to divert the crowd from the sight of the last to be executed at the ' Challoner. Some days before his execution he was removed from the Tower to Newgate. and the works of St. the day he was to die.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Southwell a better lodging and to give . is very noteworthy and through all his weary imprisonment spiritual things. from whence he was brought out to suffer. and there put down into the hole call'd Limho . He several times. at length.' not civil or earthly. . at ten was most cruelly rack'd. concourse on that occasion and a famous highwayman same time. the Book of Books and the Father of the Fathers for a Poet. on account of his priesthood. to hinder their . him with cloaths and other and amongst the rest. ' Ivii the Queen was pleased to order and to have regard to this Petition. I have now to submit these successively: first. he ask'd for. leave to his father to supply necessaries .' and the from a ms. were his theme when he 'discoursed' to his sister Mary (Mrs. or others permitted occasionally to visit him. in Latin preserved in the Archives of the English College at St. Bishop Challoner the story of the ' tells unexaggeratedly and simply ' beginning of the end. ' end.' deriving the Trial' the 'beginning of the end. : ' Bannister). him executed. '1 The selection of books. with the books which which were only the Holy Bible. having been condemn'd but the day before. p. Care was taken not to let the people know before-hand was ordered place. Bernard. Mr. till. 325.

of our Lord Jesus And as to the Queen. he spoke as follows " I am come to this place to finish my course. I beg of you not to be troublesome to me for this short time that I have to live : I am a Catholic. Church. that He would have mercy on my soul. and Mr. Hither Mr. I confess I am a of the Cross in the best ." Here he was interrupted by a minister telling him. we die to the Lord: therefore. nor contrived. manner that he could. or imagined any evil against . getting up into the cart. it was damnable doctrine. great numbers. and when he was come he made the sign to the place. Catholic priest of the holy Roman . we belong to the Lord. and a reli- gious man of the Society of Jesus on which account I owe eternal thanks and praises to my God and Saviour. Southwell was drawn on a sled thro' the streets. Here the sheriff would have interrupted him but he begged leave that he might go on. and to pass out of this miserable life and I beg of my Lord Jesus Christ. : . and in whatever manner you may please to interpret my words. Whether we live. and amongst them many persons of distinction. minister was silenc'd by the standers by. " Sir. his hands being pinion'd. that if he understood what he had said in the sense of the But the Council of Trent. I hope for salvation by the merits Christ.Iviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. I never attempted. we live to the Lord. that Then he would utter nothing that should give offence. whether we live or die. assuring him. but these precautions conflict of the servant of Christ : avail'd nothing. and began to speak to the people those words of the Apostle (Rom. in whose most precious Passion and Blood I place my hope of salvation. flock'd to Tjburn to be witnesses of his glorious martyrdom. Southwell went on saying. xiv. or whether we die.).

and the knowledge of His truth. with his eyes rais'd up with great calmness of mind and countenance. the cart was drawn The unskilful hangman had not apply'd the noose of the rope to the proper place. in this hfe and in the next. " Hold. He gifts and graces which country." off. and when the executioner was for cutting the rope. the gentlemen and people that were present cried out three several times. that even the Protestants who were present at the execution were much affected with the sight. both of her soul and body. in manus tuas. before he was dead. . I beg of eternal glory of His divine majesty.. . and the In fine. so that he several times made the sign of the Cross whilst he was hanging. in His in- would be pleased to give her all such He sees. those words of the Psalmist. the almighty and everlasting God. to the same mercy of God. repeated.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. to the greater advancement of the salvation of souls. in like manner. I recommend. he again blessed himself. with other short ejaculations. him by the legs to put an end to his pain . and for this short time of finite my life still pray." Having finished these words. drew before he was strangled . to be most expedient for the welfare. that. her but have always prayed for her to our Lord lix . and looking for the to heaven. in His divine wisdom. and the comfort of the Catholics my brethren. that this my death may ' be for my own and for my country's good. cart to be immediately drove away. hands. " into Thy Lord. and. hold !" for the behaviour last of the servant of God was so edifying in these his moments. &c. I till commend my spirit. and I implore the divine bounty to favour it with His hght. and was some time which some perceiving. my poor mercy.

Omer's ms. humbly entreating his lordship. The fill'd first news of before this step to- wards his martyrdom could not conceal.). and there kept for three days. was so struck by the martyr's constancy. that he exclaimed. " while he was May my still soul be with this man's !" and he assisted in restraining those who would have : cut the rope in life' (pp. that he should be removed from the Tower to Newgate. he was taken out of his dark ing lodging and hurried to Westminster. where he was put down into the dungeon Limho. without any previous warnto prepare for his trial.Ix MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. given. On the 2 2d of Febrnary. that he might either be brought upon his trial. the Lord Chief JusJesuits tice made a long and vehement speech against the ' Challoncr.-ii. and quartered. or at least. and Sergeant Daniel. he sent an epistle to Cecil.' 1 It is added by Turnbull : ' Lord Mountjoy (Charles Blount. Justice Owen. eighth Baron Mountjoy). 825-27. . After he was dead he was cut down. The Treasurer answered. to hold up his call'd ' hand there he at the bar. pp. Now comes the St. ' After Father Southwell had been kept close prisoner for three years in the Tower. who happened to be present. that his friends might have leave to that if come and see him. he should Shortly after this. xxxi. to answer for himself. he was in so much haste to be hanged. As soon as Father Southwell was brought in. Lord Treasurer. Baron Evans. to appear his heart with a joy which he was The judges whom were Lord Chief Justice Popham. bowelled. orders were quickly have his desire.

born within this kingdom of England . clerk. was and remained. her crown and dignities. whether he was guilty. made a low reverthen modestly held up his hand acence to his judges cording to custom. John Baptist. drawn up by Cook. late of London. the Queen's solicitor. . and before the 1st day of May. and bowing down his head. a subject to the Queen's majesty . in the county of Middlesex. indictment against Father Southwell. the thirty-fourth year of the reign of our lady the Queen. as the Ixi authors and contrivers of all the plots and treasons which he pretended had been Then was read the bill of hatched during that reign." The grand jury having found the bill. and slightmg the laws and statutes of this realm of England. at Uxenden. " The jury present on the part of our sovereign lady the Queen. made and ordained priest by authority derived and pretended from the See of Eome not having the fear of God before his eyes. and contrary to the peace of our said lady the Queen. on the 20th day of June. without any regard to the penalty therein contained. in the first year of the reign in the of her Majesty. contrary to the form of the statute in such case set forth and provided. traiterously. thirty-second year of the reign of our lady the Queen aforesaid. since the Feast of St. Father Southwell was ordered to come up to the bar: he readily obeyed. and being ask'd.: MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. and as a false traitor to our said lady the Queen. to this effect " Middlesex. : born in England. that Robert Southwell. and . or not guilty 1 he answered I confess that I was ' . to wit. and seminary priests.

be it as you will. than to administer the sacraments. saying. By God and his country . that Mr. and let all told him that he was to not guilty. which. I fell into your hands. When the twelve were to be sworn. your iniquity must be and I cannot help it. the revenger of perjury neither had any other design in returning home to my native country. to answer. that they were all equally strangers to him. Cook began to prove the heads of the indictment.Ixii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. And being asked by whom he would be tried ? he said. ' Here the judge interrupted him. his country were disagreeable to the law of God and that he was unwilling those poor harmless jury. to such as desired them. if thro' any hand in it his death. By God and by you. as it is well known : but that I never entertained any designs or plots against the Queen or kingdom. at he refused. when. being sent for thither by trick and deceit. he was not guilty of any treason whatsoever. Southwell was an ' . so. I am ready to be judged by God and my country. according to the rite of the Catholic Church. I . The judge told him he was first. Mr. I have been pro- moted to the sacred order of priesthood in the Roman Church for which I return most hearty thanks to His divine Majesty. said he. that alone. alledging that the laws of . or have any share in their But. he challenged none of them. and plead directly guilty. call God I to wit- ness. men of the whom they obliged to represent the country. The jury being sworn. that I was at Uxenden . and therefore charity did not allow him to except against any one of them more than another. that by authority derived from God. in Middlesex at that time . or Upon which he said. should guilt. I confess also.

Englishman. and as he thought fit. refuted the calumny. He was asked. confessing himself to be a worm his of the earth. Cook had declaim'd. and was conscious to himself of his own innocence. who was wer to charge him with insupportable pride.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. short time after. as for an unspeakable favour. a the jury went aside to consult about the verdict. after Mr. that he had long since provided for that. 33. and the work and creature of Christ Maker. viz. returning him most judge hearty thanks. In fine. if he had any thing more to say for himself. against the servant of Popham had loaded Topliffe and Lord Chief Justice him with reproaches and injuries. and young was a demonstration that he was made &c. priest since the time mentioned old he in the statute. why sentHe said. The the help of a minister to prepare him to die. The judge (Popham) exhorted him to provide He for the welfare of his soul whilst he had time. to which Father Southwell opposed a Christian constancy and modesty. brought him in guilty. ? The judge ask'd him how was He replied. and a that his being so Ixiii priest. that he was about the same age as our Saviour. thank'd him for this show of good-will . by his own confession. took occasion from this ansTopliffe. Father Southwell made a very low bow. ence should not be pronounced against him ? nothing but from my heart I beg of Almighty God to forgive all who have been any ways accessory to my . saying. Father Southwell desired he would not trouble him upon that the grace of God would be more than that head offered him . and. in comBut Father Southwell paring himself to our Saviour. . present. as long Christ. death. The judge having pro- nounced sentence according to the usual form.

the Christ-linked remembrance of his age could not but be uttered. at his return to Newgate. again put down into Limbo. pp. sufficient for And so. gained a glorious victory. Southwell. being sent back to Newgate. as perfume from a wind-shaken flower. as we have seen above. lined with people. where he spent the following night. 1 Challoner. He was life. to enjoy for ever the he was called out to The next morning early. . and in every gesture and motion of his body. the last of his in prayer. and there ' Mr. with thoughts of the supreme Life. 'i It is very pitiful to have the great name of Coke — for the ' Cook' of the Manuscript was he —thus intro- duced. thro' the streets. and quartered. he discovered. is mentioned by Mr. into a happy eternity sovereign Object of his love. him. in his whole countenance. that long time had lain prisoner in the Tower of London. He was condemned. and. says the historian. was arraigned at the King's-Bench bar. thro' the gate of martyrdom. bowelled. Anything more relentless * wickedly perverse than the equal to his finitely and ingeniously and meaning' put into South- well's allusion to the age of The Lord as (nearly) own is inconceivable. all the way. "February 20 (1594-5). the overflowing joy of his heart. . Southwell's execution in his Chronicle : Stow hanged.Ixiv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. 330-34. a Jesuit. the combat. full of the thoughts of the journey he was to take the next day. To me it is an in- touching and unconscious revelation of filled how his whole soul was so that. and on the next morning drawn from Newgate to Tyburn. in his eyes.

or sume other lyke commissioner. and ther tow soones to St. and the tow sonnes and ther tow daughters. And they to bee comytted to severall prysons Bellamy and his wj'fe to y^ Gaythouse. and Ixvii. andwher a noumber of other preests have bene recevyd and harberd. pp. Barnes. another Jesuit. Jxv fore) From Morris's Condition we learn that there were ' ' of the Catholics' (as be' conversations' on ' equi- vocation' and kindred matters during the examinations. ' As I 2 ' : . Turnbull has given a genealogical table of the Bellamys. and ther tow doughters to y^ Clynck. as being a denial authorised by y^ example of y^ Saviour. That Mr. 293-4) Robert Southwell. y^ Jesuit priest.'" I should like blood. Justice Young. alias Mr. — * before. in y^ parryshe of Harrow on y'' Hyll. and to be axamyned straytly for y« weighty service of y^ Q^ Ma*y. in whose house father Southwell. Cotton. add the following as a foot-note. from the Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society (vol. bathe beene ther a sojorner in Bellamy's house. cexiv.' In June 1592 it was ordered. to and the sorrow and shame of our com' mon human have nature and Christianity that I both sides' must regard our Worthy as a 'martyr' in the deepest and grandest sense good man and full of the Holy Ghost. ' : ' : . this judicial it is Murder. alias Stranudge.a MEMORIAL-IXTRODUCTIOX. as well when Southwell bathe been ther as when Mr. al's Wingfeld. ccxviii. and it was admitted by him that he had been often in Bellamy's house and his friend John Gerard.-vi. al's Hyud. defended y« denial of y^ fact by one of y^ witnesses.'^ conformed' and I care not to dwell I pronounce it any longer on be such . and that one ' firmness' in authority' sought to break down the of another Catholic prisoner by a false as ' malignant assertion that Southwell had sent for a Protestant 'minister.' The alias Cotton' is a new fact in Southwell's biogi-aphy. was also discovered and arrested at Uxenden. pp.wet pages. Katheryn's.) sufficient to have been once printed. and related papers from the StatePaper Office fpp. Toplay [Topcliflfe?] a comyssyner. do apprehend Richard Bellamy of Oxenden. and his wyfFe. was taken by Mr. i. Ixiv.

I very much mistake if a genuine him would not have shown an intellectual. thin and worn no doubt.' and in the breast a sword with blood coming forth in great drops. self. Pass we now to II. etherealised Face. seems Beneath is inscribed to have formed one of a series. ' from the number 89' in the right-hand corner. This we are not privileged to do here ill but I have told his Life-story if from the extant 'j:)re. but ensouled.'wf72ce' authorities. yea reverence. his stainless and beautiful ' memory. lesu.: — Ixvi MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Dr. Paradiaus Animce. pro Cath. One likes to go to the Writings of a man from a study .' none the less that beliefs and forms and observances that were dear to him are errors. is It is to be trait of lamented that there Southwell known. Londini. mar. if I did not hold in honour.evidently no Portrait. Wandered not his steps astray. Soc. of his Face. all the more that he was on the losing side. ' fide P. to me Through this desert. The Wiutinos. We could better have spared other portraits that have neous). Treading still the royal way. which. 1595' (the date erro- Above is a cherub reaching out a wreath and round the neck is the rope. blush for my Protestantism. my Eeaders have not a in his favour using my Scottish archaic phrase — if his character have . : palm ' come down Portrait of for his. suspensus et sectus 3. Kobertvs Sovthvell. The face is a conventional monkish one. Hannah no authentic porof Brighton in- deed has sent me an early etching-like engraving. and more. day by day.

these were printed at his private press. and to the honourable. The next— really the first Epistle of Comfort to the Eeverend Preistes. worshipful. Imis ' An printed at Paris [15931]. that something bearing the name of Southwell has not been in living circulation and prized by ' weary' and sorrowful spirits. the doubting.' Hence it is. But in such case the date of the usually filled in. 8vo: a copy in Dr.' all ' ' ' imprint of Paris may have been a blind. The Bibliographies of his Writings ' (e. or d. 214 leaves: a copy in the British Rule of Museum. the unwary. that there never has been a decade of years since their original issue. I have failed to discover a copy. I take it. as Southwell from 1592 was a prisoner. viz. the eager. the ' tried. n. and other of the lay sorte restrayned in durance for the Catholike faith. the tempted. of the Author's own inner life' and symthe outcome pathies with the sad. Hazlitt's) place at the head A Supplication to Queen Elizabeth' (1593): but this was probably his father's Petition.p.' mentioned Epistle in our Memoir. Good Life: to Following this was ' A Short direct the devout Christian in a regular and ordinary course. Oliver (as before) has stated that the Bodleian. indeed is it their literary value that has kept them It was not for a 'quick' and potential to this day. Dodd (as before) gives the . literary object they were composed.MEM0R1AL-INTK(JDUC'TI0N/ Ixvii not won an extrinsic interest and transfiguration for his . His Prose I can only very briefly notice nor books. 1593. neither as contri' They were buting to literature they were published. must be a misof Comfort' The take. Another edi- tion of this treatise— for it really is such— bears date '1G05' (in the Bodleian).' 8vo. g.

and Mceoniw his other Hijmnes. far as I am aware. ' Consolatorie Epistle The Triimiphs ouer Death : or A minds. There was a previous edition in 1595. well disposed eie may he preparde Respectiuely their gi-iefe for friends decease To moderate without all vaine excesse. appears to have been Editor of the 'Triumphs. . copy of it is dated The next published prose was the following: 1589. hj R. R T . Printed by Valentine London. Oxford.' and so must have been printed prior the private I have not been able to trace an early copy. what here with due regarde. the Stonyhurst ms. in the affects of dying friends. S. the Authour of S. [Of Southwell and his Book. Done into a Poeme by The Epistle-dedicatory in verse to the The I. lohn Busbie.] R O B E Ech Reade with regarde. hitherto reprinted.' (1595). I have been allowed Simmes for the leisurely use of their very fine copy of this excessively scarce book.' Sackvilles we have already given in the preceding Memoir.' His ' Epistle assigned to to his Father to forsake the World' is also press. so I. imprint of Doway to the ' Short Rule. first Rape of faire Hellen. T.Peters for afflicted ComjAaint. to 1592. ' As we shall find. Our second Ciceronian Southwell sent By whose perswasiue pithy argument. and are to be solde at Nicholas Lings shop at the West end of Paules Church. and neither. First written for the consolation of one : but nowe published for the generall good of all.: Ixviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. and now the Verses in memoriam of Southwell by Trussell must here find successive place the former an acrostic. (4to).' By the hberality of the authorities of Jesus College. 1596. ' John Trussell. author of Raptvs I Helente.

Which for some friend's losse. May by example guyde their actions so. . mine crost. Esteeme of both then. Else is his labour lost.passions shall not superate theii* losse And eke this Treatise doth the Reader show. And though the same he did at first compose For one's peculiar consolation. and pleasure few or none : I thought it best. my poore mite. that impartiall eyes Might. accept of my goodwill.: :: : . I.proue their owne And by extreamitie of exclamation selfe-foes: And theii- continuale lamentation Seeme to forget that they at length must tread The selfe same path which they did that are dead. Then. both to no end Lest then you ill deserue what both intend. • II. But those as yet whom no friend's death doth crosse. and iudging. That for jonr profit it presented you He pend. as we them ment. Yet will it be commodious vnto those. WTien teares can not recall the dead againe. reading iudge. as we merite shall. S Ixix O V T H W E L E L Sitli the woi'ke is worthie of your view. And thereby pi-ooues. the same in publike wise I['d] print to publish. That when a tempest comes their barke to tosse. praise the wight The which this Triumph ouer Death did wi'ite. I publish this to pleasiu-e all. Obtract not him which foi" your good it pend Vnkinde you are if you it reprehend. : MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. yet both with good intent Then take them kindly both. . much teares are spent in vaine. Way his workes woorth. Let my goodwill and small defects fulfill He here his talent trebled doth present. Whose worth was more than I knew how to prize And knowing if it should be kept vnknowne. Chancing to find with ^sope's cocke a stone. 'Twould many skathe. That we our breath to Death by duety owe. To THE Readek.

47 leaves). Mary Magdalen's Funerall Teares. sure To reade what Soutkwi'll writ will not endure. Worke. 1594' There were editions of the Funerall Teares' in 1602. except the Spirit moue. and let me reape the shame. &c. London. I : : loHN Teussell. This was his last published prose. Printed (8vo. but not despise This little Treatise but if Momus' eies Espie Death's Triumph. Bible-bearing hypocrites. corrected in his own autograph. Southwell's own prose address of The Aiithour ' to the Reader' is well-turned in phrase. This Writer. I. C. A copy of the ' Tri- umphs. Let that be me. for a fashion. or me for to reprooue But let this pitch-speecht mouth defile but one. let t' other two alone For if ofience in either merite blame. 1607. But leaning them. I wish them weigh the worke. for the Author's sake. turn c. 1630..' although the latter was in print one year earlier. The fault is mine. and not who writes But they that leaue what most the soiile delights.: : IXX Yet if MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. since no perswades suffise To cause them reade.' In any reprint this Manu- script will be found of much value. dated The last of September 1591. wish all other reade.' including this Epistle. the worke desinse. ver. ' amartim. G. Because the Preacher's no precisian. Whose hoUowe hearts doe seeme most holy wise. Do. for A. Such were the printed and published Prose Writings . ' is preserved among the Stonyhurst mss. The title-page is as follows : * —taken from the unique copy in the Bodleian Jeremiee. 2)erhapi)es our late sprung Sectaries. 1609. &c. Or. 6. Auctum unigeniti fac tibi plane2G. The date there given (1591) led us to place the 'Triumphs' before 'Marie Magdalen's Funerall Teares. it doth him behoue.

' 'Antequam cum externis &c. is stated by Tuunbull to have had in his posses- sion an unpublished (and so) ms. The additional autograph pieces in Prose are on separate foldings of paper. * may S. it But his with reference to the Letter to his Father that it may be stated thus begins in the ms. and are these Notes on : ' Theology.' as follow ' : Ante orationem precatio. Sou. Rich.' 'Ante Missam precatio. of his. I will surcease. : ' To the Worshipfull. ' printed at the private press' in his own house. it must have appeared sooner than the known earliest ediThe whole of these are included in the tion.' Ante studia precatio. R. and which I would here record. there are a variety of exceedingly characteristic chiefly in Latin. .' prefixed to St. his dutifuU soon [^sic'] Rob.' finde excuse of my is boldnes.' very good father. 1593. your most dutifull and lovinge sonne. same Volume with the Poems. ' weighty and powerful' productions. The date '1589' that if important. Mr..' It must be the same that is quoted from by Walter. ' Precationes. wisheth all happines and ends. Sou. viz. of our Poet.' and two others without head- . Peter's Complaint. Besides these Hundred Meditations' ' ' among to his ' the Stonyhurst mss. and confirms our remark. exclusive of holographs of ' the already-named Triumphs over Death' and Epistle loving cosen. with other Poems (as before).' 'Ad omnia accommodata precatio. as described by us.' consisting of the usual scholastic-dogmatic discussions (in Latin). the Lady Beauchamp. This 22 of October 1589.' with a Preface-Letter To the Right Honble and virtuous Lady. and of the Letter to his Father. Ixxi Farther : Dolman. the still late Catholic pub- lisher.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. ' Next. entitled 'The Hundred Meditations of the Love of God. Esq".. and of the Poems.

' —both ' the Pi*ayers and Meditations being in Latin. Peter's Complaint. we learn . both extrinsically valuable from their relation to the published 'Mary Magdalen's Funerall Teares. being at least an absentee from Catholic ob' gay' and ' of the world. Returning upon the Prose of Southwell. there this additional that the great body of the instruction and consimple. of reprinting but it is of rare interest in many ways.' in English prose.'' were probably to disappoint not to published and unpubgive something from the Prose Nevertheless. As we have Worthy as is seen. as thus and accurately placed before the in the outset spiritual' is Reader. and hence have not thought it . His father seems either to have been inclined servances.' and 'Alas. and so unfurnished of those brilliancies that yield vivid and often untrue ' quotable bits. Finally. the earliest-dated prose of our is the Letter to his Father.Ixxii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. it — lished. seeing — remarked ' — it is not for their literary but for their worth we estimate element of them highly: while difficulty. Next. unadorned. solation presented is plain. another Prayer on a separate bit of paper. We have very much more valuable new materials. I feel a difficulty in making representative quotaas tions. and from him Appendix No.' His marriage with a lady of the Court —formerly. This Letter printed in extenso by Walter (as before). and Notes or jottings for the poem of for the first time fully St.' of which indeed I believe them to have been the first form. almost homely. why doe I lament. Meditationes in Adventu' ings. 1 by Turnbull. a Discourse on Mary Mandelyn. or to have been to fall in with The Re- formation. and won the fine praise of Arts Willmott. Next.

It is not the carelessness of a cold affection. which to heredifriends by descent and pedigree is. occupies pp. or by seeming officious to become offensive . and was taken from a ms.INTRODUCTION.MEMORIAL. framed in them a right persuasion of my present censures of calling. all my I never doubted but that the belief. and to purchase their danger. w-ithout In Waltek it the old spelling. Thus does he pave the way ' and admonition :^ I am not of so unnatural a kind. in the As most I take my /i" . rather heresy hath sought to discredit my functions. that has made me such a stranger the to my native home. because I might easily usages of all former ages. 106-125. deeming it better to let time in digest the fear that my return into the realm had bred my kindred than abruptly to intrude myself. whose good-will I so highly esteem. or to forget of my being. His son Robert for counsel yearned over him. and the discharge of my duties an occasion of danger. I was loth to inforce an unwilling courtesy upon any. quotations from this Letter fromTuRNBULL. not suffering them to measure their terms and odious epithets wherewith me by the ugly tary. perceive by apparent conjectures that ' many were more easily got at by Readers desh-ing to see the whole. Ixxiii from More (as before). but sacred by the reverence of so worthy a sacrament and the Yet. ill tins instance going back on Bodleian. in a manner. nor the want of a due and reverent respect. but only the iniquity of these days that maketh my presence perilous. of so wild an education. or so unchristian a spirit. the instructress of Queen Eliza- beth in the Latin language — and his wealth led him among the highest in the Land. as not to remember the root out of which my secondary maker and author I branched. and so backward in defraying debt of a thankful mind.

prerogative of the best disposition. with Joseph. sionately : ' Who hath more interest in the grape than he who planted the vine ? owe so he who sowed the corn 1 or where can the child indebted for his great service as to him to whom he is With young Tobias I have travery life and being % spiritual subvelled far. that whereas my endeabrink of perdition.-iv. More pasficially obtained by mere strangers' (p.). and medicinable receipts who more right to the crop than long toil your ghostly maladies. yet harsh and churlish a humour. Ixxiv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. desiring thereby to infull prey you were wont to love . but that corrective am it is I not of so a continual and cross unto me. xliii. all I have in this general famine of abundtrue and Christian food.). willing to hear of me than from me. in my nearest blood. prepared your soul. and readier to praise endeavours. I have with Esau. and my provisions feed you. Then follow most wistful entreaties: e. and brought home a freight of against stance to enrich you. vours have reclaimed many from the employ them where they were I have been less able to most due . sure your blessing. I have hitherto bridled my than to use jealousy of their safety desire to see them by the care and my cradle in my and banishing myself from the scene of my like a foreigner. my prey delight you. I have lived presumed that which. and was barred from affording to my dearest sought and benefriends that which hath been eagerly xlvi. ance of the bread of angels for the repast of And now my desire is that my drugs may cure you.. and anxious arguments taking the form of though I challenge not the ' Surely for mine own part. I strangers not to seek' (pp. by whom . finding among own country.g. after returned with the in pursuing a long and painful chase.

the comfort of your seriously and the redress of your own soul. enlightened. . and remember the Daniel. under youthful locks. measureth the youth of your son. Ixxv and fed myself. and some are riper often couched of their age' in the spring than others in the autumn That 'you ivere wont to love' from the xlvi. to join issue : and to come to the principal drift of my discourse most humbly and earnestly I am to beof God.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. lix.). and my your courtesies Despise not. his * There follow superabundant Scriptural defences of youth' as no bar to addressing his Father. thereand put into fore it is high time for you to strike sail and harbour. good Sire. neither ' his subordination as ' son' an argument for silence. lest. in part. and weigh taking for your counterpoise the in a Christian balance. very fallen. and the stream of your your tired bark beginneth to and grateth oft upon the gravel of the grave . ingenuously old Story was exceedingly ingenious and is put.). that the word interpreted Thekel. written of old against Balthazar. both in respect of the honour children. as though his father finely : were unin' structed in such matters. judgments of God. I have been cured.-vii. your duty to His Church. be not verified in you . The full now . you would yourself consider the terms you stand on. ' ' fore. And dash you upon the rock Now thereso the sharp arrow' is at last sent home. of your spring-tide is Again. that may. hfe waneth to a low ebb leak. some unexpected gust of eternal ruin' (p. nor counsels' an accusation. duty. be countervailed. (pp. remaining in the scope of the winds should waves of this wicked time. performed. in some sort. that. by young Take heed in time. neither deem your God Hoary senses are His endowments by number of years. seech you.

were you have little wish to do seeing that it never gave you but an unhappy welcome. may be abridged . how can you but prepare for so dreadThe young may die quickly. you have been weighed in the balance and Remember that you are in the balance. Having so many harbingers of death to pre -admonish you of your end. maturity that the chief property of things past. and to enter . . your senses become impaired. and though you so. in well-doing. and farewell. but the old man's life can by no phyfound wanting. " MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. And therefore." sic be long augmented. and on every side the ruinous cottage of your faint and feeble flesh threateneth a fall. innocency . use now the privilege of Nature's talent to the benefit of your soul. the thoughts of sere age should continually dwell on the same. that the date of your pilgrimage is well-nigh expired. It is now more than a seasonable time your course of so unthriving a husbandry. Ixxvi exposition. wisdom and seeing wisdom is to be mindful of careful of things present. which could bring you nothing forth but a crop of cares and afflictions rewarding your labours with reto alter morse. Your strength languisheth. and provident of things to come. a hurtful entertainment. of manhood.. now unable. and your body droopeth. and show hereafter to be wise in foresight of future and watchful harms. To serve the world you are able. and that it now behoveth you to look forward to your country. if green years must sometimes think gative of infancy is of the grave. but the ful a stranger ? The young man's Ufe by casualty old cannot live long. and of age. now doth abandon you with an unfortunate long sowed in a field of flint. You have of spirit . and for your pains repaying you with eternal damages. reverence . The prero- of childhood.

127 : Turnbull from Walter. to see our dearest father. p. is of the same character. into the field Ixxvii of God's Church' (pp. but the earnest desire of your other chilwhose humble wishes are here written with my pen. the devoutness. dismembered from the body to which we are united. almost awfully in earnest in its calls for recovery fore it 'return to ' Rk Church' — and : ' to 'consider' be-' be too late .' Here is one cry' out of it 'I would I might send you the sacrifice of my dearest veins.— — MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Ix. to whom both nature hath bound and your merits fastened our affection.-li. . a general grief that For it it is hath pleased God to filleth all our hearts. whom shroud under His merciful wing. the softness ' Walter.). p.'^ The < Triumphs over Death' is a panegyric on the noticed in the lady of the family of the Howards Me- moir [Lady Mary Sackville].' the full rich scripturahaess and quamt ap- plications. the mingled affec' and prophet-like the wise instruction. to try whether nature could awake remorse. Eldon by Twiss looks chill and meagre beside A shorter Letter to named). my own. and in so doing lacks the gentleness. similarly preserved.' and he urges I have expressed not only dren. Even the noble Letter of the late Bishop of Exeter (Phillpotts) to Lord Chancellor Eldox on his of the ' deathbed— the gem his Brother (not Life' of it. and of as urgent and eager intensity for * ' : decision. correc- tion. the pathos of this Letter. Ixiv.). reproof. the insistence. The se- quel is intensely. as before. I tion know nothing comparable with fidelity. and prepare a way for grace's entrance. xlix. to be in hazard of a farther and more grievous separation' (p. It seeks to check overgrief.

and in this behalfe. leaning her house more beholding to her for hauing hon- oured it it with the glorie of her vertues. finding in het at. among her hir peeres. making nobility but the mirrour so I adduce here : ' but vnto the first in the realme . as apte to draw many eies to beholde it . its re- of his other Letters. being severe to sternness in pression. that was dumbe in her dispraise. she hauing alwaies with such modestie as taught the most vntem- perate tongues to be silent in her presence. She was high-minded in nothing but in aspiring to perfection and in the disdaine of vice militie . His ' character' of the ' fair lady' is drawn with It the firm hnes of a Painter and the glow of a Poet. deliuering their opinions in open praises. and showing it with curtesie among Of the carriage of her selfe. as almost in all others. How mildely she accepted the checke of fortune fallen vpon her without desert. then she was to for the titles of hir degree. The clearenes of hir honor I neede not to mention. may serve as an example of the elegance of his style. and answered their eyes with scorne to and contempt. that did but seeme . the temper of her mind being . but naught to reproue. as able to shewe things worthie to be scene. experience hath bin a most manifest proofe . of vertue. in other things couering her greatnes with huinferiors. make her an aime ladies to passion yea. and her sober gouernement [it] Enuy hirself much to repine armed it may be a sufficient testimony. shee hath the and knowen most honourable of the Land so common and knowen witnesses. and it She was by birth second to none yet she measured onely greatnesse by goodnes.Ixxviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. shee suted her be- hauior to her birth. that those that least loued her rehgion were in loue with her demeanour. and enobled her birth with her piety.

her faithfulnes where she found true friendship. they per- fume our his rod prayers. The crosse of Christ and rod of every tribulation seem to threaten stinging and terrour to those that shunne and eschew it. eyther by their fruits to delight our sences. or by a kingdome by seeking of cattel or : ' their operation to preserve our healths. that from folowing sheep came to foyle a giant and receiue in fine Why then should a royall crowne for his victorie ? Wee moisten not the her loss bee lamented V Again ground with pretious waters. If they be teares of loue. and but affrighted him.).MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.' Once more : ' When Moses threw from him. seruiceable for his vse. " Thy rod and Thy staffe being quickly taken vp. SO easie that she found little difficultie Ixxix in taking downe her thoughts to a meane degree. and will be longer registred in grateScattered up and down the Triumphs' ful memories. it Our text is the edition of 1590. which being unpaged. ' Would ? Saul have thought friendship to have wept for his fortune in hauing found Dauid account it a curtesie to have sorowed at his successe.g. but they that mildely take it up and embrace it with patience may say with David (Psalme xxiii. which true honour not pride hath raised to her former height . it became a serpent. Our teares are water of too high a price to be prodigally poured in the dust of any graues. ' and Bible facts and names it : e. They were stilled to nobler endes. no way hurtful.'^ are felicitous conceits and most ingenious applications of loue. ' : ' umphs. insomuch as it made him to flee . references are not easy but being short the Reader will readily Sir Egerton Brydges reprinted the Trifind our quotations. was a rod againe. is written with teares in many eies. redy to sting.' .

. shee departed. Jepthae's daughter from her father's house. some for growing. The dwarfe groweth not on the highest nor the man part looseth not his height in the lowest valley.' The fol- lowing seems to of me to contain in brief a very famous paper : ' Addison in The Spectator If men should lay all their evilles together. 13) reminds us in relation to the closing image. . but in the seasons of our life. some end : in the blade. with she climed vp into the tree of Ufe.' ' : only different.' tall ' the haruest depending vpon the Reaper's hill. and some for reaping that you inevitably note in reading ' to our loue is always aliue to our sorrow." ' Yet again : ' too lowe a ground sired countenance. of Lives.' I close with three sentences golden' the Puritans would have called them) : That which dietli The termes of our life are like the seasons of the yeare. . with Zacheus. some for sowin this ing.' p. that as the heauens keepe their prescribed periods. the mountaynes of this and to ascend out of this desart of perfume stemme [= steam] out of burned first edition WiLLMOTT appositely (as before. . . most men would (' they brought than stand to the diuision. some are reaped in the seed.' ' in wand ring about . some in the vnripe eares. there to giue her soule a full repast on His beauties. to be afterwards by equall portions rather take that divided among them. to take view of her Sauior's She stood vpon most de- and forsaking the earth. ' that the voice of the rising ' Lady' in Comus is described as like a steam of rich distilled perfumes. all in the wil. troublesome world. which are not the laws of necessarie causes.' ' Mary IVIagdalene's Fiinerall Teares' was in . but to passe some moneths like a spices. my comfort.IxXX have been MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. so the succession of times have their appointed changes .

an odd metaphor. I suppose. as she stood at the ' empty tomb is in her sor- row. ' Re- member [Lord] that Thou saidst to her that *' Mary had chosen the better from her. Thus to Mary. Isaac it Watts along with his ' own Hymns it . been it out of print. reprinted by Ixxxi Dr.' Once more: sister." Thee. since the coarse she seeketh is taken away from her^^ Again Though teares were rather oyle than water to the liuing." our text fl630) is unpaged. that has a morbid sentimentalism about not at all pleasing — after the type of a good deal of Father Faber's Prose ' — an otherwise striking and suggestive over-dwelling upon that repells. : death allow any wished welcome ' her flame. and hence we can't give references for our quotations but again ' ' . the question. and over-valuation of weeping' is ijer se. Alas. she yeelded herselfe captiue to all discomfort. apter to nourish than diminish her griefe. which should not be taken That she chose the " best part" is out of made it choice of nothing but only of But how can be verified.' I confess. / . And yet ever and anon one of arrested by a quaint fancy.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. whom neither will afoord a desired farewell. sith she part. sith Thou that art this part art thority. and chosen the . without auSouthwell assumes Mary Magdalene' to have been Mary of Bethany but the argument is lovingly already taken away?' ' : As with the Triumphs. the treatise is brief. that this part shall not be taken from her. as of a gargoyle or cathedral-stall oaken carving. ! nor Bhe hath abandoned company of the dead and now it seemeth that euen the dead have forsaken her. life how vnfortunate this woman. Here and elsewhere. and has never. yet now being plunged in the depth of paine. he says.

' : ' giuen with with loue. thinkest thou. that the same day he Him in Paradise. so much sorrow and so many teares. than to be a gardener? And hast thou bestowed such cost. is noticethat is now able in its early occurrence in our Worthy: e. for is no better man than a silly gardener ? Alas. and folding vp the napkins ? Thou knowest that the myrrh maketh linnen cleaue as fast as pitch or glue and was a theefe at so much leasure.' there is this ' : odd expostulation passing into genuine exposition Hath thy Lord liued so long. Once more : If thou [Mary] seest anything that beareth colour of mirth. the sorry garden the best inheritance that thy loue can afoord Him.' and ' Loue is no gift except the giuer be Loue is not ruled with reason. but : Yet again ' If sorrow at the crosse did not it make selfe thee as deafe as at the tombe. as to 1 haue stolen the body and the clothes yea. Reasoning dexterous on the (erroneous) assumption. to come to no higher preferment. it is vnto thee like the rich spoiles of a van' quished kingdome in the eye of a captiue prince. g. would he haue beene so vertuous as to haue stayed the vnshrouding of the coarse. through famiharity. ' Would any theefe. died with such paine. which puts him in mind what he had.' Again it . or a gardener's office the highest dig- .' Finally on the words : she taking Him to be a gardener. maketh thee for- getfull. and shed such showers of bloud. laboured so much. as to dissolue the myrrh and vncloath the dead ?' and so on. not what he hath. the well-ordering of the sheets. and are but vpbraidings of his losse and whetstones of sharper sorrow.: Ixxxii MKMORIAL-IXTROnUCTlON. thou diddest in confirmation hereof heare Him- should be with ' say to one of the theeues. haue beene so left religious. commonplace.

that as our harmes and such places and mcanes began. . than with His death so dearely to haue bought so small a purchase. And as the gardener was the fall of mankinde. and his liuery of death agree with And now to defray the debt his condemnation to die. fruit of a tree. so they might end . so this gardener the raiser of our mines. he was there ap- parelled in dead beasts' skinnes. appeareth first in a garden. was placed in the garden of pleasure. in a garden Christ did earne it vs with a bloudy sweat of His whole body. a garden was deceiued and taken captiue by the deuill. that the beginnings of glorie and presenteth Himselfe in a gardener's likemight resemble the entrance of innocencie and grace. . Adam And Sup- after a free gift of the bread of angels in the Last per. in this garden Christ lay clad in the dead man's shrowd and buried in his tombe. auis thor of death. nesse. In the ransome of our offences. nitie that tliou wilt allow Ixxxiii Him ? It had beene better He had lined to haue beene lord of thy cattle [Magdala]. the first man that euer was in glory. the parent of sinne. But thy mistaking hath in it a further Thou thinkest not amisse. By disobedient eating the forfeited tree. and. though thy sight For as our first father. that his garment betoken his graue. in the state of grace be deceiued. and the restorer of life. of that sinne. In a garden Adam was condemned to earne his bread with the sweat of his browes. and the first office allotted him was to be a gardener so . our right to that garden was by Adam and by the obedient death of Christ vpon a is a farre better right in the now recouered.WEMORIAL-liNTRODUCTION. and innocency. When Adam might had sinned garden of pleasure. mysterie. In a garden Christ was betrayed and taken prisoner by the Jewes.

) . as were the premises to our misery. to ' search' —the old (English) Bible word— take very discovered to par- of the character of the shorter poems.^ With relation to the Stonyhurst mss. 4/. The and ' ' Short Rules' are in concerning many respects admirable charitable. 14s. g. Kerslake of Bristol had an autograph ms. greater extent. The Precationes' and Meditationes' and ' ' * ' Notes on Theology' most certainly ought not to remain Passing now to the Poetry of our Worthy.' (Catal. Feb. that while a thread of unity runs through really is rather a succession of separate studies on the sad Fall of St. 449. of the earlier form. might be on. e. Meditations. wrecke as = wreak. A shorte Rule of Good Lyfe to direct the devoute Christian in a regular to the ' ' and orderlie course. will be forthcoming.' but offer nothing very remarkable. Peter than a single rounded so poem much ' so. from its in MS. Bernard.' and so manner of Mary Magdalen's Funerall words of Southwell used in his Teares' supplies also Poems. and that the ms. sindon..' formerly Walter and lately of Dolman. and St. demurres. ' the like. only. No. also the after the conclusions of our misfortune . Peter's Complaint claims perhaps first it thought. I must express an earnest hope that some one capable will make them the basis of an adequate edition of the Prose Writings of in possession of Southwell. ' The are instructions children' and * servants' good. it is to say. That it. that were it divided into portions and given Originally issued as 'A Shorte Rule. St. When we come much to examine it is it. Ixxxiv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. 1860.' the little tractate gi-ew Short Eules' of the collective edition of 1630.

. we should discern no abruptness. There are also prose-jottings of ideas : and metaphors for the poem e. as with the minor pieces in the 1616 edition. IXXXV headings. a heading The Peeter Playnt' : {sic) with The' erased ' and then as follows peer That sturdy peter ^nd boaste The champion stout which did with othe avowe Amyds a thousand pykes and blody blades At his deare masters syde to yeld the ghoast Perceyvyng that he conquered of two mades wittTdread*^ his credit distayne Even at the pinch from premiss did retyi'e and oowardyce he fades. of Stonyhurst prove. That it cost him no little thought and ' pains' and prayer. and no distinction as between them and the others. Again. Loth of his fait and of his maysters paynes A thousand daggers stabbed in his hart [erased] did with puniardes hart. tiues (1604). the fragmentary mss. which it is said ' she usually sung and played on ' winde instruments. contain only 12 out of the 131 stanzas (see page 2) and in this form it exists in various contemporary and later copies.g. and corrected and reis ' corrected ' : e.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.' Each stave' or stanza is prefaced by prose 'meditations' or prayers. Thus it would seem St. There are separate stanzas written and re-written. and at the pinch his loyalty doth The shame. sweet. simple.g. Peter's Complaint extended beyond its Author's original design.' pushes [erased] stabbe A thousand luoundes prickyns [erased] pearce [erased] his So throughout. the Stonyhurst mss. commencing with verse and going on ad interim in prose : . ^ sixteene staves' are taken from the long Poem. the pitye and smart a7iffri/ the gryping griefe stayne. As we have found in the Memoir. in Elizabeth Grymeston's Miscellanea. Meditations Memora. and affectionate.

Peter's Complaint (page 2) I ven- a foremost place only on the ground of its being longer than the others. Chryst a rimniug tunge did seeme ech lyk a listning Ech eie of And Eclie ey of peeagre eares [' s' erased] Prest to recyve the voyce and it esteame iTiLg^eare"**' According to that sense that it should heare. not knowledge. only now and again Incident. I adhere to the verdict.^ In the Note to ture to assign it St. it is paralleled in the Complaint. More fierce he seemed to say ar thy eis Then the iminous hands which shall naile me on the crosse peters eis so many Nether feele I any blow [sic] which do so annoy Of so many which this gylty rahle doth on me lay As that blow which came out of thy mouth. none courteous Of so many that I have vochsafned to be myne was more kyndled But thow in whome my And faythlesse and iingi-atefull above all other me All other with there (cowardly) flyght did only oflfend me my But thou hast denyed and now with the other (foes) [sic] ghilty Standest feedynd thy eies with my damage (and sorowes) As though part of this pleasur belonged unto the. inas- much as there are in ' Mjeonite' and our ' Myrta^' shorter pieces that attain a reach and sweep.' At the same time. I give . and which gleam ' with a dove-neck or peacock-crest splendour of colour. regarded as so many distinct Studies of the tragic ignorance. and the critical Reader compare them with the ultimate published These specimens must will delight to Poem.' suffice. None faythful found I. that will pronounce ' tedious or idly As these variations and studies are peculiarly interesting the remainder (not extensive) in Additional Notes and Illustrations at close of the Volume. not insight.Ixxxvi ' MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. glance-and-run it reading.

' with a gibe at ' Mary's Funerall Teares.' vitality of But it is from the shorter Poems the South- well's memory as a Singer has sprung and will abide. If he list once the Syon Muse deride. by his side. and so too in ' Pierce's Supererogation.' But Marston repaid the ' compound interest daunce. whilst he does sweetly sing 'Gainst Peter's Teares and Marie's mouing Moane.'' Come Teares' and Lodge and Nash have kindly allusions to Southwell the former in his : the ' ' Funerall Prosopopeia.) has one mocking line on the ' ' ' Now good * St. ye stumbling SatjTes. Hall's (18. xii. Our Memoir sweetest his ' establishes that some of the tenderest and must have been composed after the anguish of thirteen rackings' and other prison tortures. . Ixxxvii Bishop Hall. among the many mis-estimates of his passionate youth. 157). :' Complaint viii. sat. Papers.' and Gervase Markham's Lamentations of Mary Magdalene' (reprinted our Fuller Worthies' Miscellanies) ' in : And both the Marys make a music Satirist with luoan. 1G9-170. The poor to sing in the darkness of its artificial (for the eyes are Canary continuing pose to secure ' and cruel sightlessness put out on puris singing' at night as during the day) an imperfect symbol of our Poet continuing to utter out the music that was in ' him under such Works contlitions. paraphrastic.39). Pro- Reactio. iv. the mother of God' (see Shakespeare Society ii. Peter weeps pure Helicon. pp.: MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. like a fierce enraged boare doth foame. Ye Granta's white nymphs come. and sanctified Marie. in his Satires' (Book i. and with you bring Some sillabub. And. containing the Teares of the holy. vol. blessed.

I must regard the long poem on the Assumption of the Virgin as bold. it were a loss to our small body of English Sacred Poetry to lose ' Southwell. in recollection of their (early) date and of the circumstances of their composition.' 'Content andEiche. The man ' is a pretender who can really ' ponder' ' Myrtle' and Majonije' and the rest.' but Losse. and not recognise a born-poet in Southwell. Cf. the Preface -Epistle to bis self-estimate.' Scorne not the ' ' ' Least. who Lewd Lone Losse. and I must reiterate that this inevitableness surely determines that his most quaint and affected-seeming Verse was natural. not supreme. thinking' and feehng' that are as musical as Apollo's and as fresh as a spring-budding spray and the wording of all (excepting over-alliteration and inversion lute. but within his own selfchosen lowly sphere pure and bright. while that on the Prodigal has a pre-Eaphaelite reahsm that is taking.' must make in respect of the uttermost recognition of her as the God-bearer {Qzoroxog. as their subjects.' 'Life is ' Love's Servile Lott. bably his entire Poems were produced in prison . as onward.' and the whole series on the Lord and His Mother. high-soaring.) The are Protestants. spontaneous. which are . unforgettable. with every abatement that we.' and those related.' Look Home. to a Synner's Dyer's Phansie turned Complaynte. — — of special interest.IxXXviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. certain superficial metrical defects but apart from other things.' ' 'A ' Child my is Choyce. Latin Poems printed by us for the first time have. original. well-languaged and memorable and thought-packed. as our few notes show.^ I name and only name Tymes goe by Turnes. truthful. ' ' loving cosen' for his humble . Altogether. imaginatiye. grand. ' The hastiest Eeader will come on .

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Peter's Complaint. their in them not as scent on love.' His smiles for he has humour. the earth-hid bulb compared with the it lordly blossom of hyacinth or tulip or lily really carrying in — — nevertheless And the original of the mightier after- poem. and I As a whole his Poetry is thmk has been more potential I healthy and in our Liteit rature than appears on the surface. their polish. while I sions to am not one of those in who find allu- Shakespeare contemporary writings when the writers were not thinking of that his scenic realities were ther authors than is him though I believe more suggestive to his brocommonly supposed and while I do — — not think that he alone ' is alluded to in the Epistle to his loving cosen' as preface to St. but as fragrance in the Great Gardener's flowers of fragrance. I believe every Reader deliberately. faint. that must have lurked the burdened eyes and corners o' mouth are sunny * — as sunshine. you take some of the Myrtse' and and read and re-read them. His tears are — in pure and white as the dew of the morning. strong. limiting us to who will compare the Vale of Tears' the source of the latter's immortal weak beside it. as Haunted House' dim. the latter. It only remains that I bring before our Readers certain Shakespereana out of Southwell. their concinnity. in the outset here. occasionally) undefiled. you are memorableness. do not think would be hard to show that others of whom more is heard drew light from him. their elan. even wit.' ' Ixxxix is throughout of the ' pure well of English ' When M^oniaa' pieces. as well early as more recent. Holiness is struck with their condensation. will see in the ' ' For example. I yet m . from Burns two to Thomas Hood.locks.

yet with a very clear recognition of the in the Epistle-dedicatory. toyes the sweetest vaines are spent. must discern thought of the Poet of Venus and Adonis' and Lucrece' in these words. not unfit to entertaine well.' write It may be that cotirteous skill will reckon. not as : in The devill as he our reprint (in its place) from 159G affecteth deitye. this though course in respect of others' exquisite labours. which 1 give from the ' ' Stonyhurst autograph in the original spelling. I have here laid a fewe course thredds to- gether to invite some skilfuUer wittes to goe forward in the same or to beginne be scene how well verse in St.' Then Complaint (The Author to the Reader) we allusion : have this ' more express Still finest wits In Payuim are 'stilling Venvs' rose. they now busy themselves have wedded their lett in expressing such passions as onely serve for testimo- nies to willes. wherein it maye and vertae suite together. and seeketh to have all the complementes of divine honor applied to his service.XP MIvM(>UlAL-lXTR(Jl)rt'TI(>X. g. ' loftiest genius : e.' Be it remembered farther that at the })oriod ' St. Pe- . for in liew of solemne and devoute matter. howe unworthy affections they And because the best course to is them see the in their error of their workes to weave a newe webb owne loome.' We shall . so hath he amonge ' the reste possessed also most Poetes with his idle phancies.tempered humours. to ' The Ji nest wits are now giuen passionate discourses. produce internal and external evidence imme' diately but at this point I observe that in is Mary Mag- dalen's Fanerall Teares' there like lamentation over ' the ' finest wits' given up to mere idle' love-verse.' and in 'To the Reader. Peter's some fyner peece. to which in dutye they owe their abilities.

contain. Ixii. and nourish all the world. and applied by them : in complimentary address to their mistresses also. Peter's Complaint. ' 'Oh — let the Shakesperean maintained by thesis . tabled and learnt by the ' gallants. Hence I conclude that Shakespeare's 'exand finest wit' were included in the ' ' heavenly sparks of wit who spend their sweetest veins in Paynim Nor two Ixv. Turning to St. reference intended to the that the same chiefest Poets (and it need hardly be said modern theory of the non-appreciation of Shake- speare by his contemporaries vision). the acudemien. is identical.-ix.' as then and even still Milton to the perplexity of the present in the rapture of fellowship with the quizite labours' Lord Jesus. that the stanza-form of the two ' poems name. Then more of the ' specifically in the next stanza is 2-4) and St. shoiv. Venus and Adonis' was one of the poems of the day. Complaint' itself. eyes. and when sweef was a recognised ' appellative of the silver-tongued Meliceit in —coming up later * Archbishop of Dublin (Trench). first st. st." Biron's speech being a humorously sophistical mainten- .' is this all. the arts. ter's XCl Complaint' was written. are the booka. is a baseless and ignorant and that at a time when epithets were fixed upon each author of mark. and especially the next but one (st. vi.). toys. lines of the stanza and whose glances!' student compare them with the Biron in Love's Labour Lost (iv.: — MEMOltlAL-lNTHODUCTJON. and that Venus' is mentioned by (11. Ivii. and part of the next. through his forgetfulness of the love and intensity that went as elements in the word sweet.3) From women's They They That eyes this doctrine I derive : sijarkle still the right Promethean /ire .

In our Notes and Ilhistrations I furnish other SnAKESPEARE-parallels and (probable or possible) allusions and elucidations invite attention to : and I them. of Sir Edward Dyer's ' 'Phansie' (turned by him characteristically into a it is Sinner's Plaint').' We have also pleasantly remember that in his Conversations' with Drummond ' ' . plain he had access it ' to circles where such Manuscripts ' were circulated. and that the lesser recognised the coming effulgence of England's supremest genius. 49). in tian's Sacrament of the Aulter' = as Manna. 3). and in MS. inasmuch as he applies such to the Tragedy and Pageant of Calvary. for Timon in later than 1595. has a near parallel in the Prologue to Troilus and Cressida. the words those of the older Play.. From Southwell's possession in (necessarily) ms. By the way.' Then. It does not appear that he had seen Lord Brooke's deeper sweet' original of to Dyer's Phansie.XCU MEMUHIAL-IXTKUDUCTION. sc. ' the cold brook candied with ice' (Timon. The Chris' ' Cu})id's prologue in the ' same Timon (i. present state is several years On the other hand. act iv. Farther. in the Epistle to his ' One sentence loving cosen' reveals that play or stage-fetched metaphors were not accounted unhallowed by our Worthy.' stanza iii. smacks of may be Of the Blessed we have seen. as noted in the place (p. if Shakespeare's. 2).' of his may be even Shakespeare's copies poems similarly reached him. was not improbably borrowed from its our Poet. ance of a thesis iu scholastic form — not noticing which the Commentators have gone astray. it is worth recording that one unusual use of a word ('vaunt. It is allowable to indulge in the pleasures of imagination' that the mightier Poet read the lesser. ' leaps o'er the vaunt.' page 90) by Southwell.

Regarding the 'wording' of Southwell's poetry. He also makes over-use of a poetic license and affectation.-verb. p. and rhythmical. except that there cle. and evil' nearly always so — all as pointed out in our license Notes and Illustrations.' ' even' (as and in uneven') always monosyllabic.M EMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. he would have been content to destroy many of (Laing's edit. ' ' spirit' gener-ally read as adv. the Burning : ' . 13) and if Jqnson 'read' South: well. especially so as commany writers of the period. less Latinate than might have been supposed. = mother' As examples of irregular ellipses. -ions His sentences are short. by and metri and -ion are made dissyllables. as is ow. we find thy . ' sprite.' haven' ' heaven. equally may gentle Will' have done so.' and words like ' orient' ' and ' ' period' are trisyllabic. Ben Juns^on thus spoke of Southwell and one of his poems That Southwell was hanged yet so he [Jonson] had written that piece of his. In pronunciation the liquid syllables are generally elided. pared with with his words. Occasionally there a poetic-archaic word one or two of which he is extremely fond — and ' —of also in- tended or accidental provincialisms. his' Babe.' as of-pearl. it seems to me very pure English for the time. is a great omission of the arti- a great use of ellipses both regular and irregular. and far too frequent inversions. which sometimes obscure the sense. which is the ' more noticeable in that a Latinate style is might have been expected. and in one instance imparts a dash of the ludicrous. In construction he is generally clear and English. e. and he adds to the latter by a marked alliterativeness. Now and then.g. of Hawthoniden. 'of pearl the purest mother. and as ring -ed. and mars the sound of his verse by the too frequently recurgratia.

be' (p. lines 19-20. 11. bably comes rather under the head of a colloquial and one of those many phrases in the old writers which are more or less obscure. 'My the agent. The (p. because the Writers have written too much as they would have spoken. because the writer does not think so much of the word -construction as of the main idea or subject of his discourse. and at p. blind in seeing what' [was present] {p. in connection with the possessive pro- noun and case. not allow- ing for the absence of other language. line 13). or the wrongs that I do in the one case the other person or or did to others persons are mainly thought of and considered agental in the other case I am the chief subject of my ideas and injuries' .' and at p. injuries meant. keep [me] (p.. according to the context. but to ' feebler part. which has to be taken out of ' trespass' [being]. Xciv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. 14.' not to 'gripes. line 17). 20. line 2). Thus. 68. 39. between the speaker and Hence we its find a difficulty at times in referring the pronoun to pro- per noun.' the other circumstances alone init is terpret whether meant 'this box is the gift bestowed . but God . 'whose' refers to 'parts. 18. at p.' or this box his gift.119. and for that sym- pathy and consentaneous exist knowledge which generally listener. and writes too colloquially. 'he' is not Joseph. but which has sometimes been mis-explained. which is dependent on the causes spoken of above. the ' they' of line 5 of ' Scorne not the Leaste' refers not to higher powers. part [me from Christ] ' line 2). ' In such phrases as is ' this box is my gift. fray [was] (p. 29. either the done by another to me. . line 2) proellipse.' There is another obscurity common to Southwell and writers of his day. line 8.

line 17). with admitted tedium.' ignorance — of the Poem worthy shows about as much knowledge that — as of the Schoolman. that which CJod gave. St. bread prepared by it might be the bread given to whatever the context determines or brought by angels. brilliancies of inner-portraiture scarcely to be matched in contemporary wit. in which the distinctions between the north and north-east of is sides of a [sic] sentimentality are Duns Scotus. Peccavi') The is ' paraphrase' of David (to ' David's a single short piece.evidently the most superficial acquaintance ' . on me' (or him). in his charming My Study Windows' (on Smith's Lib' ' — I cannot close these inadequate remarks on South AVELL without expressing the profound regret and pain — rary of old Authors'). and has only become mine through His agency. Pe- Complaint' a ' drawl' of thirty pages of maudlin repentance. : and as another remark does of St. me harsh to brutalHim the first true and the hastiest generalisation. ' 'this box is the gift bestowed by me' Angels' bread' might be. ' Verse. while there are felicities of metaphor. 128. It seems to ity on the man (meet follower of gentleman that ever breathed') while on the Poetry it rests on self. and that the 'God's gift am 1' means I have given my'gift' is ' only the context that shows that self as a gift to God. and utters out emotion that flames into passion very unforgettably.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. or angels — according to in to be the agent. and the punning' con- . it is So 'God is my gift' (p. ter's To pronounce ' ' St.' in common with many of his warmest admirers with which I read Professor Lowell's verdict on his Poetry. or (or him). daintinesses of word-painting. Peter for. Peter's Complaint sounds depths of penitence and remorse.

In the choir of our singers we only ask.' There follow six little stanzas from St. is of considerable length — It a hundred and thirty-two stanzas. a is fault rarely free. accustomed him of expression as this sentimentalism gives occasion to. whence he attributes a multitude of expressions to St. and . There is also a good deal of sentimentalism in the poem. yielded humble Christian." : ' His chief poem It is called St. Southwell. or probably any other than Southwell's own. during his residence in Rome. Perhaps chief fault lines as to that the pauses are so measured with the make every line almost a sentence.' and ' New Prince. from which I fear modern Catholic verse Probably the Italian poetry with which to such irreverences he must have been' familiar in his youth. " Dost thou lift up thine heart?" Southwell's song answers for him " I lift it up unto the Lord. was a devout and tion. Peter's Complaint. if his object had been personal aggrandisement. where.' the . of which never possibly could the substantial ideas have entered the Apostle's mind. he might have wielded authority. the effect of which luriters is a considerable degree of monotony. and 'two stanzas last worth preserving. New Pomp. a man has. but is far more arits ticulate and far superior in versification. poem [' Our is. Sentiment [alism] is a poor ape of love. for the sole sake of self-abnega- homage. Pcter^s Complaint. notwithstanding. Peter. Like all of abounds in conceits and fancies the time. but the love is true. and which are very far from indicating a correspondent state of feeling. if that which comes from within a man may be taken as the test of his character. is he of course fond of antithesis.. reminds us of the Countess of Pembroke's Saviour's Passion'] .XCVUl found tliat MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

Lowell to give a few hours behind his Study Win' dows' to a re-perusal of some of the poems of South^vell named by us and.' 'Another. much This little babe. simple as a ballad. life Telling the torture of her broken And when he answers her she seeius to know The peace of resting by a river's flow. however. then.' I Ben Jonson's insight was disclosed in his love for the kindred symbolism. Common and such none the less that it is pervaded by a sweet and title delicate tone of holy humour. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. on the same subject. The very has a glim- mer of the glowing heart of Christianity. I like It is fantastic to a degree. that nificent as simple profoundest truth in the symbolism of this. War. so few days old. at once of the quaintest and minds. . these sufficiently-qualified Critics. New One stanza. and its mao-Dr. with the latter half of St. thus introduced: xcix ' The following poem. There is again intercalate. &c. • Pp. will think it irreverent. And so I take from ' The Lady of La Garaye' a por- trait of a Prior. which must always associate a certain conventional respectability with the forms of religion. To her With tearful sympathy listens bis dark eye glistens for that young wife. Burning Babe. I shall not appeal in vain to Prof. for which I fancy Father Southwell might have sate He sits by Gertrude's couch and patieut wild gi-ieving voice .^ I believe. 96-103. Macdonald concludes Peter's Remorse and Content and Rich. I judge its reverence profound. is in style almost as truest.: : . he He continues: c&Wa New Heaven.

At end of our Volume I add a few farther Notes and Blustrations on points touched on in their places.' Alexander B. yet still With a sweet calm that speaks an angel's will. Resolving service to his God's hehest. As though 'twere but a lamp to hold a soul. " . high and hroad and hare The thin mouth. Grosart. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. . to serve Him hest. The hody tasked. 120-1. nor young with manhood's gentlest gi-ace Pale to transparency the pensive face. Pale not with sickness hut with studious thought.. Norton (1863).- Mrs. . And Not ever musing old. though not passionless. . the fine mind overwrought With something faint and fragile in the whole. . how . pp. 1 By Hon. and eloquently wise Mild the pure fervour of his watchful eyes Meek with serenity of constant prayer The luminous forehead. . Tender his words.

PETER'S COMPLAINT.ST. .

29. 23. 10. . simply because it is the longest verse-production of its author. its ornaments. 30. 10. tunately contain only 12 stanzas out of the 132 28. it is. 11. and of each of the others. After an anxious collation of mss. 6921 unforPreface. in common with the whole Manuas fully shown in our script. and Hakleian ms. 17. G. viz. but while furnishing of Addl. and print. For more ' : ' : . and the motto. We a few good readings. we have taken for basis the edition of 1596 and in Notes and Illustrations at the close of the poem. Peter's Complaint. we have most unsatisfactory texts to work on. place St. and certain significances in others. and editions. Mss. even the original edition of 1595 and that assigned by us to 1596 being extremely faulty as also shown in our Preface. and The Notes and Illustrations are placed at the close of St.422 in British Museum . So that we have been obliged to fall back on the printed editions. is that his best. . 22. Again. record corrections and . see our Preface. I line to dy I dy to line' (in Jesus College. It is placed within an Opposite is the title-page of 1596. Vt moriar vivo vt viva morior'). and having in the centre an open book with an hour-glass set on it. 20. not at all as being The only complete us. Oxford. 14. with their several authorities in ms. on this edition. various readings. copy there is this in a contemporary hand. . as throughout.NOTE. engi-aved border of quaint device. unfortunately. 21. Peter's Complaint first. of this poem known. and 131 of the completed poem. . and all as reprounderneath a winged death's-head and a globe duced in fac-simile in our illustrated quarto edition. Our Memorial-Introduction sheds light on the formation of the ' Complaint :' and thither the reader is referred. sorrowfully careless and corrupt The Stonyhtjrst ms.

.

.

Saint PETERS COMPLAINT. I line I dy to to dy liue London. Printed by H. L. 1596? 4to.d. at the signe of the holy Ghost. [n.] . Newly augmented With other Poems. for William Lcakc : and are to be sold at his shop in Paules Churchyard.

that by many reckoned but But the vanitie of three words of one signification. and. but euen in the Olde and Newe Testament.' These readings are all in 1616. are their base endeiiours. mend it' for 'he commended:' line 47. by abusing their talent. warranteth the art to allowable. : ' ' ' ' ' ' . Who by deliuering many parts of Scripture in verse. a louer. His Apostle willing vs to exercise our deuotion in hymnes and spiritual be good. follies Poets. in verse. of this Epistle-dedicatory see our MemorialThese corrections of Tuenbull's text may be Introduction. G. and a Iyer. deliuering' for delivered :' line 10. and their paynim diuinitie oracled. whose gods were chiefely canonized by their poets. and footed' dropped out: line 40. haue so discredited this facultie. noted line 8. aud is repeated in that of 159G and after-editions. On the Stonyhukst MS.THE AUTHOR TO HIS LOUING COSIN. sonnets' comfor songs :' line 22. and making the and faynings of loue the customarie subiect of a poet. as well as 1595 and 1596. men cannot counterpoyse the authoritie of God. 'the mcane' for 'let them. • it hath beene vsed by men of gi-eatest Tliis forms the Author's preface to the volume of 1595. And therefore not among the heathen. and the vse onely sonnets. 1620 and 1630.

together. wherein may be Blame scene how well verse and vertue sute to- gether. me not (good Cosin) tliough I send you a blame -worthy present. to haue heere laide a few course threds inuite some skilfuller wits to goe forward I in the same. 5 matters of most deuotioii. so hath he among the rest possessed also most Poets with his idle fansies. If in me this be a fault. neither arte nor invention giuing it any credite. Christ Himselfe. And. by making per. to which in duety they owe their abilities. office a liymne the condusion of His Last Sup- and the prologue of the to the first pageant of His Pasgaue His Spouse a methode to imitate. to know it appeareth . For in lieu of solemne and deuout matter. or to begin it some finer peece. because the best course to let them see the errour of their Avorks is to weaue a new webbe in theu- owne loome. and to all men a the true vse of this measured and footed stile. as in the Church patterne. as he aflfecteth deitie and seeketh the complements of diuine honour applyed his seruice. in COSIiN:. they now busie themselues in expressing such passions as onely serue for testimonies to what unworthy affections they haue wedded their wills. But the to to haue all deuill. you cannot be it. sion. faultlesse that did importune mc to commit and tlicrefore you must bcare part .THE AUTHOR TO HIS LOUING pietie. in which the most that can commend it is the good wiU of the Writer .

be wishes. adde you the tunes. and let still a part in all your musicke. . I pray you. of the when it shall please sharp censures to impose In the meane time. with many good the Meane.6 THE AUTHOR TO HIS LOUING penance it. I send you these fewe ditties. COSIN.

Petei-'s Complaint. fit 1 Such lawlesse stuffe doth lawlesse speeches With Dauid. 5 mi^^sm THE AVTHOVR TO THE READER. When grace in Vertue's key tunes Nature's string. 5 But tyred spirits for mirth must hauc a time. Whose measure best with measured words doth It is the sweetest note that lit man can sing. i Least by excesse before their time they droupe. G. ' This and the next poem bflong to the whole vohime. o In courser studies 'tis a sweet repose. her from the wing to stoupe The loftie eagle soares High flights will force And studious thoughts at times men must remoue. verse to Vertue I apply. With poets pleasing vaine to temper prose. . and not merely to St. i And graucst wits to take a breathing flight to Of mirth make a trade. Profane conceits and faining fits I flie.: : : :. With easie censure deeme of my delight Giue sobrest countenance leaue sometime to smile. may be a crime.^ Deare eye that doost peruse my Muses stile. not stiU aboue.

'where death is deemed gaine.' and in st. Such ' usfe was not unfre' quent contemporarily.THE AVTHOVR TO THE READER.' at least this gives a stronger and better sense than if it betaken as merely =thought or considered. line 1. ' Tuenbull misprints ' the' for their. line 2. St. line 4. deeme' is=pronounce judgment. Deemed' as a participial is similarly used in Life is but Losse' (line 5). .' for adjudged or pronounced gain .' ' ' ' ' ' = to any particular moment St. ii. as now. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. ii. line 1. as in deemsDempster. constantly. feigned' for feigning. ' ' ter. or than if is deemed' be taken as a verb. i. without reference.' G. still' is St. of time. iii.

' G. 20 this is In 1030 iiud hiU-r cditious. THE AVTHOVE TO THE READER. Ounce His for his dramme. Stil finest wits are 'stilling t6 In Paynim toyes the sweetest vainesare spent. You ' heau(Mily sparkes of wit shew natiuo light . but wane in good. pound for his ounce we'd yield : sliip would gronetofeele some sinners' freights 10 So ripe is Vice. ' . They once were Their weaknesse brittle is mould that now to offend no warrant 5 Learne by their faidts what in thine owne to mend. my heauie penne to plaine in prose no head His garland wcares Yenvs' rose. thcames my mourning Muse resolue in teares. . "Where Peter's siunes and ours were made the weiglits. so green is Vertue's bud The world doth waxe This makes Tliis in ill. If Equitie's even-hand the ballance held. . my single penne to seeke a pheere . . To Christian workes few haue Licence their talents lent. that day nest to let fall a looke : i On these sad memories of Peter's plaints to see Muse not some mud in clearest brooke are saints. beaded Rvruvs iid Eviidcm.^ Deare eye. nuil repeated by Turnbull. Christ's thorne is sharpe.: .

' and comma (. iv. and represents one end of the balance with its weights as in St.' mingles metaphors.' on which see onward on the frequent occurrence of evil' for 'ill' and its pronunciation (St.) (. his Mary Magdalen's Funerall Teares. that the difference of weight is given so exactly.' and after bull. ' . Peter's ship. cleere.) after freights.422 reads fleghts query ' arrows' ? G. ill Fauour I my wish. line 1. in line 2 to hisin-ose. ' ' ' relative note). and the sense and sentence ends at But {meo judicio) this sense is very like non-sense.) after 'held. on a probable allusion to Shakespeare here one of several see our Memorial-Introduction. and not in Southwell's manner. Cloud not with mistie loues your orient Sweet fliglits you shoote. . But if we end with yield' ( or even :).' and colon (:) after Or as in Turnafter yeeld. ' ' ' .' Line 6. for Tuknbull spoils the sense by misreading too' The reference in line 1 is to the Author's verse. . — St.' thetical. and read we'd yield' instead of we yield. e. — : 10 THE AVTHOVR TO THE READER. a comma weights. line 2.422. ii. ii. learne once to leuell right.' and period (. ' to.. Tuknbull has 'Justice:' it is 'Eqwitie's' in 1595. which seems a somewhat ludicrous combination and the more so. comma after held' and yield. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. St.' and then suppose that the Poet's remembrance of St. 1596 and 1630.' Theames'^^ gives a theme or siibject. the line Ounce freights. and a stanza after Southwell's wont. line 5 ' ' ' ' ' ' . 10. .' after weights. The same punctuation. and read we'd. well-wishing workes no sute. MSS. in 1596. If we read these lines as punctuated in 1596 and yield' must be parenby Tuknbull. In Addl. I have punctuated accordingly. ' phere' ' = husband or companion . line 1. we get clear sense and sentences. St. Peter's Complaint. — ' . Lines 1-4. Peter's draught and exclamation led him on to His ship freights (:)' as a second and allied thought. mss. 10.g. st.' ' ' Lines 4-5. Addl. viz. ' iii. the moue the graunt rests in your Avill.' : line 4. for ill' the reading is 'evill. — ' .

That thicken in the brimmes of cloudie eyes nest. Fly not from forraine euils. SAINT PETER'S CO-MPLAINT. wind : thy misdeede thy card . Sticke in the sands of agonizing dread Content thee to be stormes' and hillowes' game Diuorct from grace. Torment thy hauen. Thy trespassc foule. let not thy teares be few. let teares now wash the Where life was lost. recouer life with cryes. thy soule to pennanco wed. into . the trafficke of thy mind. iny soulc. Where sinne Avas liatcht. . vse sighs in lieu of Remorse. fly from thy hart is "Worse then the worst of euils in. . that thou art. II.i maine of teares. 1. Shun not the shelfe of most deserued shame . thy pilot . thoughts rent with guilty fcarcs : Giue Care the stcrne. .. Launcu Torn forth. Baptize thy spotted soule in weeping dew. Full fraught with griefe. . ship wrack thy best reward. sailes will serue. Giue vent vnto the vapours of thy hrest.

to my playning tung. Fill volumes with your forged goddesse' prayse You Be Fancie's drudges.r of mishap. Iniurious to man. may iust measure kecpe. V. . to God vngratefuU. VI. of my theame VII. With euerlasting matter of complaint My threnes an endlesse alphabet doe finde. of Time. plung'd in Follie's tide. IV. . There is on Earth a farre more sorry wight. Sad subiect sinne hath stoard my minde. Text my thoughts. to louers' lays : Devote your fabling wits you. A sorrie wight. Most teares I wish. the infamy of Fame. Ambitious heads. dreame you of Fortune's pride. the ecchoes of my ruth "Whose screeches in my frighted conscience ring Sob out my sorrowes. Beyond the pangs That eyes with errors AvJiich leremie doth paint. The monument The The scorne of feare. the map of shame. fruites of mine vntruth. the object of disgrace. mirrou. lieport the smart of sinne's infernall sting Tell hearts that languish in the sorriest plight. to sharpest griofes that euer wrung. Fly mournfull plaints. . 12 SAINT Peter's complaint. . the staine of place. An excrement of Earth.. to heauen hatefuU. that haue most cause to weepe.

by death left. Of euery my crime exacteth : staiiies are deepe few drops take out no such is Euen salue with sore. most accurst Vaine in my vaunts. 13 All weeping eyes resigne your teares to me. not too much. faultie lapse! How can I Hue. . VIII. that thus my Hfe deni'd 1 What can I hope. to Hue my guide. that lost my hope in feare ? What trust to one. but in vntruth and pride. breath to giue To breath in blisse. and most IX. that Truth it selfe defi'd ? What good in him. Such distance is betweene high words and deeds In proofe. . : These feares I fond! fear'd. to die. A sea will scantly rince my Huge These liorours in high tides teare ordur'd soiile : must drowned be tole. : ! . if friends had fail'd. that did his God forsweare? sinne of sinnes ! of euils the very worst ! matchlesse wretch O catilfe XI. I fear'd with I left life. I vowd. Hke dwarfe in triall to abide quaild : ExcelHng none. : .. feares feeling no mishaps faint! O false! X. the greatest vaunter seldome speeds. : Alone Christ's hardest fortunes Giant in talke. SAINT Peter's complaint. I fear'd my I fear'd for heauenly raigne an earthly rod.—now and leaning God.

did my Lord abiure. Treason to wisedome. the rest. rashnes ! liastie rise to murdering leape. my loue. to . XII. Fast in his faith and loue to Christ remain'd He stooped to no feare. posting to doubtfull end. ill name. XIV. blind in seeing what Scone sowing shames that long remorse must reape: Nursing with teares that ouer-sight begat Scout of Repentance. The borne-blind begger. a moment all thou hast come. A flying good. yet forc't to spend Thy growth. Could seruile feare of rendring Nature's due. die disloyall wretch. : : li SAINT Peter's complaint. Ah. No I. : One wonder wrought him after thousands. Still loosing months and yeeres to gaine few howres decrease Faine. and misse so faire life an aymc 1 Die. Which growth So thrall in yeeres was shortly like to claim e. change his choice. for received sight. ere knowne.: : . no threats his truth distain'd in his dutie sure. life ! sweet drop. that I should thus escliue A vowed death. That gone. thy detest For sauing thine. : . XV. or past. mother of XIII. time to haue and spare. drownd in a sea of sowres. he fear'd no might. . thou hast forsworne the best. Ah. Lauisli in vowing. harbinger of blame.

But XIX. not fat a barraine field. Him thrice. lining death. Is this the haruest of His sowing-toy le 1 Did Christ manure thy Or doth it heart to breede Him briers 1 ? neede. Open to erring steps and strew'd with baits. The mother-sea. a dreame. this vnaccustom'd soyle. life ! the maze of countlesse straying waies. A A flower. for this goale I should runne ludas' race. vnbeaten straights. a never-turning streame. 15 Ah. With ISTo. 20. And That could I rate so high a feare life so base ? Did with loue cast so vneven account. .— To winde weake senses into endlesse strayes. Sends forth her issue by diuided vaines. 1 And I. May spoyle a good. To pay I. Mat. a play. Caiphas' rage in crueltie surmount tliirtie Yet they esteemed pence His price worse then both. Yet back her ofspring to their mother creepes. the marie that periuries do yeeld. from ouerflowing deepes. — . XVII. a shade. hellish dung to fertile heauen's desires no. Aloofe from Vertue's rough. SAINT Peter's complaint. XVI.. a blast. for nought denyd XVIII. Bemyr'd the Giuer with returning mud. their purest streames with added gaines that drunke the drops of heauenly find.

retire 1 Should friendship. Ah. light. Blush.. that didst His prayse and Godhead sound. God the mark at which my spight did fling. XXII. to That euerie word was His heart a wound. Was Are this for best deserts the duest nieede 1 1 Are highest worths well wag'd with stoutest spitefull hire vowes repeal'd in greatest neede 1 at the first affront. IG SAINT Peter's complaint. 1 Ah ! tongue. How wert thou stain'd with such detesting Avords. Were To all the Jewish tyranies too few 1 glut thy hungrie lookes with His disgrace That thou more hatefuU tyrannies must shew. Mat. 16. gall ? No Whose speeches voyded spiglit and breathed kin I am unto the bird of loue My stonie name much better siites my fall : : My My othes were stones. Could haue disgorg'd more loathsome dregs of spite 1 . my cruell tongue the sling. yea what infernall spirit. lurke in eternall night Crouch in the darkest caves from loathed XXI. To brandish now thy tongue against thy Lord XXIII. And loiiii iG. spet thy poyson in thy Maker's face 1 Didst thou to spare His foes put vp thy sword. crauen sot. swords? And launct Him deeper then a thousand What rage of man. wretch ! why was I nam'd sonne of a done.

. Whom thogh I taught how sore my weapon smarted. ! There surges. Support a wretch more wauering then the wauesl Whom doubt Vnkind did plunge. xxvii. murthering while saues : Oh that this tongue had then been fishes' And I deuour'd. far better arm'd then harted ! Whom angrie words. 17 Why did the j'eelding sea. XXIV. Rough gusts. and distance both from ship and shoare. no billowes were. whom blowescouldnotprouoke. why did the waters stay it 1 in kindnesse. giucst. All good thy ruine's wreck. depths and seas. before this cursing mood XXV. me with a wounding stroke. feare their death by Avhom thou all euils liuest. Ah ! whether was forgotten loue exil'd ? Where did the truth of pledged promise sleepel What in my thoughts begat this vgly child. no blasts. Oh 1 no ! that stroke could but one moity kill was reseru'd both halfes at once to spill. coward troups. Mat. vnfirmo by kind. u. like marble way. SAINT Peter's complaint. food. Were titles to excuse my staggering mind Stout feet might falter on that liquid floare : But heer no seas.. That could through rented soule thus fiercely creepe? O viper. thou . all A puffe of woman's wind bred XXVI. my feare. Yet none repaide lohn is.

Mat. fit pastor for the faithfuU flocke. did resigne These zealous heates to sleepe I name defil'd. A pastor. a maiden's easie breath my soule to death. borne to grieue Heire to thy father's foyles. Threats threw me not. And now. Prowesse nor loue lodg'd in diuided cast by a sillie Eue. and blast XXIX. XXVIII. Incompatible brood in Vertue's neast matched. That with so soft a gale was ouerthrowne ? Am I Mark 9. Courage can lesse with cowardise be breast. Mat Mat! 17 11: ! dwell In Thabor's ioyes I eger was to pleasures' light did shine. 16. make me yeeld. That cry'd so londe three dwellings . Fidelitie was flowne. not a rest to stay. torments I . Wounding my thoughts with I neither fought nor ! selfely dismayd. I gaue the field Infamous foyle Did blow me downe. none assayd : My fray Avith shades conceits did feares . not to feede but to betray. An earnest friend while But when eclipsed glorie prostrate fell. Titles I make vntruths : am I a rucke. when feare was hatched. my mouth hath thrise His there to builde. Adam's child. : lost.: : . soules that To guide their murdred thus mine owne 1 A rockc of ruiue. and XXXI. -^g SAINT Peter's complaint. XXX.

. With His surchargM Me.. 19 When Christ. beare thy begotten blame. In tydes they swim. . XXXIV. in His care. Thrice. my fainting force declin'd. sleepe clos'd my carelesse eye how Him my tongue should thrise denie. XXXII. coole remisnes ! Virtue's quartane feuer. . consumption of grace dying euer. With TT Huge lingring foot I followed Him • aloofe : Base feare out of • my hart His love vnshrin'd in high words. XXXV. My vaunts did seeme hatcht vnder Sampson's locks. till all be brought. XXXIII. but is shun their : Hire of a hireling minde earned shame : [paine Take now thy due. Luke 22. Pyning of Old in the loue. a drowsie friend He found. like myselfe. desires in crasie loue. sinne's soft-stealing pase The vndermining Seeming to bring euill of zealous thought. SAINT Peter's complaint. Presage breast did blesse the ground. low ebbes they scorne to proue They seeke their frienrls' delights. Yet woman's words did giue me murdring knocks. but impotent 1 • 1 11- m proofe. n Mark u. Farre in neede with feeble foote they traine . attending the distressefull hovver. languor Soule's wilfull famine. Ah. . rayning a bleeding shower.. Prostrate in pangs. Parted from Christ. no harmes. So farre lukewarm off. cradle.

my guide unto this earthly hell. lohn 18. . portresse of the doore of my disgrace. Stay. (Where raylmg mouthes with blasphemies did With taynted breath infecting all resort. Too well acquainted in so ill a Court. but so. yet did my staying farthest part life. . XXXVIII. I gayned nought. lohn 18. XXXVI. I liv'd. 20 SAINT Peter's complaint. feare loath to die life. life. Yet stay and Hue I would. words from coward's hart did courage And let in deathfull feares my soule to blinde . did counterplead their causes. : But danger did except against these clauses shunne. and danger And lost myseKe while I my verdict wonne. swell.) Why didst thou lead me to this hell of euils. ! thou wert portresse to that cursed roome XXXVII. . that sauing I lost it . I stayde. but deeper damage worse then his What danger. danger. but to my sorer smart crost it. Whose Whose tongue vnlockt the truth of vowed minde chase. To shew my selfe a fiend among the deuils ? . V. I. O When hadst thou been the portresse to my toome. death. is of That runnes from God and spoyles his soule blisse 1 XXXIX. Yet loue was loath to part. fauouring stay and bad danger flie. O lohn. 16. Danger I shunn'd. distance..

With leauen of the old seasoning the younger. . O had I in that Court much stronger so strong as first bin. XL. XLII. SAINT Peter's complaint. XLIII. XLI. that wooes with ill silent deeds. . . "Writing in works lessons of aduise doing-tale that eye in practise reedes Taster of ioyes to vnacquainted hunger. Sharpe was the weather in that stormie place. Whose crusted malice could admitte no grace Where coales were kindled to the warmers' cost Where feare my thoughts canded with ysie cold. Or not to enter in. Soone followeth one where multitudes beginne. It seemes no fault to doe that all haue done . Farre hotter flames did require to thaw it it. that I rather had congeal'd to yse. The number of offenders hides the sinne . 21 Euill president ! the tyde that wafts to vice Dumme The orator. Thy hell-resembling heate did freeze worse. Then bought thy warmth at such a damning price ! . Coach drawne with many horse. Best suting hearts benumd with hellish frost. O hateful (ah ! that I euer saw it) ! Too hard my hart was frozen for thy force it . doth easely runne.. : Heate did my fire tongue to periuries vnfold.

Weake weapons did Whose storming Goliah's fumes abate. . Reg. 17.. O bird ! the iust rebuker of faithfull The waker of my crime. XLVII. XLIV. milde Eeuenger of aspiring pride ! Thou canst dismomit high thoughts to low effects a cocke Thou mad'st me for my fault to chide. To make me rew that first it made me knowe. my sleeping feares. Whose pearcing note doth daunt the Thy crowing did myselfe to me be\vray. 26. My lofty boasts this lowely bird corrects. 22 SAINT Peter's compLxMnt. Whom hennish 1 cackling first did ouerthrowe. Well might a cocke correct me with a crowe. wakefull bird ! proclaimer of the day. lion's rage Mark H. His bodie huge. rage did thunder threats in vaine plate. Mat. harnest with massie Yet Dauid's stone brought death into his braine : With staff and sling as to a dog he came.! . And with contempt did boasting furie tame. . Be now the daily clocke to strike the time. stinted eyes shall pay their taske of teares Wlien Vpbraide mine eares with thine accusing crowe. My But frights and brutish heates it did asswage : in this alone. That thou my foyles wert made the clocke XLV. to count vnhappy cocke. . XLVI.

honourable spoyle Some honour I. in shunning blind : by fancie not . Ah. the LI. noyse. those deliuered from a woman's tongue. Yet they in swarmes.. annoyance. by women spild falls. Exod. 8. wisdome. made his courage droupe : No And small incombrance such small vermine brings I quaild at words that neither bit nor stung. . phrensie of the wise . mint of lies. and Samson's With semblance of excuse my errour gild. skilful is might excus'd Goliah's foile : The death But on eas'd that worthy hand hath wrought. strength. . roote of remorse : Sighted. Ldgfle!' . false friend. Salomon's. XLIX. Small gnats enforst th' Egyptian king to stoupe. Was hist to death with words of woman's spight.ii. Feare ! abortiue impe of drouping mind . 23 Yet Dauid His had with beare and lyon fought. by force Ague of valour . XLVIII. True honour's staine loue's frost. lives in all whom infamies must light. and arm'd with pearcing stings Smart. in seeing euils Foil'd without field. In Dauid's. SAINT Peter's complaint. Selfe-ouerthrow. . Can vertue. Or lend a marble ! glosse to muddy walls? : 2Rcff. . O no their fault had shew of some No veyle can hide the shame of my pretence offence. L.

The theeues of harts false do you lone or LV.breath And those vnarm'd. The blaze of beautie's beames allur'd their lookes oft. LII. Still actors in all tragicall mischances [glances Earth's necessarie euils. 24 SAINT Peter's complaint. . that made misfortune sweet. swallowed pleasure's hookes Thus beautie. : . In time. . spoylers of both. In them I read the mines of my fall Their chearing rayes. . by affecting. traps for their falls . my Not feare of force. and pleasure them did moue.. now with your loth. These Syrens' sugred tunes rockt them asleepe : Enough to damne. But gracious features dazled not mine eyes Two homely droyles were authors of my death : . Loue. Lord ! Thine eyes with mine did meete. . Luke 22. LIII. LIV. but feare. Not loue. despis'd. vnknowne : So base a blast my to truth hath ouerthrowne. . life. but senses did surprize feare of woman's. loue. . captiuing thralls. Darts of disdaine and angrie checks did yeeld. that blest where they beheld. ill grac't. Now murdring with your toungs. Parents of and loue. O women ! woe men . by seeing conceiued loue . Their lookes. yet not to damne so deepe. . Into my guiltie thoughts pourd floods of gall Their heauenly looks.

My cold. LVI. redrest And That happy ioyes my ! rutli ! that they erst now are heralds of disdaine. You nectar'd aumbryes of soule-feeding meates You gracefull quiuers of loiie's dearest darts You did vouchsafe to Avarme. How could you deigne to view let my deathfull plight.! . The earthly heauens where angels ioy to dwell. ^VTiere to be lost the sweetest finding is LVIII. . yet seeking all it finds : How endlesse is your labyrinth of blisse. to feast. Ah wretch ! how oft haue I sweet lessons read ! In those deare eyes. to wound. eternall studie neuer faints. E . Still finding all. LVII. And kindle pleasing fires in mortall harts . stoard with learning fit for saints. the registers of truth How Ah ! oft haue I in their my hungrie wishes fed. my stony. Sweet volumes. 25 sacred eyes ! the springs of lining light. tliat sparkle out your heats. my paino You flames diuine. were euer pittiers of LIX. As spotlesse sunne doth on the dunghil shine. Where Wherein blissfull quires imparadize their minds. SAINT Peter's complaint. my noAv famisht breast. Or your heauenly beanies look on my hell t But those vnspotted eyes encountred mine.

Which Yea. light'ning flames of loue. Tlie matchlesse eyes. And did to my misdeed their mercies measure. more worth then is all you see. matcht onely each by other. starue. salue. My frozen hart their sacred force did proue. the purest mother. The cabinets of grace vnlockt their treasure. crums where pined thoughts doe LXII. lining mirrours ! seeing Whom you shew. LX. Then in myselfe. equal shadows worths with shadowed things. Which Yet sweet at their looks did yeeld like melting snowe They did not are ioyes in former plentie carue. : 26 SAINT petek's complaint. you make things worth the sight. Made me their warming influence to knowe . All-seeing eyes. make By being shap't in those life-giuing springs Much more my image in those eyes was grac't. Of which one the other's onely price 1 worthlesse am. With quickning vertue cure my killing vice. whom sinne and shame defac't. and being seene. . Were pleas'd on my ill matched eyes to glaimce The eye of liquid pearle. Lxin. things nobler tlien in natiue hew. direct your beames on mee.. LXI. You seeing. Broach't teares in mine to weepe for my mischance. By seeing things. . delight ! . These blazing comets.

loue. . ! . ! To plung my soule in these congealed streames . all sciences can teach. Ah ! that I lost your bright and fostring beames. Where saints reioyce to glasse their glorious face. Witnesse vnworthie who in a looke all Learn'd more by rote. then the Scribes by book. Whose presence. 27 O pooles of Hesebon . that loue Which yron Oflfring them with loue wil buy. with a looke. O eyes ! whose glaunces are a silent speach. Though malice I. cold expelling. it This did I learne. In cipherd words high mysteries disclosing Which.. 3. cant. Whose distant periods freeze away delight. LXIV. y. yet they could not discerne But woe. . 7. angels' Then musick in the fullest sound ! LXV. knots of stubborne will vnbinds. Whose textes to faithfuU harts need little glosing I. SAINT feter's complaint. still possest their hardned minds. to learne it suunes ! all but youi'selues in Hght excelling. Where happie spirits cliue in sweet desires. that I had now such neede LXVII. Whose banks make eccho to the angels' quires An eccho sweeter in the sole rebound. learn'd softnes in Thine eye. day. though too hard. LXVI. the baths of grace. whose absence causeth night Whose neighbour-course brings Sommer..

LXX. whose center. a loue heauen. — a cope that none can mis. — that round about vs rowles ! spheres of loue. What mixtures these sweet elements do yeeld. Both sute a place where all best things abound And if a banisht wretch ghesse not amisse. no distemper marres seas. loue. ! All but one compound frame of perfect blisse LXXI. 1 From land of life stray'd pilgrim still I know the cause these worlds had neuer : In which my faults haue liest deseru'd to dwell. exUM rome Poore Lost fish. I. whose Cloth Nature's earth with euerlasting flowers. A natiue place The for our selfe-loaden soules couipasse. . from tire. [showers.. hell. loue that inuites deuotion LXIX. . Is loue of us. God. : 28 SAINT Peter's complaint. from heauen. loue. LXVIII. allvertues. .sunne. . cold salamander. that next to heauen doth rest — Ayre. O gratious spheres ! where loue the center is. The water.. out-cast from these worlds. saint. from those sweet waters' kindly home. Let happie worldlings of these worlds expound Best simples are by compounds farre exceld. stars. Where glorie. little worlds ! the summes of all the best. Where fire. Avander. The motion. and motion. — whose whose springs. — light of life that grace. . cope.

!

;

;

SAINT Peter's complaint.
LXXII.

29

Betlielem-cestems

!

Dauid's most desire,
;

2neg.2a.

From which my
To
1

sinnes like fierce Philistims keep

fetch your drops

what champion should
Avithered hart

I hire,
1

That I therein

my

may

steepe
:

would not shed them

like that holy

king

His were but types, these are the figured thing.
LXXIII.

O

turtle-twins

!

all

bath'd in virgins milke,

^ant

5 v

Vpon the margin of full-flowing banks, Whose gracefidl plume surmounts the finest silke, Whose sight enamoureth heauen's most happy ranks
Could I forsweare
That cag'd in
this

"'

^^•

:

heauenly payre of doues,

care, for

me were
LXXIV.

groning loues

Twise Moses' wand did strike the stubborne rock, ^^^ Ere stony veynes would yeeld their crystall blood; ''•*^Thine
eyes'

j^

one looke seru'd as an onely knocke.

To make
"Wlierein

my

hart gush out a weeping flood

my

sinnes, as fishes,

spawne their

frie,

To shew

their

inward shames, and then to
LXXV.

die.

But

how long demurre I on His eyes Whose look did pearce my hart with healing wound,
!

Launcing imposthumd sore of periur'd

lyes,

Which these two issues of mine eyes have found Where rimne it must, till death the issues stop,
iVnd penall
life

hath

piu-g'd the finall drop.

;

;

;;

30

SAINT Peter's complaint.
LXXVI.

Like

solest swan, that

swims in

silent deepe,
;

And

neuer sings but obsequies of death

Sigh 'out thy plaints, and sole in secret weepe,

In suing pardon, spend thy periur'd breath
Attire thy soul in sorrowe's mourning weede,

And

at thine eyes let guiltie conscience bleede.

LXXVII.
'Still

in the limbecke of thy dolefull brest
fruits that

These bitter

from thy sinnes doe grow;

For

fuell, selfe-accusing

thoughts be best

Vse

feare as

fire,

the coals let penance blow

And

seeke none other quintessence but teares,
at thine eares.

That eyes may shed what entred
LXXVIII.

Come

sorrowing teares, the ofspring of

my

griefe,

Scant not your parent of a needfull ayde

In you I

rest the

hope of wisht rehefe,
:

By you my
Your power

sinnefuU debts must be defrayd

preuailes,

your

sacrifice is gratefidl.

By

loue obtaining

life to

men most
LXXIX.

hatefull.

Come good

effects of iU-deseruing cause.

Ill-gotten imi^es, yet vertuously

brought forth

;

Selfe-blaming probates of infringed lawes,

Yet blamed

faults

redeeming with your worth;
read,

The

signes of

shame in you each eye may

Yet, while you guiltie proue, you pittie plead.

;

;

;

SAINT Peter's complaint. LXXX.

31

beames of mercie
Bring

!

beate on sorrowe's clowd,

Poure suppling showres vpon
forth,

my

parched ground;

the fruite to your due seruice vowde,
:

Let good desires with like deserts be crownd

Water young blooming Vertue's tender
Sinne did
all

flower,

grace of riper growth deuoure.

LXXXI.

Weepe balme and myrrhe, you sweet Arabian trees, With purest gummes perfume and pearle your ryne
Shed on your honey-drops, you busie bees
I,

;

barraine plant, must weepe vnpleasant bryne,
salt

Hornets I hyue,

drops their labour plyes,
eyes,

Suckt out of sinne, and shed by showring
LXXXII.
If Dauid, night

by

night, did bathe his bed.

Ps.

6,

V.7.

Esteeming longest dayes too short to mone
Inconsolable teares
if

Anna

shed,

Who
Then

in her sonne her solace

had forgone
yeeres,

I to dayes

and weekes,

to

monthes and

Do owe

the hourely rent of stintless teares.
LXXXIII.

If loue, if losse, if fault, if spotted fame.

If danger, death, if wrath, or wreck of weale,

Entitle eyes true heyres to earned blame,

That due remorse in such euents conceale

Then want As chiefest

of teares might well enroll
saint in calender of shame.

my

name,

;

;

;;

;

32

SAINT Peter's complaint.
LXXXIV.

Loue, where I lou'd, Avas due, and best deseru'd

No
IS'o

loue could aynie at more loue- worthy niarke

loue more lou'd then mine of

Hhn

I seru'd

Large vse
This loue I Yea,
life is

He

gaue, a flame for euerie sparke.

lost, this losse

a

life

must rue
is

short to pay the ruth

due.

LXXXV.
I lost all that I had,

who had

the most,
:

The most
I staynd

that will can wish, or wit deuise

I least perform'd, that did

most vainely boast,

my

fame in most infamous wise.
of teares tlien this I proue

What

danger then, death, Avrath, or wreck can moue
1

More pregnant cause

LXXXVI.
G«n.
3,v. 7.

If

Adam
men

sought a veyle to scarfe
fall to feare

liis

sinne,

Taught by his
If
shall

a scourging

hand
in.

wish that

hils

should wrap them
to

When
]\Iy

crimes in finall

doome come

be scand

Wliat mount, what caue, what center can conceale
monstrous
fact,

which euen the birds reueale
LXXXVII.

?

Come shame,
The mulct
at

the liuerie of offending minde.
that ouershadoweth blame
faults are iustly fin'd
;
;

The vgly shroude
The dampe

which foule

of sinne, the

common
their

sluce of fame.

By which iniposthum'd tongues

humours purge

;

Light shame on me, I best deserue the scourge.

;

:

:

SAINT Peter's complaint.
LXXXVIII.

33

Caine's murdering liand imbrudc in brother's blood,

<!<'ii.

4.

More mercy then my

im])ious tongue

may

craue

He
But

kild a riuall with pretence of good,

In hope God's doubled lone alone
feare so spoyld

to haue.

That periurde

my vanquisht thoughts oathes my spightfull hate did
LXXXIX.
to flye,

of louo,

prone.

Poore Agar from her pheere enforc't

Wandring
Layd

in Bersabeian wildes alone.
helj)les

Doubting her child throgh
it

drought would
to

die,

aloofe,

and

set her

downe

moane

:

The heauens with

prayers, her lap with teares she fild
is

;

A

mother's loue in losse

hardly

stild.

xc.

But Agar, now bequeath thy

teares to

me

;

Feares, not effects, did set afloate thine eyes.

cion.

2-.>.

But, wretch, I feele more then was feard of thee

;

Ah

!

not

my

sonne,

my

soule

it is

that dyes.
:

It dyes for drought, yet

hath a spring in sight
line,

Worthie

to die, that

would not
xci.

and might.

Faire Absalon's foule faults, compar'd with mine,

2 ncs.
;

1

Are brightest sands to mud of Sodome Lakes High aymes, yong spirits, birth of royall line.

Made him play false where kingdoms were the stakes

He

gaz'd on golden hopes,

whose
to

lustre winnes,

Sometime the grauest wits

greeuous sinnes.

;

:

;

!

34

SAINT PETERS COMPLAINT.
XCII.

But

I,

whose crime cuts
l^ingdome
lost,

off

the least excuse,
;

A
My

but hop't no mite of gaine

highest marke was but the wortlxlesse vse

Of some few

lingring howres of longer paine.

Vngratefull child, his parent he pursude,
I,

gyants' warre with

God Himselfe
XCIII.

renude.

Mat. 22.

loy, infant saints,

whom

in the tender flower
!

A
Long
Too

happie storm did free from feare of sinne
is

their life that die in bhsfull

hower
:

loyfull such ends as endlesse ioyes begin

long they Hue that

Hue

till

they be nought

Life sau'd

by

sinne, base purchase dearely

bought

xciv.

This

lot

was mine

;

your fate was not so fearce.

Whom
Sweet

spotlesse death in cradle rockt asleepe

roses,

mixt with

lilies,

strow'd your hearce.
;

Death virgin-white

in martyrs' red did steepe
pearles

Your downy heads, both

and rubies crownd

My
You

boarie locks, did female feares confound.

xcv.

bleating ewes,— that wayle this woluish spoyle

Of sucking lambs new-bought with bitter throwes,—
T' inbalme your babes your eyes distill their oyle,

Each hart
Yeeld ruth to

to

tombe her child wide rupture showes

Itue not their death,

whom

death did but

reuiut>,,

me

that liu'd to die aliue.

Disrob'd of grace. When. Or staine those steps where lesus breath'd and trode? No . . Turne me with tygers . my griefe might pittied bee XCVIII. whom sinne did neuer strip. the sweet renowned payre.: . let your prayers perfume that sweetned place to the wildest chase. them both. still my speech endure. Or hart deflowr'd a virgin's love redeeme ? The mother nothing loues that Sonne doth loath Ah. with your aboade ! That Shall I infect that sanctifikl ayre. ! But ah ! how can her eares breath. arise. That sindonlesso aside did naked slip Once naked grace no outward garment knew Eiche are his robes 1. xcvi. traytor to the Sonne in mother's eyes sute for grace. that in vaunts. 35 With easie losse sharpe wrecks did he escliew. blesse Bethania bounds. sister nymphes. Though I despisde. lothsome wretch ! : detested of xcix. SAINT Peter's complaint. ? I shall present my humble Wliat blush can paint the shame that will Or write my inward feelings on my face Might she the sorrow with the sinner see. displaid Pride's fayrest flags. am wrapp'd in Adam's XCVII. 1 Or sent my reeking hellish steeme Can Mother like what did the Sonne abiure. rags.

loim 11. The dispossessed Triumph to see devils. My rotten twist was broken with a word. John Of ! James ! wee made a triple cord three most loumg and best loucd friends . Could I reuiued Lazarus behold. caged in their mew. raught : Our cedar now is shrunke into a shrub. The third orf that sweet trinitie of saints. ! Our eagle's wings are dipt that wrought so hie Our thundring cloude made noyse. cm. Fit It is now to fuell fire among the fiends. 16. faints : seeme to see a messenger from That my prepared torments comes to CI. In woman's tongue our runner found a rub. Mat. hell.— 36 SAINT PETER'ii COMPLAINT. — now impiously forsworne. CII. My periuries were And now Our rocke they heape disdaines on my mischaunce. is That triple-twisted cord hardly broken. that out I threw In Jesvs' name. Would not astonisht dread ! my senses hold 1 Ah I yes my hart euen with his naming. not euer true though often spoken. : me Trampling my mines with contempt and scorne musick to their daunce. welcome howre . (say they) is riuen . . C. but cast no showre He prostrate lyes that would hane scal'd the skio. tell.

From heauen and Those sights saints. . all rights. Sweet was the but sweeter loues did spice it. too deare a once to twice it : A heauen in earth. : Proofes of their damned prompters' neighbour-voice Such vgly guests still wait vpon the nought Fiends swarm to soules that swaruc from Vertue's For breach of plighted truth this true I trie . angels turnes to deuils. As man. He lent mine eyes their dearest light to ruine brought. author of our exile. [choise Ah. . The Avrecke of soules. self-ruine. Ah. I taste the earnest hires. Parent of death. 37 CIV. That men Wrong of roote of euils. and but once. These scornefuU words vpbraid my inward thought. as my God. saints neere myselfe I saw sight. cvii. the wares that fiends doe sell to monsters. to hell and deuils estrang'd. sinne ! the nothing that doth all things file. was templed in my thought. Christ.: SAINT PETER S COMPLAINT. the cause of hell. Earth's curse. those loues to hates are chang'd. my word the lie Once. cvi.: ! ! . to frights. But sights and loues did my misdeed withdraw. But sinne His temple hath And now He lighteneth terrour from Now of my lay vnconsecrate desires. defile Outcast from heauen. that my deed thus gaue cv. Profaned wretch ! His sight.

yet banishing from blisse . Then did I Then could see the disinchanted charmes : I cut th' anatomic of sinne. .. harnies . the world's entangling net. A thing most done. without noyse First. Which man could owe. Entring with ease. in effects from that the showes abode . but onely CXI. not easily wonne to part. Far. forfeiture of heauen ! eternall debt. 0. . yet losse. God This fawning viper. 38 SAINT Peter's complaint. Shot. without present smart prouing in fine a lode seeming light. . yet euer done amisse yet nnto all a foe all. With many mouthes doth now vpbraid my My sight Avas vaild I myselfe confounded. Vgly in death. And search with linxes' eyes what lay within. Endorct with hope. dum till till he had wounded. . paying nought but paine. subscribed with despaire. CVIII. Seeming a Serued with lieauen. fires A Our moment's ioy ending in endlesse nature's scum. Daily new Friended of done. wound. cix. worse then all tongues can say defray. though life did faine it faire. yet more then God can doe . Man's deepest though false-esteemed gaine. death of good desires : Worse then al this. all Night of our thoughts. . . ex. . toyl.

to pensiue thought is gall. brest. the message in the eares doth sound eares. What hart doth rue. doth to my thought the greefes expound thought. All things characters are to spell my fall What eye doth read without. is Whose onely league now in bartring paines . . that liides deatli in deceits. dearely bought with losse of grace : sugred poyson That thou hast now hath wrought so well. Bewitcliing Still euill. hart rues within. cxiv. . 8AINT Peter's complaint. . My guiltie eye still seemes to see my sinne.. Which when the thought would by the tongue digest. The eare conueyes it backe into the cxv. What I ingrosse they traffique by retayle. . My hart. made me to myselfe a hell. Thus gripes in all my parts doe neuer fayle. : Making each others' miseries theu' gaines care. . face. back to my hart their sorrowes send circling griefes runne round without an end. CXIII. borrowing lying shapes to maskc thy I the deciphring of thy sleights Now know A Thy cunning. the same doth to my tongue impart. 39 ex 1 1. All bound for euer prentices to Whilst I in shop of shame trade sorrowe's ware. reades mournfull lessons to my hart. My My My eye. My Thus tongue.

bvit now would leaue 1 My soule. nor yet his oAvne. Ah ! dwell you it. One worthiest of blame. am when to richest in remorse To fetch my ware no seas nor lands I range For customers buy at I nothing force are : My home-bred goods still home bought and sold. denoted to mishap Eent from the roote that sweetest fruite did giue. My comfort is comfortlesse to Hue : In orphan state. CXVII. . and feare. of scandale. What gaine ! Vnrest. Sinne's farme I rented there. a beast ? much worse : what creature ! 1 call'd The rocke cxix. : 40 SAINT PETEU'S COMPLAIKT. A A But who 1 man 1 O no rocke how : A ! wretch. Pleasd with displeasing I wealthiest lot. too dear Fit teares ! will you receiue to plaine it? What Come shall in. Peter [there ? From whence 1 From Wliat rent 1 Caiaphas' house. I seek no change . not God's. Whose heavenly roote hath true reuiuing power. Deare purchase Ah. And in me my now interest I hold.. . we giue : 1 and times mee say they Thus Griefes did entertaine me. CXVIII. CXVI. . one unworthy be knowne What one 1 say they. No iuyce can ioy me but of lesse floAver. At Sorrowe's dore I knockt : they crau'd to my name : : I aunswered. 1 scorn'd to graffe in stock of meaner sap .

. . but whisperer of dreames. storme's Wrath's lenitue. . I sleepe in waking-woes. heart's Senses' calmest shore. Suspence of loues. . Creating strange chymeras. a bit for Avild The scourge that whips. Sleepe. : SAINT Peter's complaint. my bed and home. euill. Ct . ! Benumning sense of ill. Dayes pass in I plaints. the night without repose wake to weepe. Cliayn'd in the yron linkes of basest thrall Till (Irace. the smart of Best. ease. while life hath sense. 41 With them I rest true prisoner in their layle. vouchsafing captiue soule to bayle. This sleepe most fitly suteth Sorrowe's bed. Silence of passions. Sorrow. To make dum-shewes with worlds of anticke sights. Brokenly telling tales rightly foretold. cxx. . the salue that cures when vnkind in killing who A offence Sorrow. Casting true griefes in fansie's forging mold. In wonted See degraded loues enstall. cxxi. balme of angry sore. Sinne's eldest child it bred racke for guiltie thoughts. securitie of feares. and soules' reprieuall from all cumbers.. fayning frights Of day-discourses giuing fansie theames. Death's allye. obliuion of teares. with quiet slumbers CXXII. CXXIII. Not such my sleepe.

mother in tender hart. thoughts. . cxxv. In silent lonenesse burying worldly noyse reliefes. my soule the corse. a zealous will. heauen of the mind. loue and mercie beare : My teares. sunke worthless in depth of sinne. where flying threw desire I downe. in blacks of deepe remorse. . knill. Whom Father in weeping winnes. Attentiue to rebukes. an humble hojie. deafe to Pensiue to foster cares. . vnder death's dreary roofes Solemnizing my funerall behoofes. I will. The beere. my dole. Here solitarie Muses nurse my griefes. slaine with sinnefull dart CXXVII. repentant sorrow moues care. the priest. nurse of infant loues. Christ ! health of feuer'd soule. If King Manasses. cxxiv. 1 sliould. The herse. grace. carelesse of ioyes Euing life's losse. AVith plaints and teares recouered grace and crowne A worme some mild haue to mend regard may winne. A selfe-contempt the shroude. the herse-cloth. the tombe. it And lowly creepe. light to the blind. I would. feeble. Force of the Guide to the wandring foote. feare The mourners. I dare not say.. Penance. . Keuiue and saue me. ! : 42 SAINT Peter's complaint. and dolefull sighes the cxxvi. A poore my ill. pitie.

Feares Avould despaires. dew'd eyes and prostrate [prayers. cxxxi. And sauiug shroud in Mercie's sweet repaires. . I dare not say. My good. Deepe sighs. SAINT PETER'8 COMPLAINT.. . and then bid what Thou wilt. lesu. but 43 wish I may. CXXVIII. With mildnes. I will. with hope I humblie call. my fall : With feare I craue. Worke with me what Thou of me doos't request. crost armes. . bent knee and contrite hart. measure mine offence Let true remorse Thy due reuenge abate Let teares appease when trespasse doth incense Let pittie temper Thy deserued hate let loue forget Let grace forgiue. cxxix. high words the speaker Thy gift. Thy strength my stay Give what Thou bidst. Craning the reffuse crums of childrens' plate My sores I lay in view to Mercie's eye. Then will I dare the most and vow the best. Most humbly beg release of earned smart. My rags beares witnes of my poore estate : The wormes Prone that of conscience that within plaints are lesse then me swarme. thick sobs. my is my harme. spilt. cxxx. . If iustice should my wrongs with rigor wage. Lord. ! My pride is checkt. . Prone looke. breed a hopelesse rage. Lazar at Pitie's gate I vlcer'd lye. ruth.

and hence piit for the comiiass itself. Also &c. Carta de marear (Minsheu). maine = sea. rigor's frailtie fauour. ' Addl. there are passages which demand some one.: ! 44 SAINT Peter's complaint. a sailing or sea-card. 10. St.' Other dictionaries give the same. the determinative adjective is omitted. however. Compass. the former sense.' ' ' in lieu' into instead. though changeling I oflfend. or that it has these meanings attached to it in any English dictionary. French. 4. doome suspend sorrowes succour moue. Cancell my sute. Be Tender I'Jiou Thyselfe. of these senses. CXXXII. others that it is the card' of the mariner's compass. i. Traiierse th' inditenient.' for though Quadi-ant is not found in Cotgkave..' and quadrant' answers to compass . or Quadrant. quoted by Dyce in Sure. if my card and compass doe not fail Ware neer the Port. sweet lesu. In Florio's World of Words (1611) we find Carta any paper. in Italian. as in Sylvester's translation of his Shakespeare Glossary ' Du Bartas. a map.) Carte marine. or in the English part of any dieoriginal is Here the ' mon ' Quadi-ant et ma ' .' (The Triumph ' of Faith. 5. On the other hand. Mainwaring in Hunter's New Illustrations of Shakespeare. though I cannot find that the word is used for the card of the compass or compass itself. or Spanish. say Amen The ende of Saint Peter's Complaint. is the more usual. a leafe of a book. yet Boussole is given as a Pilot's Dyall. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.' that the card' or carta is a chart. Sometimes. . Some have said ' . and Carte marine. Also a plaing card. and some the other. or rather that of map. ' Line . Also a carde. Eedeeme my Let lapse with raunsome of Thy loue.' See also quotations from Halduyt and Sir H. my debts. Turnbdll modernises Card. While. ms. Carta da nauicdrc (Fl. cleanse this defiled denne.422 spells 'maigue. and Halliwell is right in gi\Ting both. of course. line 1.).

Turnbull ' ills' for ' euils. a misprint . and early is editions. in ' Southwell (' Our Ladle's Natiuitye'). his haven.' writes euill' Southwell not ' ill and there inasmuch as as a monosyllable seems to ticeable herein.' It may also be doubtful in the present instance but as the misdeed is not so much a chart of his haven. 3. or of his course. That through the blackest storms still points at happiness.' as the compass-card. the much-contested dram of eale'' evil or ill ? It (Hamlet. show that the words mean the compass -card and needle. or of ' . ' We're all like sea cards. though from the word ports.' very much spirit' is as in Scotland devil' is pronounced deU. Your bodies. The card and compasse tliat fi'om shipwracke saves where the allusion to one person. In Hamlet's speak by the card' the word is used in a third and very different sense. after all the guesses of the Shakesperean commentators. ii. ' this constant use ' ' ' ' ' ' = ' ' ' ' .' Loadstarr of all engolfd in woi'ldly wanes. the places to be avoided. Wlien ye sail false the needle touched with honour.' Line 5.' Sac. . As they do to the north. so I believe it to be the same here. ' . the determining context loadstar.' What if. mispi-ints . and as card' is used by our i)oet. shclfe = a ledge of rock. 11). .SAiXT Peter's complaint. All our endeavours and our motions. still point at beauty. yet there are passages which admit of no other. i.' I am inclined to think that the seaman's card is his chart and this will appear. And elsewhere. line 1. 2). See our Memoj-ial-Introduction for numerous examples of evill' requiring to be read as e'il. tiouary. if. as above in Our Ladle's Natiuitye. In some passages the author's meaning may be doubtful as in Macbeth.' and the verb in the singular.' And in ' Fletcher's Loyal Subject we send ye find (iii. we transpose the two lines ending blow' and know. i. ' ' ' St.' I caU it for throughout in all the mss. Turnbull misprints the' for thy. as perhaps we ought to do with the text. 45 Nares quotes from Beaumont and Fletcher's Chances (i. I With your own virtues season'd and my prayers The card of goodness in your minds. that shews ye .' and as pronounced sprite. ' ' .' ' Lines 5-6. something noby him of euUl' i^rove that the contemporary jn-onunciation (in verse at least) was as if written 'e'il. 4) be a misprint for di-am of e'il' fits in with the context. as the standing constant guide pointing to torment.

Then is now left' to be at all. i-iv. I = for sake of. &c. line 4 st. where 'be.' (being). If taken as part of the fii'st. xiv. St.. ' have ventured to read ' few' for ' new' of 1595 and 1596. ending with give' ? In such case God should either be followed by (. to fear. somewhat obscure.. to make to fear =z these fear-causing things . St. I have put (!) after life.) or by no stop give' should have (.) after Ah. the construction is ' Is second clause. though of the ' ' and leaving God' part doubting. line 6. through the feeling ' or belief that the cause so determined avoided disaster. St. also use line 5. the ellipse requii-es (and am) left &c. versions.' and so throughout.' 'report. the substantival form of the causal verb. Kichaedson. XV. 7) and least of the B. st. iii. Tlnj trespasse foiile (is). line 1. v.' . line 1. ' St.' i. while taken as jiart of this second clause ? or should it close the first ? Either way there is no essential difference in the sense.e. after the noun to which the descriptive sentence applies and so elsewhere. . ii. simply ' Ah life. Turnbull again badly misprints ' ' ' sign' for ' raigne.' and. as in st. as before. iv. X. alluding to the threnes' or lac. 125. Turnbull grossly misprints themes. the second fears are fears subjective. Wicklif (St.' these are fears' in their objective sense. or perhaps taken out of the succeeding St. n. Peter's Remorse. I have followed the punctuation of 1595 and 1596 here. Turnbull misprints in' for ' to. viii. where the stanzas (and in the lines) commence with a letter of the Hebrew ali^habet in succession. 77.46 SAINT Peter's complaint. Luke xv. 1595 and 1596 punctuate ' ' .C. line 1. = equal or equalise. Tliese fearcs . line 3. penitence.' Cf. e. Ah.' St. line 3.' I taking 'plaints' as the nominative have punctuated ruth not ruth. Threnes .). Line 4. penance =.' as in Psalm cxix. lines 1-4. ' and 'tell. Line 5.' ' mentations c. line 6.' For = for sake of. line 3. life !' Turnbull now over-punctuates and now under and mis-punctuates. vii.) after 'life. 'plaints.^ to 'sob. etien. s. for St. xvi. act. ix. ' St. and (. . sorrows —fruits of mine untruth. So too in one at line 6 . iii. St. it ' in the same sense.g. is an irregular ellipse. Line 10. or the fears felt and acted on. Chaucer St. he puts (!) after Ah' and (.

' and to the parallelism of unaccustomed soil and barren field. But our Ecclesiastes. and commeth out of the mother. Gen. 2 and vii. Looking word unaccustomed. however. ' upon Bartholome. and walmeth and springeth out in well-heades' (Batman St. be consumpt and wasted by heat of the sunne.: SAINT PETER S COMPLAINT. ' ' ' ' . doth this unaccustomed soil need it. xviii. ' ' 47 Line 3. That they come agayne by privie veynes of the earth. the deep' of Southwell.' it would seem the heart is the soil. that sweete waters that runne into the Sea. and giving an erroneous interpretation).g. 13 but according to Augustine. lines 1-6. abyssus' is the primordial matter. lines 1-6. ' to the ' = ' . ' ' = ' The old philosophy believed that the filtered back through narrow chinks. xiii.' as Isidore saith. 22 and 23. as to the mother of water. and turne againe thereto by priuy waies. Some.' and from which it would appear that either of the elements of earth or water were according to the onlination gift of God formed. sayeth. According to some. to the well-heades. cap. and re-appeared in springs e. xviii. there had to be added. 3. cap. combined the two views and this would appear from the word added' to have been that which Southwell had been taught.' Cf. and the construction. i. 3).' St. or whether the hidden veins from the Sea to the well-heads were subsidiary to the hidden veins from the abyss or overflowing deep. ocean . xiii. abyssus' is deepnesse of water unseene. line 3. whereof 'all things that hath shape and forme should be shaped and formed. useof turning' in quotation from Batman in our next note on st. the ahyssus. But besides the mother-sea or main-ocean. which might have been wi-itten 'ne'er-returning. Jerome saith (when wi-iting on Eccles. Neither does it seem to have been settled whether this Abyss formed part of the general circulation spoken of above. Turnbull misprints again bind' for wind' (of 1595 and 1596). that is the Sea. the maker of waters. according to early Christian philosophy. Compare Batman. or els they be foode and nourishing of ealtnesse of the sea. Ub. made of naught. : ' The construction may be doubtful. xix. lib. 7.' but never returning. . Ub. if we may judge from Batman's quotations from Isidoee. Line 6. Philosophers tell. and of the authorised version. 11 but the views as to its nature and position appear to have been vague and varied. and thereof come and spring wells and rivers for out of the deepnes come all waters. i. never-turning' not a misprint as might be supposed for ever-turning .

) lib. line 5. Of this serpent Isidore speaketh is ' = . line 5. not an under-pinning or under-propping. line 6. xxiv. viper' rending the ' A reference to the myth-simile of the womb of its mother shows that the reading not mines' but ruine's :' all good is the wreck of thy ruin or ruining just as a rock of ruin in next stanza is a rock of ruining. and the better reading 'Iwdfi'ov of St. the ' two give the Lord. line 1. tJiou. lib. Vipera is a manner kinde of Berpents that is full venemous. for she bringeth when hir wombe draweth to the time of whelping. 117. St.' St. 42 is with gi-eater probability taken to represent Bar-Johannan printing ' = son of God's grace. xxi. 17 represent ' ' ' the Hebrew Jonah. Ixxxv. xxii. as in the text. line 5. St. that the male doeth his mouth into the mouth of the female .' ' infamy' in st. lines 3-6. XXV. line 1. the fertilising with hellish dung. XX. 3. or rock causing ruin. St. It is said. To stay to support restrainiugly. but gnaweth and fretteth the sides of their dam. xviii. xxix. and so inst. Tuknbull misprints dii'est' for duest. line 1. and assuming it to he coiTect I have punctuated (. Matthew xvi. : ' line 4: but St. 'That ' ' St.' (Batman upon Bartholome. SAINT teter's complaint. xlviii.'' Turnbull confuses all by mis- these' for thou. .48 viz... ' = body may and soul . There. 'Infamous. John i. xxvii. and she wexeth woode [=wud] in lyking of increase. The very frequent inversions in Southwell favour this view.' but by the analogy of the lxx. biteth off the head of the male. ' stay' in the sense of a restraining support is properly a side or inclined support. son of a dove . and so both male and female are slaine. that Vipera forth broode by strength : for St. ' hath that name. Bar-Jonah is. the whelpes abideth not covenable time nor kinde passing. xxvi. 1.' ' Turnbull once more ' loses the ' antithesis as between there' and here' by misprinting These.' If 'lavu of St. cap.' ' both halfes' mites' of the old Puritans that all St.. and with the death of the breeder. and saith. rest support and he made narrowed rests round about. as do the stays' of a ship's mast: in st. 6). it has more the simple sense of restraining (from the plunge) for a = ^ ' . xii. and elsewhere. xxviii.) after need. and they come so into this world with strength. that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house' (1 Kings vi. line 3.

ice' On this cold brook Shakespcrean St. act iv. St. line 5.' The sense is not eyes stinted' by any one but eyes in a state of stint' (as compared with the remorse due for so supreme a crime).' we prefer (though with less truth) to make the noun agental. but not so frequently and where the action appears to exist within the thing itself. line 1.' St. worse' for worst. This sense of the participle in -ed. allows and explains its use in Shakespeare and others. That runnes' can hardly refer to danger or spells ' ' ' ' ' ' . viz. xxxii. line 1.' Line 5.422 I prefer it to ' Parting' of 1595 and 1596. ' ' ' march without the noise of threatening drums. xlii. sc. reads 'Parted:' St. ' The candied with (Timon.. line 4. ' disenchantt'c?. 3. walls. St. 'Fan-e' Turnbull obscures by misprinting ' Fare. from Cbrist. he is' and bliss' in A Child my Choice.' as in stint' and totter.' . ' ' distance or death. St. 49 ' Turnbull vcxatiously misprints by' for 'my. Turnbull misprints danger' for damage :' 1595 domage.' and ' St.' Let's King Richard If. line 1. :' Thus BoLiNGBROKE uscs tottcr'd ' . act iii.' Line 4. in which it can hardly be called a participle of past time. part' i. where we would rather employ the participle -ing. see relative note on st. I have ventured to make two corrections in this line. xxxiii. 10. that the cock = in this only or alone did the ' crowthereby became his clock to reckon ' his task-duty of tears. see our Memorial-Introduction. Additional mss. ' alone' ing' assuage. 3). ' canded. line 5. For more. ' ' Line 4. st. That from the castle's toiter'd battlements Our fair appointments may be well perused. he would probably have said totter /n/. Turnbull again misprints ' suck' for ' seeke. xliv. cxi. xxxiv. xxxviii.' and his' for this. use the -ed form in a similar sense. xlv. v. parallel. ter/n/7 walls.' as in Shakespeare. sc.' If ' line 4. me. line 5.' In the latter the rhyme is not so good but cf. SAINT Peter's complaint.e. stinted. and speak of stinting eyes' and ' ' ' ' We tot- Bolingbroke had battered Flint Castle.' as indicative of a newly present result.

as Tuen- bull's ' revenger' might suggest. ' : ' ' or loathe falsehood St. Auth. as Turnbull misSt. Ixii. ' No shadow can with shadow'd things compare. aumry. St. Turnbull again ' obscin-es by misprinting ' ef- fecting.' as in Fergusson's Caller Water. false. Vers.' beyond what ie natural for in Nature St. line 4.' di'oyles'= drudges. &c. St. 16-18. line 3. line 1. or the place where alms (and as here alms or doles of food) were kept.' St.xlviii. love or loathe ?' Looking to Southwell's general style and use of inversion. line 6. 2.50 SAINT PETERS COMPLAINT.' not. (. St. to be gnat-lUie insects. captiuing . Augustine. not the cock. and confirmatory of other Shakespeare allusions found in Southwell.liii. cyniphcs and scyniphes of the Vulgate— all taken hy the Egyptian and African authorities. and the expression His image' showed itself in the characteristically elliptical. In so doing the living mirrors' go prints. comma {. liv. The third plague (of The avicpfs and avlTres of the lxx. ' .. On this passage see our Memorial-Intro- duction for a very remarkable Shakesperean parallel hitherto overlooked. spoyle. almonry..) omitted. I ' ' ' ' ' . st. shadow worths. Ixi..) that interpretation is suggested and favoured which would read. Then in myselfe. Turnbull misreads Fine' for True' of 1595 and 1596. 13 et seqq. St. Philo. line 1. See general note onward.). Line 6. when you seem to feel either of these emotions.' not lightningflames :'=the blazing comets lighten flames of love. shadows worths. 10. Line 6. In Scotland still= a larder or pantry for cold and broken meats.' in Turnbull ambries.' The thought is di-awn from Holy Scripture.' causal use thralls— taldng captive theii. ambryes. Lines 1-3. whom sinne and shame defac't. ' Revenger' ' = Christ.' the copyist being ' ' ' ' probably an Irishman.' ' ' = ' ' have printed light'ning. xlvi. Addl.' By the usual jjunctuation false. I prefer to interpret false as =/a/s«= do you love St. ? Accordingly Mi. line 3. line 2. do you false ones. and the lice. gnats :' Exodus viii.' Ambry St. lii. mss. line 3. Origen.' is Letcd Love ' Losse. line 2. 1.422 spells Thrue. lix.masters or those who are free.

. St. Bethlehem is the Vulgate form. and has nothing to do with the pools of Heshbon. Tuknbull again obscures and ' nonsensifies by misprinting ' works' for words. ' Luke compasse'^ circumference. and then giving the elemental similes] .' Line 3..' ' Line 5. water. wander. reflect the enumeration in the last stanza but one.' in the next line war- St. Best' for But.) not (. which Southwell has contracted.. Ixx. vii. ' 3. image ' . line 1. line 1. cf. Turnbull misreads delight' for i-eioyce.. &c. line 1. cf. home iled] is . [ex- from fire lost fish [I wander] Perhaps too the rhythm rather improved thereby. Ixvi. much as my wrongs' and my injuries' might in the older writers be used to mean the wrongs or injuries done to me. Cant. the image that is in me. Lxviii. salamander . But as heaven air.. Cant.' I place in margin. &c... At first sight it seems natural to make a division at salamander. My image' may in the first line have the ordinary sense of the 'image' of myself but in the second line it means as {ineo jiuUcio) in the first also. 17-18.) after desires. from land of life I wander. line 2) and Aman. line 3. I have punctuated roam [thus ending the general clause.. Turnbull for ' misjH-ints Whose' for ' Where ' :' and ' line Whose' The.' St. . from 1595 edition (dropped in 1596).' Oculi tui sicut piscina) in Hesebon. qu^ sunt in portu filife multitudiuis (Vulg. lines 1-4. Ixxi.' ' ' ' ' St. line 2. Ixv. whereas in himself it appeared blurred and defaced. St. Hesebon. St. thus reading [exiled] from heaven. St...). line 2. Vers.. 61. li. keep. Ixiv. ' St. Line 2. 4. 3. The ellipse is viore Southwell. ' ' St. ' 1595 spells soone. vii. I have ventured to read ' The previous stanza and the word Both' rant the emendation.' A strangely elliptical omission of the ob' jective [me] . fii-e. The baths of gi-ace' is a new epithet.. laud of life. and (.' xxii. Hence I punctuate Hesebon (. = . Ixxii. Ixix. 51 eyes of Christ as that of a man before the Fall made in the of God. So too with Salomon (st.) Thine ' ' : ' eyes like the fish-pools in Heshbon by the gate of Bath-rabbim' (Auth. line 3. SAINT Peter's complaint. 1 Chronicles ii.). Poor saint from heaven [I wander] ...) not (.

St. Sojit. xxviii. line 4. Auth. or its legal sense. though he seizes every opportunity of syllabling -ed. By love as more frehere. Bersabo. excels 10. and so in the full -ed and -'d (apostrophe). with one or two exceptions (duly noted in their places). to dwell French demeurer. and on. ' surmounts' := over-passes. Here. Ixxvii.•'=proofs. Ixxviii. dying swan's ' singing' solitariness or singleness of the a natural and pathetic inference. Ixxxvi. c. St. line 4. line 5).' and so I note The student will have no difficulty it (see also st. through St. . line 6. er. line 3. forms. ' Horehh rocke. as before. Ixxvi. Tuenbull misprints In wilds Barsabian wandering alone'=the desert of Beth-sheba. like heauen. her lap with tears she fill'd' (st. Vers. are almost constantly slurred. St. Acldl. en. : ' labic ' but while oui- ' ' ' ' Cain's murdering ' ' hand imbrued in brother's blood' (st. line 3. its pi-imary sense St. mss. Ixxiii. delay by dwelling on. ' pheare spelled in 1595 'phere' ' = hus- band (Abraham). murdering' needs no more to be printed ' murd'ring' as dissyllabic. Ixxxv. In Southwell. God's love. St. 2>(i><sim in accord with which I read Bcr. line 1. Ixxxviii. Bi^pffafiet. line 1.422 reads ' — one sense of the French surmonter.' pronunciation of heaven' does not require heav'n.. line 4).' monosyleuen.' the fulness of our even' requii-es e'en. than heavens' and ' prayers' requii-e to be The ' heav'ns with pray'rs. e. Ixxv. infamous. line 1. line 1). Ixxiv. St.' See relative note on ' st. line 4. or perhaps provings. '2^?'0&flfes .52 SAINT Peter's complaint. was derived from probatus. Ixxxix. ' St.' Tuenbull wi-etchedly misprints :' slime. in ijroperly reading such words in their jilaces by attention to the above rule. though it is diiScult to understand how this obsolete sense. By'=through. Ixxxvii. line 4. line 5.' St. Ixxix. Line 2. ' penance' =:penitence. St.not Bar. I adhere to the Stonyhuest mss. Ixxxix. is quently in our Poet's day than now. that might lead to ambiguous readings. line 1. ' ' sluce.g. ' St. Throughout.' dcimirre : on. by means of.•'=:to Southwell adds to the old myth . : . Vulg.

Line 3. for the sense (TiyScuv said to be muslin and sindonless. ' 53" doubting' =:in the old sense of suspecting:=di'eading. line 3. Mark iu. Peter to have been included in the collective name 'Boanerges. xcvi. 142) Coverdale is quoted as spelling Soc.' ' Such' for 16-17 ' Riche. ' 6. St. Turnbull senselessly misreads and mis- rapture. with even more than ' carelessness. line 1. ' raught' like Southwell ' wrought' (Parker 17). Turnbull misprints ' ' by' for ' of. fine linen. St. cf. But in this ciii. Line 3.' St. Turnbull once more misprints ' ' is' for ' base. such being the meaning. a garment of muslin (nvSouiTris. xcv. shows that the word was used more generically. line 2. as interpreted by the mummy-wi'appings.' St. i. line 5. for raught' in the and other words there was a confusion in the old spelling which hartUy amounted to error. ci. it would almost seem that Southwell considered St. line 3. Line erable John the eagle (line 2) ? 5. 1 . Turnbull misprints. the wearer of such a garment but the cni'Sulu fivaenvos.' St.^ Cf. St. Line St. . Matthew xxvi. Ecclesiastes ' iv. 37. It might also be supposed that Southwell was anticipating. embalm.' The Vii-gin Mary to Chi'ist. xciii. In Earle's Phil. 6. Line ' 4.' From the general imagery of the Old Tes- . since it was only by Pharaoh that Joseph was endued with a (ttoAtj fivaaip-r) but the above words of Herodotus. referi-ing to the passages in the Gospels under st. . 37 : St. v.' and line 5 rich' for St.' as in Turnbull. not 4.' Turnbull vexatiously misprints ' For. line 2. and to the triple cord of friendship there mentioned. ci. ' wi'ought' I have put mai'gin. of Engl. Tongue (p.' stupidly perpetrating a mis- pun 6.: SAINT Peter's complaint. ' Turnbull misprints that. cf.' Or have we the Apostolate represented by St. xvii. as the embalming-cloths of the Egyptians are called by Herodotus.' Line cedar. show that aivditji/ was not necessarily applied to a thin roller either of fine cotton or ' . Peter the rock (line 1) and line 1. rubber' for ' his usual runner. 4). rupture. ' Too. 12. xc.' Line Line prints (St. as ' between 'I'ubber' and ' rub.

or Scotice earles. i.' which I adopt as=:the foretaste.' Tuenbull yet again misprints baweepe. cxv. Rent. line 2. line 4. tament. 10. ' ' abode' =foreshow. line 6. Tlie night-crow cried. cxvi.) mer spelled tast.v.' disinchanted charmes. cvi. at the Transfiguration.' not predicted. and Mr. Line 3. St. given on the hii-ing of servants. Tuenbull misprints 'late' for 'lay' unapostolic.' in their [natural] state of disenchantment. . cxiii. St. 54 SAINT Peter's complaint.' which is the word in 1595. ' St. ' blame' for ' balme. (See relative note on st. line 2. 3 Henry VI. cxvii.' balme.422 the reading is cast' for taste. mss. v. C. act ii.. s. cxxi. St.=: strive (Webster).' St. W. and the reference to Judas casting down his blood-money before the priests ? (St. 43-5. ' ' ' ' ' Whose. ' foretold. and Addl. Whose'' refers to parts.422. 22 Ephesians i. line 4. civ. ' = Addl.' In 1595 for earned' of 1596 the reading is 'earnest. line 4. A. cxxii. iiss. line 3. cix. 1596. reminds of the soliloquy of Richard ' II. lines 1-4.' Query Is this the proper word. 'force. but rightly recounted dur- ing the past time of wakefulness. as to the usual cry of WTiat d'ye lack ? ligence.'' Verb intrans. with unpardonable negmakes nonsense of this by misprinting but' for rent. ' ' theticaUy prints sleep' for weepe. as before. Wright's Bible Word-Book. with possibly especial remembrance of Isaiah xxxvii. actually St. ^givdng themes Line 6.' or earl-money. 22-24. St. alluding not so much to pressing things on would-be customers.' ' Tuenbull once more to fancy. . ' ingrosse'^engrossier=make greater. cxx.. 10. 5. as in Shakespeare. v.' ' St. in ' ' : ' ' ' ' . Matthew xii.'' Tuenbull. St.) St. line 4. aboding luckless time. xlv. cxi.' in the forxxvii. it is taste.. line 3. Matthew In 1595. Line 5. act. 6. Cf 2 Cor. Line 6. cv.' but I prefer for emphasis' sake to read and iH'onouuce it as demi-trisyllabic. line 4. Here is a case where a strict regard to metre would read light'neth . St. as well as in 1596.. 14. Tuenbull further blunderingly reads Where' for St. St. line 4.

&c. „ 6. ' release. ' 55 pcnance'=penitence.. as before.' Addl. I may wish [to mend] I i^unctuate wish (. .422 reads ' ' re- leaf e. 9-11.' thy' for ' St.CGS whither one goes or repaii's. St.). cxxix. 10. . cxxvii. cxxxi. line 6. Augustine.' G. ' St. mss. line 1. 'my stay. it is allowable for me to] ' St. sauing shroud:' the saving shroud:' prophetically spoken of his martyi-dom and with reference to Rev. cxxviii.' Tornbull misprints mistay. line 3. the consti'uction is not [I dare] wish [that is. a reminiscence of the Confessions of St.SAINT Peter's complaint. cxxv.' and love' for ' ' ' ' vow. line 3. so too he misprints worst' for most. St.' and my' for ' thy. cxxxii. vi. 2 Chronicles xxxii. ' my.' Line 4. line 1. 11-13. Turnbull provokingly misprints 1595 badly misprints ' 'increase' for ' incense. as I may [mend] . line 1. Repaires=:\)la.' St. Line 3.' 4. but .

.

viridi nitidum caput impedire myrto. 4. . Od. 9. i. .MYRT^. ' . .' Horace. OR MYRTLE-WREATHS.

G.oniae.' I ' : (b) To correspond with (' that already accepted for the third portion Majoniaj'). except in removing the Natiuity of Christ. to their own places in Ma. placed around the supreme Life and that of His Mother. and Christ's Childehood.NOTE. Peter's Complaint in 1595. &c.' The whole of the Poems of this part wei-e added to St. as choice beads in a string of pearls (as old Thomas Brooks has it). &c. our singer among the dainty players of Lydia something more these have the vividness and sweet perfume of the classic mjTtle. These were first added in 1596. and — and If those place — ' Joseph's Amazement. . have given the name Myi-tfe' to the second division of the Poems of Southwell for two reasons (a) To avoid the commonplace title of 'Miscellaneous Poems. with the exceiition of those noticed in our Preface. I have adhered to the arrangement of 1596. Throughout. the basis of our text is the Stonyhukst mss. Notes and Illustrations at the end of each poem give various readings.

worth the bowe. One day doth wrecke Remorse doth teach the wrath that many wrought my guilty thoughtes to knowe cheape I sould that Christ so dearely bought Eaultes long unfelt doth conscyence now bewraye. All ghostly dints that Grace at me did dart. Rise from the feelinge of my ravinge Wl\ose joy annoy. That draue such arrowes to the marke so ric^ht Woe . fittes. Soone-dying mirth begatt long-living payne. To other flightes an ayme I made my hart Whose woundes. Nowe pleasure ebbs. now have nought my foyle. worse fruite now my gayne. whose sorowe never is Bad seede I sow'd. whose guerdon disgrace. MARY MAGDALEN'8 BLUSHE. Like stobbourne rock I forced to recoyle . III. then welcome.! . Howe Which cares : must cure and teares must washe awaye. 11. revenge beginns to flowe . Avoe worth the Archer's might. The signes of shame that stayne my is Llushiiige face. flittes : Whose solace flyes.

and draw a doubtfiill breath. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. i. similarly he misprints 'work' for 'wrecke' is . . ' line 1. Tuknbull misprints ' seed' for ' fruite. the force or energy the effect of the stroke. sence but the entringe place is . the stroke itself 1. O heaven. a . like their conibate is. .' dints. sence not free from synne. S BLUSHE. And present happ makes future hopes to yelde. yow weane. ' Line St. Love is the theefe. line 2. . ! ! ! backe. soules sence spoyleth yow of grace Lament. line 2. To liull them out. ' feelinge' = the sense or perception of. spelled St. . wreake' in 1596. = wreak. one to the world to come Woundes may But then I weare. 5. V. the soule doth loose the feilde. For theefe he is that theefe admitteth in. to leave tliem in is deatlie. VI.! . yow drive me Yow crosse encountring. lament ! ! sense robbeth thee of sayntes. my woundes will worke a dreadfull dome And for a world whose pleasures passe awaye.' ii. One to this world. 1 loost a world. employed 2. iii.' Dint used as 3. hoped blisse soule O had O sence Yow woe. whose joyes are paste decaye. That never end but with some deadly wracke When sence doth wynne. 60 MxVRY MAGDALEN IV. Yet sence doth scarce deserve these hard complayntes. yow draw. St. Yett graunt I must.

From associating the word dint' with a particular kiud of weapon.' If this be so. ii. as a specimen. and also in Love's servile Lott (st. he in Southwell (Man ' seems to have been led to employ it as expressing that weapon in action just as two lines lower he uses. the spear or dart.' It has ' win. i. nor in thou. I give the uncouth ' spelling with a to for our u. See other examples in Tymes goe byTurnes (st. ' St. 6.' the technical or quasitechnical term for the action of arrows. (p. of the three senses. iv. and v. ' may be fleghts = aiTows. ' weane' = wean. ' Tuenbull misprints lose' for loost. in 1596 ' Tuenbull misprints haps. 106). Hne 2) it can.instances. and Con' tent and Rich (st. Synne's Heavy Loade. Line „ ' 2. V. as onward. flights iii. In the fourth of the passages in which it occurs to the Wound in Chi-ist's side. = drave. St. and st. and there is no reason for preserving a ' ' ' barbarism. St. Tuenbull misprints chief for ' theefe' G. used hap' in a sense reflected from happiness. (lent G1 (Webster). And while in this first instance senses 1. ' from 1596.' Tuenbull misprints 'hap. the sense which best agi-ees with the context (dart and recoil). xiv. in pre- St. iv. st. the force. line 6). iv. is a fourth sense. ii. line 3) the same sense may be attributed to it. the stroke.' had. only have 1. vi. whose wounds. line 4. line 6. But.MARY Magdalen's blushe. where thou' in our ms. I have not repeated it. as is shown by the . the fourth being left indefinite in its exin-ession. In the second (Losse in Delaye. line 1. as he clearly does in three out of the four. is spelled thow.' It is thou' in the first and early-printed editions.' ' Happ :' been said that happi- ness (like success) has kept only a part of the original sense of hap. vi. line 4). Lines 2-3.' Here only. and equal to good hap and bad hap severally. St. line 6.' the word flight. line 2) it is used as 2. . line 4). I adopt ' draue' ference to di'awe' of our ms. xiii. are clearly inadmissible. that namely of the weapon while in action. st. st.' Cf. line 2) and in \Vhat Joye to live (st. and which best explains the second and especially the thii-d passage. Southwell has here. for arrows in flight or ' words ' action. But in the thu-d (Life is but Losse. ' line 6. and 3. v.

Death come take thy portion Who survives when life is miirdred. Couche their life in deathe's abode. Let me dye or live Thou in me is Where the truth once was and are not. . Mortall life is tedious Death it is to live without Thee. 81TH my life from life is parted. . their runninge . Selye starres must nedes leve shyninge When When One Dyeth also the sunne is shadowed. by his deatlie. and not in God. Boiowed streames refrayne that lives hed-springes are hindered by other's breathe. : Lives All that by mere extortion live. ! MARY MAGDALEN'S COMPLAINT AT CHEIST'S DEATH. trewe life! sith Thou hast left me.. Shadowes but vanitye . : Death of all most odious Turne againe or take me to Thee.

v. not salves. Maugre thee my NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. : His. Dyinge life eche death exceedes. Seate of all felicitye. still From thy God. Signes. agreement with 1596. not I. In the siimme of happynes love life is wrested : To a world lett love of heavynes my remove. With my From my love my my life life was nestled . that' for what :' st. love shall staye. did possesse thee. coiTects three of Turnbull's characteristic misreadings and misiirints st.' Additional mss. When thy prison was His hart. vii. vi. Workinge thus Love's and mth life's dooble treason deliverye : Though my life thou dravst awaye.. Paynted meate no hunger feedes. line 2. sun' for snmme :' st. that Christ's death. 10. line MS. thy Kbertie too happy thrall thou wert.422 has all these .! MARY Magdalen's complaint at Shewinge want. in : ' Our ' ' ' o. line 1. Sith I live not where I love my soule ! what did unloose thee sweete captivitye. SpitefuU speare that brak'st this prison. G3 lielpe tliey cannot. not myne. ' di-aw'st' for ' di-av'st. of miserye.

a calme The saddest The roughest storme That Thus with succeding turnes may soone alaye God tempereth all.' not The' of our mss. ' ' I die sely' in St. No endlesse night yet not eternall daye birdes a season finde to singe. ' TTMES GOE BY TURNES.' line 1. and st.. sea of Fortune doth not ever floe. line 1.' St. Consult our Introduction for elucidation of what I regard as an affecting personal reminiscence in st. Not allwayes fall of leafe nor ever springe. dryest soyle sucke in some moystning shoure Tymes go by turnes and chaunces cliang by course. especially lines 3 and 5. and this record is enough for critical purposes. to the lowest She drawes her favours ebb Her tide hath equall tymes to come and goe.. ii. see relative note on without desert. frute Most naked plants renewe soriest wiglit and fioure . 64 blunders. Cf.— the latter simply confuses. . No No happ joy so great but runneth to an ende. also : ' ' Life is biit Losse. I print Thee. may finde release of payne. TYMES GOE BY TURNES. . . lines 3-4. . from better happ to worse. The lopped The The tree in tyme may growe agayne both. . lines 3 and 5 here and throughout. so harde but may in fine amende. iii. iv. the fine and coarsest Her loome doth weave webb . From The foule to fayre. man may hope to rise yet feare to fall. i. G.

.. i. not. ' poem line 3. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. What thought can thinke an other thought can niende. iv. ii. 65 lost A chautice may wynne all. ' sorest' for ' ' sorriest ' :' st. To Of ISTature's paterns adding higher skill fynest workes witt better could the state If force of witt Devise of man in had equall poure of will working hath no ende : . : LOOKE HOME. .' web' for 1630 in nett. The mynde a creature yet can create. .' 159(i in st. TuRNBULL has once more provoking misprints c. them more. EETYRfeD thoughtes enjoy their owne delightes. A breife wherein all marveylls summed may lye. takes in all thinges little fishe In some thinges croste. grace yet thought is. line 5 reads line 2 has vnmingled. man befall. line 2. that by mischance was none are all The nett that houldcs no greate. 'time' for 'tide ' :' st. Of fayrest formes and IMost gracefull all. hut none have joyes here to no they wishe Unmedled Who least hath some. St. nor yet' for 'yet G. st. line 3. . sweetest shapes the store. As beauty doth in self-beboulding eye Man's mynde a mirrhour is of heavenly sightes. iv.' LOOKE HOME.r/. . in this iii. Fewe all they neede. who most hath never all.

Shee sootheth appetites with pleasing vanityes. His will was followed with performinge worde Lett this suffice. FORTUNE'S FALSEHOODE. All that he had His image should present. 66 fortune's falsehoode. that swallowed without recoverye. He should. he could. Till they be conquered with cloaked tyrannye Then chaunging countenance. ' This' for ' His' in st. NOTE. In worldly nierymcntes lurketh much misery. in baytes of happynes Shroude hookes. Drawen by the worke of endles skill and miglit This skillfull might gave many sparkes of blisse. . line 4. Murder the innocent with mortall heavynes. And to descerne this blisse a native light as To frame God's image His might.. soiile of Man's endles bewtye's image is. All that it should present he could afforde. His skill. by this conceave the rest. To that he coulde afforde his will was bente. His worthes requird. iv. with open enmyties She tryumphes over them. His worde and will conspir'd. . Sly fortune's subtilltyes. . . TxJRNBULL badly misprints G. he would. scorninge their slavery. he did the best.

inherited with sure possession Constant in crueltye. . Men's ruins registring her false felicitye. of vicious. She sutors answereth with contrarietyes .. Her choyse Sith welth the vertuous might wrest from piety. Her hopes Her smart are fastned in blisse that vanisheth. Are wag'd with wearynes Blynde in her favorites' foolish election. is Chaunce her arbiter in giving dignitye. Her highest benefittes are but illusions. Alluring passingers to blody destinye offers bountifull. shewes most discretion. Her wayes a Fooles' laberinth of wandring passages. 67 With In favvTiinge flattery deathe's dore she openeth. in proofe she beggereth. fortune's falsbhoodk. favours are measured. To humble suppliants tyran most obstinate. . she never altereth But from one violence to more oppression. to cursed deityes . Proud with peticion. untaught to mitigate Rigour with clemencye in hardest cruelties. comon pilgrimage Whose fonde devotion and idle menages in fruitles drudgeries. As easie premisses to hard conclusions With bitter corrosives her joyes are seasoned. To those that foUowe her. .

feebler part putts upp enforced wronge. vii. vi. in st. 68 Like SCORNE NOT THE LEASTE. tigre fugitive from the ambitious. to her followers forswering curtesies. In all thinges mutable but mutabilities. to varietyes' from vanityes. And silent sees that speech could not amend repine. no sea so wavcringe. and therefore may he r= studied movements. has shrouds. i.' (in st. As giddy fortune in reeling varietyes Nowe madd. line 2) by varietyes' corrects the lacking syllable in Turnbull's vanities :' so too in 1596. he confuses all by printof ' ' : ' One ' : ' ing ' ' in' for ' is. strong. . line 2 and again his (. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. IS'o wynde so changeable. Yet higher poures must think though they When simne is sett.' G. Our MS.' as in 1596 oiu' ms. Where Where The wardes are weake and foes encountring. (in st.' Once more. . Our ms. mightier do assult then do defend. Suyng But for amity where she is odious. now favoring. now ferce. x.) after bapiiiness' instead of linking it on to Sbroude liookes. is corrected by S. ' ' ' ' Menage' SCOENE NOT THE LEASTE. line 2.. Like weeping crocodile to scornefull enymics. the little starres will shyne. Turnbull's most egi-egious misprints is Flye' for Sly' in st. line 3) refers to the management of the horse in giving him studied paces and action. now mercifull.

The merlen cannot ever sore on highe. our ms. while those do a tynie even for the worme to creepe. i. . .' not as in Turnbull most.' and a meaning is attainable with this correction. like 1596. Nor greedy grayhounde The tender stiU pursue the chase larke will finde a tyme to flye. lines 2-4. et alibi). It is used also as we should who. See other examples in A Child my Choice (st. Line 4.e. also lowly mushrumpes leave to growe. greene when flowers do fade awaye. Yett he to heaven. G9 While pyke doth range the seely tench doth flye. reads (st. grouth on cedars did bestowe. And sucke the dewe while all her foes do sleepo.. as in the present instance. i. What Joy to Live (st. line 5. line 1). perhaps worth notice here. Yet God did turne his fate upon feast his foe The lazar pynd while Dives' was kept. line 2. the higher powers when fallen St. And fearefull He that high Gave hare to runne a quiet race.' as in Christe's Return out of Egypt In the same. v. that Southwell constantly uses that' where we would use what' or that that' or that which. line 5). i. We trample grasse and prize Yet grasse is the floures of Maye. SCORNE NOT THE LEASTE.' and this. i. In Aman's pompe poore Mardocheus wept. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. causes some obscurity. to hell did Dives goe. must. the dish. And crouch in privy creekes with smaller fishc little fish fill Yet pikes are caught when These There fleete afloate is go by.' It is ' ' ' ' ' ' ' .. ' In = ' that. assult' is assault (as in 1596).

Peter's Complaint. see our relative notes on St. sink. gi-eat Yet. line 1. 10.' in Additional mss. Their fall is worst that from the height Of greatest honours shde . Merlin or marline is the hawk. Him I live. as In st. while they. G. Him love is most. and ' In st. whose hand no dede I praise defilde. ' in 1596 is marline. the feebler part) ? Cf. iv. whose tongue no word. higher powers most sink. and caimot lyve Love's sweetest mark.' are sunk. As most' is simply Tuknbull's blunder.' for other difficult and somewhat similar pronominal uses.422. I love Him best. in 1596. the name is Haman : but Aman is in the Vulgate. I praise and love that Chilcle Whose hart no thought. In st. man's most desirM ligl^t. in While Him I amisse. In = during. ii. iii. 10.422 merlyn. iii.e. to leave Him death. Lett folly praise that phancy loves. ' line 5. mushrooms so in 1596. lavde's highest theme. . ' the think' of the little stars' shining. all prayse and His love. 70 ' A CIIILDE MY CHOYSE. I prefer the reading of our text.' and the meaning for ' — ' ' ' though they repine' ' {i. even is = e'en. represented by But query is think' a misprint sun. mushrumpes' spelled ' ' = : well as Additional MS. line 6.' and misprinted martin' by Turnbull. In st. to live in Him deli"hte.. line 1. A CHILDE MY CHOYSE. To love Him hfe.

He is. yet though small. . Turnbull.. can. Turnbull most unfortunately misprints land's' for . His of thrall. our light. Turnbull misprints head' for hand. 7. our MS.. 159G reads ' ' Him' for ' His. He sighes. His sighes and throbbs. . ' ' ' ' ' ' Line . force all foes Correct my dye faultes. laud's. First frende gift. protect ! my life. His knowledge rules. (to . best frende trewe. yet stronge. He pantes.'s own corrections in our ms.. thus ech to other He was. though man. doth bud a joy full springe. which we adhere) there is no division into stanzas of four short lines each nor in 1596. 71 Ho myne by dewe. yet do His angells singe Out of His teares.' . His death our end Alas ! He weepes. inadvertently reads this' for His. I His by debt. Line 2.' This is one of S. as God He loves to blisse. as stronge He He is . 8. all tymes will try Him Though yonge.. Whose tender armes can to flye. 5. wise. yet God As wise He knowes. Almighty Babe. direct me when I NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. In our MS. His strength defendes. His love all life doth cherish His birth our joy.' 3. A CHILDE MY CHOYSE.' is. other's' = other G.

. Enoughe. To Pleasure's highest pitch My My My sely shroud trew honors bringes. CONTENT AND PJTCHE. All easye to fullfill. . . make the lymits of my poure The bounds unto my will. will In lowly vales I mounto . Enriclid with Vertue's rightes Faith guides Hope all my witt Love leades my my mynde delightes. for base That lyes too highc contempt. . Contented thoughts hart is my rest happy in it selfe. I DWELL in Grace's courte. Too lowe for envye's shott.. estate is ritch. My blisse is in my breste. My poore conscience is my crowne. My I wishes are but fewe. I recken welthe A meane the surest lott.

Of greatest honours Sith sayles of largest size The storm e doth I beare so lowe soonest teare. that from the heyghtli slyde. And ebbing wrath doth end. I clipp high-clyming thoughtes : The winges of swelling Their fall is pride worst. While It is in Furie's flame doth burne . Wliich is of heavenly raigne Effects atteynd. I 73 have no hopes. While grace afFordeth helth. My mynd to me an empire is. or not desird. vayne to stopp the streame Untill the tide do turne. but one. and smale a sayle feare. All lower hopes refrayne. I feele no care of coyne. CONTENT AND RITCHB. I turne a late enraged foe Into a quiott freude. .. As freeth me from I wrastle not Avith rage. Well-dooing is my welth . But Avhen the flame is out.

No chaunge of Fortune's calmes cast my comfortes downe When Fortune sniyles. Spare diett is my fare. She prooves an angry Smale gayne I found to let lett her come. I envye not their happ. To ruyne runne amaygne. fitt My I clothes more then fine . Whome favour doth advance . Best cure for angry mynde. Can And when in froward moode foe. A tempered cahne solace to I finde To be most it self. Lesse losse to her goe. That have lesse happy chaunce. I take no pleasure in their payne. . 74 CONTENT AND RITCIIE. I smile to thinkf How quickly she will frowne. And taught with often proofe. To rise by others' fall I deeme a loosing gaine All states with others' ruyns built. knowe I feede and cloth a foe That pampred would repine.. .

After-wittes are deerely boughte. Edward LOSSE Shunne m DELAYE. delayes. vii. (See our collection of Dyer's Poems. spells ' = attained it is freeeth. Hoyse upp sale while gale doth last. .' the third e' : inserted by S. 'to' for 'is:' ' ix.LOSSE IN DEL A YE. attend' for ' (as in 1596) ' chance' for atteynd' chaunge. st. My myiicl to me an empii-e is' (st. line 1.f/. iwcm : St. and imitations. line 4. Lett thy forewytt guide thy thoughte. : line 4. . our ms. Sober speede is wisdom's leysure. consult our Memorial-Introduction.' ' With reference ' to the line. Tyde and winde stay no man's pleasure Seeke not tynie when tyme is paste.) For more on this. xvi. G. whose celebrated poem My mynde to me a kingdome is' was doubtless in our Poet's mind at the moment. . Lingred labours come to noughts. Fly their fault lest thou rej^eiit thee. ' careless misprints in this st. line 3). ii. TuRNBULL has some very e. . they breede remorse Take thy time while time doth serve thee Creepinge snayles have weakest force. interesting to come on another reminiscence ' of Sir Dyer. Good is best when soonest wroughte. 75 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.

Droppes do perce the stubborne Is'ot by force but often fallinge Custome kills with feeble dinte. 76 LOSSE IN DELAYE. More by use then strength Single sandes have little weighte. Fligg. Many make a drowninge freighte. . Workes adjourn'd have many staies. Kill bad chekins in the tredd. In the risinge Lest it stifle ill. prevayling. season. . Tyme weares tliy all his lockes before. Crush the serpent in the head. . Long demurres hreede new delayes. Festred woundes aske deeper launcing After-cures are seldome seene. growe against thy wiU. is When he ilyes And hehinde his scalpe naked. ease. Often sought scarse ever chancinge. Tender twigges are bent with Aged trees do breake with bendmg . out of price. Tyme and Out of place give best advice. Breake ill egges ere they be hatched .. Seeke thy salve while sore is grene. they hardly can be catched. flynte. Take houkl upon his forehead he turnes no more.

V.' st. will he offer him a serhave seen such eggs' as you could hardly distinguish them from a pigeon's. ill eggs' eggs of noxious bii-ds or vermin. 12.'as in If pent (scorpion) ?' I ' : ' volatilis.witte' is = wisdom after the fact. Fligr/ or flygge. maturus. and of such breeding commeth a worme that slayeth with blast and with sight. and 1596 and 1630.422. that soone doth knocke ! Babell babes againste the rocke NOTES AND ILLUSTKATIUNS. feeleth fii-st all y« venim of his matter and venime for when it is fii-st hatcht. and Additional ms. Luke scorpion. ' dint. that a venemous frogge that is caUed rubeta. and bringeth it forth. tread' =: conception. Ixix. In Prompt. 80). line 4. di-awing' for drowning. allusion underlying kill ' . . i. c. composed by a Norfolk man (as was Southwell) says/lioocd is still used there and Halliwell gives it as used in Cheshire and the North. In ' St. and slayeth him in that wise. as he sayeth' (Batman on Bartholome. vi. And as he [Plinius] saith.' author's ' own word ' fligg' into ' Fledged ' vailing' for ' and in prevailing . Line 3. the idea a continuance of that in the previous line and the reference to the egg-like casing of the young ' = Or IS may be to the belief that asps when hatched whatever had sat on the eggs. Happy man. ii. stupidly reads and line 6. bee beholdeth and seeth him that bringeth him forth. Une 2. 77 Younge desires make little prease. line 3. 10. line 5. not St. second-thoughts. he shall ask an egg. as Bryddys. is lent' for cloth serve •' but our MS.' See relative note on. findeth the egge of such an adder [the asins] and sitteth on brood thereon. have the ' ' TuRNBULL reads latter. In after. V.Parv. Grouth (loth make them past amendiiige. St. The worm that sitteth so on brood. line 2. ' In St. Line 4. vi. in et. ' St.' and line 4. elsewhere.LOSSE IN DKLAYE. Or combining the two the XI. Tuenbull 'improves' the . it happeneth sometime. Way . as doth the cockatrice..

(Ps. honye-shoure raynes from her lippcs. afFordeth greife. A kisse. * O LOVE S SERVILE LOTT. 16.' Babel.' Ps.) the prophecy being in Isaiah xiii. Vers. The sence from is reason's lore delightfull in the ryne. Sweete lightes shyne in her face . &c. : = = ' ! . many myndes. prease pressure. Filia Babylonis misera Beatus qui tenebit et allidet iiarvulos tuos ad petram. See Wright. core. vii. prefei-able Hapjiy he that destroys wicked thoughts ere they grow up. Corrupted in the She shroudeth Vice in Vertvie's veyle. Their service doth deserve. Auth.. line 3. . ill Pretendinge good in She offreth joy.. A where she doth kill. She hath the blushe of virgin mynde. . v. — LOVE'S SERVILE LOTT. The She will she robbeth from the witt. cxxxvi. 8-9. St. Tuknbull misprints 'Babel's. G. The mynde of viper's race. Line 6. Yet fewe know whome they serve They recken least how little love Love mistres is of . . as elsewhere Jesse i"od. . s. cxxxvii.

But makes them soone Her watery Her eies have burninge force. to every taste She tempereth her ciipp. She setts afloate some luring streames. ' And sighes do blowe her fier. LOVE S SERVILE LOTT. For fooles to gather upp To sweete. fire. . letteth fall some luringe baytes. to ebb. fluddes and flames conspire Teares kindle sparkes. . wett is full by kindc. She woes thee to come nere her Yet doth she drawe Farr off she it from thee to frye. For May is full of floures . . to more annoye. For love of sliowers. But rather Aprill.. She makes thee seeke yet To finde but not enjoye In many frowns some glydinge smyles She yeldes. Small flyes in spynner's webb . Softe soules she bindes in tender twist. makes thy harte And She yet to freese within thee. to soure. May never was the month of love. sobbes fuell are. feare to finde. .

A lieaven in hellish payne. Moodes. phancies. 80 love's servile lott. crewell woundes she gives... passions. first. . enthralled soules With soothmg wordes She cheynes in servile bandes Her eye in silence hath a speeche Wliich eye best understands. bewitchinge charmes. Her house is sloth. Her joyes Fayre are still untjanelye Before her hope. Attend uppon her trayne . her dore deceite. every Vice rcpayres. Short happ imniortall harmes Her loving Her lookes are murdring darts. Like tyran. Like surgeon. Her little sweets hath many soures . . jelious fitts. is For death both their ends. She yeldeth rest without repose. And And slippery hope her staires Unbashfull bouldnes bidds her guestes. Like Winter rose and Summer yce. . behinde remorse. . salve she lends But salve and sore have equall force. songes. . in fyne unseemely.

' In our ms. sleepe in synne doth end in wrath. Love's service is in vayne. line 3. poem e. And loathed pleasures breed displeasinge payne. LIFE IS BUT LOSSE. vi. Shame drives her out. line she' di-opped out and 4. xii. st. they be past kills But then. Eemorse rings her awake Death calls her upp.' as in st. xi. ' : TuRNBULL has some sad virgin's' for ' 3. en-ors in this line 2. your idle payne Seeke other mistres for your myndes. Her Despayres her uppshott make.. ' ' ' ' ' ' ' LIFE IS BUT LOSSE. 81 Her diett is of such deliglites till As please. Plowe not the Leave off seas. sowe not the sands. . .' not of. so in Ime . G. force I live. line 2. iv. 'in' for within :' st. the poyson That did the hart entise the tast. ' vii-gin ' :' st. soothed' for soothing. in will I wish to dye In playnte I passe the length of lingrmg dayes Free would my soule from mortall body flye. As before. vi. By And Life is tredd the track of death's desyred waies is : but losse where death deemed gaine. .' I print off. and elsewhere. M . there is no division into stanzas. line 1. with thee. salves' for salve ' St.g. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.

And quite his hart from pangues. Then. thou shouldst the tyran play With none but such as wished for delaye.his Death parteth hut two AVhose civill strife eyes from teares? ever-fightinge foes. doth worke our endles woes. if all that woulde were sure. alas tbou dost me wronge. Of AbelFs lott. hut wide to wynn a heavenly creste. oft a cursed rise to As damninge leape. cruell death. To lett me live. : hell 1 cruell death. . If Sampson's leave a comon lawe were made. more anger to provoke Come. Life is a wandringe course to doubtfull reste. why lingrest thou so longe 1 What doth Avithould thy dynte from fatall stroke Nowe prest I am. Whose wayes are straite to heaven. As happy race to None bemg sure what finall fruites to reape And who can like ha such a life to dwell.82 LIFE IS BUT LOSSE. 1 Why shouldst thoue stay to worke my dooble deathe If Saule's attempt in fallinge on his blade As lawfull were as eth to putt in ure. 1 ! : Thy right is had when thou hast stopt my breathe. murdringe greives 1 ? Wlio would not die to kill all Or who would live in never-dyinge feares Who would not wish his treasure safe from theeves.

relye I live. .). Peter's Complaint.' Strange that none of Southwell's biogi-aphers have observed these affecting personal allusions. There vij^er is ! I thy spite defye : a God that overrules thy force. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. St. line 1. xii. line 2. And To Him on His mercy. To some thou art a feirce unbidden guest. to (' Mary Magdalen's Complaint and the yearning hope of martyi*dom expressed at the close of this infinitely pathetic poem. V. line 2 as easily put in use or practice. Line 3. I die alive. But dost adjorne their death to their annoye. The same may he said of the next. See our Memoi-ial-Introduction. Line 3. at Christ's Death. Who I can thy weaj)ons to His will applie. The lines already referred st. st. shorten or j^rolonge our brittle course. St. i. render it most ijrobahle that these semi-autobiogi-aphic pieces were composed in prison after the Poet's tortures. 83 Where Where life is lov'd. Toenbull misprints lean. Judges xv. St. thou ready And to abridge with sodayne pangues their joy life is loath'd thou wilt not worke their will.' See relative note on St. line 2. ix..' st. art to kill. 24 . LIFE IS BUT LOSSE.' ' ' ' St. . for Him I hope to die. i.' Cf. deemed.5 but the form crest' (independent of the needed rhyme with rest') suggested by the rayed aureole of the pic. in the Author to the Reader. 26. ' ' tured representations of saints. cf. where leave' is asked and given to lean' or feel' the temple- = ' ' ' ' pillars. line 5. iii. But those that crave thy helpe thou helpest Avaunt. G. i. lest. an allusion to the Ppa^e7ou and arefpafof of 1 Cor. not thy might. Peter's Comjil.

In OTir illustrated ' ' . still I dye. G. love. love. line 1. life as ever dyes 1 dye. I die give. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. but such a would be ! at ease. but where I am. iii. quarto edition I fm-nish facsimile of a portion of the MS. .. of this poem. hopes and vayne desires are deade. And Thus life my living death still no whitt amends.' gi-aph-correction in st. my My grace is saide 1 live. . showing the Author's autoremayne. See our Memorial-Inti-oduction and Preface. . I DYE ALIVE. but where I l{ot where I I wish. I live where I breath. My feast is done. . ? LIFE ! what ! letts thee from a quicke decease death what drawes thee from a present praye 1 soule . death come take awaye. of revive' for which also agi-ees with 1596. The life must future glory The deaths I feele in present daungers lye. but such a death as never endes My death to end my dying life denyes. yet I do revive life is My living Whose ISTot death by dying fedd Grace more then nature kepes idle my hart alive. .

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vertue Httle prisde. Yea life is loath'd where love may not prevayle. yet peace I none enjoy I hope. . . I fry in freesing colde I in mirth. WHAT JOY I TO LIVE. A treasure A sought still to the owner's harmes light that eyes to murdring sightes provokes. I feare. joyes falty. where best I is love. and that I have All worldly fraightes to me are deadly wracke. [shewe . . shorte is and fewe . For that I love I long. . . I future hopes do crave live. loving where they long life require. Here honour envyde. Here love lent for loane of filthy gayne . mortall charmes A grace that soides enchaunts with . death I desire. WAGE no mount waiT. still prostrate in annoye I all the worlcle imbrace yet nothing holde. Most frendes befrende themselves Avith frendshipp's Here plenty perill. . . want doth breede disdayne . choakes. : Men To live present happ. They.. meanesse dispis'd Synn deemed Here bewty is solace. but that I lacke That others love I loath. swallowed. a bayte that. Cares comon are. All welth is want Avhere chefest wishes fayle.

line 4.' ' ' 1.. loves lest to live. A LalefuU blisse that damnes wliere it delightes. least Who If lives in love. i. line 2. ' Here loan is lent for love of filthygain :' St.' and 1596 agrees with our ms. Where sence doth like that reason cannot love.g. i. oui- MS. Where pleasures uppshott is to dye accurste. Who Who for our love did choose to live. In st. Him he love by Whome he lives. Where Kature craves that grace must nedes denye. And was content to dye lov'd our love more then His did buy. 86 life's death. ' in' for to :' line 5. iii.' G. ' gain' for ' ayme. life. Where best in shewe in finall proofe is worste. 'If for ' e. line 1. TuRNBULL again has vexatious misprints in this poem: other' for others I st. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. A luringe ayme to Cupid's fiery flightes. LIFE'S DEATH. And longe delayes doth rue. To Whome all love is dewe. nonsensically. line 'slights' for flightes. inadvertently reads 'nowe' for 'none. who would live so many deaths to trye ? Where will doth wish that wisdome doth reprove. ii. iv. line 2. And love with life . :' ' ' st. LOVE'S LIFE. :' st. love's life.

it Love hateth life it that holdes backo. . love's life. . life hatefull . Requite His livinge love For best we live when lest we live. Where love is hott. . yet not enjoyde. For seldome is He woonn in life Whome If love doth most desire love. . Desyreth most to bee. life's death. life all In earth her grace. 87 Let us in life. Imd If love our life remove. Nor liveth where loves. And sith love is not where it it lives. life where it lives. woonn by Till mortall life expire. And death best approves. therefore. Life out of earth hath no abode. In earth love hath no place Love setled hath her joyes in heaven. no true Life onely lover's death.. Mourne. love beginns his joyes. Their groundes do not agree Love where it loves. is. him annoy es And when Then he taketh leave of life. yea with our life.

Fayre Wlien soule ! liow long shall veyles thy graces shroud 1 1 How And long shall this exile withold thy right will thy sunn disperse this mortall cloude.' as before. . ' lest' ' is=least.. and did His wrath remove It made the rigour of His justice yelde. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. line 3. ' Tdrnbull mispiints best' for lest' = In st. Should pyne in earth. i. And crowned Mercy empresse of the feilde. titles in And not disdayne our style. line 1. iii. . And And laid This made Him in our feeble nature's lapp Him under mortall loade to creepe. as in 1596. In st. AT HOME IX HEAVEN". not shyne ahove the skyes ! Thy It ghostly beauty offred force to God . . G. Godhead His to enwrai:)p . in our flesh His This made Him sojourne with us in exile. 88 AT HOME IN HEAVEN. ' least. It cheyned Him in the linckes of tender love woonn His It staid will with man to make aboade : His sword. more for angells' eyes. 1 give thy glories scope to blaze their light fitt that a starr. This lul'd our heavenly Sampson fast asleepe.

That deemes the feature of a pleasing face To be the sweetest bayte to lure the will Not valewing right the worth of ghostly grace Let God's and angel Is' censure wynne beleife. That of all . rare and peerolesse hew. soule ! out of thy self seeke God alone : Grace more then thyne. do not thy noble thoughtes abase. bewtyes judge our soules the cheife. If on thy bewty God enamored lesse Base be thy love of any then He. . Give not assent to muddy-mynded skill. §9 Him from the rancks of heavenly quires Into this vale of teares and cursed soyle . TuENBULL has one of his most careless misprints X in st. From death. AT HOME This brought Ii\ HEAVEN. any mortall wight Content thy eye at home with. ! O soule To loose thy loves in Sith God Himself is ravisht with thy sight be. from blisse to balefull toyle. ii. but God's. . . Would soone to soules the crowne of beuty Queue Hester was of And graunt. fioures of grace into a life to From world of briers. This made And tast Him wander in our pilgrim-weede. native grace. . Judith once for bewty bare the vaunt But he that could our soules' endowments vew. the world hath none. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.. our tormentes to releive our neede.

. If picture move.' I have not met before or elsewhere with But see our Memorial-Introduction on vaunt' as thus used. the parallel phi-ases. bare the vaunt. 5. ' LEWD LOVE ' IS LUSSE. G. Gleane not in ban-ayne soyle these ofFall-eares. : Lewd love with losse.90 1. sterving sense. in pulchritudine.' the sense answers to Non est talis the saying of the Assja-ians in Judith xi. Go. Of. Southwell and Shakespeare. bear the bell.' ' : ' ' ' ' ' LEWI) LOVE Misdeeming eye ! IS LOSSE. line 6. from Whome all graces runne. bad hopes do end in feares. That do thy erring thoughtes from God remove. All beautye's base. is' for rigour.' St. Sith reape thou mayst whole harvests of delighte Base joyes -with greifes. v'ii. 19 mulier super terram in aspectu. whereon our loves do ceaze. not worth so worthy love. 1^0 shadow can with shadowed thinge compare. Sparkes to the fire. feede thou on earthly maste love. vigour' for ' ' be. And fayrest shapes. the bearaes yeld to the sunne. But Trewe sely signes of God's high beautyes are.' It seems clear that vaunt' here is=the van or fore-front. that stoopest to the lure Ofmortall worthes. line 2. in 1596 reads In st. All grace to God. et in sensu verborum. v. all graces are impure.' and bear the mastership. in heaven seeke thou thy sweete repast. more shoiild the paterne please . evill peace with dedly fighte . .

In shyning shroud may swallowe fatall hooke Where The But eager sight on semblant faire doth waitc. to gett out the waie is not so wide. it A locke tishe proves. eclipse of reason's lighte. have not the sweetest smell hell. proofes of Nature's skill. the mole of Nature's rust. an eviU whose harmes no tongue can In which to live is death. whose hope concludes in peace. the The wrack of wronge of every right. 91 God's love alone doth end with endlesse ease. . that play with beautye's bayt. LEWD LOVE IS LOSSE. Lett not the luringe trayne of phansies trapp. witt. Soone may the mynde be But hard it is imprisoned thoughtes to baylc.. that first was but a looke : with ease into the nett doth glyde. Moth The grave of the mind. laj^p. tell In summe. to die is hell. of grace. A seeminge heaven proves oft a damninge Selfe-pleasing soules. cast in Cupide's gaile. fly So long the doth dally with the flame. . loath that love whose finall ayme is luste. Whose joyes in hope. . LuU The Season's force asleepe in Error's to bent of Or drawe thy witt fayrest floures wanton will. fall Untill his singed winges do force his So long the eye doth foUowe phancie's game. . Till love hath left the hart in heavy thrall. Or gracious features.

' TuRNBULL. Vaynb loves. vii. misprints folly' for sely . ii. line 4. in 1616 and 1620 editions. in ' ' ' In st. enwrapt with shades of sadnes. . ' Marvell uses in What need of all V impare the wanton mole of dust ' this marble crust . and worthies trash your treasure. line 3. a false conception. Mary Magdalen's Traunce. errour gravelled with jelosye And Your cares of life are seates Your bancks. ii..' In st.' and by early medical writers. This poem.' on the latter see our relative note on I die without desert' (st. i. arbours. nor yet mole a body-stain. senseless mass of fleshy it matter=the moon-calf of our ancestors. the same sense in Appletou House. but the mola oi Pliny and French ' mole. line 6. . line 4). Your garden. v. Your pallace a prison that allureth rest that To sweete mishapp. by misprinting 'is' for 'in. and payne procureth. greif hedgd . He also makes nonsense of st. is headed S. miswrites 'or' for 'on. breed rough fittes of raging madnes. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 92 love's gardyne greife. or shapeless. common is baite. avauiit ! infamous is your pleasure. Your joye Fooles' deceite Your Jewells jestes. in with thornes of envye And Your stakes of strife allies. LOVE'S GAEDYN^E GEEIFE. St. our ms. inole of Nature's rust' is not inoles a heap.' G. line 3.

G. .. you reape is misery. whose of vanitye. coolest Your sommer gales are scalding syghinges. misprints 'branches' for . i. bale.. Whose stalkes cvill thoughts. whose force and To banish grace and worke the Your trees are dismall plants of operacion. Garden [House] The heading is House was the name of the country = Gx'eife. pith untruthe liew of birdes whose voyce deliteth. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.' st. line 5. ' ' St. Your gardener Satan. On which Of iia guilty conscience screching note affrighteth. line 3. Peter's In are. Your shoures are teares Your sweetest smell the stench Your favoures feares all of synnfull livinge. . pyning corrosives. ii. xxviii. and was often made a place of assignation and intrigue. ' <allies'=:alleys or gi-een embowered walks. line 1) see relative note on Complaint' (st. line 5). The Garden- On infamous' (st. Whose Whose bark Whose root is is ruth. or suhurban retreat of well-to-do citizens or town-dwellers. Your gayne remorse and losse of all felicitye. 'bancks TuRNBULL. leaves words full Whose fruite misdeedes Whose sapp is synn. ii. are sowen with seedus of And poysening weedes. in st. whose tymber stubborne phantasies. love's gardyne oueife. all iui(iuitye 93 Your Ledds. soule's damnation.

yet never choose the best. will . rest. It was averred with approvinge seald with vow. stinted to no Still change their choyse. Light giddy humours. It shall be followed with performinge deede. . . till And Yea death the chooser desires. though finall date of vayne Endes not my choise. death. FEOM FOETUNE'S EEACH. which with no tyme expires. Or fane to shewe the change of every winde. kill. I setled have an unremoved mynde I scorne to be the game of Phancie's chase. My choise was guided by foresightfull heede.. sightes. To I beautye's fading blisse I I am no thrall bury not at my thoughtes in mettall mynes fall . . ayme not I seeke such fame as feareth and finde a light that ever shynes : Whose glorious beames display such heavenly As yeld my soule the summe of all delightes. Lett fickle Fortune ninn her blyndest race.

line 5. dotli guide. TuRNBULL misprints still. harte's love. and. Consorting in three joyes one perfect blisse.422. line 4. iii. gained much wealth from his silver-lead mines in Wales. 'to' for of. biss. iv. 10. my love to life. and never-equalld right life Eyes' light. and in Addl. ' vane' (as in 1596) ' is spelled ' fane' in our MS. to "VVhome all loves are tyd By duest debt. i.' mettall mynes' of st. to whom was due the New River water-supply. love of one. — FROM fortune's REACH. 95 My By light to love. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. and line 3. line 2 is a cnrious (incidental) indication that metal mines' began in Elizabeth's reign to be Shortly thereafter Sii* Hugh Myddleearnestly sought after. i. soule's truest He is. . To life that lives by love. In St. worse ' light' for ' ' life' in st. ' in' for ' to' in st. ton. line 1. and loveth lighte . Samuel Smiles has recently worthily revived the memory of this gi'eat ' The Englishman..

whose faith Whose trust is founde untrue If he have helde is cras'd.. Yett not the wished deathe. DYEE'S PHANCY TURNED TO A SINNEK'S COMPLAINTE. in ruth. the smallest sweete all his Be mixt with soure If in the day. the yere. them deere. rest is he with him no mate for He me. the moneth. Whose tyme in teares. Is onely Nature's wracke : . cannot cease to mone. lett him take his place by me . He But if shall not rue alone. Whose hope is falne. That. whose race Whose life a death must be. selfe . myrth hath lost. He Then feele one lightninge houre. makinge free the better parte. And Come. . That feeles no plaint or laclce. He that his Whose comfort is to rue.

. revenge. My pliancies are like thornes In which I go by nighte . dyer's piianct turned to complainte. slayne doth lye Whose hart the alter is And hoast. As one that lives in shewe. . My Which thoughtes like ruyns old. That allwaies yeldes extremest pangues. sheAV how ftiire it the building was.. While grace did upholde. Yet threttens worse behinde. a God to move From whome my evell doth feare . eyes . His good doth promise love. And still before myne My mortall fall they laye Whom Grace and Yertue once ^ow synne hath cast away. 97 O no! tliat were too well is My death of the mynde. And inwardly doth dye is . . advauncd.My frighted witts are like a hoaste That force hath put to flighte. Whose knowledge Where Vertue a bloodye feilde. . My sence is Passion's spie.

day by day the fruite I eate. lott. the life. peace. My hope hang'd in the noe. In is and shall. . stands my delighte. but now accurste In ivas. To nettles no we my come. the rest. but woundes. of all annoye. I a heavy harvest reape cares that never stynte. My And hlisse was in the springe . The tyme ! best frames to the worste place ! where thus I fell Deere then. my woe My horror fastned in the yea .. Were happy but by their losse My smarte doth stinge the more. So to unhappye menn. Sometyme the But now store of quiett rest. ! . That Vertue's tree did bringe. 98 dyer's phancy turned thoughtes ! no thoughtes. 1 sow'd the soyie of peace . Sometyine the seate of joye. That I enjoy 'd of yore. My Where Of The feild is turn'd to flynte. .

s. Then. Thy secreet sweete delite ] Thy sparkes of blisse.) Too well stoode Behould. but Grace's wage Have others from me gotten. (I findo too well. Or I coulde it excuse . Her payne I feele. it Tliat craved too late. Of nothing els but care and plaint Can she Forsaken the mynde by assure. O that they were not loste. such is my estate. late I finde. that a dreanie of feyncd losse My judgement did abuse! . firste grace. 99 Unworthy Too of releife. the ende That pleasure doth procure. thy heavenly That sliyned erst so brighte ] raye. Grace where is the joye That makes thy tormentes sweete 1 Where is the cause that many thought 1 Their deathes through thee but meete Wliere thy disdayne of synne. By pleasure now forgotten.TO A sinner's complainte.

my plighted truth To build on fickle grounde. can I rid from That forceth me the mate me to mono . . Yett God's must I romayne. Then wliich was never worse. by Avronge. Not that I looke henceforthe erst I For love that Sith that I brake founde . And ISTe not the faltye one. in yonge or In blissd or full of curse. make Him seeme is That in dede so neere. I cannot sett at noughte Whome I cannot I have held so deare afarre. 100 dyer's phancy turned O frayle inconstant fleshe Soone trapt in every gynn Soone -wrought thus to betray thy And plunge thy self in synne Yett hate I but the faulte. old. To moane a synner's case. . In prince or poore.! ! ! . By death. soule. by shame harte I cannot blott out of my That gTace wrote in His name.

Wherewith my carcas shall be fedd. Untill they feede on mee.. . my vow gave me . And scourge none is yeld me captive to my too ill. TO A sinner's complainte. The woormes my feast shall be. My The hard fate to fullfill. former dayes. My My My exercise. remembrance of faltes of my crymes. my vow. remorse And And dolefuU sinners' layes booke. But I since that I have synnd. The screeching oule my clocke. Both vow and gift shall stande. My teares shall be my wyne. : bedd a craggy rocke My harmonye the serpente's hysse. . . curse. 101 Yet that sliall never fayle faith bare in Which my I gave hande . solitarye woode shall My citye become shall be The darkest denns In which I my : lodge rest or come A sandy plott my borde.

and Sir Edward Dyer's.' following 1596. it is Maister diers De. Wherein I sterve and pyne . the latter. : e. as in this very piece st. his cursed crewe Where Judas and In endles paynes do dwell. Who feeleth most shall thinke it lest. line 1. Hannah misreads joys' for raycs.. et alibi. Our ms. My walke. And To though I seeme to use poet's stile. Tuenbull misprints wrapt' for ' trai>t :' st. plight. xviii. ' line 4. have' for hate :' I have adopted Ne' for Nor' ' : ' ' ' ' : : ' ' ' ' ' ' ' .g. XXV. ib. in st. st.' In the Haeleian ms.' not to :' st. Hannah wiU he pleased to find his own confirmed.' as in our bis. line 2. Hannah reads is' for it' by inadvertence st. Hannah. The difference hetween a mind of real insight and a mere pretender could not he hetter illustrated than hy a comparison of the poem as given in Courtly Poets and Tuenbull's .' Complaint. is preferable: st. line 4. the pathe of playnte My prospect into hell. along with Lord Brooke's The title in ' ' .' which is also a favourite word with our Poet. iii. yields cori-ections of all previous texts and Dr. ' line 3 reads 'salve' for 'falne :' st. hast If his compare with myne. but 'raycs. and 1596 agi-ee in reading plaint. ' in' for ' a :' line 2. V. line 2. has given Southwell's poem. . I print too. notes and illustrations. xxii. and Haeleian. vi. and Harleian ms. 1596 is simply A Pliansie turned to a Sinner's . 102 dyer's phanoy turned to complainte. :' st.' but our ms. xxiv. in his Courtly Poets from Raleigh to Montrose (1870). ' ' lighting' for ' lightninge no:' Dr. in' for ' Hannah reads here pain' for plaint . Dk. i. line 3 so Dr. The feyning figure forth My Yet is fall my carefull and my exile : my greife not fayn'd. iv. .

Edward Dyer in DAVID'S PECCAVI. for lovinge phancie's toyes. pp. that solitary mone. From highest hopes to hardest happ exild Sometyme. the change of for my ill changed choise. for comfortes cares I finde To pleasing tunes succeedes a playninge voyce. Doth hate it self. and to my collected Poems of Sir Fuller Worthies' Miscellanies. In eaves sole sparowe sitts not more alone. my famisht thoughtes my bredd full of dumpes. ib. guide to are my word and deede. . . My Day teares my drinke. My Yet This sleape kil'd is rather death then deathe's allye. a bloody feilde is my bedd . taught to know the worth of Vertue's joyes. Brooke. David's peccavi. xliii. Ruth my rest. iv. line carefull'=full of cares. My garmentes gives. feares now my pheares. iii. vol. Than sely I. greife my delight. 145-154. The dolefull eccho of my waylinge minde . G. with murdring pangues I cannot dye. xlii. blisfuU : tyme ! was Vertue's meede Ayme But to my thoughtes. to my Works of Lord : ' from 159G here ' 3. vol. has' for bare :' st. xxx. line 2. I may be permitted to refer for more on the series of poems of which this forms one. 103 ' st. nurse of unrest the nighte. Nov mourning pelican in desert wilde. line 4=If his [lie] compare. as in Piiinkas Flktcher: st. Which..

Peter's st. Or sutle traynes misledd my steppes awrye.' not fancye. losse. the ruler went to wracke. ' . lost his ayme and will was phancie's pray .104 If wiles of witt David's peccavi. The with it title in 1620 edition is ' St. denye.' 1630 gj'ues. skill. G. had overwroughte my will. My foyle had founde excuse in want of I might.' was the author's word. ' ' ' ' acles or chains. iv.' Tuknbull blunderingly amends by reading give. may ii. be compared that poem. lU deede But witt and though not ill dome.' Additional ms. line 2.' In such case probably faucyes. will muste nowe confesse with shame. St. phancy deem'd fitt guide to leade my waie. ' Turnbull again provokes us with misprinting ' away' for ' ' awrie.' Line 4. But now sith phancye did with foUye end. pheares'^ companions (as a husband). to Both deede and dome I have deserved blame. ' ' Complaint :' and and others. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. And Witt as I deem'd I did pursue her track. Witt bought with wiU taught by witt. 1596 reads ' chaunce' for ' change . deem'd'=judged. will mend. line 2.422 gyves. gives.' not seeing that the word is gyves'=manSt. xxviii. The rebell wonne. 1596 reads rebels' and rulers.' St. ' ' Tuenbull mis- prints ' In' for ' I.' our ms. line 1. 1596 speUs giues. V. line 1. iii. Line ' 4.' so 1630. 10. as before. St.

The worlde Thou Yet all this dost within Thy hand embrace face waight. of sweat drew not a dropp. . Synne ! howe huge and heavye all is thy waight. my faultes oppreste. This globe of earth doth Tliy one finger propp. Much more they woulde in hell have pestred me. : SYNNE'S HEAVY LOADE. The poyse thereof His flesh coulde not abide. Thy breste. therein 1 p . And bloody sweate runnestricklingefromThybrowe to earth thus pressed Thee. much lesse fell on Thy But now Thou hast a loade so heavyc founde. Alas ! if What will God Himself sincke under become of man that dies synne. That wayest more then the worlde beside Of which when Christ had taken in His fraighte.. That makes Thee bowe. yea flatt fall to the grounde. Nor made Thee bowe. O Lord ! my sinne doth overchardge force The poyse thereof doth Yea. flatt Thou fallest with But had they not Thy knees to bowe . .

Thou fellst where earth did Thee . all . obtayne . In closett pure of Marye's virgin breste fallst. So is she mother of man's other parte. receive. That severally should shortely prostrate Christ ! erect fall Lord ! lett Thy my croked mynde my flight from earth fall . Dost prostrate now Thy heaven our earth to blisse As God to earth Thou often wert severe. She shortly was And And yelde She shortly to drincke Thy dearest bloode. Thy soule awaye to Satan's cave was Thy cors in tombe to shroude. fall. minded in Thy heaven our earth to weare. And now Thou Thou loving Lord ! of earthe to take kissest it as cause of that so dost Thy Thy unreste love Thy foe : leave.lOG First flatt synne's heavy loade. As man Thou sealst a peace with bleedinge kisse For as of soules Thou common father art. ols with Thee to take me to the skye ! . with them thy Deitye to have . : . As thus to kysse the grounds where he doth goe ! Thou. Lord on Earth come And Or ether yelde with me in earthe to lye. yet once againe . Now then in one Thou joyntly yealdest to earth all. Or if I still in Earth ! must nedes be shrynde. Then.

little no man will yelde . our ms.' 1596 Ne. again Turnbull misprints several' for severally. Line 6. inadvertently reads 'awaye.422 reads it Nee' for ' ' Nor.. Addl. ' in preference to Nor. 10. 1.' = ' ' St. In homely manger trembling Alas. Addl.' as in and Turn- St. St. inadvertently reads St. iii. 1. vi. ms. I note this. In freesing winter nighte. a pitious sighte ! lies The inns This are full. poyse' is =: poize. a sely teuder Babe. line B. 10. . NEW POMPE.' as in 1596. &c. line 1. NEW Behould PEINCE. NEW POMPE. enquire An orient perle often founde In depth of dirty mire. as the present day gives rather the idea of balance. ' ii.' Line 2. ' ' poise' in the' for ' ' she.' Turnbull misprints ' the' for Thy. i.' I have adopted boll and our ms. ' 1596 reads 'Or if I needes must still in eai*th G. Despise not First "What Him for He is is lyinge there. line 4. line 4. MS. line 6. pilgrime bedd is But forc'd He with sely beastes In cribb to shroude His headd. vii. ' St. 1596 and 1630 properly have 'a way' Earth is to yield a way or passage for thy soul to Satan's cave. St.' and Turnbull so misjirints. NEW PRINCE. our ms. 107 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. . V.422 reads 'synnes.

His wodden beastes that Nor by Him feede attire.. on ' I die without dessert' (line 4). The Prince Himself This pompe is come from heaven. G.' I read His' for this a frequent misprint. after 1630 . . a Prince's conrte. Tuknbull. misprints praise' for prise.' and 1634. Christian wighte ! Do homage to thy Kinge And highly prise His humble pompe Which He from heaven doth bringe. NEW POMPE. Waye not His cribb. With joy approch. . ' ' ' ' ' ' ' On ' siUy' (line 1) see relative note onward. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. Way not His mother's poore Nor Josephe's simple weede. The wodden dishe His The parsons in that poore attire liveries is His royall weare . 1596 reads Despise Him not :' line 24. This stable is The The cribb His chaire of State beastes are parcell of Hin pompe. 108 NEW PRINCE. Line 9. dislie. prised there. . Tuenbull misprints praised' for prized :' line 27. plate.

Surpris'd I was with sodaync heat. THE BUENING BABE. Love is the fire. A prety Babe peare. and scorn es The The fuell Justice layeth on. and sighes the smoke. which made my was hart to glowe And liftinge upp a fearefull eye to vewe what « fire nere. but newly borne. the ashes shame . . and Mercy blowes the mettall in this fornace wrought are men's defiled soules. the fuell woundinge thornes. coales. As though His Alas floodes should quench His flames which . in to fiery heates I frye. Yet none approch but I ! warme their hartes or feele my fire My faultles brest the fornace is. did in the ayre ap- Who scorched with excessive heate. As I in hoary Winter's night stood shivermgo in the snowe.. with His teares were fedd ! quoth He. such floodes of teares did shedd. all burninge bright.

all their fault supply. . Come. Let cherubs' winges His boody swath . A stall is nowe His beste aboade Sith men their homage do denye. Turnbull misreads exceeding with what' for which with. in liew of This little fire ark no cover hath. Come. caRhd unto mynde that it was Christmas- NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. . . to worke them to their good. His chilling could doth heate requu-e. ! : 110 NEW HEAVEN. And straight I daye. also mis- NEW Come HEAVEN. as For which. seraphins.. NEW WAEEE. yowe heavenly quu-es to your heaven. ' reads Line 5. NEW WARRE. See our Meinorial-Introductiou for Ben Jonson's Conversation' with Drummond of Hawtliornden on this poem. nowe on fire I am. angells. So will I melt into a bath to washe them in My bloode With this He vanisht out of sight. Earth hath the heaven of your desires Eemove your dwellinge to your God.' ' ' ' :' line 6. and swiftly shroncke awaye.

. feild. The same yow sawe Is in heavenly seate. little Tobie meate. angells singe His lullybye. That first tooke upp His earthly roome Let Michell stand in His defence.. "With teares He fightes and wynnes the for a sheilde. come to rifle Satan's foulde All hell doth at His presence quake.. NEW WARRE. weake unarmed wise The gates of hell He will surprise. your blisse aboue the skyes. Prouide our this Ill babe must eate. His borowed weede letts not your sight Come. Raphiell. little babe so fewe dales olde. Let Graces rocke. And feeble fleshe His warrier's steede. kysse the maunger where That This Is is He lies . Let Gabriell be nowe His groome. Come. NEW HEAVEN. colde and neede. . His martiall ensignes. . cryes. lookes of weepinge eyes. when He doth crye. His naked breste standes His battering shott are babishe His arrowes. Whome And love hath linckd to feeble sence . He that now suckes Marye's teate Agnize your Kinge a mortall wighte. Though He Him For in this self for cold do shake .

NEW WARRE. Then flitt not from this heavenly boye. The cribb His trench.' G. My soule. His bulwarke but a broken wall. iii. Tobit vi. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.' emptying the expressiveness st. hay-stalkes His stakes. His' for in same.' pitched line 6 in 1596 reads the' for this. line 3. line 2 there is a B placed opposite in our ms. Turnbdll misprints I know not ' : : = ' : ' The :' ih. with Christ joyne thow in fighte Sticke to the tents that He hath pight Within His cribb This If little is sureste warde. i. line 6.— why. I adopt 'his' for 'this' from 1596: in st. 'agnize' is hinders not: ^acknowledge or recognize: line 4. His campe is pitched in a stall. vii. line 5. . the latter = : ' : . Turnbull misprints faults. . line 2.. 112 NEW HEAVEN. viii. . line G. In St. 3-5 in st. as sure His foe to wounde. line 3. babe will be thy garde thow wilt foyle thy foes with joye. stakes = used defensively in the manner of palisades ' ' ' and the like in st. iv. 1596 reads dight' for pight. Of shepeherdes He His muster makes And thus. ii. letts not in st. The angells' trumpes alarum sounde.

in. . M^ONI^.

&c. Poems. Oxford. save that under Mgeoniae will be found certain poems that belong to this division rather than to the other as pointed out in relative notes.' : : Collation: title-page and epistle. 4 pp. Your's (kind Gentlemen) in all his abilities. G. but stiU bee your selues discreetely vertuous nor could I other wish but that the courteous reader of these labors. For the bihliography of MiTBoniae see our Preface. the one so needfully depending vpon the other. One thing amongst the rest I am to admonish thee of. As before in MjTtae. but being afore printed in the end of Peter's Complaint. . 32 (4to). and in the Epistle below. I continue the arrangement of 1596. gentle censurers of gentle indeuors so shall you not be fantastike in diuersity of opinions. full as woorthie. pp. and for our exemplar of the exceedingly rare volume. The original title-page of Maeoniae is given opposite this .: NOTE. Hauing beheld (kind Gentlemen) the numberlesse ludges of not to be reckoned labom's. which els should die in an obscure sacrifice. : various readings. belonging to the same. Gently imbrace them. The basis of our text is the Stonyhuest ms. not hauing already bought Peter's Complaint. I owe thanks to the authorities of Jesus College. that hauing in this treatise read Marie's Visitation. would not for so small a mite of money loose so rich a treasure of heauenly wisdome as these two treatises should minister unto him. as in the others. with what kind admiration you haue entertained the Diuine Complaint of holy Peter and hauing in my hands certaine especiall Poems and diuine Meditations. we haue heere of purpose omitted that thoii shouldest not be abridged of that and the other like comforts which that other treatise profereth thee. : — nor contradict your resolues by denying your former iudgements. ' . . I thought it a charitable deede to giue them life in your memories. I[ohn] B[usbie]. The following Epistle from 1595 Mseoniaj will best find place here The Printer to the Gentlemen Readers. are . the next that should follow is Christ's Natiuity. and in Notes and Illustrations at the close of each poem.

S. 1595- . Printer's ornament. CERTAINE excellent Poems and Spiri- tual! Hymnes : Omitted in the last Impression of Peters fieedefull Complaint. vnto to being there- be annexed.MceonicB. as being both Di- uine a?id Wittie. London Printed by Valentine Sims. for John Biisbie. All composed by R.

ere she ende. her lest. did Eve beginne Wife without touch of man Christ's mother was. . THE CONCEPTION OF OUR LADIE. That growing shall distill the shoure of grace Her being now begins. Fower onely wightes bredd without fault are nam'd. all at easyest rate the reste part. our million. Our second Eve putts on her mortall shrowde. And all the rest conceived were in synne Without both man and wife was Adam fram'd. Nowe ryseth upp Elias' little cloude. Of man and wife this babe was bredd in grace. What Grace to men or angeUs God did Was all united in this infant's hart. who. .. . Both Grace and Nature did their force unite To make She was this babe the summ worth of all their best least : Our most. Shall bringe the good that shall our evill amende. but not of wife. Earth breedes a heaven for God's new dwellingplace . Of man. but her mite..

. The card and compasse that from shipwracke The patriark and prophettes were the floures Which Tynie by course of ages did distill. ui. . That shall bringe forth the Sunne that lent her light Joy in the peace that shaU conclude our warr. . And soone rebate the edge of Saton's spight all Load-starr of engolfd in worldly waves> saves. in the risinge of our orient starr.' and line 6.' Turnbull misprints showers' for shoure ' ' ' . In 1596 this St. .3 4 : Quot latent miracula Fiet haic iiubicula In vim magiiam pluvia.' hredd :' 1596 reads ' home. OUE Jo YE LADIE'S NATIVITYE. ' ' Tota sine macula. of each of the next stanzas are contained in lines of a later stanza of the same hymn ' line : The themes 7.V. line 6.' Cf. And bringeth life to Adam's dyinge race. . two Tota plena gratia:' line 13. on 11. St. B. 'oitr good' for 'the good. used on Nat. is line 4. OUR LADIe's NATIVITYE. Gaudii primordium. 117 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. headed The Virgine Marie's Conceptiou.' G. Hy.. And cidld into this little cloude the shoures Whose gracious droppes the world with joy shall fill Whose nioysture suppleth every soule with grace. i.

V. Soyle fuU of fruite.' and again Tuenbull perpetuates. 1630 and 1634 misprint after 1596 which TuRNBULL repeated. Line 3.' St. 5. on Earth. cf. Peter's Complaint. ' rebate' =hlunt.' of hymn at VeBpers of F. st. cf. ' ii. Ornat sol justitice. ' 1596 reads 'inclosed' for engolfed:' so 1630 also. i. reads this . call'd. and line 2. misreads blunderingly. Mutans Evse nomen.' Holy Rosary. Mortal=deadly. see relative note on the Conception of our Ladie. and relative note 1596 and 1630 misprint care' for card. &c. „ 6. Line . st. the parent of a God.' Line 9. niortall The chosen cloth to make His weede The quarry to cutt out our Corner-stone. cf. or Litany of Loretto . Gaudii. 1634.' is in : ' ' Soile full of. is For God. yet free from. Hy. line 3. yet free from mortall seede For heavenly floure she is the Jesse redd The childe of man. Peter's Complaint. steUa maris' being stella matutina. iii. Ixxx. St. 4. Quot micat luminlbus Snis Deiis usibus. ' ' Stella maris.' but as His' 1596. Domum quam Moxe qua nos inhabitet visitet.. Ave maris stella. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. i. I prefer it 1596 in line 3 reads his Line 4. . line 1. line 2. 118 OUR LADIe's NATIVITYE. St. &c. = the Line 2.' Litany of B. or the morning-star in the East. with a people who had the sea eastward of them. i. : ' ' st.. Line 11. line 5. our ms. . Quod vas fingit glorije. ' Ave maris : ' stella. Punda nos in pace. Hy. St. little. ' ' is better. lines 3-4. St. cf. of the hymn Alma Redemptoris ' :' Stella matutina. aU mortaU seed . she the royall throne.

10. etjlos de Branch. reads here radice ascendet. blessM man to ! betrothd to such a spouse. The heading is simply Her Natiuitie. All vayne delites Avere farre from their assent Though both Yet strait in wedlock bands them selves assurde. their chast entent Thus had she and widowes' crowne. In mariage knottes to Josephe she was tyde. yet virgin did she die. of Joseph's childe the make the mother Josephe's wife.' Jesse's :' in 1596 and 1630 be noted. has flower. .' the Vulg. .422 It ' lessa. Wherein He was Just cause to to plante the tree of life title bare. that while Auth. mss. God lent His paradice to Josephe's care. His Sonne. Vers. Isaiah xi. Line ' 119 5.' ' may ' — ' In 1596 the poem is not divided into stanzas. yet mother of a sonne fatall lye.. and so throughout in this series. Unwonted workes with wonted veyles to hide. Wife did she live. ' OUR LADYE'S SPOUSALLS.' G. And by chast childbirth doubled her renowne. : OUR ladye's spousalls. . More blessd Hve with such a childe in house ! Noe carnall love this sacred league procurde. in AdcU. To save herself and childe from To end the webb whereof the thredd was spoone. by vow they seald virgins'. XJntovy^chd of man. wives'.' Cf.

' and 1.12U OUR ladie's salutation. that heaven and earth dost Where vertewes starres. 1596 reads ' ' bis' for ' tbis. line 2. line 1. line 5. God sonne of justice is Whose chaste receite God more then heaven did prize. beganne.596. Hayle fayrest heaven. . An angell's Ave disinchauntes the charmes Death first : In woeman's vertue by woeman's weakenes entred in. cbaste' for strait . 1596 misreads Vntaught' for Untowchd. Line St. iii.' Line 3.' 1596 misreads wiles' for veyles. vhgin brest ! In thee their joy and soveraigne they agnize Too meane their glory is to match with thyne. ii. . blisse. sv.' and so 1630.' ' ' ' ' ' St. is simply ' ' ' OUR LADIE'S SALUTATION.' and so 1680. the last reversd our harmes An angell's witching wordes did Eva blynde. 1596 reads badly betrotb'd too much. St. 4. 6. Spell Eva backe and Ave shall yowe Tlie first finde. 1596 reads Tbougb both tbemselues.n ! . In 1596 tbe heading 1596 and 1630 read tbe' for sbe. the heavens to thee inclyne. 1630 and 1634 read ' ' so TCRNBULL.' G. life doth nowe beginn. i. Line 5.' Her Spousalls. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.

St.' and Halliwell's note. 11. chasd . our ms. 1596. Tubnbull misprints 'And as by love' ' for ' us. our MS. 176. rectly in Collier. line 3. Witli lovinge mind our And us by love in greater pleasure placd Man labouring to ascend procurd our fall. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. Hist. St. 1630 and 1634 read did' for dost. p. recollections of the hymn ' Gaudii. line IG (Sliaks. St. as elsewhere. Here this name Eva is turned Ave.' and so 1630 in Agnize'=acknowledge. ' Soc). line 4. as in 1596 and other early and later editions. And was by pride from place of pleasure manhead God desird.. reads ' starres' inadvertently. Cf also Audaeni Epigi-. .' ii. "With hauty 121 mynd to Godhead man aspird. The quotation from Coventry Mysteries is given incorDram.' ' ' ' . lines 1-2.' and to' for ' too. line 1. . Line 5. and elsewhere reads the' for Throughout I give the present forms. Line 2. i. 46. 6. iii. i. God yelding to descend cut off our thrall. here ' ' ' thee. and also Coventry Mysteries. 1596 misreads 'In thee they joy. see relative note on Our Ladie's Natiuitie.' In 1596 the heading is The Virgin's Salutation. p. ill. St.. 412. 112. as does The Visitation. error. OUR ladie's salutation.' This poem bears throughout. ii.' &c.

. in dome of thinges best loved. Poore Joseph. daunted with a deadly wounde. When Christ. . by grouth. death seem'd his best releife reli-^h The In pleasing relis of his former love gallish thoughtes to bitter tast doth prove. Avrought with divers fittes of feare and love. . JOSEPHE'S AMAZEMENT. . "With doubtes of jelious thoughtes was sore opprest And. straunger yet to God's intent. his eyes in teares were drounde. His life a losse. He nether can her free nor fanltye prove.. the wakefull spie of jelious mynde. that cleare no pretence to sence. Let loose the reynes to undeserved greife His hart did throbb. blynde. Yet procfes so pregnant were. N"ow Sence. By stronge conjectures deemeth her defilde But Love. Thinkes rather Sence deceiv'd then her with child . disclosed His descent Into the pure receite of Marye's breste. Could cloake a thinge so and playne Then Joseph.

where first he meanes to bead . She whome he doth winne him home againe. He casts his inn. Love Avynneth tyme Sometyme. a feilde he fightes. But when his thought.. . Then mighty reasons presse flyes him to remayne. to a That hasting thoughtes yeld pawsing space . Of faithfull love to reape so grevous wronge ! . Eepenting every step]) that backe he trode. by sight of his aboade. could vertues be despisd 1 Could such a spouse be staynd with such a spott wretched Joseph ! 1 that hast livd so longe. against his will. 123 One foote lie often setteth forth of doore. still ere he can frame his till all feete to goe. And was (quoth he) my love so lightly prysed And was our sacred league so soone forgott 1 1 Could vowes be voyde. But t'other's loth uncerten wayes to treade He But takes his fardell for his needefull store. He But will. the tongue the feete doth blame Thus warring with himself. keepe on his pace straight remorse so rackes his ruing hart. he doth depart.. Presentes the signe of mysesteemed shame. greif addinge force. Teares drowne the guides. Where every wounde upon the giver lightes. conclude in noe. josephe's amazement.

AVliose good might have repaide the deepest ill Sweete signes of purest thoughtes in saintly face Assurd the eye of her unstayned will. 124 ' josephb's amazement. is Sithe none may salve. worke her woe : her leave to not dome to dye I not her foe. in this seeminge lustre. Could such a worme breede in so sweete a Avood 1 Coulde ill so chast demeanure lincke untruth 1 Could Vice lye hidd where Vertue's image stoode 1 Where hoary sagenes graced tender youthe 1 Where can afFyance rest. . the wildes shall be my walke. All proofes did promise hope a pledge of grace. . Exile my home. But Josephe's word I -vvishe shall never live. to loose what joy'd to finde. She yett am to her self lesse lovinge is then I least The most I will. my rausicke mourninge layes With pensive greives in silence will I talke. is this. seeme to lye Such crymes for which the lawe condemns to die.: . to shunne that amisse. . Though fortune myne. to rest secure ] In Vertue's fayrest seat faithe is not sure. Complainte my joye. the lest I can. Sad thoughtes shalbe That seekes my guides in raoste it sorowe's wayes : This course best suites the care of curelesse mynde. Yett.

she heales. shift roomes in vayne. ' ' ' Amazement. iii.' Joseph's St.. Matthew ix. I tredd a what gaynes the dovibtfull foote to'Sye? still maze of end I goe. that shift no fittes. line 3. . NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. line 3. i. fly from that his harte doth feele 1 What chaunge of place can change implanted payne? Steele Kemovinge moves no hardnes from the Sicke hartes. she drives away She woundes. what helpes the closed eye ? Where Yett hart pursues. line 2. ' gallish' shows that our text from our MS. and as in 1596 as well as in Addl.422. See also St. 125 Like stocked tree whose braunches all do fade. is right. . iiss. St. receite'=place of receipt. ii. i. St. And throwen But who can in darkest shades of deepe annoye. receipt of custom. she doth both marr and mend. &c. iv. The Visitation. . and Sinne's Heavy Load. st. And in suspence I hange betwene them both. . depart and stay She is a frende to love.. Whose leaves do fall and Like herb that growes in colde and barrayne shade. an impertinence and wrong. iii. 9. line 2. perisht fruite decaie Where darkenes So dye must I. Where thought can see. with relation to the meaning of receipt' and brest. josephe's amazement. dome' = doom or judgment. st. and the emendation in Turnbull. the word . a foe to loathe. line 6. drives all qnickninge heate away cutt from my roote of joye. she drawes. She makes me seeke and shunn.. ' line 2. 10. I come. as in sitting at the Cf. St.

almost past hope to get it again.' amaricatus est venter meus. and as soon as I had eaten it. Proclaym^d queene and mother of a God. her helth to sicke she lends. V. leave a ' stock' on which to ' THE VISITATION. The light of Earth. x. . Her hart to God. to ' stock" a tree is to cut gi-aff it down. and the reference here is to that part of the stock and branches so cut off. line 3. With pilgrimm foote upp tyring hills she trodd. Apoc. or from the casting' of nativities. Line 5. ' — St. . xii. v. line 3. Richardson s. ix. 10. sleep. Bead is bed. fardell =: burden. so as to some other. casts ' Line ^ determines = St. Tuenbull misreads So must I die. if not a quofrom the song Fortune my foe. 1596 reads ' raging' for ' ' ruing. 4. is corrected by S. the soveraigne of saintes. probably 'luste.' 1596 reads stupidly done the guide. taken from the casting of lots or dice. i.e.' Our Poet was thinking of it was in my mouth as sweet as honey. St. line 1. line 3. as a ' word Our ms. perhaps we have here a reference.' stood and is changed to lustre' (apparently) as in 1596. X. Tuenbull misiwints less :' lest =: least. And heavenly stile vpith handmayds' toyle acquaints Her youth to age. my belly was bitter. line 5. which reads in taste doth bitter prove. line 4.' G. why dost thou frown on me and it is the more applicable that this song is a sweet sonnet. of five letters. in his mind. iv.: 126 ' THE VISITATION. tation.' It originally St. St.' Line 5. ?' ' ' ' St. wherein the lover exclaims against Fortune for the loss of his lady's favour. derives this sense of it from wi-estling but it is simpler to consider it as either a soothsaying or gaming sense. to neighhour hand she bendes. vi.

and thus gives articulate song to the joyful time. Luke i. 10. iii. St. St. St. Word' in line 5 is probably used in a double sense Southwell being almost as fond of such double uses as Shakespeare and her ditty' is both her song. 42. i. 127 beare. . Addl. ' Line 1630 and 1634 misread her selfe' for ' her helth :' and TuRNBULL repeats the blunder. her self from fall to save : Worde to the voyce. Luke i. Mss. Her child from harme. line 1. Line 6. line 2. The voyce her word. and mightier prince doth Yet pompe of princely trayne she would not have But doubtles heavenly quires attendant were. 56. Lines 5-6.THE VISITATION. . line of our Ladie. St. She 'themes' or gives the words in which the voice of Elizabeth finds expression. That when her voyce her cosen's eares possest The force thereof did force her babe to move : With secreet signes the children greete ech other.422 differs only in orthographic changes. or made in her praise. 'prince. see relative note on Our Ladle's Salutation. line 1.^ So in the Assumption st. the tune her ditye singes.words and the song about her. iii. 5. St. 2 : a usage not infrequent. st. Luke i. G. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. line 3. 39. But open praise ech leaveth to his mother. A prince she is. songe to the tune she bringes. ii. i. Eternall lightes inclosed in her breste Shott out such percing beames of burning love. ' — — ' St.

is The bird that Eternall built the nest hatchd therein. this Light. THE NATIVITY OF CHEISTE. Mighte feeble and Force doth fayntely creepe. this Word. attend what word this Word doth bringe ! ! Upp. life to live is The Worde dunim. with joye your joy embrace From death. This Life. from despayres. . Eehould The old the father is His daughter's sonne. Gift better then Him self Gift better then his God dotli not knowe. from darke. this Joy repaires. from deaphnesse.. dyinge soules ! behould your living springe ! ! dazeled eyes behould your sunne of grace ! Dull eares. is. and none but God shall have me. the Mirth of heaven doth weepe. Him self He freely gave me. : Gift to this gift lett ech receiver bee God is my gift. God no man can see This gift doth here the giver given bestowe. heavy hartes. of yeres an hower hath not outrunne. God's gift am I. doth nowe beginn.

and ' ' . which has herba. as noted in the place. Line 3. give 'hay. which Tuenbtill so places the that other treatise profereth thee. cii. ii. angels. which is mine now. His angels' = His gifts to Is. St. Vers. introducing Maeonic-e (1595). (ciii. 6 and Ps. haye is all mortall Now God happy is fleshe. : As haye the brutest synner to refreshe feilde wherein this foder grewe. line 2. line 2.' all ' Auth.' except Ps. St. 15 the parallel passages.' as there required. Turnbull similarly misprints lives' for lyes. (xc.' G. ' summe' for lines 17-18. Beste's foode haye. Ixxxix. ' ' .) 5. iv. xl.' present poem but in so doing reveals he had never seen. iii. and lyes in mannger prest. So elsewhere. 129 heast fleslie Man altred was by synn from man is to best .). &c. ' In st. that is the gift is bestowed on me— that .. the 1595 edition. our ms. but essentially a gift from another so next line — God's ' gift am I ' — and is. THE NATIVITY OF GHRISTE. To the Gentlemen Readers' the printer In his Epistle (John BusWe). says. we have heere of purpose omitted that thou shouldest not he abridged of that and the other like comforts. . inadvertently reads sunne' of 1596. . Wliose taste doth us from beastes to men renewe ! NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. or at least never used. the next that should follow is Christ's Natuity hut being afore printed in the end of Peter's Complaint. that hauing in this treatise read Marie's Visitation. Omnis caro fenum. I am the gift which I have gifts' given to God. One thing amongst the rest I am to admonish thee of.

from all offences do redounde . The head is launc'd to worke the With angring salve it smartes To The falty vassall's scourges is cast. No blowe that hitt the Sonne the mother miste. to healc our wounde . faltlesse Sonne. . The judge The Sonne The Vine Our the guilty to acquite.life and her's hunge by one fatall twiste. to heaven. Teares from His eyes. . THE cmCUMSISION. . If bloode from Him.. fleshe did perce her hart. This sacred deaw let : angells gather upp. lighte. defac'd. fitt Such deynty droppes best their nectared cupp. With weeping eyes His mother reu'd His smart. to lende the starre his of life distilleth droppes of grace. springe rock gives yssue to a heavenly from wounded place. teares rann from her as fast The knife that cutt His The payne that Jesus felt did Marye tast His . pure. bodie's cure. blood runnes of joy a harvest bringe Wliich showers.

' his' for her heart. St. and 1634 blindly followed by Vine' for vein. Which made them knowe the Ruler of the skyes. THE EPIPHANYE.' G. was the skye wherein these pianettes shynde. fatal. said. 131 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. = ' ' ' ' ' ' In 1596 the heading is ' His Circumcision. St.. the cloude that did eclipse their rayes this cloude their light did passage finde. with reference to the earthlyroyal custom by which a vassal whipping-boy was scourged for the faults of the heir. iii. ii. THE EPIPHANYE. lines 2-4. reads streames' for runnes. A glittringe Whose To seeke the starre appeareth in the Easte. By infant tongue and lookes of babish eyes.' and set' for felt. 1634.' whose or which. . sight to pilgrimm-toyles three sages light they long wunne . Latinate. i. line 1. To blase the rising of this glorious sunne. 4. lines 1-4. in 1596 are very inaccurate. reading came' for rann. 1590 ed. as ' in 1630 also. And want Yet tlirough And percd these sages' harts by secrett waies.. had in requeste they pase. perhaps.' ' ' Tuknbull —in —the latter ' reading. So in Virgil and Cicero. coiTects our ms. St. With . in so far as it contains the sense of appointed (or spun) by destiny. Line 3. and so Turnbull. And by this starre to nobler starr Whose armes Stall did their desired sunne embrace.' Line 5.

doth more then giftes glory prize. or to blaze abroad or pubprobably drawn from the use of beacou-fires and the like as messengers of news: line 3. ten times. actually ' mirth' for myrrhe.' Lines 5-6. that South- well may or may not have had filled in his mind that legend several times repeated in the apocryphal Gospels. their robes. ' TuKNBULL misprints Midsummer Night's Dream same scene (i. In st.' In ceptionally free from references to legends. myrrho and gould. ii. hope and love do staye. his poore retynewe. 'infant's:' in st. Three they bringe. it is noticeable to me that Southwell is ex. line 1. the transition to this thought is so natural. And Ilis with their giftes the givers' hartes Their mynde from Christ no parting can remove humble state. their trayne they sett aside.. is i. and revenue' and revenue' occur in the of his plays 'revenue' occurs ri'venue" six nor is there any change in his ' ' and in the verse . of James.' As a Protestant. God contempt.' There seem to have been two pronunciations of ' revenue' in Southwell's time. They phansie more then all theire ritch revenewe.and suddenly the cloud withdi-ew. clowtes. that a bright light the cave when Jesus was born. Their crownes. his stall. . blase to blaze. they [see All glorious thinges their glory nowe dispise. three giftes they beare awaye faith. line 1. . and probably two of ' retinue. where it is said a bright cloud overshadowed the cave . For incense. lish. of their And When Sith God's poore cotage. and crewe. 132 THE EPIPHANYE. Ejxrth bhisheth at her pride. . so that their eyes could not bear it. = line 7. line 6. 'brought' for ' b)-inge . at her light. ' revenewe.' and line 2. 1) ' . especially in the Gospel ' . Heaven pompe these peeres ashamed he . iv. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. . 1596 reads 'pilgi-ims' toile:' In Bt. and there appeared a great light in the cave.

dew price Thy worth amounte. -4) the emphasis on insolent' requires retinue' or ret'nue. Thy kisses blissd his face : hart ! meane sightes and loves avoyde. THE PRESENTATION. G. . Old Simeon cheap penyworth and sweete Obteyn'd.' and both nations in adopting the shorter forms have thrown back the accent. Thy eyes ! love his hart. selye turtle-doves.' The penultimate accentuation is from the older and fuller French forms 'revenue' and 'retenue. . i. This easye rate doth sounde. ! 'Base not your selves. fittest price But thou. To Le redeeni'd the world's Eedeenier brought. your best you have enjoy'd virgin pure tho\i dost these ! doves presente . wert next God Him self. not worldly pelfe. ' 133 was In the one case in which he uses 'retinue' in verse (Lear. earlier or later usage. His worth coulde not God were to be bought. yea love. Thou dost accountc. for Two ransome payes Oh For ! ware with empyres worthy to be bought. not as an equall price life have spente suffice .. not drowne sith Thy praise ! no price can to A dove. As To buy such ware thou would'st thy The worlde If to reach due to lawe. when Thee in armes he did embrace His weeping eyes Thy smyling lookes did meete. . ' ' THE PRESENTATION. nor anything to indicate that one more courtly or more impressive or poetic than the other.

iiighte ! our Day is forc'd to flye light. 1596 reads wares :' in st. Whome age permitts you not to name . G. Who His though untymely cropt fayre garlandes frame. throates With open Your Your and silent mouthes you singe praise. lines 1-2 payes two selye turtle-doves for ransome.' ' ' self for thy ' = THE FLIGHT INTO Alas ! EGIPT. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. the world's Redeemer brought to be redeemed. this That in thy sunne dark eclipse hath made Day to his eyes.. St. tunes are teares. O Nature. blessed babes ! first flowers of Christian Springe. iii. line 3. Sunne being fledd the starres do leese their light. blushe that suffrest such a wighte. line 3. line 1. In St. [quench : feare of sparinge Him doth pardon none. and bloode in Hew of wordes ! . A cruell storme of Herod's mortall spite Their lives and lightes with bloody shoures doth The For tiran to be sure of murdringe one. cheap pennyworth' was an ordinary and usual phrase for a cheap or good cheap bargain. ' i. your instrumentes are swordes. ditye death. And shyninge beanies in bloody streames they [drenche . 134 THE FLIGHT INTO EGIPT. light to his steppes denye. light That hates the which graceth every eye. ii. thy In st. ! by Light "without and sunne by silent shade. life. i.

if The metaphor cf. I have adopted 'do' for 'doth:' st. soyle. Clirist from exile returnes to natyve life There with His more deepely Death life to may me. He shewd That the parentes that their babes did mone. In ' St. When Death and Hell their right in Herode clayme. . to a floure. e. line 3. but Cajsar. ' Line 4. Then Death did by all the infantes spoyle. 1 and iii. both followed the conceits of their ago. line 1. 2. line 3. scarcely applies iii.' for in the old philosophy all the stars re- ceived their light from the sun. But hearing Herod's sonne to have the crowne . christe's retorne out of egipt. i. He fittly doth retyre For floure He is and in a floure He bredd. 1596 reads hast:' lease. iii. ii. all their lives were lesse then His alone. i. ' ' wight' = Herod. And well deservd this floure His fruite to vew. unto a tender budd He grewe. Antony in Julius CHEISTE'S RETORNE OUT OF EGIPT.' probably therefore — ' to lose. : In virgin branch unstaynd with mortall seede . ^ less: line 4. 135 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. And from a thorne nowe to a floure He fledd.' st. ' loose' for leese. An impious offspring of a bloodye syre (of To Nazareth Flower heaven beloved) towne. Where He Wliere first invested was in mortal! weede .. G.

: In = BULL. In tender tunge. The Virgin is called a flower' according to the name Kosa mystica' in the Litany of B. 'For He is a flower:' very badly. i. ' spoyle' rob line 5. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. fruitc.' So Isaiah xii. Nazareth signifieth a flower. Hebrew for flower. sound sence of sagest sort Nature imparted all that she could teache. G. 1596 badly misprints ' the' for ' tlieii. how Christ His childhood spent . Yonge Ripe with floures in floure well may He be. line 4.' In our MS. in the margin explanatory of the play on the word flower' is this note. All eartlily pennes unworthy were to write Such actes to mortall eyes He did presente.V. ii. 136 christe's childhoode.' the town being situated in the most fertile and beautiful part of Judea. 'throne' for thorne:' st.:' st. Nazareth has been supposed to be derived from some dialectic variation of Nitza or Netzer. And God supply d where Nature coulde not reach. . Till twelve yeres' age. line 3.: . In springing lockes lay couched hoary In semblance younge. cliilde. and God did play the witt. and followed by TuenSt. ' ' ' ' ' ' ' CHRISTE'S CHILDHOODE. recite : Whose Avorth not men but angells must No nature's blottes. He must with thornes hange on a tree. into' for 'unto. Where Grace was guide. as before noted. floure. line 2. reads ' The' for ' An :' line 5. iii. a grave and auncient port In lowly lookes high maiestie did sitt. in Vulg. no childish faultes defilde.

grape of blesse. full springe. ii. TuRNBULL for ' in St. 2. soyle. sweete wine at will Thus Christ unforcd preventes. His word. that dost distill. undrawne. line 1 wi-etchecUy misprints couched:' line blant. that poures. The whippes. unstampde. His sadnes. Deere brookes. That yeldes. he phoenix' fate doth prove. clere presse. that streames. the nayles. ITntild. the thornes. of modest meane a mirrhour was. in shedding bloode. in flame how bleedeth burninge love. and deede. sweete olive. the speare. frye 1 Can one coidde and streame both bathe and bleeding vaynes He joyne a phoenix' fyerye paynes still ? In faynting pelican's T . tempred with a mylde aspecte His eye. I adopt ' crouched' semhlance' from 1596 for scm' ' CHRIST'S Fatt BLOODY SWEATE. He pelican's. 137 His mirth. and roode. His grace.! . untouchd of fruit.' G. whome streames enforce to How How burneth blood. Christ's bloody sweate. did from a Well shew'd that all God proceede. fayre oyle. was a glasse. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. to trye ech action . [die : Wliome flames consume. "Whose lookes did good approue and bad correct His nature's giftes.

line 4. St. . and stonye to all A sacke of dust. but farre more heavy myndes. all I^ature's course : fedd with gory bloode. In agonye did praye and watche Three sundry tymes in payne He His disciples findes With heavy eyes. and relative note. with care and pangues of death opprest. ii.' see our Crashaw. to prove God's soveraigne poure. That blood and wood and water did devoure. am. From frighted fleshe a bloody sweate did rayne. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. When And. p. 138 christe's sleeping frendes. CHEISTE'S SLEEPING FRENDES. without repose or reste. force come shewe thy on me. On ' frye. line 5. Elias once. i. 'prevents' ^forestalls. If stones and dust. i.. yf fleshe 1 withered and bloode good. full of feare. By praire procurd a fier of wondrous force. that. a masse of fleshe and bloode. G. retorne : That sacrifice to Christe I maye If withered wood for fuell fittest bee. vol. Yea stones and dust beyonde Such fire is love. will burne. Doth burno no sacred fire ! lesse then in the dryest woode. 118. Christ. St.

. stormes. while him a heavye sleepe opprest. Jonas mute and sleepinge So now. rage. 139 With milde rebuke He warned them Yet sleepe did still to wake. christe's sleeping frendes. Did shroude him But loe ! self in pleasant ivy shade. slept in His hardest plighte. though Judas. his weary lymmes to reste. prayc. ire. lie secure. So Jonas once. As Jonas sayled once from Joppe's shoare A boystrous tempest in the ayre did broyle. hke a blustringe gust. the The waves did The thundring heavens did rore. Do stirre the furious sea of Jeweshe troopes. still Yett these disciples sleepinge As though their wonted calme did endure. in quarrells all Though storming most unjust. A canckered worme had gnawen And brought the glorious brannches to decaye. Against the barke of our blisse conspire. their drowsy sences As when the sunne the brightest shewe doth make. the rockes. the lightninges threatned spoyle The shipp was Yet careles billowes' game and chaunce's laye. : In darkest shroudes the night-birdes them infold His foes did watehe His drowsye frendes to Avorke their cruell spight. . hoiild. to His shadowy boure withered stalke did fade the roote away. .

Tuknbull misprints darkness' ' for ' darkest. 6. How sweete a shadow did Thy braunches bringe To shroude But now these soules that chose Thee for their boure while they with Jonas their plant fall asleepe. that it is the castor-oil plant. Marke Judas. St. : 140 christe's sleeping frendes. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. misreads gaiue' for game' of 1596 ' night' for ' plight.' ' ' latter adopted. Tuknbull reads A canker-worm ' 1596.' Jerome translated Jonah's kikayon as hedera (though he did not put it forth as an exact rendering). ii. line 4. O gratious plante ! tree of heavenly sj^ringe ! The paragon for leafe. Arise and gard the comfort of your lives No Jonas' ivye. 1596 reads 5. V. Our ms. To spoyle an envious worme doth Avightes lift creepe. iii. how Alas ! to teare your roote he strives the glory of your arbour dyes. Hue and so 1630. . Awake. or :' as it may Line ' 5. hedera' is retained in the present Vulgate. iv. to the Were world so greate a losse as Hee.' Line St.' Line 2. St. for fruite and floure. 1596 reads heauy' for weary. line 1. However. .' G. no Zacheus' tree. It is perhaps needless to add that the now ' ' commonly received opinion ti"ee is.! . 1596 reads in iuy pleasant. and he thereby raised a storm in one diocese at least. line 4. is ' one of Turnbull's most vexatious misprints ' ' backe' for ' barke. where' the older ciiciirbita was upheld as orthodox against the new heretical upstart.' St. be sometimes called. ye slumbring ! upp your eyes. ' did' for had.

come worke your ire. Our text is from 1596. lesus! my loue. Thou messenger that didst impart His first discent into my wombe. Curiously enousli this poem is cot Cx. 6921. by wounding Him which diuine. in our MS.422 or Haeleian . my Sonne. my God. behold Thy mother a rod to chasten these washt in teares Thy bloudie woundes he made my latter yearcs. . that there I intombe.: THE VIRGIN MARY TO CHRIST ON THE CR0SSE. Come helpe me now to may my Sonne cleaue my heart. ms.1 what seas of mist hath dimd that glorious face? griefe What my sun doth tossel heauenly grace Hes The golden raies of now ecclips^d on the crosse. vpon lesse flesh of worth- mine : And kindle not eternall is fire. Mss. this You cruell lewes. 10. nor in AdJl.

; ;

142

THE DEATH OF OUR LADIE.
angels
all,

You

that present were, to

shew His birth
a mourning

with harmonie;

Whj are

you not now readie here,

to

make

symphony 1
The cause I know, you waile alone and shed your
in secresie,
teares

Least I should

moued be

to

mone, by force of heauie

companie.

But waile

my soule, thy comfort dies, my wofull wombe,
lament thy
fruit;

My

heart, giue teares unto

my

eies, let

Sorrow string

my

heauy

lute.

THE DEATH OF OUE
Weepe,
living thinges, of life the
loose the

LADIE.i

mother dyes
of all her blisse.

The world doth

summ

The queue of Earth, the empresse of the skyes

By

Marye's death mankind an orphan
all

is

:

Lett Nature weepe, yea, lett

graces mone.
all in one.

Their glory, grace, and giftes dye
'

TuENBULL printed

showed
iii.

this poem from Atlcll. mss. 10.422, biit his usual incapacity even to transcribe, by reading st.
'

line 5,

Such eyed the Hght thy beams mitimely shine

;'

the nonsense of which he discerned not. The ms. 10.422 differs only orthogi-aphically (slightly). I place this poem here, as belonging to the series on Mary. G.

; ;

!

;

THE ASSUMPTION OF OUR LADY.
It

143

was no death

to he^,

but to her woe,
;

By which
Death was
Life of

her joyes beganne, her greives did end

to her a frende, to us a foe,

whose

lives did

on her

life

depende

:

l^ot pray of death, but praise to death she was,

Whose
Her

uglye shape seemd glorious in her face.

face a heaven,

two pianettes were her

eyes,

Whose

gracious hght did

make our
loe

clearest
!

day

But one such heaven
Sunne, hide thy

there

was and

it

dyes,
:

Deathe's darke eclipse hath
light,

dymmed

every ray

thy beames untymely shine
lost,

Trew

light sith

wee have

we

crave not thine.

THE ASSUMPTION OF OUE LADY.i
If sinne be captive, grace must finde release

From
Tombe,

curse of synne the innocente

is free

prison is for sinners that decease,

No

tombe, but throne to guiltles doth agree

:

Though thralles of sinne lye lingring in their grave. Yet faultles cors, with soide, rewarde must have.
'

TuKNBULL printed

differs
'

the.'

Our ms. this from Addl. iiss. 10.422. only in orthogi-aphy, and st. i. line 5 reads theii-' for As with the preceding, I give this poem here as lis fit'

ting place. G.

;

;

144

SAINT THOMAS OF AQUINES HYMNE.
light require,

The daseled eye doth dynimcd

And
But

dying sightes repose in shrowdinge shades

eagles' eyes to brightest light aspire,

And

living lookes delite in loftye glades

:

Faynte winged foule hy ground doth fayntly

flye,

Our princely

eagle

mountes unto the skye.

Gemm
Whose

to her worth, spouse to her love ascendes,

Prince to her throne, queene to her heavenly Kinge,
court with solemne

pompe on her

attends.

And quires

of saintes with greeting notes do singe

Earth rendreth upp her undeserved praye,

Heaven claymes the

right,

and beares the

prize awaye.

SAINT THOMAS OF AQUINES

HYMNE EEAD

ON COEPUS CHPJSTY DAYE.
Laiida Sion Salvatorem.

Praise,

O Syon

!

praise thy Saviour,

Praise thy captayne and thy pastour,

With hymnes and solemne harmony.

What

pour affordes, performe in dede

;

j30?;w/'

His worthes all prayses farre exceede,

No

praise can reach

His dignity e.

SAINT THOMAS OF AQUINES IIYMNE.

Hi)

A A

speciall

theme of

praise

is

redd,

livingc
Is

and
this

life-givinge bredd,

on

day exhibited

;

Which

in the Supper of our Lorde,
disciples at

To twelve

His borde,
delivered.

None doubtes but was

Lett our praise be loude and free, Full of joye and decent glee,

With myndes' and voyces' melodye For now solemnize wee that daye, Which doth with joye to us displaye The prime use of this mistery.

;

At this borde of our newe Ruler Of newe lawe, newe paschall order The auncient rite abolisheth Old decrees by newe anulled,
;

Shadowes

are in truthes fullfilled,

Day

former darkenes finisheth.

That

at

Supper Christ performed,
straightly charged

To be donne He

For His eternall memorye.

Guided by His sacred orders, Bredd and wyne upon our alters

To savin" boast we

sanctifie.

;

146

SAINT THOMAS OF AQUINES HYMNE.
Christians are by faithe assured

That to

flesh the

bredd

is

chaunged,
:

The Avyne
Firnie

to bloode

most pretious

That no witt nor sence conceiveth,

and grounded
strange effects

faithe beleeveth,

In

not curious.

Under kyndes two

in appearance,
in substance,

Two

in

shewe but one

Lye thinges beyond comparison
Flesh
Yett
is

meate, bloode drinck most heavenly,

is

Christe in eche kynde wholye,
free

Most

from

all division.

None None
Be

that eateth that takes

Him doth chewe Him, Him doth devide Him^
persevereth.

Eeceivd,

He whole

there one or thowsandes housled,

One

much as all received, HE by no eating perisheth.
as

Both the good and badd

receive

Him,

But

efifectes

are divers in them,

Trew

life

or

dewe

distruction.

Life to the good, death to the wicked,

Marke how both

alike received

With

farre unlike conclusion.

!

SAINT THOMAS OP AQUTNES HYMNE.

147

When

the preiste the hoaste devideth,
that in ecli parte abideth

Knowe
Forme

All that the whole hoast covered.
of bredd, not Christ
is

broken,

Not of Christ, but of His token,
Is state or stature altered.

Angells' bredd

made

pilgrims feedinge,

Trewly bread

for childrens eatinge.

To doggs not

to be offered.
alter.

Signed by Isaake on the

By

the lambe and paschall supper.

And

in the

manna

figured.

Jhesu, foode and feeder of us,

Here with mercy, feed and frend

us,

Then graunt
Lord of
all,

in heaven felicity
feedest,

Avhome here Thou

Fellowes, lieyres, guestes with

Thy

dearest,
!

Make

us in heavenly companye

Amen.

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.
In 1596 the holy Hymne.'
St.
St.
i.

title is

simply 'A holy
'

Hymne
'

:'

in 1630

'Au

line 5, line 4,

1596 reads
'

workes' for
'

worthes

:'

so 1630.
in.'

ii.

Line
St.

6, ib.

1596 and 1630 read Within' for Which read As doubtlesse 'twas deliuered.'
'
'

iii.

line 2,

decent.'
'

Line
use.'

6,

1596 misprints

priuie'
'

and 1630
prince.'

'

secret' for

'

prime

TuRNBULL

strangely reads

See below.

' presigned.' St. ii. our ms. And feed faith. foreshadowed or ' prefigured. persevereth' used in a kind of reflective sense. cf. Banisli sinne.' ' 1596 spells affects. signed' =:' prresiguatur. Line 4. ix. Is hous'led' ' ' ' = Or is it parallel Hamlet (i. ' ' .' TuRNBULL misprints St. Line4. reads 'hous'led. line 3. By power and vertue natural 1 So dotli this consecrated food. line 2. iii. line 3. liorrour and despaire. be' for 'by. supplies the lacking syllable (' but') in st. (in part) with Shakespeare's ' ' unhouseled' of 1596 reads true' for ' dewe. 1596 reads ' ' Be' for ' Lye. line 6.: 148 SAINT THOMAS (IF AQUINES HYMNE.422 'housled. 27.' and the latter The prince of this mystery. X. 1596 aud 1630 spell ' annill'iV and ' aunil'd.' Turnbull reads hosted' = given the in the house (of God) and at the Supper? host.' Addl. St. Tlie symbol of Christ' flesh and blond By vertue supernaturall. just as It will shadowed and figured are used. staffe of As Tlie mines of thy soule repaire. be observed that our ms. line 3. iv. xi. vii. Matthew vii. St. 10. line 4. line 6 agree with the rest.' to the destruction of the measure aud meaning. G.' St. viii. by faith receiued : Angels' bread. Turnbull blindly printed the former None doubts was delivered. 6 and xv.' In 1G30 the following : lines are substituted for the next stanzas ' bread thy lieart sustaines. St. 5) ? St. And clieai'efull wine thy strength regaines. and by its reading makes st. ' St. mss.' and 1596 housoled. line 3.' &c. line 6. vi.' ' 1596 inadvertently drops in.

May And utter signes of payne . Wherein my The soule care of heavenly kynne. and left like orphane child. tongue with cause complayne. only usual ortho^i'iiphic (lillcr- euces. Is ded to my releife .422. his losse . My My nialidye is synne And languor of the lazar's mynde is . Or orphane mourne If wounded wretch may rue Or caytif his harnies. body but a couche pynde. Then may my brest he Sorowe's home.i If that the siclce may grone. shewe his crosse If hart consumd with care. mss. . G. . With I sighes I fecde my greife. Forlorne. Copy ill Addl.SAINT PETEK'S AFFLICTED MYNDE. 10.

to And. murtall bruatlie. From bodye. . Though teares of bloode he weepe 1 SAINT PETEK'S EEMOESE. . foUyes I rejiente. hart is but the haunte . And If passe the dome of peace. Lorde. my cause. . prisoner myue owne misliapps. . prevayle Lett sorowe sue release Lett love be unipier in . Eemorse upbraides my faultes Selfe-blaming conscience cries Synn claymes the hoast of humbled thoughtes : And streames of weej^ing eyes Let penance.. immortall joyes. dome goe by deserte. Where all dislikes do keepe And who can blame so lost a wretche. My lest desert is death least That robbes from soule. Avitli mortall smarte My My My dying soule tonnente. 150 SAINT Peter's remorse. My woundes.

to conclude With dreadfull judge's doome ] . mercy doth as much belonge For As justice to a Godd. temper Justice' rodd. ! Due fuell to hell-fire wrath But on a wretch to wrcake Thy Cannot be worth Thyne ire. Did Mercye spynn the thredd. No blisse unto Thy joye. ^^^^ But in SO highe a God. Thou mayst may relente.SAINT PETER'S REMORSE. So base a worme's annoy Can add no praise unto Thy poure. treasons well endite. To weave in Justice' loome 1 Wert thou a Father. Then umpier of my synne. Well may I frye in flames. Yctt sith so vile a worrae Hath wrought Of highest In rigour him Butt Mercye his greatest spite. And If former tyme or place More right to mercy wynne. Thou first wert author of my self.

. Confirme Thy former deede. have bene in blisse That hardly can retorne. All wordes importing wante . They are Init dust of dead supplies. . am. I had. It is a small releife To If. All thoughtes of passed hopes Encrease my present crosse . Doth but bewray from whence I fell. Reforme that 1 was. I was. I will remayne charge. I is defild . Thy Thy choise. Where Once to needfull helpes ar scaute. 152 SAINT Peter's remorse. Like ruynes of decayed joyes. my comfort is. an evell-deserving From grace I be exilde. mylde and mighty e Lorde ! Amend that is amisse My synn my sore. They still upbraide my losse. Thy childe. as say I was Thy childe. I coulde. And wherefore now I mourne. Thy love my Thy cure salve. foe.

line 3. St. make aboade. And in this glorious X . ill' and ' ' evill. ii. sacrifice. line 2. XV. been a rock] or Matthew xvi. G. ' deedes. That easier passage I Within this bowre to may find.' Tuenbull misprints on ' ' then' for 'thou.' see relative note on St. xi. Tuenbull misprints ' souls. by God on the worm. line 3. iv. MAN TO THE WOUND IN CHRIST's STDE. iii.' St. ' 1596 ' treason. X. line 3. line 3. line 5.' losing the anti- thesis. Peter's Comx^laint. ! That in the world no ease haue found 1 lie lamenting at Thy gate. am' for be. I could [have MAN TO THE WOUND ! IN CHRIST'S SIDE PLEASANT port royal rift ! O a placc of rest ! worthy Avouiid Come harbour me. 1. child] had [Thy gi'ace. 1596 . ix. :=hurt inflicted St. i.] I could [have attained to bliss] see St. st. me of this heauy loade.' On st. line 3. I 1. St.! . 17.' St. ' I was [Thy . toomb be shrin'd. St. vi. ' host'=:hostia. : Yet dare I heare Avith I not aduenture in me a troublous mate. 1596. IHS NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. And cumbred am Discharge with heape of sinne. St. Line 4. weary guest.

Which here did meete for Here would I view that bloudy sore. speaks of having 'a troublous mate. The bloudy woundes Would Here is force a stony heart to bleede. Oh. Wo I question if the title The Poet given to this poem had Southwell's authority.154 MAN TO THE WOUND Here must I Hue. send me wings.' i. noi' Harleian MS. nor in Adtll. here IN CHRIST's SIDE. line 3). Our text is 1596.r. as the wound was made with intent to let out Christ's life. 0021. ' ' . that I may flie. that flies As to attaine this sacred caue Lord.422. .' Moreover this would he more in accord with the conceits of the time. and the poem ends. must I die. Which dint of spiteful speare did breed laid there in store. ' Jiss. vii. releefe. 10. happie soul :' whence I think the truer title were Man's Soul. With dolefull tunes for dumpish eares. line 1). the spring of trickling teares. the body. and the blood and water were deemed correct 'me' for 'we' (st. This poem is not in our ' lis. i. which corrects Turnbull's unhappy misprint of spot' for port' (st. Here would I vtter all my griefe my Here would I all those paines descrie. of all The mirror mourning wights. And (Jli. ! And in this harbour quiet haue NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. solemne shewes for sorrowed sights so hie ! happie soul.

Doe thinko indcedc . . Peter's Complaint. alas ! art dust but seldomc. man. Where Yet little eyes and nose. that I must die. cviii. that thou But yet. That daily should put me in mind Of those But cold names and I bitter pangs. St. line 4. vi. I reade the labell vnderneath. 1 often looke upon a face Most I often vgly. bare and thinne view the hollow place. Before my face the picture hangs. line 4. VPON THE IMAGE OF DEATH. I see the bones acrosse that think that I must die. had sometimes bin lie. man's soul would enter and lodge. as alluded to in stanza and there. grisly.. That telleth me whereto I must I see the sentence eake that saith. alas ! am like to find full little I Do thinke hereon. I that I must die. terror from His sight'^eyes. therefore. St. Remember. a state of sorrow. emblematic of life given to man. : That shortly yet. 155 iv..' eyes in st. ' Cf. ' sorrowed sights. : : VFUN THE IMAGE OF DEATH.

for all his wit. AVherefore I know life And vet mv amend not . And eke that old and ancient chaire is "Which my tel life onely vsuall seate I : All these do me must die. The goAvne which Tlie knife I do vse to weare. And many And of my mates are gone yongers daily drop away. No king nor person euer yet Could 'scape. Continually at my bed's head A hearse doth hang. And yet my life amend not Not Salomon. I. though he were so strong. no. Though now I But yet. And yet my amend not My My ancestors are turnd to clay. I.. I Haue minde that must die. but Death laid him along that I must die. can I thinke to 'scape alone that I 1 No. alas little ! my I selfe ful well for all this. wherewith I cut my meate. I know must die. which doth ere me tel That I morning may feele be dead. Nor Samson. I. : 15G VPON THE IMAGE OF DEATH.

Then I to 'scape shall haue no way. thou art hut dust. ! Oh ! grant life My me grace.' St. Uke the preceding. . line 4. vi i. is not is 159^. line 1. the generally put cross-^vlse henca h BO called hecause they were ' the skull.' St. iv. but he must die If I none can If rich 'scape Death's dreadfull dart. If strong. head'=cauopy Hamlet couples the same names ' bt. line 2. nor in Addl. and poore his becke obey . Our text Mss 10 Rememher man. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. which in 122 nor Hakleun ms. This poem. . in our ms. if all do smart. if wise. (V.VPON THE IMAGE OF DEATH. of the hed. in a similar thought G. u. And all the West did likewise feare To heare of lulius Csesar's fame. St 'iii line i cross-hones or thigh-hones. 1). 6t)21. sith I must die. 15 < Though all tlie East did quake to lieare Of Alexander's dreadfull name. O God that I may mend. Yet hoth by Death in dust now lie Who then can 'scape. corrects Tuknbull's misprint.

. A VALE there is. That breake their streames and turne them into fome. now howle. from rockes to clowdye skye. The hoUowe cloudes full fraught with thundring grones. Which now doth kinde. From Then thence to dales with stony ruyns strowd. "Which thicke. hisse. Where hanging clyftes yelde shorte and dumpish glades. to the crushed water's frothy frye.A VALE OF TEAEES. shrouds from the sunne. in strayts with divers noyse . But various blustringe of the stubborne wynde trees. of mourning pynes. enwrapt with clreadfull shades. in caves. their pregnant With liideous thumpes discharge wome. now roare by Where waters wrastle with encountringe stones. And snowye fludd witli broken Wliere eye rome is streames doth runne. AVTiich tumbleth from the toppes where snowe is thowde. Where In eares of other sounde can have no choise.

They judge the place to terror framed by of art untoAvch't. so vast unto the eye. The wind here weepes. of none but pilgrimm wightes. here cryes The strugling floode betwene the marble grones. sighes. 159 And in the horrour of this fearcfull quire . Much at the worke. . That who it vewes must needes remayne agaste. yett nothinge right. . art. an onely boure everye tliinge doth sooth a dumpish forlorne. So straite in deede. amids the pible stones. Yett K"ature's worke it is.. . streames and purling noyse it With bubling glides. With such disordred order strangely cowcht. clowdy skye doth lowrc. Consistes the musickc of this dolefull place All pleasant birdes their tunes from thence retyre. more at the Maker's mighte And muse how Nature suche a plott coulde caste Where nothing seemed wronge. here alowde. A VALE OF TEARES. the Where Earth Ij'es moode . vi^ith That passe trembling foote and panting hart With terrour cast in colde and shuddring frightes. A place for mated myndes. Then roaring beates uppon the craggy sides A little off. And so with pleasing horrour low and hye. Where none but heavy Resort there is notes have any grace.

. . mayn streames of teares aflote. by tide to staye.. Here hope doth springe. And chase away dame Pleasure's vayne releifes. . To which from worldly joyes they may retire Where Sorowe springes from water. To playninge thoughtes this vale a rest may bee. Besett with greene are forc'd gray coates to weare. to thy dityes. All pangues and heavy passions here may finde A thowsand motives sutely to theire greifes. their grace Here seared tuftes There thunder-wrack gives terrour to the place. the place with sadd and mourning vayle there mossy playne is Here gapinge cliffe. seene. To feed the sorrowes of their troubled mynde. . my soule. threaten and seeme hange in feare Some withered trees. IGO Tlie A VALE OF TEARES. Hnge massy Still stones that hange fall. Here christall springes crept out of secrete veyne. pynes thicke Still cloath sett. ashamd of their decaye.. . highe growen and ever greene. That. Here all thy synnfull foyles alone recounte Of solemne tunes make thou the dollfullst note. dolour maye amounte. Strait finde some envious hole that hides lament the wante of rayne. and there agayne doth quaile. Sett here. stone and tree Where every thinge with mourners doth conspire.

misprints do' for doth :' ib. St. i. have adopted shuddring' from 1596 and 1630 for 'shivering:' but 1596 misreads here 'With terrour cast.' So also 1630. Line St. line 3. As heaven and Lett former faultes be fuell of the fire. . 161 When eccho doth repeate thy playnefull cryes. A VALE OF TEARES. line 4. St. in 1596 reads ' ' flouds do. dedicated to terror. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. ' ' . ms. Turnbull misprints ' ' with' for ' so. harmonises with. ix. deepe Eemorse. misreads which stormy ruines shroud so 1630. line 3. line 2. line 4. will. agree with and hence soothed is 4. . possesse Delightes. In 1596 this poem is not divided into stanzas. viii. line 2. And lett this be the burden of thy songe Come. And all the place. in lymbeck of thy hart. consists St. Line 4. 10. 'still For greife.' plot' in a double sense of a conspiracy and plot of ground.' :' St. earth shall in the later day. Addl. 1 ' . And nowe accuse thee with their sadd replyes. ii. but assent to. vii. V. St. and perhaps as St.422 and Harleian ms. = 1596 misprints 'her' for 'here' {his).— .ms. and paynes to playnts be prest. 'to terror:' Latinate ad tcrrorem. \i. And vapour upp thy eyes at Lett teares to tunes. ailiew ! my synfull brest I harboured yowe too longe. sooth not allay. agrees with. to Thy pensive thoughtes and teares dumpes to of thy desire. Turnbuli. . 6921 agi-ee with oiu. Thinck that the very stones thy synnes bewray. — . = . line 2. save in usual orthocfiaphic differences. ib.

See on this word relative note in our Hem-y Vaughan ' v. And.' MemorialSt. flattered by.' See our Introduction for the relation of the Vale of Tears' to Hood's ' ' ' ' ' ' Haunted House. no port for refuge goe. 1596 and 1630 have 'doth' for shall. 1596 and 1630 spell foule. St. 1596 misprints St. ' wants of gi-ace :' so 1630. X. line 4.' G.' missing the pathos of the blanched trunk ringed St. St. xii. . 1596 reads mosse gi-owne :' so 1630. THE PEODIGALL CHYLD'S SOULE WRACKE. 1596 misreads ' ' so 1630. line 2. st. xiv. line 3. tossed with a toylsome tyde. 1596 reads Sit' for Sett :' so 1630. Turnbull blunderingly amends Bereft of for Bewith sett with. ' ' living gi-een trees.' St. in vertewe pore. Permitting no reposing place. line 1. in line 2 of ' The ProcUgall Chyld's Soule a purling :' Wi'acke. . And Groune lanch'd into the niaygne of cares rich in vice. xiii. From freedome I falne in fatall snares founde my selfe on every syde Enwrapped Coukl to in the waves of woe. The wrastling wyndes with raging Still blasts. 162 THE PRODIGALL CHYLd's SOULE WRACKE. holde me in a creAvell chase They breake my ankers. DiSANCRED from a blisfull shore. sayles and mastes. xi. . xvii. xvi. line 2. 1596 reads burthen to. line 1.. s. line 4. xix. St.' Line 4.

plunged in this heavy e plyght. with swelling fludds. I craved peace. ire. Thus heaven and thus sea and land. Stept farr within deathe's fatall dores. Subdue I must or bee subdude. at everye bayte. The pangues thereof were neere my I cryed truce. hart. Thus stormes and tempests did With just revenge of scourging hand. My festred wounds beganne to smart. Founde in my faltes just cause of feare . By darkness taught to knowe my light. To make me byte Wherein my bane I might devoure. The hellishe furyes laye in wayte To wynn my soule into theire poure. overcast with stormy cloudes. Heaven.THE PRODIGALL CHYLU's SOULE WRACKK. The I felt loss thereof enforced teares. On every syde did worke theire spyte. was to sue release. my in\Yarde-bleeding soares. . A league But vaine it with death I woulde conclude . 163 The boystrous seas. Deny'd the planets' guyding lyght. conspire. To witnesse God's deserved I. hell.

— 164 THE PKODIGALL CHYLD's SOULE WRACKE. And Grace my ruines did repairs. And soothed with theire idle toyes. And short delightes to long mishapp. to pleasure's lure. my best defense. I found these tunes turn'd into teares. "Was trayned to theire prison dore The end of all such flying joyes. To sincke me Or make me stoupe They sought by theire bewitching charmes So to enchant my erring sense. Death and deceite had pitch'd theire snares. to the dungeon of despaire. Till. And With practise new-devised driftes. in despayring cares. Where cheyn'd Next Till in synn I lay in thrall. lul'd asleepe in Error's lapp. . My dazeled eyes coulde take no vew. Mercy raysd me from my fall. That when they sought I might neglect my greatest harmes. ISTo heed of theire deceiving alter shiftes. And putt theire wicked proofes in ure. For I entysed to theire lore. So often did they hew. Syren's songs they fedd my eares.

line 1. In 1596 this poem in stanzas. X. St. •165 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.' for ' theii-' these. iii. Fayne would my shipp in Vertue's shore at Without remove anker lye . i.' G. . MAN S CIVILE WARRE.' ' St. St. MAN'S CIVILL WAERE. St. My hoveringe thoughtes would fly to heaven.. not ' line 2. 1596 misprints adopt ' meane' for ' maine. ' St. Doth drawe my longing The world with jesses of delightes Would to her perch my thoughtes retyre. But mounting thoughtes are haled downe shipp hauled poise With heavy poyse of mortall loade And blustringe stormes denye my In Vertue's haven secure aboade. ix. line 3. xiii. = use. xii. line 2. And quiet nestle in the skye. 1596 misprints 1596 reads ' receiving. ' Turnbull ure' a' (bis). When inward eye to heavenly sightes hart's desire. line 2. line 3. I breake' from 1596 for mis-inserts ' broke. is printed in long lines continuously.' St.

And Dame self-delite the seede of woe ! Pleasure's drugges are steept in synne. Foes sences are to Vertue's They drawe the witt their wish to Need craves consent of soule to sence. there Phancy loves. fill. to Pleasure's lure. Thoughe Wisdome woe me Yet Sense would Avynne to the sainte. Wheare Eeason loathes. . is printed in long continuous lines — line 1. St.' . And overrules the captive will lore. Yett divers bents breed Hard happ where halves must Or disagree. Their sugred tast doth breed annoye fickle Sence ! beware her gynn. a 166 man's civill warre. Fonde Phancy traynes Though Eeason stiffly do repine . 1596 reads ' mounted' and ' hailed. ! truce of halves the whole betraye O crueU fight ! wliere fightinge frende With love doth kill a favoringe foe Where peace with sence is warr with God. civill fraye . ii. brittle joye ! Sell not thy soule to NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. .. In 1596 this poem avourite form. me to the shrine.

st. is here ' ' = chance or lot. ' 167 Line 4." ' ' St. G. hue 3. unless haven' be read as one syllable. . iii. 1596 misprints ' ' lesses. V. ms. Line 3.' ' Wisdome. 10. happ . lines 9-10. The floures of everlastinge Springe Do growe for tliy repaste. sure.' and St. reads flies trust' for St. where Pi'obably in allusion to a house-dame's are enticed to sugared and poisoned water. and Addl. Cast my soule. 4. Their stalkes enameld with delight. line 2. ' 1596 reads here Reason' for wisdome' for reason. 1596 reads euer rules.' truce. next st. iv. SoARE upp. iii. line 3 ' and I die without Desert. It fitteth not thy taste . viii. ' ' St.' is needed by the rhythm. straite aboade.' line 6. unto thy reste. our ms. Release. vi. line 1. Line gin. And lymm'd with glorious gleames. Too long thy Grase not on worldly withered weede.' ' ' St. And biased with their beames.422 read secure :' the reading of 1596.SBEKE FLOWERS OF HEAVEN. SEEKE FLOWERS OF HEAVEN.' st. ii. line 3.' 1596 misprints and' for are. off this loathsome loade Long is the date of thy exile. So in 'Decease. Their leaves are stayn'd in hewtye's dye. . line 3.

some annoying misprints in this death' for date . note the accentuation of unmanur'd. like revenue. ii. Life-giving juce of livinge love Their siigred veynes doth fill.g. Mr. line 1. These fragrant flowers. Whose soveraigne sent surpassing sense So ravisheth the niynde. v. St. which in part causes the confusion.'s own handwriting. wood' for weede :' lias St. iii. And watered with eternall shoures distill. is doth' properly in our ms. St..168 SEEKE FLOWERS OF HEAVEN. 'her' for 'their' (=the leaves not Beauty). as not worldly-withered but worldly withered. line 2. line 1. or whether the word. doth yelde. and so bears out for that later date. vi. 1752) gives manure' substantive. and manfire' verb. ' ' straite' = : ' ' st. lewe of glebe. and Q. confined st.' on which there has been recently an exchange of Notes and Queries in N. ii. The do' (of 1596) hitherto printed. Though from unmanur'd Most glittering goulde in feilde . Lines 3-4 construction gold not glebe does yield these flowers. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. strict' for narrow. Earle's conjecture. renders it doubtful whether Southwell has taken a poetic license.' line 4. i. TuRNBULL line 3. line 2. G. our text until farther evidence be obtained. That worldly weedes needes must he loath That can these floweres finde. They nectared dropps These floures do spring from fertile soyle. had a double pronunciation. ' poem ' : e. the correction being in S. ' ' ' : — ' ' . line 3 explains St. While Dyche's Dictionary (7th edition.

MELOFOLIA. OR APPLES IN LEAVES. .

under the title of Melofolia. in the British Museum. As before. 1596 or any of the early editions. are also preserved among the Stoxyhurst mss. I reproduce the Stonyhurst text but in Notes and Illustrations at close of each poem will be found various I brine. . Those printed by Walter. G.NOTE. such Poems as were not induded in 1595. . and with his ineradicable carelessness by TuRNBULL. readings and authorities for the others. from mss. together here. and with a superior text.

My My frendes my foyle. rest. EELEASE. ..st MOKIOR. my foes my weale procur'd speedy death hath shortncd longe annoye. and sent doth In fading smoke the force doth incense shewe perisht kernell springeth Avith increase. . my incense savored best my kyrnell to renewe. In fadinge breath Death was the meane. By Some loppinge shott I upp to heavenly thinges more perfect are in their decaye. In liew wliereof I raigne in heavenly My life my greife. is From earthly raigne debarred by restraint. . . . please. The lopped tree doth best and soonest growe. and pounding was my due. clerest light Like sparke that going out gives Such was my happ. ORIOR. . blisse. And losse of life an endles life assur'd. The pounded The spice both DUM ta. whose dolefull dying daye Beganne my joy and termed Fortune's spite. God's spice I was. my death hath wrought my joye. now dead I am a saiute my name nowe Martyr Alive a Queene. Once Mary called. ^r^^r^s DECEASE.

Scots :' but his text is mere carelessness.422. from thrall to throne againe.' left the name of Mary' (st. ii. From crosse to crowne. Our MS. by reading shortned' for In our ms. the Poet has scorned.) unfilled in— a suggestive fact. &c. Walter was the first ' to print this poem from Addl. to let the captive goe. but to my woe The budd was opened to lett out the rose. RELEASE. but in st. iii. v. ended: in line 1. thrall I fell to crosse. line 1. 10. line 3. viii.' &c. The cheynes unloos'd A prince by birth. G. my woe. right my ruthe. my worldly heaven my hell. a pillowe of eteriiall reste . from throne to My By . From crowne a prisoner by mishappe. In st. His axe cutt my cares from combred breste. Rue not my It death. line 2 =' It is in fading smoke that incense shows its foi'ce' (as in fading life did Mary) The ' in ' st. line 2 mis-read favour'd' for savor'd. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.: 172 DECEASE. . 'termed. .. ii.' and line 4 an' for and. my trapp my advauncd From woe to weale. My weale my titles wrought my trapp. i.' st. ms. iv. skaffold My was the bedd where ease I founde. See Notes at close of next poem. 'prince:' see relative note The Visitation. &c. and to entitle it On the unfortunate Mary Queen of Tuenbull followed. corrects in st. The blocke My hedman cast me off in a blisfull swounde. rejoyce at to my repose was no death me.' causal sense of verb st. ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Mary' was unquestionably Mary Queen of Scots. My ruth my right. stile death from prisoner to a prince enhaunc'd. from hell to heavenly raigne. . line 4. —made a tei-m or on limit of.

in solitarye wood. to If orphane cliilde. eiiwrapt in swathing bands. my some tender eares feeble tea res.. My dying plaints I daylie do renewe. force the hardest hart to bleede 1 Whose happ would Left orphane-like in helpelesse state I rue. : . With onely sighes and teares I pleade my : case . Base though they be. compassion use to iinde Why should I then of pitty doubt to speede. Men pitty may. but helpe me God alone . Then hope. ^wi^^^^ I DYE WITHOUT DESERT. With dying bleat doth move the toughest mynde The grasping pangues of new engendred brood. state . And Some fill with heavy noyse a desert place tender hart will weepe to here me mone ! . Doth move The pitioiis mercy when forlorne it lyes If none without remorse of love withstands noyse of infante's selye cryes helpelesse hart. Will rue thy orphane and Eelinquisht lamb.

by reading wrongd' for 'wrong. Ice. to crye. vi. i. line 4. A And noble peerc for prowesse. though first till ruefull. . ' ' ' ' ' = . in which the Shade (' Umbra') of Mary laments her hapless fate. i. frend to truth. MS. . alas nowe innocente I dye. A juster ground For Right is the world hath seldome bredd : Avrongd and Vertue wagd with blood in the good. &c. 174 I DYE WITHOUT DESERT. for leafe and flower. witt. my fall. printed this from Acldl. first printed by us.' &c. and pourfe. line 3. e'en A case that might even make the stones still Thus Fortune's favors are bent to flight. corrects st. a foe I was to vice ! . 'fall' for fate. See also the Latin Elegy. Sely' silly (st. line 5. line 5 cares' for eares. 10.' Probably Mary Queen of Scots is the supposed speaker. none offend : God doth sometymes cropp the sweetest floure. your Man's eyes unhable are enough shedd If sorow could have place in heavenly quires. God murdred A gracious A plant for fruite. iv. remorse of love is =. And leaves the weede Tyme do it devoure. Our ms. as in the preceding poem. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. Lnt So too Tuknbull. teares this case requires to Eayne downe.422.' and in st. loving pity. A peereles gemm for vertue. i. line 4) is so frequently-used a word in Waltek again first again very badly. yee heavens. In st. Thus But worldly blisse in finall bale doth still end Tims Yertue let pursued is with spight.. proofe and price. who mis-read in st. The badd are blissd. .

ii. Brinsley Nicholson has here specially enriched me from his rare stores. Diet. v. harmless. 5). much as simple and innocent have similar shades of meaning at the present time. and the 'silly beasts' of 'New Prince. ' and Lewd Love is Losse (st.I DYE WITHOUT DESERT. because they are not only weakly of mind. as they are substantively used. and the like. this provincialism is but the shrunken remnant of a more mdely-spread usage. as in part at least the doves of The Presentation' (st. simples. line 3). line 3) may with Shakespeare's silly habit' (Cymbeline. ' 1. ^\'>lO That many have. for there is no reason why Richard should call them harmless.) derived from the stronger sense of sillies. (ii. Southwell's silly shroud' (Content and Rich.' (ii. Besides the meaning now attached to silly. (v. line 1. and simi^le. i. and the 'silly women' of the Two Gentlemen of Verona (iv. not without touch of pathos. 175 of bringing together a Southwell. be given it in Mary Magdalen's Complayut at Christ's readily that ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' — ' Death in st. ii. 5) be anything but poor beggars. as'svith other provincial words and meanings. blessed or holy. but frequently weakly in body and constitution. ii. 3) mean simple or plain clothing. No other sense can. nor can the gars' of ' silly Richard II. ii. so much so that from their increased desire for warmth comes the sarcastic proverbial saying Yea. the more my invaluable friend Dr. and inoffensive. are so called as innocent. I think. and the silly sheep' of 3 Henry VI. sit there.' Nor could the beggars and vagabonds of Shakespeare's time be as a class so called. New Pompe' (st. 4— so beg- stupidly misprinted folly' by Tuenbull). flatter themselves That they are not tlie first of Fortune's slaves. hai-mless. for silly' persons or idiots. and. and we know that they were hung by thousands in Henry VIII. 3) it is tolerably clear from the context . Nor shall not be the last like silly beggars. st. the representatives of them give them the very opposite character. or innocents. s. 1). .' there is no question but it had those of innocent. wit enough to keep himself loarm. Nor is it necessary to enter into its real or supposed derivation from f!elig. v. refuge their shame. that I gladly avail myself of the present opportunity number of memoranda on it. 's time : ' Tlioughts tending to content. plain.' Now. to understand the connection between these several meanings. But there is a now provincial North-country use of silly' in the sense of sickly' or weakly' (Halliwell's Ar. line 2) are silly or innocent. and others must sitting in the stocks. So in 1 Henry VI.

' SiUy' (' sely') in David's Peccavi (st. gives 'sely' as 'pavoreux. is certainly involved in a thii'd quotation from Chapman (Iliad. G. In st. from Hall's. as line of I die without Desert' (as before).' ' plain.' and the infant's silly or weakly plaintive cries with the feeble tears of the next and parallel Palsgeave also. and lead the fashion of less without and more within. or silly canoe of wood or bark as compared with And in ' ' ' ' ' builded vessels while weakly. 1). line 3) seems to be best glossed by pavoreux. line 5. b. ' fools.' gloss it as 'piteously sore. this It is a child. quoted by Halliwell. . it still seems to be involved and to give a much fuller meaning. mean to call Talbot that the Countess does not but a silly' weakly dwarf ' an inoffensive ' Alas. if not the main sense. Satii-es (vi.' as indicated by the first line of next ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' stanza. 3) poor habit' is a better gloss than from the context and from the passage (v. i.). a silly dwarf cannot be this weak and writheld shrimp Should strike snch terror to his enemies.' and one of the three meanings must be given to two of the quotations in Richardson's Dictionary.' wi-etehed' or meschant.' &c. The siUy turtle doves' of The Presentation (st. . both Cymbeline (v. 1) and Beowne's Pastorals.: ! 17G I DYE WITHOUT DESERT. to raise such silly forts.' and. In other passages also where this sense is not a necessity.' and regard it as akin to Palsgeave's sely. ' wag'd' = recompensed. against Ellis and Jamieson's wonderfully sore. From weakly' we easily arrive at poor' or insignificant. where Posthumus says he will habit' himself as a Breton peasant. iv. i.' and with this we may take she sighit sely sore. as to the silly ant' or other insect compared with an elephant. line 2) are contrasted with empires ware. viii.

He was their meate. : ! Farre off they see whome in them selves they have. dymm glymses to the hght : Perforniinge deed presaging signes did chase Christe's final nieale was fountayne of our good. the end of auncient rite. OF THE BLESSED SACEAMENT OF THE AULTER. twelve did their feeder eate. unhard. they Him sitting nere. Twelve did He feede. they harde. So sweete a truth Love never yett enjoy'd AA . . He gave. Him receivd it No diverse thinge. They sawe. . He was peerelesse gifts Both God and man He was. though divers appeare not deceiv'd Though sences faile. beleefe inviteth love. in His handes Himself did trewlye lifte. He dressd. . An entraunce was to never-endinge grace Tipes to the truth. unfelt. is Beleive the worke because His worde trewe. In pascliall feast. and both He gaue. . . He made.. For niortall meate He That which He He gaue. gave immortall foode. yet faith is And if the Avonder of the worke be newe. they felt Unseene. Here truth beleefe.

it. Self-love here cannot crave more then it fyndes . To ravishe eyes here heavenly bewtyes To winne the To eare sweete nmsick's sweetest sound lure the tast the angells' heavenly fare To sooth the To sent divine perfumes abounde please the touch. . No witt can wishe. nor will emhrace so much. AVhose touch doth cure the dephe. though all men do not trye it . He in our hartes doth bedd. To wooe the Here's all will — of every good the choise blisse . : Is here obteyn'd where no desire ys voyde is The grace. the treasure here such. . Ech truth is trewe. see Though blynde men no light. not in the thinge.. For memory.. all this it do not bringe. fault is in the men. Wliat thoixght can what will doth hest approve. And The if to all. the joy. the sunne doth shyne. though trodden on by swyne . . . of every good the best. Here to delight tlie witt trewe wisdome is. though fevered tastes deny Perles pretious are. are . a mirrhor showing that can both sence and soule rejoyce . Sweete cates are sweete. Of much the most. yea farre exceede their owne desire is all In suram here in a summ expressd. thiiicke. the dedd. 178 OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT OF THE AULTER. Ambition to noe higher worth aspire Tlie eagrest famyn of most hungry myndes : May fill. the dumm.

Thinges bredd to blisse do make them more accurst. to all • but one doth cunime as all receive. A body is endew'd with ghostly rightes And ligature's worke from I^ature's law is free ] In heavenly sunne lye hidd eternall lightes. 179 The best still to the badd doth worke the worste . :. whome veyles cannot deceive. All to ech one.. : Lightes cleere and neere. of hoastes in slender hoste doth dwell. might is reason of His deede. His workes our vntt exceede. . Whole in the whole. OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT OF THE AULTER. yea whole in every crumme With which be one or be tenn thowsand fedd. And though Not one too ech one as much all much. Might best disclose that best they do descerne Men must with sounde and silent faith receive or reason lerne More then they can by sence The doer's God's poure bur proofes. God and man with all to ether dewe. . . yet them no eye can see Dedd formes a never-dyinge life do shroude A boundlesse The God Yea. The angells' eyes. . In forme of bredd and wyne our nurture is. Whole may His body be in smallest breadd. nor too little have. That God that rules the heavens and rifled hell. sea lyes in a little cloude. That man whose death did us to life renews That God and man that is the angells' blisse.

Nature frame. God present is at once in everye place. . and prove him to have been incapable of so much as reading an old ms. .. : 1 80 OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT OF THE AULTER. . This poem proves to be none other than The Christian's Manna. is Yett God in every place ever one .' which was ori' . pp. So may there be by giftes of ghostly grace. God angells' giftes on bodyes may bestowe. has now for the first time to be -mentioned. give the above iioem from our ms. (Stonyhurst) with Blight exceptions. 10. God may in straunger sort performe the same. yett filling none Sith angells may effects of bodyes shewe. Tubnbull printed it with such errors as really turn it into nonsense. We even so plain a one as Addl. 90-95. soule in One man is all in everye part One face at once in One fearefuU One eye at once If proofes of one in many mirrhors sliynes noyse cloth make a tliowsand start of countlesse thinges defynes many. a snake of Moyses' wande. . What God as auctour made He alter may No change so harde as making all of nought If Adam framed were of slyniye claye. Bredd may to Christe's most sacred flesh be wrought He may do this that made with mighty hande Of water wyne. . noted in the places below. One man in many roomes..422. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.. ms. Walter included it But a curious circumstance in his volume (1817).

line 6. iii. 9 10. and in the last even. that made with mighty hand Of water wine.' G. In st. i. to angels. st. (as before in Addl.' the wafer of the host st. MS. The : ' ' = : . It is now sufficiently plain that its presence in the Stonyhurst ms. Addl. was' dropped line 3.422 differs from our ms. line 6. v. line 4. iv. line 1. x. see our Memorial-Introduction. not God much more perforine the same ?' He still doth this. line 1. Nature forme. as noted.422) establishes its of the Douai editors. authenticity and vindicates the integi-ity texts of 1616 and 1620 present some various readings that I have adopted. 'glasses': lines 5-6. ' reads misreads workes' for worke :' st. line 3. St. Nature's work .: OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT OF THE AULTER. xi.' which gives the lacking syllable. the' for His :' st. iii. = . only orthogi-aphically. XV. line 1. line 2. line 2. . does not appear in either edition st. I : : ' ' ' : ' ' If proofe of Why may St. John i. On another Shakesperean parallel in st. and on which cf St. x. vii. ms.' ill contains reminiscences of Southwell's favourite hymn. 'Here's' for 'Here:' st. vi. Here true beliefe of force inuiteth love :' st. the following st. 181 and repeated in that of but over which Editors and Bibliographers alike shook their heads doubtfully. and so after-editors and bibliogi-aphers followed blindly. angells' gifts' His gifts ' continued by supplied by him. except in the following st. miswhich' for much :' st. line 6. . a suake of Moyses' wand. line 5.' I record. vi. line 2. vii. di-ops ' be' before ' ' tenn" — all faithfully TuRNBDLL. 'Mister Park' (to adopt Ritson's form) pronouncing em^jhatically against it. line 2.). . will' for witt :' st. 'Lauda Sion Salvatorem' (st. but do not accept. i. 10. ginally published in the edition of 1616. glymes' ( gleams) for 'glymses. with the sequence of the thoughts reversed. 'And' for 'A Nature's. ' ' ' ' ' xii. lines 5-6. x. 1620 . xiii. : ' = have adopted the following from 1616 and 1620 St.' inl616 and 1620 'glimpses. iv. ' one in many. indued :' st.

He rubd our eyes. Clara Ducum soboles. Occidit. LAMENTS FOR A NOBLE LADY. ast alium tulit hie occasus in ortum. gave ayre unto her breathe. . she gracious yssue spredd. but hath enrichd our liartes : . joyes. . sibi Omnibus vma prior. grace. virum conjuge. She heaven with two. he hitt too choise a wighte. Virtutique fuit mens generosa decus. Rest. Prolem matre. superavit moribus ortiim. generi lux inclita virtus. Death aymd too highe. liglites eclipsed were at her decease In Buckhurst' lyne. he brought her worthes to light. for life. for lovely partes He kilde her cares. flore genus. Mors minuit. ad occiduas non reditura vices. Of Howarde's stemm Sweete a glorious braunch is dead. superis nova sedibus : liospes. Eenownde for birth. properata dies orbamque reliquit. Vivit. Clausit inoffenso tramite pura diem Dotibus ornavit. were sequelles of her deathe. with fower did Earth encrease Fame. honour. parfuit vna Lux genus ingenio. glory.: .

to be her self. 183 He lett out of the arke a Noe's dove. and ill-filled by Turnbull's every. But many hartes Grace. 'raught' in 1596 wrought' (see relative note on St. ciii.' G. : bull line 6. which appeared Southwell's prose treatise in the form of 'A consolatorie Epistle. Nature.' adopted for vertue :' st. LAMENTS FOR A NOBLE LADY. did in liir conspire To shewe a proofe Slye Fortune. st. Heaven of To live.422. In Grace and nature fewe were founde so this heavenly perle is now possest. ii. line 2) her' di-opped out by Turn' ' ' ' ' ' : = ' : ' nature. are arkes unto lier loue. line 5. line 7 in 1596 is Mors muta at :' line 9.' entitled The Triumphs ouer Death. whose greatest blisse. line 5. a se alium :' English. line 2. . Vertue's' dropped in 1596. in Addl. Latin. Peter's Comj^laint. of every good the best. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. ' ' ' ' . Whose lustre. ms. ever of their united skill false. 10. which is superior to that I originally at close of ' of 1596.' Our text is that of the Stonyhurst MS. in' for at :' st. the crowne of Vertue's highest right Whose praise. to love. iv. have given a heading to these two poems. st. Whose price. false Fortune's ill But double grace supplid And though she wrought not to her Fortune's pitch. ritche. was the blaze of Honnor's lighte Whose substance pure. line 4. Fortune. i. iii. to be where nowe she is. did soone retyre. note also the very important reading of Hee' for the nonsensical Lot' of 1596 hlindly repeated by Turnbull st..: : .

And thou secure from erring That leade to vengeance' wrath. Nor To She She spacious wayes she goes straight and narrow gate and way. .'i If Vertue be thy guide. . the fcAvest come : She leades. Not widest open doore. 'Tis she that offers most 'Tis she that most refuse 'Tis she preuents the broad-way plagues. ' SHORT True comfort is thy path. G. she leads. cals. she shewes. line 4. . . ' ' . steps.' in st. Which most do ' wilfull chuse Our obvious misprint. dog' for do. TO THE CHEISTIAN READER OF RVLES OF GOOD LIFE. is corrected. cals. the humble sprited She shews them rest at race's end. One text of this and three followiug is that of 1080. iv.. Soule's rest to heauen inuited.

i. iii. Iine4. servant' for seruants.' I have corrected blame' (st. Tread holy paths. lay downe all Lust's desires : Fix thoughts on heauen. craue pardon for thy sinne . 'salvation's hill on Mercie's wings' ? I am not sure that I do right in adhering to the divisions and separate headings of 1630 in what must have been meant by its Author to be one poem on prayer.i vp pure hands. ' TuRNBULL grossly misprints clear' for cleane. .' notwithstanding the rhyme with meane. thou doest talke with God. converts. present a conscience cleane : Such holy balme. ' call grace to guide therein. In reading let these separate headings be ignored. the broad.' verb neut. line 4) by balme. Vpon the right-hand side And heauenly-happy is that soule Takes Vertue for her guide. and thereby the reader will be ' ' ' ' ' ' ' — BB . to mercie's throne aspires. reflective=z: turns. iv. changes: st. and in st. in that day. line 2. Her waies are pleasant waies. 185 Doe choose the wide. the literal and.' which vindicates itself.' line 3. by prayer I meane. The left-hand way and gate : These Vice applauds.TO THE READER OF SHORT RVLES OP GOOD LIFE. iv. St. A Preparatiue When Lift TO Prayer. these Vertue loaths And teacheth hers to hate. 'impeach' (Fr. empt'cher)=hindrance. common meaning: line 6 seems corrupted qy. Confesse faults' guilt. line 6.

Like Abraham. and ranging heart within.ii. . At present no one. Should mount saluation's inevitable as relieved of the misconception which otherwise is st. . Euen so the soule. ascending vp the hill To sacrifice . Without impeach to his obedient blow . Lips neere to God. can of avoid taking it as an epithet of what is now the opening the poem and the subject of the first stanza.' &c. line 1). to practise Our Maker's what He taught Make not the flesh thy counsell when thou pray thought : : 'Tis enemie to euery vertuous It is the foe It is we daily feed and cloath the prison that the soule doth loath. 186 TO THE READER OF SHORT RVLES OF GOOD LIFE. remote from earthly things shelter. his seruants left below. (Ensamples. as Elias. mounting to the skie. That he might act the great Commander's will.: . till he reails farther and reconsiders. Is but vaine babbling and conuerts to sinne. our Saviour. Mercie's wings. to 'Oh. namely.fortresseofthefaithfull. Euen So. traflike Exclude the world from with the mind. G. It is the spirit with reuerence must obey will. : e'e?'- Did cast his mantle to the Earth behind when the heart presents the prayer on high.

. sure defence. His parting breath. So forcible. At man's I^othing more gratefull in the Highest eyes. In worldng miracles and in His preaching the mount. . hell-gates cannot resist A thing whereby both angels. their prey it A walled passage tlirough the sea made From It foiious fire it banisht heat away It shut the heauens three yeares from giuing raine.) Continuall praid. (patterne of true holinesse. . Ensamples of OUR Saviour. In which doth Christians' cognizance consist Their victorie. Nothing more firme in danger to protect us. and staid . 187 The Effects of Prayer. Oh ! fortresse of the faithfull. When He Vpon was baptized in the wildernesse. vs by ensample teaching. and clouds powrd downe againe. clouds and starres. . opened heauens. in garden-groues of death. The suiine by prayer did cease his The hungrie lions fawnd vpon course.: . their triumph comes from thence. at At His Last Supper. OvR Sauiour. request fight God's reuengefull warres. — TO THE READER OF SHORT RVLES OF GOOD LIFE. .

So prayer reuiues the by prayer Hues. forcible to pierce the skies. 'respect' ii. hold in view. till Nothing more And And. 16-18.188 TO THE READER OF SHORT RVLES OF CxOOD LIFE. look upon consider' : ately. NOTES. fixed to Bp. St. line 1. xii. it : as the soule life to the soule. on pp. : . Cosis's Part of one of these (the Preparation to Prayer) was preHora: but with some variations (pp.) for example. G. p. ford Preface from Evelyn. iii. Oxford reprint). which is altered from one in Southwell's Rules of Good Life (latter part of sheet y. look back upon or again. liue 4. ed. 1630). =to fovtresse'= prayer st. not depart Mercy doe body respect vs giues. Some of the Prayers in that book are taken from Southwell (which rathe)' modifies what is said in the Ox68-72.

. FROM THE MSS. Never before printed.POEMATA LATIN A. OP THE AUTHOR.

near Blackburn. founded upon the idea of the one being alter ego' of the other. Oscott. Joseph Stevenson of the same College to the latter of ' ' ' — the whole of the Southwell mss. in which there is a conceit running throughout. G.' is the lament of a husband for the death of his wife. They are wi-itten in fasciculi distinct from the English Poems' ms. Birmingham. (on which see our Preface). i-eference may be made to our Memorial-Introduction but it may be well to note here. furnished an immaculate text. Sole of St. Even with the anxious assistance of the Rev. and that 'Elegia IX. now preserved in StonyHUKST College. Dum morior. Queen of Scots. orior.NOTE.' is historically interesting . that the first of the Fragment of a Series of Elegies seems to relate to some disaster to the Spanish arms. S. Decease.lips' of the Shade' of Mary. probably the Armada collapse of 1588 that Elegia VIII. and so a fitting companion to his English poem.' The shorter sacred poems are elucidated by their headings. ' as being put into the fail. ' . The first two pieces explain themselves— and for remarks on them and the others. of Stonyhurst had been sent for calendaring in the Report of the Government ComI cannot hope to have mission on (private) Historical mss. Mary's College. Release. The whole of the following hitherto unprinted Latin Poems by Southwell are from his own mss. Some words have been conformed to classical usage in the orthogi-aphy. and the cooperation of the Rev. and it is believed few or no important errors will be found. But no pains have been spared to make out the small and difiicult handwriting. whom — .

in varios per gramina finditur arcus. et legibus omnia fixa certis In propriis digesta locis jam manerent. Luxuriansque viget vario Iretissima partu. Per ripas diffusa patet cum floribus herba. leni quas aura susurro 10 Murmureque interflat molli. i ccelum et tellus et vasti macliina miindi. Hie rosa cum cum calthis lilia certant 20 . Consitus arboribus. firmas Sortita est sedes. labensque per herbas Dulcisonos ciet iinda modos. suis. atque omnibus ornans Deliciis. 5 Extremum Deus Hos urget opus. hyacinthus acantho . paribiisque recurrens Flexibus.V. piscis 1 dum lusibus instat Decipit. basis inscia. 5 POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE Cum Ponderibus librata B. priniosque parentes Cunctarum format veluti compendia rerum. sacra paradisi in sede locavit.. Hie vagus incerto discurrens tramite Plurimus ignoti generis. casia^ narcissus adest. tellus. Quem Hie sponte effudit curvo sine vomere violis. orbis statuit dominos. et placide fallendo lumina mulcet. Hie locus a primo mundi memorabilis ortu.M.

Hjec sedes antiqua quam Lucifer Ada. mundique dynastas vili stirpe creatos Sceptrigerumque genus. Invidit. proceres. et ipsi Terrorem incussit dominie. quis cuncta loci miracula narret ? Quicquid in itnmenso pulcliri diifunditur orbe. vires Mox variis grassata modis mors tempore CoUigit. ca^loque rebelles Reddidit. et toto late dominatur in orbe. atque quam omnes vineens invicta triumphat Donee virgo. et humanum genus in sua jura vocavit. fuit. placidisque fugatos Sedibus. suae vindex generosa parentis. quod corporis a^qua . exilio gravibusque doloribus anxit. hoc per oras uno totum concluditur horto. 35 Hie primum sua signa ferox victricia Pluto Extulit. Hie crocus et mixtis crescunt vaccinia bacis. et tectis veri Lethiferum suasit morsum.cervicibus Aulse Imposuit servile jugum.. diro molimine fraudes sub imagine verbis Intulit. satellitium mortis superavit. Non minus beroas. et cunctos nullo discrimine mactans 40 Imperat.M. 45 Se rabido victrix objecit prima furori Mortis. 192 POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE 13. genus omne ferarum Quis memoret.V. hie ultrix morbi mortisque potestas Coepit. et imperii sa3vas eonvellere leges Orsa. et victis Stygia. Abripit. Quis dulces avium modulos. alias aliasque 25 Et sparsum solumque Cernitur. tetrumque Erebi detrusus in antrum 30 Et cjelo extorris.

et vivida virtus Lethiferis adituni prtecluderet Integra morbis. . sanieque perunctum.M. telis. fundoque dehiscens. regni. vegetique artus. Propatulo hie fluvius surgit Letba^us biatu. varies spirantia morbos. totas 55 Intendit vires. Principiis igitur cupiens obsistere. saitis. 65 situ. Informi obductum limo. Et ruptas reserans inimani borrore cavernas.POEMA DB ASSUMPTIONE B. concedere Extremam imperio timet impendere ruinam. Excita turba ruit c?ecas furibunda per umbras. Tartarei cogit proceres. atque omnia mente volutans. spissae squalent caligine mortis. cavisque fossis oculos et livida Immersos ciiTum rictu. exesis diuturna a^rugine fulcris.V. taboque genas confecta. cc . Est vastum scabris sinuosum anfractibus antrum. Solis inaccessum radiis. et medio manes compellat ab antro. Et dirum aggeribus spunians Hinc atque bine Et loca senta iEternum freuiit unda repertis. monstra impia. 60 Ingentique mens per concava saxa fragore. nulla spectabile pom pa. Dentes labra gerens turpique patentia Htec jubet : et raucis prasco clamoribus aiu'as 75 Personat. 193 Temperies. Prsecipitante rotat limosa volumina cursu. 70 Hie annosa sedet canis mors horrida Os macie. In medio solium. atrata patent fuligine tecta. Eminet. 50 Mors mirata suos contra Provectamque niliQ solitis lianc nil posse ministros.

In margin ' vel mensurant. tormina. spasmus. oculis jaculantibus ignes. cancer. truncis Atque olidum fumum . sic nostris hostia templis Deficiet. Insolitos mirata sonos. et uni Numquid roo Jfoster cedet honos 1 Sic formidabile numen 1 Imperiumque ruet. tanta ruet virtus ingioria. quot funere reges Mersimus. Incultas diffusa comas. Vix pedibus moribunda Et tussis. et vestris cecidit pars maxima telis. et hirida pestis. Fatales primum pariter sedere sorores. Vos etenim Exsatiasse spissos animarum ad Tartara nimbos voracem Prtecipites egisse subit. nostris semjDer fidissima Olim quanta Quas fuit Lethei gloria regni suos agit aurea currus. Quai levibus vitse deducunt stamina fusis. porrigo. qua luna bello edidimus strages. 85 Phrenesis. Et genus id.194 POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE B. de naribus efflans. Turn languida hydrops. sceptris. et totum quoties consumpsimus orbem 95 Non latet.^ Decrepita has sequitur baculoque innixa senectus. Terribiles ructat fremitus dein talia fatur.V. et membra caducis febris. jjlenisque hominum functorum messibus Orcum. 90 Atra cohors. mulier nostris contraria ' fatis. regens.' G. tantique cadent fastigia regni Est mulier. Qua Phoebus. atque ocius una 80 Conglonierata capit certas ex orcline sedes. . quibus undique septa Mors spirans iiumane. pituita.M. numerosa manus .

cives. et victor opimis Ditatus spoliis. Cernitis ut nullos admittat corpore morbos. .V. Vos ista pericula tangunt. qua hoc arte queamus Propulsare malum. Et raptam Queni aethereis praedam celer intulit astris. quid consilii.: . Sic omnes 1 coepto desistere victos ssecla decet Scelus est . 5 POEM A DE ASSUMPTION E B. Pro dicite. manesque suis exturbet ab antris. pressisque furens detentus habenis. superas evasit ad auras. strcpitu reboante per auras Qualis ad excussos sequitur de nubibus ignes. . Hie plura volentem 125 non patitur rabies. lieec nam vidimus ilium 1 1 sine labe fait. Quid sit opis.M. Veluti quam saeva medullis cum verbere tactus ore. Frena ferox pleno spumantia mergit in Mox varias edit confuso murmure voces 130 Circumposta cohors. nostrse ne forte injurius aula3 absit) no Antiquas violet leges. imis Fauces spuma Ira furorque ciet. matremque (quod Viribus eripiat nostris. 195 105 Omni labe carens. Nee timor Qui velut hie ratione caret. timeo. animosque ministret. qui immanibus ausis Tartareos subiit fines. Ut prpedas actura istis sine sole cavernis Succedat. et marcida circuni fluens. 120 Et vestras ludat vires 1 Proh sola revellet fixa recursus Jura per innumeros annorum Eemina 1 Post tot Dicere. Stat sonipes. iiuUiTeque obnoxia culpai Illius hti3C genetrix Christi est. victricibus armis Tartareos superasse deos. .

Cum 1 ' sibi divinos temere^ poscebat bonores. 135 Arma Et fremunt. nil mente retractans Quid fieri expediat.196 rOEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE B. is an oversight. ita Verum Siste concussos animis grandieva senectus. Sed frustra hoc 1- temptamus opus. Atqiie odiis fervent aninii. Quibus qufe sethera telis Pervia censetis non molimina vincet et Qui potis est totum delere condere mundum 1 155 ille. Non secus ac subitis populus temerarius ausis. claris crebrescere factis Fert animus. ' uisi.V. juvat et superis indicere divis Proelia. patrias jurant tutari sanguine sedes. it. gradum. 1 40 Atque omni sine lege ruit. nostris aures advortite dictis. generosa coliors. saevit belli scelerata cupido. nos etiam votis si cetera nostris 150 Congruerent. Subjectis ardent irarum pectora taedis. furit Audito undique prseceps." Temen"' &c. Nobilis ut video vobis vigor insidet. avidi tantos ambimus honores. altum Mens agitat bellum. crudusque per artus Livor et ossa ruit. belli sonitu. Orbe sub empireo rutilanti in sede refulgens. sic ore nioratur : Longe aliud secum meditans. caeciis rapit impetus omnes. Jampridem sensere immanes mole gigantes Et Lucifer In superos quid bella queant. but we must leave as with . baud irrita forsan 1 45 Verba loquar. Certatinique feras sese exhortantur in iras.M. sed quid novus ingerat ardor. G.

et facili tranans per inane volatu Arduus insurgit. poenas exsolvit acerbas. cujusque in numine lis est. torpent in proilia vires. est. expendite causas. Consilium rursus capitote. Terrarum i6o pra3stat didicisse malis. 1 70 Infractique cadunt animi. mentesque coacta Pax tenet. qure crimina tandem multanda vides. mea si Momentumque habeat. In melius mutasse animos prudentia summa est. et prisca ruat labefacta potestas . ait. nostris ut legibus istam 1 185 Eripias. pulsus iu imas latebras. Si Cesset. causa exagitetur utrinque Cui ratio. sed. cui jura favent. quid jura revellis. victoria cedat. Tunc Deus. avidus responsa requirit. ISTuntius extemplo liquidas subMmis in auras Tollitur. quam vana furentes In caelum temptare nefas. a?quato examine lances. Mox partes actura suas mors ferrea pra3sto Et Scevum frendens rabido sic intonat ore rerum qui summa tenes. Letbajique acta Senatus 175 Exponens superis.POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE B. : a3quus ero. et junctis rata fit sententia votis. 107 Haud His potuit retinere suos. Et male nil meritam dubiis terroribus angis ? : 180 Sic Quid merui. Hffic ubi dicta dedit. et in sententia pondus 165 belloruiu insana cupido summi referamus verba Tonantis Judicium.V. et cedere victos. ostentans Esto. mea canities. quid commisi.M. qui nee Stygiis injurius unquam Sedibus esse potest.

et violenta doloris sit Vis nulla impediat. l^osti. adversoque potens sermone tuetur.M. et cedere fatis lisec. summa exire voluptas. magis una triumphet 1 u. : Judicium hoc Venerandte virginis almus Spiritus astra petat. cum cetera proles 1 90 oL culpam parcis obnoxia sumat Corpora.V. Ut pura infectos transiret sola per artus. 210 Tunc mors dira fremit. alme Pater. Nullis Deus est nisi sontibus ultor.' Invidite furiale ' malum. we G. sanoque e corpore migret Non mortis sed amoris ope. Communique carens culpa. et B. Mortalis nata carnis credita moles Communem Adamo Illius redolet massam cujus . Hsec et victrix reliquis ait. quos mors rapit. cur funereas transire per umbras Abnuat. lapsumque in viscera torquet ira . caro terrea terrae Eeddatur. . mala debita culpse Haud ferret. maneat^ simili sub pulvere pulvis. cur mortem hsec et ineluctabile fatum Effugiat. 205 His ita respondet solio Deus orsus ab alto esto. Aspergit maculosa lues Culpae poena fuit. ex patre est. Above ' maneat' retain written ' recleat but as ' maneat' is not erased. ait. Sed virgo criminis exors. disrumpitur is it.rget at Gabriel causam contrarius 195 Virginis.198 POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE est. tellure repostos In sua jura primi contracta parentis . 1 200 Cur luat immeritas omnino innoxia pamas Id Christi genetricis erat sponsa^que tonantis.

i Sunt tamen hajc domino candidiora Quippe. lutulentis^ versor in Mlque nisi obscenum lumina nostra vident. o Non mihi divitise. Si tarn longinquis rogites quis scripsit ab oris. suo. Divum sonat aula triumphis.' G.' G. 9 5 FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA. animae decora alta beats). notas. quod emerui. et inutile frendens Vipeream expirat rabiem. nunc quoque opem. ' : ' meum * In margiu. Mis-written lutosis. as au apparent alternative line for this referet ter lamentabile fatum.i 5 Continet ilia meos plenos formidine facta scelesta tui lUa dabit nati Et licet ingrato sordent elementa colore.. prrestat Prtestitit ut quondam. FILII PRODIGI PORCOS PASCENTIS AD . antris. Deinum acrius instat 2 1 Ut saltern extinctuin liceat dissolvere corpus. Vel ferat unde rudes sordida cbarta quamvis maculosa Inspice. Cailo membra petunt. ' Ilia . casus. PATREM EPISTOLA. Annuit Omnipotens. 199 Morborum infelix acies. et nescia labis Ast superi contra insurgunt. suffusis lituris Littera scriptoris nomen et omen babet. mors victa fugatur. 2 1 Virgo poli regina sedet. non fulvi copia nummi.

20 Aurea deperiit. 35 Totus in insanos effudi tempora luxus. Ornatte desimt radianti murice vestes. Ultima la^titise prima doloris erat. Acta ruunt inter Scyllas interque Cbarybdes fracta adversis dilacerantur aquis. nunc ferrea prodiit eetas. Nee facies rebus. manet. Hand inopem fallax comitatur vulgiis ut olim. Sunt l93ta in tristes tempora versa dies. Tempora vulneribus jam redimenda meis. Cum miser ignotas veni peregrinus in Pronus in interitum.. tristesque secutte ! . 40 . Et pontum ut Et faciles edomuere lacus. 200 FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA. Qua^que prius ventis pergebant vela secundis. Hei volvit fortuna rotam. Et ruitura simul plurima turba Kaptus in exitium. !N"ec 15 phaleris tecti subjiciuiitur equi Omnia nimboso fluxere simillima vento. 30 Sors ea dura quidem. qualis fuerat. sed nostris debita Immo est errato lenior ira meo. pro dolor ! oras. Seque mihi juveni juvenes junxere sodales. ipse meum. ! 25 Heu parva infandum liquerunt gaudia luctum Heu ruptuni liquit vipera parta latus Jam placidte periere dies. . ventisque solutis Disrupit nostram perniciosa ratem. fuit. quaj fuit ante. sociis agitantibus. jam famulatus adest. factis. ivi Aut comes aut princeps ad scelus omne fui. Nee.

unus et ille mihi. Horridus inculto pendet de fronte capillus. •} Hoc mea lustravit nimium vaga carbasus Alta quoad plenam sustulit unda ratem Sed modo saxosi portus anfractibus hajrens. 201 Utque pudor faciem. saliitis. Corruit ablatis naufraga puppis aquis. FILII PRODIGI AD PxVTREM EPISTOLA. 45 Tartareos retuli jam nova dira canes 'Non furiis actus furiosa videbar Erinys. Cetera marmoreo frigore membra rigent. si possit vita vocari Quae tulit ad mortis perniciosa fores. 60 Contiiiuis lassa^ callent grunnitibus aures. ' There 0-i) foi' is little (Hue diBsyllables. Nee mihi cura Dei. fuit. proprite nee cura Sola videbatur ca^ca libido salus. . 50 fequor. Nee mihi sub Hsec mea vita stygiis par fuit ullus aquis. ! lacer ex liumeris algenti pendet amictus. . Et male contecti madefiunt imbribus artus Quin lacerant nudani verbera sa^pe cutim. turpi s fero prasmia vitse 55 Obruor innumeris exul egensque malis. Unus eis cibus est. quoad' and ' eis' .. lectique sodales. Calluit a multis mens hebetata malis. pietas sic pectora liquit. 65 Nee caput " a ventis quod tueatur adest. ' Lseta est in tales musica versa sonos : Sunt etenim porci mensaj. Sic ego tartareis merces certissima monstris. doubt South\\'ell meant G. Jamque All luo poenas.

' morsque negata foret. ' = /*' is . 90 ' Foris' is here ' cal Latin the again is out of doors. non feret alter opem. tua sum. fui. malis . fnit. proles dedit impia pcenas Atque tulit meritis prremia digna suis Inque dies funesta magis tormenta supersunt. Tu nisi mature tristia fata leves. quse fuerit. quam difficiles portendunt omnia casus. licet impia proles. Vix cutis. Tu nisi succurras. nee uUa quies. and so here a false quantity. me misero. foris^ 85 Intus nulla datur. Dum facies liquida pallens respondet ab unda. Qua^ quondam a speculo reddita stepe Dissiniiles surgunt antiqua JSTec ab imagine vultus.. Et mala Mille prseteritis deteriora curce. 80 Aspice tu prolem. Imaque pervasit tabidus ossa dolor. animum corpus mala mille fatigant. exesis carnibus. . 202 FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA.' But in classian adverb always and necessarily long. genitor. Quce data vita mihi. G. dextramque extende cadenti. manet 70 Quippe novas macies induxit in era figuras. Hei citus affer opem. me genitore. ossa tegit j Squalida languentes febris depascifcur artus. Hei ! 7 5 tua sum. Nee mihi curandis dantur medicamina morbis. quoe fait ante. desinat esse tua. non impia proles. Ni mala Te Impia. species eadem. genitore fui proles.

. Tu fieri judex ex genitore Quamvis si fieres. • Line 97 1. 95 Erroresque luunt singula Scilicet et veniam sceleris membra suos mens conscia poscit. 2. Parcere peccanti munus amoris erit Peccavi. sajvos jam comprime fluctus. En scelus agnoscit. FILII PRODIGT AD PATREM EPISTOLA. somewhat conAs above. fateor. 1 1 Et petat optatos lassa carina sinus. ira^que facessant. lacrimis commissa fatetur. Materiam veniae mea sors miseranda ministrat. ha3C licet. nunquam te judice tantis Esset.^ Hpec mihi. 203 pater. dura poena ferenda fuit. Deus. fusedly: 4. quam mea facta regant. te duce. Sis pater et nati sit tibi cura tui.^ amor. G. credo equidem. Ah. Plus tua te virtus. sceleris mens conscia luget. per mille agitata Charybdes. subdita vita malis. Parcat amor. thus written on the margin: ScUicet hos volvere casus. pergat iter. Cur tua deserui redamati limina tecti Cur mea subtraxi lumina maesta tuis Sic 105 ! visum est superis. . per scopulos. ministrant. ScUicet et venia3 segetem mea facta 3. me fortuna manebat. ecce tuli. G. vincat pietas. Non 2 is written in four ways in the ms. quffirit veniam qui is This Une superis placuit me nil commisit iniqui.! : . Mitius ah tandem. velis. ISTec Nee nisi peccanti parcere posset 1 00 quia me cernis factum de j)role rebellem. o Per mare. nati spes summa et sola salutis.

oris. Quam poteras vivam nunc habuisse domi. 130 te orta parente. Tunc. Quam Patria qu?eram ignotas iterum novus advena quaerenti regia seeptra dares. Junctaque cum lacrimis plurima verba dabis. 120 ISTec me divelli mortuus inde sinam Iri est. et nati talia fata tui. 5 204 mihi si FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA. Audieris rabidas membra vorasse feras Tunc fortasse gemens sobolis vel busta requires. 140 . sine funeribus nullo curante relinquar. Condicio melior patriis in sedibus Quam Ergo cara Croesi magnas exulis inter opes. patrios liceat revidere penates. memorans renuisse dolebis. tui pateant mihi limina Et videam notos post fera fata lares. sidera tellus 1 1 Ante ruet coelum tendetque ad Et mare siccatis fluctibus ignis erit. si me renuas. cum. Atque tuo duplex imber ab ore Obvia s£epe fluet.. Sin minus. tecti. externis moriar peregrinus in 125 Nee tumuli ritum qui mihi Sed Et miseranda feris prteda prsestet erit. quis sensus erit. Ast aderit nuUus nisi tristes fletibus umbrai Et rapiet gemitus ventus et aura tuos. ! Quamvis ! dulce solum quod si mihi visere detur. si felix mihi luceat ille dies. 1 35 animo defuncti occurret imago. terras. 1 Qute sibi mens. O si forte brevi tales tibi littera casus Adferat. cadaver erit.

nunc O dum.FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA. supremum prolis ab ore vale.' &c. Above ' surget' is wi-itten ' ' vivet." and reading Nunc igitur. By transposing the second nunc' and 0. G. vidnere siu'get^ amor. dum spes manet ulla salutis. Cum Nunc nulla optate spes opis esse potest. 145 Succurre. whether the author's or not. et tantis obvius ito mails. invaserat olim. }l genitor. igitur. Accipe * posses. quidem surget. 205 Tunc dolor invadet (|uem non Quique sepultus Ille erat. sed nostros serus in usus. ' here made long. the false quantity would be avoided. 2 The ' ur' of ' igitiir' ' is .' G.2 nunc. solus concedere Quodque mihi.

Nulla premit lauruni (^)uin pra^fica. laurus abi. and 9. celsos periisse Conclamant Celte Monarchas. Nee conclamato fuiiere liber Iber. read Biscani ? G. Latii condita terra. 5 formidatos armat Carteia nepotes. These follow in the order of the ms. G. Ferales Nebrissa rotat mutata cupressos. the Spaniards (?). Spain? Biscay so named from some province of and qy. Ex luctii populus. 7. 8. et iuquit. redditur ipse chalybs. sibi plorat Cantaber et Vasco demptum lionorem Nunc onus est illis quilibet Hunc fati lusuni flet Lusitanus Quse mors dicenda Bisseni/ clamant. There appear to be a part of No. 1 1 o est. Query. vires perdidit. si jocus iUe fuit bisseni' cedite menses : Omnis Ecce jacet in hoc obitu scilicet fusis annus obit. ssevse Tarn cupiens arma movere neci. FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF a part of No. atque vires. Hoc tumulo 15 Ex merito Latium nomen sortire latendi ! Hac ' terra. . the whole of No. gens Castellana maniplis.. lates . ' alter lionos. . ELEGIES.

! Heu. Hoc nomine N'on doleam? sensus aninia3que evanuit ardor Quis poterit vita3 jam superesse calor 1 Deficio. ! 35 doleam 1 mea vita solo steterat mea Margareta vita mihi.. utraque terra. in fietum. ah periit qui niodo portus erat. Quid quod et 207 Eoi pariter. dicunt. gens altera mundi. eheu ! Margaris. tepuerunt marmora 30 Ergone marmoribus tu mage durus eris ? Ingemuit pontus. . ! Sensit de ca^lo lumina rapta sue Quid quod et ^thiopes membris nigrantibus horrent ! 2o A luctu Quo credo provenit periisse 1 ille color. : India tota gemit passis diffusa capillis Ortus in occasum Margaris omnis abit. gemuit quoque terra dolore. heu ISTon luctus hscc quoque testis fugit. 1 25 Hei mihi ! cur lacrimas alio peto sole tepentes tellus nenipe Ut doleam Quid faciam 1 petenda nova est. Perge. Et ponto et terra tu Ah doleo ! testes superi ! ! mage s^vus eris ? mea Margaris. fletu. ferar Peru mens naufraga currit. meos. FRAGMENT OF A SERTES OF ELEGIES. erit. tuas. terra. anime. subsido : ! dolor ! dolor ! expirabo ! 40 Jam satis est. luctus tu tege. vidi lugentes fluminis iindas Et vidi lacrimas.

tu duo nomina . G. est ! ubinam quod semper quod amabo perit vel quod amo. nam calor inde fugit. 20 Quid queror baud moreris duo sunt nam corpore in uno. vel 1 ilia prseit sed amans sectatur prseit . cinis est. baud igitur me Non perit. sint vincula bina . Si sinis boc. mentemque maritat licet. duplici nomine numen inest. non duo sunt. An Unum non uno pectore pectus liabet. tingis : 1 Ast unum . at patrium vivis bibit ergo perit. JSTumen inest cor corde premit. duorum et bic ! ambo non tamen ambo . .. : 'Non duo tu vel ego. ELEGIA Die ubi nunc quod amo amavi ? Hei mihi ISTon perit : ! VIII. mortis me frigus adurit : Die ubi sit gemini pectoris unus amor : 1 10 Tu vel ego^ Sint duo. Sic vivum nostro corpore corpus babes 1 : See former note : ego. . : ^ethera labris 5 Me Sic solum duplici morte perire jubet. Si calor bine remeat. Hand sequor. una vel unus eris. 5 208 FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF ELEGIES. amantem . : Una vel unus ero qui legem novit amoris. bene dinumeras 1 Ego. duo sunt? non sunt quid? fallimur ambo. sint duo corda Sim tuus Simus et mea sis. simius. anias animas 1 quod quod amas sinis ecce perire .

celabit ocellus ille celat. : Aut age ! quod menti deerit. non hoc Mens secum Hie mihi tacite. quis tantae non meminisse potest ? In pra3sente tamen pra^sentem qujero quid illud . sed gemet palam. Hoc est.. Quam tuus ipse tuus. possum quod memor esse tui. . lacrimabit ocellus 45 Commodus ad Quodque animus partes fiet uterque meas. Ite palam. supplebit ocellus erit. dixti 20!J Aut ego jam Sic : 25 : N'omen tu memori pectore semper habe ! Et licet liinc absim. . tam mea semper eris. licet hie mea diceris absens Pectoribus statuam dicta suprema meis. Quamque mihi Et dictum. Non mihi votorum reddet lux ulla tuorum Tffidia . . neque tecum vivere possum Hoc vivo. lacrimal. Jam mea semper eris. . Sed neque jam morior. rerum pulcherrima. 35 dicti et vitiB mors erit una meaj. sic oculus testis amoris Sic animus lamenta dabit. 30 Dixi ego. sit prajsens conjuge conjux : Defungor functa3 tu quoque vive mihi. memori vivemus amore. tam tu mihi semper adha-res. ne dubita. quod moriens. duo sunt nam corpore in uno mea sunt tumulo membra sepulta tuo. servati pignus amoris leto non nisi cedet amor : cq EE . modo mente feram. FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF ELEGIES. . ? Fascinor? absenti num mihi semper ades? ? 40 At forsan nequeunt oculi te ferre sequentes Si nequeo visu te. Sic mens. perii.

5 Inde Plange . in vili non remoratur humo. fortior inde sago. an mage penna 1 Penna mihi levis est. Excutio pondus. Lamentor. plango. lugeo. . cajli. hue volo. vale. ELEGIA IX. minima nunc ego mole gravor. rapidis me 1 intersero pennis. 60 Ah amo ! sed quid nam vel ubi 1 mea sidera novi Hie quod amo superest. : Hie dolor hie est qiiem pins auget amor. QUID REBUS HISCE FLUXIS SENTIENDUM. sangiiis meus. sine pondere pondus Nunc labor.! : 210 Ite palam. terra. usque queror. Non sunt ha-c aninio digna ])otente 10 . mundi Pars magna animi forsitan Quid pretii pretium Quid habet decus omne decoris coli. gemino dolor hie spectabitur orbe est. Dicite quid sit 55 amor 1 i3ondusne est. FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF ELEGIES. toga gravior. Langueo : languorem dicere vultis 1 amo. Nunc niolem sine mole feram. et grave pondus amor. nunc hospita Affigo superis parta troprea polis alio lacrimas. DE Quid conclamato jacis irrita vota sepulchro ] Quam Nunc Verte petis. sed quid est nam 1 1 Stulti ludibria ille tui. SIT UMBRA REGINiE NOBILES VIROS DOCET. queror. gemo. Queis vaga sublimis sidera carpit amor. ingens crelorum heres. inclytus ordo.

vanus honor. 1 Vauus honor Marcida . 5 FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF ELEGIES. Dementis mentis toxica vana Venus. tuniidi sunt oblectamina sensus. Dum mala proj^onit mala venusta Venus. et inania Este procul munera terree Munera non ullo respicienda die. res futilis. 25 Pluma Eos est volat : pueri totis complexibus instant. Unda . fugit pressus preeterit fit ilia tuos. Cernis opes? 211 Picte sunt fuh^a umbracula massaj. utilis Queis inhonorus honor non honor est sed onus. Est raptrix animi copia Divitiis vitiis inhias 1 cernis opes. : reus aureus ipse es nisi Fies inter opes non semper inops. . illis Res nulla est.. csecaj sunt irritamina culpse. gloriol?e pabula . si pelago rapitur. protinus unda. . Vana Venus . tellus. bulla est. Umbra . . 20 Fallacem faciem cerussat amaror amoris.

milii. Yivo tanien. but a jiyrrbic dissyllable. cvii.' according to very late usage. on a fold of paper (32mo) of eight pages: the poems occui)y three pages only. vita mori. cuJ. si vita potest cui^ quam duco vocari. The ful JESUS. 5 Quippe mors est vivere. fugit ilia me dum sequentem. i Persequor et fugio.: ! . secreto quod cremer igne vides suspiria corde. qui versa vivere sorte dabit Southwell makes 'cni. and Juvenal first began to use it as a dissyllable. carehand. : IN AFf[lICTIONe] ELEGIA. luctus utrinque milii o Nee fugiens Hei ' capior. G. an iambus. Martial. quoties pro te mors milii grata foret. Tu. Seneca. whereas in the silver age. four following poems are written in a very small. fera qua nollem vivere vita venit lugio sequitur. Namque Et Usee procul mea vita fugit qua vivere vellem. nee euntem carpere possum. . tu saucia cernis Pectora. AD DEUM MARYE. quoties tristi ducam Tu. . Tu tacitas nosti lacrimas. G.

si vis.5 JESUS.' and changed it himrepiilit :' but the former seems better. it ' : Tliis line is defective labet' filled in to complete ruat' or ' cadat' will do equally well. Vel mininnim casto quod Hue igitur. Atque extinguendis ignibus Cui Deus injussus venit obvius. ' ' . dubio procul angor abibit. 213 AD SANCTAM CATHERINAM. 20 Virgo sancta. Southwell wrote pepulit. veni nobis mitis. vale. Catherina. luctiis edat. Hoc nostro luctum pectore pelle. quae te (Ximque dolor medicina juvaret^ ? Cur potius Quaeque nostris asset inepta malis Si mihi concedas. precor. nunquam sponsae renegare maritus petit ore potest. ipsa rogata. Tu Catherina. Or juvabat niis-writteu juvavit. soror et Christi sponsa decora. nunc erit apta mihi. ut ipse tibi. sisqiie : ' benigna mihi. G. veni. - self to ' In the MS. tua lumina Aspice Ferre cito quam multis mens [labet] icta malis. G. mei solatrix unica hictus. afFer aquas. G. flecte. VIRGINEM ET MARTYREM. Die mihi cur tacitis intus miser ignibiis urar. 1 Quoque tuum pepulit^ Christus medicamine morbum.^ 10 O digneris opem. dilecta Deo. similis. MARYE. The perfect is juvit. nostros in gaudia fletus 1 5 Vertere 1 quid prohibet sure tu. tibi fuerat. Quteso. pulcherrima virgo. Die mihi cur mordax viscera Nonne Quippe potes. potes. Christi sanctissima martyr. Terque quaterque • vale.

ANNO DOMINI 1580. 2 1 MAIL PosTQUAM. IN FESTUM PENTECOSTES. tartarei spoliis ditatus Averni. reads vita. des tua vota ijjse Deo ] igitur tua vota Deo. tu vitaj redde teipsiim. Tamque expectatum cajlestis turba triunipbuni Aspicit. Cur nos ardentibus ustos et saucia Curarum flammis ' corda gerentes : The MS. 8olus miser incola terrse 5 Angustam patitur sortem. dabit seipsum. i liespice sublimi clemens de sede gementes o In terris populos. Et reddet votis prtemia viva^ tuis. querulo juvantem. Quam Des si.214 JESUS. Vi propria superas Cliristus rediisset ad auras. Et veniet Vita quod est votis obvia vita tuis. but wi'ongly and we substitute ' viva.' G. Divino angelicas inter splendore phalanges Conspicuus summas creli se tollit in arces. . vitse Vita cum votis obvius ito. erit. tibi dat. atque hominum longi pars mortua luctus Pra^mia degustat. MAR YE. duroque laborum petit ore Pondere depressus. Et tibi per vitam vita j)erennis At quinam poteris melius te reddere vit^e. venit. FESTIS NATALIS DOMINI. qui vita est. IN RENOVATIONEM VOTORUM.

Styx. tenuesque elapsa per auras 35 Versus apostolicuni properans se contulit agmen. et tenues confirmet numine lumina vires. quani daiinonis impetus in- Si plura imponas. msestas pietas divina querelas Has adeo Suscipiens. . JESUS. MA RYE. carnis 25 Mens humana ISTon renuas complexa catenis. nisi [et] nostras divina potentia mentes Fulciat. flecte. 20 Eja igitur. camena. terra. nimia sub mole gravati Decidimus . . Te triplici laudet ctelum. qui cailicolas dulci solaminis aura Perfundis. quam iiiundus. patrii(£ue absentia regui Sufficiimt varii casus diuturna(|ue poina 15 Quam caro. Gaudia tarn varios inter gustare dolores. sed et ha3c propria' virtute nequimus Ferre. 30 miserum placido medicamine morbum sacrse penetralibus aul^e. Expansis igitur Tertia de superis placido persona meatu Sedibus egreditur. Atque infelices statuit curare ruinas. media regione locatos Haud ma^stos remanere sinas. 215 Deseris? liei miseris quis nos solabitur ultra? Sufficit exilium. ut. celer hue pietatis Ut. sed qualia saltern potest. fert.. te triplicem solante catervam. Limbique patres sperata tenere Pr^mia concedis.

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— ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.j. As stated in Memorial-Inti-oductiou fp. Peter's Complaint from the Stonyhurst autograph mss. when they on him did These ey[erased] were bowes there lookes lyke arowes lyght Which not content to hurt his heavy hart glanced to the Soule Even pea lanced the Sowle [erased] and wounded in such wise he was fayne till That al his dayes while life did quyte departe so still He oynted it [Ill with liquour of his eies. — erased] leveld at his dolful rest The sharpest arows and most deadly flyghtes Were theis of Chryste. Ixxxvi. I hem give the remainiug interlineations and studies for St. as follows: The bowes which brest [sic] [shott the fa . to copy. 1. adliereiits new folower was. once to a minion bold Thre severall tymes [twyse erased] by two handmades woyce Next to a man last to that levyl [or renyl] rout [And last by meanes of that accursed crue erased] — face — bought [sic] he was not of the fold He sed and swore [that he erased]. . made his choisc never Of Chrysts whome he [denyed that he knew erased] [To folowe Chryst a man he never knew erased] But when The cocke had chased out this [stubborne erased] brail — — — as thing [thrall ?J and brought in day for witnes of the cryme .. . margin — To nynt the wounde to liath the sores.] VKRSE This verse it is difficult III.

VERSE ETC. her beautuouse face in glasse wel discrye easely prie As thy old sely wret did in this passe No youthful dame Of christall brj'ghtnes did so foul de- In th' eies of Chryst his filthy fait espye Nor egi*e eare though covetous to heare preaclie And without pause attent to teachers speache Could learne so much in twyce two hundi-ed yeares in a turne As with one looks he did in moment VI. —erased] stubborn the [whe— erased] wretch scarse luarkyuL yet his fall Did with his eies meete theies of Christ his King. disciple fierce. In what distresse pore peater did remayne At this encountrynge ech with others eies Let no man vant that he cann make it playne No tunge can reache the truthe scarce mynde surmyse It seemed that Chryst amids that juysh crew Forlorne of frends these speaches did reherse Behold that which I sayed is now to viewe O freude disloyall. reach. Lyke as sometyme (though it unworthy be To lyken [In sacred matters with profane) margin — Profaned things in holy talk to name] By lookes a lover secret thoughtes can se searche the hart thoughe it no wordes do frame Let amorous knyghts traynd up in cupids schoole Teache those which are unskilful in this art How without usynge tong or wrytynge toole By lookes the lovers know ech others hart The eies may serve for to display the hart Ech eie of Chryst a running tungue did seeme And ech lyk a listning And peters eis so many eagi*e eared [In margin— Eche ey of peter like a listninge eare] .218 [When as ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.

As a fold [or feld?] of snow which frosen The winter in close valew hiddyn laye At the sprynge tyde of the son heated Doth quyte melt and resolve into water So the feare which enterred was in the frozen heart Of peter then when the ti"uth he conceled When toward him his eies he turned Did quyte thaw and unto teares was resolved.s/c] teres or at the . it would make him brast that could understand [conceive] them For if from mortall eie often cometh Virtue. which hath force in us. None faythful found I none courteous Of so many that I have vouchsafned to be myne But thow Ai-t in whome my was more kyndled [sic] faythlesse and ungi*atefull above all other All other with there (cowardly) flyght did onely ofifend me my But thow hast denyed and now with the other [foes] ghilty Standest feedynd thy eies with my damage [and sorowes] As though pai-t of this pleasur belonged unto the. Who by one and one could count The wordes of wrath and of love full Which peter seemed to se imprinted In the holy gyi-e [compasse] those two calme eyes. 219 Prest to receyue the voyce and it esteame According to that sense that it should heare More fierce he seemed to say ar thy eis Then the impious hands which shall naile me on the crosse Nether feele I any blow which do so annoy me Of so many which this gylty rable doth on me lay As that blow which came out of thy mouth. He Which weepyng were not as river or torrent scorchyng hot season could ever dry upp For though Chryst Kyng of heaven immayntenant Did retornc him the gi-ace which he had lost Yet all the remnant of his lyfe [. ANOTHER VERSE.: ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. He which proveth [this] let him gesse Wliat an eie divyne [or of God] is able to worke in man's senses.

122-3). ch. Josephe's Amazement. Joseph's : intention of flight with I'eference to be noted that the Protevangel or Apoc.)' mentioned in Pseudo Matt. xi. There was never nyght but therein he did wake Herynge the cock tell him how unfayful he had hen And gevinge new teares to his old fait before had ben Attyned with the coloure of death By reason of the blood which was retyred Levyng th' other parts cold and pale That face which litle to the harte Of the beames of those holy eies warmed as red as fyre Waxed flame and by the same dores That feare entred it vanished away And in his due place shame appeared Vewj'nge the wi-ech how diverse From his former state he founde him self His hart not sufi'ysyng him to stand there presente Before his offended lord that so had loved him Without taryance for the fierce or mercyful Sentence which the hard tribunal seat did give on him From that odious house hated bouse that then he was in Weepyng bitterlj' he went forth And desyi-ous to encounter some that just penance Would geve him for his grevous error. 2. 132. st. x. In the Stonyhurst sis.-vi. Gosj^el was (then) new to the Latin Church. it may here . and BO an object of curiosity to our Poet. who seems to have been well-read. of a Discourse on these stanzas are wi-itten by themselves by [and payn] Mary Magdalene. ' dothe shoot his bowes of the axe. Southwell the — second incomplete sayle lanceth in the tyde Must many a billow's boystrous brunt And stormy blast abyde.' is (pp.: 220 ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. The Shippe that from the port doth And The tree that groweth on the hill And bye Besyde the danger 3. and this and Southwell's use of such. (See p. being first published in Latin in 1552. ii.

And with a heavy. 221 the instrument or organ of sight' as the eye. was now out of heart. with a lazy spright. 6. i. (iii. But a Letter from my admir' . Shakespeakk (Venus and Adonis. 176 note on st. Besides. on some true-love's Similarly seeing. Speaking of the innkeeper who is afraid that his mule veal will he discovered. and the bleared him.) laine) pardned in roguery. The translator of The Rogue line 4 of I die without or Life of Don Guzman ' D'Alfarache. Again (Coriol. iv. and habituated in mischiefe. such kinde of men are commonly cowards. and I think there is a clear example of silly =pavoreux. 1) : All tongues speak of Are spectacled to see him. and was ready to quake for feare. and received support from other wellknown and accomplished critics. 181-4) : And now Adonis. ii. sights Once more. dark. and nothing in the rest of the context at all shows that he got foolish or silly in our present sense of : ' the word. His louring brows o'erwhelming his fair sight. in thefts. (See 2 Heniy IV. and being steeped. ' Silly' (see p.: : ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. but no manhood at all. Midsummer Night's Dream And laid the love-juice ' 2) sight. of optical instruments Their eyes of fire we use sight' as the : eye opening or instrument of and so Shakespeare p. lines SocTHWELL uses ' = sight. though a Spaniard. was as gi-eat a master of colloquial idiomatic English as Florio. and gi-ew silly and weake-spii-ited. and have onely an The context quoted outside of men. disliking eye . 4. i. and it may therefore be well to confinn the sense and use. Richardson and the Lexicographers give no example of such use. c. and lyen long in soke (as it were). Like misty vapours when they blot the sky. This poor Rogue (albeit a very vilGuzman says (b. v. 1. where it forms one of several. Thereupon a correspondent in the Tablet' assigned reasons for ascribing it to Southwell.) sparkling through sights of steel. e. Desert'). : 5.' points to this meaning. Fii-st. 155. as late as 1629. i. ' In the ' Month' for January-February 1872 appeared an Elegy on Edmund Campion' from a black-letter contemporary volume in the British Museum. and all kinde of coozenages.

G. S. Sole. in Tablet' for Feb. PANCHAS KOAD. S. Oscott. LONDON KOUhON AND SONS. shows that the external data are against such authorship.W. THE END. 24th. while the internal goes to prove that the Writer (probably Walpole. It must be admitted that there are Southwellian words and turns in the Elegy: but his non-authorship is equally certain. N. which Southwell could not have been.: 222 ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. . of St.) must have been an ' eye-witness of the martyrdom. Mary's College. Birmingham. ruiNTKRS. able friend Kev. J.

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