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APPENDIX

A
GENERAL PILE-DATA AND PILE
HAMMER TABLES

Representative steel and prestressed pile data are provided for the book user. The HP pile
data are similar to those in the AISC Steel Construction Manual except for the addition of
Algoma sections. The sheetpiling data are generally representative of those available both in
the United States and elsewhere. The pipe piling data are only a partial list of available di-
ameters and wall thicknesses. The prestressed pile data are a partial list of available sections.
The SI conversions have been made by the author based on the best currently available
data on nominal section sizes and rounding. The European sections dimensions are as given
by them except where values have been provided in centimeters—a non-SI term. Generally
the use of section values in meters (m) with a 10"" where n = 3 or 6 is the best format since
the exponential term can usually be canceled without even having to write it down. Using
millimeters gives numbers too large to write, and decimal shifting is difficult.
Because of the great difficulty in finding sources (some trade organizations charge for a
list of manufacturers), I have elected to provide addresses for pile hammer manufacturers
and the address of at least one producer of HP piles, sheet piles, pipe piles, and concrete
piles. Although these addresses are correct at the time of publication (I did not include any
representatives' addresses), no warranty can be made that they will remain correct for the
life of this publication.
TABLE A-I
HP pile dimensions and section properties
Metric units in dark type, Fps units in light type.

Flange Section properties


Designation
nominal size/wt, Area, Depth, Width, Thick, Web, Sx, Iy> Sy,
in. x lb/ft in.2 in. in. in. in. in.4 in.3 in.4 in.3
2 3
mm x kg/m m x 10 mm mm mm mm 4
m x 10 6
m 3 x 10 3
m4 x 10 6 m3 x 10 3

HP 14 X 117 34.4 14.21 14.89 0.805 0.805 1220 172 443 59.5
HP360 x 174 22.2 361 378 20.4 20.4 508 2.817 184 0.975
HP 14 X 102 30.0 14.01 14.78 0.705 0.705 1050 150 380 51.4
HP360 x 152 19.4 356 376 17.9 17.9 437 2.458 158 0.842
HP 14 X 89 26.1 13.83 14.70 0.615 0.615 904 131 326 44.3
HP360 x 132 16.9 351 373 15.6 15.6 373 2.147 136 0.726
HP 14 x 73 21.4 13.61 14.59 0.505 0.505 729 107 261 35.8
HP360 x 108 13.9 346 371 12.8 12.8 303 1.753 109 0.587
HP 13 x 100 29.4 13.15 13.20 0.765 0.765 886 135 294 44.5
HP330 x 149 19.0 334 335 19.4 19.4 369 2.212 122 0.729
HP 13 X 87 25.5 12.95 13.10 0.665 0.665 755 117 250 38.1
HP330 x 129 16.5 329 333 16.9 16.9 314 1.917 104 0.624
HP 13 x 73 21.6 12.75 13.01 0.565 0.565 630 98.8 207 31.9
HP330 X 109 13.9 324 330 14.4 14.4 262 1.619 86.2 0.522
HP 13 x 60 17.5 12.54 12.90 0.460 0.460 503 80.3 165 25.5
HP330X 89 11.3 319 328 11.7 11.7 209 1.315 68.7 0.417
*HP 12 x 117 34.3 12.77 12.87 0.930 0.930 946 148 331 51.4
HP310 x 174 22.2 324 327 23.6 23.6 394 2.43 138 0.843
*HP 12 X 102 30.0 12.55 12.62 0.820 0.820 812 129 275 43.6
HP310 x 152 19.4 319 321 20.8 20.8 338 2.120 115 0.716
*HP 12 x 89 26.2 12.35 12.33 0.720 0.720 693 112 226 36.7
HP310 x 132 16.7 314 313 18.3 18.3 287 1.830 93.7 0.599
HP 12 x 84 24.6 12.28 12.30 0.685 0.685 650 106 213 34.6
HP310 x 125 15.9 312 312 17.4 17.4 271 1.737 88.7 0.566
HP 12 x 74 21.8 12.13 12.22 0.610 0.605 569 93.8 186 30.4
HP310 x 110 14.1 308 310 15.5 15.4 236 1.537 77.4 0.498
HP 12 x 63 18.4 11.94 12.13 0.515 0.515 472 79.1 153 25.3
HP310X 93 11.9 303 308 13.1 13.1 196 1.296 63.7 0.415
HP 12 X 53 15.5 11.78 12.05 0.435 0.435 393 66.8 127 21.1
HP310 X 79 10.0 299 306 11.0 11.0 163 1.095 52.9 0.346
HP 10 X 57 16.8 9.99 10.22 0.565 0.565 294 58.8 101 19.7
HP250X 85 10.8 254 260 14.4 14.4 122 0.964 42.0 0.323
HP 10X 42 12.4 9.70 10.08 0.420 0.415 210 43.4 71.7 14.2
HP250X 62 8.0 246 256 10.7 10.5 87.4 0.711 29.8 0.233
HP 8 x 36 10.6 8.02 8.16 0.445 0.445 119 29.8 40.3 9.88
HP200X 53 6.84 204 207 11.3 11.3 49.5 0.488 16.8 0.162
*From Algoma Steel Co. (Canadian); all others available in both United States and Canada.
All shapes not designated with an * are available from:
Bethlehem Steel Corp.
501 East 3rd Street
Bethlehem, PA 18016-7699
TABLE A-2
Typical pile-driving hammers from various sources
Consult manufacturers' catalogs for additional hammers, later models, other details.

Max. rated energy, Working weight, Ram weighty Stroke


Blow Approx.
Model no. type* kips • ft kN*m kips kN kips kN ft m rate/min length, m

Drop hammers Variable 0.50-10 2.2-45 Variable* Very few

Vulcan Iron Works


West Palm Beach, FL 33407
400C SA 113.5 153.86 83 369 40 177.9 1.37 0.42 100 5.1
200C DA 50.2 68.05 39 174 20 89.0 1.29 0.39 98 4.0
140C DA 36.0 48.80 28 125 14 62.3 1.29 0.39 103 3.7
80C DA 24.45 33.14 18 80 8 35.58 1.37 0.42 111 3.7
65C DA 19.2 26.03 15 67 6.5 28.91 1.29 0.39 117 3.7
1-106 SA 15.0 20.33 9.7 43 5.0 22.24 3.0 0.91 60 4.0
7 DA 4.15 5.63 5.1 22.7 0.8 3.56 0.78 0.24 225 1.8
4N100 D 43.4 58.8 12.8 56.9 5.3 23.5 8.13 2.48 50-60
IN100 D 24.6 33.4 7.6 33.8 3.0 13.3 8.13 2.48 50-60
0 SA 24.38 33.04 16.0 71.2 7.5 33.4 3.25 0.99 50 4.6

McKiernan-Terry, Koehring-MKT Division


Dover, NJ 07801
MBRS-7000 SA 361.15 489.57 161 712 88.0 391.4 4.10 1.25 40 8.5
OS-30 SA 90.0 122.0 50.5 225 30.0 133.4 3.0 0.91 60 6.4
S-20 SA 60.0 81.34 39.0 173 20.0 88.9 3.0 0.91 60 4.6
S-8 SA 26.0 35.25 18.3 81.4 8.0 35.6 3.25 0.99 53 4.3
S-5 SA 16.25 22.03 12.5 55.4 5.0 22.2 3.25 0.99 60 4.0
IHI-J44 D 79.4 107.63 21.5 95.6 9.7 43.2 8.17 2.49 42-70 4.6
DA55B D 38.0 51.51 19.6 87.3 5.0 22.2 8.0 2.44 48 5.1
DE40 D 32.0 43.38 11.2 49.9 4.0 17.8 10.7 3.26 48 4.6
DE30 D 22.4 30.37 9.1 40.4 2.8 12.4 10.7 3.26 48 4.6

Raymond International, Inc.


2801 South Post Road, Houston, TX 77027
30X DA 75.0 107.67 52.0 231.2 30.0 133.4 2.5 0.76 70 5.8
5/0 SA 56.9 77.10 26.5 117.6 17.5 77.8 3.25 0.99 44 5.1
150C DA 48.8 66.09 32.5 144.5 15.0 66.7 1.50 0.46 95-105 4.8
2/0 SA 32.5 44.06 18.8 83.4 10.0 44.5 3.25 0.99 50 4.6
80C DA 24.5 33.14 17.9 79.5 8.0 35.6 1.38 0.42 95-105 3.7
65C DA 19.5 26.43 14.7 65.3 6.5 28.9 1.33 0.41 110 3.7
1 SA 15.0 20.33 11.0 48.9 5.0 22.2 3.0 0.91 60 4.0

The Foundation Equipment Corp. (distributor of Delmag Hammers)


New Commerstown, OH 43832
D55 D 117.175t 158.84 26.3 116.9 11.9 52.8 * 36-47 5.5
D44 D 87.0 117.94 22.4 99.6 9.5 42.1 37-55 4.8
D36 D 73.78 100.02 17.8 79.1 7.9 35.3 37-53 4.8
D30 D 54.2 73.47 12.4 55.1 6.6 29.4 40-60 4.3
D22 D 39.78 53.93 11.1 49.4 4.8 21.5 40-60 4.3
D5 D 9.05 12.27 2.7 12.0 1.1 4.9 40-60 4.0
TABLE A-2
Typical pile-driving hammers from various sources (continued)
Consult manufacturers' catalogs for additional hammers, later models, other details.

Max. rated energy, Working weight, Ram weighty Stroke


Blow Approx.
Model no. Type* kips • ft kN*m kips kN kips kN ft m rate/min length, m

Link Belt
Link Belt Speeder Division, FMC Corp., Cedar Rapids, IA 52406
520 D 26.3 35.65 12.6 56.0 5.07 22.55 5.18 1.58 80-84
440 D 18.2 24.67 10.3 45.8 4.0 17.79 4.35 1.39 86-90
312 D 15.0 20.33 10.4 46.2 3.86 17.15 3.89 1.18 100-105
180 D 8.1 10.98 4.6 20.5 1.72 7.67 4.70 1.43 90-95

L. B. Foster Co. (distributor for Kobe Diesel Hammers)


7 Parkway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15220
K150 D 281.3 381.33 80.5 358.0 33.1 147.2 8.5 2.59 45-60 8.5
K45 D 91.1 123.51 25.6 113.8 9.9 44.0 9.17 2.80 39-60 5.8
K42 D 79.0 107.09 24.0 106.7 9.26 41.2 8.5 2.59 45-60 5.8
K32 D 60.1 81.47 17.8 79.2 7.1 31.4 8.5 2.59 45-60 5.5
K25 D 50.7 68.73 13.1 58.2 5.5 24.5 9.17 2.80 39-60 5.5
K13 D 24.4 33.08 8.0 35.6 2.9 12.7 8.5 2.59 45-60 5.1

Berminghammer Corp., Ltd.


Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)
B500 D 75.0 101.67 16.5 73.4 6.9 30.7 12.0 3.66 40-60
B225 D 25.0 33.89 6.8 30.2 2.9 12.7 9.7 2.96 40-60

Mitsubishi International Corp.


875 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611
MB70 D 137.0 185.72 46.0 204.6 15.84 70.5 8.5 2.59 38-60 6.1
M43 D 84.0 113.87 22.6 100.5 9.46 42.1 8.5 2.59 40-60 4.8
M33 D 64.0 86.76 16.9 75.2 7.26 32.3 8.5 2.59 40-60 4.8
M23 D 45.0 61.00 11.2 49.8 5.06 22.5 8.5 2.59 42-60 4.3
M14 D 26.0 35.25 7.3 32.5 2.97 1.32 8.5 2.59 42-60 4.3

*SA = single-acting; DA = double-acting or differential-acting; D = diesel.


tEnergy varies from maximum shown to about 60 percent of maximum depending on stroke and soil.
$ Variable stroke; stroke = energy out/weight of ram.
H Ram weight or weight of striking part.
TABLE A-3a
Steel sheetpiling sections produced in the United States*

Section Moment of
Depth Driving Weight modulus* inertia
d, distance, per pile, per pile,
Section in. in. lb/ft lb/ft2 in.3 in.4
index mm mm kg/m kg/m2 m3 x 10 3 m4 x 10 6

PZ40 16.1 19.69 65.6 40.0 99.6 805.4


410 500 97.6 195.3 1.632 335.23
PZ35 14.9 22.64 66.0 35.0 91.4 681.5
380 575 98.2 170.9 1.498 283.7

PZ27 12 18 40.5 27.0 45.3 276.3


305 460 60.3 131.8 0.742 115.0
PZ22 9 22 40.3 22.0 33.1 154.7
230 560 60.0 107.4 0.542 64.39

PS31 19.69 50.9 31.0 3.3 5.3


500 75.7 151.4 0.054 2.206

PS27.5 19.69 45.1 27.5 3.3 5.3


500 67.1 134.3 0.054 2.206

PSA23 16.00 30.7 23.0 3.2 5.5


405 45.7 112.3 0.052 2.290

Box pile 31.0 45.28 261.2 — 480.7 7618


787 1150 388.7 — 7.877 3170.9

Driving distance

Load side

*These sections are now available only from Bethlehem Steel Corporation.
Steel grades: A328 with Fy = 270 MPa (39 ksi)
A572 with Fy = 345 and 415 MPa (50 and 60 ksi)
A690 with Fy = 345 MPa (50 ksi) for marine environments
TABLE A-3b
Steel sheetpiling sections produced in Europe

Section Moment of
Depth Driving Weight modulus inertia
Section d, distance, per pile, per pile,
index mm mm kg/m kg/m2 m3 x 10 3 m4 X 10 6

AZ 13 303 670 72.0 107 0.870 132.0

AZ 18 380 630 74.4 118 1.135 215.40

AZ 26 427 630 97.8 155 1.640 349.70

AZ 36 460 630 122.2 194 2.270 521.60

AS500-12.0 500 72.3 145 0.047 1.80


TABLE \-3b (continued)

AS500-12.7 — 500 75.2 150 0.047 1.80

Driving
distance

Combination 10/13 HZ775A/ZH9.5 775 1585 184 222 4.80 1859.9

Driving
distance

Sheetpiling produced by International Sheet Piling Group


ARBED Group
3-7, rue Schiller
L-2930 Luxemburg, TeL: (352)-5550-2060

TABLE A-4
Typical available steel pipe sections used for piles and caisson shells
In spiral welded pipe almost any wall thickness and diameter can be produced.
[Courtesy Skyline Steel Corporation, Pipe Division, Peachtree Industrial Boulevard, Duluth,
GA, TeL: 404-623-6200]
N
°^nal WaUthickness
w •h Area m2 x 103
'
mm (in.) mm in. kg/m Concrete Steel

254 4.78 0.188 29.2 46.9 3.75


(10) 5.56 0.219 34.0 46.3 4.35
6.35 0.250 38.7 45.9 4.94
273 4.78 0.188 31.5 54.5 4.03
(1Of) 6.35 0.250 41.7 53.2 5.32
7.79 0.307 51.0 52.1 6.50
9.27 0.365 60.3 50.9 7.68
305 4.78 0.188 35.2 68.5 4.49
(12) 5.56 0.219 41.0 67.7 5.23
6.35 0.250 46.7 67.0 5.97
325 4.78 0.188 37.4 77.6 4.79
(12|) 6.35 0.250 49.7 76.0 6.34
7.92 0.312 61.8 74.5 7.86
9.53 0.375 73.8 73.0 9.41
12.70 0.500 97.3 69.9 12.41
TABLE A-4 (continued)
In spiral welded pipe almost any wall thickness and diameter can be produced.
[Courtesy Skyline Steel Corporation, Pipe Division, Peachtree Industrial Boulevard, Duluth,
GA, TeL: 404-623-6200]
Nominal w n thickness Areami x 10 3
OD, Weight, '
mm (in.) mm in. kg/m Concrete Steel

356 5.56 0.219 47.9 93.2 6.12


(14) 6.35 0.250 54.6 92.3 6.97
7.92 0.312 68.0 90.6 8.66
9.53 0.375 81.3 89.0 10.35
12.70 0.500 107.3 85.6 13.68
410 4.78 0.188 41.2 123.7 6.03
(16) 6.35 0.250 62.7 121.7 7.98
7.92 0.312 78.0 119.8 9.92
9.53 0.375 93.2 117.8 11.88
12.70 0.500 123.2 114.0 15.71
460 5.56 0.219 61.8 156.3 7.89
(18) 6.35 0.250 70.5 155.2 8.99
7.92 0.312 87.8 153.0 11.19
9.53 0.375 105.1 150.8 13.39
510 6.35 0.250 78.4 192.6 10.01
(20) 7.92 0.312 97.8 190.3 12.45
9.53 0.375 117.0 187.7 14.92
12.70 0.500 154.9 182.9 19.76
610 6.35 0.250 94.3 279.8 12.06
(24) 7.92 0.312 117.7 276.9 14.97
9.53 0.375 140.8 273.9 17.94
12.70 0.500 186.8 268.1 23.81
760 9.53 0.375 176.6 433.5 22.52
(30) 12.70 0.500 234.4 426.1 29.87
915 9.53 0.375 212.4 629.5 27.10
(36) 12.70 0.500 282.2 620.7 36.00
1070 9.53 0.375 248.1 862.2 31.61
(42) 12.70 0.500 329.8 851.7 42.06
1220 9.53 0.375 283.8 1131.2 36.19
(48) 12.70 0.500 377.5 1119.4 48.13
1370 9.53 0.375 320.0 1436.8 40.76
(54) 12.70 0.500 424.1 1423.4 54.19
TABLE A-5
Typical prestressed-concrete pile sections—both solid and hollow-core (HC)*
Nominal
pile size Area Approx. Minimum No. of strands
concrete, weight, pre-stress in pile,H Mom. of inertia /, Perimeter,
mm (in.) m2 x 10 3 kN/m force, $ kN 11.1/12.7 mm m4 X 10 6 m

250 (10) 64.5 1.52 311 4/4 346.7 1.02


Wire spiral 300 (12) 92.9 2.19 449 6/5 719.2 1.22
Size Size 360 (14) 126.5 2.99 610 8/6 1332.4 1.42
410 (16) 171.0 4.04 830 11/8 2273.0 1.63
460 (18) 209.0 4.93 1010 13/10 3641.2 1.83
510 (20) 258.1 6.09 1250 16/12 5549.6 2.03
Core 560 (22) 312.3 7.37 1500 20/15 8125.3 2.24
diameter 610 (24) 371.6 8.77 1790 23/18 11508.0 2.44
Solid Hollow 510 (2O)HCt 196.7 4.64 950 13/10 5250.8 2.03
Prestressing 560 (22)HC 226.5 5.35 1095 14/11 7504.8 2.24
strand 610 (24)HC 257.4 6.07 1245 16/12 10473.6 2.44

Size 250 (10) 53.5 1.26 260 4/4 231.0 0.84


300 (12) 76.8 1.81 370 5/4 472.0 1.02
360 (14) 104.5 2.47 500 7/5 876.2 1.17
Core 410 (16) 136.8 3.23 660 9/7 1495.1 1.35
diameter
460 (18) 172.9 4.08 835 11/8 2374.6 1.52
510 (20) 213.5 5.04 1030 14/10 3650.3 1.68
560 (22) 258.7 6.11 1250 16/12 5343.2 1.85
Solid or hollow
610 (24) 307.7 7.26 1485 19/15 7567.1 2.03
510 (2O)HC 132.3 3.12 735 10/8 3350.7 1.68
560 (22)HC 172.9 4.08 835 11/8 4761.7 1.85
610 (24)HC 193.5 4.57 835 12/9 6533.2 2.03
*Additional data available from Prestressed Concrete Institute, 20 North Wacker Drive, Chicago, IL 60606.
f Voids in 510-, 560-, and 610-mm diameter HC piles are 279-, 330-, and 381-mm diameter, respectively, to provide a
minimum 115-mm wall thickness.
^Minimum prestress force based on fp =4.8 MPa after losses.
UUses 11.1 (-J^ -in.) and 12.7 (^-in.) stress-relieved strands with />uU = 138 and 184 kN, respectively.