Corruption in India From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Political corruption in India is a major concern

.[1] A 2005 study done by Transparency International (TI) in India found that more than 50% of the people had firsthand experience of paying bribe or peddling influence to get a job done in a public office.[1] Taxes and bribes are common between state borders; Transparency International estimates that truckers pay annually US$5 billion in b ribes.[2] Criminalization of Indian politics is a problem.[3][4] In July 2008 The Washington Post reported that nearly a fourth of the 540 Indian Parliament members faced criminal charges, "including human trafficking, immigration rackets, embezzlement, rape and even murder".[5]

Overview of the index of perception of corruption, 2007 Contents [hide]
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1 History
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1.1 Politics 1.2 Bureaucracy 
   

1.2.1 Land and property 1.2.2 Tendering processes and awarding contracts 1.2.3 Medicine 1.2.4 Transport 1.2.5 Income tax

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[16] É É É » » Æ » » Å Æ » » È » ´ Ç ¸ » Å Å ²º » » »±§ ¨§µº ª ¨ª® § ²º º e ° ª º ³Ãà ²º ¬ y 2008 e s s e e e y e 540 e s ce c c es c c c es e [5] e eve e At state level. Vietnam. further it was also found that working with India's civil servants was a "slow and painful" process [13] [edit] Land and p operty Officials often steal state property In Bihar. materials suppliers. politicians and construction contractors [15] Shoddy construction and material substitution (e g. elected politicians. China. Hong Kong. Thailand. and sometimes simply washed away when India's heavy monsoon season arrives. acquire.»¨³§¦ ¯ ¦ §®´ ª©® § ª© ©º ¨ª ¶ ¬ ¹ ¬ ¬ © ¯ ©¯ ¦´ ° ¨ § ² ª¦© ´µ§§¦ © ® ©§ ªµ¦ ª©´¦³ ¨ ª®º ®¯ ° ª®© © ©³¦´ § ªµ¯ § ¶ ¶ « « « ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¹ ª º´¦³ ¨ ¦ ³ ® ²¦ ¨ª® º ³²¦§´ §¦ ®º ¯ ¦ ª¿ ±» ¯ ©ª§ ¦ ª®¯ ¦ª ³³© ¾ »§ ¦¯ ¶ ¬ ¶ « ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¹ ¬ « ¬ ¦§´ ¯ »ª¦© © ´º¦ ¦ §¦ § ¯ ¯ ² ¨ §©®´ § ª© ² ³ ¦³ §® ° ¦³ ¨ª® ª¦³ ² ³³© ¶ ¶ ¶ « « ¬ ¬ ¬ ¼ ¹ ¹ ª©§µ¨ ¨³¦¯ ¸¦¦ ®¯ º§¦ª ³®§µ ³µ ¨ §¦ ©¨ ¯ ¦ º¦ ° ª© ¦³³¦ §® « ¶ ¬ « ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¹ ¹ ¯ ® ® ² ¨ ³ [edit] Politics ³®¨ª® ³® © ©³¦´ ª®©¨ª¾ Á ³ © §® ª©®À ¬ ¬ ce c sc s e [3][11] [edit] Bu eauc acy A 2005 study done by Trans arency International (TI) in India found that more than 50 of the people had firsthand e perience of paying bribe or peddling influence to get a job done in apublic office [1] Taxes and bribes are common between state borders Transparency International estimates that truc ers pay annually US$5 billion in bribes [12] A 2009 survey of the leading economies of Asia. judicial officers. mixing sand in cement while submitting expenses for cement) result in roads and highways being dangerous. Mafia Raj consisting of municipal and other government officials. which are groupings of corrupt public works officials. South Korea. display negligence in quality control processes[citation needed] Many state-funded construction activities in India. candidates with criminal records won the majority of seats ¯ ³µ ´®§ ª¾ ª º®©³§®Ä ª®©¨ª¾ ¬ ¸ ®§ ª¦© ®§ ©ºº© ° ª©¸ © ®§ ª®ºµ¯ ª©¨µ³ ª©± ° §®¯ ³®ª©º©§ ¨ ® ° « « « « ¬ ¬ ¬ ¹¹ ¹ ¦ ¯ §µ¦ ® ³§® ª ®¯ ¨ §¦´ § ¦Ä ª¦ ª©¯ ® ¯ ¬¹ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬« ½ ¼ ¹ »º ³²¦§´ ® cs s © e e e e ly elections § ª¦© ´µ§§¦ ¬ ¯ ¶ ¬ ¨¦©§ ´ § ©³§® ¨³ ¯ ® ª© ¨ §§µ ¯ »»» ¼ §® ¨ª® °¨ ©º ®¯ ¯ µ ¬ ¬ ¦ » ¨®º ¯ ®¯ ª ©· ¯ ª®¯ « ¬ « ° ¸§®º © ®µ ¬ ª ¯ ¬ §¦ ¨ ³²²¦¯ ¨³µ¦ Acc e S e ys c y e-1991 s y y es s ee e ec s s ee e e e e s s e e ce ec s s y q ses ces c s e c e e ec y ec s s c ey s sc e e y e c -ec c e e e se c 1991 s e e s e c s ye s es y e e e y e s ee ces c e e cess [10] eve c e ve e e j e s y eve c es ce s c y ee y ee e c ce s e ¶ ° ª¦© © ³©¯ » º© § ©º¦ª¦ « ½ ¨ ¨ª® ° º¦ª¦ §´ ¦¨®¯ ¶ § ¶ º ©ª®¯ ® ° º ©ª®¯ º ®¨ ¨³¦ ¨®² ¬ ¯ ¸§®º º ¬ ¦ © ©³¦´ ¬ ª©¯ © ¨ ¬ ¶ ©§´ ®º© © ³³© ª® ¬ ¬ « ¬ ® ¦³³® ¬ ® § ¬ ² ³³© ® ¬ ª¦© §¦ ©¨ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¨³µ¦ ¨ ¦º³® ¨ ² ¨ª® ° ® §µ¦ § º « §®³ « ¶ § e e ce s e R j e sy e c e s c sc ce e e [ ] ese e e e s cc e e ee e e e s s c es eve e y c s c s ¬ ³§®³µ © §®´ ° ¬ § ¦ ¨ª©¸ ³³® °ª © « ¹¹ ¯ ª©± °¯ ª© ®§¨ª « ¬ © ©³¦´ ª®©¨ª¾ ¦ ª¦© ®Ã©³®ª©º©§Â ¬ ¬ ¹ © ¦ ª©¨§¦ ¬ ­ ¬ « ­ . more than 80 of the subsidized food aid to poor is stolen [10] In cities and villages throughout India. real estate developers and law enforcement officials. Japan. Philippines and Indonesia. develop and sell land in illegal ways [14] [edit] Tendering processes and awarding contracts Government officials having discretionary powers in awarding contracts engage in preferential treatment for selected bidders. Taiwan. revealed Indian bureaucracy to be not just least efficient out of Singapore. are dominated by construction mafias. such as road building. Malaysia. things are often worse In Uttar Pradesh Asse 2002.

[1]. Many officers have been caught for allegedly selling defence stores in the black market in the border districts of Indian states and territories. such as the Thiruvananthapuram airport in Kerala.[21][22][23] . shortage of judges and complex procedures. Other examples include the award of mining leases to private companies without a levy of taxes that is proportionate to the market value of the ore[citation needed]. consultations with doctors and availing diagnostic services. Such theft is a rude awakening to the state of corruption in Kerala to tourists and expatriates returning from vacations [17] . Some airports. traffic violations engage in rent seeking activity. judicial corruption in India is attributable to factors such as "delays in the disposal of cases. safety norms. all of which are exacerbated by a preponderance of new laws". Typically a lenient treatment for an offending driver or vehicle is accompanied by expectation of a bribe[citation needed].[20] [edit] Armed forces The Indian Armed Forces have frequently witnessed corruption involving senior armed forces officers from the Indian Army. Recent sukhna land scandal involving four Indian Lieutenant Generals has shaken public faith in the country's massive military at a time when unprecedented sums are being spent on modernising the armed forces. [edit] Income tax There have been several cases of collusion of officials of the income tax department of India for a favorable tax treatment in return for bribes [18][19] [edit] Preferential award of public resources As detailed earlier. Corrupt officials and airport employees turn a blind eye to theft of passenger belongings often colluding in the theft. [edit] Judiciary Corruption is rampant in the judicial system of India. There have been cases of diversion of medical supplies from government hospitals and clinics[citation needed] as well as supply and distribution of medicines of inferior quality[citation needed] [edit] Transport Officials who oversee transportation regulations. This leads to facilitation payments to accelerate normal government processes[citation needed] . land in areas with short supply is relatively common with government entities awarding public land to private concerns at negligible rates. According to Transparency International. are notorious for theft of valuables from bags checked on incoming flights. A string of eye-popping fraud cases has damaged the institution in recent years.[edit] Medicine In Government Hospitals. Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. India has multiple jurisdictions for vehicular laws as well as overlapping laws at the central government and state government level which worsens bureaucratic complications. corruption is associated with non availability of medicines (or duplicate medicines). getting admission.

which is a major reason behind deaths in custody. that re uire government officials to furnish information re uested by citizens or face punitive action.[27] [edit Reli ious institutions In India. [edit Anti. The 2006 report by Transparency International puts India at the 70th place and states that significant improvements were made by India in reducing corruption.orruption efforts [edit Ri ht to infor ation a t Main article: ight to Information Act The ight to Information Act (2005) and e uivalent acts in the states.068 crore (US$4. police. and compared to China and other lower developed Asian nations. the programme coordinator of the Indian branch of the Commonwealth Human ights Initiative in ew Delhi comments that the main issue at hand concerning police violence is a lack of accountability of the police. The TI India study estimates the monetary value of petty corruption in 11 basic services provided by the government. India still ranks in the bottom uartile of developing nations in terms of the ease of doing business. These institutions are based on the Ombudsman in Scandinavian countries. torture is widespread in police custody. like education. headed by a retired Supreme Court judge or high court chief justice. The chief economic conse u ences of corruption are the loss to the economy an unhealthy climate for investment and an increase in the cost of government-subsidised services.[30][31] [edit O buds en The LokAyukta is an anti-government corruption organization in the Indian states [32][33]. to be around 21.[26] G.P. the corruption has also crept into religious institutions.7 billion). and comprise of the state vigilance commissioner and a jurist or an eminent administrator as other members [34]. [edit Co puterization y Ñ Ê Ñ Ñ Ê Ð Ð Ð Í Í Ì Ñ Ï Ê Ì Ê Ð Ð Î Ï Ê Î Í Bhoomi is a project jointly funded by the Government of India and the Government of Karnataka to digitize the paper land records and create a software mechanism to control Ì Ë Ê [edit oli e . etc. the average time taken to secure the clearances for a startup or to invoke bankruptcy is much greater.[24][25] The police often torture innocent people until a 'confession' is obtained to save influential and wealthy offenders. Some of the Church of orth India are making money by selling Baptism certificates. healthcare. computerisation of services and various central and state government acts that established vigilance commissions have [1][29] considerably reduced corruption or at least have opened up avenues to redress grievances.Despite State prohibitions against torture and custodial misconduct by the police.. An amendment tothe Constitution has been proposed to implement the Lokayukta uniformly across Indian States as a three-member body. Joshi.[28] A group of church leaders and activists has launched a campaign to combat the corruption within churches. judiciary.

The proposal has not yet been acted upon by the Indian government. [edit] Private sector initiatives Several new initiatives have come up in the private sector to raise awareness about Corruption related issues and to build anti-corruption platforms.changes to the land registry in Karnataka. Certain states such as Andhra Pradesh (Andhra Pradesh Anti-corruption Bureau) and Karnataka (Lokayukta) have similar agencies and courts [37][32]. Another popular initiative Jaago Re!One Billion Votes from Tata Tea has now changed its focus from voter registration to fighting corruption [39]. [edit] See also . is likely to have greater impact in curbing corruption at all levels[opinion][citation needed]. however.org is one such organization that is promoting the use of Zero Rupee Notes [38] to fight corruption by shaming the officials who ask for bribe. The project was designed to eliminate the longstanding problem of inefficiency and corruption. y [edit] Whistleblowers Whistleblowers play a major role in the fight against corruption.org is another platform for corruption free India and advocates the use of direct and regular measurement of corruption to force the hands of the leadership into dealing with corruption related issues[40]. which was highlighted by the assassination of Satyendra Dubey. http://5thpillar. The creation of a central agency with specialized courts with broad powers. including state and local level. [edit] Creation of Anti-Corruption Police and Courts Some have called for the Central Government to create an anti-theft law enforcement agency that investigates and prosecutes corruption at all levels of government. y Introduction of smart cards for vehicle registration and drivers licenses by Karnataka Regional Transport Organization[35] . nobribe. Special courts that are more efficient than the traditional Indian courts with traveling judges and law enforcement agents are being proposed. Enforcement automation of traffic violations by Bangalore Traffic Police[36]. India currently does not have a law to protect whistleblowers.