94 views

Uploaded by sabarnadhk

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Lord Dms Project Work
- Electrical Engineering Design Project
- Hariff
- Different Techniques of Reactive Power Compensation
- Power Generation Operation y Control Allen Wood 011
- Assignment Power System
- Dc Power System Blt 12
- POWER SYSTEM DYNAMICS
- Power System_ Basic Structure and Functioning _ EE Power School
- Sensitivity
- SSR In DFIG Systems
- IRJET- Overhead Line Protection with Automatic Switch by using PLC Automation
- Print Friendly
- PSGC
- Pres Wollenberg
- PSE Training Manual_Intro
- i b 2615731577
- Steady State Power Optimization Using Facts Devices
- A Novel Technique for Congestion Management in Transmission System by Real Power Flow Control
- Overview of Load Flow Studies Experiment

You are on page 1of 5

Controller

C.Venkatesh Kumar V.Gomathi

PG Scholar M.E (Power Systems Engineering) Power Systems Engineering

College of Engineering,Anna University College of Engineering,Anna University

Guindy,Chennai,600025 Guindy,Chennai,600025

venkateshceg@gmail.com vgomes@yahoo.com

Abstract: With the flexible of AC transmission systems IPFC, a versatile VSC-based FACTS controller for

(FACTS) technique, the power flow in the interconnected series compensation with the unique capability of power

power systems can be controlled flexibly. This paper is flow management among multi-lines of a substation and

concerned about the state estimation of system, which contain has the capability to equalize both real and reactive power

Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) device. Interline flow between the lines, transfer power from overloaded to

power flow controller (IPFC) is one of the versatile FACTS underloaded lines, compensate against reactive voltage

device which is considered for State Estimation. Based on the drops and the corresponding reactive line power, and to

conventional power system state estimation model, a kind of

increase the effectiveness of the compensating system

model for state estimation with IPFC is introduced in this

paper, in which power injection model is used and the affect of against dynamic disturbances.

IPFC on the power flow is transferred to the lines which is

connected. This method can be integrated to the conventional So,there has been increasing interest in the analysis of IPFC

state estimation program with the consideration of IPFC. The in power system.However, very limited efforts have been

results demonstrate that the model is effective for practical use. made to study the impact of FACTS devices on power

The Operation and working of Interline Power flow Controller system state estimation. A new method is introduced to

was done and the results are simulated and presented using incorporate IPFC devices into the power state estimation.

MATLAB/SIMULINK. This paper attempts to deduce the model of state estimation

with IPFC using the conventional power system state

I. INTRODUCTION estimation model. A power injection model that transfers the

After the establishment of power markets with

affect of IPFC towards the power flow to the transmission

transmission open access, the significance and use of FACTS

lines is presented. This method can be integrated to the

devices for manipulating line power flows to relieve congestion

and optimize the overall grid operation have increased. As a

conventional state estimation program with the

result, there is a need to integrate the FACTS device models consideration of IPFC. Furthermore, the results demonstrate

into the existing power system applications.This paper will that the model is effective for practical use. The Operation

present an algorithm for state estimation of networks co- of Interline Power flow Controller was done and the results

ordinated with a FACTS device. are simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK.

Due to the enlargement of interconnected electric

power system and the increasingly complexity of electric II. THE STATE ESTIMATION PROBLEM

power system structure, hence energy management

A. Formulation

system（EMS）is critical for modern power system State WLS state estimation minimizes the weighted sum of

estimation plays an important role in EMS, which provides a squares of the residuals.

reliable and consistent system data by processing real time

redundant telemetered and pseudo measurements. These Consider the set of measurements given by the vector z :

measurements typically consist of bus voltage magnitudes,

real and reactive line flows and power injection. Processing

these real time data, different kinds of advanced application z1 h1 (x1, x2 ,.., xn ) e1

software in EMS are derived, such as voltage stability

analyses, security constraint and transient stability analysis z2 h2 ( x1, x2 ,.., xn ) e2

et al. Since the concept of flexible AC transmission systems

(FACTS) was proposed by Hingorani in the 1860s,many

. . .

Z= = + =h(x)+e (2)

various FACTS devices have been utilized to meet a

growing demand of the transfer capabilities due to . . .

developing wheeling transactions in the deregulation z h ( x , x ,.., x ) e

environment. Some interesting applications of FACTS m m 1 2 n m

devices can be found to economic dispatch(ED), AC/DC

optimal power flow(OPF), available transfer hT=[h1(x),h2(x),…,hm(x)] (3)

capability(ATC), contract path based electricity trading, and

transmission congestion management.

SELECTED TOPICS in POWER SYSTEMS and REMOTE SENSING

measurement i to the state vector x

Vi , Vj is the voltage magnitude at bus i,

xT=[x1,x2,…,xn ] is the system state vector

δij is the difference between the voltage phase angles

T

e =[e1,e2,…,em] is the vector of measurement errors. at buses i and j,

Let E(e) denote the expected value of e , with the following Gij+jBij is the ijth element of the complex bus

assumptions: admittance matrix,

E(e)=0, i=1,2,…,m

gij+bij is the series admittance of the branch

E(eiej)=0 connecting buses i and j,

Measurement errors are assumed to be independent and their

covariance matrix is given by a diagonal matrix R : gsi+bsi is the shunt admittance of the branch connecting

buses i and j,

Cov(e)=E[e.eT]=R=diag{ߪ12 , ߪ22 ,.., ߪm2} (4)

N is the number of buses in the system.

The WLS estimator will minimize the following objective II. INTERLINE POWER FLOW CONTROLLER

function:

It is common that the Interline Power Flow

m Controller employs a number of dc to ac inverters in

Min J(x)= ∑ (zi-hi(x))2/Rii

i=1 order to offer series compensation for each line. As a new

=[z-h(x)]TR-1[z-h(x)] (5) concept for the compensation and effective power flow

management, it addresses the target of compensating a

The objective of weighting the squared differences in (5) number of transmission lines at a given substation.

is to provide a mathematical way of describing the accuracy 2.1 Configuration of Interline Power Flow

of the meters. Controller

Generally, the Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC) is a

More precisely, the standard deviation a of a meter is a combination of two or more independently controllable

statistical value that describes how tightly the measurements

static synchronous series compensators (SSSC) which are

taken are clustered around the true value. Thus, if the

solid-state voltage source converters which inject an almost

standard deviation is large, the measurement is relatively

sinusoidal voltage at variable magnitude and couples via a

inaccurate; while a small standard deviation value indicates a

small error range. common DC link as shown in Figure1.Conventionally,

series capacitive compensation fixed, thyristor controlled or

B. The Measurement Functions SSSC based, is employed to increase the transmittable real

power over a given line and to balance the loading of a

According to the previous discussion, the measured normally

quantities are represented by the vector z, and h(x) represents

a set of functions that depend on the values being estimated.

These functions are used to calculate the estimated values

corresponding to measured values z. For this study, only the

bus voltage magnitudes, the injected real and reactive

powers, and the real and reactive branch power flows will be

used as the quantities being measured. With exception of the

bus voltage magnitudes, the corresponding h(x) functions are

nonlinear and are calculated as follows:

Real and reactive power injection at bus i:

N

Pi = | Vi | ∑ | V j |( G ij cos δ ij + Bij sin δ ij )

j =1 (3)

N

Qi = | Vi | ∑ | V j |( G ij sin δ ij − Bij cos δ ij ) (4)

j =1

Real and reactive power flow from bus i to bus k

SELECTED TOPICS in POWER SYSTEMS and REMOTE SENSING

controlled to provide a capability to directly transfer

independent real power between the compensated lines

while maintaining the desired distribution of reactive flow

among the line [1],[3].Consider simplified schematic of

IPFC model in figure1, each compensating inverters is

linked together at their dc terminals. With this scheme, in

addition to providing series reactive compensation, any

inverter can be controlled to supply real power to the

common dc link from its own transmission line. Thus, an

overall surplus power can be transferred from the

underutilized lines which can be used by other lines for real

power compensation. Evidently, this arrangement maintains

the overall power balance at the common dc terminal by

appropriate control action. An elementary IPFC scheme

consisting of two back-to-back dc to ac inverters is used as a

tool to compensate a transmission line by series voltage

injection. Two synchronous voltage sources, with phasors

V1pq and V2pq, in series with transmission line1 and 2

respectively, represent the two back-to-back dc to ac Assuming lossless converter valves, the active power

inverters as illustrated in figure2. supplied to one converter equals the active power demanded

by the other, if there are no underlying storage systems; that

2.2 Equivalent Circuit is

IPFC is a kind of VSC-based FACTS device. Just like

UPFC, IPFC is also called combined compensator because

It consists of at least two static synchronous series

compensators (SSSCs) which are connected via a common

dc voltage link that can be represented by a capacitor. For

simplicity, this paper deals with IPFC combining only two

SSSCs, as shown in Fig. 1. However, following derivations

can be applied to IPFCs consisting of more than two VSCs

without much difficulty. Usually, in the steady state analysis

of power systems, the VSC is represented as a synchronous

where the superscript * denotes the conjugate of a complex

voltage source injecting an almost sinusoidal voltage with

number.

controllable magnitude and angle [9]. As for IPFC, the two

VSCs are connected in series with two lines as shown in

Fig. 2. Vi, Vj and Vk are complex voltages at buses i, j and

k, respectively,defined as VbLθb (b=i, j). Vseij and Vseik

are the controllable complex voltages of the two

synchronous voltage sources,defined as VseinLθsej, (n=j, k).

zseij and zsejk are the series transformer impedance. Pcal,i

and Qcal,i are the transmitted active and reactive powers

through the two branches of IPFC leaving bus i. PcalJi

(Pcal,ki) and Qcal,ji (Qcalki) are the transmitted active and

reactive powers through one branch of IPFC leaving bus j

(k), respectively. Active power can be transferred from one

line to the other via the common dc link. Based on the above

equivalent circuit, the power flow equations at each bus are :

SELECTED TOPICS in POWER SYSTEMS and REMOTE SENSING

max{|Av(k+1>|,|Ae(k+1>|}>„go to Step 3;

FLOW CHART:

Pgm, Qgm, and load PIm, Qlm at each bus are as follows:

where m=i,j, k

Here PineJm and Qline,m are conventional transmitted

active and reactive power only through transmission lines

leaving bus m. Equation (6) still applies here. If the series

transformers are assumed to contain no resistance, the

following equation can be derived.

ESTIMATION WITH INTERLINE POWER FLOW

CONTROLLER

be summarized as follows:

load flow;

Step3: Initialize the state vector v(0),e(0) and calculate system In this section, IEEE 14 bus and 30 bus system has been

measurements; used to test the effectiveness of the introduced method. The

data for testing the modified state estimation are obtained

using the results from power flow analysis. The solution

Step 4: With IPFC Compute Jacobin matrix H(x(k));

accuracy, convergence behavior and computational

efficiency of the proposed method are verified by the test

(k+1) AND (k+1) .

Step5: Obtain ∆V ∆θ results and compared with those obtain from traditional state

estimation method. For all simulations, the tolerance used to

define convergence is 10−4.

V(k+1)=∆V(k)+∆V(k+1) , θ(k+1)=∆ θ(k)+∆ θ(k+1)

SELECTED TOPICS in POWER SYSTEMS and REMOTE SENSING

STATE ESTIMATION RESULTS FOR IEEE 14 BUS Value State problem was Estimation

Using Interior Point Methods," IEEE Transactions on Power

Systems, 9(3), 1994, 1478- 1484.

TRUE WITHOUT WITH IPFC

BUS VALUES IPFC

[6] B. Xu, A. Abur, "State Estimation of Systems with

NO.

Embedded FACTS Devices," in Proc. 2003 IEEE Power

V/pu δ(°) V/pu δ(°) V/pu δ(°)

Tech Conf, 5 pp

[7]A. Nabavi-Niaki, M. R. Iravani, " Steady State and

1 1.0600 0.0000 1.0600 0.0000 1.0600 0.0000

Dynamic Models of United

Power Flow Controller (UPFC) for Power System Studies ",

2 1.0443 -4.9645 1.0445 -5.0258 1.0445 -4.9652

IEEE Transactions on

Power systems, Vol. 11, No. 4, November 1996.

3 1.0142 -12.5525 0.9982 -13.1523 1.0141 -12.5432

[8] M. Noroozian, L. Angquist, M. Ghandhari, and G.

Anderson, " Use of UPFC for

4 1.0222 -10.1950 1.0261 -10.9952 1.0262 -10.1891

Optimal Power Flow Control ", IEEE Trans. On Power

Delivery, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp.

5 1.0235 -8.6384 1.0523 -9.6989 1.0335 -8.6215

1629-1634, October 1997.

[9] John J. Grainger, William D. Stevenson, Jr., " Power

6 1.0702 -14.2147 1.0710 -14.7012 1.0713 -14.2214 System Analysis", McGraw-

Hill, 1988.

7 1.0629 -13.2642 1.0592 -12.7999 1.0629 -13.2531

Iteration number 4 4

REFERENCES:

Operation and Control, 2nd. Ed. (New

York: Wiley, 1996,453-513).

Analysis, (New York: McGraw-Hill,

1994,603-653).

"Generalized State Estimation," IEEE

Transactions on Power Systems, 13(3), 1998, 1069-1075.

Estimation with solving SE in Equality

and Inequality Constraints," IEEE Transactions on Power

Systems, 8(2), 1993, 680 - 686.

- Lord Dms Project WorkUploaded bydavid ukwen
- Electrical Engineering Design ProjectUploaded byferdoskhan
- HariffUploaded byDiliyanzah Asri
- Different Techniques of Reactive Power CompensationUploaded byJagdeep Singh
- Power Generation Operation y Control Allen Wood 011Uploaded byVinod Murugan
- Assignment Power SystemUploaded bydhananjay656
- Dc Power System Blt 12Uploaded bykylegaze
- POWER SYSTEM DYNAMICSUploaded byanon_687906
- Power System_ Basic Structure and Functioning _ EE Power SchoolUploaded bymuhammad_sarwar_27
- SensitivityUploaded byMayank Kataria
- SSR In DFIG SystemsUploaded byHossein_jujuju
- IRJET- Overhead Line Protection with Automatic Switch by using PLC AutomationUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Print FriendlyUploaded byRishi Kamal
- PSGCUploaded byChushi My
- Pres WollenbergUploaded byDanielAlejandroRamosQuero
- PSE Training Manual_IntroUploaded byuplbseles
- i b 2615731577Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Steady State Power Optimization Using Facts DevicesUploaded byVishesh Verma
- A Novel Technique for Congestion Management in Transmission System by Real Power Flow ControlUploaded bywvargas926
- Overview of Load Flow Studies ExperimentUploaded bysijo
- Monika.resumeUploaded bymonika meena
- 134938_mohiden_amina_2008.pdfUploaded byRob
- Transmission OverviewUploaded byRatheesh Kumar
- Eprosys Profile 2013-14Uploaded bySukant Kumar Mohanty
- ElectricitySupply_WEB.pdfUploaded byBenjamin Islamagic
- cablesUploaded byrasheed313
- AC0F3D87d01Uploaded byItalo Chiarella
- Ramani 09 BE ProjUploaded bymanda_sridhar007
- Power EngineeringUploaded bysharathVEM
- d statcom(a)Uploaded bySairam Sai

- Easy Steps Cisco Extended Access List 231Uploaded byGlenn Joocey Majozi
- Wolverine Brass v. KohlerUploaded byPatentBlast
- 4. New Media TechnologyUploaded byDiana Burns
- Simatic s7-1200 CatalogUploaded byAto Ansori
- 1006686023 Mira Pravitasari Managerial Artificial IntelligenceUploaded byMiraPravitasariYunus
- Oracle GoldenGate 11gr2 IE and Oracle DG- Switchover-Fail-over Ops v1.1-ID1436913.1Uploaded byanhditimemVNA
- BS EN 00026-2015Uploaded byVag Katsikopoulos
- Compressed Air Contamination in the Food IndustryUploaded bycb2web
- D Stephenson Verified App for Show Cause 2017Uploaded byEmily Lynne
- The History of Life Insurance Companies in India Began With the Establishment of Oriental Life Insurance Company in the Year 1818 in CalcuttaUploaded byPappu Jaiswal
- Rules of Subject Verb Agreement in Standard EnglishUploaded byPRINTDESK by Dan
- FORM-15GUploaded byChristopher Vinoth
- Rashi Character - Virgo Kanya - FUploaded byRaju Govind
- FLIR-T420-T440-62101-XXXX-62102-XXXX-ManualUploaded byjuniornouchi
- Angleblaster Qick Start User ManualUploaded byFabianAndresGonzalezValenzuela
- Ps21867 p OriginalUploaded byOmar Leon
- 358.50 Win10 Win8 Win7 Winvista Desktop Release NotesUploaded bybiswa217
- PEi_20120329_Mar_2012Uploaded byAndrés Montero
- Introduction to IPRUploaded byAnilkumarhs
- ADXRS290Uploaded bytejabalu
- M_67887_InstalUploaded byJuan Montufar
- User GuideUploaded bySolomane Kané
- DEMERGERSUploaded byKiran Kumar Reddy
- papermathsUploaded byKenny Wong
- ssp_hanoiUploaded byNguyen Thanh Phuong
- notes3Uploaded byVasilios Priskas
- iplUploaded byMohit
- The Practice of Construction Management Third EditionUploaded byRene
- A Comparative Study of Heat Transfer Coefficients for Film CondensationUploaded byRana Abdul Rehman
- Chem1184 Student Manual 2006Uploaded bymmike_36