Surface Preparation Standards

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC) Swedish Standards (Sa,St) NACE 1 – White Metal Blast Cleaning NACE 2 – Near-White Blast Cleaning NACE 3 – Commercial Blast Cleaning SP-1 Solvent Cleaning SP-2 Hand Tool Cleaning SP-3 Power Tool Cleaning SP-4 Flame Cleaning SP-5 White Metal Blast Cleaning SP-6 Commercial Blast Cleaning SP-7 Brush-Off Blast Cleaning SP-8 Pickling SP-9 Weathering Followed By Blast Cleaning SP-10 Near-White Blast Cleaning St 2 Hand Tool Cleaning St 3 Power Tool Cleaning Sa 1 Brush-Off Blast Cleaning Sa 2 Commercial Blast Cleaning Sa 2 1/2 Near-White Blast Cleaning Sa 3 White Metal Blast Cleaning

National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE)

Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC)

Swedish Standard (St,Sa)

401 New Karner Rd. Albany, NY 12205 Toll: 800.356.6007 518.344.7777 Fax: 518.346.1110 www.chaseconstructionproducts.com

356.1110 www. rust.chaseconstructionproducts. slightly roughened to form a suitable anchor pattern for coatings. paint or foreign matter by the use of abrasives propelled through nozzles or by centrifugal wheels. uniform metallic color. dirt.Removal of all mill scale. power impact tools. grease. oxides.344.SSPC-SP-1 Solvent Cleaning . dirt. hand chipping or other hand impact tods or by a combination of these methods. salts and other contaminants. when viewed without magnification. Surface should also be free of oil. SSPC-SP-3 St 3 Power Tool Cleaning .6007 518. steam or other similar materials and methods which involve a solvent or cleaning action. power sanders or by a combination of these methods. rust and other detrimental foreign matter by passing high temperature. followed by wire brushing. Surface should not be buffed or polished smooth. Albany. paint. grease.Removal of all loose scale. and loose rust to the degree specified by power wire brushes. NY 12205 Toll: 800. mill scale. salts and other contaminants. salts.7777 Fax: 518. The surface. dirt. The substrate should have a pronounced metallic sheen and also be free of oil. mill scale.com . or any other foreign matter. A White Metal Blast Cleaned Surface Finish is defined as a surface with a gray-white. salts and other contaminants. grease. power grinders.346. high velocity oxy-acetylene flames over the entire surface. shall be free of all oil. drawing and cutting compounds. soil. emulsions.Removal of all rust scale. SSPC-SP-5 Sa 3 NACE 1 White Metal Blast Cleaning .Removal of all detrimental foreign matter such as oil. grease. grease. loose rust and loose paint to the degree specified by hand wire brushing. 401 New Karner Rd. SSPC-SP-4 Flame Cleaning . corrosion products. visible mill scale. loose paint. rust. The substrate should have a faint metallic sheen and also be free of oil. and other contaminants from steel surfaces by the use of solvents. soil. rust scale. dirt. cleaning compounds. hand sanding. soil. dust. SSPC-SP-2 St 2 Hand Tool Cleaning . soil. hand scraping.Removal of all rust scale.

to the degree specified. in that SSPC-SP 3 requires only the removal of loosely adherent materials and does not require producing or retaining a surface profile. dirt. rust scale.Removal of mill scale.Power tool cleaning to produce a bare metal surface and to retain or produce a surface profile. This specification differs from SSPC-SP 3. tight residues of paint or coating that may remain.6007 518. rust. SSPC-SP6 Sa 2 NACE 3 Commercial Blast Cleaning . slight residues of rust or paint may by found in the bottom of pits. Albany. clean. NY 12205 Toll: 800.1110 www. loose mill scale. rust.Removal of loose mill scale. grease.SSPC-SP 11 Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal . mill scale oxides or slight. but where abrasive blasting is not feasible or permissible. A Commercial Blast Cleaned Surface Finish is defined as one from which all oil. to the degree hereafter specified. 401 New Karner Rd. and loose paint. at least two-thirds of each square inch of surface area shall be free of all visible residues and the remainder shall be limited to the light discoloration. and paint. grease.com . paint or foreign matter by the use of abrasives propelled through nozzles or by centrifugal wheels. and paint should be tight and the surface should be sufficiently abraded to provide good adhesion and bonding of paint. It is not intended that the surface shall be free of all mill scale. loose rust and loose paint or coatings are removed completely but tight mill scale and tightly adhered rust. The remaining mill scale. dirt. by the impact of abrasives propelled through nozzles or by centrifugal wheels. mill scale and old paint have been completely removed except for slight shadows. loose rust.356. slight staining or tight residues mentioned above. rust scale. This specification is suitable where a roughened. rust. streaks.344. SSPC-SP-7 Sa 1 Brush-Off Blast Cleaning . Power Tool Cleaning. bare metal surface is required.chaseconstructionproducts. A Brush-Off Blast Cleaned Surface Finish is defined as one from which all oil. paint and coatings are permitted to remain provided that all mill scale and rust have been exposed to the abrasive blast pattern sufficiently to expose numerous flecks of the underlying metal fairly uniformly distributed over the entire surface. or discolorations caused by rust stain. if the surface is pitted.346. rust scale and foreign matter have been completely removed from the surface and all rust.7777 Fax: 518.

1110 www. rust. and the remainder shall be limited to the light discoloration mentioned above. corrosion products. This specification is suitable where a roughened. SSPC-SP-9 Weathering Followed By Blast Cleaning . SSPC-SP 11 Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal .com . rust. rust scale.7777 Fax: 518.6007 518. to the degree hereafter specified.356. grease. tight residues of paint or coating that may remain.SSPC-SP-8 Pickling . paint.Power tool cleaning to produce a bare metal surface and to retain or produce a surface profile. SSPC-SP-10 Sa 2-1/2 NACE 2 Near-White Blast Cleaning . clean.Weathering to remove all or part of the mill scale followed by one of the blast cleaning standards. (TG 276) Surface Preparation of Metals to WJ-2 (Very Thorough or Substantial Cleaning) by High-Pressure Waterjetting (TG 277) Surface Preparation of Metals to WJ-3 (Thorough Cleaning) by High-Pressure Waterjetting (TG 278) Surface Preparation of Metals to WJ-4 (Light Cleaning) by High-Pressure Waterjetting Task groups will review comments received on recent ballots of proposed NACE/SSPC standards on surface preparation by waterjetting. but where abrasive blasting is not feasible or permissible. It is intended that the pickled surface shall be completely free of all scale. dirt. mill scale oxides. oxides. mill scale. NY 12205 Toll: 800. or by both. 401 New Karner Rd. Power Tool Cleaning. This specification differs from SSPC-SP 3.346.Removal of all mill scale.344. or by electrolysis. At least 95 percent of each square inch of surface area shall be free of all visible residues.Removal of nearly all mill scale. bare metal surface is required. A Near-White Blast Cleaned Surface Finish is defined as one from which all oil. very slight streaks or slight discolorations caused by rust stain. or light. Albany.03].chaseconstructionproducts. in that SSPC-SP 3 requires only the removal of loosely adherent materials and does not require producing or retaining a surface profile. and foreign matter. Surface Preparation of Metals to WJ-1 (Clean to Bare Substrate) by HighPressure Waterjetting (TG 275) [02. the surface shall be free of unreacted or harmful acid or alkali. or foreign matter by the use of abrasives propelled through nozzles or by centrifugal wheels. rust and rust scale by chemical reaction. or smut. paint or other foreign matter have been completely removed from the surface except for very light shadows. Furthermore. rust.

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