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Security Level: Internal

47pt WiMAX

The Solution for Universal


Broad Band Wireless

20th January , 2009 www.huawei.com

Author : Nitin Mehta

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


CONTENTS
WiMAX Introduction
Overview of 802.16 e WiMAX Technology
WiMAX Deployments
WiMAX Architecture
WiMAX Applications
Huawei E2E WiMAX Solution

NITIN MEHTA (HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.) Huawei Confidential


Market Opportunity
Significant un-served market needs Market opportunities for a
cost-effective wireless broadband solution.

Developing & Underserved Markets


Lacking Communication Infrastructure

DSL and Cable Modem


Replacement and Extension In all such scenarios, an
effective broadband
Wireless Backhaul in wireless offering based
Cellular and Wi-Fi Networks upon an open standard
can meet the market need
Portable and Mobile Broadband with favorable economics
Coverage

Support of Rich-Data Services,


Straining Current Networks

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 3


Standards

IEEE 802.16 is the standard. WiMAX is the name.

The WiMAX label was introduced by the WiMAX Forum to


promote the 802.16 family of standards

The early iterations of 802.16 focused on line-


802.16 of-sight (LOS) applications using high frequency
(2001) bands between 10-66 GHz

802.16c 802.16a
(2002) (2003) Recent efforts have focused on non-line-of-sight
(NLOS) applications between 2-11 GHz
802.16d § 802.16d (published as 802.16-2004)
(Oct 2004) Fixed & Nomadic
§ 802.16e (to be published as 802.16-2005)
802.16e Fixed, Nomadic, Portable, and Mobile
(Dec 2005 est.)

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 4


Profiles

WiMAX Forum specifies profiles for 802.16-2004 and 802.16e


802.16-2004 and 802.16e are broadly defined by IEEE with many implementation options
A profile is a narrowly defined subset of the IEEE technology specifications

“802.16 Standards WiMAX Forum


Compliant” Certified™

Fixed / Mobile By conforming to the WiMAX


IEEE 802.16e
WiMAX Profiles profile a vendor benefits by…
§ Receiving certification from an
independent testing lab
§ Ensuring interoperability with
Fixed certified products from other
IEEE 802.16d
WiMAX Profiles vendors

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 5


WiMAX Rev. E

WiMAX 802.16 Rev. E meets the market demand for cost-


effective and high-performing broadband wireless service

802.16 Rev. D and 802.16 Rev. E will


802.16 Rev. E
become the dominant
represent different
and incompatible WiMAX standard even
technologies for fixed systems

802.16 Rev. E will


deliver…
Lower Cost Better Performance Path to Mobility
§ Volume deployments lead to § Enhanced Physical Layer § Future-proof solution
economies of scale § High-performing coding schemes § Ubiquitous broadband will
§ Commitment from major chipset § Advanced antenna techniques be a key differentiator
manufacturers
§ Power reduction

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 6


Cellular vs WiMAX

Cellular WiMax

Metric Edge WCDMA 1xEVDO 802.16d 802.16e

Scalable
Modulation TDMA WCDMA CDMA OFDM/OFDMA
OFDMA

2 Mbps (Max) 2.4 Mbps (Max) 75 Mbps (Max) 46 Mbps peak


Data Rate 384 Kbps DL and 7 Mbps
< 384 Kbps < 750 Kbps 20-30 Mbps
UL for 2x2
(Typ.) (Typ.) (Typ.)
MIMO,3:1 TDD,
10 MHz

3-6 km
Range 2 - 10 km 2 - 10 km 2 - 10 km (indoor)
3-5 km (outdoor)
(Avg. Cell) (outdoor) (outdoor) (outdoor) 6-15 km
(outdoor)

800, 900, 2 – 11 GHz 2 – 11 GHz


Various 1.7 – Various 1.7 –
Spectrum 1800, 1900
2.2 GHz 2.2 GHz Lic. & Unlic Lic. & Unlic
GHz

1.25, 2.5, and Scalable 1.5 – 20 Scalable 1.25 –


Channel BW 200 KHz 5 MHz
3.75 MHz MHz 20 MHz

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 7


CONTENTS
WiMAX Introduction
Overview of 802.16 e WiMAX Technology
WiMAX Deployments
WiMAX Architecture
WiMAX Applications
Huawei E2E WiMAX Solution

NITIN MEHTA (HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.) Huawei Confidential


Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

“WiFi to the MAX”


WiFi (802.11b) like Broadband experience, BUT

• Based on IEEE 802.16d/e BWA standards


• Cellular-like Coverage
• Licensed Spectrum
• Full Mobility support
• Power Management, Strong Security & QoS support
• “4G PHY/MAC Layer” (Scaleable OFDMA)
• Embedded Multicast/Broadcast Service support

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What is FDM

Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM )

Uses multiple frequencies to simultaneously transmit multiple


signals in parallel. Each signal has its own frequency range
(sub carrier) which is then modulated by data

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 10


OFDM: 4G and beyond PHY

è Low cost, scaleable BW support using FFT

FDM OFDM

3 Channels 3 Channels
Power

Frequency Power
Frequency

è Spectrally
Spectrally Efficient
Efficient è Robust
Robust to
to multipath
multipath delay-spread
delay-spread

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 11


OFDMA Yields Higher Capacity

OFDM with TDMA OFDMA


( 802.16 d ) ( 802.16 e)

U12 …

U10 …

U11 …
frequency

frequency

U10

U11

U12
U9
U9
User 33

User 44
User 11

User 22

… …

U5

U6

U7

U8
User

User
User

User

U5

U6

U7

U8

U1

U2

U3

U4
U1

U2

U3

U4
time time

è Multiplexing in both Time and Frequency

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OFDMA

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 13


OFDMA-The Multi User Access

OFDMA allows some sub-carriers to be assigned to


different users. For example, sub-carriers 1, 3 and 7 can be assigned to
user 1 and sub-carriers 2, 5 and 9 to user 2.

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 14


OFDM Transmitter

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 15


OFDM Receiver

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 16


Time Division Duplexing (TDD)

Time
FDD TDD

Time
Frequency Frequency

Tx Tx
-3dB P

Rx Rx

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 17


TDD Good Fit for Advanced Antennas

MIMO A / MIMO B TXAA


(4 Tx ant @ BS)

S11 X X S11

Σ
X X X X
S22 X X S22
S
Matrix-A: TX diversity, benefiting link margin X S
Matrix-B: Spatial multiplexing, benefiting throughput

è +9dB System Gain

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 18


Mobile WiMAX - An Ideal Way of BWA

BTS

BTS
IP
Core
GW

OFDMA MIMO/AAS All IP Architecture QoS based connection

Advanced Technology
Distributed IPR
Ø 1551 patents are
Ø Lower licenses fee Cost Effective distributed among
Ø 2-layer flat network 330 companies
Ø High spectrum Ø 23 Companies hold
efficiency Mature, Fair Play more than 10
Patents
Ø 74% owed by
Healthy Eco-System WiMAX Forum
members

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 19


CONTENTS
WiMAX Introduction
Overview of 802.16 e WiMAX Technology
WiMAX Deployments
WiMAX Architecture
WiMAX Applications
Huawei E2E WiMAX Solution

NITIN MEHTA (HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.) Huawei Confidential


Global WiMAX Deployments

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 21


Challenges for Indian Market

1) Spectrum Allocation 2) CPE Prices


NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 22
Challenge 2 – CPE Prices
The estimates given below were given by WiMAX Forum but please note that the CPE pricing has come
down drastically and even more than the Forums expectation due to the increased competition and
acceptability of WiMAX worldwide.

The actual Pricing today are as follows


SME Outdoor CPE : $150 -180 Residential Outdoor Terminal : $ 100 -120
Residential Indoor Terminal : < $ 100
NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 23
Way to Success – Solution for Challenges

Spectrum Allocation CPE Prices

• Government encouraging • The CPE price are expected


WiMAX for India especially to be below $100 by 2011
rural areas • Computer original
equipment manufacturers
• Department of Space asked are set to roll out WiMax-
to vacate frequency band enabled desktops and
from 2.5 GHz band laptops in India during 2008
,just like popular Wi-Fi
enabled Laptops
• 2.3 GHz and 5.8 GHz bands
also considered for BWA

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 24


WiMAX in Rural India

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 25


CONTENTS
WiMAX Introduction
Overview of 802.16 e WiMAX Technology
WiMAX Deployments
WiMAX Architecture
WiMAX Applications
Huawei E2E WiMAX Solution

NITIN MEHTA (HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.) Huawei Confidential


WiMAX IP-Based Network Structure

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 27


WiMAX Network Models and Interfaces
Visited NSP Home NSP
R2

R2

R1 R3 R5
SS/
ASN CSN CSN
MSS
SS

R4,

ASP Network OR ASP Network OR


Another ASN Internet Internet

NAP
NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 28
WiMAX Network Elements
Good Selections for Different Network Capability and Scenarios

Fixed access Nomadic access Simple mobility Full mobility

Accessing Service Network Connecting Service Network


Terminal
RAN Bearing network Gateway Core network EMS

Datacom BOSS
AAA HA
Optical network

Application
server & Internet
microwave iM2000

Ø Bring up new customs for operators and users habit of wireless broadband.
Ø Cleverly address current and potential market expectation.

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 29


CONTENTS
WiMAX Introduction
Overview of 802.16 e WiMAX Technology
WiMAX Deployments
WiMAX Architecture
WiMAX Applications
Huawei E2E WiMAX Solution

NITIN MEHTA (HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.) Huawei Confidential


WiMAX Applications

SEAMLESS CONNECTIVITY AT WORK, AT HOME, IN THE AUTO AND


OUT IN THE WORLD

Rural Broadband
DSL alternative, residential
Community
voice service
Applications
WiFi Hot Spots and
security cameras

SME Services Mobile Broadband


Voice , Data services, VPN Portable, nomadic and mobility
and Video Conferencing

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 31


WiMAX Applications

Point-to-Point
Connections

Enterprise
Residential Access
Access

Multi Story Access Rural Access

Metro-wide
Coverage

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 32


Comprehensive Solution

• WiMAX will deliver a comprehensive solution


portfolio serving the operators’ end-to-end needs

Customer Premise
Equipment Access Network IP Core Network Handheld Devices

In-Vehicle Element Management


PC Cards Public Safety System Full Services Portfolio

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 33


End-User Applications

Community Programs Medical Safety, Security,


Eliminating the digital Provide advanced care Disaster
divide in underserved to remote locations; Advanced monitoring
areas; supporting increase bandwidth to for public safety,
economic development remote clinics remote surveillance,
improving roadway safety

Distance Learning Private Networks Special Events


Bring teachers to Stretching broadband Voice and data
students in need; build coverage with connectivity for media,
an educated workforce differentiated service; participants, fans
bridging multiple offices

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 34


CONTENTS
WiMAX Introduction
Overview of 802.16 e WiMAX Technology
WiMAX Deployments
WiMAX Architecture
WiMAX Applications
Huawei E2E WiMAX Solution

NITIN MEHTA (HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.) Huawei Confidential


WiMAX E2E carrier class Solution meets full scope of deployment & Operation
requirements

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 36


Huawei Solution Proposed for BSNL
Distributed BS3900: Leading Performance with 0 Footprint

BaseBa n Dimension: Benefits: 30% TCO saving Specifications:


nd (H*W*D/mm)
Unit BBU: 84*436*300 n Shorter feeder n Distributed BS
(2U Module)
n Channel Bandwidth:
RRU: 480*270*116 n Higher coverage
n Weight: 5/10MHz, 7MHz(3.5G)
n Higher capacity
BBU: 5Kg n Frequency: 2.3 / 2.5 /
RRU: 12Kg n Baseband resource 3.5GHz
n Optical Fiber
RF CPRI Interface
sharing n MIMO: 2T2R/2T4R
Unit n Tx Power: 20W / FA

Outdoor Application Easy installation (portable) Capacity:


on Tower/Roof Top
n Number of FA/BTS: 1~6FA
n Peak Rate/Throughput:
56Mbps/FA (10MHz)

Interface
n GE,FE, E1/T1

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 37


Huawei Solution Proposed for BSNL
Distributed Architecture: Cost Saving and Fast Deployment
•TCO saving
Cost structure
5 Sa
3 vin
g5
6%
36 3
1.5
15
4.8 2.1
Traditional BTS Distributed BTS

Site rental Civil w ork


Pole In 19” rack
Installation & testing Power consumption

•Fastc onstruction
deployment time
1.5 Sa
On tower vin
g6
2%
5 0.5
2

On wall In existing cabinet Traditional BT S Distributed BT S

Installation and Commissioning time(days)


u Benefit from DBS for BSNL:
Site Construc tion time (days)
• Saving 56% TCO and 62% time of deployment.
• 0 footprint. Seamless integration with existing BSNL GSM/CDMA network. RRU
• Wide used in UMTS/GSM networks in German O2 (8000 BTS) and Spain Vodafone (7500BTS).
• No Antenna Feeder Loss, saving 30% TCO and enhance 30% coverage

Optical fiber

BBU
NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 38
Huawei Solution Proposed for BSNL
Performance Enhancement by DBS3900

u 43dBm power output enhance 30% coverage:


• Improve the received signal to strengthen the CINR
• Enhance coverage by 30% over 37dBm power output for UL
and DL

u FFR enhance 20% spectrum efficiency:


• Using the same frequency over all sectors, and 20% throughput
higher than PUSC.
• No special requirement on CPE.

u RRU on Tower Top enhance 30% coverage:


• Remove the feeder and connector loss, 3.14dB extra gain.
• Long term experience, widely used in O2, German 8000+ BTS
and Vodafone Spain with 750+ BTS.

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 39


Huawei Solution Proposed for BSNL
Cost Saving by DBS3900

uDistributed Architecture save 56% TCO:


• Reusing legacy infrastructure, power plant, shelter
• No extra space needed.
• Fast deployment to save civil work and cost.

uDoherty PA tech to save 50% power consumption:


• PA efficiency of traditional PA = 10%.
• PA efficiency of Doherty PA = 33%.
• Widely used in Huawei UMTS/CDMA/GSM system, high
reliability.

uMulti Mode BS support multi technologies:


• The base band resource with be used to support
GSM/CDMA/UMTS/WiMAX.
2G/3G WiMAX LTE • Adding multi RRU, multi technologies operation
RRU RRU RRU
enabled.

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 40


Huawei’s Capability To Deliver WiMAX E2E Solution

Application NMS App Server

Core /Call control CSCF Soft Switch AAA

Transmission MSAN MSTP

Access
BBU RRU Macro BTS ASN-GW

Terminal
PCMCIA Indoor/Outdoor CPE SD CF

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 41


BSNL Connectivity

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 42


Various Equipment Specifications

Power
Cabinet Dimension per Cabinet Maximum Weight per Floor Loading Consumptio
Equipment Number H*W*D Cabinet /Kg /Kg/m2 n KW

ASN-GW 1 2200*600*800 400 >600 1.4

HA 1 2200*600*800 400 >600 2

M2000 1 2200*600*800 160 >300 3.5

Quidway6506R 1 486.2*436*480 80 >300 0.08

Quidway6506R
*2 1 972.4*436*480 160 >300 0.16

BBU 1 84*36*300 5 - 80

RRU 3 480*270*116 12 - 600

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 43


BTS Details

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 44


WASN Details

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 45


WiMAX CPEs

Indoor CPE
Outdoor CPEs

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 46


WiMAX CPEs

PCMCIA Card

• USB Dongles

USB Dongle

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 47


BSNL WiMAX Network
GE/FE

iManager

Gateway
FE FE
FE Switch
to Converter
BTS

ASN
E1 E1s
Converter
STM 1
48/96 ports
FE Switch

GE
FE FE E1
SDH Ring
BTS to
of the
E1
Converter
E1s
BSNL CSN
AAA
Circle
E1

FE
to
BTS E1 E1s
Converter

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 48


Heavy Investment & Consistent Contributions

Heavy Investment on WiMAX Contributions to Standards


n Currently, over 1200 R&D engineers n Co-founder of IEEE 802.16m
dedicated in WiMAX, and by end of 2008, WiMAX evolution
n Owner of over 120 WiMAX
there will be over 2000 R&D engineers
patents, 5% of total IPR
n In-house ASIC chipset capability for RF n Principal member of WiMAX
and baseband Forum and chairman of Netman
n150 experts dedicated to support WiMAX TG in IEEE 802.16
standard committee n Leader in NWG release1.5
n (MCBCS, LBS, security …)
Leading vendor in the key technologies
including MIMO, OFDMA, IP….
Human Resouce
Huawei WiMAX R&D InvestmentsFinancial Budget
3000 100
2500
HumanResource

Finace($million)

80
2000
60
1500
40
1000
500 20

0 0
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 49


Strong Promoter - Certification & Plugfest

n Wave 2 certification of WiMAX


Forum July 2008
n Plugfest plan in 2008:
l Vienna (May)
l Singapore (Oct)
l America (Nov)

Finished IOT with 10 terminal vendors: Finished IOT with 6 chipset


ZyXEL Asus Infomirk vendors:
Quanta Seowon Delta Fujitsu Runcom
Ahlpa Odyssey Intel Sequans
AWB Gemtek
Beceem GCT

SEOWON
INTECH

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 50


WiMAX Global Applications

l 31 Commercial
contracts
l 37 Pre-commercial
and trial networks
2008 Q1

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 51


Wide WiMAX Terminal Portfolio

Huawei
PCMCIA Card USB Express U1300 PDA
Dongle USB
Card
(WiMAX/UMTS)

Duel-
USB VoIP USB WiMAX+WiFi
mode
Handset

Multi-user CPE
Huawei
Indoor Outdoor (WiFi AP) UMPC
Multi-User CPE
CPE CPE

n Huawei manufactured terminals: USB dongle, CPE, handset, etc.


n Huawei has completed IOT with 16 terminals and chipset partners

NITIN MEHTA ( HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD). Huawei Confidential Page 52


Thank You
www.huawei.com

For any queries please mail at nitin.mehta@huawei.com

Or call @ +91-9873332118

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential