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Problem 2.73

2.73 In many situations it is known that the normal stress in a given direction is zero, for example Uz = 0 in the case of the thin plate shown. For this case, which is known as plane stress, show that if the strains 8x and 8y have been determined experimentally, wecan express ux, uy and 8z as follows:

G'

,

,

fl!,

V

s ~ ---(0 + 0)

z 1- v x y

, l-C)'a.

e)(+v~::, -g- 6;

M()P+; fit in~ (11 'by V Q.",a/ _ l-v'l...6

fy ..j. -v E)< - E '.J

Ez =- tC -"VO~ - ?,.)~) -=

E r

~ -= 1_ ,.,'2. \. ~ + '2J <C)t ')

+ S + VCl< }

-= - '2.)(1 + vl (E +

J- ~~ ~

Problem 2.74

2.74 In inany situations physical constraints prevent strain from occurring in a given direction, for example 8z = 0 in the case shown, where longitudinal movement of the long prism is prevented at every point. Plane sections perpendicular to the longitudinal axis remain plane and the same distance apart. Show that for this situation, which is known as plane strain, we can express Uz, Bx and By as follows:

O'z ~ v(O'x + O'y) 1

Ox ~ E[(l- v2)O'x- v(1+ v)O'yJ

EX' ~ ~ (SI( - 7/ 6;1 ~2J 0% ) ~ t [ 6")( - V S - "2)<' (()l<+ 6_t)1

== ~[(I-'V2.)S?< - ~(J+)))6j'] .-g

E.:t :: -g (--v e; ~,,({'j - 'V 62 ) = t [-:V 0)( + 6:/ - ~< (6)(+ 6_; ') J

::-{ [CI-)J'2.16j - v(/+v)O)( ] ~

'.

Problem 2.89

*2.89 A composite cube with 40-mm sides and the properties shown is made with glass polymer fibers aligned in the x direction. The cube is constrained against deformations in the y and z directions and is subjected to a tensile load of 65 kN in the x direction. Determine (0) the change in the length of the cube in the x direction, (b) the stressescs, uy, and Uz•

Ex = 50 GPa Vxz = 0.254 Ey = 15.2 GPa Vxy = 0.254 Ez = 15.2 GPa v.y = 0.428

y

V.X)' _ Vy.t

E - E

x y

(it)

(\\

z

v yz _ Vz),

E - E

y z

x

E = 0 J

e.,¥'\ ~t ~fI.;n +. e.lloo'l. J . .f,'~

,

~I"~

(n

(8)

- (),i~ t& + I~ ~ -= °s~S'f ~x OV' - CO .. 'f~8 S + ~ ~ o. 077'). J , B:c

S~lvina- .siM,jIi+t:ltl'\e(;)vsJa J Oy = O~.,. O_lg4~rt3 0)('

lJsinca- (q ') c-...J V; ') ',,,, (\),) E.)( = ~~ 'G~ - ~ S; - P'E2. bz

Ex =: t [ i - (0. ~S'i )(0.134-''13) - (0. ~)( 0, \3Lf9~ )] 0"

'E)( = (O.C'f'&14Z )C4b.b2S><'I03) 50 'If; l 0 "!

5.'-18 )flO"'?'::;' ::: S .. Lt~ M'f>c....

Problem 2.90

*2.90 The composite cube of Prob. 2.89 is constrained against deformation in the z direction and elongated in the x direction by 0.035 rom due to a tensile load in the x direction. Determine (a) the stresses o"x, uy, and O"~ (b) the change in the dimension in the y direction.

E, = 50 CPa V:c = 0.254 Ey =: 15.2 CPa v.y =: 0.254 E. = 15.2 CPa v'Y = 0.428

(I)

V.y = V)':c

E E

•. Y

(5')

y

(i"j::' 0

o '::' -~ c- _..' C'"

E C)(, £" ~&

)( Z

:: (0. ;(S'f)(J.s: <) = o, 077~1 b_ D'/l SO"

Lo~ C~I'\J;f,'e»t • Ft-OM e,tl4-t:-tcAA (st

E; z: -::' VXZ Ez. S ~ C)C

Problem 2.132

2.132 A vibration isolation unit consists of two blocks of hard rubber with a modulus of rigidity G = 2,75 ksi bonded to a plate AB and to rigid supports as shown. Denoting by P the magnitude of the force applied to the plate and by ~ the corresponding deflection. determine the effective spring constant, k = P/~, of the system.

s heOl of'~ I"I~ !:. +1J'e<.; ¥\ She~h'(\~ shoes;:;

y ~ ~

--C ~ G'Y' "" &~ Ir1

Problem 2.133

A+ h"je 8; '('::;" ~ [so):::" ~5Wt,." AMi' ':" (so )(/5): 7~O..."V"<\ ~ =

P _ (750)1./0-' )(I:<o><{Oc.) ':"

- 2.16 -

APi"...; e-.-62e v"Y.;e o-t "P i:s +t..e

I5mm

{?=- AT. 'P - 2.G-A ~ - n

GA~

=

h

E t-tec.+ i 1Ie .s rl',oVlJ

k - _E - - ~ -

G::" '<.IS>C. /0 ..... ps; ~ :::- (f. )( Lf) e- ~ t.f 1)'/'

h ':" I. ~S in.

(2. y;:( ,0,5' >< 1 0 ~ X ~ ~) -= I_~S

2.133 Knowing that O'aJJ = 120 MPa, determine the maximum allowable value of the centric axial load P.

At 'no)~ A; 1('.: t (~D')"" 10 WI"" d::::- D -~'f' ::::- 100 - ;<'0 ':' 80 .........

A Mt .,., d t ::::- (80)( IS) ':" iRoo W\M"l..:- 1.;(0 Y- /0-3 l""l ~

'(' Ie

d = 30 ::" D. ,~s

FroWl F::r - 2. b 'f a." K =- 2.. cs

-= (1.20 xIO'3)(I~O)(!ob) _ Slf.3 xlD~ A1

2. (,5" '"

J =- /00 -\$0 ::- SD ...,""

750 ~ to' 'M"_, .':L = ZS ::" 0 SO

, d so '.)

41 .. 7 kl'J

Problem 3.7

-,-t---_: :

4 in. D

t

Bin.

L

C

3 in.

Cbl

3.7 The solid spindle AB is made of a steel with an allowable shearing stress of 12 ksi, and sleeve CD is made of a brass with an allowable shearing stress of 7 ksi. Determine (a) the largest torque T that can be applied at A if the allowable shearing stress is not to be exceeded in sleeve CD, (b) the corresponding required value of the diameter d. ofspindleAB.

I, 00 ~L.j ,>-).

soil; sl';>')c;\)e A 8 ~ c. = ~J.\$ ~ t (\.s):. 0.75 I"'.

J" :: ~ c:.~ :: I (O.7S~~ = D. 4~1 0 I Itt'"

I'YL _ T'c

.",""'- - J

J rJ _ (0. '¥170 I')(\Q) _ i/.

0.10 -= 7. f!:(S~ ..((;r· I""

C o.,s

Sleeve. CD: C~ r t eP,_::: ~ (3.0) =- 1 .. 5 j.,.

1:, '::: Co2 - t -:::: 1.5" - o.~S -:: 1.:L1)" illl •.

J':: I(C').~- C,'1) ~ i (1.5 ~_I.;(S''i) -: '+.117'2. i.,F

T~-= .J't'J =-(It.117~)(7) :::- Iq_ ~r3> br.iV\

c, ,pS

AJ2owc..hPe ""jve of -1-olfl?lI'e "T is. + h~ s ~JJtel' •

Problem 3.8

-,--t--A

4 in.

tr

8 in.

L

c

3.8 The solid spindle AB has a diameter d. = 1.5 in. and is made of a steel with an allowable shearing stress of 12 ksi, while sleeve CD is made of a brass with an allowable shearing stress of 7 ksi. Determine the largest torque T that can be applied atA.

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